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.' ' - "- T For the Standard.
FREWONT IN .THEOUTII. ' -
Ubssbs. EDrroRs: Wel.h ftoticwaii pleasure
that Southern fathers aitf.befinmng;to feel the nj
cessity of educating their-ns South of Mason &
, Dixon's lino. The "catalogues of Yale and other
Northern armories of Sharpe's rifles, have but few
(shame npen those few) Southern nantes. The lm
mrunce of emancipating our young men from the
fcanefui influences of the North and no where is
this influence more xealously exerted and powerful-,
ly felt than in Noithern colleges and under black Re
publican teachers has taken firm hold on our peo
ple; and we notice, with a hign aegree 01 grauiuue
to Bishop Polk, ot Louisiana, that the clergy and
mad church are in a fair way of taking concerted
measures for more fully bringing about an object so
much desired. Wo have every reason to believe,
that unless the coarse of the North very materially
changes nd wo a-e forced to say, we see no im
mediate chance for such a result there will be in
augurated at the South a system of education con
genial to our institutions.
We are proud of such names as Harvard and
Yale and feel that such benefactors of the human
race should be held in everlasting remembrance by
a grateful country. But their laudable objects are
being frustrated by the fanatics that have obtained
possession of the government of the schools their
charitv has founded, for the benefit equally of the
iee owner and the slave hirer. At the former, the
Smith is in-suited by the dismissal of an instructor
Ins rrnifitiitional dutv as a judge :
' a - r .
t tu iii..f- .!. Smiths vnnD? men sec tneir
profes-ors and fellow-students, in the name of the
college nay, of the very class of which they are
members buying religious rifles to shoot their own
brothers that may be seeking honorable and profit
able employment in Kansas. These colleges have
been turned from their legitimate channels and been
perverted into strongholds of fanaticism ; and from
being great links of union between all parts of our
country, have become hot-houses for the nurture of
artificial statesmen of the Garrisonian school and
manufactories of " bleeding Kansas " tragedies.
Then, when our fathers and guardians sec such a
state of things it is not to be wondered at that our
Southern colleges are so largely attended.and South
ern seminaries of all grades full to overflowing.
The cause is palpable a determination to free
ourselves from Northern thraldom and stop the rev
enue accruing to their abolition treasuries from the
labor of Southern slaves. It is a praiseworthy ob
ject; and we glory to see this great reaction in the
proportionate numbers of Northern and Southern
But the question occurs, are we entirely rid of
Northern influence in the South ? Can North Car
olina tell the world that her seminaries of learning
are free from the corrupting influences of black Re
publicanism, and Southerners can receive Southern
education unmixed with instructions hostile to tue
feelings and opinions their parents have instilled in
to them T Nay.can the Trusteesof our own State Uni
versity invito pupils to the institution under their
charge with the assurance that this main stream of
education contains no deadly poison at its fountain
head? Can boys be taken from Northern colleges
and transferred to our University with perfect
We have been 'ed to these considerations, Messrs.
Editors, by an article headed " Fremont in the
South " in a late issue in the Standard, and more
particularly the following closing paragraph :
"If there be Fremont men among us, let them be
silenced or required to leave. The npresion of
black Republican opinions in our 'midst is incom
patible with our honor and safety as a people. If at
all necessary we shall refer to this matter again.
Let our schools and seminaries of learning be scru
tinized ; and if black Republicans be found in them
let them be driven out. That man is neither a fit
nor a safe instructor of our young, men, who eten
inclines to Fremont and black Republicanism.'''' We
were very much gratified to notice this article in
your paper at this particular time ; for we have been
reliably informed that a professor at our State Uni
versity is an open and avowed supporter of Fre
mont, and declares his willingness nay, his desire
to support the black Republican ticket ; and the
want of a Fremont electoral ticket in North Caroli
na is the only barrier to this Southern professor
from carrying out his patriotic wishes. Is he a fit
or safe instruclorfor our young men f
If our information be entirely correct in regard
to the political tendencies and Fremont bias of this
professor, ought he not to be " required to leave," at
least dismissed from a situation where his poisonous
influence is so powerful, and his teachings so antag-
UUIOU-Jctt lilt! I1U1IU1 AI1U CUIVIV Ul llll
sity and the State ? Where is the creative Ipower ?
To them we appeal. Have they no restrictive clause
in the selection of instructors or limiting code in re
gard to their actions ?
If the Trustees or Faculty have no powers in re
gard to the matter in question, we think it a fit ob
ject of early legislation at the nest meeting of our
General Assembly. This ought and must be looked
to. We must hate certain security, under exixting
relations of North with South, that at State Uni
versities at least tee will have no canktr-worm prey
ing at the tery vitals of Satithern institutions.
Upon what ground can a Southern instructor, re
lying for his support upon Southern money, selected
to impart healthy instruction to the sons of South
ern slave owners, and indebted for his situation to a
Southern State, excuse his support of Fremont, with
a platform which eschews the fathers of his pupils
and the State from whose University he received his
6tation, and from whose treasury he supports his
Does he tell the young men that he is in favor of
a man for the Presidency, nominated by men whom
their fathers could not nor would n t sit in Conven
tion with; placed upon a platform hostile to their
every interest ; its separate planks put together by
the vilest Southern-haters of the North, upon which
all the isms of Yankecdom find aid and comfort ;
whose Cabinet, in the event of his election, would
be composed of such men as Speaker Banks, who
is willing to "let the Union slide ;" and Mr. "Niag
ara" Bm lingame, who demands an "anti-slavery
Bible and an anti-slavery God ;" whose orators belch
forth vile slanders upon the South under flags whose
venomous folds reveal but sixteen stars, and whose
torch-light processions do not " march under the
flag nor keep step to the music of the Union " ?
Does he read the following extract taken from his
candidate's letter accepting the nomination : " lam
opposed to slavery in the abstract and vpon princi
ple sustained and made halitval by long-nettled
convictions Are these the doctrinei he advocates
to young men, two-thirds of whose property consists
It cannot be denied, by any person cognizant of
college influences, that each professor has his quota
of friends and admirers among the students, and
their minds are to a certain degree, upon general
subjects, merely daguerrotypes of his opinions.
fTL' I x I ' niL- i 1 i . t
j.uiB is natural, xue biuueni is young, ana me in
struct' rs are placed over them, in loco parentis, to
. gnide them correctly; and the young graduate leaves
with opinions moulded by his instructors that will
cling to him through life.
