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rHK onill ? LCAKuiilllA? 8rAHDAKD; ; TUiiSDA : JANi !1865-'i :.'t H i 11 X 4-? SONNETS BY WORDSWORTH. There is a bondage worse, far worse, to bear TLan his who breathes, by roof, and floor, and wall, Pent in, a Tyrant's solitary thrall: ' Tis his who walks about in the open air. One of a nation who, henceforth must wear Their fetters in their souls. For who could.be, vVho, even the best, in such condition, free From self reproach, reproach which he must share With human nature? Never bo it ours To see the sun how brightly it will shine, And know that manly leelings, manly powers, ' Instead of gathering strength, most droop and pine, And earth with all her pleasant fruits and dowers Fade, and participate in man's deeliue. The world is too much with us ; lite and soon, tietliug and spending, we lriy waste our powers : Little we see in Nature that is ours; "We have given our hearts away, a sordid boon ! This Ci that bare her bosom to the moon ; The wintk that will be howling at all hours, And are up gathered now like sleeping flowers ; For this, for everything, wo are out of tunc ; It moves us not. Great God ! I'd rather be A. Pagan suckled in a creed outworn, So might I, standing on this pleasant lea. Have glimpses that would make me less forlorn ; Have si-rht of Proteus rising; from the sea : Or hear old Triton blow his wreathed horn. THE LORD'S PRAYER. - Our Father God, who art in heaven ! t All hallow'd be thy name; They kingdom come; thy will be done," In earth and heaven the same. Give us Ims aiy onr aatiy oreaa ; And as we those forgive, Who sin against us, so may we Forgiving grace receive. Into temptation lead us not; From evil set us free ; And thine the kingdom, thine the power, And glory ever be. . ' From the Charlottesville (Va.,) Chronicle, Dec. 2?. I CAMPAIGN IN TENNESSEE. "We are not at all surprised at the news from Tennessee. The thing was conceived by President Davis, and the execution committed to Gen. Ilood. Suppose wc had taken Nashville what then ? Mr. Davis; in one of his Georgia speeches, (perhaps the one in which announced that General Jflhnston was no soldier,) gave out that some terrible plan was on foot which would annihilate Sherman as the French were destroyed in the Eussian campaign. lie spoke with great positive ness, like one who sees entirely-through a conspiracy. Sherman's wholo army wes to be dispersed and absorbed. lie the President had pnt his hand on the plough and a furrow was to be run which would put the affairs of the Confederacy on en tirely on a new footing, and startle the nations which were looking on. lie sol emnly took the responsibility and he shall have it. HJ3 organs cried look ! and wo were' to see what we should see. "VVe were "officially" informed some time Bince that there was some excelleut news from Georgia, which, for prudential reasons could not then be made public. "We should be pleased to learn what it was. Of course the fall of Savannah, or the fall of Savannah and Augusta and Charleston would bo " very small matters " wo should then just Lave Sherman " where we wanted him." Doubtless, if Richmond were to fall, we should be informed in cer tain quarters, that wo had jnst gotten Grant where " we wanted him" and at some unfixed period he would meet with universal destruction. This is played out. Without a change, the government itself "frill allow some morning that things are Torse than they should be.. If Mr. Davis and the Court wcro only going to dash their own brains out, wo might rally from the calamity, but they are dragging the wholo secession fleet after them. We know that we are told that we must hold up the hands of tho government. We have been told so for nearly four years. And if ever-press and people did lend an unquestioning confi dence to their rulers if ever a whole country did place itself implicitly in the hands of the executive if ever men and treasures were laid at the feet of one man if evership was surrendered to helmsman it has been done right here in these Con federate States. The goverment is (and has been properly) all in all. Our whole male population was freely tendered. We have permitted it to issne Treasnry notes, bonds, certificates of indebtedness, to over fifteen hundred millions. We have this year paid six per cent of our whole property in taxes. . We have allowed it to impress horses, wagons, cattle, grain, at nominal prices, until it has loft the country almost bare. We have seen Congress laid at its feet tvithont spirit or will of its own. We havo seon the constitutional advisers of tho President so totally ignored that we havo never had a solitary cabinet meeting. We have seen the higher appointments in the army all entirely regulated by the will of Mr. Davis. We have seen General Pemberton made a Lieutenant General without a single achievement. VVe havo seen him under instructions from Rich mond, sacrifice the Mississippi Valley and an anny of thirty thousand veterans. We have seen New Orleans fall from incom petent measures to defend it. ' We have seenGen. Rragg defeated at Missionary Ridge from an untimely divis ion rd his army in a fruitless expedition against :Knoxville. We have seen this oScer,.afier he had lost the confidence of the country, and was driven from his com mand by public sentiment, made a 6ort of Iirector-goaeral of our armies in Rich mond. We Aavo seen Gen. Johnston ab ruptly dismissed from the .Army in Geor gia