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THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD : t SATURDAY, JULYV27; 1861.
I 5" .
1: ! .
PROGRESS OP THE WAR .
rtJIX im RELIABLE DETAILS tUQjl ODB EXCHANGE!.
" THE SOUTH VICTORIOUS!-
SECOND BATTLE OF BULL B UN.
Tk Greatest Satlle ever fought on the Continent.
The following particulars we find in the tele
graph dispatches of the Petersburg Express:
The enemy opened their batteries at McLean's
for4, on Bull Run, at 8 o'clock Sunday morning,
vith heavy guns and rifled cannon. The small field
pieces were intended as a mere feint to draw our
fire. We did not respond.
They chose their own position a few miles ahove
Stone Bridge, on Bull Run, where the principal
battle was fought the enemy's attempt being to
turn our left flank. The battle raged for four hours
at that point
The fire on both sides was terrific. The men on
both sides never fought better, the enemy having
largely the advantage in numbers and artillery.
Between three and four o'clock our brave men
begun to waver, and the result hung in the balance,
when Generals Beauregard and Johnston threw
themselves into the thickest of the fight Gen.
Beauregard has covered himself with glory.
Lieut Col. Johnston, of the Hampton (S. C)
Legion, being killed, and CoL Hampton wounded,
Gen. Beauregard led the Legion into action in his
usual gallant style. He had his horse's head shot
off by a shell ; and the horses of Messrs. Hey wad
and Ferguson, of South-Carolina, two of his aids,
were killed by the same shell.
Reinforcements having come up just at the criti
cal moment the result began to turn in our favor;
the eneny falling back, though in good order.
Col. Bnrtow, of Georgia, was struck from his
horse while leading a magnificent charge of his reg
iment, with his colors in his hand.
Gen. Beauregard commanded during the day, and
was in all parts of the field, being several hours
under a heavy fire, escaping many shell and rifled
shot that were thrown at him. I myself saw a shell
burst not twenty yards from him. Gen. Johnson
aided him, although he was entitled by superior
rank to the command.
The panorama was magnificent beyond descrip
tion, the line of battle extending for seven miles.
The Washington Artillery, (from New Orleans,)
did great execution. Sergt Joshua Reynolds, the
only one killed, was struck in the forehead while
giving the word of command. The Artillery took
their stand close to the Michigan Regiment Pri
vates John Payne and Crutcher were wounded.
Part of the 7th and 8th Louisiana regiments were
in the action, but particulars not ascertained. Maj.
Wheat was badly wounded, and his recovery is
baroly possible. His battalion was badly cut up.
The enemy was commanded immediately by Gen.
McDowell, who is said to have had 60,000 men.
Our force in all is estimated at 35,000 at Stone Ridge.
Gen. Scott is said by persons to have been a few
miles off. We hear nothing of Patterson.
Our numbers immediately engaged were fifteen
The enemy was totally routed. We have cap
tured thirty pieces of artillery, thirty wagons laden
with provisions and five hundred prisoners.
Among the prisoners were CoL Corcoran, of the
New York Irish service ; Col. Willcox, a Captain
and three privates. The Michigan regiment sur
rendered to the Confederate 28th Virginia regiment
Edward Carrington, nephew of the late William
C. Preston, a Virginian, who fought against us, is
also a prisoner.
CoL Kemper's Alexandria Artillery did effective
From the Richmond Enquirer.
The Grand Battle at Bull Ran.
The following dispatch, from President Davis,
wbo is in person at the head of our forces at Manas
sa, was read to Congress on yesterday : x
Masassa, July 21, (At Night,) 1861.
To Gts. S. Coopeb :
Night has closed on a hard fought field. Our
forces have won a glorious victory. The enemy was
routed and fled precipitately, abandoning a very
large amount of arms, munitions, knapsacks and
baggage. The ground was strewn with their killed
for miles, and the farm houses and grounds around'
were filled with their wounded. The pursuit was
continued along several routes towards Leesburg
and Centreville until darkness covered the fugitives.
We have captured several field batteries and regi
mental standards, and one United States flag. Many
prisoners have been taken. Too hgh praise cannot
be bestowed, whether for the skill of the principal
officers, or for the gallantry of all the troops. The
battle was mainly fought on our left, several miles
from our field works our force engaged there not
exceeding fifteen thousand ; that of the enemy esti
mated at thirty-five thousand.
Signed JEFF. DAVIS.
Briefly and graphically the above tells a story that
will thrill the whole country. The importance of
the victory which it describes cannot be over-estimated.
If the enemy had destroyed our army as
we have destroyed his, who can picture the gloom -that
would this day have shrouded our prospects ?
We would have been, for the present, almost at the
mercy of the invading host which has profaned our
soil ! We cannot be too grateful to Heaven for the
glorious deliverance which has been granted us.
And the noble heroes by whose valor and whose
sufferings it has been wrought what human speech
can fittingly pronounce their praise, or adequately
tell the measure of the benefit they have won for
their beloved country ! The renown they have won
will reach. the farthest limit of the civilized world.
Such armies have never before met in America. Such
a battle has never before been fought, and such a
victory has never been won, between our two oceans!
More vital issues were never at stake, and interests
more vast and pressing, scarce ever hung suspended
on the fate of conflict
Then let the songs of rejoicing swell through all
our beautiful land, for God hath given us the victo
ry 1 Let our whole people join in the loud and joy
ful acclaim. Let orators and poet, with the glory
of our patriot heroes as their inspiring theme, plume
their glad fancies for their noblest flights ; they can
not indeed hope to rise to the full height of the grand
argument, but they may give some faint expression
to the emotions which this day swell the hearts of a
great and grateful people ! Let maids and matrons,
with universal chorus of their sweet praises, crown
the fame of the brave officers and soldiers who have
driven back the brutal and worse than barbarian
hordes that threatended their peaceful homes. This
day our freedom and independence stand secure !
