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JBaatonjfam JUralb Published E T?ry Mom ins ? Hm Year by 4*S-4>7*4*9 Elevanth 8t. * ? Washington, D. C. J. K. lid, President and General Manager. Phone: Main 3300?AH "Departments SUBSCRIPTION RATES-BY CARRIER In the District of Columbia: Daily and Sunday, 1 Month, 40c; I Year, $4.80 Outride the District of Columbia: Daihr and Sunday, 1 Month, soe; l Year, $6.00 SUBSCRIPTION BY MAIL IN ADVANCE Daily and Sunday. 1 Month, 50c; I Year, $5.00 Daily Only, t Month, 40c; I Year, $3-5? Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations BRANCH OFFICES: London, Eng.: 114 Pall Mall, S. W. t. Paris: 4J0 Rue St. Honore. Berlin: Unter den Linden, I New York: fifth Ave.: Chicago. 900 Mailers Bldg.; Los Angeles: 401 Van Nuys Bldg. BENJAMIN & KENTNOR COMPANY National Advertising Representatives Entered as Second-Class Matter, Postoffice, Washington, D. C. SATURDAY, JANUARY 14, *9? Premier Brunei's Bombshell. THE resignation of Premier Briand, just as he seemed on the point of receiving a vote of confidence, produced consternation through out the world. This question rose in the minds of many: If Aristide Briand is too mild for the French, what will his successor be? Whither is France driving? Dire predictions quickly followed the resignation. How could the Cannes session of the supreme council get anywhere if the French premier, whose demands have been the chief diffi culty, was forced to resign because his demands were not enough? What was to be the fate of the Washington conference, which all reasonable men believe certain to have valuable, if limited, results? And what about fhe great economic conference to be held in Genoa in March, just announced by the supreme couticil? Would that be doomed? It was, perhaps, natural to look upon M. Bri and* resignation as disastrous, but it is possible to descry good in it also. Perhaps it will bring French opinion and French thought up so short against the world's political and economic realities that a more moderate and sober attitude will result. How volatile French opinion has been is illustrated by the fact that the French press, before the Cannes session, was demanding an alliance with Britain. When Briand got that for France, before the very nature of it was definitely announced, the same French press was unanimous in attacking the premier. Is it to be wondered that M. Briand said he had done his best and that it would be for some one else to try to do better? Yet no French statesman, succeeding Briand, -will be able to do any better or get any better. France will have to accommodate herself to world conditions, no matter who is premier. Perhaps Premier Briand, who has been credited with being really a moderate though compelled to appear oth erwise, may be able to influence France to a mod erate course more effectively by speaking plainly outside the office of premier. In such a position he tcould more easily warn France of the danger of moral isolation. The French political upset will lengthen the Cannes meeting and may make it less fruitful. It has, thus far, accomplished the summoning of the Genoa conference?a tremendous thing in itself? and the approval of the European financial con sortium which will seejp to reconstruct Europe, having its parent company's headquarters in Lon don and subsidiary companies in the individual na tions aiding in the work. A new settlement of the German reparations and the Anglo-French defen sive alliance were the other two big items. They will be harder to settle now; indeed, postponement of a decision on these points is not untikdly. Aiding the Basic Industry. WHAT the farmer means to the United States and what improved conditions will mean to the farmer are detailed graphically in the New York Herald, which compliments Presi dent Harding on his "clear economic vision and plain sense" which, it is claimed, are "safe guides for Congress and others to follow in this all important matter." President Harding's concern for the farmer, says the Herald, "is sympathetic, sound and right. American intelligence of whatever section or in whatever work cannot but agree with him that the welfare of the agricultural industry and the welfare of the country are inseparably linked. "The vast part the farmer plays in our in dustrial life is sharply outlined by the