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COWFEIt's PEM OX THE LOSS OF TIIE ftOYAL GEOKE. it was towards the closo of Cowper's life, at tho time when that settled gloom ly which his declining years were so bit terly oppressed, had taken hold npon him, that the priom referred to in the headiug of tills sti-ry was written. The circnm fctunces attending its composition preseut one of thfc moat curious and interesting of psychological phenomena that we have ever heard of, or that can well bo imagin ed, nai'iely, that a mind apparently un con3citms of one set of impressions, wheth er by an eti'ort of will or otherwise may Joused to intense action by another set The dark season of Cowper's calamit was at its height, iho morning of the ton which the incidents about to be re I took place, was dreary, cold, and dull chilling mist, which nlled the ai succeeded by a drizzling ram, inak . . . . . nature both cheerless and dismal lv miserable, Cowper was hastil his room backwards and forwards, state of extreme agitation aud distress, the UarkneABSLgloomiac wkhant nnguno.nt-. ing that deeper darkness and gloom within him, by which his mind was so heavily weighed down. He was humming to himself the air of Handel's March in Soi jio, his steps keeping time to the music, ' while his thoughts were no doubt busily occupied in brooding over his own utter wretchedness. Suddenly his door flew open, and in rushed a lady, holding in her hand an open newspaper, in which she had jnst been reading the account of the loss of tho Royal George. Greatly excited at the melancholy news, 6ho exclaimed : " O Mr. Cowper! have you heard of the dreadful accident which has happened! Tho Royal George has gono down into the sea with eight hundred men on board, and every uoul has perished 1" Cowper, wrapped up in his own reflections, paid no attention either to her or her story, but continued to walk on backwards and forwards, burn ing the air of the March in Scijpio, and keeping time to the music with his feet. Who this lady was, we are not able to state. It is not likely that she was one of those who were intimately acquainted with the state of Cowper's mind at that time, and who with such unvaried tender ness were particularly cautious never to suffer any news to reach him which they thought might excite him, or increase that melancholy they so anxiously endeavored to soothe and alleviate. The catastrophe, as may well be imagin ed, appeared to her a very fearful one, and hence she wondered at his not being mov ed by it. Thinking that perhaps he had not heard what she had told him, she re peated the account in fuller detail, dwell ing with greater emphasis on the fact that Kempenfelt aad his whole crew of eight hundred men had entirely perished. Still n - 1 a. ..I. - 1 a. 1 1. tjowper iook not mo leitst nuuue, ouiy no paced his room more rapidly, hummed his air more loudly, and kept time to the march with his feet more vigorously. Hence she concluded that he was deter mined not to listen to her, and therefore left the room. .Neverthless, though Cow per had manifested no sign that the mel ancholy news had produced any impres sion on him, he was deeply affected. The story had, as tho seqnel will show, reach ed his mind, but it had not yet touched his heart. Though lie abounded to over flowing with sympathy for the distress of others, so much was ho absorbed in his own misery, that he was entirely carried away for the time by it. His mind was struggling for very existence ; he himself was in agony, just on the verge of des pair. At that instant the bell of the church close by began to toll for a funeral. The unexpected sound, and the solemnity of tho associations connected with it, wrought a sudden change in him. Each stroke, as it boomed forth, was to him like the thrust of a sword. The chord that united him to his fellow-mau was now readied, and vibrated to the touch. His heart was ready to burst ; full to overflowing with his own misery ; full of the air from Han del's March, which he had been hnmmir.g to himself to relieve that misery ; full of the dreadful loss which he had heard for now he knew every word of it, so through lr had it become fixed on his mind : and. lastly, full of grief for the eight hundred brave men, most of them warriors, who had thus suddenly perished without a mo ment's warning, not on the stormy ocean. not on a foreign shore, not by horrors of ai, wuu in uaruor, ai nouie, while their ship was at anchor, and tby all busily oraployed at their ordinary work in time of peace. Housed to a state of intense excitement, he conld restrain himself no longer, but seized a pe.jj, rushed to the liro-nlnprt nri-oorvo fl .3 it firmly, as if to stop the tolling without, which appeared to cause him such unut terable anguish ; and in that 6tate, with tho rope in one hand and the pen in the other, he gave vent to his feelings in these deeply solemn and exquisite lines : " Toll for the brave ! The brave that are no more I All sunk beneath the wave, Fast by their native shore ! Eight hundred of the brave. Whose course well was tried, Had made the vessel heel. And laid her on her side. A land breeze shook the shrouds And she was overset ; Dawn went the Royal George With all her crew complete. Toll for the brave ! Brave Kempenfelt is gone ; . His last sea flight is fought ; Jlis work of glory done. It was not in the battle ; No tempest gave the shock ; She