Abiding honor to the brave men, by whose strong
arms the prize has been won, and in whose blood,
alas, the record is written !
The soldier who fell, let no man forget to honor
them ever and always ! In the days of rejoicing let
them be pleasantly remembered 1 In the pensive
hours when wo call to mind the loved and lost, let
them bold the foreground of the picture ! Deeply
do we mourn their fate ; but what nobler end could
mortal desire, if end must come, than to fall at the
post of duty, and a duty so holy and ennobling as
that of patriotism ! Their names and the memory
of their virtues will survive, as a part of our Repub
lic s most precious inheritance.
From the Wilmington Journal.J
Tfie Federal account of the Manassas Battle.
Louisville, July 23, 1861.
The following news of the Confederate victory
creates the most extense excitement here, startline
the public mind. -
Themoraing papers having published dispatches
from Washington containing the proclamation of a
brilliant victory for the Federalists, there is now
great rejoicing over the truth among the Southern
rights uteri. . .
The dispatch received here (Louisville) from
Washington under date of Monday, at noon, says:
Our troops (Federalists) after gaining a great vic
tory were eventually repulsed, and commenced a
retreat on Washington. After this information from
Centrevillelast night ascricsot events look place hero
n the highest degree disastrous, and many confused
RUtements are prevailing, but enough is known to
warrant the statement that we hayje suftcred to a
egree which casts a gloom over the movements of
Srou"CtVieSCS thS dePe8t mC'anCh0
The carnage was tremendously heavy on bota
sides, and ours is represented to frightful. - ' '"'V
Wo were advancing, taking masked batteries :
gradually but surely, driving the enemy towards
Manassas, when the enemy seemed to be reinforced
bv Gen. Johnston. We were immediately driven
back and a panic among our troops suddenly oc curred.
A regular stampede took place. " It is un
derstood that Gen. McDowell undertook to make a
Btand near Centreville, but the panic was so fearful
that the whole army became demoralized, and it
was impossible to check them either at Centreville
or Fairfax Court House.-- Y
A large number of troops, in their retreat, fell on
the wayside from exhaustion, and are scattered
along the route all the way from Fairfax Court
House. The road from Bull's Run is Btrewn with ;
arms and knapsacks discarded by the troops to bet
ter facilitate their retreat .Gen. McDowell was in
the rear of the retreat, endeavoring to rally his men
with only partial success. m
Only two hundred of the Fire Zouaves (Ells
worth's) are left from the slaughter. The sixty
ninth and some other New York regiments suffered
Sherman's, the Carlisle, Griffin's and the West
Point Batteries have been taken by the Confede
rates; also, the eight siege thirty two pound rifled
cannon. Col. Wilcox, in command of a brigade,
and CapL (Col,) Cook, are killed. Col. Ileirtzleman
is wounded. Washington is a scene of the most in
tense excitement Wagons are continually arriving
bringing in the dead and wonnded. The feeling in
the city is awfully distressing. Both steamboat
and telegraph communication with Alexandria arc
suspended. The fortifications are strongly rein
forced with fresh troops. It is supposed that Gen.
Mansfield has taken command of the fortifications on
the other side of the river. Large rifled cannon and
mortars are being rapidly sent over.
Resolutions of Congress,
Upon the reception of the telegraphic dispatch from
President Davis, as given above in the article
from the Enquirer.
On the opening of Congress on Monday morning,
the dispatch of President Davis having been read,
the following resolutions offered by Mr. Memmingcr,
were unanimously adopted :
Resolved, That we recognize the hand of the most
high God, the King of Kings and Lord of Lords, in
the glorious victory with which He had crowned our
army at Manassas, and that the people of these Con
federate States, are invited by appropriate services
on the ensiling Sabbath, to offer bp their united
thanksgiving and praise for this migh.y deliverance.
Resolved-, That deeply deploring the necessity
which has washed the soil of our country with the
blood of so many of her noblest sons, we offer to
their respective families and friends our warmest
and most cordial sympathy, assuring them that the
sacrifice made will be consecrated in the hearts of
our people, and will there enshrine the name of the
gallant dead, as the champions of free and constitu
Resolved, That we approve the prompt and patri
otic efTorts of the Mayor of Richmond to make pro
vision for the wounded, and that a committee of one
member from each State be appointed to co-operate
in the plan. '
The following committee were appointed :
W. II. Macfarland, Va., A. W. Venable, N. C.
James Chesnut Jr., S. C, Jackson Morton Fla.,
Thomas R. R. Cobb, Ga., N. P. Davis, Ala., J. T.
Harrison, Miss., Henry Marshall, La., A- H. Gar
land, Ark., W. B. Ochiltree, Tenn.
The Congress then adjourned.
Further Particulars of the great Battle at Bull
The following reliable statements are taken from
the Richmond Examiner:
Gen. Beauregard disposed his army along the
banks of RuU Run, from Union Mills Ford to the
Stone Bridge Ford, the stream being between the
two armies, and our Brigades so arranged as to gunrd
the various fords between the two points above
The enemy advanced within range at 8 o'clock,
P. M., opened a heavy fire on Gen. Bon 'nam's com
mand at Mitchell's Ford, and kept it up sometime to
deceive our troops as to the real point of attack. It
was soon discovered to be a feint, and the left wing
of our line found to be very heavily pressed. The
enemy concentrated on that point by rapid marches,
an overwhelming mass of troops of all arms, and at
10 o'clock the battle raged to its height Generals
Beauregard and Johnston arrived on the scene near
ly at the same time, and both exhibited great per
sona1 prowess and courage in the engagement
Gen. Beauregard rode up and down the line till his
horse was killed ; Gen. Johnston seized a standard,
and rallied a wavering regiment Troops were rap
idly moved from the right and centre to the relief
of the left, and by 3 o'clock 15,000 of our men were
there in the furious action against 3o,000 of the ene
my. At that hour, Gen. Kirby Smith's brigade ar
rived, on the railroad from Winchester to Manassas .
