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THE NOto V n t! I i k it i LEGISLATURE OF NORTH CAROLINA. : "' SENATE. T . TnuKSDAT, Dec. 4, 1856. The following engrossed bills and resolutions, from the House, were read 1st time, passed, and referred to the proper committees : ' Bill to repeal that portion of revised code prevent ing fire hunting by night. t r Bill to lay oif and establish a new county, from ft portion of Ashe, to be called Alleghany. Bill to give additional authority to the commis sioners of the town of Tarboro'. Bill to amend the act incorporating the lennessee Mountain turnpike company. Resolution in favor of Clifton Keeton. . Resolution in favor of John Foster, of Wilkes.-. Resolution refunds State taxes, over paid by Mr. Mrr Boyd, from committee on finance, submitted a statement from the public treasurer, of the amount of money paid out for the geological survey of the State. Laid on the table. Mr. White introduced a bill to incorporate the bank of Lincolnton, to be located in the town of Lin colnton. Ordered to be printed, and referred to com mittee on banking. Mr. Martin introduced a bill to incorporate the Salem cemetery company. Referred to committee on corporations. . . Mr. W. R. Myers introduced the following bills, which were read first time, and referred to commit tee on internal improvements: Bill to amend the charter of the Western plank road company. Bill to amend the charter of the Charlotte and Taylorsville plankroad company. Mr. Gorrell introduced a bill to incorporate the bank of Green sborough, at Greensborough. Re ferred to committee on banking, and ordered to be printed. ' Mr. Eaton, from the committee to whom was re ferred the memorial and bill, relative to Davidson College, reported the same back to the Senate, with amendments; which were adopted, and the bill passed its second reading; and on motion, the rules were suspended, and the bill passed its third and last reading. w- Message received from the House, transmitting the following engrossed bills, which were read the first time, and referred to proper committees : Bill to incorporate the town of Troy, in the coun ty of Montgomery. Bill to revive an act to incorporate the Camden and New Cut canal company, Bill to incorporate the trustees of Holly Springs high school. Mr. Houston introduced a bill to re-model the county courts, and establish courts of pleas in North Carolina. Referred to judiciary committee, and or dered to be printed. The bill providing for the further distribution or the laws of the State, was read second lime, passed, and the mles being suspended, was passed third time. The bill to incorporate the North-Carolina and Virginia railroad, was read third time, and passed, after being amended, so as to make its terminus West of Surry county, to the Virginia line. Mr. Dockery offered a resolution, authorizing the literary fund to loan two thousand dollars to Lau rensburg high school. Referred to committee on education and literary fund, Mr. Thomas, of Jackson, introduced a bill to ex tend the North-Carolina railroad. Referred to com mittee on internal improvements, and ordered to be printed. Mr. Thomas, of Jackson, from the committee on internal improvements, reported the bill to amend the charter of the Cheoke turnpike company. Passed 2nd reading. Mr. Thomas, from same committee, reported bill to au end the charter of Tuckasege turnpike com pany. Laid on the table. Message received from the House, transmitting a statement of the bank of Newbern, with proposition to print. Concurred in. Senate then adjourned. HOUSE OF COMMONS. The House met at the usual hour. Mr. Lewis, of Wake, presented the memorial of Win. Peace in relation to a certain resolution of the last Legislature affecting his right to the buildings in the academy grove, city of Raleigh. Referred to com mittee on public building. A majority and minority report from committee on claims, on the resolution in favor of B. H. Stam mire, was laid on the table. Mr. Hill, of Stokkes, offered a resolution in favor of Dr. John Pepper. Mr. Outlaw offered a resolution requesting the Governor to furnish the House with information up on certain matters connected with the swamp lands. Adopted. The following bills were rea'd first time, and re ferred to appropriate committtes : Mr. Rumley, a bill to incorporate Beaufort Branch railroad company. Mr. Rushing, a bill appropriating the money ari sing from the binding out of free persons of color, fines, &c, to the wardens of the poor of the respec tive counties. Mr. Tate, a bill to repeal 69th sec 99th ch. re vised code. Mr. Sharp, a bill to extend the time for registra tion of deeds, &c. Message from the Senate, transmitting the en grossed bill concerning the town of Wilmington, with certain amendments. Mr. Holmes stated his acceptance of the amend ments which were introduced by the Senator from New Hanover. . 5 The present appointments had given unusual dis satisfaction, and he hoped' the House would adopt the amendments. Mr. Meares moved that the second amendment be stricken out. He acknowledged the present state of affairs did not give satisfaction ; but thought a change would not be for the better. The appoint ment of flour inspectors ought to be left in the hands of the commissioners who were better qualified to select such officers than the county courts, to which the power was transferred by the amendment " " Mr. Holmes denied that the commissioners were better qualified than the county court to select the inspectors, whose duties affected the agricultural - . community generally. Mr. Holmes warmly suppor ted the amendments, as absolutely necessary and demanded by the people. Mr. Meares repeated his objections; after a few remarks from Mr. Caldwell, the House concurred in ' the Senate s amendments. The Speaker presented a communication from the President of the Merchants' bank at Newbern, which was sent to the Senate, with a proposition to print A motion by Mr. Waugh, to reconsider the vote on the bilU concerning deeds of trust, &c, was re-'-vjected -yeas 52, nays 59. : Bill to amend 3d sec. 64th ch. revised code, con cerning wido ws, was recommitted to judiciary