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?? ?? uuu: ?? ?? I (Pbl SBaafoujton jflmitt Published Every Morning in the Year by Tbe VasknftoB Herald Company 435-4*7-439 Eleventh St. Washington, D. C. ! J. E. Rice, President and General Manager Phone: Main 3300?All Departments SUBSCRIPTION RATES ?BY CARRIER In the Distritt of Columbia: Daily and Sunday. 1 Month, 40c; I Year, $4-80 Outside the District of Columbia: Daily and Sunday, 1 Month, 50c; 1 Year, $6xto SUBSCRIPTION BY MAIL IN ADVANCE Daily and Sunday, I Month, 50c; I Year, $5.00 Daily Only, i Month, 40c; 1 Year. $3 50 Member of tke Audit Bwrtmu of Circulations BRANCH OFFICES: London, Eng.: 1*4 Pall Mall, S. W. 1. Paris: 4J0 Rue St. Honore. Berlin: Under den Linden, 1. New York: 11$ Fifth Ave.; Chicago: 900 Mailers Bldg-; Los Angeles: 401 Van Nuys Bldg. BENJAMIN & KENTNOR COMPANY National Advertising Representatives Entered as Second-Class Matter, Pdstoffice, Washington, D. C. SUNDAY, MARCH 5. i?aa. Belgium and Luxemburg. ONE of the results of the great war which has not been very popularly noticed has been the economic union of the Grand Duchy of Luxem burg with Belgium. Luxemburg's history since 1914 has been a very quiet one. Much sympathy for the Duchy was felt in America when the German arm ies made Luxemburg their own, and such reports as came from Luxemburg were to the effect that the sentiments of the people were favorable to the allied cause. Naturally, such would be the case. But whatever the sentiments were, they were never well-advertised. Luxemburg appears to have no press agent, no department of propaganda. Like wise, the changes which have taken place in the Grand Duchy since the war ended have not been noisily proclaimed to the world. Something of the new connection between Bel gium and the Grand Duchy is told in the Economic Review of London in its issue of February 17. The article on the subject includes the following: "The Belgian chamber has ratified the eco nomic convention with the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg by 136 votes to 4 and 3 absten tions. Under the agreement the customs bar rier between the two countries will disappear and the duties and regulations in force in Bel gium will be extended to the Grand Duchy, while the revenue derived from customs and excise will be equitably divided between the two countries on the basis of population. The Belgian government is also to afford the Grand Duchy the means of restoring her currency on a sound footing. After the armistice the government of the latter country withdrew the German currency from circulation in exchange for a provisional issue of treasury notes at the rate of 1.25 francs per mark. The withdrawals amounted to 200,000,000 marks, and to etpble the Luxemburg government to redeem this treasury note issue it is to be allowed to float a loan of 175,000.000 francs in Belgium through the Banque Nationafe, bearing interest at 2 per cent, the. proceeds to be paid over in Belgian banknotes. Eventually Belgium will relieve the Grand Duchy treasury of its stock of German money. Finally, the railway tariffs of the two countries are to be assimilated, but the method of administration of the Luxemburg railway sys tem is to form the subject of further negotia tions. It is anticipated that, as a result of the convention, Belgium will find a better market - for her coal and coke, as also for drawn or rolled zinc, machinery, earthenware and china, window and plate glass, soap and mineral oils, chemical fertilizers, cotton and woolen yarns and fabrics, linen goods and clothing, footwear, colonial produce, and foodstuffs. Antwerp, too, is likely to benefit by a large increase in the export trade of the Luxemburg iron and steel industries, while the Grand Duchy has the pros pect of building up a fine market in Belgium for her Moselle wines." This economic union of Belgium and Luxem burg will doubtless prove of benefit to both. It will surely have a political as well as an economic cffect, tending toward political stability. This union of an economic sort gives a hint of what may be accomplished elsewhere in Europe, perhaps in the succession states of the Austrian Empire. Many regrets about the damage done by splitting of big states into little ones have been expressed. If economic unions, or measures of that general na ture, can be effected in many of the European states, no regrets over political divisions will be justified. It is interesting to note that the depreciation of the German mark, through inflation of the paper currency by <he German government, has caused a loss in Luxemburg in the value of the 200,000,000 marks converted, as mentioned above. These marks* of course, are worth only a fraction of what they were worth at tbe end of the war. Apparently, Belgium is to take these German marks off Luxem burg's hands. That will mean that Belgium is to be added to the list?which includes Lithuania and France (because of the exchange of francs for marks in Alsace-Lorraine)?of countries which Ger many has really been able to tax through that forpi of "invisible taxation"?inflated paper currency. Ultimate Money. WE HAVE taken occasion in these columns, more