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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 01, 1881, Image 2

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fhk sea coast ltwe ok torsional corps?how
a^ whkkk thk stations are established?
the mode of ofebat i no the line.
The following is taken from a letter recently
written by officers of the siginal corps, to the
London Llojds. in reply to inquires from
tlie latter, regarding the American systsm ef
torm signalling: On March 3rd, 1873, Congress
authorized the estaidishment of signal service
Stations at light-hou.??*s, and lite-saving stations
on the lake* and sea-coast, and made provision
tor connecting the same with telegraph lines or
cables. Since that date lines have been built
from Sandy Hook. New Jersey, south along the
coast to Cape May. New Jersey; from Delaware
Breakwater. Delaware. to Chincoteague, Va.;
from Norfolk. Va., via Cape Henry, Va., Kitty
Hawk, Cape Hatteras, Cape Lookout, and Wilmington
to Smithville. N. C. The total distance
is about 4*?<> miles. In order to connect these
with the office of the chief signal officer, wires
are leaded from the Western Union Telegraph
company, viz.; fro? Cape May, N. J., via Phila- j
dH[?hia. Pa., Baltimore, Md., and Washington.
D. C.. to Norfolk, Va.. and from Delaware
Breakwater. Del., to Philadelphia. Pa.
The follow ing have been built and are operated
by the signal wry ice. but are merely connected )
with the Western Union Telegraph Company, i
viz;?From Narragansett Pier, via Point Judith,
to Block Island. R.I., and from Rockjiort to
Thatcher's Island. Mass. All are operated on
the Morse system.
The following are the stations where meteorological
obserrationslire taken and cautionary
signals displayed on th<? above, viz: Thatchers
Island. Mass.; Point Jddith. New Shoreham
and Southeast Light. Klock Island. R.I.; Sandy j
Hook. Hamegat. Atlantic City and Cape May, J
N.J.; Delaware breakwater. Del.; Chincoteague. j
Norfolk and Cape Henry, Va.; Kitty Hawk, Hatteras,
Portsmouth, Fort Macon, Wilmington and
Smithville. NC. Repair stations are locatad at
Manasqiian and Little Egg Harbor, (life-saving
station No. 33.) N.J.; Ocean City, Md., (life- J
saving station No. 6. near False Cape;) Cape J
Lookout. New River and Sloop Point. N.C. I
From Cape Henry to Kitty Hawk there is a
second line, which connects the eleven inter- ;
mediate life-saving stations with them by tele- ;
phone, thus bringing the two branches of the
government service (Treasury and War) into i
united relations to each other.
When the first sections of the line were built !
wooden jioles were used, but they having been
washed out at places along the lieaches during |
heavy storms, (the times when lines arc most j
seeded.) iron poles have been partly substituted, j
the policy being to use the latter kind exclu- ,
sively along the beaches.
The line from Serves, (Delaware Breakwater.) ;
I>el., to Chincoteague. Va.. has been wholly ,
built with iron poles. From the date of building
this )>articular line to this present time, not a
pole has washed out or been blown down, nor
lias it given any trouble.
The iron poles stand admirably. In severe
storms the line has at places been submerged,
but after the abatement of the storm, it remained
intact, and continued to work well.
Some >eaning poles were found, which were j
e. sily straightened.
When the beach is washed away gradually,
the weight of the wire and pole causes the lat- j
ter to sink into the sand. The iron pole is j
therefore admirably adapted to places where
wooden poles would be washed out. The length
is twenty feet; internal diameter about two j
inches; weight seventy-five pounds; present
cost *3.00: wooden insulator screw plug is set
in the top and held by a nail driven into it
through a hole in the pole. The cost of the
plug is six cents. The poles are drawn as for
water pi (tea. except that as they are passing
through the final rolling process they are chilled
as they leave the rollers; they are thus tem
pered. which gives them more strength.
Where two wires are run on one line of poles
steel cross-arm. which holds two wooden insulator
plugs is clamped to the top of the pole.
The cost of the cross arm is sixty cents; distance
between plugs two feet. Both wires must, I
however, be strnng at the same time so as to
prevent the poles from turning in the
ground. * * *
The stations on the coast line are fully equipped
with meteorological instruments for observation
and signal apparatus for communicating with
wwls passing or in distress. The practical
result of the system is ?jirst, to warn passing j
vessels of approaching storms, so they may seek
shelter: in case of vessels being in dis- ;
tress to quickly summon the aid of the life- '
saving crews and the wrecking companies, and
to notify interested parties; third, llatteras is a 1
valuable station for first feeling the effect of a 1
hurricane approaching the coast from the south
and sontneast.
During the building of the Cape Henry-Kitty
Hawk section, a vessel having a cargo of tea \
was stranded. The aid of the Norfolk Wrecking
Company was at once summoned. Both the j
vessel and cargo were saved, in advance of a
sev**re storm which swept the coast. The value I
of the-cargo was more than three times the cost
of that section.
In ca<e of vessels In distress, temporary stations
are opened abreast the same on the beach
for the purpose of giving snch personal assistance
as may be possible and for transmitting
all information without delay by wire to this '
office, to wrecking companies, boards of trade, i
chambers of commerce. Ac.
The average cost of building the line, the |
labor having been done by troops. Is about $70
per mile. The average cost of establishing the
stations is *100 per station; the yearly average
cost of maintaining a station is *300; yearly
average cost of maintaining a line is *3,601, for
a total of about 4?i0 miles. This is exclusive of
Eiy of troops and operators, No rent U paid at
e-saving stations.
All signal service men are Instructed in telegraphy.
and the sea-coast lines are operated on
the Morse system, except the telephone line
from Cape Henry to Kitty Hawk.
iien. Garfield's Religion.
the eev. ob. samson's recollections of the
dead president.
from the S. Y. Timm.
The Rev. Dr. G. W. Samson, a native of the
city of Washington, and for several years a warm
personal friend of Gen. Garfield, delivered a brief j
sermon Monday afternoon in the .people's
church in 53d street, near Seventh aveifte. Follow
ing the customs of the church of which the !
late {"resident was a member. Dr. Samson first j
called upon one of the older members of the congregation
to lead in prayer. In a homely, touching
manner an elderly gentleman complied. The
pastor then read some of the Psalms of David, j
which, he said. Gen. Garfield liked so welL The I i
congregation joined in singing *'God moves in a
mysterious way His wonders to perform," Ac. I ,
After tais the clergy man announced that lie | I
w ?uld speak of personal recollections of General ! i
Garfield from a religious point of view, and re- j1
la led at length the earnest, honest manner in !
w hich the general worshiped God. Gen. Garfield, j !
1i ke Alexander Cain pbell. the founder of the Chris^ |
tian church, saw that there was a disposition to
make religion purely emotional Instead of intellectual.