just when hia services were most need ed. We have seen Gen. Hood a plain, . untried jouno:rc&E advanced to the com mand in this State, fenely to J.Tse Atlanta, after several ill-advised and fearful mas- fiacres. We have KPftrt thn Prpirlftnt ro. pair in person to the theatre of hiV disaster pnly to inangnrate under the same Gene ral1 A campaign which startled theconntry in its itieestion. and which fcas terminated in the invastiaaet of Savannah and its gar rison, and the bi&2y vitreor.y (if) and de feats of Franklin and Nashville. Wo now await with the :most painfull -expense every breath Jrom Sajvttnaa ; wo hoar (through Northern official dispatches . M that Ilooo'Jna Jostsuteer pieces of artillery on one occasion and forty odd ou another, with we know not how many prisoners. We hear from Gen. Hood's own lips that in his " victory " at Franklin, he lost thirteen generals, killed, wounded or captured. He has ceased to advance : he has begun to retreat. In -the Valley here wo have opposed a force of cavalry, armed. with nothing but a single-barreled musket, to a superior force of the finest cavalry in the world, armed with 6abre?, pistols, and the seven-shooting Spencer gun. In tho Trana-Mississippi General Taylor was removed for his spring campaign, and General Kirby Smith, who has not doue the first solitary thing,, has been buried inglorionsly in North- .vestern Louisiana during the whole of this even'fnl year. Forrest, whose military genius fitted him for' the most important enterprises, has been leading a small body of raiding cav alry General Bragg, it is true, was des patched to check General Sherman ; but it appears so far has met with no success. Our finances, our river and harbor de fiances, our international negotiations, onr domestic polhtics, have been managed in precisely the same extraordinary way. For the first, we havo never derived any material benefit from our commanding staples of cotton and tobacco. For the second, tho proposition to construct gun boats iu the beirinninr of tho war wa3 re jected. .. For.tbe,.thud, we have not appli ed to Lnropean powers in tho only way that we could Teach them, and we have encouraged at the North the Republican politicians a3 against their opponents. For tho last, we have, as far as it has been possible nndertho circumstances, system atically offended one of 'the great original political parties in our midst. Nearly all things havo been done in a malign, perverted way ; wo havo been breathing an impure air; we have been nourishing a vicious blood ; we have seen with a refracted light ; we have prophesi ed with stammering lips. Our leader is afflicted with proud flesh ; he sees with an oblique eye ; his ear has no sense of har mony ; he has no idea of proportions ; no idea of relation ; ho is affected with color blindness ; he combines like the kaleido scope; he sees with the vividness of the madman, but there is a villainous demon within that wrests things out of their places; like some fine instrument in its concep tion, a chord or a spring has been broken, and what t-hould have discoursed eloquent music, utters harsh, discordant sounds. TOE FATE OF GENIUS. A few years sinco that nnfortuuato and wretched child of song the gifted, but wayward Sumner Lincoln Fairfield was travelling to the South, with a view to the improvement of his health. He was ac companied by his son, a reinarably bright and beautiful youth of ten or twelve years of age. In a conversation with the poet, wo remarked that the lad seemed to pos sess genius, and gave promise of dis tinction and usefulness. With a deep, heartfelt 6i'gh, the unhappy father replied, " I fear yonr words aro too true. The boy has fine parts, but I would rather he wcro an idiot than a genius. As an idiot, he would be obscuro and comparatively happy ; a3 a genius, he would be envied, hated, eccentric, and wretched. It is, to most parents, flattering to be told that their offspring is gifted, but I wonld rath er see my poor boy in his grave than know that ho is the posessor. of that fatal thing called genius.'.'. A few weeks after, in looking over a paper published in New Orleans, we saw the announcement of the death of poor Fairfield. Tho nnfortnnate and brilliant man died in misery and want in the very prime of life, and was, we be live, buried at tho expense of his friend and schoolfellow, George D. Prentice Esq., of the Louisville Journal. Fairfield was a man of fine edcation and and splendid po etic endownents, but misfortune marked him for its own, and now, far from his na tive hills, he lies in an obscuro corner, with no hand to scatter flowers upon his grave, and no eye to drop a precious tear to his memory. Thus it is too often with men of genius, Proud, sensitive and aspiring, they become soured and chargnned, avoid their fellows, and frequently die in want and misery. It is said that between his fortieth and sixtieth year, Sir Walter Scott realized by the productions of his pen, at least half a million of money. Inert followed a terri ble reverse, and tho panic of 1826 came, leaving the great magician in deht to the amount of one hundred and thirty thousand pounds! Ihecentle and genial old man labored hard to relieve himself from his embarrassments. His productions yielded him during six years some eighty thou sand ayear, but his health failed and at last he perished in a giant-liko effort to satisfy his creditors. ; John Keats, ' Who sparkled, was exhaled, and went to