OCR Interpretation


Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 05, 1884, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1884-04-05/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 2

CITY AND DISTRICT.
- ? ?m ??
Ot T-DOOIt H iSTI'tFI.
PriMpwiitp Plra?nrm on Land and
W ai?T?The Oar, she Whrcl and the
Rat? A I'romite uf a Krilliant VaMin
on the Turf.
.*gr \Ttrn.
N iw that both the Potomac and Colombia
I .* '1 mN- have approved the plan Tor dlsposine
cf the conflicting prize cups at the coming rep
?a. there seems to l>e no olwtacle in the way
? t lie essful union of forces fur that event.
T e action i.i the Analog arts. there is little or
i ?> ,nht. w ill i>e similar to that of the other
i 1? N -i;,ivrely hope*! that in tt?e future
t :tir-mi ruled leaders of the different cfnbe
v g?: 4**1 t any misunderstandings.
\* t -. * Tit-? of the Columbian, the other
i _v.t. the h-'w ruie of the national association
? ij. hi "i" and senior oarsmen. was ap)
d. u i' i recommendation tliat exceptions
! . "be r*: e made in eluht-oared crews.
' !. ! ' t! <* r.M* rule any man who conT
- - i id : i race l<e>"o!nes a senior oar-man.
' ii'C'n 'i Could !>? i;ia?le to four-oared crews
n t ;!t?tii hut It Would Ih.' most too
f t " ''.lisle e'^rht-oared 'Tew s also.
. weaT r I.as ii.it In'1!*!! very propitious so
f for i peninsr the >?a, but a few mr days
v i ; vr z our ; he rowers.
>>" iru* y. ' t;-e Pot"mfu*s. hojH?s to contest
-u: : > of the river with the sculls
:v?'> - i-fii.s over. He doe^ut think he
; t M . , ey. hut he is anxious to see
1 <"'A !.? i? can co:,ie to it.
K .'.n w ;is fn California Frank Gassa
f'odd i ?.>M a very funny st;>r>
- i i : > l'-al oi how tli.tt chamnioiv
1:1 -m; i I an amateur crew, whomist
- lor a dude ::r?d induced him to take a
- ' l ' . " .? ifh ?iie obiect of breaking him
: tip v?: t ey iinaiK drew up to tile float
' < * ] i: the stranger calmly asked why
' \ i'i ' -piH't her, w !ven every body else was
i ? a' *i -p.tting cotton. Hie witty stur>'
* ' * r intake of tirnking that any
"" i tor a dude. and the still
greater n intake ..| ftflMMtag him as a New
PaSilver \mafeur Rowing associat
n !i'u.will take pi n*e on Decoration dav.
' ' ra.-i-s w.ll Ih* dnje sculls fir juniors,
- \ - p.dr a'-d senior singles.
I i'i . f'd -hells. four oared. -enior and junior,
a-id oared sin i!s. Trial heats w ill be
i iwrii n th?- n i rniiiir. linal ht?ats in the afteri
"on It is not probable that any of the
'"?t ?mao oarsmen wiii [rirrieipate. Jt is a
1:'* eat:*., but it's a very uood chance to
' fn u;> the -ea-on. ,\ti oarsn.au can only be
sa! ?:'icturii\ iud^ed in a race.
B*sk bam,.
fcT:?Kn^ of the National grounds is com;
.-ted. and tHe ^rrand stan-l nearly ready for oet
tip incv. Tin* grounds will be rolled, and if the
v ather c< atin.ies fair games can be played
t' ere before :\ _rreat ? hile.
Vana^er Ilollimrshead has been informed by
t'-.e^raph b\ l*resident Mills that the Minneaj)i
:s '*i ;t? I as withdraw n all claim upon MurnI'fti'i
1 hat player w dl be aliowed, therefore,
t" tak-' *, art In the uame on Monday with the
Pr videac." league club.
1 lit- \\ tt-hinjjton's nine in Monday's yamo w ith
the Pruvider.ee will be Trumbull, p.: Humphries.
c : Joy. lb.; Hawkes, 2b.: Yewell. 3b.;
ieneilv. ss.: Morgan. Lf.: Barr. c.t.. and Beach,
r f. In the second jfame Humlll will
p:f "h Manu^er Holly says he knows w'nat Barr
,ui do. and iie wants to tind out what hiH other
pitchers can do as soon as possible.
Humphries Hiil captain the Washinctons durtile
season.
Members of the Buffalo I-e?urue Club have
1 *? !? practicing in Baltimore durim; the week.
T e\ will ?.jieu the aeasou with tne Baltimore
t u'> on Monday.
Piti hers jo r.,,t Uko ttie new rule adopted by
t) .- umpire- of t he American av?ociation. which
'< a |>:ti > r ?.*> or .?lu for -trikintr the batter
s ? !d v with the hail. They say that they will
u ve the batter his t a.-e every time rather than
ran the risk of having to pay a tine.
umpires have adopti-d uniform coats and
; .r r- of o n.- yacht cloth and a black cap.
Bradley i> -> ; ({ to have tv.-n irua ran teed r7.bj
the Cincinnati I'nionclub for tluve years'
m*r\ ice.
i:te Cincinn?ti Kuqun-tr predicts that the Balt
n,ore ciab, which has h?en the tail-ender in
t ? Aifierican chau!pion?hin race for tw <> seasons
t i-r. wii; oe nearer rh.?t?>p notch than it will
tve lowest at the end *>f the season.
A silver ball, supported on the ends of three
goMra bats, is the pin for which the IntercolI.-lm
it.- association will play this sK-asou.
Wor.l comes trt>m Boston that the veteran
C.corge Wright will not piay w irh his club. His
?.n>?ui?*SH takes np allot" his time, and he can't
attend to it and play too. It is not i in probable,
however, that he will appear occasionally in
June or July, when tiie 'Juions pU\ in Boston.
Cleveland has twenty-four players under contract.
but the club has been undeniably weake'ted
by the defection of Duulap.
Pratt's Philadelphia team includes a battery
< iJied The Yankee slants." They are Flynn
a-id Sullivan, both poweriul men. o\"er sis feet
b:^h.
