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Semi-weekly standard. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1853-18??, December 03, 1856, Image 3

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tion of his own Southern fellow-citizens, and in
which he advised the Fillmore Americans to vote the
" same ticket " rith the black Republicans in order
to defeat James Buchanan. . Not content with this,
he went to Philadelphia, and there spoke and labor
ed for several days and nights, to ' induce the Fill
more men to unite with the black Republicans his
object being to divide the Electoral vote of Penn
sylvania between Fillmore and Fremont, and thus
send the election of President to the black Republi
can House of Representatives He had proposed,
long before, to " ignore" the question ot slavery
that is, to act with Northern abolitionists, requiring
from them no pledge to respect the rightssof his sec
tion. TTd regarded the question of slavery as para
mount, and therefore preferred the election of Fill
more to that of Fremont ; lie regarded the defeat of
Buchanan as paramount, and set about the work of
effecting it, not knowing what the result would be
to his own section, or to the Union of the States.
He preferred party to country ; we preferred coun
try to party. He consulted his political prejudices,
and was governed by his ambition and his burning
hatred towards the Democratic party : wo preferred
Mr. Buchanan, and felt confident of his election ;
but we foresaw that fusion would strengthen Fre
mont, that to elect Fremont or to send the, election
to the House was to put in peril, if not destroy the
Republic ; and so we deprecated fusion, and, for
getting our prejudices against Mr. Fillmore, earnest
ly hoped that if Mr. Buchanan should not succeed
that he would, and that the prospects of the fusion
ists and black Republicans might be blasted. This,
moderately and fairly stated, was Mr. llayncr's po
sition. Wc denounced him for his conduct. We
did so in severe terms. We called him neither an
abolitionist nor a black Republican, for we did not
regard liim as such ; but we characterized fusion as
Frcmontism; and Frcmontism as abolitionism ; and
we spoke of him, as we felt in the discharge of our
duty he deserved to be spoken of, as untrue to the
federal Constitution and to North Carolina. We
impeached both bis patriotism as a public man, and
his political integrity. We had a right to do this,
and it was our duty. By his conduct in Philadel
phia ho wounded and grieved thousands of his
brother Americans, honest Fillmore men. He talk
ed and plead for fusion, and still in that City and
County Mr. Buchanan gained jif teen thousand voks.
They were as severe upon him as we were. They
declared they never would fuse with the Fre
montcrs, and they reproached him for having gone
there to sow discord in their ranks. . Mr. Fillmore
was not with him, for we do not believe he ever sent
or authorized the despatch which was read in Phil
adelphia, advising fusion ; and thirty thousand
" Americans " in Pennsylvania voted the "straight"
Fillmore ticket Mr. Rayner was not, therefore, as
true to his section or to the Constitution as was Mr.
Fillmore, or the thirty thousand Americans " who
thus refused to fuse.
Such are the facts, and such was our course to
wards Mr. Rayner. " Our offence hath this extent,
no more." For this he assailed us personally, in the
store of Mr. Pomeroy, in this City. It is of no sort
of importance to the public what sort of a fight we
had, or how it commenced. Neither party was in
jured. Mr. Rayner endeavored to wield, with some
effect, a heavy stick ; and he was armed with a pis
tol, which, however, he did not attempt to use. AVe
had no deadly weapons, and so informed him before
the struggle commenced. We had never carried
deadly weapons. Many bitter expressions were
used on both sides, before and after the rencontre,
which we neither recall nor repeat. Let them sleep.
The Democratic committee Ineio all the circumstances
of the assault, mid they spoke of them accordingly.
We know, from conversations with some of the
committee after the meeting, that it was no part of
their intention to characterize the assault in its per
sonal aspect. With that they had nothing to do.
They referred to it only as an " unjustifiable and
cowardly attempt to restrain the freedom of the
press " and if, from any feeling of kindness to
wards us personally, they had interposed themselves
between Mr. Rayner and ourself, as men, we should
at once have claimed and exercised the light of
protesting against it, and of preventing any such
interposition. We ask no man or body . of men to
fight our personal battles, or to stand between us
and those who may choose to assail us personally,
no matter on what pretext or for what cause.
It is not true, as stated by the Register, that "the
resolution does not agree with the public sentiment
of this place." Nor is it true that the conduct of Mr.
Rayner is generally approved ; nor is it true that the
'course of the Editor of the Standard was such that
some ofhis personal friends even, said they would not
blame Mr. Rayner if he should call him to account."
We have no such " personal friends" we repudiate
and scorn all such.
That Mr. Rayner's assault upon us, and his un
worthy conduct as a public man in Philadelphia,
has the approval of a portion of the people of this
community, we do not deny. There are persons
here, as every where else in the world, whose party
prejudices are stronger than their sense of right, and
stronger than their attachment to their native land :
and there are others in this community, who com
pose the old and exclusive Whig aristocracy, against
whom the Editor of the Standard has been contend
ing for nearly fourteen years, and who arc, in sev
eral respects, closely associated with Mr. Rayner.
And then again there are others, like the writer of
the article in the Register to which we are replying,
who are nattered by any little attentions which such
a man as Mr. Rayner may bestow upon them ; and
others, who, possessing no independence, and hav
ing no will of their own, alternately fear and love
him, on account of his manner towards them, his
wealth, and his social infl uence ; and so, considering
all these things, it is not surprising that the Editor
of the Standard should not, in this matter, be unan
imously sustained by this community. We have no
family influence, no great amount of wealth, no vener
able and time-honored aristocracy to sustain us. We
rely upon and belong to the masses of the people,
and before God we believe they are our friends.
