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THE -NORTH - CAROLINA STANDARD r WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER" 17, 1860. .
THE ST ATP ELECTIONS.
THE PENNSYLVANIA ELECTION.
PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 10, 1860.
Foster's majority in the city is 2,043-a demo
cratic gain of 2,9(55 over Major Henry's rote in the
prine. The full people's ticket is elected, the hiijh-.
est majority being 1,798, and the lowest 32b. .The
Bell and Everett Congressional tickets received a
united vote in the city of nearlv MOO.
Nichols, republican, is elected State Senator over
The members of the lower house stand serei peo
ple's and six democrats, with four districts to hear
Annexed i an official dispatch from the Chairman
of the Republican State Committee :
Philadelphia, Oct 10, I860.
Curtin's majority is about 30,000. Twenty mem
bers of Congress are certain, and there may be one
or two more. The Legislature !s overwhelmingly
with us. The Bell vote here is less than 5,000.
Morris, Kelly and Vcree are safe. Davis and But
ler probably safe. Pennsylvania will give Lincoln
from 60,000 to 100,000 majority. Can the Empire
State eclipse us ? .
. A. R. McCLURE.
Ctfmn of the Peoples State Com.
From tbe Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, Oct 10
The election th Pennsylvania resulted in the suc
cess of the people's party by majorities for exceed
ing the ordinary calculations. . Philadelphia City,
where most of the Bell and Everett men voted with
the democrats, gave Foster a majority of about two
thousand, in a total vote of over eighty-thousand ;
but it other parts of the State the people's party
have largely increased their majorities.
The general results may be thus stated :
The people's party in the State elect their candi-
date for uovernor oy irom v,wu n fi iujm
ty. They carry eighteen or twenty out of the twenty-five
Congressional districts, and have both
branches of the Legislature by large majorities.
In Philadelphia the people's party carry all the
city ticket, elect their Senator and a majority of the
representatives to the State Legislature.
MEMBERS OF CONGRESS ELECTED.
The following is a list of the members of Congress
elected in Pennsylvania :
Dut Kami. Politics.
1. Wra. E. Lehman, Democrat
2. E. Joy Morris, Republican.
8. John Verree, Republican.
4. William D. Kelly, Republican.
5. William M. Davis, Republican.
6. John Hickman, Republican.
7. Thomas Cooper, Democrat gain,
a S. E. Ancana, Democrat
9. Thaddeus Stephens, Republican.
10. J. M. Killinger, Republican.
11. James H. Campbell, Republican.
12. Geo. W. Stranton, Republican.
13. Philip Johnson, Democrat
14. Galusha A. Grow, Republican.
15. James F. Hale, Republican.
16. Benjamin F. Junkin, Republican.
17. Edward McPherson, Republican.
18. S. Steel Blair, Republican.
19. John Covode, Republican.
20. Jesse Lazear, Democrat (probably.)
21. James K. Moorhead, Republican.
22. Robert McKnight, Republican.
23. Wm. P. Stewart, Republican.
24 John Patton, Republican.
25. Elijah Babbit, Republican.
In place of an anti-Lecompton democrat J. R.
McKinty, dem., is elected for the short term in the
The delegation in the present Congress stands as
Republicans, 20 Democrats, 2
Anti-Lecomptonites, 2 Vacancy, 1
In the next Congress the delegation will stand
Republicans, 20 Democrats, 5
The latest reports from Columbus estimate the
Republican majority on the State ticket at over
20,000. Our latest dispatch also says that the
Congressmen probably stand eight Anti-Republicans
to thirteen Republicans. The Democrats gain a
Congressman 'in tbe Ninth, Fifteenth and Seven
teenth Districts, and lose one in the Eleventh.
CONGRESSMEN PROBABLY ELECTED.
1 Hamilton, G. H. Pendleton, Anti-Republican,
2 Hamilton, J. A. Gurley, Republican re-elected.
3 Butler, C. L. Yallandigham, Anti-Republican,
4 Miami, W. Allen, Anti-Republican, re-elected.
5 Wood, J. M. Ashley, Republican, re-elected.
6 Brown C. A. White, Anti-Republican, in place
of W. Howard, Anti-Republican.
l Warren Thomas Corwin, Republican, re-elected.
U Champaign. S. Schellabarger, Republican, in
place of B. Stanton, Republican.
9 Seneca, W. P. Noble, Anti-Republican, in place
of John Carry, Republican.
10 Ross, C. A. Trimble, Anti-Republican, re-elected.
11 Fairfield, V. B. Horton. Republican, in place of
C. D. Martin, Anti-Republican.
12 Columbus, S. S. Cox, Anti-Republican, re-elect
13 Richland, John Sherman, Republican, re-elect
14 Lorain, H. G. Blake,' Republican, re-elected.
15 Knox, G. Nugent, Anti-Republican, in place of
W. Helmick, Republican.
16 Muskingum, W. P. Culer, Republican, in place
of C. D. Tompkins, Republican.
17 Belmont, J. R. Morris, Anti-Republican in place
of T. C. Theacker, Republican.
18 Summit, S. Edgerton, Republican, re-elected.
19 Cleveland, A. G. Riddle, Republican, in place
of E. Wade, Republican.
20 Ashtabula, John Hutchins, Republican, re-elect
21 Jefferson Jno. A. Bingham, Republican, re-elect
RECAPITULATION NEW CONGRESS.
A telegraph from Indiana states that the re
turns from about twenty counties show large Repub
lican gains. The Republican State ticket is undoubt-
L e,ected b? from fiv to ten thousand majority.
