Newspaper Page Text
THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD: JAOTS&AY,
TO TUG PSQTPIE OP WORTH-CAllOLIiVA.
. At conference of teachers and other friends of
edacation, hold in Raleigh on tho 9th and 10th of
this month, and representing a large number and all
classea of tho schoafe of our State, the following
resolution volar jl by tho Priicipalof Flaral Col
lege, were wnaaiatously adopted :
Resolved, That in the opinion of this Assembly
representing a large number of the colleges and semi
naries, nmltt and female, ol North-Carolina, the con
test going on for Southern Independence, should
commend itself to the hearts and consciences of all
the people of the Confederate States.
Resolved, That as this is a struggle for national
existence and independence, it is to be maintained
and carried on, under Providence, to a successful
issue, not onlv by legislative acts and by force of
arms in the field but, also, in tho school room, at
the fireside, and by all those moral agencies which
preserve society, and which prepare a people to bo
a free and self governing nationality; and that, con
sidering our former dependence for books, for teach
er? and for manufactures on those who now seek our
subjugation, it is especially incumbent on ns to en
courage and (oster a spirit ol home enterprise and
Resolced That the recent unexampled progress
of our beloved State towards a leading position
among her Southern sisters, is, under God, mainly
due to her great and noble educational system.
Resolved, That in this time of peril and trial it is
of the first importance that this system, constituting
the greatness of the present, and the hope of the
future, should be maintained with energy for the
sake both of it benificent results to us and to our
posterity, and as an illustration to.tlie world of the
civilization of tho people of the Confederate States,
and of their right and ability to assert and maintain
their freedom and independence.
Resolved, That we recognize in the Common
Schools of North-Carolina the broad, sure, and per
manent foundation -of her whole educational system,
and that we would respectfully and earnestly com
mend to the authorities and people of the State the
primary necessity, and the vital importance of pre
venting even a temporary suspension of this nurse
ry of populaT intelligence and patriotism, and of
Resolved, That a committee of twelve of whom
Re. C. U. Wiley, Superintendent of Common
Schools, Khali be chairman, be appointed to prpare
an address to the people of North-Carolina on the
subjects embodied in these resolutions.
These resolutions enibodj', in a brief form, senti
ments earnestly uttered by the members of the Con
ference, and by a large number of teachers who were
uaable to attend, but who, by letters, cordially com
mended the purposes of the meeting.
Ifwas felt to be a duty to endeavor to impress on
the mind of the public these views of those who have
been laboring for the moral advancement of the State ;
and in obedience U this imperious call we were ap
pointed a committee to address you on the subject
We confess that we, and those whom wc repre
sent, having an official connection with our schools,
resolved on this course at the expense of considera
ble flelicacy of feeling; but in the Providence of
God, we are placed as watchers over an interest of
vital importance to the welfare of our beloved coun
try, -and the plain and paramount obligations spring
ing out of this relation over-ride all other considera
tions. The crisis which is now upon us is the most
solemn and the most important which can happen
in the political history of a people.
The contest in which" the Confederate States of
America are engaged is not a war growing out of
questions of commerce or political complications
it is a struggle for national existence and indepen
dence, and involving in the issue all that can aifect
the life of a civilized people.
It requires, therefore, for its successful prosecu
tion, the enlistment of the mind and heart of all
ages, of both sexes, of every class of the people
and the continual aid, in their proper places, of all
those energies and appliances, moral and physical,
which, under God, constitute and preserve the vi
tality and pOwer of a nation.
We rejoice to believe that the valor and patriot
ism of our citizens, and that enthusiasm which
springs from a firm conviction of the justice of their
cause will render them invincible in the open field ;
but when we remember our former position with
respect to our adversaries, and the purposes and
feelings which now actuate them, we have reason
to fear that the result of battles, unless overwhelm- .
ingly disastrous to them, will not, for some time to
come, drive theni from their deliberate and most
These two hostile nations were formerly one po
litical community, living under a common Constitu
tion, which, m words, guaranteed equal rights to
all ; and the people of the slaveholding States being
mostly engaged in agricultural pursuits and looking
upon their whole country as one in interest, and re
posing corfidence in the good faith and loyalty of
e.ich member to the Federal Compact, were not
afraid to rely on the Northern section for many of
those things which, by a little temporary sacrifice,
they could furnish among themselves.
They felt a pride in the prosperity of every por
tion of their country, and justly believing that all
honest interests are identified with each other, they
had no desire to force their pursuits and customs on
others, and were willing to encourage in other States
useful arts and vocations not common to themselves.
The result was that the South became almost
wholly a producing people, and the business of ex
changing and manufacturing was left to the North.
From this it naturally followed that the commer
cial centres were in the Northern section, and there
were printed the newspapers in most extensive cir
culation, and there our books were generally manu
factured. Still fearing no evil, and feeling no inferiority, we
were inclined to patronize the schools and the teach
ers of the Northern States and in time we began
to look to the people of these States for supplies of
everything except the raw produce of the soil.
From this state of things, those who now seek
our subjugation by force of arms were led to believe
that we were an inferior race ; and as they furnish
ed io us teachers, books, and all the productions of
art, they became more and more arrogant and exact
ing, and at last assumed to themselves the exclusive
right to determine the political relation of the whole
country, at the same time giving us distinctly to un
derstand that they would do it in a way utterly
subversive of our dearest rights and interests.
