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Semi-weekly standard. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1853-18??, September 12, 1857, Image 2

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We have remUr awet wtu several S "
dote. the V
the Rev. Dr. A. F. Pteaoodj. of pertBBBOuut,
Plainer was admitted to the New Hampshire bw i
1787 wben the administration of the tow was very
different from what it afterwards became. The
lodgment of the courta of New Hampshire at that
'day were baaed rather upon that system of local
to which the circumstances of the country and
the genius of the people had given birth than upon
the principles of Engiitb. Uw. Most of the judges
were not members of the legal profession, and do
ting the Re rotation neither of the two persons fill
ing the office of Attorney General were lawyers !
' Samuel Lirermore .was Chief Justice of New
Hampshire from 1782 to 1790, and though bred to
the law was not inclined to attach ranch importance
to precedents, or to any merely systematic or tech
nical rales of proceeding. In one of his charges he
cannoned the jury against paying too much atten
tion to the niceties of the tow, to the prejudice of
j slice.' He was himself little gorerned by prece
dents. When once remir-ded of his own previous
decision, in a similar case, be made no attempt to
reconcile it with his present ruling, but dismissed at
once the objection, with a familiar prorerb, Every
tub most stand on its own bottom." He once deci
ded that the English law reports, of a date prior to
the declaration of Independence, might be cited in
his court, not as authorities, but as enlightening by
their reasonings the judgment of the bench, but that
with English le ports since independence was declar
ed we had absolutely nothing to do I f
' Joeiah Bartlett, a physician, was Mr. Livermore s
successor as Chief Justice. Of him we are told that
when the law was with the plaintiff, and equity
seemed to him to be on the other side, he was sure
to pronounce in favor of the latter. The object of
:the law being in all cases to do justice, as between
4f xrta that mnt h siM he law which in an?
""ghren case conducted to that end, It was, at any
rate, better to be goTerned by a right principle than
by a wrong decision.
At a court held in Charlestown, N. K, soon after
t .Jeremiah Mason was admitted to the bar, he put in
a plea of demurrer, in a case in which Benjamin
West, an oracle of the law, was employed for the
1 plaintitf. West told the Court that he did not know
much about demurrers. He rather doubted wheth-
er they formed any part of New Hampshire law ;
., , at any rate it was of eril example to introduce so
unusual a mode of proceeding. The Chief Justice
- said : 44 Demurrers were no doubt an invention of
-. the bar to prevent justice, a part of the common
''law procedure, but he had always thought them a
"Tcnrsed cheat.", One of the Associate Justices said
that the effects of a demurrer, if he understood it,
was to take the case from the jury, to be decided on
roar honor." said Mr. Mason. " there are. in this
case, no facts for the jury to find." " So much the
better,' replied the Chief Justice, "they will all the
sooner bring in their verdict, if the facts are indts
puted.' " Let me advise you, young man," he add
ed, " not to come here with your new-fangled law ;
and, above alI,not to suppose that yon know how
to conduct a suit better than Mr. West. Yon must
try your cases as others do, by the court and j'ry-n
Judge Harrington, of Vermont, a common-sense
but most unlearned judge, is reported thus to have
defined a demurrer : "A demurrer," said Harring
ton, "why, a demurrer j if I understand it, is where
one party having told his story the other party says
tchat then "
Mr. Plumer's biographer narrates the following
anecdote on the authority of Mr. Webster, who was
present in court when the occurrence took place.
Mr. Plumer was examining a noted quack doctor,
whom be pressed rather hard, and from whom he
could, at last, get no other answer to his inquiries
than, "I do not know, sir.! After this had been
several times repeated, the question came, "Can
yon say, doctor, that, as a physician, you know any
thing f" Changing at once the tone of pretended
ignorance with which he bad answered the former
inquiries, he drew himself up to his full height and
said with great confidence, " I know, Squire Plum
er, as much of medicine as you did of divinity when
yon were a Baptist preacher." This sally drew a
smite from court and bar, and seemed to the audi
ence to be a very fair hit. ' His examiner said very
quietly, " When I found that preaching was not my
' proper business I had sense enough to leave it. If
Si, doctor, had possessed as much you would have
off the practice of medicine years ago, and saved
me the trouble of exposing your ignorance and pre
SoaptkK u this case." The laugh was now on the
other side, and the witness was dismissed crestfallen
and discredited from the stand.
John Dudley, of Raymond, a trader and farmer,
was a judge of the Superior Court in New Hamp
shire from 1785 to 1737. He was a man of keen
sagacity and strong common sense.- His mind was
discriminating, his memory retentive, and he was a
most extraordinary person. He bad but little edu
cation and no legal learning. He was intent on do
ing substantial justice in every case. Theopbitus
Parsons said : Too may laugh at his law and ridi
cule his language, but Dudley is, after all, the best
Judge I ever knew in New Hampshire." The fol
lowing specimen of the conclusion of one of the
charges of Judge Dudley will illustrate his ideas of
the Saw. He addresses the jury in somewhat after
this style:
" Too have heard, gentlemen of the jury, what
baa been said in this ease br the lawyers, the ras
cals! Bat, no, I will net abase them. It is their
basin ess to make a good cause for their clients ; they
y are paid for it, and they have done in this ease well
enough ; but you and 1, gentlemen, have something
ebe to consider. They talk of law. Why, gentle
men, it is not law that we want, but justice. Tiey
would govern us by the common law of England.
Trust me, gentlemen, common sense is a much safer
guide for as; the common sense of Raymond, Ep
ping, Exeter, and the other towns which have sent
us here to try this case between two of our neigh
bors. A dear head and an honest heart are worth
more than all the law of all the lawyers. There was
one good thing said at the bar. It was from one
Shakspeare, an English player, I believe. No mat
ter; it is good enough alxost to be in the Bible. It
ia this, 'Be just, and fear not'
It is our business to do justice between the parties,
not by any quirks of the law out of Coke or Black
stone, books that I have never read and never will,
but by common sense and by common honesty as
between man and man. That is oar business, and
the curse of God is upon us if we neglect, or evade,
or torn aside from it. And now, Mr. Sheriflf; take
oat the jury, and you, Mr. Foreman, do not keep us
waiting with idle talk, of which there has been too
much already, about matters which hare nothin'to
do with the merits of the case. Give us an honest
verdict, of which, as plain commoa-senae men you
need not be ashamed." '
Bottom Tratueript,
Thx Slavs Trade es Cuba. The slave trade
flourishes amazingly. I have beard of. fooror ftv
cargoes of Bozal negroes having been toftdba since I
ft.!06 -'Sr bnt one tejono Trinidad
da. Cuba, sixhundred- in number, has been seized
by Brigadjer Morales de Rada, who happened to be
in that vicinity, and who also made prisoners of all
the Darties concerned in the la
. b- rj , w IU1
the Africans, are now on their way to this city.
