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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, May 01, 1922, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1922-05-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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'y Radio Science
ly. Keep up with it by
reading The HermM.
era cht.
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The Weather
Fair today and to
morrow. Detailed re
port on page 6.
Tactically AH Civic Or
ders Represented
At Stadinm.
?eclare They Exceed Au
thority?Seymour Re
veals "Joker."
Washington was called upon to
?esent a united front against the
?ge tax increase proposed by the
ouse and Senate conrerees or the
23 District appropriation bill by
*ea^tftrs at a mass meeting of resi
sts and taxpayers in Central High
thool stadium yesterday afternoon.
Practically every civic and busi
organization in the city was
Amidst vociferous applause speak
*s pounded home the following
?cts concerning the proposed In
"That the tax increase is not nec
"That . according to the rules
hich control conferences, the ron
rees had no right to recommend
?ch legislation.
"That the proposed increase on
*al estate will prove a blow 10
>me building.
"That the effects of the increase
ouJd extend to every man, woman
id child In the city and would hit
irdest those who are struggling
?r the bare hfcessities of life.
Rrrrila Joker.
The meeting was called to order
t Thomas J. Donovan, president of
?e Central Citizens' Association,
id was presided over by Chsrles
. Baker, president of the Feder
:lon of Citizens' Associations.
A Joker In that part of the appro,
riation bill concerning the 60-40
an of distributing the city's ex
cuses between the District and the
jvemment was revealed by Ar
iar E. Seymour, secretary of the
haraber of Commerce, the first
"The joker." Seymour said. "Is
? ntained In that provision of the
ill which reads as follows: Such
ems of expense as Congress may
irect shall be paid on a basis
her than the 60-40 basis'
"This provision if carried into
feet would daatroy the <0-40 ratio.'
o declared. ^Congress could at
111 order say expenses it chose
t*<J from appropriations outside of
te <0-40 plan.
?cores Surplus Pla?.
The proposal' rtf the conferees to
*ate a surplus fund for the ex
?nses of the. city was character
ed as an "extremely dangerous
ep" by Seymour.
"Congresses may come and Con
resses may go. but the District
f Columbia goes on forevej," he
lid. "Now, suppose by a revolu
ion In politics an entirely new
ody of members should appear In
"ngress. These new members, ob
erving the. huge surplus fund in
'ie Treasury, would say: Ha! This
ty Ps plenty of money. Why,
M raise their taxes and increase*
?eir share of the expenses to 70
sr cent or more?"
read a report compiled
? 131s by a joint Congressional
>mrnlttee. which he declared
?oved there is no justice in the
esent plan to increase taxes.
The report recommended that the
*>ple here be taxed on a scale
?m parable to tax scales in cities
similar size and population. "The
istrlct should not be. made to bear
,e Jnu,l* of expenses." the
port said.
WraU Boost Prim.
The increase will result in high
rents all along the line - 8ev
our declared "The butcher s rent
? his ta* assessment will be boost
I. and he in turn will have tu
crease the cost of his product,
ie same will prove true of the
?ocerymtfn. It will be the fejiow
ho is struggling for the necessi
in life who will suffer most in
? end."
Keymour r,ad ttl? resolution
opted by the law and legislation
ramittee of the Chamber of Com
eree Saturday night. showing
re the proposals were unju&t
id unnecessary. The worst fea
re of the legislation, he said, is
at It would discourage hom?
1 using.
He concluded his address by ap
altag for a Joining of forces in
e city to protest against the in
'""i"* against some
ng we think is wrong, let us
r B?tM'"'y'i,and honestly enter
r protest. he ssid.
"low at Children.
?fn?. Mary W. Johnson, chairman
itten r \vdlVl,,i0n of th* Fed*
ttjon of Womi's Clubs, said
If we are compelled to pay this
<"?tlon thousands of
idren will have to leave school
i *? l? ,work ln order to help
^">e increase in
isehold expenses."
H?e said she uelieved Congress
ant to be fair with the District
t0? engrossed In national
talatlon to properly care foe the
trlct s interests.
'j* John A. Logan, aged widow
, W" c*Iled on b*
sident Baker, and responded
dium" ? h'eh /UP ln th"
If these tax increases are put
' ,he declared heatedly.
will amount to practical con
t"?" ?! ?Ur. Property Con
wh?t the District
gehmbta ahall do a, it did for
.Indiana. The least Congress
?ft ^ d to treat us as
I* mm It did the Indiana."