The weather has U*en so unfavorable for arood
! ? icticinj; that the managers of both the home
teHj-is have ?>een unable to form a fair idea of
the merits of their new men. When once tfce
K ?mes commence the chaff can b? easily picked
Ironi the wheat.
Haw kes is the only matried man In the Washinrton
(American) team. This is lucky, as the
rest of the team can better stand a loss of salary
or t w iilk home over the mountains about June
vdLout inconveniencing their families.? CinErupt,r*r.
The Kendall Base Ball club of the National
l'-?af Mitt.- eolle-e have reorsjanized. and expect
t . ready to rvcvive challenges on antl after
t rf': instant. The team w ill l?e composed of
i ik Ansrell. B.?r^. Brookmire, Daily. Cloud,
li .- >a. H\iie. McNamara and Lynch.
: ? ! rovdejice nitte de*?-ated tfie Virginias,
'!? >?: !. \?*>terday. by asc^*re of 7 to3.
i - .X:r.*ncan a-si>?-iuti?iii hase iiall uuide
- 1 ' ~'oi \ ot ba-e bail, and accords to the
id \ itionai .vine of this cit\ the credit or haviiii
vived i;f ?ame after the war. It dei
o, ? the famou- western trip of that club in
when IRIly VQfian pitcher and Bert
-riir the .it. her. The .{. '. at at the hands of
t .e For.-ft City club, of Kuckford. HI., v. as the
? > one e\;teri?*i>ce?l duriiur the tour. Those
v .-re tb? day- ot rttbl>er balls ami )>i?^ scores.
. * Natlona.s oft?'n s<.'?irv<l uouble tiuuri*.- in an
i n.'ur. and their totsl score often exceeded a
t ur. Ire?l.
t.i.rrie nines were practisinsf vestenlav
n .-rnoon. notwiti^tanding the unsuitiilde
v a'hei The boys, at least the old hands,
v r i .f .ueiined to uo much throwing, as that
*\ep;i.?e when It wiiHiy is very injurious to
K i< rai throw irji*.
The Nationals expect to practice on their new
i."' '.nils n?-\r Monday. The came with the
^ t verleys. u! u was to have occurreti to-day,
w is P< -t*.oiied until after tl.e little souliieru
trip.
The foreign men on the Waslunuton nine have
n A.?e a very i.oo,| impression, but their merits
c *.imot be j -.1 accurately un?d regular earn?*s
are on. ^ on can t tell a player until he plavs a
*a:: e, nor an oarsman until he rows a race.
BRYiUNfi.
I Capita! Biryeleclub are bus_\ put^ng their
: a <ii!?rt.*rs in iroisJ cimdition. The building
eiy conveniently arranged for their pnrTl
? 'rout Nitement room will be us?>d
*ri: ir machines, and tin* back room for a
Ihe front roora on the first floor
... t; ,? r?veption r?Kir:i. handsomely fur-1.
In tl.e n ar will l?e the readiny''room,
i.i \^i ! -t;ir f a han?isorne
? im:.- the thur- and banners of the ciub.
1 ' '* tin* room of the
" ' and tiie btlli?rd tai?le the one above
:: K.v >s . ; tiie former is the loeker room, and
card room The lanitor lives in
' '' we. m> that It will aiwaxa
! < o 'CUpieii. J
x large n imber c f applications n,r member,
" t!u* ( apital club will b** considered at
ie next meeting.
Mr J M. I.ee, of New Haven. Conn., will be
mounted on one of the larvest wheels In tLo
country tt is ?.a-on. a tig inch Kudjre.
_ A Bud^-e nx'er. built esp?*ciaflv tor Mr. A. D.
< of the M !--a< hu.-eft.-and Howard bicvc
e clui s. has recently arrived. It is a marvel
beiuty and ilfrhtnem, weltrhlnsr hut '32
p>4in?i< Mr. ? !aflin will probably um? It at the
I. A U races in Washington.
J S Prince has challenged Woodslde and
Morgan to a 20 miie race, the two to relieve
each other every rive minutes during the race
The tandem is becoming quite a favorite
n ?le of bicycling in Boston.
At the semi-annual election of officers of the
^ i-hlngton ('ycle Club ta?t Monday evening the
f Hon ing officers were elected V. H. Pelouxe,
president; W. J. Wine. T.ee president; T. J. Putii
au, secretary and trvaKurer, L. H. Schneider,
c.ub chronicler: J. J. Brereton. captain, and T.
A Newman, lieut??nant.
The following will (>? the route of the great
T *rade of the league on the .iOth of Mar: From
: e Arlington hotel to I, to 15th street, to Verr:?nt
avenue, to Thomas circle, around the circle
o -wn 14th street. New York avenue, to 15th
st'e??t. to Pennsylvania avenue, to 1st street
west, through the south grounds of the
Cimtol. to Pennsylvania avenue east, to 11th
s e? t. to East Capitol street, to Capitol build1
- throuirh the north grounds to New Jersey
iii .up, to Ma--;ichsi?e?ts avenue, to'.tth stri'et.
' ?' *:.? *> vaaia avenue, to 15th street, through
t grotmds. along the avenue to
1 - .i>n.ng:on < ir->. pa-..-i:ig to the right of the
( ..c,.out New liaaipsiilrc avenue to 1* etrcet
circle. to Connecticut avenue. to K street, to
15tb street. to I street. and to the Arlington.
Rev. Herman F. Titus. a bicycler from Newton.
Massachusetts. 1* in the city.
The Bicycling World, of Boston, says Rex
Smith is soon to marry a fair daughter of St.
Louis.
j Jhere were thirty-six District candidates for
J league membership on the first of April.
the turf.
The spring meeting of the National Jockey
club, which, since its organization two years
ago. has done much to carry .forward and
! Increase In this part of the country the great
revival of racing, will begin on Tuesday. May
13th. Thi* is the permanent and regular date
, for its spring meetings, and the time is well
chosen. The prestige of the meetings of the
club has bei'n well earned, and there is every
reason to l>elieve that it will be ably maintained.