than once, to comment on gold as a standard for currency. The state of the inter national exchanges has made .currencies and the theory of money subjects of greater interest than ever in the past. Today, we are inclined to inquire ,and analyze the whole question of curreney. The vast flow of gold to America, the pushing of prac tically the whole of Europe off the gold standard on account of great issues of paper money, have caused much discussion of the suitability of gold itself as currency or as the base for currency. Be fore the war, gold was accepted, blindly, without question, as the only proper base for a sound cur rency. Its durability, its rarity, the difficulty and cost of getting it, the long history and tradition of liold as money, were elements entering into making gold highly desirable as a standard for money. To day. while gold is still universally acknowledged as the best possible standard for money, if the standard ? fs to be metal, ecofomists and monetary experts are giving a good deal of thought to the question of whether or not something quite different might not be a better base for currency than gold. Gold itself is very little used as actual money. Tn America, the amount of gold actually in circu lation is a trifle. The gold is in the vaulls of the United States Treasury. It is paper, which? the .^Eavfrnmcnt guarantees exchangeable for gold, which we use as money. Our silver, nickel and k copper, U>o, are guaranteed of a certait gold value. Bui thi gold itself, the material upon which our wholj monetary itructure it raised, is, practically, unseen. . We believe the government when it says that the gold is in the Treasury' but W* never try *> get ?. , Is it not a strange situation that the material upon which our currency is based, upon which the currency of most of the world is' Sased and upon ^hich the governments of the world still hope to base their currencies in happier tinies<tU not used? After all the effort and hardship expended and suf fered in getting gold?except for a little which goes .into the arts?the gold is not really used. This is a situation which calls for thought because it sug gests that there is a great waste somewhere. ^ We suggested, i^hce, that Europe might find it easier to establish ? wheat currency, than to get back to a gold standard. Wheat asvcurrency would have certain advantages over gold. It _ would be available in great government warehouses in time of war or famine. Because .great stock* would be kept on hand, if it were used as currency, its value, with regard to other commodities, would not fluc tuate greatly. And, whereas storing gold makes im possible the use of that jteautiful metal for the arts, thereby- depriving humanity of the aesthetic pleasure it might have from gold, on the other hand, the only proper thing to do with wheat is to store it until used for food products. People do not want to see wheat. So, a wheat standard is not im possible nor illogical. Yet there is another possibility much more fascinating from a speculative point of view and offering much more likelihood of being the ultimate in money. That is electricity currency. The great development of the future is undoubtedly to be electrical development. America, within relatively few years, will be electrified. Britain talks of har nessing the tides and has other great electrical pro jects under consideration. Lenin dreams of fur nishing all of Russia with electricity. The Rhine Main-Danube canal is to furnish tremendous power. Italy goes ahead with great projects and so does Austria, poor as she is. The world is being electri fied. In times to come, money will be based on j units of electricity. Government notes will be good | for so many kilowatt-hours of electric current, or I whatever other' unit is adopted. All commodities will be priced in that unit. All wages will be paid in electricity currency. Discoveries of future forces or methods of utilizing prisoned forces?such as the radioactivity of the atom?will but m&ke money based on electric energy the more necessary and the more logical. When the world has electricity money, gold will be released for use in the arts and will be mined only for truly useful purposes. Would it not be just as well to stop mining gold for the purpose of sticking it away in a dark vault? If it is mined, in the days of money based on electric current, the results of the miners' labor will give pleasure to I humanity through the artistic and utilitarian dis position of gold. How long before this new sort of money comes? The answer is not easy. Just now, for very practical reasons, a return to the gold standard through the world is ardently to be hoped. But it may not be so very many years before the nations of the world abolish the anachronism of gold as money or a basis for money and adopt electricity instead. J Rauia Ready For Concessions. RECENT press dispatches from Moscow state that the Bolshevik government, becoming alarmed at the encircling grip of the great famine, which, it is said, draws nearer and nearer to the Red army itself, is prepared to make ainy conces sions at the Genoa conference in order to obtain a reconstruction loan for Russia. The