The new Congressional delegation will stand di
vided, as in the present Congress, as follows :
1. John Lord, Democrat
2. J. A. Craven, Democrat
3. W. M. Dunn, Republican.
4. W. S. Holman, Democrat
6. George W. Julian, Republican.
6. A. G. Porter, Republican.
7. T. H. Nelson, Republican.
8. Albert S. White, Republican.
9. S. Colfax, Republican.
10. William Mitchell, Republican.
1L J. P. C. Shanks, Republican.
The new Legislature will be Republican, thus su
perseding TJ. S. Senator Bright, Democrat
The Pennsylvania Election.
Philadelphia, Oct 11. The Bulletin of this
"jng claims a majority for Curtin in the State of
82,000, and that the Legislatures will stand as folio-
-Senate, 25 republicans to 8 democrats, and
the House, 67 republicans to 33 democrats.
Bailey, democrat, is elected Congressman from the
oixteenth, district instead of Jenkin, republican.
otewart, republican, is probably elected Congress
demoaat Twentieth Wct, instead of Lazaer,
The Ohio Election.
Cletelabd, Oct 11. Further returns confirm.
the loss of republican Congressmen in the NmUi,
Fifteenth and Seventeenth district, The republi-,
cans gain a Congressmen in the Eleventh district
The remaining districts are probably unchanged.
In the Sixteenth district Cutter, Republican, is
elected over JeweU by 22 majority. 1 .-v.
Washington, Oct 1!. A private despatch from
Columbus says the democrats gain four Congress
men, as far as heard from, and hold their own every
where. The Indiana Election.
New Alb ant, Ind, Oct 11. Cravens, democrat,
is selected to Congress by 85 majority.
Indianapolis, Oct ti.' Returns from 60 counties
indicate that the republican majority will be 1j,000.
The Legislature will stand about as follows : Sena
tors holding over democrats U; republicans, 11.
New membere-JeiuocratH, 7; republicans, 18.
House of Representatives republicans 58 ; demo
crats, 42; republican majorty on joint ballot about
20. In the Fourth district Holman, democrat it re
elected by 40) majority. The Congressmen will
stand the same as at present 7 republicans and 4
A Christian View or Abolitionism. The New
Orleans Chistian Advocate, in commenting on the
"conspiracy in Texas" uses the following appropri
ate language, to which wo wish to draw the atten
tion of many people within reach of our publica
" Southern slavery as a rule, is the mildest and
most benevolent system of labor in the world, and
the slaves without abolition temptation, are the
most happy and contented la!orcrs. But granting
it the character attributed to it by the abolitionists
it is even then, in comparison with abolitionism,
most saintly and holy. There is not an evil to char
acter and home, to society or country, attributed to
slavery, by an ignorant or lying piess, that abolition,
ism does not produce a hundredfold. It is the life
of modern polities the falsehood of modern philoso
phy, the apostacy of modern civilization. If ever
men deserved the doom which Benedict Arnold es
caped. W. II. Seward, Horace Grcely. Charles Sum
ner, WendeM Phillips and their abetters political
and clerical, are the men. And yet Southern men.
and patriotic Northern men, too, who are determin
ed to resist the demon of abolitionism in every form,
and to make no compromise with the insidious mon
ster, and who simply contend for the constitution
of their country, and the Union based upon it are
denounced sometimes by Southern men as fire
eaters, extremists ultras and disunionistsl Shame
on the ignoble souls who thus attempt to weaken
the public confidence in reference to the monstrous
iniquity of abolitionism. This indirect support of
the abolitionists has done more to embolden them
in their aggressions than anything else. Even now.
Lincoln's organ at Chicago, John Wentworth's pa
per, boldly advocates tbe overthrow of slavery in
the States as the doctrine of the republican party,
and shames the republican leaders who are too timid
to avow it It quotes Lincoln's language, embody
ing the same sentiment But so far as we can see,
nothing but defeat and the election of an abolition
ist 'will ever teach Southern men, and constitutional
men generally, the lessons of patriotism and politi
cal wisdom. United, black republicanism could bo
easily defeated. The people are willing to unite,
but the demagogues and office seekers who curse
the country, will not let them. And thus we are
divided into three parties when we ought to be one;
just as the Jews were divided into irreconcilcable
factions when Jerusalem and the temples were tot
tering to their fall. Our country has fallen upon
evil times and nothing but the providence of God
can save us for vain is the help of man. While
Christian men should use all the political means in
their power, the present should be a time of general
humiliation and prayer."
JonN Bei.l and Abolition Sensibilities. John
Bell used the following language in his speech in
the United States Senate in 1850 on the abolition of
the slave trade in the District of Columbia:
"There are some very fair and reasonable consid
erations which should dispose the South to a liberal
course on this question of the slave trade in the
District This is the seat of the National Govern
ment The gentlemen of the North are compelled
to meet here at this common and central point of
legislation. It is not a matter of choice with them,
whether they come as members of Congress or up
on business connected with the Government They
must come or renounce the benefits of the National
Government They complain, they appeal to ns,
they say that this traffic is offensive to them."
" The idea of human beings, not criminal, in chains
or kept in these slave pens within the verge of the
Capital, wounds their sensibilities."
II anything should disgust Southern men, says
the Montgomery (Alamba) Advertiser, it is such
miserable pandering of John Bell to the abolition
sentiment of the North. He is even so unworthy a
son of the South as to adopt and repeat the abomin
able cant and clap-trap by which the abolitionists
habitually stigmatize and falsify the great and be
nificent institution of his section. Pity that any
Southern man should be so lost to all love of home,
to say nothing of his own manhood and self-respect,
as to be willing at all times to surrender the rights
of the South to the mere morbid sentiment of the
North ! But such has uniformly been the course of
John Bell ; and still Southern men are asked to sup
port him without a platform, and without a pledge
on his record, as it is. Our countrymen, will you do
this thing ? Pause and reflect upon the consequences,
ere you do a thing which will be a reproach to you
as long as you live. Petersburg Bulletin.
