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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, March 05, 1922, Sunday Edition, Image 20

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1922-03-05/ed-1/seq-20/

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SBaafoujton jflmitt
Published Every Morning in the Year by
Tbe VasknftoB Herald Company
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SUNDAY, MARCH 5. i?aa.
Belgium and Luxemburg.
ONE of the results of the great war which has
not been very popularly noticed has been
the economic union of the Grand Duchy of Luxem
burg with Belgium. Luxemburg's history since 1914
has been a very quiet one. Much sympathy for the
Duchy was felt in America when the German arm
ies made Luxemburg their own, and such reports
as came from Luxemburg were to the effect that the
sentiments of the people were favorable to the
allied cause. Naturally, such would be the case.
But whatever the sentiments were, they were never
well-advertised. Luxemburg appears to have no
press agent, no department of propaganda. Like
wise, the changes which have taken place in the
Grand Duchy since the war ended have not been
noisily proclaimed to the world.
Something of the new connection between Bel
gium and the Grand Duchy is told in the Economic
Review of London in its issue of February 17. The
article on the subject includes the following:
"The Belgian chamber has ratified the eco
nomic convention with the Grand Duchy of
Luxemburg by 136 votes to 4 and 3 absten
tions. Under the agreement the customs bar
rier between the two countries will disappear
and the duties and regulations in force in Bel
gium will be extended to the Grand Duchy,
while the revenue derived from customs and
excise will be equitably divided between the
two countries on the basis of population. The
Belgian government is also to afford the Grand
Duchy the means of restoring her currency
on a sound footing. After the armistice the
government of the latter country withdrew the
German currency from circulation in exchange
for a provisional issue of treasury notes at the
rate of 1.25 francs per mark. The withdrawals
amounted to 200,000,000 marks, and to etpble
the Luxemburg government to redeem this
treasury note issue it is to be allowed to float a
loan of 175,000.000 francs in Belgium through
the Banque Nationafe, bearing interest at 2 per
cent, the. proceeds to be paid over in Belgian
banknotes. Eventually Belgium will relieve the
Grand Duchy treasury of its stock of German
money. Finally, the railway tariffs of the two
countries are to be assimilated, but the method
of administration of the Luxemburg railway sys
tem is to form the subject of further negotia
tions. It is anticipated that, as a result of the
convention, Belgium will find a better market
- for her coal and coke, as also for drawn or
rolled zinc, machinery, earthenware and china,
window and plate glass, soap and mineral oils,
chemical fertilizers, cotton and woolen yarns
and fabrics, linen goods and clothing, footwear,
colonial produce, and foodstuffs. Antwerp, too,
is likely to benefit by a large increase in the
export trade of the Luxemburg iron and steel
industries, while the Grand Duchy has the pros
pect of building up a fine market in Belgium for
her Moselle wines."
This economic union of Belgium and Luxem
burg will doubtless prove of benefit to both. It
will surely have a political as well as an economic
cffect, tending toward political stability. This union
of an economic sort gives a hint of what may be
accomplished elsewhere in Europe, perhaps in the
succession states of the Austrian Empire. Many
regrets about the damage done by splitting of big
states into little ones have been expressed. If
economic unions, or measures of that general na
ture, can be effected in many of the European
states, no regrets over political divisions will be
It is interesting to note that the depreciation
of the German mark, through inflation of the paper
currency by <he German government, has caused
a loss in Luxemburg in the value of the 200,000,000
marks converted, as mentioned above. These marks*
of course, are worth only a fraction of what they
were worth at tbe end of the war. Apparently,
Belgium is to take these German marks off Luxem
burg's hands. That will mean that Belgium is to
be added to the list?which includes Lithuania and
France (because of the exchange of francs for
marks in Alsace-Lorraine)?of countries which Ger
many has really been able to tax through that forpi
of "invisible taxation"?inflated paper currency.
Ultimate Money.
WE HAVE taken occasion in these columns,
more than once, to comment on gold as a
standard for currency. The state of the inter
national exchanges has made .currencies and the
theory of money subjects of greater interest than
ever in the past. Today, we are inclined to inquire
,and analyze the whole question of curreney. The
vast flow of gold to America, the pushing of prac
tically the whole of Europe off the gold standard on
account of great issues of paper money, have
caused much discussion of the suitability of gold
itself as currency or as the base for currency. Be
fore the war, gold was accepted, blindly, without
question, as the only proper base for a sound cur
rency. Its durability, its rarity, the difficulty and
cost of getting it, the long history and tradition of
liold as money, were elements entering into making
gold highly desirable as a standard for money. To
day. while gold is still universally acknowledged as
the best possible standard for money, if the standard
? fs to be metal, ecofomists and monetary experts
are giving a good deal of thought to the question
of whether or not something quite different might
not be a better base for currency than gold.