< ,the hope that Mr.
lar ?. chairman
laycommittee of local cltlsens
?? thl kSST? to proUrt
president of the
of Trade, de
w |f^twp,e mu"t Unlte for
?=?!L-lr?y a? to sucoeed u
CmMsw^ On Page fkrM.
Russia Certain tQ Return
As Great Power, Says Gibbs
Declares Germany's Decision to Build Future
Policy in Europe on Russian Friendship
Chief Result of Genoa Conference.
LONDON. April 30.?"bet us ex
amine the effect of the Genoa con
ference upon political and trade
condition* of Europe as far as It la
possible to disentangle the realities
of the situation from the wild con
fusion of passion and prejudice
which has almost smothered them.
In Great Britain it is extremely
difficult for public opinion to know
the facts or form a clear judgment,
because all business of the confer
ence has been made a means of at
tack upon the. power of Lloyd
George. His critics and enemies
were out to kill it before it began,
not because they disapproved of
the conference, but because they de
sired to destroy Lloyd George.
Again it was gall and wormwood
to all people who cannot demobilize
hate in their hearts when for the
first time since the war German
delegates were allowed to sit in a
free and equal conference with their
own representatives, and when Rus
sian Bolshevists weqc at liberty to
talk and even banquet with states
men of civilized peoples.
Crftlclnai Isfrltible.
It was natural and inevitable that
all this should arouse a storm of
criticism in the newspapers of Eng
land and France, which still uphold
the 'policy of dealing irith the
German people as condemned crlm?
inals, and Russians as homicidal
maniacs. Reviving old and bitter
memories of German brutality and
Russian treachery., they have found
it an easy game to discredit reason
able statesmanship which like mod
erate public opinion in all countries,
was convinced that for the sake of
Europe, as a whole. Germany must
be given a chance of peaceful de
velopment and Russia must be
brought back to trade relations
with the rest of the world. It Is
easy to see how these two ideas
conflict. Only angelic souls In
France and Great Britain, and there
are not many, can utterly wipe out .
the terrible memories of the war. I
Hard tt Fondve Xirresier.
It Is hard and almost beyond
average human nature to forget and
forgive the Russian surrender at
Brest-Litovsk. which liberated
masses of German troops for the
western front and caused the death
of thousands of French and British
soldiers, followed by the revolution
In Russia which, after Internal hor
rors. declared war on all govern^
ments. Only statesmen of wide and
far-reaching imagination and peo
ple of rare common sense could see
that whatever happened In war
time and Its madness there must
Continued on Page Two.
I^spatches Reaching Cap- Brown and Fess in Hard
ital Say Battle Un
Race for Senatorial
U. S. Marines Narrowly Es- President Will Not Urge Sup
cape Being Struck by Air- P?rt of Congressional
plane Bomb. G. O. P. Slate.
TIENTSIN. April SO.?Gen. Wu
Pal Fu's Chi Lian army attacking
<f?r -po?fc?ssion of Pekin ha? sus*
talned a severe defeat at the hards
of G*n. Chang Tsao-LIn. military
governor of Manchuria. Chan* him
self announced in an official com
munication. The battle took place
at Machang. the communication
says. hundreds of Chi Lians being
wounded and scores captured.
The remainder. It is declared,
have retreated to Pao Ti Hsien.
Report* Rattle Vndeelded.
PEKIN. April 30.-?The battle rag
ing between the two rival Chinese
armies forty miles from Tientsin,
today remained undecided, accord
ing to dispatches reaching here.
Bomb Near I'. 9. Marine".
LONDON, April 30.?An airplane
bomb was dropped near a tram load
of American Marines on th * road
to Pekin today by an aeroplane be
longing to the Chi Li. or attacking
army under Gen. Wu Pel Fu. ac
cording to the correspondent of the
London Times.
The bomb, however, did not fall
near enough to the tram to cause
any damage.
Lines First 1 sder Fire.
TIENTSIN, April 30. ? Heavy
lighting continues at three, points,
with the heaviest at Changsintien.
