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TKIK TEXAS (OUIIOV.
A nrmbcr of the Craft Ham a Kindly \V??rd fur lliin* ' Pony Bill." claiming to be an ex-cowboy, bus been writing np the characteristic* of the claw in the Macon ((la.) T'elryraph. He Bays that the nam** cowboy originated in Texas, and Is applied to those hired to herd and handle ; cuttle raised wild on the prairies. The life being ! outdoor and tull of hardship and danger, require* a healthy, wiry. active man to endure It. Nearly all those following it for wages are j yonng men, hence the name cowboys. Cattle ! man and stock man is the more dignified term wed In referring to cattle owners and live stock raisers. In old Mexico, California, Nevada and Arizona, where Spaniards are largely employed in the business, and where Spanish is more or less spoken, the cowboy Is called aVaquero, i tor kay ra. a cowherd. In Buenos Ayres aini j the va^t pampas of South America.on account of his nomadic life, he is called a tinacho. (jicaheft?, a motherle ?. fatherless. homeless one. In Australia he is called a stockrider. In Colorado, Wyoming, and nearly all tiie Kooky mountain grazing region, he goes by the ridiculous name of cow puncher. A full trail outfit consists of foreman, cook. hor?*e-lierd?*r. t>vo pointtTs, two flankers, and four drivers. With this force from 1.000 to | 1.SU0 of w stern cattle. and from 2.000 to 3.000 b?'^d if Colorado natives or Texans can he driven over the trail at a*i average speed of eight or ten miles j?er day and to a distance of 500 to 1,600 lulies. For shorter distances a speed of twelve to twenty miles per day is often attained. Whether on range or tra.l. the cowboy hassuffi- ; cie.it always of d i jger and hardship to endure, tut it is on the long "drives" over the trail, often la-ting over six months, that all the grit and sand in his nat ure are needed to enable him to "stav with it ' till the drive Is done. Between hard riding a!? day, sleeepJess hours on guard around the herd at night, rain. hail, snow, frost, blistering hot days on the treeless plains, blinding. suffocating du>t. half blind bucking ponies, stampede*. the possibility of losing his scalp, sometime short rations, and almost daily stagnant alkahne u;:te-. the trail man needs to be made of nood leather to last well. Whether on range or ttail. each cowboy has "spotted" out to him. for his own exclusive : riding, from three to six ponies. These, like ! the cattle, are raised wild and free on the range , till caught to be l>roken. They seldom become j entirely gentle, but are always more or less : wild and intractable. Whenever needed for use ! they have to lie Toped" (lassoed), und every mother's son of them will buck whenever it feels fresh and lively. This bucking is a vice peculiar to the western horse. The writer has never seen a horse bred east of the Mississippi river buck. Bucking consists of bowing up the back, lowering the hea t, and jumping stifTlegged. just as a buck deer does when killing a snake?hence the name. If an inexperienced rider is subjected to a severe bucking, he is apt to wish he never had l?een Imrn. The jar is simply agony, and riders have sometimes suffered concussion of the brain, bleeding of the llin?r?4 !in(l iluul l?n/?L-?n?# *-"*tA * -- m u Mill* IX * U '/HI 1 " uv rv 111 ^ . r I 'Hi! ?A' I' > i -W? ) | head of ponies. according to size, are sufficient I for an outfit. They are final!, and it is simply i astonishing how the diminutive little grass- fed ponies will carry a ri?ler and riding rig*-about 200 to 350 pounds?all day long in a sweeping j lope that covers easily from forty to sixty miles. There are several breeds of them, prime favor- j Ites anion? which are the mustang of California . ami Texas, and tl.e Ind>.m pony of the northwest. The method of raising and handling wild cattle may U- briefly stated thus: In winter the cattle, unherded and uncared for. run loose wherever they please. In the spring the various outfits iro out on a general round-np. Every day all the cattle within a radius of ten miles or more are driven together and rounded-up " at ?ne place. Each outfit "cuts out " and herds separately its own brand of cattle. Tlve calves and short yearlings are trimmed, branded, and marked. If contracts have been made to drovers. the required number ;ire gathered, classed, tallied and turned over to them at the date promised. Day by day the round-ups move on. often working over a scope of country 200 miles square 140.000 square miles), till the inclement weather of fall begins. Then the round-up seaton is done. Wherever the outfit moves it carries its bedding, grub and cooking utensils in wagons, where the country is smooth, and on Kick animals where it is rough. At night the >>s sleep, soldier fashion, on the earth in their blankets, very seldom possessing the luxury of a tent. If the average cowboy have any love for the beautiful at ail it is for his silver-mounted horserig. his gundy sash and tassels, and for the buxom prairie girls, of whom he sings songs every night on herd around the cattle. Lo! the Indian, is becoming rather suppressed and harmless, but still in the far away regions of the northwest and southwest, there is sometimes Ju?t enough possibility of his raising hair to keep cowboys interested and awake on guard. However, he is never sorry when the drive and Its terrible hardships are over. The ponies are either sold or sent back to the range on hoof in care of some of the most trusty boys. The cattle are either sold outright or shipped by rail to the j great cattle markets of St. Louis. Kansas City, and Chicago. Most Texas and southwestern cattle get to the two former, all northwestern and many Texan go to Chicago. One cowboy to every live carloads is required to go along with the cattle to keep them ''punched up"' from lying down in the cars and being trampled to death by the other cattle. This is how the "cow- j puncher" obtained his Colorado name. Every twenty hours the cattle in the transit are unloaded at immense stock yards, where they are permitted to rest.feed and water for four hours. lh*? is done both as a humane act and to ore vent shrinkage and loss of flesh. Arrived at market the cattle are unloaded finally at the stock yards and pass into the hands of the stock commission men, who sell them. Some are resiiipped to iw.ints farther eastward; some go to j Kuroj?e alive, some to packing-houses and beef Canneries, some to wholesale butchers, some to Illinois and Iowa farms to be corn-fattened.some to distilleries to be slopped, a few are sold for work oxen, and if it be cold weather many are slaughtered and shipped abroad in refrigerators. After "doing the town** for a few days, the cow puncher, being provided with return passes, rolls out for his old range. maybe 2.000 miles away. Most of the southwestern roads run a rough kind of emigrant sleeper free, especially for him. In a region whore competing railroads are hugely dependent on their live stock traffic, cowboys and stockmen are careful 1) fostered by them. Arrived back on his old stamping grounds, he j seeks some kind of work for support during the j winter, and generally swears never to "punch I up" another bovine quadruped while he lives, but in t lie spring he is <ure to hire out as a cow boy .it the very first op|M>rtunity. and joyously gives hint self up to the free, reckless lite of the ra:< re r endures airain the hardships and romantic incidents of the trail*. Having -?hown who the cowboys are. we will now end u..r to describe what they are. Helng ; nxule up of suc h mixed material the task is dif- i ficutt. One writer has said they are half angel, | with heart - compassionate and tenderly liberal with comrades in distress, and half devil, indifferent to the sufferings of a wounded enemy, cruel in the use of girt ii and spurt; their ponies, and totally unmindful of the agoii/.ing bawls of cattle enduring the bloody edge of the knife and ttie red hot torture of the branding iron. Another writer, mindful of some gallant cowboys w ho have stamped their name?