Bolshevik leaders are clever men; however twisted their clev erness may be, they know that an unfed army grows rebellious. If it be true that the food supplies arc dwindling so that the rations of the Red army are threatened, it is quite likely that dispatches telling of the Bolshevik willingness to yield to any de mands put upon them in return for the means of reconstruction are well within the truth. It is probable, indeed, that the Bolshevik lead ers are not only willing to make concessions under pressure, but are anxious to have that pressure brought to bear upon them. Lenin, most of all, would probably welcome .being apparently coerced into economic and political measures which he really desires. Lenin is a strong man, however strange his thoughts may be, and he is no fool. It is a characteristic of most strong men to make mis takes. Perhaps Lenin sees his now. He has already marched a long way from communism. Probably he would like to march further. Would he not welcome the chance to tell Russia?to tell the Com munist party?that circumstances are such that Russia must move still further to capitalism, that, i on account of Russia's misfortunes, she is compelled to accept terms laid down by "capitalistic" nations I in order to bring regeneration? The Cannes meeting laid down certain condi tions under which Russia might come to Genoa j and, apparently, Russia has accepted * those condi tions. But it is reasonable to suppose that Russia would go even further, perhaps wants to go further. Some time ago, the London Morning Post pub lished an article which stated that the' Bolshevik government had been in touch with Alexander Ker ensky and his associates with an idea of forming a coalition government. In view of other develop ments in Russia, this does not sound improbable. Russia is anxious to get back into the family of nations. The attitude of the United States government toward Russia has been purely negative. We have said that we would not recognize the Bolshevik gov ernment, but we have not stated what action must be taken or events transpire in Russia in order i to obtain our recognition. We feed Russia with one hand and slap it with the other. Bolshevism no longer threatens world revolution. The suffer ings of Russia have been sufficient propaganda against Bolshevism, a thousand times too strong for all the propaganda the Bolsheviki can spread. America has nothing to fear from Russia. Is it not possible, then, for America to declare more plainly just what is the American policy toward Russia? Is the time now ripe to say what steps we expect Russia to take to make herself fit and worthy for reception into the family of nations? Love is eternal, romance everlasting and outljves the jests of the scoffers. Just to prove this, a sea captairi's wife in Brooklyn has eloped with a horse doctor. Lilc Chester, actress, asks $50,000 heart balm. That stuff comes' so high one might . almost believe it was prohibited by constitu tional amendment. Out flew health a4d inauenza. ^mpressicmsv CkAWhtyre NEW YORK. March 4.?P?rh*p? you've aeen "The > Prune Hater * Daughter" or "More Sinned than Ueual!"?those delightful bite of burleaque melodrama that rAfli the good old days of tie-walking actor*' and candle lighted town hall*. They'** been running In vaudeville for year* and now they are going Into the movie*. And then, perhaps. you've *een ?orae of thoae hand*ome. dignified illustration* In the popular maga ?Inea drawn by Everett Shlnn, or maybe you have aeen aome of Shlnn'* exhibition* In the big gal lerlea In New York. <At any rate you would never aaaoclate the au thor of "The Pruna Hater'e Daugh ter" with the acholarly pamtlng* of Everett Shlnn. Yet Shlnn la responsible for the two extremea. A moat versatile young man la thla allm. boylan artlat who has been called the daan, of American llluatratora. Hla mural decorations have also set a new standard He is the fellow who plana the Dutch treat shows each year?an entertainment that brings the top-notch artists to Delmonlcoa private ball room to don the cap and bells. Such artists as James Montgom ery Flags. Henry Ralelgl). l"*ean Cornwetl. Clarence Ufiderwood. Charles Dana Gibson?who should perhaps be named flrat??take part In them. They are gay burlesques of the time and the people and any one of them would have a long1 run on Broadway If commerclalbted. Shlnn was born In Woodslown. N. J., and atudled at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine ArU In Rh'l?"el' phi* and later Hve4 !?. martr* in Pari* for - ??var^j** Many of his painting# iw* nang lla famous European galUrlea. He Uvea over the Peg W offing ton coffee house In Forty-seventh street and has a summer home In the wilds of Maine where he chop* wooa. hunts deer and entertains Chic Sale two weeks each summer. Chic gets much of his small town vaudeville material while rusticating among the rustics at Shlnn's flace. _ Shlnn wrote hjs flrat vaudeville burlesque skit for private consump tion. Arthur Hopkins, one of the high brow producers, saw It and w? so Impressed that he put It Into vaudeville form and it was booked over the big circuit for a year. At the and of the year Bhfnn thought It had