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.' ' - "- T For the Standard. FREWONT IN .THEOUTII. ' - Ubssbs. EDrroRs: Wel.h ftoticwaii pleasure that Southern fathers aitf.befinmng;to feel the nj cessity of educating their-ns South of Mason & , Dixon's lino. The "catalogues of Yale and other Northern armories of Sharpe's rifles, have but few (shame npen those few) Southern nantes. The lm mrunce of emancipating our young men from the fcanefui influences of the North and no where is this influence more xealously exerted and powerful-, ly felt than in Noithern colleges and under black Re publican teachers has taken firm hold on our peo ple; and we notice, with a hign aegree 01 grauiuue to Bishop Polk, ot Louisiana, that the clergy and mad church are in a fair way of taking concerted measures for more fully bringing about an object so much desired. Wo have every reason to believe, that unless the coarse of the North very materially changes nd wo a-e forced to say, we see no im mediate chance for such a result there will be in augurated at the South a system of education con genial to our institutions. We are proud of such names as Harvard and Yale and feel that such benefactors of the human race should be held in everlasting remembrance by a grateful country. But their laudable objects are being frustrated by the fanatics that have obtained possession of the government of the schools their charitv has founded, for the benefit equally of the iee owner and the slave hirer. At the former, the Smith is in-suited by the dismissal of an instructor Ins rrnifitiitional dutv as a judge : ' a - r . t tu iii..f- .!. Smiths vnnD? men sec tneir profes-ors and fellow-students, in the name of the college nay, of the very class of which they are members buying religious rifles to shoot their own brothers that may be seeking honorable and profit able employment in Kansas. These colleges have been turned from their legitimate channels and been perverted into strongholds of fanaticism ; and from being great links of union between all parts of our country, have become hot-houses for the nurture of artificial statesmen of the Garrisonian school and manufactories of " bleeding Kansas " tragedies. Then, when our fathers and guardians sec such a state of things it is not to be wondered at that our Southern colleges are so largely attended.and South ern seminaries of all grades full to overflowing. The cause is palpable a determination to free ourselves from Northern thraldom and stop the rev enue accruing to their abolition treasuries from the labor of Southern slaves. It is a praiseworthy ob ject; and we glory to see this great reaction in the proportionate numbers of Northern and Southern schools. But the question occurs, are we entirely rid of Northern influence in the South ? Can North Car olina tell the world that her seminaries of learning are free from the corrupting influences of black Re publicanism, and Southerners can receive Southern education unmixed with instructions hostile to tue feelings and opinions their parents have instilled in to them T Nay.can the Trusteesof our own State Uni versity invito pupils to the institution under their charge with the assurance that this main stream of education contains no deadly poison at its fountain head? Can boys be taken from Northern colleges and transferred to our University with perfect security ? We have been 'ed to these considerations, Messrs. Editors, by an article headed " Fremont in the South " in a late issue in the Standard, and more particularly the following closing paragraph : "If there be Fremont men among us, let them be silenced or required to leave. The npresion of black Republican opinions in our 'midst is incom patible with our honor and safety as a people. If at all necessary we shall refer to this matter again. Let our schools and seminaries of learning be scru tinized ; and if black Republicans be found in them let them be driven out. That man is neither a fit nor a safe instructor of our young, men, who eten inclines to Fremont and black Republicanism.'''' We were very much gratified to notice this article in your paper at this particular time ; for we have been reliably informed that a professor at our State Uni versity is an open and avowed supporter of Fre mont, and declares his willingness nay, his desire to support the black Republican ticket ; and the want of a Fremont electoral ticket in North Caroli na is the only barrier to this Southern professor from carrying out his patriotic wishes. Is he a fit or safe instruclorfor our young men f If our information be entirely correct in regard to the political tendencies and Fremont bias of this professor, ought he not to be " required to leave," at least dismissed from a situation where his poisonous influence is so powerful, and his teachings so antag- UUIOU-Jctt lilt! I1U1IU1 AI1U CUIVIV Ul llll sity and the State ? Where is the creative Ipower ? To them we appeal. Have they no restrictive clause in the selection of instructors or limiting code in re gard to their actions ? If the Trustees or Faculty have no powers in re gard to the matter in question, we think it a fit ob ject of early legislation at the nest meeting of our General Assembly. This ought and must be looked to. We must hate certain security, under exixting relations of North with South, that at State Uni versities at least tee will have no canktr-worm prey ing at the tery vitals of Satithern institutions. Upon what ground can a Southern instructor, re lying for his support upon Southern money, selected to impart healthy instruction to the sons of South ern slave owners, and indebted for his situation to a Southern State, excuse his support of Fremont, with a platform which eschews the fathers of his pupils and the State from whose University he received his 6tation, and from whose treasury he supports his family ? Does he tell the young men that he is in favor of a man for the Presidency, nominated by men whom their fathers could not nor would n t sit in Conven tion with; placed upon a platform hostile to their every interest ; its separate planks put together by the vilest Southern-haters of the North, upon which all the isms of Yankecdom find aid and comfort ; whose Cabinet, in the event of his election, would be composed of such men as Speaker Banks, who is willing to "let the Union slide ;" and Mr. "Niag ara" Bm lingame, who demands an "anti-slavery Bible and an anti-slavery God ;" whose orators belch forth vile slanders upon the South under flags whose venomous folds reveal but sixteen stars, and whose torch-light processions do not " march under the flag nor keep step to the music of the Union " ? Does he read the following extract taken from his candidate's letter accepting the nomination : " lam opposed to slavery in the abstract and vpon princi ple sustained and made halitval by long-nettled convictions Are these the doctrinei he advocates to young men, two-thirds of whose property consists in slaves? It cannot be denied, by any person cognizant of college influences, that each professor has his quota of friends and admirers among the students, and their minds are to a certain degree, upon general subjects, merely daguerrotypes of his opinions. fTL' I x I ' niL- i 1 i . t j.uiB is natural, xue biuueni is young, ana me in struct' rs are placed over them, in loco parentis, to . gnide them correctly; and the young graduate leaves with opinions moulded by his instructors that will cling to him through life. We ask, are we correctly informed concerning the political inclination and expressed opinions of this professor ? If not, we hope to be corrected: . wv uui upv iuc proper auinoriiies to take action, for the sake of the prosperity of our Alma Mater and the good of the State. r-: . ' -. AN ALUMNUS. till if ntA A M O.A iwll t. n J- n At. a . 1 ... For the Standard. Pineburical Observations and Cogitations. Mr. Printurs of the Standard: . . As I suppose you are about done reviewing the field of action, and as we are about to commence the fight for the November victory; and as Democracy al ways gives a hearing to the views and reviews of commoners like ryself ; and as some apology is due ' for my not writing during the campaign ; therefore I have resolved to offer you a sketch of things in ' general in our end of the State. Immediitely after the Greensborough Convention ' (which held forth on the fence between the east and west) Gilmer seemed to "catch events in their ap proach with full and apt presentiment," and, like a feneral already defeated, fled to the mountains. tore, like Stockton with the Union, he tried to' scotch a land-slide of Whigs with his own body; tiT10 v' 0Term n hed him flat as a fancaka. 1 only he, but the whole party, seem- ed to place their hopes in - the mountains verily these people imagined a varatlhing" I could fre quently learn, by public arid private intelligence,' Tf the ringer-in-gencral ringing arid ringing and ring ing through the mountains : The bell at -Salisbury jingled and jingled and jingled ; while the ring er's little man-Friday became more eloquent than I ever heard him before. He became more terrific and verbific as time rolled by,and the election came tin. Gen. Leach went about doing good, i. e., speak ing at school-houses and by-corners, in order to get these places addressed beforcour elector got out; tell ing that Frank Pierce came into thePresidency only as a county court lawyer, and that the charges of secre cy, dark-lantern, &c., all amounted to this " that the members had pledged their lives and fortunes that they would stick to the Union to the last," and much more of the same sort He too, ranged high up, close to the border of Clingman's District. "Ver ily these people imagined a vain thing." Seeing things -taking this course, I thought to write to you frequently if not oftener, and tell you of the frantic wiggle of the serpent's tail in the west, while you "bruised his head" in the east I thought there was going to be great discussions, ex citing times, &c. But things turned out so that those who had joined The " knock-kneed " party from good motives, having been fooled so often and finding it so difficult to keep up with the changes of their leaders, became so vexed and perplexed that some came out honestly and " cussed" the whole af fair; others who wanted to appear consistent, though far off the track, concluded to "lump it;" while others finding themselves " bit," and not wish ing to tell it, remained right still, and said nothing, and did not vote at all ; while the Democrats, with the pride of faith and certainty of being right, walked up and put in their votes as if nothing had been tho matter. The opposition tried to get up an excitement among the terrified; but it was no go. Jing'er and Friday did all they could; but they found that they had " imagined a vain thing." Fri day came out honestly (?) and acknowledged that the mass meeting a few days before was, " to some extent, a failure;" but Jingler talked like it was about as large and enthusiastic an affair as he had ever seen. He has'nt been far from home. A re spectable orator said that " Buchanan done more to fix the charge of bargain and corruption on Mr. Clay, than any other Democrat ; and that Clay nev er spoke to him afterwards." They hammered on that old "ten cents" until it got so thin that every body could see through it. The people were told that the Catholics had piled up Bibles on the Amer ican shores and burnt them. One orator set up the most pitiful and pathetic howl that I ever heard from a stump, either hollow or solid, and exclaimed : " How long before yon could not say, this is my oicn, my native land?" But the people were not so easily scared. When Gilmer's mouse tale and Gen. Leach's louse tale, and more of the same sort, were resorted to in order to divert the people from more grave enquiries; but this was no go "they had imagined a vain thing." Some tried to hold up for the old Whig party, but finding it too weak, and finding themselves abused by the upstart party so much worse than they ever had been by the Demo crats, they finally come entirely over to us. The "preachers," too, did their part "and thereon hangs a tale." Return our thanks to Hon. L. O'B. Branch for documents sent us during the campaign, and tell him if he has any copies of the last annual mes sage of the President to send them on ; for Mr. Pur year did not send the last annual message as ho did the others. WJiv he did not, "I pretend not to know." Farewell. SCOUT. Yamte'of TnE Union to toe NoRTn. We invite all patriots, all considerate and conservative men at the North, to reflect calmly on disunion, now that disunion is so seriously threatened by the dominant party of the North. Independent of a civil and fratricidal war that i3 likely to ensue, and not likely to end ; look at its other certain and probable effects on the wealth, prosperity, morality, religion, and good government of the two sections. First, what is the value of the cotton crop to the North, and how can she get along without, it? We think it forms so large an item in the industrial pur suits and means of livelihood to the large masses in the North, that, were the supply