We had been almost wholly dependent on the
North for many of our supplies, but conscious of
our political and intellectual equality, we felt no
disgrace until it was solemnly asserted that what
we regarded as the natural interests of trade, in
volved and ought to involve our moral degradation ;
and the consequence is an unalterable resolution on
the part of nearly all the slave-holding States to or
ganize themselves into a new and separate nation
ality. This step. -successfully maintained, entails upon
the United States not merely the loss of a large por
tion of its territory and of its people ; but it implies
that those who constitute the new nationality must,
if they become a free people and a separate and in
dependent power, assume to themselves functions
which will despoil their present enemies of impor
tant sources of wealth and of an apparently intellect
It is this consideration which will nerve our proud
and exasperated assailants to great sacrifices for the
present, with the hope of ultimate remuneration, if
they. can prevent our emancipation from dependence
on them ; and it is easy to understand from this
brief view of the issues involved in our present strug
gle hat what our enemies most dread is not a re
verse of arras,' which, they vainly suppose, will be
temporary in its influence
They justly regard this as a struggle on our part
not for a merely nominal existence as a political or
ganism, or for the supremacy of arms ; but they
know that the real principle at stake is that of moral,
6ociaL intellectual and industrial eoualitv- and h
conceive that its maintenance will be to them ac ir
retrievable.disa.ster. It is, therefore, perfectly obvious that they would
nail the demoralization of society here as a surer
omen of their ultimate success than a hundred vic
tories on the battle field over the arras of a still uni
ted,jdetermined and self-relying people ; and this
consideratio.akn.ulddmoni8h-us of the ne
cessity. -of. Nourishing the sources of our domestic
life, and of piserving in its integrity the whole
framo work of onr social and moral organization.
Besides, our recognition as an independent nation
ality by the great Powers of Europe, would hasten
the termination of this conflict ; and while the ne
cessity for our agricultural staples must have a de
cided ivirliience in securing a favorable consideration
of our cause abroad, a lalse impression as to our
moral condition will operate, in the same sections,
adversely to our interests. '
We all know the fact that the whoe civilized
world entertains erroneous qpinions in regard to the
state of society in the slave-holding States of Ameri
ca ; and we mav expect that tho agents and emissa
ries of our adversary will not be slow to avail them
selves of their opportunities to increase and confirm
By means of their newspapers, books and com
merce, their thoughts circulate through the nations,
while the Southern mind and heart are, to a great
extent, cut off from the opportunity of giving them
selves utterance abroad; and we must, therefore,
expect that the erroneous and injurious opinions
formed of us while wo were a part of the United
States will be rectified only by the actual and close
inspection of those who need the productions of our
The nations to whom these productions arc a par
.amount necessity, are now compelled to examine
"for themselves the foundations of our national
strength ; for if they are satisfied that we cannot be
spoedilv reduced to subjection to tho United States,
they w'ill be forced, by the exigencies of their posi
tion, to open commercial intercourse with us as an
Their eyes are, therefore, intently fixed on all
our movements ; and it cannot be doubted that they
will judge of our self-sustaining ability by that moral
courage which triumphs over present difficulties by
grasping with a tenacious hold the hopes of the
tu tu re.
They are doing now what we have long asked the
civilized world to do; they are examining for them
selves tho state of our civilization, and endeavoring
thus to form a just conclusion as to what is to be
our future destiny.
Their present interests demand that they should
pursue such a course ; and we may, therefore, be
assured that every movement here which indicates
confidence, or the want of confidence in our own
resources, or which is calculated to derange the
machinery ol society or to aud to its strength, har
mony, and compactness, is fraught with the most
tremendous consequences to us and to our posterity.
The institutions of no people have ever been more
misrepresented; and no people ever had a more
glorious opportunity of acting out their true char
acter before the fixed and interested gaze of all
In view of these facts we would appeal to the
people of this great State by every consideration
which can address itself to their Christian sentiment,
to their patriotism, and to their manhood, to rise to
the dignity of tho trying but grand emergency in
which they are placed ; and under the blessing o)
Divine Providence, to act with that foresight, firm
ness, and heroism which will dissipate forever the
slanderous impressions as to the moral character ol
slave-holding society, and which will render illus
trious for all time the history of the present, and fix
on solid and enduring foundations the security, pros
perity an 1 happiness of the future.
We would remind them that in every hard and
protracted struggle it is moral courage that always
conquers ; and that tho victories won on the battle
lield by the endurance and valor of our heroic
troops, will be comparatively barren if we suffer
society to become disorganized, our institutions of
beneficence to languish and perish, and the light of
religion and virtue which now irradiates our homes
ami sanctifies our hearths, to bo extinguished.
And in this connection we would call attention
to the example of our fathers in a time which tried
the souls of men, and call upon the men of this gen
eration to come up to this standard of tho patriots
and heroes of '70.
The Constitution of the State of North Carolina
was formed at Halifax, in the year 177o, and soon
after the Declaration of Independence had been
adopted by the Continental Congress.
The people of the Colonies which united in that
Declaration, were fewer in numbers, and poorer in
resources, than the people of the Confederate States
of America; they had just entered upon a contest
for independent national existence with tho bravest
and most powerful nation on earth, the armies of
this power were on their soil, and their armed and
treacherous adherents were scattered through every
Our own colony, then assuming the dignity of a
free and independent State, was without commerce,
manufactures, money or credit; its population was
comparatively small and scattered, much of its ter
ritory unsettled, and the difficulties of intercommu
nication great and forbidding.
