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The Washington herald. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, April 29, 1922, Image 4

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Ifefiftmjbm JRetalb
Published Every Morning It tlx T? k?
Tfc# WaskagtM Herald C?T*T
415-437-419 Eleventh St Washington. D. C
J. E. Rice, Prtsidmt and Q?a?nl Manager
Phoaa: Main 3300?All Departments
^Jn the District of Cohsmbia:
Daily and Sunday, 1 Month. 40c: t Year. $4-9?
Outside the District a' Columbia:
Daily and Sunday. 1 Month. 50c: t Year. $6.00
Daily and Sunday. 1 Month. 50c: 1 Year. $5.00
Daily Only, t Month. 40c; t Year. <3.50
Member of the Audit Bureau ot Circulations
London, ~ng.: 124 Pall Mall. S. W. I.
Paris: 420 Rue St. Honore.
Berlin: Vnd'r den Linden, 1.
New Y'yrk: ?1 Fifth At*.: Chicago: 000 Mailers
Btdg-; Los Angeles: 401 Yon Nuys Bldf.
National Advertising Representatives
Entered as Second-Class Matter.
Pnstoffice, Washington, D. C.
The District United.
NOW the Congressional conferees know
what follows when one pokes a stick into
a hornets' nest. ?
Announcement of a $3,000,000 additional tax
burden for the District stirred depths of righteous
indignation, existence of which under the placid I
surface of the Capital City Congressmen never may
have suspected.
Trade bodies, citizens' associations, public offi
cials and individuals have been impelled to united
action against what probably will go down in his
tory as the most flagrant attempt at injustice the
ballotless District ever has experienced.
The District appropriations bill in its present
form never will be incorporated in actual legisla
tion so long as the people of Washington remain
as alert and aggressive as they have shown them
selves thus far. The District Commissioners, by
their uncompromising protests, have shown the
spirit of the people they represent. They had but
one way open>> They are to be commended for
making the most of this.
W ashington in the past has suffered less seri
ous acts of injustice almost in silence. Congress
men have grown careless in their dealings with the
District because of this attitude. It is well that
th?y have been shown just how the people feel.
Experts on parliamentary law tell us that the
bill in its present form can be stopped without
serious delay on a point of order. This is certain to
be done if District people keep a united front for
the next few days. ^Everyone who pays taxes here
has so much at stake that dissension in the ranks
seems impossible. We are without ballots but we )
have voices. These are effective weapons and
should be used to the utmost.
A united front in voicing opposition to the con
feree report surely cannot pass unheeded.
Life Uader Canvas.
W ASHINGTON'S summer tent colonies along
the Potomac soon will be vibrant with life
Many families now await only the assurance of
continued narm weather before quitting their stuffy
apartments for the great out-of-doors with its
fragrant forests, cool breezes and cheaper living
The tent dwelling movement, during the past
few years, has become general in American cities.
From Galveston to Boston canvas towns spring up
during the warm months. This summer promises
to bring a greater increase than has been noted
before. In Chicago already, despite the northerly
location, over 6,000 families have moved into tents
along the outskirts of the city, it is reported, with
thousands more planning to follow.
A canvas home in the country all summer fur
nishes an excellent antidote for the dull weariness
caused by a shut-in winter. The spirits of the
forest exert a soothing influence on frayed nerves.
It is indeed encouraging that so many American
families desire to escape for a few months from the
hectic life of the city to the heart of nature.
Washington people arc provided with excel
Jent camping facilities through the entire surround
ing countryside. The summer, despite its heat,
may well become the most pleasant season of the
year if full advantage is taken of the rest and
inspiration which nature offers. It is to be hoped
that camp life gains in favor this year.
Future of Gas Casuals.
EVENTUAL results of poison gas on the human
system remain for trained physicians, not lay
men. to analyze.
We are glad to be told they are not as serious
a* many victims have feared. The letter from Col.
K. U. Patterson, director of the medical division of
the Veterans' Bureau, published in this morning's
Herald, should be welcome news to world war
veterans who became gas casuals.
Assuming his conclusions to be accurate. Col.