Again, the Register says : "A few days since, a
respectable and intelligent member of the Demo
cratic party, in a deprecatory manner, remarked to
us " that things are tending to this point, that every
man had to be denounced as an abolitionist who did
not concur with the Democratic party in its notions
on slavery." We do not believe one wotd of this.
It is a fabrication, out and out. The idea of de
nouncing every man as an abolitionist, who docs not
concur with the Democratic party in its notions on
slavery, would be absurd.' No such idea exists, and
no Democrat, therefore, could have leferred to it.
But, though we have thus replied to the Register,
we deny its right to speak for this or ... for any other
community. It is a wandering, desultory, irrespon
sible concern. Its Editor is absent, and no one real
ly knows who fills his place. Judging by what ap
pears in it, its columns seem to be open to almost
every one. True, it has an amiable Trustee, who
permits such articles as the one to which' we have
been replying to be printed with hia type in trust?
but such matters do not concern him. They would
concern us but little, we . confess but-for the im
pressions which" may be produced abroad upon the
minds of well-meaning but uninformed persons as
to Mr. Rayner. and ourself, the .rencontre referied
to, and the resolutions of the Democratic meeting.
The charge that we have sought to destroy Mr.
Rayner by " unworthy means " is totally unfounded.
Even the 1 Wilmington Herald, which prefers the
charge against us, hat not approved, and will not
approve Mr.: Rayner' recent political conduct.
That paper dare not do it. . No, no. : Mr. Eayner
has destroyed himself politically, '
- So the struck eagle, stretched upon the plain.'.
No more through rolling clouds to soar again,'
Viewed his own featber on the filial dart,
And wiuged the shaft (hat quivered in his heart:
Keen Were his pangs, but keener tar to leel
lie nursed the pinion that impelled the steel."
Nor is it true that we have persccuted,or pursued
hint in a spirit of malice, or treated him unjustly.
We have published two of his most important let
ters, and his authorized speech in Philadelphia, in
full. Wc have thus given him a hearing. God
knows we witnessed his course at Philadelphia with
regret. We foresaw the destruction which would
overtake him as a public man, but when he fell we
felt that he deserved it. The lightning of the peo
ple's wrath destroyed him, ivy man being able either
to hasten or to avert the bolt. If wc had been si
lent and passive, precisely the same result would
have follow ed. It was his own work. And we now
declare, that if any Democrat had gone from these
Southern States to Philadelphia, to urge the Bu
chanan men to unite with Fremont, as Mr. Rayner
urged the Fillmore men to fuse with the black Re
publicans, we should have spoken of that Democrat
in even more severe terms than we have used to
wards Mr. Rayner.
We beg our readers to be assured that these mat
ters, savoring as they do more or less of a personal
character, are by no means pleasant to us. We will
dismiss them as soon as we can, and shall not refer
to them again unless compelled to do so in self-defence.
But as the Register has attempted to justi
fy Mr. Rayner in his assault upon us, and is seeking
to produce the impression that he is sustained by
even some of our own " personal friends " in calling
us to "an account" for our course towards him, we
deem it not only our right, but due to our friends
to introduce other and new matter, showing the re
lations existing between Mr. Rayner and ourself du
ring; the last fourteen or fifteen months; and also
showing a disposition on the part of that gentleman
to restrict the Standard in its comments, and to have
it conform, if possible, somewhat to Ms views of the
rights and duties of a public journal. The Register
says " Mr. Rayner is one of the last men in the world
who would undertake or desire to restrict any prop
er liberty of the press." Who,then,is to be the judge
of that "proper liberty ?"
The following correspondence took place between
Mr. Rayner and the Editor of the Standard in Au
gust, 1855, about the time the " Nuncio story "was
under discussion ; and is now for the first time giv
en to the public :
Mr. Ratxer to 51b. Holdek.
Mr. K. Ravncr requests Mr. Win. 11. Harrison to sav to
Mr. W. W. iloiden, thai he (Mr. R.) wishes Mr. lio.'deuand
himself to come to a detinite understanding in regard to the
course Mr. JJolden is pursuing towards Mr. Rayner.
Mr. Rayner wishes to say to Mr lloldeu that he has not
injured hint, does not interfere with him, and wishes to be
at peace with him as welt as with the rest of maukiud.
Rut that Mr. lloldeu, as Editor rf the Standard, is pursu
ing towards him a course of violence and outrage not war
ranted by the rules of political opposition, and inconsistent
with that quiet protection to which every inoliensive man
in the community is entitled. Mr. Ruyner does not ap
proach Mr. II. with the language of menace or for the pur
pose of intimidation. But he makes this communication to
liira beforeforcliand, that ho may calmly rellect upon his
course, and lti.it the public may hereafter appreciate Mr.
Rayner's anxiety for peaee, and see that he has been reluc
tantly compelled to protect hiiuscf. Mr. Rayuer complains
that the Standard has for some time past teemed with the
most violent personal denunciation and abuse towards him.
That this is entirely unprovoked on his part. That he is
not in the habit of speaking of the Editor of the Standard,
or iu any way inteiferiug with him. Mr. Rayner does
not object to any fair criticism of his course as a public man ;
but he insists that bis private and personal character is en
titled to the same protection as every other inoliensive man's
in the community ; and that neither ihe laws of the land nor
the most sensitive regard for Ihe peace of the community,
require of any one to quietly submit to such wanton abuse
and defamation as Mr. lloldeu is constantly indulging in
towards him.
Mr. Rayner says to Mr. Iloiden, he prefers peace if he can
have it. He proposes "a child's bargain " to Mr. lloldeu
that he will continue to let Mr. lloldeu alone.il' he (Mr. U.)
will let him alone that the world is large enough Ibr both
of them, ami there is no necessity for their coining in con
flict. Mr. Rayner therefore says'to Mr. lloldeu, he shall ex-
ect as he has a right to claim that Mr. il. shall cease
lis abuse and defamation of him in the Standard. And if
he will not, but persists, in forcing matters to extremity,
Mr. Rayner hereby calls on the community to be a witness
iu anticipation that the fault w. 11 not be his.
