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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 04, 1857, Image 1

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f0m4r #/ P'%a>ilvinia av?a?i and 11 * streit,
nnd I* served to subscriber* by carriers at SIX
AND A QUARTER CENTS, payable weekly
to the Agen's; paper* served In package* at 37^
?**ata per moath To mall subscribers the sub
?crlptlon pries Is THRRK DOLLARS AND FIF
TY CENTS a Year ???dre*r?,TWO DULLAR9
for six month*, and ON IS DOLLAR for tbree
months; for less than three months at the rat* of
cents a week
NO. 1,264.
This exceDert Family and News Joarval
talnlnjf ? greater variety of lntcreetlai
than can be four.d in any othar?Is publish** an
Saturday mornlrj
a. . T??*?
Single copy, p<r annum ....tl 0
Five copies ft w
Ten copln 8 MO
Twenty cople* . li tU
?'**?, isvabiablt m advance.
IHT" Single copies (in wrapper*) oaa ba procured
at iite c<wafpr, Immediately after the Issue of t&e
Parer Prlce-Tnata Cists
. " ! Mi wbo ?** ?* will be allowed
44ft Eleventh street, between G and h.
PROF UEORttE h K.N K Y stueckkath,
Principal; Miss huzaukth L WIL
LIAMS, Vice-principal,?a lady eminently
qualified to take the charge of the Engi'sh De
partment and the government and discipline of
ne school.
The e*errlses of the second term of the jastl
tnte will cmxntza on .hond*V, the lA day of
Febuary proximo Applc.ttlons far adinlmloa
should'be made as early- ss possible
MEN, under the dlrvctlna of Prof Gkor?s h
htrtckr*th, a* pfl if! "a!, "o be loat**d -?a F
street, between ?th and 7: > stree's or in the v|
einety of Trinity Church, will be opened oa the
4th of Febu-?ry, proximo.
Rev l>r Cummins will d -liver an a !dre*s oa
the opening of the High School
Ear-y application sh ?uld o-j trade to the Princi
pal at his mid nee, Columbia institute, for
Young ltdies, 416 11th street, betweea g and H.
Pr >f Steuckra h 1* authorise: to refer to Rev
pr Cummins, and Prof. Bache, Cnasf Survey
janm-lm* _
These improved engines (For
which patents have baen granted and first
prlte medais awarded to the inventor, both In
?he United States and Europe ) continue to give
?uih satisfaction, on acoonntof their slmpll ity
end economy, that w* have now established an
extensive m mufactory, asd are prepared to de
?lver at the shortest notice engines from two
hcrse power and upwards
tne^e engines have been accurately tested, and
have shown aa economy of twrn'y percen. in
fuel, aad a*?ou; the ?a n-? la oil and repairs. TLls
? ivla^ is f ff?*-u-d by let-lag the *teain in . nd out
a?otl? aides ??( the cylinder ihrouga la ge openings
?emovuig the pressure from tae valse ar.d a.low
ag no steam t > eva,?e or exhaust from tac pas
?a^s eac?pt from tt?<? cylinder -none ; al?o bv re
cueing the weight and friction to abant half that
'A the ord'nary engines we plaie the srr.aler
mies upon an improv-d holler with all the pip^s
attach'-i, and th" whole rantited with small
wh" ls convenient to ship t? any part of th?
ountry, and to avoid th~ necessity of an eaper!
eneed ?ng'n*er to start th?-m, ttasy are all tes ed
iwfit? lwvbj the nclory
Reed's fd'snt pumps ?.real*o coming in
t^ j steiinmin, In mines, andfu
?applying bollej*, where th?v are now giving
great ntwictloa Tney are preferred to aav la
<:?e beea i^e of faelr e vnpacttejs* and simplicity.
These engine and p-i-np* miy b?? sec i in oper i -
?'on. or further laf vmatle t aid, bv nailing or ad ?
drewiag keki) A B RKBECK,
jan 12-1 m 95 Maiden Lane, n y
SUITABLE p'?h ntristm ts 4n1> NEW
bridze street, georgetown, D C , has received
a great variety p? 'k'jil and s ns^nsble GOOD*,
to whlcs h- lavltea ti-e attention of bottt ladies
and gea:;em -n wao may wish to make a christ
m?- and New Years' Preheat.
rkh worked Cambric Seta (couars and Sleeves)
Do do Muslin do do
Do do Muslla and Cambric Coilara
A great variety (low priced) do
wt?tk?d llnaa Sets aad Linen do
Rich worked mualia Sleeves
Biack and walte lac<? ->et* end co'lsrs
Werk-*d ?jamiricand ?lus4n Bands
embroide ed lin-a t*am'?rlc h aalxerchicfg
Hemstitched, tacked and pi ila do
Black caaatiliaaad French Lace Veils
Worked, quilted and hooped aklrts.
Moire Aiatiq ie. Embroidered, SaUa i?d other
D.-tubie aad single Brocha and o?hct Shawls
illch fatjjy aad Biaes Sliks
frenca Merln*a piald Merinos
Plifti and print?! Hoos l'd^lalnes
Best Paris Kid Gloves, all nambers
Kid and Back Gaa atiets
Ladies, geat'a tai chlidrea'a warm Gloves
l)o hoslt*. v, .nf ? very k.ad
porrmonnales, and udlss' Cibas
Goot< llnera, Cambric a'.d Silk P ckM Handkfs
u'a?k and fancy **Ilk Cravats. scarfs aad Ties
?#eat9 Saaw'.s, M*?riaoa ?d Woolen Scatfs
Children's knit Talmas and ho-xls
LadW?, gents and biys' Comfort., kc
With maay oth?r dea'.rabie goods, which will
be soid low to cash or prampt custom-rs
dec ?- J H SMOOT
a i ?hna i
improved 3s77ing machlqm.
