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J - .-- mini tii ii " i" " " r ' "I " T" ' 1 - NOIlTH Uii ROLINA STANDARD,! August 3; 1853. ' V- i-Tm M J.' fl!r -v- ' r- 7 -;v;THE. i : i- - l ' - . t ' ,V.Vi iwrth-Carolina Standard.' Correspondence of the Nortn.-iar , , Hampton. yA.j Juiy zzr Ma. Hold' : Since the. opening of the AVeldon SSToS Srttfew words respecting it may I? i 1 ntpresW to your readers.. It is situated nSJSk ch is merely an arm of the 'g from Hampton Roads; it is about miles from Old Point and not more than an Jour's run in the Steamboat from Norfolk and Ports mouth : so that nothing is easier than a visit for the day or a few hours- to either place when tired of the ouiet, which is to me one of the principal charms of the place. -1 write from Chesapeake Hall, which for families and invalids is one of the most agreeable summer resorts it has ever been my good fortune to light upon;It is situated immediately on the water, fully' open to the sea breeze and commands a most charming prospect. ,X can scarcely realize that it is July, so cool and pleasant is the weather, while nom ine can be more refreshing than the sea bathing, it is a perfect paradise for children, to whom the crab bing and fishing are unfailing sources of amusement, while the cool green lawn, with its large shade trees and circular pavilion, enables them to be out of doors without exposure to the sun even in the heat of the day : and a dip. in the bath, which all soon learn to enjoy, supplies .the place of those forced ablutions, ao-lunst which they5 generally protest so loudly. Should-lb.'ey partake too largely of the oysters, hog fish, and other good cheer which is daily spread be fore them, the proprietor, Dr. R. G. Banks is ever ready to relieve the anxiety of mothers. He enjoys, I am informed, considerable reputation as a physi cian, and judging from the number of invalids who have been under his care since my arrival here, is justly entitled to it He is certainly a most obliging host, and everything is done to render his visitors comfortable. Yet, with all these advantages there is n. drawback which will prevent Chesapeake Hall from becoming as great a summer resort as either Shocco or Jone's Spring. The price of board is at least one half more, while the expenses of the pro prietor cannot be so great. The fare is pretty much the same with the exception of fish, which of course cannot be had at either of the watering places. Yet the profusion of vegetables and fruit in Warren will, with many persons, counterbalance this loss. Here fruit is very rare, and with the exception of figs, in different. Mr. Jone's band, which is engaged by the Beason, should also be taken into consideration. Here there is no ball room, and no music except that of the piano, and those who desire other amusements than conversation, cards, and backgammon, must seek it at Old Point This will prevent young and gay persons from visiting the place, while families of four or five persons are generally obliged to shorten their stay least their bill be inconveniently large. I daily hear persons who are leaving remark " I should like to stay longer, but it is too expensive. " The Dr. speaks of enlarging his establishment, and improving his accommodation by next season. In some things I think he would do well to take a hint from our old friend, Mr. Jones of the Sulphur Spring, who, take him all in all, is one of the most obliging and thoughtful hosts with whom I have ever sojourn ed I allude particularly to a washing and ironing establishment, as I hear great complaint among the ladies on this subject Now visitors are obliged to put their washing out in the town, though many of them have servants who are idle half the time. Three or four childrens' washing at 75, or even 50 cents a dozen soon amounts to aonsiderable sum, and with the present arrangements it is impossible to have it done by a private servant I do not doubt but the Dr. will remedy this defect in his establishment, as he seems anxious to do all in his power to promote the comfort of his visitors. I cannot close without noticing one great advan tage which this place possesses, that is the facility of attending public worship ; there is within a short dis tance of the Hall a Methodist, Baptist, and Episco palian church. I attended the latter last Sunday, and was greatly pleased with the sermon, which was de livered by the Rev. Dr. McCabe. The building itself is one of the principal ornaments of the town ; it is very old and quaint looking, standing in a grave yard which is beautifully shaded with weeping willows, some of the tombstones dated before the revolution ; and one that I particularly noticed was erected in 1701. Several have coats of arms engraved on them, and the whole appearance of the place showed it to be of a much more ancient date than the generality of our churches. T. WAsmsGTON City, July 29, 1853. Our own foreign relations are not without em barrassment The fishery question between this country and Great Britain is still unsettled, and the British minister, Mr, Crampton, has recently return ed from Halifax, whither he had gone to advise with Sir F. Seymour, the admiral of the British fleet, sta tioned there for the protection of British fishermen. You remember that our treaty stipulation is not to fish within, three miles of '.the shore. The British statesmen have construed the shore to mean not that indented line which nature has made along the coast, but to mean an imaginary line drawn from headland to headland, which of course would exclude entirely our fishermen from all the large bays in that region. Of course we have never allowed so absurd a con struction, and our ministers at London have protested against it from time to time. The British govern ment has not as yet enforced this construction, but they have never yielded it, and have recently sent a large fleet into those waters. Our government, to assure our fishermen of the protection of our gov ernment, have ordered a fleet to be sent to the same station. The matter now stands in this rather criti cal position. I am, therefore, the more pleased to learn that Mr. Buchanan has finally consented to ac cept the mission to England. ... The country will feel that her interest and her honor are in safe hands. It is no doubt this weighty consideration which has in duced this great American statesman to forego his private wishes, and accept the heavy responsibility of this most important mission. I am glad to see you take such bold ground against land distribution, and expose those who would hum bug the people by making them believe