He believed in meeting wen in the !
sanctuary , not to listen to a cold, formal :
address and artistic music, but to talk with j
each other and help each other. The '
speaker was satisfied that if there ever was a
Consistent man in matters of religion, that man
was James A. Garfield. He enjoyed the social
meetings of his church, and seemed to gain
strength and vigor from them. In referring to the
opinions expressed that Gen.Garfield's life might i
have been saved. Dr. Samson mentioned the (act
that an attendant at one of the Fulton street
prayer meetings had declared that if President 1
Garfield had followed the teachings of James and j
called in the elders of the church and they had j
prayed over him he might have recovered. The j
clergyman emphatically expressed his opinion !
that General Garfield was doomed from the day
he was shot, and that nothing but the perform- ,
arce of a mira-le might have saved him. The '
sufferings of General Garfield and his death were
needed, thought the pastor, for the salvation of {
the people, ayd no man believed more in the ,
atonement thaii the one for whom the nation j
Rite mourning. Dr. Sauison believed that I
Gen. Garfield was really the first President of j
the Fnited States who was a professor of the j
religion of Christ. In bis family and inthechurch i
be was faithful. When he took the oath of office
w hy did the mere politicians turn against him?
asked the clergyman. He had heard of one
politician whose name is known everywhere,
who after Gen. Gartield w as sworn in that
he wviuld never again vote to put a Christian in
r ^'^''b'Utial chair. Why were the politicians
amud of him? Because he took the oath of
omce without reservation, and was determined
to abide by the Constitution.
A Brave Little Girl.?At Hardlnsr's coal
mine near West Belleville. Mo, SSwS the
nirJ .v ^ ?f JollQ Holmes, aged 14.' and
Diekt y Holmes, his son. aged 5. went about to
Catner coal. The boy went upon what is called
% f" e- *hit:h generally i* ?n a Sato
Mouldering fire. He had reached about the
middle of the heap when the smouldering mass
?a??d in, enveloping the boy in its fleir masT
Maggie. hi* footer sister, jumped in to wive him
She (fot him out, but not before his body was
burned almost to a crisp, and her own clothing
caught fire and she was frightfully burned.
Bet cries brought the miners to her assistance!
Uve died and it Is believed the girl cannot
EP*' laht xew thing in fibs, ETC., ETC.,
From Our 0*-n Correspondent.
New Tore, Sept. 80th.
The "openings" of fall fashions are about as
distracting events as can be imagined to the
majority of women who have little time to
decide between the merits of a multitude of
fabrics, and often buy in haste to repent at
leisure. The only salvation is to decide beforehand
what not to buy. and this is about as good
a preparation as any for a wise choice. It will
usually be found also, that from year to year
certain stand rd fabrics and standard articles
keep their place or are only removed to make
way for something equally well adapted to many
uses and faithful service; and if the purchasers
of these tried and proved styles and materials
lose something in the way of popular novelty
they gain much in the way of permanent satisfaction.
All early designs, all early patterns, are now
experimental. They are merely samples which
dealers place before their customers to see which
wiil -take with a majority. The difficulty is a I
w ant of nice sense in adapting one thing to an- j
t/ii-inn a flibric- p design to the material
in which it is produced, and the whole to
the individual. The daffodil pattern, for example
was very successful last summer in cotton
satine; this fall it is reproduced in rich brocade
and does not deserve to be successful at all.
The daffodil had simple natural associations?it
suggested the country, country livingand country
wear?but no lady who had a cotton satine
dress in a daffodil pattern will want a duplicate
in rich brocade. Besides, the associations are
not in harmony with the subject.
The woolen fabrics in dark, rich shades are
beautiful, and they are combined with ombre
trimmings, which are a great improvement on
the ombre shadings which appeared last season.
They are darker, firmer, more artistic, and produce
a much richer and more refined effect. The
dark olive, seal brown, invisible green and darkest
tint of wine and mulberry are still the leading
shades, and great skill and taste have been
displayed in combining colors, in the ombre effects.
so as to produce the best result. The materials
are fine and close serge, heather cloth,
K .twe<?: Vienna and Umritza cashmere!
? , ^ is softly draping, and comes under the
head of esthetic materials. It is used for plain
pnncesse house dresses in lighter shades of
terra cotta red apd Egyptian brown.
The new cloth suitings have color effects introduced
into them, which in some lights show
plainly, in others are almost invisible. The
heather mixtures are the prettiest and most
SP1 1? T <*>stumes. A proper way of making
'th draped basque?two flounces (or more)
upon the frout. headed with close shining; shirred
plastron upon the boddice, and coachman's
cape shirred round the neck. This is a suitable
style for aU plain woolen materials. It is better
than side drapery, which is only suitable for
more fanciful materials and toilets
Plushes show many novelties. Among them
are terra cords and shaded stripes in new colorings
and combinations, the most striking and
original of the recent designs in plush, however
consists of small fan or oval shaped leaves'
shaded in different tints, and overlaying each
?h?h ex y H-ke, the Pheasant feather fans,
it- Mere so fashionable two years ago. The
effect is very much the same and used as a trimmmg
it is difficult to tell at a distance whether
piiedPfabriced ^ feattier> embroidery, or a richly
thA =fna(I0D8 not' h?wever, constitute
o t and distinguished costumes of
the season. Suits of plain plush or velvet, with
lining of satin wherever it is visible, and buttons
of- bronze, old silver, c~ carved pearl, will
2? exclusively worn, the skirts showing
dt,c trimming and no overskirts, and the coat
boddice having a jabot of lace
are reintr?duced into London, but
I ,ar?e.collar or small cape is preferred.
Seal brown suits are made with skirts, upon the
In ? T, c jbere ?? a great deal of shirring,
in thu M ar+ bnished with a deep basque, high
J LV throat, and buttoned over in doublebreasted
fashion ?rom the bust down. The cuffs
and a rolling coat collar, which forms revers
are of seal brown plush, lined with brown satin
Merveilleux, and a heavy silk cord or ornament
Is usually arranged on the coat at the back.
. jj? ierley dresses are very pretty, and likelv
to l>e fashionable with the ven best, class of
are not too old for a style which is
,wel!48 tfraceiul. It is made in fine
twilled wool, with two kiltings and a bodice of
elastic cloth buttoned at the back with small
ver .butt?n8, and glove fitting. The
scarf drapery is arranged in a double series of
-id . turned upward, so that it easily
?.8 a convenient pocket on the right side
"1 darkly blended colors, satin
merveilleux to match, or dark crimson, wine
folds1rD ?r corded satin we t^cd for these
There is much inquiry in regard to the
4'.Rational" Dress Association in England of
which Lady Harberton is president, and which
owes to her the invention ofa costume Intended
f probl*m of easy locomotion and
freedom from weight, which are and have been
!!!w.rlrea de8ider?ta in a drees intended for practicable,
comfortable, everv day wear An
immense amount of ridicule * has been expended
^ ^necessary exP08ure of ignorance made
in discussing the basis of Ladv Haroerton's reform,
because It involves what she call/*
-divided" skirt, what is generallv knSrn aS
trousers. In reality these only differ from the
in?k^ wh|ch accompany a lady's riding liabit
in having a deep yoke attached which fit*
around the hips, but does not touch the waist
me. .nd also la WE longeTand wider
the ank.es, A pattern of this "divided" skirt
cut and sent me by Mrs. E. M.King the secretary
of the "Rational'Dress Society lils^L
foremenow and attached to it is a diagram
2E5ES W th? voke or "band" should be j
SMS: 8kirtwhJht
P?ttPrn.of *he Rational Dress Soeietv
J 1** ' torwardyou, is the one I send for ladv'
rJ.onoftbe divided skirt is as tottSSf? "mffc
v ided skirt is a skirt divided between the an
as to clothe each leg:separately the und?*r-*-u?th
arranged beneath this By Sis
sywB sas&.rsfBsra.'ajBSKJS5^
as long or as short af the ^
proper. The divided and uppeTKs f
thesame material. The divided skirt of
under the top skirt about two inchra ?
