OCR Interpretation

The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, January 16, 1922, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1922-01-16/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

$ ??*?-*>* L
*** '
colder to
tomorrow, fair.
Details on page 4.
Women Readers
? PW the
Has No Anxieties for It,
He Tells Admirers Sur
rounding Home.
Parade to Ex-President's
Abode Follows Foun
dation Meeting.
"The league of nations is still a
living necessity In this country."
In a clear, tar-carrying voice, for
mer President Woodrow Wilson,
father of the league, made this
statement yesterday?the first pub
lic expression since his physical
breakdown during the summer of
1910?in response to 3.000 persona
? who gathered about his home, 2340
5 street northwest, following a mass
meeting in the National Theater
inaugurating the Woodrow Wilson
Memorial Foundation Fund.
Coincident with the concrete
statement by Mr. Wilson, regard
ing his present stand on the league
of nations, was the fact that the
demonstration at his home, and the
mass meeting in the National
Theater were participated in by
members of Congress, who. al
though of the same political faith;
were among the "irreconcilables
during th* light on the league.
Seated on the stage during the
entire mass meeting?the begin
ning of a movement to honor W11
son?sat Senator Reed, of Missouri:
Senator Watson, of Georgia: Sena
tor Walsh, of Massachusetts, and
Senator Shields, of Tennessee, all
so-called, "irreconcilables. Many
"ther members of Congress at
tended, but did not occupy seats
on the speakers' platform.
First Break l? Silence.
Although the former Chief Ex
ecutive intimated "
that he still believed In the vitality
of the league, during the first public
demonstration staged in front or
his unostentatious home on that
day. by smiling and waving his
hand whenever the crowd, in
or individually. mentioned the
league of nations, his declaration
yesterday was the first break in the
long silence regarding the Ver
sailles treaty since the election.
"There can be no doubt as to the
vitality of the league of nations,
he said., after Samuel Oompers.
president of the American Tolera
tion of Labor, had referred to him
as the person "who biased the way
for the proposed four-power treaty
now under consideration by Presi
dent Harding s arms conference.
"Will Take Care or Itself."
"The league of rations will take
cara of Itself. I have no anxieties
'or it. My only anxiety is to see
our great American people turn
their face In the right direction and
move With all their force. Mr. Wll
ao.l continued. _
The public tribute to the man
who, for two terms, occupied the
Presidential chair, and v-ho gave
to the world the league of nations,
was spontaneous, having originated
through a motion introduced before
the Wilson Foundation meeting by
D. C. Hodgkins. a local admirer.
The introduction^ of the motion, and
unanimous passage were as one.
Immediately after the adjourn
# ment of the meeting, the more than
*010 persons who attended assem
bled in front of th? National Thea
ier having secured permission
rnni the police department, while
ihe last speaker was on the plat
form?and headed by a police escort
and a band began to march toward
the Wilson home.
Marchers Increase in Jfamber.
During the coursc of the march,
up Thirteenth street to Massachu
setts avenue to S street, many per
sons were attracted and Joined, with
the result that when the proces
sion reached its goal shortly after
6 o'clock, the number of original
marchers had been doubled.
The first plan had been for the
procession to march on Pennsyl
vania avenue passing the White
House, but this had to be abandoned
owing to the fact that the police
authorities would not permit march
ing on streets upon which street
cars operate.
Upon the arrival at the Wilson
home. Robert W. Woolley. former
Interstate Commerce Commissioner,
and chairman of the local founda
tion committee, accompanied by
Samuel Gompers, stepped upon the
? small porch In front of the house.
Farmer PretlJent Smiles.
As the man to whom they were
doing homage stepped to the door
way. a lusty cheer arose from the
huge assembly and despite repeated
efforts to restore quiet on the part
of those in charge of the impromptu
gathering, the cheers continued for
many minutes.
During this period the former
President, clad in a dark suit, a
black cape and wearing a high silk
hat on his head, stood smiling on
the porch. He was supported by
his left arm by a house attendant
and held in his right hand a light
Stepping to the side of Mr. Wil
son, offering his arm as a support,
Mr. Gompers led him to the front
of the porch, following which the
eheering w*s renewed with even
srreater lustiness. He responded to
this ovation by bowing and smiling.
G?npm UMi IIIn.