Mr. Everett. It is of no avail to eulogize the
scholarship and eloquence of Mr. Everett That he
is both a scholar and orator none attempts to gain
say ; but these alone are not qualifications for the
Vice Presidency. Of vastly greater moment is it to
enquire what Mr. Everett has done to stem the tor
rent of abolitionism which has swept his State.
When did he employ his oratory to denounce the
fanaticism which disgraces Massachusetts f On
what occasion did he exert his influence to counter
act the exertions of Garrison. Phillins Smnnnr nrl
the horde of mischief-makers whom Massachusetts
delighteth to honor ? Can an instance be named in
which Mr. Everett abandoned the nluisnroa nf hi
library and the ease of elegant societv to labor in
. i i ! 1 1 - 1 1 ... - . . .
me ran oi inose oi nis leuow-citizens who battled
for the rights of the States in the presence of a ram
pant sectionalism T To these enmiirins there ran ha
no satisfactory reply. Instead of working to check
abolitionism, Mr. hverett has, at divers times given
n substantial encouragement. And the most recent
Occasion on which he dpicmpil in fnnch nni;!.a Aia.
played him as the classical sympathizer with the in-
teuuiary oumner, wun wnose "main line" or aboli
tion argument he declared that he "fully con
curred." Mere scholarship will not miffim than Tf that
were to be a candidate's test Sumner and Everett
might be equally qualified. More than that is need
ed now. The countrr needs mpn vhn hftVA h1fllv
resisted fanaticism m the past, and pledge them-
n--iep mm erusn lt m ineiuiure; ana assuredly to
una ciass mt. jwcreii aoes not belong. Washing
Spict. The follow! ncr nftfi&flfPA fit. a ran a Woa tab-an
placp between the Petersburg, Va,, Press, (Dem.)
and Intelligencer, (K. N.:)
uemocracy survives. Pre.
"So does the devil." Intelligencer.
"And as both arn nonr fnirlv in th nM tnm ha
next campaign, 'choose ye whom ye will serve.'
" 4 Of two evils choose ye the least' We'll take
the devil." Intelligencer.
.... "Opposition Editors go to the devil as naturally as
a duck takes to the water. The Intelligencer takes
the road its party will travel this falL" National
Southern University. The comer-stone of the
University of thn Knnth will Ka UiA f tho ITr.;n.
sity Place, in Franklin county, on the 10th day of
vtmutr. .i iie urauon on tne occasion will be de
livered by the Hon. John S. Preston, of South-Carolina.
Addresses will also be given bv other dis-
.: u i i -. . . . - .
mjguihueu literary ana scientmc gentlemen, and
among others Prof. Maury has received and formal
ly accepted an invitation to attend.
Telegraphic Wit. The two most famous instan
ces of teWrnhii wit. r T.nrd Plvn'o t;artk . r
ter his successful siege, " I am in luck now, (Luck
now. 1 and Rip Phrla Koniop'a r r :
I tote tinn'd, (Scinde.)
f From lh Boston Poat.
SHALL THE UNION STAND UPON A BASIS
OF MORAL OBLIGATION OR OF PHYSICAL
FORCE? i vs
If there is any one act of misrepresentation more
disingenuous than another, which Mr.' Douglas has.
perpetrated during his electioneering tour, it is his
repeated insinuations that the supporters of Mr.
Breckinridge arc not sound and reliable "upon the
question of the maintenance of the. Union and the
enforcement of tho laws. Although lie and every
person of common sense know well enough there is
no anti-law or anti-Union party in the field in this
canvass excepting the black republican organiza
tion, he gratuitously raises thin issue with the
friends of the latter candidate. In order to prevent
a re-uni n if the democracy, and to give a color of
plausibility to his coalition with the know nothings
who have set up tho unfounded claim of being the
champions of the Union and tbe Constitution par
As to the enforcement of tho laws, Mr. Douglas
is well aware that no portion of the democratic par
ty has ever placed itself in antagonism to existing
statutes except some of his own partizans, who, in
the convention which nominated him for the Presi
dency, agued in favor of re-opening the slave trade.
And, in assuming this overt position, he himself set
them a notable example, in proposing to override
the decisions of the Supreme Court by abolishing
slavery in tho Territories though the medium of
squatter sovereignty, in spite of Congress and the
judiciary.- Indeed, he has been unable to adduce a
single plausible fact in support of his assumption
that the Breckinridge wing of the democracy is less
devoted to the Union, or regard the constitutional
laws of the country as less sacred and binding, than
the most orthodox of his own supporters. The
people, whoTiro familiar with the antecedents of all
the presidential candidates and the characters of the
public men who espouse their cause, respectively,
arc not to be duped by any such blarney.