This, certainly, has the appearance of an attempt to
put a stop to the African slave trade. The last
cargo of Bozals wa3 landed on a quay near Santa
Cruz. It had been found impossible to effect their
J"din& without detection, on the main land of this
island, and so they were landed on the quay. There
Is an improbable report that the steamship Pajaro
fcLrflM ((n Bird. now in lhis hrW. is
being fitted up for a trip to the A Uantic coast. She
would carry froro fourteen to sixteen hundred ne
groes, and with her unrivaled speed could bid defi
ance to any British , cruiser afloat. Three - more
American vl- have been aold, to the Spaniards,
u&?nmt Pr0h,hbl .employed in the slave
F4, Two bava already sailed with a "sea-letter "
Oor, 0 th JfuUiana Courier.
& k M I'Sbf ,nd inoipient mu.
jtj .nr..
9j vt- itmxw-i'
some question of law by the Court. If tnat De
so," replied the Chief Justice, " I am clean against
it. as beine fatal to the rights of the jury." " Bat,
from the Katioaal IntdSgeaatr.J if..- g
The sod and climate of KorthrCanmna are pecu
liarly adapted to the growth and profitable culture
of many choice varieties of grape. Wben the first
colonists, sent out by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1584,
landed on Roanoke Island, off the coast of Jjiorth
Carolina, they were charmed with' the great abund
ance of grapes which greeted their eyes. In the
quaint but forcible language of Barlowe, one of the
leaders of this early adventurous band, " we viewed
the land about on, being, where we first landed very
sandy and low toward the water-side, but so full of
grapes as the very beating and surge of the sea
overflowed them, of which we found such plenty, as
well there as in aQ places else, both on the sand and
on the green soil, on the bills as in the plains, as
well as on every little shrub, as also climbing to
wards the tops of high cedars, that I think in allthe
world the like abundance is not to be found. This
is not an overwrought picture, applying, as it does,
to the Scou pernor. g and other varieties in their na
tive luxuriance. , ....
The original ijxciet of the grape are few Vat the
rarUtut are almost innumerable. A brief descrip
tion of some of oor more important native species
-and varieties will be here presented.
ScorrsKxosG Gkapes. This is a variety of r tu
Rotundifolia- It is a white grape, very luscious
and sweet. - In the whole Albemarle region of Siortn
Carolina it is found in great abundance. It attains
its reste3t perfection on the sand) soils of the east
emportion of the State, although it has been suc
cessfully raised in more elevated localities. A vine
on Roanoke Island, said to have been planted there
by the first colonists, covers nearly half an acre of
ground, and bears abundantly to the txtremity of its
branches. According to a late eye-witness, " it con
tinues to grow, and only wants an extension of scaf
folding. It should never be pruned ; give it room
and let it run." Seedlings from this grape, in most
cases, show a propensity to run into the common
muscadine, the usual specific type found in many
States of the Union. .
The Catawba Grape. This is a variety of Vita
Lalrtuea, so called from the province of Labrusque,
in France. The name, however, is a misnomer. It
should have been called Viti America aa, as it is
distinct from any species of the Old World. This
excellent variety originated on the headwaters of the
Catawba river, in & mountainous portion of Western
Carolina the Switzerland of America. It is a red
grape, with tine, aromatic flavor, and, in the lan
guage f Mr. Longworth, of Ohio, whose success in
wine-ma king is well-known, is destined to prove a
mine of wealth to many an enterprising citizen of
the United States. A superior wine, the "sparkling
Catawba," is now made from it, and iis cultivation
is extending into many localities of the South and
West. Other varieties of choice grape are occasion
ally found in the western part of the State, embra
cing the counties of Gaston, Lincoln, Catawba,
Burke, Buncombe, and others, all watered by the
Catawba and its tributaries, only requiring skilful
culture to bring them into notoriety.
The Isabella Grape. This is another variety of
TM Dtbrutea. It was sent from Brunswick coun-
Xorth-Carolina, to CoL George Gibbs, of Brook-
lyn, about the year i10, and planted in bis garden.
The elder Prince first saw it there, some years af
terwards, in a Nourishing condition, and gave it the
complimentary name of Itabelltt, after Mrs. Isabella
Gibbs, wife of CoL Gibbs. Although not so highly
esteemed as the preceding variety, yet it is still used
as a table grape, and successfully raised in certain
The LrscoLX Grape. This is also a variety of
Yiti Labnuea. It originated a few years ago in
Lincoln county, North-Carolina, and is regarded as
a fine table grape. Under proper culture it might,
no doubt, be turned to good account. There are
still other varieties of this species of grape found in
different parts of the United States, which our limits
will prevent us from noticing.
It wCl be thus seen that the low sandy soils of the
eastern and the high table-lands of the western por
tion of Xorth-Caroiina have furnished their respec
tive choice varieties of grape, the Scoupernong (In
dian steeet-water) the representative of the one, and
the Catawba of the other. And what, it may be
here asked, prevents North-Carolina from becoming,
at no distant day, eminently a wine-producing State ?
Blest by nature with a congenial soil and climate,
success would surely attend well directed efforts in
cultivating the grape. Let some of her enterprising
citizens engage judiciously in the business, and ere
long we may expect to see the tasteful addition of
teiiu included among the staple commodities of the
Old North State. C. L. IL
Lincoln County, N. C.