Gold itself is very little used as actual money.
Tn America, the amount of gold actually in circu
lation is a trifle. The gold is in the vaulls of the
United States Treasury. It is paper, which? the
.^Eavfrnmcnt guarantees exchangeable for gold,
which we use as money. Our silver, nickel and
copper, U>o, are guaranteed of a certait gold value.
Bui thi gold itself, the material upon which our
wholj monetary itructure it raised, is, practically,
unseen. . We believe the government when it says
that the gold is in the Treasury' but W* never try
*> get ?. ,
Is it not a strange situation that the material
upon which our currency is based, upon which the
currency of most of the world is' Sased and upon
^hich the governments of the world still hope to
base their currencies in happier tinies<tU not used?
After all the effort and hardship expended and suf
fered in getting gold?except for a little which goes
.into the arts?the gold is not really used. This is
a situation which calls for thought because it sug
gests that there is a great waste somewhere. ^
We suggested, i^hce, that Europe might find it
easier to establish ? wheat currency, than to get
back to a gold standard. Wheat asvcurrency would
have certain advantages over gold. It _ would be
available in great government warehouses in time
of war or famine. Because .great stock* would be
kept on hand, if it were used as currency, its value,
with regard to other commodities, would not fluc
tuate greatly. And, whereas storing gold makes im
possible the use of that jteautiful metal for the
arts, thereby- depriving humanity of the aesthetic
pleasure it might have from gold, on the other
hand, the only proper thing to do with wheat is to
store it until used for food products. People do not
want to see wheat. So, a wheat standard is not im
possible nor illogical.
Yet there is another possibility much more
fascinating from a speculative point of view and
offering much more likelihood of being the ultimate
in money. That is electricity currency. The great
development of the future is undoubtedly to be
electrical development. America, within relatively
few years, will be electrified. Britain talks of har
nessing the tides and has other great electrical pro
jects under consideration. Lenin dreams of fur
nishing all of Russia with electricity. The Rhine
Main-Danube canal is to furnish tremendous power.
Italy goes ahead with great projects and so does
Austria, poor as she is. The world is being electri
fied. In times to come, money will be based on j
units of electricity. Government notes will be good |
for so many kilowatt-hours of electric current, or I
whatever other' unit is adopted. All commodities
will be priced in that unit. All wages will be paid
in electricity currency. Discoveries of future forces
or methods of utilizing prisoned forces?such as
the radioactivity of the atom?will but m&ke money
based on electric energy the more necessary and the
more logical.
When the world has electricity money, gold will
be released for use in the arts and will be mined
only for truly useful purposes. Would it not be
just as well to stop mining gold for the purpose of
sticking it away in a dark vault? If it is mined, in
the days of money based on electric current, the
results of the miners' labor will give pleasure to I
humanity through the artistic and utilitarian dis
position of gold.
How long before this new sort of money
comes? The answer is not easy. Just now, for
very practical reasons, a return to the gold standard
through the world is ardently to be hoped. But it
may not be so very many years before the nations
of the world abolish the anachronism of gold as
money or a basis for money and adopt electricity
instead. J
Rauia Ready For Concessions.
RECENT press dispatches from Moscow state
that the Bolshevik government, becoming
alarmed at the encircling grip of the great famine,
which, it is said, draws nearer and nearer to the
Red army itself, is prepared to make ainy conces
sions at the Genoa conference in order to obtain a
reconstruction loan for Russia. The Bolshevik
leaders are clever men; however twisted their clev
erness may be, they know that an unfed army grows
rebellious. If it be true that the food supplies arc
dwindling so that the rations of the Red army are
threatened, it is quite likely that dispatches telling
of the Bolshevik willingness to yield to any de
mands put upon them in return for the means of
reconstruction are well within the truth.
It is probable, indeed, that the Bolshevik lead
ers are not only willing to make concessions under
pressure, but are anxious to have that pressure
brought to bear upon them. Lenin, most of all,
would probably welcome .being apparently coerced
into economic and political measures which he
really desires. Lenin is a strong man, however
strange his thoughts may be, and he is no fool. It
is a characteristic of most strong men to make mis
takes. Perhaps Lenin sees his now. He has already
marched a long way from communism. Probably
he would like to march further. Would he not
welcome the chance to tell Russia?to tell the Com
munist party?that circumstances are such that
Russia must move still further to capitalism, that, i
on account of Russia's misfortunes, she is compelled
to accept terms laid down by "capitalistic" nations I
in order to bring regeneration?
The Cannes meeting laid down certain condi
tions under which Russia might come to Genoa j
and, apparently, Russia has accepted * those condi
tions. But it is reasonable to suppose that Russia
would go even further, perhaps wants to go further.
