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- r " ORICIN, -RO-KHO XZBST Of TBI XORJIOH BI1I.'
B Simfcos or TJt4H.riT'eleoidn?4 j
' bed Of nutTnW pea, witfr rt suit miter, futtkea
- to aBAfnconstdereblo-Iake, whose tnrgm Bprles
' wlfK Um k; and fntir lhoBnd tWO COO'
' ,Ured feet above the se level, thejwjntrtt Terrttof
ry of the Kepubhc-Uwhl Ten yai ego mope
decide end not a dwellmpdotted tht taller; across
it Woand the rugged oad of the trader, the brWIe
or war-path ot the Shoehonee, and b aawge alliea
'y fJ:r foefc- Standing On eminence of the WahaUch ,
v &i : mountain, to the east; their glittering -peaks hfting-
':' ''1rtfcem8ele ightt1ibUsand feet in the clear suens air,
fV and fringed far beneath by Shaded masses of pine -
. and fir and bafeam, receding ranges of hills and
V streams, sparkfing like silver threads, and narrow ?
y- ? gorges," looking like abysses .fn the distance ; and .
westward the mounlams become lower, and gradu-
. : vftHy melt away, 'until!' valley,? holding in its bosom
' this lake of salt, spreads oot before it ' All around
.' ' .on the slopes of the descending hills run even bench
j.."ea, formerly the Water : levels of the lake, and now
used for cultivation -or pasturage. At the foot of
these rise the mud walls of a city, covering an area
; of six square miles, the abode of half the people of
the Territory, which now holds more than sixty
- vthousand -souls 1 - As. by a common impulse, they
- have come together from all parts of the world
from Germany, Sweden, Denmark, Scotland, TSng-'
I land, Australia, and the United States. They have
"become a nation in a day. ' They have trade, indus
r try, mnnufactnring,- and mechanical skill ; they have
" law, government, and a religion.. Tbey are a homo
geneo A people;-act by -a common impulse, upon
- ' definite and fixed principles; and after having ap
1 plied as a territory for an organic low in 1850, and
. been- organized in puisaance of its provisions, re
ceived a governor, judges, a marshal), and a district
attorney, from. Federal appointment; after sending
their delegates to sit ic the councils of the nation,
they have seen fit to repudiate the paternity and
- power of the General Government to break up the
Federal courts, to deny all political influence in their
3 councils coming -from ours through the agency of
V Federal officers, and fall back upon a theoretic polity
that impiously claims the immediate inspiration of
the Mos" High as its source and authority, revealed
through His servant and prophet, Brigham Young.
Brigham Young. This leader, who rules this peo.
pie with an unquestioned despotism, through a ma
rVchinery I shall examine, after temporizing under Mr.
- 5 Pierce, as Governor and Indian agent, has at length
grown desperate enough to declare openly his dcfi-
. '.ance of the General Government; and emboldened
".' by distance and-long success, gathered from the
supineness of the Executive power, that had em
ployrocnt nearer home for all its energies, comes out
; by proclamation declaring military law, usurps all
the (uhctpns of Territorial government in his per
son, and is training and marshaling his battalions
c . ; for resistance and encounter. . Three thousand brave
- J men our brothers and our sons have, in obedience
v" to the Executive mandate, crossed the plains and
; . rest in their tents near the mountain passes that
V girdle' that territory. The wintry snows have not
damped their afdor.or cooled their glowing courage ;
.-,?4the howl of the savage, impelled to run off their
':; ;i -horses and cattle by the stimulus of Mormon craft,
has not made them' irresolute or desponding; the
driving tempest and the icy hail rattle upon their
' canvass covering , but the camp is merry wilh glee,
and the martial airs of Columbia echo through the
" , passes, and linger on every lip. '
; Such fs the aspect of things at this hour.. The
: General Government has superseded Young as Ter
; ' :'. ritorial Governor. His successor (Cumming) has
' J- issued his proclamation, exhorting the people to lay
'.;. down their arms, and refrain from all disorderly and
; treasonable projects.'. The idle wind that sweeps -.
. those plains is not more. .Idle and ineffective than
X these proclamations upon that people. - Their impe
rial priest, deposit, and dictator, from his dual
- throne, as potenate of the Saints and. vicegerent of
'the Almighty, laughs them to scorn. . Entrenched
- " behind the material boljwlcs of distance' and the
wall of rock wTiich TNCtara baa provided, girded by
sterile plains and erdureless. biffs, and guarded by a
blind fanaticism that tftott no law beyond his will,
X '- and will shed its last drop of blood at his behest,
;. iji hehas become foolhardy by impiety -and the un
. . questionable devotion that encircles him. The wily
X - craft of '.he conspirator and the low cunning of the
Ttnave, have given place to the grasping ambition of
' ' ' the , chieftain, and the hopeful enthusiasm of the
',.' ' y : traitor and the prince. .
In. bis plotting brain the time has arrived to cast
'-' off the allegiance he swore to this Government, which
he '.once needed to subdue or wheedle the savage,
,' ,; around whom, lie now Believes, be has thrown
- " . stronger' toils. ! A sway of more than six years, as
:liead of the , State and of the Church weilder at
. 'once of the sword of Territorial sovereignty and the
crozier of spiritual might has compacted and ce
, mented in his grasp a dominion he is impatient to
; -; extend, and will not surrender! - Ten thousand
; . swords will leap from their scabbards at his beck ;
. thirty thousand hands, of male and female alike,
.. - - ." will toil incessantly to sustain his power, linked, as
U': they believe it to be, with their best interests in
';' time, and their salvation forever. -".
: ' Origin of Moicm onism. Mormonism, as a reli
gioos system, had its origion in a romance, written
" about the year 1810, by Solomon Spalding, a native
J';" j of Connecticut, who bad been educated for the minis
T V try, but followed a mercantile employment, removed
' to Cherry Valley, New York, where he amused his
-f leisure hours by weaving into a book, entitled by
.' him the "MSS. Found," the notion entertained or
."' suggested by some writers that the American In
" ?dians are the descendants of the lost ten tribes of
.' Israel. . Hence, he starts tbem from Palestine, in
; vents for tbem various fortunes by flood and field
: wars quarrels, turmoils, strifes, separations until
tneX people "thia continent, and leave behind them .
