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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 14, 1882, Image 2

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"* rue W ASI?ntiTO>i nHILl.ERBiTTD.
r**l<*brMtlon off Sehiller'w ilirth<Iaf-li>
iprrMinf RxcrriM^-AddrrK by lion.
A. K. Kpofford?4Ivai?laic Delineation
of Ifw l.ife und Timr? off the Ureal
(.email Fori.
On Saturday evening, November 11th, the
Washington Schillerbund celebrated the 123d
ft inlvenary of Frederick Schiller's birthday at
t ie residence of Mr. G. S. Noyes. 1104 M street.
Arr.ong those present were I?rof. Paul II. Berkau.
president of the Schillerbund, Mr. and
Sirs. A. K. Spoiferd and Miss Spotford. Mr. and
Urn. Horatio King. Dr. J. M. Toner, lien. Win.
Birney. Prof. E. M. (iallaudet. president Columbian
deaf and dumb institution, and Miss Callaudet,
l*r<?f. J. W. Chickering. Mr. and Mrs. S.
4 11. KautTmann. ('apt. and Mrs. Hoxie. Mr.
John Hit/, Col. Emil Frey Swiss Minister,
Ex-Mayor Emery ami Mrs. Eir.ery,
Sirs. Edwin ?ir?-en. Mrs. Morsell and daughter.
Miss Isobel I.enman. Mr. and Mrs. Germond
tT.indell. Mrs. Hort. Ilerr Von Nerta and wife,
Mrs. Bruce. Rev. Dr. Rankin. Major E. Towns>
;id. Mr. and Mrs. Hmon Wolf and daughter,
(Mrs. (iothold), Mrs. and Miss Snead, Mi.Ciiaun
c?y Hick ox, Mrs M. liens and Miss Tiers. Prof.
Thos. i ay lor ami Miss Itohena Taylor. Mint'. Annie
](.emer-Kasp ir, Mr K. M. Miller and daughters.
Jl.sse- Carrie and l.iiy Miller. Miss Eu-ia I>rew,
i>r. H A BuCi.u, l*r?>t"j--.-?<>r and Mrs. Somers.
Mr.4. M. S. Ha;t. Miss Scull. Miss Adams, Miss
Batiks, Miss W\the, Mr. Mason. Hev. George
Patch. Mrs. (iiga Daniel. Lieutenant Main,
>!Ss Leavitt. I'apt. Mack and daughter. Mrs.
Jack *on. Col. and Mrs Meliee. ??lrs. !>. F. Merrill
and Miss May Merrill. MLud len, Mr. and
Mrs. Merriiran, M>, Dame. Miss Atkinson. 1 ?r.
isiioulter, Mr. Calvert. Mrs. Marvin. Mrs. Vincent,
iliss Moille l>av:s. Mrs. Hopperton and ftaughter.
Mrs. Br alley. !>r. Win. A. Brown. The interesting
exei-es were commenced by a brilliint
piano pciformance by Miss Edda Drew,
after which Prof. Pan! Rerk'.iau, in some pleasant
Introductory remarks, gave a brief
IlISTonY or THE SrHILI.KRBrND.
During the winter of 1S*J and 1S?B he sai?l a
few ladies arid gentlemen came together in this
city, once a week, for mutual improvement,
reading poems or essays, esjuvlaliy prepared
for these weekly reunions, and the much beloved
poet John Pi< ipout was then, and for
years thereafter "the bright particular star"
who contributed his b-st thoughts for the
benefit of those present on these occasions.
tvibse?juentl) it e study ot the German language
was blended with the other literary work in
bund, and in reading and translating Schiller's
works, the name of Schillerbund was suggested
a'd adopted by this association, since which
the birthday ot'the great German poet has been
fittingly observed by those referred to and
others in sympathy with the.n. They would
to-night have the pleasure of hearing the anniversary
address delivered by the Hon. Ainsv.i>rt!i
li. Spotford. who has so generously given
i :any oi his tlnest literary productions before
this association.
mr spukford's address.
Mr. Spofford. in commencing his address, paid
that as they were to lay another garland on the
well-helped pile of laurel that continually
grows in honor of the immortal name of
S< hliler. they would pardon him if he deviated
somewhat from the beaten track of eulogy.
The history of the poet was familiar to thorn all.
Critical estimates of his work aboun 1 on every
hand, of his personality, his struggles and his
tucce>s. they had heard from abler pens than hja>
I.?-t us endeavor to place ourselves for a few
moments in the iiiids; of t!;e circumstances and
scenery. social, political and moral, which surrounded
tliis great writer; to breathe the
atmosphere of his times; to take account of
?onie of the iuiluences which formed him: to
become acquainted, especially with some of
those noble women who were' his associates,
and to catch some glimpse, however imperfect,
of his social and domestic lite. 17iV.? to
1N>~?? into that brief period ot time Schiller
crowded more of intellectual and moral
achievement than any man of his own age.
Why i? it. >e may ask. that he is yet regarded
l?y his countrymen witii a love and reverence
amounting almost to a passion? His was no
Cosmopolitan or even metropolitan
>fe. Schiller never left Germany.
Of all the places in which he
dwelt for a longer or shorter period, not one
had so much as 10.000 inhabitants. Marbach, i
Stuttgart. Mannheim. Bauerbach. Leipzig. Jena!
Budolstadt. Heilbronn, Wei map?were all insignificant
villages. The government under which
he spent his life was no proud and powerful
monarchy?no vigorous and progressive republic.
but a petty German dukedom. He came
Into an age in which there was no daily newspaper.
no railway, no steamship, no telegraph,
no popular suffrage. He toiled all his lift* for
what would now be deemed a miserable pittance,
fanning up from the starvation pay of a surgeon
of grenadiers at eight dollar.- a month (less than
half what the commonest American soldier receives
for watching the vanishing Indian on the
frontiers) to what he termed the comparative
opulence in his later Weimar life, of sixteen
hundred thalers a year. His health, always frail,
gave way before he was thirty, and he was ever
aiter subject to recurring attacks of painful
maladies aggravated by much night study. He
wa.- l??rn in obscurity, in the house of a'baker,
and was buried at midnight without funeral
rites in a three thaler coffin. And yet, so nobly
Had he done his work, that no king on his
throne, no autocrat of letters ever left behind
an influence so w ide and lasting. In spite of all
ri.scouragements. and all obstacles, his sovereign
genius conquered for h s thought a place
nmongthe most cherished possessions of mankind
The trump ot fame is never wearv of
B.-undiui; his praise. the j.res* never ceases to
multiply his writing* which continue to be
translated and read in all the languages of the
globe.
THE SECRET OF S< TIII.I.Eti's POWER.
How did it happen tliat from so narrow a
Center of inliuer.ee Schiller exerted so wide'a
power, not only upon his contemporaries, but
upon the world? !t was the broad spirit of
humanity that breathes in all hi> writings. It
was that lie * as the unswerving apostle of freedom
in an age ot senility an.I form. It was
that he gave utterance in incomparable verse to
the universal instincts of riglt. of human sympathy.
w hich lift man above the lower animals.
It was that he celel>ratcd the honor of man and
the purity of woman, the perennial jovs of
aifection. and the virtues of the domestic
hearth. More than any poet of his century he
attested the supremacy of the moral sentiment.
HOW PE'JASfS tn*S CRIPPLKD.
The early career of Schiller was shaped by the
peculiar circumstances of his training. These
were such, at the military school at Stuttgart, !
a? to throw his w hole nature into revolt against
tyranny and to make him an apostle of intellectual
and political freedom. We who are accustomed
ali our lives to the large.-t independence
oi thought, of speech and of action, can comprehend
but feebly the repression under which
the energies of men labored in Schiller's day
and country. Of the censorship of thought,
toe burning of new books, ttie suppression of
r-wsjK-.pers. the pressure of military desi^ttism
t ie stifling or individual libertv. we have no
Conce^ion whatever. Those have better reason !