Junction, at a point within 2 miles t)f Stone bridge.
Seeing the violence of the contest there, this Gener
al stopped the cars, and dismounting his men, he
marched straight on the enemy without orders, and
without going to the Junction, thereby saving a five
mile march. Gen. Beauregard did not at first re
cognize this brigade, and believed it a flank move
ment of the enemy, till they come near enough for
the flag to be distinguished. On their arrival in
line, a general charge was made, and the enemy
oroKC anu neu precipitately.
hen the armies reached Centreville, where Mc
Dowell bad 15,000 fresh men and heavy guns in
position, he made a desperate rally. Rut another
charge of the Confederates broke the new lines, and
bis disaster became complete.
1 he body or our army pursued to Fairfax, and
planted our flag on the Court-House. The cavalry
cut up the enemy six miles farther to Falls Church,
only lour miles ot Arlington.
About half the members of the Federal Congress
were distant spectators of the battle. At Centre
ville was found a table bounteously spread, tur
rounded by empty seats and 20 baskets of cham
pagne, where Senator Wilson was in the act of en
tertaining a large dinner party on our arrival. He
himself narrowly escaped. He got out of the vil
lage in the disguise of a driver of a market cart
Among other curiosities seized there, were a num
ber of bills of fare of dinners McDowell intended to
give at different points, all in French, and elaborate
as to the cuisine. Some of them are in .Richmond.
Now for the serious fruits of victory. "
We have taken CI pieces of cannon, 20.000 stand
of arms, more than 500 wagons laden with stores
and munitions, and a quantity of provisions, stated
at so great a ligure aa to be absolutely incredible.
w e have killed and wounded some 7.000 or 8.000
of ihe enemy, and taken nearly 1,000 prisoners,
iile others are constantly brought in from the
woods. Among them is Ely, a member of the Fed
eral Congress from New York ; Cols. Corcoran and
Wilcox, with many other prominent persons:
Our own loss is 500 killed and 1,500 wounded.
No prisoners. Our regiments most sufferinsr are the
4th Alabama, the 7th and 8th Georgia, Fisher's N.
u. regiment ana mmpton s Legion.
President Davis' Statement.
President Davis returned to Richmond from tho
seat of war on Tuesday evening. Crowds met him
at the depot and received him with enthusiastic
shouts. Though worn and fatigued, he addressed
the m altitude. The Examiner says :
" In a strain of fervid eloquence, he eulogized the
courage, the endurance and patriotism of our victo
rious troops ; and to the memory of our honored
dead, who shed their life's blood on the battle-field
in the glorious cause of their country, be paid a
glowing tribute, which could not fail to dim with
tears the eyes of the least feeling among his hearers.
He pronounced the victory great glorious and com
plete. He said we had whipped thern this time and
we could whip them again as often as they offered
us the opportunity. In alluding to the vastness and
importance of our captures, he said we had taken
everything the enemy had in the field :- sixty pieces
of splendid cannon, of the best and most improved
models, vast quantities of ammunition, arms enough
of various descriptions to equip a large army, hun
dreds of wagbns and ambulances of the most luxu
rious make and finish, and provisions enough to feed
an army of fifty thousand men for twelve months.
Tho headlong retreat of. the enemy he comnarod
to the wild and hurried flight of a scared covey of
mmJ IT. ' 1 . 1 1 . ..
poiviurvH. us baiu mat bo great, was tne terror
with which the repeated onslaughts of our men in
spired them, that taking wildly to their heels, they
threw from them their guns, swords, kn-psacks and
' everything that could in any way retard their escape.
" v' With another allusion to the glorious valor, of our
' troops, wbo had accomplished this great victory, and
' reminding all of the great cause they had for return
ing thanks to Him to whom alone thanks were due
for this blessing on our arms, he concluded amid the
tumultuous applause of the assemblage, and was es
corted to his hotel. '
. MESSAGE - y : - r , :
; or - ' - ;
PRESIDENT JEFFERSON DAVIS.
To the Congress of the
Confederate Slates of America:
Gentlemen: My Message, addressed to you at
the commencement of tho session, contained such
full information of the state oi the Confederacy, as to
render it unnecessary that I should now do more
than call your attention to such important facts as
nave occurred during the recess, and to matters
connected with the public defence.
' I have again to congratulate you on the accession
of new members of our Confederation of free, equal
and sovereign States. Our loved and honored
brethren of North Carolina and Tennessee have
consummated the action, foreseen and provided for
at your last session, and I have had the gratifica
tion of announcing, by proclamation, in conformity
with law, that those States were admitted into the
The people of Virginia, also, by a majority pre
viously unknown in her history, have ratified the
action of her Convention, uniting her fortune with
ours. The States of Arkansas, North Carolina and
Virginia, have likewise adopted tho permanent Con
stitution of the Confederate States, and no doubt is
entertained of its adoption by Tennessee at tho elec
tion to be held early next month.
I deemed it advisable to direct the removal of the
several Executive Departments, with their archives,
to this city, to which you had remove the seat of
government, immediately after your adjournment
The aggressive movements of the enemy required
prompt and energetic action. The accumulation of
his forces on the Potomac sufficiently demonstrated
that h:s efforts were to be directed against Virginia ;
and from no point could the necessary measures for
her defence ana protection be so efficiently directed
as from her own capitol.