Patterson is justified in calling the matter to the
attention'of any publication which, either intention
ally or by mistake, allows alarmist accounts of gas
action to appear in news columns. Perhaps no
small amount of the damage caused by the green
lemon of the French battlefields has resulted after
the war from nervous strain due to worry over its
His past experience offers to the veteran un
versed in medical science the simplest explanation ot
any physical ills which may be visited upon him
in later life. He tells others of his troubles and
the alarming reports spread as rapidly and as
insidiously as the gas itself. About a year after
the war, for example, there was an alarming series
of nervous breakdowns among Yankee Division
men in a certain Massachusetts city. The idea
that these were due to gas gained headway and
every man who had been exposed lired In con
stant expectation that he would be the next to suf
fer. This condition certainly did not lessen the
number of attacks of like nature.
The veteran underwent enormous hardships in
France. It is unfortunate that he should be made
the victim of ignorant psychological bombardments
in his own country. It is easy to convince 1 man
that he is sick. All he needs is conviction to be
come actually sick. *
Steps should be taken to bring to the atten
tion of every maa who served overseas the real
facts in regard to gas. It would lift the weight of
worry from many minds. Nothing should be 'said
to minimize the possibilities, to place the man off his
guard. But if there is nothing to worry over he is
injnring 'his awn health badly by nervous anxiety.
It's a wise movie scenario that knows its
own father.
Pay of Teacher*.
EDUCATION is, in large part, the product of |
men and women. For this labor the com
munity which reaps the benefit must pay.
Schools may be either cheap or costly. They
follow about the same economic laws as shoes or |
automobiles. If cheap they probably are of little
intrinsic value. For high grade material and high
standard workmanship one must part with the
equivalent in money.
The District of Columbia has been buying
cheap education. This is shown by statistics on
salaries paid teachers here in comparison to those
paid in other cities.
For -first to eighth grade teachers only fifteen
cities in the United States pay less than the Capital
of the nation. The salaries of District high school
principals are fourth from the bottom of the list.
With such figures in evidence it seems impos
sible that the Capper bill, raising the pay of D. C.
teachers to the average standards maintained in
other cities, will fail to pass. The pay scales pro
vided in the measure have been computed only
after a most thorough survey throughout the
United States and a still more complete investiga
tion of the local situation.
Low salaries make cheap schools. Able men j
and women, actuated by the ideals of their pro
fession. will stay in the District for a time. But
their patience will not last all their lives. Sooner
or later, unless pay is, increased, Washington's
school teaching personnel will start to disintegrate
rapidly. It will not be easy to replace them with
people of the same ability.
The teachers depend upon the passage of the
Capper measure. If it is defeated or changed ma- J
terially they will lose hope in ultimate justice here, i
Not so long now before Ireland will be
celebrating its first year of peace.
In the Fourth Dimension.
THE anthropologist, if he appreciates romance,
must realize that his days are passed in the
colorful atmospher^ of A. Conan Doyle or Edgar
Allan Poe.
He lives in the shadow of tremendous, en
gulfing mystery. He moves in the fourth dimen
sion. backward and foreward millions of years
through time. Today he spends a few hours in
the dark, misty eras before Adam when winged
serpents hissed in the mossy swamps. Tomorrow
he will travel far into the future?to times when
Washington will be a heap of grass-covered ruins.
He makes queer acquaintances on some of his
trips. One of the queerest and most interesting
characters he has met for a long time is the an
thropoid primate who roamed over Nebraska a
half millions years ago. neither man nor ape, but
who may have been the ancestor of both. Dr.
Henry F. Osborne, of the American Museum of
Natural History, told of this strange creature be
fore the American Academy of Sciences the other
day. The anthropologist has reconstructed him
from a single tooth which he left behind liiui
when he bade goodby to the mastodon and the
pte&iosaurus and fared forth into the denser darkness.
Gradually the scientist, on his long journey
into the jungles of forgotten centuries, is collecting
something definite regarding the origin of man.
More interesting, however, arc his journeys into
the future with the revelations they bring him of
the destiny of man.
The anthropologist of today is the father of a
new race of prophets who will reveal the divine
purpose for humanity.
Some of the papers have an occasional ar
ticle on "How much does it cost a girl to live
and keep in good shape." Undoubtedly, the
last part is the most important.
Nifht High School*.
NIGHT high schools constitute no inconsider
able part of an essential element in American
Any lessening of opportunities for education in
the United States is a decided step backward. In
accordance with American traditions people are en
titled to look for free instruction from the primary
grades to the senior year in high school.
Public night schools were organized to supply
this instruction to those whom poverty prevents
from taking advantage of day classes. They often
are the most sincere students of all. Usually they
are young men and women slightly beyond school
age with minds sufficiently mature to appreciate the
tangible value of the lessons taught.