^" swwfasrss i&'sSs
the wearer may ch^a1wavT^v^f^2rijac^et
ass z fearHK
body fuliy and evenly fewer lnvwa ?f
less material i/their e^natS^
tion. We have here a style of dress by which n?
nternal orj?an can beinjured.no muscle cramned
no movement of the body impeded, and to whicti
the wearer may add as imicfTn^^ud b^tv
as her own good taste may direct." y
of a,ady dressed according
to rational ideas consists of a gauze merino
combination 'undergarment, an additional one
high or low of cotton, silk or linen, trimmed ?
taste ma\ dictate, and the costume which is
composed of the divided skirt and thenone?
?,Lthe oae material- Underskirts
white or colored, we quite dispensed with, anci
the amount of clothing, as well as the number of
pieces, reduced to the lowest terms. In warm
weather, in warm climates, or with ladles who
are not habituated to the wearing of flannels,
the merino combination may be dispensed with'
or a small silk or gauze skirt substituted. It is
a matter of choice, too, whether corsets are
worn or not. The Rational Dress Society onnoses
all ligatures and tight-fitting boddices, including
corsets, as injurious; but a well-made veilshaped,
flexible corset can be worn without
injury and this is a matter to be determined bv
the individual wearer.
It ought to be stated that the divided skirt is
not the sole nor even a prominent article of the
creed of the Rational Dress society, nor is adontion
of it indispensable to membership. Their
war is against what is "indecent," 'Injurious."
"deforming" and "vulgar," and In these catehPIie#K^I?^iC^?d
crinobnes, crinolettes, very
high heeled shoes, and exaggerations of ui
kinds. The width of the divided sldrt around
the ankle, its trimming, and the trimming of
the outer dress skirtjihorter by two inches
irapi* m it may be, is "oiiAisingTS.
A model of the costume is now on exhibition at
Kmc. Demorest's. In this city, and the Co-operative
Dress association will reproduce ft to order.
I must admit that my own first impression in
regard to the divided sk\rt costume was one of
prejudice against it. It seemed to savor too
much of Bloomer ism ev?*n to become popular,
was apparently too Intricate for the ordinary
apprehension, and therefore added to the complications
of the dress question instead of symplifying
them.. But a better acquaintance with
the subject has greatly modified this view. I do
not suppose the Rational dress will commend
itself to irrational people, or to those who consider
the whole question of dress as quite out of
the pale of common sense, and one to be Judged
entirely by the light of incoming and outgoing
fashion; but it is worth the attention of thostf*
who need a practical walking or working dress,
and especially of young women and girls who
want a sensible college and school dress in which
they can work, walk, row, dig, climb, play lawntennis,
ride a tricycle, and be decent. No girl
can do these things and wear hooped skirts,
bustles and the ordinary dress without a sacrifice
of modesty as well as refinement and natural
Apart from conflicting opinion in regard to the
"Rational" dress, it seems a pity that the actual
and primary intention of the society should have
been intentionally or unintentionally on the part
of its opponents retired into the background,
and the most radical side of an innovation,
wliich was introduced more or less as an experiment,
brought to the front. It is quite time
that an open, tearless and persistent protest was
made against any attempt to revive or perpetuate
manifest indecencies, vulgarities ana injurious
fashions in dress, and a widespread opinion
exists both in this country and England, which
could be found formidably strong if unhampered
by revolutionary ideas. An attempt will shortly
be made to obtain an expression from the intelligent
women of America in regard to two
points relating to dress upon which there ought
| not to be two opinions, and wliich ought at once
to receive the united condemnation of all pureminded
and honest women. One is the revival
of the bustle; the other the attempt to naturalize
here the low neck for "full" dress.
The creator of this revival of the "Crinolette"
are men whose simple idea is
trade. They were in the business years
ago; they lost money by the subsidence of the
hoop vogue; they have ever since oeen trying to
start the fashion again by having authoritative
paragraphs written to impose upon the ignorant,
and by inducing corset and other shops to keep
their wares on exhibition. This autumn a decisive
step was felt to be necessary, and the entire
ignorance of its originators ot any advance
in the minds or thought of women is exhibited
plainly in the new article by which it is proposed
to ''improve" the general outline of a woman's
form. It, in effect, creates two humps, one on
each hip, a la Marie Antoinette, and the walk
which accompanies this singular manifestation
of physical perfection is the fac simile of the half
jerk, half waddle, of a double panniered and
overloaded donkey. This is what it suggests,
and the statement is not intended as an exaggeration
or the mere forcing of a grotesque comparison.
It Is simply to show how far removed
the ideas of these people are who endeavor
to foist these things upon the public from
any common, not to say artistic sense, and how
little credit they give to women for the exercise
of reason where dress is concerned. A feeble
hope is expressed, in some fashionable quarters
that bustles will not again attain the measure
of absurdity that called down upon them before
such a storm of ridicule; yet the very beginning
is almost worse than the previous ending, and
shows plainly enough that only a very little
encouragement is needed to induce manufacturers,
at least, to go any lengths or
breadths. At present the bustle has made very
little headway. It is not found in the best shop's
nor among the best classes, and it is easy to
prevent it from obtaining a foothold, but It
ought tp be done in a thorough and unmistakable
manner. Intelligent women everywhere
should refuse to countenance such attempts at
distortion and deformity, and give manufacturers
and dealers to understand that a fashion
can only exist by the consent of a majority, and
that they refuse their consent to that which has
no excuse in art, sense or taste for existence.
In the play of "Cup," as produced by Mr.
Irvingat the Lyceum theater, in London, one of
the scenes gives the interior of a temple dedicated
to the service of a goddess, the Great Mother,
represented by the colossal figure of a grand,
many-bosomed woman, with little children of
all types in her wide arms. This is at first a
shock to the ultra modesty of some who can
look upon a half-dressed woman in a ball-room
without the slightest disturbance. The raison
detre In one instance is visible, in the other it is
not. It is considered vulgar for a woman to
nurse her baby in public, and if compelled to do
so by stress of circumstances the modest woman
conceals the fountain from which the infant
draws its sustenance as completely as possible;
yet this is a natural and beautiful provision for the
supply of an imperative want,and has been made
the theme of poet and artist, while for such an
exhibition as is sometimes made to the gaze of
libertines and men and women who are
strangers, and who only look to jeer or blush
for one who has not the grace to blush lor herself
there is no excuse, no possibility of motive,
save a vanity so overpowering as to kill
Some may plead thoughtlessness, but if the
public opinion among women expresses itself as
it ought, this cannot long be considered a reason
for outraging the finer sense of those women
who have thought upon the subject. Why should
women expose their necks and arms to the
shoulder any more than men? Why should it
be considered any more decent, any less vulgar.
Yet, Imagine a man presenting himself in such
guise in any assemblage! Is it because women
have more flesh to show than men, or because
they imagine it enhances their attractions and
acts as a magnet to men? Whatever the motive
let it be understood for what it is; let it be a
badge, an insignia, a note of warning to some,
an evidence to all that the sacrifice is made upon
the altar of a vanity which leaves no room for
refinement or delicacy, and not upon that of
As well attempt to oppose the natural current
of a stream as the strong tide of public opinion
when it has set in a certain direction, and the
general ignorance in regard to the extent of
social influence has found no better exemplification
of late than in the well-intentioned effort
of an English lady of rank, the Countess of
Bective, to make alapaca "fashionable." Alapaca
and the stiff worsted serges received their sen
tence ten years or more ago, when cashmere,
camel's hair, and the soft woolen goods of
French manufacture came to the front. American
aspirants for preeminence in the manufacture
of woolen dress goods took the front and
to-day as fine camel's hair cloths and other softly
draping woolens are turned out of native mills
as can be obtained abroad?almost, at least, as
good for popular use and wear.