The statesmen who, just as the thickest gloom of
this crisis had settled on the country, met at Hali
fax to lay the foundations of a great commonwealth,
adopted as part of its fundamental law, the follow
ing clause : That a srhool or schools shall be es
tablished by tin Legislature, for the eo.irenient in
struction of youth, with s'ich salarie to the master
paid by the public, us may enable them tit instruct
at low prices ; and nil useful learniwj s tall be dnly
encouraged by one or more Lrniter$ities." Consti
tution of Xorth Carolina, section 41.
This illustrious action, the first movement of the
kind on the continent, was worthy of the men who
were, also, first to utter their voice in favor of in
dependence; and now, while we arc surrounded
with the glorious fruits of religion, knowledge and
freedom, powerful in numbers and in strength and
compactness of society, great in resources yet unde
veloped, but now within our reach, rich in works of
internal improvement, in agricultural staples, and
pecuniary means, blessed with a vast, prosperous
and growing system of moral and educational agen
cies, united among ourselves, and confederate with
a people more numerous than they who carried on
the war of the first revolution, producing nearly all
of the staple most important to the manufactures of
the world, abounding in every other national re
source, and as brave and enthusiastic as any the
sun ever shone upon, shall we be frightened from
our propriety by the pompous threats of our infe
rior and mercenary foe, and be driven to those acta
of desperation which will but feed bis vanity, or
stimulate his malignant hopes?
Shall we, for one moment, five countenance to
the charges slanderously preferred against the slave
holding States of America, of being inferior in mor
al and intellectual resources, and necessarily depen
dent on other communities for teachers, for schools,
for literature, for thought, for mental and religious
light r Shall wo permit the fear of those who inso
lently assume to be our masters, and whom we
would not have for our fellow-citizens, to paralyze
all the moral and intellectual agencies of this great
and heroic people, and shut them up in the gloom
and desolation of utter darkness t Shall we allow
it to be said that the blockade of our ports was but
a type of the stagnation in the inner life of the
Southern mind and heart as soon as it was cut ofi
from the moral resources of other nations ? Shall
we so act in this time suited to test our inherent
strength and vitality as to permit our enemy, grown
and arrogant from our former apparent dependence,
to charge that our institutions were sickly for want
of depth of soil, and as soon as the sun of trial was
up, they were scorched and withered away f
Shall we, at the beginning of our new history,
undo the very acts which have constituted the most
honorable boast of the past ?
Shall we permit the impartial judgment of future
ages to make unfavorable comparisons between the
men of the first and of the second revolution ?
If, fellow citizens, we speak plainly in this mat
ter, it isbecanse we are profoundly impressed with
the importance of the subject, are sensitively jealous
for the honor of our country and of our generation,
and are firmly convinced that if we will but be true
to ourselves, the trials through which we are pas
sing will prove a beneficent Providence for the de
velopment of energies and sources which will ren
der the Southern Confederacy one of the most hap
py, prosperous and powerful nationalities of the
Let us be as courageous in the cabinet as in the
field, committing ourselves and our cause to God ;
let us cherish the same confidence in our moral that
we manifest in our physical power, and indepen
dence, in every sense, is within our reach. There
can, be no lasting danger from an external and for
eign power, when the sources of life within the body
politic are in a healthy condition ; a blow from with
out, however serious, can only wound, while disease
in the heart is inevitable death.
But there are other, and, as we conceive, para
mount considerations, which should induce us to
keep up our educational system, and to exert every
other agency calculated to preserve society, and to
doveloj our -moral and intellectual resources; and
to some i of these we would "respectfully and ear
nestly call your attention.
In the present condition of things in this world,
wars are often necessary and justifiable; and such
is- the contest in which the people of the Confederate
States are now engaged.
Nevertheless, every war is attended with tempo
rary evils ; and it remains with those who conduct
it Ut diminish or neutralize -ttera by means and ap
pliances which God puts wil hin their reach. No
such straggle could be just if it entailed evils which
could not be prevented, and which,!! a eaoral sense,
would overbalance the benefits; but we are not of
those who believe that a war for the defence of our
homes, and for such institutions, reHgttras and po
litical, as those with which wc are blessed, is in it
self of such a character. Its hazards to tho moral
condition of things are undoubtedly great; but lor
this very reason it ought to prove an advantage to
society, by giving vigorous and healthful exercise
to all "the moral faculties of the coiuiannity. If we
are equal to this occasion, we will feel that there,
are now devolved upon us the greatest responsibili
ties which a Christian per pie are ever-called upon to
discharge; and if we will be endowed with the sen
timents which ought to animate us, w will carry
on this war in the pulpit, in the scried room, at the
fire-side, and at every other point where "we are
assailed by the great entmy of human progress.
The minister, the parent, the teacher, and every
other laborer in the moral vineyard, will -find this
foe encroaching upon the very grounds where he
has been stationed for defence ; and in the minds
and hearts of our you ager children there is a cita
del, whose possession, by good or bad principles, is
to be decisive of our aiture fate. Upon this strong-'
hold the enemy will bring to bear all the subtle
devices of his infernal genius ; and while our eyes
are wholly fixed on a distant field, an encampment'
of evil principles may bo fixed and fortified in the
Tcry heart of our hopes. It ounnot bo expected that
the understandings of tho very young will grasp
the great principles at stake in our controversy,
with the North ; and while they are in the midst
of the more entertaining excitements of war, and out
of view of its sterner realities, there is great danger
that their minds will become dissipated, and that
they will acquire habits which it will be difficult to
eradicate, aud which may unfit them for those great
and soleuta trusts which will soon be devolved upon
We say, without hesitation, That all theyoung men
who can rvc their country -in the-field, and who
are there needed, should be encouraged to'take-tip
arms in drfenre of our common rights ; bnt after
these have all leltnur schools, there will still remain
a vast number who are old enough to learn,nd will
be learning something, whether we take paitss to in
struct theui in right ways or not.