served ita uaefulnoaa and sold all rights for several hundred dollars. . . That was nine years'ago and It" still going strong and Shlnn spends his spare time sharpening lead pen cils and figuring out Just how many thousands of dollars he would have received if he had not sold his roy alty rights. It has appeared In every city of any si*e In America and plays for nine weeka In New York each year. Perhaps Shlnn's most notable achievement in mural decorations was the painting of the Stuyvesant Theater. New York. It brought artists from every part of the world to sec It. While Shlnn is a serious minded student of the arts, he doe* not wear his hair long. In fact, he looks much like the dapper type of FHth avenue dandy one may see at the parade hour. Sometimes he even wear* spats. He is the life of every party, but at the same time a good audience for others. SIX DAY. MARCH ft, ltB. Astrologers find this a doubtful day In planetary direction. Mer cury is in a strongly beneflc aspect In the morning and later Jupiter and Neptune are adverse. There Is a most fortunate sign for letter-writing which should be exceedingly lucky in all affair* ex cept those pertaining to love. . Neptune frowns on romance, mak ing It easy for wooers to deceive and women to charm. The clergy may find the Influenced unfavorable, for congregations are likely to bo ca?eless, in attentive and critical. It is not a fortunate time for making appeals In behalf of phil anthropy and charity, since men and women of wealth will not respond readily to appeals when Mercury Is In evil aspect. Again there is a prophecy of schisms in churches and changes in congregations. Great progress on the part of two diametrically opposite religious or ganizations will be made In the coming year and each will arouse anxiety and make enemies. There is a sign said to indicate ( a campaign to awaken public sym pathy for prisoner* in Jails ana penitentiaries. This may mean that sweeping reform* in the manage ment of Institution* will be begun. Women are to take extraordinary Interest in political issue* that arise this spring but they will not adhere closely to party affiliations. The seers prophesied on January 1 that many men and women In ex alted place* would end their ca reers In 1922 and the stars seem to presage the death* of leader* in literary, artistic and theatrical^ work. .... Intrigue among Socialist* i* to affect France and Italy during the spring and summer. Diplomatic complications with thla oountry are likely to arise. An American ambassador is to become Involved in an embarrasa Ing situation. . ... Per*on* ~ whoae birthdate It ls( probably will h*ve a quiet and suc-j cessful year, but they must not speculate. Children born this day will be clever and lndu*trlou*. healthy and happy. They may be fond of pleas ure and Inclined toward extrava gance. FRENCH WOMAN IS AVIATION ENVOY For *ome time France ha* had a new .diplomatic function, that of ambaaaador of th# air. And for that delicate function, for which not everyone I* ?. a woman. Mile, Adrlenne Holland, ha* been nomi nated. Thl* Intrepid avlatrlx waa the flrst. It will be remembered, who flew over the Cordillera* of the Andes. Thl* feat made h?r famous In South America. The renown in cited the French government to ac credit Mile BpUand to the Republic of Argentina, where ahe will rep; [ reaent France In alt matter* con 1 cernlng aviation. Mile. BollancJ has left for Buenos 1 Aire*, equipped with all diplomatic power*.?Now York Tribune. Siusrxn. isssmt .tjstk^s." . '? ? NOUWT AW MUICAV To uS.rt?^t 9* *?#*?? . My hu*band. an Amcrlcin cltlMB. enlisted la th* British forces at Liverpool. England la 1*14. On returning to the Unltad Bute. In l?H he re Ported to the Immigrant inspector as a*' America* and-cam* through without any trouble. Am 1 considered aa American cltlaen er British dtisen. and woald this prevent nrn from taking a govern ment position? Mr -husband died last Jane. > ... MB?. M. N. T)m ittiband ?Datri&tad himteH by takinc t* oath of snegtanST foret<n country at a time vits the united Mates was at peace. * -if you were born lu thfc Unite* StaUa ysn resumed your Amerfcan dtlsenshlp at the time of your husband's death. DIV/)1CI BY FRAl'D. To thn Trlead ef tW People: Could a wife who lived with her husband up to the time he otuered the service prftcun a divorce from him while he was In thi Service, serving, him simply with a notice sent to bis old business address? The notice whs never received by the man. but returned to the wife;' Would such-a dlvoree he oonsldered legal? C. K. It seems probable that she Is subject to prose cution for uerjury, but the divorce may be valid, depending on all th* facts. If It I* Important to you we advise you to have the record Investigated. AITO IXIIRAWCE. To the Prieed or the People: Last year I Insured my car ? with an auto Insurance company and my last assessment was ?ill. to. cover a period from September 1. nil. to December II, ltll. They went 11.14 for aa "dvance premium deposit. I wish to drop the Insurance. Can they collect any money from me? I did not pay the last assessment. J. U It. Presumsbly you must psy what has accrued up. to date of your