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IBashhujton Iktalb Published Every Morning in the Year by TW Wukisgtoi Herald Coapur 4*1-4*7-129 Eleventh St. Washington. D. C J. E. Rice. General Manager. Phone: Main 3300? All Departments. SUBSCRIPTION RATES - BY CARRIER *' In the District of Columbia: ' ? Daily and Sunday, 1 Month. 40c: 1 Year. $4 80 Outside the District of Columbia: Daily and Sunday, 1 Month. 50c; 1 Year, $600 SUBSCRIPTION BY MAIL IN ADVANCE f! Daily and Sunday, 1 Month, 50c; 1 Year, $5.00. Daily Only, I Month, 40c; 1 Year. $3-50. A! ember of the Audit Bureau of Circulation BRANCH OFFICES: London. F.ug., 124 Pall Mall. S. W. I. Parts, 420 Rue St. Honore. Berlin, Ur.trr den Linden. I. x New York. 225 Fifth Ave.; Chicago, 900 Mailers Bltig.; Los Angeles: 401 Van Nuys Bldg. BfNJAMIN & KF.NTNOR COMPANY ^j^JVaticnal Ad'eiiising Ref'-escntatizes ? F.utered as Second-Class Matter, Postoffire. Washington, D. C. ? 9 * ~ . .' ~? ' THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1932. The Modern Library. fT^HE duties of a library attendant require I care and thought and scholarship. The J young lady behind the desk cannot tunc ?ion to the best advantage when patrons crowd be lure her like women around a bargain counter or soldiers in a "chow-line." She has scant op portunity to exercise good taste and judgment. She cannot advise readers thoughtfully. She has no time lor more than the physical labor of stamp ing and passing out books. ? This is almost the condition that obtains at I the District of Columbia Public Library. Neces- ! sarrtv the institution is understaffed. Dr. Bower- | man- has not sufficient funds at liis disposal to pay | ctunugh attendants to do the required work prop- I erfy It is a miracle that the women employed I m? the various departments are so uniformly courteous and eager to please. One might expect rea>on that they would he as nervous and as a mess sergeant. - mS)tie cannot appreciate the ca^erne.ss of Dis trict" people for books until the regular evening "nmkT at the library is witnessed. Neither can appreciate how efficient attendants can be uiifl** irritating difficulties. But because they make the lest of the situation is no reason why it s'ipijil continue. ?Jhe Public Library is an essential part of the eiUiaalional system of the District. It is a neces sa^fc'Jjrtcnsion of the public schools, of the col il and of the universities. It renders a public servtee which is absolutely necessary. A 'good library would make up for many defects in other District institution-. As Dr. Bowcrinan points out, an assessment of $1 per capita in Washington for library pur poses would make the institution one oi the best in the Lnited States. A collection of books could be massed which it would be difficult to duplicate anywhere. All the intellectual treasures of the world could be placed at the doors of District people through the medium of branch libraries in every neighborhood. As it is, citizens arc obliged to depend to a great extent upon the circulating libraries in the corner drug stores for mental nourishment. These render an excellent service?but it is a service vviiirh the District of Columbia should give its ptWpfa. A t realize that there is a tendency to over look the needs of the library and to underestimate its importance. We hope this situation docs not continue any longer?that next year will show a greater appropriation tor t|-.c service of collecting and distributing books. The modern library is not a passive institu tion. Rather it is a militant institution. It does not consist 01 stern, forbidding piles of volumes iiffo which one may dip if properly authorized by officials On the other hand it pushes books into fcomt-s of people. It sends its workers out into <!** 'high' ways and byways to learn the needs and ' yearnings 0i people. ,, It is highly essential that it be gi\en the greatest possible support. Its service must not be pllowed to get stagnant. A Hint for traffic Officers. I T 'S our observation that District traffic po- ! liccmen have not acquired yet an instinctive ability to estimate accurately two kinds of speed at the same time?thc speed of the automobile and the speed of thc person on foot. It is essential' that thev train themselves alon^ this line if there i> to be .Ml effort to harmonize motor and pedes trian movement ir tlic business sections of thc city. I he thirteen rules propounded for the protection oi Washington pedestrians by William Phelps 1-no appear to us excellently practical?with a single possible exception. "Watch." -ays this world famous traffic expert, "for the crossing officer's ' signal and hced'traffic signs and limit lines." The! wisdom 01 this advice depends upon thc policeman ai much as the pedestrian. A number of habitual walkers have written fetters to The Herald since the present agitation wa? started. The burden of all is that when they try to follow signals they are worse off than when | ifcev disregard them. The man on foot will start across the street in conformity with the police man s anil or v. ith the ?omapho.e. For half the distance or more he is safe. All automobiles pro feeding in ..11 opposite direction arc blocked. Then tlir signal changes suddenly. The walker m left Stranded in the middle of thc street among a whirlpool of impatient drivers. Then he is obliged to jum;> lor his life. W e agree that pedestrians should pay atten tion to the policeman. But we insist that the I.oliceman pay attention to pedestrians. In the past many crossing officers have not considered ?lie foot travelers as part of the traffic problem, fheir minds have been taken up regulating thc Movement ni automobiles and street cars. They lave let thc others shift for themselves?depend ing upon the superior mobility oi the unencum bered individual for his safety. Wc do not think that crossing officers act in t rs . " on deliberately. But they become im r>:.er- . ?he necessarily slow movement of ft ^s: .us - , grt carclcss. t ? V*ft> e*5Rr sh" Vl" 10 it that the Lst man Or woman on foot who leaves the cnrb in conformity to hit signal is safe on the opposite cprb before he changes his directions to the auto mobile drivers. In this way some serious acci dents 'will be avoided?but, of more importance still, Redcstrians will be saved (roni nufiy nerve racking experiences. There was considerable jus tice in the recent complaiitt- of a pedestrian who told of trying to cross the street in absolute con formity to every rule at five different places?with the result that he nearly was run over each time. If the pedestrian atid the automobile driver are to co-operate the crossing officer must co-operate with both?even if he is obliged to watch a trifle more sharply. Wirth, Man of Iron. DR. WIRTH, until yesterday premier of Ger many, has worked from fifteen tt> twenty houts a day ever since boyhood. Largely 1>ecause of that fact he is a world statesman today in stead of an instructor in a provincial college. His eyes burned over books during evening hours when other young Germans of his generation were flirting with their fat fraulcins or loafing around tables in* g'asthauses. Hence he was not inconsistent in advocating a ten-hour day for German workmen as the best means of stabilizing the mark. He realizes that gold, in the final analysis, is not the basis ofXler man money value?that the only substantial basis is production, the product of work. Naturally German Socialists disagree with Dr. Wirth. The eight-hour day represents to them a , victory for which they have fought over many years. It rep resents a cause for which their fathers died in prison or in exile during the autocratic days of the empire and for which they themselves bled during the revolution. They 'held the balance of power. Wirth, who has been Germany's best premier since Bismark, has lost his job. It is difficult to determine whether defeat of the tcn-hour-day program will be good or bad for the German people. The basis of the mark, as stated before, is not work itself but production. The issue resolves itself into a question as to whether, over a lony period of time, the average workman can produce as much in eight hours as in ten hours. In America, it generally is aditiittcd, the eight-hour day is more satisfactory. Men accomplish more. For a week or so, perhaps, the bricklaycr will lay more bricks if his working hours are extended. But sooner or later he will come back to the old standard. is not a question for the clergyman or for the welfare worker. It is a question for the efficiency engineer?the broad-minded efficiency engineer who takes proper account of the human element. Dr. Wirth was not overthrown on an issue of morals or of politics?but upon an issue uf mathematical calculation. Some persons in Germany have formed con clusions on the same question different from that of Dr. Wirth or of the Socialists. Hugo Stinnes, a man of iron, who can work at tin? same speed for fifteen hours as for one hour every day in the year, thinks the twelve-hour working day should be established. Where Stinnes and Wirth both err, however, is in underestimation of themselves. They fail to consider themselves as exceptions. They fail to realize that the average German wo*kingman has not the same qualities nor the same inspirations. The man who can accomplish more in twenty hours than in ten hours, 365 days out of each year, is not a laborer in Germany or elsewhere. Getting the Proper Viewpoint. MEMBERS of tile House District Committee are outspoken in their proposals to hasten school reforms in Washington. As residents of the National Capital for a large part of each year, they understand the possibilities and limitations with which they must deal. They have the ex ample of mistakes in the past to guide them in the future. There is no reason to suppose that they will not do everything they promise?and their promises to date have not "been exactly of the kind Andy Gump made to the wet and dry committees who called upon him. They have agreed to hard, deli-ite, tangible work for the interests of the orphan community over which fortune has placed them in positions of power. The average representative must get certain conceptions out oi his head before he is qualified 10 serve on the District oi Columbia Committee. He utist get rid of thc impression that the Na tional Capital is another such city as Milwaukee, or Cleveland, or Charleston, or Richmond, or Dal las. Kc must be rid of thc idea that any efforts he levctss to obtaining benefits for Washington would be to hitter purpose ii givin o\cr to thc interests oi hi* own home city. We presume the new Congressman sometimes feels that he is false to the interests oi his district if he votes for a f ederal expenditure for new schools in thc Capital City without obtaining something similar for thc good of thc voters hack home. It is difficult for him t> get for himself the conception of Washing ion as a national institution rather than .as just anot'ier American city. Thc Congressman must be made to sec clcarly thc fact that this community has been placed in almost exactly the same position as thc I.ibrary of Congress or the Department of Agriculture before lie is mentally equipped to serve on thc District Committee. This condition is not the choice of the citizens of thc District of Columbia. It has been forced upon them?largely against their own will. They would prefer to establish their own tax rates and pay their own bills with out interference from Congressmen or #nybody else. But they arc denied this privilege and it is not fair to consider them in the same light as if they had it. ..tost members of thc present committee, we feel. hax c got over thc provincial idea of Wash-. ington. So long as the city remains a ward of the government it should be treated generously. So long as suffrage is denied thc residents they should not he made to suffer. Ac sometimes think that members of thc House and'.Senate when called upon to approve appropriations for the schools of Washington feel a'jotit the sainc as if they were called upon to devote similar funds from thc public treasury to thc schools of Baltimore. But, the idea is entirely different?and it behooves thc average Congress man to realize this. No beautiful woman would ever consent to a woman jury if she were on trial for murder. When soc:cty doesn't know where else to go, it returns home for a lew days. i T , . J=f New York City Day by Day J By O. O. Mclntrrt- I NEW YORK. Not. ?H?tj snatching In Gotham shows no ?lina'of t let up. Greek pirates, who pounce upon cafe patrons, spurn the ten-cent tip. Nothing: loss than a quarter will do. The power of the padrone in the cloakroom has become so tyrannical that many of the supper clubs refuse admission ' to those who wish to carry their j wraps inside. It Is an un-Amertcan species of : Kraft that U doing no much to dry J tip the Broadway nocturnal cases as prohibition. A coterie of yousg bloods, given to cafe spending, re- | cently formed a club, whose mem-J bers were banded together to resist j the Hat snatcher. It died a ttw | weeks of inanition. The other evening In a tour of the bazaars I decided to defend my per sonal liberty and fuzzy hat. The first stop was In a theater on Forty - seventh street. At my approach I the eldest son of Tarzan the Ape j reached out for my lid. | I gently put It behind me. He | circled around In the back and got i | hold of It. There was a little tun or war, but he saw the ominous ' gleam in my eye. My wife says I'm masterly that way at times. Going ! 1 out I think 1 heard the entire crew hiss. | After the theater there was an ex j cursion to a dansant. Another one ; of the Tarzan boys was on the Job. j He didn't look at me. He merely | reached out his gentle paw and 1 | smacked his wrist. Smack. Like I that. I "What's eatln' you?" he growled : in the throa-ty manner so peculiar to the jungle. 1 seemed to be get ting on. At the top of the stairs the headwaiter started to usher us In. He saw my hat and stick. He dap ped his hands for an untierling. ??Check M'soo's hot anil stick!"' he ordered. "I'll keep them," I said, and he put us in a seat behind the orchestra and under a stairway, the mean so-and-so. At the next stop the news had evi dently circulated, for *hree swarthy huskies rushed up to me. "Back!" I cried. "Snatch this hat at your peril. " It was like Lionel Hath away in the third act?so dramatic. They didn't get the hat. Neither was I permitted to enter the dance room. And on my way home it seemed to me that all of the laugh ing auto horns in town were jeering me. I know now the heartaches of the lone crusader. For he first time in the history of Broadway a distinguished son is presenting his even more distin guished father in a play. At the Km pi re Gilbert Miller is presenting Henry MUlor in a French drama. The elder Miller, by