It will le the ilrst gathering of the racing forces
before they go out. gipsy iike. on their summer
pilgrimages: and the preliminary battle ground,
lying in the center of numerous strong racing
establishments. and near the localities in that
way tamed of old. may not inappropriately be
termed the heart of "the debatable-land.'* Near
at baud are the Marvlandjclatis?Bowie. Hall. I
Jennings. the two \\ allien-. Clapham hmitli and j
Medinger; while Dos well, of Virginia, a came!
famous in the annals of the turf since the dawn !
of tt-:' century. may be relied upon to mail tain ;
tlie glory of that grand old commonwealth, j
Besides the states of the south, the east and !
west will be strongly represented, and when the
o; ening ilny arrives there will prnbablv be not !
less than one hundred and liftv horses stabled at !
the track. * I
The chief interest will center on the initial 1
performance of the two-year-olds, as at tiiis 1
meeting several young t>*rs that will no doubt j
attain distinction later on in the season will j
make their debut. To afford them ample oppor- j
ttmity the Jockey clnb lias provided two stakes, j
the tfr.-t of which ii- the Youthful, half a mile. I
to be run for on the second day of the meeting. !
It closed w ith thirteen nominations?Fairmount, j
Vesta. Joy bell. Perception, Petition, Soliman,
Telie l>ce. Little Savage. Harrigan. Lulu S., '
Hugo. Florio and Radha. This is an excellent j
entry, and as all are highly bred and come from
running families, the race will no doubt beagood i
one. As neither has yet ap|>eared in public, the !
"talent will t>e put to their wit's ends to spot !
the winner. The three most conspicuous ones '
in the lot are Little Savage, by Sensation out of ;
Allie Slade: Telie Doe. by Great Tom out of j
Nina Turner, and Florio. by Virgil out of Flor- !
ence. Little Savage will be the lirst of the Sensations
to show in public; and as she will have
the benefit of the fine skill and large experience
of her ow ner, Wyndham Walden, acknowledged
to l>e the best two-year-old trainer in
America, she will no doubt be liberally
supported. if well and fit on the
dav of the race. Her sire. Sensation, was
looked upon as about the very l>est two-year-old
that ever appeared on the American turf, and iu
all his races he bore to victory the "orange and
blue" of Mr. George Lorillard, for whom Mr.
f Walden was at the time training. Telie Doe Is
in the stable of W. P. Burch. who has mativ
friends here. She is a nice chestnnt filly. The
Great Toms have shown great pn>cocify as twoyear-olds.
as they mature early, but as a ceneral
tiling th ?y do not Improve with age. Florio is
i in ex-Senator Scott's stable.and both her sire and
dam were rattling good race horses when on the
turf. Rumor has it that she is a fillv of more
than ordinary promise, but what her real capacity
is can only be ascertained by subjecting her
to the test of the course. Of the others, Mr.
Lorillard's pair?Perception and Petition?are
highly spoken of. the former being sired by the
celebrated French horse Mortemer, and the latter
by Falsetto. Vesta and Joy bell are in Gov.
Bow ie s stable, and are by Catesby and Pickens
respectively. The governor has not been in the
best of luck of late with his young horses, nor i
indeed with the older ones last season,
as it was not until the leaves began to
fall in Pv<> that his stable showed anything like
form. His youngsters, however, are said to be
good-lookers, and should eittier be fortunate
enough to catch the judges'eye first, the victory
will be a popular one. as the sporting exgovernor
has hosts ot friends hereabouts.
The same colts, with a few unimportant exceptions.
are nominated in the Brentwood
stakes, five furlongs, to be run on the fourth
day of the meeting. The w inner of the Youthful.
however, w ill be required to take up a penalty
of five pounds, which, as the distance is a
furlong greater, will have the effect of injecting
an additional element of uncertainty.
The stables to arrive next week are those of
W. P Burch and Whltaker A Barry, from South
Carolina, the first consisting of thirteen horses,
and the latter of six. In Mr. Burch's string are
1 such rattling good ones as Mittie B.. Decoy
Puck. Burch, Jim Nelson. Col. Sprague. Ac.
Cridge Co.'3 horses will arrive ou Monday.
TUev are six in number.
Kx-Senator Scott's horses, numbering fourt?>en
head, are looked for daily.
Joseph McMahon is also expected from New
York, with a string of thirteen, at the head of
which are the long-distance horses Hilarity and
Frankie B.
i Everything at the track la in complete order
| for the reception of the racers. The stables
i have been carefully overhauled and made as
; comfortable as could be wished for. The track
is in fine shape, and was not injured a particle
by the almost incessant rains of the past three
months. From this on, therefore, the gallops
will be frequent.
the driving CI.lb
program for its spring meeting has been made
public. The meeting will be held on the 27th,
, 28th. 2i?th and 30th of May (Decoration aay.)
j Everything Is being done to render the meeting
a pleasurable one. Judge Draney, the presl|
dent of the club, has been corresponding with
Commodore Kittson, the owner of the celebrated
i pacer Johnson, who has a public record of 2:10.
Johnson will pace here on the first day of the
meeting to beat his record. The purses offered
ate liberal, and the attractions are such as to
meet with the approbation of sportsmen evervi
where.
MISTKI.t. vVKOfS.
V. m. Steele, the champion runner ot America,
and T. C. Herbert, of Cincinnati, the famous ,
hnglish pedestrian, have been matched to run <
ten miles for Jl.ooo and the championship of '
America. '1 he race vvill take place on t he 3d of |
May at Brooks" Ground, Blossburg, Pa.