House and Senate conferees, who in their ma
nipulations of the District appropriations bill man
aged to eliminate funds for support of more ad
vanced night school grades, must have done this
without intent?without realization of just what the
effect would be.
They would be as much justified in lopping
the last three years from day high school. For
tunately the mistake can be rectified. There can
be no hesitation over making this correction.
For such a city as Washington complete night
school courses arc essential. Cities of comparable
size with strictly local governments never would
consider the possibility of such a mistake. It is more
probable that they would forget to make provision
for the mayor's salary?not a likely happening in
most cities.
Night high schools have been in operation in
the District of Columbia for twenty-five years. The
city was a pioneer in this branch of education.
These schools have afforded to hundreds of young
men and women opportunities in life which they
would not have had otherwise. Even a temporary
lapse in their functions cannot be permitted.
The Herald in New York
Hotels and Newsstands in New York City
Have The Herald on Sale:
Astor Imperial Prince George
Belmont Martinique Ritz-Carlton
Biltmore McAlpio Savoy
Breslin Murray Hill Vanderbilt
Commodore Pennsylvania Waldorf
220 Broadway Pennsylvania Schultz, ?ad
Woolworth Station St. ft 6th Ave.
Building Hotalmg's, V News Boy, 33d
200 Fifth Ave. Times Square St fc 6th Are.
NEW YORK. April 28.?Ha la aj
sinister figure ip the half world of:
the tenderloin?gray In dress. man-)
ner and complexion. Crooks of high i
and low defree refer to him aa "The ?
Ghost." His rendesvous Is a shady j
hotel he Is said to own and whose |
grill wall bears the painted couplet
"The strength of the wolf la thai
pack, and the .strength of the pack .
is the wolf."
There is a story that he was once
double-crossed by a silk glove |
blackmailing confederate In Paris.
Porty-elght hours later the body of
the blackmailer was found in the
Seine with a tiny blue bullet mark
over the heart.
A few weeks ago an actress
needed many thousands of dollars
to use as cash ball for her husband.
"The Ghost" sat In a front row seat
at her theater and when she saw
him she sent him an appealing note'
When she glanced at him later over
the footlights, he nodded. She got
the money that night by special
Another time he went to a
gambling house in the Roaring For
ties and sbout the roulette table
was a disheveled young stripling
whose father's wealth was in the
millions. The young man dropped
$60,000. He turned to go and saw
"The Ghost." "I might have known."
he sneered, "that 1 could only lose
at a place where crooks are per
mitted to play."
Not a muscle of "The Ghost's"
face moved. Those who expected
gun play were disappointed. But
three weeks later the same young
man wa* publicly disgraced In an
affair with a woman. A tool. It Is
said, of "The Ghost."
Thus does he rule by fear. He fs
suave in manner and dresses in ex
cellent taste. There are women,
beautiful and intellectual. over
whom he is reputed to exert an un
canny Influence. Yet he never ap
pears with them in public places.
The only big job the police ever
traced to him was ? smooth bank
forgery. He was not arrested bu%
was "invited" to headquarters
where he sat in an outer office
reading a pocket volume of Anstole
France. When questioned he proved
a complete alibi. It so happened
he was strolling through the Metro
politan Museum of Art at tbe hour
he was supposed to have been at
the cashier's cage of the bank.
The happy black babies up on
135th street are waiting for Bert
Williams, the negro comedian. t*>
return. They think he ought to be '
back from the tour he's on. He'
always came about this time or 1
year. He always gave them rides, j
too?as many as could find foot
hold. Williams could not resist '
animals or babies. His favorite;
companion was a stray cur from I
the Bide-a-Wee home that he!
picked up ten minutes before plans,
were made to chloroform the anl-j
mal. The black children camp on
the steps of the Williams home!
nightly?the house with the long {
bookcases in the hall and the bust!
of Shakespeare glimmering from '
the shadow above. With Williams'!
death the last of the "Frogs" passed j
from mortal view. "The Frogs" |
was a negro theatrical club. anflj
its members included Jim Europe. J
Krnest Hogan. George Walker. Sam ;
I^ucas and Cule and Johnson.
Artists all.