com mittee. ' J Resolutions in favor of B. Baird, passed second reading. Sherrill and W. R. Bill to divide C;i ithi-n c nfy w read 2d time. Mr." Cotten advocated the passage of the bill and at great length explained the disadvantages the' pre sent size of the county inflicted on the citizens, in their attendance on the public business. ; The bill was opposed by Mr. Hargrove and Mr. D. F. Caldwell, and supported by Mr. Hackney. The bill was rejected yeas BO, nays 58. On motion of Mr. Hill, of Stokes, the House agreed ?, to reconsider the vote on yesterday, rejecting the bill to- establish a new county, by the name of Avory-ryeas 61, nays 48. bill to regulate the standard weight of a bushel of grain, was amended, and passed second reading af ter some remorks by Messrs. ; Sharp, Rankin and On motion of Mr. D F. Caldwell, the House agreed ' to recomuue. - iicvuug me bill to divide Chatham county. " - The bill to appropriate the proceeds arising from the sale of Stale lands, in the county of Watauga, . -Aa in miff njxnntv . O to improving tw , -v. was iaicen up, . ; Messrs. Folk nd Erwin spoke warmly i favor of the bill, which was opposed by Mr. Bridgers. The bill finally passed ite second reading-yeas 62 nays 42. House thendjourned. , , :- SENATE. , Friday, Dec. 5, 1856. . dark, of Edgecombe, gave notice, that he -of the Ben" The resolution, authorizing the purchase of , copy of Cooke's new map, was . taken op, and on motion of Mr. Cherry, was amended by striking out one, and inserting, and passed. ' , 3 On motion of Mr. Cameron, the resolution In re lation to the Documentors History of North Caro lina, was taken up, and referred to a joint select committee. ' ... ' . . ... Mr. Thomas, of Jackson, introduced a bill to amend the charter of the Quallatown Turnpike Com pany. '. . '. . . Mr. Martin introduced a bill, accompanied by a memorial, to incorporate the town of Salem, Mr. J. W. Thomas introduced a bill to incorpo rate the town of Thoniasville, in Davidson County. Bill provides for the size of the town to be two miles square, and the railroad station, of the N. C. Railroad, at that place, to be the centre of the town.J Mr. Battle, of Nash, introduced a bill to make the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad the dividing line between the counties of Nash and Edgecombe. Laid on the table. ..... . j .t. Mr. Wiggins introduced a bill to extend the time of registration of grants and deeds and other con veyances. Read first time. The rules were suspen ded, and the bill passed its second and third read- '"mt FenneU introduced a bill concerning the in spection of Naval Stores, &c, which was referred to the committee on the judiciary. Bill to amend the charter of the Quallatown Turn pike Company, read third time, and passed. On motion of Mr. Wilder, leave ot absence was granted to the Senator from Warren, until Monday. Mr. Wilder introduced a resolution, instructing the judiciary committee to inquire into the expedi e cyof changing the time of holding the Superior Courts in the first judicial circuit, &c Adopted. Senate then adjourned, till to-morrow, 11 o'clock. HOUSE OF COMMONS. The House met at the usual hour. A number of reports were presented from the standing committees. . A resolution of Mr. Patterson, proposing to hold evening sessions, was on motion of Mr. A. M. Lew is, indefinitely postponed. Mr. Pickett offered a resolution respectfully re questing the ladies of Raleigh to continue their vis its to the Gallery of the House. On motion of Mr. Lewis, indefinitely postponed. On motion of Mr. Humphreys, a resolution was adopted authorizing the Governor to make certain improvements in the public square around the capitol. Mr. Stubbs offered a resolution in favor of John II. Jones. Read and referred to the committee on claims. The following bills were introduced and referred to appropriate committees: Mr. Ben bury a bill to facilitate the removal of free persons of color out of the State. Mr. Bynuin, a bill to provide for the election of clerks and masters in chancery by the people. Mr. Patterson, a bill to amend the charter of the town of Graham, Alamance county. Mr. Waugh, a bill to incorporate the Winston, Salem and Thomasvillc turnpike road company. Mr. Mabry, a bill to amend 3 1st section D'Jth chap ter revised code concerning revenue. Mr. C. N. White's bill concerning the appoint ment of administrators was, on motion of Mr. Out law, indefinitely postponed. The bill to amvnd the 7th and 8th sections of the 45th chapter revised code, concerning insolvent debt ors, was taken up. Messrs. Mann and Lewis offered amendments. Mr. Settle regretted to sec the disposition to amend the revised code, which code was adopted after much deliberation and expenditure of money and time. It was the work of able and talented lawyers. He hoped the House would vote down every bill amen ding the revised laws, and let them have a fair trial. After an amendment was offered by Mr. Scott, Mr. Thompson stated the object of the amend ments to the bill proposed by the judiciary commit tee. He explained the hardships of the present law, and the power it gives the constables and creditors to harrass a poor debtor. He moved to amend the 8th section by striking out the word " seizure " and in serting " to sale." Mr. Settle coincided with Mr. Thompson that a change was necessary in this case. Mr. Thompson's amendment was adopted, the oth ers being previously rejected. The bill to amend the 21st section 46th chapter revised code was read the second time. Mr. Jones explained that this bill was to compel administrators and executors to make an equal di vision of assets among the creditors of an estate. He described the injustice done by the present law allowing administrators to make partial payments to their friends. Under this bill all creditors would receive equal proportions of effects, and thus reme dy a crying evil. The people demanded a change, and he hoped the House would grant it. Mr. Lewis, of Wake, opposed it. He considered it deserved condemnation for interfering in the great principles of general law. It would make an open account of equal dignity with a bond or sealed in strument