BnnBcrco! or Napoleox. In 1810 that mem
orable year when Rome, Amsterdam, Dannie, Ant
werp and Paris were cities of the same proud em
pire Napoleon bad brought his young bride to
Brussels, and was received with great enthusiasm
and pomp. On the morning after his arrival, he re
viewed the troops of the garrison in iheAlbe Verte,
and as the different regiments defiled before him re
marked a grenadier, who bore the cKez&na of a ser-jeant-major.
Tall and erect, his black eyes blazed,
like stars, from a face bronzed by twenty campaigns,
while an enormous moustache rendered bis appear
ance still more formidable, or lUarre. When the
line was reformed, the emperor rode up to the regi
ment of grenadiers, and called the sergeant to the
front. The heart of the old soldier beat high, and
his cheeks glowed.
" I hare seen you before," said Napoleon, " your
" Noel, sire," he answered with a faltering voice.
M Were you not in the army of Italy?"
" Yes, sire : drummer at the Bridge of Arcole."
"And you became a Serjeant-major ?"
"At Marengo, sire."
"But since?"
" I have taken my share of all the great battles."
The Emperor waved his band, the grenadier re
turned to the ranks, and Napoleon spoke rapidly to
the Colonel for a few moments the quick glances
of his eyes toward Noel showing that he was talking
of bim. He had been distinguished for his bravery
in several battles ; but his modesty bad prevented
his soliciting advancement, and he had been over
looked in the-promotions. The Emperor recalled
him to bis side.
" Ton have merited the Cross of the Legion of
Honor," said he, giving him the one he wore. " You
are a brave man." -
The grenadier, who at this moment stood between
the Emperor and the Colonel, could not speak ; but
his eyes said more than volumes. Napoleon made
a sign, the drama beat a roll, there was a dead si
lence, and the Colonel turning towards the new
knight, who with trembling hands was placing the
cross upon his breast, said in a loud voice,
" In the name of the Emperor, respect Sergeant
Major Noel as sub-lieutenant in your ranks."
The regiment presented arms. Noel seemed in a
dream; and only the stern immovable features of
the Emperor prevented him from falling on his
knees. Another sign was made, the drums beat,
and again the Cdojnel spoke,
" I the name of the Emperor, respect sub-lieutenant
Noel as lieutenant in your ranks."
This new thandersttoke nearly overcame the gren-1
adter; bis knees trembled; bis eyes, that had notl
been moist for twenty years, wer filled with tears,"
and he was vainly endeavoring to stammer his thanks
wben he beard a third roll of the drums, and the
loud voice of the eoioatl
"In the name of the Emperor, respect Lieutenant'
Noel as Captain in your ranks."
After this promotion the Emperor continued his
review with that calm, majestic ah, which none who
beheld him ever forgot ; but Noel, bursting into a
flood of tears, fainted in the arms of the colonel ;
while from the regiment came a loud, united shout
of Yite F Emptreur I
APso Too Hico. A facetious gentleman travel
ing in the country, on arriving at his lodging-place
in the evening, was met by the hostler, whom he
thus addressed:
"Boy, extricate that quadruped from the vehicle,
stabulate him, devote to him an adequate supply of
nutritious aliment, and, when the aurora, of morn
shall illumine the oriental horiaon, I will eward you
with a pecuniary compensation for your amiable hos-
plUy'H - r . i
Tha boy, not understanding a word, ran into the
house, saving: "Matter, here's a Dutchman waoU to
I j i - iTmtimrrrxi'CJ . lLJTKK - s
Ktrr paper in a reeeotia oftbQoarv
T wo dood are not necessary for the production
of lightning which ia-frequently discharged from a
solitary dump of vapor, when a connexion can be
estabiisbed with the earth. , A French academician,
named Marcolle, describes 'a case where mere
cloudlet, about a foot and a half in diameter, killed
a poor woman by dropping a thunderbolt upon her5
head. It has been shown by Faraday that the elec
tric fluid contained in a siBgte flash might perhaps
be supplied by the decomposition of one grain of
water alone. - -- "
M. Arago has divided the lightning into three
aorta. The first includes those where the discharge
appears like long luminous lines, bent into angles
and itg-aags, and varying in complexion from white
to bine, purple, or red. This kind is known as fork
ed lightning, because it occasionally divides into two
branches. Charpentier relates'a case where a flash
severed into three forks, each of which struck points
several hundred feet apart. Still more numerous
furcations have been reported, for it is said that du
ring a tempest at Landerneau and St. Pol de Leon
twenty-four churches were struck, though only
three 'distinct claps were heard. This was eight
churches apiece for the three explosions.
The second class of lightning differs from the first
in the range of surface over which the flash is dif
fused, and is designated as sheet lightning. Some
times it simply guds the edges of the clouds whence
it leaps ; but at others it floods with a lurid radiance,
or else suffuses its surface with blushes of a rosy or
violet hue.
The third class of lightnings are remarkable for
their eccentricities, and have been made the subject
of considerable attention among meteorologists,
many of whom have denied their right to be treated
as legitimate lightnings, they differ so widely from
the ordinary sort of flashes. Tbey exhibit them
selves as balls or globular lumps of fire not mo
mentary apparitions, but meteors which take their
own time, and travel at a remarkable rate. It is
this incelerity which gives them their doubtfa! char
acter, as an electrical bolt is supposed to be one of
the leading emblems of velocity. Among other an
ecdotes related of this kind of lightning is the fol
lowing incident which occurred to a tailor in the
Rue St, Jacques, Yal de Grace, about the year 1743.
M. Babinct was commissioned by the ' Academy of
Sciences to investigate the facts, and reported sub
stantially as follows :
" After a loud thunder-clap, the tailor being fin
ishing his meal, saw the chimney board fall dowji as
if beset by a slight gust of wind, and a globe of fire,
the size of a child's head, come out quietly into the
room, at a small height above the floor. The tailor
said it looked like a good-sized kitten, rolled up into
a ball, and moving without showing its paws. It
was bright and shinine. but he felt no sensation of
heat The globe came near his feet, like a young cat
that wants to rub its master's legs ; but by moving
them aside gently he avoided the contact. It ap
pears to have played for several seconds about his
feet, be bending his body over it, and examining it
attentively. After trying some excursions in differ
ent directions, it rose vertically to the height of his
head, which he threw back to avoid touching his
Dee. The f.tobe, elongating a little, then steered to
wards a hoie in the chimney above the mantelpiece,
where a bole received a stove-pipe in winter, but was
now pasted over with paper. The thunder, he
said, could not see the hole ; but nevertheless the
ball went straight to the apertuie, removing the pa
per without hurting it, and made tn way into the
chimney. Shortly afterwards, when he supposed it
had time to reach the top, it made a dreadful explo
sion, which destroyed the upper part of the chim
ney, and threw the fragments on the roof of smaller
buildings, which they broke through. The tailor's
lodging was on the third story ; the lower ones were
not visited at all by the thunderbolt."