estimate of the Secretary of Agriculture that the products of the soil provide the national railroads directly with more than 20 per cent of their total tonnage ?nd indirectly with as much more, or altogether not far from half of all the business of the Ameri can transportation system. "If national agriculture breaks down as a self sustaining, profit-earning industry, therefore, Ameri can transportation and American business in general must languish. So the farmer's difficulties must be overcome not merely for his sake but for the sake of all. But merely handing out loans to the farmer to carry his crops indefinitely when he cannot sell them at a reasonable profit is no more the solution of his problem than it is the solution of the problem of the steel manufacturer when he Cannot sell his steel, or- of the shoe manufacturer when he cannot sell his shoes, or of the merchant .when he cannot sell his goods. "Nobody gets rich in basiness by doing no business. No industry makes for lasting strength by holding back its output behind a money dam until it bursts through the straining barrier and sweeps everything before it. "In the existing economic situation what the farmer needs first of all and what must be brought about is a general deflation at least comparable with his agricultural deflation. Better for him by far than a few cents-a bushel more for his corn or his wheat or bushel of corn at present prices to exchange into more coal than it can now ex change into; into more lumber, more machinery and tools, more clothing and miscellaneous com modities. , \ "Better that the freight charges on his crop shipments to market should g0 down and that the freight charges on what he himself buys and has shipped to the farm should go down as they now begin to do. Better that hia other selling fo?s should go down as they can be made to do through co-operative handling agencies and other common effort. Better that hit mortgage interest and bank loan rates should go down as they are now doing. ? President Harding's clear economic vision and plain sense are safe guides for Congress and others to follow in this all-important matter of ghring the American farmer real help. The purchasing power of his crops could be increased one-fourth, if that be the right proportion; it could be increased one half, if it be the right proportion, much more surely and rapidly by increasing the quantities of the necessaries of life into which his bushel of corn or wheat or whatever it may be will exchange than by plastering more dollar marks on that bushel'while the producers of the things the farmer needs to buy off the farm rival him in multiplying the dollar marks on their goods." Radio Quotation. LITTLE more than one year old, the schema 'or disseminating market reports and quota tions by wireless has spread throughout the United States and is proving of the greatest assistance to the farmer in intelligent sales of his prodi^cts. In a survey of this ingenious development, the department of Agriculture relates that "reports on , the national markets are dispatched daily by the department from wireless stations of the Post office Department at Cincinnati, Omaha, Wash '"f00' Nor,h Nebr.; Rock Springs, Wyo.; Elko, Nev., and Reno, Nev. These reports are received by hundreds of amateur wireless op erators. National market reports are also received by State bureaus of markets and agricultural col leges, supplemented with local market reports, and relayed by wireless telegraphy and telephone to larmers.. shipping associations, newspapers, banks, and other agricultural interests." Among the achievements and projects of the service are listed the following: 'The St Louis University was perhaps the among educational institutions to broadcast market reports by wireless. These reports are received by hundreds of farmers, shipping associa 10ns banks, and other agricultural interests, and a telephone company in Eastern Illinois which re ceives the reports telephones the new. regularly its 5,000 subscribers. At Lincoln, Nebr, the University of Ne braska and the Nebraska Wesleyan University are co-operating in broadcasting crop and market re port. furnished by the State bureau of markets. Both radio telephone and telegraph are used. At isconsin the State department of markets broad cast, Mtkmal and local market reports