- indelibly on border history , has said that the now unwrltten-up hero of the coming novelist will be a cowboy. ! Many cowboys, and they are the best, are bred to the business from childhood, but the majority are simply wild young fellows from all callings and grades of society, brim full of romance and energetic force and a thirst for adventure on the plains. With present facilities for reaching the border by rail, thousands such are pouring there daily. Some ten or twelve years ago the co*l(ov was an Ignorant, brutish lout from Texas, but to-day the man who tackles the average cowboy in conversation will find him quite up to the modernisms of the age. The Cowboys are made up of just such adventurous elements as armies are recruited from in time of foreign war. Classically educated young men cut loose a little too early from the galling restraint* of college life, young mechanic*, embryo medicos, tooth butchers, young railroaders, youths with souls above office work and counter hopping, very many young men from the south who were never taught any way to be self-sustaining?all these and many others arrive out west, find no room for non-producers in that land of rush and rustle, and gladly turn to the free and romantic, but terribly hard lite of a cowboy. When'round-ups and trail work Is over rangemen ana trailmen congregate In the towns of live stock regions, to have, as they express It, "a little time of their own." It Is then that occur those bloody tragedies which, glaringly sub-headed, blazon the columns of sensational sheets. The cowboy, as a rule, possesses abundance of phy sical courage. A few days' work with broncho ponies and wild cattle | thin out all those who scare easily. When the cowboy fights, he fights desperately, and generally having a forty-four caliber pistol at his hip, he uses it too often rather freely and effectively on the impul^ of the moment. " When he shoots he shoots to kill, but seldom slioots at all unless wrongfully dealt with. We do not defend 4?lra In this, nor la his shameful orgies nor reckless as. waste of his hard-earned money. We simply wish it known that it is the few and not the majority who do this. Very many cowboys r.de the range all summer and return "east ana south to spend the winter in quiet enjoyment with frieudd and relative*. Very many cowboys are from the south proper, especially Tennessee, Kentucky and Georgia. In the suppression of Indian outbreaks and swift annihilation of border outlaws, the cowboy has proven always a most reliable and effective instrument. The Texas Rangers are nearly all cowboys, and cowboys of grit and leather at that. The writer has a very dear friend a cowboy, who was last heard from as a government scout near the White river (Ute) agency, In Colorado, pay $150 per month', and a royal good time during |>eace. As population increases, and the grazing regions are settled up. there will come a time when the raining of wild cattle on government lands, as at present, will be impossible. Then the cowboy, like OtlwUo, "his occupation gone," will have to seek his living in some other industry. Natural inclinations will lead j him to outdoor camp life, and as long as he can secure such work lie will prefer freighting and j packing to the drudgery of hiring out as a j ranch hand. Stripped of his rig, than which there is none more becoming or picturesque in j the world, all his marked peculiarities of man- 1 ner and language ground off smooth, he will ' be reduced to the common level of common- j place people. Possibly the change may better j his happiness and usefulness, for it is a truth that mounted men. leading a nomadic life, are bad when bothered?witness Arabs, Bashi 1 Bazouks. Tartars, our own horseback Indians. | and va-as, our cowboys. Too often the most ' daring criminals are from horseback people, j Possibly it were better to unhorse the cowboy, tut you can never get him to part his hair in the middle, wear plug silk hats, and rig himself ; out in dog-eared collars, bald-faced shirts, and other toggery affected by our vast horde of useless cityfled non-producers. He is made of other stuff. The Code Fully Explained* From tho Brooklyn Ea;<'e. i. "?r i ?? ? ? - -- ,??y dear, sam .Mrs. spoopendyke. examining the baby's feet critically, to pee if they were both alike, " my dear, I pee that one of the strikers, or capital, has been hurt; do you know the facts aliont it?" "How hurt? what did it fay?" asked Mr. Spoopendyke, turning from the glass and strapping his razor. ' I don't remember exactly, but he went down to a slaughter-house to get something for his family, and somebody shot him in the legs." ' That's the way it happened, was it ?" demanded Mr. Spoopendyke, grinning through his lather. ' He didn't go to his family for a pair of leirs and somebody shot him in the slaughterhouse, did he? Nor he didn't go down to his legs for a slaughter-house, and somebody shot him in the family ! That wasn't the way it read, was it ?" " No-o-o, I think not." replied Mrs. Spoopendyke, dubiously, " I'm suje it was something about a slaughter-house and legs. Do you know how it happened ?" "Yes, 1 know how it happened!" mocked Mr. Spoopendyke. pegging away at his visage with the razor. " If I hadn't found out away from home I'd always been nuzzled about it, though. Two gentlemen fou-rht a duel, and one got shot. That's all there is in it." " I knew there'd he some trouble as soon as I read about those strikes," confidently continued Mrs. Spoopendyke. What's the strike to do with It?" vociferated Mr. Spoopendyke. "Think he struck for another shot? (iot a notion he struck for more leirs. haven't ye? It would have been a bad idea, that?" soliloquized Mr. Spoopendyke. rather impressed with the combined originality and utility of that class of strike. "Did he get shot in both legs?" queried Mrs. Spoopendyke. "It must have been a cannon ball, or else he held his legs in front of each other." "That's the way he did it." moaned Mr.Spoopendyke. "They always do that. When they are tight inir a duel they sit down like a tailor or a Turk. What d'ye think they tight with, forts? (Jot some kind of a vague idea that they tight with line of battle ships? Who said anything aliout cannon balls? Pistols. I tell ye! They fought with pistols, and one of them hit the other! Roll that information around in your ten acre intelligence!" "Certainly," faltered Mrs. Spoopendyke. "But tell me, dear, why sh(>nld one man shoot another for goinir to the slaughter house?" Holy herring!" ejaculated Mr. SiHjooendyke. "He went there to get shot. It was agreed upon. The man who shot him had reflected on his honor and he went thereto satisfy it." "And did it satisfy his honor to shoot him in the leirs?" asked Mrs. Spoopendyke. "That was as near as he could get to it. I tell you that when a man fights a duel he wipes out an insult, whether he gets shot in the legs or the ear. It makes no difference." "I should think it would," murmured Mrs. Spoopendyke. "It would to me. So bis honor is ail right now, is it?" "Of course it is," replied Mr. Spoopendyke, wiping his face. "Suppose you can reason on the subject without any further information from me?" "I guess so," ruminated Mrs. Spoopendyke. "As I understand it, if a man's honor is hurt all he's got to do is get shot in the legs, thouirh I don't see why he didn't shoot hlmseli, unless it was that he couldn't reach around.'