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Fum THK ETK*I!?? Sta*.
Vmn#-!* of ibr Vawn. .Spring cornps ?^niw?r in from the sea, with wet a?<1 b ivy cloul-tLUIs, and the rulsty pennon of :he F t-w nU u iil<* l i ? the mist.?Lovor bllow; H'ji > i ion. Hast thou named all the birds without a ?nn? ? t m C>,bc n.v fr; u I, and m ! ?t*rtlit: - I-ikk80 N : fr-rhearrtnr*. i Drtren b\ ?c t:.< r from the wood. The b'.r-i- i --i.irt to t-'? n: th" wlridi^w-paae They fly A'i ?.i-.t, a? t ?< > wu'll I : nmui < By May's u > ^en?*rous l?.?v : ?r quit sub toed. Perha;i> '.r-y pine. too, from the lark of food. By th ! Urni ?r< , and drizzling rain; Aii'l i "u p>urth?y . >riii a <die?Ty strain, Surh a> t y pipe l?i th? ir gr.'?*n solitude. Oh, harm tin oj not. > ? . ?-!n I span' Th'*rn f ? d< --troy, h ?rn. >\ a-'rtt'iolo^lftfs, ** n ?' now they v -it n- -< tr i^tfully ! Th- y an* "our '_ru -t . t?>? - \r ?Us of tu?> air. And ev -n t tv?\ v- l! I d*\MTt-dwe!!er l!-ts N>ne su'-.t to stay, alrwii :iri f-ufiuy. 4-R<is. TSature wear* the <*ob>r of t spirit.?Asom. Let thosv* wh > !Nt linpatyn'ly <outplaln Of sk!*s oVrsvwea 1 by a pail ut U>u I; Of win Is thai now m > n. low, ..nj n':w aloud; And wood, and 11 Id, an I |>?th way drenched with rain. I From u' 1 r ? tliinirs ! ^onie'iow pietsure f?aln. And > uur? \- self m?* ?* ... lies to be proud; Soth t. th-'U^rh n?-vr by i!?' ?*? my -onl !>. bowed, No show, no :nood of her*. t<? m Is vain. I learn f~ t tier th ?t she In iifT?*n*i>t !s To what we do, or think. or suffer: she Ones her own w v. n??r ? ?> ?' ; what path bf? ours. On u> not h-r d<> o?ir IHi> itleDepend: :i t? 1 w our own i tt? tt >a s*e In brfi'.t an I >h id", pl-.in ds and gorc ous flowers. iHirln? th^ p >?t coM. r ony. and unse son ?bli> week of rila ?->? ?;iv mmih or mi " -? '*eral s > of Mr Is s ?mr?T!i it rare in ttiT- -r. tlon or th" < ' urr y h v > b- <-n obs.-rvt-d In i air lens, p?rk3,anl suburbs o* th i iiy. |. is to taos^ Htran^oT.- < . ?l tilts so ::! -t r I am n or:? t'a >\ogW, but i fr "nil to si r * dner^d How b;peds; h-n the spirit oft:i - xtain. \V. L. Suo?i \k::k. Wuvl* nrar Giftryfotrn. 14. To the -r f I UK r\>? VI \R. i d?*sire. through t!? miii of your paoer, ! to call tin* attention < t 1'Mrct rommissioners to the horrible <*? id ho't of Virginia avenue, i from 4';. to 1st stre??t. which 1 cannot believe possible any of ti??*-?* ofiicials. ami particularly their sanitary officer. can U- aware of; and though I have heard rumors t!sat tiieir attention j had lH?-n called to it. and memorial* setting ! forth its conditions forwarded to them. I must | do them the justice to believe such is not ti?e ; fact, as it seems hardly possible tliev would allow such a cesspool of tilt:* and fever-breeding rwstilent corruption to exist within 500 yards of the Capitol. I could not have believed it thd I not have oocolar and mote sensitive and convincing demonstrations. The whole avenue, on the ltith inst.. between the points indicated was ' one ma-- of black semi-fluid mud. emitting* greater number of siekHn'ng and offensive - smells titan 1 had ever believed possible for dame nat ore's lal?oratory to evolve, however well j supplied with the raw materials; hut I shall never im?re doubt her capacity in this direction. ! The railroad company use this portion of the ! venue to unloail their cars. nu?i from twe've to ! twenty car> are unloaded here daily. In the op- \ ration the black oleaginous mud Is kept constantly stirred and churned up, and a fruitful crop of poisonous exhalations permeates the urroumling atmosphere, to the imminent discomfort of the most seasoned stomach and the utter rout of more sensitive ones, as 1 am experimentally prepared to affirm. At the crossing of 3d street a siding lately put : In by the railroad company, being below the j grade of the street and main tracks, serves to j dam up the water, and a pool some 6\J0 feet ! of iJirt>. filthy, stinking water stands ami stagnates after every rain. The gutters, if you may so cali the mmidy hollows at the sidewalk, reek with a tiau-M-ous compound horribly offensive ; and ab-oiutely indescribable on pajter, out aw- : full} apparent to the nose. Now wMl the lion. Commissioners call the at- ] tention of tMr mHhj ofleer to this -or. better still, will they remove the cause and effectually cure the evil by paving this portion ??t" the avenue? tlod knows it needs it. l>o let us l*?lieve that you. gentlemen, regard the citizens of this locality a- possessing some rights which you reapect, and suffer wrongs you w ill refuse longer i to perpetuate. ACmua. j N. B.?I respectfully sugg???t it might be well ! for the committee on tue district of Columbia, having a due regard for their own health, to j Investigate this matter. tVaitiinalxn tSlhrtirw. To tb?? > alitor ( f the Kvksi*(? Stah. -ar Wdde is reported to have found Washington lacking in design. He was mistaken. No city Las more decidedly a ground plan. Rectilinear streets, crossing at ri<?li% angles. are tolerated here only as a basis for avenues, which, extending in magnificent distances and terminating in imposing structures, or vanishing in the soft hor.zon, give force and grandeur to V ? J *?* It w a< certainly unkind to Ignore flip plan, the only est' ?-tie property. I be!;,ve, that Washingtoa*possesses whini is n*>t an imitation of the antique. of ear!}- English, or of renaissance.* flVMenttai was niqw, bat it mu>t be OOBf.'.-ised that there is a lulling oiF?a divline of art- a-1 it *??re. in the de'alU. We Lave out yet proved equal tc the triangle; the ape.v is ea.-ilv managed. but that absurd sj>ac<? between it anil the body of the li-.rure, not deep enough tor a double row nor narrow enough lor a single one. Is quite beyond us. Asa consequence '.ve see squart-s of average or tin-.* buildings dwindling down into a huddle of \\<.-deu shanties tiicked vfT with a fringe of grass. It has been pro|M?H:?d to atxilish the triangle, but thi- is evidently the s:. rge.-tion of an ??sthetewho has never diseover?j the original design. As the triangles me fundamental. it *ere better to adopt the Paris t?v attaint. Wherever a boulevard crosses a stre ? that city give- u-> model. A err ass pl.t, with fountain. tr?*e or statue. sufTh ^*s for the ext reality. The space beyond i- occupied by a public i>ui!?11ii^r a-, for examp'a i; igisr rate's office. a police .-nation, or isoeeupied bv a store l?avin<i double front aire; in any ease, the design is effective. If each state v.oui'l pnrchase on-'of our triangles and erect ti.Teon an appropriate ediflce. and embellish the ground*. ttien whe:i the Washington moQume:.; is i ompleted CK.-ar Wilde could come again as "happy as a bi^ sunflower," A. T. 9 m?______ A < ?*re for Slrtplfvtnrwb A "'Natural Philosopher" writes to the I < p.do% DaUy Xeu-s: "Without aspiring to the title of I>r. Pan gloss, I believe I may say I have discovered a cure lor sieepie*sues*. To count innumerable sheep is a sort of wool-fathering that with me leads to nothing?a going for *.vooi and coming home shorn of sleep. To say '.he alphabet backward awakens so many dancing figures of great A, little a. and bouncing B as set n>y wits on edge, instead of soothing them with poj pies. Such praiseworthy processes of the mmu require supplementing by a bodily process. TUis proud discovery is mine. Marry the mind to the body, as in healthy sleep, and the deed Is done. This is my process: Think of aheep if your mind runs that way; of any Innocent ar.d soothing whiteness, of snow, of waves, all these failing, or of dancing feet or leaves, or of wlcd on the grass or ihe corn. It is my peculiar fancy to be smong books, to pass by shelf after shelf of them, punctually turning ' their backs upon jne; the mere thought of the uncertainty of their pages would be fatal to my repose. Having set toj fancy wondering, 1 take ^he forefinger of my right hand aud describe a circle; and thus turning over in my mindb0oksanUcircle3.lt wdl go hard with me it the one does not presently me!t into the other and the whole iuto a dream I maintain sleep must follow if this process is carried on with strength of mind to sternly check all quitting of those two great points, a congenial walk for the fancy and persistence in describing circle*, But the jade fancy must Dot tnrn aside, nor must the hand swerve. Circle must follow circle, book must follow book. like the strokes of a pendulum. Tnemind. Dr. Baird would say, becomes hypnotized, and are and sorrow lose themselves in death's twlnbrothi-r fleep. Like every other great art this Is not to l>c reached In a day. Bat patience will bring !t alx,ut. The first night it will be Impossible; the second night it will be hard. Hoocst and persevering experiment will testify thai a weak wiU aska practice perfect." . TO WHO.71 DORM THR f ITT OF WASHIXttTOX BKLO.