Ileaven, lived long enough to dazzle the world with his genius, and then died from the effects r j ' l -1 1 1 : t 01 poison, aatnisieruu uy a nearness viper ish reviewer. The fate of Chatterton, tho " marvellous boy who perished in his pride" is also too well known. Prodigally endowed, with wonderful inventivo powers, a daring fancy, and an intellect as brilliant as it was original and vigorous, he experienced cruel neglect, suffered from hnnger, and finallj, in a moment of despair, perished by his own hand, ihns passed awav one whose yonthful productions have made his name immortal, and whose more ma- tnro efforts wonld doubtless have ranked him second only to "him who " first ex hausted worlds, and then invented now." Hia biographer tells us that ho was buried withont ceremony, among paupers, in Shoe Lane, his identity could with difficulty be established when the fact was known. In his "Lives of the Poets," William Howttt says:. " By one of thoso acts which neither science or curiosity can exenft, tho ekall of Pope is. now in the private col lection of a phrenologist I The manner in which it was obtained is said to have been this : on some occasion of alteration in tho church, or bnrial of some one in the samo spot, the coffin of rope was disinterred nd opened to sea the state of his remains ; pxiJk hy a biibo to tho sexton of tho time, possession of the skull was obtained for a night, and another sknll returned instead of it. I have heard that fifty pounds were paid to manage and carry through this transaction. Be that as it may, the skull of Pope figures in a private museum. - r ' There's fame for yon, aspiring, versi writing reader. Think, of it. The "skull of the author of the Essay, on Criticisni, and translator of the Iliad of Homer, is now in the private collection of a phreno logist. The skull of the companion -jf Bolingbroke, .Halifax, Addison and Mary Montague, is in a private museum. ".The palace where a god might dwell," nay, did dwell, is now the property of a mountebank and vulgar eyes gazet, and filthy hand's toss about, that which was the aoraa cf thought, tho seat of learning, wit and pou try. Verily, in this there is much to con solo the admirers of the logical; polished, pungent and poetic Pope. .. ; . The woes cf genius meet ns at 'everjf turn. Byron, Burns, Hemans, McLean! Poe ond others rise up before us, and theia faults, sufferings and misfortunes claim andj receive our pity and our tears. Rather than " endure what Chattertor and Keats endured, suffer what Hemar i and Shelley suffered, and dio as Burns ac r Byron died, would it not be better ti watch flocks through life and die as did tb - hind who thought the world was bounded by his native hills? - For the Standard. .' Mr. Editor: With your permission I propose to make a few remark for publication in yonr paper. I have been a constant reader of events now in pro' gress, both of a public and private character, and as it is not yet treason to think or speak, 1 ask the insertion of this article in the Standard. The peo ple are en lit led to be oeard ; 1 am one of the people, interested in common with my fellow-men in all matters of principle or policy at issue, and claim the right to diaou all measures as well as the acts of public men, who are the agents only of the peo ple, and ol bcq'iejicc bound to respect their wishes. Of the present Congress of the Confederate States I do not propo.se to say much. From that body the people have but little to hope, judging the future by their past conduct as legislators. The people have long since lost all confidence in their justice or mercy, or at least the dominant party therein whose sole aim seems to be to execute the will of a relentless Kxecutivcand to enact laws alike repug nant to justice and common sense. What people can entertain respect lor the patriotism and judgment tJany set of men who pass laws so unequal in their application to men, so dishonest both in theory and practice a that reveuue bill of last Congress r For instance, here a double lax is claimed and collect ed otf the owner of rented lands, while his more for tunate neighbor who owns slaves enough to culti vate all hid land, has only the tithe or tax-in kind to pay, but the man who is nnahle to procure la borers to cultivate his land is charged six per cent money tax and the tithe or tax in-kind also. Call you this justice? Again, the man who makes one hundred and ninety-nine bushels of corn is an exempt and en titled to government. charity, while he who raises two hundred bushels of corn, in the eye cf the law, is a wealthy man and has to pay the government twenty bushels of his crop ; the latter may be a sol dier's wife or widow and tho corn have been made by herself and little children, while the lortner is an athletic, boo: b-broof officer holding some obsolete commission. (In my neighborhood 1 hnd a casein point) Call you this justice? The same principle applies to all property exemp tions, and 1 refer to them only to show the absurd ity of the acts of Congress tho total lack of common-sense and ignorance of human nature on the part nt those who make the law, for if as we sup poso (and no other supposition is reasonable) this class of legislation is prompted by the weak and wicked motive as a bribe to win men to the support of the government of that class of our people who are called poor, the ti ick is so palpable and bald that it disgusts those attempted to be bought Such laws are obnoxious