The rapid progress of events for the last few
weeks has fully sufficed to strip the veil behind
which the true policy and purposes of the Govern
ment of the United States had been previously con
cealed; their odious features now stand fully re
vealed ; the message of their President and the ac
tion of their Congress during the present month,
confess the intention of subjugating these States by
a war, whoso folly is equaled by its wickedness; a
war by which it is impossible to attain the proposed
result whilst its dire calamities, not to bo avoided
by us, will fall with double severity upon them
selves. Commencing in March last, with an affectation of
ignoring the secession of the seven States which
first organized this government; persisting in April
in the idle and absurd assumption of the existence
of a riot which was to be dispersed by a posse conxi
talus; continuing in successive months the false
representation that these States intended offensive
war, in spite of the conclusive evidence to the con
trary, furnished as well by official action, as by the
very basis on which this government is constituted;
the" President of the United States and his advisers
succeeded in deceiving the people of those States in
to the belief that the purpose of this government
was not peace at home, but conquest abroad ; not
the fiefence of its own liberties, but the subversion
of those of the people of the United States.
The scries of manoeuvres by which this impres
sion was created the art with which they were
devised, and the perfidy with which they were exe
cuted, were already known to you ; but you could
scarcely have supposed that they would be openly
avowed, and their success made the subject of boast
and self-laudation, in an executive message. For
tunately for the truth of history, however, the Pres
ident of the United States details with minuteness
the attempt to reinforce Fort Pickens, in violation of
an armistice of which he confesses to have been in
formed, but "only by rumors too vague and uncer
tain to fix attention;" the hostile expedition dis
patched to Fort Sumter, admitted to have been un
dertaken with a knowledge that its success was im
possible ; the sending of notice to tho Governor of
South Carolina of his intention to use force to tc
complish his object ; and then quoting from his In
augural Address the assurance that there could be
no conflict unless these States were the aggressors,
he proceeds to declare that his conduct as just rela
ted by himself, was a performance of this promise,
" so free from the power of ingenious sophistry as
that the world should not be able to misunderstand
it ;" and in defiance of his own statement that he
gave notice of the approach of a hostile fleet, he
charges these States with becoming the assailants of
the United States, " without a gun in sight or in
expectancy to return their fire, save only the few in
the fort" Ho is indeed fully justified in saying
that the case "is so free from the power of ingenious
sophistry that the world will not be ablo to misun
Under cover of this unfounded pretence that tho
Confederate States are the assailants, that high
functionary, after expressing his concern that somo
foreign nations "had so shaped their action as if
they supposed the early destruction of our National
Union was probable," abandons all further disguise,
and proposes " to make this contest a short and de
cisive one," by placing at the control of the govern
ment for the work, at least, four hundred thousand
men and $400,000,000. The Congress, concurring
in the doubt thus intimated as to the sufficiency of
the force demanded, has increased it to half a mil
lion of men. These enormous preparations in men
and nione', for the conduct of a war on a scale more
gigantic than any which the new world has ever
witnessed, is a distinct avowal, in the eyes of civil
ized man, that the United States are engaged in a
conflict with a great and powerful nation"; they are
at last compelled to abandon the pretence of being
engaged in dispersing rioters and suppressing in
surrections ; and are driven to the acknowledgment
that the ancient Union has been dissolved. They
recognize the separate existence of these Confederate
Statep.'by the interdiction, embargo and blockade
of all commerce between them and the United States,
not only by sea, but by land ; not only in ships,
but in rail cars; not only with those who bear
arms, but with" the entire population of the Confed
erate States. Finally, they have repudiated tho
foolish conceit that the inhabitants of this Confeder
acy are still citizens of the United States, for they
are waging an indiscriminate war upon them all,
with a savage ferocity unknown to civilization. In
this war, rapine is the rule ; private residences, in
peaceful, rural retreats, are bombarded and burnt;
grain crops in the field are consumed by the torch ;
and when the torch is not convenient, careful labor
is bestowed to render complete the destruction of
every article of use or ornament remaining in pri
vate dwellings, after their inhabitants have all fled
from the outrages of a brutal soldiery.
In 1781, Great Britain, when invading her revolt
ed Colonics, took possession of the very district of
country near Fortress Monroe now occupied by
troops of the United States. The houses then in
habited by tho people, after being respected and
protected by avowed invaders, are now pillaged and
destroyed by men who pretend that the victims are
their fellow citizens.
Mankind will shudder to hear the tales of outrages
committed on defenceless females by soldiers of the
United States now invading our homes; yet these
outrages are prompted by inflamed passions and tho
madness of intoxication. But who shall depict the
horror with which they will regard tho cool and
deliberate malignity which, under pretext of sup
pressing an insurrection, said by themselves to be
upheld by a, minority only of our people, makes
special war on tho sick, including the women and
the children, by carefully devised measures to pre-
vAnitk.i.Aki.:.:..4i J: : - . . -
.. .wen v wiuiug me mcuiuui's necessary-ior men
cure. The sacred claims of humanity, respected
even during the fury of actual battle, by careful
diversion of attack from the hospitals containing
wounded enemies, are outraged in cold blood, bv
government and people that pretend to desire a con'
tinuance ot internal connections. - ,
All these outrages must remain unavenged, save
by the universal reprobation of mankind, in all cases
where the actual perpetrators of the wrongs escape
capture. They admit of no retaliation. . Tho hu
manity Of our people would shrink instinctively
from the bare idea of waging a like war upon the
sick, tho women and the children-of the em-mr
But there aro other savage practices which havo
been resorted to by the Government of the United;
'States, which do admit of .repression by retaliation. -'.1
hare been drirem to the necessity of enforcing this
repression. The prisoners of war taken by the ene-'
my on boaid the armed schooner Savannah, sailing
under our commission, were, as I was credibly ad
vised, treated like common felons, put in irons : con
fined in a jail usually appropriated to criminals of
the worst' dye, and threatened, with punishment as
such. ; I bad made an application for the exchange
of these prisoners, to the commanding officer of the
enemy's squadron off Charleston harbor, but that
officer had already sent the prisoners to New York"
when the application was made. I therefore deemed
it my duty to renew the proposal for the exchange,
to tho constitutional Commander-in-Chief of the
Army and Navy of the United States, the only offi
cer having control of the prisoners. . To this end I
dispatched an officer to him, under a flag of truce ;
and in making the proposal, I informed President
Lincoln of my resolute purpose to check all barbari
ties on prisoners of war, by such severity of retalia
tion on the prisoners held by us as should secure
the abandonment of the practice.
