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Semi-weekly standard. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1853-18??, October 07, 1857, Image 2

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u.a -.amr on fib 20th Oct.. 1867.
1 All members of the N. C. State Agricultural
Society will be furnished with a badge of meniber-
upoV Went of the annual tax of $2, and
wXtuiredtowetr the me during the Fair.
This badge will admit the ladies of his family and
children under 18 years of . faring the Fair. ; -
2 Members of the Society and families alone will
be admitted on Tuesday, the day for examination
and awards by the judges. All competitors are ex
pected to be present. The public will be admitted
on and after Wednesday, at 10 o'clock. Price . of
admission 25 cents. Children and servants 12
cents. Clergymen, Editors and pupils of charitable
institutions admitted free. '
, 8. Agricultural societies and institutions from
Other States are invited to send delegates. Such del
'egates will be presented with a complimentary card.
4. AU exhibitors who intend to compete for the
premiums of the Society, must become members of
the same, and have their articles on the ground and
entered at the Secretary's office in Reception Hall,
at or before 5 o'clock on Monday evening, Oct. 19th,
without fail, so that they may be arranged in their
respective departments, and in readiness for exami
nation by the Judges on Tuesday morning at 10
6. The regulations of the Society must be strictly
observed by exhibitors, otherwise the Society will not
be responsible for the omission of any article or an
imal not entered under its rules.
- 6 No article or animal entered for a premium can
be removed or taken away before the close of the
exhibition. No premium will be paid on articles or
animals removed in violation of this rule.
7 All articles and animals entered for exhibition
must have cards attached with the number as enter
ed at the Secretary's Office; and exhibitors in all
cases must obtain their cards previous to placing
their articles or animals on the Fair grounds.
8. Those who wish to offer animals or articles for
sale' during the Fair must notify the Secretary of
such intention at the tine of entry.
9. The Executive Committee will employ a day
and night guard, and will use all reasonable precau
tion in their power for the safe preservation of all
articles and stock on exhibition, but will not be re
sponsible for loss or damage that may occur. Ex
hibitors must give attention to their articles or ani
mals during the Fair, and at the close of the exhibi
tion attend to their removal.
10. The awarding committee or judges, selected
for the next Fair, are earnestly requested to report
themselves to the chairman of the Executive Com
mittee at Reception Hall, upon the grounds of the
Society, on Tuesday morning, the 20th day of Octo
ber, 1857.
11. In no case can the judges award special or
discretionary premiums; but will recommend to the
Executive Committee any articles in their class
which they may deem worthy of special notice and
for which a premium Das not oeen onerea.
12. The judges on animals will have regard to the
symmetry, early maturing, thorough breeding, and
characteristics of the breeds which they judge.
Tbey will make proper allowances for the age, feeding
and condition of the animals, especially in the breeding
classes, and will not give encouragement to over fed
13. No stock of inferior quality will be admitted
within the grounds; a committee will be appointed
to rule out all below a medium grade.
14. Animals to which premiums have been award
ed must be paraded around the track, that visitors
may see the prize animals.
15. No person will be allowed to interfere with
the judges during their adjudications.
16. The several superintending committees will
give particular direction to all articles in their de
partments, and see that all are arranged in the best
order possible to lessen and facilitate the labors of
the judges in their examination.
17. The superintendents will attend each set of
judges in their respective departments and point out
the different articles or animals to be examined, will
attach prize cards to the articles, or flags to the suc
cessful animals after the judges' reports have been
made up and delivered to the chairman of the Ex
ecutive Committee.
18. The judges will withhold premiums on ani
mals or articles in their opinion not worthy ; though
there be no competion.
19. Premiums of $25, and upwards will be award
ed in Plate, unless the person to whom the award
is made shall prefer the payment in money.
20. Stock brought to the Fair for sale will have
an enclosed lot adjoining the Fair grounds assigned
tbem, with water convenient, where they can be
kept at the expense of the owner.
21. Articles manufactured in the State, when
brought iu competition with foreign articles will
take precedence, other things being equal, and the
foreign article be entitled to a second premium.
22. Articles not enumerated will be entitled to
discretionary premiums at the option of the Execu
tive Committee.
23. The Chief Marshal, with efficient aids, will be
in attendance during the hours of exhibition to keep
proper order.
24. No exhibitor will be permitted to enter more
than one animal in each of the sub classes.
25. Animals, when duly entered, are well provi
ded for by the Society, without charge to the own
er, and cannot be removed from the ground, except
by permission of the Executive Committee.
26. All machines, implements, or other products
of mechanical art, must be exhibited by their re
spective makers, or inventors, or improvers, or their
assigners, to or for whom only premiums for such
articles will be awarded.
27. Every machine or implement offered for a pre
mium, must be so designated or described as will
serve to identify it to future purchasers, and also the
selling price of the article must be stated and mark
ed on the labels and in the public reports of premi
um articles.
28. Efficiency, cheapness and durability will be
regarded as chief excellencies in every machine or
29. The Chief Marshal will call the Judges at 10
o'clock on Tuesday morning assemble them at his
tent on the grounds furnish them "with the printed
list of premiums, also with blank books to register
their awards, and have the Judges conducted by the
assistant marshals to their respective departments of
the exhibition.
i 30. The Marshal and his aids shall give particular
attention to the proper arrangements of all articles
exhibited in their respective departments ; point out
the articles or animals to the Judges, and otherwise
facilitate the examination by the Judges.
. 81. The track will be open for the trial of harness
and saddle horses every day dnring the Fair.
82. A band of music will be in attendance each
day during the hours of exhibition.
83. An efficient police will take charge of the
grounds during the night
Wji. D. Cooke, Sec.
