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V2S. XXIV. WASHINGTON? D. C. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 1. 1864. N2. 3.591 pifPOIABl J*_0 1 LOAN. Tiba?tjrt Dtr abtusbt. July S3, UM. Seti?? i? hereby given that subscriptions will he received by tb? Treasurer of th? United State?, the several Aiaittsnt Treasurers and Designated JWpositorie? sadby tbe National Banks designated Sx- q ? ?lifted ss Depositories sad Financial Agent?, for Treasury Notes payable three yssx? fro?* Augaat 15. ISM, bearing interest et th? rete ef seven aud three-tenth? per eeut. per annum, with semi annual coupon? attached, payable is Uwful awuey. The?? note? win be convertible at th? option of the bolder at maturity, into ?ix per eeut. geld hearing bends, redeemable after five and payable twenty years from Aagust IS, 1887. Th. Notes will be issued in the denomination? of Sfty. one hundred, five hundred, one thousand sud ftr. thousand dollars, and will be issued in blank, or payabi? to order, as may be directed by tbe eub sariber?. Ail ?ascription must be for fifty dollars, or geme multiple of fifty dollar?. Duplicate certificate? will be issued for sil depos ite?. The party depositing must endorse upon the original certificate tb.denomination of note? re quired, and whether tbey are to be issued in blank ?r payable to order. When so endorsed it must be left with the officer receiving the deposit, tob? forwarded to this Department. The notes will be transmitted to the owners free Of transportation charges as soon after the receip of the original Certificates of Deposit aa they can he prepKred. Interest will be allowed to august 15 on all deposita made prior to that date, and will be paid by tbe Department npon receipt of the original certificates. Aa tbe note? draw interest from August U, per sons making deposits subs?quent to tbat date mu t pay the interest accrued from date of note to date of deposit. Partis, depositing twenty five thousand dollar? sad upwards for these notes st any one time will be allowed a eommiaslon of one-quarter of one per ?ent ,whi?h will be paid by thia Department upon the receipt of a bill for tbe amount, certified to by the officer with whom the deposit was made. No deduction? for sommisaions must be made from the deposits. Offleere receiving deposit? will see that the proper endorsements are mads upon the original certificates. All officers authorized to receive deposita are requested to give to applicante all desired Informa tion, and afford every facility for making sub script? one. W. P. FBS8BNDBN, )y M-tf Secretary of the Treasury. PERSONAL. LADIES, ATTENTION-PLAIN SEWING done with n< atneM? and despatch by Mis. POLLBR, No. .l*?0 7?h street. Island. Particular attention to Ladies, Gentlemen, and Children's under gar mente. Machine stitching done at five c*nts per ' srd._ *_ MADAM MARSHA, late from a northern eity, would inform the public that she has taken _H> her residence at No. 403 ? street, between ?th and 11 th. Is prepared to read the past snd f.retell future events._su 22-Im* C^ACTION.-T?u ou whom it may C?-?er?7-All > persone are hereby cautioned against filling half pint porter and mineral water Bottle? marked with the names of"R. A. 8hinn_?'snd " Arn? A ? 1: inn. as all who are found so offending will be prosecuted to the utmost extent of the law "pro viding against the improper use of trade marke, I would also notify mv customers that payment will be txacted for all bottles lost by them after this date. RILEY A. 8HINN, Union Bottling Depot, '>7 Greene st, A.y 18. 1364. fan Blm] Georgetown, P. 0. PBRSONAL.-WM. PBINGB. 381 F ?treat, oppo site tbe Patent Office, is the only one in town who doe? FLUTING, having three very elegant machines now in operation. Ladies who desire thin very fashionable trimming should give him s eall. Stamping in all it? varieties elegantly doue. Stamped Goods. Braid and Bilk? for ?ale, an 12 tf FBMALE CC_4PLA I NTsTeeeive partiular attea tion at Dr D ARB ? ?8 Office, 49? 7th street between D and B. Thoee in ??-d of a confidential ad vi??? r can be suited by railing on hi in. an 5 im* ? RI Y ATE COMPLAINTS Are treated, either personally or by letter, at Dr. WOOD'S Office. 4 9t? 7th ?tr^et. Separate rooms for patients. Of fice ?peu day and night. au Aim* TRAVELERS' DIRECTORY. BOAPB MAY. Y BAILBUA G> FROM PHILADELPHIA FROM WALNUT HTRBJBT PIEB, YIA WJ__T JERSEY RAIL -JAD. At 6 a. m., r. ?imcoodstion due at low a. m. At 10 a. m., express due at 13. p. m. At ?X a. m., expr?s?doe at 8 p. m, Retaming. leave Cape May? ? a in express dna at 9S a. m. 11.4* accommodation due at 4). p. m. e N o. m express due at RV ?? ni. Thron?! without change of ears or baggage. New cars, and everything first-class. >e ? 3m_ J. V A N RBN88BLABB.,Bnpt._ BALTIHORI AND OHIO RAILROAD. On and after Sunday, Jane 1Mb, 18*4, Dally Trains will be run betweea Washington and New York snd Washington and tbe West, as follow? : FOR PHILADELPHIA, NEW TORE AND EOS TON. Leave Washington at 7 30 a. m., 11.15 a.m., and 8.3" p. m. daily, except Sunday. On Saaday *t 8..V> p. m only, FOR BALllMHRM AND PHILADELPHIA. Leave Washington at 3 ? m. daily, except Sun day . Passengers will note that thia train ran? as far M Philadelphia only. FOR NEW TORR. Leave Washington daily at ?.99 p. m. . This train if for New York pnsseneeri exclu?** tin. FOR BALTIMORE. Leavs Washington at 6.30a. m.,11.18 a. m.,3p. m.. 4.45p. m.,7.2Up. m , and8.3f> p. m..except Bun Ob Sunday at ? 30 a. m.Jp, m.. and 8.30 p. m. FOR ALL PARTS OF THE WEST. Leave Wash in??.m at ?..)' a. m. snd 3,4.45 and 8.30 p. as. daily, except Sunday. On Sunday at 3 and 8 ?" p. m Ticket? sold to all points WEST, and battati iAt'itd throuth. FUR ANNAPOLIS. Lea?. Washington at ?j._o a. m. and 4.48 p.m. daily, except Suuday. No train fo: Arm ?polis on Sunday. Train? leacv'ng Washington at 7.9> a. m. and i.SP ? m. go through to New York without chant* ?