This communication was received and read by the
officer in command of the Army of the United States,
and a message was brought from him, by the bearer
of my communication, that a reply would be return
ed by President Lincoln as soon as possible. I ear
nestly hope that this promised reply, which has not
yet been received, will convey the assurance that
prisoners of war will be treated in this unhappy con
test with that regard to humanity which has made
such conspicuous progress in the conduct of modern
warfare. As a measure of precaution, however, and
until the promised reply is received, I still retain in
close custody some officers captured from the enemy,
whom it had been my pleasure previously to enlarge
on parole, and whose fate must necessarily depend
on that of the prisoners held by the enemy.
I append a copy of my communication to the
President and Commander-in-Chief of the Army and
Navy of tho United States, and of the part of the of
ficer charged to deliver it, marked Doc. A.
There arc some other passages in the remarkable
paper to which I have directed your attention, hav
ing reference to the peculiar relations which exist
between this government and the States usually
termed the border slave States, which cannot prop
erly be withheld from notice.
The hearts of our people are animated by senti
ments towards the inhabitants of those States, which
found expression in your enactment refusing to con
sider them as enemies, or to authorize hostilities
against them. That a very large portion of the peo
ple of those States regard us as brethren ; that if un
restrained by the actual presence of large armies,
tho subversion of civil authority and the declaration
of martial law, some of them at least would joyfully
unite with us ; that they are with almost entire una
nimity opposed to the prosecution of the war waged
against us; aro facts of which daily recurring events
fully warrant the assertion.
The President of the United State.? refuses to re
cognize in these, our late sister States, the right of
refraining from attack on us ; and justifies his refu
sal by the assertion that the States have no other
power " than that reserved to them in the Union by
the Constitution, no one of them having ever been a
State out of the Union."
This view of the constitutional relations between
the States and the General Government, is a fitting
introduction to another assertion of the Message,
that the Executive possesses the power of suspend
ing the writ ot habeas corpu. and of delegating that
power to military commanders, at his discretion ;
and both these propositions claim a respect equal to
that which is felt for the additional statement of
opinion in the same paper, that it is proper, in order
to execute the laws, that "some single law, made in
such extreme tenderness of the citizens' liberty, that
practically it relieves more of the guilty than the in
nocent should, to a very limited extent, be violated."
We may well rejoice that we have forever severed
our connection with a government that thus tram
ples on all the principles of constitutional liberty,
and with a people in whose presence such avowals
could be hazarded.
The operations in the field will be greatly exten
ded by reason or the policy which, heretofore se
cretly entertained, is now avowed and acted on by
the United States. The forces hitherto raised
proved ample for the defence of the seven States
which originally organized the Confederacy, as is
evinced by the fact that with the exception of three
fortified islands, whose defence is efficiently aided
by a preponderating naval force, the enemy has been
driven completely out of those States ; and now, at
the expiration of five months from the formation of
the government not a single hostile foot presses
their soil. These forces, however, must necessarily
prove inadequate to repel the invasion by half a mil
lion of men, now proposed by the enemy ; and a
corresponding increase in our forces will become ne
cessary. The recommendations for the raising and
efficient equipment of this additional force, will bo
contained in the communication of the Secretary of
Var, to which I need scarcely invite your earnest
In my Message delivered in April last I referred
to the promise of abundant crops, w ith which we
were cheered. The grain crops, generally, have
since been harvested, and the yield has proven to be
the most abundant known in our history. Many
believe the supply adequate to two years' consump
tion of our population. Cotton, sugar and tobacco,
forming the surplus production' of our agriculture,
and furnishing the basis of our commercial inter
changes, present the most cheering promise ; and a
kind Providence has smiled on the labor which ex
tracts the teeming wealth of our soil in all portions
of our Conlederacy.
It is the more gratifying to be able to give you
this assurance, because of the need of a large and in
creased expenditure in the support of our army.
Elevated and purified by the sacred cause they main
tain, our fellow citizens of every condition of life ex
hibit the most self-sacrificing devotion : they mani
fest a laudable pride in upholding their independence,
unaided by any resources other than their own : and
the immense wealth which a fertile soil and genial
climate have accumulated in this confederacy of ag
riculturists, could not be more strikingly displayed
than in the largo revenues which, with eager zeal,
they have contributed, at the call of their country.
In the single article of cotton, the subscriptions to
the loan proposed by the government cannot fall
short of fifty millions of dollars, and will probably
largely exceed that sura : and scarcely an article re
quired for the consumption of tho army is provided
otherwise than by subscription to the produce loan
so happily devised by your wisdom. Tho Secretary
of the Treasury, in the report sub nitted to you by
him, will give you the amplest details connected
with that branch of the public service.
