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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 30, 1882, Image 6

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T 1 ' ' '
[Coiilifi't (f /ryiit 'I'Ttii'ii J''Jr.J
Ton will have to get off at the K.-lay Hois?.' The
oaductor came around, but f^r some r'a.ir?a cr
">ther, be missed me in taking u; th- fare between
Baltimore ani the Relay House, and I passed on to
Washington. Another v>>ry strange clrvura^t me *
>bout this business was t i it I did not li *ve a cent
f money, and my cloth's l'*?ked pretty dllapiJated.
1 never wo.i so reiiuoed for clothing in my
fe. It was along In O bber an l I had be n wearig
th* iin; clot'i ?i. ex**pt iwic v-ry hcavy
indcrelotle-s, th it 1 wor- in July. I looked pretty
-habby. That was about the shabbiest experience
I ever had on theology. But the conductor mlis?1
: ae for som * reason or other. I chined my seat,
nd hf did not notice, ani I dal not say a word to
:dm or he torn?.
But the Provt-'ence was right her-: that Just as
1 was taking a ne w seat a man came along to me
nd says, 'My fri. nd, are you going t > Wellington?'
-Ye*, sir," sitol I. Says he, 'Would you like
\ go>l bo?r.llng-hou-e?' 'Y<-s, sir,' says I. .Says
?e, '1 cr.n take you to one.' He took me right
/here he was boarding?some gentleman from
?'liylri!a. I was praying all the time that the Lor 1
von Id give me a boarding-houie; I did not want
*o go to a hotel. I had not got the prayer out
oefore that man came right along, an entire
. tranter, and was just as free and easy with me as
f he had known so t..r twenty years: and he too'j
ae right to his boarding-house. He was an elderly
.entl >m in. I ha in't h d an atom of fool, except
ij br -akfa^t hi Phila Jelphl t, an I I w?s huag.y,
>o. 1 have had a handled such experiences with
.e Lord, an 1 poiitlv-' answer to pr.tyer. I think
' have given details enough in reference to my
. cture at that time.
I got to Washington about 8 or 9 o'clock. It was
October, IfcCT, an l I stayed In Washington
ibout six weeks. 1 got oat my lecture on the Second
Coming,and I got it printed, and I used to ran
.round the departments and the str?ets selling
iay lecture on Christ's Second (oming, lor
wenty-ttve cents. I presume I sold two or three
.undrod copies of that lecture, or more. I would
_-o right Into a department an 1 say: 'Allow me to
eall your attention to tnis, my friend.' He would
;ok at the fly-leaf-'Chrl ;t's Second Coming. Jeusalein,
A. I). 70. By Charles J. Gulteau. lawyer>
.hcologlan and lecturer.' That was the announcement
on the fly-leaf. He would say: *How much
.s that?' Twenty-five cents;' and would give me
:ie mon^y, an 1 I would iro to the next man. So I
vorked arounJ the departments, and up and down
.'ennsylvanla av .uue about four yea? ago?about
:hls time or a little earlier. I lectured In the
lere?Dr. Kankln's?about a week before I left, on
JhrtitS Second Coming, at the Destruction of
Jerusalem, A. I). TO. I slioulJ say I had seventy
?msa nnt ruirb i r\o nn.l ..>t .r? nt<l t Tm r\ r- firn nont J
ino*. II? till I Iiai ^CU UttUlJ-iJTt VVUU3
idmlssion. It was well advertise! in the papers
- .nil by large poster.* up and down around the
'Japltol an J all ai\>uai the hotels. 1 guess the
audience sneered and a?ted rattier strange as
usuaL I left Washington in about a week and
.vent to Baltimore, and had th? same result. The
holidays wen> coming on, an 11 went thpre and
r.ilfce 1 with some hall proprietors, and they
bought it was r therab id time to try and lecture.
io J so I went to X?*w York, and stayed there
week, r.j on th" 1st of January, 187$, 1 took the
; hjbt '0"ar for Boston. 1 went there and went
^rcun*! the street and sold some of my lectures
that I had printed here In Washington. When 1
a.wl lectures 1 could always get money, and 1 was
aappler In that kind of business than anything
lse, although it was rather small business for a
<hieago lawyer fobe engaged in that might have
natle ?">,<00 a year. I'.ut I was happier then, for
vhen I sold a man a lecture I thought, ?j>erh;tps I
m saving that man's soul; I can't telL' That
vasthe Ilea that 1 '1 me alontr. I went to Bjston
a January, 1876, and I lectured in Wesleyan halL
I got It -dveriised as usual. At th a time Mr.
agers. Il was g iri_r around the country lecturing
galn-t hell, and disturbing the religious elements
ol the it itl- u, an l I thought I would answer him
rom a Biblical standpoint, and I went there and
;ot We-d;*yari h.tll, a very nice little hall, owned
y the Mctaodlst Corporation, and trot it well advertls
;L It rained and I had about, a rioz-n people
or so. The Boston I'o*t and the Boston filohe
..ive me about h.tlf a column or more of a report;
i very r.iir report, :tnd they advertised the lecture
omethlng like this:
That was th 1 lirst i?n<l the best newspaper report
1 had during the tlm" of lecturing. They
were quit? entertained with my new i.leas. It attracted
some attention. Then I went to Provide
nee, end the mm agreed to furnish the hall and
ae advertising, and f ike It out of the receipts. No
-Tcelpts no p ly. Well, we had about fifty, and he
rzept all he got for his disbursements, and I got
?>thing. Th n I went to Newport and tried to
:?eture tli- ro, but they told me it would not
*)e advisable ju-t then. for Newport Is a
/pry poor plac *, especially in the winter tun", ho I
the ni^ht it for ^S? \v York, sn-l t?> v?w
York about 3 oYlock la the afternoon. We were
. u'? t krt vo -a<> thitfp uf 6 o plflplf,
nd we cot there at two. That was the t:me I
t *nt to .Jer- y City and i'oen to Newark on Suu:jy
afternoon. I r.'.tch. J Jersey City and waited
.wo or three hours for ti- fast t." tin to X wark. I
,ot lnta the train t?y sllopln^ by. I got outside or
< he gate in someway. They h-ve a system of
,-at-s there Tliieh m ik-s It very difficult lor a man
o get by the gat"rnau- At all events. I got on t;ie
.rain. an 1 we had not be. n started more than live ;
atfnutes before the conductor and his aid came
.jouu i and wanted the rare. I told him I was
trying to lecture and
do something for tiik lord.
Paid he, 4I don't take any stock in that kind of
t uslnes*: 1 want j our money or 111 turn you over
to the policeman.' II > was dead la earnest and
scared me terribly. I off n d him collateraL lie i
jays, 'Nd collateral; 1 want your twenty cent3 or
* will have you arrested.' Then he says to the
.rakeman, 'Take tills man and hand him over to
.o ollleer at Newark.' The brakeman he spoke to
.vas poking at the tire, an11 went outside quick
'3 a flash and let my-elf drop. I got down within
.bout a foot of the ground. It was the Pennsylvania
bullast; it ts hardy, rocky, ston--? ballast. I I
: ust let mys If drop, and sprawled out Just like 1
that, (iuustratin^.t ;>n I hit my hand and my head, I
: nd got a scar that 1 shall probably always j
carry. I had a tine tiftv-dollar overcoit on, |
s.rul that was all cut and wasted, and my
' iothcs w re all soiled, and I was all
loody, and I was in gre it distress. I picked myseit
v.pthe best I could, au 1 thanked God forth.it csape,
1 v,-'nt to the hotel and stayed there a little
> hlle, an l the next m -rnlng took board In a private i
jouse. It was Just an i-.upulse to )uaip of the
rain, that was all, to got away r:orn this arrest. I 1
:bought if he arrests! me I might have v.-ry seri- !
US troilt'le to vet nut <i( it n? i iv.io - ?
? ? _ - V? ?-> A ??a.? UUl <Lfl IliUIICjr |
.n 1 out o; IrienJs and the th< u,'tit flasned through
*ij bead ihat they might run ine into the work-!