We ask, are we correctly informed concerning
the political inclination and expressed opinions of
this professor ? If not, we hope to be corrected:
. wv uui upv iuc proper auinoriiies
to take action, for the sake of the prosperity of our
Alma Mater and the good of the State.
r-: . ' -. AN ALUMNUS.
till if ntA A M O.A iwll t. n J- n At. a . 1 ...
For the Standard.
Pineburical Observations and Cogitations.
Mr. Printurs of the Standard:
. . As I suppose you are about done reviewing the field
of action, and as we are about to commence the fight
for the November victory; and as Democracy al
ways gives a hearing to the views and reviews of
commoners like ryself ; and as some apology is due '
for my not writing during the campaign ; therefore
I have resolved to offer you a sketch of things in
' general in our end of the State.
Immediitely after the Greensborough Convention '
(which held forth on the fence between the east and
west) Gilmer seemed to "catch events in their ap
proach with full and apt presentiment," and, like a
feneral already defeated, fled to the mountains.
tore, like Stockton with the Union, he tried to'
scotch a land-slide of Whigs with his own body;
tiT10 v' 0Term n hed him flat as a
fancaka. 1 only he, but the whole party, seem-
ed to place their hopes in - the mountains verily
these people imagined a varatlhing" I could fre
quently learn, by public arid private intelligence,' Tf
the ringer-in-gencral ringing arid ringing and ring
ing through the mountains : The bell at -Salisbury
jingled and jingled and jingled ; while the ring
er's little man-Friday became more eloquent than I
ever heard him before. He became more terrific
and verbific as time rolled by,and the election came
tin. Gen. Leach went about doing good, i. e., speak
ing at school-houses and by-corners, in order to get
these places addressed beforcour elector got out; tell
ing that Frank Pierce came into thePresidency only as
a county court lawyer, and that the charges of secre
cy, dark-lantern, &c., all amounted to this " that
the members had pledged their lives and fortunes
that they would stick to the Union to the last," and
much more of the same sort He too, ranged high
up, close to the border of Clingman's District. "Ver
ily these people imagined a vain thing."
Seeing things -taking this course, I thought to
write to you frequently if not oftener, and tell you
of the frantic wiggle of the serpent's tail in the
west, while you "bruised his head" in the east I
thought there was going to be great discussions, ex
citing times, &c. But things turned out so that
those who had joined The " knock-kneed " party
from good motives, having been fooled so often and
finding it so difficult to keep up with the changes of
their leaders, became so vexed and perplexed that
some came out honestly and " cussed" the whole af
fair; others who wanted to appear consistent,
though far off the track, concluded to "lump it;"
while others finding themselves " bit," and not wish
ing to tell it, remained right still, and said nothing,
and did not vote at all ; while the Democrats, with
the pride of faith and certainty of being right,
walked up and put in their votes as if nothing had
been tho matter. The opposition tried to get up an
excitement among the terrified; but it was no go.
Jing'er and Friday did all they could; but they
found that they had " imagined a vain thing." Fri
day came out honestly (?) and acknowledged that
the mass meeting a few days before was, " to some
extent, a failure;" but Jingler talked like it was
about as large and enthusiastic an affair as he had
ever seen. He has'nt been far from home. A re
spectable orator said that " Buchanan done more
to fix the charge of bargain and corruption on Mr.
Clay, than any other Democrat ; and that Clay nev
er spoke to him afterwards." They hammered on
that old "ten cents" until it got so thin that every
body could see through it. The people were told
that the Catholics had piled up Bibles on the Amer
ican shores and burnt them. One orator set up the
most pitiful and pathetic howl that I ever heard
from a stump, either hollow or solid, and exclaimed :
" How long before yon could not say, this is my
oicn, my native land?" But the people were not
so easily scared. When Gilmer's mouse tale and
Gen. Leach's louse tale, and more of the same sort,
were resorted to in order to divert the people from
more grave enquiries; but this was no go "they
had imagined a vain thing." Some tried to hold up
for the old Whig party, but finding it too weak, and
finding themselves abused by the upstart party so
much worse than they ever had been by the Demo
crats, they finally come entirely over to us. The
"preachers," too, did their part "and thereon
hangs a tale."
Return our thanks to Hon. L. O'B. Branch for
documents sent us during the campaign, and tell
him if he has any copies of the last annual mes
sage of the President to send them on ; for Mr. Pur
year did not send the last annual message as ho did
the others. WJiv he did not, "I pretend not to
know." Farewell. SCOUT.
Yamte'of TnE Union to toe NoRTn. We invite
all patriots, all considerate and conservative men at
the North, to reflect calmly on disunion, now that
disunion is so seriously threatened by the dominant
party of the North.
Independent of a civil and fratricidal war that i3
likely to ensue, and not likely to end ; look at its
other certain and probable effects on the wealth,
prosperity, morality, religion, and good government
of the two sections.
First, what is the value of the cotton crop to the
North, and how can she get along without, it? We
think it forms so large an item in the industrial pur
suits and means of livelihood to the large masses in
the North, that, were the supply suddenly cut off, im
mediate famine would be the consequence. Cotton
goods buy much of the food for her population, and
without those goods they would be without food or
Sugar is another large and important article, and
becoming daily more so, from its increased produc
tion in the. South, and its diminished production in
the West Indies.
Corn and Flour can always be obtained on better
terms from the Southern Atlantic States than from
the North-West; and, indeed, without the Cotton of
the South, the North would have little to exchange
for Western products of any kind.
The Mechanics and Manufacturers of the North
would lose, by disunion, their only good and reliable
market, for the West will soon become rather a com
petitor than a customer. Free society find rivals
and competitors in Free society, customers and a
market, only in the general, in Slave socictjv
The shipping interest of the North would soon
find, if divided from the South, their ships rolling at
their wharves. It is the heavy agricultural products
of the South that furnish their outward freights, and
purchase their homeward cargoes. The largest, the
richest mercantile marine in the world, is that of the
North. Disunion wipes that out.