At the next Annual Fair to be held at Raleigh, com
mencing on the 20th October.
Thoroughbred Morses.
Edmund Townes, Granville, Charles Manly, Wake,
Thomas McGebee, Person.
Quick, Draught and Saddle Horses.
1 Peyton A. Dunn, Wake, John Lewis, Caswell,'
James Turner, Granville.
'; ' . Heavy Draught Horses. r
John B. Leathers, Orange, John L Shaver, Row
an, James Twitty, Warren.
Jacks, Jennetts and Mules.
William K. Lane, Wayne, John L. Bridgers, Edge
eombe, J. W. B. Watson, Johnston.
j Cattle Demons. .
George W. Johnson, Caswell, Thomas D. Meares,
ew Hanover, John S. Dancy, Edgecombe.
Durhams, Hereford, Ayrshire, Holsteins and AU
detneys. !!t-
Franklin, Samuel Ifargrave, Davidson. ' ;
W . Grades and Natives.
Dr. SmUh' Wak8'
Imported Cattle. ;f
Dr. Win. R. Holt, Davidsoiv Henry T, Clarke
Edgecombe, C H. K. Taylor, Granville. ... ';
Milch Cows. - "" :
Wm. H. Strother, FraoVin, Jas. Sloan, Guilford.
Wording Oxen.
S. S. Royster. Granville, A. T. Mial, Wake, R. R.
Bridgers, Edgecombe.
Fat Cattle.
Eldridge Smith, Wake, John Ilutchins, Wake,
Seth Jones, Wake.
..... .. - Sheep. . . .. . ,.
Dr. J. M. Davidson, Mecklenburg, Paul C. Cam
eron, Orange, John G. Yancey, Warren.
John S. Burwell, Granville, John O'Rorke, Wake,
Riley Crawford, Wake.
Swine Large Breed.
J. E. Lankford, Franklin. Ashley Saunders, John
ston, Chas. R. Eaton, Granville.
SwineSmall Breed.
Wm. R. Smith, Halifax, Wtn. K. Lane, Wayne,
Laurence Ilinton, Wake.
Swine Grades and Notices.
Wm. R. Poole, Wake, C. Wooten, Lenoir, Wm.
O. Green, Franklin.
Maj. John Caldwell, Mecklenburg, Thomas J.
Blacknall, Granville, David Ilinton, Edgecombe.
Agricultural Productions.
A. W. Tenable, Granville, John W. Norwood.
Orange, Richard H. Smith, Halifax.
Thomas Miller, Granville, W. D. Jones, Warren,
Wm. Long, Caswell.
Salt Provisions.
Ex-Gov. Ch. Manly, Wake, S. D. Sessums, War
ren, Owen Fennell, New Hanover.
James Smyth, Rowan, John A. Taylor, New Han
over, Dr. Charles Skinner, Warren.
Pood, Condiments, &c,
Wm. Upchurch, Wake, J. U. Kirkland, Orange,
John Winslow, Cumberland, Nicholas L. Williams,
Satire Wines.
William S. Ashe, New Hanover, Chas. F. Fisher,
Rowan, J. D. Whitford, Craven, Wm. J. Hawkins,
Fruit and Fruit Trees adapted to the South.
Dr. R. S. Mason, Wake, William J. Bingham, Or
ange, George W. Johnson, Caswell, Prof. E. Fetter,
Orange, John Stafford, Alamance.
Dr. R. C. Pritchard, Warren, T. H. Snow, Wake,
W. W. Holden, Wake.
Plotcs and Harrows.
Dr. Wm. R. Holt, Davidson, Wilson W. Whita
ker. Wake, Kenneth Rayner, Hertford.
Threshing Machine, Hay, Straw Cutters, Corn
Shelters and Crunhers.
Geo. W. Collier, Wayne, E. Belo, Stokes, Edwin M.
Holt, sen., Alamance.
Reapers and Mowers.
Dr. G. Field, Warren, Solomon Dixon, Alamance,
H. K. Burgwyn, Halifax, E. Mallette. Orange.
May, Cotton Pre, f-c.
J. M. Fleming, Wake, Dr. J. T. Leach, Johnston,
Dr. S. McClananan, Chatham.
Carruiges, Wagons, Car's, Ac.
P. A. Atkinson, Pitt, J. M. Mon-head, Guilford,
J. C. Washington, Craven, John Taylor, Beaufort
Gen. Alex. McRae, New Hanover. Silas Burns.
Wake, J. A. Soyden, Rowan, J. H. Thompson, Da-
Farm and Ion,e-iie 7W.
T. L. William, Granville, John A. McMannen,
Orange, Netdbam Price. Wke.
S-iddU aud IliritA
Dr. Wihv.n. Warren, W. B. Fooler, Franklin, Eli
jah Milliard, Nash.
Oibintt Wort.
Dr. T. D. Hogg, Wake, Thos. Hill, Orange, J. M.
Fleming, Wake.
Shoe, lint, Ae.
Alfred Williams Wake, T. II. Sclby, Wake, N.
N. Nixon, New Hanover.
James Sloan, Guilford. James McKimmon, Wake,
John W. Cunningham, Person, Dr. T. B. Beck with,
Mill Fabrics.
T. W. Dewey, Mecklenburg, C. B. Saunders, John
ston. Daniel A. Montgomery, Alamance, J. A. Bul
lock, Granville.
Ifowhold Fabric.
Gov. Bragg, Wake, G. W. Mordccai, Wake, John
H. Bryan, Wake, Mrs. M. M. licnry, Wake, Mrs.
S. S. Royster, Granville, Mrs. G. W. Mordccai, Wake,
Mrs. M. Somcrville, Warren, Mrs. Archibald Davis,
Crochet and Raised Worsted Worl.