But the British manufacturer, or at least the
British workman, could not unlearn his traditions.
There are plenty of cases on record in
which the manufactures, with his larger experience
and clearer insight, attempted to introduce
new machinery ana train his work-people to
meet new demands, but they would not be
trained, they would not be taught, they would
not stand any innovation, they would go on in
?ir#-+?K at and t,ielr ignorance
Mid stupidity left them stranded while the advancing
tide carried ships out to sea freighted with
cargoes bringing profit to others but not to
the British workman sends up ?
cry of distress and insists that women ?hnp jn
some way be made to dress in alapaca and the
onty way that is open is to get soiATtltled lady
to 'set an example," and through her dres?
maker and such snobs as she can find on thn
press, make It "fashionable." To hear the sage
reflections in regard to the matter, one would
imagine that woolen fabrics of every description
had been waiting for the Countess of Bective to
endow them with a soul before they could come
into active existence. In reality woolen materials
have not been so universally used for half a
century as since the soft cashmere finished flannels,
the camels' hairs, the vigognes, the chuddah
cloths, and other highly finished and Boftly
draping fabrics took the hearts of women by
storm. Itisacommonthingnow-ardaystohear
a lady say that she prefers wool to silk, but no
one would think or preferring the wiry, unyielding
alpaca to silk. Alpaca always stood as
a synonym for all that was dreary and unattractive
in life: it was the badge of the hard-worker,
and its uncompromising tendencies as having a
natural affiliation with the most exasperating of
boarding-house keepers. Those who were bound
by its^juality of endurance?give everything its
due?in former years, remember it without tenderness,
and have no desire to see it resuscitated,
not even to please the British workman,
who should have adapted himself to the growth
and progress of the age in refinement, and not
expect that women should live and die in alpaca
that he may enjoy his lgnoranoe and his beer.
This charming fabric, which has recently sprung
Into such fashionable pre-eminence, and is necessarily
so often quoted, is an unknown quantity
to those who lire at a distance from the fashionable
centers, and most Judge from hearsay or
the use to which a fehrlc is pat as to what it
really is. Batin merveUleux is a fine, soft-corded,
- /
l~~ ?r*
satin-finished silk, which has not the stiiroess or
impenetrability of gros-grain, nor the smooth
gloss of satin, hut takes on lovely tints, falls
easily intV graceful folds, and is specially adapted,
therefore, to evening drones and for the princesse
bodices which are draped over the hips and
are ho useful and pretty for half-evening or athome
toilets. Satin njerveilleux is employed In
many different ways, however. Old as well as
young women like It, and in gray or black it is
as suitable for the grandmama as the Ivorv and
cream tints are for the granddaughter. The latter
combines well with nuns' veiling and thin
mousslin de laines in the construction of short
evening toilets not too expensive and suited for
small dances and sociables. .The skirt is all of
the wool, and ruffled to the knee; the back may
t>e draped or ruffled according to taste, and the
pnnceuse bodice has a full trimming of Spanish
lace en cascade, and cream satin ribbon, a large
JT ,the b?0* being a prominent feature.
Evening dresses up to a certain age are universally
made short, and the effect is simple.
Some show the jpuffed sleeves and belted waist;
others shirred sleeves with masses of finely
pleated ruffling, and still others elbow sleeves of
Spanish lace.
Some beautiful dresses are in preparation, the
SKirts of which are enriched with flounces of
Spanish point and Spanish point lace draped
upon the left side and garni lured with clusters
of ribbon and lace. The bodice is of striped
satin merveilleux very much trimmed with
Spanish point lace and ribbon, and open but not
square at the throat. The V shaped opening at
tne neck, it may be as well to remark, is much
more fashionable than bodices cut square. The
style is in harmony with the pointed princesse
bodices, and a square at the neck, it is hardly
necessary to say, should be carried out on the
lines upon the lower bodice and skirt. No more
ignorant mistake can occur in the construction
or a toilet than to make a jumble of architectural
or mathematical lines.
Satin merveiUeux is used for cloaks, fur and
satin lined, and is for this purpose less glossy
tnan satin, more effective than satin de lyon. A
Heavier variety is of course employed for tMs
co-operative dress.
This association is an accomplished fact, and
lias announced its formal opening early in October.
Its building is one of the finest in New
\ ork for the purpose, comprising six floors two
hundred and fifty feet deep by fifty feet wide, on
one ot 'he wide streets, (23d,) and is fitted with
three elevators, telephones, electric lights, and
every modern improvement. It has also secured
tne services of efficient superintendents in their
different departments, and it only remains to be
seen whether the business methods will show
sufficient advance, and the economic aspect advantage
enough to secure a wide patronage,
ine one enormous drawback in this country to
cheap production is the high price of
labor compared with that of European countries,
and its inferiority. This creates an
aggregate of expenditure that doubles the sum
total for the same requirements abroad, and
renders it exceedingly difficult to sell cheap and
still meet the exactions of experienced American
women-buyers. The club feature is expected
to be a great attraction and its privileges will
have a special value for ladies living at a distance,
Monthly reunions, a circulating library
a r^^'ng room, with club conveniences for
'.j'11?' resting, lunching, and dining are part
.j j and a special entrance is provided
for members who wish to reach the club
rooms and. avail themselves of the social opportunities
without going through the business
Among the imported costumes alreadv rethe
opening, in a walking suit of
SOT ?*"!! duchesse and moire antique
called the Formosa. The "Victorio" is of dark i
olive satin lthadamas, moire antique and silk !
velvet, aU in one color. The "Wanda" is a com- I
smpednplSsh SaMn duches8e aad ?ml>re j
Tne "Noblesse" is a trained dress, all black
and very rich, a combination of black velvet and
hi lu I.nervei,'e^x. trimmed with a profusion of
Th -Aace ^et efI?broidery and fringe.
nf T8?!,is a,lso b,ack- " i3 a walking
flL?fv,blaCk,^tln' beautifully trimmed with
embroidery of fine cut jet and steel. The "Poutresina
is a seal brown suit of satin merveilleux
trimmed with plush. The "Very Good"
is a black walking dress of satin merveilleux,
moire antique and silk velvet. The" Martigny
ifinah1??2! walking suit of satin" and
Mnn 'n m made of old gold moire antique.
Wanj new esthetic designs are in preparation
and historic models M ill be exhibited, designed 1
I?1, the arti8t who designed the i
costumes tor the Greek play produced at Har- ;
vftru. i
..7J? *fOTlnd.fl^ of the building is devoted to '
all kinds of piece goods and small wares the
second floor to suits and children's ciothin?also
articles for gentlemen. The third floor contains
an arcade^ Mi which are departments for
shoes, millinery perfumery, stationery, and
many others. T% upper floors are devoted to
club purposes aty^ work rooms. The president's
room fitting rooms, and the like are on the second
bfck^ets and furs.
I have not sp^efc for any detail in regard to
bonnets, furs, cloaks, or out-door wear generally,
and, indeed, it is too early to predict with
certainty matters which depend largely upon
the temperature?on the comparative coolness
or mildness of thp season. In general terms it
may be said that both hats and bonnets will be
& with velvet or plush, and trimmed IJ
with feathers.'. t The cabriolet shape and the
high narrow Cfawned poke being the favored
shapes in the most fashionable circles. But
the use of plush will modify size and high color,
and the employment of gold trimmings favor
tne small bonnet later in the season. Feather 1
loques and turbans are put upon the market in
immense quantities this fall, but they are a
local fashion and most unbecoming with their
flat shapes and bright shinv surfaces.