that North Carolina does not get her equal share of the Qnblic lands, when those lands are applied according to Democratic principles and Democratic platforms, that is, to pay the public debt and defray the necessary expenses of the government This is the only way in which she ever has or ever will get her equal share of the public domain. Bennett's land bill and every other distribution landbill, has been an insult to the just and equal rights of the old States, North Caro lina included. ' Take my word for it, whenever the present land system which has received the appro bation of every administration is changed, it will be the beginning of the end. "X. Y. Richmond Co., July 25, 1853. I see you have a Whig candidate out for Congress in your district, :?and it seems your neighbor Seaton is delighted with the idea. -' I wonder how this will agree with the palate of the Whig press generally, and especially with the Fayetteville Observer, who has such a holy horror at the idea of an attempt made by a Democrat to get into Congress, or the State legislature under similar circumstances. If the fayetteville Observer was as honest and consistent as it professes to be, it would most certainly pounce down upon your neighbor Seaton, and completely demolish bun, . not leaving a vestige of a fragment to make complaint But sir, . it is the " lawyer's bull " this time. - ' J Did you ever know the Whig party to complain of the Democratic party when in power for an alleged wrong, but just as soon as the Whigs got into power they would practice the same thing which they con demned m the Democrats, and especially if the mea ST8 a Popular one? Now tf yours was a Whf ? i&U hadtwo WhigJcandidatesin tht field, and Democrat .was to come out just as Mr. Rogers has done, do you not suppose that the Whiff press, not only in your district, but throughout the State, and elsewhere, would cry out and condemn it astotally unjustifiable aDemocrat trying to get elected- to misrepresent the wishes of a district with a WSir,' we should be as cuTS - t as thatsuch'a circumstance oc- We haye bad full season. The ground I think" is thoroughly wet,' and- it is still raining at the time of this writing, and has more the appence of a mn than at any time'since thebrT kin up0f BMt plentiful support-; . .,fc '. I GEOLOGICAL SURVEY.- -W- Cfjiit-7S-- ; June 1st, 1853.; To His ExcmiENCT, DAvrn S. Reiih- .. o; . t stated in my . last" communication that the direct application of fertilizers to . the soils which' r - , j j . i i a " xi have been long cuiuvateu, musi ue resurieu u ivr me reviving their productive powers. But this plan may be aided greatly by additional means of comparatively. trifling expense.- These means, as a whole, come under the general name of tillage. I embrace under this head all the modes of breaking up the soil and putting it into the best condition, and one which shall favor the growth of a crop and give it a chance to derive the greatest benefit from those forces and powers which exist in the kindly elements of the inorganic world. These elements embrace light, air and water, each of which, though I have called them elements, operate in their own peculiar modes, not onlv in virtue of a complex composition, but also as a whole precisely as if they were each of them truly the simple uncomDinea elements oi tne Chemist Water, for example, performs a function as water, without undergoing any change in its com position. So it also is decomposed in the living tis sue of the vegetable, and its oxygen is Appropriated as an element, to certain uses in the vegetable organ ization. But the word tillage may be applied and used properly in a more extensive sense ; it may em brace the cultivation of certain crops which are de signed to improve the soil mechanically, and transfer the nutriment already in the soil from a deep to a superficial position, and thereby bring it within the reach of the roots of the cultivated plants. Some thing more is still effected by their use ; and it is maintained that certain crops, such as clover, and the pea, take from the atmosphere important ele ments which in the end are added to the soil. How ever this may be, the cultivation of these crops are very important aids which may be employed every where for the purpose of ameliorating the condition of the soil. Clover is especially an important crop ; it has certain advantages oyer others which should not be overlooked. In North Carolina, however, it has not generally succeeded ; not because clover .re fuses to grow in its climate, but because its value has been underrated, and many of the attempts to grow it have failed. Consequently, the idea that the at tempt to cultivate it will, or may result in a failure, operates unfavorably throughout the State. Climate, however, is not a bar to its most perfect growth. The finest fields of clover may now be seen standing in Mecklenburg and Cabarrus Counties. Some planta tions in Edgecombe grow it with luxuriance equal to any thing seen in New England and New York. The failure must therefore be attributed to the planter, and the cause of its failure may therefore be remov ed. The reasons for the cultivation of clover are numerous. These reasons not only relate to and ef fect an essential improvement of the soil, but it furn ishes a large addition to the fodder for stock. Cattle, horses and hogs are extremely fond of it Its roots are large and penetrate deeply into the soil, affecting thereby a mechanical division highly important to the wheat crop, which always succeeds the clover under the most favorable conditions. In fine, the cultivation of green crops ranks among the best and most efficient means for restoring the soil to its origi nal fertility. I am, sir, most respectfully your servant, E. EMMONS. June 2nd, 1853. To nis Excellesct, David S. Reid Sir : It is maintained by many distinguished and successful farmers of the Gcncssee Valley, in New York, that they can keep up their lands to the high est state of fertility, if they can supply them with plaster and the clover crop. Their wheat soil, say they, will never become exhausted by pursuing what they style the system of clotering. It consists sim ply in the use of clover and plaster as fertilizers for this grain. They employ the plaster for the purpose of increasing the growth of clover. They employ the plaster as a fertilizer for wheat indirectly ; that is, plaster on it produces no direct influence upon the growth of wheat when sown with the seed, or when applied after it has imparted greenness to the fields ; but it administers largely to the growth of clover. It is used upon