from he Lmvers.ty of Wisconsin wireless station at Madison. At Minneapolis, crop and market re ports are broadcast from the University of Minne sota radio station. The Minnesota College of Agriculture has also assigned an extension repre sentative to instruct the farmer, in the use of wireless receiv,ng apparatus. The College of Agri culture of Cornell University has assigned an rh.h ,k """I W?rk' *nd to assist niral radio clubs that are being organized in New York. "A high-powered transmitting wireless tele phone is being installed in the office of the Mis soun State market bureau at Jefferson City, Mo. and will be ready for disseminating market in froma!h0n| Jin,Uary 10 Government report. > from the larger market center, of the country will be received by means of a 'drop' from the leased wire system of the Department of Agriculture and transmitted by radiophone to all sections of Missouri. Demonstrations intended to interest armer., dealers, and shippers in installing the necessary wireless receiving apparatus will be held in various rural communities of the State and it is anticipated that telephone offices, newspapers chambers^of commerce, county agricultural agents, an s high schools, and co-operative marketing associations will be among the first to in.,all receiving sets. Af m?u COmplete P'ogram in the dissemina tion of market report, by wireless is being planned y the State bureau of markets in Ohio a specially constructed radiophone transmitter of the most improved type being installed in the radio station of the University of Ohio for that purpose. The Texas markets and warehouse departments are also planning a market news service bv radiophone for farmers, dealers, and shipper, in I exas, arrangements being made to use the radio equipment of the University of Texas at Austin." Officials of the Department of Agriculture in tend to make the American farmer "the best informed farmer in the world." The progress dur ing the twelve months past and that which seems assured for the coming year should go far toward securing that result. A Month's Respite. HAVING discussed at some length in these column, last week .the sad ca,e of Emma uo'aman and Alexander Berkman who. ,afely out of Russia, found no country willing to give them asylum, it is but fair that we call the attention of our readers to their present situation. They are now in Stockholm. It should be said that Alexan der Shapiro, another of their ilk, i. with them. But do not imagine that Sweden ha. offered them a refuge and a hofne. No indeed! Their problem is but postponed a little. They have been granted a month in Sweden; then, doubtless, will come once more the desperate search of a country-Mr. Amundsen is about to start to the North Pole again; perhaps? One might suppose that these traveler, would, eventually (why not now?) be forced to return to Russia, finding nowhere else to go. But, in a sense, they have burned their bridges behind them. Miss Goldman and Mr. Berkman have written for the Arbetaren (the Worker) of Stockholm a bitter at tack on the Bolshevik government, branding it as a blood and murder regime," a "revolting form of Aiiatic extermination." "Asiatic barbarism," etc They complain bftterly against Lenin's warfare against and extermination of anarchists. If Soviet Russia i. death on anarchists, where can a poor anarchist go? We are now told that the bootleggers in New England are sending hootch to New York in fish. Then we suppose the New York agent takes it from one fish and sells it to aaother. When one realizes that the English at mosphere is intoxicating you can better under stand the number of traffic accidents in London. / I MTNTYRE TELLS OF UNDERWORLDS OWN DELMOWICtrS Hell's Kitchen Lives by The Gun, and No One Is Trusted. By O. O. M'INTYRK. NEW YORK. Jan. 11.?Mulva hl"'? la Hell'a Kitchen Delmonlco's *r# Bo flittering chandeliers, Jacobean silver, panelled celling, floors or sombre brocadea? yet Mulvahlll'a baa a certain flair la this rang-Infested dlatrlct whara man rule by brawn. Wafers In clean and freshly Ironed Ucketa ara not akllled in aervlle diplomacy nor do thay con verae 1? polite French Idioms but they have a knack of piling out stretched arma dizzily high with dishea and hurling guttural orders toward the kiteben. Also Mr. Mulvahlll himself told me that each packs a