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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, November 15, 1922, Image 1

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1 he Weather
HVMHKR
JIM
Showers today; to
morrow fair, cooler.
Details on Page 4.
CABINET SPLIT
LKELYTOSTOP
BUREAU SHUTS
^ Secretaries Emphatic in
Opposition to Loss of
Present Authority.
READY TO ACCEPT
ADDITIONAL POWER
If Scheme Is Dropped,
Wallace Will Be Re
garded as Victor.
The administration's program for
reorganisation of government de
partments will be abandoned by
President Harding: because of his
inability to overcome the opposition
of department heads to proposed
changes in their respective depart
ments. according to the belief ex
pressed by two 'members of the Cab
inet yesterday.
Inquiry at the White House re
^Tvealed that recent reports to the
W effect that the reorganization plan
? Is ready for presentation to Con
I gress are unfounded. On the con
trary. It was learned, the so-called
plan is in such a loose form that
It cannot be presented to the Cab
inet for discussion. Moreover, it
Is declared, the tentative provi
sions of the plan are such that
they have aroused the opposition
*f all but three members of the
Cabinet.
Opposition Overw helming.
Opposition to the program, which
was drawn up by the joint Con
gressional committee on reorgani
sation of government departments,
headed by Walter F. Brown, per
sonal representative of the Pres
ident. is understood to be so pro
nounced that adminstration lead
ers despair of Cabinet support..
Since January, t It is pointed out,
the President has tried unsuccess
fully to bring about an agreement
among his official family.
At the regular conference of the
the White House they were told
(that the reorganization program
fcould not be dis.ussed at this time,
it was indicated further that no
leflnlte decisions have l-een reached
?n the main feature* of the plan,
ft The only chance for carrying out
the reorganization program, in the
opinion of Cabinet members. Is for
th# President to turn the entire mat
ter over to Congress without rec
ommendation.
Thl? course, however, presages
trach protracted discussion that it
1s believed that any attempt to re
organise the government in this
way would prove futile. Without
Indorsement by the administration.
It was asserted, no program of re
organisation could be passed in the
present Congress.
Will Carry Reeommesdatlos.
That te President will send the
report of Mr. Brown to Congress
without recommendation Is regard
ed as unlikely, due to the fact
that the reorganization program is
essentially an administration meas
ure. It Is generally admitted in
White House circles that the Pres
ident has in the reorganization pro
cram now before him a probable
?ource of embarrassment. To pre
Htent the plan to Congress, it Is said.
Vvoall be to arouse the members
? of his Cabinet, while to withhold
? the program would mean that he
W must assume responsibility for fail
f ure to carry out one of the impor
tant administration promises.
Up to this time, an inquiry at the
departments revealed. Chairman
Brown has conferred with less then
half of the department heads con
cerned in the ompartant proposals
of the reorganisation program. He
has reached agreement with only
two of those with whom he has
conferred. These include Secretary
of Commerce Hoover, who advo
cates the transfer of the Bureau
of Markets from the Department
of Agriculture to his department,
and Secretary of Interior Fall, who
is known to be making a flght
for the 186.000.000 acres of forest
land? controlled by the Depart
ment of Agriculture.
On neither of these proposals has
Chairman Brown conferred with
Secretary of Agriculture Wallace,
it was learned yesterday.
DefnMe Program ( Row.
The proposal to combine the War
and Navy departments into a De
partment of National Defense is un
derstood to have features strongly
opposed by Secretary of War Weeks.
The division of national resources
proposed for the Department af Na
tional Defense is said to be opposed
by Secretary Fall on the ground that
it might restrict some of the pow
ers now exercised by the Interior
Department over mineral, oil and
forest lands.
The removal of "enforcement"
functions of the Treasury Depart
ment. including narcotic drug regu
lation and prohibition enforcement,
is said to have met with objection
from Secretary Mellon. Other pro
visions relating to the limiting of
the Treasury activities to fiscal mat
ters only are not approved by the
Secretary.
Abandonment of the reorganiza
tion program, it is pointed out.
would terminate the Cabinet contro
versy between Secretaries Fall and
Wallace over the transfer of the
Forest Service from the Department
of Agriculture to the Interior. Ob
oorvers declare that such an out
j come would be a distinct victory- for
Wal'ace and a vindication of his
s<a?d in opposition to the change.