'"JV:i-ve8tige of mounds, tumuli, fortifications, sculp
' : tare, and cities dilapidated, which are discovered in '
Northern and Central America. It is written some
what in Scripture style, and uses the machinery of
' the Jewish economy throughout. He read his manu
v";sript to various persons who yet remember it, but
; ' was not successful in procuring its publication.
.Somewhere about the y ear 1823, this manuscript
"fell into, the hands of Jo Smith, a native of Windsor
county, Vermont. -; Smith was about twenty years
r of age, and already exhibited that singular com
pound of genius and folly, of cunning and absurdi
ty, of indolence and energy" of craft and camest-
- ness, which distinguished him to the end of his ca-'-'-'
reer.-.' --':..'?. -"v - ' ...':
I Under J the 'new-lighted preachers of . that day,
i ' Smith became imbued with all the wild and extrava
''j '' Bnt notions of seeing sights, hearing voices, receiv-
' ' ine revelations. inMiinr mi fiVi;n u j:i
S-ft ISo i " - POaily form, which indicate a disenard inmoinatinn
M fX0 ': :':i.r 4nd want of all solid instructions and fixed princi-
DJea On religious SUbiecta. Enthnninam ran m.l
through the whole region where be dwelt, and Suith
was pne of -its most brilliant expmnlifWtinna i.n;
Vjnately having a relation that all existing systems of
rcugiuu mere wrong, ana tnat He should be made
the prophet of a new faith. For more hn fi
"Tears he vibrated . between his nnrinn ni
''X- "osiasro ; giving oot, occasionally, dark hints about
J I: i 7 v, cerujn mysterious plates to be dug up by him, con-
V '-Si:r:. - v '-r, V'.J'ts,n5ng new revelation.. Part of his time was
y i pent in lying, swindling, and debauchery, and the
f-i reni,nder in visions and repentance, the vulgar hab-
lU of the brute contending with the higher functions'
, the Prophet.- At length he pretended to dig out
. ; the pw'es from the side of a hill, in Palmyra, Wayne
. countyvNew.York ; placed himself behind a curtain,
.. Dermittinir jm ntiA tn t , l
t'FrV.v?--t't.1 the platea the book of Mormon to an
r'Moensis, reading jt all , from ' SDaldinc-s' mahu-
U V:. ;riptin bis possession, one hundred and eighteen
';v? i,' f,- . g;, w"B5 wn stoien Dy Martin Harris. .
Ji; :Viiw,,ns ' Koran our modern Mohammed started
ta 100 &A S V 1829, John the Baptiat came .
'. V .t-rth W baptize; Smith ; and on. the 6th of
H AV, JSSOit Jbe. first church of Lattef-Day Sainta :
-, waa oreanized at Ifanchester. New Yarv rZuZJ
two; converts out of the family
; - Rigdon. : Kimball, and Young,' 1 oined after;
c, . - " Bioie,-uniiae tnat ot the Ubristian or
"""o, purports to be; chiefly historical, ,and
i 21rH.n4l eftonciate or enforce a system 0f ororaland:-
S'FS'W Ph'tophfp or didactic formt U
. aJU incidental leasiona niU.n iif.n. n..v.:i.Jj.
.!:-. eauentlv. inrnKlA . T .i :
relteWalth; W taighs. WrilNETSF UNfTED STATES. J ' . Sft Ststm Urho fc j
TCHglOWJaum S -ADffi, 185K UeVtioKt.W tfrfcrt. Oladuott DuiZ 1&3 of the H
edifice if Of Wbtehei jrei' gorgeov t
kiVnW-teitb- iKh' rfMorations of orfenu!snlen- i
!or';: fcdt ttomateriala of the Mormon book, though p
mostly1 derived from the same source, are so crazily
Jumbled jtbgether,' so inartificially constructed, that
if a whirlwind had scattered the leaves of the
cred record,-and combined them again with the feats
of Baron Munchausen by machinery, it could not
have surpassed this production ot inanity anu iowy.
What UnuwoNiRii is. Two thines may be -re
"marked upon this Koran of Mormanism: 1st It
does not sanction the central principle of new faith,
as now practiced polygamy; this was tne growth
of after years. 2d. It does not purport, to be a full
and complete revelation ; indeed, it discloses that its
plate and stones are still buried and undiscovered
in the bill "Comorah," in the State of New York.
But neither the plates dug up, nor those still un
known, prevented Smith from having direct visions
and revelations from the Most High ; and it is by
this instrumentality, primarily, and not by any potency-in.
the doctrines embodied among the con
temptible literature of the Mormon Bible, that the
system has grown into its present magnitude. A
very similar organization existed a short time before
at Sing Sing, in the State of New York, headed by
Matthias Folger and others, which soon ripened and
died out, with a disclosure of the vices and selfish
ness of its founders. There is nothing whatever in
the distinctive doctrines or truths of Mormanism
which would tend to give it perpttuity. These ele
ments lie in its policy, which was not at first a ma
tured system, but grew op gradually, as circum
stances gave it development.
JFirsL An electorship of two and two was organ
ized to preach the new system, consisting princi
pally of violent harangues against all existing forms
of. religious faith.
Second. An apostleship of twelve, after the modei
of the early Christian Church, with plenary power
over inferior orders.
Third. A commission of seventy, now very
much enlarged, to go through the world, and propa
gate the new faith.
Fourth A location for the " new Zion," where,
without disturbance from Gentile powers, it could
carry out and display its inherent strength, and
evince its glory on a scale proportioned to the great
ness of its origin, and the divine superintendence it
Fifth. A perpetual and infallible inspiration
throueh the high priest designated by Heaven, ac
cording to whose revelations all the personal, social,
domestic, economic, political, military, and religious '
concerns of the church are to be regulated, in the !
minutest matter, without hesitation, question or ap
peal. There was an attempt, by Smith, to introduce
communism while the Saints were located at Jack-
in Missouri, in 1832; but the principle of the
tneum and tnvm was yet too strong for the imma
tuie fanaticism of the early disciples, and the ex
periment has not been repeated.
Every convert is a zealot ; every zealot a hero !