sprang no fatal leak ; 'Sho rs uPOi n0 rock. Jlis sword was In ife sheath ; His Sngers held tbe pen, When Kempenfelt vent down. With twice four hundred men, Weigh the vessel up, Once dreaded by our foes I An4 mingled with our cup Tho tar that England ows, W 1 1 V r m Her timbers yet are sound, And she may float again. Full charged with England's thunder, And plow the distant main. But Kempenfelt is gone; ' His victories are o'er ; And he and his eight hundred Shall plow the wave no more." It may hero be necessary to add that the, measure of the verses corresponds exactly to tho rhythm of tho music of the March alluded to in the 6tory. The Sense of Beauty. Very wonderful is it that the proportionate vibrations of the air, and the harmonic ration of sculp tured marble, should give so keen a sense of delight to the ear and tho eye ;but how ;uuch more wonderful that unconsciously in the brain of the man of genius, in the mysterious molecular actions of the ulti mate vesicles of the nervous tissue, there hould bo evolved, without any outward gencies, those ratios of space and time Inch working on the nerves and muscles f voice and hand, make themselves heard and seen in-far-off lands and far-off times, filling the world to irsjr&motest bounds with forms of beauty and tones of melody that never die miraculously - preserved in tombs of Thebes; buried, but disinterred, in palaces of Nineveh ; lingering among the otaajders of Lycin ; shining, though not with " original brightness," on tho Acrop olis of Athens ; and thrillhrg through the vaults of cathedrals ; requiems of Mozart, demi-gods of Phidias, sibyls of Michael Angelo, Madonnas of Iiaphael, heavenly .cadences of Milton all -answerings of the internal great ideas, emanations from those inaccessible cells where the vital force, with an inspiration and energy past man's un derstanding, plies her mysterious work I Thenco issuing, tlicso wonders of form and sound are caught by the ears and eyes of other men, pressed to their 1 warts, shrined with their gods, mingled with the blessed sanctities of their homes, and handed down to distant ages, 60 that the thought and feeling of one mind may become the beau ty and the joy of all men forever. Sym onds. Fcnxy Old Gal. A Canada paper tolls tho following curious story. " A few days ago an old woman died in the small town of Lievilzee, on the banks of the Scheldt. Tho old lady was regard ed by her simple neighbors as being only a few removes from positive poverty ; but she died and as she always had her will while living she left.no will behind ; but to the astonishment of her neighbors, she left behind her cash, bank notes and stock amounting in value to about two million guilders. There were pots full of gold and silver, of withdrawn and forgotten cur rencies which had been buried for years. There was a box full of Austrian and other stock certificates, the coupons of which had not been cut off for a quarter of a century ; while in a tin canister, which might have been the domestic tea caddy, were a quarter of a million's worth of bank notes musty with the accumulated damp of years." Irish Bulls. " A Dublin student being asked what was meant by posthnmous works,' answered such works as a man writes after he is dead !' And Irish lieu tenant, stationed abroad, being informed, by letter that his widowed mother had married a second time, expressed his alarm about his right of primogeniture, by ho ping that she wouldn't have a son older than himself 1 Bat the best bull we ever heard of, was shown in Paddy's descrip' tion of tho animal of that name: 'This is tho way yon may know him : " When you see a group of cows lying down in the held, and one of em is a standing that s a Duil.' ics i'addy two bulls at least." "WllAR IS THE FkONT?" It 13 Well known that Wheeler has some splendid troops, and some who aro bad as can be found. These last are scattered from the Ohio to the Savannah. A brave and gal- lant soldier teils the lollowing: He was going through North Alabama to join his command. Stopped at a house to get dinner. To old lady's "Who's youin's?" replied, "Wheeler's cavalry." " Whar gwiue T "To tho front." Tho old lady, put on her spectacles, eyed him intently, and then drawled out: "Mis ter, so'them fellers you call Wheeler's boss critters, been gwine by here every day. Somo war gwine North, some gwine South, some East and some West, somo this way and some that they all sed they war gwine to tho front ; now, mister, kin you tell mo whar is tho front ?" The sol dier left. Perhaps tho best repartee on record must be attributed o Lord Byron. One morning a party -carao into the pnblio rooms at Buxton somewhat later than usual, and requested some tongue. They were told Lord Byron had eaten it all. " I am very angry," said the mistress, lond enough fdr the poet to hear her. "I am sorry for it, madam,'1 retorted Lord Byron, "but before. I ate the tongue I was assured that yon did not want it." To Make Hard Tallow Candles. To one pound of tallow take five or six leaves of the prickly pear, spiit them and boil in the tallow without water, for half an hour or more; strain and mould the candles. The wicks should have bpen provionsly dipped in spirits of turpentine and dried. If tho tallow at first is boiled in water, and the water changed four or five times, it will be bleached and rendered free from impurities. Then prepare by frying with tho prickly pears, to