He denied that the law wanted amend ment, and justified the preference given by law to bonds and judgments over open accounts. Mr. Jones defended the bill ; and repl'ed to the objections raised against it by Mr. Lewis. Dr. Pitchford was in favor of the bill. lie had suffered severely by the present law ; but only spoke to express his surprise at the opposition given to his bill by gentlemen who supported the one before the House. Pending the debate, the Speaker announced the hour appointed for the consideration of the Free Suffrage bill, when it was read the second time. Mr. Scott offered an amendment. The Speaker decided it inadmissable, and stated reasons, which will be inserted at length in our next. The Speaker then put the question shall the de cision of the Chair be sustained ? The House almost unanimously sustained the de cision, only two members voting in the negative Messrs. Outlaw and Scott Mr. Lewis, of Wake, having demanded the yeas and nays, The bill passed nays 4. its second reading yeas 109, Those who voted in theaffirmative are : Messrs. Speaker, Badham, Barnes, Benbury, Be thea, Blanton, Bledsoe, Blow, Bridgers, Bright, By num, Bullock, Cansler, Clark, Cotten, Cox of Jones, Cox of Perquimans, Crump, Dancy, Davidson, Dills, Eller, Erwin, Folk, Gaither, Gentry, Gilliam, Glass, Hackney, Hall, Hargrove, Harrell, Hester, Hill of Stokes, Hill of Halifax, Houck, Holmes, Humphrey, Jarvis, Jenkins, Jennett, Johnson, Jones, Kelly, Leach of Davidson, Ltitch of Robeson, Lewis of Wake, Lewis of Nash, Little, Long, Love, Lyon of Orange, Lyon of Gianville, Mabry, Mann, Martin, Mason, Masten, Mathews, Mcintosh, Montgomery, Meares, Moore, Morrison, Moselv, Ogburn, Outlaw, Outerbridge, Parker, Patterson", Pearson, Pickett, Pitchford, Ramsour, Rand, Rankin, Reeves, Rich ardson, Routh, Rumley, Rushing, Sauls, Scales, Set tle, hiler, Slaughter, Smallwood, Southcrland, Speer, bpeight, Stewart, Stiles, Strayhorn, Stubbs, Tate, Ihompson, Tomlinson, Toms, Waddell, Ward, Waugh, White of Sampson, White of Cabarrus, White of Bladen, Whitson, Williamson, Wilson, Withers and Yancey 109. Those who voted in the negative are : Messrs. Caldwell, Elliott, Foster and Scott 4. Absent, Messrs, Baxter, Dargan, March, Ferrebee, JJiborn, Sharp, one vacancy in Franklin county.. On motion of Mr. Hill, of Stokes, the third read ing of the bill was made the order of the day for Saturday, at 11 o'clock. , . The debate was resumed on Mr. Jones' bill con cerning administrators. Bill rejected. Bill to incorporate Rockbridge and Toxaway turn pike company was taken up. . Mr. Dills addiessed the House, and explained the Vr i , ""joeia oi mo om. An amendment by Mr. Bright was adopted, and after some remarks by Messrs. Bledsoe and Gilliam, in opposition, and Mr. Siler in support of the bill, it passed its second read- m8 'r- ':.'.. ' .TW rewiotioii in favor of B. H. Stammire, was made the order of the day for Thursday next Bill to regulate the registration of sheriff's bonds, was taken up. ;, , ' r .On motion of Mr. Ranvna n (J Bill to incorporate the Macon county turnpike road company was taken; up..? . A Mr.. Stiles stated that the bill was similar to the i one jost passed, and hoped the House would pass it -The bill passed its second reading. , , a Mr. Mann wished to change his vote to the nega tive, on the motion to sustain the Speaker's decis ion. He was a friend to freo suffrage, but differed with the Speaker respecting the right to amend the bill.-;. ..v.v. ;- V - ' Mr. Outlaw opposed 'the motion as a bad prece dent, and the House refused to allow the change of vote. -. . . - ' -.' Bill concerning the fees of registers of deeds was rejected. ' .. ' ' ': : v . " Bill providing for the payment of talis jurors was laid on the table, at the request of Mr. Bridgers, who wished te introduce a general law on the subject House then adjourned. SENATE. Satukdat, Dec. 6, 1856. Message sent to the House, transmitting a number of engrossed bills, and a resolution concerning Cooke's map, asking the concurrence of that body. The speaker laid before the Senate a statement of the farmer's bank of North Carolina, and a state ment of the condition of the bank of Wadesboro', which were transmitted to the House, with a pro position to print. The following enrolled bill was reported to, and ratified in the Senate: Bill to repeal the 11th sec. of the act passed in 1854-'55, entitled a.i act to empower the commis sioners oft. the town of Wilmington to establish streets in" said town and for other purpose. Message received from the House, transmitting the report of the President and Directors of the NorthCarolina railroad company, with a proposi tion to print. Concurred in. Also a statement from the commercial bank of Wilmington, with a proposition to print Concur red in. Also a message concurring in the proposition of the Senate to print the statements of the farmer's bank and the bank of Wadesboro'. Mr. Boyd, from the committee on propositions and giievances, to whom was referred the bill to lay off and establish the county of Alleghany, reported the same back to the Senate and recommended its passage. Bill read second time, whereupon Mr. A. j. Jones offered the following amendment, by way of proviso : Provided, the one hundred and twenti eth part of the federal population of the State is con tained within the prescribed boundaries. Pending the consideration of said bill and amend ment, the further consideration of the same was sus pended and a message received I rum the House stat ing that the hour agreed upon for counting and com paring the votes cast for Governor in August last had arrived, whereupon, the Senate repaired to the Hous where the vote was counted ; after which, the Sena tors returned to their Chamber, and adjourned till Monday morning. 1 1 o'clock. HOUSE OF COMMONS. The House- met at the usual hour. Mr. Hall presented a petition from certain citizens of Salisbury. 