To believe in these ravings and aspirations, reason,
and history, science and the world's progress, all
the morals of Christianity and all the precious boons
of civilization are first ignored and repudiated; a ,
blind, bigoted, unreasoning, mindless faith, sup
plants and swallows every thing beside itself; and
having laid down its majestic independence and its
manhood, and accepted the fetters of a slave, the
wilder the rant, the sooner it obtains credence We
have deemed, in our complacency, that no wide
spread delusion could roll its turbid waters over the
surface of social life in these ends of the nineteenth
century; but we wake up to this phenomenon,
growing under our eyes and at fur hearthstones,
that involves the reign and rage of certain princi
ples of human nature we had hoped were long ago
discarded; that comes raving for its victims in the
circle of our religious and political institutions, and
by the fascinations of its egregious and impudent
imposture, its intemperance, its folly, its blasphe
mous atrocity, carries them forth to exhibit to our
ba filed hopes and f ickentd sensibilities a spectacle
of credulity and virulence, such as we had hoped
history recorded only for warning, and, not imita
tion! Clad in the sacerdotal robes of the priest, over
which are drawn the vestments of the soldier, this un
scrupulous and traitorous warrior-ecclesiastic ringn
out the blended war cry of the chieftain, with the
imperial edict of the Pope ! From the sacred seclu
sion of the cloister, he emerges with mailed glove
and plumed helmet.
How Mormonisu das Grown cp. What wonder
that the down trodden, famishing masses from
Wales, Scotland, Sweden, Germany, Franc?, and all
parts of the other world, without education, without
moral instructions, are caught by the picture, and
start in troops for this earthly Paradise? What
marvel that eager crowds, begrimed with the soot
of the dark mine, or pale from the faintness of the
heated factory what marvel that the victims of an
ecclesiastical system, that is known only by its op
pressions and taxes and tithes, while it fails to bless
or enlighten what marvel that they crowd round
the earnest man in the thronged marts of the con
tinent, or on the corners of the rural hamlets of
England, and drink in his words, blazing with his
own enthusiasm, as he paints the earthly glories of
the God-defended Eden of the West, which sparkles
to the eye of faith in the distance, the cmbod ment
of all excellence that the imagination ever paint
ed? And then comes in the aid of "organized emi
gration in vast communities, with the order and
precision of an army, they set their faces resolutely
for their new home, along every avenne, from the
Atlantic and Pacific alike, in winter and in summer,
toil on with a dogged energy, that in itself is moral
ly sublime. Sixty thousand souls at least own the
sway of this accidental hierarchy. Men and wo
men of low intelligence, burning zeal, simple habits,
but guided and governed in all their affairs by this
inspired priesthood a priesthood constituted main
ly of the Yankee element, as to nationality an elo-
ment, in this case, of canting calculating hypocrisy,
which first inquires whether it will pay ; and, sec
ondly, whether it promises power; and, thirdly,
whether it imposes any limitation upon license and
lust ; and having satisfactorily settled these profound
questions of the pocket and the flesh, with the cool
deviltry of an ordinary speculation, places itself in
the priesthood council and eldership; leers about
from its high seat in the sanctuary for beautiful in
mates of Its harem, and stimulates its palled appe
tites by new victims, as often as exhausted passion
loaths the worn and wasted forms that cease to
amuse or please, where the heart is never touched,
and woman is so degraded and defiled.
Sir, are the leaders the master-minds of this fa
naticism, sincere? Smith was more hypocrite than
enthusiast. His whole story of the origin of his
bible was a lie ; and, knowing that, he could not be
Southern Lkgislation on Slavery. The action
of the Texas Legislature on the subject of slavery is
already known to our readers. Nearly every other
Southern State has this winler legislated on the sub
ject in one way or another. In Mississippi there is
a project on foot for the incorporation of an African
Immigration Company, to bring negroes from Africa
for laborers, under a system of apprenticeship. - In
: Louisiana a bill is" before the House appropriating a
large amount of money, to be used by the Governor,
for the purpose of bringing negroes from the coast'
of Africa. Last winter, in the same State, a law
was passed forbidding the emancipation of slaves
within the State.. -In Virginia' law is before the
Legislature, empowering the authorities' to sell all
. the free negroes into slavery." A bill was recently
: introduced in the House Of Delegates of -Maryland,
to the -effect that f ndlave who has been or may,
hereafter be manumitted by deed or will opon con
dition that the said ' slave shall Vleave; the State, or
pon any other condition or contingency; shall be
-entit'ed -to freedom' until "the '"said condition "shall
'have been performed, or the specified contingency
shall have happened ; also,. that ho Blave shall here-j
after be manumitted,, by deed or will unless the said
slave uvat the-date of the.mahoroissioh: above the
agrof tan -hnderrthe age ot forty-6veyeairs, Ind
'also to .gain a livelihood and-sboDort bv the labOr.W
Publie.opinioo itfthe iSoofb; is. becoming "every day1
cnliaf wsBtotlon: !Hfecaie
denf that art all
' anil a .KnAlLlw JmJt.l J A -kt-ll"Ia' '
One oi sraer- mTen. t . 4r , J' 1 ' . . . s tt - 3.
Af fhn notnimeDis be tonatnteted. an-. I2t BosTri1ee far ih purposeof askine4the hv.i.sM,-v- i ii rtwTr.nMty.Wof roor eOfemna for -J
"" "" uamutci, ywicwtwii. w hip uruer miu pr9gre81"rJ?? jf 2V. ".- IJaKrT-- T-TT""T-7,7,'-rv
l yiTMinw m mis Dart oi tne . worio.- komui -4 ut. wvbiivwsuik. us . rcuianm w jvu- xmsiiwiu :t id Aiwucmuon. tne wncawaciaierHaTWja i
tbfljSenate Ho make an explanatiort sdae
;to4ile charaerer f North-Carolina,
by the unanimous consent of the Senate; :
Mr. Wilson. I rise for the purpose of makmran
explanation in regard to the same, subject o-Tca.
the Senator refers, as be called ny attention .to iton
Friday. v - . , f ,
Mr. biggs, u is mat ana anoiuer matter on wuiuu-
nli desire icsoe jwato. mtj. hw'--"."