harden it. In this way we have marl a fallnnr ran. dies nearly equal to tho best adamantine. Finished expression constitutes tho elo quence of Nature. . When she has com pleted her utterances, from snow-drop up to star, there is not a syllable to ba-aui)- plied. .The outlines of all her thoughts aro clearly defined; the little leases that el aster in tbe grass are as complete and distinct as the errand, bounding curves of the great clouds that would make mantles for the, Sun. The bads of her springs are the sweetest promises that ever were said, and the rose in full bloom is a lesson in rhetoric that might make the angels grow eloquent. EsfNsitvANU. Tboops nr ihb Yistsy i Aevy. Governor Curtia, .of Pennsylvania, thus refers in bis recent message, to the number of troops furnish ed by Pennsylvania since the commencement of the war : I will further observe that it appears by the re port of the Adjutant General, herewith transmitted, that the State, under the sy3tem established by law, has put into the military service of the United States Bince the commencement of the war the fol lowing number of men, viz : ' TROOPS SENT INTO SERVJCB DURING 1864. Organization for 3 years' terms, 0,867 do 100 days' terms, 7.673 do 1 year term, , 10,094 Volunteer recruits, 20,567 Drafted men and substitutes, 10,651 Kecrmts Tor regular army, " 1,974 Re-enlist men u of Pa. Volunteers: Infantry, 13,862 Cavalry, 2,834 ' Artillery, " ' 799 Accredited to other States, 889. 17,876 Total Troops sent into the servica of the United States since the commencement of the rebellion, including the 90 days' militia men in the Departments of tbe MonongaheJa and Susque hanna, 1B03 : -'J. During the year 1861, 130.C94 do do 18C2, do do 1803, do do 1864. Re enlistment of Pa. Volunteers, 71,100 43,045 73,628 17,676 Total. 836, 44 The 25,000 militia of 1862 are not included in iba statement. A Convention. The times demand a Convention ' of the people of this State, and the voice of the people demands it Ef ents are crowding events in rapid succession. The experience of the past shows the folly of trusting to the Confederate authorities for protection, or for deliverance. As a sovereign State, the State of North-Carolina, to be true to herself to be tbe conservator of her interests niupt take matters into her own hands, so far as re gards herself. Tho Confederate authorities, even with the will to protect her, are powerless. We trust our Legislature will not delay to call a Convention. Delays are dangerous in this case delay may be death. We want prompt, decisive action ; aud for this, we want bold and fearless men. Hesitation may be cowardice cowardice may -be ruin. We want no high sounding words no braggadocio. We want firmness, coolness, delib eration, common seme aUd action. There is no time for the play of the fancy or the indulgence of the imagination. There is no time for words, but we must act; and tbe sooner the better. He is recreant to his trust, who, comprehending tie present state of affairs, does not exert all bia energies to avert a terrible calamity. Emphatically tbe cn.sis is upon us. Let the voice of politicians of panizans of individual interests and opin ions, cease ; and let the voice of the vhoU people be beard. That voice comes up unmistakeably for a Contention. The people ere sovereign. Besides them we have no sovereign. None can dictate to them, and none can still their voice. What are constitutions to them? They are their own Constitution. What to them are servants, when they are masters? Ptoqrt. It need not be blinked, that the discouragement and despondency of the people are greater than at any other period. Our difficulties have increased upon us and the cloud is denser and more portent ous. We arc in danger of absolute inertness and submission to the foe. The courage and fortitude of the people at home, seem to have forsaken them, and crime and sin abound among us. If we are more disheartened, we are nevertheless greater sin ners. Our chastisements Jiave not humbled us, nor have we drawn nigh to God.' If this state of things continue our ruiu is inevitable. JV. C. Christian Advocate. It has been said that war has produced an increase of nrofanity and tho other attendant vices. This is untrue. War serves only to unmask character'; it does not materially change it. The man who is a profane swearer, or a drunkard or a thief or roue now, possessed these t:aiU before; the present un settled state of society is only the occasion for their display. The soldier who steals bis comrade's hav ersack now, had it in his heart to steal before he became a soldier he was restrained only by public sentiment or the fear of punishment, or deferred from the execution of his designs by tbe absence of a good opportunity. The man who demeans bimstlf disrespectfully before unprotected ladies now, would have dtne so before the war but for the fear of corporeal pinish ment at tbe hands of somo male relative; tie dis turber of public worship when civil law is a nulli ty, was restrained aforetime only by a wholesome dread of statutes made and provided for the pun ishment of tbe disorderly and refractory. Tho man who steals, embezzles, or otherwise ap propriates government money or property, would steal bis neighbor's horse, or bia ox, or bis twine, or bis purse, could he do so with as little fear of detection and punishment.' The official who makes seizures of private