But when Mr. Douglas declares himself in favor
of maintaining the federal authority and enforcing
the law6 "in any contingency," what political emer
gencies in the future does he contemplate? His
friends say, and he himself gives countenance to
the idea that he takes this decided stand in view of
any possible complication of our federal relations
which may arise under a black republican, higher
law administration ot the government Does he
mean to say that if such an administration should
frame laws manifestly infringing the constitutional
rights of the South, (as its controlling minds such
as Sumner, Hale, Wilson. Seward, Lovcjoy, Andrew,
fee, would insist upon its doing) that any non-compliance
with or rcsi.Ntanco to such laws must be
forcibly put down ? Docs he mean that if such an
administration shall repeal the fugitive slave law
and ignore the compromises of the constitution
touching the institution of negro servitude, the
South, notwithstanding this violation of the com
pact, shall be compelled to submit and remain in
the Union as a subjugated province, shorn of the at
tributes of sovereignty ? It is in this sense that
the black republican press and leaders understand
him; and hence they applaud his stump perform
ances and count him as an effective ally, if not a
pronounced champion of their cause. Wjien he af
firms, boldly and unequivocally, that the laws and
the Executive supremacy must be enforced "ii any
contingency," they arc satisfied that he is of them
and with them ; that he will give his cordial sup
port to the administration of Abraham Lincoln, and
prove a worthy successor to him in the Presidential
chair. But in thus catering for republican success
and sympathy he has evidently forfeited the confi
dence and support of the national democracy, whom
he vainly essays to sell out and betray into the
hands of the Philistines.
It is not to be doubled that Mr. Douglas is in fa
vor of perpetuating the Union ; and so are the sec
tional opponents of the democracy, upon certain in
admissible terms and conditions. They would com
pel our Southern fellow-citizens to remain in the
Union, contribute to the support of Northern com
merce and manufactures, and help to defray the ex
penses of the gen ral government without enjoying
that protection and equality which are the funda
mental objects and conditions of the Union. The
partisans of Lincoln and Hamlin propose to circum
scribe the domestic institutions of the South, and,
on tbe hypocritical plea of barbarism, to extirpate,
by "unfriendly legislation," her system of labor
and the profits of her industry. They would virtu
ally disfranchise her in the national councils nd
make the measure of her political rights the con
cessions of the will of an arbitrary majority. Then,
if she refuses to remain in the Union on these hu
miliating conditions they are ready to let loose up
on her the demon of civil war and i'ubrue their
hands in fraternal blood; and Mr. Douglas proclaims
that he is ready to join them in the unhallowed cru
sade. But will the unprejudiced, liberty-loving
masses of the North, in such an emergency, suffer
themselves to be led to the slaughter of their own
kindred, to carry desolation to their homes and
plunge their hostile steel into the bosom of the
descendants of their common ancestors, of glorious
memory, because they dared to assert their equal
rights and privilege in the Confederacy established
by those ancestors ? Never !
As Union men, there is this important difference
between Mr. Douglas and Mr. Breckinridge: While
the former proposes to maintain the Union (in any
contingency, no matter what wrong or provocation
to the seceding States may be involved in it) by in
voking the strong arm of the military power, by
employing the brute force wielded by the federal
army and navy, the latter desires to maintain it only
by the moral power of justice, equity, honor, fideli
ty to the constitution, and fraternal a fleet ion. This
is the broad distinction which marks the dividing
line between rival candidates for the suffrages of the
democracy, which every true and reflecting Union
man can fully appreciate. Ict every such candid
and patriotic elector at the North judge for himself
what would be the value of this Union when, no
longer enshrined in the hearts of the people, its
laws and obligations shall be enforced, upon a re
luctant and outraged community, at tbe mouth of
the cannon and the point of the bayonet If those
those who love and cherish the sacred bond which
has made of the American people one great and
happy family would avoid the alternative of degra
ding the Union to a hollow mocker)' and a curse ;
if they desire to preserve it in the spirit of fraterni
ty, and upon a basis of peace and mutual good will,
they will not fail to give their votes, their influence,
their whole mental and moral energies, in favor of the
Union candidates, Breckinridge and Lane.
0, Lor! Brother Holdcn, of the Standard in
sists on our reading theflood of pub. docs, that flow
in upon us from week to week, railroad surveys,
patent office reports and alL We don't know what
we have done to merit such a fate, but let it be what
it may, we heartily repent of it and crave absolution.
But he says we look thin ; well, that's a convenience,
to say the least of it in these days of hoop skirts;
and if the girls will crowd around us how can we
help appearing a little compressed? N. B. We
did'nt have the opportunity of recuperating at the
sea-side, last summer. High Point Beporter.
To the Volunteer Companies of North-Carolina.
The Goldsboro' Rifles have had a splendid but
ton manufactured, bearing the coat of arms of the
State of North-Carolina. This is the first North
Carolina button ever manufactured, so far as we are
informed, and the company has been at considerable
expense and trouble to get it up.
Companies which are renewing their uniforms
and new companies being formed, can be supplied
with the State button, at a much cheaper rate than
they will otherwise have to pay, on application to
the Captain of the "Goldsboro' Rifles." Tribune.
Fine Prices for Tobacco. We notice in tho
Richmond papers that Henry Hart Esq., of this
county, sold recently twelve Hogsheads of Tobacco
in Richmond, at unusually high prices. Two Hogs
heads of bright yellow leaf brought $80,50 and 52,
25 per hundred pounds. ; Four of the twelve Hogs
heads were somewhat damaged. The remaining
eight sold at an average of $24,50. ' Mr. II. used no
guano. He says the land is rich enough without
it The purchasers of the Tobacco were Messrs. T.
k L. Hargrove, and they say it is the best of the
kind they have seen this season. Salem Press.
Bell in Mississippi. Senator Brown, of Missis
sippi, in a recent speech excused himself from pay
ing much attention to the Bellgerines, as the hus
band did whose wife insisted on his spanking the
baby he couldn't find a place big enough to spank.
PLATFORM OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL DEM-
I "Befitted That; the platform adopted by the
' Democratic party at Cincinnati be affirmed with the
following explanatory resolutions; '. ' ,v a
1. Rewlted, That the government of a Territory,
organized by an act of Congress is provwional and
temporary, and during its existence all citizen of
the United States have an equal right to settle with
their property in a Territory, without their rights
either of persons or property, being destroyed or
impaired by congressional or territorial legislation.