We know that it is natural for the parent, whose
heart is absorbed with the issues at-shtfce in our
great contest for freedom and independence, to im
agine that the restlessness of his children originates
in feelings and thoughts kindred to ri:s own; but
we wouU kind'.y ai d respectfully submit, whether
the natural indisposition of the very 'young to judi
cious restraints does not instincthely avail itself of
the confusion of the times, and whether the excite
ment of this class, fed by sights and sounds, only
exhiliraling to them, can be long en' ouraged with
out serKMis injmy to their fulnre welfare, and to the
success and safety of the country of whose rights
and liberties they are, under God, to be the guar
dians? It would be lamcntaMc-to'think that the glorious
fiuits won by the valor, patriotism, and Christian
manhood by the toil, endurance, and sacrifices of
this generation, should be lost by being cntnniited
to the hands of those who would have no conception
of the dignity and solemnity of their trusts; and
permit us to ask, in all candor, if idleness and ani
mal excitement, reigning unchecked among the very
young, may not tend to such a result?
It is no sacrifice to children to release tlietn Irom
moral restraints and from study ; and thus, if they
are to be free from proper educational influences,
this day of trial and discipline to the parent will be
a day of jubilee and levity to his offspring; and
while the crisis will be developing the moral man
hood r.f the former, and fitting him for his task of
achieving, it will be debilitating and dwarfing the
mind and energies of the other, and rendering him
incapable of the equally important task of preserving
Another consideration which we would, with de
ference, mhiHit to the people of North-Carolina, is
the promising condition of their educational system, j
and the very intimate relations which it sustains i
towards the material progress of the State.
Many of the States of the Southern Confederacy
produce some leading agricultural staple in such
quantities as to insure to them wealth and power;
bnt the greatness of North-Carolina consists in her
diversified interests, and in the energy and skill ne
cessary to render them available. For the want of
such energy and skill, those interests were, for a
long time, neglected, and our State was held back
and enfeebled by the constant stream of emigration ;
but since our educational influences have reached
the minds and hearts of the masses, and our school
literature has been tinctured with sentiments honor
able to North-Carolina, the whole state of things
has been completely changed, and we have advanced
with more rapidity than any community on the con
tinent Behold, to-day, the glorious generation of
young men who have, with one heart and with many
thousands of strong arms, sprung into instant he
roes at the call of their country, and who, with the
chivalry of the world for generous rivals have, in the
very outset of this contest, emblazoned the name of
North-Carolina high and illustrious above those of
all her distinguished compeers.
How is the world, unfamiliar with what has been
going on in the heart of society here, astonished at
the spectacle which we now present?
Let us not forget the sources of this now healthy
nnd vigorous life in the body po'itic ; let us wisely
remember that the schools and the school literature
of the State have been the great nurseries of the
popular energy and patriotism which now enable
her to take such a proud position in the struggle for
The present war found this educational system,
in all its departments, from the University to the
Common Schools, just entering upon a prosperous
and most hopeful condition, becoming a source of
immediate pecuniary profit to the State from foreign
patronage, filling it with persons, male and female,
prepared for usefulness in all the walks of life, great
ly enhancing the amenities of existence, rapidly ele
vating the tone of society among the ruling race,
creating and fostering a love of home, and an intor
cst in its resources and institutions, and infusing
new life and energy into all the industrial pursuits
of the people: and now, shall these lights tint were
brightly burning from the Atlantic to the Allegha
nies, throwing a cheerful radiance over the whole
face of society, and exposing to our gaze tho diver
sified wealth and attractions of the goodly land
which God has given us, be suddenly extinguished
at the very time when darkness and consequent
confusion and mental depression will be our worst
But again : it may be said that intellectual must
precede or sustain political independence and we
certainly knotr that a people who act on the thoughts
of others, are not likely always to act for their own
We all feel that the time has come when we must
think lor ourselves; but if our schools are stopped
during the war, and all our teachers compelled to
betake themselves to other employments, what will
be the inevitable result?
A moral agency cannot bo arrested and started at
pleasure like a material machine ; and an educational
system which cannot work successfully for to-day,
without, also, pla- ing for and drawing on the
future, if once ent.. -ly suspended will be destroyed.
'To start afresh will be to build up a new system
nnd this will be a labor of many years, and what,
in the mean time, will be the result?
Many, as in former times, will send their children
abroad to be instructed many will have to employ
teachers coming from abroad, and the very enemy
whom we are now fighting, and from whose po
litical association, as unworthy and disastrous, we
have withdrawn, will aim, practically, to do our
thinking for us, by pouring upon us his school books
and his other literature, by planning school bouses
and school systems, and by availing himself of our
immediate and pressing wants to. thrust himself
insidiously into our midst, and occupy -the responsi
ble places of tutors and roistreses in'faraily Schools.
The sto'ppage of trade with the North during the'
war, will mako it a matter of comparative profit to
the enemy as -soon as peace is concludedto flood us
with his books at-even half their usual 'cost ; and
'thus it trill then be Almost impossible forvs to estab
lish and keep op our own publishing houses.