Lightning, when it meets an obstruction in its
course, frequently shatters the non-conducting ob
ject, dispersing and bursting substances asnnder in
every direction, as if they had been charged with
gunpowder. The stone pinnade of a church in
Cornwall was struck by lightning, and one fragment
weighing three hundred pounds was hurled sixty
yards to the southward, another four hundred yards
to the north, and a third to the southwest. In 1833
the top-gallant mast of her Majesty's ship Rodney
was literally cut into chips by a flash of lightning,
the sea being strewn with the fragments as if the
carpenters had been sweeping their shavings over
board. Sometimes, in striking a tree or mast, the
electric fluid will sice it into long shreds or fila
ments, so that it will appear like a huge broom or a
bundle of laths. Lightning bolts will occasionally
dash through resisting objects by tearing great open-
ings, as in a Cornish church, where apertures were
made in the solid wall of the belfry fourteen inches
deep, and as if cut out by art. In other instances
small holes are drilled which are surprising for their
perfect circularity of form. Window panes have
been frequently pierced in this fashion without af
fecting the rest of the glass. In forming these aper
tures, a burr or projection is left upon the edges.
Juvenile electricians are in the habit of making
holes in cards by pastung discharges through them,
when a burr or projection will be observed on both
sides of the orifice. Sometimes a single discharge
will produce two holes in a card, each puncture
marked by a single burr, one on the upper and the
other on the under side of the card. In some in
stances the result are such as to suggest that a flash
may be split op into several fiery filaments before it'
striks an object. ' In 1777 a weathercock of tinned
1 copper was burled by a thunderbolt from the top of a
church ic Cremona, and, upon inspection, was found
to be pierced with eighteen holes ; in nine of them
the burr was conspicuous on one side, and in nine it
was equally prominent on the other, while the slope
of the burr was identical in alL
Among the curiosities of lighting are what is term
ed " fulgurites," or tubes, which the lightning con
structs when it falls upon a silicious spot, by fusing
the sand. They may be called casts of thunderbolts.
In some hillocks of sand in Cumberland (England)
these hollow tubes have been found from one-nfuetb
to two inches in diameter, tapering- perhaps .to a
mere point, The entire extent of the tubes may be
thirty feet, but they usually separate into numerous
braches, and have the appearance of the skeleton of
an inverted tree. They are lined with glass, as
smooth and perfect as if it had been made in a glass
house. The Sweet Uses op Adversity. Yon wear out
your old clothe?.
Yon are not troubled with many visitors.
You are exonerated from making calls.
Bores do not bore you.
Spooners do not baunt your table.
Itinerant bands do not play opposite your win
dow. No tradesman irritates you by asking " Is there
any other article to-day, sir?"
Begging letter-writers leave you albre.
Impostors know it is useless to bleed you.
You practice temperance.
You swallow infinitely less poison than others.
You have saved many a debt, many a deception,
many a headache.
: And, lastly, if you have a true friend in the world
you are sure in a very short space of time to learn
it. - - Pmck.
The death of Engene Sue has awakened a feeling
in Paris among his old ronet friends which is really
singular to witness. Sue was socially popular. . He
spent .money freely, emulated Yeron in his dinners,
had the finest turn-oats and the greatest number of
mistresses, and altogether, was a valuable man to
gay Paris. Now that he is dead, his disinterested
resignation of all pleasures, his preference of exile
itself to allegiance to a government he disliked, are
considered and quoted as proofs of "the greatest
abnegation of self of which the soul of a Frenchman
is capable!". Even at "Annecy, where he died, the
persecutions to wh:ch his Jmif Errant had given
lis in the church did not relax its activity, for it
was but a short time .before he died that a young
girlof the commune- was placed, under the ban of
excommunication for having made him a.doxen &ie
Bhirtsr A beautiful example of Christianity in the
nineteenth century ! ; ' . .,vi'
..The Cooperstown jmi? tells us of a than whose
sister informed him that he had not kms U lyve, and
suggested that he might not feel' entirelv prepared
for that event " Why should I be afraid to die ?"
ha asked ; " neter toted a WAig tictet in sty lift !"
jne eWKes tone fuming ground Wwefl-in-formed
drdes in England that the revolt m Bengal
was i-ye' by Mohammedan intrigue, and that
the story of the cartridges was a cunningly -devised
scheme to exdte the fanatical prejudicea of the high
caste (Brahmin) soldiers; and by thus causing the
only class with arms- in their bands and 'capable of
making a stand to forsake 'their Colors, to effect a
temporary junction between the Mohammedans, and
41indeoa, the avowed object of which ia to break the
yoke of the foreigner, while toe real object is to re
store the ancient dominion ef the Mogul Emperora.
Apart front the mutiny of the soldiers, and the ex
cesses of which they were guilty, there has been no
act of As Hindoo which indicates and settled par
pose, so far as Hey are concerned; while the only
really revolutionary acts that have been committed
denote an attempt to restore the Mogul dynasty, in
the person of the King of Delhi, and avenge the
wrongs of the King of Oude and other Moslem princes,
whose territory has been annexed by the British
government. - Next to Delhi, the ancient seat ef the
Mogul empire, the rallying point of the rebels is
Lucknow, the capital of Oude, the most recently
annexed Mohammedan territory. The time chosen
for this attempted restoration of the MosZen role is
the hundretn annirersay of Clive's great victory, at
Plassy ; and if these leading facts are viewed in con
nexion with the tradition whicb is said to prevail in
Bengal, that the Ko&mpkanie Sakib shall reign for
one hundred years and then be overthrown, and
with the mysterious distribution of cakes' and the
lotus-flowers amonz the vQiiaeers and the native
soldiers, and the suspected complicity of the de
throned Kins of Oude and his minister, as well as
that of other Mohammendan princes, and the Mus
sulman conspiracy at Calcutta and Allahabad, it does
not appear a violent presumption to suppose that the
Molammedans are the chief instigator? of the revolt,
although the Hindoo soldiers have been the most
prominent actors in it.