that crop first The matters pecu liar to clover become the fertilizer for the wheat crop. Often it is partly consumed by stock, as hogs, cattle or horses. It is plowed under and lightly harrowed. The field is then ready to receive the wheat No one can doubt the utility and profit of this system, when followed in a wheat growing region. But the opinion entertained by farmers that soils may grow wheat for any time, however long, is fallacious. Now the Genessee farmers are shrewd men, they are think ing and reading men ; still, they have fallen into a very natural error, for their lands are very rich and well adapted to the growth of wheat, and probably a long time is really required to exhaust their soils. When this is coupled with the fact that the rotten shales beneath are constantly plowed up and are made to contribute annually a new supply of soil, we see at once how their opinions are supported. It is injurious to a farmer's interest to entertain the belief that his soils are inexhaustible in fertilizing matter ; it is as injurious as the belief of many plant ers in this State, that their old fields are not worth reclaiming, and that it is more profitable to move to Texas or clear up new fields, than to resusitate their old ones. It should be remembered by those who pursue the clover system, that they are never adding fertilizing matter to the soil, or increasing the stock of the most expensive elements of growth, phosphate of lime, potash, soda or lime, except the lime which is in combination with the sulphuric acid. The theory of the operation of plaster is interest ing and beautiful, as given to the world by Baron Liebig. He, as you are well aware, maintains the doctrine that plaster absorbs ammonia from the at mosphere, that then the sulphuric acid combines with the ammonia and forms a sulphate of ammonia : the lime, being thus set free, combines with carbonic acid of the atmosphere, or that which exists in the soil and forms carbonate of lime. Now this theory seems to be sustained by facts. Ammonia does exist in the atmosphere, and ammonia will act upon gypsum as Liebig maintains. In a stable, where much ammo nia often floats in the atmostphere, it combines with the plaster when strewed upon the floor. So if strewed upon the ground no doubt where a particle of ammonia and plaster find each other, they may mutually react upon each other. Sulphate of am monia, which is supposed to be formed in the way I have described, is really an active fertilizer, and con tributes largely to the growth of the cereals when applied to them. Of the truth of the theory which was advanced many years ago by the distinguished individual I have referred to, I am not fully satis fied, notwithstanding the facts I have just stated. I the chemical change actually takes place or sulphate of ammonia being formed, why is not plaster a direct fertilizer for wheat ? Sulphate of ammonia would be formed and spend its action upon the crop when ap plied to it Plaster, I repeat, does not usually in crease the wheat crop when applied directly to it ; it is necessary to make a clover crop first, hence the want of effect under the circumstances I have stated, seems to disprove the view which Liebig takes of the question. But it is of little consequence what our heory is in this particular case, provided we know the conditions required to secure the best effects of plaster. We will not discard the use of plaster because we are ignorant of its modus operandi. An improvement which may properly be spoken of in this connection, is the system of drill husband ry. When wheat is sown broad cast, experience and observation prove that much of it is lost and never takes root When seed, however, are drilled in by the machine, most of the seed grow. There is, there fore, a saving of seed, and it is estimated that the saving resulting alone from drilling in the seed, will pay for a machine in a few years. This saving amounts nearly to a peck per acre, though two farmers might differ as to the quantity of seed which it is best to sow ; some maintaining that thick sowing is the best others go for thin sowing.' But the sowing of seed is not the whole gain resulting from the drill. The drill deposits the seed in a light furrow, in this fur row it is properly covered, and hence every Beed sown will probably grow ; but, again, it often happens in our windy climate that the surface of a wheat field . is exposed to the sweeping influence of. this element, 4 and hence, it is often uprooted and killed during the winter. ; It is also less likely to be killed by frosts. These facts put together are strong recommendations for the adoption of the drilling system in this State." The face of the fields are better- adapted to the.use. "of , the drill than at the North, where it is becoming general ; it is also adapted to the. laborers .employed. I remain, "most respectfully, your servant, . s k - Tit-E.,EMM02TS.ir,. COMMON SCHOOLS. ,To His Exceixenct, David S. Reidt i ' -. vjj SiR:bince my appointment as Ueneral supenn-r tendent of Common Schools for the State, I have oc-; cupied my time in traveling, -in? corresponding with1 the friends and subordinate, officers of the system and in the study of popular systems of Education in other States and countries. - . . I desire to go into each County in the State to ex amine the records of the Common Schools, to see for myself what has been donewhat ji doing, and what are the difficulties in the way of greater success ; and while traveling in the different Counties I wish to diffuse all the information I can as well as to obtain the views of other friends of the cause. On this ac count I have made an appointment to deliver a dis course at the County seat of each County visited ; a plan which very materially impedes my motions, but which I nevertheless deem best to pursue, even if but few persons should attend my appointments, and if I should, as I often do, have to expose myself a good deal to all kinds of weather to fulfil engage ments made without the power of foreknowing the contingencies of the future. My object, in making public talks, is to diffuse in formation, correct what I conceive to be erroneous opinions, and to stimulate to renewed efforts the friends of popular enlightenment and improvement ; and to give to the substance of these talks the widest possible circulation, I have concluded to address them to you, as a mark of respect to you as the official Head of the State hoping also that your interest in the success of our system of Common Schools will induce you to lend your aid to all efforts directed to its improvement The least