T* viiieli w.\? printed the .ligheit awardo!
the Pan# 3xhib<tkoa, thereby raceittng
the worid's Verdict of saoeriority.
sa'.ae he.ssimplified th-*m In many respects,
aad th??y areeap ?bieof exe-t*stln^ t wlce iheamonat
?f w?rx they did f- rme/ly la any givea time.
hvey a" without question itie oaiy Machines ca
pe. >?te of searing every variety <?f poods perfect; a
? hlrt boso.n or ueavy trace for harness can be
?ejrn uy any of th"se .nichln*?a by .isimplechange
?f ae>lle a^d thread la s-icha manner that the
?iosest.scritlay canaot detect a fault
Maa'a'actarers, pta itcrs and. families will fna
>h-m the o^'y ??fe Machines to norcha.se. as they
*?e bui?t strong and dara*?ie, aad aot likely to
ge| oat "f orler.
we h .'e raajn'.ies Willi ^aajes attached, for
?lading h^ts,cap-frrnts, gaiters, Ac
?silk, ?fc--?*w 'jottsn, nf^dles, Ac . ssast'stly
?a b and, at tac lowest rates.
pei? mtnoacfiarorma'toaregarding Sew
isg michlaea vrtll please address
!#5 Baltimore street. ilaitlmore
n bv7e are p'e;?ared to eichaagetht.se ma
sninoe tor old mj.oalaei >f any rind Termn lib
eral. Perssas wuo nave ?en indacedto purcurjie
?ferlnr rancnla*!* uad?r tae pretext cf -jelag
? bean, will lad lata a be.nifitlnaeed.
? ?? ?ly
sta^dvrd silver ffahk.
ver Sp>nas, Fo ks, ladlea, B'i*t<?r. Fish, Pie,
Cake and Ice Cream knifes, Su^ar Shovels and
toe^?, "SapVin Rtags. Cream. Gravy, Mustard
sad ?*au Spoons, Ac , Ac , on 017 own premises,
and <i-> a'i< piim off oa ihe public Northern man
ufjet ired articles (which cannot always be re
lied <?n as gea-Mne) fr*r my own, b it every article
m?d? In my esfabllshmeat can and will be war
raated as ab??e
of e^eiy description an1 la great vairlety, eoa
?tantly on hand, and receiving fre?h arrivals al
fwt e?ery day Flae (18 ks) tjeld Watchos,
from f and we.rran e?l correct tlrrie
eeep-ir*. Core.l, Cameo, mosetr. and plain Goid
Bracelets, Pin* aad Ear-rings, (in sets or by tac
slne??? piece.) sio.d Veat, foo, l? i<ard, cnalalaln
and N?ck ci.ains, Seals, K-ys, l^ock-ts, Charms,
and a goers', .as nrtmer.t ??f goods ucaally ktpt
in a Jewelry su>re
fl.?e watr^ Repairing done by an experleac??d
and ootnpe'.ent work-naa, and all work warrant-d
to give satufxctlnn at peaasylvaala avenue.
der H o HOOD
BOOR H in III no.
C$rwr s |r?*l'i strut Maryland arissi,
?41' 144 smiumsii* /a<tiiatltom
E^dwakd lvcl 1 r respectfully in
J forms the s ltwcrlbers *o uh.ava's Rible aad
shakspearv, ao* Ja*t eo.npleted, that he Is pre
pared to bind those work* in a s^p^rlor style of
elegance, strength and soildity, and upon much
more reasonable terms than caa be done la Balti
more, Philadelphia, or n^w Yorx. a letter ad
dressed to hi tn (p-r post) will e iab!e him to ex
hibit to the suoscrlbers speclnieas of hla style of
blndlog e rery kind of Book Binding neativ ej.
?oatiaaous GUM TEETH, called
Allen s piu.*at, for the excellency of ? . . . ..
wai-h 0r.'t ail oth-r styles of teeth, many now
wearing them in this city, will cheerfully vo-irn.
Ther* is one Uentlst In this city who has be^n
infringing the patent, aad made a bad imitation
of li, drains: wuo.n i hereby caution the public
n B vvnenever a deutlst speaks agal:ist
Allen's p.-.teat Continuous 6ia Teeth, when
preptrly r 1*1 true ltd, it is because he is Ignorant
of the nrw?, lncom>?teat to make the work, or
? oawilllag to pay for the pateat. je 18-tf
Jit HitO kklt t TK EES.
At ten doli.aks pkk hundred?for
sa;e at mv nunerv, near wa?hingtoa.?&
The ao?>ve trees are all of sae growth, and^w
of the ae*t ??ls?t fmit
Also, a general assort m. it of OR N amental,
evergreen, shad*-., and FRUIT TRELS.
?w? ?i tf hhhua kEIRCE
wathtngtsn Vetartaary Infirmary.
-ml u st b^t. 13*4 and I4tb sts . noutb of fa ave .
membn of the Royal tcollege of veterlaary
s irgeoaa, London
l?THor*?a examined m to soundness, Ac.
is still making th'?se beautiful
Vf to all that suffer with defective sight,
caused by age. sickness, and particularly from
tlasr.es injudiciously selected, to his superior
PECTACLES and GLASSES carefully ground
by himself to a true spherical accuracy, and bril
liant transpaency, suited precisely and benefi
cially to the wearer according to the concavity or
convexity of the eye. Very numerous are the ill
effects caused to tne precious organ of skght from
the commencement of using glasses In not be4ng
precisely suited, by the use of an Optomtttr; and
the practice of many years enables him to meas
ure the focal disease of the eyes, and such glass
es that are absolately required will be furnished
with precision and satisfaction
JOHN TOB1 A3 acknowledges the very libe
ral encouragement already obtained, and further
solicit* the patronage of those that have not yet
availed '.hemselves of his aid
Persons that cannot conveniently call, by send
ing the glasses in use, and state how many Inch
eslhey can read this print with their spectacles,
can be supplied with such as will Improve their
Innumerable testimonials to be *een ; and ref
erences given to many who have derived the
greatest ease and comfort from his gla?ses.
Clrrnlap m be bad gratis, at his office, No.
H* SEVENTH STREET, Urt? icon from
Odd Ftllow$' Hall, stairs.
Naivoli, S?ptember7, 18K9.
Sir?The Spectacle* you made for me suit very
Sell, and seem to have improved my sight more
ae any other 1 have lately tried.
I have tried a pair of Spectacle? obtained from
Mr. Tobias, and find them of great assistance to
my sight, and ?corresponding with his description
of the focus. 1 recommend him as a skinful op
tician. HENRY A. WISE.
Havlsr tven Induced bv a friend to vlsitth 5 c*.
iabli<fcm"nt of Mr Tobias for the purpose of try
ing his glasses, 1 was furnished by him with a
pair slightly colored blue, which have afforded
>ne mor relief ard gratification than any 1 bave
ever tried. My sight, originally very good, way
Injured by writing and reading at mght, fre
auentty to a ver? late hour; but with the aid ot
these glas es I ran study almost a? late as ever,
and that too without the pain I nave previously
suffered. JOHN WILSON,
Late Commissioner Qea'l Land Office.