The band then struck up "Dixie"
and augmented by the continued
clleering of the multitude rent the
Sunday quietude for many more
minutes. Finally, by repeated
wavlngs of his hands. Mr. Gompers
gained silence.
The treaty of Versailles was first
injected into the unusual dem
onstration when Mr. Gompers,
speaking of the mass meeting dur
ing the afternoon, made the follow
ing declaration:
"The general psychology mani*
fasted It clearly that the leagne of
Continued an Page 7wo.
China's Economic Structure
Totters as New Year Nears
Period of Annual ^Settlements Find* Banks
Heavily Involved with Government
SHANGHAI, China, Jan. 15.?The
entire economic structure of China
Is tottering ae the annual days of
settlement?the Chinese New year
The government's Inability to
meet Its obligations, general busi
ness condition and widespread spec
ulation have all combined to bring
about what promlhent members of
the Chinese Bankers' Society call
the worst crisis in the history of
modern China.
New threats of civil war also are
menaoinjr the Peklr government.
The cabinet, it Is reported, has re
plied to the ultimatum of Gen. Wu
Phi Fu declaring^ It will not re
. ??n' W" h?? military forces
In Hupeuh under his command and
?iti!nOW? t0 be a?ek|nit alliances
with various other military gover
nors. There are reports also that
he may Join forces with Dr. Sun Yat
Sen, head of the.8outh China re
Victims Hurled Into the
Street When Car Skids
And Hits Tree.
One woman was almost Instantly
killed and si* others were severe
ly Injured when the automobile
,whJch th'* w?? returning to
their homes early yesterday morn
ing, skidded against the curb at
Ashmead place and Kalorama road
northwest, and crashed Into a tree.
Several of the occupants were
hurled to the street.
The dead woman Is Mrs. Edna
Wh te. 38 years old. wife of U E.
White, a coal dealer living at the
Chastleton apartments. Sixteenth
and R streets* northwest. Mrs
White was sitting ln the rear as
the machine crashed Into the tree
She received the full Impact of the
collision. She was dead on her ar
rival at the Emergency Hospital.
BMver Badly Hart.
? P**rce. a broker, 17IS
Conbaeticut avenue northwest,
driver of the automobile, was se
verely Injured about the head and
body^ He js being held under guard
by the Tenth precinct police at the
Emergency Hospital for action of
the coroner.
The others Injured are Alexander
Olll. newspaperman, 1370 Columbia
road, injuries to the head and body:
his wife, Mrs. Gladys GUI, cuts and
bruises about the head and body
M. Arthur Sinclair, an official of
the Potomac Building and Supply
Company. 1620 AVoodley road ,
? nose' cut8 on the head, and
SEisE-?/hls wlfe'Mrs Jud??n
Sinclair, cuts and bruises on the
head and body, and probable In
ternal Injuries; and Kemp Mentzel
m,an?Ker of the People's Drug Store
at 1330 Belmont street northwest
? k*J bruises about the head)
"Bd bod>'- A" were taken to the
Emergency Hospital in the auto of
George Lee. 36 DeFrees street I
northwest, n passing- motorist. j
Tw# Be?l? ia Hospital. . I
All were able to leave the hos
pital last night with the exception I
of Pearce and Gill. Pearce appears I
to be suffering from shock, physi
cians say. Gill's injuries will not I
keep him in the Institution for any
length of time, according to physic
According to the injured persons,
tney had spent the evening at the
home of Mrs. White, after which1
tney motored to a downtown res- !
taurant They were returning!
home when the accident occurred
was a n*tlv* Of gont-j
mersville. Pa. She came to Wash-'
ington after Iter marriage, seven- ;
teen years ago, and resided here!
ojnee. She was prominent in social
circles. Besides her husband she is !
survived by two daughters?Ellison.
'? years old, and Josephine, s years
old; one son. Endsley, 8 years old j
all at home?and one sister, living
in Sommersvllle. Pa. Mr. White. I
who was not In the machine, is
making arrangements to ship the i
body to Sommersvllle tonight
Coroner Nevltt will conduct an I
' CHICAGO. Jan. 15.?On the sec
ond anniversary of the birth of pro
hibition tomorrow, the Woman's
Christian Temperance Union will
start a. campaign to have blue flags
with a white star in the center placed
in a window of every home and busi
ness place where liquor is banned.
It will ba known as the "star in
the window" campaign, it is an
nounced at national headquarters of
the union. Beneath the star will be
the words "We are Americans; we
support the Constitution."