There is much action southwest of
I^ing Fang, and the struggle for
the canal at Machang also con
tinues. On th? whole, no important
changes have been made in the
general line, though it is Impos
sible to get details from either side.
The fiphtinir consists chiefly of
rifle and machine gun flrin=r across
the waterways, indicating that nei
ther side is able to effect a cross
Heavy troop movements continue
through Tientsin, both to Lang
I-ang and Muchang. Little Is
known *f the progress of Gen. Wu
Pel Fu's troops from Honan and
Hupeh by two routes.
Legation* Arm Volunteer*.
The French gunboat Craonne has
arrived at Tientsin. The Fifteenth
Infantry has arranged to keep with
British troops patroling British
concessions. A British volunteer
corps was mobilized today, arms
and equipment were issued, and
Continued Oh Page Three.
President Hardui* Is keeping his
hands off In th* hot poetical Aght
brewing In Ohio amoag his own I
Republican friends for the Sena- i
toriAl and gubernatorial nomina- J
The President admits to his tntl
! mate associates that It is a difficult
| matter for him to have to sit on
! the side lines with the lively con
tests that are coming at home for <
j the big political plums, but he has
i necessarily declared himself a neu- \
' tral not only in Ohio but In all
other States where lively scrambles
are ensuing for Senatorial nomina
The President has recently been
besieged by party leaders In sev
eral States to say a Kood word for
some candidate known to be his
personal friend. He has positively
i declined every request. Not only
Will he remain a neutral as be- \
tween Republican contestants in |
his own State and in Republican i
Senatorial primaries elsewhere, but
he is not even going to make a
general appeal for Republican suc
cess in the forthcoming Congres
sional election. He has let it be
known that he prefers to have
the people render a verdict on his
| administration without any solici- ;
tation or coaching from him.
To a group of friends recently
the President said that the Presi
dent of the United States had no
business taking an active part in
the Senatorial contest of any State
in th?* Union. ''not even my own
State." He said he had enough to
look after the executive affairs of
the government. From Ohio, of
course, the pressure upon Mr.
Harding has , been much greater
than from any other State. When
the primary contest is over, of
course, the nominees will have the
benefit of his personal advice and
The intensity of the Republican
contest in Ohio is to be increased
by the expected announcement of
Walter F. Brown, of Toledo, as a
candidate for United States Sena
tor against Representative S. D.
Fess. of Yellow Creek, chairman of
the Republican Congressional Com
Mr. Brown, who is in Washing
ton as ex-ofTicio chairman of the
joint Congresslon committee on
Reorganization of the Executive
Departments, and Mr. Fess are well
known in the State. Both are
close followers of Mr. Harding.
The Senatorial situation has been
Continued On Page Three.
LINCOLN. Nebr.. April 30.?Will
iam Jennings Bryan, spending Sun
day with relatives at his former
home here today, made public a let
ter he has sent to President Hard
ing, imploring nim in the interest
of world oeacc and the regenera
tion of Kurope, to send a represen
tative to the Genoa peace confer
Tho letter follows, in part: "Jt
would not hurt us to have a rep
resentative there, if he went em
powered to advise only and with'the
understanding that our nation is "not
bound by any conclusions reached,
except as our people, acting through
Congress and the President, or at
a referendum, may expressly ap
"The failure of the United States
to enter the league of nations Was
a national and international calam
ity. the responsibility for which waa
divided between the refuaal of Re
publicans and the Democrats to rat
ify th. covenant without reserva
"But a mistake In the past should
not prevent wiser action In the pres
ent and luture.
"Lloyd George is right when he
says: 'America could exercise an
influence no other country could com
mand. She could come here free
and disentangled and with the pres
tige which comes from her Indepen
dent position; she would come with
the voice of peace.'
"Mr. 'President, you are a Chris
tian, .and your sense of responsi
bility; to God must soon compel
you to propose an appeal to the
estranged nations to forget the
"You made a splendid beginning
In calling the arms conference, but
what will its work avail If Europe
is to become again a slaughter
house? And how shall we escape
If Europe again beats her plow
shares Into swords?
"You are a man of prayer. Mr.
President. I beg you to turn aside
a moment from things exclusively
national and ask for guidance iii
this world crisis."
Campers Charges U. S.
Flooded With Bolshe
vik Propaganda.