D.sceaiber 11, ldi5.
1 have n-ed Mr. Toblos's Sfe-.t.-ic!;? f*r thre?
or four mcnth?, and tak? gr?^t pleasure la say
ing that 1 am much pleased with them. 1 have
been much benefitted by lh"m.
MaySlh.lbS* GEOR. P. SCAR3****.
1 wis recommended to Mr. John Tobias as i
skillful optician; and as I have eyes of remark
able peculiarity, I wn3 gratified to find that Mr
Tobias seemed to comprehend them by inspoc -
tlon and some slight measurement, and he has
mad? me a pair of Spectacles that suits me ad
ml]ably. A. P. BVTLEK.
July 11, IBM.
Wilmumt^m, N. C., Jan.87, IBM
Mr J T?bia' : Dear Sir ?1 am happy to say
that the Spectacles wuic.h 1 obtzlnrdfrom yon last
weck.:re entirely satisfactory. From an inequal
ity in the visual range of my eyes, I have hereto
found great difficulty in getting glasses of the
proper focal distance. It affords me pleasure to
sjate that, by the aid. of your optometer, this diffi
culty h"s been happily obviated so that the glasses
you furnished me are decidedly the best adapted
to my eves of any 1 have ever yet used.
V"ry reepertfullv. yours, ft. B DRANE,
Recior of St James'Parish.
HiriETyiiT or Imtseior, May7, 1855.
From natural defects and the unequal range of
my eyes, 1 h2ve been compelled to use glasses for
several ;-?ars I have tried different opticians
without obtaining glasses perfectly fitted to my
eyes. Four months since Mr. Tobias made two
pairs especially for me, which 1 have found to
sfrve me perfectly. By the use of his optometer
he Is enabled to adapt Glasses minutely to the ey?.
1 most cheerfully recommend Mr Tobias to all
having occasion to use glasses and bear my testi
mony as to his skill as an optician.
Assist. Sec y to sign Land Warrants.
P 3 ?OPERA 6LASSE8 of great variety,
MAKER GLASSES, and many other articles in
this line at very low prices constantly on hand.
? ' patentee of ? Loomls' Mineral Plate
Ts>6th," having successfully Introduced)
his Improvement In various cities, has
now permanently entabilshed himself in Wash
This improvement for Sets of Teeth consists
chiefly in making a set of but one piece of mate
riel a:>d that indestructible mineral. No metal
m used in their construction, and they are there
fore free from galvanic action and mctallc taste.
I'fccre are no joints to become filled with moisture
or particles of food, hence thev are putt and clean.
They are lighter, stronger, less clumsy, and, In
short, the ptrfftnt* o* Artificial T?ttk ; not
withstanding certain Dentists speak against them,
but they have not the right to make the m, do not
know how if they had, and therefore do not ap
preciate them.
Office on Pennsylvania averue, l-otween lltb
aad 12th streets, two doors below the Klrkwood
House dec 24 tf
a. fur this city of Dorlodot's " Tre?or de f
Bouzy,' a champagne celebrated throughout
Europe, aid esteemed by concoisseurs as of
the highest grade, and unsurpassed by any_
other product of th?> champagne country, which
has obtained a high position in the aristocratic
circles of Europe and America. Also, a large
stock of other Wines, Liquors ar.d Cigars.
Jan 5 tf No. 367 Pa. ave ,opp. National Hotel.
Ins.?Watches, Chronometers, and Pockct
Ti nexe^pers of every description repaired by
skillful workmen and warranted to perform ac
Engr<ivlrg of every description done in the
brst style, Including the cutting of arms, crests,
mottoes, and initials on stone
? Visiting and Wedding Cards elegantly
engraved and printed
M. W GALT A BRO , Jewellers,
Jan *29 fit 321 Fa av , bet 9th nnd 10th sts.
2.240 lbs to tk? Ton
of While A?h, Red Ash aad Lenlgh COAL
JTarranttd to giv* satisfaction Delivered free
from dnt.
Also, Hickory. Oak and Pine WOOD.
N. \N corner Pith and C streets. No M7,
dec aD-tf one square south of Pa avenue.
rati: hatsi
> supply of BEEBE'S
together with TAYLOR'S
MORE The best black
dress HATS got up In
th? latest style for 33 30. as
good as those usually sold
*J ; and a good fashion
able Hat at S3, worth S4 :
and a first-rate Hat, *2 50.
The best materials and the best worK-tanship Is
employedt0 produce a S5 Hat, which Is sold for
w . ? a cv,n business, meet with no los
*?*' ?al customer full value for his
i X' Januaualiy low.
p,*;J,,.AK?2*SrDrtacoll>B'Balm of a Thousand
r lowe.s. rric^'R cents per battle
f <r a .New i ork Hat Company se 2#-tf
i.(D*J t ton-and repository of uvful knowl
ed?e. The 2?th year of its publication i:on
tslnlng all the lmporrant Statistical and Polltl:al
Information of the coua'ry. For sa e In Wash
ington by TAYLOR A M * U R Y,
Jan H Mock .tore, near 9 h street.
iiotes, fine Gauda for PrewnU, Ac , at
jm 'JO tf No 20, betweenoth und a:h ?u.
Vr,'*#T&Sl*v?auN * oo.'b.
TrkISURT DtPARTVKNT, N<>V. 29, 163b.
Notice ia hereby given to holders of stock of the
loans ot the United States, t!>at till* department
will purchase the sam? until the 3d of March noat,
unless the sum of $1,500 000 shall bo pievioutly
| ob'ni'ied, ami will pay 11 a-ldition to the interest
j accrued from the date of the la*tscnr annual divi
dend of interest thereon, together with one day*?
a Iditional interest for the monry to rra-h the v -n
>ior, the following raits of prt-micm on >ai-! stocks:
For the stock "f 181*2, a premium of 10 per cent.
F.">r the stock of !8i7 att.i l."?|j?, a pri-m um of 16
per ecnt; and for the stock of 1850, commonly
ca'ii'd Texas Indent my S:r?ck, a pr< mium of6 per
CVrtificaiesof stock transmuted to the depart
m?nt, tinder this notice, m-i^f be assigned to the
Lnltcd S'ates, hy th- party du.'y entiilc.1 to reccive
'lie proceeds II sent between tfa'" hereof a id the
1st day of. aiu%-y next, the current i.aif y? ar's in
terest msst be aligned by the present stockholder,
or It will b- payab'e as heretofore, and a carre*
ponding deduction be ma le from the amount ray
able for the stork.