0J!^Aewihinj? i!?furs is "a lon<?- narrow collar, !
shaped to the neck, but extending in narrow
t^ to the top of a belted waist?a modification
of the old-fashioned victorlne. It is made in 1
black fox, seal, grebe, Russian chinchilla, otter
and natural beaver?the most fashionable furs of
The small cape or straight pelerine 1
is made in beaver, fox and seal, and is a very
stylish vogue just now; only those that are fine 1
short and smooth or very soft and close as '
beaver and Russian chinchilla. i
The finest fur-lined cloaks are of the dolman
shape, and are fifty inches long. They are made
of brocaded silk satin merveilleux, and satin de 1
I'Jth0' lH- L, wl'0,e squirrel, and trimmed
with seal, otter, black fox or Russian chinchilla. 1
What were known as the " pointed" furs are less 1
used than formerly. Natural beaver is used
more for sets?cape or collar and muff Thev (
are specially suited for wear with mastic-colored !
beaver-cJoth coats and felt hats of the same ,
shade, trimmed with feathers and satin to match. ,
and faced with coral red or crimson plush 1
Coral-red silk, trimmed with white law, will
be in high vogue this winter for evening dresses
particularly for blondes with very fair hair Em- 1
broidered gloves and gloves puffed upon the '
arm are used more upon the stage than else- '
where Theyareneltherladylikenoranyimprove- 1
ment to the shape of the aim and hand. <
Jennie June. 1
Job's Afflictions. 1
To the Editor of The Evening Stab: 1
44 Is our District government a circumlocution 1
office?" i come to The Star for information on !
the above point, and put in my evidence as fol- 1
lows: There is a hydrant on P street, between 1
15th and 16th. It has no sewerage connection 1
The street is one of those rotten wood pavements,
full of holes and depressions. The water
from the hydrant, which is kept running about '(
half the time by the children along the strw* i
collects along the curb and stagnates andstinkV i
health. About a month ago I addressed a ,n
munication to the health officer reauestin^ iti
abatement. I .sited; I
I wrote again the third time. 1 then rn?tad
the information that the matter Bad fa?? ?. i
ferred to the engineer department with <
request that the nuisance receive tha f
attention. I waited; them SSoed tiSI !
on the engineer to person. I 8 rut struck!521? i
Greene, stated my grievance?^ wJfS' 1
rected to call on Lieut. Hoxie a* tho ZL <
authority. I went to Lieut. Hoxie and 1
told my story, r was told tha? t n
was the mm for me. I returned 5? "*"?
Greene. The hnnk* vara to Lieut.
the fact developed that the mattJ^h8!?^ aad 1
ferred to the terrefli^ter^?.heea re~ 1
heart I betook myself to^tf^L With hopeful f
office. Investigation of the iJSff registrar's i
but failed to discover the nal p8 J
time I presented myself at^T w?* r I16 third J
and under the e-Jt ,,^ ^"t-Greene',office.
*?*?* .<!>& 4-gaz i
?& Mr J
ltl?SvSrtIflwI,fir registrar? 2?Sl 1
fk-f iBli^?ry?1 went with them down to ?
re^rafdete^^ffi t
be referred back to that official. I sunnoae ft c
wUlmake the circuit again aad In oourseoftLne
reach the water registrar again: and so on ad
uwftiltun. Ia the meantime, if we all die of ?
typhoid fever, I presume the heirs and executors i
can sue the city for damages, cant they? \
Yours in patience. "Job." ?
jrs. - r--;
grounds honored bt thk dvst of dead presidents?makt
of the spots in* neglected
disorder?the stones and shafts that
mark their urates.
It is not a very difficult matter to prove that
the United States is an ungrateful republic, if
her neglect of her dead Presidents in to be taken
as complete evidence of it. without any counterbalancing
testimony. Not even the states in
which the Presidents are buried are known to
most people. The graves of a number of them
are unmarked with a monument, whiJe those of
others are cared for with scarcely the attention
due to the lowest citizen. There are a few noble
exceptions, but It Is not the United States that
has been grateful, but the state of the dead one's
nativity or his personal Mends.
george washington.
The grave of the first President, the father
of his country, has been visited by so many
thousands of Americans and foreigners that
it will be of very little interest to the majoritv
of readers to peruse a description of the place
now. The Mt. Vernon association has taken
good care of the first President's last resting
place. Washington's remains were deposited in
their present receptacle in 1837. The vault was
built in accordance with the provisions of the
President's will. It is of brick, with an arched
roof. Over the gateway, In a marble tablet, is
the simple Inscription: "Within this enclosure
rest the remains of Gen. George Washington."
Two coffins lie in the vestibule of the vault; the
first is that of Washington, the other that of
Martha Washington.
john adams.
Beneath the Unitarian church of Qulncy.
Mass., may be found the remains of two American
Presidents. The church was completed in
1828, and the body of John Adams was removed
from the family vault in the cemetery just across
the street Into the room beneath the church.
John Qulncy Adams' body was placed in the
same room in 1848. Their wives are buried with
them. The bodies lie in leaden caskets placed
in cases hewn from solid blocks of stone. The
tombs are seldom visited, and the apartment
is kept dingy and dirty. In Hie church
room above may be found the ioliowing inscription:
"Beneath these walls are deposited
the mortal remains of John Adams, son of John
and Susanna (Boyltiton) Adams, second President
of the United States. Born 19-30 Oct. 1735.
On the 4th of July, 1776, he pledged his life, fortune
and sacred honor to the Independence of
his countiy. On the 3d of September, 1783. he
affixed his seal to the definitive treaty with
Great Britain, which acknowledged that independence,
and consummated the redemption
of his pledge. On the 4th of July, 1826. he was
summoned to the Independence of immortality
and to the judgment of his God. This house
will bear witness to his piety, this town, his
birthplace, to his munificence, history to his
patriotism, posterity to the depth and composure
of his mind."
john q. adams.
On the other side of the pulpit is the tablet
containing the inscription to the other Adams.
It reads thus: "Near this place reposes all that
could die of John Qulncy Adams, son of John
and Abigail (Smith) Adams, sixth President of
the United States. Born 11th July, 1767, amidst
the storms of civil commotion "he nursed the
vigor which inspires a Christian. For more than
half a century, whenever bis country called for
his labors in either hemisphere or in any capacity,
he never spared them in her cause. On the
24th December, 1814, lie signed the second treaty
with Great Britain, which restored peace within
her borders. On the 23d of February, 1848. he
closed 16 years of eloquent defense of the lessons
of his youth by dying at his post in her great
national council. A son worthy of his father, a
citizen shedding glory on his country, a scholar
ambitious to advance mankind, this Christian
sought to walk humbly in the sight of his God."
The church itself is built of Quincv granite and
surrounded by elms and horse chestnuts.
thomas jefferson.
In a thick growth of woods, a few hundred
yards to the right of a road leading from Charlotteville,
Va., to Monticello, mav be seen the
grave of Jefferson, in a little inclosure, with 30
others. An obelisk, nine feet high, marks the
spot. The base lias all been chipped awav. and
the monument looks like a rough, meaningless
/ Born April 2. O. S., 1743, died Julv 4,
1826, is put upon the base. Another inscription
has been almost entirely obliterated.