/ cars. Sleeping cars on ? 3r> and 8.3? p. m. trains. Berths ean be et-cnred until S ? m. daily at the ticket of fice After that hour they must be secured of the sleeping car conductor. The first and fifth trains atop at all way points. The 3 p. m. train stop? only at Bladensburg, Beltsville, Laurel. Annapolis Junction sud Relay H"n*e daily, exc-.pt Sunday. On Sunday it ?to?? at all way pointa. PARTICULAR NOTICE. Passengers will please observe that the 3 p. m. tnain runs only as far as Philadelphia daily, except Sunday On Sunday it run? to ? allunar t only. Aleo, that tbe ?. .30?. m, train takes New York passengers onlv. tor farther information, ticket? of aay kind, Ac, apply to GEO. 8. BOONTZ, Agent at Wash ington, or st tbe Ticket Offlae. W P. 8MITH. Master of Transportation. L. M. COLE, General Ticket Agent. to20-tf G RSAT PENNSYLVANIA ROUTS ioni NORTHWEST AN D SOUTHWMtT. ON AMD AND AFTBB NOVEMBER i.TH trains will leave Baltimore from the North Cal r.rt 8tation as follow? : ______ East Mail at-__---? ? A. M. KarrUbnrg Accommodation-S.00 P. M. Lightning Bxpre?-?JO P. M. THB to SO A. M. TRAIN FROM WASHINGTON connecta with the?.2U a. m. train from Baltimore for Pittsburg ana the W?h*. ,-nJ for Elmira, Buff alo. Rochester, Dunkirk. Oanandaigas, sad ll agara Fall?, sad for N?w York eity. THB 7.?0 P. M. TBAIN FROM WASHINGTON wnnMU with th? 9.!'' p. m. train from Baiti more for Blmira and the North sad Pittsburg snd th? Weet. _ 8LBBPING CABS ON NIGHT TBAIN8. BOtDIBBs" TlOBBT? JIT GoVEBSMBBT RATS?. ONB THROUGH TRAIN ON SUNDAY. LOW F ARS AND QUICK TIMI. SwTFor ticket? and any information apply st the office of the Great Pennsylvania Bont?, corner Penn a venue and 6th ?treet. under Natioaal Hotel, Washington. J. ?. DUBARRY. Superintendent N. O. R. B. *-..,. B. J.WILKINS, Pass and Ticket Agent, ?or. Ska at. sad i? S-tf _ Penn avenue. M A M U ? ? MANURl, _ Manure. THE BEST AN^CHBA^MAKUBB IN THB The undersigned, bayi ng contracted for mll th# Manure at GUeboro Pomt, 1> O., are now pr#,. pared to pat on board t????? tree of ?xpess* to Oaptains at low rates. VES8EL8 WANTED. Addr??? No 3*0 f. _??G???%?2?????? ?r to ? msROHii POINT MANLRB WttAKh. inVVtf 'OH*1 PBT???Ji** ?D-_ S??????'? WORKB.-Ls Boh?mienne, ase,; Ber tr_nd_t Patron. ?e.: Jasbst.JSc.: Gustave II I, ~n LalIsriM?^enfantin. Se.; Phi\ibert Mari.; S;LtTiu?hasu lourde la tie, 25c.;L.Vi.ux ___?i _L ? LeeOoatee d? la Seine d? Nerarre, m? lTc?marad?ri?. ?te.; L? Moulin d. Javelle ZC ?' l*_ Mal-eu ri d'un amant heurean. ?6c.; La timide Piane, ?6e.: L' H?riti?re. Me.; sad man? ?Ahsr.. -aet iiaported. nu?QK TATL0B AMUSEMENTS. CANTERBURY HALL. MUSIC J CANTERBURY HALL,! AND H aTl J CANTBBBUBY HALL.? THBATBB LOCISJAHA AVBBCl, jr?er Ctrntr ?/ Sixth itrtet, Rtmr of National and Metropolitan Hotel?, Gbobob Lia? ? ?? ~~.-Proprietor W. I. Cavabavob ?-? ?Stage Manager Louis SsolloSV-. ,. ? .... Baliet Master JesN ?8FCTA......?.?.Musieal Director f.LOBIOUS FINALS ABO LAST WEEK OF ??? SUMMER S?A80N. THE ONL7 FIRST CLASS CONCERT HALL II THE CITY. UNEXAMPLID SUCCESS Or THB GREAT STAR ALLIANCE. GREAT STAR ALLIANCE. GREAT STAR ALLIANCE. GREAT 8TAR ALLIANCE. H0U8I CROWD1D NIGHTLY. HOUSI CROWDID NIGHTLY. HOU8B CROWDED NIGHTLY. AUDIENCES WILD WITH DILIGHT. AI7DIBNC8 WILD WITH DILIGHT. AUDIENCES WILD WITH DELIGHT. ALL NEW ACTS FOR THE CLOSING WEEK First week of the celebrated Ethiopian Song-and Dance-Man, BILLY EMERSON, HILLY EMERSON, BILLY EMERSON, BILLY EMERSON, Who will ?"Two?r iu his groat characters ef THE "CURI, ' ANO "ACTIVI BOY ." m?? AGNI* BTJTHIRLAND. AGNIS SUTHERLAND, AGNES 8UTH IRLAND, AGNES BCTHBRLANP, AGNES BUTHEHLAltD, AGNES SUTHERLAND, The Scottish Nightingale The Comic Pantomime of MONS. DRU H ALUM EAU. MONS. DECHALUMEAU. MONS. DECHALUMIAU. MONS. PBOBALTTMKAU. MON8. DECHALUMEAU. MONS. DECHALUMEAU. Mon?. Fzollosy a??.Rocninet W. B. Cavanagh a..........Mone. Deehalumeau With new Tricks and Transformation?. First Week of th? beautiful Ballet, arranged ex pressly for the Canterbury by MONS. LOUIS 8ZOLL08Y, MONS. LOUIS 8Z0LLO8Y, lutitled THI ROSE OF SCiTLAND. THE ROSI OF SCOTLAND. THI R08I OF SCOLLANO. THI ROSI OF SCOTLAND. CHABACTXBS BY THE ENTIRE BALLET CORPS. MULLIGAN, MULLIGAN, MULLIGAN, MULLIGAN. WILLIAMS, WILLIAMS, WILLIAMS, AID ???_ WB8T WEST, In ?me of their original Bthiopian Eccentricities. ALL THB BEST ACTS Of the Season will be produced,thereby elosingone of tbe most euccessfui seasons of the Canterbury. POPULAR FAMILY MATINES, POPULAS FAMILY MATINEI. POPULAR FAMILY MATINII, POPULAR FAMILY MATINEE, POPULAR FAMILY MATINEE, POPULAR FAMILY MATINEE, ON SATURDAY AFTIRNOON, SATURDAY AFTIRNOON, SATURDAY AFTIRNOON, 8ATURDAY AFTIRNOON, SATURDAY AFTERNOON. BATCBDAY AFTERNOON, AT 3 O'CLOCK. AT 9 O'CLOCK. AT 3 O'CLOCK. AT 3 O'CLOCK. AT 3 O'CLOCK. AT 3 O'CLOCK. When all the Choice Gem? of the Evening5e en tertainment will be ?siren, NOTICE. Tbe Fall and Winter Season of the Oanterbnry will open on MONDAY, 8EPTIMBIR ft, WITH L I A '* HBW ORLEANS COMBINATION TBOUPE, NEW OBLBAN8 COMBINATION TROUPE NBW ORLEANS COMBINATION TBOUPE NIW ORLEANS COMBINATION TROUPE. RE* ORLEANS COMBINATION TROUPI NEW OBLBANS COMBINATION TROUPI, Introducing the Greatest COMBINATION OF STABS COMBINATION OF STARR COMBINATION OF STAR? COMBINATION OF STAR? Bver witnessed. f . THE NAMBS WILL BE ANNOUNCED NBXT WEEK. The Price? of Admis-ion next Season will remain the same as hereto fore. PrivataBoie?. hoie?T??G=^=::- ? ?? ^^tfJTis?MB'e I Jmt?** "* ?* *? ***** ??** ?"* ??