:ouse as a vagrant or som? thing of that kin 1, and
:oescape thai 1 rushed oft the tr.ln. I would not
*o it again for a million liirs. Th^y were running
about th rty-tivc miles an hour, I guess?the
Washington t xi?r> s->, leaving Jersey City at 4
'clock In the afternoon, going like lightning when :
1 jumped cIT. I wis pre-ty well jammed up. I ;
t.aie-1 that I had t fil.y dollar owreo vt on, and I
propose to say that the ov nvo it actually eo&t me j
I went to a second-hand establishment In Boston,
>.n 1 toid the genUem.m I dhin't have much mnney, 1
ad he said: *1 have got a very tine overcoat here
hat I just got rr<?n a rambler. It is worth $50, but i
ou can have it ror fd' So I took it." Afterwards
iulteau, ah"Ut the 1st of February, returned to
ostoh, then to Worcester, Spriniffleld, Hartford,
.??* Haven, N -w York, Newark, Rrllgeport, and
7*"ailadelphla, having his usual success
.xturiag and .selling his pamphlet, and
then traveled West, stopping by
: f way and reachlug F ?w3 du I.ic in July;
hen h?- made an Htn-mnt to do law business in
:ilw;mkee, but ->on started "on. theology" again,
art started out again on his rambles; then in the
ill of 187K w.?nt v> Chicago, tried law business
>ad insurance soliciting, and In August, 1879, lelt
alcagof?;r the last time, and traveled eastward
gain. In B ?ston he had h's book published, and
"'oaaltted there from Oetoiier, is;9, till June, 18?j0,
hen he went to Stw York, having exchanged
latology for politics.
IncMeaU of Hi? PriMB Life.
rr.icAcnoxs taken to gcakd his lifb?the various
It was ab~?ut 10 :H0 o'clock on the morning of July
c l, when Capt. Vernon, of the Metropolitan pol ee,
. nd other officers, landed Gulteau at the jail door
. ram a carriage. As the door was opened Capt.
Vernon astonished the officers on duty by exclaim;ag,
"This man shot the President." Gulteau,
vno appeared excited, answered, "Yes, I shot
.im. Gen. Sherman will be here with the military
. a a few minutes. I have sent for him."
Capt. Russ, the deputy warden, asked the par Vulars
of the shooting, and Capt. Vernon gave
vhat particulars he could. Capt Russ, having
'ecognl*"d the prisoner's face when ne first enf^red
the door, said he had seen Mm before. "That
t in was here two or three weeks ago asking permission
to go through the bulbtlng, which I reused."
Guiteau replied. " Yes, I was here; I saw
~iat you had a safe building."
which was from the Police Court om the charge of
vault aud battery with 'ntent to kill th? President,
"for a further hearing," sworn to by CapC
Vernon, on information and belief, was tiled away
y the deputy warden. Gulteau was at once
tiken to the bath-room and ordered to strip off,
mt the rules of the jail require that a prisoner on
entering shall take a bath ere being assigned to a
1L Wl>?n he had been well washed, and his feet
touched tue stone loor, he remarked its coldness.
: lng tolc. that he would have to leave his shoes
- demurred, saying that he could never stand tt,
r he would eaten cold. His old shoes were
iken from him and others promised him. The
w. a?mty for this rule requiring a pcteoaer to
I -ave h!s ixotsor shc\s which be ar^ars on arrival
at the Jail with fie officer*. Is found in the fact
that In many boots and shoes are sfel or Iron
shanks,wbich prisoners sharpen when they can yet
the n, and in ike what . re In prl-on slanr known
is "cheepers," with which they might. do damage.
Uul'^au, on comlnsr out or the bath, was assigned
to the tlrst cell, west corridor of the first floor of
the south win/, but tl;^ lo -atlon of the prisoner In
th" building was strenuously conce il-d from outalders.
H^re Gulte iu soon made himself at homj,
an.l In 1^33 thin two hours after the deed was
comtnitt *d he wa* sitting on his coueh reading a
p iper borrowed from a prisoner.
In the afternoon of the same d.iy the troops from
the Arsenal (21 V. 8. artillery) ordered "to
protect the governin-nt property''?after a Cabln
t meeting or confUltAtlon?appeared; Major MoG.lvray's
battery (as Infantry) reporting at the Jail
building, and Major Graves' battery, with Gatllng
gun% taking bt itlon at Lincoln Park, about five
squares we?t of the jail. Sentry posts were established
about 290 yards from the I ill. The fid 1
pieces remained at the park for about threeweek?,
the m^n belng rell %ved every 24 hours. The force
at the Jail has been ma1nt?ln -d ever sin e, b*dng
tiu*iru-red in th" ?*ast win.{ la the ap'.rtment built
for the chapel. It Is likely that had not this precaution
been taken an attack would have been
made on the building, in watch case more blood
than that of the prisoner would have been shed.
" "KAKT.Y interviews with Gt'fTEAtX.
The afternoon and evening ef theiiiyof commitment
various detective officers, local and national,
incluJing Chler Brooks, of the Treasury
secret service, hul Interviews with Guiteau, in
all of which he asserted that he alone did the
deed, and not a living S">ul knew or it; that he had 1
purchased the pistol an I made his preparations to
get to the jail, and that he alone was responsibleFor
a few days after Guiteau's commitment there
were twelve or fourteen persons In the same tier
of cells, but he did not have much to say to th^ra.
With the exception of oueor two of the more gentlemanly
looking he had nothing to do with them.
To one who had been convicted of manslaughter
he had some talk, telling the same story as he
gave to the detectives, and also describing the
shootmg and how Mp. Garfleld acted. To the
warden, Gen. Crocker, he made on the 4th of July i
a like statement, and gave him also a sketch of
his life. In nono of the Interviews?including
those of the District attorney, (Col. Corkhlil,) taken
In short hand by Mr. Bailey?before July IGth did
Guiteau put forward In any distinct form his inspiration
theory, or intimate that the Deity impelled
him to commit the act. On that date Gen.
Crocker had a talk with him a', his cell door,
which the prlson-r close 1 by remarking, " You
must not laugh when I tell you, but I guess you
will, tor you will hardly believe It, (at the same
time smiling;) I got the conception from God;"
and this fc believed to have been the first time iu
which he made such a claim. Some few days after
Gen. Reynolds called in the Interest of the government,
and Guiteau spoke of the Inspiration theory
and enlarged upon It.
hi3 physical conditio*.
When committed he appeared to be an exceedingly
slight built man and apparently would
not have weighed more than 125 pounds, but
when stripped for the bath It was noticed that he
was a well built man, especially In his lower extremities.
When exercising in the corridor, he
made some spurts In pedestrianlsm which would
have done credit to a professional. He, however,
t*>ok no exercise out of his cell for some time after
lils flr.^t commitment and was exceedingly fearful
that some one would avenge the death of the
President by shooting him.
F-or weeks lie would shudder and cringe at the
sight or sound of a stranger. Indeed, so fearful
was he that a shot m'ght come Into his window
from the outside, that he removed his cot from
; under the window of his cell to the door, and then
1 to make himself still more secure, he had his cot
1 lowered so that at no time would his head be
I nhnra fho lowl nf tho crtll nf tho winrlnur TTo !
would criu.^e and quike with fear at the le.ist
sound, and It was only after he had made several j
trips to court that he seemed to pain courage and
confidence. When taken to his oath, In crossing
the rotunda from the south to the west wing,
when soldiers were standing around, he would so
walk as to shield himself behind the persons of
his guards. So abject was his fe.tr of violence,
that at tim^s wnen coing to the b tth he could
scarcely walk, and it was some time before he i
v.-ould tru-t oven the best officers of the prison.
From the very first he seemed to be fearful, even j
of tli? gu iMs of the prison, and as for the soldiers,
i he studiously kept out of their sl?ht. So intense
i was the feeling that some of the guards?both the
j regular att ichcs or the prison and the military?
; were for a time fearful of being left alone with the
j prisoner any considerable length of time. One o*
I them was so impressed with thedanger of his feellugs
getting the upper hand or him that he made a
reqj.vt to be transferred to the opposite win? for
duiy, but the request was not complied with.
I'Uns nw Mm.