the way. has given up his romantic, swashbuck ling roles and h*s accepted a role more suited to the dignity of his ; years. The Kmplre, the scene of ) practically al! of the historic first j nights. hHs been brightened by t^e , interior decorator's art. It Is one of the few theaters remaining that j has a spacious foyer. The modern theater has its box-office on the street. In fact, the lobby of a re-, cently built theater was so small that they couldn't get the office safe inside. One of the new ways of thinning i Fifth avenue vehicular traffic ls| causing a bleat from the taxi driv- i ers. Corner policemen are not or- , dering all empty taxieabs to turn j into side streets* at the rush Hour. Only taxis carrying passengers are permitted on the drive. New York's most picturesque de tective is Barney Flood. He is the department's "go getter." He has i been -sent to London, Paris, Shang hai. Nome, and other distant cities to bring back criminals. Once he arrested a man in Valparaiso. Chile, j and carried him across the Andes to Buenos Aires. He distinguished J himse'f in the world war and was, recently given the Distinguished j Service Medal by General Pershing. I He is a modest young Irishman, a j six footer, and an enthusiastic ath- j letc. He has received big ofTers to j write his personal experiences in | criminal hunting, but has stead fastly refused. Marriage LICENSES. Bit hard G St'ckley. 28. and Mary j S. Gochenour, 27. Rev. J. T. Huddle. | Kdward K. Sawyer. 23. and Mary | K. Shepherd. 22. of Alexandria. Va J Rev. T- K. Davis. George Crawford, 24. and Irene , Colbert. 20. Rev. Nathaniel Steven- | son. i Anthony Maslno. 27. and Mary j Panella. 21. Rev. N. M. PeCarlo. j Hartsell L. Jones. 22. and Mable . Cunningham. 2"?. both of Sutton, W. J Ya. Rev. H. F. Downs. Charlie Meal. .17. and Florence Lang. 31. Rev. B. I. McGowan. Lewis N. Brown. 38, and Mary A. Young. Rev. A. If. Catlett. Charles H. Thompson. 49. and Kate llunter. 39. Rev. Aquilla Sayles. Henry M. Dunkel. 34. Los Angeles, and Gertrude W. Beech man. Land over. Md. Rev. C. W. Locher. Jo*.*ph T. Campbell. 20. and Helen R Adams. 16. Bey. rrancls Tobln. William H. Butler. 34. and Bettle C. Johnson, 21. Rev. J. T. Harvey. Walter L. Vett. 22. and Mgry A. West. 22. Rev. C.? G. Chpppell. lsiah Moss, 27. and Iola Norman, j 20 Rev. M. D. Norman. Francis Matthews. 28. and Cecelia Robinson. 25. Rev. Thomas J. Lee. j Cabell >\ Meredith. 28. and Bessie A. Seliaef. 28. both of Richmond. Ya. Rev. J. K. Brigg*. Johnson M. Watson, 28. Klon Cot tage, N. C.. and Eva T>. Clapadore. 2ti. Alexandria. Ya. Rev. J. C. Ball. Arthur W. Bragg. 44. and Mar garet J. Thompson. 42. both of Petersburg, Ya. Rev. J. K. Briggs. Dallas W. Bauman. 21. and Regina M. McClockey, 18. Rev. James F. Macken. Franklin B. Gatwood, 28. and Frances O. Kdwards, 18, both of King William, Ya. Rev. F. W. John son. Fight Vaccination; Teachers Are Held PHILADELPHIA. Nov. IB?Two principals of schools connected with the Kaith Tabernacle were wrested Wednesday by Dr. A. Cairns, chief of the health department, and chartted with violating the State vaccination laws and refusing access to the school records. A chickenpox epidemic broke out In the schools and heAlth authorities found pupils had not been vaccinated. The teachers refused to give the health officers the names of the pu pils and the arrests followed. The teachers claimed that their religion would not allow the children to be vacclnatcd. THE FRIEND OF THE PEOPLE AN8WERS TO YOUR QUESTIONS. f>4t dcportmettf (? condeoted >9 fM Mi fO'ltlMH ?n ll -IBfli IN IkMf HhWM " BOOK ON PRIIIDSIT IVmSUKD. T*? the Fries* of Um PMfltt ? Where It a book published by the Sentinel Press. called "Warren O. Hardlpg. President of the United States, a Review of Facts from Anthro pological. Historical and Political Researches." by William Kstabroolc Chancellor, formerly connected with Wooster College. Wooster. Ohio? Will you Please tell me where copies of this book may be obtained and the present addrese of Ita author. W. I* H. ThlB book h*s been suppreased. The 1m^ known address of the author was !M Rast Bow man street. Wooster. Ohio, but we doubt If he Is there at present. DATA ON PROHIBITION ACT. . To the Friend of the People: Will you tell me the dame and address of some organisation from which ! can obtain au thentic Information and data as to the failure of the Eighteenth amendment. Prohibition act. L. H. c. The Association Against the Prohibition Amendment. 