Now, there is a large crass of tent-books which
every independent nation, if it would Maintain its
independence, must have written and published by
its own citizens; and the Southern 'States of Ameri
ca, distinguished by a peculiar social system, and
one obnoxious to the phariseetsm -of the world, are
especially called on to think in such things for
themselves, and to-see -that -their children are in
structed out of their own writings.
But we go farther than this. Conscious that we
are not, in any sense, an Ulterior people, and firmly
convinced that our own position on the subject of
slavery is the right one, we 'Contend that it is but
strict justice to ourselves te Chink and write on some
subjects for other nations.
Truth is eternal, and'fhr all places ; and whenever
its conclusions are taught and enforced by our peo
ple, whether in physical or moral science, we would
not circumscribe -its influence by the prefix of a
name implying only a sectional use or importance.
The just defence of cur society implies a condemna
tion of that of many other nations ; and it is time
that we cease to occupy tho attitude of criminals
arraigned before the bar of civilization, and assume
our true position of teachers of the unalterable
truths of KcvelUtlan.
To explain what we mean, we would remark that
two opinions in Regard to slavery are generally illus
trated in the habits of nations, and that in the
present condition of the world, almost every leading
power holds-Some race of fellow-creatures in subjec
tion, enjoying the fruits of their labor as remunera
tion for protection, and the administration of justice
The theory of our practice is that the superior
should adopt the inferior as a member of his house
hold, placing him under his own immediate super
vision, aed that of his wife and children, where the
sympathies between man and man are brought into
active 'dny, where every want is seen and felt for,
where every crimo is discovered and punished, and
where the influences of religion and of a constant
observation of the habits of a higher civilization are
allowed to exert their educational and disciplinary
VTc hold, that if wc are to have others in subjec
'tron to us at all, it must be in this way ; and that a
-system of personal servitude of this kind, and for
whose origin we are not responsible, is justifiable,
and tho only kind of permanent domination of race
over race that is justifiable by the light of God's
In our moral science we are to teach this doctrine
not merely for our own defence, but for the general
promotion of justice among men ; and as our politi
cal and social system is put beyond the pale of its
sympathy by all modern literature, and can appeal
to nothing that is written but the infallible Word
of God, so wouJJ we have all our institutions to dip
their roots in this Fountain of Living Waters.
It is a remarkable and anomalous fact that the
people of the Confederate Slates are compelled to
cut loose from human teachings in defence of their
social condition, and are shut up to the Holy Scrip
tures; and in singular keeping with this state of
things in the political world, is the present position
of our schools. We are now nearly out of text
books, and are cut off from the publications of other
countries; and this we hail as a merciful Providence,
for a miserably diluted morality, a subtle semi
infidelity had crept into almost every modern sys
tem of morals, and in fact diffused its poison into
nearly all the teeming productions of the press.
As then, we have to begin to comlruct and defend
political theories from the simple Word of God, let
us at once fill our schools with books which draw
all their ethical doctrines from this Divine source,
and which make the incarnate Sou of God the centre
anil sun of every moral system.
Tho want of books is now an immediate, practical
and pressing one ; and to devise some means of
obviating this was one of the objects of the Con
ference which appointed us a committee to prepare
At a superficial glance this want would seem to
be an additional discouragement to or.r schooU ; but
it is obvious to us, and uiust be to every reflecting
mind, that if we meet it with the proper spirit, no
thing could be more fortunate for us.
If we are ever emancipated from thraldom to for
eign influences, wemust have our own authors and
our own publishers ; and when, we ask, could be a
better timo to begin the experiment of independent
thought and action ?
If our schools arc kept up. they must be supplied
with books printed at the South and thus, on the
existence of these schools depends the immediate es
tablishment of houses of publication. The first lit
erature that pays, in any country, is that for educa
tional purposes, as this is a prime necessity where
ver there are schools ; and hence our school system
is to be the patron which is to call into life a new
and essential business at the South. Bounties will
not stimulatea healthy production; this always has
and always will depend on consumption.
In this respect our own beloved State enjoys a
great and inestimable advantage; one hundred and
fifty thousand pupils attend her common schools
alone, and the works ued in these schools are ex
actly such as the South, in defence of her rights and
honor, must produce for herself
If then this system be preserved unimpaired, here
is at once a market, whose demands will call out en
terprise and capital for the publication of books ;
and the simple question in regard to textbooks with
teachers in our late Conference was, whether we
would encourage the reprinting of books already in
use, or encourage the production or original ones.
It was, after full debate, unanimously resolved to
pursue the latter course ; that now, kiuiit now is
the time to begin the work of Southern independence
in fact as well as theory.
It was determined to give the ordinance of seces
sion immediate and practical force, by immediate
emancipation from actual dependence on the North ;
nnd it was thought that there were enough classical
books in the country to supply the schools for a
year or more, and of English ones to last until oth
ers, known to be on the way, were ready for use.
It was felt by the teachers, and we are authorized
to say for them, that if the people and authorities of
the State would endeavor to keep up its schools, the
teachers would answer for it, that before this war is
concluded, unless it come to a speedy termination,
the South will be writing and printing her own
books, and to Sbrlh-Curotiua will belong the honor
of taking the lead in this glorious work.
What a field of future promise is here opened up
to our contemplation ! Who cannot sec at a glance
that one step now in the right direction, will, by the
blessing of Providence, inevitably lead to the most
brilliant future for a State, whose name in the past,
has excited unjust taunts that have often and keen
ly stung the souls of all her true and generous sons ?