Some time ago, the London Morning Post pub
lished an article which stated that the' Bolshevik
government had been in touch with Alexander Ker
ensky and his associates with an idea of forming
a coalition government. In view of other develop
ments in Russia, this does not sound improbable.
Russia is anxious to get back into the family of
The attitude of the United States government
toward Russia has been purely negative. We have
said that we would not recognize the Bolshevik gov
ernment, but we have not stated what action must
be taken or events transpire in Russia in order i
to obtain our recognition. We feed Russia with
one hand and slap it with the other. Bolshevism
no longer threatens world revolution. The suffer
ings of Russia have been sufficient propaganda
against Bolshevism, a thousand times too strong for
all the propaganda the Bolsheviki can spread.
America has nothing to fear from Russia. Is it not
possible, then, for America to declare more plainly
just what is the American policy toward Russia?
Is the time now ripe to say what steps we expect
Russia to take to make herself fit and worthy for
reception into the family of nations?
Love is eternal, romance everlasting and
outljves the jests of the scoffers. Just to prove
this, a sea captairi's wife in Brooklyn has eloped
with a horse doctor.
Lilc Chester, actress, asks $50,000 heart
balm. That stuff comes' so high one might .
almost believe it was prohibited by constitu
tional amendment.
Out flew health a4d inauenza.
NEW YORK. March 4.?P?rh*p?
you've aeen "The > Prune Hater *
Daughter" or "More Sinned
than Ueual!"?those delightful bite
of burleaque melodrama that rAfli
the good old days of tie-walking
actor*' and candle lighted town
hall*. They'** been running In
vaudeville for year* and now they
are going Into the movie*.
And then, perhaps. you've *een
?orae of thoae hand*ome. dignified
illustration* In the popular maga
?Inea drawn by Everett Shlnn, or
maybe you have aeen aome of
Shlnn'* exhibition* In the big gal
lerlea In New York. <At any rate
you would never aaaoclate the au
thor of "The Pruna Hater'e Daugh
ter" with the acholarly pamtlng* of
Everett Shlnn.
Yet Shlnn la responsible for the
two extremea. A moat versatile
young man la thla allm. boylan
artlat who has been called the daan,
of American llluatratora. Hla mural
decorations have also set a new
standard He is the fellow who
plana the Dutch treat shows each
year?an entertainment that brings
the top-notch artists to Delmonlcoa
private ball room to don the cap
and bells.
Such artists as James Montgom
ery Flags. Henry Ralelgl). l"*ean
Cornwetl. Clarence Ufiderwood.
Charles Dana Gibson?who should
perhaps be named flrat??take part
In them. They are gay burlesques
of the time and the people and any
one of them would have a long1 run
on Broadway If commerclalbted.
Shlnn was born In Woodslown. N.
J., and atudled at the Pennsylvania
Academy of Fine ArU In Rh'l?"el'
phi* and later Hve4 !?.
martr* in Pari* for - ??var^j**
Many of his painting# iw* nang lla
famous European galUrlea.
He Uvea over the Peg W offing ton
coffee house In Forty-seventh street
and has a summer home In the wilds
of Maine where he chop* wooa.
hunts deer and entertains Chic Sale
two weeks each summer. Chic gets
much of his small town vaudeville
material while rusticating among
the rustics at Shlnn's flace. _
Shlnn wrote hjs flrat vaudeville
burlesque skit for private consump
tion. Arthur Hopkins, one of the
high brow producers, saw It and
w? so Impressed that he put It Into
vaudeville form and it was booked
over the big circuit for a year. At
the and of the year Bhfnn thought
It had served ita uaefulnoaa and sold
all rights for several hundred
dollars. . .
That was nine years'ago and It"
still going strong and Shlnn spends
his spare time sharpening lead pen
cils and figuring out Just how many
thousands of dollars he would have
received if he had not sold his roy
alty rights. It has appeared In every
city of any si*e In America and
plays for nine weeka In New York
each year.
Perhaps Shlnn's most notable
achievement in mural decorations
was the painting of the Stuyvesant
Theater. New York. It brought
artists from every part of the world
to sec It.
While Shlnn is a serious minded
student of the arts, he doe* not
wear his hair long. In fact, he
looks much like the dapper type of
FHth avenue dandy one may see at
the parade hour. Sometimes he even
wear* spats.
He is the life of every party, but
at the same time a good audience
for others.
Astrologers find this a doubtful
day In planetary direction. Mer
cury is in a strongly beneflc aspect
In the morning and later Jupiter
and Neptune are adverse.
There Is a most fortunate sign
for letter-writing which should be
exceedingly lucky in all affair* ex
cept those pertaining to love. .
Neptune frowns on romance, mak
ing It easy for wooers to deceive
and women to charm.
The clergy may find the Influenced
unfavorable, for congregations are
likely to bo ca?eless, in attentive
and critical.