If this view of the question be accepted, H would
also explain in a great measure the cartridge excite
ment, and bow so apoarently trifling a pretext has
produced such mighty results. Among a people so
notoriously excitable and fanatical as the high caste
Hindoos in all that relates to their social distinctions
and religious observances, no more effectual means
to excite them to revolt could have been taken than
to convince them that it was the design of the Brit
ish government to force them to become Christians
by making them violate one of the most sacred of
their religious observances, and thus reduce them
from their high social position as pmsts to the
wretched condition of Pariahs or outcasts. To com
prehend the terror with which high caste Hindoos
regard this degradation, it should be known that,
from the moment a Hindoo becomes a Pariah, he is
denied the common rights of humanity ; he is de
serted and loathed by. his wife, parents children,
and friends ; his property is forfeited ; he is excluded
from all the chanties and social connexions of life ;
and his very touch is considered contamination. It
matters not that the offence was voluntary or the
reverse, the punishment is the same, and no subse
quent act of the offender, no amount of contrition,
can ever restore bim to his former position. To use
for a vile purpose any part of the revered idol of
Hindoo worship the cow would be visited with
this feai ful punishment, and be considered one of
the greatest acts of sacrilege that a Hindoo could
commit It would appear almost incredible that this
reported attack on their religious belief by the Brit
ish ofSicals should obtain such universal credence
among the Sepoys ; but the impression tb it was
the design of the British to overthrow their faith
does not date from the alleged discovery of the of
fensive substance in the cartridges. The abolition
cf the State, or self immolation of widows, the per
mission of widows to remarry, the establishment of
English schools for native children, and the rapid
spread of European ideas and institutions which have
taken place within a few years, have generated a
deep-seated distrust of the designs of the government,
and rendered it much more easy for interested intri
guers to persuade the Sepoys, who are brought most
immediately in connexion with the government, that
it was the intention of the latter to coerce them into
a breach of the laws of caste, as a preliminary step
to the total overthrow of their idols and religious
institutions. To make the rumor more credible, and
at the same time establish a community of feeling
between the Hindoos and their Mussulman comrades
the latter pretended that pig's fat, which they hold
in religious alborrence, was mixed with their car
tridges, for the same purpose as bullock's fat was
mixed with those of the Hindoos.
In the absence of positive evidence, therefore, as
to the real cause of the revolt, it ia probable that it
originated with the Mohammedans, the former mas
ters of India until dispossessed, by the British. If
such prove to be the case it may add to the difficulty
the British army will have in subduing the outbreak,
but it will by no means add to the danger to the
British dominion in India. The Mohammedans con
stitute but a small portion of the population of Ben
gal. The non-military Hindoos of that presidency
continue well affected, and when once the Sepoy
rebels have been biojght.to justice and punished,
there is little chance that the Hindoo population will
be induced to aid in their own subjection to their
most grievous and tyrannical foes, or that they will
forget what tbey had to s uffer under the Moham
medan dominion, when tbey were constantly a prey
to every lawless Mahratta chief or Mussulman lieu
tenant of the Mogul tyrant Their present lot may
be hard and oppressive, but it is incomparably bet
ter than that which they had to endure before the
establishment of British dominion.
Delhi, vx Isdia. The seat of the new. rebellion
against the British authority in India has a melan
choly history attached to it, certainly for the tost
six hundred years. The Philadelphia Ledger says :
It is supposed to have been a capital of some im
portance for more than 2,000 years. But it was not
till about the year 1,000 that we first read of it as
the capital of Hindostan. Situated on the Jumna,
the most important branch of the Ganges, as high
up as latitude 28 deg., it must fbrmeily have been
one of the most beautiful as welt as magnificent
cities in the world. Here, at the close ef the four
teenth century, Tamerlane, the Tartar, entered with
his merciless army, and, seated on the throne of
India, received the homage of its princes to his
standard. After which it was pillaged and cruelly
destroyed. By degrees it partially recovered and,
in 1647, Shah Jehan,the grandson of Acbar, remov
ed the seat of his empire back from Agra to Delhi.
Here he built, on the banks of the river, a noble
castle and palace, at the cost of above $3,000,000,
inscribing on marble, in letters of gold, "If there be
a paradise upon earth, this is it" The gardens cost
15,000,000. -
One hundred years later, in 1738, Nadir Shah,
the Persian usurper, being refused $150,000,000 for
the ransom of the city, destroyed 100,000 of the in
habitants, and collected more than double that
amount of booty. Since that time it has been plun
dered time and again, till little of its former magnif
icence remains. Instead of 2.001,000, its former
population, there are now but about 100,000 inhab
itants. Its affairs were probably at the worst just
before the dty was entered by Lord Lake, ever
since which the government . has been conducted
nominally by the King of Delhi, but really by the
English resident There is s college established
there with 470 students, a printing office and an
observatory. Now the news comes that all the Eu
ropeans have been massacred. ' .
The reigning family, we believe, still boasts its
lineal descent from the house of Tamerlane. These
princes have long, however, been quite impotent
and dependant upon the protection and bounty of
the British government, especially since the defeat
of Bowlub Row Scinda, in the neighborhood. . , .
It is no doubt with a view of appealing to the
historical associations connected with the- former
greatness of the city and province of Ddhi, that the
revolting regiments have seized the city, whose
ruins, extending twenty miles each way; remind the
citizens of the bespoiled .splendor, of, their former
capital. . 4f
Mr.fJoTtio King requests us to state that he was
completely ignorant ot the nature of the communica
tion sent through him to the President He receiv
ed it through the saaiL. caampanted bv a nefrpm
a pet, to him unknown, noliteiy req'uesihgim
to hnveTt 4enVered to the President Mr. King sent
it to the private secretary of Mr. Bnrnsnan, with a:
note stating that he was unaware of the contents of
the packet Waik. State.
nrss rmoM. xne
trier is one of the
obieets In tfceS Rhioegaa.