pro perty upon a lalse pretense, that he is so authorized by the Government, would be a highway robber but for a wholesome dread of punishment. '' The officer who is abusive and cruel, or unneces sarily severe now, was a hector before tho war be wis only restrained by civil law. The woman who is imprudent and immodest now, had it in her heart to be so before the war. The man who makes a false return of tithes now, would have acted as did Annanias and Sapphira, had be lived eighteen hundred years ago, aud been similarly situated. Columbue Sun. Kind Words. They never blister-the tongue or lips. And we have never heard of one unental trouble arising from this quarter. Though roey do aot cost much, yet they accomplish much. They help one's own good-nature and good-will Soft words soften our own soul Angry words ire fuel to the. flame of wrath, and make the blazh more fierce. Kind words make other people goodl natur ed. Cold words freeze people, and hot words scorch 81.704 tbem, and bitter words make them hiftj-nri ter v wrathful wot make ttietn wrattifal. "TCfiert is Sfljch 'g' ' rush of all these kinds of words in our dajg, i 1B it seems desirable to giva kind words a cha IC6 among them. There are vain w jrda, and idle wo ds ' and hasty words, and spiteful words, and em ,tr words, and profane words, and warlike word: JL Kind words also produce their own image on m a'g souls. And.a beautiful image it is. They soo tf and quiet, and comfort the hearer. They shi jje him out of his sour, morose, unkind feelings. v. have not yet begun to use kind words in suchabfin. -uoyn. 'a Jor. dance as tbey ought to be used PateaL 1 I1.-. TT,tiMn . f. . nu i i nal furnishes the following very interesting uaV' graph about a very smill subject. 5 When a flea is made to appear as large as an ele phant, we can see all the wonderful parta of its for mation, and are astonished to find that it has a cqt of armor much more complete than ever a warrior wore, and composed of strong polished plates, fjt ted over each other, each plate covered like a tcC. toiss shell, and where they meet, hundreds of strong quills project like those on the back of the porcn. Cine, or hedgehog. There are the arohed neck, the right eyes, the transparent cases, piercers to punc ture the skin, a sucker to draw away the blocid. six jointed legs, tour or which are folded on tbe breast, ready at any moment to be thrown out with, tremenous force for that jump which bothers one when they want to catch him, and at the eijid of each leg booked claws, to enable him to cling . to whatever be alights upon. A flea can jump a hun dred times bis own length, which is the same as if a man jumped to the height of 700 feet ; and he ca.n draw a load 200 times his weight The Columbia Guardian gays the delegation in Congress from South Carolina waited in a body last Monday npon the President of the Confederal States, and presented the request which had been forwarded to them by Governor Magratb, to appoint Gen. J. E. Johnston to the command of the troops in this department The President declined to make the appointment as desired. We have not learned to whom he will tender the command. LEGISLATURE GE IfOETH-CAEOIHIA. SENATE. ' Mondat, Jan. 23, 1865. Prayer by the Rev. R. L Mason. BILLS, KTC. ON TO KIR THIRD READINGS. 4 A' resolution to authorize the Treasurer to receive I partial payment of taxes from counties within the enemy's hues. Passed. , .' A bill to authorize the county court of Jackson i to appoint a tax collector. Passed. X bill concerning tbe mode of taking depositions in certain cases. Passed. A bill to enable the Chief Clerk of the Treasury . to perform certain acts. Passed. A bill to amend an act to authorize the construc tion of a turnpike road from Salisbury to the Georgia line. . Passed. A bill to amend an act to incorporate the Cape . Fear Importing and Exporting Company. Paased. A bill to incorporate lit Hermon Lodge, No. 118, in the town of Asheville. Passed. A bill to incorporate tbe Deep River Woolen com-1 pany. Passed. A resolution to authorize B. F. Bagley, of Per quimans, to collect arrears of taxes. Passed its 2d and 8d readings. , A bill to legalize elections in tbe town of Monroe passed its several readings. RESOLUTIONS, KSMOBJXL8, KTC. Mr. Crump introduced a resolution in favor of D. , H. Sanders, former- sheriff of Montgomery. Mr. Miller presented a memorial from soldiers, and citizens of North Carolina, praying for a law in ' regard to furloughs, transportation, 4c Referred to committee on military affairs. .' MISCELLANEOUS. A proposition from the Ilouse to appoint a joint " select committee on adjournment was agreed to. t jr-oumW of antrossedLhilhi from tho House were received and read first time. A communication from the Treasurer was read, in answer to resolutions of the Senate asking information concerning certain appropriations. Laid upon the table. The Senate refused to concur in the House amend ment to the bill in relation to Burke Square. The Senate concurred in House amendment to tbe resolution authorizing the Governor to send sup plies to Wilmington. 