Would Be Defeat for Fall.
At the same time, if is declared.
It would be a clear defeat for Sec
retary Fall. The long flght of the
Secretary of the Interior, extending
over a period of fourteen months,
will be lost if the reoreanizatlon
plan is abandoned at this time, ac- j
rordinc to those who have followed
the controversy.
The only provision of the reor- i
ganlzatlon p'an on which there |s j
Cgntinued on Page Eight.
Arrest of Mrs. MacSwiney
Follows Publicity Stunt
? i .
Advance Notice Given to Newspapers Before
Nine Women Attempt to Picket
British Embassy.
Seeking publicity in their pro
tests against the continued impris
onment of Miaj Mary MacSwiney
who is now on a hunger strike in
an Irish Free State prison?nine
elderly women, led by Mrs. Muriel
MacSwiney. widow of Terence Mac-'
Swlney. Irish hunger striker who
died after 74 days of self-starva
tli?n, yesterday attempted to picket
the British Embassy. They were
promptly arrested and three of the
number, including Mrs. MacSwiney.
spent the night In the House of De
tention.
After Klvlng advance notice of the
proposed demonstration to newspa
pers. press associations and photog
raphers. the little band Jeft the
headquarters of the American As
sociation for Recognition of the
Kish Republic shortly after 1:34)
o'clock, according to Thomas W.
Lyons' national secretary of the as
sociation.
"We did not notify the police of
the .proposed parade, nor did we in
HARDING WILL TRY
TO PUT TEETH IN
RAIL LABOR BOARD
Attempt, Accompanied by
Amendment, May Dis
arrange Plans.
By CLAYTON WHfTEHILL
The administration will attempt
to put teeth into the Railroad Labor
Board before the new Congress is
convened. But the attempt, al
though to be accompanied by certain
amendments to the transportation
act, so a? to make the board more
attractive to the railroad workers,
is foredoomed to failure.
The President has summoned Sen
ator Cummins, chairman of the In
terstate Commerce Committee, back
from Iowa to confer with him to
day or tomorrow on new railroad
legislation. Cummins called at the
White House yesterday and ar
ranged for the conference.
Will Reopen Controversy.
Thus the whole controversy over
the Esch-Cummins transportation
act is to be reopened after a res
pite of eighteen months. The fight
will center upon amendments to the
act which probably will contain the
following provisions:
1. That the Railroad Labor Board
be empowered to enforce its decis
ions against the workers.
2. That the board be empowered
to enforce its decisions against the
carriers.
3. That the personnel of the
board be entirely representative of
the public instead of its present
personnel ? three members repre
senting the public, the employes and
the carriers.
4. That the board be made a di
vision of the Interstate Commerce
Commission, with headquarters in
Washington, instead of in Chicago,
as at present.
5. That the board recognize the
principle of the living wage as a
just and reasonable wage and deter
mine the amount of such wage.
6. That the consolidation plan,
the preparation of which is com
pulsory undei* the transportation
act, be put in operation.
F1r*t Proposal Stumbling; Block.
The flrst proposal is the rock on
which the whole labor board may
be wrecked. That the board ulti
mately might be abolished has been
retarded as possible for some time,
and some of the Presidents ad
visers have suggested that he let
well enough alone by omitting this
I anti-strike clause from any new
railroad legislation.
Opposition to the second pro
vision is certain from the railroads.
Labor is sure to oppose the third,
both on general principles and on
the ground that an entirely public
tribunal doesn't know anything
about the railroad industry. The
fourth provision might be accepted.
The fifth provision would satisfy
labor, although the carriers might
balk at the manner of determining
what is "just and reasonable." The
sixth provision might be controver
sial.
Just when these amendments will
be acted upon is undertermined. be
cause the ship subsidy is the first.
( order of business in the House Mon
day and the Dyer anti-lynchinsr law
in the Senate. Added to these are
the appropriation bills, which may
be blocked by a filibuster and
Placed at the mercy of the new
Congress. This may be the des
tiny of the railroad legislation, but
the administration plans to risk the
very life of the labor board to put
teeth in it. nevertheless.