I a\M?nt for the stocks so aligned a;t(j (,a -mM
I' '1 wili b ma I i hy draft1* on the As.<isatit Trea-ia
| rer?at Boston, New Tork, or Plula lelph a. at the
option of the parties entitled ?o receive the mini y,
whicfc should b? expressed In the letters accemj'a
nymqtbc ccrtia-at<w. JAMES GUTHRIE,
Paid without charee Drafts on the
northern seaboard clt'es received on Depo?lt at
par and Exchange on said Clt'es furnished to de
positors without ctarge.
i/>iiLLBR,nT ?* UEPl>?'Ti ?Interest will be a'
upon^ ?n epo',ts at 8U:h rates as miy be agreed
OEPOSII-i IN add UN'VK rrnt Mo
i" j fl'8?n??and other Uncurnnt
*1^*1 received to be che^kfd for, payable in
lar Exchange0' f'PeC,e' ** charK,nK the tegu
oJ.)L,r0nnTfL~^0tC^ Dri??. ?"* Bills of Ex.
Mo/iS discounted. and Loans made on
etocki, fjoRdj, and Secuutie*, at the market
Lkttrr? or Crrdit.?Letters of Credit will
mT n*K?'Jable In the different Cities of
the United Mates,on Deposit of Mon?y or Collat
erals ard Interest allow,d if Money isd-positod,
and charged if Collaterals, on such terms as may
be agreed upon '
u-niVVBLIK,? Billi or Fxchajcgk ?Travelers
mlifc AaT:l^e<1 wlth drd,ts ln 8:,rh *?ms as
of ?t. Cni'n " ne?ot,able la tbe diiferent Cities
Lkttrrs of Credit onEngland,
RRL4!tn ani. Ei ro, ,, _?Ul8 of Kxchangc ard
/ i ! J on Engia id. Ireland and Eu
" "" """? ,lte *>' Kich^s,,
"?,?,D,'tf*C( K<'.4c -BordR. Mocks, and Se
?2 ? >fay rrom f> 11 u **cent. a!way* tm
sae. or bought In the d.fferent Cities at acom
^ cent. Where Mocks are bought
upon orders, we reserve the right to call for a de
^1. II ^ Cent- on the COf-t Bonds or Stocks
will be ordered bv telegraph
rn^AriL-f,?AD'i'iTY' A D ffTAT* Bond* ? Hall
r ad, Lltv, and Mate Bonds can be placed in our
? V<V?llV,?n e,fher ,ntL,s country or
w?th?TnndJ* purchased for cash or
I.and \N arrant* ?Land Warrants bought at
the market rates All Warrants sold by us are
t; tirantf.fi ln every aspect
Land vv'^rrants 1 ictted on commission
hand Warrant q toratlons regularly furnished
II requested.
W arrant* will b* forwarded to Western Houses
or Fent for sa'e oa com mission to re
sponsible parties
Kial 1- statk Aim IRsrrattf Rs._Real Estate
bought and sold, and insurances effected
r, AL,TUE 1TKa i-TATKs, CorRT OF
K Conor ess ?Claims on tie t nited
H!, ff0re the Co'lrt of Claims or Conyre-s.
intrustei to us, will be prosecuted by able and
prompt attorneys. 7
Jin^/ Opposite th? Treasury.
An Immense assortment ot Nrw Books
trill be opened This Duj,
will be distributed to our patrons hereafter.
Members of congress, citizens,
an<t STRANGERS will Had our stock of
Hoolks worth thfir atU'nlion It is tlitr largest and
most valuable assortment ever opened In 'his
city, comprising Standard and Mlbcellar.eotis
orks In all the departments of Ancient and
Modern Science, Literature, ar.d Art. Also, all
the latest Publications, Annuals of ihe ^ea'-on
Blble?, l'rayer Books, New fcdltlons of ihe Po
ets. Ac , Ac , In Turkey Morocco, Antique, Vel
vet, and other rich and tuperb liladlnss, ele
gantly illustrated.
worth from 25 Cents to *100, will be given (im
mediately after the sale) to every piuchaser of a
Book for which we receive SI or more.
ir7*6 per cent of all our net receipts will be
placed ln the hands of His Honor the Mayor of
Washington, to be distributed for the benefit of
the Poor of the city.
At the Old Stand, under IJexter's Hotel, sign
of the K-d Flag.
Jan Mf Jj FH1LBK1CK, Ag'nt.
! No. 3f>7 Fn ave., opposite National Hotel.
WlffES, brandiks, ouocebies, and
He I 0 A R S ,
sortment of Champagne in quirts and pin's,
IX L; and Tresan de Bausey, ann other desirable
Braids, Brandy in cask and bottles. Vintage
l/.- toiblO; Rums of all kinds; Whiskeys 1910
tolKW; Holland Gin of a 1 kinds,
Claret Wines cf all brands
Burgundys do do
Saturne do do
Sherry do do
Maderia do do
Fort do do
German do do
Hock do do
Italian do do
Hungarian do do
English Ale and Porter of all brands
Cigars do do
Cordlala do do
Cross & Black well's Loadon Pickles and
Pre?erv?s rf all kinds
Coil' e Sugar, Teas, Ac , kc.
'M7 Penn aver.ue, opposite "V ational Hotel.
Jan ra-ly JONAS P. LEVY. |
1 Ten Sets, Silver Forks and Spoons, Solid Sil
ver \N alter*, Pitchers, Goblets, and Cups
Also, the largest variety of Fancy Silver Ware,
Presents'0' ' Birthday, and Anniversary
Every description of Silver W?re manufactured
to order ,and particular attention paid to the yettlnu
pflate designs'14 *' rUhly wrouKbt wllb appro
-V ^.??ALT *? BRO- 'cwellera,
_jan *? ^ W Fa. av., bet 9th tnd 10th sts.
VL?nf "Mu L-CA >1PH K-1E~ETH ERl^I
'1 Oil, Lamps, Ac
Also, Articts' Materials and Brushes.
fhe trade supplied at lowest market prices
Jin M-l C st bet. 6th and 7th.
i k;iFoil tiers.