It is not a fortunate time for
making appeals In behalf of phil
anthropy and charity, since men and
women of wealth will not respond
readily to appeals when Mercury
Is In evil aspect.
Again there is a prophecy of
schisms in churches and changes in
Great progress on the part of two
diametrically opposite religious or
ganizations will be made In the
coming year and each will arouse
anxiety and make enemies.
There is a sign said to indicate
( a campaign to awaken public sym
pathy for prisoner* in Jails ana
penitentiaries. This may mean that
sweeping reform* in the manage
ment of Institution* will be begun.
Women are to take extraordinary
Interest in political issue* that
arise this spring but they will not
adhere closely to party affiliations.
The seers prophesied on January
1 that many men and women In ex
alted place* would end their ca
reers In 1922 and the stars seem to
presage the death* of leader* in
literary, artistic and theatrical^
work. ....
Intrigue among Socialist* i* to
affect France and Italy during the
spring and summer. Diplomatic
complications with thla oountry are
likely to arise.
An American ambassador is to
become Involved in an embarrasa
Ing situation. . ...
Per*on* ~ whoae birthdate It ls(
probably will h*ve a quiet and suc-j
cessful year, but they must not
Children born this day will be
clever and lndu*trlou*. healthy and
happy. They may be fond of pleas
ure and Inclined toward extrava
For *ome time France ha* had a
new .diplomatic function, that of
ambaaaador of th# air. And for
that delicate function, for which not
everyone I* ?. a woman. Mile,
Adrlenne Holland, ha* been nomi
nated. Thl* Intrepid avlatrlx waa
the flrst. It will be remembered, who
flew over the Cordillera* of the
Andes. Thl* feat made h?r famous
In South America. The renown in
cited the French government to ac
credit Mile BpUand to the Republic
of Argentina, where ahe will rep;
[ reaent France In alt matter* con
1 cernlng aviation.
Mile. BollancJ has left for Buenos
1 Aire*, equipped with all diplomatic
power*.?Now York Tribune.
Siusrxn. isssmt .tjstk^s."
To uS.rt?^t 9* *?#*??
. My hu*band. an Amcrlcin cltlMB. enlisted la
th* British forces at Liverpool. England la 1*14.
On returning to the Unltad Bute. In l?H he re
Ported to the Immigrant inspector as a*' America*
and-cam* through without any trouble. Am 1
considered aa American cltlaen er British dtisen.
and woald this prevent nrn from taking a govern
ment position? Mr -husband died last Jane.
> ... MB?. M. N.
T)m ittiband ?Datri&tad himteH by takinc
t* oath of snegtanST foret<n country at a
time vits the united Mates was at peace. * -if
you were born lu thfc Unite* StaUa ysn resumed
your Amerfcan dtlsenshlp at the time of your
husband's death.
To thn Trlead ef tW People:
Could a wife who lived with her husband up
to the time he otuered the service prftcun a
divorce from him while he was In thi Service,
serving, him simply with a notice sent to bis old
business address? The notice whs never received
by the man. but returned to the wife;' Would
such-a dlvoree he oonsldered legal? C. K.
It seems probable that she Is subject to prose
cution for uerjury, but the divorce may be valid,
depending on all th* facts. If It I* Important to
you we advise you to have the record Investigated.
To the Prieed or the People:
Last year I Insured my car ? with an auto
Insurance company and my last assessment was
?ill. to. cover a period from September 1. nil.
to December II, ltll. They went 11.14 for aa
"dvance premium deposit. I wish to drop the
Insurance. Can they collect any money from me?
I did not pay the last assessment. J. U It.
Presumsbly you must psy what has accrued
up. to date of your withdrawal. Depends on word
ing of the original agreement and on other facte
that are not before us. -?
To the Friend e* the People:
Is a common law wife recognised in the States
of California and Wyoming? If a couple lived in
common law marriage for thirty years, known aS
man and wife, but no ceremony ever having been
performed. Is she entitled to a "widow's" share
of hie property when he dlee Intestate and leaving
a child by a former marriage? Q. O.
It depends on the law of the State In which
the marriage contract was made. California does
?ot- permit such contracts, hut would reooOilse
- .vsliditv of one made 1* a State that did
A-W4-e them. The status of such marriage in
v: I ? ;
Wyoming Is not clear. It has been held that ?
ere motile! marriage without lloenae te valid (i
'4 yo. 411) and that living together may create a
" ??????? nf mortage (It Wyo l4?).
' Mf to the inheritance, much might depend on
where he resided at the time of his death and
where the property te located. Consult an attorney.
So the Prieed ef tlx pJPe:
.Please say whltti of theee expressions la cor
"All the word la crasy but yon and I** or
"all the world le crasy but you aad me."