WILSON PRAISES
DEMOCRATIC CHIEF
Former President Wood row Wilson
| has sent the following: congratulatory
| message to National Chairman Cor
nell Hull on the results of the last
I election:
"I feel that I speak only the sen
timent of the whole party when I
convey to you my heartfelt oonerat
j ulations on the results of Tuesday
I am sure that the fine work von and
the committee did by way of pr^para
jtion will be universally recognized."
NEW EARTHSHOCKS
ARE FELT IN CHILE
?l?h*T1AfL?- Nov "?Additional
,} earth tremors were recorded
throughout Chile today, following the
esrthonske Sunday which, togethe
with tidal waves, killed 1.500 per
I sons. ?
tend that the Irish sympathisers
should do anything that would sub
ject them to -arrest," said Lyons
last night, in putting to rest rum
ors that Mrs. MacSwtney was try
ing to awaken Interest in the Irish(
cause among Americans by being
imprisoned by the police.
Three waiting automobiles carried
the delegation to a spot near the
Embassy Building on Connecticut
avenue. There the pickets hoisted
their banners and started to\ walk j
past the Embasfey. Detectives, I
headed by Capt. Colin Flather, were
in waiting, having been tipped off
by the British Embassy and Depart
ment of Justice, according to the
police.
Capt. Flather. who had talked
with Ambassador Geddes but a mo
ment before,-^stopped Mrs. McSwn
ney and warned her not to parade
before the Embassy again. But
when the women reached the corner
they turned around and camc# bav?lc.
Capt. Flather then placed his hand
Continued on Page Ten.
CLAIMS MRS. HALL
KNEW OF RECTOR'S
LOVE FOR SINGER
0
State Prepares to Prove
She Had Knowledge
Of Pair's Relations.
NEW BRUNSWICK. N. J.. Nov.
14.?Special Deputy Attorney Gen- j
eral Wilbur A. Mott hopes to prove |
to the Somerset County grand Jury,
as one of the strongest points in
the State's case, that Mrs. Frances
Stevens Hall, widow of the mur
dered rector of the Church of St.
John the Evangelist, was aware
of the relationship existing between
the minister and his beloved "won
der heart," Mrs. Eleanor R. Mills, j
Mott s^ld today that evidence to
show that Mrs. Hall knew of the
love affair between Hall and Mrs.
Mills will be presented to the grand
jury next Tuesday. Mrs. Hall has
denied such knowledge.
The witnesses called the flpst
day include Raymond Schneider
and Pearl Bahmer, who found the
bodies. Pearl will be brought from
the House of Good Shepherd, New
ark. where she is held as an in
corrigible. Schneider, on whose ly
ing charge Clifford Hayes was
thrown into prison, accused of the
murder, will be taken from the
Middlesex County jail to testify.
Schneider is held on a charge In
j volving Pearl Bahmer.
Mrs. Edward Stryker, from whose
j home on Easton avenue the police
were summoned on the day the
I bodies were found, Somerset Coun
I ty ^Detective George Tott^n. Dr.
i William Long, county physician of
' Somerset County, who first exam
ined the bodies and who failed to
.perform an autopsy; Policemen Gar.
rigan and Carran and Frank M.
Deiner, a New Brunswick reporter,
who were among the first to view
1 the bodies, will also testify.
Will Call Conference .at
Early Date to Frame
Legislative Prdgram.
AIM TO CONTROL
NEXT CONVENTION
Revolt Against Leader
ship of Harding Is
Frankly Avowed.
Progressive Republican leaders,
It wan learned here yesterday. are
planning a^conference In the near
future to frame a legislative pro
gram and declaration of principles
to lay before the country.
The conference would include
Progressive leaders now In Con
gress. those who have been
elected to the Sixty-eighth Con
gress governvrs-elect who are in
sympathy with advanced ideas and
Progressive leaders who are not
l' The program to be dlaetissed, it
Is declared, will be used as a
platform In a light the Progres
sive wing of the party will W"K2
to control the party in 1914 and
to bring about the nomination of
a Republican Presidential candi
date who will be responsive to the
.policies to be laid down.
Tratatlv* Program.
leaders of the ProgreMtve
group her, say It will be their
purpose to make the confer*n"
a representative one and to frame
a platform not ?o much In the
expectation of enacting it into
law during the next Congress as
with the Idea of presenting to the
country a program upon whnn
sentiment throughout the <;ountry
might crystallse for the struggle
'"gome* of these policies are ex
pected to be:
Repeal or drastic revision of the
Cummins-Each transportation act.