It Is now pretty well known that there was more
than one plot made against the life of Guiteau,and
had the trial resulted in a disagreement of the Jury
there probably would have been no necnl of a
second trial. Perhaps the most Ingenious plan
was one which was arranged just before the trial t
closed. It was propped that a small bomb should
be quietly slipped Into the cell through the grated
d'jor, and that it should be exploded by means of
a long fuse fro;u the rotunda. Of course this plan
would need the connivance of some of the regular
ofli ers, but had there been a miss-trial there
might have been found among the guards some
one who would not have been unwilling to engage
In or wink at such an undertaking . The prisoners
who were in the adjoining corridor often
talked ot a way of getting awayNrtlh Guiteau.
Even the most depraved of the prisoners had no
kindly feeling for him, and were sincere In the
wish that when he went to the court that a mob
would prevent his return.
About a month after hl3 commitment one of
the guards, Mr. Magill, seeing Guiteau standing at
an unseasonable hour at his window bars, went In
i to examine them, when he found the nrlsoner
with a knife (a "cheeser," such as Is referred to
; above) In his hand and asked for it Then they
got Into a scuffl?. In which Mr. Maglll's pistol
went off, and Guiteau claimed that Maglil had
come Into the cell to murder Mm, and demanded
that he should be prosecuted. The fact that he
was not killed by Maglil he claimed was evidence
that he was God's man, and that Providence was
protecting him and would not let him be harmed.
mason's attempt.
Guiteau was confined in the cell to which he was
first assigned until after he had been shot at by
Sergeant Mason, Sept. 11th last, when, a3 will be
remembered, the ball missing Guiteau Imbedded
Itself In the wall la the form of a fair profile of
Guiteau. Guiteau, as soon as the officers entered
the cell to see what damage had been done, wa3
found teiribly excited, In fact almost unable to
speak. When asked where he was at the time, he
replied, pointing to his cot, "Lying here with ray
heud turned to see the soldiers leave their wagon."
Subsequently he asserted that he was standing at
the window at ths time that the ball grossed his
ear. In a few days he had this Incident fixed oh
his mind as an Instance Illustrating how the Deity
protected nls life. This attempt of Mason's sjo
terrified him that as soon as ho saw Gen. Crocker
he doman led rotnovil and protection; Ifo was
thereupon placed In the corr-spending cell on the
opposite side of the wing, and as a further safeguard,
at his request the window was bricked up.
At the entrance to this corridor wooden doors
were placed for the purpose of isolating him as
| much as possible. Here he was visited by many
t hnfnM hlu trial nr\f\ cr\ nln~ ? 41 * " - '
> wv.u.v ? >> ? , uuu w I.iaui><ium was U1U pUDUC
I to see him that lie felt hlmiselt
The demand made upon him for autographs
Anally induced him to sell them. From this corridor
all the other prisoners were removed, and he
saw none of them save those allowed out to run
errands and work about the cells. At times he
was even afraid of these. He was also allowed the
use of the double cell at the south end of the tier,
but thLs was not so assigned for his accommodation,
as ha* been claimed, but for the convenience
of tho officers; for from the first It was.feared that
he might poison himself if he procured the material,
or me a knife. By removing him from the
single.cell in the morning it could be thoroughly
From a few days after his commitment to the
| time he was taken to court all papers were studiously
kept away from him, and all the Information
he could obtain was what he could get by overhearing
the remarks of the guards and other prisoners
From their actions he was enabled to keep
himself Informed as to whether the news from tv.e
President was good or ba<L Whenever ho hear-'
that Mr. Garfield was suffering he would express
his regret that he had caused him so much pain.
After he had been taken to court, no mob violence
having been attempted, he appeared to imagine
himself a great hero, and to believe that there was
some sympathy for him. During the trial he again
became fearful, and when entering the van at the
jail he would at times lie at full length on the seat
till his arrival at the court house.
Pending the President's death Guiteau did not
seem to care much as to the result. When he
learned through a guard that the President was
suffering, the fact that he lingered so long at times
had the effect to make him doubt the theory that
he was inspired; but at other times he would say
that the matter was *Hn the Lord's hands." When
-the sad news reached here of the death of the
President at Bbeion and It was communicated to
him he showed no emotion, but remarked' that the
President was out of, his misery. As the Um# /oc
arraignment drewnetfr Guiteau became anxious
to manage hi# own esse, or at ieast aasiefr t%|t,
and was furnished with pens. ink, and paper.
About the first thing he did then was to prepare
an addreaa to the American people. THE
After the Mason shooting, as has been stated,
Gnltean was moved to a cell on the opposite side
of the wing?the one occupied for a Urns by 8tone,
who wan Hurt shoot two years ago and this
liHl __ ___ ~\aii. '|Vif >rr- ~"inji'iff
cell be has since occupied as a sleeping apartment.
Subsequently, the adjoining cell to the one used
for sleeping was assigned him for use by day and
the other was left vacant. From the first it was
deemed necessary that extra precautions shoul 1
be taken. It was feared that he might attempt to
take his own life by using a "cheescr," which
might by some means be smuggled In to him.
Ilaving two cells, each could b^ thoroughly
searched without his knowledge. The demand to
see him whs, too, very great, and ir kept In his
sleeping cell there was but little room for parties
visiting him to stand.
These extra colls were furnished with a chair
and table, on which he did his writing and on
whlrh he revised his book, "The Truth," with the
added appendix, "The Removal." Subsequently
there wore to be found always on his table a Bible
(which he leaves to Rev. Dr. Hicks) :a book loaned
him by Mr. Griffith. of the Prison Aid association
or Uiltlm^re; a book loaned by Dr. Hicks, "The
Sayings of Jesus" and a little volume the "Blood
cf Jesus," (Hammond's condensation), all of which,
JUflg'.nif from some marked passages, he read
For a long time, until after the trial, the
Christian people, as a clas?, seemed to keep aloof
from him, and ministers who went to see him .did
so, as others, from morbid curiosity. Some would
call and perhaps ask a few questions and leave
without proposing prayer or asking if he desired
a minister to vls'.t him, taking it for granted that
what he said, "I am a Christian'' was true,and answering,
"I hone so."
About the tirst minister to call on him was a
colored Baptist preacher from Freedmen's Villnge,
who talked and prayed with htm about two
months ago. He repeated his visit a couple of
weeks afterward. Then the evangelists, Bentl-y
airl Jones, with Rev. Dr. France, called on him
twice and sang and praved. Next Mr. Griffith, of
the Baltimore Prison AM Society,called on him. and
afterwards paid him a number of visits, which he
greatly enjoyed. As Gulieau's time was approaching
an end Gen. Crocker, In the early part of this
month, had some conversation with him as to the
necessity of selecting a minister. This suggestion
he would not entertain at first, saying there was no
necessity for making any preparation, for he was a
Christian. At that time he did not believe he
would be hung, as he liiid hope in the efforts then
being made by his counsel, Mr. Reed. On the 8th
Inst Gen. Crocker again made the suggestion, and
asked of what particular faith he was. Guitcau
replied that he was a Congresationallst. and the,
name of Rev. Dr. Hicks, of the"Tabernacle church,
being mentioned, Gulteau said he would like to see
lilm. Dr. lilcks was thereupon sent for, and on the
following day, June 9th. he call?d, held a conversation
with Guitcau. ana offered prayer. During
the following week Dr. Hicks visited the prisoner
every other day, and since Friday of last week he
has made dally visits.
As soon as the Suprt^j Court of the District
acted finally on the case , lu- death watch was set,
Messrs. Thos. T. Johnso^ rohn Davis and F. C,
Llngenbach being the officers assigned to this
duty. Recently Messrs. James Woodward and
George Winters, with Mr. Johnson, have constituted.
th? death watch. These gentlemen have
taken turns or 12 hours each In noting every act ion
made by the prisoner. This is an extremely disagreeable
duty, especially at night, and when the
Erlsoner is inclined to be ugly, which, however,
as not been the cas? recently. When the prisoner
was in hts cot at night the death watch, seated In
his chair, like the prisoner, counted the hours.
Efforts ifladc Sincc the Trial to Save
Guitcau from the Gallon s.