acquaintance with hu man nature teaches us that men will not labor ftope fully in the dark ; and even slaves, having no interest in the result of their labors, will soon tire and put forth but feeble exertions when they cannot see or know, in any way, the effect of the blows which they strike. To know that we are making progress is the great stimulus to human exertion ; and yet, in regard to the operations of our system of Common Schools we have, for ten years and more, been kept in pro found ignorance. The experiment being a novel and an arduous one needed all the encouragement which the fullest light could afford as well to stimulate our zeal as to learn us to avoid errors ; but the curtain has not been once lifted to give us even a glimpse of our general progress. In such a state of things it is but natural that doubts and misgivings should arise ; and among any people less tenacious of purpose a system requiring so much light and so much nursing care, would not have numbered a decade of years, enveloped as ours has been in almost total darkness. It will afford me infinite pleasure to lift, by the aid of recent laws, the veil which has concealed the growth and development of the Great Hope of the State ; and although some unpleasant defects may be exposed, the necessary result of circumstances, I feel sure that every true friend of human happiness will be gratified at the progress already made, and at the cheering prospect of future advancement On account of the ignorance prevailing in regard to the general results of our system of Common Schools, some persons have considered it a failure ; and it is generally agreed that our failure, if we have failed, is to be attributed to the want of funds. I feel myself able to prove, in the first place, that our system of Common Schools has not been a fail ure ; and in the second place to demonstrate that the cause alleged is not the true cause which has prevent ed greater success. And I trust that if your Excel lency should see fit to have these views brought to the attention of the public, they will be seriously read and examined by all interested, whatever side they take ; that the J'aets and arguments adduced will be well considered, and if found to justify the con clusions drawn, be generally recorded in the minds of the people. This is said to be a stirring age it is certainly not remarkable for its memory of former misfortunes, blessed as it is with so many advantages and glowing with anticipations of still better things in the future. In the multiplication of Colleges and Academies, we have forgotten our former dearth of Literary In stitutions ; and having a school, not as perfect asjwe could wish, near every man's door, we get easily "ir ritated at little difficulties, and talk of falling back on our subscription system, as if we had ever enjoyed such a system! Sir, although you have reaped many popular hon ors, it is neither improper nor disrespectful to call you a comparatively young man ; certainly I am one, and cannot we both recollect when there was not a School-house for every twenty miles square of terri tory in the State ? When in the most enlightened countiy neighborhoods tne leauing neaas oi lamuies could not succeed oftener than once in two years in getting made up a subscription school for the three winter months Y And when the " articles " of the teacher were often written by the chief men in the neighborhood; and when Grammar, Geography, book-keeping, surveying, &c, &c, were things never heard of beyond the precincts of Colleges and Acad emies? I remember these things distinctly; and I distinctly remember that, though raised in one of the best educated country neighborhoods in the State a moral Presbyterian community which has contribut ed a number oi distinguished men to the learned professions I had the privilege, from infancy to the age of fifteen, when I began Latin at an Academy, of attending just seven short schools of about three months duration each, and at two of these I was boarded out from home. And it was thought that my afcighborhood enjoyed unusual advantages in this respect ; and in fact my acquaintance with the pro gress of things in this State satisfies me that my own experience is a much more favorable test of our old subscription system than that of a large majority of my cotemporaries. I was examined to test my quali fications to practice Law with a now distinguished Editor of Raleigh ; I think he told me he never saw a Grammar before he was a sub-editor, and in fact he picked up most of his education in a printing of fice. He is one of a thousand, all perhaps not equal ly energetic ; and the history of a vast majority of our most rising men would put to utter shame the present complaints in regard to the facilities of edu cation. Sir, till within the last few years, men in poor or moderate circumstances had no facilities of education in North Carolina ; a few neighborhoods excepted, they had to shift, and scuffle, and work with an enterprise and an economy of means and time to which the rising generation are total stran gers. Men in the middle and humbler walks, de siring good education, had to contend against public opinion, often against parental wishes, and against what would now be considered, in view of the cost, a hopeless poverty of pecuniary resources. The costs were great, always including board and high tuition, at distant Academies ; and to raise the means by teach ing was then much more difficult than at present as there were few schools to be taught, and a general apathy on the subject, and little sympathy felt for such persons. This is a very faint picture of the former condition of things of the Dark Ages in North Carolina, of the Egyptian bondage for a return to which some are sighing. Sir, we had no system of subscription schools, to speak properly perhaps only five men in six could write their own bonds, and not one in five hundred could understand Geography, the great science of modern times, write a grammatical article for a newspaper, survey a piece of land, or demon strate the simplest rule in mechanical geometry. To be able to read a plain text and write their names was the highest female accomplishment of the middle classes ; the female Academies were very ijw and ex pensive, and the associations highly aristocratic and exclusive. We had a University, moderately successful and well conducted, but gathering four-fifths of its pupils from the highest aristocracy, and sending off its best scholars to other lands ; and we had no other male College, and only the Female High School at Salem. As a consequence of this state of things the lines in society were broadly marked, and the high aristo cracy had herditary claims upon all the great offices, distinctions, and good pecuniary speculations of the State. No reflection is meant on them; it was not their fault which gave them the ascendency so long, but the fault of the state of society as regards edu cation. . " ' , They ere shrewd, appreciating the advantages of enlightenment, began in their fannies long before y - The -Editor to whom I alludedistingnished in literature aa well as politics-is bot a single instance in his fraternity- in the State th father -of anotheiVis-btxt little older,, a clear, vigorous, and philosophical writer, , was sold out, and me sun was lei. wiiu tu um ivvivuj owai " odd interval and which Jaid the foundation of his advance-: ment ip life.,vi These are-JremarkublOifinstr.