punch. The table tops are bars and ?bout them group <he flowers of Hell's Kitchen aristocracy. The glrla, with rublly rouged lips, roll their stockings with a little more abandon and there la about them a gay insouciance?a mask to hlda life's realities., The atmosphere of the place Is coldly remote and metallic, despite the strident echo of song, the noisy banter and reckless bonhomie. One feels that any moment there may be a sudden and oppressive silence ?followed by the clear click of a pistol. For Hell's Kitchen lives and dies by the gun. The men are coarse and leering. They are given to contemptlous mutterings and cynical laughs. Their friendliest kind of talk is flooded with epithets of the bagnio. And when they speak to the wom en It Is In voices of authority that have the cold, flat ring of brass. At one table sat a man sanguine of countenance, with a narrow1 ugly face* and heavy nose. He was In a beery, blurry humor and his vis-a-vis with frosty bleached hair kept her hand on his arm and in a vacant voice coatlnu?l!y pro claimed hln? as "her dearie." When he pushed away and left her site only tossed her head and paid the check. Strong arc lights iputter above the diner*, a mechanical slot piano Jingles popular airs, strange, shad owy ngurea come and go At myl right a man in a twitching haze nervously bared his arm and I pushed the plunger of his needle bome unabashed. An ancient crone came in. deliriously babbling, and the crowd hooted. The spirit of Hell's Kitchen was epitomized In the sign over the caahier'a cage: "We Trust No One." In reading over what I have writ ten about Hell's Kitchen I am re minded that the brutal face Is many times deceiving. On our block Is a foreign workman?a sullen, brutal, beetle-browed appearing fellow one) would be affrighted to meet on a lone dark street. Tet the other morning he was weeping over the mangled paw of a stray alley cat. New Tork Is big enough, but the California spirit exists In herald-1 Ing Its bigness. There Is that an cient myth about Its floating popu lation?sometimes placed at 150,1)00, but more often at 300.000. The truth Is that all the hotels of New! Tork. parked to rapacity, hold only S4.000 guests a night?and half of that number are New Torkers. Ex press trains coming?Into the me tropolis can only carry J?,000 pas sengers. Of course, the figures are baaed on the commuting population who work In Seiy York and live tn the aurrounding cities. In one of the musical shows there Is a magnificent living picture that bears the title "Danae." The first night audience thrilled to the beauty of It in collective gasps In a vague way I knew that Danae had something to do with Greelt mythology. At the extr'acte I aought some Information from In tellectuals. Not one knew. The Information I aought was finally gained from a young lady usher. The producer of the show said "Danae was a Greek dame who got mixed up with some John and got herself thrown ln a creek." Great upllfters. these theatrical producers And. my dears, so intellectual. A well-known novelist on return ?un..?,n', 0' fre0u?t lecture Th. sticks dropped into The Players, completely refurbished. He had discarded hi, familiar ?n*w for a "wa?tg?r fur coat. ?? T v" 8 flne coat" "aid a friend, and what s It made of?" th# novelist, those are Chautauqua skins." "Tangerine" nears the end of its first years run at the Casino on Broadway, n has perhaps furnished the most popular song hit of the year In "Sweet l*dy." "Sally" has Played more than a year at the . ? Amsterdam, and It would have ta*en three years to accommodate its crowds In ordinary-sized thea ters. i Greaves-Taylor Wedding. CHARLOTTESVILLE. Va.. Jan. 13. ?A -wedding: of unusual interest to both 'Tidewater and Piedmont folk occurred Wednesday In Abingdon Church, Gloucester County, when Miss Nellie Deans Taylor, formerly of "Rosewall," now of "Bell Farm," was married to Capt. Gennad Alban Greaves, U. S. A., of near Ivy, this county. The bride was given away by her cousin. John T. Martin. Her maid of honor was Mian Kate Brown, of Norfolk. Miss Virginia Deans Wallls, of Philadelphia, and M ss Eliza Atkinson Lee, of Gloucester, were bridesmaids. Richard Mann Page, of Richmond, was best man. and Joseph Tabb, Perrin Taliaferro and Cecil Wray were ushers. Be cause of ill Malth of Judge Fleldine Lewis Taylor, the bride's