Revision of the tax laws levy
in* higher rates upon big In
^Radical curtailment of govern
mental expenditures.
Recognition of the Soviet Rus
sian government.
Curbing of the powers of the Ped
al Be%erw^oard.
Revision ct the recent'y enacted
Amnesty for political prisoners
living wage guaranteed for labor
under the Jurisdiction of the govern
ment.
legislation to curb use of the in
Junction In labor disputes.
A more liberal policy of credit to
farmers.
Opposed <? President.
Prpspecta are that the Progress
ives will put up a strong fight to
force an extra session of Congress
immediately oftcr expiration of the
present Congress on March 4. If the
administration makes a real fight
for passage of the ship subsidy bill.
Indications are that this will con
sume so much time that an extra
session will l?i inevitable, but If the
ship subsidy Is not sufficient, a fili
buster against several appropria
tion bills would leave the President
no alternative t(? calling an extra
session.
The purpose of the Progressives
is open insurgency and frank revolt
Continued oh Page Eight.
Lloyd George
Will Speak On
Election Day
Bonar Law's Fight on the
Rent Act May Prove
Boomerang to Him.
IX>NDON, Nov. 1|.?David Lloyd
George. admittedly fighting a los
ing political battla with hla back
against the wall, flung precedents
Into the discard tonight when he
derided to take a fln^l fling at the
voters by speaking at Bedford on
election day tomorrow.
Impartial political observers pie -
dieted tonight that the Conserva
tive party, headed by Bonar Law.
would be victorious.
.Premier Bonar Law's apeech of
last night. In which he declared he
would recommend, If elected, a tri
bunal review of th? decision of the
house of lords that landlords must
Jive notice before Increasing the
rentals of tenants, has acted as a
boomerang. It was reported to
night from Glasgow, where the
premier is standing for election,
that his seat Is endangered as a re
sult of the wrath of the tenants.
The decision of the house of
lords has never been embodied in
the law of Scotland. It atects all
rent Increases since 1920. and under
the decision landlords may be made
to repay all rental Increase, since
then.
Astute leaders looked for the card
up Lloyd George's Reeve. He Is be
lieved to have something more In
view than the immediate election.
His followers wer* proceeding ? on
the assumption that the parliament
to be chosen would be short-lived,
then Lloyd George would come Into
full power once again'.
WHEELER URGES
RADICAL CHANGES
IN EXISTING LAWS
New Montana Senator
Would Repeal Tariff
And Other Things.
BUTTE. Mont.. XovT 14.?Radical
changes in existing laws will be
advanced by ne%vly-elected Sena
| tors from the Middle and Far West.
Burton K. Wheeler, Democratic
Senator-elect from this State, today
added his voice to those of Henrik
Shipstsad mm* ethers who rode Into
power with the aid of farmer, la
bor and non-partisan league votes?
| voices warning of stormy days
; ahead for the administration.
"It is absolutely imperative to
, have legislation to stabilize the
j price of basic farm products such
| as wheat, corn and cotton.** said
! Wheeler. "Furthermore, trade re
| latlons should be immediately es
! tablished with all European coun
j tries.
"The Fordney-McCumber tariff
| bill should be repealed In order that
i Europe may be placed in a position
j to exchange many of her products
for ours.
"An effective child labor law
j should be passed.
"Political prisoners should be re
leased.
"The Esch-Cummins railroad law
! should be repealed.
"If the service cannot be improved
and frenght rates reducedd under
private ownership of the railroads
then the railroads should be taken
over by the government to be run
in the interests of the people."
IN THE SHADE OF THE OLD APPLE TREE?By J. N. Darling.
FRANCE HEALS
ALLIED BREACH
IN NEAR EAST
Pledges Full Support to
Britain and Italy in
Dealing With' KemaHsts.
UNITY AT LAUSANNE
ASSURED BY ACTION
Private Parley With Reb
els Refused by French;
Victory for Curzon.
LONDON. Nov. 14?The allies now
present a united front to the Near
East situation.
In faco o' the blusters of the
Turkish nationalist*. Premirr Poin
care of France notified the British
foreign office today that his country
would stand by Italy and Kr.tain
In the crisis which was precipitated
when tho Turks look over Constan
tinople and demanded the with
drawal of the allies.