The I'osl Office Site.
to th. kditor of Tn?: kvkxino stab:
I have read In some of the papers that there js a
; proposition to locate the new post office lu the reservation
In trout of the Center Market, south of
i Pennsylvania avenue. I have, so tar. seen no ot>;
Jection in priut to this location; but It seems to me
that there are m.?ny objections to It. The post
office -hnulil be loi-ated where it would be the most
convenient to the laryvsr number of the citizens,
and I have no doubt that tinee-fourths of the actual
residents would object, If they ha/1 a chance
to express their views, to the p?wt office being located
south of the avenue anywhere, *nd especially
la Iront of the market. It Is barely possible that
the office may be located from an economic stanill*>lni.
anil the place Indicated would enable persons
to tak>- their market, ba^kcu wheu after their maU,
but It would not be pleasant to jostle against
greasy baskets, to say nothing of persons. It Is
not a central location, and In the year* to come it
will be much less so. The p<*>t office building Is not
to built for n year 01 a decade, but for many '
years. If uoi for all coming time, it will be gener- !
ally admitted that the [Herniation hereafter will go j
In the western portion of the city, and when in the '
future we have a population of a half, or, possibly, a million
of people, would the [?>m office, if located
1m front 'if Center Market, I*' .it a convenient point ? !
r think not. Agdn, there is a great ileal said about
| joos whenever the erection of a public buiidiug Is j
> talked <?L I lo not see where Jobs come in when '
land i> wanted for such a purpose. The riifht of !
eminent domain applies, and a commission can de- j
; termlne that matter?that is the value of the lamL ;
It d'x^y, however, s? em to me as though there was 1
t-?o much or :i pi.-a\ une spirit lu tlie location of sites '
for public buildings. Suppose the land to erect
the post office building on cost a half a million, or :
even a million, it would be wl^, economic and Just i
in the end to expend that amount. If, In doing so,
t:.e best li?tcr?-is of the people are subserved. P.
An .%iit-ctluic of l..a?ker.
From I.'F.venernent.
In lSd6 Lasker, then in the flower of his
youth, and already celebrated as an orator, became
acquainted with Miss Russack, the niece,
of one of Bismarck's w armest friends. Lasker
j fell in love with iier, and his passion was recipj
rocated. Miss Russack bade her lover to demHiid
her l?and of her uncle, who filled for her
the piace ot father. The uncle refused polnt|
blank, saying i? would never consent to give
! iiis niece In marriage to a man who w as the
! leader of the opposition to his friend BismarckBismarck,
whom he held to be one of the greatest
of Euroi>can statesmen. Franziska?such
wa* the fair girl's name?then declared to her
uncle that she would renounce her whole fortune
in his favor, provided he would allow her
to marry Lasker.
But old Russack was immovable In h'? resolution.
However, returning one day from a
visit to his friend Bismarck, he sent for the
young lawyer and *aid to him.- "1 am willing to
grant you my niece's hand on one condition?
namely, that you pledge yourself to abandon
politics altogether and confine yourself h reafter
to your profession of lawyer."
Lasker, after a brief interview with the girl,
refused.
" VV e shatl wait." he said, "until your niece
shall have attained her majority." Ho did not
dare to add l,or until your death."
The uncle left Berlin, taking'with him his
niece 1-ranziska. who died abroad six months'
later, after having refused the most brilliant
offers of marriage approved by her uncle, who
even offered to add hid owu tortuue to her own
as a dowry.
ibis ii why Eduard Lacker never married.
REcoLi.Errio!?n or a veteran
engineer.
naif a Century of Serrlre on the Baltimore
and Ohio Road.
a star reporter's talk with mr. wm. oallowat-thr
dats when oars were hacled
bt horses?the first american locomotive?facts
concerning) the earlt histort
of railroads in this country?a max who
has traveled over a million and a half
miles.
Asa fast passenger train on the B. and 0. road
entered the depot in thus city the othe^ day. the
huge engine, which had made the run from
Baltimore here in forty-five minutes, stopped
easily and gently at just the point on the track
where t lie hand which held the throttle designed,
and the passengers on the train, without having
felt a shock or jolt, left the cars and dispersed
in many directions.
In the cab of the eugine stood a man whose
hair is gray and a little thin on top. but his i
active step, firm grasp, clear, healthy complexion
and bright blue eye show 110 signs of
the many years during which he has driven
his massive horse over the iron track,
through winter storm and summer sunshine,
until he can say that he has
had a longer experience on fast trains
than almost any other man (it indeed there be
any exception> who is now alive. This man is
William Galloway, who entered the service of
til'- Baltimore and Ohio company January 23, j
1<!3. and who has ever since been in the'con- !
Mailt employment of that corporation.
"The first work I ever did connected with a
railway." said Mr. Galloway to a Star reporter,
was in connection with the Northern Central
road. At that time 1 was teaming tor a farmer j
in the vicinity of Baltimore, and I broke the!
ground for the first half mfle of that road with
my plough when they began to lay the grade.
That was at the planting of the cornerstone.
and the place is now the eastern
end of the larire tunnel of the Baltimore and
Potomac road in Baltimore. I afterwards,
on January 23, 1833, entered the employment
of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, and I
have been there ever since. The first three J
years I was delivering freight for the company j
on Howard street, and at that time the entire 1
road from Baltimore to Frederick was operated I
by horses, and the cars used were like the horse j
cars of to-day, very light and with only four 1
wheels. 1 then became yard master at Mount
Clare and remained there four years. While I
was there flie Northern Central road got ;
an Knglish-built locomotive and began to run it
In opposition to us, which of course our company
did not fancy. Mr. Philip E. Thomas was
president of the "company at that time, and he
offered a nreminm of ?">.000 to any American
manufacturer who would build a locomotive
which would run anddowork. There was a lively
competition among the iron workers immediately.
and a 1111 in her of engines were built by
Peter Cooper and others. It has been said that
Peter Cooper built
the first americav locomotive
which run in this country, but that is not so, the
first was built by Phlneas Davis, at York, Pa.
It weighed four tons and was set up ready for
running and hauled on a sled from his touudrv,
over the hills to the yard at Mt. Clare, where it
was placed od the track. Cooper's engines
would not work, so we never used them, but
the little Davis machine took three loaded cars
and run them from Mt. Clare to Ellicott mills in
an hour. There were four drive wheels on it
and the pistons worked up and down, similar to
the walking beams on a steam boat engine,
which made it look like a grasshopper and we
therefore called those engines the grasshoppers.
Win. Nome, of Philadelphia, built an engine
with two drive wheels, one on each side which
weighed eleven tons and which did good work.