* "That's just the reason!" roared Mr. Spoopendyke. "He shot at himself in the looking glasH ail the morning, and couldn't make it work, so he hired a man to do it for him! It took your shot tower intellect to see into it! What you want now Is a squint in one eye and some dod gasted friends to interfere to be a revised edition of the measly code! If you only had somebody to chalk off six paces on you and a squad of police with a beuch warrant, you'd be a regular Bladensburg! I'm going out to tight a duel and get shot! Think you'd understand it then? If I had a bullet through both legs, would you want any more information?'* "No, dear," sighed Mrs. Spoopendyke. and as her husband tossed his shaving brush into the baby's crib and slammed out the door, she beiran to think that a man shouldn't keep his honor in his legs if they couldn't take better care of it. The CauacM and Care of Old Age. From the Gentltman'a Magazine. L. Langer has recently been engaged In the comparative analysis of human fat at different ages. He finds that infant fat is harder than that of adults or old men, that there are oil globules in our fat but none in that of babies; the microscoi>e shows one or two oil globules in every fat cell of the adult, while very few have tat crystals. The fat cells of the infant contain no oil glcibules, and nearly every cell contains fat crystals. "Infant fat forms a homogeneous, white, solid, tallow-like mass, and melts at 45 deg. C.," while adult fat standing in a warm riM.?m separates into two layers; the lighter and larger is a transparent yellow liquid which solidifies below the freezing point of water, the lower layer is a granular orystaline mass melting at 35 deg. C. Infant fat* contains 67-75 per cent <?t oleic acid, adu.t fat 89.80. Infant fat contains 28.97 |>er cent of palmitic acid, against 8.16 iu the adult, and 3.38 of stearic acid against 2.04. Tties?e latter, the palmitic and stearic acids, are the harder and less fusible, while the oleic acid is the softer aud more fusible constituent of fats. No attempt is made to explain the reason of these differences, or to suggest any means by which we may reharden or repalmitize our fat, and thus regain our infant chubblness. Old age is evidently due to changes of this kind, not only of the fat. but also ot the other materials ot the body. The first step toward the discovery of the elixir of life, the "aurum potabile," of the alchemist, is to determine the nature of they changes, the next to ascertain their causes, and then to remove them. If, as we are so often told, there can be no effect without a cause, there must be causes for the organic changes constituting decay and old age. Remove these, and we live forever. The theory Is beautifully simple. A Michigan Liar. "Let's see, they raise some wheat In Michigan, don't they?" asked a Schoharie granger of a Mlchlgander. "Raise wheat! Who raises wheat? No, sir; decidedly no, sir. It raises Itself. Why, If we undertook to cultivate wheat In that state It ! would run us out. There wouldn't be any place to put our house." "But I've been told that grasshoppers take a good deal of it." "Of course they do. If they didn't I dont know what we would do. The cussed stuff would run all over the state and drive us out ?choke us up. These grasshoppers are a Godsend, only there ain't half enough of them." "Is that wheat nice and plump?" "Plump! Why I don't know what you call plump wheat, but there are seventeen in our family, including ten servants, and when we want'bread we just go out and fetch In a kernel of wheat and bake It." 'Do you ever soak It in water first?" "Oh. no; that wouldn't do. It would swell a little, and then we couldnt get it in our range oven." ? ??????? Affair* In Ireland, an Noted by an American Toarist. The following extract from a private letter, written by a well-known Boston gentleman, will be accepted, the Advertiser thinks, u a trustworthy presentation of one phase of the existing state of affairs In Ireland: I wmm sitting in the reading room of the Shelburne hotel, Dnblin, Thursday evening, when a quiet man* evidently an English or Irish gentleman, moved up and began talking about the social stagnation of Dublin. This did not awaken my especial interest, but when he said he had just returned from the west of Ireland, I asked about the feeling and prospects there. In the course of an hour's talk he told me, as follows: That he owned four estates in Ireland which he had not visited for twenty-nine years, having left their management entirely to agents. Recently no rents whatever had been collected; and as his income from the estates was encumbered by annuities, etc., to relations, which had to be punctually paid, whether he got his rents or not. he found himself somewhat embarrassed. His principal agent fell seriously ill, and seizing the opportunity thus offered (for a visit while the agent was iii health might have looked like distrust or interference, a thing which, he thought, landlords were too punctiliious about,) he came over from Mentone, where he was living. to examine into affairs personally. He came with the belief that his rents were low enough, and that the tenants were unreasonable, and perhaps dishonest. He convened his tenants, and then spent some time in going about among them. The result was that he confessed himself "thoroughly converted." Although his rents were not so high as on some other estates in the neighborhood, he was convinced that they had been forced up too high. He made a reduction to the poor law valuation ('"Griffith's") ?a reduction amounting to six snillings and sixpence to the pound (a virtual confession that the rents were nfty per cent too high), and gave fifteen year leases "on that basis. The result, he said, affected him extremely, for the tenants not only borrowed money of the banks to pay all arrears, but flocked to him with the voluble and earnest blessings the Irish peasant, can invoke, and begged him to let them remit directly to him. without the intervention of agents. He said that although there was a great difference among estates, ami between localities, he thought that there were many cases where rents were fixed at two or three times the proper sum, and that it seemed to