. r in t, : .1 J.L.i. . I. x1.b J. tr
the Senator will permit me
Mr. Biggs.'. Certainly.. - . .". ' v." -The
Presidfnt Officer. The Chair hears no ob
jection to the explanation, V . ;
Mr. Wilson. During the debate the other day, I
referred, in the course of a speech made by the Sen
ator from New Hampshire, Mr. Hale, to some re
marks made in the House of Representatives in re
gard to the power of the States to abolish slavery.
1 stated that I heard the power denied oy a memoer
from the State of North-Carolina. I happened to
be present when the remark was made, by Mr. j
Bkancu, then and now a member of, the House of
Representatives from thai State, that he thought the
State Legislatures had not the constitutional power
to abolish slavery. It was a subject of remark, at
the time, by others and myself; but I find on look
ing to the matter, my attention having been called j
to it afterwards by the Senator ftoni North-Carolina,! j
that Mr. Kunkel, of Pennsylvania, and I think some
other members, made some inquiries in regard to
the meaning of the expression. Mr. Bbancb ex
plained it in this way : -that he did not think the
Legislature have the constitutional power to abolish
slavery ; but that the people, when the frame their
constitutions, could make their constitutions so as
to abolish slavery. The explanation then riade was
that the States had the constitutional power to abol
ish slavery, and that the member did not wish to be
understood as saying that it was any violation of the
Constitution of the United States, as some of us un
derstood at the time the remark was made. I had
my attention called to the matter by the Senator
fronv North-Carolina, but, owing to the pressure of
business, I was not able to examine it until Friday
of last week. This is the earliest opportunity I have
had ; and I wish to put the matter right ; for I have
no desire or wish, certainly, to misrepresent any
member of either House. When I listened to the
remark, I understood it as I stated it the other day ;
other members did so understand it ; but on the ex
planation of Mr. Bkancu, it was made very plain
and very clear.
Mr. Biggs. I am very much gratified that the
Senator from Massachusetts has made this explana
tion ; but to make it full, itjs proper that I should
state, in addition to what he has already stated,
that Mr. Bkancu expressly recognized the power 'of
a Legislature to abolish slavery, provided that pow
er was expressly given by the constitution. 1 rose
for that purpose, but more especially for another
purpose, to set the character of North-Carolina right.
I notify the Senator from Massachusetts that this is
in reference to a speech delivered by him in this
body on the evening of the 20th of March.
It will be recollected that during the Kansas de
bate wc had several evening sessions, at one of which,
that of the 20th March, I was not present in conse
quence of indisposition. The Senator from Massa
chusetts Mr. Wilson on that occasion delivered a
speech, which, in consequence of the great press of
business upon the Globe, was not published until
Friday last, and my attention to it was not called
until Saturday. Among other points made by the
Senator, he seeks to give a faithful account of south
ern society slaveholders and non slaveholders ; and
as I presume he could not testify from personal ob
servation and knowledge, and as I suppose he pre
ferred it, he introduces as reliable testimony extracts
from a book, entitled " The Impending Crisis of the
South, " said to be written by a " Mr. Helper, of
Being informed as to this author, I am unwilling
that such testimony shall go upon thtt permanent
legislative history of the country as coming from
North-Carolina, without placing in the same from
the character ot the witness. It is due to North
Carolina, it is due to the Senator from Massachusetts,
it is due to the Senate and the country, particularly
the people of the non slaveholding States, to expose
to public contempt the authority of a work hose
position, whatever it is, probably greatly depends
upon bis representing himself as ' of North-Carolina."
I (eel a becoming pride that the word of a
North-Carnhnian is so generally considered reHable ;
and, therefore, the more imperative is the duty to
mark emphatically, as I propose to do on this occa
sion, any one that hails from that State wh-slanders
her society and writes it in in a book to deceive and
delude others. The Senator from Massachusetts is
a striking example of the dupes thus made by this
catch-penny book ; and the delusion is so strong
that, without inquiry as to the character of the wit
ness, it is placed in permanent form as evidence
from North-Carolina as to the state of southern so
ciety. I want to disabuse the mind of the Senator from
Massachusetts, and those who read this book, as to
the reliability of the authority on which he relies.
Who, then, is this Mr. Helper, of North-Carolina,
relied upon in the Senate of the United States as
evidence from the South of the state of southern
society ? I speak from authority that cannot be
Hinton Rowan Heifer the author of the "Impend
ing Crisis,' is a native of Davie county, North-Carolina.
His first appearance in active life was as a clerk
of Michael B own, a merchant in Salisbury, North
Carolina. Mr. Brown is an elder of the Presbyte
rian church ; and after Heifer removed to Salisbury
he also joined the Presbyterian church, and, so far
as was publicly known, conducted himself with pro
priety. After living with Mr. Brown several years
as clerk, it was understood at Salisbury that he
formed a copartnership with Mr. Cotfman in the book
business, and left for the North to buy in a stock of
books. He did not return as expected, but shortly
thereafter went to California, and there, or shortly
after his return, wrote a book called "'Land of Gold."
He returned to Salisbury about 1854, where he
remained some time without any apparent business.
In the summer of 1856, as is reported and believed,
he procured surety for, and obtained money. He,
however, about that time, left for the North, where
he now resides, never since having retnrned to North
Carolina. After leaving North Carolina, he chang
ed his name from Heifer to Helper ; and it was dis
closed last year that while a clerk for Mr. Brown he
purloined from him three hundred dollars, and after
an exposure by Mr. Brown. Helper, making a merit
of necessity, himself publicly confesses, in a hand
bill which 1 have befere me, this thieving on his part,
and excuses it upon the ground that he was enticed
to the act by some ambiguous expression of a friend
of his that it was allowable for clerks so to do ; and
the further excuse that it was an indiscretion of
youth, although, at the time, he was in full standing
in the Presbyterian church, and, as he says himself,
was seventeen years of age. It is due to the Pres
byterian church to say tnat this man is not now a
member of that church. " 1 . ' -'.. .