Mr. Rayner selects Mr. Uarcison to make this communi
cation to Mr. Holden fortius reason: Mr. Harrison is I lie
personal friend of Mr. Rayner, and the kinsman by mar
riage of Mr. Iloiden. lie is, therefore, selected by Mr. R.
as a lit person to act as an agent of peace between them;
and may be considered as impartial and unprejudiced in the
Mr. Holdex to Ms. Ratner.
Mr. W. H. Harrison has shown to Mr. Iloiden, by request -
oi Mr. itayner, a statement embodying air. nayner s views
and feelings in relation to the course of Ihe North Carolina
Standard towards him, Mr. Ruyner. Mr. Holden has care
fully reconsidered his course, and also considered the state
ment referred to; and says, in reply.
That he has not, at any time, made an attack in the Stan
dard on the "private and personal character" of Mr. Ray
ner ; that he has not sought to injure Mr. Rayner as a pri
vate citizen ; that be has uot assailed, does not wish to as
sail, and does not expect to assail him as such in the col
umns of the Standard ; that he entertains no feelings of per
sonal malignity towards Mr. R. and certainly prefers to " be
at peace with him " and with all men.
Mr. Holden has further to pay, that he repels the declara
tion lhat the Standard has " teemed with the most violent
personal denunciation and abuse towards " Mr. Ravner ; and
also the charse lhat his course towards Mr. Rayner has
been " defamatory" or one of " violence and outrage."
Rut, Mr. Holden has further to sav, that in his course as
an Editor towards M r. Rayner, he lias been actuated solely
by a sense of public duly ;' that he has not gone further, or
been more pointed, than, under the circiimsi.-lnri. lip think
he ought to have been ; and that as a nuhlic man. in his i
comments on Mr. Rayner s course as a public man, he will
act in the future, as in the past, in that way which he shall
consider fair, and just, and proper. Mr. Holden is bound
to believe that Mr. Rayner's statement is not intended as a
" menace" or i i the way of " intimidation" : but he will be
excused for saying that it would not become him, as the
Editor of a free press, to permit any thought of personal
consequences, or of any consequences, to come between him
and the inflexible performance of what he conceives to be
his duty.
Mammoth Raddisu. Mrs. James Turner, of Gran
ville County, has sent us a raddish, the product of
her garden, which weighs three pounds, and meas
ures twenty inches in length and ten inches in cir
cumference. It is by far the largest we have ever
seen. Mrs. Turner, wc learn, has but recently com
menced housekeeping. We have no doubt, from
this specimen of her enterprise, that she is one of
those " daughters" that " execl" spoken of by the
wise man of Scripture. ' She looketh well to the
ways of her household, and eateth not the bread of
idleness. Her children arise up, and call her bless
ed ; her husband also, and he praiseth her."
Mr. Clingman in New York.
There was a large and enthusiastic meeting in
Tammany Hall, New York, on Wednesday night last,
which was addressed by Hon. Thomas L. Clingman
and other distinguished persons. Sound national"
. resolutions of congratulation were adopted, and the
best spirit prevailed. , - . .
Mr. Clingman was received with great enthusiasm,'
and spoke for some time with his accustomed clear
ness and power. .. ' , . A'Sr
Mr. Sanders, the" Senator from Johnstonr
was called away, on Wednesday evening last by
sickness in his family, and was not, therefore, in his
seat on Thursday and Friday. ' Mr. Sanders voted
for the Free Suffage bill on Wednesday, and would
have done s on Thursday and Friday, if he had
been present
Tne' CoitliJ'ield of North-Carolina-their val
ue, and tbx,imp6rtne ef getting Goal t
Market.' C ; 'J'y. '-':-::"V :. ". :;v;V
Undeveloped wealth is, practically,- r wealth at
all. It looks well in the reports and newspapers;
this talk about the inexhaustible deposites of coal,
and iron ore, and lime, and the like, with which
North-Carolina has been favored : by a beneficent
Providence ; but the main point is to bring out these
varied and valuable resources. - How shall it be done?
Time, patience, labor, and internal improvements
will do it We must continue to learn to rely more
upon ourselves, and less upon the non-slaveholding
and upon foreign States. Wc have here,nn North
Carolina, the best coal in the world and in vast quan
tities not merely in one locality, but in various
parts of the State. We have the iron ore, extend
ing from Johnston throughout all the midland and
Western counties, and that too of the very best
The farmers, mechanics, and Railroads of the
State are paying hundreds of thousands of dollars
per annum for iron and coal, which might be pro
duced and obtained at home in the greatest abund
ance. A friend of ours a practical and intelligent
mechanic informed us a day or two since that he
was preparing statistics of the cost of iron and ma
chinery purchased by two of our Railroads from the
time they were constructed to the present ; and that
the amount an absolute loss to the State, and, un
der the circumstances, unavoidably so was stri
kingly large. Suppose, for example, our people
were turning out ft om their own forges one-half of
the iron which they used ; and suppose our coal
fields, wheresoever situated, having been approached,
were sending forward to the markets of the world
only one-half the quantity which is mined and dis
posed of by the State of Pennsylvania, what a marked
change in our currency, our finances, and in our
State stoc'-s would at once be produced. All wealth
conies from the earth. It cannot be created by
Banks, or by paper emissions. Labor is the great
law, as it is the great blessing ; and labor produces
wealth from the surface and the interior parts of
this planet. It may come in the shape of cotton, or
the cereals, or sugar, or hemp, or coal, or iron, or
lime, or copper, and the like all of which command
gold and silver, which are in themselves property.