It Is the hope of the temperance
union that the campaign will make
so wide an appeal that within a short
time there will be a star in every
window in the land.
LOS ANGELES. Cal.. Jan. 15 ?
At a late hour tonight the Jury de
liberating on the guilt or innocence
of Arthur Courtenay Burch, charged
with the murder of Belton Kennedy,
is still deadlocked.
More than forty-eight hours have
passed since the jurors walked out
to consider the evidence, and it is
believed they will remain deadlocked
until they are discharged.
Even the most sanguine have given
up hope of a verdict. District At
torney Woolwine is already making
preparations for a new trial.
public. In his ultimatum, Gen. Wu
said If the cabinet which he fc
cuses of being pro-Japanese aid
not resign, he would march against
In the economic sfeuatlpn. how
ever,- bankers Here see peril to
China even grater than civil war,
because the crash which they fear
is at hand will hit the whole na
tion. '
The banks of Shanghai face a1
shortage on settlement day of $25.- I
000,000. according to estimates |
made today. These are llrgely due |
to overdrafts by the Pekln gov
ernment. Pekln banks'are heavily
Involved with government paper.
The total government overdrafts in
native Chinese banks In fixed at
$75,000,000. none of which the gov
ernment Is In position to pay.
Many of the largest Industrial
capitalists of China are known to
be cramped for funds and are fac
ing liquidation.
(Copyright 1?22.)
Youth's Arm Severed and
Scores Knocked Down
On River in Jersey.
RED BANK N. J.. Jan. 15.?
Crashing into a erowd of 200
skaters on the Shrewsbury River
near here late today, an airplane,
which started before the aviator
could get Into his seat, killed Mrs.
Anna C. Hounlhan, 20. of Red Bank,
and amputated the right arm of her
brother. Lawrence. Conley, 20. of
Mtddletown. N. ? More than a
score of persons were bowled over
by the wings of the machine, but
escaped serloua Injury.
On the river durihg the early aft
ernoon. there were more than 1.000
skaters. Scores of ice boats wero
sailing about. Along the banks
were hundreds of onlookers. At In
tervals, an airplane piloted by Jas.
Casey, of Shrewsbury, N. J.. put In
an appearance and the skaters
watched It aB It went op and down
the rlrrf o*er thetr heads.
reared lee Wavld Break.
In the late afternoon the ma
chine flew low and the skaters ex
changed greetings with the aviator
who leaned out from his cockpit.
The plane lighted on the ice 200
yards from shore. As It stopped
the skaters crowded about Casey
who served more than a year In an
aviation unit In France and who
is well known at Red Bank. Casey,
after his return to this country,
built his own machine and took
passengers up from his home regu
At the point where the plane
stopped the ice. was but 7 Inches
thick, and skaters fathered about
the plane in such numbers that
boatmen along the shore realised
that the ice might break through.,
Several started out to the plane and
heard the ice crack. More skaters
were coming up continually, and
boatmen suggested to the aviator;
that he "hop ofT to avert a disas
ter. i
Ordering the crowd away from
n front of the machine. Caaey
started the propeller. On both sides
were hundreds of skaters. The
plane * suddenly swirled before Casey
could jump into the cockpit.
-*As the huge machine swung
around the crowd pressed back
ward, trying to get out of the path
of dangler. Standing In the front of
the skaters was Mrs. Hounlhan, her
husband. Timothy; her two children.
10 and 7 years old. and her brother. I
The propeller struck the woman
on the heai, crushing her skull.
She died instantly. The blades tore
practically all the clothing from her
body. Her brother, young Conley.
was at her side. He had tried to
shove her back as the machine ap
proached. As she fell one of the
blades struck him in the right
shoulder, severing his right arm.
Scare Knocked Dai*a.
As tha throng of skaters and on
lookers fled in panic, many fell to
the ice. The machine knocked
down' more than a score before
Casey succeeded in stopping the
When the machine halted, the
crowd rushed forward agaiu. Mrs
Hounihan's body was severely mu
tilated. It was taken to a boa:
house nearby. A tourniquet was
made about Conley s shoulder and
he was rushed to Monmouth Hos
pital at Long Branch, where it was
said tonight he would recover.
Casey afterward flew back to his
home. He was not detained by po
lice, who reported Mrs. Hounihan's
death as accidental.