This week received a large sup
ply of new snd fashionab'e MUSIC tor the
?iuiiar, Piano, Flute, Ac , at our great Piano Es
tablishment, 3<fl Pennsylvania avenue, between
'Jth and Kith streets. JOHN F. tLLlS
j&n JO-tf
K.^IFE CLEANkHS, with the latest Im*
provoineat.?Every family and boardinjr
houMfkeeper should have one
Jia*U G. FRANCIS. 494)7th st.
* k*g^< of very aupe;lor Glad<M Butter, ln store
aad lor :ai? low, by
jan33-8w 101 Water street, Georgetown, i
Judiriary gqaare, March 4, I*.*?.
Hon TJD Fuller. Me
Hon Johu Appletoo, Mr
Col John H Gter;?, K. H
Sidney W?l.?ter, N H.
Hon D A Smalley. Yt.
Hod Rufu* Choate, Maaa.
lion B K Helletf, Hum
Hon Philip Allen, R. I.
Hou C T Jitnie<, K. I.
Hun Iaaao Touchy, Conn
Hon C M Iniinvll. Conn.
Hon John Kally, N Y
Hon John William*. N. Y.
Hon John WhMlrr, X. Y.
Hen J K Tlionidon. X. J.
Hnn Uwr;c Vail, N. J
Hon Win Birler, Pa
Hon J Ulancy Jones, Pa
Hon J A Bayard, Del.
H .11 M W Batea, Oil
Hon J A Pmrrf, Md
Hon J A Stewart, Mil.
Hon R*T H11 liter, V*
Hod C J Faulkner, Va
Hon U S Itelil, N. C.
Hon I< O'B Branch, N C.
Hon A P Br tier. S C.
Hon W Aiken, !< C.
Ho i R li.?mbt, lit.
Hon Howell Cohl>, (li
H?n B Fitrpatrii k, Ala.
Hon ^ W llarrie, Ala
Hon A I) Brown, M1??
Hoc .1 A Quintan, M -?
Hon W L Marry,
Hon Jame* Guthrie,
Hon H C Burartl. K;
Hou J M k! iolt, Ky,
Hon J C Jonea, T< nn.
Hou K A Smith, T??un
Hou J?e?e U Br <lil, IihI.
11 >n W 11 Kiij(!iah, Ind
Hon 8 A Dons'a?. Ill
Hon T I. Harrta, III
Hon J S Gre-n tin.
Hon J !* Phvipa. Mo.
Hon W K MebMtlan, Ark.
Hon Albert Kuat, Ark
Hon Low I* Caea, JJi.'li.
Hon Geo W Pock, Mich.
Hull K k Mailory, Kla.
Hoi A K Maxwell. FU
Hon T J Ru?k Taxai.
Hon P H Hell. Texan
Uoo Geo W Jons*. Iowa
Hon AiiKiu'.ne Hall. Iowa
Hon Henry Dodge, Win.
H n Daniel Weila. Wl?,
Hon J B Woller, CaV
Hnn J W Denver, Cal.
Hon Johu Slidell, La
lion J M Sai,<1 il^e, l,?.
Hon G K Push, Ohio.
Hon C L Yallandtn^iiam,
Hon H M U!re, Mlau.
Hon Jo* l ?i,?, Open
Hon M A Ot?ro, X*w Met
Hon J P Anderson, W I f
Hon J W WDltfleli, Kansas
Hon B B Chapman, Neb
Hen J C Dotbln,
Hon Jam*-* Campbell,
Hen Caleb Cnshlc^.
Hon B -beit M<-Clellao1,
Hon Jeff D?> t?,
United Stale.i Army
Gen G?->rje Gibeoo, Capt A T. Shiraa,
U?n T 8 Jeetup, ("ait M C Mei??,
Col W II Kmiry, C%> t P Calhoun
*?)"r A H Bowman,
1'mtert State* Na>y.
Com Wm B dh'ibrb k, Ltent M K M.trr,
Com E A K Lava let te, Lieut K G Par rot t,
Capt DutK.au X Inzraltim, So; ;eon C D Maxwell
Litnt Juchj< J Boyle,
' tited Stiles Mitt?< Corp?,
(?en Archibald Henderson, SiatorGeo F l.miaay.
Cart H U Tyler, Lieut J Uieane
Major W W Rna*ell,
Hon J^bn Cl<*hrane,
Hon W B Waylay,
Hon Daniel L Sicklsa,
Hon Jeslab Bmdall,
Hon Charla* B""*u,
Hon John R' *Hn*.
C >1 John W Forney,
C W Carrt-in,
Hon V. B Hart,
la*a?' V Fow.er,
John H Cuauibet*
Col C lleKibMn,
K'trridca Lara,
Will H Welsh,
Gen Wm H Millar
Hon Geo R Riddle.
A G Allan, F?t
Col Geo P Kiii>,
Col Wm D Bowie,
Col JaB Leonard.
Thomas t Connolly
Gf,Or?ltOirii} I). C.
K..t ert nuti. Wm a Gordon, Brooke K Williams
Hush C?p?rtoti, Di B IlohrT, Dr Grafton Tyler '
Hon Wm G WhlMey,
Hon R M McLana,
Hon P F Ihoinas,
Hou H"nry May,
Hon Jo-h'ia Vmnsaot,
Hon Rererdy Johiiii n,
F?ran<"i? Dort;;?,
John M Barbour,
K S lloii^h,
W Aithor Taylor,
Alezati'lrn, I'd.
I Louis Kluxer, A G Kan-ton,
Heurv Dairjei tieid, l>a*ld F'uiisteo.
Col J K Powe!).
Richmond, I 'a.
J*lues Lvouk,
A B Stusjchton,
f'lmrles A tart,
Wm F Bayly,
II L Jai fcaou,
I'r S A H 'luton,
G?o C Wliltinx,
J ?cub Gi leon,
Charles H Winder,
t>e? Parker.
l?r Ihoa Miller,
J D Hoover,
A mold Harris,
k H Wel^htinan,
Thoir?s Greon,
Wm T Dove,
D W Malion,
W i! B Cross,
Dr W (> Palmer,
Hudson Taylor,
Hon 1 H Henl.1:1,
Dr J B liiake,
P II Key.
11 Luufbboron^li,
A G Heaiuan,
J oh ii F Coy!?,
K S Mproole,
u Wa'lai I.,
? li?* T Joues,
J.icu A Hiiunlcutt,
Henry S Davis,
John Kaint^iW,
K W:McH? .rj,
Rejcr A Pryar.