1 he following bills were read first time, and re ferred to appropriate committees: Mr. Settle, a bill defining the boundaries between Richmond and Montgomery counties. Mr. Houck. a bill providing for the election of a special magistrate for the county of Rowan, to be a resident of Salisbury. Mr. Routh, a bill to extend the corporate limits of the city of Raleigh. The Speaker presented a communication from the president and directors of the North-Carolina rail road company. Mr. Erwin moved the reading be dispensed with, and it be sent to the Senate, with a proposition to print. Adopted. The special order of the day, for the third read ing of the free suffrage bill, being next in order, The bill passed its third reading yeas 98, nays 5. The Speaker announced the bill passed by the constitutional majority. Mr. I). F. Caldwell entered his solemn protest against the measure just passed, which caused con siderable merriment among the members. The Speaker presented a communication from the president of the commercial bank of Wilmington, which was sent to the Senate, with a proposition to print Mr. Reeves asked permission to record his vote in favor of the free suffrage bill. He was absent on business connected with the House, and felt anxious to vote in favor of a measure which he had always cordially supported. Mr. Caldwell opposed the motion. After some discussion, the Speaker ruled the motion out of or der, and leave was refused. A number of engrossed bills were received from the Senate, and pastd their first reading. On motion of Mr. Hill, of Halifax, the engrossed bill regulating the distribution of the public laws, was taken up. Mr. Hill proposed some amendments, which be ing adopted, the rules were suspended, and the bill finally passed. Bill to aid in the construction of the western rail road, after being read, was aain laid on the table. At 12 o clock, in accordance with previous ar rangement, the Senators, preceded by their Speaker and principal clerk, entered the hall. Having taken their seats on the Speaker's right, the Speaker of tlie Senate took the chair, as presiding officer of the General Assembly, and proceeded to call over the counties, alphabetically, the votes polled being recorded by the tellers and principal clerk of the Senate. At the conclusion of the scrutiny, the official vote was announced, as follows: TIIOS. BKAGG, 57,098, J. A. Gilmer, 41,972. Majority 12,126. The Senators having retired, the House then ad journed. SENATE. Monday, Dec. 8, 1856. Mr. Clark moved to take up the resolution to amend the rules of the Senate, which was agreed to, and the rules accordingly amended. Mr. Coleman, from the Judiciary Committee, re ported the bill to divide the State into eight Judicial circuits, with amendments, and recommended its passage. Laid on the table. Mr. Speight offered a resolution auth rizing the Doorkeeper to furnish the Reporters with a copy of all bills, and other matter, ordered to be piinted by the Senate. Adopted. Message received from the House, transmitting the engrossed bill in reference to the distribution of the Revised Code, with amendments, and asking the concurrence of this body. Referred to the Ju diciary Committee. A message was sent to the House, transmitting a report from the Treasurer, and various Bank re ports. Mr. Boyd offered a resolution authorizing the Comptroller to have 250 extra copies of his report printed. Concurred in. Mr. Coleman introduced a bill to repeal the 9th section of the bill incorporating the French Broad Rail Road. Mr. Wilder introduced a bill to re-charter the Bank of the State. Referred to the Committee on Banks and Currency, and ordered to be printed. Mr. Houston introduced a bill to increase the pay of members of the General Assembly, and the Clerks, thereto. Bill repeals the Act now in force fixing the pay of members, and substituting in lieu thereof an act, fixing the pay of Speaker at $400 per session, and members 800, with $5 per day for attendance on extra sessions. Mr. Thomas, of Jackson, introduced a bill to amend the charter of the Tuckascge and Alleghany Turnpike Company. Referred. . Mr. Thomas also introdnced a resolution in favor of David Taylor and Elizabeth Welch. Resolu tion proposes to refund amount expended by them in defending their claim to lands sued for by Mr. Stammire. .. Referred, and ordered to be printed. . Mr. Brogden introduced a bill to emancipate Sam and Sukey, slaves. Referred. . , The' unfinished business of Saturday, the bill to establish the county of Alleghany, was taken up. MrJ A. J. Jones withdrew his amendment proposed. ; , Mr. Eaton, Cameron and Pool, opposed the pas sage of the bill, and Messrs. Coleman, Bryant, Chris tian, Ramsay, Dockery, and J. W.Thomas advoca ted the bill. , : ! The ayes And noes boing called, those who voted for the bill, are : Messrs. Boyd, Brogden, Bryant Cherry, Coleman, DockeryjGibaon, ifinj Holt, Mc '' " Diarroid, ' Martin; Mills, Parks; : Ramsay J. W' Thomas, W; 111- Thomas, Wbitev-17.-' V :. ; ',. - Against the bill : Messrs. Battle. Cameron. Uarr, Christian," Clark, Cowper, Cunningham, Dilliard, Eaton, FennelL Fpnyille, Grist, Hawkins,. Holmes, Houston,' J. B.' Jones, A. J.' Jrtnes, Miller," PooY, . Sanders, Speight; Taylor, Ward," Wiggins, Wild er 25. - . . The Senate then adjourned.- 'I, : " . HOUSE OF COMMONS. V. ' The House met at the usual hour. The Speaker presented a communication from the' public treasurer, enclosing reports from the banks of Wadesbnrough, Washington, and of the State of North-Carolina. - Mr. March,' of Davie, was -qualified and took his seat r .': '' " ' ' On motion of Mr. Gilliam, a resolution was adop ted, requiring the judiciary committee to report on the expediency of providing for the search of vessels trading to northern ports, to prevent the escape of slaves. '' Mr. Badham introduced a resolution, that no bill -requiring an appropriation or endorsement of bonds by the State, shall be passed until after the recep tion of the finance committee's report. Mr. Badham made some forcible remarks upon the present sfate of public feeling with respect to in ternal improvements, and the necessity of retrench ment " The Speaker decided that nnder the rales of the House, the resolution should lie over one day. Mr. Badham appealed from the decision, but after wards withdrew his motion. On motion of Mr. Settle, a resolution was adopted, instructing the judiciary