This assurance from Polncare
clarified the situation to a jreat de
gree. and mad? tile British foreign
office less apprehensive oT Infraction
of the peace In the Near East.
Polncare. furthermore. notified
Great Britain that France will
make no effort to formulate a
Franco-Turko agreement In ad
x ance ?f Near Eastern peace
conference to be held at I^aasanne.
The French premier apeclficallj
promised that details of the Lau
sanne peace would not lie discussed
with Ismet Pasha. Turk delegatc
even though the latter, who is now'
at Lausanne for the conference.
Journeyed to Paris.
Triumphant.
Lord Curzon. British Foreign
Minister and Premier Polncare are
to meet In Paris, with a represen
tative of Italy Saturday to discuss
the terms of peace to be offered the
Turks at the I.au*anne Near East
ern parley, the French foreign of
fice announced.
Curzon and Poincare. according to
the announcement, will leave for
l*ausanne Sunday where ther will
met with premier Mussolini of
Italy or his representative. Ismet
Pasha. Turkish Nationalist repre
sentative at Lausanne l? to arrive
here W?tnesda.v for a conference
with Poincare.
: Bendlto Mussolini. premier of
Italy, ha- stated he will not par
ticipate in the Uusanne parley un
less France and Ureat Britain
.'-gree on just what concessions are
to be made to the Turks.
Poincare*,, declaration that he will
act In concert with Great Britain Is
considered a victory for !.ord Cur
x< n who has delayed the Lausanne
conference because of fears that the
French would unite with the Turk*.
Kemallnt. Threaten Boll.
Lausanne. Nov I4.-The Turks
balked tonight at the decision of
the allies to present a united front
fto the KemaHsts when the Near
Lastern peace parley opens here
: Open threats came from the head
quarters of Ismet Pasha. Turkish
nationalist representative here that
I the Keinall>t, would bolt the' con
ference if t'.e allies agreed en bio.
,cn Near Eastern terms In advance
of the meeting with the Turks.
30,000 Christians Ordered
From Anatolia by Turks
PARIS. Nov. 14.?A million Chrls
1 9 In Anatolia have been ordered
to evacuate In thirty day, bv the
IKemn.isis. according to dispatches
J rcacnlng here today. The dispatches
state that to.ooo refugees are flee
ng In panic, fearing (hat the vic
i torious Turks may vent their rage
against them.
Iteports from Constantinople sav
Americans are preparing to leave
The Belgians. dispatches stated
have reouested the British to pro
vide means for evacuation In even*
of necessity
State Department Names
Observer^ at Lausanne
The names of the American ob
*?rvers to the Near Eastern Peace
conference at Lausanne. November
20, were officially announced at the
State Department yesterday.
They are Richard Washburn Child.
American Ambassador to Rome, and
Joseph C. Grew. American Minister
to Geneva. Rear Admiral Mark L.
Bristol. American Hi*h Commissioner
at Constantinople, will act as an as
sociate observer. /
PRICE OF MARK '
* CAUSES CRISIS
t
Dissatisfaction General.
4>ver Decline of Ger
man Currency.
DEKLIN. Nor. M.?Th* ool.
l?P?e of the German mark
which ii new quoted at barely
8.000 to the dollar and the
reparations crisis contributed
to the fall of the Wirth gov
ernment.
The decline 0f the mark f
aroused general dissatisfac
tion thrcughout Germany,
causing business men to lose
confidence in the government.
j__ \
ASK NEW BOARD
TO GOVERN CHILD
WELFARE MATTERS
' ;
Charities Report Presents
Plan to End Row Over
Industrial Home.
Appointment of the members of
the Board of* Children's Guardians
by the District Commissioners was j
recommended yesterday by the
l?oard of Charities, whose report
was made public by George S. Wil- I
#on. secretary of the bosrd.
It was also recommended that the
Industrial Home School be placed j
under the control of such a board '
of guardians to end the quarrel be- !
tween the trustees of the school and
the members of the Board of Char
ities.
"We have frequently expressed
the conviction that all public wel
fare agencies should be under the
direction of the District Commis
sioners." declared the members of
the Board of Charities.