This property men change and distribute, promoting
other labor, resulting in comfort, intelligence, ele
gance, refinement and ornament. These are self
evident propositions but what of them? Why,
this: we of North-Carolina have become essential
ly a paper-money people, because other peoples have
been, and are, our factors and agents to dispose of
our products for us. Instead of demanding and
commanding, as we should do, the gold and silver,
or its equivalent, sound and valuable exchange, we
have been reduced to the necessity of taking the pa
per of neighboring States, our factors standing in
our shoes and reaping the advantage for their Slates
of the precious metals and of exchange. What then?
What is the remedy, and who is to apply it? It is
not for us to say. Let those who legislate for the
people and we say it with all respect and defer
ence seriously consider these things, and apply the
remedy. States live always. The life of a man U
but a span in their existence. As we said in the
outset, time, patience, labor, and internal improve
ments will do the work.
The difficulty in procuring exchange with which
to meet the interest on our State bonds in New York,
is already seriously felt As soon as our coal mines
shall be fully opened, and as soon as they shall tend
forward their rich supplies in such quantities as may
be reasonably expected, this difficu'ty will vanish.
Exchange will then be easy of procurement, and the
public credit will be strengthened, while the State
bonds will advance in value. There can be no doubt
about this.
Whatever the condition of the State may be at
this time, the future is by no means uninviting.
There is much to animate and encourage us. Let
us hope, and labor, and be true to ourselves. Hav
ing put our hands to the plough, let us not look
back. We have a great common inheritance, which
it is our duty to improve and adorn. Let us per
form this duty prudently, earnestly, unflaggingly,
maintaining our State credit at the same time as we
would the apple of the eye. If we can make no
great step forwa rd just now, let us sec to it that we
do not lose the position we have already reached.
United States' Circuit Court.
The following cases were disposed of at the Term
of the United States' Circuit Court, held in this
City last week, his Honor Judge Wayne, presiding :
The United States vs. Addison P. Cherry, indicted
for mail robbing. Counsel for prosecution, the United
States' District Attorney, Robert P. Dick and Samuel
P. Hill; for the defence, R. R. Heath, J. P. Jordan,
and W. F. Martin. Ycrdict, not guilty.
The United States r. W. F. Payne, mail robbing.
For the prosecution, Robert P. Dick ; for the defence,
Jas. T. Morehead and John H. Bryan. Verdict, not
The United States vs. George Nelson, counterfeit
ing. For the prosecution, Robert P. Dick ; for the
defence, Samuel P. Hill and W. F. Martin. Verdict,
guilty, and sentenced to three years imprisonment
The United States vs. James Adkins, mail robbery.
For the prosecution, Robert P. Dick ; for the defence,
E. G. Haywood and David Coleman. A boy of only
thirteen years of age a nol. pros, entered on account
of his youth.
The United States vs. Rufus Curry, mail robbing.
For the prosecution, Robert P. Dick ; defence, E. G.
Haywood, W. F. Martin and A. W. Burton. Ver
dict, guilty. Imprisoned two months in Lincoln
jail. The prisoner is a boy.
The United States r. John Steward, mail robbing.
For the prosecution, Robert P. Dick ; defence, E. G.
Haywood, W. F. Martin and A. W. Burton. Ver
dict, guilty. Imprisoned eighteen months in Wake
We learn that Mr. Dick, the U. S. Attorney, con
ducted his cases with marked ability; and that much
learning and eloquence were displayed by counsel
. The following United States' Commissioners have
been appointed by the Court :
At June Term, 1855.
Wm. F. Martin, Elizabeth City,
B.S.Graham,. Greensborough,
Quenlin Busbee, Raleigh,
November Term, 1855. - y
O. P. Mcares, - Wilmington,
Elias C. Hincs, " Edenton, '
Thomas A. Liltlejohn, Plymouth,
Willis F. Riddick, Gatesvillc, .
William W. McDowell, Asheville, ' , ;
' Benj. A. KitrelL - Lexington,
George V. Strong, - Goldsborough.
, : November Term, 1856.
i VLeonard K Thompson,', Lincolnton.' ".
, -Nisw River Navigation Compact.' We are in
debted to CoL L. W. Humphrey, an early and
zealous friend of the-work,; for a pamphlet copy of
the proceedings of the first annual meeting of the
' New River Navigation Company ; containing his re
port as President of the Company, the report of the
Treasurer, the report of the survey
Mr. Engineer Abert, with other papers
The fttfUHg oT the Speaker of the Senate o
y Amendments to the Free Stfflrage Bilk
- The Register objects to thi decision of Mr, Speak'
er Aeryf declaring amendments to'-.the Free - Suf- ,
frage bill out of order. His decision it seems to
us, is not only reasonable and just in itself, but in
strict Conformity with the constitution on the sub
ject. '. ;": - ' . ' " ' ' :'
The following rentarks, delivered try Mr. Hill, of
Caswell, in the Senate, present this matter in a most
lucid and satisfactory manner. Mr. Hill's" state
ments are arguments. - Pending the question of ap
peal from the decision of the Speaker, Mr. Hill said :
Mr. Speaker: The question is, shall the decision
of the chair stand as the decision of the House.
The chair has decided that an amendment to the
proposed alteration to the constitution passed at the
Legislature of 1851, is not in order. This propo
sition to amend does not come under the parliamen
tary laws controlling "amendments to bills in- delib
erative bodies. It is controlled by the State con
stitution. That instrument directs that the con
stitution shall not be amended unless a bill to alter
the same shall have been read three times in each
House of the General Assembly, and agreed to by
three-fifths of the whole number of members of each
House respectively ; nor shall any alteration take
place until the bill so agreed to shall have been
published six months previous to a new election of
members to the General Assembly. This proposi
tion to amend the constitution has gone through the
form, so required, and is now before us, to do what ?