Now, sir, when and why he altered his name I
know not, except he defines Helper one who helps
himself from the purses of others without their con
. sent; and therefore concluded the change of. name
' appropriate to his character. He is a dishonest, de-
' graded, and disgraced man, and although much to
. be regretted a native of the State, yet he is an
apostate son, "ruined in .fortune and character.' and
catering to a diseased appetite at the North, to ob
- tain a miserable living, by slanders upon the land of
nut oirtn; anq i deeply regret tnat we senator. tram
Massachusettes .has, by a reference, so dignified the
creature aa to render necessary this exposure.-
1 Such is,Mr.;fjelper; of North Carolina, author of the
"jtppeh1dfng .Crisis of the ':Sont'je2uMMrr Helferj
Vonce of North Carolina, but who has left the Und of
' bis birth for the good of the State. ;:
, I vNow.'mr, I would respectfully -suggest to the hon-;
r oraoio peiumjr irpm nuwcoumw to appena a noic
iuediUoniOt his speech; givingthe'tiW'charao
aa''ikAtl trsAS- Faw-'Ka- nitPnAca nf wwirt rjtnnftl
.. ter, oi .tne;uiHorfl(xnw. qook pp'n; wn,icn ne nas
'j elied. so that th, readers of h 3;!b9gh
J a he has been;
bmf account of some ineidentiuwbiefc bare happen'
ed fo md Paris, where I have been residing Jbr
nearly 6evenears? , s - " " 3
v : ? I . was sauntering yesterday .afternoon; with j,
friend in the Champs Elysees.. . The aspect of this
noble promenade was , strangely -changed. - Tne
benches upon which the Parisians usually ait uv the
aun were all deserted, i Loungers of all nations made
... -rat'; -- 'a: :ir. tr..:f J -.t
tne unamps tiiyseea orufurujfj wn yi miiihu.
moving etnnoiogicai. museum, uuj. jebiciuajr- iuc
most notable figures were a number of new and sin
i8ter faces, some of whom might have been taken for
'miserable, and some of them for genteel beggars. J ;
'observed them trying to overhear, the conversation
!of myself and my friend; which happened tq.be only
about the French taste in horses and equipages.
Looking at a shabby little individual, I said to my
friend, but not loud enough to be heard,. 'That is a
spv;' and my friend exclaimed, 'What . villainous
faee ! ' While we were looking at him, he came up to
me, and addressing me in Italian, obsequiously beg
ged a few 'oboli,' or small coins. Turning to my
friend, I said in French, 'I believe he :s a beggar.
AVhen I put my hand to my pocket to give him an
alms, the spy seized me by the left arm and told me
that I was an Italian, and he was an Inspettore.V I
said, 'So I thought.' He told me he desired a little
conversation with me, and that I must go with him
to the commissary of police. My friend, believing 1
was talking with a beggar, was looking at the carria
ges, when I called out to him, 'I am arrested 1 The
inspector said my friend must come as well. On
our way to She office of the commissary, the excited
little inspector told me I spoke Italian, and was an
Italian, and that it was useless for me to deny it.
The inspector then commenced a formal interroga
tion. 'What is your name?' I gave him my card.
You are an Italian. You understand Itallian.
W hat are you doing in Paris ?' I will answer that
question to Monsieur the commissary.' 'Ah ! well,
you refuse to tell what you are?' Seeing me arrest
ed, and held by the arm, several elderly gentlemen and
ladies darted at me looks of terror and horror. In
the office of the commissary the inspector said he
could not believe my card, because myself and my
friend .were walking with an 'air suspect,' or in a
suspicious manner. Moreover, I knew he belonged to
the police This correct guess seemed to have given
him great offence. Now, to avoid detecting spies is
difficult, for they display what they are by the in
solent gleams of conscious power always darting
from their eyes. Ihe secretary of the commissary,
fortunately for me, answered he was sure, and would
answer for it, that I was not an Italian, but an Eng
lishman long resident in the neighborhood; but he
turned to my friend and said, 'And you, sir, of what
nation are you?' The suddenness of the question
taking my fi iend aback, I was obliged to answer for
him 'Monsieur is a Russian.' The inspector then
said to me, 'I beg pardon.' Looking at him stead
fastly, I said 'Oh ! there are so many rascals about
you canot be too zealous.' - -
"Luckily lor me this incident happened where 1
was well known; and my companion was not an
Italian but a Russian ; otherwise I should have suf
fered some days' imprisonment, and my daughter
days and nights of agony, just because a Freneh in
spector mistook a Scotch Highlander for an Italian
The Doctor and his Patient. Of all the profes
sions, trades or occupations that engage the mind of
men, that of physicians is the most diversified. In
locating he has to find out the constitution of those
he is called upon to visit, for it is frequently the case
that success may be owning more to a deep and
thorough knowledge of the constitution of the pa
tient than more common-place applications. As an
illustration of this, we will relate an anecdote of one
of our old physicians, who, il he finds physic will
not cute, tries other means, as the case may re
quire. Dr. G. had long been the attending physician of a
lady long past her teenx, and affected with certain
disorders incident to a want of occupation, and the
care of a family. She sends for the doctor in season
and out of season ; he rushes out in a 2.40 pace, and
finds his patient physically perfectly well, but sad
and lonely, and of course afflicted with blues. All
he can do is to administer a " tincture," with a few
drops of peppermint, and the patient is well for a
On one occasion, a cold, boisterous night, the doc
tor had just turned in, wrapping himself snugly in
his blankets, with the hope of a quiet sleep, when a
loud rap aroused him.
" Who is sick ?" inquired the doctor, murmuring.
" Miss Sally Strickland, sir, she is a' most dead,
expect she'll die before you get there."
" I'll be along," said the doctor, exclaiming to
himself, "dog Miss Sally, I'll try to. cure her this
The doctor plods along through mud and mire,
cold and rain, studying his application. When he
arrived at the dwelling of Miss Sally, he finds her as
usual in a depressed state of mind.
" Doctor," she said feebly, " 1 expect to die every
moment ; I am very low. Can you do anything for
The doctor feels her pulse, nothing the matter,
merely wanted company. The doctor became com
municative. " Miss Sally, I was having a terrible dream when
your servant awoke me."
" What was it?" she eagerly inquired.
"I dreamed I was dead," continued the doctor,
"and descended into the lower regions, where I met
the " Old Scratch," who invited me to view his do
minions. The inmates were engaged in" different
occupations some playing cards, others swindling
their neighbors ; in fine, all the pursuits they fol
lowed during life, tbey continued there. When he
got through, he proclaimed to the four quarters of
his dominions that all should go to bed, for," said
he, " Sally Strickland will be here directly, and
there'll be no sleep in hell for a month."