Separated from the South, the" Mercantile interest
at the North would be far too great in numbers and
in capital for their restricted market. Very general
insolvency of the merchants would soon occur.
Merchants, mechanics, manufacturers, ship own
ers, sailors and operatives ruined and dispersed, who
would rent the houses? There would be a great re
dundancy of houses, and deficiency of tenants, and
competition, among house owners, would reduce
rents so low as hardly to pay taxes and keep the
tenements in repair.
Your cities deserted, what will become of that nu
merous class of farmers, gardeners, &c, who supply
your city markets ? They too must be ruined. The
ruin, material and physical, would be universal,
with no South open as now, in which the ruined
may retrieve their fortunes. How many thousand
Northerners find annually, respectable and profita
ble employment at the South ? Disunion cuts off
this field of adventure, industry and enterprise, this
outlet for a surplus population.
If disunion occur, it will be ushered in under the
banner of black Republicanism. The mora', relig
ious, social and governmental principles of that par
ty, will infect and control all your society. Go ask
Parker and Beecher, Garrison, Brigham Young, the
infidels, agrarians and Free Lovers, what those prin
" A constituted anarchy " is the only government
that can be created from such materials, to be fol
lowed, close on the heels, by a " self elected despo
tism." Disunion, for a while, would puzzle the South as
to what to do with her surplus m ats, grain and
cotton ; but if she did not expire from plethora of
the comforts of life, she would soon beget a home
market for her surplus agricultural products, by
rearing up at home, a mercantile, shipping, mechan
ic and manufacturing interest, equal to those she
now employs and supports from abroad.
The North has taunted the South for many years,
for neglecting to diversify pursuits and become in
dependent We hope she will not compel us to re
move the taunt, and follow her example.
Douglas Jerrold, one of the famed clique of Lon
don Punch satirists, is coming to America to lecture.
Jerrold commenced life as a sailor, and after six
years salt water experience became a compositor in
a London news paper office. His first literary acbiev
raent was an essay on German music, which the au
thor after the manner of Benjamin Franklin, drop
ped into that lion's mouth, the editor's box, where
he was a printer, and two days after he had the de
light of setting up his own article, none of the edi
tors being aware of the author's name. Jerrold
next dropped another anonymous article in the box
on Fashionable Charity, which is written with all
his peculiar vigor. This eaused.ao great a stir that
the editor, in his notices to correspondents, begged
the author to cair upon him in other words, he
was requested to M Stand, and unfold yourself." He
did, much to the astonishment of the editor, who at
once recognising his talenU, took him from the case,
and put him to the desk.
2?Al 'ft meeting ;bfihf friends of tolifctrpn-hiSampi
T 'a Wis -lii'Cj nil. iowft'.'''-J--i
son vonniy ai viinijM'i, opk inu, wivS
J Mr. Joel Parker jras called4a?the thairartd&
Perkins sppointed secretary;vl
-President the hecretary explained ,xne ooject.-oi tne
meeting . n.v . i;'$&fr
: -Moved by , R. W." Millard that 'all those present
from other counties be invited to take part in our
deliberations. Carried. '
Moved by A. A. McKoy, that each person wish
ing to become a member of this association be re
quested to go forward to the secretary's book and
record his own name. Carried.
John G. Elliot L. C. Graves Joel Parker,
Allmond A. McKoy, Edgar, L. Perkins, James A.
Bizzell, Hinton E. Carr, R. W. Millard, Neill Wat
son, James A. Ferrell, James Marsh, James C.
Faison, E. M. Wilson, J. T. Wilson Wm. F. Stra
i Ila Curtis Lee William A. Small George W.
Cairoll 0. N. Mathews R. R. Bell Jas. II Dar
den, Sr., J. A. Darden M. E. Jackson A. D.
King, Benj S. Herring, John B. King, Samson
S. "Jackson, B. F. Strickland, Josiah Robinson,
J. S. Hines, G. M. Moseley, J. F. Ireland, L. W.
Robinson. R. T. King A. F. Bizzell A. M. Lee
I. M. Hobbs.
Those marked thusaro teachers.
Moved by A. A. McKoy, that E. L. Perkins, R.
W. Millard and 0. N. Mathews be appointed a com
mittee to prepare a Constitution and By-laws for
this association. Carried.
Moved by Jas. Marsh, that J. G. Elliot and R.
W. Millard be appointed Delegates to the State
Convention, and Curtis Lee and Joseph Darden be
appointed alternates. Carried.
By E. L. Perkins,
Resolved, that the delegates from this convention
to the State Teachers convention be instructed to
ask the State convention to prepare and publish a
form of constitution adapted to County Associa
By A. A. McKoy,
Resolved, that the thanks of this convention are
due to the citizens of Sailsbury for their hospitality
so generously offered to the delegates to the State
Convention, also to the W. & Weldon and North
Carolina Road, for the favors extended by them to
Moved by L. C. Graves, that the present officers
of the Society remain in office until wc are perman
ently organized. Carried.
Moved by L. C. Graves that this convention
meet again on the second Saturday in October.
And the Meeting adjourned.
JOEL PARKER, President.
E. L. Perkins, Sec'tr.
The Qcestion of the Union and the Presidency.
We confess that we look forward with great solici
tude to the next two months of the political history
of this country. With civil war raging in the West,
anarchy in the Government, and the North a great
nest of faction, it seems almost impossible that the
Union shoukt preserve its integrity. That it has
existed so long is the great wonder. It is difficult
to reconcile with preceding history and with the na
ture of man, that thirty-one sovereign States should
live under the same Federal Government, when di
vided intotwo sections at deadly hostility. It is
hard to understand that an honorable, sensitive and
brave people should tamely suffer itself to be plun
dered of its property ; its slaves to be excited to in
surrection ; its citizens to be murdered when re
claiming their fugitive slaves; its share in the pub
lic domain to be wrestt-d from it by fraud, violence
and unconstitutional legislation; its most cherished
institutions, and its wealth, too, threatened with de
struction ; its character to be villified, and, by the
basest slanders, to be held up to the reproach of the
world. And what renders it almost inexplicable is,
that the States comprising the section which sub
mits to all thiS arc the most powerful in all the ele
ments of greatness, are united by the closest tics of
blood, affection aud interest, and have a plain, hon
orable, well known and peaceful remedy before
The hisiorian of two hundred years hence will
find it difficult to explain this strange Union, at best,
and will find it impossible unless he have the clue.