to all honest people whether poor or rich, and any government that adopts them will ultimately become odious and full of reproach. A still greater objection lies against the theory or perhaps more properly the practice of our govern ment in its revenue laws. Is their tendency to cor rupt and demoralize the country owing to the sad example on the part of the government to keep faith with the people, man accept it as a license to de fraud the treasury of its dues it is to be feared, and and if 1 may be pardoned the expression, I look up on the whole concern as a vast engine of corrup tion. But I am happy to be able to say that the present Legislature of North-Carolina exhibits a marked dif ference in its legislation to that of the Congress at Ilh-hmond. The evidence of a return to common sense is quite apparent. White I regret to see the votes of some men recorded as between individuals, and also on subjects of vital principle, still there is abundant proof that the madness that once govern ed the land is fist disppearing. In the name of the people, I hail this auspicious event with unbounded gratitude, and in the name and behalf of a Buffering people, I urge the brave men in the Legislature not to relinquish one jot nor title of the rights of North Carolina to the despotism at Richmond. Your re ward will be that of the good and faithful servant I certainly felt deeply mortified at the defeat of Judge ReaJe for Senator. I have no acquaintance with or prejudice against the honorable gentleman who was elected. over him, but I could not appre ciate the motives of those who preferred any other mai for that position to Judge Reado True, no one expected the Destructive war party to vote for him, but I humbly contend there is no sufficient ex cuse for any Conservative withholding bis vote from E. O. Reade. After all, Mr. Editor, it may be a fortunate thing that Judge Rcade was defeated, if in the event of bis election to the Senate of the Confederate States, he should have followed the footprints of some of his illustrious predecessors there and elsewhere. I for one had much sather know b'm defeated in or-, der that North Carolina may still claim hi in as her own. Others, as well as your humble correspon dent, have often wondered what magic power there is in the city of Richmond to win men from the support cf principles always held sacred and para mount? What fatal and malign influence prevails in that fated atmosphere to cause so many men when once there to ignore the people and -life-long principles, and to turn a cold and indifferent look on those indoctrinated in conservative truths by themselves ? Why is it that men at home and out of office enunciate great and good political mea sures, should so soon forget them in the balls of legislation? Is it terror at the approach of some great and terrible power whose influence is felt, but not seen by the people? I do not know how it may be in towns, but I am convinced the people all over the land, saved in cer tain localities where government officers and large speculators prevail, the earnest voice of the people is peace, and thsy desire a peace founded upon a reconciliation with the people of the United States government that will result in a treaty "offensive, defensive and commercial" between the two sec tions and people. You may call such a peace re construction of the Union or what ever you please, such is the wish of the peoplo and no mistake. For in that alone they look for a cessation in some de cree of their .trouble. I know, Mr. Editor, a short .while ago, such an idea was held treasonable by stuck up officials who trafic in human gore, and breathed in whispers on ly. Now it is out 6poken, and our public men have trifled long enough with the people they will learn ere long that I am speaking the words of soberness and truth. The trade of politicians in blood, and human rights will soon cease. So mote it bfc. " All reasonable men now see and believe tbat if this war goes on a year or two longer, the land of the "sunny South" will be the scene of unimagin able horrors a guerilla cut throat warfare (now upon us in many places) will usurp the abode of civilization and Christianity, and the lies of kin dred and friendship will be blotted from the page cf our history. Ob, terrible thought I It is even now all I describe in places not far distant from - where I write ; the bodies of peaceable citizens slain lie, and the smoke of burning houses and the cries of women and children ascend towards heav en, and there is no power in the government to pre sent this state of things save in pu t The war party may disguise and deceive-themselves if they will, but what I say is surely BO. . Mr. Editor, before I close this article, let me again advert to the Legislature of North-Carolina,- Ihere are grave and important truths as to the theory of our government in various resolutions now submit ted and to be acted upon by that body, and in my opinion, none more true or important, though brief, than those submitted by Mr. Sharpe, the Common er from Iredell. I regretud to sec them tabled be-', fore the recess; also those of Mr. Pool in the Senate. These or similar resolutions, I hope will pass the Legislatnxe'before its final adjournment The peo ple by a vast majority sanction them. Let North Carolina do her duty at home, while her sons la the army are doing theirs. In this trying time, if sho fails to stay this bloody war, all good men will mourn. If