511 Eleventh street northwest, will rive you the necessary Information. ?NO BLUFORD'S ISLAND. To the Friend of the People: Is there an Island In the Atlantic between the British Isles and America known as Blurord's Island? Was there one there by that name about 1778? U. S. ,V. The Universal Gazetteer published In 1760 and all later edltiona of this book and others of a similar nature five no Information about any island by that name. JERSEY DID NOT RATIFY. to tb? Friend of the People: Please let me know If New Jersey ratified the Eighteenth amendment? If so what date and year? J. D. M. v New Jersey did not ratify the amendment, t&t It was not necessary that she should, as three fourths of the States are all that were necessary. . New Jersey had a State law dealing with prohibi tion. known as the Van Ness Act. but It was re pealed this year. VIRGINIA JlSTICKS IN 177?. To the Friend of (lie People: Will you tell me the name *?f the Justice of peace in Prince William and Fairfax counties. Va.. during 1775 and 1776? MISS W. To the Friend of the Can you tall me how fast light travels? JAMES JOHNSON. Light travels 116.000 miles par seooad NUMBER OF TELBFHOHCS. Te the Friead of the People: How many telephones are there the United States? H. A. WALKER. According to lateet available figures there are more than 11.000.000 telephones now la ass In this country. , WORLD'S LARGEST OFFICE. 0 To the Friend of the People: .What Is the largest office building In the world? Z. N. JAMES The recently built General Motors Building In Detroit Is the largest office building la the world. CONGRESSIONAL LIBRARY. To the Friend of the People: How many volumes are there In the Con gressional Library and how doee It compare with other libraries In slse? H. A. The Congressional Library Is the largest In the Western hemisphere, containing more than 2,500,000 bound volumes. \ No books riving: such detailed information can be found -In circulation. SIGHT DBAFTS. To the Friesd of the People: Will you kindly tell me If It Is the practice of the national banks to withhold notice of collec tions of sight drafts accompanied by a **to order bill of lading" for two or three days? In other words, db banks collect sight drafts and notify you of the collection at their pleasure, or do they notify you Immediately after the draft ls^collected? Tou are notified immediately after the draft la collected In the caee of sight drafts and all other kinds of drafts. LOCATIONS OK EMBASSIES. Would It be nosrlble for you to print a list of the embassies and their addresses In your column? E. C. France. 2460 Sixteenth street northwest; Spain, the Calverton. 1673 Columbia road; Chile. 2222 R street; Argentina. 1006 Corcoran street-. Belgium. 17*0 Massachusetts avenue; Japan. 1310 N street; Peru. 2726 Connecticut avenue; Brazil. 1602 H street; Great Britain. 1S01 Nineteenth street; Italy. 1400 New Hampthlre avenue; Ger many. 1425 Massachusetts avenue. Urges War Debt Be Used to Give Education to Needy Children Journal of N. E. A. Praises Suggestion Put For ward by Dr. John H. Finley. The Journal of the National Edu cation Association praises the pro posal of Dr. John H. Finley that the international debt arising from the world war be converted into a perpetual trust fund for the educa tion of the children of the world. The proposal recalls the use which was made of the Boxer Indemnity fund. The many Chinese student* who have studied in American uni versities with their expenses paid from this fund have done more than any one thing to bring about un derstanding- and co-operation be- | tween China and the United States. They have brought to Americans a broader outlook and to the Chinese Births and deaths REPORTED IN D.C. Birth*. Marelaml and Katie E. Maxins. boy. ?lames S. and Catherine I.. Byrne, girl. .. ? Steven J. and Estelle M. Koran, boy. Robert I. and Helen \V. MacCord. , boy. ! Paul and Antonia P. Zergolls. girl. Al^do and Nixa Keory. boy. John and Anna McHugh. boy. William 0. and Sadie I.ayton. boy. j lxrn S. and Beatrice Oppen heimer. girl. John F. and Myra A. Deeds, boy. , Stewart F. and Valeda A. Bryant, boy. Albert W. and Mary M. Tucker. boy. C. Ralph and Margaret Forester, girl. Irvine and Ruth Oarfinkle. boy. Raymond and Beatrice Kno. girl. . J. C. and Katherine D. Kottea. girl. Carl J. and Blanche Kirby. girl. j Ward W. and Alice M. Griffith. j girl. Robert L. and Madalene S. Ettin ger. boy. George R. and Belle n. Wilhelm. i boy. Joseph A. and Olivia R. Murphy, j boy. John C. and Annie F-. Smith, girl, j James B. and Alberta Holt. boy. I.orenzo C. Walker, boy. Alfred and Virginia P. Kelgo. boy. ] Richard and Amanda Mann, girl. Death*. Conrod otto, SS years. 70S Six teenth street northeast. James E. Cotter. 21 years. Walter Reed Hospital. Henry Fielitz. 15 years, George town University Hospital. Mary M. l>ee. 77 years. 809 F street southwest. Charles G. Myers. 77 years. George Washington University Hospital. Annie H. Macrae, 70 years. Emer gency Hospital. Morton W. Hawkins. 39 years. Garfield Hospital. Martha W. Wells. 80 years. 225 H street northeast. Camllle Fanflik. 22 years. Na tional Homeopathic Hospital. Thomas G. GoMshorciu-fh. S2 years. Home for Aged and Infirm. John J. Ryan. 32 years, U. S. Naval Hospital. Richard McClellan, 19 months. 3221 Reservoir street northwest. John L Kareher. in days. Colum bia Hospital. Paige Saunders. years, 507 Third street southweat. Chamberlin 1). lx>gran. 45 years. 