Mrs. J. Bobbitt. Wake, Miss Sophia Partridge,
Wake, Mrs. Kemp P. Battle, Wake, Miss Fanny
Hawkins, Franklin, Miss Julia A. Holt, Davidson,
Miss Joana Nixon, New Hanover.
Embroidered Silk, Coltm and Worsted.
Mrs. X. O'B. Branch, Wake, Mrs. Alfred Williams,
Wake, Mrs. John U. Kirkland, Orange, Miss Maria
Cooke, Wake, Miss J. M. Ruffin, Alamance.
Knitting and Knelling.
Mrs. H. W. Husted, Wake, Mrs. Lynn Henderson,
Warren, Mrs. Louisa Kittrell, Granville, Miss Lucy
Gregory, Granville, Miss Emma Morehead, Guilford.
Fancy Work and Needle Work.
Mrs. L. P. Cotton, Wake, Miss Tenable,
Granville, Mrs. J. F. Taylor, Wake, Mrs. J. McKim
mon, Wake.
Fine Arts.
Dr. Aldert Smedes, Wake, Francis E. Shober,
Rowan, Dr. Charles E. Johnson, Wake, Mrs. R. M.
Saunders, Wake, Mrs. L. Walker, Guilford, Miss
Susan Somerville, Warren, Miss Julia O. Saunders,
New Hanover.
Union County. On Thursday last the people of
Union voted on the proposition to subscribe $60,000
to the Wil., Char, and Rutherford Railroad, aud en
dorsed it by 424 majority. We received from a
friend just as we were going to press the following
statement of the vote :
Precincts. Yea. No.
Monroe, ' 202 64
Ashcraft's, 40 15'
Rogers', 29 24
Starns', 25 3
Wilson's, (Waxhaws) 30 38
Lawson's, 25 12
Davip Miue, 21 8
Condor's, 54 3
Simpson's, 24 11
Grassy Creek, 57-28
Gourd Tine, 50 5
Thos. Griffin's, 61 0
Bivins, 21 4
Total 639 ' . 215
Maj. in favor of Subscription 424 Char. Dem.
Teachers' Association. Conversing with a very
intelligent teacher of our Common Schools, ' we
learned from him that it was the desire of many of
the teachers or the county to form an association Tor
the benefit of those engaged in the instruction of the
youth of our county ., .... .
We highly commend and appreciate such a move
ment, believing it beneficial not only to teachers
tDemnerves, but to parents and children. For by an
exchange 01 expenenee greater perfection can be at
tained in the art of imparting: instruction. ' And tBis
is of more importance to a child than any other
qualification of its preceptor. We hope that an
association of the kind alluded to will be formed at
an early day, and anything we can do for the ad'
vancetnent of the commendable objects it nas in view
shall be done most cheerfully ; and we doubt not
that the citizens of the county will do all they can
.v ivuivid iuu nuiiieuiitie wganiasiipn 01 we assv'
ciation. Newbern Express.
ft known6thingism.
VTha Nashville. Cmon syividly and powerfully por-. j
trays the results of Rnow-JNothingism during its brier,
and iniquitous. career. : "
In the elections of the free States in 1854, when .
that dangerous and united organization first made
its advent into the country, for the first time in many
years there were found to be but two tickets in the
field Democrats and Know Nothings. There had
usually been three Democrats, Whigs, and" Abo
litionists. The two last had disappeared from the
stage of action, having no tickets in the field ; and
the inquiry was naturally made "What had become
of them ?" The election passed off, Know Nothing
ism swept everything before it, and elected to the
last Congress the following members: ,
Maine, 8
New Hampshire, 8
Termont, . 1
Massachusetts, 11
Rhode Island, 2
Connecticut, 4
New York, 17
New Jersey, 4
Pennsylvania, 13
Ohio, 15 .
Indiana, . 6
Illinois, 2
Michigan, 3
Iowa, 1
Total, . 90
When Congress assembled and the election of a
Speaker came on, eighty-four oat of these ninety
Know Nothings proved to be abolitionists, and voted
for Banks, of Massachusetts, the recently nominated
Know Nothing black Republican candidate for Gov
ernor in that State. While Mr. Banks was admit
ted to be an abolitionist he also declared himself a
sworn member of the order. In the course of the
House proceedings we find that Mr. Letcher said :
" Now let me try the gentleman from Massachu
setts: does he belong to the organization called
"Know Nothings?"
Mr. Banks, in reply, said :
" I belong to an organization not that I know it
is called by the name of Know Nothing, but that
answers the description that is generally understood
by the name in my own town. Nobody has asked
me the question. I have never declined to answer
it, and nobody has screwed me up to it"
This is the same Banks who was willing "to let
the Union slide," and who believes in an amalgama
tion of the black and white races.
During the same election of 1854, the Know
Nothings defeated the Democrats for Governor in
ten of the free States, viz: Mori ill of Maine, over
Parris, national Democrat ; Metcalf, of New Hamp
shire, over Baker, national Democrat; Gardner, of
Massachusetts; lloppin, of Rhode Island; Minor, of
Connecticut ; Grimes, of Iowa ; Chnse, of Ohio, over
Medill, national Democrat; Bingham, of Michigan,
over Barry, national Democrat ; and Pollock, of
Pennsylvania, over Bigler, national Democrat.
The whole ten Governors thus elected voted for
Fremont, are abolitionists, and hostile to the South.