On a fly-leaf of an old account book, Jefferson
wrote this: -Choose some unfrequented vale in
the park, where is no sound to break the stillness
but a brook that bubbling winds among
the woods?no mark of human shape that has
been there, unless the skeleton of some poor
wretcn who sought that place out to despair
and die in. Let it be among ancient and venerable
oaks; intersperse some gloomy evergreens.
Appropriate one-half to the use of my "family
the other to strangers, servants, etc. Let the
exit look upon a small and distant c*rt of the
Blue mountains." His wishes have been well
carried out. The old family bouse was in ruins i
three years ago, and tenanted by an old man
who made a living by demanding a fee from visitors.
james madison.
At Montpeller. four miles from Orange. Va.,
Madison is buried. The grave is in the center
of a large level field, in a lot about 100 feet
square, surrounded bv a good brick wall On
the gate Is a sign, "Madison, 1820." Four graves
are here. Over one of them rises a mound 20
feet high. A granite obelisk bears the inscription,
"Madison, born March 16, 1751." By its
side is a smaller shaft of white marble inscribed,
"In memory of Dolly Pavne. wife of
Madison, born May 20.1768: died July 8.
1849. Two nephews are buried with her. The
region round about is one of great natural
beauty, and commands a view of the Southwest
mountains. At the southeastern edge of the
adjoining woods Is the home which Madison
Inherited when a child. It is weU kept at the
present date.
james monroe.
James Monroe is buried in Hollywood cemetery,
Richmond, Va. It is on a beautiful site.
Five feet underground, in a vault of bricks and
granite, the remains rest. On the sarcophagus
on a brass plate, is this memento: "James Moni)Ve8tmoreland
county. 28th April,
1758; died in the citv of New York, 4th of July
1831. By order of the General Assembly his remains
were removed to this cemetery, 5th Julv.
1858, as an evidence of the affection of Virginia
for her good and honored son." Over this monument
is a Gothic temple 12 feet long and 9
wide, resting upon four pillows on a foundation
of dressed Virginia granite. A cast-iron screen
almost prevents a view of the monument within
rhe temple is painted drab color and sanded!
rhe iron is considerably rusted. Around it are
l>eds of flowers and tall oaks.
andrew jackson.
Andrew Jackson is buried at the Hermitage
ills famous home, on the Lebanon pike, eleven
miles from Nashville. A massive monument of
rennessee granite marks his grave and that of
his wife. It is placed in a corner of the garden.
The grave is kept In good order. Three
steps lead up to its foot. It is composed of eight
fluted Doric columns, supporting a plain entablature
and dome, upon which stands an urn Inside
the space is ornamented with a white stucco
work. A pyramid resting on a square is the
monument proper and. nearly beneath it, rest
the bones of the President. A stone contains
this inscription: "Gen. Andrew Jackson, born
March 15,1767; died June 8,1845." Jackson's
wife is buried on the right of the pyramid.
martin van rcren.
Martin Van Buren sleeps in the little village
jemetery of Kinderhook, Columbia count v.
rhe President's grave is in the fatuity lot. A
jranite shaft, 15 feet high, contains the foliowng:
Martin Van Bttren,
VHIth President of the U. 3.
Born Dec. 5,1782,
Died July 24. ISfiC.
There is no carving of any kind upon it. The
nscription is in large black letters. The name i
)f his wife appears upon another face of the
shaft, while on the third is to be seen the name
)f a son. Thehouseis at the southern end of the
rillage, near the creek, a frame building, which
las been entirely remodeled of late years. His
>ther residence, two miles south of the town, Is
:he property of farmers who live there.
william henrt harrison.
The resting place of William Henry Harrison
nras brought prominently before the country
hree years ago by the desecration of his son's
rrave. It Is situated at North Bend, a few yards
!frnm the track of the I., C. A L. B. R., where It
mters the tunnel. The grave is a simple mound,
infenced, on a little knoll, and is shaded by
jeeches and other trees. There Is no monunent
and no inscription anywhere to tell the
itory of the life of the departed hero. Since the
lesecration of Scott Harrison's grave, the
nound has been Improved somewhat. The vault
las been cemented on the top in imitation of
(tone slabs. The iron door on tne left is now aeiurely
fastened, and some effort is made to keep
he place in good order. The spot is a lovely
me, and could be made by proper improvement
o do honor to the remains of the hero of Tippetanoe.
john ttler.
JoIm Tyler is practically uaAUme
mound, covered with bushes,
ust 10 yards froa the grave of Mooree, in
Bollywood cemetery, Richmond, is out
is the spot, where a President's remains lie. Aft
the head Is a small magnolia tree, on the south
is another mn^nolia, and on the north a youn"
Juniper tree. The grave is neither inclosed
nor curbed, jfear bj are the graves of Monroe,
of William Alien, one of Jeff l?avis' bondsmen,
of Dr. Lawrence Roane Warren, the philanthropist,
of James M. Mason. the confederate
envoy to England, and of Little Joe," son of
Jefferson Davis, killed in Richmond during the
? ar. Near by are buried 16,000 confederate
soldiers around a tall pyramid of granite.
james K. roi.K.
At the corner of Vine and Union streets.NanhTHie,
at the old family homestead, may bo found
the grave of James K. Polk. The monument is
a square block. 13 feet by U in height. It I* appropriately
ornamented, and contains, among
other inscriptions, this: "James K. Polk, tenth
President of the United States. Born Nov. 2.
1795; died June 15, 1W9." He waa buried here
nearly thirty years ago. An iron irate, surmounted
by an eagle, opens from Vine street
into a broad avenue bordered bv mulberry trees
and silver leafed poplars. This "road leads" to t he
Polk homestead, a large brick house three stories
high. The tomb is surrounded bv a grass plat,
which is encircled by a walk of white shells.
Shrubs and flowers beautify the spot, and make
it look quiet and bright.
The remains of Zacharr Taylor have been
moved three times. They repose now in a public
spot at Frankfort, Ky. The body a* first
?>laced in a cemetery at Washington* then in a
ot on the Taylor homestead, five miles back of
Louisville, and then to Cave Hill cemetery,
Louisville. In 1878 the remains were placed in
the beautiful cemeten- at Frankfort, where they
are in the company of many illustrous dead. Including
Vice President Richard Mentor Johuson.
Millard Fillmore lies buried at Forest Lawn
cemetery, three miles from Buffalo. The grave
is well taken care of and Is a beautiful spot.
A tall monument contains the inscription,
"Millard Fillmore. Born Jan. 7. 1800. Died
March 8. 1874." The grave is at the eastern
extremity ot the lot, in the center of a grassy
space. At its head rises the monumeut. In
the southeastern corner is a Norway spruce,
which shadows the grave. Fillmore's daughter
sleeps near the remains of her father. An Iron
urn tor flowers lies under an evergreen. Near
Fillmore's grave are those of Bunker Hill heroes,
of 8tephen Champlin and Bid well, who fell at
Cedar Creek. ?
The remains cf Franklin Pierce rest at Concord,
N. H.. in the Old cemetery on Main street.
Pierce's monument ia of Italian marble, and
bears the following: ' Franklin Pierce. Born
Nov. 23. 1804. Died Oct. 8. I860." The Pierce
lot is at the northwestern corner of the Minot
indosure. and contains about an acre of ground.