Heretofore our political contests have been between
parties cxistkng equally in both sections, and upon
questions interesting to the whole people. But this
Presidential canvass divides the country upon pure
ly sectional issues. When we reflect upon this, and
upon the civil war, and the movements in Congress,
we can see but one chance for the Union to exist
even four years longer and that is the election of
We must regard it as unfortunate that Mr. Fillmore
was nominated. His election is impossible.. What
ever may be the sage opinions of a few half-awake
partisans, pol-housc politicians, antiquated sectari
ans and Samites, he and "Sam" arc fungi, foreign
bodies, not in the canvass, out of the game entirely.
It is now the North against the South, and his nom
ination merely serves to complicate matters between
It is the policy of the South to have her peace and
safety at once secured in the Union or out of it ;
and in order to do this, that the North should de
cide directly, and positively, whether or not it will
adhere to the Constitution as it is. But Mr. Fill
more comes in as a disturbing cause, and if Fremont
be elected, many Southerners wili blind their eyes,
and say it was because Fillmore took away good
constitutional support in the North from Buchanan;
they will be disposed to hang on to a broken Con
stitution and a disastrous Union, and to try the
North once more, and will talk of peace while the
chains are being riveted firmly upon them.
If, on the other hand, Mr. Buchanan be elected,
the factionists at the North will say (and wc firmly
beiieve they will be right) that Mr. Fillmore took
from Fremont support he would otherwise have re
ceived, and they will encourage themselves to per
severe in their factious designs.
We argue as men who sincerely love the Consti
tution and value the Union only so far as it is a
Constitutional Union. The prospect for a return
to such a Union seems very remote. If Mr. Bu
chanan be elected, although some semblance of a
Constitution may be preserved four years longer by
his exercise of the veto power, we can by no means
affirm that it will be so preserved. How soon or
how tar the civil war in Kansas may extend, "must
give us pause." But the only chance of preserving
the Union and restoring it to its Constitutional char
acter, is in the election of Mr. Buchanan and if
there be a conservative element in the North it must
manifest itself now or it will be forever too late.
New Orleans Delta.
Clergymen and Politics. The venerable Bishop
, Meade of Virginia, has addressed a letter to the Pro
testant Churchman, in which he discourages any ac
tive participation in politics on the part of ministers
of the Gospel. The Richmond Dispatch gives the
pith of the letter as follows :
He says he never gave but one vote at an election,
and that at an early period. He freely acknowledges
that other good and wise men have entertained a
different opinion, and believes that there are times
when religion and patriotism call upon the clergy to
exhort their people to the defence of their persons
and firesides against invading foes ; and occasions
when the treat principles of divine law are assailed
and trampled upon even by rulers, and when duty
to God requires his ministers to cry aloud and spare
not. But he says that in determining, when and
how to lift up their voices, there is need of the wis
dom of the serpent and the gentleness of the dove.
He adds that when defending his own course against
those who differed from him, he has always assumed
the ground that ministers had so many other occa
sions on which to show their fidelity and indepen
dence, and in which there is no likelihood of giving
"offence, that they' might be spared the exercise of
the right of voting; that the probable good of an in
dividual voto could scarcely counterbalance the evil
resulting from the offence given by taking part in
such exciting scences. He has often, while engaged
in such discussions, quoted the words of the good:
John Newton, who said that if any, petition were,
needed to complete the Litany, it was " fivm poison
and politics, good Lord deliver as," as he thought
the one as injurious as the other to the body." - -
. . Viboinxa' Conference. The Western Virginia
Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church South,
Commenced its annual session at Guyaodotte, Vs.,
on last Thursday, Ber. Bishop Early presiding.
Y&The Hpni Warren Winslow; in his speech deliver
ed la'eylloase of Representatives,";, on. the 11th of
Jiily.'or) the subject of the assault .on Sumner, has
the following, which we" commend to the attention
iOf'our readers not only - the "remarks of Mr. W.,
but. the statistics which he so eloquently introduces
to the public notice: ,- . - ' '
"Sir, we ought to save this Union. The loftiest
motives press upon us; the noblest incentives influ
ence us ; our reverence for our ancestors demands
it; our own future fame invokes it. Throughout
the civilised world, strong nerves tremble, and stout
hearts quake, for the final result of this last experi
ment of man's capacity for self-government Age
after age, in the dim vista of the shadowy future,
gaze at us with anxiety and solicitude.. If the Union
be worth preserving, it is worth taking pains to pre
serve. I profess no idolatrous love for it ; I cherish
it for the good it has done, and for the good it may
do. It has given us peace at home, unexampled
prosperity, and a name among the nations. It has
gained us respect abroad, and assured us security
from aggression. I have never yielded to that sen
timent springing from mawkish sensibility, that we
should not calculate its value. I think we can nev
er too often go into the reckoning ; it will bear in
vestigation. I was much impressed with some sta
tistics with regard to my own honored State and the
State of Massachusetts, which met my eye in the col
umns of an able political journal, showing the great
comparativeadvantages to both of the Union of these
States. I will read them. The Richmond Enquirer
says of Massachusetts, and North Carolina :
' We think every sensible man in Massachusetts,
after comparing the census of his own State with
that of North Carolina, whether he be actuated by
selfish policy or enlarged philanthropy, will arise
from the comparison a warm friend of the Union as
it is. The statistics which we shall cite might, of
themselves, induce the belief that the Bay State was
only productive of criminals and paupers. But jt
is well known that, despite her fanaticism, she is
wealthy, enlightened, industrious, and energetic.