1920 Fifteenth street northwest. George H. Franklnl. 87 years, j Freedmcns Hospital. What's Going On Today j ? ? Mating?Brlghtwood Cltisena' Association. i Briglitwood Maacnic Temple. 8 p. in. Mating?Wnahiugton Ural Estate Board. . Wardinan Park Hotel. R p. tn. Addreaa**Our School Problema." Dr. Abram ' Simon, John Eator. School. S;13 p. m. Addrcaa?Louis Cantor, chief ajnltary ofll- I cer of the British adminiatration in Pales tine, Y. M. II. A.. Hp. m. Meeting ? Civic Section of Women'a City Club, 22 Jacksot: place northwest, 4:80 p. m Meeting ? Parrot-Teacher Association of Slater I Kingston School, Slater School, 8 p. in. Meeting?Rtrhard J. Harden Camp, Ns. 2. t'nited Spanish War Veterans, Pythian Tem ple. 8 p. m. , Meeting ? American l^eginn Auxiliary of George E. Klleen Pom, No. 23. 8 p. m. Concert?The Almas Glee Club with Ra binatein Club. Harding Hall. Government Printing 0f8ce, 8 p. m Meeting?The Dihlgren Terrace Chib, 1228 Evarta street noitlmiM. 8 p. m. loincLecn?Civlut. Club, City Club, 12:80 people an appreciation of American Ideals. P?rfcaj>* thin experience accounts for the Increasing favor with which Dr. Flnley s proposal is being re ceived by leaders in every phase of American life. This proposal is worthy ? f the serious consideration of educators everywhere. Let those who believe that it should be carried out call the project to the attention of civic organizations generally. The project as embodied in an address delivered by Dr. Finley at Andover. Mass., follows: "And the beginning: <t interna tional morality is to be found in ad vice sinrlar to the Master's advice to the rich young man?not that w? wish to sell all we have, but that we shall let what is owing us be used for the benefit of the children who have suffered most from the great war. We have had a world war for freedom. We should have a world plan for giving th?? children an elementary chance to enjoy the freeing of the soul, wfiich is. with the unity of mankind, the ideal state. A plan that 1 proposed some time ago. and as -to which T have now been encouraged by its support by men of large financial experience Is that the allied debt* be made a permanent trust fund t ? be adminis tered for the education of the chil dren of all peoples, so far ait they can be so applied This proposal has been characterized as good bus iness?not to demand the full pay ment of the**' debts with interest The fundamental thought on which I based the pr< posal Ik that the world a? a whole owes something to the children who have bad no fair chance yet. because of what those upon whom they are naturally de pendent have sacrificed for the good of the world as a whole. "My original proposal was that the principal should b< cancelled as it was thus spent, but a very promi nent man has proposed the applica tion of merely the Interest at the rate of Z per cent annually for this purpose?that is. when it can be paid?a S10.000.f?00.000 war debt con verted into a perpetual trust fund for the children of the world, esfce oiftlly for those who have come trail ing fr m the clouds of g'wry into the rrdst of the world war. for they have not a ghost < f a chance to come into the heritage of their generation. Five hundred million dollars a year, assuming that this eould be paid?an incredible number of Austrian crowns and Russian rubles and Polish marks?which would give an elementary training to all the children' Ten million chil dren a year taught the best that has been delivered unto men or In vented by mankind, and led. in that tuition, toward the conscious unity of the race, toward planetary con sciousness! Has a more stirring opportunity been offered to any people than is ours, in the refund ing of this great war debt In such way as to make it a blessing, when it can be paid, to*the next genera tion or generations, instead of a crushing burden to the taxpaying generation of the present? If we were to demand our pound of flesh we should deserve the future fate of those in the Inferno, an eternity swathed about with cloaks of lead covered by a veneer of gold. It would be the greatest fund ever es tablished on the earth for the sal vation of civilization.*' Rotary Club Lunches At Gude Greenhouses A short talk on flowers was made by William F. Gude before the Ro tary Club, which held its week'y luncheon yesterday at his green houses on Bladensburg road north cast. A negro dialect selection was given by Wilhelmina Gude. Moto saka Tsnchiya. of the Tokyo Club, and Mrs. Hachlro Arita. wife of the First Secretary of the Japanese Km bassy. were introduced to the club. ? Announcement was made that 150 Rotarians would arrive in the city at 5.S0 p. m. Monday for the District convention. # Talks on Farm Problems. Lloyd S. Tenny. assistant chief of the Bureau of Agricultural econom ics. declared co-operative marketing to be "one of the means in solving the farmer's problem" at the first meeting of the season of the Ameri can Economics Association. Other speakers were A. M. Loomis. secre tary of the National Dairy Union, and Charles W. Holwell. THE WEATHER Ftr>mt for IWay sad Tmhiww. For the District of Columbia. Maryland and Virginia, fair and cooler today; tomorrow fair, with moderate temperature: moderate west and northwest winds. Ii?fsl Temperature. Midnight..... 