This same party, then in the free States, elected,
and aided in electing, eleven senators of the United
States, viz :
Fessenden, Abolitionist and Know Nothing, from
Maine; John P. Hale and James Bell, Abolitionists
and Know Nothings from New Hampshire, over
Wells and Williams, national Democrats; Henry
Wilson, Abolitionist and Know Nothing from Mas
sachusetts, to succeed Edward Everett, national
Whig; Foster for the long term, and Gillet for the
short t.-rm from Connecticut, the former tosucceed the
latter, both Abolitionists; Charles Durkee, Know
Nothing and Abolitionist, from Wisconsin. They
also aided in electing Seward, from New York, Abo
litionist ; Ilarland, of Iowa, Abolitionist, over Dodge,
national Democrat; Truuibell, from Illinois, over
Shields, national Democrat
Thus it was for the first time in the history of
those States that all the Governors, Senators, and
eighty-four out of their ninety members of Con
gre turned out to be Abolitionists of the deeest
dye, and were elected as Know Nothings. Such
were some of the fruits of the last year's work of the
Know Nothing order in the free Slates. We cannot
lake time to go into their local lepisliition ; such as
the appointment of their famous "Hiss smelling
committee " gotten up by the legislature of Massa
chusetts to visit all the Catholic schools, and, under
the Tctence of hunting up evidence of I he inqui
sition, insult the nuns in charge such is their act
of nullification, in refusing to the federal authori
ties the use of their jails for the safe-keeping of fugi
tive slaves such as their act authorizing the admis
sion of negro children into the public schools upon
an equality with the whiles their act to permit all
the negroes to vote who could read, and disfranchi
sing all white persons who could not read or their
act expelling, as paupers, all poor foreigners from
their territory. But to continue.
During the last Presidential election, almost the
entire party in the free Slates, that had a short time
before belonged to the Know Nothing order, the
same party that elected the ninety members of Con
gress, the ten Governors and eleven Senators, threw
off the mask and voted for Fremont for President.
Mr. Fillmore received for the Presidency in no one
of the free States even a respectable vote. He re
ceived in the whole United States the electoral vote
oi but one State. From the time the Know Noth
ing party in the free States made its appearance up
to this time, it has, upon every occasion when as
sembled in State convention, adopted resolutions
hostile to the South and against the introduction of
any more slave States.
In addition to this, the Know Nothing order at
this time has no separate organization from that of
the Republican party. Black Republicans and
Know Nothings are one and the same thing. From
all the northern States, the Know Nothing order has
not elected a single member to the next Congress.
It has been absorbed by black Republicanism. It
established abolitionism as a positive element of pow
er in the North, and then dissolved its organization,
except in a few States. Wherever it yet has an ex
istence, it is secondary to Republicanism and is al
lied with it In Pennsylvania, at this time, the fu
gitive members of this disbanded party are support
ing Wilmot, the notorious abolitionist, for Governor.
The president of this powerless faction has put forth
his proclamation, urging all " true Americans " to
vote for W ilmot In Massachusetts they met to
gether, a short time since, in State convention, and
nominated for Governor of that State, N. P. Banks,
the abolition ex-Speaker. In every public meeting
they have held in the North, they have adopted
strong anti-slavery resolutions, denouncing the Su
preme Court for its decision in the Dred Scott case.
Thus it will be seen that though brief and inglori
ous, the Know Nothing order has not been without
its results. Tolumes would not thoroughly portray
the enormities it has committed.
Robbery and Suicide. The St Paul Minnesotian
of the 12th inst., says the Quarter Master at Fort
Snelling was robbed a few days previous, of about
$6000 in gold. Suspicion fell on two men who had
deserted the Fort the day the money was missing.
. It was ascertained that they had taken the stage to
Henderson. A sheriff was notifled to meet and ar
rest them there. When the coach drove up to the
office, one of the robbers perceiving the crowd, as
sembled, and divining its meaning, stepped from the
coach with his carpet bag, and before the sheriff
couid execute his warrant, drew a knife and stabbed
himself to the heart I He had only time to utter,
pointing to his carpet bag, " there is the money,"
and fell dead. The other gave himself up.
ToLUNTART Enslavement. Elizibeth Bickley, a
free, girl of color, aged about 22 years, voluntarily
went into slavery at the present term of the Abing
don Circuit Court. She was bought by Capt Sam
uel Skinner, Sheriff of that county. '
This is the first instance of the kind we have
heard of, says the Abingdon Democrat, in this -end
of the State. The woman is very intelligent, and
was fully aware that a kind master was better able
to provide and care for her than, she was herself.
This is a nut for Yankee philosophy to crack.
Military. The Wilmington Light Infantry and
the Salisbury Tolunteer Company have accepted an
invitation from the Orange Guards to visit Hillsbor
ough on Oct 27thv the second anniversary of the
Guards. - The Independent Company of this town,
. we learn, regretted to decline a similar invitation.
Fay. Obi.
v Parish St. Joun the Bafto, (Lj '
' . ' September 12, 1857. - (
.Messes. Editors 5 I have thought that a few lines
from this quarter may prove of interest to" some of
year readers, more particularly to those interested
in the culture of the newly introduced varieties of
cane known as Sorgho and.Imphee. These having
been lately experimented upon to ascertain their rel
ative merits, particularly, for those prominently set
forth for them, viz :' for the quantity of "sugar and
molasses they were said to contain, "l will give you
the result of some of these experiments. . , -
Last year several of our planters cultivated a small
quantity of these varieties, but, not having a suffi
ciency of seed, could not arrive at a fair result
- I will give you first my own experience with the
Sorgho, of which I planted last year a few 6eed, the
greater part of it in the field,, in old land, and a por
tion in my garden, in very rich land. It attained a
very large size, but I did not find it sufficiently
sweet for the purpose intended, and supposed that I
had been imposed upon in the seed.. I had the seed
gathered, but did not think it worth while to plant
them this year, and still have them on hand. A few
scattered seed, however, came up in my garden,
which, curiosity leading me (o taste, I found it to be
quite sweet, and I am led to believe I bad the genu
ine seed.