I think there are a tew of these in existence
now. Christmas day, 1840,1 took my seat in
the engine aud I have been running ever since,
shortly after this, Mr. Davis, who had begun to
build his engines in Baltimore, started one on
an Improved plan and he felt so sure of success
that he told his workmen that when the engine
w as set up and had proved its worth, he would j
take them and their wives to Washington and 1
have a good time of it. Well everything turned j
out as he anticipated and he brought all the
workmen, forty or fifty in number, and their!
families over here, and had a banquet at Brown's
old hotel, that is now the Metropolitan; every- |
body had a good time, but the eud was marred j
by
a sad accident.
On the way back Jo Baltimore, about fourteen
miles this Bide of there, the engine jumped the
track, and, breaking the coupling, turned end
over end. Mr. Davis, who was. riding In the
cab. was struck on the templo by a piece of Iron
and Instantly killed. No one else was hurt.
Mr. Giiilngham. the partner of Mr. Davis, then
took in Ross Winans, wiio was at that time
draughtsman, and they formed the firm of engine
builders which has since become known
throughout the world.
This firm built the camel-back engine?that Is,
those engines which have their cabs on top, and
which you see hauling freight trains. They are
a good eugine for the purpose for which they
are built, and are very quick, although they look
so awkward. When 1 first began to run we baa
the strap rails, which were something like the
present horse car rails. They were fastened
down by iron straps, counter sunk and spiked.
They were so light that the ends would curl up
like a dandelion stem, and accidents were constantly
occurring. We then got the T rail, and
when the Washington track was laid, which was
somewhere about 1835 or 1836. the T rails were
used exclusively, and they weighed about 45
pounds to the yard, while the rails used now
weigh over a hundred.
the first train
over the Washington track was run on the
4th of July, in *35 or '38. and George Lay was
the engineer. The engine was one of the Davis '
'grasshoppers' and was called the America.
There was a big jubilee at the time, but I have
forgotten whether or not the President of the
I'nited States was on the train. The first President
of the United states whom I know that I
cairied was James K. Polk, and I have had most
all of them since. The first grasshoppers burned
hard coal, but when the road was pushed
through to Cumberland the grates in the engines
were changed and soft coal was Introduced.
Well, as I told you, I took an engine on
Christinas day. 1840. and have been running ever
since. When I first begnn the trains were all
accommodation trains, that stopped at every
little station, yet we made the run from Baltimore
here in one hour and forty minutes. The
depot In that day at Baltimore was on Pratt
street, near Light, and the one here was at the
corner of Pennsylvania awnue and 1st street.
The engine which you saw me in to-night makes
the run In forty-live minutes."
ACCIDENTS.
' Yes," continued the veteran engineer, "I
have had accidents, three, I think, in the course
of my years of work. Once I came round a
curve and struck a cow when we were going at
about forty-five miles an hour. The couplings
broke, and my engine went clean over, so that
tiie drive wheels were In the air where the bell
ought to be. and the smokestack was in the
mud. The cars never left the track, and evenin
that perilous moment I knew they were going
bv me all right. There must have been several
hundred pieces of loose iron and glass flying
around the cab, but neither the fireman nor myself
were scratched, though we were pretty well
shaken up. The next time was when the axle
of a rear truck of a smoking car broke. We were
going at a pretty good jog, aud the end flew up
through the floor of the car and cracked the
shins of an old darkey preacher. They rung the
bell, and I stopi>ed the train without any
further damage beinir done. I can see that darkey
roll his eyes around yet, but he was more
frightened than hurt. The next time was when
I was thrown off by a misplaced switch, but no
damage was done. When the war broke out
there were t lie riots in Baltimore in '61, and the
government transferred the troops by boats
from Havre De Grace to Annapolis, thence to
the Junction and then into the city. Everybody
was afraid then, and for a few days there were
no trains running from Baltimore to Washington.
One evening I was in the depot and President
Garrett and several other gentlemen walking
up and down the plattorin. Thev had
been trying several times to go through to
Washington, but when they would reach Jessup's
Cut the courage of the engineers or train
men would give out, and they wouldn't 20 on
I told Mr. Garrett that S
i would take him through
if he would let me, and he said, 'Well, I'll gee.'
The next day he sent for me and we started.
Sure enough, when we reached Jessup's Cut
someone pulled the bell. I stopped and went
back and told them there was no danger, and
that I would go on running slowly and watch
(sirefully If the track had been disturbed. Mr
Garrett said, 'go ahead.' and I did so until about
a mile from Annapolis Junction. When I saw a
couple of posts set In the ground on each side of
the track and a telegraph pole laid across. I
stopped the train and one of the brakemen
ran out to remove the obstruction. I cried to
him to go back on the cars, for just then I saw
the guard up in the bushes. They turned out
to be union soldiers, and I told them that we
wanted to get around to the Junction. An officer
came on board and we went 011 to the Junction,
where we had to wait until we could hear from
Mr. Lincoln. At last n telegram came from him
to come on to Washington, and we went through
the rest of the distance without disturbance,
and I was the first i^an to brine a train through
from Baltimore aftej' the outbreak at the beginning
of the war.
Kf
fired at-by gff.rrillas.
"I was flred at orice by guerrillas during the
war, about the time'of F.arty's raid, and a bullet
or two went through the cab, but no one was
touched, though th? whistle of the balls made
me feel uncomfortable for a few minutes."
"How many mileshave I run? Well, you can
figure that out fdr yourself. Let us see. I
have t>een sick nineteen. days since I went on
the road, and have had d few weeks' vacation :
i in the meantime also. 1 think a year would \
cover all the time I: have lost, and when I have*
run I have averaged 100 miles a day; so there j
are forty-three years at^tl three month? at 100
miles a dav. You say 1.57V,500 mile9 is the
total; well.lt Is a long, distance, bul I have
traversed it, and there is ifo exaggeration about
it either." *
The reporter, speaking of the vigor which Mr.
Galloway .evinced, ascertained that he regards
himself in perfect health. "I am as well as j
when I was fifty years of age. and 1 read the '
j Baltimore Sun in the morning and The Evening j
' Star in the evening, without the slightest difti- I
culty. and 1 have never userl a pair of giasses in '
my life. I don't think 1 shall give up the road
yet a while, for you see I am af home in an engine,
and T am lost if I am not at work. Habit
Is a^rreat thine, young man. and if you live to
my age you will not be able to throw off" your i
accustomed ways ofl'ife with ease."