. pr^?' the boon ot" freedom who have once
tasted the bitterness or opuress'inn than we who
l?a\e ba-ked in the sunsiiine of libert\ from the
"ra-lle. Those who iiave U.rne a part in the
never-ending struggle for liberty in Europe
l::.it against a tyranny in comparison with
which the grievances of our revolutionary
lathers were a mere bagatelle. Not merely
tro they ground down In a taxation which
I-Spe the life blood ol industry
to support the costly bauble of a throne, but
they are the subjects of a system w hich takes
away or holds In abeyance ali the natural rights
oTman. Liberty of speech, liberty of the press,
security of person, security or property, freedom
of legislation, even sometimes freedom of religion,
all are withheld. Men are watched and
guarded, inspected and vised, their gatherings
noted, their letters opened, their words reported.
their very thoughts suspected, by an
omnipresent and all-penetrating system of espionage.
At home or abroad, at the church or
the theater. In the diligence or the rail car. at
tj?e assembly or the opera, wherever men go,
the spies of the government go with them No
eveoing party is complete without a policeman,
no group gathers on the street corners without
an informer, no inan goes anywhere or does
anything without an overseer. The government
takes possession of a man at birth, registers
him in ita books, watches him into adolescence.
notes his every habitat and change of
wode, knows all his friends, finds out ail his
opinions.>checks his designs, A.gs his footsteps
though life, hangs over him at death, and ouly
relaxes its grasp when he goes where wicked
governments cease from troubling and wearv
Citizens are at rest.
Into this
ORGANIZED 8 VST Eli OE Hl.PSZHcluS
Fried rich Schiller was born, an hi.i eu; ly training
nnder the military system w.-,,1,',-t .,s ;,o
Intensify every outrage upon the natural ir.dependence
of his mind of which a petty oppression
U capable. The Indexible rules of the medical
school Interdicted all reading foreign to that
dismal science. But he devoured Plutarch and
Shakspeare in secret, obedient only to the
divine behest which required him to satisfy
the inappeaaable craving* of hi9 Intellect.
Shakspeare had kindled in him a strong
passion fur the drama. Schiller had seen the
best thoughts and the noblest books of his time
rut in the Iiulex prohihitntt. "I will write a
book." said he, '-that shall bp burned by the
executioner." His tragedy. "The Robbers."
may be styled a passionate protest against
tyranny, The experience which Schiller had
himself had of human wrong gave fire and
strength to his muse in depicting it. He had
sworn eternal enmity to every form of tyranny
over the mind or the body of man. His first drama
was an earnest how well he kept that vow; and
the same sentiment of freedom, which became
with him a religion, breathes in a less violent
but equally powerful form in his later dramas.
The small i>ukeof Wurtembergtook the aiarm.
A pupil of His Serene Highness' Medical School,
i conducted on military principles, had been so
i audacious a.* to have thoughts outside the regui
lation ruts in which all well-conducted subjects
| of His Serene HHfhne*s weTe bound to think.
| hp forbade the young surgeon to publish any'
tiling thenceforward except on medical subjects.
Ttiis attempt to clin this young eagle's wings
! ended In his taking fiigbt. never to return. As
| to the small despot who drove him by intolerance
from his dominions, his very name is long
: since forgotten, while the fame of the exiled
poet ha* ascended the throne of the world's
honor, and is regnant to-day over land3 and
j seas;
"Whatever clime the sun's bright circle warms."
the women" of schilleb's time.
Mr. Spofford proceeded In felicitous '
terms to sketch the chr/ractei istics of;
many of the accomplished women who surrounded
Schiller?notably, Amalia von Hedwig,
Sophia Rrentano. the Duchess Amalia, Queen
Louisa of Prussia, Ludovike Reichenbach.Charlotte
von Kalb, Frau von Stein, and the sisters
von Lengefeld. one of whom became his wife, j
She was a rarely harmonious, well-modulated
character, intelligent without pedantry, sensitive
but never morbid, practical but refined,
reverent without superstition, and earnest in
every good w ord and work. The most accomplished
women of the present day. looking at
what was achieved by these quiet and obscure
German ladies of a century ago. will find no
cause to vaunt themselves upon thoir superior
accomplishments, notwithstanding their superior
advantages. They mu>t acknowledge that
Intellectual culture was well pursued when they
find Caroline and Charlotte von Lengefeld translating
Ovid's Metamorphoses and Ossian's songs,
reading Sophocles and -Eschylus. Shaftesbury
and Gibbon in the original, and criticising the
works of Diderot, Rousseau, and Frederick,
King of Prussia. It is refreshing to find that
the first publication of Schiller's gr??at historical
work, the Thirty Years' War. took place in
the Toschen?Kalnvlar furDamen?the Ladles'
Almanac, for 17'.tl-(.vJ. is there any magazineor
annual for ladies in this year of grace which
would venture to print a work so solid and serious
for the instruction ot womankind?
'
schiller's angel wife.
How deeply Schiller was beholden to his wife
and to his friends of the gentler sex for the finer
qualities which his imaginative works so skill- j
fillly portray is apparent to all who read the
memoirs of his time. He revered, admired and !
loved his wife, who was in fact endowed with 1
every quality to call forth an undying affection, j
The pure, unspoiled, unselfish Lotte. the life ,
companion of the lonely and often melancholy !
scholar, gave herself to him with an ardent de- ,
votion. He was an indefatigable worker. lab- j
oiing for a great part of his life fourteen hours !
a day in the most sedentary ol all employments. ;
reading and \vriting. He spurred on his physical
powers to labor, at times when he should
have sought i^ose. At the early age of fortyfive.
life's candle was burned out. During ail :
these sufferings and anxieties his angel wife \
was his constant aid. his cheerer and consoler, i
In his many hours of gloom?for he was keenly j
sensitive, and had the proverbial irritability of >
the poetic temperament?it was her ineffable |
sweetness that-soothed his troubled spirit and ;
restored the sunshine to his day.
schiller's fame assured.
His fame and the place of his works in liter- 1
arure are secure. While they are not to be held
as models of literary art. they will be forever
cherished as the pure and genuine utterances of
a deeply earnest original and poetic soul. In
his best compositions we ever behold the man. 1
The personality of no great author is more
clearly defined, or more widely familiar by the
aid of art than Schiller's, tall, blue-eyed, |
slender, his pale and scholarly countenance instinct
with spiritual fire, his lineiynents have
been pie*erved in thecolossal bust of Danneker, j
and in the sculptured bronze of Thorwaldsea.
They bring before us his gentle and gracious
presence, in which a rare benignity ever shone.
He seems to stand before us. not iike Byron or
Burns, as a warning, but as a high example to
youth, a stimulus to endeavor to cheer the
despondent, to encourage the aspiring, pointing
upward forevermore. Iliscountrymen are largely
indebted to his v. orks and to the seeds they have
sown deep in the hearts of men and women for
three generations, for the measure of constitutional
liberty which they enjoy. Poet, historian,
philosopher, and critic, he is as widely read on j
the banks of the Ohio, the Mississippi, the Wisconsin
and the Sacramento a? on the banks of
the Rhine, the Elbe and the Danube. Since his j
departure from the world, tnore than three and
a-half millions m ho speak the tongue of Schiller
have migrated to America and mingled with
the race which speaks the tongue of Shakspeare.
As a poet, he belonged to those?
"Olympian bards who sung
Divine ideas below.
Which always And us young,
A ad always keep us so."
"Dear son of memory, great heir of fame." as
Milton sang of Shakspeare. the civilization of
the nineteenth centurv ow es to tills son of the
eighteenth a debt which it w ill not be slow to
discharge. The name of Schiller stands forever
as a synonym for the elevation of the human
race, Lr the perfectibility of mankind.
Following upon the admirable address of Mr.
Spofford, Madame Kasper gave, with all the expression
of her exquisite and highly cultivated
voice, a German song appropriate to the occa!
sion.
Rev. Dr. J. E. Rankin then delivered with fine
effect the following poem.translated by him from
the German of Dr. Emil Otto :
nAJL TO THEE, SCHILLER.