Williams Travers Jerome, former
district attorney of New York, who
won nation-wide fame through his
efforts to keep Harry Thaw in Mat
teawan. hits the present methods of
making prison life bright and pleas
ant for crooks. Jerome, who in eight
years as district attorney, saw an
army of murderers, thugs, pickpock- :
ets. highwaymen and other lawbreak
ers pass through the courts on their
way to prison, urges treating the
crook not as a sick man, but as a
bad man. He. says:
"It comes down
fundamentally to
this: The people
who commit!
crimes are Dad ;
men who are un- j
willing or unable
to restrain their
vicious Impulses.
Good people don't
commit crimes.
The fear of pun
ishment re.^triins
"But when you
make your prison
life so pleasant,
and become lax in
y-r? ?- your methods of
WLLV9M7 JCBMF detection and pros
ecution. you re
move the principal deterrent to
crime. With baseball games, movies,
lots of food and pleasant surround
ings in prison, your criminal isn't
going to be seriously deterred, es
pecially if the chance of detection
is slight.
- "Most of the criminals I have
known weren't worth while reform
ing. And even your reformed crim
inal is more liable to succumb to
temptation than the unrepentant old
timer whose prison experience has
been so unpleasant that he doesn't
want lo repeat It.
"I am not much in favor of long j
terms. I believe In shorter prison j
sentences with sterner and more rig- ,
orous discipline. The diet should be
just sufficient to maintain strengtn. j
The prisoner should be hungry from :
t.ie day he en*- until the day he
leaves, and he uld be worked to j
the point of exhaustion every night.
His work should be such that it will J
be useful to him in after years, but >
it should be hard, exhausting labor, i
"The percentage of those who are i
mentally diseased who commit crime I
is relatively small." He said if most '
of the criminals were insane, the !
fact would be borne out In the num- I
ber of transfers from prisons fto in-;
sane asylums, but that number, he
pointed out. wag relatively small.
"It is the bad man who commits
crime because he will not restrain
the vicious passions of anger, re
venge. envy and greed."
Jerome says he has no use for
the theories that the great mass of
criminals are naturally sick and
should be treated &s Invalids rather
than as bad men. England's rigor
ous methods of punishment, as re
flected in her prison discipline, has
resulted In suppression to a marked
degree of crime In that country, he
contends. There Is little coddling in
English prisons. Mr. Jerome points
out. and eonsequently few prisoners
care to take a chance on a sec
ond term.
Reformation and medical treat
ment of diseased criminal mental
ities have their places in the scheme
jf penology, Mr. Jerome agrees, but
such measures are secondary to pun
or me
This deportment it conducted kw The Herald loourn gnaumi a/ it* reader*,
question* wilt he aneteerrd In these columns. Address letters to the Friend of the Pi
catholic poulatio!! or r. a.
To the Friend or Ue People:
, What l? th?. total Catholic population of the
United State.? q. g. T.
The total Catholic population of the United
Statu tor 1111 wm 17.S86.64C.
To the Friend or the People:
I? the statement of a dying peraon always
accepted by a court a? uncontrovertible truth?
R. 1?. J.
Generally It la. but If It la offered as evidence
In court, reasonable proof must be submitted at
the time showing that testator knew beyond
reasonable doubt thst he was dying before he
made the statement.
To the Friend of the People:
What Is the area of Texas? Of Rhode Island?
J. U B.
. *re? of Texas is square miles;
of Rhode Island, 1.24S square miles.
To the Friend of the People:
Who are the members of the United States
Board of Mediation and Conciliation. G. H. R.
William L. Chambers, commissioner: White
head Kluta. assistant commissioner; William J
Hoover, secretary: Marti* A. Knapp. chairman of
the board; William U. Chambers and Whitehead
Klutz, member* of the board.
To the Friend of the People:
Where Is the headquarters of the Aero Club
of America? T. P. L*
The Aero Club of America is located at 11
East Thirty-eighth street. New York.
To the Friend of the People:
When was the Susltna route of the Alaska
Railroad selected? From what point to what
point does it extend? What ls its length?
known as the Susltna route and extends from
Seward on Resurrection Bay to Fairbanks on the
Tanana River, a distance of 4?7 mile*. This route
Includes the existing Alaska Northern Railway
which runs from Seward through the Kenal Pen
insula for a distance of seventy-one miles to
Turnagaln Arm, and has been purchased from its
owners by the government for 91.1S0,M?.
To the Friend of the People:
Are there any figures available showing the
?xtent. In terms of dollars. ef the trade of the
world? J. F. O.
World International trade in 1M0 aggregated
$100,000,000,000 in value at par exchange.
To the Friend of the People: I
How long Is the Alberg tunnel through the
This tunnel is six and three-quarter miles In
length and extends from Langen to St. Anton.