In its report the Board of Char
ities takes the position that the In
dustrial School should be used for a
receiving home for the children com
mitted to the care of the Board of
CWldren"s Guardians, and to con
!_ tinue to care for such children as
cannot be better provided for else
where.
tefcool *? w ( ImH.
The school was closed by the Dls
rlct Commissioners following the
removal of the children controlled
by the Board of Children's Guard
ians. and is n??w standing idle.
I It is reported that during the last
fiscal year the Bosrd of Children's
Guardians cared ^or a daily average
of 1.S75 children. iLast year's aver
age was 1,94 0.
While it is admitted that the best
place for bringing up the children Is
in a good home, the Board of Char
ities points out the Importance of
'careful investigation of home con
ditions before placement and vigi
lant continued supervision after
placement."
The board reported that during
the year it ha* Inspected more than
100 family homes, and while some
conditions were found that should
be remedied, on the whole the char
acter of the homes were satisfac
tory."
Seek. More Fond*.
Recommendation is inatie that ad
ditional funds be appropriated, for
,the extension of the facilities at the
Industrial Home School for Colored
Boys, which is said to be filled and
can only accommodate ninety chil
j dren.
i Exception is taken to the act of
iCongress in authorizing the location
of the proposed Home and Schoo:
for. Feeble-Mindei on the property
now occupied by the Home for the
Aged awl Infirm at Blue Plain.
The argument is made that it would
. be dangerous to place the helpless
I people in immediate contact with
I the population of the proposed
Home for the Feeble-Minded.
i I The Municipal Lodging House
. furnished 9.312 lodgings during the
I year as compared with 3.S33 for the
preceding year, it wa* stated Dur
ing several of the winter months
| every bed was occupied and appli
cants were turned away.
Recommendation i8 made that a
( new building be erected to house
j W a >hington's homeless unemployed.
The board reported It a matter
j of simple justice "that unfortunate
persons who cannot obtain bail
should receive prompt hearing in
court." It stated that "many an ac
cused person is kept in jail for
months and after trial Is held to
; be innocent and yet there Is no
means of making reparation on ac
count of the period of incarcera
tion."
About the District Jail. the
. board states that there is a "chronic
condition of congestion'* and tha$
frequently 300 persor.s are sent to
a building that cannot properly
house ovefr 200.
DR. HARVEY WILEY, 78, CALLS
GLANDS SECRET OF YOUTH
"Woman is Old as She Looks; Man Young as
Long as He Looks" He Says.
Seventy-eight years old, still
ruddy of face, dark of hair and ro
bust of frame. Dr. Harvey W. Wiley,
noted health authority, preached his
homely gospel of hea th and long life
once more to a big audience of men
and women at the City Club's weekly
forum luncheon yesterday. Dr.
Wiley's address sparkled with
rough-hewn epigrams. humorous
asides and personal comments. At
his side sat Leslie M. Shaw, former
Secretary of the Treasury and mem
ber of the club, only four yeara
younger and equally as vigorous.
"You know, the pastor, good man
that he Is. preachea to try to get you
into heaven," he said, "but I. bad
man tnat I am. I am preaching to
try to keep you out as long as pos
sible; and I'm *lso preaching good
business. A
'Ton business man IjF* ought to
know, if you don't, that you can do
more business and better business
and do It with less fatigue if you
have good health. But ft is the
thins: you are least interested in.
Tour health is Just as essential to
your business as your financial cap
ital.
"You all take stock of your busi
ness once or twice a year, but how
many of you have gone to your doc
tors and had a thorough stock-tak
ing of your health? You don't do it
?and It's bad business.
"It Is criminal to defer or avoid
treatment of disease. There is only
one respectable way to die and that
is of old age. People say today
that more persons are dying of old
men's diseases. It's a good sign. It
happens because we have practically
conquered the diseases which carry
Continued on Ten.
WIRTH CABINET
QUUS:STINNES.
GROUPTORULE
Demand for Equal Terms
hi German Coalition
Causes Crash.
SEEN AS VICTORY
FOR REACTIONARIES
Economic and Financial
Program Subject of
Controversy.
BERLIN. Nov. 14.?The German
cabinet resigned tonight.
The fall of the government of
Chancellor Wlrth waa due to in
ternal political and economic com
plications.