It is surrounded by a neat Iron fence. 6 feet
high, traversed by concrete paths and neatly
sodded. The monument displays a spire, with
cap, die and plinth, resting on a base of granite
3\ feet square, it is surmounted bv a draped
cross, and its total height is 14 feet 8 inches. In
the Old cemetery the founders of Concord rest.
James Buchanan is buried at Woodward Hill
cemetery, a mile or so west of Lancaster, Pa.,
on the Marietta turnpike. The grave lot is enclosed
by a neat iron fence. A fine monument
of Italian marble contains the following:
"Here rest the remains of James Buchanan
15th President of the United States. Born in
Franklin county. Pa., April 23, 179L Died at
^ heatland, June 1,1868."
The grave is down near the Conestoga river.
The lot is 30x12 feet, with white and black
granite supporting the fence. All around the
fence is a hedge of blooming roses, and rose
bushes are in the inclosure. The si>ot is kept
carefully and is always attractive.
Abraham Lincoln is buried at Oak Ridge cemetery.
Springfield, III. A fine pile of marble,
! granite and bronze marks the spot. It bears
; the single word "Lincoln." This memorial is
probably one of the most magnificent in the
United States. The building of the monument
was begun by Mr. Lincoln's friends in Springfield.
It was dedicated October 15. 1874. It
stands in a tract of seven and one-half acres.
From north to south its length is 119 feet 6
inches. Its breadth is 72 feet 6 inches. The
I structure is of blocks of granite of New Hampshire
The main platform is nearly 16 feet from
j the ground, approached by four grand staircases
I with balustrades. The main platform is 78 feet
; square. From the center rises the shaft, 12 feet
i square at tlie base and 98 feet from the ground.
I Shields of polished granite bearing the names of
! the states encircle the square. It is a fitting
; tribute to the martyred President.
The grave of Andrew Johnson Is at Greenville.
Tenn., on a spot selected by himself. A fine
j granite arch upon a broad base marks the site.
It contains the inscription: "Andrew Johnson,
seventeenth President, U. S. A. Born Dec 29
1808. Died July 31, 1875. His faith in the peoEle
never wavered." The monument is of marie
upon a base of granite 9^x7 feet. The tomb
was erected by the President's three surviving
sons. Pilasters on either side of the plinth support
funert " urns. The scroll of the Constitution
is carved on the die, and also an open Bible,
upon which rests a hand. The shaft is festooned
by the American flag at the top, and surmounted '
by an eagle with outstretched wings.
? ? ? i
Affairs or the Virginia Side.
Correapandeuce of Thk Etebihq Rtam.
Falls Church, Va.. Sept. 26th. 1881.
The members of the various churches of this
village met to-day at 10 o'clock a.m., at the M.
E. Church South, Rev. Smith, pastor, to have
memorial services with reference to the late
President of the United States. There were
several pieces of music performed by the choir
during the exercises. The solo (soprano) in the
piece "The Sweet By and By,** was sung, with
fine effect. The Rev. Charles Ball, of the M. E.
church, made the opening prayer.
Judge J. H. Gray was first called on for remarks.
He said that the religious portion of
our people far the past eighty days had been, es- ,
pecially, a praying people, asking God to spare !
to the Nation the life of the President. The 1
question was raised in this fact with regard to <
the disposition of God to answer favorably i
prayer. He believed that God had answered i
these prayers in accordance with His suj>erior i
wisdom. He had no doubt but that the Presi- I
dent's life had been prolonged by God in answer i
to the prayers of the people, until thev were 1
prepared to expect, and the President to sue- <
ceed Gen. Garfield, to give happy promise of a 1
wise and satisfactory administration of public i
affairs. I
. The Rev. Mr. Hohtellem, of the Methodist <
church, was called on. His idea was that in i
President Garfield's life, character and action, i
there was an example for the people to emulate. I
He had shown the possibilities of human ele- I
vation. And now the question Is. will we under- I
take to step up higher as a people? 1
The third speaker was the Rev. Mr. Thomas, <
of the Baptist churoh. He began by referring I
to one of the legends of ancient Rome concern- i
ing the sinking of the earth in the forum, form- (
ing a great chasm that could not be filled up. i
The auspices were consulted and the informa- c
tion was given "that the ohasm could not be l
filled except by throwing into it that on which
Rome's greatness was to be based, and then the 1
state should prosper." M. Civitius declared 1
that Rome possessed no greater treasure than a j f
brave and gallant citizen in arms. He offered i t
himself as the demanded victim. He mounted c
his stead and leaped into the abvss, which soon i a
closed up. He was the sacrifice for Roman j j
crime. President Garfield was the sacrifice for > L
our national shortcomings, reasoned Mr. e
Thomas. s
Spencer A. Coe followed Rev. Mr. Thomas, h
The effect of the assassin's act was stunning to ii
the whole nation. Tlte national calamity had t
rendered the people a praying people. The dark II
cloud that had overhung the whole nation would *
be found to have a silver lining. The nation i
shall rise from Its severe trial renewed in pur- r
pose and with higher accomplishments. r
Win- Russell, of your city, remarked on i
the Influence of a noble example. We had found i
oneofthehighest examples in the life of James t
A. Garfield, one every way worthy of emulation. *
He referred to him as a model statesman, Chris- i
tian, son. husband, and father. h
St^w.?tS^f<^3rKableAand toquant. He said I
of the lat6 President a
the highest and the brightest inspiration to the u
^ He had his atten- c
lirLni. j Garfield ail the latter's public f<
he had seen nothing that was not com- tl
mendable The late President he had observed ?
following his line of duty unostentatiously and a
unaffected by the gayety, glitter and pomp of a
the world. He attended still after he became It
Pmtdont, the plain, modest little church of the tl
Christian society in Washington. &
In the evening the republican club had if
memorial swrieee at the colored M. E. church, n
S. A. Coe, 7. M. Thorn. O. Fltts, Rev. Hohtel- a
tern tad others made brief sddreesss. L.S.A. tl
Oqihe 94th tnstant settlers In the jurisdiction
of Clenfuagoa, Caba, defeated a formidable body *
of bandits, under a mulatto chief named Fllo- fa
meno Saroey. Two of the men were killed, and rl
Vtar Tw* KnnriNo Atu
IV Tomb of the Martyred IVraideaL
r CHAruj* wiu&
^ of s nation water the tomb.
II? n ,n "' ">????*> full blntw
?> on. more dcprar,^ tti*n d.-menu-d.
He nrst* iD the arms of his oM Mother-eUteu
Radiant with rich rural hrtuir
Whwrp from humble (if*, hr r^to bp ot.?l
By pursuing the (mth of duty.
Thla spot Is sacred to mutton* of btmiUl
A nd glorious in cIhwIc utorv
wiwET,?Vl " u ?"*'?*! mtla.
* ill soi.nd with new jnuns of glorjT
"JZtT* thr 9m,tt,'??d *1? horr re-unlt*
w ^ wanat^t devotion.
??J?r1 ?f "J"* ? ?? ? ""?! w,^d?m and mirt
From beyond the wMe-ewellin* ?v?n
Our Chief Mfnr1?trnt?-, thank G?d. is not J,-ad,
But is only serenely slccpinir
His spirit so pure h?th Joyously AM
rar, lar from this sad world of weeping.
The shafts of envy ean reach him no more
In Ins stronir and beautiful twlsce
4nl r * <,rl"k. ss >n days ot'\ore
The contents of sorrow's biaA chalice.'
