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Semi-weekly standard. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1853-18??, January 24, 1865, Image 2

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rHK onill ? LCAKuiilllA? 8rAHDAKD; ; TUiiSDA : JANi !1865-'i :.'t H i
11 X
There is a bondage worse, far worse, to bear
TLan his who breathes, by roof, and floor, and wall,
Pent in, a Tyrant's solitary thrall:
' Tis his who walks about in the open air.
One of a nation who, henceforth must wear
Their fetters in their souls. For who could.be,
vVho, even the best, in such condition, free
From self reproach, reproach which he must share
With human nature? Never bo it ours
To see the sun how brightly it will shine,
And know that manly leelings, manly powers,
' Instead of gathering strength, most droop and pine,
And earth with all her pleasant fruits and dowers
Fade, and participate in man's deeliue.
The world is too much with us ; lite and soon,
tietliug and spending, we lriy waste our powers :
Little we see in Nature that is ours;
"We have given our hearts away, a sordid boon !
This Ci that bare her bosom to the moon ;
The wintk that will be howling at all hours,
And are up gathered now like sleeping flowers ;
For this, for everything, wo are out of tunc ;
It moves us not. Great God ! I'd rather be
A. Pagan suckled in a creed outworn,
So might I, standing on this pleasant lea.
Have glimpses that would make me less forlorn ;
Have si-rht of Proteus rising; from the sea :
Or hear old Triton blow his wreathed horn.
Our Father God, who art in heaven ! t
All hallow'd be thy name;
They kingdom come; thy will be done,"
In earth and heaven the same.
Give us Ims aiy onr aatiy oreaa ;
And as we those forgive,
Who sin against us, so may we
Forgiving grace receive.
Into temptation lead us not;
From evil set us free ;
And thine the kingdom, thine the power,
And glory ever be. . '
From the Charlottesville (Va.,) Chronicle, Dec. 2?. I
"We are not at all surprised at the news
from Tennessee. The thing was conceived
by President Davis, and the execution
committed to Gen. Ilood. Suppose wc
had taken Nashville what then ? Mr.
Davis; in one of his Georgia speeches,
(perhaps the one in which announced that
General Jflhnston was no soldier,) gave
out that some terrible plan was on foot
which would annihilate Sherman as the
French were destroyed in the Eussian
campaign. lie spoke with great positive
ness, like one who sees entirely-through a
conspiracy. Sherman's wholo army wes
to be dispersed and absorbed. lie the
President had pnt his hand on the plough
and a furrow was to be run which would
put the affairs of the Confederacy on en
tirely on a new footing, and startle the
nations which were looking on. lie sol
emnly took the responsibility and he shall
have it. HJ3 organs cried look ! and wo
were' to see what we should see.
"VVe were "officially" informed some
time Bince that there was some excelleut
news from Georgia, which, for prudential
reasons could not then be made public.
"We should be pleased to learn what it was.
Of course the fall of Savannah, or the fall
of Savannah and Augusta and Charleston
would bo " very small matters " wo
should then just Lave Sherman " where
we wanted him." Doubtless, if Richmond
were to fall, we should be informed in cer
tain quarters, that wo had jnst gotten
Grant where " we wanted him" and at
some unfixed period he would meet with
universal destruction. This is played out.
Without a change, the government itself
"frill allow some morning that things are
Torse than they should be..
If Mr. Davis and the Court wcro only
going to dash their own brains out, wo
might rally from the calamity, but they
are dragging the wholo secession fleet
after them. We know that we are told
that we must hold up the hands of tho
government. We have been told so for
nearly four years. And if ever-press and
people did lend an unquestioning confi
dence to their rulers if ever a whole
country did place itself implicitly in the
hands of the executive if ever men and
treasures were laid at the feet of one man
if evership was surrendered to helmsman
it has been done right here in these Con
federate States. The goverment is (and
has been properly) all in all. Our whole
male population was freely tendered.
We have permitted it to issne Treasnry
notes, bonds, certificates of indebtedness,
to over fifteen hundred millions. We
have this year paid six per cent of our
whole property in taxes. .
We have allowed it to impress horses,
wagons, cattle, grain, at nominal prices,
until it has loft the country almost bare.
We have seen Congress laid at its feet
tvithont spirit or will of its own. We havo
seon the constitutional advisers of tho
President so totally ignored that we havo
never had a solitary cabinet meeting.