The doctor's speedy departure was increased, to
flight by the sight of a broom stick flourishing ac
tively in his rear, but the remedy was effectual.
Latiso cp for Children. Parental affection
naturally inquires what it can best do for the wel
fare of its children in future years, and when the
bosom which now throbs with love to its offspring
shall be cold in death. Many plans are laid, and
many days and hours of anxious solicitude are
spent in "contriving ways"and means of renderingr
children prosperous and happy in fu'ure life. But
parents are not always wise in the provisions which
they seek to make for their children ; nor do they
always seek direction and counsel from God in this
matter. The best inheritance for children, beyond
all contradiction, is true piety toward God the sal
utary truths and principles of religion laid up in
the hearts of children a good education good and
virtuous habits, unbending principles of moral con
duct, the fear of God, and the hope of heaven. I
This is the best inheritance for children, and which .
all parents should be most anxious to lay op for.
'them. - . - .v ;.: -; ;, .j
Many an unwise parent works hard and lives spar-:
ingly all his life, for the purpose of leaving enough
to give his children start in the; world, as it is
called. - Setting a young man afloat with money left '
him by his relatives, is like tying bladders under ,
the arms of one who cannot swim ; ten chances to
one he will lose his bladders, and go to the bottom.
Teach him to swim, and he will not need, the bjad-:
ders.1 .,''.;'.'. ' ' '- '.'." '":- . V'"- ' i 'i
y Give your child a sound education. See to it that
, his morals ire pare; , his mind cultivated, : and his'
-whole nature made subservient to the laws which,
govern man, and you have given what will be more;
valuable than ;-the wealth of the Iodii;Yon Jiaye
: given: him tart which; !rio mufbrtnne, cao" deprive;
mm pi.,.;Ki ne.eariier.you teacn ;wffl,.w
iM0iht )i-t.hei presence of s.theJ two partieav-and f
i counsel of; the Aysoeiatrori and pi the proprietor:
- 1iitSriifnM notai-V Htwtwn Juhri'AWaahhrortv
SorchasoHof the; Home od frav of-WaidUnrtdn by;
t gVt.li:-; t-y '-:'' y h-h$t vV "fbre-dwnployiiitf
tt.YoTOfr JSiW-VV-. Af receited Mrgeimm--
jpf jroanf flel;:Vy .who desice!crerksbls-.ln
the citv-; To avoid disappointments we mv a.!!-
my that tbere are already ; nere many .Hundred? u ;
not thousandsof .Tonne men how. unemidovetLifor:'
whouv there is no desirable openmg, We wish that 4
we coum turn tne aiienuon. oiiocl youug' weit " -oar
country, who are now-seeking light emplojment,
to? the onlvv "pening',v:Where : their services- are
needed, and will be ure of k rewai'd. We alfudo to
agricultural employments, ; for wnlch Arotricansliave.
nch an evident disUstei r There is ho real tndepenv
-Jce-' ur this
world; but that station which ap--
jiroaches the nearest to it, and attains, perhaps, to
all that is desirable of if, is found in rural life among
the tillers of. the soil.. In the old world; whcre.Uind
is inalienable, or' the fee so high that only vwealth
can -compass it, there iR much grinding toil and but;
little encouragement for the- poor in this pursuit
But in this happy land any youg; man who choosts,
may be the' owner of a fine farm,: the product of
which, with a fair industry, will support .bim-com--,
foratably, by one or two years of steady application.
If there is no farming prospect for you in. the old
States, turn your face to the setting sun' and work
your way to a sp'ot w here the" virgin soil invites Ihe
adventurous pioneer. Better a little . backache, a
brown cheek and hardened hands, .'with a clear con
science, than the fairest outside that ever graced
Broadway, which but covers a stained, wrinkled and
hardened soul. In our judgment no young man
need to go West, even to such a field of labor.
There is scarcely a town in New York, New Jersey,
or in all New England, in which the diligent labor
of the hands, accompanied with patience,, prudence
and wholesome self denial, will not win sweet fond.
a pleasant fireside, and an honest independence. ' If
the pale, sickly, tempted youth' who toil on a starv
ing pittance in the warehouses and shops of the city
culd see, at a glance, the contrast between the puny
things too many of them are, and the breadth of
soul as well as body, which they might obtain in the
open field, tbey surely would escape as for their
lives, and cast no lingering look behind them, as
they fled to the wholesome tasks of the country.
JV7. T. Journal of Commerce. - ;
A Soft Place. "I was down to see the widow
yesterday, said Tim's uncle, "and she gave me back
bones for dinner. I went down rather early, in the
morning ; we talked, and laughed, and chattered and
run on, she going out and in occasionally to see to
things till dinner was ready, when she helped me
graciously to backbones. Now, I took it as a symp
tom of personal approbation, because everybody
knows I love backbones, and I flattered myself she
had cooked them on purpose for me. So I grew
particularly cheerful, and I thought I could see it in
her too. So after dinner, while sitting close beside
the window, I fancied we both felt soiter comforta
ble like I know I did. I felt that I had fallen over
head and ears and heart in love with her, and I im
agined, from the way she looked, she had fallen teeth
and toenails in love with me. She appeared just
for all the world like she thought it was a coining,
that I was going to court her. Presently I couldn't
help it, 1 laid my hand soltly on her beautiful
shoulder, and I remarked, when I had placed it there,
in my blandest tone, Tim, for I tried to throw my
whole soul in the expression, I remarked then with
my eyes pouring love, truth, and fidelity right into
her, "Widow, this is the nicest, softest place I ever
had my hand on in all my life."
Looking benevolently at me, and at the same time
flushing up a little, she said in melting and winning
" Doctor, give me your hand, and I'll put it on a
much softer place."
In a moment of rapture I consented, and t iking
my hand, she gently, very gently, Tim, and quietly
laid it on my head and burst into a laugh that s
ringing in my years yet.
Now, Tim. I haven't told this to a living soul but
you, and by jinks 1 you musn't; but I couldn't hold
it in any longer, so I tell you: but mind, it musu't
go any further. N. Y. Spirit of the Timet.