..Jtetolted, That it is the duty of the Federal
'Government in all its departments to protect, when
necessary, the rights of persons and property in the
Territories and wherever else its constitutional
authority extends. .
'3. Rceolced, That when settlers in a Territory
having an adequate population, form a State consti
tution, the rights of sove:eignty commence, and be
ing corsummatcd by an admission into the Union,
they stand on an equal footing with the people of
other States; and that a State thus organized ought
to be admitted into the Federal Union, whether its
constitution prohibits or recognises the institution
4. Benolted, That the Democratic party are in
favor of the acquisition of the island of Cuba on
such terms as shall be honorable to ourselves and
just to Spain, at the earliest practicable moment
5. Rcohed, .That tho enactments of State legis
latures to defeat the faithful execution of the fugi
tive slave law are hostile in character, sub
versive of the Constitution, and revolutionary in
C. Boohed, That the Democracy of the United
States recognizes it as an imperative duty of this
Government to protect naturalized citizens in all
their rights whether at home or in foreign lands,
to the same extent as its native-torn citizens.
And whereas, one of the greatest necessities of
the age, in a political, commercial, postal and mili
tary point of view, is a speedy communication be
tween tho Pacific and Atlantic coasts; Therefore
7. Beeolced, That the National Democratic party
do hereby pledge themselves to use every means in
their power to secure the passage of some bill to
the extent of the Constitutional authority of Con
gress for the construction of a Pacific railroad from
the Mississippi river to tho Pacific ocean at the
earliest practicable moment"
"1. Besohed, That we, the Democracy of the
Union, in Convention assembled, hereby declare our
affirmance of the resolutions unanimously adopted
and declared as a platform of principles by the
Democratic Convention at Cincinnati, in the year,
18ori, believing that Democratic principles are un
changeable in their nature, when applied to the same
2. Besotted, That it is the duty of the United
States to afford ample and complete protection to
all its citizens whether at home or abroad, and
whether native or foreign born.
3. Besotted, That one of the necessities of the
age, in a military, commercial, and postal point of
view, is speedy communication between the Atlantic
and Pacific States ; and the Democratic party pledge
such Constitutional Government aid as will insure
the construction of a Railroad to the Pacific coast,
at the earliest practicable period.
4. Bcsolced, That the Democratic party are in fa
vor of the acquisition of the island of Cuba, on such
terms as shall be honorable to ourselves and just to
t. Besotted, That the enactments of State Legis
latures to defeat the faithful execution of tbe fugi
tive slave law, are hostile in character, subversive
of the Constitution, and revolutionary in their effect
The foregoing were adopted at Charleston. On
motion of Gov. Wiekliffe, of Louisiana, the follow
ing resolution was unanimously adopted at Balti
more: 6. Besotted, That it is in accordance with the Cin
cinnati Platform, that during the existence of Terri
torial governments the measure of restriction what
ever it may be, imposed by the federal constitution
on the power of the Territorial Legislature over the
subject oi the domestic relations as the same has
been or shall hereafter be finally determined by the
Supreme Court of tho United States should be re
spected by all good citizens and enforced with
promptness and fidelity by every branch of the gen
TnE Wat to Use Fairs. Hundreds and thou
sands of good people will attend County and State
fairs in the next two months. To very many of
them, the question, how they can secure the great
est good from them, will present itself as one of the
most importance. And they may desire (without
being able to get it) the advice of some friend whose
experience will save them the loss of time and mon
ey. For the benefit of such, and all others who
may receive advantage therefrom, we make the fol
1st If possible go at the beginning and stay to
the end ; especially do this if you have a great dis
tance to travel. Suppose a State Fair lasts three
days and you have to go one hundred and fifty
miles to be there. In time and money, it will cost
you fifteen dollars to attend one day. To attend
three days it will cost you, say, 18 dollars; that is
to say, you will receive more than three times as
much advantage for eighteen dollars as you will for
2d. For the same reason, make all arrangements
to have all the time at your command to attend the
Fair while you aro there. If possible, get a good,
quiet boarding place before hand. This will save
time, avoid annoyance, and increase your enjoyment
Do not spend your time in seeing monstrous women
of any kind, nor in visiting the theatre, nor in visit
ing the thousand things that will invite your notice
outside. When you have more than you can do to
attend the Fair, you cannot afford to wfcste your
time in such a way, whatever you might be weak
enough to do at other times.
3rd. If you are engaged in any special depart
ment of business, attend at first to all that concerns
that In the multitude of objects you must make
your selection ; you cannot attend to everything.
Of course your own business should claim your first
attention. If you are raising sheep, you will study
especially all the breeds of sheep present, make the
acquaintance of other men engaged in the same bus
iness, make comparisons exchanges and attend
to all that pertains to your own group of operations.
So of other things. Become as thoroughly posted
on all matters you wish particularly to examine, by
reading and inquiring before you leave home, as
possible; such knowledge will be of great use to you
in making observations.
4th. Conduct your observations according to
some previously conceived plan, and make a note of
everything which may be useful to you in your note
book, for future use ; you can accomplish five times
as much with a note book as without one. Try it
5th. When you have examined all that relates
to your own business then, and not till then, exam
ine other matters as far as you can, pursuing the
same systematic course. Goslowly through the sever
al departments, carefully noting and laying up for fu
ture thought, all the materials you can. Do this
well, and you will be surprised to find how much
you can treasure up in a day.--,
Gth. In matters in wh:ch you are a novice, ven
ture no opinion, but ask all the questions you prop
erly can, and pay great attention to the judgment of
experienced men. If you can fall in with a group
of such men, as they are examining, for exam
ple, the show of cattle, listen to their remarks and
discussions. You will learn more thus in an hour,
perhaps than you ever knew before. It is a very
great matter to know what they say and think, and
why they say and think so.