Several planters extensively engaged in the cul
ture of the sugar cane have, within the past fortnight,
given these 'new varieties of Sorgho and Imphee a
practical test among them, Mr. Soniat, of the Par
ish of Jefferson, a short distance above the city of
New Orleans, and well known as a practical, intelli
gent, and successful planter. He has recently rolled
one and three-quarters acres of Sorgho, and obtained
four barrels or about one hundred and sixty gallons
of syrup. He found that it would not granulate, and
no sugar could be obtained from it Mr. Soniat
states that, allowing himself a fair price for the
quantity of wood he consumed, and the labor of his
plantation hands, and valuing the syrup at the rate
some Sorgho syrup has been disposed of in New Or
leans, viz : forty cents per gallon, that he has sunk
the sum of about fifty dollars.
Another gentleman, a resident of the Parish of St
Charles, and very widely known for his intelligence
and devotion to agriculture, as well as the law,
Judge P. A. Rost, has given the variety known as
Imphee a fair test The Judge's sugar works were
undergoing repairs, and the experiment was made
at the adjoining plantation of his neighbors, the
Messrs. McCutcheon. These gentlemen have very
extensive and valuable works, and, the Judge being
absent, they gave the matter their personal superin
tendence, with the experience of a life-time devoted
to all the practical details of sugar-making. The re
sult was, and I have it in person from those gentle
men, that from one-half acre of Imphee they ob
tained upwards of five hundred gallons of juice,
which on being boiled gave thirty gallons of syrup,
but that it would not granulate and they could ob
tain no sugar. I tasted the syrup two days after its
manufacture, and found its flavor quite different
from Louisiana syrup, nevertheless pleasant to the
taste, and quite similar to damson plum preserves.
It was slightly acid, and fermented a f--w days after,
which would be a most insuperable objection to it
The Messrs. McCutcheon informed me that there
was much more labor in cutting and preparing it for
the mill, as compared with the sugar-cane, it being
very difficult to divest it of its leaves. From the
Email quantity of syrup it must necessarily consume
a largely increased quantity of wood. The Imphee
was planted in rows three feet apart, drilled in the
row. The Judge has frequently rolled cane planted
in rows of six and seven feet apart that yielded three
hogsheads of the best quality, and, in addition, the
usual quantity of molasses, viz: sixty gallons per
hogshead, that is to say, three thousand pounds of
sugar and one hundred and eighty gallons molasses
per acre ; while the Imphee gave at the rate of sixty
gallons of syrup to the acre and no sugar.
In the New Orleans papers of about ten days ago
a sale of five half barrels Sorgho syrup was reported
at forty-five cents per gallon, and on the same day
was repotted a sale of a cargo of about two hundred
and fifty hogsheads of Cuba molasses (fermented) at
sixty-two cents per gallon. I should say that new
Louisiana syrup in half barrels, if in the market on
the same day, would have brought seventy-five to
eighty cents.
The prospect for the Louisiana cane crop is not
good, the cane being fully a month hackward. It
was much injured by the frosts of April. In the
month of June it was hoped and supposed that it
would recover from the effects of these frosts, and
the crop was estimated at as high as three hundred
thousand hogsheads. But July and August passed
without the improvement anticipated, and the crop
is at present estimated at about two hundred and
twenty-five thousand hogsheads. The season from
this time forth must be very favorable for it to ex
ceed two hundred and fifty thousand hogsheads.
Of the sugar-cane imported by the Government
for the planters I received a box of the Dcmarara
variety, which promises to attain a large size. It is
of the Otaheite family, and will, I fear, prove very
tender, as all of these varieties have proved to be.
The canes were very small, being only two and three
feet long when received, and will produce canes, I
shou'd think, of nine to eleven feet long. I will
take every precaution with it to acclimate it, if pos
sible, and compensate, if possible, the Government
for its endeavors. And, for one, I here fender my
acknowledgments to those gentlemen through whose
endeavors our interest was so much regarded. It
appears to me that the industrial pursuits should be
its first care. Of the Laguayra cane I can hear of
but one solitary shoot growing ; there are others, no
doubt. It was nearly all lost in its transportation.
It may not be generally known that the planters
frequently import cane at their own expense, and
not a year passes without some new varieties or
fresh plants being received. The cane appears to
be entirely free from disease this year. I do not
think there was ever any deterioration, but there
was destruction, and caused by too long a continu
ance of wet and cold weather.
Very respectfully, your ob't scrv't,
U. S. Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows. This body,
composed of delegates from the respective Grand
Lodges and Encampments of the country, convened
in regular annual session in Baltimore, on Monday
last, and will not adjourn, probably before next
week. From the Baltimore papers we gather the
following items of the proceedings. The report of
the Grand Sire states that the Order is in a flourish
ing condition throughout the United States, the Ter
ritories and in the Sandwich Islands, where the Or
der is under the jurisdiction of this grand body. On
Monday the following Grand officers, at the last an
nual session, were installed : George W. Race, of
Louisiana, Most Worthy Grand Sire ; Timothy G.
Senter, of New Hampshire, Deputy Grand Sire;
Jamos L. Ridgely, of . Maryland, Grand Correspond
ing and Recording Secretarj ; Joshua Tansant, of
Maryland, Grand Treasurer; Rev. J. D. McOabe, of
Tirginia, R. W. Grand Chaplain ; A. M. South, of
Tennessee, R. W. Grand Marshal ; S. H. Lewyt, of
Maryland, R. W. Grand Guardian, and J. E. Cham
berlain, of Maryland, Grand Messenger.