Why, either to agiceornot to what the constitu
tion requires when it is proposed to amend it, to
vi it: " If after such publication, the alteration proposed-by
the preceding General Assembly shall be
agreed to in the first session thereafter by two
thirds of the whole representation in each House
concurring after the same shall have been read three
times on three several days in each House," &c. It
is apparent the framers of this article of the consti
tution contemplated lhat there should be no amend
ment to this instrument unless the proposed amend
ment should first have been published and thereby
inc attention oi me peopic uirecteu to it bclore the
election of new members of the Legislature. Now,
if you permit the alteration proposed by the last
.Legislature to be amended at this session, a clause
ma' be inserted to elect the Governor by the Leg
islature, or any other radical amendment which has
never been published, and of which the people had
no notice previous to the new clecli n. They would
further be called upon next summer to vote for the
alteration, (if this Legislature should so direct) and
i:' " a majority of voters should approve of the pro
posed alteration and amendment olfered by the Sen
ator from Guilford, we would then have incorpora
ted an alteration in the constitution which never
had gone through two of the forms required by that
instrument, before this could or ought to take place,
to wit: publication for six months and having pass
ed by three-fifths of a previous Legislature.
But, it is urged that the proposed alteration may
be amended, and if so, that it would destroy it, or
in other words, would be equivalent to this Legis
lature relusing to agree to tne alteration before it
passed by the last General Assembly.
. The reply to that is, that clause 2, sec. 1, article
4, prescribes what this Legislature shall do, and let
me ask what is that duty ? The portion of the ar
ticle referred to says, " if after such publication the
alteration proposed by the preceding General As
sembly shall be agreed to,"&c. and which leaves to us
only the question, shall ice agree or not to the alter
alion jtroposed by the preceding General Assembly f
If wc agree to what has been previously done, then
we have passed the proposed alteration through the
third stage as required by the constitution, and of
which publication has been made, and the people
informed. The constitution intended, as I humbly
conceive, not that wc should enact or re-enact an
alteration at this sttgc of any proposed alteration,
but that si in pi' we should resolve to agree by two
thirds ot the whole representation to the alteration
proposed by a previous Legislature,
Do not senators embarrass themselves by suppo
sing that the Free Suffrage alteration, as it now
stands, is a bill ? If the constitution is carefully
looked into, it will be seen that it was uever intend
ed by that instrument at this stage of any proposed
alteration to do any thing more than simply to read
to this Legislature what was proposed by the pre
vious one, and then determine by apt words whether
wc will agree to it ; not whether we will enact a
bill, since the constitution intended and so says, that
the bill shall be read, and of course introduced at
the Legislature first proposing to amend it. But
suppose you letain the idea that it is a bill; even in
that view it is onlv a proposition commenced in the
form of a bill, submitted by the last Legislature to
this Legislature, whether we will amend the con
stitution in the manner proposed. If you amend
the proposition so made, then it is not the one sub
mitted lor our consent or agreement by the prece
ding General Assembly, but altogether a new one,
and of which the proposers iiad no knowledge, and
from the nature of things we can never know wheth
er they would consent to the alteration by the con
stitutional majority of three-fifths.
Believing a I do, that the constitution prescribes
ana marks out the duly of this Legislature, I shall
cheerfully vote to sustain the ruling of the chair. .
South Carolina.
Gov. Adams, of South-Carolina, in his recent mes
sage to the Legislature, recommends the passage of
a law exempting from sale, under contracts hereafter
to be entered into, at least one slave. Such an im
munity, he says, would stimulate every one to exert
himself to possess his family at least of a property
in some degree above the casualties of debt As the
number who acquire the properly is multipled, so
will be widened and deepened, says the Governor,
the determination to sustain the institution.
Hut the Governor goes greatly beyond this, and
advocates the revival of the African slave trade!
We regret this. Its only tendency will be, not to
strengthen, but to weaken the South. Whatever
difference of opinion may exist in relation to the
justice and morality of such a trade, a revival of it is
utterly out of the question. The course of Gov. Ad
ams in this respect, will be made a handle of by the
abolitionists for renewed attacks on slavery. As one
of the organs of public sentiment in a slaveholding
State, we protest against it; and we ask the friends
of the Constitutional rights of the South in the non-
slavcholdin'r States to bear witness to the fact that
the peopic of the South are not responsible for, and
do not approve this recommendation of Gov. Adams.
We shall not discuss the question. It is, we repeat,
an impracticable one. South-Carolina is, in some
respects, a State governed by extreme and vi -lent
views. W e respect her for her gallantry, her chiv
alry, her history, her great names, and we sympa
thize with her people in their restiveness and indig
nation under the abolition pressure ; but wc can
neither approve this recommendation of her Gov
crnor, nor sympathize with those of her public men
who are. per se. for a dissolution of the Union. So
far as the Constitutional rights of the South are con
cerned, South-Carolina is in the right, and Massa
chusetts is in the wrong, because the latter is the
aggressor, and is responsible Jor the evils of the
slavery agitation ; but if all the States, or even a ma
jority, were of the same mind of these two, the bonds
of the Union would be at once destroyed.
North-Carolina Stocks. The Public Treasurer"
sold, a few days since, $20,000 of our stocks at par,
to one of the most distinguished citizens of Virginia
and long known to fame as such. " .