Switzerland. It was opened to traffic in 1184
To the Friend of the People: ^
Where is Bellevue Hospital. New York, lo
cated! PATIENT.
First avenue and East Twenty-sixth street.
To the Friend of the People
How many spoken language* or dialect* are
there in the world? A. E. F.
There are ssid to be 3,424 spokea languages
or dialects in the world distributed as follow*:
America. 1.624; Asia. 9J7; Europe. 187; Africa. 27?.
To the Friend of the People:
What holidays are observed the world over?
D. T. S.
Christmas and New Year *.
On April 10. 1915, President Wilson announced ' Auction .
To the Friend of the People:
How much salt war mined in the United State*
during 1920? What was the value of thi* pr?
the selection of the route for the Alaska Railroad
to be built by the government. This route is
Salt production in 1920 was ?.965.188 short
tons, valued at 830.539.168.
m Coiutletters totheHertild
OTHER peoples views on topics of current interest
Effect of Gas.
To the Editor. The Washington Herald:
I am enclosing herewith a clip
ping taken from the columns of
The Herald of Monday, April 24.
which states that gas impairs voices
of veterans of the war. This article
is misleading to those who may
have read it and contrary to the
statement in this article, the Vet
erans' Bureau is not authority for
the alleged facts mentioned
Those who took part in the war
and were so unfortunate as to have
been gassed and who. for some rea
son or other may now develop a
slight cold or layngitis. after read
ing the article in question naturally
.issonate their condition with the
The publication of such articles
lead* to the belief that gas must
indeed be one of the m:>*t danger
ous of weapons and those not famil
iar with its true efre'.*t:i naturally
feel that if exposed, tney will al
ways bo subject to every conceiv
able ailment.
It ba3 become#popula- to assume
that fcftsg'ng In service is the un
derlying cause for the mnl function
ing of almost every orgi?n in the
body since the worrld war. ?
During the past year the medi
cal division of the Chemical War
fare Service has been making a
careful study of the after-effects of
warfare gases. During thh investi
gation every means was adopted
to ascertain the truth concerning
this subject. Leading medical men
in this country and i.i Europe were
interrogated, as well as the ccm
manding officers of government hoe.
pitals where former soldier-* are
receiving treatment, anj requested
to express tnelr opirions. As a re
suit of these studies the follow
ing conclusions have be-^n lrawn:
1. From evidence thus far obtain
able It ls the consensus of opinion
of medical men that there is no
greater percentage of disability fol
lowing gassing than should occur
from any of the acute respiratory
diseases of ordinary types.
2. As to the incidence of respira
tory troubles resulting from ex
posure to gases, there Is little evi
dence to show that gas played a
conspicuous role in this connection,
and it is doubtful if the incidence
of these diseases among former sol.
dlers is really greater than among
those who were not gassed.
3. That gas might, in some cases,
be rated as a contributory causa
towards a lowering of vitality, to
gether with camp life, exposure,
military stress, and other known
4. Those who develop respiratory
troubles at this late date since their
discharge have no basis for claim*
that their disabilities were the re
sult of their war experiences. Such
dlabillties would proi?ably have de
veloped If they had never been In
the service at all. If a or so
elapses from the time of gassing
until symptoms develop, it Is quite
probable that gas had nothing to do
with the matter, provided that the
lungs of sucn claimants were clear
at time of discharge.
Due to the importance of this
matter. It is hoped that you will
publish the foregoing facts.
Morality and Immorality.
To the Editor. The Washington Herald:
Your correspondent. J. D. C., who
attempts to discuss the double
standard of morality. Is either n
Joker or a knave. His defense of
the double standard Is as weak as
the weakest and need not seriously
concern us except long enough to
voice a vigorous protest against the
specious reasoning which would
grant permission to one part of the
human race to commit moral wrong
and forbid It to another part of the
But I wish to call attention to the
present questionable tendency to
limit the use of the words moral
and Immoral to relations between
the sexes. The Ten Commandments
from Sinai are tho fundamental
basis of all law and conduct. The
seventh command, forbidding adul
tery, is indeed u moral law. but 1
maintain that the eighth, against
theft, is equally a moral law. Ana
further, the ninth, against slander,
stands on an equal basis with the
sixth against murder and tho
seventh against adultery.
In this wonderful age we often
cry out vehemently against some
one who has broken the one we
call the moral law and almost in tne
same breath we put ourselves on a
level with them by our wilful and.