EL PASO. Tex.. Jan. 15.?A wide
spread plot to restore former Car
ranza leaders to power is being
watched by Mexican and American
border officials.
Actual armed resistance Is being
held up due to lack of finances. It
is reported.
Heading the revolution is Estaban
Cantu. former governor of Lower Cal
ifornia. and Candldo Aquilar, It is
Local intelligence officers report
many secret meetings being held in
Los Angeles and in border towns to
foment the revolution.
Pastor Saves Bible in Fire.
IB.?Braving flames and smoke that
swept the First Reformed Church here
today, the Rev. Dr. F. A. Schofieid,
its pastor, dashed into the biasing
building and saved the Bible and the
communion table. Damage estimat
ed at $1M00 was caused by the Ere.
Feels Free-Staters Will
Be Vindicated in the
Spring Election.
Next Parliament Will Be
More Representative,
Is Belief.
DUBLIN, Jan. 15. ? Ireland's new
government, which assumes tomor
row the responsibility of running
Dublin Castle, is not nearly so wor
ried about the future as one might
expect after hearing the threats
from the Dc Valera republican
camp. Neither Arthur Griffith nor
Michael Collin#, heads of the provi
sional administration, believe that
the country will vote down the
free state in preference for a re
public at the general election which
will be held late in the spring.
They anticipate many difficulties,
but in the past few days they have
grown confident that the free-stat
ers will be victorious in all funda
mental matters.
Not only are they sure that the
majority of Sinn Feiners will get
behind them, but thov feel that the
unionists and the laborites will co
operate with them against those
whose policy today is one oI oppo
sition to the free 6tate.
Wis Strong Support. ,
Griffith's cabinet is receiving Just
as strong support from the unionist
press in the south of Ireland as he
is from the Sinn Fein papers, some
of which formerly were national
ist organs. In all Ireland De Va
lera has only one paper behind him,
"The -Republic of Ireland," edited
by William J. Mellowes, who has
proved himself one of the ablest
members of the Dail Elreann, and
that fact will tell heavily against
the pro-treaty party In the forth
coming election.
The split in Sinn Fein Is result
ing In an alliance between the
Unionists and Free Staters and the
harder the republicans fight, the
stronger will become this union
between two whilom political en
De Valera Barm Bridge*.
De Valera ha# horned his bridge?
and there seems to be no possibif
ity that he or Ms ablest lieuten
ants will go over to Griffith's side
before the election although some
or thee Free Staters are trying
desperately to win them. Un
doubtedly a few republicans will
be returned to the Dail at the elec
tion but It Is difficult to see of
what importance the role they play
in Pari lament can have. If any. The|
Republicans insist that under no
i circumstances will they take the
oath of allegifcice contained in the
Angl-Irlsh treaty and unless they
do take II. they will not be eligi
ble to sit in the assembly, just as
the Sinn Feiners who were elected
to the British Parliament at West-;
minster could not sit there because
they wouldn't take the required
De Valera would be a powerful j
opposition leader in the Parliament1
of ?he Irish Free State but If he is
elected and refuses to take the oath
he catinc i fill that place.
The next election will undoubt
edly result in a more representa
C on tinned on Page Four.
Germans Resent
Bread Price Rise
Angered at Allied Order to
, End Government
BERLIN. Jan. 15.?Accustomed as
Germany Is to political bombshells
thrown Into its m^re or less orderly
midst by the entente, tho last de
mands from the victors caused no
especial walling or gnashing of teeth.
The desire of the supreme coun
cil's war crimes committee to have
the former Kaiser, MarshaT Luden
dorff and others extradited and tried
abroad caused far less anger than
the Cannes demand that the bread
subsidy be ended.
The bread price order affects the
entire working and middle classes
and means the 7-mark loaf has gone.
It means that bread will cost about
50 cents a pound for' workers earn
ing 30 cents daily. In short, it means
a wav* ot unrest, agitation and
strikes affecting the stability of the
The government is blaming the en
tente for the removal of the bread
subsidy, which costs the treasury
millions of marks, olaimlng It is one
of the many instances of the en
tente's movee to block the rehabilita
tion of German finances.
The bread increase comes at a
time when there was every neces
sity for trying to avoid doubling the
price. German exporter!! are doubling
their prices, but the workers through
out Germany are getting only 5 cents
more daily than before the great
crash In exchange.
(Ccpj right 1922.)