The an^ls an^ watchin* with low. solemn breath
1 he soft Ikv| of the peaceful slot per
u. ???"??antHnir the strong kev? of den!.
Has biHvmo his Almighty Keeper.
And when the voice of the trumpet of doom,
i 1**1 through the I rem Win* creation
FOIH millionaire.
HOW senator ^ORmvT^T HIg aSam'UTES C1T
EH il a KAlLUo.il> BCHfcHK.
Frnm thf \>w Orleans Plo*vune.
For the term In the United state* Senate be.
ginning March 4. I879. the Incumbent. chose.,
bj the people of Georgia, through their heart*
and legislators, was a man who ha1 been
wounded in battle eight times. He commanded
a win? of Gen. Lee's army at the close or the
war. He was a captain, a Major, a LieutenintColonel.
a Colonel, a Brigadier-tGeneral a Maio-General,
and a corps commander. He wm ?
InTs(5H fr>fmhr NAt '^nal I*",ocratic Convention
in l?W from t,eorgia. and also in 1H7> and *
I residential elector lor the state at iarire in
j86S. and also In 1X72. He tock hi* seat in the
United states Senate.March 4. 1ST3. and hi.wvond
term would not have expired till twelve
years from that dau, and no man living I*
I '.'fw'i r? RaL,ha.t ,liH th,rd term mould have
ended before March 4. HBi.
Senator Gordon found that the needs of his
family were neater than the calls of his ambition
and he threw away almost a whole term in
the . enate and a marvellous popularity in
Georgia. When people asked the reason' he
said that he had to make more money, aud he
thought he could make f 15,0110 a year
That man is now a millionaire^- He has not
only made himself a millionaire: he has also
made his two brothers millionaires, and he ha*
made <rov. Colouitt of Georgia a millionaire.
They are four millionaires now.
Gordon has organised the Georgia Pacific
railroad and sold It to the Richmond and Danville
Extension company (that la. to the Pennsylvania
railroad people, who own the road from
Richmond to Atlanta) for $700,000 cash and a
certain amount of stock. Besides this the
Presidency of the Georgia Pacific remains in
Gen. Gordon * hands, and the cash has been
JX?7 the Gordons and Colquitt own *1,000,000
in the Richmond and Danville Extension
company, and will have two and one-half time?
that amount of stock in the Georgia Pacific
<ien. Gordon will remain president of the
Georgia Pacific. Major E. C. Gordon is president
of two roads belonging to tlie company In
Mississippi, the charters of which extend from
Birmingham. Ala., to the Mississippi river Mr
;* 8-<portion is a director in the Richmond and
Danville Extension company. ami is also raisinir
a company to build a railroad in Florida.
The Louisville and Nashville road, at about
the time of Gordon's resignation, was beginning
to tret a foothold in tieorgia, where It lias
now Intrenched itself on the Western and Atlantic
from Chattanooga to Atlanta, the Georgia
from Atlanta to Augusta, and the Central from
Atlanta to Savannah, so thoronghly that It will
need all the powers of the powerful Georgia
railroad commissioners to hold it in check.
Just then, however, it was not verv strong la
Georgia, and was watching every'point with
jealous eyes. Seeing an opportunity to secure
the services of a popular Georgia lawyer, it easterly
retained Gordon as one of its counsel. In
order to hold an entrance to Atlanta it bought
the Georgia Western charter from Atlanta to
Birmingham After Its great victories in
Georgia It did not need either Gordon or the
f?eoorla Western, and it gave Gordon the
Georgia Western charter, probably to iret rid id
him. This was Gordon's nest egg.
The three Gordons and their Governor new
srt themselves t-o raise a coinpan\ to build from
Atlanta to the Mississippi river. They obtained
conditionally over 100.000 acres of coal lands,
granted on oondltlon the road was finished.
These lands were worth a couple of millions,
but of course they will not be worth a cent to
the Georgia Pacific until the road is completed.
Thev also secured two valuable charters in Mjsuilles
m*1 of for over a hundred
ThP^i ^ *^>Ck **? ,trade-the *** was easy.
The Klchmond and Danville Extension company
wni build the road as soon as i?osstble and
turn it over to the Georgia Pacific railroad
company which, like many another name of
railroads in the south, will mean the Pennsvlt
The road '8 to be built,
and It %Ul be of very great service to Atlanta,
Birmingham, Columbus, and other places
i?r0!1JL il wiil on wav t<? the
Mississippi. The wealth of the tliree Gordous
and Gov. Colquitt cannot fairlv be estimated today
at less than a million apiece.
Some or Gen. Butler's Traits.
From the New York Sun.
"I fear no one and love but few," said th?
general in a speech some years ago. The first
part of the seutence Is said to be strictly true,
but the general displays such kindness to those
ibout him that the last part Is doubted. The
lense of fear seems to have been sitared him. He
lometimes appears timid rfbout crossing a
m,fh vehicles, but 1? he
f that there is no danger he will step abruptly
into the most dangerous spot and begin
to Argue upon tha rirtc thw is of run
jver. In returning from a court house last
l,n a hp*v> overcoat that reached
nearly to his heels, and shod in a pair of rubbers
inside a pair of arctics, he was talking over the
ease he had been trying with another lawyer
Then he slipped in a mass of slush at the curb
?nd fell headlong to the pavement with such
rorce that he seemed to have broken a boue
Hh companion in trying to break his fall was
torne down by the heavy weight with which he
ad to deal and fell ujxrn the general He
luiefciv arose, and fearing that Gen. Butler had
>C?n injured, asked in a quavering
roice. 'Areyou hurt,general?" "Hurt?" said
^?A^UUeL' '3* When 1 Wl 1 *Iwa*s fall like
umeal ^k. Now aR l was saying about the
?ith~hiT"? himself up and went on
nth his conversation!
V^np?aUnt^l8 a^i0nJB for npw"P?T^rs and
iu!d 11 be reached Newfound- .
rom r?.r^ H his yachting tours, and learned %
^ Baworth of the roj-al navy that
Si?"4 M
, ,e popular conception of him that he
i>*dS^u?Y"rt!rl bu"5lDS """ *'"> ?*
I t tho^ t,lc *or,d and ,,M fought
old !!i h "! w<*Pou81 used against him. The
oad he has traveled from the time lie was a
K>or boy paying his way through college by
k-hin^/f^ for 8C!.?enf,' a <*> to the time
^lonalre lawyer and manuscturor,
with the largest practice ot any JawZ
???<? ?t *?rk, h? o!* rU"ar\
u *1^5 ?nn and a Courageous front, for he
m Beacon Hill aristocracy
,77? ?' !t* creatures slandering him
f "filing the cry against him.
1 V"~ n n*ro*r circle of his friends that
?nf h? ha??e(i Montfort at New Orleans for
'tilling down the United States *?? from the
w1dow as though she was a rela IJ'tnlSf
??gr^e,of cruel P^od of the
?^tbe?klnf of Montfort's life oeomuy?
but Gen. Butler took his family wt?d#r his
departments at Washington. go
rt>e was displaced. As soon as be heartf of
he took the next train for Washington and 4U4
ot return until she was reiMtate*. The vtiow
nd her children feel that no harm willoosnet*
bem as kmc as Gea. Bvtler livaa"
Iranoh kas was In stakes tMseennna W in
hebato Is the first representative horaeertS*
tad from a financial point cf rinr. hsihM iss
?doff#49,400front EovmeeUngs! IBSE
?UI ia tll.000. ?

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