committee to enquire into the expediency of amending the 5th sec. 59th ch. revised code. " , Mr. Stubbs offered a resolution that the same committee should enquire into the expediency of giving courts of equity jurisdiction in cases of dis puted boundaries. Adopted. Mr. Reeves introduced a bill to open Tadkin riv er for the passage of fish. Referred to the commit tee on propositions and grievances. The bill to aid in the construction of the Western Railroad was taken up. Mr. Badham moved to lay the bill on the table. By leave of the House, the Speaker vacated the chair, and addressed the House in favor of the bill. Mr. Shepherd's speech was el oquent, able and argumentative ; it covered the en tire question, and left no objection unanswered : it evidently made a great impression upon the House. After some remarks from Mr. Tomlinson, the bill was made the order of the day on Friday next A number of bills of no public interest were then read the third time, passed and ordered to be en grossed. The bill authorising the Sheriff of Surry county to collect arrears of taxes, was, on motion of Mr. Clarke, amended, so as to include the Sheriff of Caldwell, and passed its third reading. The bill giving the State lands in Watauga coun ty for the construction of roads, &c, passed its third reading, afier the rejection ot some amendments, in cluding other counties. Yeas 58, nays 38. The bill to incorporate the Macon county turn pike company passed its third reading. Yeas 61, nays 35. The bill authorising Richard Whitesides to erect certain tailgates, was read the second time and pass ed. Ayes 38, noes 31. The bill increasing the salary of the Secretary of State, was recommitted to the committee. The bill to pay talis jurors in the county of Meck lenburg. Mr. Bridgers. nnder the impression that the county courts had jurisdiction in this case, would vote against it Mr. Davidson made some remarks in support of the bill. The bill was recommitted to the judiciary com mittee, with instructions to prepare a general law upon the subject. After which, the House adjourned. Feeding Swine. If you have no hog-pens among the appointments of your farm, have some immedi ately put up, so that when it shall be time to put up to fatten, the pens may be ready for their reception. The pens should have a feeding and sleeping apart ment, with a yard attached to each. In each pen there should be a rubbing post. The surface of each yard should be formed into a basin-like form, over which a bushel ot plaster should be spread, and then covered several inches in depth with woods mould, marsh mud, river or creek mud, the earth from headlands, or ditch or road scrapings, weeds, 4c, all of which materials during the fattening sea son, will be converted into good manure; for there arc no better manufacturers of manure than hogs. Without entering into any detail of the constituent elements of hog manure, we would say, that it is considered, in the view of chemists, superior to that of the cow, and this estimate is borne out in prac tice by the closest agricultural observers. When theory and practice both arrive at the same conclu sion, we may be sure that this opinion is very nearly founded in truth. In filling the yard of a hog pen with the sub stances named, ever' few inches of the matter as it is being placed in and spread on the yard, should be' dusted otw with plaster, or with pulverized char coal, to prevent the escape of the ammonia. Occa sionally, stable and cow 3ard manure should be thrown over the surfscc, and be treated to sprink lings of plaster or pulverized charcoal. To encour age the hogs to root, every few days grains of corn should be distributed over the yards in consuming and searching for the corn, the hogs root up and in timately mix the substance together, and thereby assure an equality in the value of the compound a matter of great consideration in such bodies. If you provide your hogs with tho rough material named, each hog during the fattening beason will make two loads of good compost manure. To show the value of the urine of the fattening hog, we will remark, that it is estimated by chemists that it is as rich in the elements of vegetable productions, as is that of human urine, and in every pint of the lat ter there are the elements of a pint of wheat. If this be true, and we believe that it is, we would ask, is it not worth while for agriculturalists to put them selves to the trouble of saving so fruitful a fertilizer as hog manure, solid as well as liquid? Treatment of Hogs when taken up. All hogs when first taken up for fattening, should receive three or four doses of flour of sulphur, and as many of copperas, in doses of a tablespoon, at intervals of two days apart These sKbuld be given them in messes of bran or meal. Such doses serve to cool the blood, strengthen the digestive organs, and re move those worms which sometimes attack the kid neys. As to their Food. Their food for the first two or three weeks should be pumpkins, apples, roots and other vegetables, which would be the better of being cooked and mixed with bran, or meal of some kind ; the latter being increased from day to day, gradually, so that when the hogs come to have corn or meal altogether, the change may not be injuri ously felt by them. W hether corn or corn meal be fed out to the hogs, a great saving will be effected by having eith er cooked, and it is immaterial whether It be boiled or steamed. A saving may be effected by. cooking of from 15 to 20 per cent by grinding into meal and cooking, of 30 per cent Materials for tub Hog Pen Yard. A trough should be kept in the yard, at all times supplied with charcoal, wood ashes, rotten wood and coarse salt ; these substances keep the tone of the hogs' stomach in order, encourage their appetites, pro- -mote digestion, and keep the animals in health. Time of Feeding. It is all important that the hogs be regularly fed, at stated hours, three times a day, say morning early, at noon, and just before sun down. . -" - - ' ' Of their Sleeping Apartments. These should be supplied with fresh leaves or straw twice a week, so that by their comfortable bedding they may be induced to devote a considerable portion of their time to sleeping sleep being a great promoter of fet : ; - - ' . ; Time of Taking: up Hogs to Fatten. The pre cise time to take up hogs to fatten, cannot be well stated ; the time must depend upon the supply of mast in the woods ; while that supply is sufficient to keep hogs in a growing state while they 'increase, in size and fat, they can very safely be permitted to remain hi the woods; the time for removal' to the ens, then, is when the hogs, by their appearance, egin to show an insufficient supply of food.. ; - -v .