We have seen the higher appointments in
the army all entirely regulated by the will
of Mr. Davis. We have seen General
Pemberton made a Lieutenant General
without a single achievement. VVe havo
seen him under instructions from Rich
mond, sacrifice the Mississippi Valley and
an anny of thirty thousand veterans. We
have seen New Orleans fall from incom
petent measures to defend it. '
We have seenGen. Rragg defeated at
Missionary Ridge from an untimely divis
ion rd his army in a fruitless expedition
against :Knoxville. We have seen this
oScer,.afier he had lost the confidence of
the country, and was driven from his com
mand by public sentiment, made a 6ort of
Iirector-goaeral of our armies in Rich
mond. We Aavo seen Gen. Johnston ab
ruptly dismissed from the .Army in Geor
gia just when hia services were most need
ed. We have seen Gen. Hood a plain,
. untried jouno:rc&E advanced to the com
mand in this State, fenely to J.Tse Atlanta,
after several ill-advised and fearful mas-
fiacres. We have KPftrt thn Prpirlftnt ro.
pair in person to the theatre of hiV disaster
pnly to inangnrate under the same Gene
ral1 A campaign which startled theconntry
in its itieestion. and which fcas terminated
in the invastiaaet of Savannah and its gar
rison, and the bi&2y vitreor.y (if) and de
feats of Franklin and Nashville.
Wo now await with the :most painfull
-expense every breath Jrom Sajvttnaa ; wo
hoar (through Northern official dispatches .
M that Ilooo'Jna Jostsuteer pieces
of artillery on one occasion and forty odd
ou another, with we know not how many
prisoners. We hear from Gen. Hood's
own lips that in his " victory " at Franklin,
he lost thirteen generals, killed, wounded
or captured. He has ceased to advance :
he has begun to retreat. In -the Valley
here wo have opposed a force of cavalry,
armed. with nothing but a single-barreled
musket, to a superior force of the finest
cavalry in the world, armed with 6abre?,
pistols, and the seven-shooting Spencer
In tho Trana-Mississippi General Taylor
was removed for his spring campaign, and
General Kirby Smith, who has not doue
the first solitary thing,, has been buried
inglorionsly in North- .vestern Louisiana
during the whole of this even'fnl year.
Forrest, whose military genius fitted him
for' the most important enterprises, has
been leading a small body of raiding cav
alry General Bragg, it is true, was des
patched to check General Sherman ; but
it appears so far has met with no success.
Our finances, our river and harbor de
fiances, our international negotiations, onr
domestic polhtics, have been managed in
precisely the same extraordinary way.
For the first, we havo never derived any
material benefit from our commanding
staples of cotton and tobacco. For the
second, tho proposition to construct gun
boats iu the beirinninr of tho war wa3 re
jected. .. For.tbe,.thud, we have not appli
ed to Lnropean powers in tho only way
that we could Teach them, and we have
encouraged at the North the Republican
politicians a3 against their opponents.
For tho last, we have, as far as it has been
possible nndertho circumstances, system
atically offended one of 'the great original
political parties in our midst.
Nearly all things havo been done in a
malign, perverted way ; wo havo been
breathing an impure air; we have been
nourishing a vicious blood ; we have seen
with a refracted light ; we have prophesi
ed with stammering lips. Our leader is
afflicted with proud flesh ; he sees with
an oblique eye ; his ear has no sense of har
mony ; he has no idea of proportions ; no
idea of relation ; ho is affected with color
blindness ; he combines like the kaleido
scope; he sees with the vividness of the
madman, but there is a villainous demon
within that wrests things out of their places;
like some fine instrument in its concep
tion, a chord or a spring has been broken,
and what t-hould have discoursed eloquent
music, utters harsh, discordant sounds.
A few years sinco that nnfortuuato and
wretched child of song the gifted, but
wayward Sumner Lincoln Fairfield was
travelling to the South, with a view to the
improvement of his health. He was ac
companied by his son, a reinarably bright
and beautiful youth of ten or twelve years
of age. In a conversation with the poet,
wo remarked that the lad seemed to pos
sess genius, and gave promise of dis
tinction and usefulness. With a deep,
heartfelt 6i'gh, the unhappy father replied,
" I fear yonr words aro too true. The
boy has fine parts, but I would rather he
wcro an idiot than a genius. As an idiot,
he would be obscuro and comparatively
happy ; a3 a genius, he would be envied,
hated, eccentric, and wretched. It is, to
most parents, flattering to be told that
their offspring is gifted, but I wonld rath
er see my poor boy in his grave than
know that ho is the posessor. of that fatal
thing called genius.'.'. A few weeks after,
in looking over a paper published in New
Orleans, we saw the announcement of the
death of poor Fairfield. Tho nnfortnnate
and brilliant man died in misery and want
in the very prime of life, and was, we be
live, buried at tho expense of his friend
and schoolfellow, George D. Prentice Esq.,
of the Louisville Journal. Fairfield was a
man of fine edcation and and splendid po
etic endownents, but misfortune marked
him for its own, and now, far from his na
tive hills, he lies in an obscuro corner, with
no hand to scatter flowers upon his grave,
and no eye to drop a precious tear to his
Thus it is too often with men of genius,
Proud, sensitive and aspiring, they become
soured and chargnned, avoid their fellows,
and frequently die in want and misery.
It is said that between his fortieth and
sixtieth year, Sir Walter Scott realized by
the productions of his pen, at least half a
million of money. Inert followed a terri
ble reverse, and tho panic of 1826 came,
leaving the great magician in deht to the
amount of one hundred and thirty thousand
pounds! Ihecentle and genial old man
labored hard to relieve himself from his
embarrassments. His productions yielded
him during six years some eighty thou
sand ayear, but his health failed and at
last he perished in a giant-liko effort to
satisfy his creditors.