American-Anglo - German'
Banking Group Danger
ous Element, He says.
CHICAGO, April 30.?American
recognition of Soviet Russia as a
consequence of the Genoa economic i
conference would constitute. In the |
opinion of Samuel Gompers, prcsi- i
dent of the American Federation of
Labor, the basest "betrayal of civ- |
In a statement, made here today,}
Gompers outlined what seemed to
him definite evidences of subtle 1
Bolshevik propaganda In America
as well as at Genoa.
"In making these assertions,"
Gompers said. "I am mindful of the
amazing propaganda with which
American public life lb being
flooded, I am mindful of the In
trigue which Is everywhere about
us and, above all, 1 am mindful of
the newly-adopted policy of the
American - Anglo - German banking
group, which perhaps constitutes
the most dangerous clement in the
whole chain of pro-Bolshevik effort
in America, because it has its hands
on the most power.
"The truth Is that predatory in
ternational finance has its appetite
up and believes it sees loot In
"RumkIh on Bargain Counter."
"Russia is on the bargain coun
ter. behind which stands Lenin as
a bandit merchant.
"Bolshevik propaganda has been
organised exactly along the lines
of prewar European intrigue, over
looking nothing that went to make
up that old Internatioal German
and Russian espionage systems.
"It is impossible to violate con
fidences, but I am going to make
here certain statements on this
point for which I have ample pi oof.
"First?The Bolshevik pronaganda
fund In ttw 1'nlted States amounts
to many millions of dollars, partly
in cash deposits and partly In old
crown and nobility jewels.
"8econd?Bribes have been offered
out of this fund. Bribes have bren
1 offered In place^ where t)>e
I Jean people can J$\ aft rd betrayml.
i "Third?The newspaper world, tO
'which we must look for Informa
jtion Is worm-eaten with Bolshevik
friends and propagandists and still
further eaten into by immature
I porters and editors who
tim to deception or blandishment.'
Pro-Bolnhevlk Reporting.
"Fourth?As a result, editorial
| understanding is offset by a great
volume of mis-reporting and pro
Bolshevik reporting.
"Fifth ? Foreian correspondent* .
arc to an amazing degree addicts of j
the Bolshevist <|opc habit, evi-I
?Ienced at the moment bv/obvlously
tainted cables from Genoa.
' "Sixth?Most important Is the es
pousal of the Bolshevik cause by
the group of American-Anglo-Ger
man bankers who like to call them
selves international financiers to
i dignify and conceal their true func
tion and limitation. Specifically, the
most important * banker in this
?rroup and speaking for the group,
born in Germany As it happens, has
issued orders to his friends and as
sociates that all must now work
for Soviet recognition.
"Seventh?Prominent dignitaries,
strong labor haters, are putting
forth fresh efforts in the Bolshe
l vlst cause. Specifically. labor
haters like the former governor of
one of our Western States have
joined the Bolshevist supporters in
/ho great campaign to secure Amer
ican recognition.
-Now We Are (iowl" Aceonnt*.
"Eighth?A fresh flood of 'now
we-are-good* accounts has been
? oured out of the Moscow propa
ganda machine into the ears of the
world. Newspapers. publishing
these accounts, forget that It is but
a month since Lenir said: 'We
countered the fight against us by
instituting terror, a three-fold ter
ror." If it becomes necessary again
we will have it once more.'
"Ninth?A flood of cables has
come to America about the re
linquishment of censorship in Rus
sia, though there has been no such
thing. Only three months ago the
Soviets officially declared through
Zinoview, 'we are not going to ad
mit the existence of any indepen
dent press. Our own press must
clearly infor mthe workers and
?Tenth?W. Z. Foster, who had
no money, went to Moscow and
came back and announced that he
was building a great secret machine
to undermine the American labor
movement and turn it o^er to the
lied International, owned by Lenin.
He began publication of an expensive |
magazine and proclaimed '1.000 secret
agents in 1.000 communities.'
"Eleventh?European concession
hunters and business representa
tives on Genoa subcommittees are
using every effort to bring American
business Into line with European
pro-Russian grab aspirations, as
evidenced by their invitation to the
American section of the newly-cre
ated International Chamber of Com
merce to meet with them for de
cision upon Russian and other
Campaign Contlnne*.