-. i-v, ... - . ' - American Farmer. I 2 t& Jfynorapie the General jLuembly . . . - ,- of, toe. atate of JVtrtfi-Carolina : -. Th stockholders of tke .bank of the -Suite of North-Carolina, having, at their general meeting in July, 1855, after mature deliberation, declined to ac cept the charter tendered them by the last Legisla ture, thought it due to themselves, as well as respect ful to the Legislature, to state the reasons which in duced them to do so, and at their last general meet ing in July, 1856, appointed the undersigned a com mittee for that purpose, ' .-; ...... V Before proceeding to discharge this duty, the com mittee think it not irrelevant or improper to take a retrospective view of the operations of the bank since its commencement in" September, 1834, so as to en able the Legislature to sec bow far it has performed its duties to the community, as well as to the State. - .In November, 1853, the capital stock of the bank amounted to $755,938 69. In November, 1835, its capital was increased to the sum of $1,096,600 ; and in November, 1836, the whole capital of one million five hundred thousand dollars had been subscribed, at which time it was in complete and successful op eration. Of this capital stock, the State or Litera ry Board owned 5027 shares, amounting to $502, 700. The University owned 1000 shares, amount ing to one hundred thousand dollars; and individu al stockholders held the residue of 8973 shares, amounting to eight hundred and ninety-seven thou seven three hundred dollars, making the whole cap ital of 15000 shares, or one million five hundred thou sand dollars. The first dividend of per cent, was declared in July, 1835 ; from that time to the present the bank has continued to declare never less than 3 per cer t semi-annually, and for several years it has declared 5 per cent semi-annually. There has been paid to the State or Literary Board, by way of dividends, from July, 1835 to July, 1856, the aggregate sum of $824,609 75, (exclusive of the dividends on the stock held by the University, which has amounted during the same period to the sum of $160,000,) and there has also been paid to the State, by way of tax, during that period, the sum of $49, 405 50, making in all received by the State, in div idends and taxes, the sum of $974,015 25 nearly double the sum originally subscribed, besides re turning to the State the whole amount of her sub scription, together with the dividends of profits here after to be declared. Although under no obligation to loan to the State, by virtue of any provision in its charter, this bauk has uniformly, and it is believed, without a single exception, complied with all demands made upon it by the treasurer, for his accommodation, and some times with great inconvenience to the bank. These loans have averaged about one hundred thousand dollars per annum. The total average loans of the bank, since its commencement have been $2,086,010 per annum, and its circulation has averaged $1,285, 631 per annum. It is not pretended or believed that the operations of the bank have been always conducted with entire satisfaction to the community, as in the manage ment of such an institution, many cases of apparent individual hardships, or want of accommodation must have unavoidably occurred; but it is believed, that in the main, they have been conducted impar tially, and with as much regard to the interest of its dealers, and the community, as was consistent with the discharge of its duties to the stockholders, and the State, as one of its principal ones. The committee will now proceed briefly to state the reasons which induced the stockholders to de cline accepting the charter tendered them by the last Legislature. The first objection in order, as well as in impor tance, is the provision contained in the fifteenth section, imposing the tax although an absolute tax of thirty cents only is thereby imposed on each share of stock held by individuals. The stockhold ers in view of the wants and liabilities of the State, thought it right and proper to consider the utmost extent to which that tax might he increased; believ ing, that in a short time, the Legislature would con sider themselves justified, by the " exigency of the State," to increase the tax' to its utmost limits this was one dollar on each share in addition to which they also reserved the right of taxing the dividends on the stock owned by individuals and corporations ad libitum, or limited only by the rate of tax which they might think proper to impose on interest or money loaned. On referring to the dividends de clared by this bank, it is ascertained that the aver age annual rate of dividend on its stock is about 7 per centum from this deduct one dollar per share for tax, and even the present tax of three cents on each dollar of interest, say twenty-two cent, and there would be left to the stockholder a nett divi dend of about six and a quarter per cent per an num, or very little more than the ordinary, legal rate of interest, to compensate him for his risk, ex penses, &c. This calculation is founded, too, on the supposition that the bank will continue to make the same dividends, and to do as safe and profitable a business as it has heretofore done. This, the stock holders think more than doubtful, as the vast in crease in the number and capital of the banking in stitutions in this State, will, in their opinion, ren der the operations of the banks far more precarious, and much less profitable, than they have heretofore been. The next exceptionable provision is that contain ed in the eighteenth section, restricting the choice of