The report of the Grand Secretary for the past
year shows a total receipt of $11,995 18; of which
amount there was received from grand encampments,
$200; far cords, $216 20; for books, $166 82; for
diplomas, $39 95 ; miscellaneous, $12 50 ; for rep
resentation tax $800 ; for grand lodges, $3000 50
for cards, $3,940 80; for books, $2,41 49; for di
plomas, $82 25 ; representation tax, $2,100 ; miscel
laneous, $5 66. . .
The report of the secretary speaks of the prosper
ity of the Order, particularly in Kansas Nebraska
and Oregon, in the. two first named of which the Or
der is, as it were just introduced. The session will
probably not close before next week.
The ceremonies of Installation having been closed,
Grand Sire Race announced the standing committees.
The chairmen are as follows : . . ... .
State of the Order Boy lston, S. C. Legislative-
Fitzhugh," Ta. Correspondence Gilmore, North.
N. Y. Finance Teitch. Mo. Anneals John A.
Kennedy, South. N. Y. Constitution Ellis, lie.
Petitions-Uoore, Pa.' Returns Prall, North.; N'
Y. Prfn'ting-Eckell, Del. - Mileage and per diem
Hunt " Texas. Grand Bodies hot repsesented
Prime, Maine. e. ' -f a
, . " ' : .' .' r,i. .
Agricultural Address. John H. Haoghton, Esq.,.
of Chatham Connty, has accepted an invitation to
deliver the annual address before the Cumberland
Society, at the November Exhibition. Fay. Ob.
Grafbb. Read the following from the Wilming-
too'T andleCyour mooih ; water" accord-
Scutpkbnono Grapes. A friend of ours, an
enthusiastic lover of the grape, remarked to us the
other day, that while we were disposed to render
justice to those feathered delights, the rice birds, we
did not pay suitable respeet to the Scuppernong.
" Sir," said he, " next to the Mecklenburg Declara
tion of Independence, North Carolina has most rea
son to be proud of her grapes." 'We did not com
bat this assertion being under a vine and in the
very act of getting some very fine ones, large, plump,
nice ones, that, on a slight squeeze, shot from their
fragrant stems in a miniature flow of nectar down
our throat. How could we contradict the man?
Even the most" perverse of wives, the most contrary
of the opposite sex, she who periodicallyblQws her
husband up for slight reasons and on every occasion,
would, under like circumstances, have murmured
"You're right, sir. Scuppernongs are a State
Pride l"
Scuppernongs are good. The Indians used to call
them sweet water. Hence their name. Just about
now they are delicious. They've reached the cul
minating point . They could not be finer if they
wished to be so. .
Well tell you a good time to eat them. Make an
effort and get up before breakfast, and go beneath
the vine and you shall find it glittering with dew.
Then pick gently. They are liquid diamonds. There
they are, the champagne-colored rascals, rustling
among the green leaves, and filling the air with an
aroma which goes straight to your heart Aha !
you smile I We don't wonder at it What do you
care for business now ? Business ! You're think
ing of something else. ' Do you know, my dear
sir, that you have been eating steadily now for twen
ty minutes. -. Stop, in mercy's name! What, will
yon never be done ? You'll ruin your breakfast 1"
The only reply is, " I'm looking for a good one to
stop with, but I can't find the one I want ;" and
breakfast is delayed.
Sometime after breakfast they go well as a settler.
Eat, say, three pints, and go on jour way rejoicirg.
You are going under the vine after dinner, of course.
It is then a very good time to cat them, you know.
Dine as heartily as you choose, there is always
room for the Scuppernongs. They are so good to
wipe away the last lingering remains of dinner, the
apprehensions of grease that may mingle with the
parting farewell of the good things you have just
despatched, that you cannot but choose to pluck a
few as they lie temptingly on the vine say, two
It is then, after you have dined, that a few, as we
have said, of these condensed sweetnesses, upon
whom the sun has lavished his warmest kisses, and
which have ripened and are ready to burst from ex
cess of richness, a few of these grapes for instance,
three quarts go very well. You march off, after
awhile, full up to the throat, serene, benign, jovial,
at peace with all the world, thankirg Providence
that your lives have fallen in such pleasant places, j
and making up your mind to pay the vine another j
visit just about sunset Ah! you rascal, yon have
a female companion this time a young thing al
most as luscious and sweet as the grape, and you
are busy in getting a few for her as well as for your
self say. six quarts between you. Don't deny it
We have been starving ourself looking at you,
could hardly get a grape. You say -we've gulped
down four pints! It's no such thing sir!
Well, towards the shank of the evening, some lit
tle time before the clock tells " the hour for reti
ring," a few grapes, two or three bowls-fulls, are not
disagreeable. The vine is not far from the house.
and the perfume of the ripened fruit floats on the ;
air. It is wafted gently to where you sit Can any j
thing thing be finer, more odorous, more sugges
tive : Hurra for the native grape of the old North
State! Let's all go under the vine."
Know Nothing Sot. The Plymouth, N. C, cor.
respondent of the Petersburg Express, gives an ex
tended synopsis of the proceeding of a suit at law in
Washington : In the case of A. W. Darden r J. A.
Anderson. R. G. Cowper, J. A. Reddeck, D. Talen
tine and C. Fraetas, damages claimed at $25,000.
They are all members of the Know-nothing party,
and the declaration stated that the defendants charg
ed the plaintiff with falsehood, abolitionism, and that
he was unworthy the confidence of the American
Party. The libel was published in the Murfresboro'
Gazette in 1855, as the cause which made the Plain
tiff be excluded from the K. N. Lodges. Messrs.
Outlaw, Jordan, Winston and Heath for Plaintiff. .
Messrs. W. N. H. Smith, Barnes, Gilliam, Hardy and
Garrett for Defendants. Judge Caldwell, presiding.