"Twelfth?The campaign organ
ized t? Rather political power into
the hands of pro-Bolshevists con
tinues and with astounding results.
Will our people believe that an ar
dent and active pro-Bolshevist utters
supposed adminstrative views, which
are then wldel* printed as author
itative? ? ~
"It Is my understanding that
America stands by the policy ttast
we can have no pealing with Rus
sia until there is In that country
a government answerable to the
people, put in office by the people.
Prime requisites are elections, free
> Continued on Pa?e Two.
Con&n Doyle May Get Away With It, But Look Out If You Try It
Yourself.?By J. N. Darling
~^t}U CANTG<J?SWHO IrV6 bEE- J viS.TiNt, VyflH ??
K ??
Asserts Defects Exist in
Financing Agricultural
Hidden Treasure
Revealed by Mice
Bits of Currency Lead to
Finding of Deceased
Farmer's Horde.
Conditions in the. farming Indus
try, which since the war has stif- !
fercd the worst depression in its|
history, have taken a definite turn I
for the better, according to Euseno j
Meyer, jr.
Meyer conveyed this information j
to President Harding, in a special
report on a trip he took at the
Tresident's direction through farm
ing States of the West He trav
eled more than 11.000 miles.
"I found on my trip." said Moyc.r.
"that the unprecedented depression
which dealt such a hard blow to
the agricultural interests is in some
sections a thing of the past; that
ir. other sections it is rapidly pass
ing; and that everywhere hope and
confidence are taking the place of
the despair of six months ago."
Credit conditions were found to bv- j
everywhere improving.
War Finance I,o?n* Help.
Meyer said the $333,000,000 War
Finance Corporation loan to banks
lor farmers had greatly assisted in
relieving the credit stringency. Hut;
fundamental defects exist, he said. 1
in the financing of agricultural op- 1
crations, particularly livestock 1
raising. He made these recom
1. Enactment of legislation spe- |
cifically authorizing the organiza
tion of institutions to rediscount
the paper of livestock loan com
2. Recognition of the. need for
the orderly marketing of agricul
tural products in a more gradual
way over a longer period, and the
adjustment of banking laws and
regulations with this end in view.
3. Establishment of a rediscount
facility to make it possible for co
operative marketing organizations
to obtain adequate funds.
4. Extension of the powers of the
Federal Reserve / banks to include
the purchase in the open market of
eligible paper secured by nonper
ishablo agricultural commodities,
properly warehoused.
5. Encouragement of State non
member banks to enter the Federal
Reserve system.
6. Amendment ot the national
banking act to permit a limited
amount of branch banking within
a limited radius of the parent in
DUQUOIN. III.. April 30?It re
mained for mice to find the hidden
treasures of the late William New
ton, a farmer of Jefferson County,
northeast of Duquoin. whose death;
occurred several months ago.
A short time prior to his death i
Newton withdrew nearly $10.0001
from a bank at Renton. He and his j
wife were involved in litigation and 1
subsequently divorced. After his j
death relatives were unable to find .
trace of his treasures. A few days .
ago bits of currency scattered by I
mice were found in a barn on the !
Newton farm. Investigation re
vealed the treasure box hidden in
one of the stalls.
The box wa.-? delivered to the ad- j
ministrator of the cstat- an.l when ;
opened was found to contain SK.600 i
in currency and $2,980 in gold. Mice
had eaten a portion of the bills, j
but most of them are in such eondi. i
tion as to be redeemable at face I
Keeping Old Wage Scale
Will Cause Boost, Is
Officers of Culpeper Hunt
Wopds for Assailant of
Annie Beam.
CULPEPER. Va., April 30.?
County officers here are scouring
the woods for a negro who early
today attacked Miss Annie Beam, of
Washington, D. C. It is said that
the officers believe they have the
fugitive located and it Is only a
matter of a few hours until he will
be arrested.
Miss Beam reached Culpeper
early today betwen 12 and 1 o'clock
to visit friends. There was no one
at the station to meet her. so she
set out alone and on the way was
attacked by the negro. Her cries
for assistance failed to get any
response and it was not until after
she reached the hon.e of her friend
that the alar-n was ?ivcn.