; John Keats,
' Who sparkled, was exhaled, and went to Ileaven,
lived long enough to dazzle the world with
his genius, and then died from the effects
r j ' l -1 1 1 : t
01 poison, aatnisieruu uy a nearness viper
ish reviewer.
The fate of Chatterton, tho " marvellous
boy who perished in his pride" is also
too well known. Prodigally endowed,
with wonderful inventivo powers, a daring
fancy, and an intellect as brilliant as it
was original and vigorous, he experienced
cruel neglect, suffered from hnnger, and
finallj, in a moment of despair, perished
by his own hand, ihns passed awav one
whose yonthful productions have made
his name immortal, and whose more ma-
tnro efforts wonld doubtless have ranked
him second only to "him who " first ex
hausted worlds, and then invented now."
Hia biographer tells us that ho was buried
withont ceremony, among paupers, in Shoe
Lane, his identity could with difficulty be
established when the fact was known.
In his "Lives of the Poets," William
Howttt says:. " By one of thoso acts which
neither science or curiosity can exenft, tho
ekall of Pope is. now in the private col
lection of a phrenologist I The manner in
which it was obtained is said to have been
this : on some occasion of alteration in tho
church, or bnrial of some one in the samo
spot, the coffin of rope was disinterred
nd opened to sea the state of his remains ;
pxiJk hy a biibo to tho sexton of tho time,
possession of the skull was obtained for a
night, and another sknll returned instead
of it. I have heard that fifty pounds were
paid to manage and carry through this
transaction. Be that as it may, the skull
of Pope figures in a private museum. - r
' There's fame for yon, aspiring, versi
writing reader. Think, of it. The "skull
of the author of the Essay, on Criticisni,
and translator of the Iliad of Homer, is
now in the private collection of a phreno
logist. The skull of the companion -jf
Bolingbroke, .Halifax, Addison and Mary
Montague, is in a private museum. ".The
palace where a god might dwell," nay, did
dwell, is now the property of a mountebank
and vulgar eyes gazet, and filthy hand's
toss about, that which was the aoraa cf
thought, tho seat of learning, wit and pou
try. Verily, in this there is much to con
solo the admirers of the logical; polished,
pungent and poetic Pope. .. ;
. The woes cf genius meet ns at 'everjf
turn. Byron, Burns, Hemans, McLean!
Poe ond others rise up before us, and theia
faults, sufferings and misfortunes claim andj
receive our pity and our tears.
Rather than " endure what Chattertor
and Keats endured, suffer what Hemar i
and Shelley suffered, and dio as Burns ac r
Byron died, would it not be better ti
watch flocks through life and die as did tb -
hind who thought the world was bounded
by his native hills?
- For the Standard. .'
Mr. Editor: With your permission I propose to
make a few remark for publication in yonr paper.
I have been a constant reader of events now in pro'
gress, both of a public and private character, and
as it is not yet treason to think or speak, 1 ask the
insertion of this article in the Standard. The peo
ple are en lit led to be oeard ; 1 am one of the people,
interested in common with my fellow-men in all
matters of principle or policy at issue, and claim
the right to diaou all measures as well as the acts
of public men, who are the agents only of the peo
ple, and ol bcq'iejicc bound to respect their wishes.
Of the present Congress of the Confederate States
I do not propo.se to say much. From that body the
people have but little to hope, judging the future
by their past conduct as legislators. The people have
long since lost all confidence in their justice or
mercy, or at least the dominant party therein
whose sole aim seems to be to execute the will of a
relentless Kxecutivcand to enact laws alike repug
nant to justice and common sense. What people can
entertain respect lor the patriotism and judgment
tJany set of men who pass laws so unequal in their
application to men, so dishonest both in theory and
practice a that reveuue bill of last Congress r For
instance, here a double lax is claimed and collect
ed otf the owner of rented lands, while his more for
tunate neighbor who owns slaves enough to culti
vate all hid land, has only the tithe or tax-in kind
to pay, but the man who is nnahle to procure la
borers to cultivate his land is charged six per cent
money tax and the tithe or tax in-kind also. Call
you this justice?
Again, the man who makes one hundred and
ninety-nine bushels of corn is an exempt and en
titled to government. charity, while he who raises
two hundred bushels of corn, in the eye cf the law,
is a wealthy man and has to pay the government
twenty bushels of his crop ; the latter may be a sol
dier's wife or widow and tho corn have been made
by herself and little children, while the lortner is
an athletic, boo: b-broof officer holding some obsolete
commission. (In my neighborhood 1 hnd a casein
point) Call you this justice?
The same principle applies to all property exemp
tions, and 1 refer to them only to show the absurd
ity of the acts of Congress tho total lack of common-sense
and ignorance of human nature on the
part nt those who make the law, for if as we sup
poso (and no other supposition is reasonable) this
class of legislation is prompted by the weak and
wicked motive as a bribe to win men to the support
of the government of that class of our people who
are called poor, the ti ick is so palpable and bald
that it disgusts those attempted to be bought Such
laws are obnoxious to all honest people whether
poor or rich, and any government that adopts them
will ultimately become odious and full of reproach.