\G 1 Koine Siijrir???iion? of Intereat I pon This Point* To the Editor of the Evening Star. It will facilitate legislation regarding: measures proposed for the improvement of this city If members of Contrress will definitely settle in their own minds one or two fundamental propositions. To whom does this city Of Washington belong? By whom, with what purpose, and for whose benefit was It established, and is it maintained? Is its improvement a matter of national or local interest ? These questions are ! not difficult to answer. In an examination of our | history on constitutional law no one would make . a mistake In answering them. This city HKLONOrf TO TIIK OOVKRVMK.VT OF THE CNITKn 8T ATK8. It is not an ordinary municipality but a national capital. It was established by the people of the United States acting tflrough their representatives in Congress assembled. Its inhabitants are not an organized community. They are mere Incidents to a national capttai. There are no citizens of Washington, in the American sen*e of that term. Not only have \ they no peculiar or Independent coutrol of the city In which they lire but they have absolutely le*.s authority and influence in Its management than a citizen of Maine or Texas who has a vote for member of Congress. So long as a mere exercise of power Is in question NO CONGRESSMAN UAS ANT DOUBT as to the exclusively federal character of this city. When, a few years since, an extra tax of throe per cent was imposed upon Its property owners as a sort of punishment for alleged abuse of authority by federal officers, there was uo hesitation in asserting the national supremacy without regard to the wishes or interests of the inhabitants. There are never any scruples about s the disbursement by the National Legislature of j the money raised by local taxation, nor in assuming, in every other respect, the most abso1 ute control over the city and its inhabitants. It is only when an appropriation of the money of the general government for improving the city is proposed that certain members of Congress seem to forget, or designedly ignore the real character of "uch legislation as respects its purpose ami justification. The inhabitants of the city are j then brought to the front. The matter is (lis- j cussed upon the assumption that they are the r>'al parties in interest, and that such nppropria- ! tions are exclusively, or primarily at least, for their benefit. I SUCH APPKOPRIATIOSS AUK TREATED AH QUASI . DON A HONS, and opposed, criticised, and restricted accordingly. There w ill he no intelligent consideration of measures for the improvement of the city until Mich ideas are rooted out of the minds of our national legislators. 'Who are the inhabitants of the city of Washington? It is not a commercial city. It is not a manufacturing city. It has no raisoM 'Ftlrr as an agricultural center. It is tlie national capital, and is not and never will be anything else. To realize how thoroughly and emphatically this is true it is only nec '-sary to think what would.be left of the city should it cease to be the seat of government. It is safe to say that in ten years it would not contain ten thousand inhabitants. ITS POPULATION MAY UK DIVIDED IN'TO FOUR CLASSES. First, the large number directly in the employ of the government. Second, the perhaps larger number unofficially engaged in and about the conduct of the various branches of governmental business. Thtyd, i>ersons who having the means have been led by their tastes to select the national capital as a place of residence. Fourth, traders and laborers engaged iu administering to the wants of the three preceding cla-s??s. It is ea*y to see that neither of these classes is here for any other reason than that this is the national capital. It is also difficult to see why either or all of them should be charged with the responsibility or burthened with the expense of providing for the wants of a national capital. It has become an axiom iu j legislation that they are neither to be charged ! wmi or permitted any responsibility except a* to payment of ex lenses. Xor is this population like that of other cities, a consolidated, homogeneous community with a distinct local interest. It is an aggregate of elements from every part of the Union, which only partially assimilate. Many of its inhabitants retain their citizenship. and nearly all. more or less. ciose social, political and business relations with the st.u<*< from which they have come. In other words the city in in the character of its population as in its government distinctively national. It is not a city of and for Its residents, but of and lor the people of the United States. Iu* growth and improvement is not an indication of the prosperity of its inhabitants, but of the prosperity of the nation. Its future is in no way involved in the financial success of its residents. It is conditional upon the? progress and material development of the country of which if is the capital. It is only by recognizing thi'se facts and bearing them in mind as premise* for legislation that questions respecting the improvement of the city can be fairly and w isely considered and determined. the proper intjt'irt in reference to any proposed improvement is not whether it will benefit the present inhabitants of the city, but will it be a national benefit. It is | only when and because it will oe for the benefit of the people of the United States that a mem! ber of Congress is justified In appropriating for ] th?* purpose money from the national Treasury, j It is true that every improvement of the city t ; benefits its inhabitants. It enhances to some ! i extent the value of private property. It adds to ! ! the comfort. Health an>l pleasure of residents j I who are not owners of property. These considi erat'.ons form a proper basis tor local taxation, i Hut they are only secondary considerations, not constituting of themselves a sufficient justitica- | it ion of legislation for such general improvements as is appropriate to a national capital. They are proper considerations only so far as 1 they a fleet the primary controlling consideration of national interest. The prime question then for j tbe consideration of a member of Congress is ! this: from a national point op view is it or is it not desirable that the national capital should be a large, populous, healthful and beautiful city. I do not prcqiose to discuss this question. Whether President Washington and the contemporary Congress were wise in plan-; ' niiiic a city of this character, whether th * carrying out of this plan will tend to enhance the di rnity and influence of the nation; whether a ' sp icious and attractive city, drawing to itself lrom every part of the country a resident population of exceptional culture and refinement, is * a desirable environment for those eugaired in disc.iargiug public duties; whether t!ie citizens of the republic take an interest in its capital and ? iil r?