withdrawal. Depends on word ing of the original agreement and on other facte that are not before us. -? IWVOI.Vr.n I.EGAL STATU. To the Friend e* the People: Is a common law wife recognised in the States of California and Wyoming? If a couple lived in common law marriage for thirty years, known aS man and wife, but no ceremony ever having been performed. Is she entitled to a "widow's" share of hie property when he dlee Intestate and leaving a child by a former marriage? Q. O. It depends on the law of the State In which the marriage contract was made. California does ?ot- permit such contracts, hut would reooOilse - .vsliditv of one made 1* a State that did A-W4-e them. The status of such marriage in v: I ? ; Wyoming Is not clear. It has been held that ? ere motile! marriage without lloenae te valid (i '4 yo. 411) and that living together may create a " ??????? nf mortage (It Wyo l4?). ' Mf to the inheritance, much might depend on where he resided at the time of his death and where the property te located. Consult an attorney. ALU MVT MB. So the Prieed ef tlx pJPe: .Please say whltti of theee expressions la cor rect: "All the word la crasy but yon and I** or "all the world le crasy but you aad me." Please give your reason aa to why the exprss elos you select aa correct Is correct. C. S. M. The correct way of expressing the statement la, "Ml the world le crasy hut you and me." The word "but" Is used In this rentence with the senee of "except." Tou ehould say "All except ME." "But" and "except" are synonymous preposi tion and take the objective case, and "me," not 1." Is V>bj W|LL. bjectlve. MAT To the Prieed ef the People: A will was probated In Missouri laat month and I understand that the estate cannot be settled for a year. How long have I to file ealt to break the will? W. A. P. Different tlmee are allowed for appeal from probate and for a bill to contest. If you contem plate action we advlss you to go over the facte with an attorney Immediately. MOST PICKLK MAID. To the Prieed of the People: 1 waa married on August 1*. lilt. In Pennsyl vania.' to a girl who had been married once before. Two weeks after our marriage she told me ?he was not divorced from her flrst husband. She left me a month later. I would like to know whether I am considered married or not. Will I need a divorce or annulment before I can marry again*1 G. E. M. The validity of the marriage depends on the ?truth of what she told you. We advise you to ploy an attorney to secure an annulment decree. OKLAHOMA LANDS. ,Tj the Friend of the People: Will you kindly give more in detail the Okla homa plan of purchasing homes in lieu of Its bonus to soldier? How can one make application to benefit by the offer? I enlisted In Oklahoma City. M. A. If Oklahoma gives no bonus. We cannot print the details of the plan In this limited spsce. Write for particulars to the secretary of State, Oklahoma City. Okla. Open Court Letters to The Herald Other People's Views on Current Events . j i "Stay-at-Homes" Patriotic. To the Kditor, The Washington Herald: j Anent the soldier bonus, here arc some "vital statistics" on the stay at-homes which the average former | soldier la not familiar with, or does tnot taks Into consideration, whei. | he thinks of his own hard luck? and what is due him. < The District of Columbia may be j taken aa an average community it. the United' 8tates during the war Ipeilod (in many ways It was really j in worse shape because neglected) |T1?? average father and mother nere 'were working people living on t. smsll salary: but they wera ?s pa triotic as the average parent 1" ,.lbcr comm unties?their children equally so. (Some of the speak.ua ? ,ii p-esenting their statements be lore the 8enate and House com.nlt ! tee in favor of District suffrage said lihe District cltlaens were the most | patriotic in the United States, as ! they bought more bonds, save morr I tc war charity and sent more ooys to war than any community of eiual t population In the country). Well. ! comparisons are odious?and local ! pride will have Its fling. The boy* being: drafted, the gov eminent ordered that only war es sentials be manufactured. Tran^por ? tation service was greatly cur tit llod on order from the President. A tire less day established. Farm producA. : became scarce. Store stocks depleted, i lluilding operations, except for *.var purposes, prohibited. Food price* soared sky high. Houses anil -oom. 1 almost unobtainable, and then only j at exorbitant rates. Help, efflo.in' ? ?fere clerks, restaurant woi'KtM. domestic servants, delivery wa^.n i drivers, 'street <ar. men. all baity needed, were not to be had at any j f.rice. Confusion ;eigned. business t? as disorganized, and onfusio;* !wor??' confounded seemed the order I < f the day. j Then, like a mushroom boom I town in a Western country, came ! more than 100.000 "war workers"? ! brought to Washington with no [ special provision made to care for j them. These war workers equaled j one-third of the city's population, i Girls, by the thousands, strangers ; to the city, were crowded three and CommosiootisM will sot to i?tam4 salo?e specific raqoaat for mefc cetera if mada and >Ubm loci?A. Letters stoekl to typewritten