H G Fant,
f S Walla h,
I uos J Ki?y <-r,
Wm F Wall.' ,
J as X Barker,
fbas W Welali,
J C Met'ul re,
MarsKill Blown.
ASH While.
Johi.son H?!len,
C B ?;raliim,
A W Kneaell,
S C Sun,t null,
Fdward CI rk.
IS* njamin Beall,
A K Pott-.
It J X'eviii,
John F" Kni.is,
K D Cntta,
Lucien Pevton,
M W Clnk?r,
K J Lackev."
Wm H Ward,
J D Brandt,
Ja< W Irwin,
J C Fltzpatrlvk,
Andrew Coyle, Jr,
Sli I amborit.
K H Heudereon,
W ni 11 Tli?'Ui%-,
Henry tjoeau.
t!o\ Eor.:. A Wi?e,
Wm D Macrnder,
W W Best, ti,
Peter Force,
Walter Lent s,
Wm Seld?u,
W w Corcoran,
A <i P Nicholson,
Tin ? L Smith,
Johu C Kivea,
Gen Walter Jones,
Hon Anlog Ki-nriail,
Prof J Henry,
(' >1 W ?. Freeman,
? Wendell,
Dr Wm Jonea,
John T Sullivan
Geu W Rl^j;a,
Hou T H Crawford.
Hon W M Merri k,
Dr A Y P (iaruetl,
Dr J C Hall,
Dar :el R?ti*ltffi*,
Col I" G Wa<lu:i^ioU
A II Lawrence,
J M Carlisle,
a D llacli*,
A O Da) i mi,
J.tme* G Berro',
Dr C Bo' la.
Tli..a J Gall.
? s<-hii?klii
F M. Xerh ?>-,
jia2S \V,tb
K ii MILLF.K. yON A CO.,1
I mporters direct from l^lvernool to<
Alexandria, bpjj leave to call the at- *
tentlon of dealers, hotel keepers ar.d
otfier* of Washlujjton and Georgetown to their
stork of UOUDH, which, for extent aad variety,
will compare favorably with any establishment
la the Kaf ern cltlc*.
The connexion of the'r senior partner with the
manufacturers of F.urope and th? United States
for upwards of HO years, has given himadvaa
tages In the p.'rchaee of goods, equal, If r.ct supe
rior, to ;:ny house In the trsde An Insuectlon of
goods and prices will satisfy all parties that pur
chases can be mdde of the m upon the most favor
able terms
French China Dinner Sets, gilt and decorated
French China Dinner Sets, gold bard aad plain
Frencn China Vases, Pitcher*, Toilet Set?, Ac.
French China Tea Sets, Cups and t?auccrs, and
Cher articles of Teaware
And Dinner Ware, separate from sets
India China Dinner Sets,and separate articles al
ways on hand
White Granite Ware la every variety,in sets, and
separate from sets, as may be desired
Blue 1'rliited or Liverpool Ware, the same
Comrcon hdged, White and Rockingham Ware,
In full rupply.
Cat. Pressed, Plain ard Moulded Glass Ware
from the best establishments In the Kastern and
Western States, which will be sold by the pack
age or otherwise
Experienced packers employed. Good* put up
by us can be transported Dy any mode without
Fare oy the steamboats from Washington to
Alexandria, almost hourly, 12# cents eacn way
A quarter of a dollar thus spent may save many
dollars. dec 1
his friends and the public In general,
that be has now opened ills new Hotel on
Pennsylvanld aveaue, between 17th and?
IPth streets.
This Establishment Is n*?wl y and elegantly furn
Ished on the most modern and Improved principle
with tfaloois and Private Apartments The
Bar Is supplied wltn'th?* choicest Wines and
Liquors, Cigars, Ac. Game and other delicacies
In sea'on
Private Dinner and Supper Parties promptly
supplied and attended to in auy p?rt of the city.
Table d'hote at 3# o'clock, on Sundays at ?/.
erty left with me for sule, will be entered on
my Sales Book, and receive my personal atten
tion, and If a sale is etTjcted, a reasonable com
mission will be charg d on the amount of sale
I will also g ve personal attention to the Hent
lng of Dwellings and other Property, for reason
able fees
The public may be assured that all business
left In my charge, will be attended to with
promptness and fidelity ; and that it Is my inten
tlon to mak? my otllcea place of great value to all
interested In Real estate.
HUfliess respectfully solicited. OfflceatNo.
514 ( d stirv) 7th street, opposite National Intel
ligencer Offlre.
Will loan ?10,l)0i? in sums to suit, on any articles
of value No 4i<) Pennsylvania avenue, betweea
31 and 4# ttre?ts. jan 7-eo3m?
and Muall Watch with Chain, near Shilling
ton's Periodical Depot, corner of Pennsylvania
avenue and street.
Chronometers, Repeatlag Watches,
Duplex, Mantle Clocks,
I#ever, Jewelry, and
Hor xontal, Silver Ware
Mnsical, and REPAIRED.
made to order.
1?7" Removed from 370 Penn'a avenue, Browns
Hotel, to the above location
nov 44 -ecJna
TV h, J. Mclaughlin a co.,
J*n 30-tf between aad 9Ui st?.
* Salem, 0. T., Dec 2, Irtifl.
lidiltir of the Star Justice to the peonie of
?>rjg<?n. and to those who reside in d:fTcrent
portions of the United States who entertain
misconceived views in relation to the war in
Southern Oregon, induces me to write to yon,
for the purpose of giving you a plain, unvar
nuh?d statement of some of the fa-t? connect
ed with this war its they exi"t But before 1
proceed, I will say, that it is not strange that
there should be prejudices existing averse to
our interests throughout the land, when w?
h tve those amongst us who wilfully and ma
liC'.ously make false representations concerning
this war?men with hc&rti grown blaek in in
famy, and consciences sj reared by corruption
as to be lost to any sense cf humanity or sympa
thy for the weak end defer.celcssof our country
There are but few of this class, who have s>
richly merited the appellation of ?' traitors"
to their country and her citizens?who have
rendered themselves so totally unworthy the
name they bear a* American citizens?yet,
although the number is limited, they have
wielded an influence with the authorities at
Washington city, which, if not counteracted,
must piove disastrous to the interests of th:s
Territory, as hundreds of our citiiens have
contributed their all to assist in prosecutirg
this war, since that was the oniy alternative
left for us.