him. after his visit, that the "no rent" program, in many districts, was a virtual protest and struggle against starvation, rather than a political agitation. In other districts, of course, it was complicated with "home rule" and other Issues, but In his neighborhood it was simply a stand of the tenant farmers for subsistence and existence. SignN of IVIodern Decadence* From the Dbndon Evening Standard. Mr. J. II. Mapleson has published the terms which Mme. Fattihas accepted for another trip to the United States. Regarding this matter philosophically, without imputing a shadow of blame either to payer or payee, or even to the public, who virtually endorse this extravagant sum, one must admit that the effect is demoralizing. Working persons who have a hard struggle to make both ends meet will be shocked and disgusted, unreasonably, no doubt, but sincerely. Weak souls among them will be further urged upon a course of discontent too common already. The selfish luxury of the rich is the most telling argument of the agitator, and he has a grand example here. For Mr. Mapleson expects to recoup his outlay with interest. and prices must be raised proportionately. The speculation may prove unfortunate, hut it is based upon experience and comparison. no doubt. Fabulous sums paid for a brief and sensuous pleasure are a sign of decadence In her last days of freedom, Rome possessed an actor, the most famous of all time. When he had made the fortune which lie thought sufficient. Roscius declined to play for money. He gave his services gratis for the amusement and instruction cf the people. It would be interesting to know what terms the irreat comedian was in the habit of receiving, and what fortune he thought equal to his dignity on retirement. If we may jud<rewith any decree of truth the salaries of actors, free men like Roscitis. by what is recorded or the sums paid to philosophers and lecturers in ancient times, they would almost bear comparison with Mme. Patti's rates. The rigorous Aristides accepted .?4,000 !rom Damianus for a single lecture: Herod, the younger, crave something like ?80.000 for three discourses to an orator who pleased him; and to another, for a single discourse, ten horses, ten porters, ten secretaries, and two beautiful young slaves, with nearly ?40.000 in money. We have not yet reached such madness, but we seem to be traveling that way. Dc Lam' a Strayin'. [Exhortation it a colored camp m^etinsr. The dialect is that of a Mississippi plantation.] Look out, backslider, whar you walking Make a misstep, sho's you bo'n. I fr-11 you what, It's no use talkin', Ef you slip up, chile, you jrone! Dn road Is full er stumps and stubble, Ruts an' sink holes ebcrywhar", I sp-^c' dey'll gib you heap er trouble, 'F you don't stop yo' tool In' dar. It's dark ez pitch an' mighty cloudy, Spec' de debbtl's walkln' roun', Fus' thing you know he'll tell you " howdy " ? L1I' his hoof an' stomp de groun', Man, can't you see a sto'm's a brewlnt Hear de a^ful thunder peal! Look! Illazen' Ught'nln' threat'nln' ruin? Oh, backslider, how you feel? Drap on yo' knees an' go to prayin', Ax de Lawd to he'p you out* Chile, tell him you's a lam' a strayln'? Done got los' an' stum'lln' 'bout, An' den you'll see de stars a gleamln'? 'Lumlnatln" all de way. Yea, 'bout ten thousan' twlnklln', beamln'? Smack untwell de break er day, But et you fall, debbll git you. Fetch you slap! right in yo' eye. You'll feel mof like ergrape shot hit you, Drapp'd t'om hall way to de sky! Robert McGke. The Man Who Boxed. From the Detroit Free Press. There are scores of respectable and reputable heads of families In this city who take regular lessons in the manly art of self-defence, and who spend an hour every evening In swinging clubs and otherwise developing and hardening the muscle. One of the most enthusiastic of the lot had finished his boxing lesson the other night, when the trainer said: "lam sorry to lose your money and your company, but I feel It my duty to say that I can learn you nothing further. You have got the science and muscle to clean out a crowd, and heaven help the man who stands before you!" The citizen went home with a consciousness that only cowards carry revolvers, and he wondered how a man would look after he had (riven him a sock dologer straight from the shoulder. The next morning as he was leaving his house along came a strawberry man who was yelling his wares at the top of his voice. "Do you sell any more berries for yelling In that manner ?" asked the citizen, as the peddler drew rein. "Oh. take in your nose?" was the reply. "Some one will take your whole body in some day!" "But it won't be a man with a wart on his chin!" "No Impudence, sir!" "And none from you, either!" "You deserve a good thrashing!" "And perhaps you can give it to me!" There was a goldeu opportunity. The one had science?the other impudence. The one had received thirty-eight lesssons in boxing?the .pther fairly ached to be pounded. "Dont talk that way to me or *111 knock you down," said the finished pupil as he gentlv threw himself in position to mash a brick wall. "Oh, you will, eh? Then let's see yOu do 1!" Even the graduate could not tell exactly what took place. He remembered of being kicked on the shins, struck on the chin and twisted over a horse block after he fell, but when consciousness returned his wife and children were crying over him and the peddler was two blocks down the street shouting: "Straw-bu-ries?great big ones?red as blood?perfect daisies?only two shillings tor a heaping big quart without any thumb in it." ? .?? . .1 A Fa?aw Railway Recently Opened* The mountains of Switzerland have been reechoing the rejoicings of three nation*?the Italians, Swiss and Germans?who gave themi selves a rendezvous to oelebrate the opening to the public of the Ootthard railway. The following are the enormous dimensions of the great tunnel through the St. Ootthard mountain:?The highest point of the tunnel reaches 3,500 feet above the sea lovel, is 42.000 feet long, required the removal of 800,000 cubic yards of rock, and has been completed In eight years. The entire tunnel is finished with masonry. Besides this large tunnel, the line has fifty smaller ones?all together 78,000 feet long?and famous among these are the so-called "spiral tunnels," which have very contracted radii. The line is one of great importance, as It makes a direct connection between the northwest and southeast of Europe. Wm. L. Johnson was arraigned before U. a Commissioner Hallett, In Brooklyn, last week on the charge of fraudulentiy obtaining a pension. He was held in |3,ooo ball for trial In the district court married or Single 1 From the 19. T. Graphic. The question has assumed considerable importance?" Shall married women, no matter how well qualified as teachers for the young, be turned out of the public s chools to give place to unmarried teachers ? " Or shall the woman fortunate enough to find a husband be debarred the exercise of a calling where she is doing good because the husband is able to make for her the burden of life easier? Or must the public schools give unmarried women employment in preference to married women ? Why should the penalty of marriage for the woman be exclusion from a work for which