* ?eerees*siatTe?sJeejg; AM?SEMENTS. FORD'S NEW THEATER. Tenth street, aben* Pennsylvania avenue. JOHN T. FORD._.Proprieter snd Manager. Also of HoUiday Street Theater, Baltimore.) FOURTH NIGHT OF~THB ENGAGEMENT Of tbe talented young Artist?, MR. AND MRS. W. J. FLORBNCB. THIS (THURSDAY) BYENING. SEPTEMBER 1, Will be presented John Brougham's beautiful Drama of the IRISH EMIGRANT. Tim O'Brien__-_Mr. W.J. Florence To be followed by the Protean Farce of the YOUNG ACTRESS. Marie, assuming 4 other characters, with songe, a Fcetcb Reel and Irish Jig, Mrs W-J. Florence. Mr. Camomile, a Tragedian, with imitations of Popular Actors_?. . ..._Mr. W. J. Florence. To conclude with the Irish Burletta of the IRISH MORMON. __ Bryan O'Lynn, the man with three wive?, Mr. W. J. Florence. fo morro ??. Benefit of Mr. W. J. FLORENCE. GROVER'S THEATER. Leonard Grover,_....-?..Director. O. D. Hess,_._._A ?ting Manager. S 11. Yerney,-.-, ril , uit.se Manager. C. Koppitz~? . ...?,_?,_._Musical Director. Tbis popular Establishment, newly painted, dec orated, and renovated, will open for tbe FALL AND WINTER SEASON OF 1864-5, ON MONDAY EVENING,SEPTEMBER 5, with the celebrated ^A WARBEN COMEDY COMBINATION. supported by a company of artists that have been selected during tbe past four months with a view to make this THE BEST 8T0CK COMPANY that has?-ver been organised under this management. By Kovritz will Conduct tht Orchestra SALE OF BESBRYKD SEATS WILL commence at Metxerott'sMiiaic8tore on Thursday evening, September 1._au 31 ODD FELLOW'S HALL. "ELLINGER AND FOOTE." This popular place of entertainment has already become ? famous resort. Flattered by the success of their first week amrng u?. they have opened for a second week, offering* new attractions at each entertainment. These wonderful little people are full of wit and humor, and their versitility i? truly astonishing. Their whole entertainment is fo admirably adapted one part with the other, that the pleasant evening passe? away like s dream The mnsical department i? well adapted to the performance of these little wonders?the interme diate is well performed, while the voices of the quartette are all fresh, and show unmistakable signs of thorough training. The selections of this company for their pro ?rair roe is free from all volgari ty and low sayings, he Management may junf lv claim a moral enter tainment, for auch it really is. They remain with us through this week. Let all who bave not paid tbe Commodore and party a visit do ao at once, for it i? an entertainment that is fnll of merit, and one rarely offered the citizens of Washington. au 39-1 w M ATINEB AND LEVEE EXTRAORDINARY Commodore Foote, Col. Small, Mifi Eliza Ne? tell, and tbe Continentals, under the management of Col Ellinger, will visit St. Ann's Infant Or phan Asylum on Friday, at 3 p.m. After an in spection of the Institution, they will give an En tertainment in the parlor?) for the benefit of the orphans. Citizene and friends are invitel *?> at tend. Admission 25 Cents; for children, 15 Cents. John F. E'lis, Esq.. has generously loaned a Cbick ering A Sons'Piano, and one of Smith's Breton Parlor Organs Tbe Commodore and his sister will leave their hotel at 2% p. m., and proceed up the Avenue in their own carriage, drawn by six Shetland goats,_ au 31 2t fkTnics, exc?rsi?nsT&c. FUN ALIVEAND UNALLOYED PLEASURE AT THE 7TH STREET PARK, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER IPt, On which occasion the PARK ASSOCIATION five their grand AFTERNOON and SVEN INO PIC NIC. The Committee pledge themselves that, nothing shall be left undone that will con L-? tribute to tbe pleasure c.f these who favor them with their company on that occasion, Committee. James Bell, Geo. Gordon. Joseph Murphy, Wm. B. Brown, ao31-2t* Wm. B. Plowman. ITION =___ H IGHLY IMPORTANT TO THE LADIB8. LAN8BURGH A ERO . 07 THB BALTIMOSB BABGAIN STORE, 370 SKTKHTH StRBET, Three Doors above 1 street, will commence to run eff their stock for a few days at much les? than factory pri?es. The largest and bebt selected atoek of DRY GOODS in the eity. 1,800 pieces Dark Pr?nt?, from 35 csnta up. 4,000 pieces Bleached and Brown Cotton?. 1,200 pieces white and colored Flannels, in every variety. 1,000 pieces dark fall Delaines. 400 pieces Shepherd Plaids, a beautiful arti ?le at 60 cents. Bleached and brown LINEN TABLE CLOTH, T0WEL8, NAPKINS and a genersl aaaortment of H0U8EKBEPING GOODS, at lesa than importation price. OA881NBTS AND CAS8IMBRES. for men and boya' wear, very cheap. Piain, colored and paper CAMBRICS, beat quality, at 3" cents 3,000 dozen Hosiery of all grade?, aome very good. Ladies' white Hose at 25 cents. Heavy ribbed do. at 35 cents. J. A P. Coats' Spools 15 cents. Green A Daniel's, Stuart's A Clark's Spool Cot ton, in white, black and colored, 12\. cent?. Smith's beat Need lea 5 sente a paper. Best Pins ? rents a paper. With a great many otber bargains too nnmerou to mention. HOOP 8KIRT8. 1 st half price, to close. Call Early at the BALTIMORE BABGAIN STORE. LAN8BURGH A BRO., 375 Seventh street, Three Doors above I street. ? ?.?Some envious people iwear LAN8BUR0H A BRO. steal theer goods, or else they couldn't ?ell so cheap; but that's all a mistake. When we buy (and for cash only) we know how to lay out money to an advantage. an 27-u* NOTICE. UNITED STATES 7 3?10 LOA!?. THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF WASHING TON has now on hand, ready for immediate dtliv ery, a full mpply of these new Bond?. Subscribers art r mut sud to present their certificates at once and receive their Bondi. Those hiving sntn.y to invest should not lone sight of the fact tbat by investing in thia Loan tbey not .ni y recette Interest, at the high rate of 7 3-10 per cent., but secure to themselves the very important advantage of obtaining, at the end of three year?, ? PER CBNT. S-20 YEAR BONDS AT PAR, which are now worth over 12 percent. premium, and which after the war mint necessa rily advance to a much higher rate. su 24-tf 1MPORTANT TO FEMALBS. 