Sing Sing May See
"Last Laugh" Film
OSSINING,. ~n! Y~. Jan. 15 ? It
was reported at Sine Sin* prison
today that arrangement, are being
made to show the motion picture
"The Last Laugh" to the con
damned prisoners in the death
house. Warden Laws was not at
the prison to verify the report.
Considerable oomrnent on the
title of the picture was made by
the attendants. They thought It
had a rather cynlcal"'slgniAcanc?
for men about to die.
? ? - ?
Head of Columbia Fears
Effects of New De- -
Urges Continuance' of
The Free and Natural
School System.
NEW YORK. Jan. 15. ? Op
posing the plan to establish a
National Department of Education,
which he characterises as a pro
posal "to bureaucratlse and to bring
into uniformity the educational sys
tem of the whole United .States,
while making the most solemn as
surance that nothing ot the kind
is intended." Dr. Nicholas Murray
Butler, in hi? annual report as pres
ident of Columbia University, maae
public today. asserts that "In
the United State* we are. In flat
{defiance of all our proclaimed prin
ciples and ideals, building a series
of bureaucracies that will put to
shame the best effort? of tho gov
ernment of the Czar of all the Rus
slas when In the heyday of its
President Butler urges the contin
uance of "the free and natural sys
tem of education that has grown
up among us." Germany's experl
eace in cited, as a lesson to Amer
ica. of what flows from highly cen
tralised control. To set up such a
system here. President Butler de
clares would be to tap the Federal
Treasury In the guise of aiding the
States, to establish again an army
of bureaucratg in Washington, and
to aid "In effecting so great a revo
lution in our American form of gov
ernment as one day to endanger its
Hees I'm-AMrricaa Activities.
"We are surrounded by agents,
special agents, inspectors and spies,
and the people are called upon to
support through their taxes in
harmful and un-American activities
whole armies of Individuals who
should be engaged In productive In
dustry. When anything appears to
go wrong, or when any desirable
movement seems to lag. a cry goes
up for the creation of some new
board or commission, and for an
appropriation *f public funds to
maintain It In reasonable comfort.
An infinite number of blatik forms
must be filled and an infinite num
ber of records must be kept, classi
fied and audited at steadily mount
ing cost.
"For a fang time the excellent lim
itations of the American form of Fed
eral government held thsse move
ments In check, so far as the na
tional government itself was con
cerned. When, however, the Ingenious
discovery was made that the na
tional government might aid the
States to do what lay within their
province but was denied to the na
tional government Itself, the door was
opened to a host of schemes. These
have followed each other In rapid
succession, all urged with a certain
amount of plausibility and with an
appeal to kindly sentiment, usually
supported by vigorous propaganda and
zealous paid agents.
Edaeators MOvers?(sske4."
"So far as education is concerned,
there has been overorganlsatlon for
a long time past Too many persons
arc engaged in supervising. In inspect
ing and in recording the work of
?other persons. There is too much
machinery, and In consequence a
steady temptation to lay more stress
upon the form of education than upon
its content. Statistics displace schol
arship. There are, in addition, too
many laws and too precise laws, and
not enough opportunity for those mis
takes and failure, due to individual
initiative and experiment, which are
the foundation for great and lasting
"It is now proposed to bureau
crat! zr and f*o bring into uniformity
the educational system of the whole
United States, while making the most
solemn assurance that nothing of the
kind is Intended The glory and the
stresses of education in the United
States are due to Its freedom, to its
unevennesses, to its reflection of the
needs and ambitions and capacities of
locnl communities, and to Its being
kept In close and constant touch with
the people themselves.
Praise* Natural System.
"There is not money enough In
the United States, even If every dol
lar of It were expended on educa
tion, to produce by Federal authority
or throurh whst Is naively called
co-operation between tho Federal gov
ernment and the several States, edu
cational results that would be at
all comparable with those that have
already been reached under the free
and natural system that has grown
up among us. If tax-supported edu
cation be first encouraged and In
spected, and then little by little com
pletely controlled, by central author
ity. European experience shows pre
cisely what will happen.