But it is not alone in their prompt pecuniary con
tributions tliat the noble race of freemen who in
habit these States evince how worthy they are of
the liberties which they so well know how to defend.
In numbers far exceeding those authorized by your
laws, they have pressed the tender of their services
against the enemy. Their attitude of calm and sub
lime devotion to their country ; the cool and confi
dent courage with which they are already preparing
to meet the threatened invasion in whatever propor
tions it may assume ; the assurance that their sacri
fices and their services will bo renewed from year to
year with unfaltering purpose, until they have made
good to tho uttermost their right to self-government;
the generous and almost unquestioning confidenco
which tbey display in their government during the
pending struggle ; all combine to present a spectacle
such as the world has rarely if ever seen.
To speak of subjugating such a people, so united
and determined, is to speak a language .incompre
hensible to them. To resist attacks on their rights,
or their liberties is with them an instinct Wheth
er this war shall last one, or three or five years, is a
problem they leave to be solved by the enemy alone;
it will last till the enemy shall have Vithdrawn from
.their borders till their political rights, their altars
and their homes are freed from invasion. - Then and ;
then only will they rest from this struggle, to enjoy ,
in peace the blessings which with the favor of Provi
dence tbey have secured by the aid of their own
strong hearts and sturdy arras.
. ' JEFFERSON DAVIS.
. Richmond, July 20, 186L I '
:. . . DOCUMENT A. ' I . ; .
Richmond, July 6, 1861.
7V. Abraham Lincoln, President and Commander-
in-Chief of ths Army and Xavy of ths United
' Sir: Having learned that the schooner Savan
nah, a private armed vessel in the service and sail
ing under a commission issued by authority of the
Confederate States of America, bad been captured
by one' of the vessels forming the blockading squad
ron off .Charleston harbor; directed a proposition
to be made fa the officer, commanding tbat squadron
for an exchange of the officers and crew of the Sa
vannah for prisoners of war held by this govern
ment "according to number and rank.! To this
proposition, made on the 19th ult, Capt' Mercer,
the officer in command of the blockading squadron,
made answer on the same day that " the prisoners
(referred to) are not on board of any vessels under
It now appears, by statements made without con
tradiction in newspapers published in New York,
that the prisoners above mentioned were conveyed
to that city, and have there been treated not as'pris
onere of war, but as criminals ; that they bare been
put in irons, confined in jail, brought before the
courts of justice on charges of piracy and treason,
and it is even rumored that they have been actually
convicted of the offences charged, for no other rea
son than that they bore arms in defence of the rights
of this government and under the authority of its
I could not without grave discourtesy have made
the newspaper statements above referred to, the sub
ject of this communication, if the treating as pirates
the citizens of this Confederacy, armed for its ser
vice on the high seas, had not been contained in
your proclamation of the April last That
proclamation, however, seems to afford a sufficient
justification for considering these published state
ments as not devoid of probability.
It is the desire of this government so to conduct
the war now existing as to mitigate its horrors as
far as may be possible: and, with this intent, its
treatment of the prisoners captured by its forces has
been marked by the greatest humanity and leniency
consistent with public obligation : some have been
permitted to return home on parole, others to re
main at large under similar condition within this
Confederacy, and all havo been furnished with ra
tions for their subsistence, such as are allowed to
our own troops. . It is only since the news has been
received of tho treatment of the prisoners taken on
the Savannah, that I have been compelled to with
draw these indulgences and to hold the prisoners
taken by us in strict confinement
A just regard to humanity and to the honor of
this government now requires me to state explicitly,
that painful as will be the necessity, this govern
ment will deal out to the prisoners held by it, the
same treatment and the same fute as shall be expe
rienced by those captured on the Savannah ; and if
driven to the terrible necessity of retaliation by
your execution of any of the officers or crew ot the
Savannah, that retaliation will be extended so far as
shall be requisite to secure the abandonment of a
practice unknown to the warfare of civilized man,
and so barbarous as to disgrace the nation which
shall be guilty of inaugurating it
With this view, and because it may not have
reached you, I now renew the proposition made to
the commander of the blockading squadron, to ex
change for prisoners taken on the Savannah, an
equal number of those now held by us, according to
I am, sir, yours, &c,
President, ami Commander-in-Chief of the Army
and Navy of the Confederate States.
Richmond, July 10th, 1861.
To Hit Excellency, Jeffekson Davis,
President of the Confederate Stales:
Sin : In obedience to your instructions, I left the
city of Richmond on the morning of the 7th of July
at 6 o'clock A. M., as bearer of dispatches to His
Excellency, Abraham Lincoln, President of the
United States. At Manassas I received from General
Beauregard a letter to General McDowell, command
ing the U. S. forces at Arlington. From Manassas
I proceeded to Fairlax Court House, where I'was
furnished by General Bonham, an escort of fourteen
cavalry, under the command of Lieutenant Breck
inridge of the Virginia cavalry. Proceeding on the
direct road to Alexandria to its junction with the
road to Arlington, I met a detachment of cavalry
under the command of CoL Porter, U. S. A., about
three miles from the junction ; from which place I
sent back my escort Capt Whipple, U. S. A.,
accompanied me to Arlington, where I arrived about
4 o'clock P. M., Monday the 8th. Gen. McDowell not
being at Arlington, my arrival was telegraphed
him to Washington city.
About 9 o'clock, P. M., Col. Van Renslaer, senior
aid-de-camp to General Scott was sent to convey
me to General Scott's headquarters where 1 found
General McDowell, to whom I delivered General
Beauregard's letter. After reading Gen. B.'s letter,
he passed it to Gen. Scott who being informed in
this letter, that I desired to deliver your communi
cation in person, received it of me. After reading
your communication to Mr. Lincoln, Gen. Scott in
formed me that a reply would be returned by Mr.