&es;;'bt'thou-s sands of others-might be cited showing nnder what difficul ties the poor pursued knowledge in this Statow- .r"r I genius and enterprise in the rniddle ranks would also tsomeumes oreaii ineir leiiers ana ciiiuu uijjut est position in the State. But ignorance and conse quent suffering and social inferiority' were the here ditary. doom of the masses ; our varied- and vast re- sources, needing, the 'eye' of intelligence to detect' them, were neglected and unknown, and every Au-' tumn witnessed a flight of carts and 'wagons trans porting our laboring masses to more hopeful regions. And now, when we begin to have knowledge of the existence of our resources," it seems that we have to "borrow the skill necessary to develope them to get our engineers, teachers, skilful machinists, &c, &c, from other States. '. . - .- In short, till a very recent period general education was in an almost hopeless condition in North Caro lina ; so much so that one of the Historians of the State records the incorporation of an Academy as an important incident in our Legislative experience. And notwithstanding the efforts of religious so cieties this backward state of things remained until a very recent period ; and then, as I shall show in my next letter to your Excellency, a general and powerful movement began, producing in a few years results without a parallel in any country. Of this movement I do not propose now to speak at all ; and will conclude this letter by assuring you that it gives me no pleasure to allude to the former or present ignorance of our State. But I am speak ing in the State and to North Carolinians, and I hope I am telling wholesome truths, necessary to be known to enable us to choose our course in the future. With much respect, I am very truly yours, C. H. WILEY. For tbe Sttnndnrrt. Mr. Editor : Having on all occasions shown an interest for the success of the Giraffe, I feel great re luctance in doing or saying any thing to offend the animal. But he has recently so changed his temper and manners, that I feel constrained to say a few words at the risk of a kick or snap or switch of his tail. A stranger would conclude from the last two issues of his paper, that he is the last of the "disinterested patriots." From his explanation for taking the course he has, his insinuations and innuendoes, his suspici ons of other men's motives, &c, I have no doubt he has come to that conclusion himself, and by way of refreshing his memory, I hope he will not take any offence at a few interrogatories, which I propound for that purpose, to wit : . 1st Mr. Giraffe, did you or did you not, sometime' about the 1st of March last, request a certain indi vidual to speak to Mr. A. W. Venable in your behalf to obtain a certain little office, or berth, as the case may be, and say, with a peculiar nod, remind him also that I have "the Types," and can serve him in his coming campaign, if he gets in a tight place? 2nd. Have you or have you not since, but about twelve days since, doubted Mr. Venable's pledges to you on the subject of said little office, and threatened, if he deceived you, in that matter, to turn "said Types" against him ; if not in so many words, did you not say you would publish him t 3rd. And as you seem just now to be such a strong advocate for distribution, and designate the opposite as a rotten plank in the Demrcratic platform, permit me to ask you if you did, or did not say, about last oaiuraay morning, mat you were as much opposed to distribution as Holden, (meaning Wm. W. Holden, Editor of the Standard,) and also justify him in his course, except his remark on "Provender," which you considered personal? And on said morning, did you or did you not say, you would not have come out in your paper for A'enable, if Lewis had not, on some occasion, sneeringly said, " I have heard Mr. Venable promised you an office, Mr. Whitaker "t 4th. Did Mr. Venable authorize you to say that he said at Gardner's that 6en. Jaclcson had scruples about something instead of " Gen. Jackson quib bled " in his veto message, on Henry Clay's Land Bill? if he did not, did O. L. Burch? and if he did not, who did ? As you hate falsehood and misrepresentation with such horror, call on Burwell Rollins, Alfred Burt, Wm. W. Clements and Darnel B. Holland, Esqs., and if you doubt them i will give you a host of other gentlemen ; and if they do not give the lie to your statement on that subject, you may publish me as such, and inflict any other punishment you see pro--per. Now, Mr. Giraffe, if you answer the three first in terrogatories, as the facts compel you, you must not claim to be the disinterested patriotic Democrat you set up for, in your paper ; recollect other men have some interest in the prosperity and happiness of our country and the success of Democratic principles as well as yourself, and a Jew others who have under taken to drive and drag every one who refuses to follow Abram in unknown and uncertain paths. I can't see how Abram got there himself; he is certain ly los tno person has ever dared to walk them plants before, save Whigs ; and if any credit is due lor tne discovery ot this wealth and treasure, it is not to Abram, but the Whigs ; he ought not to de prive them of it these scarce times. . "PROVENDER." For the Standard. Mr. Holden : I am a Democrat, and I feel for its cause. Upon Democratic principles this country has arrived to its present greatness, and in future is de pendent for prosperity upon the prevalence of Demo cratic principles without the prevalence of which we, as a nation, are doomed to follow European gov ernments. Sir, in our present difficulty as regards candidates for Congress, I am fully satisfied what course is the safest to pursue to rid ourselves from the difficulty, that is, for the