6PCC1AL ORDIB, At 12 o'clock the special order, being resolutions protesting against emancipation for public services, was taken up, the question being on the substitute reported by the joint select committee on Confed erate relations. The substitute protests against the arming of slav.es, but gives its consent to their employment to work on fortifications, Ac. ; declares that the constitutional provision that Congress shall not interfere with slavery in the States was intend ed to prevent their being taken for the public use without tbe consent of tbe States ; denies the pow er of the Confederate government to impress slaves without the consent of the States expressly given, and then only according to - State laws ; that the Confederate government having failed to establish a Supreme Court, each State should decide for itself the extent and meaning of the powers delegated to ' the general government f Mr. Dick suoke at some length, and with crit ' pewer and eloquence, in favor of the substitute. ' The reporter took no notes of Mr. Dick's speech, having no doubt it will be written out by himself for publication. Mr. Odom offered an amendment, and spoke in , favor of it Tbe amendment expresses the belief that slavery is the normal condition of the negro, and declares that we will ever oppose any attempt to liberate him for public services or for any other cause, either now or in the future. At the conclusion of Mr. Odom's remarks the Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF COMMONS. The House was called to order at 11 o'clock A. M. Prayer by Rev. Mr. Pritchard, of the Baptist Church. Mr. Gudger presented a petition from citizens of Madison county, praying that certain changes be made in tbe boundary line of said county. Refer red to the committee on propositions and griev ances. Mr. Benbury offered the following resolutions in reference to tbe arrest and confinement of Dr. H. P. Ritter : Whereas, It has been represented to this Gener al Assembly, that on the 5th day of December, 1804, Dr. II. P. Ritter, a citizen of the county of Chowan, was arrested at Weldon by CoL Parham, Provost Marshall, and detained and sent to Rich mond by Col. P. C. Gaillard and there imprisoned until returned on demand of the Governor of this State : and, whereas the gronnd upon which said arrest is said to have been made were of so feeble and unsatisfactory a nature as to raise a reasonable apprehension in the minds of all goods citizens, that the same outrage may be perpetrated upon every one passing Weldon : and whereas, the barsh and cruel treatment of said Henry P. Ritter by the au thorities at Weldon, as represented to this General Assembly, can be viewed only as a base and inhu man use of power to oppress and torture under the pretence of confining suspected parties : therefore, etolved, That tbe Governor is hereby instructed to institute an immediate . and searching enquiry into the circumstances of said arrest and detention of the said Henry P. Ritter, and should it appear that said arrest was based on insufficient grounds, or that his treatment after his arrest was unusually harsh or severe, he shall demand of the Confeder ate government, the immediate arrest and trial of the said Colonels, Parham and P. C. Gaillard, and all other officers at said post voluntarily concerned in any part of said transaction, that was contrary to law and right or necessarily offensive or cruel in its execution. e$ohed That the expenses attending this in vestigation be paid by the State, and that the Gov ernor is hereby authorized to draw by warrant .from the Public Treasurer such sums as may be necessary for the same. Papers were submitted with these resolutions setting forth that Dr. Ritter after bis arrest was treated with great indignity ; was refused permis sion to communicate with his friends; was not al lowed to send to the hotel for his over coat; and was confined in a log pen for two days, being al lowed at night neither light nor fire. He was then Bent to Richmond and imprisoned in Castle Thun der. While there he was treated with unnecessary gor was inadequately fed and denied permission to purcnise lood. un tne lain ult, be was exam ined and the board of examiners declared there was .no just cause for his arrest or detention. Notwith standing this decision be was not released until tbe 14th. - On arriving in Weldon after his release, he found that his trunk bad been broken open while in possession of the Provost Marshall, and rifled of a portion of its contents. Illness consequent upon exposure, caused the death of one of Dr. Hitter's servants, who was arrested at the same time, Tho arrest was based only upon an anonymous letter, purporting to have been written by an officer of Hoke's division and asserting. that Dr. Ritter was a spy; that he had received a bribe of $10,000 to go to .Salisbury and communicate to the enemy the state of the defences, fcc, in that locality. A copy of this letter was read by the Clerk.J Mr. Cobb inovod to amend by striking out tbe word " demand," and inserting the word M request". Not agreed to. Messrs. Benbury, Mann and Caldwell, urged the passage of the resolutions, which, after discussion, were adopted unanimously. An engrossed resolution to authorize the Gov ernor to send State supplies to the town of Wil mington for the support of citizens, was put on its several readings. This resolution authorizes tbe sending of 10.000 lbs. of bacon, 300 sacks of flour and 100 bbls. of corn to Wilmington, from tbe State Commissariat, to be paid for or returned in kind. Mr. Grissom moved to amend by authorizing tho Commissioner of Granville county to make like purchase for the benefit of indigent citizens of said county. Mr. Cowles moved