suddenly cut off, im mediate famine would be the consequence. Cotton goods buy much of the food for her population, and without those goods they would be without food or clothing. Sugar is another large and important article, and becoming daily more so, from its increased produc tion in the. South, and its diminished production in the West Indies. Corn and Flour can always be obtained on better terms from the Southern Atlantic States than from the North-West; and, indeed, without the Cotton of the South, the North would have little to exchange for Western products of any kind. The Mechanics and Manufacturers of the North would lose, by disunion, their only good and reliable market, for the West will soon become rather a com petitor than a customer. Free society find rivals and competitors in Free society, customers and a market, only in the general, in Slave socictjv The shipping interest of the North would soon find, if divided from the South, their ships rolling at their wharves. It is the heavy agricultural products of the South that furnish their outward freights, and purchase their homeward cargoes. The largest, the richest mercantile marine in the world, is that of the North. Disunion wipes that out. Separated from the South, the" Mercantile interest at the North would be far too great in numbers and in capital for their restricted market. Very general insolvency of the merchants would soon occur. Merchants, mechanics, manufacturers, ship own ers, sailors and operatives ruined and dispersed, who would rent the houses? There would be a great re dundancy of houses, and deficiency of tenants, and competition, among house owners, would reduce rents so low as hardly to pay taxes and keep the tenements in repair. Your cities deserted, what will become of that nu merous class of farmers, gardeners, &c, who supply your city markets ? They too must be ruined. The ruin, material and physical, would be universal, with no South open as now, in which the ruined may retrieve their fortunes. How many thousand Northerners find annually, respectable and profita ble employment at the South ? Disunion cuts off this field of adventure, industry and enterprise, this outlet for a surplus population. If disunion occur, it will be ushered in under the banner of black Republicanism. The mora', relig ious, social and governmental principles of that par ty, will infect and control all your society. Go ask Parker and Beecher, Garrison, Brigham Young, the infidels, agrarians and Free Lovers, what those prin ciples are. " A constituted anarchy " is the only government that can be created from such materials, to be fol lowed, close on the heels, by a " self elected despo tism." Disunion, for a while, would puzzle the South as to what to do with her surplus m ats, grain and cotton ; but if she did not expire from plethora of the comforts of life, she would soon beget a home market for her surplus agricultural products, by rearing up at home, a mercantile, shipping, mechan ic and manufacturing interest, equal to those she now employs and supports from abroad. The North has taunted the South for many years, for neglecting to diversify pursuits and become in dependent We hope she will not compel us to re move the taunt, and follow her example. Rich. Enquirer. Douglas Jerrold, one of the famed clique of Lon don Punch satirists, is coming to America to lecture. Jerrold commenced life as a sailor, and after six years salt water experience became a compositor in a London news paper office. His first literary acbiev raent was an essay on German music, which the au thor after the manner of Benjamin Franklin, drop ped into that lion's mouth, the editor's box, where he was a printer, and two days after he had the de light of setting up his own article, none of the edi tors being aware of the author's name. Jerrold next dropped another anonymous article in the box on Fashionable Charity, which is written with all his peculiar vigor. This eaused.ao great a stir that the editor, in his notices to correspondents, begged the author to cair upon him in other words, he was requested to M Stand, and unfold yourself." He did, much to the astonishment of the editor, who at once recognising his talenU, took him from the case, and put him to the desk. fwfiyshc 2?Al 'ft meeting ;bfihf friends of tolifctrpn-hiSampi T 'a Wis -lii'Cj nil. iowft'.'''-J--i son vonniy ai viinijM'i, opk inu, wivS J Mr. Joel Parker jras called4a?the thairartd& Perkins sppointed secretary;vl -President the hecretary explained ,xne ooject.-oi tne meeting . n.v . i;'$&fr : -Moved by , R. W." Millard that 'all those present from other counties be invited to take part in our deliberations. Carried. ' Moved by A. A. McKoy, that each person wish ing to become a member of this association be re quested to go forward to the secretary's book and record his own name. Carried. John G. Elliot L. C. Graves Joel Parker, Allmond A. McKoy, Edgar, L. Perkins, James A. Bizzell, Hinton E. Carr, R. W. Millard, Neill Wat son, James A. Ferrell, James Marsh, James C. Faison, E. M. Wilson, J. T. Wilson Wm. F. Stra i Ila Curtis Lee William A. Small George W. Cairoll 0. N. Mathews R. R. Bell Jas. II Dar den, Sr., J. A. Darden M. E. Jackson A. D. King, Benj S. Herring, John B. King, Samson S. "Jackson, B. F. Strickland, Josiah Robinson, J. S. Hines, G. M. Moseley, J. F. Ireland, L. W. Robinson. R. T. King A. F. Bizzell A. M. Lee I. M. Hobbs. Those marked thusaro teachers. Moved by A. A. McKoy, that E. L. Perkins, R. W. Millard and 0. N. Mathews be appointed a com mittee to prepare a Constitution and By-laws for this association. Carried. Moved by Jas. Marsh, that J. G. Elliot and R. W. Millard be appointed Delegates to the State Convention, and Curtis Lee and Joseph Darden be appointed alternates. Carried. By E. L. Perkins, Resolved, that the delegates from this convention to the State Teachers convention be instructed to ask the State convention to prepare and publish a form of constitution adapted to County Associa tions. , By A. A. McKoy, Resolved, that the thanks of this convention are due to the citizens of Sailsbury for their hospitality so generously offered to the delegates to the State Convention, also to the W. & Weldon and North Carolina Road, for the favors extended by them to said delegates. Moved by L. C. Graves, that the present officers of the Society remain in office until wc are perman ently organized. Carried. Moved by L. C. Graves that this convention meet again on the second Saturday in October. Carried. And the Meeting adjourned. JOEL PARKER, President. E. L. Perkins, Sec'tr. The Qcestion of the