stockholders, in the selection of persons to repre sent them as proxies in their general meetings. While it as certainly right and proper that this choice, should bo restricted so far as that none but stock holders should be allowed to be present at their meetings and participate in their deliberations ; and admitting the propriety of prohibiting the President, who is a salaried officer, from being allowed to act as proxy, and thereby, possibly, to secure his own election, against the wishes and interests of the stockholders, (though this could scarcely ever hap pen.) vet the same reason will not apply to the di rectors, who render their services gratuitously. And it seems strange, as well as unjust, that a stockhold er should be prohibited from selecting, to represent him in those meetings, the very person, in whose prudence, skill and judgment, he has such confi dence, as to entrust him with the whole management of the affairs of the bank. The thirty-second section prohibits the bank from issuing or paying out notes of a less denomination than five dollars, either of its own issue or of that of any other bank, except in settlement with tho bank or banks issuing such notes. While the stockholders do not object to this, as a general pro vision, if it were made applicable to all the banks in the State, they doubt the policy of restricting one or more banks within these bounds, while all others are permitted to issue and circulate notes of this de scription and this, so far from attaining the object which the Legislature, no doubt, had in view, would they believe, tend to increase the amount of the notes in circulation. They suggest that it would have been better, to have reserved to the Legislature, the right of imposing such restriction, whenever the same could be made applicable to all the other banks, instead of imposing an immediate and abso lute prohibition. - . . The provision contained in the forty-third section, as to the mode of settling with other banks, is con sidered highly objectionable and very onerous, as it in fact, so far as these banks are concerned, requires this bank to redeem all its notes, wherever issued, not even at its own counter, ' but at the counter of another bank. To show the hardship and injustice of this provision, it is only necessary to explain its practical operation, and the 'committee will therefore suppose a case : ine Dank at iiaieigh holds notes of the bank of Fayettevule, to the amount of twenty thousand dollars, for which, it of course has a right to demand, and does demand payment in specie, or in notes of its own issue (this being the usual mode of settling at present) The bank of- Fayetteville, when the demand is made, holds "notes of the bank of Raleigh to an equal amount, but has also notes payable at its branches at Milton, Morganton, Char lotte, Elizabeth City, and other remote branches, to alike amount ; instead,, however, of paying off the demand of the bank at Raleigh in its own notes, it pays in the notes, of these remote branches, and at the same time sends up and demands the specie for all the notes she holds of the bank at Raleigh, while each of these other branches may then hold large amounts of the notes of the bank of Fayetteville, which it is not at the time convenient to send, This is certainly givihg. the local, independent banks a great and decided advantage over those having branches an advantage which could not hare been contemplated or intended by the legislature, s . The forty-fourth" section makes the individual T f.tokholdenfof the bank, in case of its insolvon liable to creditors, to double the amount of vj, waa respectively neia, while the forty-fifth tion makes it compulsory upon the banks to ni-a permanent loan to the State nfm..t.nli. ali" tal, on whicbr interest only is to be paid scmi-an animai. v , iruviaioDs, iaKen in connection with giving the State the appointment of director to the stockholders "manifestly unjust. The St8?"" at present entitled to. three directors, or one h w 18 the number required to constitute a board- .k three, by gaining over one of the individual ai tors, may do an act, which might be so injuria to cause the ultimate insolvency of the h "8 throw the whole liability on th3 individu .1 1 a?d holders, while the State is exonerated from n sponbility. r However correct or proper this . s:on niay be in a corporation strictly privatP .!!j0Vi tablished for the sole and exclusive 3u ,f corporators, it is submitted, that in a great U C ,tion, in which the State is herself largely int?,??1"?' and which is established as well fbi 'the bZ the State, and of the community, as for that of nf stockholders, such a provision is uneKenero. S unfair; and when taken in connection wit, .i checks and guards thrown around this comorln. and the right reserved by the legislature ShfS tigatmg its affaire, from time to time, such a rl sion is unnecessary, as well as unfair. v Another objection to this provision occurs in iK case of those who now hold stock in a represent! or fiduciary character, who must either be comn 2 to sell out the stock thus held by them and look o?! for some other mode of investment, or to take Tin themselves an individual and personal responsibilitv which few persons occupying that position would' be willing to assume. U1Q Respectfully submitted. D. L. SWAIN, ) 5S'JETTLE' Committee GEO. W. MORDECAI, ) November, 1856. - Fot the Standard. . Messrs. Editoks : While numerous mining nro jects have been commenced in this State for th production of gold, silver, and copper, soine of which have failed, while others are still carried on success fully, the manufacture of iron seems to have been little thought of; and yet all of the materials necessa ry for carrying on this business are bountifully sun phed to many portions of this State. It has been found that negro labor is very well adapted to the manufacture and working of iron. The forests are renewed in this climate at least one third sooner than at the North, thus furnishing a better supply 0f fu. el. There is usually in tho immediate neighbor hood of the ore beds ample water power; andlakine into consideration the cheapness of