Oommnnioattom will not to re
turned unlet? tpecific roqnoat for such
rotura ia made and stajnps inclosed.
Letteri tfcould to typewritten when
ever possible. Communications ex
tremely difficult to read will not to
considered. Mo communications signed
with ftctitioua names will to used.
wicked Innuendo or open slander.
To break into and rob a house Is
crude and old-fashioned and con
temptible, but tft scheme and con
nive and secure something by skill
ful trickery without rendering a Just
equivalent In return is called legiti
mate cleverne**. As Instance, the
shifters. Nevertheless. It is fully
as immoral as anything we com
monly call immora;.
Furthermore, the use of the name
of Deity as a mere expletive In com
men talk Is at oncc execrably poor
English and also positively immoral
by the same standard.
Far be it from me to be a mere
crape hanger, but it does seem only
fair that we occasionally 4ook sim
ple facts square in the face with
out blinking or dodging. MAX.
A Woman Replies.
To the Editor. The Washington Herald:
I have read with interest a letter
printed in today's Herald under
your Open Court letters column, en
titled: "hlvalry ?>f Men.** The au
thor. wh0 signs himself "Mr." F. B
A. (the "Mr." apparently for the
purpose of advising reader* that a
man wrote this illuminating letter!,
flies to the defense of his sex
against an allegation of lark of this
quality of "chivalry." civing a* his
reason for any lack of it. the mod
ern dress of the present-day women
(grouping us as a whole), their
lack of modesty, their bold behavior,
their paint and dyes. etc. He also
mentions woman's invasion of all
field* of industry. Does he think
this invasion was voluntary on the
wart of all these women or partly
due to man's inability to properly
provide for the women of his fam
ily? "Mr." F. B. A.'s charges are
all very sweeping.
On referring to the latest Webater
dictionary I find a definition tf
chivalry. "A body of knights of 11
lustr'ous mounted soldiers." This,
of course, is not the sense in which
the word Is used by F. B. A. An
other definition. "Callant or dis
tinguished warriors or brave gen
tlemen." Would a "brave gentle
man'* have written such a leter as
this? Another definition: "Kindness
to the weak." In spite of the short
skirts, the rouge and lip sticks, in
spite of the fact that many a poor
woman is forced out into the busi
ness world, much against her will,
in many cases physically unfit to
cope with the conditions existing
there, often having to care for
fatherless children. invalid hus
bands or aged parents, she still be
longs to the "weaker sex" and as
such is entitled tn a little of that
chivalry and "kindness to the
weak" which a brave gentleman
would always accord her. After all.
Mr. F. B. A., the immodest, painted
women are not in the majority and
there are still many who < an still
command the respect and chivalry
of "brave gentlemen."
High Rent Rates.
To the Editor. The Washington Herald
Will someone kindly answer me
How are people that are In mod
erate. circumstances supposed lo
live in Washington?
The rent for the smallest kind of
an apartment in a decent part of
the city costs more than any or
dinary man makes a week, and it
has been worked out and is known
that a couple, should never pa>
more rent than they have coming
in a week.
I for myself think the Ball rent
act is one of the finest things that
was ever passed.
Reading an article In the. Pic
torial Review of a few months
since. I find that where the income
for two people is $150 a month the
rent should never be over $40.
This has been worked out and
found efficient.
Tell me how a young man and
woman of today can marry and
have a home on the rents that are
E. K. W.
Disgusted With Simonds.
To the Editor. The Washington Herald:
Your correspondent George P.
Fiske is .quite right as to Simonds.
But he fails to understand that
Simonds is only one of a long list
f writers who have "run to emp
ty* rigs" and don't know It. 1 agr*?e
with Mr. Fiske. but "what* the
Feelings Have Changed.
To the Editor. The Washington Herald.
The editorials on France pub
lished in The Herald April 24 and 25
meet with my thorough approval.
The sympathy and adrrlration I j
once had for the French peoplt i
have, during the past year, turned
to complete disgust. U. M C.
"Expensive Pride.**
To the Editnr. The Washington Herald
I have just finished reading an
article In your paper entitled "Ex
pensive Pride." which artiele was
written after an address delivered
before the National league of
Women Voters in altimore.