Union and the Presidency. We confess that we look forward with great solici tude to the next two months of the political history of this country. With civil war raging in the West, anarchy in the Government, and the North a great nest of faction, it seems almost impossible that the Union shoukt preserve its integrity. That it has existed so long is the great wonder. It is difficult to reconcile with preceding history and with the na ture of man, that thirty-one sovereign States should live under the same Federal Government, when di vided intotwo sections at deadly hostility. It is hard to understand that an honorable, sensitive and brave people should tamely suffer itself to be plun dered of its property ; its slaves to be excited to in surrection ; its citizens to be murdered when re claiming their fugitive slaves; its share in the pub lic domain to be wrestt-d from it by fraud, violence and unconstitutional legislation; its most cherished institutions, and its wealth, too, threatened with de struction ; its character to be villified, and, by the basest slanders, to be held up to the reproach of the world. And what renders it almost inexplicable is, that the States comprising the section which sub mits to all thiS arc the most powerful in all the ele ments of greatness, are united by the closest tics of blood, affection aud interest, and have a plain, hon orable, well known and peaceful remedy before them. The hisiorian of two hundred years hence will find it difficult to explain this strange Union, at best, and will find it impossible unless he have the clue. Heretofore our political contests have been between parties cxistkng equally in both sections, and upon questions interesting to the whole people. But this Presidential canvass divides the country upon pure ly sectional issues. When we reflect upon this, and upon the civil war, and the movements in Congress, we can see but one chance for the Union to exist even four years longer and that is the election of Mr. Buchanan. We must regard it as unfortunate that Mr. Fillmore was nominated. His election is impossible.. What ever may be the sage opinions of a few half-awake partisans, pol-housc politicians, antiquated sectari ans and Samites, he and "Sam" arc fungi, foreign bodies, not in the canvass, out of the game entirely. It is now the North against the South, and his nom ination merely serves to complicate matters between them. It is the policy of the South to have her peace and safety at once secured in the Union or out of it ; and in order to do this, that the North should de cide directly, and positively, whether or not it will adhere to the Constitution as it is. But Mr. Fill more comes in as a disturbing cause, and if Fremont be elected, many Southerners wili blind their eyes, and say it was because Fillmore took away good constitutional support in the North from Buchanan; they will be disposed to hang on to a broken Con stitution and a disastrous Union, and to try the North once more, and will talk of peace while the chains are being riveted firmly upon them. If, on the other hand, Mr. Buchanan be elected, the factionists at the North will say (and wc firmly beiieve they will be right) that Mr. Fillmore took from Fremont support he would otherwise have re ceived, and they will encourage themselves to per severe in their factious designs. We argue as men who sincerely love the Consti tution and value the Union only so far as it is a Constitutional Union. The prospect for a return to such a Union seems very remote. If Mr. Bu chanan be elected, although some semblance of a Constitution may be preserved four years longer by his exercise of the veto power, we can by no means affirm that it will be so preserved. How soon or how tar the civil war in Kansas may extend, "must give us pause." But the only chance of preserving the Union and restoring it to its Constitutional char acter, is in the election of Mr. Buchanan and if there be a conservative element in the North it must manifest itself now or it will be forever too late. New Orleans Delta. Clergymen and Politics. The venerable Bishop , Meade of Virginia, has addressed a letter to the Pro testant Churchman, in which he discourages any ac tive participation in politics on the part of ministers of the Gospel. The Richmond Dispatch gives the pith of the letter as follows : He says he never gave but one vote at an election, and that at an early period. He freely acknowledges that other good and wise men have entertained a different opinion, and believes that there are times when religion and patriotism call upon the clergy to exhort their people to the defence of their persons and firesides against invading foes ; and occasions when the treat principles of divine law are assailed and trampled upon even by rulers, and when duty to God requires his ministers to cry aloud and spare not. But he says that in determining, when and how to lift up their voices, there is need of the wis dom of the serpent and the gentleness of the dove. He adds that when defending his own course against those who differed from him, he has always assumed the ground that ministers had so many other occa sions on which to show their fidelity and indepen dence, and in which there is no likelihood of giving "offence, that they' might be spared the exercise of the right of voting; that the probable good of an in dividual voto could scarcely counterbalance the evil resulting from the offence given by taking part in such exciting scences. He has often, while engaged in such discussions, quoted the words of the good: John Newton, who said that if any, petition were, needed to complete the Litany, it was " fivm poison and politics, good Lord deliver as," as he thought the one as injurious as the other to the body." - - . . Viboinxa' Conference. The Western Virginia Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, Commenced its annual session at Guyaodotte, Vs., on last Thursday, Ber. Bishop Early presiding. Y&The Hpni Warren Winslow; in his speech deliver ed la'eylloase of Representatives,";, on. the 11th of Jiily.'or) the subject of the assault .on Sumner, has the following, which we" commend to the attention iOf'our readers not only - the "remarks of Mr. W., but. the statistics which he so eloquently introduces to the public notice: ,- . - ' ' "Sir, we ought to save this Union. The loftiest motives press upon us; the noblest incentives influ ence us ; our reverence for our ancestors demands it; our own future fame invokes it. Throughout the civilised world, strong nerves tremble, and stout hearts quake, for the final result of this last