59 12 noon 66 2 a. m. . ?.. 58 2 p. m SO 4 a- m 59 4 p. m 54 6 a. m..*. t. 60 6 p. m 52 8 a. m ?0 8 p. m 50 10 a. m 64 10 p. m 47 Highest. 6C.9 degrees: lowest. 50.4 decrees. Relative humidity?8 a. m.f 79: 2 p. m.. 97: 8 p. m.. 65. Rainfall <8 p. m. to 8 p. ro), .14 inch. Hour* of sunshine, 0.1. Per cent of possible sunshine, 1. Departures frmm \?nssl. Accumulated excess of tempera ture since January 1, 1922, 534 degrees. KxcetiB of temperature since Xo | vember 1, 1922. 96 degrees. Accumulated excess of precipi tation since January 1, 1922. 4.43 i Inches. Deficiency of precipitation since November 1, 1922, .87 inch. Temperature same date last year .?Highest, 52 degrees; lowest. 25 j degrees. TMal (hasfM. High water. 5:19 a. m. and 5:47 p. m. low water. 11:49 a. m. Sun ri>? s 6:51 a. m.; ?etn 4:54 p. in. M?>on rise* 2:51 a. m.; sets 2:35 , p. ni. Klver (oBiltloM. Potomac and Shenandoah rivers . cl'ar at Harpers Kerry yesterday afternoon. KsrtTMt ?( PlrtsR Weather. Washington to l?ng- Island. X. Y.?Clear sky; fresh west and northwest wind* up to 5,<>00 feet. Washington to Dayton. Ohio? . Generally clear sky, but clouds over th,. mountains; moderate to , fresh west and northwest winds up to 5.000 feet. Temperature*. Mifiirat Kai:i yo?i?Td?v. S p. m fall. Asbury Park. X. J 64 5o 0.22 Asheville, N. C 64 50 0.12 Atlantic City. S J 62 50 0.2? Baltimore. Md. 66 52 0.22 Birmingham. A'a 66 54 O.fcu | Bismarck. K. Dak .... .40 36 .... j Boston. Mass 62 50 .... Chicago. Ill 42 40 .... Cincinnati. Ohio oO 44 0.4* Cheyenne. Wyo 50 38 ?. Cleveland. Ohio 44 42 0.50 Denver. Colo 52 42 .... I>es Moines. Iowa....42 2* .... Detroit. Mich. 42 40 0.02 Duluth. Minn 26 22 * El Paso. Tex 52 48 .... : Helena. Mont 36 32 j Indianapolis, Ind.....46 40 0.02 : Ja? ksonville, Fla *2 74 .... j l*itt c Rock. Ark 5.1 52 C.li : Lus Angeles. Cal "6 68 .... j Louisville, Ky 52 44 0.44 Marquette. Mich 36 32 0.24 Memphis. Tenn 56 50 0.01 j Miami. Fla 80 76 .... : Mobile. Ala 76 68 0.44 i New Orleans. I-a 82 70 .... New York. N. Y 60 50 0.24 ; North Platte, Nebr...46 26 .... ! Omaha. Neb 4* .44 j Philadelphia. Pa *4 52 0.25 Phoenix. Ariz 68 ? 60 .... : Pittsburgh, Pa 4S 44 0.40 Portland. Me 86 52 0.03 Portland. Oreg 52 48 .... Salt L*ke City. Utah . .44 28 | St. Lrf?uis. Mo 48 36 ; San Antonio. Tex....52 52 0.06 San Diego, Cal 78 66 .... i San Francisco. Ca' ...64 60 .... ! Seattle. Wash 52 48 Springfield. Ill 44 38 .... ! Tampa. Fla 80 76 'Toledo. Ohio 46 42 0.04 i Vicksburg, Miss 60 52 ?.SO \ RMY AND NAVY i & ASSIGNMENTS i AMRY. Capt. Leslie C. Wheat, to Camp Eustia, Va. HpaL Col. ('harles 8. Wallace, to San Kranclaco, Cal.: Lieut. Col. Aebrintf C. Megill, to (he Philippine Island*. WAV*. Lieut. Harry L Dodaon, to U. S. 8. Slrua: Em. Charles R. Brown, to U. S. 8. lanflty, Ens William W. Fife. to U. 8. 8. Che wink; Lieut. Comdr. Edcar L Wood*, to Wash ington. D. C.; Lieut. Edwin C. Ebert. to Newport, R. I.: Lieut. Walter A. Fort, to Norfolk. Va.: Lieut. Vincent Hernandei Usera, to Hampton Koada. Va.: Lieut. Benjamin C. Holton. to Norfolk, Va.; Lieut. DeWItt Hunter, to San Joan. P. R.; Lieut. Mathlaon J. Montgomery, to New Tork. N. T.; Lieut. Joseph D. Peluao. to U. 8. 8. Ortolan; Lieut. Robert B. Team, to Philadelphia. Pa.; Lieut. Robert 8. O. Welch, to Virgin Islands: Lieut. Walter T. Cronln. to New York, N. T. 1 The Herald's I | Open Coarf] How to Cm Aimi Cirdc. 1b iMtir U your ?MI7 pro pounded la your editorial coIumm. "Just What la Jay-Walkia*." Mar I offer the following nmmino "Jay-Walk lag" by the trtan should be construed l?i the aan* < light aa "Jay-driving * ly th? Mo torist. da utter and complet* dis regard of all traOc rules aad alfials aad complete lack of either common sense or coortesr. or both, whether such 'Jay-walk Ing~ occurs between or at street intersect toos. While your attitude la oapeuatng the cases of those whom yam i> pareatly class as ths 'underdo* In this tra? f controversy Is praiseworthy becauas of your un questionably excellent motives which actuate It. I cannot help but feel that your vlewpolat la a trifle awry because of what 1 fas# Is a misconception of the "oppree sion" of the pedestrian While, as yon state, the pedestrtaa comes in for poastbly more than bis share l Of censure. It ? invariably .the , "autocratic" automobilist who para and paya araln in case of court suit, which the "oppressed" pedes trian never faila to Institute sa s result of accident, and. In which he Is. Invariably sustained by t9* court, almost regardlesa of any responsibility on his part for ths sccident?psys usually In sums out of all proportion to the amount of dsmsge done With recurd