father, only relatives *nd most intimate frienos were lnvltad to the reception, held at "B?l!e Farm." The bride's cake was cut by the groom with the sword of Col. Fielding Lewis Taylor, of Revolutionary war fame, the great ^reat-frand father of the bride. Pastor Called to Birmingham FREDERICKSBURG. Va.. Jan. 1?. ?Rev. H. M Moffett. who married Miss Alice a Gammon, of thla city, and has been pastor ot - a Presby terian Church In Huntarill;. Ala.. for several years, has accepted a call to Vine atreet Presbyterian Church In BlrmiBkbam, Ala., and will enter upon hla (utles there thla month. IF HE TAKES THE JOB WILL'S FRIENDS EXPECT HIM TO CLEAN UP THE PLACE IN SHORT ORDER Open Court Letters to The Herald Other People's Views on Current Events Marshall Hall. To ibc Editor, The Washinftoo Herald In "Sidelights on Maryland His tory." it is recorded that the title to "Marshall Hall/* was made by an Indian chief and patented by Lord Baltimore. There were frequent Intermarriages between the Han sons and Marshalls. In the list of fourteen Marshalls that can be seen in Colonial Hall, Washington City, as "Signers of the Oath of Allegiance" in 1775-78, there is a | John Marshall Hanson, a John Han son Marshall and Thomas Marshall Hanson. It was a Hanson, an offi cial who took down the names of the signers in Charles County. Each name had a date, also a number and the signature is considered the | highest test of loyalty. ; In the recorded will (which Is in the "land" office at Annapolis, Md.) I of Capt. Randolph Brandt, who died ! in 1(99, he gave his son. Randolph | Brandt, the Id. 200 acres lying on ! the Potomac River near land of ' Randolph Hanson's. The title deeds | from the Indian chief are said to | be still in the possession of Mar shall and Hanson families. The present owners of "Marshall Hall" have been seeking the Bible record of these early owners and offered some aged relative $500 for a Bible containing a number of tliem. but the offer was declined. The Washingtons came to Virginia as early as 1657. It will be see n^ hat these Marshalls and Hansons were even then their neighbors, their lands being divided only by the Fotomac j River. The nearness accounts for the fact that fourteen Marshalls. resl dents of Charles County, Md., just I across the river, signed the "Oath of Allegiance" to the Revolutionary cause in 1775-78. Rebecca Marshall Latimer inherited Marshall Hall on the death I of her father in the year 1793. The ownership of this "Marshall" Jap Claims Disturb Near East.?Reinsch Or. Paul S. Reinsch. former Min ister to China, blamed Japan for* offering the prin-' c I p a 1 disturbing factors to the peace of the Far Bast. "The dis turbing factor in the Far East at the present time," j asserted Dr. | Reinsch In a re cent address. "Is the claim on the part of Japan ?of special interests on th# continent of Asia," and re ferring to Japan's hold on the Shan-1 tung Railway, he declared that this *1 PAULS.ee/MSCM made the Fwan tung question the "leading, con crete. central issue of the confer ence." The four-power treaty concern- j ing the Pacific islands," said Dr. j Reinsch. "will be judged by what j the conference can accomplish re garding China and Siberia. The re sults achieved will show whether the four-treaty powers are expected in the main to Indorse, or at least not effectively to protest against, the situation as it is in China and Siberia. * "There is no doubt that the Amerl. can delegation is making every ef fort to seek a solution which will restore the confidence of the peo ples of China ahd Siberia, and other peoples as well, In an underlying justice in International 'affairs. "The disturbing factor in the Far East at the present time is the claim on the part of Japan of 'spe cial interests' on the continent of Asia. The ^special Interests' have not been defined; everything indefi nite generates suspicion and fear. It would be well If Japan, in the interest of International confidence and peace, were asked to define the 'special interests' the claims: it could then be clearly seen In how far they conflict with the rights' tif others. The vagueness on wh)c* suspicion feeds would disappear. Communications wfE Mt to riUmi - aatoes ipaclie rn?Mt far mk nMI to mad* and lUay* ?el?