Wirth's cabinet, which in the
second he has headed since the es
tablishment of the German repub
lic at the end of the world war. has
been 1o office since October 27. It21.
The fall of the Wirth government
followed closely the demand of th
(ierman People's party, of whicli
Hugo Stinnes. multimillionaire, is
Mkr, that it be granted partici
pation in the present government
on equal terms with the coalition.
Victory for Reactionaries.
The Centre and the Democrat li
pases supported th* demands oi
the People's party, w hich made the
fall of the Wirth government in-*
evKablc.
T>e resignation of Chancellor
Wirth and his cabinet is consider eti
h victory for German reactionaries
who have been at odds with Wirth
ian liberalism for more than a year
The Social Democrats Joined with
the People's party of Stinne* in
order to force the Wirth govern
ment to modify its econom-c an?i
financial program which caused
much unrest throughout the Reich.
Kaar KQM Food Rlcts.
Coincident with the announce
ment of the government's downfall
I came word from Duaseldorf lhat
four persons had been killed ar.fi
many wounded in new food rioti
there.
The German cabinet mhich re
signed follows: Dr. Joseph Wirth.
Chancellor and Minister ??f Foreign
Affairs; Adolpb Koester. Interior;
Gessler. Defense; Robert Schmidt.
Economic*; Andres Hermes. Food;
Ijohann Giesherts. Pos^ and Tele
graphs, He ia rich Braune. Labor.
Radbuch. Justice.
i Socialists Denounce
Ten-Hour-Day Move
| RERUN. Not. 14 Chaw
Wirth's cabinet resigned tonic?-:
| after the failure of attempt* t* ?
afternoon to avert the cr is ;
through the admisafba of indus
trialists into a coalition. Th*
united Socialists - turned down tin
I proposition of admitting the i:?
I dustrialists into ? coalition
The party leaders were closeted
| in the Reichstag chamber room
for three hours this aft?*rno?*u. but
| the Socialists remained adamant
| on their refusal to participate 111
ja new government until en off
j cial disavowal was ma<fcr by th
! industrial leaders of their stard
that the ten-hour day was Vv
basic necessity for stabilising tit -
mark.
Dr. Wirth told the party leaders
that it would be impossible for
! him to remain in oAce unles* r
? greater coalition was formed giv
| ing the Socialists 160 votes ai -i
the three bourgeoisie parties, t
Catholics. Democrats and Indus
trials with 180. equal representa
tion. At the conference Dr. Wirt1
intimated that the Socialist* miv't
either answer yes or no. threat
ening to resign if the answer w? <
not satisfactory. The answer was
I negative and so he stepped out.
1 Dr. Wirth had a long coafcr
; once this morning with Presid nt
Ebert and outlined a program for
the formation of a new govern
ment. The"' plan was that if a
! greater coalition was chosen that
Dr. Wirth's ent.re cabinet would
resign and that he would I0111*
an entirely new government witfc
| out pruning the membership
j throrgh dismissals.
Four Killed. Twelve Hurt
In Riots at Cologne
MAYEVCF.. N'nv 14 ? r><* r<l?r. in
several parts of Germany followed
the resignation of ?"*hancellor Wirth
?nd his cabinet tonight, according to
reports here.
Police charged an alleged conv
i munist demonstration in the market
plac?> at C'logne. killing four and
1 wounding twelve. Pamphlet* call
ing for a general strike were seised.
PARTIES ON TRIAL,
SAYS MARSHALL
DETROIT. Nov. 14.?"The Ameri
can people are not sure they can trust
the leaders of either party," accord
ing to Thomas R. Marshall, former
Vice President, in analysing the elas
| tion results.
?'Both big political parties." he said,
"are facing serious disaster unless
they get to rock bottom and arhisvs
something. Everybody has to go
easy If unrest is to be routed and
prosperity assured "
TWO DiE; ONE HURT
IN PLANE CRASHES
BALTIMORE. No*. 14 ? IAeut
G 8hrader, aviator from Fort SIU.
Okla . was killed and LJeut. March,
of Edcewood Arsenal. Aberdeen. Mi.
was seriously hurt when their air
plan. crashed at bundafli near hart,
shortly before noon today.
NORFOLK. Vs. Not. 14. U?H
Comdr Godfrey Chevalier. oae ef tka
navy's most larlig ablators <
today from lalarHs

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