"In so far as the schools of Franee
are controlled from the ministry of
education in Paris, they tend to hard
en into uniform machines, and it Is
only when freedom Is given to dif
ferent types of school or to different
localities, that any real progress is
made. Anything worse than the sys
tem tfhlch has prevailed In Prussia
would be difficult to Ipagine. It
universally acknowledged that the un
happy decline in Gerrfon university
freedom and effectiveness, and the
equally unhappy subjection of the ed
ucated classes to the flctates of the
political and military ruling groups,
were the direct result of lie highly
centralized and efficient control from
Berlin of the nation's schools and
?'For Americans new to accept
oversight and direction of their tax
supported schools and colleges from
Washington would mean that they
had failed to learn one of the plain
est and most weighty lessons of the
war. It Is true that education is
Continued on h,. romT.
Cancelled Vote
For Newberry
Watson Denies He Had
Authorized Repudiation
Of Pair With Nordeck.
Friends of Senator Newberry are
irouH4 over discovery of what they
believe were dishonest tactics re
sorted to in the effort to unseat
the Michigan Senator last week.
When the voting began Senator
Curtis, the Republican whip, an
nounced the pairing of Senator
\Y*tson. of Georgia, for seating,
with fenater Nor beck, of South Da
kota. for unseating Newberry. Wat
son was absent, and Norbeck with
held his vote at first. Senator
Townsend, of Michigan, had In
formed Senator Curtis he had the
authority of Wstson to pair the
Georgian in favor of Newberry.
Before the result was announced
Senator Underwood, the Democratic
leader. Informed Senator Curtis thst
Watson's secretary had sent wo^l
to cancel the psir. Senator Curtis
announced the cancellation, and
Norbeck voted against Newberry.
Senator Watson stated yesterday
that neither he nor his aecretary
had authorized cancellation of the
pair, and intimated he would ask
for an investigation. Senstor Un
derwood says the message to cancel
came by telephone, but he had be
lieved it genuine.
Congress Would Speed
Bonus and Anti-Lynch
ing Measures.
Congress this week will d'rect
Its attention to three importsnt
measures, passage of which Is de
sired by the administration?the
foreign debt funding bill, the sol
d'er bonus bill and the ant*.-lynch*
ing bill.
The debt funding kill Is to be re
ported out by the Senate Finance
Committee probably today minus
some cf the restrictions that have
proved objectionable to the admin
istration. Consideration will be
started at once. The bill will pro
vide for putting the Sll.OOff.OOO.ftS*
owed th1? government by foreign
countries In definite form?now the
losns are simply secured by ??de
mand notes" Maturity would he
twenty-five years hence. A provi
sion probably will be Included to
defer interest payments for a pe
riod of years, becanse of present
inability of debtor nations to make
Will Speed Boss, B?l. ^
The admin'stration has urged
passage of this bill for months and
recently the President has exerted
strong pressure on the Senate to
obtain sction In that'body.
After the debt funding bill Is re
ported out. the Senste Flnsnce
Comm'ttee will prepare a soldier
bonus bill, with the idea of report
ing it out in a short time This
measure, it is expected, will con
tain provisions for making its first
payments through taxation. Later
payments may he cared for through
Interest from the debts of foreign
governments. But President Hard
ing will insist thai whatever Its
form, the measure contain definite
provisions for raising money for
the payments It will authorise.
Deai or rats te Oppose.
The ant'-lynchlng bill, desired by
the administration to redeem s
party campaign pledge, will be
brought up in the House later in
the week. Democrats will continue
their filibuster sgalnst it
Tomorow the Senate will vote on
the bill supported by the farm bloc
to put s "dirt farmer** on the Fed
eral Reserve Board. The. adminis
tration's objection to a legal stip
ulation of this sort ia expected to
carry. An attempt will be made
simply to amend the reserve act to
provide for representat'on for agri
culture in the same way that repre
sentation for business and Industry
is now provided.
The. Ways and Means Committee
of the House will hold hearings on
the rroposed amendment to the
Constitution to forbid issuance of
tax-exempt securities.
Prr*ldeet Prods CosgrtM.
The committee Investigating Sen
ator Watson's charges of cruelty to
soldiers will resume, hearings.
Hnusc committees will continue
their work on the appropriation
The succeed'ng weeks will wit
ness an attempt on the part of
lesders to bring about greater
unity of action with the executive
branches, and greater unity within
the party organisation. There will
be an effort also to obtain more de
cis've action.
This is the. result of a series of
conferences among leaders during
the past ten days. President Hard
ing has prodded Congress, and
there, has been agreement on the
necessity for greater unity and
BY FIRE, $500,000
MEXIA, Tex., Jan. 15?The Ion
caused by the Are which destroyed
many of the new buildings erected
?incc the discovery of the "won
der oil field" here, la placed by con
servative estimates at tiOt.OOO.