The efforts on the part of Gulteau's counsel to
have the verdict of the Jury set aside began at once
after it was announced, and were continued with
great pertinacity. When every legal resource had
been exh lusted, an attempt was made to Indu e
the President to grant, at least, a short respite, In
order that Gulteau's mental condition might be
investigated by a commission. On Saturday, January
:28th, before sentence was passed, Mr. Scovllle
filed a motion for a new trial, alleging fiat, the
verdict was uncertain, as it did not specify which
count or counts of the indictment It was founded
upon; thatth'i trial was extended from one term
Into another term of the court without authority
or law; that the court, had no jurisdiction, as the
Presld nt died In New Jersey; that tiie court
erred ia overruling certain prayers of the defence,
excluding proper evidence, Ac.; that the jury misbehaved
in reading, or having read to them, newspapers
calcul itecl to prejudice their minds, and
that new and material facts had been discovered.
The main question raised was all 'gcd
and the averment was made on the authority of an
affidavit made by Frederick IL Snyder, who
ciaiiuca 10 nave found in one of tne rooms usea by
the jnrv% at the National hotel, a newspaper on
the borders of which were written the names ot
several of the jurymen. Snyder wa3 contradicted
flatly by the affidavits of the Jurymen and the
officers la charge of the Jury, and several affidavits
were filed assailing his reputation. Mr. Scovllle
claimed to have found two men who saw Gul
u>au at uiuerent tunes during the month of Juue
in La Fayette square acting in a manner that
caused them to think he was Insane. This was
met by an affidavit from one of the men named hy
Mr. Scovllle disclaiming any knowledge whatever
of the occurrences set lorth by Mr. Scovllle. The
motion having been denied Mr. Bcovllle began the
preparation ol an elaborate
which was signed by Judge Cox on the 30th of
March. This bill of exceptions made a pamphlet
of 39 pages, and comprehended 32 distinct exceptions
to testimony, and 43 exceptions to passages
In Judge Cox'a charge, besides general exceptions
to the action of the court In overruling the motion
In arrest of Judgment. When the April term of
the Court In General Term was convened, on
April 25th, it at once gave Its attention to the
case, Mr. Kced appearing In court for the prisoner.
That day Chief Justice Cartter received a letter
from Mr. scovllle announcing his withdrawal from
the case.
In this letter Mr. Scoviile said:?" With my conviction
as to the mental infirmities of the prisoner,
and his consequent irresponsibility, I have
endured and would suffer yet longer his ingratitude
and abuse were I able to give further time
ana service to his defence. The Imperative cause
of withdrawal Is my inability, without absolute
ruin to my family and myself, to give further time
to this cause away from home. I do not
wish to obtrude my personal affairs upon the
court, but cannot refrain from saying that my uufortuaate
and reluctant connection with this case
has been the source of untold trouble to me.
Guiteau says that he regrets that his relatives
had not,all died twenty-five years ago. It certainly
would have been better for himself and for
the world, at least for the late Garfield and Scovllle
portion of mankind, If he had never been
The arguments, on tjie bill of exceptions began
on Monday, May 9th, before Chief Justice Cartter
and Judges Mir Arthur, Ttagner, and James, and
elo-jed en the 12th, MV. Betid appearing for the
Srtanrrer' and District Attorney Corkhlll and Mr.
aVldgejor thejaoveijnmejU. ..Mr. K~ed confined
iris argument Chl< fly to the question of Jurisdiction
and the exception to the admission of the
testimony of Mr?--. Dunmlre, Guit-au's divorced
wife. On Monday, May 22, Judge James announcd
the decision of the court, affirming the
Judgment of the court below. Judge James delivered
an exhaustive opinion, sustaining the Jurisdiction
of the court not only by authority of
r?nrr?mnn law Vint nn i
MUb vji lligll IVUVTIUI QI uuuu.
Mr. Reed appeared in the Court In General Term
again on the 2d of June with a motion for a rehearing
on the ground that the verdict did not
specify which count of the indictment It was
founded upon. This motion was denied on Monday,
June 5. A few days later Mr. Keed appeared
In the Criminal Court, before Judge Wylle, and
made a motion to correct the record in the case, so
as to specify the counts on whleh the indictment
was founded. This motion, It was understood, eras
intended to he preliminary to an attempt to bring
the question of Jurisdiction before the United
States Supreme Court. Judge Wylle dented the
motion. Mr. Keed subsequently consulted with
several Justices of the united States Supreme
Court without,is understood, getting much encouragement.
Having made a formal application
to Mr. Justice Bradley for a writ of habeas corpus,
based on the crround of non-Jurisdiction, that Justice,
on the 19th of June, denied the application
and sustained the decision of the Court in General
There being no further legal steps to be taken,
efforts were then made In other Quarters to save
Guiteau. On the 20th Instant, Miss Chevallller, of
Boston, secretary of the National Society for the
Protection of the Insane, arrived here with a petition
to the President asking for a respite for
Guiteau. Dr. George M. Beard, of New York, came
here on the following day, and, together with Dr.
W. W. Godding, Rev. Dr. Hicks and Miss Chevallller,
called upon the President and urged him to
grant a respite until Guiteau had been examined
by a commission of medical men. The papers submitted
by them nere made the subject of consideration
by the cabinet, and on the 24th instant a
decision unfavorable to the condemned man was
On 8unday, the jBth lnst.t John W. Guiteau,
brother of the contemned, arrived here, and on
tfae gnhbadanlw^MlDfrwtth the President, In
whieh ha mjbmiuafl ^compilation, of letters and
facts,not published toetore, respecting the mental
condition or hgs. - ***? President, however,
declined to tatertn* with the course of Justice.
The; letters presented by Mr.Ottlteau were mostly
written by hia4ft<her?jBff by John H. Noyes,of the
Oneida Community, during .the years that tb
doomed man was a member of the Community.
They expressed the belief that Golteau was Insane.
All efforts to postpone the execution having
tailed oa last Monday ths feath warrant was
s'gned an3 transmitted to tile warden of the Jail.
The following Is a copy, of document:
In the Supreme court or the District of Columbia,
May 22J, 1882: * '
United states agt. Charles J. Gulteau, No.
11,OW?murder. .
The President of thf Unit-* States.
To the warden of th^ United States Jail of the
District of Columbia. Greeting: Whereas,Charles
T. Guiteau has been indicted of felony and murder
by him done and committed* and has been thereupon
arraigned, and upon such arraignment has
pleaded not guilty, and has been lawfully convicted
thereof; and whereafc judgment ot said
[ court has been given that the said Charles ?T. Gul!
teau shall be hanged bi" the neck until he be dead,
I therefore you are hereby commanded that upon
Friday, the thirtieth (30tli) day of June, In the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and
eighty-two (A. D. 1882), between the hours of
twelve (12) o'clock meridian and two (2) o'clock
post meridian of the same day, him, the said
Chnrle.H J. Gulteau, now being in your custody in
the common Jail of the District or Columbia, you
convey to the place prepared for his execution,
within the walls of the said Jail of the District of
Columbia, and that you cause execution to be done
upou the said Charles J. Gulteau, In your custody,
so being In all tilings according to said JuJgment,
an I this you are by no means to oinlt, at ycur
peril; and do you return this writ unto the clerk's
office of said court, so endorsed as to show how
you have obeyed the same. Witness: D. K.
| Cartter, Chler Justice of said court.
! .
His Own Description of His Personal
how he looked ten years ago?sketches of his
character made bt various hands?a graphic
picture of a. moral monster that was presented
to the jury.
"As I have been terribly vllllfled by certiln
disreputable newspapers," says Gulteau In the appendix
to his book, "and have had diabolical
looking pictures printed in some illustrated newspapers,
pretending to represent my profile, I
herewith give my personal appearance: Age, 40?
am often taken for 30; height 5 feet bX inches;
, weight 140 pounda Body compact and well built.
Head round and plump. Brains, let the public
pass on that Complexion, clear, light and bright.
Eyes the same. Hair, brown; worn short. Face,
clean, with a slight moustache. Manners, those
or a lilgh-toned, Christian gentleman. Habits,
do not dissipate In any way. Health excellent.
My time is pleasantly speut in reading, writing
and entertaining company. I have no anxiety
about myself for tills world or the next. The Lord
always takes care of His man." That is a flattering
sketch of t*.e personal appearance of the man.