*c<*ive with satisfaction and pridesuch 1 a development of its natural advantages as will, make it theeityof unnvalJed beauty, which it I may easily become, are inquiries in respect to ; wlvch members of Congress are likely to have', ! opinions which wiil not b<? changed by argu-i ' ment. I only wish to i?oint out the importance of forming and having on hand for ready use a clear and well settled conviction, oue way or the other, upon the geuer.il question above stated. The member j , of Congr-v-* who regards it as a matter of indifference to the national government or to the people of the United States whether or not the | capital consists of anything beyond the puulic buildings necessary fur the transaction of the government business and residence accommodations for those engaged in its transaction, will i naturally and logically refuse to vote appropriations fi>r other than these purposes. On the j other hand those who think it a matter of national interest, that the capital citv should in all which makes a city admirable and attractive, j corresponk to the "greatness and wealth of the nation, w ill consider themselves in the per- i : formance of a duty attaching to their position of a national legislator, in appropriating from I the public treasury for its improvement and ! ornamentation. They will not suppose that in so doing they are acting in the interest of the present Inhabitants of the city, and charitably doing for them something w hica they ought to do for themselves. the elimination of this false premise will tend greatly to simplify and give precision , to the discussion of measures for city improvement. It is perfectly Just that those who reside : and own property in the city should contribute to the expense of its local government. They should be,' and I believe are, willing to bear their fair share of this burden and to cheerfully submit to sucli reasonable taxation as Congress ' shall impose upon them for this purpose. But this is a thing entirely distinct from the general improvement of the national capital. That is not a duty devolving upon them nor under the Constitution and laws is it rheu* privilege. They are not permitted to enter njion snch an undertaking. If don? upon a befitting scale it to an enterprise of too great magnitude to be undertaken by them, either by themselves or Id part nenbip with um general govarowaut. WfcUa MayfcN* kMinlMi of Improvement or !n controlling any of Its details. they contribute largely to carrying out the general plan ot lmphovement by the erection, lnoetly with means acquired elsewhere, of legant and tasteful structures for private residences and local business purposes. These are an essential feature of a national capital. They will increase in numbers, costliness and architectural beauty just in proportion as the city shall, in its general features, be made attractive. It is not my purpose to discuss or make any suggestion as to the amount of tax to be imposed upon the inhabitants of the city. That is a matter for the discretion of Congress. If the present tax is too smali. let it be increased. My argument concerns only the principle and purl*>se of such taxation. It is a tax imposed upon them by the representatives of the people of the United States for the privilege of living in the national capital, and fur the protection and advantages of a local government created and controlled by national authority. For these purposes any tax which Congress sees lit to impose is legitimate. But it is. not a legitimate purpose of such taxation to raise means for carrying out a scheme of general Improvement for the national capital. The execution of such a scheme concerns the people of the United States, and in respect to it the inhabitants of the city have neither authority nor responsibility. It is an abandonment of the whole idea ot the establishment and maintenance of a national capital to assert that the condition of Its streets and avenues, the measure of its water supply, the purity of its atmosphere and the beauty of its surroundings shall be wholly or partially dependent upon the ability of Its residents to contribute a proportional part towards the expenses of its improvements. To the extent of their ability, and in just proportion to the advantages derived by them from such improvements, let them pay taxes into the national Treasury. But there is no reason why the placing of this capital under conditions worthy of the nation by which it was established,?to which it exclusively belongs and by which it is exclusively governed and controlled.?should be limited or made to depend upon any such accidental factor as the taxpaying ability of the small fragment of its population, who have chosen it as a place of residence. H. ? + ? . - Fob The Evfmno Stab. Ttie TOwkic off (lie Flowers, A scientific-writer, treating of the influence of certain perfumes, states that there are octaves of odors like those of music. Certain odors blend in unison, like the notes of an instrftment. For instance, heliotrope, almond, vanilla, and orange blossom, blend harmoniously, each producing different degrees of a similar impression. The citron, lemon-verbena and orange-peel form a higher octave, which blend in the same manner. Then, there are semi-odors, such as the rose and rose geraniums, for the half notes, and so on. If this Is tru;?. and I believe no one has risen to dispute the statement, there is more to be admired than we have heretofore known in the flowers we love so well. Let us assume, for the sake of a little mental exploration, that it is true, and see whew; iu the realm of the ideal it may lead us. If the odors of the flowers are analogous to the notes of music; if. peradventnre, they may be arranged to represent melody and harmony, the flowers, according to their tones and semitones. being the notes, or portions of the chromatic scale. how much music there is shut up in the wonderful mystery of sweet perfumes! Songs grow by the wayside! Symphonies, unheard except perhaps by the angels, are in the fields and in the trees, and whole operas In conservatories and irardens. music that might excel the most delightful ever heard by human ears! Some of the old poets have Intimated a belief in this RUTTUM OK FRAGRANCE, though none have ventured tar into the unexplored realm. Shelley says in one of his little poems that the hyacinth flung from its bells "Music so d 'lleate, soft an1 Intense It was ;elt like an odor within the sense." The language of the flowers would, indeed, have higher and holier meaning than ever yet understood. If it could be translated and interpreted in music that all could understand, as all do understand the music of any language, though the words themselves may fall upon unappreciative ears. How much, iu addition to the ureat beauty and delicate fragrance of a prettily arranged bouquet, would he conveyed to the beholder, if lie understood the concord of sweet sounds the flowers represent! Placing the flowers as tones ami semi-tones according to the melody the poet composer has in his soul, his composition in color, fragrance and harmony, would awaken the most delightful Amotions. By the magic of this .scientific formula, melodies we love to hear, strains that ever please and attract. music to which the world pays deference and homaire, would become visible* We could see it. not as ordinary blaek and white musical characters, but as we see t lie sky at sunset, and the eye would revel in the beautiful while the ear would be enchanted by song! WK MAY ?JO FURTHER in this line of speculation, and fancy that the lily-of-the-valley, the heliotrope, the hyacinth, the arbutus, the mignonette and other fragrant flowers, in varied combinations, represent the sweetest of sweet songs, while the ailantus, the daisy, the dandelion, the garlic and others of low decree, in union, perhaps, w ith higher perfumes, stand fur comedy, negro melodies, the airs of "Pinafore," the "l'irate? of Penzance," and the like. The blended perfumes of the violet and the honeysuckle, for example, may uive us the air of' Home. Sweet Home." Possibly the jimpson weed, with the wild pium. or some other neutraliz:ng?tone, may represent "Yankee Doodle." i ue uog-rennei. with some odorous bark, may stand for "Old Dog Tray." The melody of the "Last Jtose of Summer'7 may come to u3 in its fragrance. The fleur-de-lis of t!:e royal insignia of France may have its own interpretation