Her commerce and manufactures supply her with
the products of agriculture. Disunion would crip
ple those resources, and probably expel her indus
try, skill, and capital to better markets and more
congenial climes. The population of Massachusetts
in 1850 was (in round numbers) 1,000,000, that of
North Carolina 870,000. Massachusetts produced
34,000 bushels of wheat, 2,345,000 bushels of In
dian corn, and 3,585,000 bushels of potatoes, 81,
000 hogs, 42,000 horses and mules, and 200,000 cat
tle. The productions of North Carolina, in propor
tion to population, were a' out ten times as great
Thev produced 2,130,000 bushels of wheat, 27,
000,000 bushels of Indian corn, 5,700,000 bushels
of potatoes, 1,800,000 hogs, 174.400 horses and
mules and 093,000 cattle. What a field she ex
exhibits for Massachusetts commerce and manufac
tures! Yet she would fare better in case of a dis
union than Massachusetts, for she produces all the
necessaries of life, and might produce its luxuries
The statistics of crime and pauperism exhibit quite
as startling a difference in favor of North Carolina,
and prove that she can and does attend to the moral
and physical condition of her people, and needs no
foreign prompting or interference. Before quoting
those statistics, we would remark, that fuel, so dear
and so much needed in Massachusetts, is at every
man's door in North Carolina, without money and
without price for there are few towns in that State.
In Massachusetts, in 1850, there were 15,700 pau
pers ; in North Carolina, 1,'JOO. In Massachusetts,
criminals convicted in 1850, 7,000 ; in North Caro
lina, GOO. In prisons, in Massachusetts, 1,000 ; in
North Carolina, 44. In jails in Massachusetts, 1,
000 ; in North Carolina, 34. In penitentaries in
Massachusetts, 431 ; in North Carolina, 14. Odd
Fellows' charities in Massachusetts, $264,000 ; in
North Carolina, $10,000.
We think that these statistics deserve the serious
study of every Christian, patriot, and philanthropist
in the Union."
Sir, I cannot help thinking that, if the energies of
our politicians were devoted to the compilation of
statistics like these, in good Anglo-Saxon, and to
their circulation in New England among the class of
people who have everything to lose and nothing to
gain by disunion, who will have to bear the burdens
without sharing in the honors of a new Confederacy,
it would be much more patriotic and profitable than
the translation into rich German of speeches upon
Kansas, reflecting upon the institutions of the South
and their circulation in the prairie States of the
North Carolina Coal. Wc published the fol
lowing paragraph yesterday, but as we have cor
roborative evidence of its truth, we take pleasure in
republishing it :
North Carolina Coal. The Philadelphia En
quirer gives the result of the analysis of sundry
Gas coals, by which it is apparent that the Bitumi
nous Coal from Deep River, Chatham county, North
Carolina, is very nearly 20 per cent, richer in Gas
than any Coal discovered in America ; and indeed it
yields more Gas of a superior quality than the En
glish coals, with which our cities are generally
lighted. We hear that the New York Gas Compa
nies are importing English Coals at a cost of $9 75
A gentleman of this town has politely handed us
a letter received by him from Philadelphia, dated
the 10th instant, from which we make the follow
ing extract :
" I have been conversing with Mr. Hugh Waddell
(of Orange,) for Xhe last hour, and was glad to bo
informed both by him and the papers, that after a
most searching and skillful test, coal brought from
our Deep River Coal Fields has proven to be of the
most superior quality ever yet discovered either in
England or in this country. Five pounds of this
coal produced twenty-four cubic feet of gas, whilst
hitherto no coal has been found to produce more
than twenty cubic feet of gas ; making a difference
of twenty per cent, in our favor. North Carolina
In view of this most gratify in fact, and in view
also of the rich prospective advantages which must
enure to our State from the possession of these
mines, which are vast in extent and almost incalcu
lable in the wealth of the deposit, we would urge
the necessity of those works of improvement now
in progress and in contemplation, and which are
designed to afford facilities for getting this mineral
to market Wc would especially allude to the rail
road proposed to be built between Fayetteville and
the mines, for the purpose of expressiug the wish
that the Legislature, at its approaching session,
will give this important enterprise liberal State aid.
We think that in common fairness and justice it is
entitled to it Fayetteville was given the go-by en
tirely at the last session, and the injustice should
be repaired as far as it is possible. In thus express
ing a wish for the success of this road, we do not
mean to cast a slur upon the River improvement,
which is a work striving at a somewhat similar re
sult with the road, preferring to wait yet a little
while longer ere we abandon all hope of its future
usefulness. WiL Herald.
The committee appointed by the citizens of Che
raw to take the two abolition incendiaries, Jas. Cald
well and John Malone, to Wilmington, for the pur
pose of having them sent to the North, have publish
ed a card in the Cheraw Qaxstte, from which we
make the following extract :
"On arriving at Wilmington we delivered to the
Mayor of that city the letter of the Intendant of
Cberaw, written under the instruction of the meeting,
and he relieved us from the further charge of Cald
well and Malone, by placing them in the care of the
police who took them on the cars to Norfolk, Va.
His Honor, the Mayor, also addressed a letter to the
Mayor of Norfolk enclosing that of our Intendant,
and requested that the object we had in view should
be carried out. .. ..
" We were highly pleased with the conduct of
the Mayor of Wilmington and those of the citizens
who. were present at the Hotel where we were,' and
cannot let this opportunity pass without expressing
-our gratification and returning our acknowledgments
iprjue Kinciness ana consideration snown us per
sonannd their readiness to aid io carrying out a
jueaaure-sx;. necessary to our, common protection
uyufwwuu ui aooiiuon iiiceouianes. .
imends sehcluie Yankee rirla to
Kansasf" of Share's rifles. No, objections. 1
vruess nave anaency to civilize the white
8avage8't5eret present " ' V ' -
:Tmxii NB-Arrivals at New Orleans bring
Galveston dates to the. 1 lib. insti and furnish, some
intre8tinglntelligence,'fpr a summary of which we
are indebted to the N O.. Picayune : :
V; Th Galveston News publishes the following let
ter in relation to the late contemplated insurrection
in Colorado county : -- : -v
, -' Columbus Colorado CorNTT, )
' September 19, 1856. J -
' Messrs. Editors : The object of this communica
tion is to state to you all the facts of any impor
tance connected with a recent intended insurrection.