He was quite as
tain of his looks
as of his mental powers. When his photograph
was taken in the rotunda of the Jail, two days
arter the assassination, he was very particular to
have a good likeness. When he fired the shot he
wore a beard and was dressed in a dark suit, with
a sack coat and a black slouch hat During the
trial, when Mr. Clarke Mills took a cast of his
heud, theprlsoner had his beard and moustache
shaved off, and since then appeared almost altogether
without any hirsute ornament uoon his
face, save a moustache,which he has kept trimmed
very short, ills hair he h is worn generally closely
cropped, and it has had a tendency to bristle up.
His most conspicuous feature was his eyes. They
had a strange, indescribable, dlabolieal look. Al-'
together there was something uucannlng and impish
in the appearanceof the man.
how guiteau used to look.
According to a statement male by Mr. Scovllle
to a Star reporter, som$ ye are ago Guiteau was
of a very different appearance. His lialr and
beard were luxuriant a#d kepi in good order, ani
his address was so persuasive and insinuating that
he easily found crcilt at the best city hotels,
mumsc t-Apuneiicea cierts are generally apt to de- j
test a dead-beat at a gldnee. Rev, R.S. McArthur, !
who was Gulteau's pastor la New York in 1872,
says that Gulteau was then gentlemanly In his
manners. "He was neatly, I may say elegantly
dressed, and his deportment, if not specially prepossess
lny, was certalaly not noticeably unprepossessing."
There are two photographs bf Gulteau extant,
taken while he was living i# Chicago with hi3
wife. Tlie first represents him as a young man of
thirty or thereabouts, with long hair, Inclined to
curl, and a beardless face. His appearance was
not unprepossessing, ffhe second, taken three or
tour years later, has about the same characteristics,
with the addition of a thin beard covering
the lower part of his face. In neither of the
pictures can be foun l any trace of that restless,
uneasy expression which was so characteristic or
tlie man in later years. "I was a good looking
fellow then," said Gulteau. "I have had a hard
timu olncc."
Gulteau's character was nat many sided, but the
story of his life affords many different manifestations
of a one-sided character. Ills consuming
egotism can be seen through all. His character
giving, as it does, a clear illustration of a certain
type of mind, will always be studied with some
Interest. He was not even original in thought,
but had a certain originality of expression and a
positive egotism that vitalized everything he said.
Morally, perhaps Dr. Spitzka's description of him
as a "monstrosity" was correct. While intellectually
he appeared to have a complete conception of
religious ideas, morally he was without a monitor.
He appeared to have no moral perception of the
obligations that are binding upon ino?t men.
Various views of him have been expressed in
various quarters.
It is proper, perhaps, to begin with that of the
father of the assassin, who, in October, 1375, wrote
as follows regarding his wayward and ill-starred
"To my mind he is a lit subject for a lunatic
asylum, and if I had the means to keep liim. would
send him to one ior a time at least. His condition,In
myjudgment,has been caused by anwtsuMued tcill,
the verv snlrlt. nf disnhortionnn ?
_ _r w ttUlUUlllJ iiua
rule toward me, disobedience to God and the spirit
of truth which culminated in a quarrel with Mr.
Noyes and the O. C., and he never will be any
better unless lie shall retrace his steps in every
pjrtlculur. I have thought and still fear he made
a fatal mistake, in hl3 wicked and unjustifiable
fight upon Mr. N? and the O. C. I (to know he has
in all that matter, as well as his other acts of disobedience,
been instigated by Satan and Satanic
forces, and I warn whomsoever it may concern, to
beware how they yield themselves to the wicked
Letters written by John Wilson Gulteau, a brother
of the assassin, to Mr. Scovllle, In October
last, will aid the reader considerably In forming
an estimate of the character of the assassin. In
the first letter he said: "I nave believed that
Jullu3 was morally responsible for the assassination
of President Garfield, and that he had sufficient
mental capacity and will power to have controlled
his foolish and wicked purpose If he had so
chosen, and that the crime was the legitimate
ending of his former vicious life. I have always
credited him with enough natural ability and a
sound uilod, except as It has become perverted by
excessive egotism, wilfulness, lust and laziness.
still, If all the circumstances of his life
could be got together before the Jury and the public,
it would be sucn a mess of unreasoning and
senseless work and effort as to almost force the
conclusion of his actual Insanity." Afterwards
John became convinced, be says, that his brother
was actually insane, bi5a..WQtt$ not agree to attributing
his condition 10 his father's Influence.
"Julius," he said, "went to the O. C. with both his
moral and physical liefclth &tdly impaired from
Iirevlous excesses and Wrongs*and he left because
le was unable to gratlry his lustful desires, and
was required to work a? the rqst did. He had for
years before been disobedient, wilful, egotistical,
gross, and I have no doubt was on the verge of insanity
long before father suspected it, lor he believed
that insanity wafc
A?.<l " *
ami tin a uica is uuquvauonaoiy tne teaching of
the Bible, In both old aifyl new Testament.
I respectfully submit tiiat the theory of his Insanity,
being: caused by his own rebellious spirit
and gross excesses, makes a stronger case than if
based principally upon the presence of two or
three cases of insanity )n recent years."
Ex-Judge Porter In his closing address to the
jury gave a word picture of Guiteau which was
most graphic. He sai^fl: Gentlemen, this is the
man of whom we are to speak, and in whose Dehalt
his counsel, with such touching pathos, Invokes
merciful and tender consideration at your
hands. The evidence shows him to haVe been cunning,
crafty and remorseless, utterly selfish from
his youth up, low and brutal In his instincts. Inordinate
In nls love of notoriety; eaten up by a
lust for money which . has gnawed into his soul
like a cancer; a besrgar, a hypocrite, & canter, a
swindler, a lawyer who, with many years of practice
In two great cities, never won a cause, and
you know why; a man who has left In every state
through which he passed
fraud and imposition; a man who has lived at the
expense of others, and when he succeeded In getting
possession of their funds appropriated them
to his own private use, in breach of every honorable
obligation and every professional trust; a
man capable ot mimicking the manners and aping
the bearing of a gentleman;-who bought At pawnbrokers'
shops the cast-off clothing, for which he
Kid only when his credit elsewhere was exusted;
and then, with Bis plausibility of religious
cant, his studied skill as an actor, his unscrupulous
self-commendation, drifting about
from state to state, professing to be engaged In
the work of the Lord: a man who, as a lawyer,
collected doubtful debts bj dogging the debtor,
pocketed the money an against hta clients, and
chuckled over Uxeir croduMtr In trusting him; a
man who pawned counterfeit watches as gold, to
eke out* profestfonal livelihood; a man cnptwe I
even of endeavoring to blast the name of the woman
with whom he had siept for years, and whom he
acknowledged to have been a true and faithful
wife; capable of
upon christian associations, upon christian
churches from city to city, as a pure and upright
man, though he had spent years in shameless fornication;
a man who, afterward, when he wished
to get rid of his wire, consulted the commandments
of God, and reading "Thou shilt not commit
adultery/'went out and committed it with a
prostitute. He thou?ht It needful that his wife
should be removed." Fortunately for her it did
not come to the necessity of the form of "removal"
which he applied to President Garfield,
lie was content with that which he could procure
for himself by a safer crime, and afterward appeared
before the Judicial referee as a witness to
establish the marriage, and, as the record shows,
produced the prostitute to prove adultery. He is
proved by his own witness to have been so void of
all honor, so possessed of the spirit of diabolism,
that he was capable at the ape of elzhteenof
stealing up behind his own fatiier, glvltig him a
cowardly blow when seated at his own table, and
relying upon the fact that he was then a larger
and stronger man than the f:it ?er. as the latter
rose, exchanged blow after blow with him, and
when the old gentleman by a fortunate stroke
drew blood on his face, the* son at once surrendered
like a coward, then as now. The spirit In
which at forty he fired at Garfield, was the spirit
In which at eighteen he struck nls father from
The Learncy He Leaves to the World*
Gulteau, in his detailed narrative of his crime,
stated that part of his preparation was the revision
of his book, "The Truth; A Companion to the
Bible." He spent a week going over the work, and
wrote a chapter entitled "The Two Seeds," to be
added to It. After his conviction he spent some
time In his cell, writing, or rather compiling, an
appendix to the work, and during last spring the
work was printed. In its revised and enlarged
form It is entitled "The Truth and the Removal,"
and a line on the fly-leaf Informs the reader that
It is "Published and Sold Only by the Author." It
Is publlBhed with a paper cover, and contains 237
pages. The table of contents shows that the matter
in the book is presented under the following
Part I.?Preface, Paul, the Apostle. Christ's
Second Coming at the Destruction of Jerusalem,
A. D. 70. Christianity Reviewed Since A. D. 70.
Hades and the Final Judgment A Reply to Attacks
on the Bible. Some Reasons Wliy Many
Persons Are Goinsr Down tn P??ivii?inn tiio
Seeds. The Predicted Fate of the Karth.