to "Jay-walking" at Thomas Circle, referred to in your edltori.il. It seems to me. from my own experience ss a pedes trian. that the solution here is very simple. Might I suggest that pedestrians ln crossing this ad mittedly dangerous intersection follow the footsteps of one mho has thus far been fairly success ful In negotisting this crossing" j In going north on Fourteenth street I never attempt to cross di rectly to the cirel* snd thence again on the other aide. I turn ? obliquely to the right st the southesst corner of Fourteenth street and Massachusetts avenue and cross first Massachusetts ave nue. then M street, snd then, j turning obliquely to the left, j cross Vermont avenue, thus re i turning to Fourteenth street at ' the ?tatue of Martin Luther, snd 1 continuing on my way up Four teenth street. The sam# general directions might be follomed in crossing- the Thomas Circle Inter section from any direction ? simply avoid ths cirri* altogether and ? keep to the right, crossing each street aa you come to it. By so doing. It will not be necesaary for the pedestrlsn to perform the rather remarkable fsat mentioned in your editorial of "looking in four directions at once." He need , but follow ths simple common ; sense rulea of safs and ssne st rest crossing?"look u> the left until you resch the middle of the street, and then watch the right until you reach the curb." 8. E. K1MBA2JL From a Pedestrian. T. tto Editor. Tkr Hrrald It la true ws do not wsut too ! much restriction on walking, and ws ought not to be compelled to cross streets st ths intersection Thst is the hardest place, since we have to look four ways at once. , It is much easier and safer in the middle of the block only it is the wslksr'g responsibility to do the looking out. One thlag that ought to be stopped is the way peopls go out in the street snd atlck their toes under the wheela to wait for a* chance. They ought to wait on the sidewalk It would take no longer. As to crossing Thorns* t'ircle. we , are all jay walkers when we try f?? | do that at all. There is no need The right thing to do la to go r? und and the aggregate time required mould be probably not more than i one yiinute more, especial'*- when me have to wait in the middle for a chance to fln?sh crossing. It is mere habit that makea us go scroa and the police ought to teach ua to ; go around. Such a number of autoa is a trreat i nuisance, yet after all we ought to . learn to have greater patience about I passing crom'ded streets. In th* most - romded time. m*hen there !s a steady m hirl. and it yeema that they mill /lever stop coming, the re*! truth is thst stsnding at 111 snd wait ing for two minutes, or only one minute, will generally give us a srood. e'ear passage. FOOT PASSENGER Proud of Anti-Saloon League. To tl?e Mit?r. Hit Wa?hKrtoa Herald: With further reference to prohibi tion, and especially the letter from B. Edward Saper printed in today's Herald. I vat amused and mucM cratlfied at his naive admission that j the results sccofnpliahed were due ! to the "powerful influence of the t Ant i-Saloon) league and the dol lar* behind It." Vow. I have for severs, yesrs con j trlbuted in c small way to the ! league in question, but I bad never 1 hoped to receive such sincere and convincing testimony thst It m-ss having the desired effect. 1 thank you. I am doubly gratified to learn, by the admisaion of its enemies, that the league exerts a powerful influence. And why not"* Whst end. either good or bad. is accom plished hut by influence and dol lars'* Of what does the Influence iOf the lesgue consist, if not the .combined personsl Influence of its members? And whence are itn dol lars derived? Not from soft drink 'manufacturers. coffe< merchants, or jcandy manufacturers. but from j those individuals m ho are willing I to subscribe what they can to a hrood cause. ; Why not form a national leag-ue i for the abolition of the Kighteenth amendment? Because those who fs ivor such h consummation haven't enough confidence In each other and in their cauae to hang together for twenty-four hours, and if they m-ere successful in rsising money by popular subscription, they m-ould never trust one of their number to be treasurer. L?ong live the Anti-Saloon I*ea^rutt and may its dollars increase! W. L MMMJUmt. McLean. Va. Wants Police Protection. To the Editor. TVf Waal.tnftoa Herald: I have read with Interest your editorial, of this 'lat^.on the prob lem of protecting pedestrians at Dupon*. Circle. The rame condition obtains st Thorn ts Cliv't and n-.*ny other places. I4t me say that tijc onlv di.-eet and effective r/ay to protect the people at thea* places i* for the police to throw a line < f ?.tandsrds slong the course of the c*ors-walka. leaving only two open?rg* of six feet through whicn a v*?*> mobiles may pass in either d'rection. All this painful propagands and exhortation for sa ?ty j..?t us no? whore. U is tim?- to t**y f>rreihing practical. tfAMX F.UKfELU