. ' . .. ... r- :
The - Commercial Cohvention. The Southern
Commercial Convention, about to assemble at Sa
vannah, is in its character purely industrial, seeking
for the South an independence, not political, but
that which results from the ability to supply her
wants out of her own creative energies, and without
I a dependence upon mhers. Politics are to be ex- 1U aijauji 1 at the-Armory, on Friday next, tha at the Executive Office in this City on Wednesaayiptaj
of the river b f duded and no schemes ot disunion, tne aavannaa W 7off&cS? - CHAS. MANLY, Sea'y.
ofinterest ' ttepuwican says, torm apari 01 . puryoa,. W
' 'i v'-. ' "ReSofcings in Elizabeth City. ' y
v J'The D emocrats of Pasquotank and adjoining eoun
. ties, recently bad a great jubilee and torchlight pro
cession over the gratifying result of the Presidential
contest- Josiah T. Cranberry, Esq., of Perquimans,
was called to preside, and , speeches were delivered
by Hon. H. M. Shaw, R. B. Creecy, John Williams,
W. F. Martin L. D. Starke, J, T. Granberry, and
W. C. Hunter, Esquires. The Pioneer speaks of the
jubilee and its incidents in the most glowing terms.
That paper thus refers to the speeches of Messrs.
Shaw and Martin : , . " " ; ' .
"JosiahT. Granberr, Esq., of Perquimans, was called to
preside, and, after few pertinent remarks explanatory of
the objects of the occasion, concluded by introducing Hon.
H. M. baw to the assemblage. That gentleman took the
stand and enchained his audience for upwards of an hour
with a masterly and eloquent speech. Though still en
feebled by his late illuess, and bearing evident marks of dc
bilitv, os'he warmed with his subject, be seemed to forget
a 11 physical infirmity in the full glow of intellectual triumph,
( and Mke with almost unwonted energy and entnusiasm.
His speech was interrupted by frequent bursts of applause,
as his audience would be moved by some soul-stirring ap
peal. .
Wm. F. Martin, Esq., followed in one of his very happiest
efforts. Ever greeted with enthusiasm, his audience seemed
even more than ordinarily appreciative, as they would give
back a whole-souled response to every sentence borne to
them from his eloquent tongue by a clear and ringing voice.
Be was in his happiest vein buoyant and elastic in tri
umph overrunoiuj; with joyous congratulations, and glow
ing with the warmi h ol patriotic eloquence,"
Southern Commercial Convention Something
Practical. The "Committee of Correspondence
and Invitation" have kindly solicited our attendance
at the Southern Commercial Convention, which will
be held in Savannah the 8th December. With our
acknowledgement of the courtesy, we must take the
liberty to offer a practical suggestion to the consi
deration of the gentlemen who will represent the in
terests of the South in this Savannah Convention.
Col. Dudley Mann, a gentleman of this State, who
is perhaps more conversant with commercial mat
ters than any other individual in the Union, proposes
the establishment of a line of steamers between some
southern port and the waters of Great Britain. The
scheme is captivating in conception, and is wanting
in no circumstance essential to success. Vn the
contrary Col. Mann is satisfied of its practicability ;
and be is not a person to embark in a foolish or
hazardous venture. We know something of his
means and connexion, and we do not hesitate to com
mend his enterprise to the confidence and support
of the South.
It is necessary above all things that the South
should relieve itself of its commercial dependence
upon the North ; for while it submits to this vessal
age it is idle to talk about the development of its re
sources All are agreed that the first step in the
progress of freedom and independence, is to open
direct commercial relations with Europe. For this
necessary advance, the present period is peculiarly
propitious ; since the completion of so many of our
lines of internal improvement, has brought the re
mote West in easy communication with the cities of
the Atlantic coast Plenty of produce will offer it
selt for the markets of the world, the moment that
we consummate some arrangement for its exporta
tion. The spirit of the South is eager to assert the
independence of our commerce, but if there were
no such public interest, our agriculture would not
willingly submit to the exactions of Northern fac
tors, if any opportunity of escape from the burden
were ottered to its acceptance.
Col. M.nn comes forward at the most auspicious
moment, with a schema for the emancipation of the
agriculture of the South from its dependence on the
capital of the JNorth. lie otters every guarantee of
success, and asks nothing but the generous co-operation
of the people of the South. Will not the Con
vention in bavannah give him its sanction and sup
port ? Or will it repeat the folly of other years, and
expend itself in idle declamation over impossible en
terprises? In the name of common sense let us have
something to the point something less colossal in
the conception but more practical in the purpose
than a Pacific Rail Road or the navigation of the
Amazon. Ilich. Eng.
Later from California-.
New York, Nov. 29. The steamship Illinois ar
rived here this morning, bringing dates from Cali
fornia to the ath inst, and nearly two millions ot
dollars in specie.
California haa undoubtedly gone for Buchanan.
The returns received up to ten o'clock on the day
the steamer left foot up Buchanan 14,000, Fillmore
9,(C0. There is nothing definite concerning the Le
gislature, except that the Republican Legislative
ticket has prevailed in ban 1 rancisco county, thougn
the Democrats had probably 100 majority on the
electoral ticket Nearly full returns from the city
give Buchanan a majority over Fremont of 100, and
Fremont has a maioritv over i illmorc of 3,7 UU. ihe
city vote is much smaller than it was the previous
Washington. Nov. 29. The President's Message
will be sent in advance for the Editors in Richmond
and elsewhere, and will be furnished by the Post
Master as soon as delivered to Congress.
The Pay op Members. It somehow strikes us
that as things now stand at Raleigh, it costs a mem
ber of either House somewhere about hfty per cent,
over and above his per diem. They used to say, that
no matter how high the pay of members might bo
fixed, the hotels would make their calculations, witn
due regard thereto, so as to get the last dime. The
fact is, that for board and a room, in which to receive
his constituents, or others having business with him,
a member has to shell out every cent, leaving noth
ing for oth r expenses not even to pay for the
washing of his shirts and dickies ; and they must be
washed sometimes during a session of eight or ten
weeks. We don't think that any member ought to
desire to make money out of the State we don't
think any member docs desire to do so. But neither
ought the State to desire to make money out of her
citizens, who may he called upon to make ner laws.