1 Madame Bovin's Femal? Alterative Pills, s certain remedy in correcting all irregularitiee and removing obstructions, pain in tbe aide, head sebe and palpitation of the heart. __ __. N.B. These pills should not betaken by female? dnringpregnsney, as they would be sure to cause miscarriage. Prepared at 18 RueVangirard, Paria, France. To be obtained only at 179 south B st.. between 9th and 10 that a, Island- the only agent in this country_ au 18-lw J. 0. HOWABD'S I LIVERY. HIRING, HACK. BX ?- CHANGE A STAGS STABLES. ? G Street, Between Sth and 7th, North Side. The subscriber baa constantly on hand s large 1st of fine HOBS IS, BUGGIES, Ac, Ac, which he will hire, sell or exchange The office of the Marlboro' and Washington stage line i* at th? shore pisce. ? Also, attached to the ?am? place la s Ine BBS TAURANT._ jylft-lau. NOTICI.?FOB SALB???? aeta of one, two, and four ?erse second band HARNESS; 300 food ??end-Vsn?I SADDLES and BRIDLB8, Apply to H 8 JOHNBTON, No. 37 3 Penn avenue,between 5? Li athst..^aasseite Battona! ?lots! 1y U-im? T?_s6?iSs^^;I??i . TELEGRAPHIC NEWS. THE CHICAGO CONVENTION. Closing Scenes, Speeches, Etc. CBTTAeo, Aug. 31.?Several delegations hav ing given their votes for Horatio Seymour, when the call of states had been finished, Mr. Seymour declined the nomination. He knew Oen. McClellan did not seek the nomination. Tbat able officer had declared it wonld be more agreeable to him to resume bis position in the army, bnt he will not honor any less the high position assigned him by a great majority of his countrymen, becanse he has not sought It. He lesired to add a few words in reference to Mary lard and her honorable delegates here. Yesterday Uv did an act of injustice to the dis tinguished member of that delegation, (Mr. Harris.) because he (Seymour) did not under stand the purport of his remarks, and he now desired to say that that high toned gentleman was incapable of taking position in this con vention and participating in its deliberations, wbilerefneing to abide by its decisions. We are new appealing to the American people to unite and save onr country. Let ns not look back. It is with the present that we have to deal. Lei bygones be bygones. He could say for onr gallant nominee th*t no man's heart Will glie ve more than his will for any wrongs done th Maryland. As one who did not sup port him an the New York delegation, and as one whe knows the man well, he felt bound to do him this jus^ce. He (Chow. Seymour) would pledge his lite that, when Gen. McClellan is placed in the President's chair be will devote all his energies to the best in. t-sts of his country, and to securing, never again to be invaded, all the rights and privileges of the people under the laws and Constitution. The President then annoui . ?? ? the vote, and it was received witn deafening cheers, the dele gates and audience joining, and the band play ing, and tbe cheering lasting for several minutes. Immediately after the nomination a banner, on which was painted a portrait of General McClellan, and bearing as a motto, "If I can't have command of my own men, let me share their fate on the field ot battle," was run up behind tbe President's p., Tin, and was wel comed with enthusiastic cheers. A communication wae received from the cbBirman of the session of the People's Asso ciation of New York, ch.iming to represent twpiity thousand citizens, accompanied b^ resolutions pledging the members of the asso ciation to the support of the Chicago nominee. Nr. Yallandlgham moved that the nomina t?o? ot George B. McClellan be made the untnimous sense of the convention, which was seconded by Mr. McKeon. Governor Powell biiefly addressed the con veation, pledging his must earnest efforts for the success of the ticket. Judge Allen, of Ohio, and others made brief speeches, and the qu-sMon was then taken on making the nomination unanimous, which was decland carneo-, ..mid deafening applause. Mr Wukline offered a resolution to the effect that Kentucky > xpects the first act of McClellan, when inaugurated in March next, will be to open tbe Lincoln prisons and set the captiv?e iree; which ???'- carried unani mously. The convention tuen proceeded to vote for Vice President. Tl?e Aim ballot resulted as follows: James Gnthne, m%: Georg* ?. l'ndleton, 54/4; Daniel W. Voorhees, 13: George W. Case, 26; Auf ust Dodge, i); J. D. Caton. IS; Gover nor Powell, 3'2??. John J. Phelps. B; filar.k, 3j?. On the second ballot, New York threw ita whole vote .or Perdleton, its chaiiman statina 1 that its former vous lor Mr. Guihrie was against his wishes. The other candidates were then withdrawn, and George H. Pendleton, of Ohio, was on|?njU.. monelv nominated. Mr. Per.dleton, on being londiy called fox, said he had no language id which to exgt?t his thsnks for this evidence of their kindness and confidence. He could uni ? promise to ?le v?te himself in future, as in the poet, with en tire devotion to the great principles which lie at tbe foundation of onr Governm?nfr-tae rights of States and liberile - of the people in the future as in the past. He would beiauhihl to the great principles of Democracy, and strong in their canse. With the hearts jal il.l lions ol freemen witn tbem, they wUregain build up the shattered fragments of the Union, and hand it down to tue next generation as it was received from the last. One person from each State, -elected by the delegates thereof, will be appointed to form a National Executive Committee; and it was re solved, that the Democracy of the conntry art requested to meet at different citits, and hold mass ratification