"It'ocenpien qmte an -emmenee, Bonis, dialanre from
the Khine, and the whole nmnsfonjsTsuMnng in we
midst of vineyards, is seen for some distance by the
river. The house was buQt in 1716, and is aaore re
markable for the fine view obtained from the balco
ny and terrace than for either ibs aixe or a4ameat
The Prince, in fact, seldom ocenpies-1ts history
is quite interesting. It belonged at first to the monks,
.bemgattacnadtotha Abbey snr Convent of St
John's, and many a firm stoop of wine did tbey se
cure from rt In the beginning ofr the present cen
tury the ownership was vested in the. Prince of Or
ange, bat Napoleon gave it away for him to Marshal
KcUermann, without even condescending to consult
him or ask his consent "
At the dose of the war it. changed hands once
more , and ia 1816 was presented by the Emperor
of Austria to bto favorite Prime Minister, Prince
Metternich. The cellars are very extensive, but it is
difficult to obtain admittance to them perhaps there
are mysteries there whicb tbey think ought not to
be dUdosed. It i no more certain that all is not
gold that glitters than it is that every beverage tast-
ing and looking like wine is not wine 'really me
pure juice of. the grape. . The ground around the
chateau is too precious as a vineyard to be laid oat
in gardens-; hence there ts no attempt at adornment.
No trees are allowed to grow, cn account of shading
the vines, except on the north side, where no grapes
are attempted to be raised.'' The best grapes grww
dose under the wall of the noose, and, indeed, part-'
ly over the cellars. The peculiar species most prix-
' ed and cultivated is the Riesling. .The management
of it at all seasons requires the most careful attention.
The grapes are left until they are thoroughly ripe
in fact, as long as they will bang on the vine which
renders the vintage of Jobannesberg usually a fort
night later than an other place in the Rhinegao.
The vinedresser is not satisfied with ripeness ; he
waits until iottennesshas almost ensued; and whatev
er is lost in quantity, by this delay, ia considered to be
more than regained in the strength and body of the
wine. So careful is the gathering- that those which
fall to the ground are picked up by a peculiar instru
ment contrived especially for that purpose. "One of
the facts in regard to this celebrated estate which
will most surprise the reader is its small extent It
embraces only about seventeen acres. All the wine,
even of this small space, is not eqaa', but that of
each of the small compartments into m hich it is di
vided is kept separate, and even in the best years
there is considerable difference in the -value "of -'the
different casks. . Its produce amounts, in good sea
sons, to about forty "butts, valued at 80,000 florins,
equal to $36,270. A cask containing 1350 bottles,
has been valuid as high as 2200 florins. The high
est price ever paid was 13,000 florins per cask of
1350 bottles, whicb is a little more than $5,50 of our
currency, per bottle. The purchasers -were Georg
I Y. and the King of Prussia, each a moiety. In bad
years the juice ot the grapes is never put ia the cel
lars, but sold at once for what it will bring in the
market ; but the good wine is stowed away in casks
until it is ripe, and then bottled and stamped with
the prince's signet and sold in the different cities of
Europe; of course, principally to the nobles. It is a
question whether a single boUle of real Johannes-
- berg has ever reached this country.
Raleigh, Sept 4, 1S57,
Regular meeting of the Board ef Commissioners,
for the City of Raleigh, heW this evening. -
Present, William D. Haywood, Esq., Mayors
Messrs. H. D. Turner, A. Adams E. Smith, Edw.
Yarborough ny Richard EL Battle and Thomas H.
Briggs, Commissioners.
An account of Thomas Johnson for quarrying
stone for the city, amounting to $16 3, was pre
sented, read, and on motion allowed. -
An account of Charles Manly, Esq., for hire of
wagon, amounting to $12 SO, was allowed.
An account of A. Adams, for money paid Jack
son Mitchell, for cutting corner stone for the dty,
amounting to $3, was allowed." - " - -
An account of Messrs. Overby k Riley, for work
on Sexton's lot amounting to $19 45, was on motion
An account of A. M. Gon an, Esq-, for printing,
amounting to $23 25, was allowed. - - -
An account of Wm. Chavis, for putting in pump
Stocks in wells, amounting to $42, was allowed.
An account of Dr. J. H. Cooke, for Blacksmith's
work, amounting to $1-3 06 was allowed.
A communication was received from a committee
cf the Sons of Temperance, of Concord Division,
asking permission to hold their meetings ia Metro
politan Hall, was read, and on motion of Mr. Battle,
the request was granted, for the present, by their
paying rent at the rate of fifty dollars per annum.
Messrs. Towles and others communicated that
they would sell to the Board what furniture they
had in the haJJ, that they were disposed to purchase,
On motion, the clerk was directed to issue an or
der for the purchase of the settees and stove, at the
price designated in their communication.
The petition which was laid on the table at the
last meeting, concerning the digging of a well on
Market square near the Mayor's office, was taken up,
and after interchange of opinions, orfuiotion it was or
dered that Mr. Murray locate and contract for the
same, of the same size as the one recently dug pear
Mr. Holden's.
On motion of Mr. Turner, the Board refused to
remit the charge imposed by the Board, and paid by
Mr. Cantwelt, on his stoops, Ac, Ac
The bill of complaint and injunction, of Charles
Manly and R. M. Saunders and others, filed in the
court of equity of Wake county, against the dty of
Raleigh, and the answer thereto being read, it was
ordered that the said answer be put in as the an
swer of the corporation under the seal thereof.
On motion, the Board adjourned.
. The Pbxsest Corros Crop. In 1855 the spring
was early and of even temperature ; the cotton crop
was planted at the usual time, came op with little
delay with good stands, and grew off rapidly, noth
ing having occurred to retard its growth from the
time it came out of the ground until it was gather
ed. We have no date by which we can arrive at
the precise time when the plant was killed by frost,
but our recellection is is that it was after the first of
November. The produce of that year was about
3,350,000 bales.