in the soul-stirring air of the "Marsellaise." And how do we know hut the sweet melody in Mendelssohn's Wedding March is the fragrance of thf orange blossom, which id made a symbol of the hol? ceremony. '"Come Where My Love Lies Dreaming" and "Fritz's Lullaby" may be the fragrance-tones of the lotos-flower ami the poppy. The "Drinking Song," we may well believe, is represented by a pitcher-plant. ' We'll Not Go Home till Morning" is a nitrhtblooming-cereus," and "Way Down South in Dixie" is the magnolia. Some bright flowers, fragrant and spicy, may be the score of ''Hail Columbia;" blooming clover may give the air of ' Sweet Little Shamrock;" the orange lily, that so love-! the restless tide, may represent "A Lite on the Oceun Wave," and 1 lie strangely beautiful passion-flower* with its solemn and hallowed associations, may be the melody of Stabal Maltr or "Nearer. My God, to Thee." However vague and illy-defined the theory may ; be. certain it is that the fragrance of certain flowers BRIXOS BACK ALMOST FOKUOTTKX STRAINS OF Ml'SIC, 1 olden memories and incidents that otherwise would fade irom the tablet of the mind. I never inhale the perfume of the locust without at the fame time hearing the tones of a bell that have lingered long in ray memory. To a friend of mine the fragrance of the honeysuckle brought to mind the old son? "Allan Percy." because he owe heard it sung while he sat on a porch overgrown by the woodbine. To many the I odors of the tube-rose, tne violet and some geraniuins produce sadness, because they revive the soft and Solemn dirges of the grave. This may be the result of association, and again it may come from the vibration of hidden strings touched by the sweet fragrance oi the flowers repeating the melodies that sometime have been heard and left reminiscences of song. The written notes, the mere characters on lines and spaces, are of themselves simple and unimportant things; but. arranged by a Mozart, a Beethoven, an OM'enbach, or a Strauss, they i become the symbols of entrancing music, characters that, once fixed by the master hauds, are never forgotten, representing melodies that inspire the human heart, and lift it into a heaven of delight. If by touch divine our eyes were I made to see, a?tne grent composers saw before voice and Instrument awakened the strains that | were iu their souls, what beautiful music of the flowers to us now uuwritten and unexpressed j might be made known! W'hat grand sonirs and i choruses we might get from large conservatories! What oratorios from the blooming fields! What beautiful solos and duets from along the streams and on the hillsides! After all, It may be but a passing tancy. and yet it is pleasant to give it play?to think that the birds get their inspiration, may see the scores from wh'ch they sing so divinely In the woods and in the fields, where the flowers bloom, and where there arc 'nrtn'.te types of harmony and beauty. Let us believe that the suggestion of the man of science Is based upon the truth, so that a bonqnet. a bed of roses, an elaboiate conservatory. a field unfolding its blooms In the sunlight of spring and summer, may have for us a greater element of interest and delight In these possible ambrosial melodic*. * We may admire the beauty of those floweis tliat an* endeared to us by colors and associations, inhale the delicate fra t ?uioe that risen like iuccuko from the altar. acJ^iucy^iie swedUb6ugh It;Dt music that is ? -Ok VAlf V AW JL | PNEUMONIA OB LINO FEVEB, Its Definition. To the Editor of Tin Xmnxa Stab. Pneumonia and lung fever are synonymous terms, and mean an inflammation of the lungs. This disease is not only very common, but rapid and exceedingly dangerous. It is of the utmost importance to have it recognised as early and ( promptly as possible, in order to institute that i care which will Insure a correct and rational i treatment of it. An idea of what the lungs are can be readily attained by an examination of the lights of the hog or calf. Thev present an exact resemblance to the human lunes. The outside of the lights presents a shining, smooth and glistening appearand This outside appearance is the p(eitra, meaning the skin or membrane coverfnsr the lungs, and au inflammation of this covering constitutes pleurisy. If the lights are cut across their length, and a look is taken at the cut surface, what Is called the substance of the lungs will be plainly seen. An inflammation of this inside or substance of the ! lungs is what is called pneumonia or lung fever. When the outside coat and the substance of the lungs are inflamed at the same time, pleiiropnrumcmia is caused, and is an inflammation of the plenra and lungs going on at one time. DISK ASKS MISTAKEN FOR PNEUMONIA. How a mistake can be made in not recogniz ing pneumonia seems almost impossible; but it is a lamentable fact that other diseases are frequently mistaken for It, and treated in a manner that none of its symptoms either warrant or Indicate. Tne diseases most often mistaken for It are bilious, typhoid and typhus fevers; and it is an astonishing fact, not commonly known, that pneumonia is often taken for an ordinary case of bilious fever, and in the most ratal manner pronounced and treated as an attack of ma| laria. It always begins with chilly feelings, or a decided chill; and the occurrence of these chilly sensations, or severe signs, explain why it is liable to be taken for and treated aS malarial fever. It is common in winter or cold weather; but may, and does frequently, occur at any season of the year. Its cause is "catching I cold," or suddenly checked perspiration: and in summer it is often produced by sitting or sleeping in a cool draught while t.lie clothing is wet with perspiration. It is essentially ah inflammatory disease, and is as much so as an inflamed eye, hand or limb, and fulfills all the nature and characteristics of an inflammation in any other part of the body. It may be either bold or insidious in its invasion. Its*beginning is often sudden; i but now and then it follows in the progress of an ordinary cold, and does not prostrate until a fresh cold has been taken. The inflammation is sometimes deeply seated, or situated in the center of the lung; and then, for days, it often remains masked, or disguised, giving no other evidence of its existence than a slight occasional hacking cough, accompanied by chilly sensations, general feverishness, cold feet and impossibility to keep the body warm. Sometimes partial sweats ocGur; and when this is the ease they are usually cold, and the slightest change of temperature causes the body to shiver and shake. This condition is apt to he taken for the efl'ect of malarial poison, and quinine makes it worse; and it does not yield until" the proper treatment for inflammation of the lungs has been instituted. ITS SYMPTOMS. Pneumonia, like all other inflammatory disorders, may be sudden or slow, severe or slight; and may continue for six or seven weeks, or destroy life in twelve or twenty-four hours; but fortunately, its mortal suddenness is by far the exception, and not the rule of its conduct. It has definite symptoms sufficient, to render its recognition and detection easy, and a well-marked ease cannot be readily mistaken for any other disease, for it generates its tell-tale signs not only without, but within the body. Its beginning is denoted by a chill, or severe shivering. ?This chill or shivering usually comes on after going to bed not feeling as well as customary. In a few hours after this chill or rigor, fever, headache, pain in the side and limbs, with a short cough and difficult breathing, loss of appetite and sick stomach make their appearance. The breathing becomes rapidly increased, and at the end ol the first twelve hours a long breath cannot be made without severe jmin in the side. The pain is generally felt Inst below the nionle in the side over the lung inflamed, and is sometimes so acute tliat questions cannot be answered without froqucnt efforts to hold the breath. If an effort is made to take a long breath, an exprAsion