Hail to thee, Chiller, from glory descending!
Our hearts full of thanks, we greet thee to-day; '
Here, round thine Image, our glad voices blending,
We bring thee our ofTring, our festival lay.
Of Germany's sons, the noblest we own thee.
And wreathing our song and green laurel-branch
crown thee.
Still to this day, as when thou wert living.
Thou arr Fatherland's boast In story and sonar:
On glory's Parnassus, tn raiment ltght-glvlng, ~ j
The brightest to her, or all the bri-:ht t-irong.
The forms of true beauty sh til leave her. oa never,
Till Time the sweet chords thou hast struck shall
dis&?-ver.
The works of thy genius were wrought for far
ages.
And will live until Time shall cease Its long
fl ght;
To the last generation, the study of sages,
To the l.tat gsaeraU>n, rrult plucked with delight*
The works or thy genius >h ill linger immortal,
Since splnt never cruss.-s the sepulchre's port d.
Things high and tlilugs deep, far, far have they
soundrd.
Things pure and things true, and noble thou'st
t:>ug:it;
Beyond Fatherland, their limit unbounded,
Lake light have they gone on the wings of thy
thought.
Old Ocean himself In vain tri?s to hold thee,
Since all the wide world rises up to eutold thee.
When Fatherland Freedom's fair temple shall
i build her.
Our dear German Fatherland, so free and so
brave,
j Where thousands unborn their homage shall yield i
her,
Her gate inscribed Schiller that temple shall !
have.
And there, laurel-decked, thine Image enshrining
The sun of thy genius for aye shall be shining.
In one, thy dear name, Frsdkkich Schiller, shall
bind us.
Who, in North and In South, were sundered
apart;
To day we are Ge rmans, past contentions behind
I us;
Germ in brothers to each, since brother thou
To-day, we are strong in one bond that unites us;
We are strong and content, in one Land that
delights us.
Upon the conclusion of the exercises, some
time was sj>ent in social Intercourse, and the
celebration was generally voted to have been
one of the most enjoyable of the long line
<>f pleasant affairs ol the kind carried cut by the
Scii:l!erbuud.
Cat it. Candy, an English officer, who made
himself notorious while In this country a few
years ago by riding on horseback Into the Newport
Club, has offered his services to Baker
Pasha, by whom they have been accepted.
AX OLD CHURCH.
The Second Baptist Church?An Organization
which Dates Back to the Be*
grinning of the Century?Pastors who
Hare Preached to the People.
The Second Baptist cliurch of this city was
organized in McLeod's school-house, near the
navy yard, on June 3d, 1810?Elders Jeremiah
Moore, Wm. Grimstead and Robert Latham, of
Virginia, being the council, and Barfleson Fox.
Clement Bos well, Harvey Bestor, Joseph Borrows
and Sarah Borrows the original members.
After meeting a few months at the school-house
they removed to a small frame building near the
corner of 4th and G streets southeast, where, In
September following, the opening sermon was
preached, and in October four persons were
added by baptism. In 1811 Elder Toler, of Virginia,
preacned once each month, and in September
there were 23 communicants at the
Lord's supper. In 1814 Spencer H. Coue,
the converted actor,
having been ordained In the First Church,
preached his first sermon here, and soon alter
gained the reputation of being one of the
most eloquent preachers or the times, and the
following year, 1815, he was elected chaplain to
Congress. From 1815 to 1818 Elders Wm. Wilson
and Hummer Watters and others supplied
the cliurch one Sunday each month, and iu 1819
Kev. Thos. Barton accepted the call to the pastorate,
tilling the puipit to 1834. It was under
Mr. Barton's pastorate that a brick church was
erected on the present site?Virginia avenue and
4th street. It was occupied In July, 1823, and in
the same year the Sunday school was organized.
Rev. S. W. Lynd succeeded Mr. Barton, serving
till 1826, when Rev. R. H. Neale, a student at
Columbia College, became the stated supply
and. in 1827, the regular pastor till June, 1830,
when he resigned. The church prospered under
Mr. Neale's pastorate, one hundred members
being reported in 1828. Mr. Charles Polkinhorn
was licensed to preach the same year. In the
following year, 1829, a number of members took
letters of dismissal to join Shiloh (old school)
church In Soutn Washington. In 1831 and 1832
Rev. Dr. Chapin, Rev. John Maginnis and students
from Columbia College filled the pulpit,
and in 183? Rev. Mr. Wooiford was pastor, followed
by Rev. B. F. Brabrook in 1834-'35
and '30, Rev. C. C. Park .in '37 and '38,
Rev. N. A. Purify in '39 and '40, and in the
latter year 42 persons united with the church.
The next year Rev. Emerson Andrews, an evangelist.
held continuous meetings for some weeks,
and 48 were Received in the church. Revs. W. i
Laws and Mr. Havens supplied the pulpit for a !
few months, and Rev Abner Webb became pas- j
tor in 1842. In May of this year 13 members were
dismissed to form the Third or E street ctmrch.
In 1843 Rev. Mr.Laws and Rev. T.W. Tobey filled j
the pulpit, and 36 persons were added to the j
church. In 18f4 Rev. N. B. Tludall was pastor, '
and, Rev. E. Andrews assisting iu a series of j
meetings, 20 joined the church. In 1S45 and '6. \
Rev. C. K. Hendrickson was pastor, after which
Rev. J. A. Davis supplied the pulpit for some
months. In 1847 Rev. V. Palen was
t lie pastor, and in 1843 and '49
Rev. W. Laws served the church. In '48 a num- |
her of the colored members were dismissed, to i
form the Second colored Baptist church. In '49 j
and '50 Rev. (J. Bradford was the pastor and j
Rev. Mr. Andrews again assisting in the meetings,
19 were baptised. In 1851 Rev. Mr. Collins !
lilled the pulpit and *>3 received the ordinance of j
baptism. From lSf>2 to 1855 Rev. Isaac Cole j
was the pastor, and in 1853, the building being j
out of repair. It was determined to rebuild. In
February of '53 a building committee was appointed
and
the present edifice,
on the plans of Mr. John C. Harkness, was :
handed over by the builder, Mr. Robert Clarke, ;
iu June, 1855. The contract was for $5,000
with the materials of the old church, and when 1
completed there was less than $50J to be pro- i
vided lor. Rev. Mr. Cole resigned in 1855 and j
was succeeded by Rev. T. W. Greer, who con- |
tinned in charge till October, 1859. In 1854-5
and 1856, under I)r. Cole and Mr. Greer, 93
were added to the cliurch. and in 1857 and
1&>8. under Mr. Greer, 144 additions were
made. In 1857 a parsonage was purchased.
In 1860 and 1861 Revs. R. A. Mallory
and B. II. Benton filled the pulpit as pastors,
and Rev. Mr. Porter and Rev. J. Hanimet
temporarily supplied the church until Rev. W.
T. Johnson, after temporarily filling the pulpit,
accepted the pastorate, which he held until May,
1865. In '04 and 65 there were 58 baptisms.
In October. 1865. Rev. John Bray accepted the
pastorship. Mr. Bray cyntinued "in the pastorate
several years, and was succeeded by Rev.
Patrick Warren, of Accomac county, Va., who
in turn was followed by Rev. W. Ingersoll, who
served about four years, to September. 1878.
In January, 1879, Rev. l)r. Isaac Cole, who was
the pastor in former years, was recalled,
and served till the spring of'81. During the
second pastorate oi Dr. Coie the chnrch was put
in thorough repair, and the church property
was much improved and beautified.
the present pastor.
In May, 1881, a call was extended to Rev.
Samuel Saunders, who became the pastor on
July 1.1881. Mr. Saunders has made a good
impression, and new life and energy has been
infused into the membership. A few months !
ago this congregation sustained a loss in the
death of #fis. Sarah Davis, the widow of John I
Davis, ot" Abel, who, having joined the church '
prior to 1824), was for over half a century prominent
iu the cuurch work.
the i.ast ckazu of the snobs.
Buying Second-hand Ancestors.