to amend the amendment by adding also the county of Yadkin. Mr. Lowe moved to amend by adding the county of Davidson. This was ruled out of order, an amendment to an amendment already pending. Messrs. Fowle and McLean opposed tbe amend ment which was subsequently withdrawn by Mr. Grissom. Mr. Russell moved to amend by providing that a portion of these supplies be appropriated to sup plying the wants of the destitute citizens of the town of Sm.ithville. Adopted. " . ' On motion of Mr. Carter the bill was' amended by striking out the words " be may see proper " and substituting tbe words "as may be necessary;" also by striking out the words w or the payment of the value of tbe same into the State Treasury." The bill as amended passed. INTRODUCTION OF BILLS AC Mr. Lyle, a resolution in favor of E. D. Davis of Jackson county. Mr. Allison; a resolution in favor of Wm. F. Wasson, Sheriff of Iredell county. Mr. Mann, a bill to prevent obstruction to tbe passage of fish up Creek in the county of Pasquotank. Also a bill to authorise administra tors to advance funds for the support of minor dis tributees of Estates. Mr. Smith of Duplin, a bill to punish persons for placing obstructions in the North East branch of Cape Fear River. Mr. Gudger, a bill to attach a portion of Madison county to the county of Buneombew Mr. Beobury, a bill to restore jury-trials to the county court of Chowan county in certain cases. Mr. McGehee, a bill to amend an act to authorize the J ustices of Caswell county to regulate the clean ing out of Moon's ereek in said county. Mr. Stipe, a bill to restore the penalty of $100 on Sheriffs for neglecting to execute or return pro cess. . Mr. Waugh introduced a resolution which: was adopted, requesting information of the Public Trea surer, as to what steps bad been taken to collect of the Confederate States the large amount due this State for our advances made to clothe our troops and for other military purposes ; and whether those steps were likely to be effectual, at an early day. The Senate by message refused concurrence in House amendment to . the biU authorizing the Pub lic Teasnrer to rent out the buildings on Burke Square in the City of Raleigh. The House receded from its amendment Mr. Grissom introduced the following resolution. We eke as, The following notices marked "A" are being indiscriminately distributed in Granville and other counties within this State, forbidding producen to sell any part of their turplue, except to the government thereby closing tbe market to non-producers and threatening want and starvation. Therefore, Boohed, That the Judiciary Committee be in structed to enquire whether this action of the C. S. Quartermasters and their agents is in accordance with tbe laws of Congress regulating impressments and the rules and recommendations of the Board of Appraisers for North-Carolina, and report by bill or otherwise. . Tbe resolution was accompanied by the fallowing Notices marked A. Gbanvlwle County, Dec 17th, 1804. Sir: I desire to purchase for the Government all your surplus corn, oats, fodder, hay, shucks, straw and bran. I can offer you the prices set forth on tbe back of this notice to be paid on the delivery of said articles at the place we may agree upon. Upon the refusal of this price we must proceed to settle the value of the article according to the act of Congress for the regulation of impressments. This notification binds the property till our nego tiations shall be closed. Verv Respectfully, "JOHN H. ROWLAND, Agent for J. B. White, Captain t A. Q. M. Forrestville, Dec. 14, 1564. Mr. Sir. I propose to purchase of you for the use of tbe U. a. government your surplus corn, oats, rod der and hay, at schedule price, payable on delivery of said property at Forestville, N. C, on the day of 1865. Should you refuse to sell said property at said price, the same is hereby impreu ed, and you are hereby notified not to remove or tramfer the same, and that compensation will be made to you for said property, according to the act of Congress, regulating impressments. Very Respectfully, J. W. FORT, Agent for W. E. Pierce, Captain fc A. Q. M. The prices on the back of the first of these noti ces are, for corn, shelled and bagged, $5 per bushel of 56 pounds ; Fodder aud Hay $3,50 per hundred ; Oats, shelled and bagged, $4 per bushel of 52 pounds ; Shucks $3,50 per hundred ; Straw $1 ; Bran 50 cts. On introducing this resolution Mr. Grissom said: This oppressive restriction affects only the farm er. This class, who, of all others, reap tbe fruits of the hardest toil, and not only eat the bread of honest industry by " the sweat of their brow," but support and maintain all others, is made the subject, by this iniqui ous system of peculiar and un preceden ted, hardship. The capitalist the manafacturer and the mechanic are all comparatively free from this burthen, which falls like a thunderbolt and hangs like an incubus upon the shoulders of tbe farmer, paralyzing his ef forts and waning his patriotism. He bears his full share of ad valorem taxes upon his property for tbe support of the government ; be pays tithe upon his labor and earnings which are not exacted of tbe other classes ; and then, as if to add insult to injury, piling " Pelion upon Ossa," he is vi&ited by the Quartermaster's agent and served with a notice to sell no part of his corn, oats, fodder, hay, shucks, straw or bran, except by their permis