A still greater objection lies against the theory or
perhaps more properly the practice of our govern
ment in its revenue laws. Is their tendency to cor
rupt and demoralize the country owing to the sad
example on the part of the government to keep faith
with the people, man accept it as a license to de
fraud the treasury of its dues it is to be feared, and
and if 1 may be pardoned the expression, I look up
on the whole concern as a vast engine of corrup
tion. But I am happy to be able to say that the present
Legislature of North-Carolina exhibits a marked dif
ference in its legislation to that of the Congress at
Ilh-hmond. The evidence of a return to common
sense is quite apparent. White I regret to see the
votes of some men recorded as between individuals,
and also on subjects of vital principle, still there is
abundant proof that the madness that once govern
ed the land is fist disppearing. In the name of the
people, I hail this auspicious event with unbounded
gratitude, and in the name and behalf of a Buffering
people, I urge the brave men in the Legislature not
to relinquish one jot nor title of the rights of North
Carolina to the despotism at Richmond. Your re
ward will be that of the good and faithful servant
I certainly felt deeply mortified at the defeat of
Judge ReaJe for Senator. I have no acquaintance
with or prejudice against the honorable gentleman
who was elected. over him, but I could not appre
ciate the motives of those who preferred any other
mai for that position to Judge Reado True, no
one expected the Destructive war party to vote for
him, but I humbly contend there is no sufficient ex
cuse for any Conservative withholding bis vote from
E. O. Reade.
After all, Mr. Editor, it may be a fortunate thing
that Judge Rcade was defeated, if in the event of
bis election to the Senate of the Confederate States,
he should have followed the footprints of some of
his illustrious predecessors there and elsewhere. I
for one had much sather know b'm defeated in or-,
der that North Carolina may still claim hi in as her
own. Others, as well as your humble correspon
dent, have often wondered what magic power there
is in the city of Richmond to win men from the
support cf principles always held sacred and para
mount? What fatal and malign influence prevails
in that fated atmosphere to cause so many men
when once there to ignore the people and -life-long
principles, and to turn a cold and indifferent look
on those indoctrinated in conservative truths by
themselves ? Why is it that men at home and out
of office enunciate great and good political mea
sures, should so soon forget them in the balls of
legislation? Is it terror at the approach of some
great and terrible power whose influence is felt, but
not seen by the people?
I do not know how it may be in towns, but I am
convinced the people all over the land, saved in cer
tain localities where government officers and large
speculators prevail, the earnest voice of the people
is peace, and thsy desire a peace founded upon a
reconciliation with the people of the United States
government that will result in a treaty "offensive,
defensive and commercial" between the two sec
tions and people. You may call such a peace re
construction of the Union or what ever you please,
such is the wish of the peoplo and no mistake. For
in that alone they look for a cessation in some de
cree of their .trouble.
I know, Mr. Editor, a short .while ago, such an
idea was held treasonable by stuck up officials who
trafic in human gore, and breathed in whispers on
ly. Now it is out 6poken, and our public men have
trifled long enough with the people they will learn
ere long that I am speaking the words of soberness
and truth. The trade of politicians in blood, and
human rights will soon cease. So mote it bfc.
" All reasonable men now see and believe tbat if
this war goes on a year or two longer, the land of
the "sunny South" will be the scene of unimagin
able horrors a guerilla cut throat warfare (now
upon us in many places) will usurp the abode of
civilization and Christianity, and the lies of kin
dred and friendship will be blotted from the page
cf our history. Ob, terrible thought I It is even
now all I describe in places not far distant from
- where I write ; the bodies of peaceable citizens
slain lie, and the smoke of burning houses and the
cries of women and children ascend towards heav
en, and there is no power in the government to pre
sent this state of things save in pu t The war
party may disguise and deceive-themselves if they
will, but what I say is surely BO. .
Mr. Editor, before I close this article, let me again
advert to the Legislature of North-Carolina,- Ihere
are grave and important truths as to the theory of
our government in various resolutions now submit
ted and to be acted upon by that body, and in my
opinion, none more true or important, though brief,
than those submitted by Mr. Sharpe, the Common
er from Iredell. I regretud to sec them tabled be-',
fore the recess; also those of Mr. Pool in the Senate.
These or similar resolutions, I hope will pass the
Legislatnxe'before its final adjournment The peo
ple by a vast majority sanction them. Let North
Carolina do her duty at home, while her sons la
the army are doing theirs. In this trying time, if
sho fails to stay this bloody war, all good men will
mourn. If on the other hand, the Destructive war
party triumph, and like cadaverous visaged ghouls
in some charnal abode, feast upon the bodies of
dead men slain, their secret thoughts will torment
their future days, and sights of suffering and dis
tress distrub their dreams. .