>4, Ifttort ikwU to tjMwrlttM ?to? ?t?r |ndbl?. C?lamlowttoaa wtni|f dUTlomlt U m4 win set to ??iAt?L *? asuaaicattoas dn#4 wtik tctltls? OABII Will to IMi tract began in lltl. according to the "Maryland Calendar of Will?.** it is obvious that Marshall Hall and Mount Vernon were erected near the same time. It Is a family tra dition that brick were bought from England, possibly as ballast for sail ing vessels. Furniture and other things came in alao, possibly ex changed for tobacco, the market crops of early Marylanders. JAMES KEATING. Corcoran Art Display. To the Editor. The Washtaftoa Herald: May I not ask for a little space to make some sudacious remarks upon certain pictures in the very interesting exhibition of the Corco ran Art Gallery, upon which the public are Invited to ballot during this week for the prise of $200 My remarks are offered as coming from a layman unhampered by any technlcal formulas or artistic prej udices. The judgment of artists upon the works of others is apt to be based upon the successful execu tion of profeasional objects of which the public knows verr little and for which It cares still less. For the benefit of the people the Judges might better be men and women of taste and feeling who are not artists. As to the pictures awarded the prises in this collection: No. 1?R. "South Room. Green Street.** first prise. $2,000 and gold medal This Is a view of a room full of furniture with a lady seated and girl standing In front of a window. It affords to the artist an Interesting study of light and shadow presumably and even to the layman's eye shows the sucdfessfui accomplishment of transparency, atmosphere, perspective, etc. The sunlight is well marked on the floor but is otherwise bsffling to the common herd. It seems to shine fully on both aides of the young girl's head of widespread hair. We do not see why the sun should do more than illuminate the outline or edge of the girl's hair. The mirror hanging on the wall perhaps throws a cross light which adds to our confusion. Why should not the Judges. If artists, give the public a hint where to look for the strong points upon which the award was made? . The mere titla la no key to the picture. No. 41. second prise. SI.500 and silver medal. "Interior with figure." The color Is very sweetly pretty and delicate?perhaps worth all the money. But?we dwellers In flats and apartments would not choose "Interiors." and as a general re mark we might aay want to look through "charmed magic casements opening on the foam of nerllous seas In fairy lands." The figure In this work Is sitting or standing?not clear which, if either ?at a dressing table perhaps, doll ing up with a hand mirror. The tabic close behind her would break her fall fn tumbling backwards as she seems likely to do. Ths table holds a teakettle but no other pro visions for tea. Why, oh why. so much furniture. No. tO. third prise. $1,000 and bronze medal. A very Impressive piece of work to a man half blind. I think the title misleading. In stead of "Jersey water front." 1 *TMid suggest: "Ruin at midnight" ?Nocturne. The water and water crafts are not visible. I would like to extend my re marks in appreciation of a number of beautiful pictures, especially one. No. 28, "The Flame." a splendid suggestion of the. Circean Idea, But I have already trespaased on your space too far. R. T. i . ? Defends Longfellow. To the Editor. Tk? VutllttM Washington recently celebrated In befitting manner end In common with other cities throughout the world the <0tth anniversary of the birth of the poet Dante, the func tions here Including the unveiling of a statue to hit memory. On thlr occanion the editor ?f The Waah ington Herald discussed the Ameri can conception of the Italian's fnas ? / ter work. "The Divine Comedy." and Incidentally went running for Longfellow. The great New Eng enders translation waa pronounced inadequate. For the first time, per haps. he was displayed to us aa a poet lacking' In Imagination and much overrated by the American people who have made him their national bard. As Justifying this conclusion of the editor's estimate of Longfellow, I quote the follow ing: ? ? ? -we will not aay that Longfellow haa no claim to be rated as a poet. In fact, he has a place all his own. low perhaps, but still secure for at leaat two cen turies to come." ? ? ? "Ameri cans reading Dante through the medium of Longfellow get the New Knglander'a