sion, to the goveruraent for nominal prices and worthless scrip. Surely he has cause to cry out in the bitterness of bis soul, " my punishment is great er than I can bear." k Tbe government practically says that the capital ist, the broker, tbe commission merchant, the trades men, the heartless speculator, may invest and rein vest his interest and his earnings, at enormous prof its as often as he chooses, without embarrassment but tbe farmer must not be permitted, even from his hard and scanty earnings, to realize a sufficien cy to meet and defray bis absolutely necessary fami ly expenses. His salt andiron and other indispensable neces sities are to be purchased at almost fabulous prices ; his enormous taxes are to be paid ; his family are to be. cared lor, and his children educated, but he must not be permitted to sell a grain of corn, a blade of fodder, a peck of bran, or a pound of bay, to raise the means to meet these unavoidable expenses, ex cept at schedule prices to the g-overnmant. If it should be replied that this policy is the re sult of necessity on the part of tbe government, then why does it not in its wisdom direct an equal ity of its burthens upon all classes and every species of property and investment, se as not to oppress so severtly any one f But unfair and unjust as this policy is to tbe par ticular class mentioned, depriving them of their honest earnings and means of subsistence, without just compensation, in direct violation of a constitu tional guarantee of protection in the enjoyment of " life, limb and property, except by due course of law," its injuries and cruelties are not confined to them alone. But if continued, a train of etils must inevitably be inaugurated, in which classes still more unfor tunate will be involved as principal sufferers, the contemplation of which will awaken emotions more painful and more horrid than the wounds and blood and carnage of the battle field. The non producers everywhere who are not safely lodged in a Confederate office, with their bands in a Confederate crib tbe poor of tbe land tbe wives and children of our gallant soldiers in the field, tbe wi lows and orphans of charity at home, the foun tains of which will be dried op and exhausted, una ble to purchase or be supplied on account of this cruel, iron heeled despotic fiat gone out all over tho land, must inevitably perish of suffering and want, even amidst a land of plenty. They must stand and vainly implore assistance un til starvation seizes the body and sends tbe soul to tbe God who gave it or they must combine in law less resistance to that authority which has with drawn its protection and left them to share the fate of the beasts that perish. These evils cry aloud for correction these wrongs demand redress. The impulses of humanity, the good of the country, the safety of the cause re quire it The fact ones remembered, now forgotton, orusa respected, note despised, once acknowledged, now ignored, that this is the people' tear, the people i country for weal or woe, should be kept fresh in the recollection of rulers. They are tbe servants the people the sovereigns. . Mr. Polk, also addressed the House in favor of the resolution and it was adopted. - Tbe following engrossed bills from the Senate had their first reading, viz : A bill to allow fifteen magistrates to transact the county business of Halifax county : A bill to amend an act entitled an act to author ize the Governor to employ slave labor in erectin- fortifications and other works. - A bill to amend an act to incorporate the North Carolina Volunteer Navy Company.: A resolution authorizing tbe Secretary of State to furnish Nathan Whitford Esq , with a copy of the Revised Code, and a resolution requesting the State Appraising Commissioners to allow market value for articles impressed. Oa motion of Mr. Perkins the House took from the-table a bill to give the County Court Court of Pitt jurisdiction in tbe re-establishment of lost wills. The bill passed. On motion of Mr. Benbury, a message was sent to the Senate proposing to go into an election at once for Engrossing Clerk. Mr. Carter nominated Mrs. CoL Win. J. Clarke for that position. The House adjourned until 10 o'clock A. M. to morrow. SENATE x, ytt i t Tuesday, Jan. 24, 1865. Mr. Wright, from the Judiciary Committee, re ported unfavorably upon a bill to make housebreak ing in the daytime a capital offence, and also npon the resolutions to enable soldiers' wives to make contracts binding the property of their husbands, and also upon resolutions to prevent tbe sale of property under execution for specie. BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS INTRODUCED. Mr. Leitch, a bill to enable the citizens of the State to consolidate their lands. Referred to Ju diciary Committee. . , Mf. B78on, a resolution to provide indigent families with cotton yarn. Mr. Ellis, resolutions instructing the Committee on Internal IcprovemenU to enquire what railroads have violated the law and forfeited their charters r 7- t!1011,', by brib7. by refusing to carry freight, by collusion with Express companies,. Ac., and that tbe committee have power to send for per sons and papers. Ordered to be printed. i rS0,Qti' t go into secret session at So clock, P. M., and that the House be inform ed thereof. Adopted.