Democratic party to rally to a man for Mr. Lewis. For, if you elect Mr. Venable, the Democratic party will elect a blotch on itself that a quarter of a century would not bleach out ; and will throw a burden on all our candidates hereafter, to w it : " You have adopted Whig measures you elect ed Mr. Venable, knowing at the time that he had adopted Whig measures," &c. Not only this, but the craft of the Whigs is, to advocate Venable in or der to divide the Democratic party as much as pos sible, while the Whigs intend giving Rogers their full strength. This is as plain and as easy to under stand as 2 and 3 make 5. Then, brother Democrats, the only alternative left you to ensure success is, to rally and unite at once upon Mr. Lewis 1 Elect him and you bear up victoriously your platform, and that will be of great advantage to you for years to come. Then, brother Demacrats, rally, rally to Mr. Lewis in your great strength, and shake off your difficul ties like Sampson ! and carry off victoriously both beam and webb. These views are from an old DEMOCRAT. CoNsrL at Venice. In the appointment of Ik Marvel to the Venitian consulship the administration has hit it to a hair. Ik Marvel has the nature and the bearing of a gentleman ; and he excels in those accomplishments and " knowledges" which render a man welcome in cultivated society. And besides this, he is engaged in studying the history of the Venitian republic, with a view to the production of a histori cal work. His residence amidst the scenes which he will have to describe will, of course, be an immense advantage to him ; while his official character will be likely to give him access to ancient records and State documents of great importance. The result will probably be the production of a history of Venice that will enrich the literature of the country. We are only sorry that the office is not one of emolu ment But a man whose works " go off" at the rate of twenty thousand volumes a year can perhaps man age to dispense with consul's fees. Some Journal. Lieut. Maury's Scientific Mission. Lieut Maury sailed from New York on Saturday last in the Pacific for Europe, to attend the Scientific Convention to be held at Brussels in August This convention meets under the auspices of the naval powers of Europe, and its object has reference to a branch of science in which Lieut Maury has acquired a world-wide fame. It is proposed to adopt some uniform plan of obser vations' connected with his wind and current charts, and it was eminently fit that he should be honored, as he has been, by a national commission to; such k convention,1 He has thus far' devoted his superior intellect to scientific researches, and the results have given renown "to his name, whilst they have contrib-' ut' " incalculable benefits to commerce: We antici pate' important "consequences from his present , mis'-. sion,' in the further improvement in the' science of navigation which we expect to follow the delibera-' tions of the convention at Brussels. ich. JEnq. : - ? We learnt that in the discussion at the Old Fields, in Nash on Saturday last, , Mr, -Lewis' triumph over Mr. ;Venable was overwhelming. .. The Democrats were roused to the highest pitch of enthusiasm, and the Old Fields precinct will vote for Lewis en masse. . ', At O'Neale's, Johnston, on Monday, the triumph of the Democratic candidate was not less signal. Johnston and Nash will go for-Lewis over Venable by immense majorities. . . . .Democrats of .Wake,,, can you falter, when such Counties as Nash and Johnston lead? - ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMER ASIA. The steamer Asia arrived at New York Thursday night last about 11 o'clock, bringing Liverpool dates to July 16th. Her political news is by no means as important as was anticipated. . The following is in relation to Russia and Turkey Russia and Turkey. The Eastern question re mains precisely in statu quo. . No intelligence of an authentic character has been received to change it in the least respect Lord John Russell stated in Parliament that matters had by no means come to a head, but that negotiations were still going on. Markets. Liverpool, July 16. Cotton has been unchanged during the week. The demand has been fair, and freely met by holders. The better grades are most sought for, and bring very-full prices. Sales of the week 44,000 bales, of 1 1 i i . in 3 1 . a a rrr wmcn exporters iook iu,uuu anu speculators bales. The quotations show a slight improvement in the better grades ; Fan- Orleans 6 &L a 7d.; mid dling 6rd.; far upland 5fd.; middling 6d. Breadstuff's. The weather having become stormy, the market for breadstuffs had become firm. ' Flour and Indian Corn brought full rates on last week, and Wheat had advanced Id. per 70 lbs. Canal Flour 26s. 6d. a 27s. Baltimore and Philadelphia 27s. a 30s. 6d.; Ohio 26s. a 28s. 6d. White Wheat 7s. 8d. a 8s. 2d.; red and mixed 7s. 3d. a 7s. 9d.; white and yellow Corn 31 a 32s. The future condition of the market depends entirely on the weather. . Fatal Cases of Yellow Fever in Philadelphia. Philadelphia, July 28. The disease which has been existing in our city for some days is now ascer tained to be the yellow fever. It is confined chiefly to the vicinity of South street wharf, and mainly among the emigrants. There were six fatal cases in this region last night They died after a very brief illness, and from motives of prudence were buried this morning before daylight The people in the neighborhood of the infected district are being much alarmed. Quite a number have closed their stores and suspended business. It seems, however, that the disease does not spread rapidly. There are hopes that it will soon be checked. The board of health has ordered the barque Man darin, lately arrived from New Orleans, with the dis ease on board, to be removed to quarantine, 18 miles below the city. Also, that her planks be torn up and the bilge water pumped out Several houses in the vicinity of the fever have been fumigated. The process of purifying them is now going on. Some of our physicians assert that this is malignant yellow fever. Arrest of an extensive Gang of Counterfeiters, &c. Cincinnati, July 27, 1853. Six counterfeiters were arrested last night, three miles below this city. In their house were found $40,000 in counterfeit mon ey, all on the State Bank of Ohio, except some fives on the Fairfield County Bank of Connecticut Bogus dies and implements were found, but the plates have not been discovered. Three of the parties were peni tentiary birds, and another, named Quincy Hurschey, was a large sub-contractor on the Ohio and Missis sippi