7th. Make tbe acquaintance, as far as you can,
of the leading men in each department of improve
ment To know personally the leading stock men,
nursrymen, gardeners, editors authors and all oth
ers whose skill or intelligence has given them a po
sition and influence, will be a great gratification now,
and may be of great use in future.
8th. Finally, resolve to go to your State and
County Fairs, and learn all you can. Make your
self familiar with all the above suggestions and act
on them, and our word for it when you return you
will thank us and feel that your time and money
have been well spent Ohio Parmer.
A woman asked her gardener why the weeds al
ways outgrew and covered up the flowers ? Mad
am," he answered, "the soil is mother of the weeds
but only step-mother of the flowers."
. . , IS JOHN BELL SAFE "NOW f
One of the most exciting topics at one time was
the abolition of slavery ju the District of Columbia.
Recently, in consequence of Judee DousrUs' oosi-
f tionv tb$ ;publis mind has been diverted to the quesi..
lion as to tne prohibition ot slavery in the territo
ries. The same results, however, are involved.-
Would the South now submit to the abolition of
slavery in a District situated in the heart of two of
the slaveholding States ? Then, are we prepared to
have free territory or places of refuge for slaves in
the dock Vards navy yards Ac. in the South, where
L Congress has exclusive jurisdiction;- for the same
principle will obtain in those localities if the views
of the abolitionists prevail. Could we rely upon
Mr. Hell to oto any bill having this tendency, with
. his avowed opinions in 1850, re-asserted as late as
1858? Will Southern opposition men, at such a
crisis disregard this vital question by preferring Mr.
Bell to Mr. Breckinridge ? Here is the record of
Mr. BelL, On 14th September, 1850, in a speech jn
the Senate of the United States, he said:
" With regard to the Constitutional power of Con
gress over this subject I would say that the only
doubt I have of the existence of the power either to
suppress the slave trade or to abolish slavery in this
District, is inspired by the respect I have for the
opinions of so many distinguished men, both in and
out of Congress, who hold that Congress has no
such power. Reading tho Constitution for myself,
I believe that Congress has all the power over the
subject in this District which the States have within
their respective jurisdictions.
But however great my respect may be for. the opin
ions of others on the question of power, there are
some considerations of such high account as in my
judgment, to make it desirable that unless bv com
mon consent the project of abolition shall je wholly
given up and disbanded, the remnant of slavery ex
isting in the District should be abolished at once;
at the present moment however, the excited state
of public sentiment in the South, growing out of ter
ritorial questions seems to forbid such a course.
For myself, if the sentiment of the adjacent States
and of the South generally were less inflamed, I
would prefer that course to keeping it an open ques
tion. Slavery in the District of Columbia is now
the only remaining "ground of contention, the only
remaining point of objection and assault on the part
of the anti-slavery North. I do not include the fa
natics. They will be satisfied with nothing short
of the extinction of slavery in tbe States ; but all
others at the North disclaim any intention or design
or any constitutional power to interfere with slavery
anywhere but in the District of Columbia. I would
be glad to see all cause of disturbance and conten
tion in the District wholly removed, but let me say
that this can never be done by tbe abolition of shive
ry, unless it be accompanied by some adequate pro
vision for the removal or the effective control of the
slaves after they shall have been emancipated.
With this qualification, and in order to test the de
termination of the North, in regard to any further
and continued aggression upon Southern feelings
and the security of Southern property, I would be
content to see sUtery in the District abolished, to
day. In one aspect of the subject I am not sure
that it would not be a great conservative measure,
both as regards the Union and the interests of the
South. This District once relieved of all sources of
dissension, we should be speedily enlightened upon
the question whether the North would stop there or
raise new and more dangerous issues."
When this extract was read, in February, 1858,
by his colleague, Hon. A. Johnson, Mr. Bell said:
" I do not care to refer to the paragraphs which
my colleage read from a speech made by me in 1850
on the Compromise measures of that period, be
cause I do not at all repent them as I understand
them. There may, perhaps be an accidental mis
print I have not had time to examine ; but I do
not wish to retract any sentiment I then uttered.
I hold the same sentiments now. I do
not find the least occasion to change them." (Cong.
Globe, 1857- 58, part 1, page 834.)
Will Southern men endorse these sentiments of
Mr. Bell ? By voting for him, you certainly will
substantially say, " I believe Congress has the pow
er to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia,
and thinking that it would remove all cause of dis
turbance and contention, I would be content to see
slavery in the District abolished to-day !"' Is it not
time for those inclined to vote for Mr. Bell in conse
quence of the rupture in the Democratic party, to
pause, when, in Breckinridge, you have a candidate
perfectly sound and reliable? Wilson Star of
A Tennessee Deer Park. A Nashveille (Tenn.)
correspondent of the Rochester and Union Adver
tiser discourses as follows :
We have visited two estates near Nashville, both
of which are worthy of notice. The first is that of
Gen. Harding, a gentlemen of large hereditary
wealth, whose extensive lands are situated five or
six miles from this city. I cannot now remember
how many acres he possesses ; his park alone con
tains 800 acres. We here saw between 200 and 300
deer, which 'on our approach displayed all their at
titudes and habits and scampered away, fleet and
graceful ; also a heard of elk, between which and us
a magnificent buck of the same species kept moving
on guard, with such evident impatience, and with
such an ominous tossing of his long pointed antlers
that we took another direction, as we were well con
vinced that these, his natural weapons of warfare,
were long enough and sharp enough to reach through
and beyond our carriage. His predecessor in the
pntiarchial honors of the herd, we were informed,
showed himself so combative and dangerous to vis
itors that his horns were sawed off as a precaution
of necessity ;"but either taking this mutilation to
heart or being unable any longer to maintain his
position against his younger competitors by force,
the old fellow abdicated his throne and now passes
bis days in retirement It was curious to notice '
that while the deer proper all ran at our approach,
the female elks, of a closely kindred species con
sidered themselves safe while their male guardian
kept a guard on line between them and us. In this
same park we came upon a social gathering of about
80 buffaloes consisting of bulls cows and calves ;
the juniors basking lazily in the sun, and the old
patriarchs chewing their cuds with great gravity
and a look of infinite wisdom.