real appreciation of mediaeval romance, and even a cer tain low lyrical measure now and then. They get alao, and in plenti ful meaaure. the milk-and-water, wishy-washy sentiment, unrelieved by the slightest grace of imagina tion. that Is the most noticeable feature, after all. of America's most popular versemaker." This arraignment of America's beat-loved poet will be resented by many and has doubtless brought numerous protests. Hie transla tion I have not read and cannot, therefore, paas opinion an to ita merits or demerits, but might ob serve that all literary works suf fer In translation and "The Divine Comedy" presented sn especially difficult task However. Longfel low wrote many original poems of Intrinsic worth which enshrined him in the hearts of millions everywhere, and any iconoclast with designs to tear him from the high pedestal he occuple*. or in any manner lessen his poetic stature, haa a rough time ahead Englsnd. long a^o, paid him the ! signal honor of placing his bust in Poet's Corner. Westminster Abbey. As an imaginative poet it has not been claimed that he was the equal of Poe. Right here it may bf stated that imagination, while es sential in literature and in art. if not the sum total, and is probabl> bver-worshipped by the critics. 1 have not found Longfellow's vers? deficient In imagery, and certslnl* 1 can speak with some authority To suggest any doubt as to our poet's just < lalm to his niche of fame arouses the suspicion thst hi? works have not received absolutel) fair and dispassionate analysis at the haads of the critic. The editor | concedes that Longfellow mill hold his place in literature, "low per haps." though he qualifies it. for at leaat two centuries to come In true sporting fashion and sure of ray ground I will raise hl? two cen. i turles to twenty, and then, having , slighted Justice, erase "centuries" and write the word "eternity." Th# , author of "A Psalm of Life" is im . mortal and immortality has nc ? period. BERNARD EDWARD GRADY. Maryland Farm Loan Association Eiecti I ROCKVILLE. Md.. Jan. 11?At the annual meeting of the Wfitern ' Maryland Farm Loan Association. I held at German town, this countjr, i the following officer, were elected President. John F Hargett; vice president, Clarence L. Gilpin; secre tary-treasurer. Charles R. Rowdy bush; attorneys. Rowdybush and Buettner; directors. John F. Har gett. Clarence I* Gtlpln. Julian H. Waters. William W. Moore and Charles W. Hughes. } Commissioners Accept Bid. The bid of $22,185 mad* by the Federal Heating Company for me chanical equipment for the eight room addition to the John Eaton Fchool was accepted yesterday by ihe District Commissioners. This I school Is located la Cleveland Park. Charlottesville "Y" Elects. CHARLOTTESVILLE. Vs.. Jan It -!-Th? board of directors of the city T. M. C. A. haa elected the following officers for the ensuing year: G. F ?pltxer, president: A. F. Howard, vtM pr?aldent; James T. Minor, secretary, Dr. Dan. Oi Via. treasurer CAVE HAN STU LIVING IN AFRICA SCIENTISTS HOPE Race With Skull* Like One Recently Found May Survive. ton. Cosmos Club, tonight. ? o'clock. It. L Fsrla. r*tlrlaf presIdant. w!l| Itltver the snnuai addreaa on "Some Problem* Of the Ren in n secluded corner of darkest Africa there will be found aome day Uvlnf reprenentntlvea of the race of ancient men who nre h known to modern men by n sln fie clue, the recently discovered akull of Homo Rhodeeteceia. the new cave man from Rhodesia, South Af rica. Thla la the startling hope held out by Prof. Mnroellln Boule. dlroctor of the Institute of Human Paleont ology. who diacussea thia lsteet archaeological find In the French matailne. La Nature. "Tfcs phyaical and pathological characters of this skull found st Broken Hill seem to Indicate that the Individual to whom It belorged has not been dead a lone time, ecol ogically ?peaking." he aaid. The discovery of living member* of the ancient race of prehistoric mar. would be "very extraordinary" say a Prf. Boule. but he polnta out the grsat soologlcal discovery of the Okapi. that la believed by many to have come from the same stock an the modern giraffe. Thla animal, entailer than the giraffe, was un known until discovered in 1*00 bv Sir Harry Johnston in CcLtml Af rica. where these strange animala have probably lived from time im memorial. From a distance of over Tt feet the Okapi can i.ot be n?