The trial commenced on the 17th inst A long list
of wittnesses was examined and still longer speeches
made. On the 23d inst, the Jury returned the fol
lowing verdict :
"The jury in the case of A. W. Darden vs. Jno.
Anderson, et als, from the county of Hertford, say
that the defendants are not guilty of the conspira
cy charged. That they are not guilty upon the
count of special damage ; but are guilty upon the
other counts in said declaration. They find also,
that there is no justification. We therefore assess
the damage at one dollar and fifty cents,' and they
are discharged from finding as to the statute of limi
tation. Therefore it is considered that the plaintiff
do recover against the defendants the damages as
sessed by the said jury, and his cost to be taxed by
the clerk.
There is a rumor current that it wiil be taken by
appeal to the Supreme Court at Raleigh, if so, the
end is not yet
The costs of the suit thus far are variously esti
mated from $2000 to $3000.
-Henrt Clat's Last Tote. The assumption of
the pretended admirers of Mr. Clay, that he occu
pied substantially the black Republican position of
the present time, and would beyond a peradventure,
have affiliated with the party had he lived, derives
considerable corroboration " over the left," in the
following fact, stated by the Kentucky Statesman,
published at Lexington :
" In view of the attempted use of Mr. Clay's name
to arouse the long buried animosities between Whigs
and Democrats, the Statesman deems it not inap
propriate to mention the last vote ever recorded by
the old statesman. In the first State election under
the new Constitution, sixteen officers were to be
chosen. Twelve of these candidates had Democrat
ic opposition, and between these twelve Mr. Clay's
name now stands recorded on the poll books as fol
lows : For Democrats, 7 ; Whigs, 5."
The Charleston Medical Review) for September is
before us. Many of the articles bear the impress of
deep thought and patient investigation, and some
are lighted up by the fires of genius. We have been
interested in Prof. Dickson's article on the Height
and Weight xf Southern Men, and American Recru
its, and were astonished to see it stated that Georgia
and North Carolina lead the van. j
In Georgia, 30 men out of 100 were six feet and
In North Carolina, 24.
In Indiana, Kentucky, and Tennessee, 18.
Illinois, 17, '
New York, 5. 1 ,
Phragment of an Owed to a Phremont Poll, What
Was A Bein Cut Donn For Stove would :
Woodman ! spare them poles,
Touch not a single wun.
Last fall tbey cheered our souls,
Just let them stand for phun. .
It was our Phreemont Club
That 1st did place them there;
Oh !plese, aiir, let 'em stand, ,
Of else you'll beer us aware, -v . ' ' ?'
" - . Boston Post.
Bones or Horses. A Kentucky breeder of horses,
during the recent fair at Louisville, gave Mr. Holmes,
of the St Louis Republican, an interesting fact rela
tive to the bones of horses. He lost eight colts one
season, four of them thorough-breds, and four of
them common, scrub stock. -He amputated the legs
of all of tbem and -boiled off the flesh, cleaning the
none thoroughly, to learn by examination, what dif
ference, in respect of bone, there was between pure
blooded horses and common ones. On taking the
bones of the thorough-breds, and holdirtg them op
to the light, he noticed- that they we,re almost trans
parent, as much so as white horn. He tried the
same experiment with the bones of the inferior
stock. They were opaque and transmitted light no
more than buffalo horn. He then tested ' the bones
by weight, and the thorough-bred by far the heavier,
showing their -8nperior substance and 'solidity,
Tbey were hard and dense as ivory.
' " Over the River.
Over f e river they beckon to me
Loved one's who 'v croMad t tbe further side
The gleam of their anowy rubes I see '
But iheir voices are drowned by the rnsbins tid.
There 's ona wuh ringlets of sunny gold.
And eyes the reflection of Heaven's own bine
He crossed in the twilight, gray and cold, '
-Ad. the pale mist hid him from niortui view
We saw not the angels that met him there-.-
The gate t the city we could not see: '
Over the river, over the rivor,.-. ...
. Uy brother stands waiting to welcome me!
Over tbe river the boatman pale,
Carried another the household pet ;
Her brown curls waved in tbe gentle gale
Darling Minnie ! I see her yet !
She crushed on her bosom her dimpled hands.
And. fearlessly entered tbe phantom bark
W watched it glide from the silver sands, '
And all our sunshine grew strangely dark.
We know she is afe on tbe further side,
Where all the ransomed and angels be
Over the river, the mystic river, '
My childhood's idol is waiting fur me.
For none return from those quiet shores
Who crcss with the boatman cold and pale
We hear the dip of the golden oars, '
And catch a gleam of tbe snowy sail,
And lo ! tbey have passed from our vtarninjr boart..
They cross the stream and are gone for are
We may not sunder the vail apart
- That hidea from our visions the gates of dav
We only know that their barks no more
May sail with us e'er life's stormy sea
Yet somewhere, I know, on the unseen shore
They watch, and beckon, and wait for me ! '
And I sit and think, when tbe sunset's gold
Is flushing river and hill and shore,
I shall one day stand by the water cold
And list for the sound of the boatman's oar
I shall watch for a gleam of tbe flapping saii-'
1 shall hear the boat as it gains the strand'
I shall pass from sight with the boatman pale.
To the better shore of the spirit land ;
I shall know tbe loved who have gone before
And joyfully sweet will tbe meeting be, '
When over the river, the peaceful river,
Tbe angel of Death shall carry me!
'XP'-i-'&iiJd q,,,ii;m.