J t hits t>een stated, and i?generally believed
by a great many persons who are per?>nallj
unaci uaiiite 1 with the true history of this war
that the white* have been the aggressing par i
tj, and 44 they considered the United St ite
Treasury a legitimate object<f plunder," bin
we are able to show that there has brer a state
cf war existing on the part of toe Indians sir, ;o
tho treaty of 1So3, nnd that the tomahawk of
the savage has drank the b!< >d of over fifty of
our citzers in Southern Oregon since thai
treaty, before we took up anus in defence of
our lives and property, in October list; that
th*-y had frequently cut off small parties, kill
ing them anu mutilating their h ,die3 in the
must horrible manner ; and there never bu.
beon a period in the history of Oregon when
suck transactions were not of almost daily oc
In the month of July, 1S55, a band of Rogue
Kiver Indiana killed ten or twelve white men
in the vicinity of Klamath river, and then re
treated to the reserve on Ko~ue river, to which
p'mce they were followed by three companies
of volunteers raised in the mines for the pur
pose cf avenging the wrongs perpetrated upon
their fellow miners by the rutoltsj savage
When the murderers were demanded of them,
tt?ey refused to give them up, in the most
peremptory manner, and said they were ready
l >t war ; and had it not been for the interces
sions of the people cf Kogue river valley, they
would have wreaked a summary ven^eanct:
upon the foul murderers, which they rnos*
richly merited. I went myself, at the solici
tation of the citizens and Dr. Ambrose, the
Indian Agent at that place, to the command
an'S of compauie--. and begged them to desist.
I told them taut our grain in the field was
ri^efor the harvest; that we were not prepared
t>r war, and thai we would enly rescrt to it
iu the last extremity. When those officers
hoard the frequent importunities of the citi
zens to witiidra-v with their forces and not
strike a blow which w.-uld inevitably cauga
their homes in a few days to present nothing
but a sccrsc of desolation, they very gallantly
d:d so, leaving the co!d-bio<>ded murderers to
go unpunished and unharmed. But it wa<
better thus, for it a war had been commcnceJ
then, not only all the improvements in this
section of country would have been burned,
r.ut ail ihe giain in Southern Oregon wouia
have Seen swept off by the fl.iiL.es, thereby
rendering the peoplo of Rogue river valley
de-titute of the means <>f subsistence
Thus things passed on until about the first
of October, lsJo, wh-n the Indians murdered
twu men on the Syekoin mountain; where
upon Capt Hay?, with a company of rolun
teers, f diowed on the trail of the murderers
to a pi'int near their rata A, when they were
attacked, the Indians opening the fire A
battle ensued and Major Lupton fell Our
forces found that the Indians wore fully pre
pared for them ; and, also, that they fought
desperately. Alter routing the Indians they
went into tho ranch, ar.d found various ar
ticles, which had been stolon from the whites, i
pud al-:o the scalp cf a white which had j
beer, taken oil only & few day# bef.re 1
shoold have stated, however, that before
coming to the camp of the Indians, they
found where they h;.<l bu'.chercd scv .ral head
of cattle which they had stolen and driven tff
froui the white?.
This is tho aCair that was so disgracefully
represented as being a cold-blooded butchery
if peaceable ar.d inoffensive Indians.
After these Indians went to Fort Lane,
(which they did. immediately followed by the
volunteers.) and called on Capt Smith, of the
United States r.rmy, he refused to receive
them as friendly Indians, and drovo them
Ttiis is the nature of the first demonstration
on the part of the whites fur redress, nnd we
leave it with a caudid people to say whether
this was juetiGablo on our part, or whether
we had tne right to resist the foe when he
was continually waging a war with our citi
zens, plundering their houses, and driving off
their stock For evidence that this state of
things did exist I will refer you to the letter
o; Dr. Ambrose, Indian agent, bearing date
September 30, 1JS55.
About the I Oth of October, the enemy made
pn attack upon the citizens living on tne road
from the Willamette valley to Iiogue river,
and for several miles burned all the houses,
barns, grain, Ac . and killed all the inhabit
ants without respect to ago or sex,except M: ??.
Harris and daughter Ttiepeoplcof southern
Oregon then petitioned Governor Curry to ca'l
out volunteer troops to -ubdue the enemy.
Accordingly, on the 15th of October the Gov
ernor issued his proclamation calling for nine
companies of volunteers to aid in a war then
existing against the Kogue Kiver and other
Indians. Ihe people ot southern Oregon re
sponded to the pall nobly, and in a lew days
the required number of companies v. ere in the
field, and on the 31st of October a portion of
them, and Capt Smith's company of L nitcd
States troops, met the foe in the Grave Creek
Hills, and fought the battle known here as
the ?' Battle of Hungry Hill " In this battle
the Indians fought most desperately, killing
and wounding over forty of our men; and,
from the nature of their position it was im
possible for our forces to dislodge them or gain
any material advantages over them. Alter
two days' hard fighting both parties left the
field. The loss was about equal on both sides.
We lost thirteen in kiil.d. and thirty wounded
This is the battle that was published in nu
merous papers in different portions of the
United States as being nothing but a farce,
gotten up by us for the purpose of creating a
sympathetic feeling in our behalf thit we
might be sure of being paid f.>r our ssrviees,
and that no such battle was ever fought. How
shameful that there are men in this Ter
ritory, holding high and responsible stations,
who aro so lost to a sense of truth and vera
city, ar.d so ungenerous, as to represent matters
in a light which h!U' lod mon to such erroneous
After this, tho war was prosecuted with as
muoh effect as it jras possible to do under the
circumstaccos, as one of the most rig >rous *,B"
ters closed in upon us, and in order to follow
the enemy to his strorgbolde, we were obliged
to march over the most rugged mountains,
through almost44 eternal snows,' which ren
dered it impracticable to prosecute the war to
as speedy a close as might have l;een done
under other circumstance#.
Daring the winter the volunteers tnet the
?? iwcbit per cent.
enemy frequently and drove him from his no
siti*<n. bat it was impossible for them to (ol*
11* up his retreat in such a manner a* to
render their services a? effective m they might
have dene bad it not been for the inclemency
of the season and scarcity rf ammunition
?rhieh ba? attended us through the war Id
the month *f Jauuary last. Mr Drew, Quar
termaster General for tbe Territory, sent an
agent to San Francisco to purchase ammuni
tion. After he had reached that place and
made the purchases, the merchants from whom
they wete made refused to let the articles gu
from representations made to them by General
Wool, that if there was any war whatever ex
sting in Oregon it was an unjust one. That it
was a war waged by the whites against the
iunocent and defenceless Indians, and that
^uch debts would never be paid Under the
influence of these, and like representations,
the agent totally failed to accomplish the ob
jects of hi* re jvion, and returned home. The
troops remaining in the field almost destitute
of ammunition, and as a necessary conse
quence almost powerless, only being able a
portion of the time to keep the foe out of tbe
frontier settlements Here I will remark that
tn< *t of the ammunition used during the war
in Southern Oregon, wss purchased with mo
ney adv tnced by individuals for that purpose.