Martial law recently had bean
declared In Mexla. where rice and
lawlessness resembling the days of
'49 was said to be rampant. Many
of the dives to have fceen cleaned
up by the military were wiped out
by the Are.
The blnce originated In the bus
iness district and the remainder of
the town, partly oomposed of frail
wooden shacks and temporary
struci/lrfs built on the heals of
the afn boom, was saved only after
dynanltlnc had Veen resorted to.
Genoa hopes
Thousand Delegate* Ex
pected at Economic
> Conference.
ROME, Jan. 16.?Upward of
? 1.000 delegate* arc expected
to attend the international
economic conference at
Genoa, Premier Bonoroi has
reported to the cabinet.
A commission has been ap
pointed to organise trans
portation. telegraphic and
telephonic services a* well as
lodgings for the delegates.
Many of the delegations, it is
declared. Will have to reside
in towns near Genoa where
the accommodations will be
The mayor of Genoa has
wired the premier thanking
him for aiding in the selec
tion of the city for the con
ference. In welcoming the
delegates coifiing from all
over the world he expressed
the hope that "the birth
place of Columbus and Maz
zlni will be instrumental in
engendering the long expect
ed peace."
Plans Entente to Include
Russia, Germany, and
United States.
UONPOX. Jan. II.?Lloyd George,
checked temporarily in his program
for the regeneration of Europe, will
permit no delay in his intensive
campaign to reach a solution of a
dangerous international sttnation.
which has been rendered doubly
critieal by the overturn of tne
Br land' government in Prance.
Every force in Downing Street
will at once turned to the three
dominant ideas of the premier s for
eign policy.
First, a general reconstruction of
the entente cordiale.
Sccond, the success of the Genoa
economtc conference.
Third, the creation of a new as
sociation of nations, embracing
Russia, the United States and Ger
many. which LJoyd George wants to
4ee as a result of the Genoa
A alma to WMfi Ea teste.
Until the Poincare government is
flrmly established in Paris, the pro
ceedings will necessarily be ex
tremely delicate.
British government officials are
convinced that the entente, in Its
present form. Is antiquated arnJ out
grown and that it needs ci?%;?lete
overhauling. There is a double
barreled purpose in this. In the first
place the Anglo-French difficulties
must be straightened out; in the
second place, any entente must form
the nucleus cf a far wider European
settlement, such as the Washington
conference developed.
It is feared in England that if
the entente remains exclusively a
two-nation agreement, ft may pre
clude the broader scheme for all
European co-operation.
Hepea te Gala C. S. AM.
If Franc* refuses to join LJoyd
George in this. Great Britain. It
is intimated, will proceed with the
other European nations in the work
of restoring normal conditions in
Germany and Russia. At the same
time it ia admitted that the refusal
of France to participate In the new
association would have the same ef
fect as that suffered by the league
when it waB organised without the
participation of the United States,
Germany or Russia.
Lloyd George hopes to make his
proposed federation economically
and politically attractive to the
United States, but it is recognised
that France's remaining aloof might
have a restraining effect on Ameri
can thought.
The flrst task to occupy the Brit
ish diplomats, returning tonight
from Paris, is to lay the ground
work for the Genoa conference. A
committee will meet In London im
mediately, to arrange the agenda*
and details of the proposed con
Rail Strike Vote
Will Be Discussed
Shop Crafts Committee Will
Resume Conference
CHICAGO, Jan. It.?Another
week's discussion of the advisabil
ity of revlvtac the strike vote of
the more than ?>>0.000 railway shop
employee will open here tomrrow
when the committee of 1*0 of the
federated shop crafts resume, con
ferences that alerted last Monday.
While no official statement has
been forthcoming, reliable reports'
Indicate there is a Itroif faction
In favor of authorising a strike vote,
the Issue being th, working rules
for the shop crafts recently pro
mulgated bt the United States Labor
Board. The chief objection is to
thoa* rules which curtail overtime
The shopmen, aereral month* a(o.
votad to etrlke aa a protest against
the U per cent ww? reduction of
July 1. bui deferred action pending
announcement of the working rulea.
New Paris Premier May
Refuse to Meet Rus
sia at Genoa.