experi ment of man's capacity for self-government Age after age, in the dim vista of the shadowy future, gaze at us with anxiety and solicitude.. If the Union be worth preserving, it is worth taking pains to pre serve. I profess no idolatrous love for it ; I cherish it for the good it has done, and for the good it may do. It has given us peace at home, unexampled prosperity, and a name among the nations. It has gained us respect abroad, and assured us security from aggression. I have never yielded to that sen timent springing from mawkish sensibility, that we should not calculate its value. I think we can nev er too often go into the reckoning ; it will bear in vestigation. I was much impressed with some sta tistics with regard to my own honored State and the State of Massachusetts, which met my eye in the col umns of an able political journal, showing the great comparativeadvantages to both of the Union of these States. I will read them. The Richmond Enquirer says of Massachusetts, and North Carolina : ' We think every sensible man in Massachusetts, after comparing the census of his own State with that of North Carolina, whether he be actuated by selfish policy or enlarged philanthropy, will arise from the comparison a warm friend of the Union as it is. The statistics which we shall cite might, of themselves, induce the belief that the Bay State was only productive of criminals and paupers. But jt is well known that, despite her fanaticism, she is wealthy, enlightened, industrious, and energetic. Her commerce and manufactures supply her with the products of agriculture. Disunion would crip ple those resources, and probably expel her indus try, skill, and capital to better markets and more congenial climes. The population of Massachusetts in 1850 was (in round numbers) 1,000,000, that of North Carolina 870,000. Massachusetts produced 34,000 bushels of wheat, 2,345,000 bushels of In dian corn, and 3,585,000 bushels of potatoes, 81, 000 hogs, 42,000 horses and mules, and 200,000 cat tle. The productions of North Carolina, in propor tion to population, were a' out ten times as great Thev produced 2,130,000 bushels of wheat, 27, 000,000 bushels of Indian corn, 5,700,000 bushels of potatoes, 1,800,000 hogs, 174.400 horses and mules and 093,000 cattle. What a field she ex exhibits for Massachusetts commerce and manufac tures! Yet she would fare better in case of a dis union than Massachusetts, for she produces all the necessaries of life, and might produce its luxuries within herself. The statistics of crime and pauperism exhibit quite as startling a difference in favor of North Carolina, and prove that she can and does attend to the moral and physical condition of her people, and needs no foreign prompting or interference. Before quoting those statistics, we would remark, that fuel, so dear and so much needed in Massachusetts, is at every man's door in North Carolina, without money and without price for there are few towns in that State. In Massachusetts, in 1850, there were 15,700 pau pers ; in North Carolina, 1,'JOO. In Massachusetts, criminals convicted in 1850, 7,000 ; in North Caro lina, GOO. In prisons, in Massachusetts, 1,000 ; in North Carolina, 44. In jails in Massachusetts, 1, 000 ; in North Carolina, 34. In penitentaries in Massachusetts, 431 ; in North Carolina, 14. Odd Fellows' charities in Massachusetts, $264,000 ; in North Carolina, $10,000. We think that these statistics deserve the serious study of every Christian, patriot, and philanthropist in the Union." Sir, I cannot help thinking that, if the energies of our politicians were devoted to the compilation of statistics like these, in good Anglo-Saxon, and to their circulation in New England among the class of people who have everything to lose and nothing to gain by disunion, who will have to bear the burdens without sharing in the honors of a new Confederacy, it would be much more patriotic and profitable than the translation into rich German of speeches upon Kansas, reflecting upon the institutions of the South and their circulation in the prairie States of the Northwest." North Carolina Coal. Wc published the fol lowing paragraph yesterday, but as we have cor roborative evidence of its truth, we take pleasure in republishing it : North Carolina Coal. The Philadelphia En quirer gives the result of the analysis of sundry Gas coals, by which it is apparent that the Bitumi nous Coal from Deep River, Chatham county, North Carolina, is very nearly 20 per cent, richer in Gas than any Coal discovered in America ; and indeed it yields more Gas of a superior quality than the En glish coals, with which our cities are generally lighted. We hear that the New York Gas Compa nies are importing English Coals at a cost of $9 75 per ton.- A gentleman of this town has politely handed us a letter received by him from Philadelphia, dated the 10th instant, from which we make the follow ing extract : " I have been conversing with Mr. Hugh Waddell (of Orange,) for Xhe last hour, and was glad to bo informed both by him and the papers, that after a most searching and skillful test, coal brought from our Deep River Coal Fields has proven to be of the most superior quality ever yet discovered either in England or in this country. Five pounds of this coal produced twenty-four cubic feet of gas, whilst hitherto no coal has been found to produce more than twenty cubic feet of gas ; making a difference of twenty per cent, in our favor. North Carolina forever!" In view of this most gratify in fact, and in view also of the rich prospective advantages which must enure to our State from the possession of these mines, which are vast in extent and almost incalcu lable in the wealth of the deposit, we would urge the necessity of those works of improvement now in progress and in contemplation, and which are designed to afford facilities for getting this mineral to market Wc would especially allude to the rail road proposed to be built between Fayetteville and the mines, for the purpose of expressiug the wish that the Legislature, at its approaching session, will give this important enterprise liberal State aid. We think that in common fairness and justice it is entitled to it Fayetteville was given the go-by en tirely at the last session, and the injustice should be repaired as far as it is possible. In thus express ing a wish for the success of this road, we do not mean to cast a slur upon the River improvement, which is a work striving at a somewhat similar re sult with the road, preferring to wait yet a little while longer ere we abandon all hope of its future usefulness. WiL