It is sufficient sacrifice for most folks to leave their
business or professions for weeks at a time, with
out beins further called np to be out of pocket for
their actual and necessary expenses at Raleigh. M e
go for what is fair. If $3 a day. is, under the cir
cumstances, inadequate, then we go for such an ad
ditional sum as will make it adequate, and no more.
Wilmington Journal.
Hoixoway's Pills. Health and long life may be
had by keeping the blood pure, and liver, stomach
and the other organs, in a healthy state, lo eliect
this rise these extraordinary Pills, which act upon
the very main-spring of life. Sold at the manufac
tories. No. Maiden Lane, New-York, and No. 241
Strand, London ; and by all druggists, at 25c., 62Jc.,
and $1 per box.
In Raleiirh. on Wednesday the 2fith instant, bv the Rev-
Joseph M. Atkinson, Mr. James Gordon, of Richmond, Va.,
to Miss Mary St. Clair Cooke, daughter of Wm. D. Cooke.
Esq-, Principal of tbe N. C Institution for the Deaf and
DumD ana the Blind.
At the residence of Moses Simpson, on Tuesday. 20th in
stant, Mr M. C. Mitchell and Miss Mary W. Simpson, all of
Caswell county.
in Ureensbo rough, on tbe 20th lost., by the uev. J.J.
Smyth, Mr. J. W. Conrad, of Statesville. to Miss Demarius
J. Weatherly.
In Johnston county, on the 27th ult.. bv the Rev. John
F. Ellington, at the residence of James H. Bryan, John R.
Harrison, ot tne same county, to Miss atartna Upcburcn, ot
Franklin county. - - , . .
In Wake county, on the 25th inst., bv Nathan Ivev. Esa..
Mr. John Q. Williams to Miss Henrietta Watson.
On Thursday the 27th inst., by Kev. J. B. Cbeshtn, at
Cool Spring, William R. Cox, Attorney at law, of Nash- '
ville. Tennessee, to Miss Penelone B. second daughter of
James S. Battle, Esq., deceased, of Edgecombe. . - -In
Columbus, Mi., on the evening ot the 11th instant, by
the Rev. Mr. Lawson, Thomas B. Bailey, Esq- formerly of
IIM1..I 1. X- ca . l r t. 1 wr r. i . .
nuiswfuuKu, x. w juias oonui vr . . Harris, aaugausr or
James W Harris, Esq., of Columbus. , . - -r .
DIED. .. 'Vs-,.;
' At his residence in Rockingham county, on Friday 21st
ult., David Seett in the 76th year of his age. . The deceased
was among tbe oldest and most respectable eitixens of the
county, for many years favorably .known to the travelling
community. . . -. . - ;. : - .
,'-, -" v- ' : -.
. School, in the City ol Kaleigh, early in January next.
Having spent four years in the University of Virginia, and
lad several years experience in teaching, he hopes by un
remitting diligence and attention to the boys committed to
his car to justify the confidence with which he may be fa
yored. His object will be to prepare boys, thoroughly for
- College, or f r the practical business of life. He will gir
instruction in tb Greek and Latin Classics, in- the Mathe
. matics, iu ancient and modern history, in moral philosophy
and in the modern languages. The school will be conduct
ed on Christian principles, and particular attention paid to
the moral deportment of the pupils.
There will be a preparatory department in the School for
the votuiger boys. ' .-? r -. --' '-
. Tb subscriber has testimonials of hia character and com
petency from the Faculty of the University in Virginia, and
is permitted to refer to the Rev. Dr. McGuffoy, Professors
liaupin, Scheie deVere, and Gessner Harrison, of that Uni
versity ; to the Rev. J. A. P. Atkinson, of Winchester, Va., ;
to the' Uev. Jos. .M. Atkinson, H. D. Turner, C W. Ben- -edict,
Charles Dewey and Quentin Busbee, Esquires, of Ral
eigh. ., ' .- ' . :.
The School will be held in tbe Lecture-room of the Fres
byterian Church. . ' . .. , .-
Terms for session of fire months s - ,. - o :
English studies .lone, .-.. f 12 AO
; Classics, ... t... . 1. '.'.- .- 1500
Modern Languages, (extra,) - 10 00
November 27, 1856. " - '. . .. g. -
of Land of excellent quality, lying on both s.des of
tbe N. C. Railroad ruun.ng within So vards of the Yadkia
River, comprising some No. 1 YADKIN BOTTOM and
Meadow, about one-third of the land is cleared and iu cul
tivation, the balance is finely timbered, and all within half
a mile of the N. C. Railroad. Tbe tract is Umnded on one
side by the Yadkin Bridge road, and on the other by the
Cowan's Ferry road, rendering it accessible. The dwel
ling is large, liaviiiT nine commodious rooms, garret and
eellar ; also tbe usual outbuildings, a superior Vegetable
Garden, terraced ; a spring of cool and nevei fuiling water;
and is located b miles troru Salisbury. 'J here is also on
the premises a turn-out on the Railroad, which will likely
be the terminus of navigation ou the Yadkin ; alio there
are good locations for bnck-uiakiug and steam machinery. '
The subscriber would sell the whole or a part of the above
property on reasonable terms. Address
' Salisbury, N. C.