nature may have peculiarly fitted her ? Why should the benefit of her services be lost to the community because she is a wife and a mother ? Is teaching a merely mechanical function, not requiring special talent or ability ? The agitation of this question has involved for the married man the charge of "lack of manhood" if he accept* support from the woman. Suppose nature better qualifies the woman in some calling to earn money than the man? Suppose that, in sympathy, companionship, congeniality and similarity of taste these two find In each other their ideal of companionship? Suppose that the man's sympathy is a necessity and a rest to the woman? Is he to be charged with "lack of manhood" for accepting the position he fills? Suppose such a woman is in charge of an educational Institution and possessed of business and executive capacity, and after years of waiting finds the man possessed of neither, yet which bring qualities which aid her in her work and she marries him, shall he be taunted with "lack of manhood" because he has found the place, the calling and the partner where he may best develop and exercise his peculiar talent? What is the motive lor following teaching as a profession on the part of the women who argue that the married teachers should be discharged? Is that motive a pure love of their calling? Is their art paramount to everything else? Is It of such importance in their eyes that for it they are willing to forsake houses and lands and father and mother, and if necessary even a prospective husband, who will support them on condition that they forsake the work to which nature has called them? And if such young women should plainly see that the married woman they would supplant is fitted for her profession, that she has that innate capacity Cur imparting knowledge and suggesting ideas which no mere training can give; if they see that she is united to a man who sympathizes with her in her pursuit, that they are partners and are able to afford each other help in their calling, will this young woman demand the withdrawal of the married woman from the place, where she is doing good, because she needs the pay appertaining to that place? If "lack of manhood" is charged on the man for accepting support from the qualified woman, may not a countercharge of lack of "womanhood" have some weight when there is taken into consideration the woman who accepts expensive support from the man simply because he is her husband?who marries him for his money, who regards him merely as the treasury on which to draw for shoes, dresses and jewelry? A rn f hrtt'n ounVi nrnninn0 The exigencies? and situations peculiar to the feminine organization are also urged against the retention of married women as teachers. But all this enters into the economy of human existence. If maternity was phenomenal, illegal and under all circumstances improper, there might be lorce in their objection. Good taste will dictate what is proper in this matter. But if the married woman is to be entirely banished from the school room and the whole bias and Influence of education left to the unmarried, then there will be eliminated an important element and influence in the public school. The teacher who is a mother and who knows the responsibilities of motherhood is possibly better fitted to convey certain influences for good upon the young than can any unmarried woman. Banish the mother element from the public school and there is banished a means and influence ?.?<st important for such children. Arithmetic, grammar and geography do not constitute all of education. Something of duty, of morality, of delicacy, of a higher refinement, of a true sense of purity needs also to be inculcated. and for this the womanly mother and teacher is especially fitted. However, the best teacher h* one who has given up all else for the work of teaching. She will be neither a married woman nor a woman who wishes to be married. But such teachers are not to be found in the ordinary public school. ?+? Self-V nterent. W. H. Mallock in The Contemporary Review. No action is possible unless prompted by some form of self-interest; indeed, aelf-interest is but another name for motive. Motives, however, are various, therefore self-interest is of various kinds. The commoner form is the desire for fame, power or riches, and, except In a few special cases, this desire is essential to the production of any public beneficence. When the beneficence is confined to a smaller circle, other causes come into play. We have to deal with the affection, with good nature, with family pride and with class feeling; and self-interest by each of these 1b conditioned in a certain way. Thus, in the case of family pride, it is merely a case of extended egotism?of an egotism which is capable of being extended thus to a certain degree, but to a certain degree only. All this the inquirer will have to note; but for the present it will be enough if we consider public beneficence oj^ly. Now, it will be found that there are three classes of action which are of good to the world at large, and which are apparent exceptions to the doctrine of self-interest. I refer to artistic production, to the search for knowledge, and to the inculcation of religious or moral goodness. And these are not apparent exceptions only; to some extent they are real ones. The question is. to what extent ? The religious motive it will take too long to discuss, so we will let that pass. We will only touch upon the artistic and the scientific motives. Now, no one will for a moment deny that there is a delight to the artist in the very fact of production, and that there is a delight to the man of science in the very fact of discovery. Indeed, when the one is painting a great picture, or the other discovering a new planet, there is nothing, probably, of self-interest present to the consciousness of either. This, however, goes for littJe. Let us try an experiment. Let another artist claim the picture, let another astron uuier uiuiiu me uiscovery 01 me pianet, ana the indignation of the injured parties will afford a singular revelation to us. It will Bhow us that in each case, although at the time it was unsuspected, there was self-interest working and giving life to the other motives. The artist feels not only that a great picture Is being painted, but he feels, "It is I that am painting it;" and the astronomer feels similarly, "It is I that am discovering this planet." Thus, some form of self-interest is essential to all great deeds, and the deeds are great in proportion to its character and vitality. We shall And that, whereas the self-interest, proper to art, science, or philosophy, is concerned merely with prestige, all other forms ot self-interest are "concerned with political power, with riches and with material elevation; and we shall find a corresponding difference in the social results produced by these two classes of motive. We shall And that the more abstract, or, as we may call it the purer form, never produces results that are of direct popular benefit. It produces discoveries, but it does not produce Inventions; it may lead to the understanding of economic laws, but it will never lead to the establishment of any special trade or manufacture; it