Herald. The committee appointed by the citizens of Che raw to take the two abolition incendiaries, Jas. Cald well and John Malone, to Wilmington, for the pur pose of having them sent to the North, have publish ed a card in the Cheraw Qaxstte, from which we make the following extract : "On arriving at Wilmington we delivered to the Mayor of that city the letter of the Intendant of Cberaw, written under the instruction of the meeting, and he relieved us from the further charge of Cald well and Malone, by placing them in the care of the police who took them on the cars to Norfolk, Va. His Honor, the Mayor, also addressed a letter to the Mayor of Norfolk enclosing that of our Intendant, and requested that the object we had in view should be carried out. .. .. " We were highly pleased with the conduct of the Mayor of Wilmington and those of the citizens who. were present at the Hotel where we were,' and cannot let this opportunity pass without expressing -our gratification and returning our acknowledgments iprjue Kinciness ana consideration snown us per sonannd their readiness to aid io carrying out a jueaaure-sx;. necessary to our, common protection uyufwwuu ui aooiiuon iiiceouianes. . oorae-i imends sehcluie Yankee rirla to Kansasf" of Share's rifles. No, objections. 1 vruess nave anaency to civilize the white 8avage8't5eret present " ' V ' - :Tmxii NB-Arrivals at New Orleans bring Galveston dates to the. 1 lib. insti and furnish, some intre8tinglntelligence,'fpr a summary of which we are indebted to the N O.. Picayune : : V; Th Galveston News publishes the following let ter in relation to the late contemplated insurrection in Colorado county : -- : -v , -' Columbus Colorado CorNTT, ) ' September 19, 1856. J - ' Messrs. Editors : The object of this communica tion is to state to you all the facts of any impor tance connected with a recent intended insurrection. Our suspicions were aroused about two weeks ago, when a meeting of the citizens of the county was called, and a committee of investigation appointed to ferret out the whole matter, and lay the facts be fore the people of the county for their considera tion. The committee entered upon their duties, and in a short time they were in the full possession of the facts of a well organized and systemized plan for the murder of our entire white population, with the exception of the young ladies, who were to be taken captives and made the wives of the diabolical murderers of their parents and friends. The com mittee found in their possession a number of pis tols, bowie-knives guns and ammunition. Their pass-words of organization were adopted, and their motto, "leave not a shadow behind." Last Saturday, the 6th inst, was the time agreed upon for the execution of their damning designs. At a late hour at night all were to be make one si multaneous, desperate effort, with from two to ten apportioned to nearly every house in the county, kill all the whites, save the above exception, plun der their homes, take their horses and arms, and fight their way on toa " free State,". (Mexico.) Notwithstanding the intense excitement which moved every member of our community, and the desperate measures to which men are liable to be ledjon by such impending danger to which we bad been exposed by our indulgence and lenity to our s'aves, we must say the people acted with more cau tion and deliberation than ever before characterized the action of any people under similar circum stances. More than two hundred negroes had violated the law, the penalty of which is death. But by unani mous consent the law was withheld and their lives spared, with the exception of three of the ring leaders, who were on last Friday, the 5th inst, at two o'clock, P. M., hung in compliance with the unanimous voice of the citizens of the county. Without exception, every Mexican in the county was implicated. They were airested and ordered to leave the county within five days, and never again to return under the penalty of death. There isone, however, by the name of Frank, who is proven to be one of the prime movers of the affair, that was not arrested, but we hope that he ma' yet be, and have meted out to him such reward as his black deeds demand. We are satisfied that the lower class of the Mex ican population are incendiaries in any country where slaves are held, and should be dealt with ac cordingly. And, for the benefit of the Mexican population, we would hero state that a resolution was passed by the unanimous voice of the country, forever forbidding any Mexican from coming within the limits of the county. Peace, quiet and good order are again restored, and by the watchful care of our Vigilance Commit tee, a well organized patrol and good discipline among our planters, wc are persuaded that there will never again occur the necessity of a communi- cation of the character of this. JOHN H. ROBSON, H. A. TATUM, J. H. HICKS, Corresponding Committee. Exeter Hall. Exeter Hall is the Broadway Tab ernacle of Great Britain. It is the channel through which all the gas, nonsense, fanaticism, humbug and treason of that mighty empire escape, and save the body politic from a hundred explosions a day. Ex eter Hall is no exponent of the intelligence, piety, or common sense of England. It is true that that country contains more wisdom, virtue, knowledge, political, moral and material power than the same space of ground on any other portion of the earth, but it is also true that it contains as much folly, fa naticism, ignorance and moral imbecility as the most benighted regions of Asia or Africa. It is those last elements of British society that are represented in Exeter Hall, with here and there a radical peer, a hypocritical priest, and a crazy philosopher, to guide and mould the public sentiment of the stupid and sweltering mob. It is Exeter Hall, of course, that is the Pandemo nium of British abolitionism, and there the emissa ries are commissioned, and the weapons formed for waging war upon the institutions of the Southern States. The lanatics of the North are but the un conscious tools of Exeter Hall, whilst Exeter Hall itself is but a part of the machinery worked by sub tle diplomatists behind the scenes lor the aggrandize ments ot British power through the overthrow of the American Union. Fremont is the favorite can didate of Exeter Hall for lite Presidency, and is in high favor with the despots of Europe. The hopes of all the enemies of white liberty throughout the world are now centered on this chaiitpiou of negro emancipation. Col. Fremont, if so disposed, could easily replenish his exhausted exchequer from the treasuries of