Officers are very reticent about
discussing the affair, beyond say
ing that they expect to capture the
Th "child crusaders" who traveled
half way across the country to plead
with President Harding for the re
lease of their fathers, who were
jailed dur'ng the war for political
offenses, will stay in Washington
until Harding gives them a hearing.
Mrs. Kate Richards O'Hare. In
command of the thirty-seven "cru
saders." said that the President prob
ably would see them sometime this
The children attended President
Harding's church. Calvary Brfptist.
yesterday morning, but they did not
see the President. They were ush
ered Into the part of the church
where "Junior services" were being
The Sublime Porte, in answering
the allied note demanding the ac
ceptance of an armistice without
condition, accepts the peace propo
sals, but reserves the right to dis
cuss particulars, and also refuses to
pay the Greeks compensation for the
evacuation of Smyrna.
The note complains of the injus
tice of the separation of Thrace from
Turkey, and although it accepts the
principle of free passage of the
Dardanelles, objects to the allied
proposals, which do not assure the
security of Constantinople.
The note ignores the allied de
mand for an armistice by saying
that the Sublime Porte is in ac
cordance with the proposals.
Hence there are no obstacles be
tween the commencement of nego
tiations and the evacuation of
There will be no bakers* strike
this year, but the price of bread
may be raised. These are the two
dominant features emanating frbm
a conference of emplo> ing bakers
and their union workmen yesterday
at Typographical Temple, at which
the former capitulated to the de
mands of the unions for a continua
tion of the 1921 contract.
The employing bakers had at
tempted to reduce the uage scale
for the year, beginning today, but
were met with stern resistance on
the part of the union. For a time
there was a deadlock over the sit
uation until yesterday, when com
mittees of the two organizations
met to settle the controversy. wh!ch
ended in the employers signing the
1921 wage scale agreement.
Kf'p Old Scale.
A leading member of the Employ
ing Bakers' Association said last
"The workmen would not give
?ne inch in the negotiations, and
if the employers had insisted that
the wage scale be reduced the 10
per cent suggested there would
have been a strike. A bread strike
is attended by more serious conse
quences than many others, and, re
alizing this, we gave in and signed
last year's agreement for another
"An attempt of the union to put
over another holiday on us. how
ever. did not go through. As it is,
we are forced through this agree
ment to pay time and a half for
every legal holiday in the year
with the exception of Armistice
Day. The union wanted to include
this flay, but we would not stand
for it.
Operate At Lam.
"The employing bakers of Wash
ington are operating at a loss, all
of them, and the only way 1 can
sec for us to save our business is
to raise - the price of bread. The
wages we are now paying are the
peak of wartime wages?$1 an hour
for night work and 90 cents an
hour for day work.' which mean-*
$8 a day for regular days and $12
for holidays.
"No action has been taken on
raising the price of bread, but we
can see no other alternative ex
cept to go Into bankruptcy.**
- CHICAGO. April 30?It has been
discovered that Lord Astor is th*j
boss in the Astor family. Lady. As
tor, who is coming to Chicago May
13. may have promised to love, honor
and make speeches, but she also has
to obey Lord Astor.
In a letter to James W. Morri
son, genetal chairman of organiza
tions under whose auspices Lady As
tor will 8]x.ak here. Lord Astor
writes that his wife is "all tired
out" and he cannot permit her to
make more than one speech in Chi
cago. As a result several organi
zations which have been trying to
obtain Lady \stor fer a speech have
been disappointed.
Lloyd George Gratified ;
By Assurance of Aid
From Churchmen.
Boundary Problem to Be
Pushed Before Genoa
GENOA. April JO.?The rathollc -
parties throughout Europe^ will !
line up to support Prime Minister
Lloyd George.s Kuuian policy, m
the remit of the Pope's letter to
r'ardinal Gupari. Indorsing the ef
fort of the conference Sigtior St-.ir
xo. leader of the Italian Catholic
party, dined with Lloyd <ieorr?
tonight. and assured him that the
churchmen will aid no far a* pos
sible politically. Lloyd George
stated hi* extreme satisfaction of
the Pope's letter
The adoption of the Franco-Brit
ish draft of the reply to M Tchit
cherin's answer to the allied flttrl*'
Ixindon report la progressing "low
ly and M. ilarthou is expected to
proceed to I 'an a Tuesday.