- Mr. Ellis, a bill to prevent thelcollection of debts in specie. Mr. Wright bill to repeal the 119th section of the 84th chapter of the Revised Code. rarmisriKD business. The consideration of the unfinished business of yesterday, being tbe committee's substitute for the resolutions concerning the arming of slaves, Ac., was resumed, and Mr. Ellis spoke at some length, declaring his confidence in and adherence to the gov ernment as administered by Mr. Davis, but opposing the arming or the slaves. On the contrary he would give every soldier a negro and fifty acres of land when the war closed. Mr. Hall spoke in opposition to the resolutions. He declared that be believed the salvation of the Southern Confederacy depended npon putting arms in the bands of the slaves. He favored their em ployment as an engineer corps. He wanted the ex periment tried. If they deserted and went to the enemy they only went a little sooner; but if they stood firm and true we were saved. He would try the experiment ; it might save us, and could do us no harm. Mr. Hall spoke for some time, and was listened to with much attention. Mr. Wiggins opposed the arming of slaves as un constitutional, and spoke in favor of tbe resolutions. Mr. Patton was in favor of part of the resolutions only, and desired an amendment providing just compensation for the slaves taken. . miscellaneous. The Senate voted for an engrossing clerk, and the committee reported that there was no election. Upon a second vote Mr. Davis was elected. The Senate then adjourned to 3 o'clock, to go in to secret session at that time. HOUSE OF COMMONS. The House was called to order at ten o'clock A. M. Mr. Mann presiding in the Speaker's absence. Prayer by Rev. Dr. Craven of the Methodist Church. The Journal of yesterday read and approved. Mr. Little presented a memorial from citizens of Richmond county praying the enactment of a law making trespass upon land a high misdemeanor. Referred. Mr. Fowle, from the Committee on the Judiciary reported a resolution in favor of the Old Dominion Trading Company. Mr. Ly le introduced a resolution in favor of the Commissioners of Macon county ; also a resolution in relation to the Commissioners of Jackson county. Mr. Love, a resolution instructing an inquiry by tbe Committee on tbe Judiciary whether the Judge ship of the 8th Judicial District be not vacant tbe Judge not complying with the law, which requires that he should reside in some county of the District Mr. Johnson, a resolution concerning the Sheriff of Davie County. Mr. Polk, a resolution in favor of privates, non commissioned officers and officers of the line. This resolution was adopted; the others were referred or placed on the calendar. A communication was received from the Secretary of State, (in response to the resolution pasted on Saturday last,) showing tbe number of acting Justices of tbe Peace in the several counties of the State. Mr. Brown moved that this communication be printed. Not agreed to Yeas 46, nays 52. On motion of Mr. Fowle it was laid on the table. A message was received from the Senate propos ing that the two Houses go into secret session at 8 o'clock, P. M. This message was recalled by the Senate. On motion of Mr. Phillips, a message was sent to the Senate proposing that tbe two bouses meet in convention at 3 o'clock, p. m., and go into secret session. The Senate by message announced con currence. Tbe Senate by message concurred in the proposi tion made by the House, on yesterday, to proceed forthwith to tbe election of an Engrossing Clerk. Tbere was no election on this ballot Mr. Davis received 58 votes, Mr. Hill 40, Mrs. Clarke 22, scattering 4. On a ballot subsequently bad Mr. Davis was elected. INTRODUCTION OF BILLS. - Mr. Simmons, a bill in relation to the delivery and execution of process in the county of Jones. Mr. Fowle, a bill to exempt employees of news papers from borne guard duty. Mr. McLean, a resolution authorizing the remov al of the State salt works to Saltville. Passed its several readings under a suspension of the rules. Mr. Waugh, a bill in favor of Wm. Haymore, Sheriff of Surry county. Mr. Lyle a bill to incorporate the Hill Orphan Fund. Passed its several readings under a sus pension of the rules. On motion of Mr. Grissom, the bill to exempt employees of newspapers from tome guard duty was taken from tbe table. The rules were suspend- -ed and the bill passed its second reading and then its third reading by a vote of 57 yeas to 32 nays. On motion of Mr. Fowle the bill authorizing the Secretary of Stale to employ a Clerk, laid on the table at the last session, was taken up, and pending its passage the House took a recess until 3 o'clock, p. m. - SENATE Wednesday, Jan. 45, 1&C5. After tbe reading of the journal. Mr. Courts mov ed that the Senate go into secret session. Mr. Wiggins said he did not like the idea of se cret sessions and desired soae intimation" ef the purpose for which the secret session was. t be held. Mr. Courts said it was jb the purpottaf appoint ing Commiuionert ; and the Senate t&tawent inter secret session. After being in secret session aboub an hour,, the doors were again opwnedr Mr. liau otiered a resolutoit, exempting from Home Guard duty the ComissLoners, Ac.-,, ef the town of Wilmington. RefrejJ to Committee on miliary .anairs. Tbe consideration of ta&resolulioea in rerd tbe arming of slaves, 4c,, was resound), The 2d and 4thresctHioo3 were sirickejhoi .The 1st resolution nd. the 2J (3d- of thek aoj were auopieo. t Mr. Ward efferr jan amendment, as a .sub'