on the other hand, the Destructive war party triumph, and like cadaverous visaged ghouls in some charnal abode, feast upon the bodies of dead men slain, their secret thoughts will torment their future days, and sights of suffering and dis tress distrub their dreams. . Let the Conservatives be faithful in the perfor mance of their duty to North Carolina and her people, if tbey fail to accomplish the good of the country, it will be because "Man's inhumanity to man, Makes countless millions mourn." While we have such champions of liberty there as Pool, Dick, Warren, Fowle, Phillips, Carter and others, let ttf not despair of the country; . - , 5 . CALDWSLW - January 8th, 1865. . Fur the Standard. Most of the disputes and fightings, individual and national, which occur, have their beginning and long continuance from' mutual misapprehension sion, or punctilious pride, or both. - hat a large majority of the people North, and" South are tired of this war and ardently long for peace, no one can deny. Why cannot the wish of the great body of the people prevail ? A few days ago the following scene occurred in' the Federal Congress : - "Mr. Kasson, (republican,) cf Lwa, asked what evidence tho gentleman had that the South would come back on terms consistent with the Constitu tion? Mr. Brooks I cannot communicate with any body South. Mr. Kasson But tho gentleman says peace can be restored. Mr. Brooks Suppose we try. At an early pe riod of tho war Vice-President Stephens made an effort to be beard, bat was refused ; and another attempt was like unsuccessful. AU I can say is, try. If we succeed, honour will rest on our ef forts ; if we fail, the responsibility will be on the Southern men. Mr. Kasson Did I understand you to say that any authorized commissioner had been refused to ' ticat for peace? Mr. Brooks It was understood that Mr. Stephens was authorized. Mr. Kasson That was denied by the rebel Gov ernment Mr. Brooks It was re-affirmed in Mr. Stephens' speech. Mr. Kassson I did not see it Mr. Brooks, in conclusion, appealed to New En gland men everywhere, who now governed the country, to rise above sectionalism and provincial ism, and remembering what John Adams did when he made George Washington, of Virginia, comman der in-chief of the armies of the United States, to imitate the patriotism of " this illustrious example, lie especially appealed to New England men who now in part represented the Pacific coast in Con gress, to the three New England men from Iowa, to the Ohio New England men, to Mr. Washburne, of Illinois, to Thaddcus Stevens, ol Pennsylvania, all New England men to rise above party and the pas-, sions of iho war and reunite the" ' country. lie made a passionate appeal tb President Lincoln, once a follower of Henry Clay, who thrice in his life, by statesmanship alone, snatched the country from im pending civil war." About the same day that the foregoing took place, the following took place in the Confederate Congress. " The question recurring upon the resolutions of ferred by Mr. Barksdale published in this paper on last Saturday as a substitute for those ollered by Mr. Turner, Mr. McMullcn, who was entitled to the floor, offered the following resolution as a sub stitute to those offered by Mr. Birksdale : Whereas, According to the Declaration of Inde pendence of the United States and the Constitution of the Confederate States, the people of each of said States, in their highest sovereign capacity, have a right to alter, amend or abolish the Govern ment under which they live, aud establish such other as they may deem most expedient; and whereas the people of the several Confederate States have thought proper to sever their political connection with the people and Government of the United States, for reasons which it is not needful here to state ; and whereas the people of the Con federate Slates have organized, and established a distinct Government for themselves; and whereas, because the people of the Confederaie States have thus exercised their undoubted right in this re spect, the people and Government of the United States havo thought proper to make war upon them ; and whereas there seems to be a difference of opinion on e part of the respective Govern ments and people as to which of the contending partias is responsible for the commencement of tho present war : therefore, "Jlaohea, That whilst it is not expedient, and would be incompatible with the dignity of the Con federate Slates to send commissioners to Washing ton city, for the purpose of securing a cessation of hostilities, yet it would bo, in the judgment of this body, eminently proper that the House of Representatives of the .Confederate States a'leuld despatch, without delay, to some convenient point, a body of commissioners, thirteen in number, com posed of one representative from each of said States, to meet and confer with such individuals as may be appointed by the Government of the United States, in regard to all the outstanding ques tions of difference between ibe two Governments, and to agree, if possible, upon the terms of a last ing and honorable peace, subject to the ratification ol the respective Governments and of the sovereign States respectively represented therein. Mr. McMullen proceeded to address the House at considerable length, urging the policy and proprie ty of the Government proposing some terms of peace to the United States Government. He be lieved this to be an unholy, upcivilized, barbarous