Health and Disease Different Kinds of Meat
as Food. The richer the meats used as food are in
soluble albumen, the poorer are they in fibrine and
fat the more easily digestible will they be, if other
constituents do not neutralize this property. Thus,
the flesh of pigeons and fowls is more digestible
than veal, and veal is more digestible than the
muscles of oxen, sheep, and deer. Horse flesh is
doubtless very similar to the latter; and the Mon
gols and Patagonians and even some Christian na
tions in times of famine, have proved its advantages
as a nutriment while recent investigations of the
French physicians have scientifically established
'them. The quantity of fat places the muscles of
swine and geese among the most heavily digestible
meats ; while, on the contrary, most of the different
kinds of game owe their superiority to the small
proportion of fat they possess which distinguishes
them from the meat of high-fed domestic animals.
The flesh of fishes according to their proportionately
small quantity of fibrine and their abundance in
soluble albumen, might be supposed easily digesti
ble; but the quantity of phosphorus fat renders
them difficult of solution in the digestive juices. Of
the intestines, there is no aliment more easily diges
tible than the sweet-bread of calves.
On account of the formation of acetic acid in the
external parts n of the less complete congulation
of the interior, roast meat, which does not contain
too much fat, is easier of digestion than boiled. Soft
boiled eggs are, on the whole, dissolved in the
stomach with greater facility than hard ones ; but
as dissolved albumen is congulated by the acidity of
the gastric juice,' and is afterward dissolved again,
the process of boiling the eggs hard, if not carried
to excess does not materially interfere with their
digestibility. As all kinds of flesh contain a suffi
cient proportion of fat and salts to restore to the
human body the inorganic constituents of the excre
tions and the transformed fats, that kind of flesh,
however, which contains the albuminous matters in
the greatest abundance is to be considered the most
nutritious. - Vension and beef -are therefore mora
nutritious than veal, and veal more nutritious than
fish. Pigeons and fowls however, surpass beef in
nutritiveness being not inferior in their proportion
of albuminous matters but superior in digestibility.
Pork, also, is less nutritious than beef, from the
twofold reason of its possessing fewer albuminous
compounds and of being, on account of its prepon
derant quantity of fat, less digestible.
- SEW. AND FASMONABLE CLOTIIivr
, . ARRIVING DAILY AT UU"
T . L T. , T- -r -w- .
- -Li. rlAKUING'S
WE HAVB 0,'ENKD WITHIN THE P,,
tbe lnrget stock of superior 1 "LER
Beady Made Clothl.; and Gentlemen. p
Dishing tioods usur.
hi the SUte. All ot our own manufacture.
It ia needless lor ns to state that we hare on, rf 4l.
be ter made, (equal t.. custom wrk,,d
cat than oibers engaged j ,he Cloihin-iradt ' h
K-.Ai JUST RECEIVED,
10O Black English and French Cloth Dres, Frocks.
12 Brown. Mnlberrr. Olire. Inrisible Green ?t n
Fnks. Vee, Collari-Terr JhT u Dres
100 Black Cloth l)res, Frocks, -ieriy maOefc
Price of IS dollars. lLe W
800 Pairs of onr best qiialitr black Doe Skin r
o Pants-Terr cheap am' dollars " CaSS,D1e
150 Pairs of our second quality black Doe Skin Pant.
Z eenPrd-t ,he '0W priCC Uf Si
2f.O Wide Ribbed French Cassimere Coats. Pan.,
Ve to match, which makes . very neat mSm.S
business smt at 2S dollars.
150 I,"B"me ma" red-neck Cassimeresuits-ato5do
175 Dwgonal Cassiuiere saits-at the very low nric- ,
IS dollars. - pnce of
English and French Bearer Orer Coats f.,r eT-nbod,
Men, Youths and Boys cheap and penleel. ' -T'
Rich Velvet Vests,
A tare lot expected iu a lew days, now making to ord
Silk Vests cot and made in best manner. '
M-rino t baker Flannel, Cashmere and Woolen Dnd
O tnnents-all sizes and quali ties. der
Merino Drawers and Cutton-knil Drawers, Canton Fu.
Merino and Cotton Hose 100 dozen now open
10" Dozen Muslin Shirts "French Yoke Sean.".,
ranted to fit splendidlv-from H dollars per duD
upwards. Call and examine, at ""
E. L. UARDIGs.
Raleigh, N. O. Oct. 9, 1860. 4l-.w7w
A GRAND VIRGINIA DISCOVI'Wv
OME FOUR MONTHS SINCE, OCR EXCK1 LET
1 townsman. Kiput.ii Vtmivi ;r... j . . '
bad prepared a hair restorer wuh which be was en
menumi upon his own bead, whose top was eniirelr C"
W SIT him flT lilllHi art I ..n l . i . ,u"
months since, a fine crop of hair has sprung up with a ti
orous growth. So convinced is Mr. Ezkkul of the eflicf!
cj of bis discovert, that be has named it
"The Infallible Virginia Hair Restorer."