Speeches. Mr. Jefferson said he had been in de
libei alive bodies with Gen. Washington and Dr
Franklin, and that he had never heard either of them
make a speech more than fifteen minutes long, and
then always directly to the point. He adds that
there were no members who possessed more influ
ence, or who were listened to with more profound
attention. Mr. Jefferson himself, we believe, was
never noted foi much speaking, although every
speech he made told among the members. One se
cret of Patrick Henry's almost superhuman elo
quence was, that he never spoke unless he had
something to say, and always stopped when he had
gotten through. Mr. Madison and Chief Justice
Marshall were famous for the strength and compres
sion of their speeches. In general, it may be set
down, as an incontestible fact, that when a man
makes a long speech, he has not digested his subject
properly, either front indolence, from want of time,
or from lack of capacity. Compressi n requires
study, and is the most difficult of all the arts con
nected with either writing or speaking. Mr. Web
ster, in his famous speech in the India Rubber case,
apologised to the Court for its length, on the plea of
want of time to condense his ideas. Rich. Whig.
Bcbrhave's Holland Bitters. The press of the
country has been particularly loud in the praise of
the Bitters. Among the many notices, we offer the
following to an impartial public :
'It is a well known fact that we do not puff pat
ent medicines, and that we but seldom advertise
them, but Boerhave's Holland Bitters comes to us
j endorsed in such a manner, as a sped 6c for the dis
1 ease ic professes to cure, that we not only advertise
it, but give it this favorble notice unasked by the
proprietor. Handel Zeitvng, N. Y. . ;
! The Philadelphia Argus, in speaking of the late
i exhibition held in that city by the Franklin Insitute,
says: - .;'- ; ;
'In noticing medicines, we are always extremely
cautious, unless satisfied of the merits of the article.
- Among those exhibited is the celebrated Holland Bit
ters. This medicine has been extensively introduced
into every State in the Union, and into the Canadian
Provinces, principally within the last two years.
The exhibition shows testimonials in every. language
- known in America, among which we notice one from
the late Hon.' John M. Clay ton, of Delaware." .
Tire Seventeen-Yeab Old Bor ' Preacher The
St. Louis. Democrat says of young Mr. Fuller, who is
called the "Boy Preacher,". -m ho is aged but seven
. teen year, that he has, within the fast five weeks, de
livered in Marion county fifty -Jour sermons,' and been
instrumental in the conversion of one hundred and
forty-four persons. He has been l'censed, to preach
only about two months, during which time he has
delivered upward of 8 fiv discourses, and tyro hun
dred and forty have been converted through hiV in
strumentality. It is said that he" never studies his
sermons or makes any notes; and frequently does
not select his text until he rises up in the pulpit to
preach ; and yet, it is said, no two of his discourses
are alike, either in point of argument or composition;
He speaks most eloquently, and uses the most chaste
and beautiful language. . Calls to preach at various
points are daily pouring' in upon him. ',.':
'- Poisonous Properties of Gdano.-A . scrap' Of jn--formation
in regard to this subject having accidently
reached us, through friend we give: it to our
readers. "As the season ia near at hand when guano
is handled most, it is proved of some value vv
YA planter in our district'who had used W water
trough in which to pulverize or dissolve guano,' in
structed that the trough should be thoroughly clean
ed before used v It seems that the work was bat im
perfectly or parliahy performed; and that a number
of his bogs" drank from it tn: that 'conditiohr i Some
fi evop six of those died short time afterwards;.
Their necks. nd throats were very much " swollen .
beiore oeatn ensuea.- A calf, wnicn also arena, aiea.
in a similar; Wav- These statementa-we regard.as
ProC AVJBach J.r JStephens J; JVMaMV
&t Huhrevil?ftvfyahkHn,n rT H Ifhit
,anu tJir'-,Wlwa:View-,-w lin.imr pmuTnucMv ajl"
''t. rftlmingtoWoo Snpday, 4 y et engaged.: in:
e tUM tri,ia.
' - 'Z. The Cleraa; Soeae.
x - ' ' l'M BCtWSAW MED
l:T-foX(g.:fi pnrnu M the "WestminstPF
view b aoqueationablytbe beat American P,w.
wptteh oeni '
Withm the aober mibn of leafless trees,
!tliernMet veamahaM tbavdreamy air;
, ;Like snmo tanned, reaper, in his hour of ease,
. i "When all 4he fields are lying brown and bare.
. Tfie gray baxhs. looking.frum tbeir hazr hills,
r O'er the dim waters wideningin the rales,
'. Sent down 1 be air a greeting to the mills,
; On the dull thunder of alternate flails.
V-' AH sights were mpllowed, aud all subdued -.
The hiltsLwemed farther, and the stream'tang loa
As n a dream the distant woodmnn hewed '
;W Hnrwipter log, wnh many a nintOcd blow.
- Tlie embattled forest, rewhile armed in enld
c; -tneir Banners ongw WHO everr martial hue.
t '.-irf Withdrawn afar in Time' remotest blue.
r i - r " ...... ,m v-'i.iJivj m.itu iiitn, in iiin
i "On sombre. winga-tnevoUnra tried her flight-
The dove scarce heard his sighing mate' conmlaint
And, like a atar, alow drowning in the light '
The village church vane seemed to pale and faint.
The sentinel cock: upon the hillside crew
v Crew' thrice and all was stiller than before
' : Silent, till some replying warder blew '
: V His alien born, and then was heard no more.
Where erst the jay, within the elm's tall crest,
; Miide garrnlous trouble round her nnfledjred' vouiw
.; And where the oriole hung her swaying nest
' :. By every light wind like a censur swung; '
. Where sang the noisy martins of the eares
. , : , The busy swallows, circling ever near '
" Foreboding.ju) the rustic mind believes,
' An early harvest and a plenteous year;
;Where erefy bird which charmed the vernal foist
Shook the sweet slumber from its wings at morn
To warn the reapers of the rosy east ; '
; ' All now was sunless, empty and forlorn.
Alone, from nut the stubble, piped the quail ;
And croaked the crow through all the dreary gloom
Alone, the pheasant, drumming in the vale, '
' Made echo to the distant cottage loom.