Our suspicions were aroused about two weeks ago,
when a meeting of the citizens of the county was
called, and a committee of investigation appointed
to ferret out the whole matter, and lay the facts be
fore the people of the county for their considera
tion. The committee entered upon their duties, and
in a short time they were in the full possession of
the facts of a well organized and systemized plan
for the murder of our entire white population, with
the exception of the young ladies, who were to be
taken captives and made the wives of the diabolical
murderers of their parents and friends. The com
mittee found in their possession a number of pis
tols, bowie-knives guns and ammunition. Their
pass-words of organization were adopted, and their
motto, "leave not a shadow behind."
Last Saturday, the 6th inst, was the time agreed
upon for the execution of their damning designs.
At a late hour at night all were to be make one si
multaneous, desperate effort, with from two to ten
apportioned to nearly every house in the county,
kill all the whites, save the above exception, plun
der their homes, take their horses and arms, and
fight their way on toa " free State,". (Mexico.)
Notwithstanding the intense excitement which
moved every member of our community, and the
desperate measures to which men are liable to be
ledjon by such impending danger to which we bad
been exposed by our indulgence and lenity to our
s'aves, we must say the people acted with more cau
tion and deliberation than ever before characterized
the action of any people under similar circum
stances. More than two hundred negroes had violated the
law, the penalty of which is death. But by unani
mous consent the law was withheld and their lives
spared, with the exception of three of the ring
leaders, who were on last Friday, the 5th inst, at
two o'clock, P. M., hung in compliance with the
unanimous voice of the citizens of the county.
Without exception, every Mexican in the county
was implicated. They were airested and ordered to
leave the county within five days, and never again
to return under the penalty of death. There isone,
however, by the name of Frank, who is proven to
be one of the prime movers of the affair, that was
not arrested, but we hope that he ma' yet be, and
have meted out to him such reward as his black
We are satisfied that the lower class of the Mex
ican population are incendiaries in any country
where slaves are held, and should be dealt with ac
cordingly. And, for the benefit of the Mexican
population, we would hero state that a resolution
was passed by the unanimous voice of the country,
forever forbidding any Mexican from coming within
the limits of the county.
Peace, quiet and good order are again restored,
and by the watchful care of our Vigilance Commit
tee, a well organized patrol and good discipline
among our planters, wc are persuaded that there
will never again occur the necessity of a communi-
cation of the character of this.
JOHN H. ROBSON,
H. A. TATUM,
J. H. HICKS,
Exeter Hall. Exeter Hall is the Broadway Tab
ernacle of Great Britain. It is the channel through
which all the gas, nonsense, fanaticism, humbug and
treason of that mighty empire escape, and save the
body politic from a hundred explosions a day. Ex
eter Hall is no exponent of the intelligence, piety,
or common sense of England. It is true that that
country contains more wisdom, virtue, knowledge,
political, moral and material power than the same
space of ground on any other portion of the earth,
but it is also true that it contains as much folly, fa
naticism, ignorance and moral imbecility as the most
benighted regions of Asia or Africa. It is those
last elements of British society that are represented
in Exeter Hall, with here and there a radical peer, a
hypocritical priest, and a crazy philosopher, to guide
and mould the public sentiment of the stupid and
It is Exeter Hall, of course, that is the Pandemo
nium of British abolitionism, and there the emissa
ries are commissioned, and the weapons formed for
waging war upon the institutions of the Southern
States. The lanatics of the North are but the un
conscious tools of Exeter Hall, whilst Exeter Hall
itself is but a part of the machinery worked by sub
tle diplomatists behind the scenes lor the aggrandize
ments ot British power through the overthrow of
the American Union. Fremont is the favorite can
didate of Exeter Hall for lite Presidency, and is in
high favor with the despots of Europe. The hopes
of all the enemies of white liberty throughout the
world are now centered on this chaiitpiou of negro
emancipation. Col. Fremont, if so disposed, could
easily replenish his exhausted exchequer from the
treasuries of France, Austria, and Prussia, who
would pay liberally for the overthrow of a govern
ment whose institutions threaten the stability of
every throne in Europe ; whilst England might well
afford to expend millions on a Presidential campaign
which, if Fremont be elected, will divide the Union,
and throw the cotton and the commerce of the South
ern Slates into British hands. The interests of a
nation present an infallible clue to its policy. In
deed, it is more than likely that foreign gold is lav
ishly expended at this moment in purchasing presses
and political influence for Fremont in the Free Soil
There is one Halt in this country w hich could
meet and parayze the operations of Exeter Hall. It
is Faneuil Hall, in Boston. The wisdom and virtue
of Massachusetts might a&niiu revive the flame of
constitutional liberty, and of love of the Union,
which once burned so brightly on that altar. But,
alas! the flame has turned to ashes ; the " wonted
fires" seem to have altogether gone out; the genius
of the place lies dead in the mighty sepulchre of
Webster; its oracles are silent ; and obscene birds
defile the places once consecrated by virtue and
patriotism. Rich. Dispatch.
Some gentlemen travelling in a stage coach near
Austin, Texas, had for a fellow passenger a talka
tive lady, who soon informed them that she was on
a visit to one of her neighbors to congratulate him
upon having recently killed a Know Nothing.
Seeing a chance for fun, one of the gentlemen at
once begged permission to introduce the other, as
Lieut Topo, the leading spirit of a Know Nothing
lodge down the country.
" A Know .nothing, is he r" questioned the irate
" He is."
" Well, if ever I should catch him in my house,
courtin one of my daughters, I'd run him out with
the dogs, and then send the niggers to dig the
tracks out of the yard. I scorn 'em."
Fkemont and bis Keepers. The Committee who
have Mr. Fremont in charge, have adopted a good
dodge to keep him out of the clutches of curious
questioners. The "Kurnel" has two residences
here, besides the one in California! He lives in
Ninth street and also at Staten Island. When any
ugly customer, such as " our German friends,'.' call
to see him to learn whether he is going to carry out
the Know Nothing creed if elected, the Col; is down
to Staten Island. No one knows exactly however
where the Staten Island residence is, only that it is
somewhere " along-shore." The dodge is a good
one for a man who is trying to stand on two plat
forms. N. , Y?: Day.rBooK: .?