1 am a woman voter, and as such
felt a certain amount of keen re- 1
sentment after reading this article. ]
It in undoubtdly true that a great
host of women have too much prid*
to ?-arry a market basket, but I 1
?m strongly of the opinion that this
host does not constitute the aver
ago home - maker and woman of
moderate means. It is the woman j
of greater means and expensive,
taste* and habits who is ashamed
to be seen carrying a market bas
ket. If the secretary will Join th??
work-a-day throng of women soitw
afternoon he will see not only a
tew women carrying home their
marketing, but a great number.
They are seen climbing into the
cars loaded down with baskets and
packages containing their market
Ing. which, by the way. they have
to cook after they get home, as a
It is not just to say that the
housewife is responsible for the
high cost of living or is too proud
to carry her market basket, for as
a rule it is the housewife in mod
erate circumstances who is trying
to reduce the high cost by making
the most of what she has.
It is the woman who gives h*r
orders over the phone, rides to mar
ket in her machine and pays high
prices for delicacies who is keeping
the prices of food at an abnormally
high price.
There is also another phase of
the matter to be taken into con
sideration. When a housewife doe*
her marketing ??he usually has a
great many articles to carry home
especially on Saturday. How many
women. csp.*cially mothers, in this
country are strong enough to t>?
carrying heavy market baskets on
their arm' Often the housewife
,ias to take her child or children to
market with her. and' 1 think the
public will quite agree that in such
cases the few pennies it cost* t ?
have her marketing delivered tn
well spent.
It is not "expensive pride" which
keeps up the cost of living, but the
old-time war profiteers.
Rule of Majority.
To the Editor. TV* HersM:
\V e have in tho "utrfM" many
persons faying Hi* Ilall act Is un
constitutional; ?r have in th
I'nited states millions defying the
Volstead act which Is a constitu
tional one beyond the shadow of a
douht. because founded on the
Kighteenth Amendment. It is fair
to believe that all these people do
not mean what they say. The
I'nited states Supreme Court haa
decided t.hat the Hall act is consti
tutional. but It is said not unani
mously. What sort 0f men could
be unanimous on questions of law?
Not normal human beings and sure
ly not big brained niackstone tvpe
of jurists. Indeed nearly all
questions Judicated in the Supreme
Court have minority opinions and It
Is In fact a warranty of the emi
nent men composing the Supreme
Court that they do differ.
It seems to the writer poor
Americanism to flght the rule of
the majority In our government and
poor senae to criticise the highest
court In our nation when it says
what Is the law and what Is not
the law. EI.1JAH E. KNOTT.
Says Business Suffers
By Lack of Statistics
Expansion of the nation's business
has undergone a handicap through
neslect in the past to systematical
ly collect economic facts and statis
tics, according to a report made to
Secretary Hoover by H. H B Mey- j
er. chairman of a committee of the
National Special Libraries Associa
The report, just issued by the De
partment of Commeroe. outlines the
history and activities of the com- {
mlttee and answers question* as to
how the Department of Commence
can help the business libcary. and j
vice versa.
HATIROAY. A PHIL 20. 1922.
Tk* I nmd the PrtK m?
t he Laboratory Method In Bi
ology" will be the subject of an
addreM by Dr. William E. Rltthr. |
of the Scrlpps Institution for Bl
o logical Research. before tho Bi
ological Society of Washington.
Cosmos Club, tonight S o'clock.
Arrkfslsdral fsrlrty of M
ton. Mount Vernon Seminary, thin
afternoon. "Some Antiquities of
the Dalmatian Coast." by Lieut
Col. Falrdough. professor of clas- i
sics in Stanford University.
-Bird Boxes. Bird Baths, aad Fred.
Ing Tables" will be the subject
of a talk by Dr. Paul Bartch. Na
tional Museum, today. 14:30 a. an.
Auspices of the Wild Plover
Preservation Society and the
Audubon Society.
Washington will be tfce scene of
the meetings of tventy-tvo medi
cal societies during the next veek.
The list of the associations and
societies that meet vith the dates !
of the meetings follows:
American Aasociation of Genlto- ]
1'rinary Suraeons May 2-1; Amer
ican Aasociation of Pathologists and
Bacteriologists, May 2-4; American
Association of Physicians. May 2-4:
American Bronchoscope Society.
May 3; American Cllmatogolical and
Clinical Association. May 2-4; Amer
ica n Dermatological Association.
May 2-4; American Gastroentero
logical Association. May 1-2; Amer.
lean Gynecological Society. May 1-V
American Laryngology al As social
tion May 1-3; American l<aryn*o
logical. Rhlnological and Otologic.!