Please give your reason aa to why the exprss
elos you select aa correct Is correct. C. S. M.
The correct way of expressing the statement
la, "Ml the world le crasy hut you and me."
The word "but" Is used In this rentence with
the senee of "except." Tou ehould say "All except
ME." "But" and "except" are synonymous preposi
tion and take the objective case, and "me," not
1." Is V>bj
To the Prieed ef the People:
A will was probated In Missouri laat month
and I understand that the estate cannot be settled
for a year. How long have I to file ealt to break
the will? W. A. P.
Different tlmee are allowed for appeal from
probate and for a bill to contest. If you contem
plate action we advlss you to go over the facte
with an attorney Immediately.
To the Prieed of the People:
1 waa married on August 1*. lilt. In Pennsyl
vania.' to a girl who had been married once before.
Two weeks after our marriage she told me ?he
was not divorced from her flrst husband. She left
me a month later. I would like to know whether
I am considered married or not. Will I need a
divorce or annulment before I can marry again*1
G. E. M.
The validity of the marriage depends on the
?truth of what she told you. We advise you to
ploy an attorney to secure an annulment decree.
,Tj the Friend of the People:
Will you kindly give more in detail the Okla
homa plan of purchasing homes in lieu of Its bonus
to soldier? How can one make application to
benefit by the offer? I enlisted In Oklahoma City.
M. A. If
Oklahoma gives no bonus.
We cannot print the details of the plan In
this limited spsce. Write for particulars to the
secretary of State, Oklahoma City. Okla.
Open Court Letters to The Herald
Other People's Views on Current Events
. j
i "Stay-at-Homes" Patriotic.
To the Kditor, The Washington Herald:
j Anent the soldier bonus, here arc
some "vital statistics" on the stay
at-homes which the average former
| soldier la not familiar with, or does
tnot taks Into consideration, whei.
| he thinks of his own hard luck?
and what is due him.
< The District of Columbia may be
j taken aa an average community it.
the United' 8tates during the war
Ipeilod (in many ways It was really
j in worse shape because neglected)
|T1?? average father and mother nere
'were working people living on t.
smsll salary: but they wera ?s pa
triotic as the average parent 1"
,.lbcr comm unties?their children
equally so. (Some of the speak.ua
? ,ii p-esenting their statements be
lore the 8enate and House com.nlt
! tee in favor of District suffrage said
lihe District cltlaens were the most
| patriotic in the United States, as
! they bought more bonds, save morr
I tc war charity and sent more ooys
to war than any community of eiual
t population In the country). Well.
! comparisons are odious?and local
! pride will have Its fling.
The boy* being: drafted, the gov
eminent ordered that only war es
sentials be manufactured. Tran^por
? tation service was greatly cur tit llod
on order from the President. A tire
less day established. Farm producA.
: became scarce. Store stocks depleted,
i lluilding operations, except for *.var
purposes, prohibited. Food price*
soared sky high. Houses anil -oom.
1 almost unobtainable, and then only
j at exorbitant rates. Help, efflo.in'
? ?fere clerks, restaurant woi'KtM.
domestic servants, delivery wa^.n
i drivers, 'street <ar. men. all baity
needed, were not to be had at any
j f.rice. Confusion ;eigned. business
t? as disorganized, and onfusio;*
!wor??' confounded seemed the order
I < f the day.
j Then, like a mushroom boom
I town in a Western country, came
! more than 100.000 "war workers"?
! brought to Washington with no
[ special provision made to care for
j them. These war workers equaled
j one-third of the city's population,
i Girls, by the thousands, strangers
; to the city, were crowded three and
CommosiootisM will sot to i?tam4
salo?e specific raqoaat for mefc cetera if
mada and >Ubm loci?A.
Letters stoekl to typewritten when
ever ooeaiMe.
ly difficult to rood will
tfe comma nioationa signed with AottUeoa
to eaed.
boxes, and held "in storage" until
such time as they could be sent
home?some never got home. Ter
ror gripped the city. All was con
fusion. Disease and disaster were
In the air. Hunger stalked. Hell
is not only on the battlefield.
Many a father with a boy in the
war, a wife down with die "flu,"
and a child dead, himself exhausted
from sleepless nights at the bed
side and work by< day. In debt,
worked on uncomplainingly^ Many
a dear mother, with husband and
children suddenly taken away from
her. yet gave of herself In seme
kind of war work. Children whose
parents had died with the "flu"
were suddenly thrown on the world
with, no place to go. Truly war's
Thig picture is not overdrawn?it
happened in Washington. Through
It all the citixens. the government
workers, the war workers, the
"flappers," God bless them, and the
"cake eaters." too?never com
plained. They smiled a 1 itie. thev
fussed a little, and they bought
liberty bonds till it hurt; and they
stuck by their guns. But the
women and the "flappers"! They
were the bravest of all?-chatting,
they knitted; eating, they knitted;
seeing a show, they knitted: sitting
beside the sick bed. they knitted;
riding on the disease-infested street
cars, they knitted. They, between
times, wrote letters to the lonesome
boys in camp though themselves.,
sick, hungry and cold: and every
j day and night a tragedy impending.
| four or Ave and six in a room?
j strangers to each other, under so
cial and sanitary conditions worse
than in most recruit camps, and at
the mercy of profiteering landladies,
j Most of these profiteering land
lords were foreigners to Washing-!