may produce a great architect, but it will never produce a builder; it may lead men to lorm theories of government, but it will never produce an active and successful statesman. Bran Beds for the Babies* From the London Globe. A French doctor has invented a new bed for babies which holds them safe la Its custody and prevents them from ever giving any trouble at night to their attendants. This gentleman has subiected his system to the meet trying of all tests, for he has applied it to all his own children, Mid considers that the fife of one of them to entirely owing to Its uAe: The Idea is to fill the greater part of the cradle with bran and immerse the legs and put of the body of the child in this nest, covering them over in the usual way, but fastenlng down the counterpane tight so as to keep him firm in his place. Why this change of tactics should have the effect of taking away from the infant hte usual desire to howl during a part of every night is a question which we will leave nurses to explain for themselves after they have tried the system. In the meantime, until that trial has been made it is only civil to believe the testimony 01 Drs. Bourgeois and Vlgoureux, who in two French papers of some authority declare that such is the invariable resait. This Is not, however, the only advantage to be exported from the system. The bran is supposed to have a warming and stimulating influence superior to any sort of cotton or cloth, and to allow children of the more sickly kind to develop more quickly and to be sooner able to use their limbs. The inventor of the system declares that they delight in their bran beds, and always "quit them with regret," when removed at the age of two-toon* of a , Natural History. From the Detroit Free Pre*. "What sort of ft bird is this?" "This is an English sparrow. He cannot carry off a lamb, like the eagle, nor la he provided with teeth and claws like the tiger, but he leaves his mark all the same." "How did he get here?** "A philanthropist brought him over from England." "What ia a philanthropist?** "He is a cross between a lunatic and an idiot** "What did he want to bring the sparrow to America for?" "Because he hated the country and wanted revenue. It wasn't enough for him that we have smallpox, yellow fever,cholera, droughts,floods, cyclones, and forest fires and grasshopper plagues." "What are the chief merits of the sparrow?" "His beautiful voice and lovable nature. His song Is so much sweeter than a file rasping over cast-iron that people have died after hearing it." "How does he employ his time?'* "In screaming, fighting and voting early and often," "Where does he build his nest?" "In the cornices of houses. If he could have the use of 1,000 trees rent free he would turn up his nose at the offer. He couldn't damage a tree any, but he can make it necessary to paint a house every month." "Of what is his nest composed?" "Of everything he can handle, except old oyster cans and empty beer bottles." "Does the hard hearted citizen ever destroy those nests?" "He does. When his family clothes line, or crow bar, or long handled shovel is missing he pulls down a nest and recovers the lost article." "What does the poor sparrow do then?" "He rebuilds." "Can he be discouraged?" "If his nest was pulled down 15.000 or 20,000 times he might commence to feel down hearted, but those who have routed him out 500 or GOO times have not seen him even chauge countenance." "What other birds does he agree with?" "The buzzard and the polecat. He is too proud to take up with every stranger who comes along. He has driven away our robins and bluebirds and larks, and chickadees, and even the hens are looking for another opening." "Would it be wicked to kill one of these sparrows ?" "Awfully wicked. The philanthropists would raise such'a howl that the killer would have to skip the country. Beside, you can't shoot 'em. they won't be poisoned, and no one ever yet trapped one. A man down in Ohio thinks a blow with a barn door might fetch 'em, but it is as yet an untried experiment." "That is all for this time. Let us now lay away our books and sit on the steps and listen to the ravishing melody of the sparrow's evening song." Church Bells In England. From the London Times, May 23. London to-day acquires a new distinction. Its Aafhailrol will K/\.??-?4- 4V?/\ *>!/*/?/*? ? asked if the plan of the assassination in the Pbcenix Park resembled, in respect of the arrangements of the murderers to reach their victims and then effect their escape, the plan adopted in New York by that daring and proverbially successful class known as "butchercart thieves." Well, applying the "butchercirt" theory, 1 should call it an American, or, perhaps, a New York "job." We call these robberies "butcher-cart" robberies, but many that have happened here have been done with four-whe^l vehicles. Take the Ruppert robbery; that was done with a covered wagon, in which half a dozen men could have been concealed. I cannot remember to have read or heard of "butcher-cart" robberies in Europe, and believe that few have occurred outside of New York and Its environs. This style of robbery started many years ago In a petty way. Herds of swine ran at large in the streets of New York, and thieves would hire a horse, generally a good one, and a wagon; they would then drive to where there was a herd of swine, capture one of them, throw it in the wagon and drive off. They were seldom caught. The hog-stealing business was improved upon in time. It merged into the business of driving up to a store, seizing a case or package of goods, throwing it into a wagon and getting away in a flash. Then came the business of "standing up" men in the street. This began about twenty years ago. I remember its start. There were several petty cases, and then a bank messenger was robbed of a large amount, on paper, in the vicinity of Wall street, by a gang who operated with a sleigh and a fast horse. The scheme was in time perfected, and such cases are the most annoying that fall to our lot. The gang first look after the horse. It must be a good one and well trained. Old hands would not employ a driver not in sympathy with them. If the Phoenix park assassins hired a vehicle and a driver, detection should be all the more easy. Now, the Goody gang, for instance, have always owned a first-class horse, and the Phoenix park murderers may have owned one and trained it tor months. For a "butcher-cart" scheme a horse must be trained. It must start smartly, be nervy and not startled by a conimo.. tlon or a pistol shot, and get off at foil speed the moment the job Is done and the robbers are clambering into the vehicle. From the N. Y. Bun* "The fashionable flower for the past season was the rose," said the veteran seedsman, Peter Henderson, "and I never knew such prices to be paid for roses. The older sorts, such as the Safr&no, the Douglas, and the Isabella Sprung are yet grown, but they are giving way to what are popularly called fancy rosea, such as the -Perie des Jardins. But those for which the highest prices have recently been paid are the hybrid perpetual roses, particularly the variety known as Magna Charta. Last year everybody was frantic to get General"Jacquemlnots, which are of the same