France, Austria, and Prussia, who would pay liberally for the overthrow of a govern ment whose institutions threaten the stability of every throne in Europe ; whilst England might well afford to expend millions on a Presidential campaign which, if Fremont be elected, will divide the Union, and throw the cotton and the commerce of the South ern Slates into British hands. The interests of a nation present an infallible clue to its policy. In deed, it is more than likely that foreign gold is lav ishly expended at this moment in purchasing presses and political influence for Fremont in the Free Soil States. There is one Halt in this country w hich could meet and parayze the operations of Exeter Hall. It is Faneuil Hall, in Boston. The wisdom and virtue of Massachusetts might a&niiu revive the flame of constitutional liberty, and of love of the Union, which once burned so brightly on that altar. But, alas! the flame has turned to ashes ; the " wonted fires" seem to have altogether gone out; the genius of the place lies dead in the mighty sepulchre of Webster; its oracles are silent ; and obscene birds defile the places once consecrated by virtue and patriotism. Rich. Dispatch. Some gentlemen travelling in a stage coach near Austin, Texas, had for a fellow passenger a talka tive lady, who soon informed them that she was on a visit to one of her neighbors to congratulate him upon having recently killed a Know Nothing. Seeing a chance for fun, one of the gentlemen at once begged permission to introduce the other, as Lieut Topo, the leading spirit of a Know Nothing lodge down the country. " A Know .nothing, is he r" questioned the irate lady. " He is." " Well, if ever I should catch him in my house, courtin one of my daughters, I'd run him out with the dogs, and then send the niggers to dig the tracks out of the yard. I scorn 'em." Fkemont and bis Keepers. The Committee who have Mr. Fremont in charge, have adopted a good dodge to keep him out of the clutches of curious questioners. The "Kurnel" has two residences here, besides the one in California! He lives in Ninth street and also at Staten Island. When any ugly customer, such as " our German friends,'.' call to see him to learn whether he is going to carry out the Know Nothing creed if elected, the Col; is down to Staten Island. No one knows exactly however where the Staten Island residence is, only that it is somewhere " along-shore." The dodge is a good one for a man who is trying to stand on two plat forms. N. , Y?: Day.rBooK: .? Fillmore's Strength rs NEw ;Y6Rtr We ,Jhear a great deal said by the Know-Nothing "presfi about Fillmore's strength in NewTTorkl T Announce oev idence is worth more than a ton ctalkln the city? of New York alone, - the followinr patera-support .Buchanan and Breckinridge: Journal! mmetfeej;ffc- jue 1, 1856. Dnilv News Tv Rook. Democratic BEeVthnr &&Kt- ' IX-Xin-i Lntuy news, way cook, ueraucnuic review, OJKt Times, Sunday Atlas, Campaign Democra 1 Argu New York Democrat, Irish Amm&n&dl mSwoual, SutesZeitnnV CiAind ' fl fnllnwinp- Bilnnnrl KiIT.ir 'Ko V wr.ro ca rH 7 : .p. vrr-v-'- - - . Commercial AdTerGser.'V'xlvi5 '" ; ' Valuable Plantation and otliPr t IN ACCORDANCE WITH Til ? wirands for Sm , Samuel C. Ebo, the TubXX0 ,TUE 8& Urge and valuable farm, aUuated hi iS. ? W ,or if6 fort County, on which midSf ?T "'V' well known as the former reridenctof ft!? . I di- hk ndasoneof the finest farms in e s ' ,'?'S C1a "Hundred Acres of Land, five hundred " c,,,,l frelet!flBnd in SO" fo"eHike order -T?? of b2 fcntt about one hundred acre, .re Xi i"16 k K.d Upland, suitable to Cotton, GiWnd pieD,,IninN Pea, bwoct a.d Irish Potatoe8,Turn, Ztd general, VV bent, Uu, Beaua, Horticulture id VhI remamipg four hundred acreof cleared la'nd" Tk land, well drained, recently cleared, and a nc,,swaiim of cultivation. , There is So better corn & fi"e fi and it i. easily cultivated. W behVveha 1 m ,1,eiC produced by the acre thia land will not suK "m, yon with any m the Stat. The splend.d cr Z """l justifies, in our opinion, this assertion. Tb? ?v lieves that the present crop of com on the smlT8'' yield when gathered from fifteen hundred to t&l barrels. Of the uncleared laud, most ()f i l ''SiH as good as lbat which is cleared ,;,!. . . "Ca swatm, m-owth nnon it. and raailv A.. ,t. . .nrv sri.V KJ I , .j . u. of this swamp land, cleared as well i it"., J Swan. uuenyin!rtl..i r " owui uu, i-ieaieu as well as uuc'mi.3 uole any sudsoii, giving, as experience on this f , , great durability to the laud. This treshets. It is within a mile of Pn laud licBueui. itiBwuuin amueoi rungo river i. e,l Creek, and twenty-eight miles from Washh,1 " h".""V u iwmiug ironi tuai town to Hv.i " Ssea vessels load and unload within a mile of ih , c"umr thus rendering the surplus products of the far. P'"'8, portation to the best markets of the cauntrv r Vuf( of Pungo and tributaries yield fish in abundant"0 1'1"1' first-rate range for stock, especially for hos a',,i u winter as well as summer. 'llc. ia There is a large, well-built and commodious lw house, kitchen, smoke house, Urge bam to ri- V"? crib, stables, poultry houses, good framed tZt h" and every other necessary out house. There good wells of water as are in that section. The h, . M been constructed and the vards and shade trees e with good taste and architectural beauty and 1 1. well laid off and presents from the house and to ii Ul by a most beautiful appeal .mce. "Jasf This farm is in a neigh boi IumaI of sobrieiv ho v, i aud good morals, and is in the vicinity of four Tit ,Jr' houses of public worship. J lr d'fferu As no one will purchase without examination tl, seer on the premises, Mr. Jenkins, will give all il, 0?r" mation in his power, aud afford eveiy facility f.ir Jt ,! tion to those who may visit the farm". """"oa- We also offer for sale t wo hundred and seven u- fi. of uncleared land ou Jordan's creek, in beant,!,?; . This is well timbered, and a portion of it i . ,,.i land. Also, thirty-three and a ihii d acres ofiaud in I?"!1' ville District, Beaufort county. UU m Le:1'- Also, one-fourth part of a tract of land, consisti,,. (lf , . hundred acres, on which John B. Eboru, d-wastd V i , at his death, situated on the North side of 1'un 'o JicT-t : Beaufort county, neaV the mouth of said stream V' '" authorized to state that the whole tract can be i.uicb 11 a fair price. There is a farm on this tiact and a d-X. house, and presents superior natural advantages fur l ing and raising stock. " ' The title to all this property is undisputed, aud m b, purchased on easy and liberal terms. The nml.