Correal>omlenc" Philadelphia Press.
I saw the other morning in the window of a
small shopon oneoftheavenuesan old mahogany j
cabinet and secretary, marked ?350. A placard
set forth its antiquity and pedigree in terms
something like these: ,4A iare bargain. Genuine
antique, with secret drawers, etc. Warranted
as represented. Has been iu one family over
200 years."
in a week or two this respectable and ramshackle
piece of furniture will disappear from
the shop window. It will figure thenceforth *
among the ancestral belongings of some family I
which twenty years ago was eating corned beef i
and cabbage off a plain pine-top table in the!
Kent region of New Hampshire or the Hesse- I
Casrtel district of Pennsylvania. The fine old
Tory squire from New Hampshire or the we'lborn
Pennsylvania baron whom a rise in C. C.
and I.e. has enabled to take advantage of the
' rare bargain" will say to his visitors with
justifiable pride, -Yes, rather a fine old piece,
isn t it i It has been in our famil\r over two
hundred years."
This growing affection among the newly enriched
for the ancient possessions of other people's
ancestors is one of the social phenomena
of the day. Every dealer in old furniture, or old
silverware, or old lace could tell some very Interesting
stories. There are down-fown engravers
who have executed book plates in the stvie
of the last century and stained them yellow;
and in private libraries up-town these same i
book plates dignify volumes which not many
months ago encumbered the shelves of Nassau !
street or Astor place second-hand book stores.
There are cellars full of fine old port and fine
old Maderia Imported by the alleged fathers or
gia-dfathers of citizens whose real fathers and
grandfathers asked nothing better of Bacchus
than Medford rum and molasses. There is fine
old silverware on certain tables which was
bought because Its Initial corresponded with
the initial of the purchaser's name. You now |
see in some very recent establishments fine old !
family retainers, with white hair and a general i
look of being tolerated on account of long and
taithtul service. Foster brothers and foster sisters
are exacted to come into fashion soon.
W hat is money good for if it cannot purchase
these evidences of lineage ? Nothing but the
scarcity in this country of mansions with wellequipped
family vaults prevents the last generation
ot Shoddy from buying its fine old ancestors
themselves along with the rest ot the real
estate.
How Ex-Senator 9IcDonaId Took the
News.
Indianapolis Latter in the Courier-GeneraL
When the returns were coming In yesterday,
every bulletiu announcing democratic gains,
Chairman McDonald was seated in an old arm
rocking-chair singing:
"Shout, shout, we are gaining ground.
Glory hallelujau.
The Republican kingdom Is tumbling down.
Glory hallelujah."
a thick of thr trade : The editor ot a religious
paper was complaining that people
would not read his editorials, when a sly old
brother remarked: "I can write an article for
your paper, and I warrant you that nearly everv
man and eyery woman who sees the Daner wiil
read it." ' On what subject will vou write it ?"
"It makes no difference. Let It be a sermon
ou any text you may dictate." "Do you mean
to say that your sermon will nossess unusual
interest ? * " No, it 'will be commonplace "
' Then why will people, particularly women,
read it ? Because I will bead It * A Scandal
in High Life.' "-Arkaneaw Traveler.
1
RICH DpVELOP^IETTS PROMISED
lit TIpE SfAR ROUTE CASES.
Brady's Exaction* from Dorsey.
TUB STORT EX-SENATOR SPENCER IS EXPECTED
1 TO TELL.
" *
Washington Oorrpspoiidence Now York Herald.
If the star route case should again be tried it
is hoped that ex-Senator Oeorge Spencer, govi
eminent director of the Union Pacific railway,
will voluntarily coftie here to testify for the government.
It Is said that the defense at the last
trial suddenly closed their case, fearing Mr.
Spencer w ould be on hand at the last moment.
It wa3 this, it is said, that stampeded the defendants
and made them close so abruptly to
avoid the direct testimony Mr. Spencer would
give against Dorsey and Brady. In this coni
nection there is an interesting fact never before
published. When Mr. Spencer told a friend, who
| was a republican ex-Senator from New York,
that he had seen Dorsey pay Brady money. Mr.
! Spencer was asked if lie intended to make such
a statement on the witness stand. Mr. Spencer
replied that he would liave to do so if he appeared
as a witness for the government. "Then
you propose to confess having knowledge of a
transaction which, if dishonest, makes you a
party to this guilt?" said Mr. Spencer's friend.
Mr. Spencer said that he did not think that
construction could be put upon his testimony.
His understanding was tliat Brady - was assessing
Dorsey very heavily, and if Brady learned
that Dorsey had witnesses of the payment of
money it would stop further exactions. "Brady
is a thief," said Dorsey to Spencer. '*1 want
you to be a witness of the robbery he practises
on me." Spencer could not explain to his friend
how Dorsey hadputhimselt'into Brady's clutches,
and the more he thought ol what he had seen
the more discreditable it appeared for him to
admit it on the witness stand.
evidence of brady's exactions.
But ex-Senator Spencer is not the only person
who witnessed the payment of money by
Dorsey to Brady. There is on file at the Post
Office department the report of a special agent,
dated Little Hock, June 14,1881, which contains
the following remarkable statement, obtained
at that place by the special agent from well
known republican politicians in Arkansas:
One day Stephen W. Dorsey, than United Stat u Senat
ir, banded a Mr. Sickles a raj>er and s.dd: ' 'Unwrap
ttist paper and Bee what it Contains." Sickles counted
its enclosures and sail: ' lhtre are $10.OiX) ther"."
Dorwey then requested Sickles to fro with him, and they
went direct to Brady b office. D orsey handed Jtrady
the paper and it* contents. Bra'ly never opened it, but
put the paper and all in a drawer of his <1e*k and cl wd
it. After a few moments' conversation Dorsey and
Sickles left. Upon arriving in tne ball after leaving
General Brady's rtxnn Mr. Dorsey said to Sickles: "I
want you to recollect this circumstance."
On the fullowing day the special agent wrote
as follows:?
I have s lice had further conversations from which it
appear.-* that Sickles was made a witness for the purpose
of eoaJjliuK Dorsey to nut a stop to Brady's demands
upon hiui. It is stitsd by my informant that Dorsey
told Brady that Sickle3 knew this, and so Br::dy turned
on hits heel and fined Dorsey I", 000, and continued to
tine him until it amoiiutu 1 to no much tuat Dorney drew
no mail pay for six months.
what the alleged witness said.
While the star route trial was progressing,
and when Mr. Spencer was in Washington in
obedience to the summous served on him, Mr.
William Sickles, the person referred to in the
report of the Post Office special agent, was also
here and was privately interviewed about the
transaction spoken'of in that report. He had
been an inspection Clerk in the Post Oflice department,
and visited Arkansas in the line of his
duty. He knew ex-Senator Dorsey. He was
asked:?
"Have you ever heard any one saylh.it Mr. Dorsey
made you a witness to his giving Second Assistant
Postmaster General lirady a package which contained
?1'. 000?"
"I never heard such a thing until ?dr Merrick mterroirat
-d me with reirard to it. That i' the first I ever
h> a:d of it. Sit;ce he' Interrogated me it seems to have
gotiutotlie air, some way. No w rd passed bet'vien
Seuato.-Dorsev'Vudme for years past til since .Mr. M--rnck
interrogated me. Senator Dorsey came t > me at
t!v- rai. and beckoned me out of the court room, lie
a-k. dmeif I knew auv sucbthiutr, and I declined to
answer. I toid.him I aid nctwi*h to be inU-rrog<<to;l,
and did not wi.*b to converse with him, and ieft him. I
did act t--'l him whether it w-.h true. 1 thought I would
have jivtLiuk to say to him."
"When did Mr. Merrick fir^t ask you v.hether you
ever sc\v Dorsey hand Brady a package ccn'.aiu.ng
$ 10,1'tlO;
"It. was Monday morning of this week."
"When aid Dorsey call you out of the court-room and
ask von about this niouey?"
"It was the samt: day. I had not ppoken to anybody
elst: upon this suhlect,f >r th" conversationbetween Mr.