There is a tide now before us, which, taken at the
floods will lead us on to fortune; and by this, and
the considerations before suggested, we would most
earnestly appeal to you to make a sacred and solemn
resolution to preserve and maintain at alL hazards
those domestic springs on which so much of the
life of the present and future depends.
We know that the pecuniary resources of the
community are greatly diminished by the exigencies
of the times; but we know, also, that by the mercy
of God, we are free from want, and that the hard-'
ships of the times are always diminished by the gen
erous confidence of the people in their own re
sources, by keeping those dependent on useful occu
pations from being th-own out of employment, and
by a firm and heroic faith in the ultimate success of
Confidence is public wealth, and all that tends
to impair this leads directly to pecuniary disas
ter. The destruction of our religious, benevolent and
educational interests would be a terrible blow to
public and private credit Society would be greatly
disorganized, and a reign of selfishness, mistrust
and despondency begin, from which may we be for
ever delivered. The dreadful exigences of some of
our sister States, now covered by the hordes
of the malignant invader, may compel action which
is no precedent for those situated as we are ; and we
rejoice to believe from the enlightened, firm and
honorable action of our authorities since the war be
gan, and from what we know of the sentiments of
our fellow-citizens of all classes, that the views of
this address will be justly appreciated by the people
The public funds devoted to educational purposes
. would be barely sufficient to keep two regiments in
"the field, tsr, ' singTe'year ; as they are. now used
they aro providing, fortifying, and drilling in the
heart of society, an encampment of on hundred and
fifty thousand souls for the honor and prosperity of
We cannot expect individuals to contribute as in
times of peace; and all that we now look for is that
our most hopeful educational system be kept alive,
and in a healthy condition.
On its life depends the existence of a home litera
ture, and of a great number of useful enterprises now
needed, and always important to the independence
of a civilized people; and with a firm conv;ction of
the truth of these views, and of our duty to lay
them before you, we respectfully commend .them to
your earnest consideration.
C. II. WILEY, Sup. Common Schools.
F. M. HUBBARD, University of N. C.
W. M. WINGATE, Wake Forest College.
B. CRAVEN, Trinity College. .
V. C. BARRINGEK, Davidson College.
D. H. BITTLE, N. C. College.
R. DeSCUWEINITZ, Sa!em Fern. Academy.
I F. SILER. Macon County.
T. M. JONES. Greensboro' Fem. College.
A. McDOWELL, Chowan Bap. Fem. Sein.
A. WILSON, Melville Classical School.
DANIEL JOHNSON, Floral College.
For tbe Standard.
HOW TO ECONOMIZE.
We, at the South, must learn to do with much
less than we have had heretofore, and that of an in
ferior quality, until these present troubles be over
past For instance, we who love coffee must give
it up in part, or altogether. We must let our soldiers
have it before we buy for ourselves. To them it
ministers strength and comfort If there is but little
to be bought in our country, let that little be bought
for our soldiers. So in all things, let the self-denial
of each be for the benefit of all. Nevertheless, to buy
nothing for ourselves in these hard times, is to ruin
those who have already brought in goods so as to
live by their sale; and we should buy so as not to
deprive others of the same chance. To buy all the
spool-cotton that we see that our wives may have
it as they have had it, while some poorer neighbor
has none, is meanness. Nor in these times should
any gold or silver be sent out of the country. If
the blockade can be eluded to bring good things into
our country, let it be eluded ; only, however, with
those things which have been bought with the pro
ducts of our land.
If we can mine and coin as fast as we can plough
and weave, then we can afford to send gold and sil
ver out of the country. I have heard of an enter
prising citizen who has gone to Cuba to introduce a
ship load of coffee. Now, his spiritedness in this
essay is commendable. But what will be the result
of his labor, even if fully successful ? He will have
carried several thousand dollars of our coin out of
the country, and by the distribution of the coffee
brought in, he will have transferred some of the
remaining coin into his own pocket, for perhaps,
another enterprise with similar results. He will
become rich by his country's becoming poor. I
have heard of another citizen loading a vessel with
naval stores, with which he hopes to get to Europe
and bring back a load of medicines, dye-stuffs and
coffee. This is the right way of helping one's coun
try while he helps himself. He will be the richer
and his country will be the richer too. I intend to
lay up a little change to buy some of his coffee, while
the first man's coffee I would willingly see rot in his
warehouse. In our economy we must avoid selfish
ness in ourselves, and take care that it fails of its aim
in others. Q.
For tbe Standard.
Mr. Editor : A word or two of inquiry. It is
worse than useless to have on your Statute Book a
law unless it be the purpose (of those whose duty it
is) to enforce it. The violation of any law made for
the general good, by any one man or any set of men,
however humble or exalted, is an injury and wrong
done to the whole community. I find in Chapter
3t of the " Revised Code "page 237 the following:
Sec. 5. No person or corporation, unless the same
be expressly allowed by law, si. all issue any bill,
due bill, order, ticket, certificate of deposit e, or pro
missory note or obligation, or any other lind of se
curity, whatever may be its form or name, with the
intent that same shall circulate or pass as the rep
resentative of or as a substitute for money, on pain
of forfeiting and paying for each offence the sum of
rirrv dollars, and if the party offending be, a cor
poration, of alto being deemed to have violated its
charter. And every person offending against this
section, or aiding or assisting therein, shall likewise
be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor."