meetings, on the 17th of S p tember, the anniversary of the adoption of the Federal Constitution. With nine cheers for the ticket, the conven tion adjourned, subject to tbe call of the Na tional Committee. From Europe. I,ivKRrrx>L, Aug. 20?Evening?The polit ical news is unimportant. The advices by the Scotia are generali, re garded as decidedly promising fur the North. Tbey caused a. fall in the Confederate loan of irom two to three per cent. The Times editorially says that tbe struggle was never maintained with such vigor as it is at present at all points. The Scotia's news represents the combatants as at the utmost strain, and it is difficult to think that a de cisive resnlt can long be delayed. The cotton market is Arm and nnaltered. Breadetuffs quiet, bnt steady; provisions dull; produce steady. Lohuoh, Aug. ?2?? Evening.?Consols closed at BD%n89% for money. Democratic Rejeicing? over McLlcllan's Nomination. New York, Aug. JL?Dispatches from many cities in the interior of New York represent much enthusiasm prevailing ver McClellan's nomination. Salutes are being fired, bon?res burning, processions marching, and speeches delivered._ Earthquake in California. Rai? Fbancibco, August 22.?Heavy earth quake shocks were experienced iu the mom tains during the week. ?McClellan Ratification Meeting. Nkw York, Aug. 31.?A large McClellan ratification meeting was held in tbe Park this alternoon. ? ?oewo ? LOCAL NEWS? -_*> The Market-House Question. In the correspondence sent in to the lower board of the City Councils by the Mayor, in answer to the Council resolution of inquiry in relation to the cause of the stoppage of the work on the Center Market, was the following letter from tbe Mayor to the Secretary of the Interior, showing conclusively the right of the city to occupy the ground in question asa pub lic market : Mayor's Ofkicb, Ang. 1, IS6I. Hon. J. P. Usher, Secretary of the Interior : Sin : I wonld respectfully call your attention to a joint resolution of Congress entitled " Joint resolution authorizing tbe Secretary of the In terior to reclaim and preserve certain property of the United States," and 1: quire what, if any, action w ill be taken by yon under it to prevent the erection by this Corporation of a new mar ket.house on the reservation now occupied by the Centre Market, south of Pennsylvania av enue, between 7th and 9th streets west. Though it might have been tbe object and in tention of the member who offered that "joint resolution" to prevent the erection, by this Corporation, of a new hi.i -'mg on the site of the present Centre Mark-t. no particular men tion or allusion is mace to it, and it is not rea sonable to suppose that, if advised of such ob? jfct and intention, Congress would in so hur ried a manner, without information on the subject, and without providing something in lfen thereof, have adopted a measure so mate rially affecting the comfort and convenience of the community of Washington and tbe inter ests ol this Corporation, and so detrimental to private rights. Tbe resolution is general in its terms, author izing and directing the Secretary of the Inte rior "to prevent the improper appropriation or occupation of any of the public streets, ave nues, squares, or reservations in the city of Washington belonging to the United Mates, to reolaim the same, if unlawfully appropriated, and particularly to prevent the erection of any permanent building upon any property re served to and for tbe use o? the United States, unless plainly authorized by act of Congress," with a proviso that "nothing therein contained shall be construed, however, to Interfere with the temporary and proper occupation ot any portion of such property, by lawful authority, for the legitimate purposes of the United States." To Ring tbis joint resolution ss the chairman *?>r u is intended, the Inquiry will be, by tvhat authority this Corporation occupies and use? tbat space'for market purposes, and though the right se to occupy it might be readily pre sumed from the length of time it has been so used, the authority o? this Corporation wUl, I think, on examination, be found to hare ema nated irom Congress itself. Tbe act of Congress establishing a "tempo rary and permanent seat ot government of the United States, (Jnly 16, 1790.) and an act to amend tbe same, (March 3, 1791.) authorized the PieBident of the United States to appoint tbree Commissioners, any two of wbom were empowered, under tbe direction of tbe Presi dent, to survey and by proper metes and bounds define and limit a district ef territory, and with power to purchase or accept such quanti ty of land on tbe eastern side of the Potomac, as tbe President should deem proper, for the w.'e of the United States and according to swh plan as the President shall a]>prowf, to provide suitable r-nildinge lor the accommodation of Congress, for the President, and tbe public cfiices of tbe Government of the United States." Iiy authority of these acts of Congress, and undei the direction of the President and these Ccmmieslcner?, Major Charles Peter l'Enfant laid out a plan of tbe seat of the Federal Gov ernment, and tbe proprietors of the soil, on the ?9tb of June, 1791, executed a deed conveying aU their lands to Thomas Bell, of George, and John M. Gant, up^n the special trusts to con? vey all the eaid lands, or snch part thereof as may be thought necessary and proper, to be laid out as a Federal City, with euch streets, rquares, parcels, and lots as the President of the United States to the Commissioners for the time being appointed by virtue of the act of Congress entitled ?'An act for establishing a temporary and permanent seat of Government of tbe United States" and their successors, fur the uee of the U~r.ited States