Mr. E. is abont going into an extensive manufacture of
article which is destined to prove of anxious interest tuonr
bald pated friends. From liichmond Ennrtr i)tnm
Uth, lHSa. 1 ' AJ"tml
This famous article can now be had of the principal
Druggists. Those persons who desire a fine brad of liu,r
have only to use the restorer according to printed direct
tions on the bottle. Those who have auy doubts of its effi
cacy, can have them removed in a short time, bv nsiot- ih.
INFALLIBLE VIRGINIA HAIR RESTORER, prov !
that it is all that it is claimed to be. V '
Wholesale depot for orders, 89 Main Street.
Richmond, November 14, 1?S9.
I, If. EZEKIEL, take oath on the Holy Bible, that I hav
been bald for the past 12 years, and have restored mv hair
by using EZEK.IEL'3 VIRGINIA HAIR RESTORER.
. . Naphtali Ezexisu
This day sworn to before me, by Naphtali Ezekiel.
Mayor of Richmond.
For sale by
P. F PESCCD,
Raleigh. N. C.
January 18, 1860. S-w&swlj.
TO THE FARMERS AND PLANTERS OF
VIEGIHIA & NORTH-CAROLINA,
FOWLE & CO.'S
SOLUBLE PHOSPHATED PERUVIAN GUAX0,
IBS BEST, CHEAPEST AXD MOST PERMANENT
TET OFFERED TO THE AGRICULTURISTS.
ENDORSED by Dr. R. H. Stabler, of Alexandria, Va,
and Prof. Campbell Morfit, of New York, two of the
most eminent Chemists of tbe United States, as tha only
combination of Phosphatic and Ammoiated GCAXOS, jet
offered in a really soluble form. It is composed of No. 1
Peruvian and Sombrero GUANOS, of our own importa
tion, from tbe Chincha and Sombrero Islands, and warrant
ed free from all impurities. . It bag been severely tested br
many of the most successful and intelligent farmers, both
in Virginia and Maryland, side by side with Peruvian Gua
no, and its superiority alone fully proved, being IS per
cent, cheaper. Tbe Sombrero Guano, before being added
to the Peruvian, is rendered immediately soluble, by s
process, but recently discovered, and peculiarly our iwn.
The value of Peruvian Gnano combine-l with this Super
Phosphate, can hardly be over-estimated, as an imporUDt
constituent ia supplied by tbe Sombrero, which tbe I'eru
vian does not possess in so bigb a degree when used alone.
Price $50 per toa of 2,000 pounds.
To those who prefer it, we will be prepared to furnish
No. 1 Peruvian and Sombrero Guano, direct from tbe Is
land. Also, Columbian, Mexican, and African Guanos
FOWLE & CO.,
Sole Agents at Richmond, Va.
August 1, 1860.
HILLSBORO' N. C.
THIS INSTITUTION, OF A THOROUGHLY Sci
entific and military character, is under the conduct of
Col. C. C. TEWr formerly Superintendent of tbe Slats
Military Academy at Columbia, S. C.
Circcular will' be forwarded on application.
February 18, 1860. . 7 wAswlypd.
GEO. W BLOUNT,
Attorney and Counsellor at Lawf
XASBT1LLC, X. C.,
ILL ATTEND TO BUSINESS ENTRUSTED TO
him in Nash, Wilson, Edgecombe and Franklin
Feb. 81, I860.
J. j. eiECAPiLisr.
BOOK BINDER & BLANK BOOK MANU
FACTURER, RALEIGH, N. C,
RESPECTFULLY INFORMS THE CITIZENS OF
Raleigh and tbe vicinity generally, that he will
promptly and punctually attend to the binding of Aw
paper, Magazine and Periodical of all kinds and in any
style, plain or ornamental, on moderate terms.
3T All BLANK BOOKS ordered from me are msnu
factnred by me, in the City of Raleigh, N. C.
December 23, 18-"it. 109 wAswly.
SIGN OF THE GOLDEN ANVIL,
(No. 9, Fayette Til le Street,)
JOHN W. HARRISON,
HARDWARE, CUTLERY, TOOLS, CARRIAGE
HARDWARE AND TRIMMINGS,
Calls the attention of buyer to his fine new stock, snd
neatly arranged Store.
75 Kegs Nails, (assorted.)
, IS Boxes Axes,
Ivory Handled Knives and Forks,
Do. do. Knives only.
Raleigh, N. C , Oct , 160. 4lwAswlro.
. INCORPORATED 18101!
HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY,
CAPITAL AND A8SETS $936,709.00.
Policies issued snd renewed Losses equitably adjusted
and paid immediately, upon satisfactory proofs, in New
York foods, by the undersigned, tbe duly authorized agent.
J. BROWN, Agent,
Office at the Hardware Store of
J. W. Habbisoic.
Raleigh, N. C, Oct. 9. 1860. 4iwAwlm.
' PIANO FORTE FOR SALE.
AN EXCELLENT T OCTAVE PIANO FORTE-SECOND
HAND pronounced by good judges so unu
sually sweet toned, instrument, will be sold at a bargain ix
applied for soon. It is from one of tbe best Northern
Manufactories. . ' .
E. A. WHITAKER.
THE FOLLOWING BLANK FORMS OF INDICT
ments, just printed and for sale at the Standard office,
Retailing without License,
Assault and Battery,
Selling Liquor to a Slave,
Trading with Slaves,
Cohabiting with a Slave,
Fornication and Adultery,
Carrying Fire-arms, Ac. ...
Price 1 per quire. f& All blanks not on hand, P"nlea
to ordar. 6-"