Let the Conservatives be faithful in the perfor
mance of their duty to North Carolina and her
people, if tbey fail to accomplish the good of the
country, it will be because
"Man's inhumanity to man,
Makes countless millions mourn."
While we have such champions of liberty there
as Pool, Dick, Warren, Fowle, Phillips, Carter and
others, let ttf not despair of the country;
. - , 5 . CALDWSLW -
January 8th, 1865. .
Fur the Standard.
Most of the disputes and fightings, individual and
national, which occur, have their beginning and
long continuance from' mutual misapprehension
sion, or punctilious pride, or both.
- hat a large majority of the people North, and"
South are tired of this war and ardently long for
peace, no one can deny. Why cannot the wish of
the great body of the people prevail ?
A few days ago the following scene occurred in'
the Federal Congress : -
"Mr. Kasson, (republican,) cf Lwa, asked what
evidence tho gentleman had that the South would
come back on terms consistent with the Constitu
tion? Mr. Brooks I cannot communicate with any
body South.
Mr. Kasson But tho gentleman says peace can
be restored.
Mr. Brooks Suppose we try. At an early pe
riod of tho war Vice-President Stephens made an
effort to be beard, bat was refused ; and another
attempt was like unsuccessful. AU I can say is,
try. If we succeed, honour will rest on our ef
forts ; if we fail, the responsibility will be on the
Southern men.
Mr. Kasson Did I understand you to say that
any authorized commissioner had been refused to '
ticat for peace?
Mr. Brooks It was understood that Mr. Stephens
was authorized.
Mr. Kasson That was denied by the rebel Gov
ernment Mr. Brooks It was re-affirmed in Mr. Stephens'
Mr. Kassson I did not see it
Mr. Brooks, in conclusion, appealed to New En
gland men everywhere, who now governed the
country, to rise above sectionalism and provincial
ism, and remembering what John Adams did when
he made George Washington, of Virginia, comman
der in-chief of the armies of the United States, to
imitate the patriotism of " this illustrious example,
lie especially appealed to New England men who
now in part represented the Pacific coast in Con
gress, to the three New England men from Iowa, to
the Ohio New England men, to Mr. Washburne, of
Illinois, to Thaddcus Stevens, ol Pennsylvania, all
New England men to rise above party and the pas-,
sions of iho war and reunite the" ' country. lie
made a passionate appeal tb President Lincoln, once
a follower of Henry Clay, who thrice in his life, by
statesmanship alone, snatched the country from im
pending civil war."
About the same day that the foregoing took
place, the following took place in the Confederate
" The question recurring upon the resolutions of
ferred by Mr. Barksdale published in this paper on
last Saturday as a substitute for those ollered by
Mr. Turner, Mr. McMullcn, who was entitled to
the floor, offered the following resolution as a sub
stitute to those offered by Mr. Birksdale :
Whereas, According to the Declaration of Inde
pendence of the United States and the Constitution
of the Confederate States, the people of each of
said States, in their highest sovereign capacity,
have a right to alter, amend or abolish the Govern
ment under which they live, aud establish such
other as they may deem most expedient; and
whereas the people of the several Confederate
States have thought proper to sever their political
connection with the people and Government of the
United States, for reasons which it is not needful
here to state ; and whereas the people of the Con
federate Slates have organized, and established a
distinct Government for themselves; and whereas,
because the people of the Confederaie States have
thus exercised their undoubted right in this re
spect, the people and Government of the United
States havo thought proper to make war upon
them ; and whereas there seems to be a difference
of opinion on e part of the respective Govern
ments and people as to which of the contending
partias is responsible for the commencement of tho
present war : therefore,
"Jlaohea, That whilst it is not expedient, and
would be incompatible with the dignity of the Con
federate Slates to send commissioners to Washing
ton city, for the purpose of securing a cessation of
hostilities, yet it would bo, in the judgment of
this body, eminently proper that the House of
Representatives of the .Confederate States a'leuld
despatch, without delay, to some convenient point,
a body of commissioners, thirteen in number, com
posed of one representative from each of said
States, to meet and confer with such individuals
as may be appointed by the Government of the
United States, in regard to all the outstanding ques
tions of difference between ibe two Governments,
and to agree, if possible, upon the terms of a last
ing and honorable peace, subject to the ratification
ol the respective Governments and of the sovereign
States respectively represented therein.
Mr. McMullen proceeded to address the House at
considerable length, urging the policy and proprie
ty of the Government proposing some terms of
peace to the United States Government. He be
lieved this to be an unholy, upcivilized, barbarous
War, and thought that the. Government should ex
haust all means, consistent with its bouour, for the
attainment of a speedy peace.
Mr. Atkins, of Tennessee, rising) said be would
like to know of the gentleman from Virginia (Mr.