of pain is manifested, and a feeling as though the air did not go more than half way down t he chest is experienced. The pulse is full, frequent and hard, and the skin hot and dry. These are symptoms of the first twelve hours; and at the expiration of liiis time they assume a more positive and characteristic expression. The individual now lies upon his back. He cannot lie upon his side without irreatly Increased discomfort. His face is anxious and Hushed, tending to a blueish tinge, and the tongue is inoist and covered with a cream-like coat. The breathing is short and accompanied with Increased activity of the nostrils. It Is usually performed with the mouth ! open, and a long breath cannot be taken ! without the excitation of a stich in the side. The cough continues short and frequent; and alter repeated painful efforts at coughi ing, a tough. round bit of expectoration is expelled. This expectoration is characteristic ' of pneumonia. It Is thick, tough and sticky, of a red color, varying from a deep pink to the color of prune juice. It sticks closely to the side of the cup in which it is spat, runs together when a numl>er of expectorations have been made in the same vessel, and looks exactly like brick dust mixed intimately with mucilage of gum Arabic. When this rusty expectoration is present, no other symptoms is necessary to tell the existence of pneumonia. If the ear be placed against the back over the inflamed lung, a crackling or crepitating sound will be heard with each act of breathing, and the sound so heard is precisely like noise made when a lock of hair is rubbed between the finger and thumb ! near the ear. The mind is usully clear, but In severe cases there Is wandering during the dav, and delirium at night. This disturbance of the mental powers is owing to the imperfect purification of the blood by the infiauied lung. During the existence of these symptoms the pulse continues quick, and the skin, hot. dry. and pungent, feeling acrid to the touch, and showing no healthy moisture until the inflammation begins to subside. prostration op strength. t From the very beginning of pneumonia the i prostration of strength is apparently positive. The oppression about the chest is so great and the interest In getting the breath so intense that very little movement of the body can be made without assistance; but this early and decided prostration of muscular power does not arise from the depressing, but from the oppressive influence ot the disease. It is often mistaken for weakness, and leads to the disastrous error of giving wine, quinine and opium under the delusion of relieving it by such means. The prostration is not like that which arises from excessive loss of blood, or from the exhausting discharges of cholera, but is like the oppression caused by an unbearable weight placed upon the chest. The blood accumulates in the lung just as it gathers in an inflamed eye, or in a felon, and the lung can no more be used with free<k>m of act ion than can an eye or finger be exercised when inflamed. That the prostration is more apparent than real is fully confirmed by the fact that much of it instantly passes off as soon as twelve or sixteen ounces of blood are drawn from the arm or quickly taken from the back by wet cupping; and if this loss of blood be followed to a snfllcient extent by those medicines which depress, and not stimulate, the system, the inflammation will soon begin to yield, and the lung to slowly resume Its natural functions. Pneumonia usually attains its height, about the fourth dav, and,"when properly treated, recovery Is perfected between th'e seventh and twenty-first days. If left to itself. Improperly treated* in the beginning, or treated as malarial fever, recovery is very rare; but, fortuuately. It is a disease easily recognized, and one for which experience and science have long since devised an almost certain and fitting treatment; and. under the auspices -of an early recognition, and appropriate management., Its mortality will scarcely reach ten per cent. A summary will show that pneumonia, as a rule, is sudden in Its invasion or attack, comes on with a chill or shivering, followed in an hour or two with fever, headache. ]>aln in the side, sick stomach, short cough, difficult breathing and rusty expectoration: and when an individual suffers these symptoms, he should immediately snspect that he has an attack of pneumonia or lung fever, and promptly see that It is at once properly treated. J. B. johnson, M. I)., 023 New York avenue. The coroner's jury,)n Chicago, in the case or the tr imp who was snot by a freight train br ikesman on the Chicago and Alton railroad, decided that th" shooting was justifiable. A special dtspateh from Mount Vernon, HL, reports that City M irshal K. A. Smith shot aqd ktllM Charles Yost and then escaped. Tae steamship Hohcnzoilern, whiah arrived at Lo.ust Point (Baltimore) yesterday, from Bremen, brought 1,386 emigrants. They proceeded to the northwestern states by ralL x mv, xwm a/wxuiu ul i lllj ( ^TRAVELED WATS ITT TOE CISBEBLAKD RA3IGE. Forrtts, Hiatii an* Scenery* tiro i via and levttckt lands?how wb got 10 pound gap. Corresiv-)u deuce trf Tm* E vim no 8tab. Pound Gap, May 10,188S. A (fiance at any good map discloses a large extent of mountainous country In eastern Kentucky and the west aide of the Virginias. No < railroads traverse this region, and to the outside world it is largely a "terra incognita." Especially is this true of the Kentucky side of the mountains. Having received a commission to examine a large tract of land lying in that coun-. try, In company with a very able young lawyer 1 of Chicago, we found it difficult to learn the best route. Railroad guides and experienced travelers were alike at fault. No public conveyances penetrated its depths from any of the well-known lines. Abingdon, on the wjiole, seemed to be the nearest railroad station, so we : embarked for that place. The Midland road. I admirable in its perfection of track aud excellent management, takes one to that point by early bedtime from Washington. The ride was a delightful one through the ereat Valley of Virginia, with its magnificent swells of rich soli, noble forests, and grand mountains rising in the distance. At early morn we were up and inquiring our way to the unknown region of kentuckt. We were directed to Pound Gap as the most practicable route. With a good team and stout spring wagon, our Journey began. We soon suspected that our driver was as ignorant of the road as ourselves. So we turned abont and examined him on his geography quite pointedly. His answers were about as satisfactory as those of the average graduate of the Washington high schools taken off hla guard. Then we went back to the livery man and had Noe (that's our driver's name) "crammed" for the occasion, after which he refreshed himself and mounted the seat. For a Tew miles we had a good road leading along up to the mountains, amid pleasant farms. The soil is a stony red clay, and excellent for wheat, grass arid corn. The orchards are also very fine. and some vineyards siiow what might be done in viticulture. We soon enter the mountains aud begin to realize the answer of our driver to my friend's remark that "the horses were not very fast." "Fast enough lor the road, I reckon," was the sententious response of Noe. We found it about so. Indeed, the great trouble now was to hold them back. Up hill we went slow enough, but when we came to descend noor N'oe, gentle aud docile as his own team, but innocent of all skill in driving, let them have their own sweet will. 1 Tiie brake was out of order, and the average inclination of the hills fifty degrees. It was often a matter of serious doubt whether the horses or the wagon would get down first. The high grades were not our only difficulty; rocks, from the size of a man's head to a bushel basket, often filled the roads long unused. "pull up! pull up!" was the oft-repeated shout of my companion, but Noe had not b<*en taught to keep his horses well in hand, and down went the whole