. There was no bud, no bloom upon the bowers;
The 'spiders wove their thin shrouds, night bv niht--'
The thistle-down, the only ghost of flowers, " '
" . - Sailed slowly by passing noiseless out of sight.
Amid all this in this most cherless air,
. And where the woodbine shed upon the porch
Its crimson leaves, as if the year stood there,
- Firing the floor with his inverted torch
Amid all this, the centre of the scene,
The white-haired matron, wilh monotonous tread,
' Plied the swift wheel, and with herjovou! mein.
Sat like a Fate and watched the flying thread.
She had kn wn sorrow. He had walked with her;
Oft supped, and broke with her the ashen crust;
And in the dead leaves still she heard the stir
Of his brick mantle trailing in the dust.
While yet her cheek was bright with summer bloom,
Her country summoned aud she gave her all ;
And twice war bowed to her bis sable plume
Re -gave the sword to rust upon the wall.
Re-gave the sword but not the hand that diew
And struck for liberty the dying blow;
Nor liim, who, to his sire and country true,
Fell mid the ranks of the invading foe.
. Long, but not loud, the dmning wheel went on,
Like the low murmurs of a hive at noon; -
. Long, but not loud, the memory of the gone --- -Breathed
through her lips a sad and tremulous tune.
At last the thread was snapped her head was bowed;
Life dropped the distaff through her hands serene;
And loving neighbors smoothed her carefut shroud,
-While Death and Winter closed the autumn scene.
JMO. W. WIGGINS.
No. 48, Fatkttevillb Street.
IHAYE THE PLEASURE OF INFORMING
my patrons and friends that I have just returned from
the North with one of Thb Cheapest and Most Desikabli
Assortments of '
that will be offered in this City the present season, and to
which will be added .'..
- Every Novelty of Taste and Elegance
that the No-thern Markets will afford.
I am enabled also to offer many kinds of Goods cheapu
than hebetoforb, and uiv friends muv rest assured that
every Article will be sold at THE LOWEST MARKET
' PRICE, and of the best quality.
Kspecml attention is called to tbe following Articles:
DOUBLE JDPE B-AREGE ROBES,
GAYE DE LYON DO.,
POILE DE CHEVRE DO.,
Beautiful BAYADERE and CHEXE COLORED
BLACK TAFFETAS and GROS DE REHIXES,
FRENCH BERAGES in Robes and Plain Dresses,
CHALLIE DR LAINES: FRENCH CH A U.IKS,
FRENCH SPRING MOUSELI E DE LAIXES,
Surerb LACE and MUSI. IN COLLARS nd SLEEVES,
SILK and REAL LACE MANTILLAS,
PAR S0I.S of all grades and styles,
SHAWLS for the Season, black and colored,
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES and TESTINGS, in every r.
COTTONADES at all prices.
Great Bargains in RICHARDSON t SONS' IRISH
BLEACHED LONG CLOTHS,
LINEN and COTTON SHEETINGS.
PLANTATION GOODS, a complete assortment.
Together with every other article usually kept in a well
furnished Dry Goods Establishment.
' . , JNO. W. WIGGINS,
' , ' 46, Fayetteville St.,
HATS. Spring St Summer Styes. HATS.
- :; JNO.;W . WIGGINS)
- ' No. 4ft, Fatettbvillb Street,
Has now in store the largest and most varied assortment of
SPRING AND SUMMER HATS
Ever offered in this market, and shall continue to nub
additions in the way of new styles as Ihe season advances;
and one thing be would assure his customer)', that vhep
he offers a new style, they may depend on its entire otiffi
nality, as he does not offer an old ityU resurrected ui.der
new name. The superior quality and finish of the Hats he
now offers, rendors it unnecessary for him to do more IM
submit them to the inspection of the most fastidious tute.
He confidently asserts that he has never before ofiereu
great a variety of styles, which will be ottered at price
that cannot fail to suit tbe purchaser.
HEALTH, . ;:.y, ..
.... . GRfCE, AND
f ,"..- '' ;: 'v .- "BEAUTY!
' "COHFEBBEB OTOK THB LADIES BT'WBABIXB
- . "DOUGLASS A SHERWOOD'S
NE W EXPANSION SKIRT,
.';;-;':, 'K'f'f-''.:'-','WTii the'' .-.' '
;'.; AD JUST ABLE BUSTLE,
'.iZY..fft rU,. " :.
u Which has been decided by the best medical authority to
be the most beneficial garment ever introduced for tbe la
dies, use, Ihe weight being only 12 tra. 1 -'."All
of Douglas Shbbwood's celebrated SKIRTS at
stamped with their trade mark, and none genuine, nn!e
sostamped.. -i .;. ,.--- -; V--v,i' -,
" For sale at all the principal stores in the United States
and Canadas." -'V- v - '
,- BfJT Tbe abore- is taken from the New York
but the SKIRTS referred to can be obtained in this City,
at the-well supplied establishment of -
T'RaIeirh. Anvil Rj-IIUHt " -': -. 29-
NortfaCarolina Supreme Court Reportso
- . nnTVtTD
HE SUBSCRIBERS HAVE just ru"
at the Observer office a SECONE EDITION of
hJ9evre' a, Battle taw Reports, Tol.
' -.'-Revised and corrected with Koto and Reference!,
. v Howitiar h battle,
JPMB OF THB SVPAKMB CoCBT OFjN0BT8-CaeUl'
A The price of the new edition is not 'greater than tb
the old, tboueh, as it is scarcely necessary to say w
Profession in North-Caroliua, its vnlue has been Jtjeanj'
creased bv Judge Battle's Notes, References and
cTbe volnnie has" been lonrdut of iprint, and we
- ' . i.il n
glad to sopply . the numy-Lawyers whose sets ' "lb.
are meompieierwiuionv iv, as well as ipw - . uki
nlH arfiliniChiit wmU tilriLta haa ihe new one for W
w-rucainplewilhont iW'as1 well as those who nare
of its notes.' ,,..."
etUjprn ?BS&.S:4:7 . l&-3w
ritttAJt-HBAILEY . -'
4inVct!ce In th seyeial trU of Orange. AI
t- WOWCP, :.aH-W. ,"T" aim rtnlar SOI'D-