Peel, 1856. - 1161 w2w.
leigh, and all the principal towns in Carolina, for sev
eral years, practicing his profession, has permanently loca
ted at Hunts vi lie, Alabama, where be is prepared to treat,
mutt tuccesffuUif, tbe following diseases, to-wit: Asthma,
Diseases of the Throat, Scrofula, Glandular Swellings, Tu- '
mors, Scrofulous Cancers, Ulcers on the face, and all dis
thTblood 8kl"' eJre!S ariai,,S bom on impure slate- of
Testimonials of the highest character'caa be jrivcu. from
the most respectable taiiulies of Carolina.
All communications must contain a three cent stamn to
pay for the returu letter. i v
Nov. ar., 18M. , 4-swtf.
J. D. CAMPBELL, A. JI. Principal.
boro , A. C., will at once attract the attention of those
who have sons to educate. No place in the State is more
accessible; and in health and morality, it is unsurpassed.
The next session will coimueuce on the 2d Monday iu Jan
uary, 1857 lor further information, apply to the Princi
pal, at Greensboro', N. C.
Aec. J. 1806.
11 CI w3m.
Yinesville Male and Female Seminary.
will aimmence January 12th, 18f7. The two schools
are separate and distinct; the female department beino-under
the supervision of Mrs. Gilliam. We have had many
year s experience in teaching youths of both sexes, and de
.sire to establish a permanent school of high grade. The
location is healthy, and free from temptation to rice or im
morality. Scholars can be well prepared for College or the
business pursuits of life. Board and tuition payable at tho
expiration of each session.
teems raa session of-fivb moxths :
Board $40; Primary English branches 8; Advanced
English from $12 to 16 ; Latin and Greek $16 ; Musio
on l'iano $20. . . . . ' -
For further information, address B. P. Pitt, J. A. Vines,
or Wright Barnes, patrons; or -
T. B. GILLIAM, Teacher,
Dec. 1, 1856 Sparto.EdgecombeCoC.
Register copy to the amount of $3 and send bill "to
this office. ' ,
M the pres nt Legislature for a charter to iucorpoiafe a
company tor the manufacture of Iron and other articles, at
Lockville, in Chatham county, to be called " the Lockville
uaiiuiauturiijg CUlupauy.
Dec. 1, 1856.
4 swlmpd.
i.m will apply to the Legislature at its approaching ses
sion, for a charter to navigate McLean's Creek, in Moore -County.
Refined Syrup, Sugar and Coffee of different kinds.
Raleigh, Nov. 24th, 1856. - gat.
PERRY & BASON, Dentists,
SELF AND FRIENDS in having associated wi.h him
Dr. BASON, who is a regular graduate of medicine and.
Dental Surgery, and a successful practitioner of fuurteeu
year's experience.
Raleigh, Dec. 1st, 185". 4 3m.
Public Sale of Valuable City Property.
LOTS, in the North-West Corner of the City, at present
accupied by Mrs. Primrose. The Dwelling House, with
one acre attached, will be sold separatelj ; and the remain
ing two acres will be put up in quarter acre lots. The
place is sufficiently convenient to business, and is within
two or three hundred yards of the Raleigh and Gaston
Railroad Depot. A more beautiful and desirable location
for a residence can scarcely be found iu the city. Terms
made known ou the day of sale.
Raleigh, Dec. 1, 1856. v - 4 2t.
JlM the present General Assembly of North-Carolina to in
corporate the Nantahala Laud acd Mineral Company, u
the cunuty of Macon.
Dec. 2, 1856. 4 td.
1 the present General Assembly of North-Carolina, to
. incorporate the Tuckaseege Land and Mining Company, in
tbe county of Jackson. -Dec
2, 1856. ' 4 td.
application will be mode to the present Legislature,
for an Act incorporating tbe M Citizens Bank," iu tbe city
01 ivaieigii.
Dec. 1, 1856.
Valuable Negroes for Sale. -SEVERAL
fCooks and House-servants, are offered for sale. Terms
accommodating. Apply to the Editors of the Standard.
Raleigh, Dec. 1, 156. 4 t.
and commodionn dwelling in Holly Springs, the sub-
scriber respect 1 11 ly informs h a friends and the community v
generally, lhat he is prepared to entertain the traveling V
public ami others, who may be pleased to call qn him.
Uj; promises to use every exertion to render hia guests
comfortable, and in every way Kuticlied.' -
He can also accommodate teu or. fifteen students on
terms as reasoi able as can be afforded. .
Dee. 2, 1858. . - - 4 6w.
JL v from date of notice, application will be made to the
present Legislature to establish tbe W. k W. Railroad as
the permanent line between Nishand Edgecombe Counties,
from the Wilson Couuty line to Fishing Creek, thence up
said creek to tbe present Nash line,' c - . .
Nov. 21, 1856- -, J. 1
1 subscriber win make application at th present ses
sion f the General Assembly of North Carolina for the
emancipation of hia boy Armslead, commonly called Arm- .
stead Russell. . JAS. T. RUSSELL. .
Nov. 20, 18-16. ' .- : m 1 lm.
-ERS of the " Albemarle aad Chesapeake Canal Com
pany, will be held at their office ia Norfolk, on TUESDAY,
the 2nd day rf December next at 11 o'clock, A. M.
: ,- ; - A. M. BURT, Secretary.
November 1,1854.; 100 lm.
in teaching, desires a situation in a family or Semina
ry. She will instruct ia higher English branches, Mathe
matics, French, Latin, and Drawing. References given.
. Address Editor of this paper. ' '
' November 18, 1856. 28. ,
P lot of Over Costs, Raglen'a Business Coat, Velvet.
Vests, c ' - J- H. BIGGS.
ry jrov.14.1856. ; : ' - f lea sw4t,
: r 1 . hi .tne uoara 01 irusiees 01 we uuiveisur i. uciu

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