"Well, 1 must go to supper. Good bye; come
and see me again some day," and with a hearty
grasp of the hand Mr. Galloway walked away !
with a rapidity and vigor which would frighten
an Avenue dude.
\ * ?
tise presmi;vrs houses.
^ ^ to ili<> Wliiic ICoiise Stuble?.
THE ARRANGEMENT OF THE STAIH.ES? THE I* It ESI- ,
DENT'S SADDLE HORSE AND CARRIAGE TEAMS?
a i.i.an arthur's trotters?miss nellie's
INDIAN' PONV NOW IN TRAINING?THE HOUSES
DRIVEN BY FORMER PRESIDENTS, iC.
Just south of tlM State department, on 17th
street. are the White House stables. The building
is a two-story press brick, forming three
sides of a square. It is sot back a little way
troin the street, and the stable yard aud drive
way ore paved with asphalt clear to the side
walk. The building Is reached through an iron
gate from the street. A private telephone wire
runs trom the oflice of the President's secretary !
1 to the stables, so that a carriage can bo
summoned in a very few minutes. !
'I here is nothing remarkable about these stables. '
In fact there are scores of private stables in the
West End far handsomer, more convenient, and
healthier. A deep cellar extends beneath the i
stable portion, and the moisture soaking through
its walls is apt to make it unhealthy for the
horses. The only interest attached to the stables
arises from the simple fact that they are the
President's stables. Desiring to know something
about their contents, and knowing the
antipathy of the stable employes to reporters,
The Star man sought the kind services of Col.
W. H. Crook, the executive clerk, and was accompanied
by him the other morning through
the stables. The central part of the building
In which the horses are stabled has
stood, as It now Is, for many years, but the
wings were extended a couple of years ago to
make more carriage room, as President Arthur i
j needs more than former Presidents. The north
half of the stable proper ift devoted to
the president's private horses.
There are three large box stalls on one side,
and six stalls on the other. The President's riding
horse is the occupant of one of the box
stalls. He is a sorrel gelding, seven years old,
and about sixteen hands high. There is nothing
remarkable about this animal. He is simply a
good-looking, easy riding horse, his principal
gaits being pace and canter. The Presideut j
frequently takes a ride on summer evenings, j
He is a fair rider, and is l'ond of the exercise. |
He has four carriage horses, two in the box stalls
and two in the stalls on'the other side. They,
are all bays, about sixteen hands high. They |
are very stylish, and are gloomed to perfection, j
and either pair hitched to any one of the hand- j
souiejcatriages, with Albert on the box. make a
very striking turnout. Occasionally they are j
driven four-in-hand. Two other stalls are occu- 1
pied by Allan Arthurs buggy team, one a Ham- i
bletonlan gelding and the other a Black Hawk
mare. They are driven a great deal, either i
single or double, by their owner when he is at
home, but while he is at college thev receive
only the necessary exercise. Allan Arthur is a
very daring rider. He not only knows how to
ride well but has plenty of nerve, and it takes
a good horse to get the tetter of him.
, miss Nellie's Indian pony.
In one of the remaining stalls stands the little
Indian pony which the President brought back
from his trip to the Yellowstono country last
year. He has not yet made his debut, but Is
receiving a course of training at the hands of
Albert on the White Lot drive. When by patience
and careful training he becomes perfectly
docile he will be driven by the President's
daughter Nellie to a dog cart. He Is a cute little
thing, with roached mane and banged tall.
His color Is what is termed in the west as
"painted" or ' calico." and what the children
call "circus"?irregularly marked with white
and brown in about equal "proportions. He was
presented to the President last summer
by Kharpnose, an Arrapahoe chief. The
Presidential party held a big pow-wow with the
I ndians last summer near Fort Washakie, on the
Shoshone agency, and presents were exchanged.
Although the agency is held by the Shoshone
Indians there is a band of Arrapahoes on It. and
Sharpnose Is their chief. He gave the pony to
the President for his daughter. The pony was '
taken along with a company of soldiers as far as
Cheyenne, and from there shipped to Washington.
where he arrived early last fall.
The south side of the stable is devoted to the
office horses, six in number. The pair or clipped i
sorrels usually driven in the Secretary's carriage 1
are wry good travelers.
expenses borne by the president.
"A great many people think," said Col.
Crook, "that the expenses of keeping the President's
horj^B are borne by the government.
Such is not the case. The government keeps
up the oflice stable, of course, but all those
horses In the north side are the President's own
property, and their keeping is paid for by him.
They are practically two distinct stables. When
Albert needs feed he buys It from a private
firm, while the feed for the oflice horses comes
from the quartermaster's department. This
has always been so, and yet Mr. Hayes was
criticised for taking bis own pair of horses to
Ohio with him."
"He wasn't no good for horses no how," said
an old colored man who was splashing the water
in the trough that stands in the center of the
yard. "He was in for savin' money while he was
neah. and he done it. too."
"General Grant had very fine horses when he
was President," continued Col. Crook, "and it
was very seldom that he was passed on theroad.
He was a splendid driver. President Haves had
only four horses?a pair of grays, and a" pair of j
bays. President Gartield had very nice turn- i
outs. He iiad one pair of bavs and a gray and a i
black. The latter were used mostly for saddle *
horses, and the boys used to ride them a great
deal."
Th" south wing of the tables is used for the '
Presiu nt's carriages, and in the second story
live thfc vatchman and his family. The I'resi-j
dent has three carnages, a landau, a victoria
and a brougham. They were all made by Brews- I
ter, and are very handsomely finished. Presi- !
dent Arthur's coat-of-arme Is on the doors with
the motto: "impede obstantia." Allan Arthur's
Brewster trotting buggy is also in this
carriage-house. The opposite wing contains the
office carriages?a coupe and a six-seated carriage.
THE PRESIDENT?S COACHMAN*.