; ton?men and women who had the
; business foresight, to come to(
? Washington before the local cltl
! zens 'had grasped the significance of
j the war.
Salaries remained almost station
ary. Living costs soared amazing
j ly. The natives and the war work-*
j er were equally hard hit. The
usual leaders in civic orsrantza
i tiong were employed elsewhere in
j war work. The salaried person was
i between the two extremes of war
service, mangled and forgotten, or
at least, neglected. (True all over
the country.)
When the housing conditions had
reached the high limit of sardine
nscklne?and everything except
i discomfort and self-denial scarce.
I the coldest winter ever experi
enced h*re visited the city?no heln
?no coal?no food. As If that were
n?t the "flu" arrived.
The "fl"" epidemic swept down on
i the Htv like an Invsdlng army with
d#?ath and destruction In its **-ake.
Th#? city was helpless. Most of the
doctors nurseg. dentists and drtic
elsts were off to war. Drug store*
short, of competent clerks. Dru~
stock* depleted with no hop* of
rettlr" snnnllos?-for the slogan
wn? "the soldier boys first."
Thousands unnn thousands were
?non ''own with the ??flu." They
*led like rats?men. wom*n. girls,
boys, children. Freouentlv there
were two dead In one room. In
many cases three were sick or
dylnr In a single room. No doctor,
no nurse, no medicine. And so
many of them strangers to the city
?vooar hoyg and glrle away from
*nme. helping here at the call of
Hncle f?am. In that epidemic of
1918-1919 winter. 2.411 died of "flu"
alone: pneumonia carried off many
an unlucky person: deaths from
other causes were far bevond the
average of yoars preceding the
war. Kearlv 10.000 died in Wash
ington in lftt.
"Bodies were carted to graveyard*
h'- wawnn loads at n?ght?boys and
srt?-i? **~?n?er? In the city, with
e. **sr %-orker*. m"st
of t*?~? '?led. were* put la pine
All was confusion, sorrow, grief
j ?and bad renorts from abroad or
I none at all- Every day. almost, the
1 bulletin boards registered that the
| Germans were gaining, they were
i using flre sprays, poison gas?that
Jour beys and the allies were being
j killed by the thousands. It was
horrible. Rage was in our hearts.
We were impotent to do more than
! remain hene to fight our silent bat
tle with fear and sickness and
And yet some of the service men
feel that the "stay-at-homes" were
lucky and profiteers *n the bargain.
There were profiteers in the
I United States?some in Washington
j All too many everywhere. Judas
Iscariots and Benedict Arnolds are
in every community. But the aver
| age citizen, the average mother and
j father, brother and sister, sweet
heart. friend?were not lucky, were
not profiteers. They did thejr duty
gladly, proudly, nobly. Possibly
theer were as many profiteers in
the United States as there were men
actually drafted. Say 5.000.000 But
what of the other 80.000,000 Ameri
can citizens. Only a very small
part of them were slackers or
The honest-to-goodness "stay-at
home" worker, with very little in
crease in salary (this does not mean
cost-plus contract wotkers, but or
dinary labor in factqry store, shop
and office), had his rent doubled?
$5 shoes cost 15 cents a pound,
eggs more than doubled In cont,
butter doubled in cost clothes dou
bled in cost, street car fir? almost
doubled, meat doubled?in fact,
there was scarcely a thing that did
not increase in price 100 per cent,
some increased 200, 800, 400, 500
per cent in cost. Many necesiitles
wore not to be had at any p*',^.
Out of what was left from the
"profiteering (?) salary," the "stay
at-home" managed by self denial
to buy Liberty bonds, subscribe
cheerfully to the Red Cross, assist
the Salvation Army, pay 8-cent
postage, send smokes to the boys,
etc.?*11 out of what wag saved
from the profiteering (T) salary.
But the stay-at-homs did not com
plain; nor does he or she ask for
reimbursement now, although many
of these stay-at-homes lost all they
had In the world?money, chattels,
loved ones. Some loat only a part;
and -many had to start life all
over again when age and despair
were against them. Truly of these
80,000,000. thousands upon thou
sands are war casualties more
hopelessly stranded ?ln life than
the youthful. healthy, vigorous
young men who were drafted?who
served and returned home healthy
and whole. *
Of these 80.000.000 none are ask
ing for rehabilitation service. None
sre asking for a pension or Insur
ance. None are asking for a bonus.