when ever ooeaiMe. ly difficult to rood will tfe comma nioationa signed with AottUeoa to eaed. boxes, and held "in storage" until such time as they could be sent home?some never got home. Ter ror gripped the city. All was con fusion. Disease and disaster were In the air. Hunger stalked. Hell is not only on the battlefield. Many a father with a boy in the war, a wife down with die "flu," and a child dead, himself exhausted from sleepless nights at the bed side and work by< day. In debt, worked on uncomplainingly^ Many a dear mother, with husband and children suddenly taken away from her. yet gave of herself In seme kind of war work. Children whose parents had died with the "flu" were suddenly thrown on the world with, no place to go. Truly war's casualties. Thig picture is not overdrawn?it happened in Washington. Through It all the citixens. the government workers, the war workers, the "flappers," God bless them, and the "cake eaters." too?never com plained. They smiled a 1 itie. thev fussed a little, and they bought liberty bonds till it hurt; and they stuck by their guns. But the women and the "flappers"! They were the bravest of all?-chatting, they knitted; eating, they knitted; seeing a show, they knitted: sitting beside the sick bed. they knitted; riding on the disease-infested street cars, they knitted. They, between times, wrote letters to the lonesome boys in camp though themselves., sick, hungry and cold: and every j day and night a tragedy impending. | four or Ave and six in a room? j strangers to each other, under so cial and sanitary conditions worse than in most recruit camps, and at the mercy of profiteering landladies, j Most of these profiteering land lords were foreigners to Washing-! ; ton?men and women who had the ; business foresight, to come to( ? Washington before the local cltl ! zens 'had grasped the significance of j the war. Salaries remained almost station ary. Living costs soared amazing j ly. The natives and the war work-* j er were equally hard hit. The usual leaders in civic orsrantza i tiong were employed elsewhere in j war work. The salaried person was i between the two extremes of war service, mangled and forgotten, or at least, neglected. (True all over the country.) When the housing conditions had reached the high limit of sardine nscklne?and everything except i discomfort and self-denial scarce. I the coldest winter ever experi enced h*re visited the city?no heln ?no coal?no food. As If that were n?t the "flu" arrived. The "fl"" epidemic swept down on i the Htv like an Invsdlng army with d#?ath and destruction In its **-ake. Th#? city was helpless. Most of the doctors nurseg. dentists and drtic elsts were off to war. Drug store* short, of competent clerks. Dru~ stock* depleted with no hop* of rettlr" snnnllos?-for the slogan wn? "the soldier boys first." Thousands unnn thousands were ?non ''own with the ??flu." They *led like rats?men. wom*n. girls, boys, children. Freouentlv there were two dead In one room. In many cases three were sick or dylnr In a single room. No doctor, no nurse, no medicine. And so many of them strangers to the city ?vooar hoyg and glrle away from *nme. helping here at the call of Hncle f?am. In that epidemic of 1918-1919 winter. 2.411 died of "flu" alone: pneumonia carried off many an unlucky person: deaths from other causes were far bevond the average of yoars preceding the war. Kearlv 10.000 died in Wash ington in lftt. "Bodies were carted to graveyard* h'- wawnn loads at n?ght?boys and srt?-i? **~?n?er? In the city, with e. **sr %-orker*. m"st of t*?~? '?led. were* put la pine All was confusion, sorrow, grief j ?and bad renorts from abroad or I none at all- Every day. almost, the 1 bulletin boards registered that the | Germans were gaining, they were i using flre sprays, poison gas?that Jour beys and the allies were being j killed by the thousands. It was horrible. Rage was in our hearts. We were impotent to do more than ! remain hene to fight our silent bat tle with fear and sickness and ideath. And yet some of the service men feel that the "stay-at-homes" were lucky and profiteers *n the bargain. There were profiteers in the I United States?some in Washington j All too many everywhere. Judas Iscariots and Benedict Arnolds are in every community. But the aver | age citizen, the average mother and j father, brother and sister, sweet heart. friend?were not lucky, were not profiteers. They did thejr duty gladly, proudly, nobly. Possibly theer were as many profiteers in the United States as there were men actually drafted. Say 5.000.000 But what of the other 80.000,000 Ameri can citizens. Only a very small part of them were slackers or profiteers. The honest-to-goodness "stay-at home" worker, with very little in crease in salary (this does not mean cost-plus contract wotkers, but or dinary labor in factqry store, shop and office), had his rent doubled? $5 shoes cost 15 cents a pound, eggs more than doubled In cont, butter doubled in cost clothes dou bled in cost, street car fir? almost doubled, meat doubled?in fact, there was scarcely a thing that did not increase in price 100 per cent, some increased 200, 800, 400, 500 per cent in cost. Many necesiitles wore not to be had at any p*',^. Out of what was left from the "profiteering (?) salary," the "stay at-home" managed by self denial to buy Liberty bonds, subscribe cheerfully to the Red Cross, assist the Salvation Army, pay 8-cent postage, send smokes to the boys, etc.?