It is rumored that a representa
tive of J. P. Murcii is here ne
gotiating for a loan to Germany
with F"oreign Minister Kathenaia.
The object of the loan is to permit
Germany to make reparation* pay
ments. obviating a crista o? May
(Ospyright 1*1.)
GENOA. April 10.?Already too
heavy and muddlt-d b ythe confix ?
tins iaues. the iienoa conferente
now appear? likely to become f?r
ther confused by the injection ot
the whole boundary question.
Lloyd George, it is learned. !-< de
termlned to brine into the confer
ence the question of readjusting
tRS" frontiers of European states
from the Baltic to the Black Se^
a matter, which left unsettled, re
tains the terms of another bloody
European war. he believes.
It is an ambitious undertaking
in vie*' of the intense natioi)#t
Jealouses which exist and raises
the question anow disinterested
observers whether 1-1 oyd George, is
his very xeal to effect real achieve
mnts toward lasting peacg at
Genoa, is not running th' ri?* ?f
so overloading It that it will break,
down without having dene any ?"
thing thoroughly
Foes Wall rkssw.
Llovd George feels that anything
less than a brilliant list of achieve
ments at Genoa would be hailed by
the French as vindication of
their doubts about the wisdom
about having the conference at all.
It would also dim his prestige at
home and make it exceedingly difU
eult to continue long against hia
opponents who are waiting for A
chance to leap on him.
I |t la aosr apparent that
Georc. ? not ..nly much e.m nf
about potential rolifla-attoasl
Eastern Europe arisim: ..m "f 1
unsettled boundarv disputes. bu|
s equally apparent that he
to hrlnz up the whole questle^
European frontiers at
hope of having national bound!
redrawn on a m<xre sat sfa^
Boasdarr Issue- \\ orrj.
The whole region from the
to the Blayck Sea is fernr
over boundary quarrels <
bring up the question at <J
would mean that if anything 1
done at all. practically the wH
European map would have lxj
over. Because it would be Imp
ble to adjust one frontier witl
making compensatory changes I
Sir Edward Grieg secretary
the premii r left no do;:!*.' ml
Inteview today as to I-ioyd Geora
intention to bring up the boutil^
question at the first opportunity.!
"The allies, under the Versa
treatx. have .he power V. Px
of these boundaries." Sir Bdwar 1
said "Lloyd George is determimd
that the allies shall tackle the tisk a
hete at Genoj."
Just when or h$w Lloyd Geoive
can bring up this question is n?t
clear and It Is certain that any e?,
fort to adjust boundaries m-ill cau?*
the greatest complications In set"
tiatlnr the noaggreaslon pact.
Parley Progress Grows.
The answer to this is. according
to Lloyd George, that it would b?
useless to obtain guarantees regard
ing preservation ol frontiers if the
nations concerned do not recogniif
those boundaries. But with Russia
Poland. Lithuania. Rumania an?i
other na'ionn bitterly Hdvancrnn Ir
reconcilable claims, the conference
mlTht be prolonged endlessly with
such problem.-*
With these problem* before it. the
Genoa meeting mould soon assume
nil the aspects of a full-slscd pe:?ea
coherence, struggling under thi* new
load and still trying to deal intel
ligently with such complicated ques
tions as the politico-economic agree
ment with Russia, reparations an?l
the Russo-German combination.
The American observer can set
Lloyd George's hopes Written Into
the pieamble of the Russian memo
randum?on which the allies have
agreed?which states that the a Hie*
have considered in the most symna
thetic manner the proalam of <???
restoration of Russia with a "tie*
to re-establishment of peac<^ *
Face* Hard Clykt.
Rut three weeks of Genoa seei-i
to have demonstrated that aside fro??
Lloyd George And a few other lex
ers who see where the continent i
drifting, most of Kurope dqes not
want to be reconstructed. It Isaithr
indifferent to peace and the rc -es
tablishment of economic reconstruc
tion. or so blinded by nationalist,
alms and jealousies as .to preclude
effective efforts at readjustment.
IJoyd George** persuasive r
may yet reconcile theae rivalr.- l??*t
the addition of new tanks ta the al
ready Imposing list mak.-s the Jo*
Increasingly more
Kxperta are 'Heir *
Coni%nmt4 on Paps Mfc ^

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