Fillmore's Strength rs NEw ;Y6Rtr We ,Jhear
a great deal said by the Know-Nothing "presfi about
Fillmore's strength in NewTTorkl T Announce oev
idence is worth more than a ton ctalkln the city?
of New York alone, - the followinr patera-support
.Buchanan and Breckinridge: Journal! mmetfeej;ffc- jue 1, 1856.
Dnilv News Tv Rook. Democratic BEeVthnr &&Kt- ' IX-Xin-i
Lntuy news, way cook, ueraucnuic review, OJKt
Times, Sunday Atlas, Campaign Democra 1
Argu New York Democrat, Irish Amm&n&dl
mSwoual, SutesZeitnnV CiAind
' fl fnllnwinp- Bilnnnrl KiIT.ir 'Ko V wr.ro ca rH
7 : .p. vrr-v-'- - - .
Commercial AdTerGser.'V'xlvi5 '" ; '
Valuable Plantation and otliPr t
IN ACCORDANCE WITH Til ? wirands for Sm
, Samuel C. Ebo, the TubXX0 ,TUE 8&
Urge and valuable farm, aUuated hi iS. ? W ,or if6
fort County, on which midSf ?T "'V'
well known as the former reridenctof ft!? . I di- hk
ndasoneof the finest farms in e s ' ,'?'S C1a
"Hundred Acres of Land, five hundred " c,,,,l
frelet!flBnd in SO" fo"eHike order -T?? of b2
fcntt about one hundred acre, .re Xi i"16 k
K.d Upland, suitable to Cotton, GiWnd pieD,,IninN
Pea, bwoct a.d Irish Potatoe8,Turn, Ztd
general, VV bent, Uu, Beaua, Horticulture id VhI
remamipg four hundred acreof cleared la'nd" Tk
land, well drained, recently cleared, and a nc,,swaiim
of cultivation. , There is So better corn & fi"e fi
and it i. easily cultivated. W behVveha 1 m ,1,eiC
produced by the acre thia land will not suK "m,
yon with any m the Stat. The splend.d cr Z """l
justifies, in our opinion, this assertion. Tb? ?v
lieves that the present crop of com on the smlT8''
yield when gathered from fifteen hundred to t&l
barrels. Of the uncleared laud, most ()f i l ''SiH
as good as lbat which is cleared ,;,!. . . "Ca swatm,
m-owth nnon it. and raailv A.. ,t. . .nrv sri.V
KJ I , .j . u.
of this swamp land, cleared as well i
it"., J Swan.
" owui uu, i-ieaieu as well as uuc'mi.3 uole
any sudsoii, giving, as experience on this f , ,
great durability to the laud. This
treshets. It is within a mile of Pn
licBueui. itiBwuuin amueoi rungo river i. e,l
Creek, and twenty-eight miles from Washh,1
" h".""V u iwmiug ironi tuai town to Hv.i "
Ssea vessels load and unload within a mile of ih , c"umr
thus rendering the surplus products of the far. P'"'8,
portation to the best markets of the cauntrv r Vuf(
of Pungo and tributaries yield fish in abundant"0 1'1"1'
first-rate range for stock, especially for hos a',,i u
winter as well as summer. 'llc. ia
There is a large, well-built and commodious lw
house, kitchen, smoke house, Urge bam to ri- V"?
crib, stables, poultry houses, good framed tZt h"
and every other necessary out house. There
good wells of water as are in that section. The h, . M
been constructed and the vards and shade trees e
with good taste and architectural beauty and 1 1.
well laid off and presents from the house and to ii Ul
by a most beautiful appeal .mce. "Jasf
This farm is in a neigh boi IumaI of sobrieiv ho v, i
aud good morals, and is in the vicinity of four Tit ,Jr'
houses of public worship. J lr d'fferu
As no one will purchase without examination tl,
seer on the premises, Mr. Jenkins, will give all il, 0?r"
mation in his power, aud afford eveiy facility f.ir Jt ,!
tion to those who may visit the farm". """"oa-
We also offer for sale t wo hundred and seven u- fi.
of uncleared land ou Jordan's creek, in beant,!,?; .
This is well timbered, and a portion of it i . ,,.i
land. Also, thirty-three and a ihii d acres ofiaud in I?"!1'
ville District, Beaufort county. UU m Le:1'-
Also, one-fourth part of a tract of land, consisti,,. (lf , .
hundred acres, on which John B. Eboru, d-wastd V i ,
at his death, situated on the North side of 1'un 'o JicT-t :
Beaufort county, neaV the mouth of said stream V' '"
authorized to state that the whole tract can be i.uicb 11
a fair price. There is a farm on this tiact and a d-X.
house, and presents superior natural advantages fur l
ing and raising stock. " '
The title to all this property is undisputed, aud m b,
purchased on easy and liberal terms. The nml.-s , n
plantation, together with the hogs, catile, aud sheen c-au U
purchased with the farm if desired. ' ' "
For further information, apply either to U. D.Eborn
North Creek, Beaufort couuty, or to James (Jarrason Lou,"
Creek, Aew Uauover county . '
ROBERT D. E150K.X
Executors of Samuel C. Eu:irn d'eeM
Aug. 20, 1856.
VALUABLE LAND ASD OTIIEtt PRnT
PEKTV FOli SALE. I will sell at public aW"
on WEDNESDAY 8th day of October next.T.he'TS
ses, the valuable Tract of land in Warren county ,
Carolina, known as "BUCK SPRING," fornielv Vbe i
dence of the late Nathaniel Macon. It is one of th Ut"
highland plantations in the country, containing about r
Acres, from 9)0 to J0D0 of which are in origTml crowi'li
and very heavily timbered. There are 250 acres of Hue Cnvk
low grounds, half of which ate cleared part verv recemlr
I.Jalter capable of curing about SO Hogsheads of TuLaw..
ima uuu uuiiis, are nil in goou teiv
un tue tract is good water power and a mill site and the
Location is eligible for either a GRIST or SAW MILL h
is within six miles of Macon and Littleton Depots ..n tW
Raleigh and Gaston Railroad ; three milts from It ian..kc
River and adjoins the lands of John E. Boyd, Esq., audil.