The Gth section makes it penal and indictable for
any person to pass or receive any such due bills, or
Now, in the face of this law, the State is being
"shingled over" with shinplasters, of both domes
tic and foreign production, issued by some Mr. Slick,
(Grocer,) Mr. Snooks, (Broker,) Messrs. Gammon
Snapp, (Bankers.) or by the solemn Ordinance of
some village, peddling a corporation ! They are
of various denominations, from live cents to two dol
lars, and most of them printed on paper that drops
to pieces almost without use! These things are
driving what little specie there was out of circula
tion, and substituting for it a miserable shinplnster
currency, with a hat full of which, in a short time,
you wili not be able to buy a breakfast I The Con
vention or Legislature refused to give the power to
our Banks, and now behold the consequence I Will
not the proper ojHcers enforce the laic t
For the Standard.
Of how many States is our Confederacy compos
ed ? This question was suggested by the following
paragraph credited by a Richmond paper to the
Charleston Mercury :
" South-Carolina and Virginia. That compe
tent artist, Mr. A. Gnnevald, has left at our office a
banner which he painted some months ago, intend
ed for a Virginia military company, and which is
very appropriate for the present time. It is a union
of South Carolina and Virginia. A large Palmetto
orfcupies the centre ; on the right cf which South
Carolina is represented with the great staple cotton ;
on the left is Virginia, with her great staple, tobac
co. Virginia is represented treading on Lincoln,
while a rattle snake coiled round the Palmetto, is
shaking his rattles in the despot's face."
Now, Mr. Editor, while I admit that every captain
has the i ight to choose or to adopt his own emblem,
I am constrained to say that in my opinion the ban
ner above described is not "a very appropriate one
for the present lime." And I think a very little re
flection will convince any man that I am right
What are Virginia and South Carolina fighting for ?
Are they contending for their own exclusive rights,
and with their own exclusive treasure and blood ?
If not, then it were at once unwise and invidious to
.pretermit and ignore their compatriots in the pre
sent great controversy.
VERBUM SAT, SAP.
For tbe Standard.
Wilmington, N. C, Aug. 12, 1861.
It is useless to tell you that we are all anxiously
expectiug to hear soon of another big battle, for I
am sure the people of Raleigh are as impatiently
looking for one as we of the Cape Fear ; and it is
also as useless to tell you that there are hundreds of
different rumors constantly afloat, for one of your
merchants who had come here in search of goods,
told me last week that every mail brought a thou
sand startling rumors to Raleigh, each of which had
a thousand different authors. The public mind cer
tainly never has been kept in such suspension be
fore. It seems as if there is no end to troops passing
through. Every day carries away some with it to
Virginia. I have no doubt, one of our regiments,
now on the seacoast for its defence, will soon be or
dered to Virginia ; the Colonel of which, I under
stand, has been to Raleigh to get them ordered
there. It seems that every man has determined to
fight, and are unwilling to stay at a place where
there is but little prospect of one.
There is nothing whatever to-day in the shape of
" news." Business at a stand stilL "
North Carolina Troops. It is highly gratifying
to observe how completely eqaipped and armed, the
N. C. troops are, that pass through this city to tbe
seat of war. We have not in a single instance,
noticed an inefficiently equipped man from that
State. Their uniforms are plain, but comfortable
and most substantial, they are made for wear and
use not for show. Their arms are all brightly
burnished and kept in the best possible order.
North-Carolina may well be proud of her gallant
troops ; they are the admiration of all who see them.-
For the SUndirdl.
At a special meeting of White Stone Lftdge jf0,
155, the following proceedings were had :. "
Whereas, it has pleased the all-wise Architect of
the Universe to remove from our midst our lament
ed brother Jacob Daniel ;
Jtesolred, That in his death society has been de
prived of one of its most useful members, whose
moral and social qualities endeared him to all who
Resolved, That in the death of our esteemed broth
er, Capt A. J. Taylor's company of Slate troops has"
lost a. useful member, and the army of North-Caro-lina
a patriotic and devoted soldier.
Resolved, That the order of Free and Accepted
Masons has lost a worthy member, whose memory
we are pleased to cherish for his many virtues while
Resolved, That while we bow in humble submis
sion to the will of Ilitu who workcth all things for
the best, we extend our most heartfelt sympathy to
his surviving friends and relatives.
Resolvent, That we will wear the usual bad.'e or
mourning for thirty days.
Resolved, That these proceedings be published in
tbe N. C. Standard, with the request that the Citv
papers copy. WM. H. HOOD, W. M
J. J. Nowell, Sec'y pro tern.
What the Effect was in Philadelphia For
ney's Press, thus tc U how the news of the terribl
defeat of the Federals at Manassas was received in
that city : 11
The streets were speedily filled with hundreds of
nervous, pallid citizens, who spoke in low litfui
language of the probable effect of the repulse upon
the prolongation of the war, the courage of our sol
diery, and the inhuman exultation of the rebels"
Had an epidemic swept over the city, or desolation
entered into its houses, or each man felt in his heart
the fabled death, or anything of individual or per
sonal misfortune occurred, there might have been
some cheerfulness to light up the anxious races
In this case, however, it was an imperilled nation
which implied to every Philadelphian an imperilled
home and a disgraced people.
The brightness of the sky seemed suddenly over
cast ; the quick pulses of the morning beat slowly
and sadlr : there was snrrnv in i....u.m
I , , - uuusciiiuu ;
I ana tne terrors of war came home to our once hap-
trj r ifcuuiuiujr miu iu;uieness.