*11 out of what wag saved from the profiteering (T) salary. But the stay-at-homs did not com plain; nor does he or she ask for reimbursement now, although many of these stay-at-homes lost all they had In the world?money, chattels, loved ones. Some loat only a part; and -many had to start life all over again when age and despair were against them. Truly of these 80,000,000. thousands upon thou sands are war casualties more hopelessly stranded ?ln life than the youthful. healthy, vigorous young men who were drafted?who served and returned home healthy and whole. * Of these 80.000.000 none are ask ing for rehabilitation service. None sre asking for a pension or Insur ance. None are asking for a bonus. But the majority of all taxes under whatsoever name it may be dis guised. these 80.0f0.000 must pay the major portion of th? tax?did I?r It during the war. Are payiag It now. Must pay It In the future, these SO.OOO.OOO. 5?.4S2 died of "u in the "flu epidemic" in the winter of 1918-ms There were approximately 5.000.00? severe case, of "flu" In the epidemic Many who recovered were left permanently disabled. Pneumonia, diphtheria, scarlet fever cases increased In number and far more than the av erage number of death, occurred The "Bu epidemic and other win ter diseases rot beyond control and more deaths resulted, because titer, were few doctors, no nurses, ne medicine, crowded conditions ol living, poor quality of and Insufp clent heat ln the home and ofllce ?II this becsuse the slogan wai serve the soldier boy, flrst." Bui the stay-at-home did not complain. Now the service men (not all ol them) want these same poor men and women who survived to pa\ another tax that will benefit only . iVL ne?dy *'rv'c' men 1,000.000 of ex-service men are now ?f th* remaining 1.000 . 000 only . very few are not beln, taken care of by the government or immediate family or friend, B"! ?hat of the Red Oroa, nurse *5* .Vft|OB Army laasie. the K ) 5L, ?* ,he T'*?many of w hom served on the battlefield, la th< hospital, in the camp Are they not equally entitled to a bonus' ?.?.Tery c?n,munl?y In the United ??tes worked, saved suffered lost * b?nU* to *nyhodv fo, I doing his or ber duty. Forget It j i^et s go. ?r?."lnWit!I ,h? <Unc* ?n With prep, a rations for the next war. Human nature has not chanced v*rr much VOLTAIRE Suggests Bonus Vote. To the Editor. The Wa.hiactaa Herald: The adminiatratlon and the Con gress are at their wits" end |? regard to the soldier bonus. They don't know which way to turn, so greatly perplexed are they over th? problem. The Congre,, looks tc the President, and the President. In turn, looks to Congress to find a way out of the dilemma. There ii too much politics and too little common sense and too little cour age manifested in a solution of th? question. They appear to act at though they were between th? "devil and the deep sea"?that thev will be "dsmned If they do anil damned if thev don't" pass a bonui bill. If the Congress would exercise the common sense and ccurage ol Mr. Mellon, the Secretary of th< Treasury, they would sav without a moment's hesitation: "The pres ent time is Inopportune to saddle more billions n^on the overbur, dened taxpayers of the country"? and thus end the mstter. I verily believe If left to a vote of the soldiers themselves whethet or not. In the present financial and economic condition of the country, a bonus should be given them now or postponed until the country if In a better financial condition, s large majority would vote for a postponement. I should be oorry to balleve they would vote other wise. To -do so would exhibit a sal fish spirit, a want of patriotism, of self-denial, and class them a> mendicants. They proved the stufl ?hey were made of on the Held ut battle, and I'm persusded they have loat. none of the fiber they mani fested then. They can trust the American people to do them Justice. No country ever took care of Its defenders as the United States, or approached anything like It. The disabled are the "buddle," to be oared for. and are being cared for, and the soldiers who returned sound In body and limb from the Euro pean battlefields have Mid. "L<ook after those first." Courage, self denial and sacrlflc are quantise not confined to ths battlefield. Men who remained at home displaysO the same high qualltiea by doing their duty In support of the ffav> ernment In various ways. And It Is ths duty of sveryone to subor dinate his or her Interest to the welfare of the country. Indeed, there Is no call to ssrvlee at the present time paramount to this. JUSTINIAN. Lwrrove him oit. Prom the Detroit Free Press. "I have bad new, for you. Clar ence." "So?" "Tea I vlsltsd a fortune tellers this afternoon and she told me that I am going to marry a handaome e/fdies Commy 7c ?m>AT. HAKCI ?. ML I A none oon??etluu hM frequently j n 'otind to exist b?t*Nt the sp pe*r*"oe " ""?pell and magnetic ?torm. on the earth A* . rmll the ?drent of u unusually lam nt ?pota la llksly to be taken .. . f#r?. runner of adro al dlapUra and other fonna of iWfMtk disturbance 'Though there la. undoubtedly a direct connection between the two Phenomena In some inaUneaa. there ?re other times when sunapota come ,M *? Without. apparently, the ?lightest effect on the earth'* netlam. At the present time there to An unusually large troop of sun rpou visible and ao mag?t)r effect* due to the presence of this ESSJrz b**n ?b,erT'<j ?