Merrick and me I regarded a- c >niidtiitial and I communicated
it to no one else tiil now. When I refused to
give .ill answer to Dorsey he locked offended. I do not
remember what he baid, but something about its beiui,'
a iic. My impression was that he thouxut I hiid toid
su. h a story."
a treacherous memort. ' ^
Mr. Sickles was further examined, and when
his memory was refreshed he admitted tliat
there was once some transaction that Dorsey
wanted hfm to remember, but somehow his
memory could not grasp it. He was asked if
he had everhadany conversation with Governor
Powell Clayton or ex-Chief Justice McCiure on
this subject in Little Rock, but he could not
recollect having conver ed with any one on
this subject. Mr. McCiure was in Washington
at the time of this interview with Mr. Sickles,
and so was Mr. Clayton. It- will appear somewhat
remarkable that Mr. Merrick, of government
counsel, and ex-Senator Dorsey, one of
the star route defendants, should both have
asked Mr. Sickles on the same day the same
question, and it is the more remarkable as Mr.
Sickles said in the interview:?
"When conversing with Mr. Merrick I foM very certain
that the whole niaUt r w a mi.-tak \ so far as I ain
concerned. 1 wns surprised thwt ex-.Scuator Dorscv
so soon after my interview witu Mr. Merri. k. should
seek an interview and introduce the sjine :-ubject
to me wliich Mr. Merrick had done. It aroused a
isuspicion that ex-Senator Dorsey hadhysi.me means
Ioi-rnul ta natur.* ot my interview with .Mr. MTrick
arc! he seemed disturb, d bv it. While I know that I
no* by any nuv.ns coiiV6yt?il to any oue ihe liaturo
ot my interview v..t . r>Ir. Merrick, tb>- usuiciou would
natur.:! y he excited in my mind that perhaps uiy
recollection w;.s at fault."
After the interview was finished it was written
out a;.d Sickles was asked if, on reading it over,
as a man of judgment, he did not think he had
auswered in sueii a way as to satisfy anybody
who read his answers that he recollected the
transaction, but, of course, it was for his interest
to stiil deny, and he said that he did so.
SPENCER'S THEORY SI-STAINED.
Thus it appears that Senator Spencer's theory
of Dorsey asking him to witness the payment of
money to Brady is sustained by the report to the
Post Office department from the special agent at
I Jttle Rock. There are other witnesses of the fact
that Brady bled Dorsey at will, which made him
emphasize his opinion of Brady, and it is a
matter ol public record by one oi" Mr. Dorsey's
nearest friends that his offense was in submitting
to the demands of Brady. How the ex-Senator
from Arkansas got c ught in Mr. Brady's
meshes no one has volunteered to explain. Mr.
Spencer can tell all about it If he will only come
to Washington, and since he has learned that he
is not the only custodian of the facts it may be
that he will not think, as his Xew York adviser
thought last July, that it would be disreputable
for him to admit that he saw Dorsey pay Brady
money. Meanwhile his pass over the Union
Pacific Railroad is good as presently his name
will appear iu the annual report of the government
directors of the Union Pacific Railroad.
the president's non-action. .
The letter to the President, signed by Messrs.
George Bliss,i Richard T. Merrick and W. W.
Iver, of government counsel in the star route
case, setting forth the conduct of Mr. Spencer
and calling attention to the fact that he was an
important witness and had rendered the defendants
a great service by leaving here, was
immediately forwarded to the President by the
Attorney General early last August, so it is not
the fault of the head of the Department of
Justice or his assistants that the President
has not acted. It is understood that the
President has been too busy with personal
matters to give the letter serious consideration.
It is said that he sent word to the Attorney
General that action would have to be
deferred until afteri his permanent return to
Washington. , That, message was Bent fully
t hree months ago. Itr is also said that the President
was indignant that the star route counsel
assumed to call his attention to the important
service Mr. Spencer had rendered ex-Senator
Dorsey, wich revives a report common during
the star route trial- that the administration did
not want the secretary of the national republican
committee convicted. The Attorney General
acted as promptly In Mr. Spencer's case as
he did In Detective Miller's case. The Commissioners
of the District are bound by statute to
Investigatc'the charges against Miller, and now
that the President has returned for the season
he may find time to look into the charges preferred
against Mr. Spencer by gentlemen who
have hitherto believed that the administration
really desired the earnest prosecution of the
star route defendants and their conviction If
guilty.
Heine oa VoetheHi Poem.
From bis "Romantie 8chooL"
One may fall In4#ve with them, but they are
barren. Goethe's poems do not, like Schiller's,
beget deeds. l>e-da are the offspring of words;
but Goethe's pretty words are childless. That
is the curse of a!i that originated in more art.
The statue wheli I*ygmaiion wrought was a
beautiful woman. an?l even the sculptor himself
fell in love with her. !!i?. kieses wanned her
Into life. hut. so far as we lonow. she never bore
children.
The color line is strongly drawn In Boston,
and a writer of th$t city thinks that if genial
affiliations of race ever come la America they
will be in the south rather than In the ngfttfe
LITERARY NOTES.
THE EARLY DATS OF CHRISTIANITY. By F.
W. F aura it, D.D.. F. ll.S. Naw York: CauetL
Petier, Ualpin & Co.
Perhaps the best Idea that can be given of the
esteem in which Canon Farrar's latest work is
held by what might be called the higher class
of readers Is by stating tjie fact that for many
weeks after it appeared the publishers were unable
to supply the demand for it. Nor is this
strange. The book is one of great merit, both
in a historic and literary point of view. The
author's purpose was, to U3e his own language,
'to set forth iu their distinctive characteristic?
the works and the writings of St. Peter, St.
James, St. Jude. St. John, and the author of the
epistle to tho Hebrews." Tills task has been
performed in a most satisfactory manner, and In
addition some new and much interesting light
is thrown upon the early days of the christian
church and upon the political and social conditions
under which it grew up. The learned
author also brings forward many results of the
late investigations touching the general subject
under discussion, and reaches at least one conclusion
which can hardly fail to be gratifying to
the present generation, namely, that the type
of Christianity now prevailing is as pure and
elevating as that which existed during the apostolic
era,?when the discipline of the church was
often imperfect, and the morals of many of Its
members were far less to be commended than
roost persons suppose. The work, which is
marked throughout by Dr. Farrar's graphic and
glowing style, must take a high and permanent
place as an aid to the clear understanding of the
Sew Testament.
THE LIFE OF MAJOR GENERAL GEORGE H.
THOMAS. By Thomas B. Van Hornk. U.S.A.
New York: Charles Scribner'i Sous. \\u*hiaA'ion:
Robert B all.
As it is understood that Chaplain Van Home
was General Thomas' chosen historian oi the
Army of the Cumberland, it is reasonable to assume
that that gentleman's purpose of writing
a biography of his beau ideal of a soldier must
have been acceptable to the relatives and friends
of that noble and distinguished officer, and that
the volume before us will be received as an authorized
and standard exposition of its subject.
In this view of the case one cannot but wish it
had been less of a history and more of a pergonal
biography. The work in the latter respect
is fairly well done, as far as it goes, but it does
uot give so full and clear a portrait of the man
as the world would like to see. Touching matters
of history it is, however, of great value, In
explaining some points that have not heretofore
been fully understood and others that have perhaps
been misrepresented or at least not fairly
set forth. There is a very satisfactory steeiplate
portrait ot General Thomas lor a frontispiece
to the volume, whose value is still further
enhanced by a copious appendix and a number
of well engraved maps, which serve to make
clear the accounts of battles, etc.
THE ODYSSEY OX HOMER. Done into Emr'.ieh
Prone. By S. H. Bi tcher, M.A., and A. Lang,
M. A. Boston: D. Lothrop & Co.
Many readers will prefer this to any of the
translations done into verse. The aim of the
authors, who are perhaps unsurpassed as Greek
scholars, has been to give, as nearly as possible,
the exact sense of the author, and they have
produced what is admitted to be the most
literal rendering yet given to the public. An
idea ofthe esteem in which it is held in England
may be formed from the fact that three editions
j of it have already been demanded in that country:
and it can hardly fall to be equally popular
here.