Society. May 4-6. American Ncur<]
Amo, latioii. Max |4; A me J
.??an Ophthal Jnolojii^al So< iet \ |M
1-3; American Orthopedic A^o< ?
tion. May 2-4; American Otoloci.^
Society. May 2-3; AwHflU Pediatl
Society. May 1-3; American Ps> < h4
pathological Association. May 1
American Society for Clinical Tfl
vestigation. May 1: American S
defy of Tropical Medicine. Mar
American Surgical Association May 1
2-4; American Therapeutic Societ>.
May 1-2; Congress of American
Physicians and Surgeons of \?>rih
America. May 2-3; International
Congress of Ophthalmology. April
25. May I.
i>tkhpki:tix. iiciKM'K. |
Th? frvt town I?filing ksi ' I
interpret ulttl vill bo 1>? Id in I
the cosiiag MHMBor sea* . . : I
teachers' college of Columbia l"n:- |
versity. Now York. Its aim vill I
t?- present in nontechnical langua.." |
the result* ??f re?ent Rdtatiii r' "aJ
search. Sixteen d ffcrmt leer
vill co-operate in uiv inc _
course, rarhinturn exp.a.i k cir<|
tain discoveries aad inventions
their liifluqyitc upo modern life
Prof. Otis W. Caldwell, of
Lincoln School. mho directs th?
? ourse. vill present some typical
science biographies. Questions ???
public health will 1?e discussed ??>
Dr. Simon Flexner. of the 1lo< k< -
feller Institute; Dr. Geotge K. Vin
cent and others. The new develop
ments in telograph> and telaphoiiv
by vire and radio vill l?c explained
and illustrated by the engineering
department of the Wenters Kle? -
trie Company. Dr. Edwin E Slof-I
son. of Science Service, vill nhowi
vhat changes have been made m
public afTairs and private life toy
the introduction of photograph:
gasoline, sugar, coal-tar produ ts
and refrigeration Among the oth
er lectures are "Vitamines.** bv Dr.
Walter II Eddy. "The World's Food
Supply." by l>r. John M. Coulte
?Geography and Men." by Preside:
W. W. Atvood. of Clark I'mveJ-i
alt V; "The Warfare Against In
sects," by Dr. L O Howard, of the i
Department of Agriculture, arid A
Modern Botanic Garden." b> l>r.
I George T. Moore. W.
A lov'.y tinsmith and his wif,.
who deprived themselves of the ne
cessities of life that their b"\ i
might receive *?n education. ga\? I
France one of Ra leading lUtct I
men and diplomats The -b. ]
now Louis Bar- i
thou, minister of
justice, d o |> u t >
prime minister,
and one of
Franc e's t*??
principal d ? 1 ???
Kates to the Ge
noa economj. con
ference. Barthon i
has aervej h*? i
country In man* I
? -fficei. having a
sumed the dutie <
of premier or I
aevoral oecasiot ?
When the "hoy"
flnlohed ?
IDUiS OABTMOu' 'r^ntnn h's ? *r
ents a c t ti a M v
J starved themselves to send him t<?
j Bordeaux, where he fitted himself
I to practice law. That be entered
loorly into France'* political 11f*? is
?ho?-n by the fact that he U .?m^|
| a member of the chamber of depu-" '
ties at 27 from bis native basses?
Pyrennes. He became a supporter
of Premier Meline. who was know ??
las an advocate of protection a i?l
la friend of the industrial leaders.
1'e.rhaps Barthou's most brtlli.'n:
i achievement was that of getting
legislative consent to lengthen th
term <?f military service from tw
J to three years. It was this move
I which made It poasible for Fran- e
j to make such a determined and
I forceful resistance to the German
onslaught in the early days of the
I war
| When m ar loomed. Barthou. a w ake
,to the situation, ~ voluntanW fa ? 1
| the thankless task of forcing
| through the change Patriotic fer
vor then had not been aroused to
a high pitch. His taak seemed
hopeless. By means of a aeries of
logical, persuaalve and convtn* ma
speeches and the power of his own
personality he succeeded in th.
Barthou normally la quiet and
courteous, but when aroused an
be vitriolic In his attacks on poli
cies ano politicians. His Aery orak
attack on David Lloyd George two
years a?o. in which he charged the
British premier with having failed
to champion France's Interest*
forced Premier Mlllerand and rat?i- ,
net to formally disavow the ?p ? J
iens Barthou expressed. '
He 4s a lover of music aad art.

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