We heard of a number of cases where weak and
aged citizens fell half lifeless at the first intimation
and many were taken to their beds under circum
stances of almost hopeless recovery.
As Ohio m. c. in the Flight. Mr. Riddle, a mem
ber of Congress from Ohio, writes a letter to th
Cleveland Leader concerning his experience at the
battle at Bull Run, from which we make the follow
" Well, the further they (the soldiers) ran, the
more frightened they grtw, and although we moved
on as rapidly as we could, the fugitives passed us.
The heat was awful, although now about six - the
men were exhausted; their mouths gaped; 'their
lips cracked and blackened with the powder 'of the
cartridges theyhad bitten off in the battle ; their eves
starting in frenzy no mortal ever saw such a mass
of ghastly wretches.
As we pissed the poor, demented, exhausted
wretches, who could not climb into the high closo
baggage wagons, they made frantic efforts to get on
to and into our carriage. They grasped it every
where, and got on to it, and into it, and over it, and
implored us every way to take them on. We had
to be rough with them. At first they loaded us
down almost to a stand still, and we had to push
them off and throw them out Finally Brown and
I, with a pistel each, kept them out, although one
poor devil got in in spite of us, and we lugged the
coward two miles. I finally opened the door and
he was tumbled out"
TnE Transfer Coast Defence, Etc. We are
glad that the time when the forts, naval vessels,
arsenals, arms, armaments ets., belonging to North
Carolina is to be transferred to the Confederate Gov
ernment, is near at hand.
That much work has been done on our coast we
are willing to admit, and that we have many brave
and gallant men on the Seaboard is undeniable, but
still the defences are notjwhat they ought to be, nor
are the forces as numerons at some points as they
There may be no attempt made to invade Eastern
North-Carolina by landing troops on our coast, but
we candidly and honestly .think that there is much
cause for apprehension. We believe there is danger
present, pressing, imminent danger, and the soonir
our authorities and the whole people on the coast
realize it the better.
Too much time has been lost in arranging mat
ters for promotion, and for the advancement of sel
fish ends under the State system, and hence we
rejoice that the whole thing is soon to pass from the
hands of the authorities at Raleigh to the authorities
nt Richmond. The federal steamers have been
almost as thick as blackbirds on our coast of late
and we know that there is great necessity for addi
tional troops at certain points. Xewbem Progress.
The Hartford Times says, "it is known that
55,000 men marched to the battle, and that several
regiments joined this army on the way. The num
ber of the same army now, according to the accounts
from Washington, seems to be 40,000. This would
leave 15,000 to 20,000 unaccounted for."
THIS IXSTITUT10X IS UNDER THE CONDUCT OF
Col. C. C. Tt'W, formerly Superintendent of tbe State
Military Academy at Columbia. S. C. It is designed to af,
ford an education of tbe sunie ncientific aud practical char
acter as that obtained in the State Military Institutions of
Virginia and South-Carolina.
COURSE OF STUDY.
First Yttr. Uh (2a-Arithmetic, Algebra, French. His
tory United States, English Grammar, Geography, Ortho
graphy. Second Year, 4iU (Xtss Algebra. Geometry, Trigonome
try, French, Win. Universal Historv. Composition.
Third Year, Zd Clas Descriptfve Ueouietrv, Shades,
Shadows and Perspective, Analytical Geometry, Purveying,
Prencb, Latin, Rhetoric, History of Engluuif, Literature,
Fourth Hear, id (Jtass Dif and Int. Calcnlns. Natnral
Philosophy. Chemistry, Rhetoric, Logic, Moral Philosophy,
Latin, Drawing, Elocution.
Ftflh Year, t Vlats Agricultural Chemistry, Astrono
my, Geology, Mineralogy, Civil Engineering, Field Fortifi
cation, Ethics, Political Keconomy, Evideuces of Christian
ity, Constitution of the United States.
Inf.iniry and Artillery Drill wilt form a feature of the
ACADEMIC TEAR BARRACKS.
The Academic year will commence ou the firs Wednes
day in February, (Feb. 6, lsfil,) and continue, without in
termission, to tbe fourth Wednesday in November. The
Barracks are arranged with special reference lo the neces
sities of a Military Academy. The main building is 210
feet lung and throe stones high; another buillding, li'5
feet long, contains tbe mess had, kitchen, store room, sur
geon's oflice and hospital.
Tbe charges for the Academic year are $31 S, for which
the Academy provides board, fuel, lights, washing, instruc
tion, text-bnoks, medical attendance and clothing.
For circulars containing full information address
COL. C. C. TEW.
Supt H. M. A.
November 80, 18l. 4-wAswly.
FOR HIRE. A FIRST RATE CARPENTER. FOR
SALE, a very fine young MARE. Apply to
K. BURKE HAYWOOD.
April 9. 1861.
OFFICERS OF COMPANIES!
1AAA YARDS GRAY CASSIMERE,
)JJJ 1,000 YarJs Gray Cloth,
EXPRESSLY !0B OFFICERS,
line, bright colors, Ac.
The Original and Elegant ITortk-Carolina State
' JCIT ilCBBID FOB
and will be used on no others.
O. 8. BALDWIN1,
'' Civic ind Military House, Wilmington, TX. C.
August 5, 1861. 70 w4sw4t.
GEO. W. BLOUNT,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Wilson. N. C,
WJLL ATTEND TO i BUSINESS ENTRUSTED TO
him in Nasb, Wilson, Edgcombe and Franklin
Feb 21,1861. 15-wAswly.