Part II.?Synopsis of my trial for removing:
James A. Garfield, with letters of commendation
and other papers.
Appendix?The greater part. If not all the first
part of the book, was road to the Jury durinsr the
trial and became part of the evidence in the case.
It was shown during Gulteau's cross-examination
that the principal portions of the work were
stolen almost word fur word from the "Berean,''
a book published by John II. Noyes, the founder
of the Oneida Community. The second part of the
work is that which he prepared in jail, after his
conviction. In his preface to this part, he says:
" On February 4 I was sentenced to be hanged
June 30,1882, lor removing James A. Garfield, and
I herewith publish a synopsis of my trlaL Seovllle's
fool theory and Spitzka's moral monstrosity
lie, with the mean, diabolical spirit of the prosecution,
convicted me. The only Issue to be tried
was: at ho fired that shot?I personally or I as the
agent of the Deity? I say the Deity inspired the
act, and forced me to It, and that He will take care
of it. I say Garfield deserved to be shot* I say
any President that will go back on the men who
made him and wreck the organization that elected
him, and Imperil the republic, as Garfield did,
and I was God's man to do it?Garfield gushers to
the contrary. Posterity will say so, too, whatever
this generation may say about It. I frequently
get letters from school children, and they show a
better understanding of the necessity for Garlu-ld's
removal than some old heads. The Lord takes no
fancy stock in Garfield or any other man. I judge
the world is divided Into three classes on this
Gulieau-Garfleld business?fools, devils and rational
people. The fools and devils seem to predominate.
Posterity will represent the rational
people. There has been a deal of lying In this
case. The latest Is that, If I am bung, I want a
crowd to see It. Tiie fact Is. I want no one present
save the ofiicials, and they had better resign than
kill God's man. I tremble for them and for this
nation If a hair or mv head Is harmed. Some people
think hanging a horrible death. As a matter
of fact, It Is an easy death. I had rather be
lmngod than killed on a railroad or go by fire, or
flood, or painful illness. Mere physical death Is
nothing, ir the Lord wants me to go to glory
that way, I am willing, but I am bound to make
the best fight I can to vindicate my Inspiration,
an 1 to that end I sii?n n??a mv -
_ IUJ aj/jiutU tilt?
Court In Banc by securing the best lawyers I can
to represent me Jn banc. If all other remedies
fall I shall boldly appeal to the President for
relief under my own hands. Andrew Johnson
pardoned Jefferson Davis. Davis sought to destroy
the Nation; I sought to save It. Horace Greeley,
Commodore Vanderbilt and other liberal and farseeing
men signed Darts' ball-bond, and thereby
brought upon themselves the wrath of certain
disreputable newspapers and crank politicians.
The Union League club of New York assumed to
criticise Mr. Greeley for signing Davis' ball-bond,
and thereupon Horace opened on the blockheads
of said club tn his usual vigorous style, which is
somewhat like mine. Should It become necessary
for President Arthur to pardon me, I Dresume he
will follow his own wishes, without reference to
blockhead newspaper devils or
If the politicians and newspapers who were cursing
Garfield last spring had any honor they would
stand by me, especially the men who hold fat
offices, which they obtained from my inspiration.
Editors, not newspaper devils, may review this
book. Newspaper dev;is are prohibited from
reading it, as they are supposed to have no brains
or disposition to appreciate It. I sell this book for
two dollars, bound in paper. Purchasers can bind
It to suit themselves. To the trade, $18 per dozen.
Sold only by me. Mailed to any address on receipt
of price. Photographs, with autographs. f9
per dozon, or $1 each. (Send money by registered
letter only.)
"I spit on adverse opinion on this subject. I say I
am right. Garfleld ought to have been removedand
I was God's man to do It. If I am murdered
on the gallows, this nation and the official that do
It, will pay well for It It will be a long time before
the Almighty lets up on them. I had rather
go to glory In June than to Auburn prison for life,
as some people suggest. I want an unconditional
pardon.or nothing. I am a patriot, not a criminal,
and that will be my character in history. This Is
the Ortly view I press on President Arthur for a
pardon, should It become necessary. In law, this
Is insanity."
Then follows long extracts from newspaper reports
of the trial, his own closing address to the
Jury, set out at length, addresses to the public
which he Issued alter his conviction, a verbatim
report of the proceedings In court when he was
sentenced, extracts from newspapers relating to
the case, and a large number of letters, more or
IftSsSi in tnno whioh v*/% ?1 *
muivu iic uaa 1CUUVCU. At
the close ot Uie volume lie testified to
with the book In the following conclusion:
"My name will be remembered as the author of
this book. Whatever this generation may think
or mo, future generations will see my work and
read from this booic. It was sown in dishonor, but
the Almighty will see that it Is raised in power.
'Ye are honorable, but I am despised' by fools and
devils. But the Almighty will reckon with these
fellows. It Is a small thing that I should be judged
of man's Judgment. For men curse you to-day
and bless you to-morrow. It matters little to me
whether I live three months or twenty years. Life
Is a flimsy dream, and It matters little when one
goes. Paradise Is a great Improvement on this sincursed
world, and I shall be far better off there
than here. Ir my case had been well tried I should
not be In danger of being murdered on the gallows
for executing the Divine wllL But what can you
expect of a real estate lawyer??a man without
means or experience In the conduct of criminal
cause. For these reasons, If for no other, I ought
to have another chance. But it does not make
much difference. My life has been a sad one, and
the sooner I get out of this world the better It will
be for me. There is nothing In this world I want.
This book will fix my historical position, and I am
content to go If the Lord wants me. But my blood
will be on this nation and the officials that
murder me on the gallows. Jf I were in the White
House and Gen. Arthur were In my place I would
pardon him, though every man, woman and child
in America cursed me for It. I would do It on the
ground that I believed him insane at the time he
fired the shot, and I would let the future decide
whether I was right or wrong."
The new part of the book Is embellished with a
woodcut of a little pen and ink caricature received
by Gulteau In January. It represents Gulteau
standing with a big bag ot money at his side and
firing a cannon or moit&r. In tne smoke of the
gun are a number of human figures, hurled by the
explosion towards a point in the distant perspective,
labelled HelL" At the bottom of the sketch
appear these explanatory words, "Away with
Oorkhlil and the experts."
?. ? .
When Be Got Them and Bow Be
Fanned Then.
thi nrm-ociAN soman?numr szllkks
Gulteau always laid stress upon his "great
ideas." The four big Ideas of his life were the
establishment of a Theocratic dally; the Second
Coming of Christ at Jerusalem, A. IX 70; the parchase
of the Chicago Inter-Ocean* and the 'Bemoral"
of tike President. In aa these ideaa tt is
probable he was hot en imitator. The idea of the
(PhsMittfeMMIctfla* the teeoofl Oomtng
of Christ be stoic from John H. Noyes and his
brethren of the Oneida Community; the purchase
of the Tnter-Ocean and making it a gtvat daily, u
is said, * as suggested to him by "talk he heard
about the newspaper offices of Chicago, in " Hemoving
" the President there Is testimony to show
that he emulated the example of Wilkes Bojth.
Whenever he pot the Ideas, as he says himself, he
Just" exhausted n himself upon them.
mi inter-ocean idea
he followed up with great pertinacity, never seeming
to realize that It was no easy matter for a man
without credit and without reputation to borrow
a hundred thousand dollars or so. The following
letter, written by him in furtherance of the
scheme, shows the sanguine spirit that animated
him :
"Chicago, Nov. 5,1875.
"Hon. John n. Ann a vs.