In 1856 the Spring was also favorable, the crop
was planted at the usual time ; came np in good
stands with little delay, and grew off weQ, and no
thing materially damaging happened till the equi
noctial gale of the 31st or August. , A killing frost
came on the 1st of October. The crop was about
9,380,000 bales. . . . . A. , . ..
The present year, 1857, we had a very cold
spring, and frosts extending as late as the 6th of
May. The consequence was that but a small por
tion of the cotton in South-Carolina, Georgia, Ala
bama, and East Mississippi, which was op at that
time, failed to be killed or seriously damaged, and
the earliest we have in any portion of the cotton
region, save on the coasts of Florida, Louisiana and
Texas, came op after tb first frost of the 23d of
ApriL This pat the entire crop all of one month
behind the crops of the twO former years, and it
now stands precisely at that point in every portion
of the cotton region. V - - .
Admitting that frost keeps off as tote as it did in
the fall of 1855, It is still a month behind that crop,
and cannot come np in yield" to it, by aO of two
-handred thousand bales. It is. impossible for the
seasons from this time eat lobe mote favorable than
those of 1855. Everything now is decidedly favor
able to an early frost more so thar at the same
time last year, and should it so happen that a killing
frost makes its appearance by the .first or fifth of
October, the crop cannot reach 2,500,000 bales. - -. '
- In 1855 and 1856, cotton was being: picked in
Alabama and Georgia in the totter part of July. In
the former year the first bale was :eeefrd in Co
lumbus on the 4th of August, an4 in a few days
thereafter wagons with two to four bales were ar
riving daily, and. by rthis tune in August of both
years, t b ceipvw-hundreds -ily. .Tip to
this time we hear of no one picking or naving
enough open to pick., Indeed Jhe planters are now
i fodder, and wifi not le ready to ro to pick
ing ueiore aepiemter. .ija CWBStfru (rys-r-Swa. t
According to the articles of
stop a cannon balL
it is death to
CUf m Man nisi Fiurt Snag f
mmtHtm, the iota oi iud ehr. Pubt:e
TUiatlatM cia.W ! fcv ta -Sh. i.
Lead Comrmwrr at the tcrmiawa the Ae-sEE. i
' : "
ftWC. & Canst Sarrer efaki l
-viy em wma m, r5
mm nv water mA t.j
amketawatrmteamsMvcial city. TV vaaf Mr0
aadtWcomerre ef fame meat raknd ?
anrie, CerritacB, Croats ami Pamlico 3., and. -Tu
tbi iH harbor tferovg Core Sob rm tie mn if!
Bocae Soon will bear Om ita bnanw tfte tfricnltuWi
dneta. lumber, mvval stove and Cae ship timber ut tw
gioas tying sowlh. " ft-
Tfce A. k S-C gailwi waiebi win ac nw r . .
of we Uj ifm wharf ia IS feet water at low tid-La" Kh
neets with the great 5. C. Bailroad fof wh"-
TW-K.C. Mmhvmi,
h beat m th T.
throoefc the
m ana Qtm jjia lUilm. f. J?
Wats aodtaesoesa-west ; aad by it wiMtwaaaeajirn 4u
ia rapid progress, it ts eoateropfeirf to reaea tbr t1.
Manckis and the Miaeustimi Yaltar br tfc. J11 rt
' . ... . ... -
aew-eTsn. -via,
- the port ef Beaefwt, Chattaaengi, 3f empfaii Md r..
ee ia the Pacific, an abm the ftune parW t.t il,j-m
aid if fkat panne! be emended kW the PaT
reach Shaisgnai, the aearest great pwrt o the eastLl W J
tinent : therefore, if the Pacific Bwtroad erer bH?.
ed, (and that should be doee fcjrtowith ) whr mart"
.ewotvbeeome the Atlantic nirt fLr the eoaaierc'of52
Two. short railroads will cos tict the two great Ca'
of the State, lyine; eat the aorta ami ojizth of the Xr
Carolina Raib-uad, with that road ;aad it iacnciiiW
peeted that a vast coal trade will be carried uU
new otj if may not Beaafrrt become a. j-buT!
port, not onlv Sir parpase of commerce, but tT, fnm'ahS?
supplies to steamer paaamg so near the ea:raree"
north and sooth ; and may sot toe new cirv bw'l.1-1
. great "entre depot" Jbetweeo, the north, and sTa:h, To
our able and cia&iaished cmntrvimu, Lieut Kar
few in his Borivafed stateananhks "paper on the euovLi."'
of the Amazon. South America and the Gulf .if ,
The city of forehead is situated oo a beamitaj aeHt'af
land or dry plain, atatost entrreir srrroundai with it !
ter ; its ettmate issaloiritiuajirssea breeie acJ seu-barh
delightful; its drinkingr water n4 ita fim. -ha.r(J?
spring strong1? impregnated with sulphur, wiU makeltt
pteaaaot watering place.
As not a siogie lot has been or win be sold aari! the Ait
of sale, all w;ll hare as ecpal chance W m the be-'
and to suit themselTe. " '"'J s
It will be the first instance of an entire new eit on ,u
Attaatic ekat beine feeht iah, market at ccce acdeiri
italists may nerer hare ag-a such an xpponan'tT f r
investnieata, fix a great ettr awaS and wUi be bu. af-l
piace. . .
. -- " f ' ' M. M0 REREAD,
- President of Sbepperd" Point Laud Co.
Angaaf 25, 157. IH,-.-
Silmaitii em Cemtoa, Strt, ovcwUe tki Otnty BmfitaL
institunoa. will coouueoce uu Monday, the i& Sotbu
ber, 13.51, and cuattsoe fire months.
Erasmus V. Fenaer, if. IL. Pt&fesor of Theory tui Pro
tice of Xdidoe. . " -
Anthony A. Penistoo, M. D-, Profefc'or if Ph',,;, ,rr
Thomas PenistM, Bf. D T Fru of Clin. Med. and Ac&eui
tatioo and Percoaaiun.
Sams! Cboppin, JL Professwr of Surfers-.
Isaac1 L. CmreMr, U. IX, Professor et''Chemisirr and
Medical Jurisprudence.
Howard Smith, 1L JX Professor of Iteeria lledica in J
TheMpemies. ,
John M. Vr. Pieton, 1L B, Professor of Dueases of Wo
men and Children.