McMullen) if he, or any other member of the
House, had one lota of information or intimation
that propositions for peace would be entertained or
even received by the United States Government
Ma McMullin said that he did have io formation
information of a very imposing character. He
had information from Bishop Lay that General
Grant had signified to him that any Commission
ers or persons appointed by the Confederate Gov
ernment would, be received by" the United Slates
authorities at any point they might designate, and
that an equal number of Commissioners or persons
would bo appointed on the part of the North to
meet them, and to have a free and full interchange
of views upon the subject of peaces
Mr. McMullcn continued to urge that our Gov
ernment would take some initiative step looking to
bringing the war to a termination. Governor
Brown and Vce-President Stephens had said that
we were unwilling to open negotiations with the
enemy for securing a peace. Let the Government
open negotiations for peace let Congress despatch
its commissioners into the enemy's line let us
show to the world that we are willing to accept an
honorable peace and the mouths of Gov. Brown
and his friends will be stopped. Without Mr. Mc
Mullen concludinghis remarks the morning hour
expired and the consideration of the subject was
Mr. Brooks in the North and Mr. McMullen in
the South, thus appear ta if they could at least
meet and lavs a conference on th- subject . Mr. A
Kasson and m dwabt a lam DartT mf others like I
him were surprised, and it is to be hoped, agree-1
bly surprised, to bear that the South had made a
movement looking towards peace. Mr. Atkins and
thousands of others in the South, are certainly de
lighted to bear the good news which Bishop Lay
brings in reference to peace.
Why cannot ideas of peace thus be encouraged ?
"Shall the sword devour forever ? f Shall brave
men continue to be slaughtered like bogs without
reward and without glory ? ... . ' , ..
Whilst we write, the warm blood from tbe'heart
of many a strong man and' bright eyed boy no
doubt reddens the soil. The whole nation is a vast
house of mourning. Christmas, once ao merry and
joyous, now finds the widowand her little ones clus
tered together in. grief. Carnage, blood, fiendish
malignity, devilish hate, ail the horrors of hell,
seem to rise uppermost and turn the land into a
vast human slaughter-pen I
Shall we begin a new year and follow it through
like the one just passed ? Forbid it, oh tbod great
and good God, in whose mercy we trust and whose
aid wo implore I . ......
For the Standard.
Plan to Ameliorate the present condition of
the People of flortk-Caioiina and. to leraxU
nate the War. .
Wasreas, The war has been raging for nearly four
years with Unprecedented craelty and ferocity as
regards the soldiers, And with unparalleled oppres
sion and outrage as regards the people at home ; it
is therefore, recommended that the people bold
primary meetings throughout the State as they were
wont to do in former times in the nomination of can
didates for Governor, and that they appoint dele
gates from each county to meet in Raleigh, -on the
Lstfisent statu feLtha StaK'iod to. Oriae aach mea
sures as may seem to them best for the ameliora
tion of our present condition.
It is also recommended that the other States pro
ceed in the same way for the same end. There has
been five hundred bloody battles in this war, and it
is generally believed that the sword has proved a
failure as a peace maker. It is .also well known
that our regularly appointed legislators have failed
or refused to act in the capacity of peace makers.
This is a government of the people, and if the
present state of affairs is imposing- burdens upon
them too grievous to be borne, let them cast about
for something better. The eleventh hour is not too
Most respectfully submitted to the people of
North Carolina and the Confederate States for their
consideration by DIALECTIC.
Insurance in England. A writer in the British
Alminac for 1861, estimated the amount of property
insured in England, at 1,141,000,000; and the to
tal property insured and uninsured at 5.000,000
000, or $25,000,000,000.
This gives us some idea of the enormous wealth
of a population whose terrritory is not as large as
the State of Virginia. An area of six miles around
Charing Cross in London contains alone, "property
liable to destruction by fire, valued at $4,500,000,
000." Allowing for the incombustible property, it
may be safely said that the area above named is
equal in value to all the real and personal property
in the Confederate States, and to half that of the
United Stales including New York, Boston and the
numerous other large cities.
The premiums puid for the insurance of property
in England, varies from Is 6d on the 100 to 5s 4d
per 100 ; the lowest being on " the better and
safer class of dwelling-houses in London and its
neighborhood and the highest rates being charg
ed on theatres. The average insurance is 5s per
100. Reducing these figures to another form of
expression, the rate of insurance on first class dwel
lings, three fortieths of one per cent : the rate on
theatres five and one fourth per cent, and the aver
age rate on property of all descriptions, one-fourth
of one per cent These rates, low as they are, are
greatly in advance of the real risk. " It is estimat
ed that the premiums paid to the companies aro four
times as large as would cover the average losses bv
fire ! All experienced officers declare, that thoir
necessary premiums might be reduced one half, but
for the fraudulent demands they are compelled to
comply with." The premium paid by an honest
policy holder consists of four parts ; of which one
part is the real risk, two other parts the compensa
tion and profits of the insurer's, and the remaining
part a contribution to the frauds of dishonest policy
noiaers. it is a saci commentary on human nature,
that with all the care and watchfulness of experts.
the cheating among policy holders is as great as the
destruction by fire 1 If a man's property be so scat
tered that he can afford to be his own insurer, it
follows that he would effect an average saving of
twee fourths ot the sum paia for insurance by
France, which began the system of insurance
much latter than .hngland, now far exceeds the lat
ter in the amount insured, though the premiums
paiu and the losses incurred are much less even in
the aggregate- The United Kingdom, in 1856, in
sured five and half millions. of property at an aggre
gate annual premium of $9,750,000, and with annu
al losses paid by the companies of $4,875,009.