War, and thought that the. Government should ex haust all means, consistent with its bouour, for the attainment of a speedy peace. Mr. Atkins, of Tennessee, rising) said be would like to know of the gentleman from Virginia (Mr. McMullen) if he, or any other member of the House, had one lota of information or intimation that propositions for peace would be entertained or even received by the United States Government Ma McMullin said that he did have io formation information of a very imposing character. He had information from Bishop Lay that General Grant had signified to him that any Commission ers or persons appointed by the Confederate Gov ernment would, be received by" the United Slates authorities at any point they might designate, and that an equal number of Commissioners or persons would bo appointed on the part of the North to meet them, and to have a free and full interchange of views upon the subject of peaces Mr. McMullcn continued to urge that our Gov ernment would take some initiative step looking to bringing the war to a termination. Governor Brown and Vce-President Stephens had said that we were unwilling to open negotiations with the enemy for securing a peace. Let the Government open negotiations for peace let Congress despatch its commissioners into the enemy's line let us show to the world that we are willing to accept an honorable peace and the mouths of Gov. Brown and his friends will be stopped. Without Mr. Mc Mullen concludinghis remarks the morning hour expired and the consideration of the subject was postponed." Mr. Brooks in the North and Mr. McMullen in the South, thus appear ta if they could at least meet and lavs a conference on th- subject . Mr. A Kasson and m dwabt a lam DartT mf others like I him were surprised, and it is to be hoped, agree-1 bly surprised, to bear that the South had made a movement looking towards peace. Mr. Atkins and thousands of others in the South, are certainly de lighted to bear the good news which Bishop Lay brings in reference to peace. Why cannot ideas of peace thus be encouraged ? "Shall the sword devour forever ? f Shall brave men continue to be slaughtered like bogs without reward and without glory ? ... . ' , .. Whilst we write, the warm blood from tbe'heart of many a strong man and' bright eyed boy no doubt reddens the soil. The whole nation is a vast house of mourning. Christmas, once ao merry and joyous, now finds the widowand her little ones clus tered together in. grief. Carnage, blood, fiendish malignity, devilish hate, ail the horrors of hell, seem to rise uppermost and turn the land into a vast human slaughter-pen I Shall we begin a new year and follow it through like the one just passed ? Forbid it, oh tbod great and good God, in whose mercy we trust and whose aid wo implore I . ...... For the Standard. Plan to Ameliorate the present condition of the People of flortk-Caioiina and. to leraxU nate the War. . Wasreas, The war has been raging for nearly four years with Unprecedented craelty and ferocity as regards the soldiers, And with unparalleled oppres sion and outrage as regards the people at home ; it is therefore, recommended that the people bold primary meetings throughout the State as they were wont to do in former times in the nomination of can didates for Governor, and that they appoint dele gates from each county to meet in Raleigh, -on the Lstfisent statu feLtha StaK'iod to. Oriae aach mea sures as may seem to them best for the ameliora tion of our present condition. It is also recommended that the other States pro ceed in the same way for the same end. There has been five hundred bloody battles in this war, and it is generally believed that the sword has proved a failure as a peace maker. It is .also well known that our regularly appointed legislators have failed or refused to act in the capacity of peace makers. This is a government of the people, and if the present state of affairs is imposing- burdens upon them too grievous to be borne, let them cast about for something better. The eleventh hour is not too late. Most respectfully submitted to the people of North Carolina and the Confederate States for their consideration by DIALECTIC. Insurance in England. A writer in the British Alminac for 1861, estimated the amount of property insured in England, at 1,141,000,000; and the to tal property insured and uninsured at 5.000,000 000, or $25,000,000,000. This gives us some idea of the enormous wealth of a population whose terrritory is not as large as the State of Virginia. An area of six miles around Charing Cross in London contains alone, "property liable to destruction by fire, valued at $4,500,000, 000." Allowing for the incombustible property, it may be safely said that the area above named is equal in value to all the real and personal property in the Confederate States, and to half that of the United Stales including New York, Boston and the numerous other large cities. The premiums puid for the insurance of property in England, varies from Is 6d on the 100 to 5s 4d per 100 ; the lowest being on " the better and safer class of dwelling-houses in London and its neighborhood and the highest rates being charg ed on theatres. The average insurance is 5s per 100. Reducing these figures to another form of expression, the rate of insurance on first class dwel lings, three fortieths of one per cent : the rate on theatres five and one fourth per cent, and the aver age rate on property of all