machine, leaping from rock to rock, wagon and team in a mad chase to get into the river first. It was an honest wagon, and a broken reach me uuiy Htrious result. ?e looked lor something to mend with?no hammer, iiatcliet, or nail aboard, and no liou.se for miles. So we t urned to the harness, meager enough certainly. The check reins, which I esteem an effete barbarism, with our good friend Ilergh, were tied round tiie broken reach, and enabled us to go on. Thereafter we walked up hill to save the over-taxed strength of our team. Then we walked down hill and held on to the tail-board of the wagon to keep it from failing on the horses. This arrangement worked well, and was continued till the horses refused to concur, when we struck and parted company, some days . later. At noon of our first day we had made fourteen miles. We struck a bright flashing stream and followed Its narrow valley for a short distance, emerged into a lovely little nook J i of choice farm lands covering a few hundred I, acres. Here lives a line old couple named Han- ' son. They treated us to some nice fresh buttermilk and brought out a pan of Abram apples i well preserved. They had lived here many [ years, but had two sons in Illinois, whom they had visited. Fine fields of wheat and grass gave evidence of good soil and good farming. On airain. over the rocky roads for miles, we rise, steadily following the valleys of small ; streams. The hardships of the trip are forgotten in the choice bits of scenery which contin- J ually surprise us. Now we come to grand forests of oak, poplar, and other hard wood trees. Dense groves of hemlock, with birch and maple J at intervals, in full foliage, recall to us the northern woods of our boyhood. Now and then afresh sparkling stream conies dancing down the mountain side, for a few moments delights our eyes with its beauty aud our ears with its music, then disappears in the forest depths. Beetling crags, hundreds of feet high, handover us; below, precipices awful to contemplate, and our road often cut in the hillside, so narrow aud | badly gullied that no one will risk the ride. We eucouuter at last A LEVEL TABLE LAND 1 covered with good soil. It is two thousand feet above tide, and splendidly timbered with hard wood. A waterfall of such picturesque beauty that It can never be forgotten greets us as we descend from this loftly plateau. At night we found good quarters with a hospitable | mountaineer. Sweet milk and fresh butter and eggs with honey and fruit made our corn bread and soda biscuitis go down very easy and set well. The clear cool mountain air and long March days gave appetites that might have caused a panic at a fashionable boarding house. J Crossing the Castle river, a briirlit pure stream to dream of in summer days, we rise along the slope ot a lofty range of mountains, our road often coming back upon itself In its serpentiue windings to gain the summit. The prevailing rock are shales or soft slates, here and there intersected by masses of granite, slenite, and trap rocks. Heavy beds of sandstone now come in. We encounter also vast masses of pudding i stone conglomerate. These are rocks made up of little pebbles cemented together. The pebbles are almost entirely of milky white quartz. Extensive chestnut forests, the finest I have ever seen, are here encountered. Beech, hard maple and hickory, with tulip poplar are also very fine. The rocks are less annoying now in the road, being softer and more easily removed. They have been powerfully disturbed by upheaving forces, and are seen rising in regular 'strata thousands of feet in the mountain architecture, often highly inclined. We come soon into Wise county, Virginia, and pass through Gladesville, the county town. Here is another expanse of level land 2,300 feet above the tide, and reminding one in its gentle-undulations of the billowy prairies of the west. Some fine and well cultivated farms lie in this charming mountain retreat. It is scarcely possible to leaiize that we are on the top of the lesser range. Here we find coal in seams from two to four feetthlck and of fair quality. North of this, in Buchanan county, GEN'. BUTLER HAS RECENTLY BOUGHT 100,000 ACRES of forest and mineral land. A Mr. Henderson, of Pittsburg, Is buying largely in Wise county. The price of land ranges from one to ten dollars n 12 ?a? ? * jiii auc. v uinuuihis are seeKing uiese lands for their minerals and fine timuer. We called at Mr. George Kllgore's, an intelligent gentleman, long residing here. We saw upon his farm a great variety of fruits growing In perfection, and the crops upon his farm attested a soil of tho best quality. Every condition seemed present for perfect physical* existence. But the isolation is complete. The mountain walls close in round It, and setfn to Imprison the few people who live there. Still this is only apparent; plenty and contentment were attested in the air of comfort around these homes and the healthful and cheerful faces we met. The county town is a little hamlet of two or three hundred people. Litigation is rare, and crime almost unknown. Only railroad communication is needed to make this a rare and favored i site for colonies of industrious and intelli- 1 gent people. Leaving this beautiful and fertile glade region we ascend another i mountain nearly a thousand feet by zigzag tracks. The grand forests again enclose us, and we never tire pointing out and admiring the giant trees which tower above us on either side. Now and then we stop and measure some of exceptional size. While we journey on a more comfortable road than usual we met a lone horseman leading his tired animal. He was the first traveler we had seen for sixty miles. His tine. dark, intelligent face invited acquaintance. So we broke the ice by asking about the route I over the Cumberland range. He proved to be a relative of our old friend Dr. Snodgrass, so long the faithful secretary of our. Fruit Urow| ere' association. like him, he was full of information, which be kindly dispensed to us. He told us of TBS PROJECTED BAILBOA9 UNU through tli* mountains. He bad been out with surveying parties, hunting the beat routes and L!i A ? Richmond and Western has It# parti** In t???field seeking an eligible route to the blue gras> oountry, and to pay its way out by the timber and mineral*. He nays much Pennsylvania cauital Is quietly coming into these mountainIn advance, a fact quitf apparent and an evidence of wipe forecast in the iron and coal men of the Keystone state. Leaving our pleasant fHend with regret. we ascend another mountain?manses of heavvbeited sandstone, usually light gray and stained with Iron, abound. In "some we observe very distinct and beautiful fossil plants. They are the impressions of gigantic reeds, clulw, niosse* and other ancient tropical plants wlucn lormed the c??al of this geological perl??d. lu row rases these impressions are scaley and resemble huge fishes as they are at times supposed to be. The rock is often full of these plants. When railroads reach this region the collectors of geological wonders will find arich field here in fossil botany. coal.ts flEFV orT-oRorrr\o in a cut by the wall side beneath the sand-rockWe know that these formations, now nearly 3,000 feet above the sea. were deposited under Its waves. The sand-stone came from the wearing down of granite and other rock. The plants grew on the adjacent shores. They m ere washed into the sea and buried by the accumulating sands Just as masses of driftwood now accumulate in the delta of the Mississippi. Hy chemical changes their substance is converted* into coal more or les? perfectly. These sand-stones, with their enclosed stems* and impressions of Bcaly bark, represent similar operations of an ancient river flowing through tropical forests millions of years ago. That river flowed from lands to the westward Into a sea that then stretched over the sites of Virginia, eastern Kentucky and Pennsylvania. So these rocks on the top of the Alleghanies tell their unmistakable story to-day to the Intelligent questioner. They bear in their own strata the clearest evidence of these mighty revolutions. But the key of these hieroglyphs must be learned to decipher them. Geology gives that and restores the past to us. replacing these forests of oak and poplar and all the modern flora by a wealth of strange and gigantic forms such as the tropical forests only now present in their most perfect development. Like the modern peat mosses, gigantic aquatk? plants formed the body ot the coal on low-lying lands which were sunk by vast subsidences beneath the sea. And these changes of level and successive growths are recorded by unimpeachable evidence in the existence of a thousand feet or more of sand-stone slates and scams ot coal. Each seam of coal shows a surface above fhA fioa an^ rtTAW Jncr onnaf in ?