Railroad. The whole party have been commit tod to jail. The gang is supposed to be the' most daring and extensive in the country. Pennsylvania Democratic Contention. Harrisbcrg, July 28. The Democratic State Con vention assembled this morning in the hall of the House of Representatives, to nominate a candidate for the Supreme Bench, in place of Judge Coulter, deceased. John C. Knox received the nomination. Resolutions were adopted at this evening's session, approving Governor Bigler's administration, and en dorsing the Baltimore Platform. Political Feeling in Kentucky. Louisville, July 27. The Congressional contest in Ashland district is waxing warm, and bets are running high on both sides. The election for Con gressmen takes place on the first Monday of October. A Mail Robber Detected. On Friday the 22d inst, a young man named Wm. Tinnin was arrested in this place and committed to jail, on a charge of robbing the mail. The circumstance which led to his arrest was, that he offered to pass a check on the Greensborough Branch of the Bank of Cape Fear on the Branch here, for $203 10, without the endorse ment of the payees here, and when he could not suc ceed in that, he presented it to those payees for their endorsement It was at once identified as a check which had been remitted from Graham in Alamance county, on the 30th of May last, and not before heard of. It appeared on the examination of Tinnin, that he is Clerk to John Bain, Postmaster at Green Springs, 4 miles West of Hillsborough, and that he sometimes opens the mail and sometimes Bain opens it His commitment followed of course. This is probably almost important discovery ,as the robberies of the mail between Greensborough and Raleigh have been very numerous for the last few months. Fayetteville Observer. The prisoner was examined before Judge Potter, and was offered bail in the sum of $250 ! But the day after his committal, the bail was increased to $1000. When we recollect the numerous depreda tions of this kind recently committed, we consider the amount of bail offered entirely too small. There has been a large amount of money stolen from the mails in this State within the last 12 months. P. S. We understand that Tinnin was brought out on Thursday, and examined on one or two other charges of the same kind. The Postmaster at Gra ham, Mr. Scott, was in attendance as a witness. A trunk belonging to Tinnin having been opened, sev eral letters were found which had been purloined from the mails, and when shown to the prisoner he acknowledged having seen them before, and stated that it was his intention to have forwarded them to their owners. A fifty dollar bill was found in the Vest collar of the prisoner and identified as having been mailed with the draft above mentioned for this place. Fayetteville Carolinian. Obscure Writers. Putnam, at the close of the first volume of his magazine, states, that he has re ceived, during the six months of its publication the greater portion from writers who were previously unknown to him. All the mass of MS. was careful ly read, and large numbers of the celebrated articles which have been attributed to the most eminent au thors of the age, were produced by obscure writers. The system adopted by Putnam of refusing to pub lish the names of authors, with their articles, works so well that it will be continued. Each article has to stand on its own merits, which fact gives young J men a fair field before the public. - -- - Old Virginia. In Virginia the recent Congres sional elections turned on the distribution question. In every District there were distribution and anti distribution candidates. Where no Whig candidate could be got to run, thaff strange political hybrid, a " distribution Democrat," was brought out The subject was argued and discussed throughout the whole State ; and the result is, not one single friend or distribution has been elected. The entire Dele gation is Democratic, and opposed to distribution. Well done, Old Virginial and may .North Caroli na follow your "example. , Salisbury Banner. Education and Democracy. The steadfast adhe rence of New Hampshire to democratic" principles has caused .their opponents to' call it a benighted State. Facts, however, ' show that it contains but seventy-six persons between the ages of furteen and twenty-one" who cannot read and write, and that there are ninety thousand pupils on theJschool lists of "the State. If, therefore, democracy' be a political sin, New Hampshire does)aot sin through ignorance, v-.-f i. Judge Douglas, of the. United States Senate, was at Florence bn the 24th of June last, and just about setting ' off for Egypt '" . ;"; - 7" .CHILD OP THE AXGEL WING. - I &n asleep," , J?Md,Vmle one wi4h lustrous ere. -"Or toll m a i.i r,i..o. J - .. - Tr. thl lue nowers taat peep, ' v -'-'I - OrteU of the child wiu.ThT.n.TwlT" - Who walks in the garden of i ; -adiae I sang him the Bong I told him the tain " . ' ?' Ad watched by his couch till he thought he sleot '-"' 8 cheek waa white aa the moonbeam's pale. steaU1y bright near hia pillow creot1'.----' " T1 J7 words grew faint, and my voice sank low J t 1 ?d. tby dreams may the seraphs rinir.'- "J k .fP soft, as I rose to go- : Ohl teU of the chUd of the nl wingl?. . ,Tbi1"r,aPi-but beUess irew, - And tossed his youn? arms as he wildly spoke, And a burning red in his forehead flew, T.VJ .lU Went down wd he moraW broke.' B a ifK8 no. of spring'- bright flowers, he thought no more of his sister's eyes; . One name alone, in bis feverish hours. Was breathed in a whisper that pierced the sties; . "My mother," he said, and his eyes waxed dim, ; Jor the sense, with their waring lustre fled. ' . And he never knew that she knelt by him . Whose sun went down at his dying bed'l He has gone where the seraphs sweetly sing His story was brief as the sunset dyes, He walks with the child of the angel wing. In the flowery gardens of Paradise I" . . . - . From the 3?izarre; Grant .Thorburn and his third Wife - Our old friend, Grant Thorburn, hs just taken onto himself a third wife ! He writes as announcing the feet, and at the same time encloses an article, from the Home Journal which he desires us print We will comply with his request when space is more abundant- - Let us, mean time, congratulate bride and, bridegroom, and wish them many happy, years of wedded love Grant has twenty good years more to live, before h is a hundred ; and the sunset of. his life, from all ap pearance, bids fair to be as warm and genial asjthat of a fine August day. - ' .