Lincoln as soon as possible and at the same time
instructed me to return to Arlington with General
McDowell, thence to proceed in the morning back
to our lines, which I did, under an escort of twenty
U. S. calvary, commanded by Lieut Putnam. In
my intercourse with Gen. scott and the other om
cers of the U. S. army, I have to say, that I 'was
received with marked consideration and attention,
and with that courtesy and kindness which should
ever characterize the diplomatic relations of great
nations, in war as well as in peace. Understanding
that the object of my mission' was the delivery of
your letter to Mr. Lincoln, I have the honor to state
that it was done, and subscribe myself.
Your obedient servant
THOS. II. TAYLOR,
CapL Cavalry C. S. A.
And LU CoL 2nd Ky. Regiment.
June 27th, 1861?
50 PAIRS FANCY CASSIMERE PANTS,
10O PLAIN "
10O - BEST BL'K DOESKIN CAS. PANTS,
50 - u DRAB b'ETE -
50 M BEST BL'K. DOESKIN CAS. PANTS
made up in Broad full style.
WHITE MARSEILLES VESTS,
DUCK LINEN PANTS,
BLACK (Silk Warp) ALPACA FROCKS
( " " ) " SACKS,
FATIGUE SHIRTS, for Military Companies, are re
ceived daily by Express.
TREASURY BONDS of the Confederate States taken
at par in payment fur GOODS. Also, from those wbo are
indebted to us by Note or open account. '
E. L. HARDING.
Raleigh, N.C., Jane 28, 18S1. 60 w4sw6t
THIS INSTITUTION IS UNDER THE CONDUCT OF
Col. C. C. TEW, formerly Superintendent of the Stat
Military Academy at Columbia, S. C. It is designed to f,
ford an education of (be same scientific and practical char
acter as tbat obtained in the State Military Institutions of
Virginia and South-Carolina.
COURSE OF STUDY.
First Fear, 5A Class Arithmetic, Ahrebra, French. His
tory. United States, English Grammar, Geography, Ortho
graphy. Second Ytar, 4th CUiss Algebra, Geometry, Trigonome
try, French, ltin, Universal History. Composition.
lltird Year, Zd Class Descriptive fJeometrr, Shades,
Shadows and Perspective, Analytical Geometry, Surveying,
Prench, Latin, Rhetoric, History of England, Literature,
Drawing, Elocution. -
fvitrln Rear, id Class T)t and Int Calenlus, Natural
Philosophy. Chemistry, Rhetoric, Logic, Moral Philosophy,
Latin, Drawing, Elocution. ' . .
FrftK Year, 1st Class Agricultural Chemistry, Astrono
my, Geologv, Mincralogv, Civil Engineering, Field Fortifi
cation, Ethics. Political "Eeconomy, Evidences of Christian
ity, Constitution of the United States.
. Infantry and Artillery Drill will form a feature of the
whole course. . . .
ACADEMIC YEAR BARRACKS.
Tbe Academic year will commence on the firs- Wednes
day in February, (Feb. 6, 1861.) and continue, without in
termission, to tbe fourth Wednesday In November. Tba
Barracks are arranged with special reference to the neces
sities of a Military Academy. . Tbe main building is 810
feet long and three stories high : another buillding, 195
feet long, contains the mesa hall, kitchen, store room, sur
geon'a office and hospital
The charges for the Academic yjsar are tSVf, for which
the Academy provides board, fneKuchts, washing, instruc
tion, text-books, medical attendance and clothing.
For circulars containing full information address -
. COL. C. C. TEW.
.i Snpt. H. M. A.
- November 80,1860.' ' 4a-wswly-,
7OR HI RE.-A FIRST RATE CARPENTER,
.' SALE, very fine young MA Kt. Apply to
SALE, a verv fine ronnir MARE. Ai
K. BUK&. HAYWOOD.
April 9. 1861.
Correspondence of tfce Standard. :
' '-. " ' Camp Carolina, 1
r." :': . Norfolk, Va., July 21st, 1861.
Editor of the Standard: - '
Dear Sib : As you. have no correspondent from
this regiment perhaps a few lines from this place
occasionally, would prove acceptable to your numer
ous readers. Although I profess my incompetency
to write for your elaborate sheet, nevertheless I will
endeavor to inform your readers of all important
events that may transpire in this section ; should
you think my productions worthy of space in your
columns. I have lately received several copies of the
Standard, which were Tery acceptable indeed ; be
ing the first newspapers from the "old North State "
I have had the pleasure of perusing since our exit
For this manifestation of your kindness, you will
accept pry heart-felt thanks. :.The latter number
contained ordinances passed by the State Conven
tion, which we had not before seen.
Nothing of interest has transpired at this place
since you were here. The health of our regiment
continues very good. There are but few cases of
sickness at the hospital; some of which are likely
to result seriously. The health of - our regiment
here, contrary to our expectations at first, is much
better than that of any other from which I have vet
We continue in fine spirits, and are anxiously
awaiting an opportunity to assist in repelling the
ruthless foe that now invade our beloved " sunnv
Yesterday Dr. S. A. Williams, of Oxford, N. C.
in behalf of the Granville Grays, presented Lieut!
Daniel with a fine sword, as a token of our high re
gard. The Doctor made a brief, but very appro
priate speech. Lieut Daniel, though nearly moved
to tears, expressed in a very eloquent strain his ap
preciation of our kindness. He has gone to his na
tive city, Richmond, to raise a volunteer company.