forever. All the said l:.rd. streets, and such of the said squares, parcels, and lots as the President sball deem proper, lor the use ol the Lrnited States; and that as to tbe residue of tbe said lots into which tbe said lands shall bave been laid cif and divided, that a fair and equal division of them snail be made, one-halt to tbe original proprie tors, tbe other moiety "to be sold at sucti times and on such terms and conditions as the Presi, dem ot tbe United States shall direct, and the produce of the sales of said lots applied in the first place to the payment in money for so m neb of tbe land as might be appropriated to the use ol the United States, at trie rate of i'lry per acre, not accounting streets as part thereof, tbis being so paid, or in any otber manner satisfied," then tbe produce ol" the same sales, or what may remain thereof as afor-said in money or securities of any hind, eball be paid, assigned, transferred, and delivered over to the President for the time being as a grant of mon* y to be applied lor tbe purposes and according to tbe act of Congress aforesaid. On the 19th day of December, 1791, the Leg islature of Maryland passed an act"concern ing the Territory of Columbia and the City of "Washington," subjecting tbe lands of all other persons in the ciiy to tbe terms and conditions as those conveyed by Notley Young and others ir trust to Beali and Gant. These acts ot Congress, tbe act of the Legis lature of Maryland, with tbe deeds of trust i>om the proprietors of the soil, are the sources of authority under which the President and Commissioners acted in laying out the city. Tbe plan o? Major l'Enfant, with slight al terations made by Mr. Ellicott, was approved by General Washington, and tbe division of K* te between tbe Government and the pro prietors of the soil as provided for in the deeds cf trust made in accordance therewith. In the original plan were many spaces re served to and for the nse of the United State?, tbe object for which they were reserved and tbe purposes to which they were to be devoted, with the exception of those for the Capitol and President's House, were not at tbat time indi cated by any official act of either the President or the Commissioners. The designation of tbe others was held under a visement, and on the 3uth of June, 1701, the Commissioners directed their surveyor, Mr ? ?cholas King, "to lay ont tbe market scj uares," and on tbe 18th of October, in tbe same year, in a letter addressed to Mr. Duvid Burns, a pioprletorof ground in that neighborhood, they say "tie gronnd taken for public use about to?? market square is not yet entirely ascertained, Mr. Johnson has directions to furnish you w ith tbe quantity of your ground appropriated by tbe Commissioners for the market and about it. ' Corpres: bnving authorized the Commis slor? p ?o borrow a sum of money not exceed ing ? ret hundred thousand dollars to provide uiti ; ?- ? uilririgd fer its own, theaccommoda on ol the IMesident, and tbe public officers ot the Govemmei t of tbe United States, and all me lota pert d in the Commissioners or the truste?.* m Mi' ? aoner for the use of the United States, then innairmg unsold, except those ap propriot'd to pvilic u>r. being made chargeable with tLt repa,meni of this mon-y, (act May 6'h, l7fo, ) rendered it necessary tbat euch o? tbe spaces as were intended and reserved for public u.-e should be designated to except them from the terms of the act to prevent their sale. It W3F not till then that General Washing ton gave a definite shape to his well matured reflection on tbe destinations of the portions of ground in the City of Washington reserved to and for the use of tbe United States. On the 2d of March, 1797, just two days be fore be vacated the Presidential chair, by vir tue of the authority veajed in bim and the Com missioners by acts of Congress and the deeds of trust, in order to except them from the terms of the act of May 6th, 1796, and to prevent a sale of them under this act, adopting tbe lan guage of that act and defining them severally by metes and bounds, he appropriated seven teen of those pieces or portions of ground so reterved to and for the use of the United States, as followe: 13 231 j^q jTiie President's Square.? - 83 ' 2 The Capitol Square and Mall east of : lath street west.227 3 The Park Fouth of Tiber Creek and I west of 15th street west.?_? 29 4 ? he University Square, south of I squares No. 33 and 34, to Potomac' rirer~-.! 19 r,The Fort at Turkey Buzzard or | Greenleaf's Point...._..?.! 28 C Tbe West Market, on Potomac (cov I ered wiih w?tnr). ,,.... 7 Tie Center Market..?. , , ..' 3 s The Natioral Church Square.? 4 9 The Jud'ciary Square.._j 19 lOiNorth of Pennsylvania avenue, be-j ! tween 3d and A ttreets west.| 6 11 Between north ? and C streets and j 2d snd 3d streets west_. 12 North of Pennsylvania avenue, be I tween ?dan! (streets west...- 1 1| 4 13 The Hospital i-Quare_.. 77 ?fM 14 The Navy Yard Square._ 12 8 15 15 Eastern Branch Market Square. 11 ? 21 Iti Ditto Ditto ,. l| <>>23 17 The Town House Square. 23t 1,18 Total.Imi "_5 3,23 025 I ?31 sat Tbese appropriations so made by General Washington, and the uses and purposes to which rhey were dedicated, were subsequently, in 179s. recognized by Congress when authori zing a loan of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars to tbe Commissioners from tbe Public Treasury, and charging with its repayment "all tbe lots vested in the Co. .mis? ? oners or tbe trustees for tbe United States and then remain ing unsold, excepting these setapart for public uses." (Act April loth, 179H> And again in 1300, when, "for the greater convenience of tbe members of both bouses of Congress in attending to theii d uty in tbe eaid City o? Washington, and tbe greater facility of communication between the various offices aud Departments of the Government," tbe Com missioners were authorized to ?"