"My dear sir:?My newspaper enterprise is progressing
finely, but I shall not need your presence
here until about the 15th Inst. 1 shall go into this
newspaper business with my enure lire, and am
bound to succeed. $75,000 will be all the money l
need, and I expect you and Charlie Farwell and
| Potter Palmer to loan It to me, secured ny my note
and a mortgage on the newspaper, together with
a paid-up policy on my life. It I live, the pap r is
bound to succeed; if I die, the Insurance will amply
secure the advance. I shall not need the money
until about Dec. 15th. I press this business on
your attention solely as a matter of finance. I
shall aim to bring the circulation of the paper, on
each edition, up to the following figures, by July
1, *76, and it ?an be done, on account of the Presidential
Daily?30,000, a *13 SR000
Trl-weekly?15.000, a $6 50 87.500
Weekly?100.000, a $1.50 190,000
Sunday?35,000, a $3. lifc.iWO
Total Income from circulation $74-1.000
Income from advertising #W,000
Total Income $1,042,500
Dally expenses $1.500
Expenses for year $547,500
Income tor year $1,042,500
Expenses " " 647,500
Yearly profit $495,000
lr we cut down the circulation one-h-ilf there is
still a margin of over $200,000. Newspaper men
tell me that running the paper on a high-pressure,
first-class principle I am hound to make orer $250,000
rmt year. The New York Herald makes over
$500,000 per year regularly. There Is a splendid
chance for a live man to make a great success
financially r n l politically of the paper, as no one
likes the Times or Trihutic, Please give this matter
some attention, and I will notify you when I desire
.you to meet my friends at the Palmer house.
Yours, very truly. Charles J. Gciteau."
ociteac's presidential aspirations.
Gulteau had another idea, aspiration, or inspiration,
whatever term may be applied to it. "For
twenty years," he said, "I have had an Idea that I
should be President. I had the Idea when I lived
I In the Oneida Community, and It has never left
I me. When I left Boston for New York In June.
1880,1 remember distinctly I felt that I was on my
way to the White House. I had this feeling all
through the canvass last fall In New York,
although I mentlonedjlt to only two persons. My
Idea Is that I shall be nominated and elected as
Ltncoln and Garfield wore?that Is, by the act of
(*od. If I were President I should seek to give the
nation a first-class administration in every respect;
1 want nothing sectional or crooked around
me. My object would be to unit*; the entire American
people and make thcui happy, prosperous and
His sister, Mrs. Scovllle, after her mind had been
distracted by the events of the trial, solemnly declared
her faith in her brother's "Idea"' that he was
to become President.
Where Guiteau Got (he Word "Removal."
Where Guiteau got his Idea of "removing" the
President, the motive and conception of the crime,
are matters not entirely of speculation. Out of
the mass of testimony the public has concerning
his life comes one fact firmly established. That
Is, that he had a love of notoriety strong enough
to have Induced a man, unrestrained of moral'eonviction,
to have committed the murder, even If
there had been no other motive. He wanted to be
conspicuous. In 1872, according to the testimony
of B. Mc Lane Shaw, a lawyer of New York, Guiteau
declared that he was bound to be notorious
before he died, ana tuat lie Ysuuid Imitate Wilkes
Booth. Ills notion of a "removal," Instead of an
assassination?the idea of smoothing over murder
and giving It a softer name?was, it is believed,
borrowed from Shakspeare's Othello, of which, in
the fourth act. the following lines occur In a dialogue
between Koderigoand Iago.
ltod.?Is that true? Why, then, Othello and
Desdemona return to Venice.
Iago.?Oh, no; he goes Into Mauritania, and
takes away with him the fair Desdemona, unless
his abode be lingered here by some accident,
wherein none can so determinate as the removing
of Casslo.
Rod.?How do you mean removing of him?
Iago.?Why, by making him uncapable of Othello's
place?knocking out his brains.
Guiteau took, according to Mr. Porter, from
Oulda'a "Chandos." In speaking of the crime
and Its conception, Mr. Porter?and the only
apology offered for citing Mr. Porter so much Is
that that gentleman made a most exhaustive
study of Guiteau, and expressed the result in a
very clear way?used the following words, which
are taken from the verbatim report of the trial:
"Gentlemen,thls man has told you of the preparations
he made for the murder. He had been making
them for years. It was a contingency he had
In view, while he was In New York practicing law.
In desperate circumstances, as a laii vucn.honri
and attorney. He was, In a'narrow sense, a student.
He read the popular literature of tlie time.
He mused in himself that strange
which he admired so much In Wilkes Booth.
Though warned by his landlord, Mr. Shaw, that
this was the kind of a notoriety which was associated
with danger and Infamy, he does not seem
to have profited by the admonition. Now. when
he Is In peril of the penalty of death, he deliberately
contemplates the well-contrived pretense of
Inspiration or insanity, as one of the many brilILint
conceptions, or morbid projects, as Dr.
Spltzka would have called them, which opened
indefinitely before him. Of course, he did not
believe that. It Illustrates the peculiarity of the
man's mind, his wickedness, his recklessness, his
depravity, that he should even think of such
wild and puerile absurdities. I have had my at- '
tention called to a pass ive in a popular novel,
which was published in 1606, in the city of Philadelphia,
by the celebrated and brilliant authoress,
Outda, which Illustrates lust the topics I am dealing
with. In the course of a dialogue between
two of her characters we get a graphic Illustration
of this order of man. A reference had been made
to a remark of Wilkes, the celebrated Englishman,
who said that he was
but only fifteen minutes behind the handsomest
ID "1 n HQ TffA lAQrn frnm onnthoi" -
? ! W www *vm*m ftsvm ua^buvi UUbUUlli/* XII ITIerence
to this casual remark, one of the characters
In the book I hare cited, which has been since
1866, on every book-stall where popular novels are
sold, says:
'Let me be the ugliest man in Europe, rather than
remain in mediocrity ainonir the medium plain face*.
There i? in not a hair'* difference beticeen notorialy m?i
fame. Be celebrated for nometiling, and if >ou can't
jump into a pit, like Curtius. pop yourself into a volcano,
like Empeilocles; the foolery is immortalized jtft
a* lrell a? a heroism: the xourld UUkis uf you, that u all
yon want.'
The Prisoner.?I don't want any one to talk
about me. They talk about me too muchMr.
Porter, (continuing to read.)?The prisoner
evidently anticipates the next sentence.
'If I could not be Alexander, I'd be Diogenes; if I
weren't a great hero, I'd be the rtutt iiiyeniou* murderer.'
This morbid and thirsty love of notoriety has
possessed this man from the beginning. Tou will
see that it has steadily pursued him through life,
and in the end has brought him to the dock; and
It has really made him think that bis name,slmply
because he had murdered an Illustrious man, had
become illustrious, and that he can send resounding
down through the ages whatever silly messages
he pleases; that he can blacken at his pleas- 1
ure the memory of the judge, or blast even the
memory of the President he murdered. All this is
the outcome of a spirit which we find cropping out
as early as 1881, when he was a menial in the 1
Onleda Community, and in his twentieth year." i
?. <
Bow the Tenlfcr Pawlta Mowed Him. i
In bringing his autobiography to mi end Gulteau
said: "I am looking ror a wife and see no ob- ,
jectton to mentioning it here. I want an elegant, (
Christian lady of wealth, under thirty, belonging ,
to a llrst-class family. Any each lady can ad- ,
dress me in the utmost confidence. Ky mother ,
died when I was only seven, and I have always ,
felt it a great privation to have no mother. U my ,
mother had lived 1 should never have got Into the ,
Oneida Community, and my tUe, no doubt, would ,
have been happier every way. Neatly three years
after 1 Ml the Community I was, unfortunately,
married. At last I made op sty mind that I would
sever the bonds, and I was dlvoroed in 1874. Sam ,
fond of female society, and I judge Ue ladies are
During all confinement he harped on the
t ol getting married. l*<rh?y? he was perpetrating
A CRT* /OK*.
and secretly enjoyed the sld.Mook* and Increouloue
smiles of Ml hearers. During lit* trial ho publicly
announced hlm?*if aft a candidate for m atrlmonlal
blessings. Before he came to WMhlaffos, and
while President -elect Oarflrld was still at Mentor,
he wrote to Mm susyeetlns that lie t^hould be ap?
pointed to the Austrian mission, and ssylngthathe
was about to marry a lady worth a million dollars,
whose wealth would enable hira to support the
office in proper style. While he was in Jail he
received a number of moi'k offers of miniate,
from persons representing Ibemarlvtw to be ladles
of family and rortune.