labor, and the cheapness of subsistence for the laborer,' as com pared with that at the North, there is every reason to say that we might successfully compete with the Northern and foreign manufacturers in the produc tion of iron of all kinds. During a recent visit to Stokes county, my atten tion was directed to the various products of that re gion ; and especially to the iron ore. There is a sec tion of country about six miles long, and from two to three miles wide, which furnishes iron ore in great abundance and of fine quality. These beds of ore are not confined to the section spoken of above; but are in reality an extension of the ore banks of Kings Mountain, and Lincoln county, and can be traced by the appearance of ore at different points between these places. The ore, which is magnetic, is of the same variety as that at King's Mountain, and produces an iron of similar qualities, possessing great toughness and malleability, and is easily reduced. The rocks in which the ore occurs, in Stokes, arc gneiss and mica slate, and instead of dipping nearly perpendicular, as in Lincoln countv, are generally but slightly inclined, and the veins conforming to the stratification accounts for the oc currence of iron ore over so wide a belt. This hor izontality of the veins obviates the necessity of sink ing very deep shafts for mining. The most partic ular examination was made at the Rogers ore bank, owned by Mr. Golding, about three miles from Dan bury. This bank has been worked at intervals for a long time, and a large quantity of ore has been taken out, as can be seen by the remains of the old works. This is called the mother bank, from being one of the oldest, and is nearly in the centre of this iron region. A shaft has been sunk here which cuts the veins at the depth of fifty feet The vein carries in the workings of this shaft from two to ten feet in thickness, and 1 was informed by one of tho miners that in a part of the mine which has now fallen in the vein was left standing fifteen feet thick. There are several other openings on the lands own ed by Mr. Golding in fact almost every hill in this region furnishes iron ore. Air. Golding has in ope ration at present a forge with two fires, and is ma king a superior quality of iron, profitably, but on a small scale. It is his desire to induce capitalists to enter upon the business with him, and carry it on in an extensive way. And certainly, this locality offers very many advantages for the prosecution of this business. Situated on Dan river, three miles from the Rogers ore bank, there is a water power suf ficient for moving all the machinery necessary for the most extensive iron works, and most favorably situated as regards ground for the erection of build ings, the dam is about three hundred leet long, and from nine to ten feet high, the water is taken out by a tunnel, and the fall of water at the wheel is fourteen feet; and there is never a lack of water. The ore is hauled in wagons about one mile to the river, thence it is floated in boats directly to the forge, thus making the cost of transporting ore very trifling. Fuel is abundant charcoal costing only from two to three cents per bushel. In the imme diate vicinity of the forge there is a bed of rock very superior for building purposes and easily quarried. An incxhaustable supply of ore of fine quality, easily mined, and which can 4be cheaply moved to the works, an abundant water power, in the midst ot a well wooded region, giving a supply ot cheap fuel, furnishes all the elements for the profitable manufacture of iron. To warrant, however, the erection of extensive machinery for the manufacture of iron, it is neces sary that there should be some improved mode of transportation to market. A railroad intersecting the Central road at High Point or vicinity, and ex tending through Salem and Germanton, and thence on to Lcaksville would supply this desideratum, a route in the opinion of those competent to judge, nerfectlv feasible. But iron is only one of many ar ticles which would thus be open to market. By this route the road would run the entire length of the Dan river coal-field, the out-crop of which can be traced from Germanton to Leaksville, a dis tance of thirty miles, thus making this coal availa ble, which is now comparatively valueless. It would also run through a fine agricultural section, abound ing in superior wheat and tobacco lands. It would afford facilities for sending the lime of Stokes to the middle and eastern counties, where the use of lime for agricultural purposes is almost impossible from the high price of the article. Lime of the finest quality could be furnished for from fifteen to twen ty cents per bushel, where now its use is almost un known. Fine white marble is another article which will, be produced by the quarries of Stokes, and ser pentine of beautiful pattern and fine texture suita ble for ornamental purposes, is found in abundance near Germanton. Sandstone perfectly white and free from iron, suitable for making the finest flint glass, is found near Danbury. - The Chalybeate Springs, near Danbury, are also worthy of notice. Situated in a healthy region, surrounded by beauti ful scenery, were they easy of access, they would soon become a place of great resort to invalids and per sons of leisure.; r . - ' Thus it appears that in Stokes and adjacent coun ties there are resources sufficiently important and valuable to warrant the projection of a line of rail road so as to connect that section with the central lines of railroad. Were this accomplished, togeth er with some other improvements, North Carolina need be indebted to no other State for those articles of, prime necessity, such as' iron, lime, &c, which are now brought from abroad at great cost and an absolute loss of money to the State. More than this, she would Boon be able to manufacture a surplus, and from her great natural advantages, this could be done at a cheap rate, as compared with other States, and thus instead of being . a buyer, she would be come a seller. .' ., . ;. ' - : . E. EMMONS, Jr., y'':' - T Asautant Geologist. n A t V- -t 'J f " I , . 1 , ' ' Vl a '4 - '7'. '-v, A'U. ' Vi'