But the majority of all taxes under
whatsoever name it may be dis
guised. these 80.0f0.000 must pay
the major portion of th? tax?did
I?r It during the war. Are payiag
It now. Must pay It In the future,
these SO.OOO.OOO. 5?.4S2 died of
"u in the "flu epidemic" in the
winter of 1918-ms There were
approximately 5.000.00? severe case,
of "flu" In the epidemic Many who
recovered were left permanently
disabled. Pneumonia, diphtheria,
scarlet fever cases increased In
number and far more than the av
erage number of death, occurred
The "Bu epidemic and other win
ter diseases rot beyond control and
more deaths resulted, because titer,
were few doctors, no nurses, ne
medicine, crowded conditions ol
living, poor quality of and Insufp
clent heat ln the home and ofllce
?II this becsuse the slogan wai
serve the soldier boy, flrst." Bui
the stay-at-home did not complain.
Now the service men (not all ol
them) want these same poor men
and women who survived to pa\
another tax that will benefit only .
iVL ne?dy *'rv'c' men
1,000.000 of ex-service men are now
?f th* remaining 1.000 .
000 only . very few are not beln,
taken care of by the government
or immediate family or friend,
B"! ?hat of the Red Oroa, nurse
*5* .Vft|OB Army laasie. the K
) 5L, ?* ,he T'*?many of w hom
served on the battlefield, la th<
hospital, in the camp Are they
not equally entitled to a bonus'
?.?.Tery c?n,munl?y In the United
??tes worked, saved suffered lost
* b?nU* to *nyhodv fo,
I doing his or ber duty. Forget It
j i^et s go.
?r?."lnWit!I ,h? <Unc* ?n With prep,
a rations for the next war. Human
nature has not chanced v*rr much
Suggests Bonus Vote.
To the Editor. The Wa.hiactaa Herald:
The adminiatratlon and the Con
gress are at their wits" end |?
regard to the soldier bonus. They
don't know which way to turn, so
greatly perplexed are they over th?
problem. The Congre,, looks tc
the President, and the President. In
turn, looks to Congress to find a
way out of the dilemma. There ii
too much politics and too little
common sense and too little cour
age manifested in a solution of th?
question. They appear to act at
though they were between th?
"devil and the deep sea"?that thev
will be "dsmned If they do anil
damned if thev don't" pass a bonui
If the Congress would exercise
the common sense and ccurage ol
Mr. Mellon, the Secretary of th<
Treasury, they would sav without
a moment's hesitation: "The pres
ent time is Inopportune to saddle
more billions n^on the overbur,
dened taxpayers of the country"?
and thus end the mstter.
I verily believe If left to a vote
of the soldiers themselves whethet
or not. In the present financial and
economic condition of the country,
a bonus should be given them now
or postponed until the country if
In a better financial condition, s
large majority would vote for a
postponement. I should be oorry
to balleve they would vote other
wise. To -do so would exhibit a
sal fish spirit, a want of patriotism,
of self-denial, and class them a>
mendicants. They proved the stufl
?hey were made of on the Held ut
battle, and I'm persusded they have
loat. none of the fiber they mani
fested then. They can trust the
American people to do them Justice.
No country ever took care of Its
defenders as the United States, or
approached anything like It. The
disabled are the "buddle," to be
oared for. and are being cared for,
and the soldiers who returned sound
In body and limb from the Euro
pean battlefields have Mid. "L<ook
after those first." Courage, self
denial and sacrlflc are quantise not
confined to ths battlefield. Men
who remained at home displaysO
the same high qualltiea by doing
their duty In support of the ffav>
ernment In various ways. And It
Is ths duty of sveryone to subor
dinate his or her Interest to the
welfare of the country. Indeed,
there Is no call to ssrvlee at the
present time paramount to this.
Lwrrove him oit.
Prom the Detroit Free Press.
"I have bad new, for you. Clar
"Tea I vlsltsd a fortune tellers
this afternoon and she told me that
I am going to marry a handaome
?m>AT. HAKCI ?. ML
I A none oon??etluu hM frequently
j n 'otind to exist b?t*Nt the sp
pe*r*"oe " ""?pell and magnetic
?torm. on the earth A* . rmll the
?drent of u unusually lam nt
?pota la llksly to be taken .. . f#r?.
runner of adro al dlapUra and other
fonna of iWfMtk disturbance
'Though there la. undoubtedly a
direct connection between the two
Phenomena In some inaUneaa. there
?re other times when sunapota come
,M *? Without. apparently, the
?lightest effect on the earth'*
netlam. At the present time there
to An unusually large troop of sun
rpou visible and ao mag?t)r
effect* due to the presence of this
ESSJrz b**n ?b,erT'<j ?* ret.
xithowgk the croup haa been visible
ion* enourh to make Its presence
"orm. that
attended the appearance of the
great aunapot rroup of lfav i??i
7;* "'I1" hand- were thi'direct
result of the unuaual aolar activity
that accompanied the appearance of
"""? P****ge of this re
markable croup over the sun's cen
tral merldan was attended, more
"J*r. b'r ? brilliant auroral displsv
f'blc over the Raster
P*?t of the northern hcmlaphere.