-ea in the dense foresta of the black continent where It lives. Prof. Boule aaya that the new e cave man la a close relative of Ho mo Neanderthalensia. mho lived in Europe during the glacial ages and then became extinct, from twent\ I to twenty-live millenniums ago. I Some believe that the new man m|v prove to be the next grade in hu man evolution above Neanderthal ! "The two forma are undoubted!-.* of common origin." says Prof. Boule. \ "In Europe the Neanderthal ma*t I seems to have disappeared auddet - ly at the end of the glacial period but perhaps he did not experience a total extinction. Perhaps he wa? sble to live In other regions, ar.d Homo Rhodesiensis may reveal t ? us the peralstence In Africa of a type that had become fossil In Frar.ee a long time before." In addition to the fact that the skull Is in a remarkably fresh stat. of preservation, the bone having merely loet Its animsl matter st ?l not hiving been in the least miner alised. credulity is lent to Pro," Boule's surmise by the fact tha' the bones of at.lmals found In the cave in the mine of the Rhodesia Broken Hill Development Ce? so fsr . as they heve been identified, belor s ! to species still living in Rhodes.a >*r to others sightly different from these. From these evidences, it aeems that the occupation of th<- * cave may rot have been so remote as the Pleistocene period, the ge ologic sge Just before the pr?-sent one. * fl The nesrly complete human skull. . th* fragment of the upper jaw of I another, a aacr.um. a tibia, and the two enda of s femur found in th** ssve however, hsve s strange simi larity to the ancient remaina of man which have been found In river val ley deposits snd limestone cavern? in Asia and Europe , r W. D. WHO'S WHO IN THE DAY'S NEWS I Approaching his aeventy-thlr \ birthday. Leather Burbank. horticul tural wixard. In etill startling th scientific w o r 1 1 snd benefit r.?: mankind witli new remarkal.' discoveries H ? hss Just ar nouneed the per | faction of ? hu'1 less ost that | threshes out like wheat ml. weigh* *T?pr??*i mately sixty pound* to t h o . bushrl instead of^ 1^ I forty-d\e. A new .Mpt? ^ tomato-like fruit ,""1 ?' "'r r" ^ discoveries are I - also announced. J Burbank mas born st laMMtei ? Mass.. November 7, 1$4*? His bo\ - II hood mas spent on a farm and h* ?attended Lancaster Academy. In I 1505 he obtained a degree at Tufts Ii College. He mas married to Klisa ' beth J. Waters, of Hastings. Mich . ? | December 21. 1911 "j Always devoted to the study of r nature, especially plant life, ho | moved in l$7S to Santa Rosa. Cel.. > where st the present time he con ; ducta Hurbenk's experiment farm* . He mas the originator of th<? I Burbank potato, numerous rapid . groming edible thornless cacti, nine x varieties of plums snd five primes. ? including one that is stoneles*. a , new fruit, plumcot: the Burbank ; cherry, and Abundance Peachhlow. '(Burbank and Santa Rosa r ? i gigantic forms of amaryllls. tigr! ? dias. the Shasta dsisy. gisnt and ( fragance callas. snd various nem* apples, pesches. nuts, berries an-l other valuable trees, fruit. f1omcr-.| grasses, grains and vegetables He hss over 6.000 extensive ex periments under may. and has n?*w | groming over 5.000 distinct b?-tan - cal specimens from all parts of O world. More than 1.000.00V plant are raised every year for teetini: IIr. Burbank is a special lecturer on evolution at Iceland Stanford. Jr.. University: member of American Pomological 8oclety; life fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; honorable member of the Roya'. U Agricultural Society of Sm edcn. Italian Royal Agricultural Society and numerous others. He belongs II to the Bohemian and University clubs. San Francisco. He Is also the author of "Train ing of the Human Plant;" "Luther Burbank. His Methods and Dlacov erles" (twelve volumes). S. S. Rhodes Dies in Texas. CHARLOTTESVILLE. T? . Ju 13 ?News hss been received here of the death, at the home of h s brother. In Dyke. Tex., of S. S. Rhodes, a former resident of thia city. BesMss his wife. Mrs. l^eha Rhode* of thia city, he is survived by four children. Samuel Rhodes. U. S A., now at Madison Barracks. ?w York: Frances Rhodes, of the Mi'ler School, this county, and Frank a*?d Margsret Rhodes, mho teside wit a thslr mother in this dty.