France insures nine thousand millions of property
at an aggregate premium o($7,800,000. Tho cause
of this difference is not explained The insured
amount of the United States in 1856 was estimated
at only $175,000,000, but little more than one fifth
of the amount insured in Great Britain.
A Act for the Protection or the Citizens of
Alabama. The Alabama Legislature, at iu late
session, passed the annexed bill for the protection
of the citizens of that State :
Ik it enacted by the Senate and Jltnui of Repre
sentatives of the State of Alabama in 'General At
temblg convened. That, hereafter, if any enrolling
officer, or other person acting under authority or
pretended authority of the Confederate States gov
ernment, arrest any public officer of this State, or
any citizen of this State, who is legally exempt from
military service in the Confederate States, knowing
him to be so exempt, with intent to put him into
the Confederate service, or to foree him to do mili
tary service against his will, or shall threaten, or in
any other way attempt to intimidate any such citi
zen or officer of this-State, and thereby Induce him
to enrol his name and enter the Confederate service
against his will, knowing him to be exempt from
such service, or shall, by any false paper or docu
ments, or wilful misrepresentations of the law, in
duce any such officer or citizen to enrol and enter
said service against bis will, knowing him to be ex
empt from said service, or 6b all wilfully inutiliate,
destroy or retain any certificate of exemption, med
ical or surgeon's certificate, 'or other paper belong
ing to any citizen of this Stale, who la, or who shall
be alleged to be, subject to the military service of
the Confederate States against his will, shall be sub
ject to indictment, and on conviction shall bo fined
in a sum not less than one thousand dollars, nor
more than ten thousand dollars, or imprisoned in
the county jail not loss than six months, nor more
than two years, one or both, at the discretion of the
jury trying the same.
The highest legal tribunal of Scotland, not long
since, decided that, according to the Scotch law of
marriage, consent is the essence of the contract, and
is sufficient to constitute marriage without any
ceremony or publication, or even without the par-,
ties living together; that if the parties seriously
and actually content to be man and wife, from that
time forth they are man and wifftn Scotland.,
. . . ,
It has been ascertained that the man who "held
on to the last," was a shoemaker.
IU Boy by the name of HENRY U. ROdEMON l, ap-
Erenticed to me, has left me of his own accord, and I ofier
ve cents rewaid and a thimble full of thanks to any per
son who will deliver him to nie.
I also warn all persons against employing or boarding
him under penalty of the law. ''
Jan. II, 1865. 1 atpd."
' JL ruarjr next, at tb Courthouse door ia Dobsoa, Surry
County, will ft sold
Three anadred pair of cotton sail woolea
And a quantity of giain and grass Sythea, tor eath.
Co. Com.
Jan. 8,1805. 4-wtds.
'R9"42d N. C, T.
an. Hth, 1865. U
V T 0an1 . T a. -
Uie casualties inttft Regimeiirkland's brigade,
Mur.uB ,iw operations oeiow 'llmiagton. Those
of Co. A. were cut nfFinil aniri k:t. :
- n . . . "r- iumo garrison-
ing Battery Anoerson (or Flag Pond Battery, as
j iuj.f ncase pnonsn lor tne ben
efit of all concerned.
Company A-Capt J n Koonts lat Lt Joseph
Conrad- bergta J T Link, Andrew Link, Thos F
' vwpia j antaer, jjios A Katts, Wm F
Benson Privates P N RndpnhAi'.. A t:it:
Danl Br.ndle, F D Clodfelter, J P Cross, J C Dotyi
Fntts, U G Fritts. Peter Fry. H P Fealyet, Alex
uiooons, a u Uobble, J Grub, Joseph HarrelL G
F Headrick, A A Hoover, J H Idol, W H Keptly.
H F Koonts, I W Koonts, L S Keller, G W Long!
Sol Lonjr, Jesse Long, W Y Lanier, D Lenard, W
J Marshall. Henrv afnrnn. n N
render, M Owens, N R Owens, Henry Poplin. W
if iuwr, n rooi, at a OKeen, ju 1. Smith, D F
Smith,' R R Smith, L L Smith, E Smith, H L Sink.
D Sink. Joa Rink -I H ;iMifwl r n c:..i:r t m
Shoal, John Shoaf, A D Stimpson, D Shealdi J H
Ul,u"i " r oaaora, a rr awinr, a lince, U S
Tice. A Wrieht Yanev Williard W a v.t- t r
Yorkley, A F Yorkley, G Carnelison, Henderson
& Sergt L A Chuse, wounded in foot, slight
II. Private David Crkcoa, killed.
K Sergt Saml Tarlton. wounded in head.