* ret. xithowgk the croup haa been visible ion* enourh to make Its presence "orm. that attended the appearance of the great aunapot rroup of lfav i??i 7;* "'I1" hand- were thi'direct result of the unuaual aolar activity that accompanied the appearance of """? P****ge of this re markable croup over the sun's cen tral merldan was attended, more "J*r. b'r ? brilliant auroral displsv f'blc over the Raster P*?t of the northern hcmlaphere. Why aomee sun spot rroup* arc attended by magnetic atorms on the earth while others are not Is a question If magnetic storm, eart ti current* auroral display* and kindred phenomena are produced a* a result of the penetration of the earth"* atmosphere by a stream of e'ectrtBed particles shot off from sunspot are** on the sun. then It It evident that the earth will not be affected unleaa It chance* to come within range of this stream of electron* which rotate* with th> sunspot region a* It is carried around by the sun"s rotation on It* axle. The earth would be un affected by the presence of a large group of apots unleaa it chanced to be In a poaltlon to Intercept the ehaft of electrified particle* ema nating from the aunapot area Dr. L. A. Bauer, director of the Department of Terraatrlal Manne rism of the Carnegie Institution of | Waahlngtoa. who haa made an ei I tensive study of aunapot* In the.r j relation to terrestrial magnett*m and atmoapherie electricity for over j twenty yeara. finds a cloae connec | Hon between the amount of the i variation in *unepottedner< and magnetic phenomena for the earth. This agreement is noticeable from month to month aa well a* from year to year, and show* how direct ly dependent such terreatrial phe nomena are upon variation* in the activity of the aun aa Indicated by the appearance and disappear ance of sunspots. I>r. Bauer haa also found that the sunspot records covering a period of 172 years show that the earth Ss In turn exerting a alight electrical effect upon sunspots. that Is. the earth la sending back to the *uti ?a well aa Into rpace. aome of the electrified partlclea that It original ly received from the aun. * OR> MArHIKERY MADE XKW IV IRON COAT. When som? Iron or steal part of I machinery becomes badly worn, it 1 will now be poaslble to restore It* i usefulness by giving It a coat of | Iron, applied by electricity. David G j Kellogg, research engineer of the ; Westlnghouse Electric and Manufee ; taring Company of Pittaburgh. de j scribed the suctfessful development 1 o* commercial electrolytic deposition | of iron at the meeting of the Amer ican Inatltute of Mining and Metal lurgical Engineers In New Tork. A worn motor shaft repaired with a coat of Iron applied by his new method gave aa satisfactory serv ice as a new one. pr Kellogg eald Cast Iron aa well aa steel can be electroplated, and this is expected to prove useful In repair work of special machine parta Dr. KeUogg's work is aa improvement on the war methods of the British army repair shops, which used the electrolytic method In repairing about O00 steel and iron machine parts. Electro deposition of Iron has been practiced for years, but earlier work wa* un order to Produce pure metallic iron. . fly1n* low ""'re recently ??? bodies**** * ? for W p 1. What two r I vera unite and form the Ohio? t What was the name given to the Federal army that fought at Gettysburg? i. Who waa Joan Lafitte? ?. What island near New Tork beara the aame name as an Inland near Cape Horn? I. How long la one link In linear measure? One chain? ?. What plague caused mors deaths than the combined war* of the world? 7. Where la Abyaalnla located* Who is the ruler? (. When, where and by whom wa* the flret "hot air" balloon made and successfully sent up? I. What ia the color of the aun" 1* What Is the most ancient written language? Asswen to Yesterday's Qauotl? w . Where Is Cape Horn? Who owna It? Southernmoat part of South America. Chill. t. What is the nickname tor Bat-, tllng Nelaon. former lightweight boxing champion? The Durable Dane. I. Who Is called the greatest of Italian painters? What palace ha* many of hi* boat work on Its walls? Michael Angela The Vatican. 4. Who Is the United States Min ister to China? Jacob Qould Schur I. To whom does Isle Royal* in lake Superior belong? To tne United States. f What are pampas? Heavily grassed plains In the interior of 8outh America. 7. In what year was the Uoulaana purchase made? How much terri tory was annexed? IMS. II7.M" square ml lea. t. Where doe* the guotatles "parting Is sweet, sorrow." occur? In Shakeapeare's Romeo and Juliet. t. Which la our most densely pop ulated state? Rhode Island lill per eqaure mile. li How many islands In the Phil ippine group? l.tM