At the same time and place will be sold the sunk f ail
kinds: HORSES, MULES, CATTLE, SHEEP AND HoiiS
Crop of Corn, Oats, Tobacco; Plantation U'ensi Is: one on
Wheat Thrasher and Horse Power and Fan Mill.
The purchaser will have liberty to seed a crop of Wheat
and full possession will be given on the 1st January.
Should it be found desirable, the tract will be divided U
The Overseer, Mr. T. S. Leonard, is on the land at r.ll
times and will go over with any one who may wish to
Terms for the Land. One third cash, the balance in
two equal payments at one and two years, with interest
from the day of sale. Bonds with approved personal sw
ui ijy requircu anu line reramea until nniil pavnicut.
toa i'ERSO.VAL raoPEBTT. Cash for all sums of $jri and
under over that amount, six months credit with interest.
Bonds with good security will be required before the remuf.
al of the property.
Should the day prove inclement, the sale will take place
on the next fair day.
H. J. STONE, Executor
of Robert L. Jones, .dee'd.
August 4, 1856. 1144-wJm.'
Fall Races. Warrenion Course.
THE RACES OVER THE WARRENION, NORTH
Carolina, Course are postponed uutil the 21st darof
October, next instead of the time advertised, on account ul
the Broad Rock and Petersburg Races.
A two year. old stake now open, to be ran on the 1st day
of the races, 2oo entrance, half forfeit, three or inure tu
make a race, now one entry, mile heats to name and close
by the 15th Sept.
First Dat. Sweepstase for colls and fillies that never
won a race, mile beats, $100 entrance, half forfeit to name
and close by the 15th day of September. Sow two cutries.
Secoxd Oat. Jockey Club Purse for f iw 3 milelieatj
Third Day. Jockey Club Purse of $S0O S mile heats
Fourth Dat. Proprietor's Purse of $200 2 mile beats
The Proprietor pledges himself to have th e old Track ia
elegant order, with new buildings. Hew Staples furuisked
Race Horses gratis.
By order of the Club. "
P. J. TURXBULL, SecV.
Gex. M. T. Hawkins, Prop'r & Treasurer.
Fchthkr Postponement. At a meeting of the Warren
ton Jockey Club, held at Dr. Brown low's Hotel, the lidluw
ing members being present: W. Eaton, sr.. President, Dr.
Stephen Tavis, Samuel Newell. John Newell, U. U. Pria
die, M. T. Hawkins, President and Treasurer, it was.
Resolved, That, in consequence of the Petersburg races
taking place on the 28th of October the Warrentmi Kactf
shall be postponed until the 11th of November, at wliicli
time the purses heretofore advertised will be nm l'r.
THOS. G. PLU.M.MEB,
Sept. 13, 1856. ii.-.n wiln.
Wm. A. Uatchelor's Ilair-Dye.
gi RAY, RED OR RUSTY HAIR U VEU INSTANTLY
W to a beautiful and Natural Brown or Black, without
the least injury to hair or skin.
Fifteen Medals and Diplomas have been awarded to Vim.
A: Batchclor since 1889, and over 80,000 applications hate
been made to the Hair of bis patrons of his famous Dvtu
Prejudice against Dying the Hair and Whiskers is unjust,
as it would be against covering a bald head with a wig.
Wm. A. Batchelor's Hair-Dye produces a color not to M
distinguished from nature, and is warranted not to injure
in the least, bowever long it may be continued.
Made, sold or applied (in private rooms; at the" 'K
Factory, 2S3 Broadway, N. Y.
- Sold in all cities and towns of the United States, by
Druggists and Paucy Good Dealers. ,
E3? The Gcnuiue has the name and address upon a steel
plate engraving on four sides of each bottle, of.
- WILLIAM A. BATCUEL0B.
s 283 Broadwav, New
For sale in Raleigh by PESCUD & GATLl.Nu.
April 21. ISoli. ; 4l-l
TO MILL OWNERS AND OTHERS.
THE SUBSCRIBER TAKES THIS METHOD '
informing the public that be continues Hie Mill-"
and Machinist business in all their various branches, ruuo
deriug, Framing, erecting Water or Steam Mills,
and fitting up engines and their necessary macbiT?
Hotchkiss water wheels, centre discharge wheels,
wheels, over shot wheels or under shot, or breast wlii
or anv other water wheels iu use, Circular or upr-pM
Grist'Flouring Mills, Bolting Reels, Elevators, Smut
chines, Horse Powers, Corn Crushers, Cotton Gins, tu
Shelters. . rt
On application I will order and erect any of the wj1
machines or any other in use I have an experience
years and have several experienced workmen in m-T(i.
oloyment. I am versed in the various improvenie din
Those wishing work done in the above line wonid w
to give me a call. I return my since-c ibauksfur tue
era! patronage received heretofore.- .
. For further information address tk subscriber at
locksville, Jones couuty, N. C.
it n Tn.rvsoV.
'Mill-Wiight and Machinist.
' Learn of the Mole to plough." fojx-
WYCHE'S CULTIVATING PLOW, (PATW
8th of Jauuarv. 185G)-called the Mole "dj.
vertical cutters near tha edge of a horizontal ' rf
viding the furrow Slice, and a curved cutter on tue lor jj
the share for tiu-niSg the whole in towards ,e P'jVjnji
far on the opposite' side of the share as may be
&uapicu to aiaing, usiiuj;, ureiwiiig uv ...na1"1
siibsoiling, and many other purposes. Is lig"'. jlr ,n
Btmntr- mnA annmuml to be the UlOSt DerfeCt llll""
Btronir: and suDDosed to be the most perfect
i . Fpr license to sell, with directions for
dress t v W. E. WUUv c
- BrookviUe, Granville Cjj
, - xfaSt-f'OlcSTEKS I OiM-'1? AvvlY E-v
' rjrtrtisBSCRIBER BEING KXTE-rnll,0r
SS.iVhe Pter ?d&"Jtiai
ddress J. G. Oowper, SaQc0Ei-
I , t