- , New York, 27th June, 1853.' Friend Bizarre : If the enclosed is acceptable, give credit to the Home Journal - Insert three Yan kee lasses, in place of two; for. the. article in the Journal was in type when I was being buckled to the third edition. .When properly bound, gilt; mk lettered, I think the Yankee lass is the best article in all the domestic department , I speak from fifty-tree years experience, when I advise all bachelors, if they wish to begin to live, to catch one of those neat arti cles, which they may find running through the pump-? kin fields near Hartford in Connecticut I preach by " example ; having made a prize of one of these only two weeks ago, though in my cighty'first year ;; my wife is a comely lass of forty summers, thus meeting me halfway; she is two inches taller, and five' pounds heavier; so I think, on reflection, I have. got the best of the bargain. - . . . Thine Sincerely, : ' ,; V";. T 'Oi' GRANT .THORBURN;; Attempt to Kill. On Saturday last, Willis DTes- ter, who lives some four miles west of Hillsborough" . came into town, and while in Mr. Porter Thompson's. tavern, in the excitement of incipient intoxication broke some of his ware, when Mr. Thompson ap'"r proached him ; Hester then pulled out a pistol ahd fired, the ball passing through Mr. Thompson's righ" arm near the shoulder, making a flesh, wound only Armed with his pistol, a five shooter, Hester made -his way out of town, and has not yet been taken .IV , AiUsborough Recorder. , DIED, In this City, on the 81st hit., at an advanced" ageMrs. ' Elizabeth Briggs, wife of Mr. John Briggs. . - t - . At bis residence, near Milton, on the morning of the 26th ultimo, after a brief illness, Mr. Henry N. Holden. a. -. . A In Moore County, July 19th, Mr. Wm. JE. Lewis, of ,T& ' phoid Fever, aged 29 years. : ; - ; ' - -v "Friend after friend departs ; ',; -v,--. Who hath not lost a friend X - ... XCom: E are requested to announce Calvin J. Sogbrs, Esq.," as a canuiuaie ior v;iers oi vtaxe VOunty oun av the ensuing election, April 7th, 1853. 41 to. E are requested to announce Osborns Bowers as A candidate for Clerk of the County Court, at the en-v ' suing August election. If elected, he will devote himself, with untiring assiduity, to the discbarge of the duties of the office. . - - ijr !.,',; March 18, 1858. . ' . , . .r i. SOle.' . WE are requested to announce Jut.. Utlev as a cahdi date for the office of Countv Court Clerk of the Coun ty of Wake, at the ensuing August election.' ' April 8, IB33. . .-- . 41 -ta. , E are requested to announce John L. Tkrbeix as a ' v V candidate for the Clerkship of the County Courts Clerk of Wake.- - " -'? f : V April 8tn, 1863. . . ;: . 47 e. . , ' EW DRUG STORE. THE SUBSCRIBERS have' entered into partnership under the firm of IIatwood . & Scott for the purpose of conducting the Drug and Apoth- ecary business. E. BURKE HAYWOOD, Raleigh, August 2d, 18.'8. 74 AY WOOD & SCOTT ARE NOW OPENING IN'. Col. Roulbac s new building, on. Fayetteville Street- " next door above Mr. T. R. Fentress Clothing establishment a r resn stocK or . . ... Drugs, Medicines and Chemicals, ;: . 'v.-: : ,. Surgical Instruments, . ' Paints, Oils and Dye Stuffs,' ' - .;. n . . . r, Window-Glass and Glassware, ' , . ' t '".. ,...,y-v Varnishes and Putty, " ' -'!- ', Paint Brushes, - : ; r'.-J '"''i'.:-. Fine Perfumery and Fancy Articles, y.:v " i-Vf Best Tooth and Hair Brushes, - . ; .i - 't ?., . Excellent Cigars, Tobacco and Snuff, Garden and Field Seeds, Ac, &c. , v" ' ' AH of which are offered to their friends and the pubtie , . upon as favorable terms as can be procured in this market;.,',. Mr. Scott- will devote particular attention to putting up . Prescriptions for Physicians and Families, at all hours of the-; day or night, and none but the most choice articles will be . ; used. . . Raleigh, August 2d, 1853. - ' " -74-6m. - j A. M. McPHEETERS, X ; FORWARDING AND COMMISSION MERCHANT", OJice at No. 10, Jloanole Square, . : V: -s Norfolk, Va. x, , lTV. AH packages to be forwarded by me, to be directed to my care at 1'ortsmoutn, va., wnere tney, wni receive my stnet , : . attention. All orders far Groceries promptly attended to -. and furnished at the lowest market price without coramis sion. " - -i '- Sii ::--Ji,: . REFERENCES: . V , Gbo. W. MonnscAi, Pres't Bank of the State of N. C-' v C. Dewkt, Cashier tr ' . W.H. Jones, Cashier Bank of Cape Fear. ::- . L. O'B. Branch, President Raleigh and Gaston Road. VT ' Thomas P. Dkvkrecx, Esq., Halifax, N. C. , . . II. D. Turner, , . , . ; "v-?. - Williams II Haywood, - , - J. Brown 1" r' j! M. Towlks, and V Merchants, Raleigh; ' John .Primrose, -. I - - May 9th, 1853. 50 lv. RALEIGH AND GASTON RAILROAD CHANGE OF SCHEDULE.-'-The . Raleigh- A Gaston V Road is now completed to Weldon, and in fire order, and : the following permanent Schedule for. the Passenger Trains has been put into operation : " " : " - . - . 'r Leave Raleigh at ................;..;.;.'. 8 a-'nt. ' '"t Arrive at Weldon at 1 p.m. in time to connect with the Day 'Trains for Petersburg, Portsmouth, and Wilmington. . Returning ' j-, -f-r J . Leave Weldon, (after the arrival of the Ex- - 4 . " . - - press Train from Wilmington,) at . : p. m.1 s" Amve at Kaleigh at ; . , . ; -. . c. $ p.-m. j Passengers will thus be enabled to take hreaknist in Ra leigh and supper in Petersburg, Richmond, Norfolk, Ports mouth or Wilmington or breakfast at those points and, , 'supper in Raleigh. - ' - - ' ' .' '. Persons wishing to come from any point on or east of the . Wilmington Road, and from the Albemarle country, will. - ' find this the most comfortable and expeditious route. . - Office R. 4 G. R. R. Company, L " ji. . "T"""'; r June 13, 188. J " -68 -2m. . ' " Summer Arrans Trnt" between Norfolk and ... He w York. - r . ..... ... - . - , FASSAGT3 AND F ARI7, (State room Incloded,), :: ONLY The swift and elegant Steamships, ,'. A -- JAMESTOWN & ROANOKE, .' - I " f being fitted u every respect according to the Act of Von gresa, will leave Norfolk for New York every Wednesday and Saturday mornings at 11 o'clock, with the United States -mail, arriving in New York early the next day. -.-. .1., f ; - Returning, they will leave New York every Tacsduy cad " . Saturday afternoon, and arrive at. Norfolk the following day s ' For Passasra apply on Board, or to : " v- -. V.'- 4 V f SMITH 4 BROTHER, - nonoiK, ii. June 9th, 1853. 69 Smpd.' ' . , .----WINSTON At CLARKE, .---r : ""Counsellors and Attorneys ; at Law, V V - ' RAXJC1QH, X. C. - V. p. h. winston: - wm. j. clarke. March 29 1858. "-w l-. --;i t -84 ; - CLEniEXT, G. WRIGHT, ." & -: V.. FATBTTEVILLE, N.-C.- ' """Office corner of Green and Bow Streets. " f, January 31st, 1853., - - - - ,82 wly. $ . .