-s , n plantation, together with the hogs, catile, aud sheen c-au U purchased with the farm if desired. ' ' " For further information, apply either to U. D.Eborn North Creek, Beaufort couuty, or to James (Jarrason Lou," Creek, Aew Uauover county . ' ROBERT D. E150K.X JAMES OAIiHASOX Executors of Samuel C. Eu:irn d'eeM Aug. 20, 1856. VALUABLE LAND ASD OTIIEtt PRnT PEKTV FOli SALE. I will sell at public aW" on WEDNESDAY 8th day of October next.T.he'TS ses, the valuable Tract of land in Warren county , Carolina, known as "BUCK SPRING," fornielv Vbe i dence of the late Nathaniel Macon. It is one of th Ut" highland plantations in the country, containing about r Acres, from 9)0 to J0D0 of which are in origTml crowi'li and very heavily timbered. There are 250 acres of Hue Cnvk low grounds, half of which ate cleared part verv recemlr I.Jalter capable of curing about SO Hogsheads of TuLaw.. ima uuu uuiiis, are nil in goou teiv un tue tract is good water power and a mill site and the Location is eligible for either a GRIST or SAW MILL h is within six miles of Macon and Littleton Depots ..n tW Raleigh and Gaston Railroad ; three milts from It ian..kc River and adjoins the lands of John E. Boyd, Esq., audil. Elizabeth Mitchell. At the same time and place will be sold the sunk f ail kinds: HORSES, MULES, CATTLE, SHEEP AND HoiiS Crop of Corn, Oats, Tobacco; Plantation U'ensi Is: one on Wheat Thrasher and Horse Power and Fan Mill. The purchaser will have liberty to seed a crop of Wheat and full possession will be given on the 1st January. Should it be found desirable, the tract will be divided U suit purchasers. The Overseer, Mr. T. S. Leonard, is on the land at r.ll times and will go over with any one who may wish to purchase. Terms for the Land. One third cash, the balance in two equal payments at one and two years, with interest from the day of sale. Bonds with approved personal sw ui ijy requircu anu line reramea until nniil pavnicut. toa i'ERSO.VAL raoPEBTT. Cash for all sums of $jri and under over that amount, six months credit with interest. Bonds with good security will be required before the remuf. al of the property. Should the day prove inclement, the sale will take place on the next fair day. H. J. STONE, Executor of Robert L. Jones, .dee'd. August 4, 1856. 1144-wJm.' Fall Races. Warrenion Course. THE RACES OVER THE WARRENION, NORTH Carolina, Course are postponed uutil the 21st darof October, next instead of the time advertised, on account ul the Broad Rock and Petersburg Races. A two year. old stake now open, to be ran on the 1st day of the races, 2oo entrance, half forfeit, three or inure tu make a race, now one entry, mile heats to name and close by the 15th Sept. First Dat. Sweepstase for colls and fillies that never won a race, mile beats, $100 entrance, half forfeit to name and close by the 15th day of September. Sow two cutries. Secoxd Oat. Jockey Club Purse for f iw 3 milelieatj entrance $-20.' Third Day. Jockey Club Purse of $S0O S mile heats entrance $25. Fourth Dat. Proprietor's Purse of $200 2 mile beats entrance $20. The Proprietor pledges himself to have th e old Track ia elegant order, with new buildings. Hew Staples furuisked Race Horses gratis. By order of the Club. " P. J. TURXBULL, SecV. Gex. M. T. Hawkins, Prop'r & Treasurer. Fchthkr Postponement. At a meeting of the Warren ton Jockey Club, held at Dr. Brown low's Hotel, the lidluw ing members being present: W. Eaton, sr.. President, Dr. Stephen Tavis, Samuel Newell. John Newell, U. U. Pria die, M. T. Hawkins, President and Treasurer, it was. Resolved, That, in consequence of the Petersburg races taking place on the 28th of October the Warrentmi Kactf shall be postponed until the 11th of November, at wliicli time the purses heretofore advertised will be nm l'r. THOS. G. PLU.M.MEB, Sept. 13, 1856. ii.-.n wiln. Wm. A. Uatchelor's Ilair-Dye. gi RAY, RED OR RUSTY HAIR U VEU INSTANTLY W to a beautiful and Natural Brown or Black, without the least injury to hair or skin. Fifteen Medals and Diplomas have been awarded to Vim. A: Batchclor since 1889, and over 80,000 applications hate been made to the Hair of bis patrons of his famous Dvtu Prejudice against Dying the Hair and Whiskers is unjust, as it would be against covering a bald head with a wig. Wm. A. Batchelor's Hair-Dye produces a color not to M distinguished from nature, and is warranted not to injure in the least, bowever long it may be continued. Made, sold or applied (in private rooms; at the" 'K Factory, 2S3 Broadway, N. Y. - Sold in all cities and towns of the United States, by Druggists and Paucy Good Dealers. , E3? The Gcnuiue has the name and address upon a steel plate engraving on four sides of each bottle, of. - WILLIAM A. BATCUEL0B. s 283 Broadwav, New For sale in Raleigh by PESCUD & GATLl.Nu. April 21. ISoli. ; 4l-l TO MILL OWNERS AND OTHERS. THE SUBSCRIBER TAKES THIS METHOD ' informing the public that be continues Hie Mill-" and Machinist business in all their various branches, ruuo deriug, Framing, erecting Water or Steam Mills, and fitting up engines and their necessary macbiT? Hotchkiss water wheels, centre discharge wheels, wheels, over shot wheels or under shot, or breast wlii or anv other water wheels iu use, Circular or upr-pM Grist'Flouring Mills, Bolting Reels, Elevators, Smut chines, Horse Powers, Corn Crushers, Cotton Gins, tu Shelters. . rt On application I will order and erect any of the wj1 machines or any other in use I have an experience years and have several experienced workmen in m-T(i. oloyment. I am versed in the various improvenie din Those wishing work done in the above line wonid w to give me a call. I return my since-c ibauksfur tue era! patronage received heretofore.- . . For further information address tk subscriber at locksville, Jones couuty, N. C. it n Tn.rvsoV. 'Mill-Wiight and Machinist. AprilS, 1856. ' Learn of the Mole to plough." fojx- WYCHE'S CULTIVATING PLOW, (PATW 8th of Jauuarv. 185G)-called the Mole "dj. vertical cutters near tha edge of a horizontal ' rf viding the furrow Slice, and a curved cutter on tue lor jj the share for tiu-niSg the whole in towards ,e P'jVjnji far on the opposite' side of the share as may be &uapicu to aiaing, usiiuj;, ureiwiiig uv ...na1"1 siibsoiling, and many other purposes. Is lig"'. jlr ,n Btmntr- mnA annmuml to be the UlOSt DerfeCt llll"" Btronir: and suDDosed to be the most perfect i . Fpr license to sell, with directions for dress t v W. E. WUUv c - BrookviUe, Granville Cjj , - xfaSt-f'OlcSTEKS I OiM-'1? AvvlY E-v ' rjrtrtisBSCRIBER BEING KXTE-rnll,0r SS.iVhe Pter ?d&"Jtiai I duroatftA: ddress J. G. Oowper, SaQc0Ei- I , t September 18, 1356.