?Trow money for the purpose of making foot v. .ye in suita ble places and directions, and all tbe lots in the City ol Washington vested in the ('ommlssion ere er tbe trustees in tbe City of 'vVasbington in any manner for the use of 'ne United States and tben remaining unsold, except those set apart lor public purposes, :nuue chargeable with its repayment. The City Councils deeming th? appropria tion of tbat piece or portion of tbe property so reserved to and for the use o? the United States by Gen. Washington, and i* ? recognition by P'resident Adams and Con press tor the pur pose of a market, subsequently, on the 6th o? October, 1*W. passed an aet establishing a mar ket on the space south of Pennsylvania av enue, between 7th snd 9th btreets west, to be known by the name of the Centre Market. Thie act was approved by the then Mayor. (Mr. Brent,) an appointee of the President,?fed the Corporation has continued in possession of that ?pace and need it as appropriated by Gen. Washington, and with the consent and appro bation ol every successive Pres.dent of the United States, for a market and market par from that Urne, a period of ?ixty-tv years The official plat book, showing the division of lots between the General Government aed the proprietors of the soil. In accorrtene?? with tbe deeds of trusts and the appropriations of these several pieces or portions ot the prop erty so reserved to and lor the u*e of tn.? Uni ted States to specific pnrpoi-es, began untler the direction of President WAshinston by Mr. Nicholas King, tbe city surveyor, w-w tBr nisbed in 1M? ai>d approved by Pr-eident Adams, now In the office of the Com rale-loner ot Pnblto Hnilding?, is the only official record In existence, and transcripts from which, signed by the surveyor of the city of Washington, were made evidence by act of Congre??, (act January It, 1HK>.) Just after the first act of Incorporation of the city of Washington. (May 3d, 1*?,) and the peerage of the act by its Councils to establish a market on this space, (October ?th, 1901?) Mr. Nil holas Ktng, who bad been entrusted by General Washington with making the officiai plat book, on the 25th September, igt?, in a letter to President Adam?, in speaking of these ap propriations and the use to which they were to be applied, says: ?In the sales that had been made, both by the Commissioners and the ori ginal proprietors, tbe designations of these places have been spoken of as inducements to purchasers, many ot whom have selected their property accordingly. Tbe extensive appro priations for tbe public buildings of the United ?States and for tbe city for public walks, mar lets, and other impoitant purposes ought to be held agreeably to the intention of the donors and the views with which they were selected in older to acquire and sf cure the public con fidence so necessary to onr growth and pros 5 ei uy." Tfcese views were approved by President Ar'ams and his successor!? in office to the pres et time, and Congress itself, in Mt>, 1*2", 1824 1-26 and 1S48 sanctioned them when it pro vided ?That the Corporation shall have power and authority to occupy and improve 1?t public purposes by and with the coneeut of the Pres ident of the United States, any part of tbe public and open spaces and ?quares in said city not interfering with any private rights." Again, Congress (Act May !>th, l?-60,i recog nized the claim of this Corporation to use that space lor the purpose of a market, and ceded to it tbat property for such purpose so long as the market house should be continued thereon, and authorized tbe city of Washington to bor row a sum not exceeding two hundred thou sand dollars, at a rate of interest not exceed ing tix per cent., coupled, however, with a condition tbat a new market house according to a certain plan should be hntlt ?bereea with in tbe ^period of two years. Thus it appears verv clearly that up to a very recent period the Executive and Legisla tive authority of tbe country has recognised the right of this city to occupy this pub'.l: space as a public market, and it has so occu pied it nncera claim of right for more than sixty years. Ner is then? any act of the Executive or any proceeding in Congress to be found inconsis tent with this lawful claim; for although at first tbe act of the ?th of May, l^fiO, may eeem tobe inconsistent witn sucha claim, on ex amination it will be found not to be so. By the amended charter ot IBtSi section 10th, the corporate authorities of this city are ex pressly prohibited ? rom increasing its funded debt except in the manner prescribed in that section. In the vear 1-60 they desired to erect a new market-house en the site of the old Centre Market, and to enable them to do so applied to Congress tor power to create a debt not ex ceeding 9200,000 at a rate of interest not ex ceeding six per cent. On this application Con gress passed the act in question. The first sentence of the first section of this act recognizes the fact that this space has been heretofore and is still occupied for the Centre Market, and ceded it to the Corporation on condition that they should, within two yean thereafter, erect thereon a market-house. The third sentence authorizes the Corporation to create a debt not exceeding B200,i00 to erect said market-bouse. Ana the third section provides tbat in case it shall take eflect it shall be construed to ves., the title to ihe prorerty in the Corporation so long as tbe said market-house shall be con tinued thereon and need for the purposes afore said and no longer. We are to look for the meaning of the legis latore to