Albert, the President's well-known driver.has
acted in that capacity for Presidents Grant,
Hayes and Garfield. He is a faithful servant
and a thorough horseman. He is very fond of
horses, but he dislikes reporters. If he thinks
a question is asked for newspaper purposes, he
shuts up like a clam. He never leaves the
stables at night until he is certain that he will
not be needed any more. In case an emergency
should arise and his services required, the
watchman always knows where to find him. He
Is very dark, but a fine looking man, and in his
handsome livery looks well on the box. Severely
Lomas, a handsome mulatto house servant,
acts as footman to the President. President
Arthur's turnouts always look well and
always attract attention
Signs of Spring.
The dude Is on the streets again.
With toothpick shoes and dandy cane,
His mustache trimmed in proper style,
And on his face a in ching smile.
He struts the sidewalks up and down,
As if he owned one-half the town;
And when a lady passes by
He leers through his enchanting eye.
At hotel doors on evenings fine
lie poses like a cigar sign.
He thinks ilia grin a pleasing smile,
Ills idiotic slang the style.
When he has cash he often goes
To eheap varieties and shows.
Where oi ben- of the gang he meets?
1 hose mashers who Infest the streets.
?Merchant Traveler,
t
A POET HIGHWATHllfi
The Slnriilar Hahlu of Ihr Terror o*
the West.
how black part's milo voice became familiar
TO TRAVELERS? HK TRIES THE <X?NKOLATORT
power OF POETRT?some SPECIMEN's OF HIS
RHYME?he FINALLY FALLS INTO THE CLUTCHES
OP THE LAW.
Among the papers that recently passed
through the hands of the Treasury officials was
an account amountingto ?'200 paid toone Harry
Morse, of San Francisco, for services rendered
the government in tlie arrest of Black Hart,
the Po 8," a name as familiar to stage-drivers on
the Pacific slope as was that of Claude Duval
to those in Kngland In days of old. Attracted
by the singularity of the name. an interrogation
point of The Star inquired into the facts
ot the case.
Four years ngo a stage running not ween a
mining town in California and a raiiroad station
was stopped by an individual concealed in
the bushes bordering the road. Plainly to be
seen amidst the foliage was the muzzle of a
double-barreled shotgun: only this and nothing .
more: yet upon the simple requestor the unknown.
spoken in a mild voice, the driver threw i
the mail bags into the road and half a dozen ;
stalwart male passengers stood in a line with
their hands above their heads, while the driver j
again accommodated the sottly-spoken stranger
by turning inside out the pockets of the unfortunate
passengers, depositing their contents
upon the mail bags. The t-tage w as then allowed
to proceed, and it made excellent time to
the nearest station, where reinforcements were ;
secured, and the party returned to the scene ot
the outrage with the laudable intention of;
decorating the highest branch of the highest
tree in the vicinity with the person of the highwayman.
The country was scoured for two
days, but the only trace left by the gentleman
whose company was in sufh urgent request
were the following lines, evidently written in a
disguised hand, with the exception of the signature:
the poetry of the road.
Now T lay nie down to sleep
Not earing for t he morrow.
Perhaps good luck, perhaps defeat
And jail fare, to my sorrow.
Then come what will, I'll try my luck,
I'm sure It can't be worse,
For if there's money In that pouch,
It's money in my purse.
Black Bart, the Po 8.
This unique production was found scrawled
upon a torn newspaper wrapper lying upon one
ot the rifled mail baas. That was the first time
the name of Black Bart was heard, but it was
not the last, for one stage line after another in
rapid succession paid heavy tribute to him.
Wells, Fargo A Co. were large losers, and after
trying guards without avail offered *800 reward
for the capture of the highwayman. The state
officials bestirred themselves, and eventhe U.S.
government awakening to the frequent conplaints
of losses of valuable malls, put in motion
its ponderous machinery and offered a reward
of *200 in addition to the $800 offered by
Wells, Fargo & Co. The extent to which private
enterprise was stimulated thereby may be
judged by tne story of l?an Shealy, a driver of a
stage running out of Copperapolls. Said Dan
Jo one of the detectives:
"1 got a notion in my head that I'd like to
earn that pile, but I dfdu't quite see my way
clear. Black Bart had been heard from about a
week back of the day I'm talking about in a
neat little affair over to the westward of Copperopolis.
aud that darned mean piece of poetry
he hitched onto the mail-bag (like kicking a
man when he's down) kinder made me think
he was going over on the Yuba route next. I'd
almost fixed it up to take a week off. go over
there and lay for him. Was going to hang on
behind the stage, you see. and have a try at
him under the wheels if I played in luck. Old
Yankee Daniels, at Copperopolis. told me I was
a darned fool, and that the Po 8 would be long
my way soon enough, but I wasn't discouraged,
aud keyt thinking it over. Next trip I'd gotten
about hve miles out of old Cop. when
homeuody sl'no ol't halt,'
and I heard two sharp ciicks. Seemed as if the
critters knew what's the proper thing for they
Stopped as quick as if they'd struck a stable.
Then somebody in the bushes axed me pleasantlike
to hold my hat on with both hands for some
buck-shot might blow it off. along with some
hair and skull. If I didn't. I alius was reasonable
and I dropped that express chest with
rklOO of Welle. Fargo'scoln and drove off just
like 'twas the regular thing. When the posse
got back there they found an old axe that he'd
used to bust the box, and on the cover he'd
etuck this yer:
Once I tolled for gold in ditches
Jiow witn ease I amass riches,
Dahlel: now I'm on this lay,
I'll come again another day.
Well, sir, that riled me. There I'd been laving
off to catch my man and he'd carried me
Into camp like a iamb, and now he'd the cheek
to tell me he's going to come It over me again.
I put a month's wages in a gun, tilled her full
of slugs and got ready for a fracas. Old Yank
offered to buy my lite' insurance policy; the old
cuss. I'd taken to carrying my arsenal 'crow
my knees when I struck the lonesome places.
Went along like that tor 'bout two weeks.