descriptions, one-fourth of one per cent These rates, low as they are, are greatly in advance of the real risk. " It is estimat ed that the premiums paid to the companies aro four times as large as would cover the average losses bv fire ! All experienced officers declare, that thoir necessary premiums might be reduced one half, but for the fraudulent demands they are compelled to comply with." The premium paid by an honest policy holder consists of four parts ; of which one part is the real risk, two other parts the compensa tion and profits of the insurer's, and the remaining part a contribution to the frauds of dishonest policy noiaers. it is a saci commentary on human nature, that with all the care and watchfulness of experts. the cheating among policy holders is as great as the destruction by fire 1 If a man's property be so scat tered that he can afford to be his own insurer, it follows that he would effect an average saving of twee fourths ot the sum paia for insurance by others. France, which began the system of insurance much latter than .hngland, now far exceeds the lat ter in the amount insured, though the premiums paiu and the losses incurred are much less even in the aggregate- The United Kingdom, in 1856, in sured five and half millions. of property at an aggre gate annual premium of $9,750,000, and with annu al losses paid by the companies of $4,875,009. France insures nine thousand millions of property at an aggregate premium o($7,800,000. Tho cause of this difference is not explained The insured amount of the United States in 1856 was estimated at only $175,000,000, but little more than one fifth of the amount insured in Great Britain. A Act for the Protection or the Citizens of Alabama. The Alabama Legislature, at iu late session, passed the annexed bill for the protection of the citizens of that State : Ik it enacted by the Senate and Jltnui of Repre sentatives of the State of Alabama in 'General At temblg convened. That, hereafter, if any enrolling officer, or other person acting under authority or pretended authority of the Confederate States gov ernment, arrest any public officer of this State, or any citizen of this State, who is legally exempt from military service in the Confederate States, knowing him to be so exempt, with intent to put him into the Confederate service, or to foree him to do mili tary service against his will, or shall threaten, or in any other way attempt to intimidate any such citi zen or officer of this-State, and thereby Induce him to enrol his name and enter the Confederate service against his will, knowing him to be exempt from such service, or shall, by any false paper or docu ments, or wilful misrepresentations of the law, in duce any such officer or citizen to enrol and enter said service against bis will, knowing him to be ex empt from said service, or 6b all wilfully inutiliate, destroy or retain any certificate of exemption, med ical or surgeon's certificate, 'or other paper belong ing to any citizen of this Stale, who la, or who shall be alleged to be, subject to the military service of the Confederate States against his will, shall be sub ject to indictment, and on conviction shall bo fined in a sum not less than one thousand dollars, nor more than ten thousand dollars, or imprisoned in the county jail not loss than six months, nor more than two years, one or both, at the discretion of the jury trying the same. The highest legal tribunal of Scotland, not long since, decided that, according to the Scotch law of marriage, consent is the essence of the contract, and is sufficient to constitute marriage without any ceremony or publication, or even without the par-, ties living together; that if the parties seriously and actually content to be man and wife, from that time forth they are man and wifftn Scotland., . . . , It has been ascertained that the man who "held on to the last," was a shoemaker. TTOTICE IS HEREBY GITEN,' THAT A IU Boy by the name of HENRY U. ROdEMON l, ap- Erenticed to me, has left me of his own accord, and I ofier ve cents rewaid and a thimble full of thanks to any per son who will deliver him to nie. I also warn all persons against employing or boarding him under penalty of the law. '' J. P. ADAMS.. Jan. II, 1865. 1 atpd." NOTICE! WHAT ON SECOND MONDAY OF FEB. ' JL ruarjr next, at tb Courthouse door ia Dobsoa, Surry County, will ft sold Three anadred pair of cotton sail woolea CARDS ! And a quantity of giain and grass Sythea, tor eath. R. S. GILMER, Co. Com. Jan. 8,1805. 4-wtds. 'R9"42d N. C, T. an. Hth, 1865. U V T 0an1 . T a. - Uie casualties inttft Regimeiirkland's brigade, Mur.uB ,iw operations oeiow 'llmiagton. Those of Co. A. were cut nfFinil aniri k:t. : - n . . . "r- iumo garrison- ing Battery Anoerson (or Flag Pond Battery, as j iuj.f ncase pnonsn lor tne ben efit of all concerned. Company A-Capt J n Koonts lat Lt Joseph Conrad- bergta J T Link, Andrew Link, Thos F ' vwpia j antaer, jjios A Katts, Wm F Benson Privates P N RndpnhAi'.. A t:it: Danl Br.ndle, F D Clodfelter, J P Cross, J C Dotyi Fntts, U G Fritts. Peter Fry. H P Fealyet, Alex uiooons, a u Uobble, J Grub, Joseph HarrelL G F Headrick, A A Hoover, J H Idol, W H Keptly. H F Koonts, I W Koonts, L S Keller, G W Long! Sol Lonjr, Jesse Long, W Y Lanier, D Lenard, W J Marshall. Henrv afnrnn. n N render, M Owens, N R Owens, Henry Poplin. W if iuwr, n rooi, at a OKeen, ju 1. Smith, D F Smith,' R R Smith, L L Smith, E Smith, H L Sink. D Sink. Joa Rink -I H ;iMifwl r n c:..i:r t m Shoal, John Shoaf, A D Stimpson, D Shealdi J H Ul,u"i " r oaaora, a rr awinr, a lince, U S Tice. A Wrieht Yanev Williard W a v.t- t r Yorkley, A F Yorkley, G Carnelison, Henderson Miller. & Sergt L A Chuse, wounded in foot, slight II. Private David Crkcoa, killed. K Sergt Saml Tarlton. wounded in head. severe. 