the common eenee construction of the words employed, the remedy they intend to provide, and to the external lads to aid as in discovering tbe misrhief intended to be reme died. If, as has been shown, this plot o? ground was origli, a ? ? set apart as a place for a maiket bouse by General Washington, under tbe powers vested in him under the deeds of trusts trom tbe proprietors of the soil, the acte of Congress and the Maryland Legislature, and bas been uninterrupted^?, for the space of sixty years, used and occupied by the Corpor ation of Washington with full knowledge of the Executive and Legislative authorities, al though the title to the land still remained in the United States and thie was no more than a permissive occupation at the will of the Gov ernment, it cannot be doubted that until Con gr?es legislated on the subject the city was jus tified in treating the property as rightfully de voted to their use. 1 hcv bad not power under their charter to increase tbe funded debt, so as to enable them to bnild snch a market house as would satisfy tbs public demand, and gratify the public tiste, and claiming the right still to occupy the ground, bnt desiring to remove all possible doubt as to tbe permanency of that right, they applied for a cession of the ground, and for power to raise money for the contemplated improvement Iu this there was no abandonment of a right any more than a man who has an equitable estate, or an easement, abandons his claim when be applies for and receives a quit claim of the legal title outstanding in another, nor does a jnst criticism of the words of tbe act lead ? any other conclusion The extent to which they go is that Congress secures to the Corporation the nse of tbe ground already oc cupied by the Corporation, if the building corremplated in the act shall be constructed wi hin the time limited therein, so long as the building shall be used as a markei house. The failure of the Corporation to satisfy the condition occasioned by the ertraordinary con dition of the Country, and the extraordinary state of things leaves the matter precisely where it stood before, and the respective par ties unaffected by it. The resolution to which I have called your attention requires you to ?reclaim such public grounds as are unlawfully appropriated, and to prevent the erection of any permanent build ing upon any property reserved to the use of the United States, unless plainly authorized by act ot Congress." Unless the word plainly in this resolution is to be read ?expressly" or by some equivalent term, I beg leave to say the resolution ?plainly" does not prohibit or au thorize you to prevent the erection of the con templated market-honse. Tbe covenant and agreement in the deed of trust from the propri etors of the soil ?that the grantor and his heirs and assigns should and might continue in bis possession and occupation of their lands at their will and pleasure, until they shall be occupied under the said appropriations for the uee of the United States, or by purchasers : and when any lots or parcels shall be occupied by purchase or appropriation, as aforesaid, then and not till then should the grantor re linquish his occupation thereof," the early legislation on this subject, and the distinct appropriation of this parcel ot ground for a Certer Market, and the uninterrupted occupa tion of it by this Corporation for so many yeare, all show the understanding of the re spective parties, that when General Washing ton set it apart for a Center Market it was ia& tended that the corporate authorities of the city? then in contemplation, when they should come into being, should have the use of it for ? Center Market. It is not possible to conceive tbat either tbe President, or the Trastees, or Congress were to build and manage a market-honse, and it was then as now emphatically a part of tbe powers held by municipal corporations. Th?t Genera'l Washington, under the express legislation of Congress already referred to, had power so to set apart, designate, and appro priate this specific reservation can admit of no rational doubt That he did so set it apart is equally evident. We have then the act of Congress, which "plainly" authorized the President to set apart this reservation for the purposes of a market, the act of the President execnting the power so vested in him, the acts of this Corporation from time to time improving the ground and erect ing the buildings thereon, and it can scarcely be contended that nnder this resolution yon are required to prevent them from pulling down those old, unsightly and dilapidated buildings, thus abating a nuisance already borne too long by this community, and erecting new and fitring ones in their place. Very respectfully, Richard Wallach, Mayor. --? A Good AFTERKoon'e Work ?On Saturday afternoon, the notorious characters wbo infest such localities as Pear Tree Alley, Cow Town, Fighting Alley, Third street and Maine ave nue, gave so much trouble to tbe police ol the Seventh Ward that Justice Boswell determined to give them a general overhauling, and issued? warrants tor all such characters, some thirty six women, and they were all arrested during the evening, by officers Ash ton, Barker, Boyle, Skinner, Monahan, and Kutzner, and taken before Justice Boswell, who fined them in various amounts, the proceeds amounting to 5130, and sent others to the workhouse. Nelly Williams, Matilda Light, Ellen Bride, ana Isabella Penny, the keepers of the house?, were held to bail in ?300 each to appear ac ;onrt and they were warned to leave the neighborhood, as the police were determined to root them out_^^ s^-Alady ?? J?2to??re'Maee ? *?? delivered if her twenty-fliet child last week. He* be? ?and is ae veil ?a can be expected. ?