Why aomee sun spot rroup* arc
attended by magnetic atorms on the
earth while others are not Is a
question If magnetic storm,
eart ti current* auroral display* and
kindred phenomena are produced a*
a result of the penetration of the
earth"* atmosphere by a stream of
e'ectrtBed particles shot off from
sunspot are** on the sun. then It
It evident that the earth will not
be affected unleaa It chance* to
come within range of this stream of
electron* which rotate* with th>
sunspot region a* It is carried
around by the sun"s rotation on It*
axle. The earth would be un
affected by the presence of a large
group of apots unleaa it chanced to
be In a poaltlon to Intercept the
ehaft of electrified particle* ema
nating from the aunapot area
Dr. L. A. Bauer, director of the
Department of Terraatrlal Manne
rism of the Carnegie Institution of
| Waahlngtoa. who haa made an ei
I tensive study of aunapot* In the.r
j relation to terrestrial magnett*m
and atmoapherie electricity for over
j twenty yeara. finds a cloae connec
| Hon between the amount of the
i variation in *unepottedner< and
magnetic phenomena for the earth.
This agreement is noticeable from
month to month aa well a* from
year to year, and show* how direct
ly dependent such terreatrial phe
nomena are upon variation* in the
activity of the aun aa Indicated
by the appearance and disappear
ance of sunspots.
I>r. Bauer haa also found that the
sunspot records covering a period
of 172 years show that the earth Ss
In turn exerting a alight electrical
effect upon sunspots. that Is. the
earth la sending back to the *uti
?a well aa Into rpace. aome of the
electrified partlclea that It original
ly received from the aun.
When som? Iron or steal part of
I machinery becomes badly worn, it
1 will now be poaslble to restore It*
i usefulness by giving It a coat of
| Iron, applied by electricity. David G
j Kellogg, research engineer of the
; Westlnghouse Electric and Manufee
; taring Company of Pittaburgh. de
j scribed the suctfessful development
1 o* commercial electrolytic deposition
| of iron at the meeting of the Amer
ican Inatltute of Mining and Metal
lurgical Engineers In New Tork.
A worn motor shaft repaired with
a coat of Iron applied by his new
method gave aa satisfactory serv
ice as a new one. pr Kellogg eald
Cast Iron aa well aa steel can be
electroplated, and this is expected
to prove useful In repair work of
special machine parta Dr. KeUogg's
work is aa improvement on the war
methods of the British army repair
shops, which used the electrolytic
method In repairing about O00 steel
and iron machine parts. Electro
deposition of Iron has been practiced
for years, but earlier work wa* un
order to Produce pure
metallic iron.
. fly1n* low ""'re recently
??? bodies**** * ? for
W p
1. What two r I vera unite and form
the Ohio?
t What was the name given to
the Federal army that fought at
i. Who waa Joan Lafitte?
?. What island near New Tork
beara the aame name as an Inland
near Cape Horn?
I. How long la one link In linear
measure? One chain?
?. What plague caused mors
deaths than the combined war* of
the world?
7. Where la Abyaalnla located*
Who is the ruler?
(. When, where and by whom wa*
the flret "hot air" balloon made and
successfully sent up?
I. What ia the color of the aun"
1* What Is the most ancient
written language?
Asswen to Yesterday's Qauotl? w
. Where Is Cape Horn? Who
owna It? Southernmoat part of
South America. Chill.
t. What is the nickname tor Bat-,
tllng Nelaon. former lightweight
boxing champion? The Durable
I. Who Is called the greatest of
Italian painters? What palace ha*
many of hi* boat work on Its walls?
Michael Angela The Vatican.
4. Who Is the United States Min
ister to China? Jacob Qould Schur
I. To whom does Isle Royal* in
lake Superior belong? To tne
United States.
f What are pampas? Heavily
grassed plains In the interior of
8outh America.
7. In what year was the Uoulaana
purchase made? How much terri
tory was annexed? IMS. II7.M"
square ml lea.
t. Where doe* the guotatles
"parting Is sweet, sorrow." occur?
In Shakeapeare's Romeo and Juliet.
t. Which la our most densely pop
ulated state? Rhode Island lill
per eqaure mile.
li How many islands In the Phil
ippine group? l.tM

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