The Bubbles of the DAT.-Under this title the
New York Herald contains an article, show'nghow
the Yankees mix up piety" politics and stocks" in
their railroad and land speculations in the Wt
It says :
" A distinguished gentleman, recently returned
from a visit to the Northwest, gives an amusinp ao
count of the manner in which the speculators in that
region have managed to turn the Kansas fever to
their own account, and the .result of which is now
being felt in the swamping of railroad companies
and the explosion of kindred bubbles. It is a great
error to suppose that the New England States con
tinue to deserve their character for 'smartness.'
Their day is past Wooden nutmegs and basswoo'd
hams were well enough some years ago; but that
sort of business at best was mere petty larceny and
utterly beneath the dignity of rascals who 'go in'
for their hundreds of thousands, and whose oDera
tions ruin households instead of merely givin" them
indigestion. The keen fellows now live in theVest
men who, in point of shrewdness, can twist an un
fortunate Yankee round their fingers ; and who. in
point of fact, have done so to an almost incredible
extent. In justice to the New England States we ad
mit that most of the operators are emigrants from
the land of pumpkin pies, who having found that
paradise too circumscribed for their genius, have
sought its expansion amidst the prairies of the West.
" We have every reason to believe that thousands
of the citizens of the New England States have been
taken in by the land and railroad compuniea of Kan
sas, Wisconsin, Iowa, A-c. Their stock is found in
almost every farm house iheir bonds in every vil
lage. The plan of operations adopted by the spe
culator was beautifully simple, and easy to carry
out Agents were sent to the East to describe, in
glowing colors, the properity of the West Chicago
was an instance of the beneficial effects of railroad
communication. A thousand Chicagoes were in
embryo, and it was fortunate for the people of the
East that they had thus an opportunity to receive
some of the golden fruit Then, again it was neces
sary to check the progress of the slaveholder, and
this could best be done by building railroads, and
thus opening the country for settlement Tbe min
isters, too were told that whilst all this temporary
prosperity existed, there was a woful lack of religous
feeling ; there were few churches, and no dependence
upon stated preaching. Here was on ample field ;
but shepherds are wanting. Thus railroads, freedom
and the gospel are beautifully mixed up, the result was
that every man who had a dollar laid by felt that he
was not only assisting humanity and religion, but
bettering himself, by an investment in the 'West'
This has been the true secret of the Kansas fever,
and it is easy to see that its collapse is a necessary
and natural result, buying experience at the expense
of ruin to all the dupes who have been shrieking for
freedom, and hoping, at the same time, that it might
bring in a handsome dividend.
"It is exceedingly doubtful if even the present
warning severe as it will be will prevent a repeti
tion of the same game whenever it can be played.
It is not the first time that 'stated preaching' has
been lugged in to help to bolster up a stock specula
tion, and it is expecting too much to imagine the
race of dupes is dying out The Kansas fever and
Western railroad bubbles simply mark another lustre
in the commercial history of this country."
Simplicity of ExGMsn Dress. Tn the families of
many of the nobility and gentry of England, pos
sessing an annual income which of itself would be
an ample fortune, there is'ercater economy of dress,
and more simplicity in the furnishing of tbe dwel
ling, than there is in many of the houses of ourciti
sens, who are barely able to supply the wants of
their families by the' closest attention to their busi
ness. A friend of ours, who sojourned, not long
since, several months in the vicinity of some of the
wealthy landed aristocracy of England, whose ample
rent-rolls would have warranted a high style of fash
ion, was surprised at the simplicity of manners prac
ticed. Servants were much more numerous than
with us, but the ladies made more account of one
silk dress then would be thought here of a dozen.
They were generally clothed in good substantial
Stuffs, and a display of fine clothing and jewelry was
reserved for great occasions. The furniture of the
mansions, instead of being turned out of doors every
few years, for new and fashionable styles, was the
same which the ancestors of the families for several
generations had possessed in substantial and excel
lent preservation, but plain and" without any preten
sions to elegance. Even thearpets, dp many suits of
parlors, had been on" the floors for fifty years, and
were expected to do service for another half century.
With us how different is the state of things!
are wasting an amount of wealth in this country, on
show and fashion, which, if rightly applied, would
renovate the condition of the. whole population ot
the world, and Christianize, civilize and educate all
mankink. Calender.
Cblesration op the Battle of King's MorNTAis.
A celebration of this interesting occasion will take
place during the week, commencing October Un,
1857, by the Officers and Cadets of the King's Moan
tain Military School, who will encamp near the
town of Yorkville. .
Wm Gilmore Simms, LL.D., will, during the weeK,
deliver a course of Lectures, and on the Anniversary,
wil deliver an Address. This day will be celebrated
with appropriate ceremonies. n-
The friends and patrons of this School ; the Um
cers of the 34th and 46th Regiments ; the Masonic,
Odd Fellows and Temperance bodies; the Ladies
and Gentlemen generally of tbe District, and
those interested in the perpetuation of a day neia
dear to the memory of every.patriot, are respectl"
ly invited to participate. . A programme will be pub
lished next week. Yorkville Enquirer.
Where the Tobacco awd Cigars Come Frox.
The whole number of cigars exported from Hawnji
up to tbe 15tb ultimo, the presenLyear was 94.9M
000 of which 26,681,000 were cleaied for this coun
try; 18,800,000 to Great Britain; 7.783,000 to Hanv
borg and Bremen ; 9,628,000 to France, 8,130,"u
o Spain. The exports of tobacco amounted iw
1,180,345 pounds, of which 528,636 pounds
cleared for this country.
Apprkhenoed. We learn .that one of the t0
Everetts, who were convicted of an attempt to wu "
der P. McGowaTVEsq., Mail Agent, but escapeo
from Halifax jail, before the expiration of thair tenu
of imprisonment, has been retaken in Tennessee, anu
recommitted to his old quarters. The other is
at liberty. War. News.

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