May success crown his efforts." We shall ever re
member him with feelings of the deepest gratitude
and love. Our company has vastly improved under
his supervision. Col. Williams has accepted anoth
er company in this regiment, from Tyrrell, Capt
Bramble ; which is a very fine looking company in
deed. I am pained to learn that they lost one of
their number yesterday," of apoplexy. We have had
no fight here yet ; the Yankees know too well our
strength and fortifications. More anoa
. . SYLYIXE.
Wilmington, N. C, July 19, 1861.
An excitement prevailed in Wilmington last Sun
day, of a character characteristic of all such reports
as tbe one which was afloat About 3 o'clock, two
couriers came darting up to town bringing the news
that four men of war had landed their men on the
beach and were getting ready to march to Wilming
ton. Our whole city was thrown in an instant al
most in the greatest state of excitement. The dif
ferent companies were called out and every prepar
ation being made to give them an enthusiastic re
ception but the reporters, like tale-bearers, had
got hold of part of the story and commenced spread
ing it The truth is, these steamers had been
cruising around, and come nearly in to shore in a
chase they gave a little " corn-cracker." It is re
ported the "cracker" was captured and burnt, while .
the crew narrawly escaped, jumping into the surf
and wading ashore. Jas. D. Radcliflj formally Maj.
in command at Fort Caswell, has been elected by a
large majority, Colonel of the 8th Regiment CoL
John Cantwell (Col. in the Mexican war,) was his
"competitor. CoL Radcliff is a thorough tactician,
, and will make a good ColoneL In short, a better
one can be found.
J. H. Neflf, a man who bas been living and do
ing business in Wilmington several years, has just
been lodged in jail, for expressing abolition senti
ments. Our citizens are always on the alert
Our correspondent's letter did not come to hand,
until after wc had gone to press on the 23d. Ed.
Wilmisgton, N. C, July 22d, 1861.
A small boat containing commander and aids was
sent from the blockading fleet to Fort Caswell, un
der a flag of truce, Saturday morning, to inform (V)
the Commander-in-chief at Caswell tbat tbe port
was blockaded. Now, we can think variously about
this. One can think if he chooses, and not without
valid reasons, that it was a scheme to sound the
depth of our bar. or to survey our fortifications.
But coming as they did, under a flag of truce, the
Col. in command met them at the water, read their
dispatch, and let them slide. There are various re
ports flying about the city at all times, but our peo
ple have heard " Wolf" so often that they scarcely
give credit to anything they hear, but keep them
selves always in readiness to march, when " Atten
tion I is given. The Militia laws are going to be
rigidly enforced. Every man who is not directly
connected with some military company, and whose
age is between 18 and 4 will be forced to muster
every week or fortnight There are very few men
who are willing to render any excuse at this time ;
but we all know there are some, and some, though
few, who would not muster in any company, under
any consideration. These are the men who are go
ing to be forced to rooster, and on whom the law will
be rigidly enforced. -
Business of all kinds is increasing in Wilmington.
Tbe Clarindon Iron Works is worthy of attention.
It is here our balls are moulded and gnn carriages
made. Considerably over one hundred men arc
kept busily engaged all the time in making and
turning out snch " machines" of war as are needed.
Our Home Guards is also worthy of a small space.
Both companies, A.and B, really deserve credit for
their promptness in drill and parade. 1 be following
companies are organized and are now in Wilmington,
armed and equipped, viz : Home Guards, company
A ; Home Guards, company B ; Independents ; Rifle
Guards; German Volunteers; Light Infantry; Robt
McRae's company of Infantry ; Flying Artillery ;
Capt Bunting's Cavalry company, and some three
or four more which are in camp at Camp Dudley.
Making in all about 1200 men at and around Wil
mington. Now there is a whole regiment at the
forts, which we will say is 1000 strong, making in
all 2200, who are now on the Cape Fear for our
coast defence. Troops continue to pour through for
Virginia ; nearly a whole regiment passes through
There is great anxiety being felt to hear the par
ticulars of the fight at Bull Run on Sunday. I sup
pose w old fuss and feathers " will begin to think
that " somebody's hurt"
P. S. All tbe bells have just commenced ringing,
and there Is an exhibition of universal rejoicing over
our late victory at Bull's Run. W.
From the Richmond Dispatch.
As great diversity of opinion seems to exist in the
minds of many of our lady friends relative to tho
hospital at this place, I write a Bhort note in order
to remove any uncertainty with regard to it
We have four district hospitals. Tbe first or
general one is the .eld Nelson house, to which all
the worst cases are sent This is under tho manage
ment of Dr. Ilinej, tho Surgeon of the post Tho
next are the Regimental Hospitals belonging to each
regiment, under the control of its individual surgeon.
Here are sent only those cases which render the men
temporarily unfit for duty.
The third is what may b termed the contageous,
whose name is sufficiently explanatory of its .char
The fourth is the hospital at Bigler's Mills, about
eight miles above this place, under the care of Dr.
Randolph, to which are sent tho convalescent pa
tients and those who are suffering from chronic
I would suggest that persons sending delicacies
and other things for these different hospitals, should
always be particular to enclose in such packages the.
names of the kind givers, and the article presented.
When they are intended for tho general hospital,
let them be marked to Dr. Uines ; when for any one
of the different regiments, let them.be addressed
distinctly to the regiment We however think, as
general thing, it would Be best to direct all
packages to Dr. Hines, marking distinctly on them
the different regiments for which tbey are intended,
when such is the case.
The Dr. informs me that he is in want of experi
enced professional nurses, who are willing to enter
the hospital and abide entirely . by bis instructions.
, , . Thomas Ward Whitr,
Chaplain of the Howitzer's Battalions.
N. B. Papers throughout this and other States
feeling an interest in the welfare of our soldiers,
will please bo kind enough to insert the above.