Towards the close of the trtal, wotne woman 1?
Jersey city began writing to him a series of
letters. In a highly affected style, and t.ulteau
treasured the epistles very much. This person
represented herself to be the daughter of a wealthy
lawyer, c.uiu-au seemed to be thorou ;hly bent on
marrying her. At the close ol the trial, Mr. John
W. "Ouiteau went to Jersey City, and, partly to
gratify his own peculiarity and partly, perhapn, to
pu* an end to a correspondence that would do
no good, made a search for the assassin's unknown
Inamorata. He got a trace of her in a iwor quarter
of the cltv, where wlie had lived with some 1 iundre,
sea, b'atdld not find her. as she had gone fp>m
the city. Guiteau fn-quently became greatly
exasperated with Scovllle because he intercepted
the letters written to him, ostensibly by lady
i admirers.
ornrAca markup un.
Outteau's brief married life was thoroughly vent
tllateJ at the trtai, and afforded the most positive
evidence of his depravity or utter Independence of
1 moral obligation*, that men generally recagnlau,
i He was married in Chicago, on t he 3d of July,
1809, to the present Mrs. Annie Dnnmlre. The
marriage took place at Rev. Dr. Hartl*tt's house,
! and the only persons present beside the minister
and the bride and groom were Mr. and Mrs. Scovllle.
He resl led In Chic igo with his wife until
the fall of 1671, and then went to New York*
where they lived together until PCS, when they
became estranged. In the following year they
were divorced. Mrs. Punmlre cam" here from
Leadvttle, III., to testify against her husband, the
purport of her testimony being that she did not
consider him Insane iter nr* wuii omm. ??
.... .? . v ?? ??V?*V? AU
a specially wretched one. While In Now York,
they moved some twenty times In two yew*.
The record of the divorce, which was deci*M
April 4, 1874, shows that the charge preferred
against Gulteuu was that of adultery with a
woman named Clara Je.inlngs. The suit was In
progress from December 29,1873, to the date of decree.
There w;is no defence lntcrpos?*d. Gulteau,
according to his own admission, furnlsh??d the tes|
tlmony on which the divorce was grant#>d. He
Justified it on the ground that he h as Ill-mated
I and had to take some means of freeing himself.
?'I was not going to live with a woman all my
life,*'ho said, "that I did not love. Iliad no business
to have married the woman, to start with. I
only married the wnman on ten hours' notice."
Rev. It 8. MrArthur. o; the Calvary KapUst
church in New York, of which GulLeau was for a
short time a member, threw much light upon
Gulteau's married life at the trlaL The reverend
gentleman, when Gulteau pretended to be In distress,
helped him by lending him money, subsequently
the ey?-s of Rev. Mr. McArthur and his
llock became ot>ened to the real charaetcr of tho
black shoep whom they had received Into their
He was tried by a committee of the church, on
an Indictment for gross immorality containing tho
following counts:?First, that he took money
which his wife had earned by working in a hotel
In the country, and which she remitted to him to
assist In supporting him, and spent It In Improper
relations with other women; second that he had
been guilty by frequent acts of violation of his
marriage vows; and third, that as the result of
these repeated apts of infidelity he was suffering
with a vile and loathsome disease. These charges
were admitted by the accused, and he was expelled
trorn the church.
the woman who was thus unfortunately united
with Guitcau, Is a woman of a very plain but
honest face. She is .-mall, has rather sharp features,
and an appearance of having suffered much.
While married to Gulteau, being forced to support
herself, she worked, for sometime, as a chamber*
maid at a country hotel. When she came here last
winter as a witness, the most conspicuous thing
about her was the rather vulgar, bizarre ;ij>;tearance
or her dress. Iier Colorado husband had
luafled her with cheap Jewelry. Aft"r iiulteau wa*
divorced, It appears, he devoted himself to an/ <
woinau who would receive his attentions.
While In Chicago, In 1KT7, he was forbidden to
visit the house ot his cousin, Mrs. Augusta Parker,
on account of his persistent and annoying attentions
to her daughter, u girl ol fourteen. He used
to follow her in the streefc. He s iId he wanted to
send her lo school, educate her and then many
her. In all of these sentimental episodes of his
life?ir they can be given so honorable a name?hi*
excessive vanity is appur-nt.
A Carious Chapter in the Iliotory ?C
the k>AMiakkliiati?nn Year.
A writer in describing the scenes in Paris during
the Reign of Terror, marks as a special feature ot
that saturnalia of passion the appearan *e In the
streets and among the mob ot strange faces, hideous
In their ugliness. The evil spirit of the time
seemed to transform the features of mm into the
semblance of beasts. This change was so great
that neighbors and friends could hardly recognize
In the passion-marred faces of their associates the
lineaments once so familiar. A somewhat similar
effect v.'as observed In this country when, on the
2d of July last, an adventurer an! tramp sprang
upon the stage and posed before the nation as an
inspired assassin. That act s'-emei to influence a
vci lam hum VI U1IUU3 n:ui irre'iXUUK' Itower.
From all parts of the country caw indications o*
the contagion of this example. Minds that were
not well b^anced at once exhibited the eccentricities
which, perhaps, had lain dormant, or had not
been asserted sufficiently to attract attention.
Washington was the local point, and these characters
b xan to arrive here In great numbers. Their
grotesqueness ot ideas and dress in the cxrlHl
condition of the public mind gave rise to the (eel*
lug that
hud set In. So numerous an l s^ir-assertive was
his new social phenomenon, that a word wa*
coined, or at least then received currency, and the
term "cranks" became almost in an lustant a par?
or the vocabulary of the country. There was a
feeling of dread prevalent in the expression of
public opinion that the act ot the master crank
might lead to the perpetration of similar acts, anl
the authorities were called upjn to treat n ith the
greatest promptitude and rigor this new social
malady. The authorities were not content with
halfway measures, and at onee beg;'.n to send
away from the city a number of parsons whoso
ecceatrleltles had made th<-:n marked character* .
about the city for years. The long-haired Greek
doctor was the nrst to go, nnd others of his ilk followed
The feeling of dread of this class of people
was so general that any strange remark heard
in a crowd wan sure to attract suspicion towards
the speaker. This feeling Is well Illustrated by
the following incident, which occurred at the gate
of the White House,where the crowd had (fathered
to hear the latest from the sick room: A man was
standing In the crowd talking to a friend, and ho
happened to say, "I bad a dream ." At unco
there was a stir in the crowd, and a bystander exclaimed
fiercely: "Look here! You had better
get right away from here. We have no use lor a
man like yon."
"Don't be in such a hurry, my friend,n said the
accused; "I was. only going to say that 1 haa ft
dream ten years ago."
This reply quieted the suspicions of the crowd.
tbi infix* op cranks.
It seemed ror the first few weeks that every
train brought to the city one of these strange passengers
and as they at once made their way to th*
White House, their character was soon discovered.
A few days after the assassination a shabbily ?
dressed man, about 41 yean of age, arrived in
the city and stated that he had come from Philadelphia
to investigate the shooting of the President,
with a view of ascertaining the catnes that
prompted the act and who uuiteau's accomplices
were. He said that he was a medium and could
readily communicate with any one In the spirit
Land He also stated, in a matter of fact way, that
st one time he was Inspired to kill Gen. Grant*
but refrained on account of having served under
Mm in the army. He expressed the belief that
Quiteau was inspired to do what he did and ?U
under spiritual Influence when he fired the shoe
Be said his name was D. Cnaries McHamanu Hs
was at oooe sent to the Insane Asylum.
Late one night, about the 5th of July, a oolwi
man walked into the White Boom. How ha
eluded the guards could not be accounted for,
except In the supposition that hs had olimhsd tht J}
fence. He walked opto one oC the doorkeepem ^
sod laid: MI want to be shown to the President's
rooaatNoa" The startled attendant a*ced him *
what hs wanted to go then for, and he repftedt ;*
"Because he has sent for me. "He waa.4loeuioe.tolA
thatbe must leave, and he quickly took
SwSSfBrtooSaotthedepartsMste. flswssathtt

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