>!? ?- ??-? ?-v m mi^v* vn ni(; WjUAl IV 1 IIV * Til of sana-stone with broken plants through it show a period of violence and subsidence <?f the land. The plates are only hardened clays or fine mud de|>osited in still water, and show the period of rest. So the grand succession Is r?*corded here which fills the intelligent mind with wonder. We descend into a quiet valley and find a farm-house and a beautiful flower garden. Here lives Mr. J. T. Chase, who came over the mountain from Tennessee when a joung man. who has been a merchant and is now a farmer. He is a regular ANDREW JACKSON LOOKING MAN. having a wonderful resemblance to old Hickory in style and character. We were well entertained there. Mrs. Chase presides at the table with a grace that would excite admiration anywhere. Leaving Chase's we crossed the stream which waters the little valley and l>ejau the ascent of the Cumberland range at Pound Gap. A few hundred feet ascent brovight us to the summit. We stood on the top of the Cumberland mountains. Here, also, we are on the line between Kentucky and Virginia. Upon the smooth sides of two large rocks which rise above the summit some artist has inscribed in bold script "Kentucky Virginia." We climbed these rocks, baited tne horsed and indulged in proper reflections. There Is, properly speaking, NO GAP HERE AT ALL. There Is a practicable road over the moantains. but no peak, with lofty walls, as at Cumberland Gap. Moving forward a little over the level summit, with Its stunted trees, a magnificent panorama suddenly unrolls before us. We are upon the precipitous wall of a table land.and bo high as to secure an unobstructed view as far as the eye can reachjin vast waves of billowy irreen stretch away to the horizon the magnificent forests of southeastern Kentucky. We are three thousand feet ahove the sea. and the view is impressive and grand beyond description. No sign of man, nor of his works breaks the majestic solitude. Here and there, above the ocean ofsott verdue. with its varied tints of green, rises a sharp peak, in rusrged contrast with the repose around it. and two immense eagles are soaring over our heads. Into these mysterious forests this wilderness of mountains, our path leads. When we come out we will tell our menus what wc saw there. E. D. The Suiisel Itotite. We leave New Orleans at noon, if we are sroins to Texas by the Sunset route, and if ?oing through without stopping. ride st??ailily westward the remainder of the day and all night, to reach Houston at seven or eight o'clock of the following morning. There, if we are going on at once, we make close connections, asrain push on all day long, and reach San Antonio at night. I did not go through thus directly, but I mention the arrangement of trains and the time required in order to convey some Impression of distances In tlrat part of our country. I think, however, that no one can have an adequate Idea of the va?t extent of the state of Texas without travelling through it. From New Orleans to Houston most of the country Is low and flat. The water Is nearly everywhere brackish, and in every door-yard you see a huge cistern, or w ooden vat or tank, above ground, to receive the rain-water from the roof of the house, for domestic use. Very ofteu the cistern Is nearly as large as tl?e house. The cabins of the uegroes in western Louisiana are roomy and comfortable; they are mostly, Indeed, small framed houses, all of them having outside chimneys, built of sticks and clay. These are cheap, and. when well constructed, d\u-able and safe. Much of the land near the coast Is very fertile, aud, when dry enoueh for tillage, produces excellent crops of su^ar-cane and cotton. Where the land becomes higher the live-oak Is abundant. It Is a very handsome tree, usually growing with alow. spreading t?>p, t and looking much like a greatly magnified appletree. This resemblance half* domesticates the appearance of the rolling, open pasture-lands where it grows.?June Atlantic. A jfloBKler Telescope. The principal bequest of the late James Lick, of California, was 5700,000 to be devoted to th e purchase of land and to putting upon the same a telescope, superior and more powerful to any yet made, besides all the necessary machinery, together with a suitable observatory connected therewith. In order that itT>e made useful in the promotion of astronomical research, it was stipulated in the will of the deceased philanthropist that upon its completion it should be transferred to the state, to be known as "The Lick Astronomical Department of the University of California." The contmct for the construction of the achromatic astronomical object glass, having thirty-six inches clear aperture, was let to the firm "of Alvan Clark k Sons, of Cambridirenort, Mass.. in January, 1881, for the sum of $50.00Q, ?12.000 of which was paid on signing. The glass is deliverable at Cambridgeport on or before November 1, 1883. The definition of the glass shall be, in all respects, not inferior to that of the telescope of twenty-six inches aperture of the United States Naval Observatory at Washington, and the amount of light shall be greater in proportion to the Increased area of the objective, allowances being made for the absorption of light by the glass. It is also stipulated that the constructors shall give to the objective such focal length between fifty and sixty feet as they may determine to be best. The trustees are allowed to designate what two rays or portions of the solar spectrum shall be brought to one focus by the combined action of the lenses, or failing to do this, the contractors may fashion the curves of the glass so as to give the most perfect achromatism. The objective is to be completed and perfected within two years after satisfactory rough discs are obtained by the constructors. Th* Lots at-Tcrkbcia Scakoal.?Messrs. Loubat and Turn bull are both in New York, bat decline to talk about their late unpleasantness. Mr. Henry TurnbuU was bom tn this District, his father being an army officer. It Is said now that Mr. Turnbull, before issuing his celebrated circular, consulted Messrs. August Belmont, Wm. R. Travers and another prominent member of the Union club as to the propriety of sending it to the club members, and was advisad by them to send It. Many think that there will yet be a personal encouuter between the belligerents. The general sentiment or the club teems to be that either Mr. Loubat or Mr. Turnbull. or both, should be disciplined, and this sentiment may force the club governors to take some action. The Philadelphia grand Jury yesterday found three true bUls of indictment against Charles K. Smith, of the Philadelphia Pres*, charged with libeling detective Henry WeyL An incendiary fire in the business portion or RELIGIOUS SOTRft. THK WORK or THK VtW-Yi!T?