3f" Charlotte and Raleigh! papers requested to copy. - Very respcetfully, OL W. BRADSHAW, u ' Lt Col. Comd'g &0K BALE! VALUABLE LAND! WILIi BE SOLO FOR CASH AT Tnp Court, at twelve o'clock, one-half of two hundred I andx ty acres of land, Iringoa the Colfleld Rrtlrd iaWake 0. 11. Horton, dee'd , adjoining the lends of A J Lvnnh Grey Jones, J. B PerryJ and tthera. 1 ' D. W. SPIVEY, Jn.3,18t5. El7 STATE OF NORTH-CAROLIfl A. CALDWELL C0UNTY Superior Court of Law, Fall Term, 1864. Willi i Oaitbbb, t: Samvcl Ccaria. Attachment levied on land. IN THIS CASE IT APPEARING TO THE Mtubctiofi of the Court that Samuel Curtia, the de fendant, ha absconded or concealed himself so that the ordinary process of law cannot be served noon him It u therefore ordered lythe Court. That publication b made m the North-Carolina Standard for fix weeks notify ing gaid defendant to appear at the next term of onr So penor Court of Law, to be hld tor said Countv at the Courthouse ia Lenoir, on the 3d Monday after the 4th Monday in March next, then and there to plead, answer or uu.Ur' F ,ud2mentJ,r' eofl" will be entered against Witnesa: R. R. WAKEFIELD, Uerk of eaid Ccurt at office at session, the Sd Monday after the 4th Mondaj September 1864. This January 18th, 18CS. t . B-K. WAKEFIELD, o. a. c Jan.8t.186S. 4-w6t. POST QUARTERMASTER'S OFFICE, G&i, Ralexg 2f. C., Jan. 18, 1865. TO THE FARMERS OF "WAKE, ORANGE, AND CHATHAM COUNTIES. I RESPECTFULLY APPEAL TO THE Farmers of Wake. Orange and Chatham Counties to bring in their surplus com immediately, for the support of our army. I have obtained permission to pay Local Appraiser's rates for all (train delivered pievious to 1st of '"nUT' 1 865" 1 earnestly hope that patriotic producers will deliver their .grain immediately, and relieve me of the uupleasantneas, and themselves the mortification, of resorting to rigid impressment, which I will be compell ed to do on and after the 1st o( February. The following are the names of my authorized Agents: Baleigh, J. J. ilinetree; Foreatville, J. W. Fort; Morris ville, A. J. Morris; and Durbams, W. P. Ward. Hills boro' to be filled, and Fittsboro' to be filled W. E. PIERCE, Capt and A. Q. ti. Jan. 19, 1S5. 6 at. HOUSE COLLARS ! HOUSE COLLARS ! I P. Q. M. OFFICE, EaZeigJIf. C, Jan. 17, 1865. I WILL RECEIVE PROPOSALS UNTIE the 22d day of February next, for the manufacture of Ten Thousand Horse and Mule Collars, similar to sam ples to be seen at my office. Bidders must state the num ber which they can deliver per month. W. E. PIERCE. Capt. and A. Q. M. Jan. 19, 1865. . r 6 6t TEACHERS! SEVERAL LADIES OF GOOD ABILITY' and long experience in the common branches, Musie, Drawing, Fainting, Ac, desire to bear of a pleasant situa tion for a Children's School, to open in the spring. Com pensation to be partly Produce. Give particulars and address . - Misses A. B. C. D., Salem, Forsyth Co., N. C. Jan. 19, 1865. ' 6 ttpd. D. C. MURRAY & CO., AUCTION A COMMISSION MERCHANTS mimnui aTazcT, aALaioa, a. c. WILL ATTEND PROMPTLY TO ALL business entrusted to them. Their Store rooms are large and secure. Salesroom, the Store fomerly occupied by U. L. EVANS, next door to Mescrs. Creech A Litchford, and immediately oppos ite the State Quartermaster'! Department. D.C.MURRAY,,. JArt A. MOORE, J. W. HARRISON. January 3, 18(5. l tf. NEGRO AUCTION AND COM . .. MISSiONHOlSE. ON THE FIRST DAY OF JANUARY next, at the Store formerly occupied by C. W. D. HOTCHIN'QS, on Fayetteriile street in the City of Ral eigh, the subscribers will establish an Auction and Commission House for the aale of SLATES. We have provided Safe and Comfortable quarters, aad will be as moderate in onr charges for board, kc., as the times will permit. With an experience of twenty years in the trade,' and the advantages ol an extensive acquaintance, we flatter ourselves that we understand the bnines ; and, with the assurance of quick sales and prompt returns, respectfully solicit publie patroosge. W. F. AiftW k Co. 4a. i, isaa. - : J JeatVilimDt'QJ Editor WAV&vi-rS MRS. MILLER CONTINVE8 TO .ACCOM ' inodate Boarders by the day, week, or month. August 1, 1864. 42 U. CARD H0TICE. THERE IS NOW ANOTHER LOT OP Cotton and Wool Cards (ready for Use) for distribu tion to Soldiers' families, at $10 per pair. Agents will please call for them. H. A. DOWD, A. Q. IL, JT. C. January 1,1345. - 1 at. : WOOL -NOTICE. Quartermaster's Department, I Ralsigh. N. C.,h9, 1864. J I AM NOW PREPARED TO EXCHANGE COTTON YARN fob WOOL, upon the following terms, via: One bunch of Yarn for 8 pounds of Washed Wool. u u . 4 - "Unwashed" " " AGENTS hare been appointed to make the exchange at the following places: Oxford, Tawboro', Kinston, Catherine Lake, Concord, " Rockingham, Hendersonvilla, Statesville, Roxboro', . AshevUle, Pittsboro', LouUburg Fsyetteville, Coleraine, Raleigh. . ' t3f Persons shipping wool to this place will pleas mark on the package who they are raox, and cotton yara will be forwarded iiotnediatety. I hope the people will patriotically respond to the above notice, as the wool is lor clothing the N'orth-Car Una troops. II. A. DOWD, A. Q. M, N. C.A. July 18, 1364. 89 tf.