class as the Magna Charta. But the costliest rose this year has been the Baroness Rothschild. It has no fragrance, bot to a beautiful flower. Buds of this rose I have sold to : retailers for fl each, and the retailers made a handsome profit. They were scarce, for as yet they are rarely forced to flower early. For sin- < gle corsage bouquets for an evening party last winter as much as $20 and $25 was paid. These hybrid perpetuate will, I think, soon be supplanted In popular flivor by a newer class, known as hybrid tea roses, of which the Duchess of Edinburgh (bright crimson), La Fra&ce (light pink), the Duke of Connaught (scarlet), the Duchess of Connaught (deep carmine), and the Coquette det Alpee (white), are at preaeat tjpefc" vumcuiai Vltuivu Will uuan 1/ VIXC UCll lli the kingdom, and one of the dozen biggest in the world. Guide-books will give the fact due prominence, and tourists will pause,as the hours come round, to distinguish the solemn note in a babel of sounds. It cannot be said that till a quarter of a century ago Londoners missed the privilege, or wished the hours and royal deaths to be announced In louder thunder. They were generally under the impression that their own bell was a very big one, and a very fine one. Few of them, however, had heard the bourdons that do every duty abroad, and that, we know not why, beat our own largest bells in the solemnity of their tones. They were also unacquainted with the history of St. Paul's bell, which is, we believe, only a recast of that over the old gateway to Westminster. In this country, too, the taste for bells has gone Into an entirely different direction from that of the whole continent. Christians are here generally called to service by chimes, instead of the tolling of a sinqjabell, as is usual abroad. Our chief use of bellWff for bell-ringing,almost unknown abroad. To be sure, In Belgium, all the great churches have carillons every hour, and In some cases every quarter?many every half-quarter. At Antwerp, Malines and Ghent, it may be said the bells are always going, and at the first of th?se cities one may occasionally hear a long piece played on a hundred or more bells. But, upon the whole, the continent tolls bells; we ring and chime them. The Reformation was the great point of divergence. At that date, and long after, the popular party in our parishes melted the big bells into smaller ones, convertrng peals of three Into five or six; and, upon the whole, the big bell went out of favor. Popular feeling must have been against big bells, or at least very Indifferent, when Henry VIII. could stake and lose at a game ot cards all tne old bells of St. Paul's. There has long been a reaction. For a century our village church bells have been increasing in weight as well as number, as a large proportion of our church towers testify bv their shattered state. Parliament itself has contributed a great impulse to the change of feeling by building the tallest clock in the kingdom, and by trying to furnish It with a fitting peal of bells. It has unaccountably failed so far, Big Ben No. 1 having been condemned from the first; No. 2 having been found incapable of standing the blows of its own clapper. The reason oi this is a mystery in which a wise man will not rashly Intrude. Bell-founders stand on their honor, and resent any reflection on their skill, or on the casting, as one well-known amateur has found to his cost. So we must have time to explain why failures, that one does not hear of abroad, should be taken as almost a matter of course in this country. The Butcher-Cart Game. Superintendent Walling, of New York, was DRY GOODS. -yyOODWARD 4 LOTilBOP~ Ml PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE. Ml Offer a Fine line of SCOTCH LACE GINGHAMS, at 35c. per yard. Recently sold at 45a Elegant 8tyW PRINTED SATTEENS, Reduced to S7^e. per jirl A 8rlendid Quality of PRINTED LINEN LAWNS, at 13 He. per jwd, worth 17a A 25c. Quality PRINTED LINEN LAWKS, at 17c. per yard. Pise Quality all pure LINEN PRINTED LAWNSi at 21c. per yaxd. ABOVE ARE SPECIAL BARGAIN8. BOSTON DKY GOODS HOUSE. JelS -yy M. 8HUSTER A SONS, HAVE A LARGE 8TOCE OF CHOICE PARABOL8 WHICH HAVE BEEN REDUCED IN PRICE AND WILL BE SOLD VERY LOW. PONGEE PARASOL8 in great Tariety. BLACK and COLORED PARASOLS In choioe stylea. Great inducements are offered in FOULARD SILK*. DRESS GOODS. GRENADINES. EMBROIDERED RcBKS, SPANISH LACES. GUIPURE EMBROIDERIES. BATI8TK ROBES. Ac. MOURNING GOODS of every description and In the beet quailtiee. Beautiful SATINS at 50c. We can show C5 pieces of very choice d< sitnis in tlieee very deairable kochIm. LINEN LAWNS (pure linen) at 20c, MVOne Prick. W. M. SHUSTER k SONS. 919 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE. THE BE8T IS THE CHEAPEST. je!2 gUPERIOR QUALITY. CHOICE DESIGNS. 50 Piecee PURE LINEN LAWNS, at 25c.. reduced from 37 4-4 FRENCH BATI8TES, in 8tripe? and Polka Spote for Combination Suits, at 2jc.. former price 30c. New PARIS SATIN ES, in select rattoniB. Beet Quality MERV LAWNS. at37Wc. FOULARD SILKS, at 75c., reduced from *1. Rare Uanraina in HUMMER SILKS. Rich BLACK SILK GRENADINES, at *1.25 and fl.50 BLACK SATIN RHADAMES, from $1 to|3. BLACK SILKS, beet makes, from 75c. to $3. "Marked Down Prices" on PARASOLS. FINE DRESS SHIRTS, fl. GAUZE UNDERWEAR, LISLE GLOVES. LADIES' LINEN AND MOHAIR DUSTERS. "Special Attraction*" In New WHITE GOODS at Popular Pricea. CHUDDA and SHETLAND 8HAWL8. PARIS EMBROIDERED "CASHMERE FICHU8. from $6 to *30. fl t wrr u r?-iL: o?n_ iur oauuu^ OU118. W~ Plain Figures and Correct Prices. cSSSo FEE A TTTT OO KN H r B E AA T O O NN N ?SSSo EE A A T O O N N N o 5 E AAA T O O N NN ?SSSB EEE A A T OO N KN PPP EEE RRR RRR Y Y PPK RRRRYY PPP EE RRR RRR YY P E R R R R Y P EEE K R B B, Y (Successor to Perry 4 Brother.) Pennsylvania avenue, corner 9th street Established 1840. JclO 00DWARD & LOTIIROP, 921 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE. 921 RIBBON DEPARTMENT. 6-in. White and Blue Watered SASH RIBBONS, at 60c. per yard. 6-in. Rink Striped Satin and Moire SASH RIBBONS, at 87^c. i>er yard. SPECIAL BARGAINS, which can not be Duplicated! BOSTON DRY GOODS HOUSE. je!3 ^BOUT FIGURED SATIXES. CHOICE DESIGNS ARE BECOMING SCARCE; ORDERS GIVEN EARLY IN THE SEASON ENABLE US TO OFFBB THE FINEST GRADES IN NEW PATTERNS AT 50 CENTS. %> TYLER & CHEWNING, JelO 918 7th STREET NORTHWEST. y^OODWARD A LOTHROP, 921 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE. 921 GLOVE DEPARTMENT. We have Just opened a line of BILK MOUSQUETAIRE GLOVES. In 6, 8 and 10 Button lengths, in Black and Terra Cotta Shades, now the desirable thing in Glove wear. Please examine, at the BOSTON DRY GOODS HOUSE. Jel3 QUR IMMENSE ASSORTMENT OF NEW AND BEAUTIFUL LAWNS, FIGURED / FRENCH LAWNS. FIGURED LINEN LAWNS, FIGURED AMERICAN LAWNS. The largest assortment of Lawns in Washington. Pure white all Lfnan Lawnn only 25c. Colored Silks, navy blue, dark green and other colors, 50c. Handsome Black Brocade Silks reduced from SI. 50 to$l. Black Silks, immense assortment, 50, 62, 75, 87 cts., $1. $1.25. $1.50, $1.75, $2. Nottingham Lace for curtains. 