CAMPAIGNS OF TIIE ARMY OF Till". POTOMAC.
A Critical Hist ry of the Operations ia Virginia,
Maryisnd au<l P-unsylvania, fnin the Coniiii*-nrenumt
to th;* Close of the War: 1861-By William
Swi.vrox. New York: Charles Scribner's
Sons. Washington: Win. Ballantyue & Son.
This is a new and revised edition of what has
long since taken its place as one of the ablest,
most graphic and most reliable works published
in relation to tne late war between the states.
It won testimonials of approbation from high
military and civil officers, competent to judge of
its merit*!, when it first appeared, and it is in
obedience to a continuing demand for it that
this handsome edition is issued.
THE MARCH TO THE SEA. FRANKLIN AND
NASHVILLE. By Jacob D. Cox, LLD. New
Yorl?< < iiarles Scribner's Sons. Waeshmtfion:
Robert Be-.ill.
THE MISSISSIPPI. By Francis Vinton Grf.en k,
Lieut, of Enjrinet-rs U..>.A.t etc. New York:
Charles Scribner'* Sons. Washington: Win. Ballantyne
& Son.
, ..The,two latest Issues (being volumes VIII
and X) o: Scribner's justly popular "Campaigns
of the Civil War" series.
AGAMEMNON, LA SAISIAZ AND DRAMATIC
IDYLS. By Robebt Browning. Boston: Houghton.
Mifflin it Co. Washington: Robert Beali.
The small but enthusiastic band of Mr. Browning's
admirers will welcome this volume with
pleasure; the mass of readers will have little interest
iu it. The characteristic excellences and
faults of the author?his depth of thought, his
great dramatic power, It is obscurity of diction
and his involved construction,?mark every
page ot the volume, and are observable as well
in his translation from the Greek, which he tells
us he intended to make entirely literal, as in the
original productions which follow.
HELEN OF TROY. By A. Lang. New York: Charles
Kcribuer s Sous. Washington: Win. Bauaiityne &
Soil.
It could hardly be deemed extravagant to
pronounce this book, in many respects, the most
important contribution made to poetical literature
during the present year. Of course there
Is nothing new to tell in connection with the old
story; but Mr. Lang takes the most favorable ]
view possible of the character of his fair hero- I
ine, and what he says is said so simply, so dell- !
cately, and so poetically, that it must make for !
her new friends, and find much favor with those
who enjoy beautiful word pictures and quotable j
passages,?in which the pretty volume abounds.
DRAKE. THE SEA KING OF DEVON. By Gfobsb
M. Towlb. Bjston: Lee U ahepard. Washington:
W. 11. Morrison.
Mr. Towle, who has acceptably performed the *
same sort of work in the other volumes of the
"Heroes of History" series, has given here a
very attractive sketch of the career of Sir
Francis Drake. There is no better way of teaching
history than by the plan adopted by Mr. ]
Towle, of making the narrative as fascinating !
a* a romance, yet adhering closely to the facts,
thus not only attracting and holding the attention
ot the reader, but at the same time firmly
fixing in the mind the main actors and events.
PROVERB STORIES. By Louisa M. Alcott. Bmtou:
i.oberts Brothers. Washington: W. H. Morrison.
Another volume of the collected short stories
of Miss Alcott, already familiar to most of the
young readers of the country, who will be glad
to get them 4n this neat,-compact and durable
form.
WIT AND WISDOM OF DON QUIXOTE. Boston:
Roberta Brothers. Washington: W. H. Morrison.
To the large and constantly increasing number
of readers who desire to get a taste of the ,
flavor of Cervantes, but who have not the time
or the inclination to follow the chivalrous Quixote
and his trusty squire through all their adventures
this handsome little volume will prove
a veritable treasure. The selections arejudli
ciously made, and those who read them for the
first time will be- surprised to see how many
bright sayings in common use came from that
source. Miss Emma Thompson, the compiler,
contributes a biographical sketch of Cervantes,
and furnishes also a double index?one oi incidents,
the other of proverbs.
EDWARD III. By the Rev. W. Wa.ibcrton. M. A.
New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Wellington:
Wm. BaUantyne & Son.
I A substantial and reliable outline sketch of
the career of one of Eugland's most heroic
rulers, whose long reign was crowned with
events of great moment in Rhaping the destinies
of that people. It is well worth reading,
both for itself and because its perusal will probably
lead to farther study of the subject.
''The Nervous System" (received through
Morrison) is the lattest addition to Appleton's
reprint ot the popular English "Health Primel's,"
the purpose of which la to convey valuable
hints on private and public hygiene in a style
so simple and clear and lira form so compact
and cheap as to make knowledge on the subject
available to every one who cares to have it.
Roberts Brothers, of Boston, send us, through
W. H. Morrison, in two beautifully printed and
neatly bound volumes, the "Apology and Crito"
and the "Phaedn" of Plato, which, as all readers
know, contain some of the choicest gems to be
found In the writings of the famous Greek
philosopher. ?
"God's light on Dark Clouds," is the title of
a little brochure by Rav. Dr. Cuyler, o! Brooklyn,
(published by Robert Garter k Co , Mew
York, and for sale by Ballantyne & Son,) which
will bo especially appreciated by the desponding
and the bereaved, for whose consolation It was
mainly Intended.
"The Book of Forty Puddings," Is the title of
a neatly gotten up little volume, showing how
to make forty dessert dishes and ten sauces,,
published by Scribner's, and reoeived through
Ballantyne & Son.
HoweUs* aew story to to eenaaaoed shortly t
.
In The Century magazine, (probably the February
number,) will have for Its title "A Woman *
Reason," instead of "A Sea Change," as at first
announced.
Hair Turning Suddenly While.
From Note* and Qn?rie&,
It Is rather hard to be lugged Into a discussion
against one's will; l>ut such is the case with ;
me now. I never wrote one syllable about the
subject of this note, and jet Mr. Bixon, Jumbling
two notes together (pp. So. 8<?.) writes as If
I had. and tells me that, being a physician, I
know that a hair Is a "secretion," etc" I am a
physician, undoubtedly, though I have long
ceased to practice, but I do not know, and I do
not intend to know, that a hair is a secretion, !
and such "without any real vitality of Its
own." I look upon bile, saliva, etc., as aecre- '
tions or excretions, but I consider hair to be a
growth^ and as such I consider it to be endowed
with real vitality. Just as much as the skin is
of which it is perhaps, like the nails, but an!
I other form. The outer layers of a hair like the
outer layers of the skin (cuticle or scarf nkin)
and like the bark of a tree (for I s^e consider
able resemblance between the trunk of a tree
and a hair), have no doubt but comparatively
little vitality in them, but thi< Is not the case
with the inner layers. I altogether demur to
Mr. Dixon's dictum that a hair has not the
power of getting rid of the coloring matter already
deposited in its substance, if so. * liar !
could never begin to get gray at the tip. and '
! yet everybody almost who has arrived at m>d.Ilia
ire must have noticed the tips tret tin/ gray '
j first, and I have frequently noticed it myself
j upon my own body.
; As for" hair turning suddenly white?the possi,
billty of its doing so is certainly now generally
j admitted by medical men who have paid at ten- I
| tjon to the subject. I, myself, knew n lad\ a
frenchwoman) who told me that the hair of one
side of her head became grav in a single night
on the occasion of the death ot Iter husband
which had occurred suddenly and under pecu- 1
j hariy distressing circumstances; arid when 1
; first knew her, though years had elapsed, the
) difference in color between both sides, notwith- !
j standing that ootli were then gray, was still
| most marked. And my wife has also known an
j almost precise!} similar case. A farmer's wife
j was the first, to see one or her husband's rick* 1
; on tire. The shock was intense, and very
; shortly afterward (it may liave been the next '
{ morning) she noticed a broad white band run- !
j niug across one side of her head. My wife did
| not see her till some vears afterwards; still then
j she was only thirty, and her hair vas perfectly
black with the exception of the broad white
! band.