>KU. rmvfiwRKVITAL RKSri.TS?THt QVMTIOS OF W.NM1 TRXVSL TO CAMP-*K.tTlNl??, SO. ? Of the 13* students at the Richmond Institute this year GS have the ministry In view. ? Rev. Father Spencer, of St. X>omInlc*a church, has <rone west, and Ilev. l ather lollms Is official inf at that church. ? Trie death of Bev. A. Campbell, for fort? years an Itinerant minister of the M F. church in the Troy (N. Y.) conference, Is announ^t. ? The Methodist Protectant* propose to erect a mission home at Yokohama, Japan. for which Uiev are raising the ncoeMMT funds - about * 12,000. ? Ma-w for the* repose of the soul of Rev. Father Boyle, late of St. Matthew'*, wns celebrated at St. Fat r ick's church, Baltimore, last Tuesday. ?The Rev. Ds. Win. J. Reld has Just completed the twentieth year of his labors a? pa?tor of the First United Presbyterian Church of Pittsburg. Pa. ? Rev. Joseph Cook is expected to arrive In San Francisco about November 1st from bin round-the-world trip, and will resume his lectures in Bostou next winter. ? Rev. Dr. IV.H. ItePny, for twenty years past assistant editor of the New York Chri.-tfi-m Advocate, (Methodist Kpinco(tal), nailed on the ISth instant for Europe to visit his daughter, and will return in the early part of July. ? J. N. Darby, the founder of the sect known a? the Plymouth Brethren. In England, died recently. This Is the sect that Rev. H. Grotton Guineas and ^iev. J. Den bam Smith, of Dublin, united with some years since. ? The Rev. .Tames Smith, an English Baptist missionary at Delhi, In shaking of the progress of the Oosjvl in India, says: "Thirty years ago we used to have a convert every two <* three J ears, now we count them by scores annually." ? Rev. Winfleld Scott, known as the Baptist apostle of Kansas, Colorado and California, Is In the city and preached in the Metropolitan Baptist church on Sunday. Dr. Parker, the pastor, baptized six converts* on Sunday night last. ? Kendall chapel. In South Washington, in which a Sunday school of about :#*> is now located. Is about to have some alterations and repairs made, costing about tl,000, for w hich the school asks assistance? ?Rev. Father Fulton, ot St. Alo\sius church, has returned from his northern trip. He has been absent on a collecting tour with a view to the further reduction of the heavy debt on tlx church, and will go a ? ay again next week. ? Rev. R. D. Roller, rector of Trinit\ Eplaoopal church. Martlnsburg. W. Ya., has received a call to St. John's Episcopal church. Mobile, Ala.,-one of the largest and wealthiest congregations in the south. ?The members of the Y. M. C. A. have arranged to tender a reception to Rev.tleo.A.Hall4 state secretary ot New York, and Thos. K. Cree, secretary of the International committee. Monday evening. Mr. Hall was formerly general secretary of the association in this city. ? The General Assemblies of the Presbyterian church are In session this week, the northern body in the west and the southern IhhIjt at Columbus, Ga. While there Is a strong feeling for fraterqity between the two great branches of lbs church' orgauic union finds but little favor. ? The statistics of the M. E. Church South, the general conference ot which Is now In Het>sion at Nashville. Tenn., show a large Increase, the membership being now NM.rtHT, the Increase during the past year l?einir 13.000. The lncrea?e In missionary receipts for the past four years baa been f 111,436 over the preceding four years. ? The Rev. John P. Morris, pastor of Bt. Mary slatliolicchurch, I'lalnfleld.N..J..suddenly resigned his charge Thursday. His resignation Is the result of distention* In the church. arisliiiT from dissatisfaction on the part of a few members with his financial management in connection with the erection of a church building a few yeafs aifo. ?The Sisters of Notre Dame. who have charge of the larjje parochial school of St. Aloygius' parish, In which about three hundred girl* are daily tauiht. have orzanl&Hl the annual May 9 pr< cession in honor of the Bl?*swd Virgin Mary, and It will take place to-inorrow afternoon ?t 5 o'clock. The display promises to be unusually beautiful, and the children are devoutly j>ray lug lor fair weather. ? Rev. I>r. Bartlett, the new pastor of the New York avenue Presbyterian church, will enter upon his duties on the first, Sunday In June. (4th>. Dr. Bartlett's salary at Indianapolis was precisely what the New York avenue church is to pay him. and his church in Indianapolis made a strong effort to hold him there. He. howe\?T, came to the conclusion that tiiere was a lurser sphere of usefulness for luuj in this city, and he accepted the call. ? Sixty-five ministers of other denominations have, during the past two years, It la stated. l*en ordained deacons or advanced to the priesthood in the Protectant Episcopal church: thirteen Conirre^atiouallsts, eleven Presbyterians, one Lutheran, two Second Adventists, sevent*vn Methodists, twelve Baptists, three lTnl verbalists, one Unitarian, one Ueformed Episcopalian, one Moravian, aud oue Hebrew Rabbi. ? Rev. Father Allg, of St. Mary's church. In this city, is a^ain quite low, and a few days a^'O the last, sad rites of the church were administered to him by Rev. Father Walter, of St. Patrick's, in the presence of some of his clerical friends. Rev. Francis Tew en, recently of Bryantown, Md., is officiating at St. Mary's, and it is said that in case of Father Ally's death he Mill succeed to the pastorate of St. Mary's. ? St. John's Episcopal church. Ilagerstown, Md.. Is to be consecrated Tuesday. June 6. Mr. C. C. Baldwin, who donated the handsome memorial tower, recently erected. together with representatives of the New York clergy and officers of the Norfolk and Western and f?uisville and Nashville railroads, will be present. The church edifice, as it stands completed, represents an expenditure of ?50.000. ? The Rev. Dr. Tully, a Presbyterian, of Oswego, preached at the Spiritualist* last Sunday. He said there were some people in Oswego on the brink of insanity from their belief in the delusion. He wanted the mediums tested by asking them where are the murderers of Lord Cavendish aid Mr. Burke. Horace Greeley, l?efore the sub-marine telegraph was laid, offered $2,500 for any medium who would report the news from the Old World to the New, w.thout meeting with successs. ? 41. ft nf Wninaii'a * *. vv??v ??'vv 11 up, vi iuv * uiuuu m Foreign Missionary society of St. Louis, a missionary told of the difficulties of learning the languages of India. Achanseof accent made a cneat difference. The missionary tha" tried to teli the Hindoostanee audience that "In My Father s house there are many mansions," Informed th*?m that "In my Father's house there is much butter." And a most learned minister ha<l translated the first line of the hymn 4'i) for a thousand tongues to sing" In this wise, "Of for a thousand sausages." ? At the meeting of the Methodist preachers of this District, on Monday, the question of Sunday travel to and from camp-meeting was considered. and in place of the original motion, one was adopted recommending that the Washington Grove Camp-meeting association refuse to receive from the Baltimore and Ohio railroad company the rebate on Sunday travel; to discountenance the running of Sunday trains, and use their best efforts to that end, and If the railroad company declines to accede to tbe*equests the association to refuse to hold a campmeeting. The subject gave rise to quite a long debate, and on the adoption of the resolution the vote was eleven in tlie affirmative and seven In the negative?the latter being Rev. Dr. France, of East Washington; W. I. McKenny, of Wtealey; Norris, of Ryland; Dr. Deale. presiding elder, Tan Arsdale, ot Bladensburg; W. P. Ward, of Foundry, and W. H. Laney, of Gotsuch. ? Reports come tn from all quarters showing an extensive revival work going on In the Baptist churches. In Alexandria, Va., Rev. O. P. Flippo, pastor, eighteen have reoenUy joined the church. The Tabernacle church, Philadelphia. haa received 7V members since January let. At Troy, Pa., tl have lately been baptised. At Greenville, 8. C., M have been reoeived for baptism in tike past eight weeks. Ninth street church. Cincinnati, reports 60 oonverts wttfcln few weeks past. Rev. O. E. Cox, of Trinity church, Brooklvn, V. Y., has recently bantiaed 47. In the WUloughby avenue church, Brook Ivu. 54 have been bapttned. la the Eaton. Beer York, church, over 50 have been converted, la the Bedford wre?e fbv*. Brooklyn, U km been added. At Cblaagu, Hi aiiBtew ??ro ro> ported In the Baptfct ohnicfces **