15, 20, 25c. to $1. Bleached Table Damask, all linen, 50c. Dinner Napkins, all linen, 75c. dozen. Black Cashmere Shawls, pure wool, $2 to |10. Double White Blankets, $2. Black and Colored Cashmeres, pure wool, double width, 37.1$ to 75c. Nun's veiliua-. pure wool, (In pink,) 25c. Colored Cashmeres, in pink and light blue. 50c. Pure Silk and Wool Black Grenadiue reduced to $1. Black and White Striped Silks, 50c. Nun's Veiling, (black,) all pure wool. 25c. CARTER'S, _}e8 711 MARKET SPACE. \f ATTINGS, MATTINGS, MATTINGS. Hi. IN GREAT VARIETY OF STYLES. LOOSE COVERS for Furniture Cat and Made to order by our Philadelphia Artiut. "WINDOW SHADES, LACE CURTAINS AND UPHOLSTERY GOODS In Great Variety. CARPETS AT REDUCED PRICES. SINGLETON A HOEKE, 801 MAREET SPAC? All orders for STEAM CARPET CLEANING receive prompt attention. my*26 "yyOODWARD & LOTHROP, 921 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE. 921 DRESS GOODS DEPARTMENT. 82-in. CREAM NUN'S VEILING, Elegant Quality, only 37\c. per yard. 45-in. CREAM NUN'S VEILING, BENG ALINES* SHOODA*S BEECH CLOTHS, at 50c., 62%c., 68c., 76c., and (1 per yard. All Good Values. BQ8TON DRY GOODS HOUSE. Jel3 ^fcJ^EDPCEDt" "REDUCED!" We hrre to-day placed on our center coaster a large lot of FRENCH and ENGLISH DRESS GOODS for 25 eta. Xfceae goods hare been selling at 60 and 62^ eta. "They are a Genuine Bargain." SURAH 8ILXEL aattabie for Evening Dresses, In Cream, Light Blue and Pink. (1.26; same quality sold elsewhere at (L 60. Our stock of LUPIN'S GRENADINES, In elegant styles and qualities, cannot be excelled. LINEN LAWNS, 12*a. CANTON GINGHAMS of the beat grades 12*o. LONSDALE CAMBRIC, 12*c. 100 dcaan fuB rag. HOSE, 26c. a pair. mo do? An iiiwHMwHti?wniniwi>iKmHigfB? at SI-60 per doaen. Our atook is varr large tn afl departaaant*, and prtsas vatylow. Wa iaroa tw^ertine "OHE PRICK ONLY." TBUSVEL Jk 1 *1 ?ARK. mlS 808 MARKET SPACE. gUMMEB GOODS. We axe rocehring dally our supply of Saaosr Dress Goods, comprising a full assortment of White OrjrandiesTFrench Nainaioks, French Mufla. French Masalias, India Unena plain and printed Linen Lawna, printed Jaconets, Percales and Batteena; French Zephyrs, Plaid and Strijied. Table Damask. Damask Table Cloths, with Napkins to match; Belgian Linen Sheetings andPiilowLincns, all* tilths and quahliw: French. Russia aad German Toweie aadTowehng; Umbrellas and Parasols in new designs. Also. Whits, (Stack and nuer Mattings in choice patterns ; Ftor Linens, ail tiOOB, BBO. *00., m mm w muw a.w??wni hbttt hopsx DRY GOODS. 'J'HE FIRST STORY OP OUR DftfEHB* CILD1NG IS UK > It win now be iuiOxmI forward with dl?i>*?rh. Ww must rreptre for removal. No old rood* will b* taken into the new irtom. We intend making It an object for every lady who ie now in need, or wbo la ion likely to be in need of Sprint and Summer DRJ GOODS, to call and cianiiue the EXTRAORDINARY BARGAINS we are now off<>rln*. On account of th? back wards*! of the mwmui, we are left with too many imode on hand. We have determined to sell them, and mill them we win, aa we are bound to raiae lota of money to pay for tmlidin* and to lay in etock for our grand opening, aaconl to none in the country. We have Junt reduced all our COLOKED DOLLAR Dll'lva to 75 CCOtB. Our BUCK rURE BILK RHADAMES, from to tfo ouato. 35 Pieces most beautiful rattern* of ALL BILK BROCADES. from fl.50 to 95 opnto. Ttit* la a rare liartrain and cannot be repeated. Ail our Drsai Goods way down to Uaii price, C, 000 rieoes WHITE GOODS of every dosrriptto*. These arc of our own inu>ortatioa, havlufr ordsrsd them an far back as last November. We lmsoaioalated the quantity and ordered more than our retail trade demand*. Tberef'W, be it known that pnoa ball be no object, and they muft go. Wesellaflne VICTORIA LAWN at 8 rent*, which ti retailed everywhere at 12J* ceuU. HDo not consider this idle talk. Evwy lady in Wub> Ington knows the mairnitude of our stock, which w? cap safely Ktate is three timec as large as the rtock of any other merchant in this city. Therefore, i rflpart for Bargains I Aa by the time we move Into our NEW HOUSE, we expect to reduce the stock to the smallest la the city. The Goods are all freeh, having- sent all oat old traeh to New York auction, to be sold to the hlyhat bidder. Call early In the morning to avoid the irmnnn? rush. LANSBCRGH A BROTHER, 404 AND 406 SEVENTH STREET NORTHWEST. mlS LADIES1 GOODS. JJATH FOB THE SEASIDE AND MOUNTAINS. We have Just received the LATEST PARISIAN STYLES. suitable for the Seaside and Mountain^ which we will exhibit during the coming week. MRS. M. J. HHNT. JelO 13<>9 F street north weiC l^JRS. J. P. PALMER, 1107 F STREET NORTHWEST. Will Open on WEDNESDAY NEXT. May 24th. Her Importation of SUMMER BONNETS AND HATS, Comprising all the latest shapes. The last Novelties in Fabnos and rarest com tuna tie* of oolong Just received from the leading bouses of Eu rope. No cards. m20 DOUGLASS', HOOPSKIKTS AND BUSTLES. OUR OWN MAKKOF THE FINEST WATCH SPRING STEEL. 50c. TP. ANY 8TVLE AND SIZE MADE TO OKDtR. HOOPSKIRTS OF *-REFUSE" HTF.FT^ 2Sr. A fine French Woven CORSET at fl. usually Bold A A Fine French Contllie Hand-made CORSET, at (L This oorwet is Hold in other citr** at $ 1.50. We have one sjKvial lot of Ohlldrcn'a Itafrular Mad* HOSE, iu Cardinal. Blue and lirowu, at 25c. \> ouiu bs cheap at 35c. DOUGLASS*, NINTH amd F STREETS ml9 \fRS. C. V. SMITH IS R FX" EI VINO DAILY THE iTL latoHt Htjloe of MILLINERY, iuchi<hu?r Round Hats, Bonuetn, Flowera, Pluitiee, etc. 01<i LADIES and BONNE'S CAPS a apeoa.ty. 618 ?th street northwest. il 1 PATTERN HATS AND FINE MILL INERT GOOD8; BILK AND CLOTH WRAPS; SIIJT, FLANNEL and CAM URIC RFTTS. the larrM* and in out ek*raut assortment in the c:t>, made exclolively to my order. M. WILLI AN, 907 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE. 7 CITE THE VISE. PARIS. all MME. WASHINGTON. FASHIONABLE DRESSMAKING AND TRIMMING RTORF. 1211 PENNSYLVANIA AVE.. Dremn. Suits, Continues, Cloaks, Ac., made in mips* Tier btyle at fchort notice. L*<i ?n can liave Drowtw cut and Dafiteu. and a i?erlect ht Kuarantoud. f9 J^JISS ANNIE K. HUMl'HEliY, 430 TENTH STREET NORTHWEST. Makes CORSETS to order in every rtyle and matc-rUL and guarantees perfect tit and HER SPECIAL 1'IES AREFrench Hand-made Underclothing, Merino UndervMff and fluent Imported Hosiery. Patent Shoulder Brace* and all Drcse Reform Goods. French Corsets and Bu*tles. The "Hererile*" Map* porting Const, for which Mm H. in f>i>ec>al and a f 1 Cornet, her own make, that lor the prios cannot be aurptwned. N.B.? French. German and Snanlnh spoken. a9 HOUSEFUBNISHINGS. YQ9 JUST OPENED Afsw choice plecsa ?f HavOand k CcFa SCULPTURED FAIENCE sad other Fancy Goods suitable (or pmati SIMPSON REFRIGERATORS* ICS CREAM FREEZERS. TRAVELING REFRIGERATORS. FRUIT JARS AND JELLY TUMBLES* WILMARTH * EDMON8TON, DCFORTEBS OF CHINA AND GLASS, jelO T09 MARKET SPACE. J?DDT CELEBRATED REFRIGERATORS, WITH SLATE STONE SHELVE* HANDSOMELY FINISHED. MADS OF K1LX-DBISD LUMSm A flrst-olaM RcMrarstor st a mall ooat. K. W. BEVERIDOB, 1009 PENNSYLVANIA ATI. Sals Agsnt far ths P.O. ? T> EFRIGEEATORS, ^WTT^ PORCELAIN WATS* ICE CHESTS st low prtosa. White Mountain and rmrissa FREEZERS. WATER COOLERS and STANDS, (aUstylM.) S^a^?S&bStuK55?^TCHESfc *9 814 Ttfc stnst. I fr* ffUlE CELLULOID TRUSS; THAT RET KB K braika.^ negm^ww* ouVj^wys slsaa. aa4 am jMam&j. :a?Y ^