Many years ago I remember reading In a German
medical magazine a paper by a German
physician in which he described similar cases
which had come under his own notice. Rut lie,
had gone further; he had also examined the
hairs under the microscope, aud he had found
that the coloring matter was still there, but that
a quantity of bubbles of air had introduced
themselves into the outer layers of the hair, and
produced the appearance of whiteness. Vet,
though the whiteness was thus really due to
what might have been expected to be only a
temporary cause, tlie whiteness persisted undiminished
as long as the c<*^es remained under
, his observation, and seemed likely to be permanent.
It seems that a certain number of bub- i
I hies of air are always present in every hair, and
that the color of the hair, to a certain extent.
: depends upon them. Thus in Strieker's Human
and Comparative Physiology" ( N'(?\v S\<lenj
ham Society's translation) ii., 2.Y>, 1 lind the following:
4 The different colors presented by the hair de- :
i peiid chiefly on the pigment contained m the
. hail ceds. that eithei exlstn in the form of 4rian;
ules. or is equably diffused. Hut the color of the 1
hair also depends on small bubbles of air that
either occur between the cortical scales a id the
medullary cells, or are found in their inj
terior."
If this is so. and the observations of the Ger- !
j man medical man are correct, this sodden blanching
of the hair in comparatively young j>er?oim
is due to an abnormal production of those bub|
blesof air which are always present.
I With regard to J. H. L. A.'s explanation of
! Lie blanching of Marie Antoinette's hair in a
| single night. I cannot admit it to be even nos!
sible. Marie Antoinette y\as only thirty-ei^ht
j at the time of her death, and she had rather
: light brown hair. It is rare, even In the case of
men, for hair of this color to become gray at so
early an age. and women's hair undoubtedly rei
tains Its abundance and its color much longer
i than that of men. But even supposing Marie
j Antoinette had dyed her hair, and was no louger
able to apply the dye, neither one night nor
a month of nights would be sufficient to restore I
the natural gray upon the surface. Let J. H. '
L. A. consult any competent hairdresser, and
he will be told the same thing. When dye' Is no
longer applied, the hair resumes its natural
color at the roots only, and a considerable time
would elapse before the new roots would be
long enough for their natural color to show itself
through the dyed upper part of the hair of
I which tlie artificial color would remain.
As tor Lord Beaconstleld, he may. of course
have dyed his hair and beard, as I feel sure that
his friend and fellow-dandy. Lord Lytton did
but. from my oyvn personal observation ' I do
not believe that lie did. It has l?een an amusement
of mine for some years past, when I have
had nothing better to do?as. e. g.. In railway
carriages, at evening parties, etc.?to study people's
hair and see whether It is dyed or not and
1 have acquired considerable experience. It is
very difficult to keep t he roots thoroughly well
dyed, as they grow a little everv dav and
therefore, it one looks closely, one* can always
see some gray or white roots" somewhere and
these would be apparent even In a photograph. ,
1 iien. again. In the case of a man with
a swarthy complexion, without color, like Lord
Beaconsfield.when the hair grows gray the complexion,
as a rule, grows gray likewise and consequently.
it the hair Is dyed dark brown or 1
black, (the Color of Lord Beaconstleld s ) the i i
iiair no longer suits the complexion. Now I
had au opportunity of closely examining Lout
Beaconstield Irom a short distance at a public i
meeting some four a live years before his death
and I saw nothing of this* sort about him. Be- i
sides this, it was stated by at least one newspa- <
per correspondent who had seen Lord Beacons- ,
field altei his death that there yvere a lew very 1
few, silver streaks in his hair. Now no'silver
streaks can possibly appear in any hair that has
been dyed. F. Chance. ,
The following story yvas told me by one convinced
of its truth. A young ladv went to i
France as governness. but endured most cruel i
treatment from her employers. She ultimately
succeeded in getting awav. and can c to her ;
married brother in England Worn out with <
fatigue, sorrow and anxiety, her relatives tiegged i
her to go to bed at ouce. and defer till the mor- !
row the account of her sufferings. She yielded i
to their entreaties, but on entering her bedroom
the next morning they found the poor sufferer
dead. She lay on her side, and on lifting her
head they found all her hair next the pillow perfectly
white. The medical men thought, had she ;
been permitted to relieve her mind of all its sor
royvs immediately on her return, her life might
have been spared and hair remaiued unchanged
Elan.
I was Intimately acquainted with a lady whose
hair, when she married, at the age of twenty- i
six. was raven black. When I saw her six
mouths atter. it was white as snow. In the in- !
terval she had made the terrible discovery that
she had married- a maniac. > 1
When I was in India, and my hair was begin- '
ning to tall off. my native barber used to en- 1
courage me by saying, '-High caste only go '
bald." Whether this was Hindoo folk-lore. or i *
simply flattery to a sahib, I could not tell. 1
G. L. F. 1
^ ,
Govcrnort of the Keystone Stale. I
From the New York Tribune. i
Pennsylvania's governors have nearly all been 1
native to her soil: Hoyt, Hartranft, Geary, ]
Curtin, etc. The first man born below Mason ! i
and Dixon's line since John Dickinson, 1 think, ?
to rule Pennsylvanlans, was elected last Tues- 1
day?Robert Pattison, from the lowest pocket j
of the Eastern Shore of Maryland. Mr Cleve- I >
land's wife is said to be a Maryland lady It1
has been said for twenty years that no Penn- ! i
sylvania governor could come from Philadelphia : i
So precedent is thrown down when evolution!
happens, and Chairman Cooper's inhospitable I
remark, that '"nobody from that quarter can i
ever be elected governor of Pennslvvania." was i
premature. J
Sleeping Car Ventilation. 1
From the Boomerang. '
One more sleeping car episode and I will close. i
A fat man from New York engaged a lower t
berth last evening, and, after be had retired, be i
raised the curtain of his window and gloated lri 1
the cool moonlight and the fresh pure air that '
<jame in at the partially opened casement. He ?
was a great stickler for ventilation, and the <
thought that he was getting a glorious draught 1
of heaven's pure air made him happy, finally, 1
bathed in the magnifloent moonlight, be sank to j
sleep. In the morning he woke to find that the (
window was double, and that only one of them i
was open. Aside from the man who got up in <
the dark and kicked four panes of glass oat of 1
a bookcase la erder to get aura air. and went 1
to oed happy, I de not know of a sadder case of 1
misplaced ocoAdende.
' '.... . * -iC j... o*;
'
TUB ATTACKS M JV'ME WTMK,
rarrakinc Rt(?m fcj- the nt?r n>m
(MnpirHl?n I* H?v? Ulw AitlfMC
to Another Court.
Wa?hinrt.>!i Orr^rocdfut N?-w York WorU.
Washivoto*. November 12 ?The rtar route
organ and the organ formerly owned by Brady
but now assuming to speak for the admlnlstrml
tlou. have Inflicted upon their readers during
the past week reproduction* from the ed torial
paces of another local dally not openly ctmtrolled
hv the conspirator* censuring Judge
Wylie for hi* reocnf charce to the Jury Inthn
Sotehlo murder cw. Little or nothing have
the two papers just mentioned had to mi* regarding
t :ie charge upon their ow a re-pj.aaibility.
The first article of censure, although
It strained at severity, was regards in the
light of legitimate criticism and occasioned
only passing comment. Its success.>rs, h?wever,
straining quite us hard tor eff.<e|
and leading to a wild demand for
something like a commission to inquire into
Judge Wylie's canity, overdid the matter and
se1 suspicion on foot especially In view of the
tuthful and unfailing reproductions aU>ve
named. Speculation was not long In d?aignat>
in?: the attack as p.ul of the star r. nte schema
to secure the transfer of Judge Wy He to another
court |H?uding the new trial soon to he called.