On the 24'h of March there were three for
r^rtics of Indians discovered by the
volunteers, and driven back with considerable
loss t?. the l-Uter Ooe of the parties wu dis
covered on Cow Creek, and defeated by Major
.Wuhan's oommand ; another on the bead
??raters of the Co'juille river by Captain Buoy's
company, and toe third party on the same
<lav. by Major brace's command, in Illinois
valley ?
Xheso parties were sent out for the purpose
< f robbing and burniDg the houses of the set
tler?, killing them and driving off their stock,
a practice which bss been common ever sinoe
thorr were settlers in that portion of the coun
The Indians then fell back to tbe meadows
on Rogue river, one of their stongest positions,
and prepared to make a strong stand, having
collected their entire forces at that point We
immediately made arrangements to march
against them, and on the 2Uh of April we
reachcd a point near to where their oombined
forces were encamped, but they were on the
opposite ?i the river, and we found that they
had selected a very strong position for defence,
but by discreet management of the officers in
command, and moving in the night, we suo
cceded in gaining a point from where we
op<*red a deadly fire upon them early on the
morning of the 27ih of April, ajid after two
days hard fighting, we tuccceded in routirg
?bcm, and taking from them the position
which had served as their headquarters dur
ing the war.
On the 2d day of May, a military post was
established at the Meadows, and a portion of
the command went out for supplies. The re
maining portion stopped to guard the post
until tueir return, a? it was on the main tho
roughfare o: the Indians from the Lower
Rogue river out to the settlements in the val
ley. On the 2rtth of May, (having suoceeiei
in procuring supplies, which was very difficult
and teliou",) we marched down the river
toward? the Big Bend, the Indians having fled
in that direction. Early on the morning of
'he 2o:h. we made an attack upon a large
party of the enemy and gained a signal vic
tory over them, killing and ttkin* prisoners
a great u. ny of them. On the 2t)th. we met
old John s band, and were attacked by them.
A fight ensued, in which we were completely
victorious ; we killed several of his men in
this engagement When we met him he had
just dr&wn off his forces from the Big Bend of
Kogue river. (which was only e'gbt miles be
low,) where he had surrounded Capt Smith,
of the United States army, and killed and
wounded thirty-one of his sen the day before.
Oar oommand then proceeded to the Big Bend,
where we f.-und Lt Col. Buchanan with a
command of United States troops.
L|k>d oar arrival here we tound that two or
three of the most prominent bands of hostile
Indian? had made a precipitous retreat iwhen
wc made the attack on tbem on the 2ttth of
May,) to the camp of Col Buchanan and call*
ed upon Gen. Palmer, who was there, for terms
of peacc. and that they had given up their
arms and f-urrendered unconditionally. We
theo proceeded down the river to the coast, and
during the march wc took a number of prisoners
on the river and drove the remainder into the
c imp cf ihe regulars to au unconditional sur
render. We ranged along theooast for several
dajs below the mouth of Kogue river, and
succeeded in defeating tbe Indians in several
engagements and bringing them all to our
terms By the 25th day of June, 1^5G, all ot
tbe hostile Indians in Southern Oregon, except
Old John and 35 of his band, bad surrendered.
Uen. Palmer. superintendent of Indian af
f jirs, turned them over to the regular troops,
and they were taken in their charge to the
reservo The volunteers left the field at this
time, our service having expired, but before
we left the field, John bad agreed that he
would come in on the same terms that the
other Indians had. After our forces had with
drawn however, old John concluded he would
no'.come in under that agreement, and Col.
Buchanan then agreed with him that If he
would come in and deliver up his arms, that
he nor none < f hi? men should be put upon
trial for any outrages or murders committed
by them, and that tbey should retain all the
stock and plunder they had taken from the
whites previous to this time Mr. Nathfcn
ney, one of the Indian agents, and a man of
unquestioned truth and veracity, is my au
thority for this statement However much
the course of our executive officer, or the vol
unteers, in*y be censored, we can say that
there never ha* been during this war, an
acrfmont made by tbem with the enemy to
disgraceful to the American people as this
This agreement was made by Col Buchan
an with John, when he was well aware of the
tact that this band was composed of despera
does from other tribes to a great extent, and
they were deeper dyed in crime than any
band which had participated in this war /
As to tbe charges that were made by Gen.
Wool and Gen. Palmer, that this war was a
speculative scheme gotten up by the people
of Oregon, thinking "the treasury of tne
United states was a legitimate object of plun
der,': 43 , I will only say that it bears no
semblance of truth or reason on the face of it.
It is not reasonable to suppose that men wbo
were making from $4 to ?16 per day at l^eir
accustomed labors, would bave creatad a dis
turbance with the Indians for the PurP?** ot
going into the ranks and enduring more an
the ordinary hardships and pri
dent '-to a life on the tented field,
ing their own horses, equipments and arm#
for >4 per day in the perspective ^
The territorial troops haveCOD^n.c^ ?
selves gallantly during ligation ;[
credit is due for so su.oessfulaterminaUonit
u a** to th.
i"nJd'-tbcVh??. endur.1 trtr, h.rd.bif
i V-rpi" every ineonvemense attendant
"d. SStJK. ? ~* ?>?
countries in the world
Framcoxia Heard From.?A letter from
Franconi* New Hampshire, dated last Satur
day, the 21 h instant, reports the following
facts repec'.ing the weather in that Arctie re
" lb* spirit thermometer this indieatad 49*
below 0 at half-past 5am A mercury ther
mometer, taken from a warm room at 8 o'clock
a m , (after the sun was up and shining
brightly,) sank to 40? below 0 in twenty min
utes ' Tbe mercury itself was solid This
u tbe coldest weather ever known in Franco
nia. One could be exposed but a few minutes
without l'reeiing his desb. Several pereons
were toft-kitten before they were aware of it."
-1 * . ?"T oTT UaaoaH

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