D. Warren Briekeff, M. Piofosor of Obstetrics.
Cornelias C. BearoVH D , Professor ot' Anstomy.
Theodore SL Cbpp, vl-. Adjunct Prufcja.rol Anatomy.
The Dissecting koTns wjl be upeoed on the 15' h of t)c
tnber. or eariter, it Students, are ia attendance and desire it.
Clinical lascrcctiuct will be cHven dailf in the wards of the
Charity Hoepila and three tintesa week at the Collem
The College is located within thirty steps of the Charity
Hospital, an adrantage not possessed" by any other Collew
in this coon try. .
The Faculty of this Institntioa are amongst the da!y
elected Visiting Physicians and Sargenes of the CfurrtT
Hospital, and aceurdinjr to a late Aet of the State Lnrisia.
tare, "shall at aft time bare free access to the Hospital,
for the purpose of affording to their Poipits practical illus
tration of the subjects they teach."
The great aim ot this Institntisa is, not only to thoroughly
indxtnnate the Student of Medicine ia the fundaaienril
principles of Medicine by abstract Lectures, bat, by drill
ing him daily at the bedside of the sick man, to send hiia
forth at once aoal.lied to recognize and to treat Disease.
For this great purpose, the Charity Hospital , situated a:
oor aery door, aCjrds opportaoities nneqaalled in tlu
conntnr. -. v . ' .
The Facnfty can eoafidentiy assert that dissecting materi
al is more abundant in New Orleans than eUeirhere, uA
that Practical Anatomy will be thoroughly taais in th.s
Institnti'ie. Besides spacious, well-TentiUtted and vol
lighted Dissecting Booms i the ose of Students, a !arje ir.d
well-arranged private Dissecting Room is Etted np Sir the es
pecial use of practitioners who tuatricoiace in this Ia.titu'ion
The Professors will take pleasure in aiding the S;aJ,a
to procure cheap and emnfortable beard and toogine.
Arnonnt of Fees fur the foil Coarse of Lectures "iVfi !
alatricalatioa Fee (paid bat once 5 -1
Dissectioa Fee I' -v
Graduating Fee 25 ijO
For any further information Address
E. D. FS5EB, M. O. W cf tit FtenlSy.
Xo. 5 Carondelet street.
3tew Orteaas, Jnlr 18ST. IMo wTt.
. . . . TnoaasTiLuC Davrasex Cot, X. C.
this Seminary that we can greatly aid in the educa
tion of vowng ladies of limited swans, especially if they
wish to boomo teachers.
I. Oor para embodies these leadtag features: 1st. h pro
poses to edaeate soct as axe not as adeqisiteiy prurided Sir,
if provided for at all, in any other Female InstitotioB in
the Sooth- - 2d. It mvohes ao BDtIiatiagcocdttia. 3d
It ia a setf-sostainmg plaa. We are gowned as fcEovs,
in regard to applicants fr aid. White we do sot tontine
oarselres to any class, we will give the preference to. 1st sndt
as can be qualified in owe year to teark. 2d. saeh as will -care
at least 'on paying pupil for the institution. 2d, the
daughters of - ministers of all deaominations. We require
fall information as to their age. health, experience in teach
ing, if any, disposition, manners, piety, md tn ,nK,t
they can pay is advance on their beard and tuition, we
will credit a limited n on ber of irst class applicants, when
necessary, with the entire amoant of their Board tad tu
ition, y .
II. We will credit manr other deserving applicants with
all the expense of tbtir" tor turn, except twenty dollars
year If thev will pay their Board, and twenty dollar, an
nually, oo their taitkm, and furnish, their own boob ana
materials for ornamentals, we win indulge them br thi
balance until they eaa teach and pay it. Board is J
month, exclusive of wathiag - Sack young ladies as pretef
it, can do their own wasbng; and then the eipen .
board and tuition to be paid in advance, woald not ofTer
$40 per session of are months The balance wood be on
time. These loaapapt! are entitled to all the pnnkgwai
others in the Institution. ...
XnA MI w. i :. m,. mtTntions vhicn
should innoence all classes to patronize this Institution
1st. We have greatly reduced the cost of female tt?ff
2d. We are ed oca ting a class of young ladies that will
great benefit to all the other popits. 3d. Our ability
ucate this class will he in exact ratio to the pat8,"
receive from others. 4th. We shall hare teachers ot dm
ent denominatioas. 6th. WeahaU employ teachers com
petent to instruct in all the branches, solid and oran-.
usually taught in the best female rastitBtions of the s.'c
th. Oor system of physical training. Tth. Healthine"
locality. 8th. The blessing of God which ha atteodeaour
first session.
For farther particulars, address the unders'swd "
mton,X ;l -V'iillSGroj
form the citixeos of Charlotte and wnvona.ra-
try, that he has JUST OPJESED, a 5b" V"Z
STORE, on the"premise9 recentrr eccnpied by Mr. Lowr-g
as a Book -9tei, cue door above'CjBaV Horn. f-.
alwars be fxmd a large stock of Gb-VTL1K
aiTVf"ij! P "P .... --,.TldBC-
ns basioess- wm -
tea sirrciry on ine vaxi principle, inecrw iTn the
. . . - - - . mATVtir POT
sartng l"
chasers fully 20
per cent.
Saitk made to order on
J. W.
. COLE. Agent-
JOO Flaws asnl Straw Catters for Sale.
w Bwr
cheap and plow deep while slmrgard? sleep,
on akaU have bread and money to spare or to keep.
And yon
jricmun nme h poaciBaj ncHonnrra. - . -- . v ,
aapa lot of Candles, Leataer and
grneaal assortmeM of Family Gweeries, such as&"j
CoTe Motass Cheesi. FkMW, Meal, and Cor1'
narta aide of Hargeit atiisQaJ " aca
atteatio. to Jrpaata aaprb a l1
BBerieace ia teachinr. and who. can give- good rf"
Small i
Maaoa Hall, N. C-
The variena Reports
Met smaeaemBSsmsy lammmsw
BT-wra n -mmmnata rnv prflPLE.
ALamlmg.dwdl eooUe to
1, 185T.

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