3f" Charlotte and Raleigh! papers requested
to copy. - Very respcetfully,
u ' Lt Col. Comd'g
Court, at twelve o'clock, one-half of two hundred I andx
ty acres of land, Iringoa the Colfleld Rrtlrd iaWake
0. 11. Horton, dee'd , adjoining the lends of A J Lvnnh
Grey Jones, J. B PerryJ and tthera. 1 '
Jn.3,18t5. El7
Superior Court of Law,
Fall Term, 1864.
Willi i Oaitbbb,
Samvcl Ccaria.
Attachment levied on land.
Mtubctiofi of the Court that Samuel Curtia, the de
fendant, ha absconded or concealed himself so that the
ordinary process of law cannot be served noon him
It u therefore ordered lythe Court. That publication b
made m the North-Carolina Standard for fix weeks notify
ing gaid defendant to appear at the next term of onr So
penor Court of Law, to be hld tor said Countv at the
Courthouse ia Lenoir, on the 3d Monday after the 4th
Monday in March next, then and there to plead, answer or
uu.Ur' F ,ud2mentJ,r' eofl" will be entered against
Witnesa: R. R. WAKEFIELD,
Uerk of eaid Ccurt at office at session, the Sd Monday
after the 4th Mondaj September 1864.
This January 18th, 18CS.
t . B-K. WAKEFIELD, o. a. c
Jan.8t.186S. 4-w6t.
Ralexg 2f. C., Jan. 18, 1865.
Farmers of Wake. Orange and Chatham Counties to
bring in their surplus com immediately, for the support
of our army. I have obtained permission to pay Local
Appraiser's rates for all (train delivered pievious to 1st of
'"nUT' 1 865" 1 earnestly hope that patriotic producers
will deliver their .grain immediately, and relieve me of
the uupleasantneas, and themselves the mortification, of
resorting to rigid impressment, which I will be compell
ed to do on and after the 1st o( February.
The following are the names of my authorized Agents:
Baleigh, J. J. ilinetree; Foreatville, J. W. Fort; Morris
ville, A. J. Morris; and Durbams, W. P. Ward. Hills
boro' to be filled, and Fittsboro' to be filled
Capt and A. Q. ti.
Jan. 19, 1S5. 6 at.
EaZeigJIf. C, Jan. 17, 1865.
the 22d day of February next, for the manufacture of
Ten Thousand Horse and Mule Collars, similar to sam
ples to be seen at my office. Bidders must state the num
ber which they can deliver per month.
Capt. and A. Q. M.
Jan. 19, 1865. . r 6 6t
and long experience in the common branches, Musie,
Drawing, Fainting, Ac, desire to bear of a pleasant situa
tion for a Children's School, to open in the spring. Com
pensation to be partly Produce.
Give particulars and address . -
Misses A. B. C. D.,
Salem, Forsyth Co., N. C.
Jan. 19, 1865. ' 6 ttpd.
mimnui aTazcT, aALaioa, a. c.
business entrusted to them.
Their Store rooms are large and secure. Salesroom,
the Store fomerly occupied by U. L. EVANS, next door
to Mescrs. Creech A Litchford, and immediately oppos ite
the State Quartermaster'! Department.
January 3, 18(5. l tf.
next, at the Store formerly occupied by C. W. D.
HOTCHIN'QS, on Fayetteriile street in the City of Ral
eigh, the subscribers will establish an
Auction and Commission House
for the aale of SLATES.
We have provided Safe and Comfortable quarters, aad
will be as moderate in onr charges for board, kc., as the
times will permit.
With an experience of twenty years in the trade,' and
the advantages ol an extensive acquaintance, we flatter
ourselves that we understand the bnines ; and, with the
assurance of quick sales and prompt returns, respectfully
solicit publie patroosge. W. F. AiftW k Co.
4a. i, isaa. -
: J JeatVilimDt'QJ
Editor WAV&vi-rS
' inodate Boarders by the day, week, or month.
August 1, 1864. 42 U.
Cotton and Wool Cards (ready for Use) for distribu
tion to Soldiers' families, at $10 per pair. Agents will
please call for them.
H. A. DOWD, A. Q. IL, JT. C.
January 1,1345. - 1 at.
Quartermaster's Department, I
Ralsigh. N. C.,h9, 1864. J
COTTON YARN fob WOOL, upon the following
terms, via:
One bunch of Yarn for 8 pounds of Washed Wool.
u u . 4 - "Unwashed" " "
AGENTS hare been appointed to make the exchange at
the following places:
Oxford, Tawboro', Kinston,
Catherine Lake, Concord, " Rockingham,
Hendersonvilla, Statesville, Roxboro', .
AshevUle, Pittsboro', LouUburg
Fsyetteville, Coleraine, Raleigh. .
' t3f Persons shipping wool to this place will pleas
mark on the package who they are raox, and cotton yara
will be forwarded iiotnediatety.
I hope the people will patriotically respond to the above
notice, as the wool is lor clothing the N'orth-Car
Una troops. II. A. DOWD,
A. Q. M, N. C.A.
July 18, 1364. 89 tf.

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