Scurrility and uewspa|tei abuse have l?vn fro in
The beginning of the star-route exposures the
:,vo"te weapons ,.f the defense. Halters and
adulation could not be ex|treswd in terms too
stiongtor Judge Wylle lielore and earlviuthe '
last trial. More tribute* than even his *> iadoni ,
and integrity deserved were lavished upon him
as long as he consented to appear blind to the
star-route schemes. Hut when the occasion
came for him to rule against the conspirator*
his virt ues speedily i \ . ?) in t heir estimation >
and he has since been subjected to treatment
that cannot in any fair sense lay claim to hone*t
criticism. The late move of ltig?r*oIl and Inn
associates to induce Chief Justice Cartter t<> reassign
Judge Wylie was duly explained In these
dispatches. The present series of attack* in
looked upon among lawyers as the next sta,,f
the same game.
r 18 A > V>l ITTt:t? A HI I.I I V.
Extraordiaar)' l(<-< ord of the ?|uin, r
Imntl}.
Fn iu the Cincinnati vOh:o> Gi/.etto.
Of all the names distinguished in colonial
da\s very few are now know n by eminent representatives.
The yulucys and the Adauis.fi. uf
Massachusetts, are the most prominent exceptions
to the rule, and they reallv turntsl onlr
one case. John Adams wan of rather oh-cute
descent, and. though not lacking talent irritable
ami crotchety, tie owed much of ma
success In lite t<> his brilliant wife, w ho*,, iand1
at her was a Quincy. It is the yuluty rather
than the Adams blood that gave J-din <>uiner
Adams and his son. Charles Francis Adams.the*
ability. The same may be said of the son- ot
Charles Francis, who have inherited much of
the ancestral talent. Louisa May Alcott, the
writer, is also an offshoot of the ^uiticv st?<-k.
I lie tiist of the name to gain eminence v *s
Edmund yuincy. ?1081-17*8.) a Judge of the
supieme court of Massachusetts, and a^ent to
the British court lor the settlement of the
boundary question between Massachuseft * and
New Hampshire He died while prosecutiug
this mission. His son Edmund (l?HS-s.s> was a
pronilueiit merchant of Host on. the fat Iter-in-law
of J< hn Hancock, and the author of a treat ?.? *
on Hemp Husbandly.** Another son. Jos ah.
(1 .c.'-M. t wa- also a Boston merchant. His son
Josiah 11744-75) became a distinguished law \er
showed great courage, and incurred temporal* M
odium bj joining with John \datns in the do- 1
tense of the soldiers who perj?etrated the Boston
massacre tit 1770. Soon after his liealth
railed, but his /,.aj for the patriot eause waa
unquenchable. In 1774 he went to London in
t he interest of the country, and his letters show
t.iat in* worked in season and out of season
against the oppressive policy of (Jreat Itnta.u.
Me died on Ins return voyage, lust in sight of
his native shore, at the age of 31. lie was
known as Josiah yuincy. jr., since his father
w ho bore the same name, survived him.
His son. Josiah. 1772-1SW, w as called, through
most of his long life. Josiah yuincy, sr., as he
had a son Josiah. He studied law, and was
elected to Congress, w here he was a federalist
leader, opposing w ith equal energy the Louisiana
purchase and the war of 1812.* He was si*
years mayor ot Boston, and the author of many
important municipal improvements. Subsequently,
from 1829 to 1845. he whs president of
Harvard I Diversity. The finances of the institution
were in a sad plight at his accession,
having been badly mismanaged, lie left them'
in a very prosperous condition. Imring hit
later years he was an energetic anti-slavery
man, was one of Fremont's most earnest supporters,
and predicted that the w ar of secession
?though he did not live to see its end would
be the opening of a new era of national greatness
He was the author of a life of his father
or histories of Harvard University and the c;tf
of Boston, and of other works. He was not a
nian of genius, but possessed that thorough
balance of powers which insured his success la
whatever he undertook.
"* J??*iah yuincy. known as Junior until
18r>4, who has ju*t died, was not hia father's
fQual in ability, but w as still a man of moivtlutu
ordinary talent and worth. Born January 17.1*?.
he was nearly 81 at his death. He graduated
lr?>ii) Harvard w ith Emerson in the class of 18^1
Htid adopted the legal profession. Most of hut
attention, however, was given to public affairs.
He held many state ami municipal offices, and it
was nurins? bis liiHyoraitj that |t???ton 4va* Himplied
with the Cochituate water, a y ist undertaking
for the day. He w as not a- succesai'ul in
no a<lmini>tration of lits |K%rs<?nal finances as
was his lather, but this did not sour his temper
or abate his interest in public matters, lie . avo
a good deal of attention in his later vearsto the
encouragement of improved snl urban homea
lor working people. His sons. J.,-,ah I'billips,
nuthor of several dramatic poems, and Samuel
Miller, distinguished as a volunteer officer in
the war of the rebellion, and sin v as a legal
ivriter, are his worthy successots in keeping up
the family name. Their uncle, the late Edward
l^uincy, was the author of an entertaining life
of his father and ot Wens ley. a ''Story without
a Moral," a novel quite popular 20 years ago.
He was also foremost as an abolitionist in a day
when it required great courage to take such "a
Btand.
We have sketched the forego ng family his- '
tory not lor any genealogical purposes, but a.-a
remai kable and almost solitary instance of the
persistency of talent through several generations.
Neither Webster norClay left eons at all
comparable w ith their father. And so it is w lin
most men of eminence.
KARTH*? LOWIXT I.A>D.
A Visit to Death'* Valler i? th? D?i?ert
Hegiwn of CaililorMia.
From a Letter iu the S%n Francisco Cliroulcto.
On the 17th of July last, with a train of flra
mules and two companions, one of whom waa
partially familiar with the country. I climbed
the summit of Cerro tiordo. At last we stood
upon the lofty ridge of the Telescopes, aud beheld
below us the fateful valley, w hich lies 2?0
feet below the level of the sea and extends for
n hundred miles northeast and southwest with
a width of from thirty to forty miles from east to
west, upon no landscape can one look so
deeply into the interior of the earth for it occupies
tiie lowest point of dry land upon the
continent and so far as i am informed, of the
earth itself Before us it lies, a long, deep.
wide, vast basin, its shining patches disclosing
througn the distance its beds of soda, naif and
t>orax, w hich cover thousands of acres and bla/.e
Mid shimmer and burn in the steady blaze of
light and heat which pours upon them from a
cloudless sky. The valley s deep declension
?iows upon the senses aud becomes mora
marked as the eye is held steadily upon It. ^
\nd it is emphasized by the swift declivity of d|
theenclosiug uiountalua. Dnar and desofate
it stretches its full length along in *
rame of painted mountains, which define,
n strong and mighty lines, its aspect of terror.
Though leaving the summit at 3 p.m. and rid:ng
steadily down descending trails night settled
upon us before we esca|?ed from the canyon
Mid reached the borders of the valley. By the
brilliant moonlight we w ere enabled to trace the
trail along the rocky washes aa we rode on inte
the night. At last, worn and weary w tth hours
if riding, we reached the center of the valley,
known as the "Big Hole," the point of grenteal
lepression.
Though time and exploration hare draw*
Yom out the aucient story moat of its fearful
: bread a. this is still Heath'sVallev and la still j
ind will remain a region of dr??d. Indiana
am liar with Its face from infancy know Mi
reachery and cannot be prevailed on to go inte
t beyond their time-worn trails. To ttolMt
migrant it was 'the Talley of the shadow of
leatli.*' The daring proapector eaten it vHfc
"ear. He knows its terrors, and the bleacbliw
jonea of msuy a skeleton warn him to bewma.
Jnce lost w ith'.n its embrace, and a man's doom
? written. Without water to cool hia feeeiad
tame, the nweltering air drirea him to Maaa
Mid iiewild.TM'.eii'. Confused, lie wanders w3k ^
Mil a u;. i-. i. -?:i. unseated bv atvas
magination rein to play tricks with kis
ment lie oi ling heaven at last In the moSdS
saters of the mirage, he sinks to die '
Same of the desert. ^

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