Six of Briand Cabinet Re
tained, Including
PARIS, Jan. 15.?The new French
government. headed by Raymond
Poincare and including in It*
membership six of the minister*
who served under Aristlde Briand.
has been formed, accepted by the
President and is beginning to
It? first movement to carrr out
the nationalist program which
constitutes the platform of Poin
care and his political group is seen
in the endeavor of the new premier
to break down the supreme coun
cil's control of European a/fairs
and revert to the old style method*
of diplomacy, conducting all nego
tiations through the ambassadors
at the various capital*.
Will Hefaae te Meet Rwmia
Poincare'* flcht against the su
preme council datee elmoet from its
formation. Jn his writings h* ha*
continually argued against settle
ment of important European prob
lems by what he termed a 'peri
patetic council** journeying from
capital to capital and creating
"nothing but a series of compro
mises." Poincare scathingly criti
cised the supreme council's work in
Brussels and London last year. and
issued a final broadside when the
council found Itnelf unable to ar
rive at a satisfactory conclusion
on Upper 811esis. passing the ques
tion over to the league of nations
for solution.
Consequently, his action in de
manding the end of Its activities
oomes as no surprise.
The second step to put Into effect
his program Is the indication that
the new premier will refuse to
meet Russia at the Genos confer
ence table until Russia has ac
knowledged all external debta. In
cluding those of tkm Gear's regim*
Seleetlsss Are Approved.
Poincare spent the entire morn
ing in an attempt to find occupant*
for the posts ot labor and hyglen*
In his cabinet, and It was not
until 2 o'clock In the afternoon
that the completed list was car
ried to President Mlllerand for hi*
approval. His colleagues were pre.
sen ted to the president in the
The political complexion of the
ministry Is not exactly what Poin
care might have wished, owing to
the refusal of Herrlot. leading radi
cal Socialist, and Andre Tardleu. to
Join. Observers declare, neverthe
less that it Is a homogeneous body
and that it should work well.
Four of Poincare's colleague*
have neve** held cabinet rank be
fore. As a whole the ministry rep
resents every section of geography
of France save the north.
By professions, it Includes fen
. lawyers, three engineers. three
. journalists, two members of the
I French Academy and former pre
miers?Poincare and Barthou?one
financial inspector. De I*a St eyrie
one sea captain and one former pre
mier of the republic.
Press Bark* Poincare.
On broad lines. It was intimated,
the foreign policy will follow |
closely the outline already forecast.
Its basis will be that the recon
struction of France is essentia! I*
the reconstruction of Europe, and
that, therefore, the allies* firM taei.
must be to aid France. Reference
to French refusal to sttend tn*
Genoa conference without guaran
tees troni Russia regarding the pay
ment of debts, and to the policy thar
the terms of the Verssilles treatv
must not be altered to the detri
rnent of France, are also confirmed
as a part of the new government'*
"Poincare certainly he* the great
majority of the country hehlmt
him." says the Journal des I>ebat*
"Poincare Is both intelligent and
firm." seys the Temps /
"The country will heve confidence/
in the cabinet." La Liberie agree* /
Members of Cabinet.
The caiblnet list follows:
Premier and foreign affairs. Ray
wond Pol nee re.
, Justice and Alsace-Lorraine. Lottia
Interior. M. Manoury
War and peneioas. Andre Meg.
I not.
FInence, Charles de I^astevrie.
Marine. M. Raiberti
Agriculture, Adolphe Cheron.
Labor. M. Payronnet.
Instruction. Leon Rererd.
Colonies. Albert Sarraut.
Public worke. Le Troquer.
Commerce, Luden Dior
Liberated regions. M Reibel.
Hygiene. M. Strauss
Undersecretaries already eppoint
ed are:
Foreign affairs. M. Colret; public
worke Louie Rollln; posts snd tele
gaaph. M. Lafont; eeronauttce. M
*arraat*? Ptaee Ceaeeded.
Official announcement of the re
appointment of Albert Sarraut ?*
, minister for the colonies nad beer
held up for Sarraute acceptance
His reappointment, not only m view
of hie vast knowledge of France a
colonial problems but because ot
hie participation In the Waahtng
ton arms conference ss heed of tne
French delegation, was concede*
from the first. France seeks t?
Justify her present course in intar
nattonal ppKtlcs, it was pointed out
and the appointment of another in
Sarratit's place wou& have eras ted
en unfortunate Ieapreeeton In Amer

xml | txt