There's a pretty steep hill about two miles out
of town and the critters are 'bout winded when
they strike the level above. One Friday I'd a
heavy load, mall, express and passengera, including
three gals, and I let the cattle crawl up
the hill. I'd alius been s'plclous of that place
and I'd dropped the lines onto the foot-board
and taken up my shooting iron half 'spectlng
my man. Pilgrim, he was right there. Just as
we struck the crest something flew out'en the
bush like a catamount, lit under tho neck
of the nigh leader, and 'fore I could say Jack
Robinson I was looking into a couple o' holes
In a chunk of Iron. Stop? Yas; I stopped.
He'd the drop on me agin. Couldn't blaze away
'thout killing the lead horse, and wouldn't have
fazed the cuss, for I couldn't see nothing 'sides
one eye. He was dressed iu a long linen duster
and had a Hour bag over his head. Sed he'd
taken a fancy to my gun that trip, and
I let him have it. But darned If he didn't shove
a fifty onto the box to pay me when he'd gotten
through the matinee. He never would bother |
the women folks, but was mighty polite to them.
The boys got onto that racket, and I've known
a single poor Irish lass going over my route to
carry the nuggets ot half a dozen miners. Yes;
I rememlier the poetry he left that time. It
was like this:
Daniel, It grieves me to say it,
Next I lme you attempt to play It,
Buy an overcoat of pine,
And I'll send the corpse In time.
I quit the line after that; didn't think it was
healthy."
nE ELUDES CAPTURE.
The records show that the government pet
forth every effort, through Its trained iupectors,
to capture the audacious mail depredator.
Wells, Fargo & Co., through their
agents, kept the local authorities up to their
work, while the standing rewards Incited individual
enterprise. But the robberies continued,
and the tantalizing rhymes left at the scene of
each new exploit showed that the "Po 8" was
aware of the efforts that had been made to
secure his capture. Nobody had ever seen his
lace, and the insjieotors' reports stated that all
evidence was to the effect that he never slept
over night within fifteen or twenty miles of the
scene ot his adventure.
Finally Detective Morse took up the trail, and
through* inductive reasoning he placed the man
he sought in San Francisco.
"What does Black Bart do with the proceeds
of his robberies," mentally inquired Morse, and
the answer was that he sjtent it, and spent it in
San Francisco, too. So the detective resigned
to others the task of following Black Bart all
over the state, while he sought him in the slums
ot San Francisco. He searched for weeks without
success, until onedav when his attention was
attracted by a peculiar ruby in the window of a
jewelry store. It exactly fitted the description
of a Jewel taken by Black Baft from a wealthy
drover some months before. The gentleman
who left the ruby, said the jeweler, had often
sold to him other jewels.
CACGHT AT LAST.
Following up this clue, the detective shadowed
the shop and soon had the gentleman under
arrest. It was none other than Black Bart,
as it afterwards appeared, although he
stoutly denied his Identity. He was ta
man of about fifty years of age, neatly
dressed, and with a soft, pleasant voice, which
was rarely heard. He was a native of New
York, hailed from Calaveras county, and had
been an unsuccessful miner. His habits were
exemplary; he did not swear, nor did he use tobacco
or drink liquor. During his trial he maintained
an air ot injured innocence that so impressed
the court that it was only through herculeau
efforts that the prosecution was able to
have him sentenced to six years servitude in
states prison for robbing the Copperapolls stage.
It was the only stage robbery with which he
could be connected, because in the other cases
his Identity had been completely concealed by
his disguises. His victims, however, the passengers
in the Stage coaches, seldom got more
than a glimpse of him, as he usually required
the driver to collect his tolls while he remained
conce aled by the roadside.
Alter his conviction the "Po 8" talked more
freely," and from a confession made to an inspector
of the Post Office department It appears
that he had committed twenty-nine highway
robberies within two years. In transmitting a
copy of the confession the inspector in his endorsement
sajs that it Is lair to assume that the
"Po 8" had perpetrated many other similar
crimes not enumerated in his list. because It in
an almost invariable trait of criminals to confers
only to minor crimes in the t-flort to divert attention
from the greater violations of law. The
endorsement also reads that although the prisoner
has confessed these crimes, he has purposely
tailed to supply certain links in the chain of
testimony, so that it is not probable that he
could be convicted ot them In court, although
there can be no moral doubt of his guilt.
*OT A MAI KOLEI X.
What the National I.ibrnry Should He.
A pamphlet hasl>een issued ^by Brentano> very
recently, under the title "A National Library
Not a Mausoleum.'" in which the author sots
forth afresh and forcibly the necessity for the
*
better accommodation of the National Library.
He has evidently made an exhaustive study of
his subject, from the standpoint of an entire
familiarity with and comprehension of it, and :
his presentation of its merits in this pamphlet is
effective and timely. The present sspei/t of the
endless rows. pile*, mounds and railed heaps
of dusty books and pamp llets which meet the
eye of the observer in the library is well calculated
to remind l:;m of the desolation of the
Catacombs, or. as the writer sa\<. of "those
grinning pyramids of human skulls w hich Timour
the Tartar was wont to erect for trophies on the
sires of razed and conquered clues." The
irremediable dsorder and neglect plead silently
but eloquently for relief. But the rei.ef should
be not only speedy but also adequate and
judicious. The library, which is tin- largest in
America, and one of the largest and most complcte
in the world, should l>e housed in a st_\le
which would lie acceptable to an educated taste
and wouid secure lor it the highest P"-sit.ie
degree ot a\ai!ability. The author clearly points
out the fallacies of those Congressmen who
underestimate the value of the library. It Is
"useless" only to such as are fmlliferent to
schools and the printing press and other educational
forces, or are too lazy to take advantage
of their opportunities. It is "too large" only hi
the sense that In its present quarter- it is too
crowded. Almost the tirst requisite of a good
libran is that it be large. To satisf\ the public
it must touch the public at all points. It must
give equally full and trustworthy information
on all possible subjects?on political history, on
busitiessstatisiics, on geographical, ethnological,
economical, geological, medical, legal, theological
and military scU nee, on literature, on
art. on mathematics. A limited collection of
parliamentary literature is not all that the
trained and intelligent legislator needs. He
ought to have easy and constant access to all
manner of books, for facts, for comparisons and
for quotat ions.
The proposal to split up this great library, retaining
at the Capitol only the comparativelysmall
portion directly connected with legislative
matters, and scattering the bulk of the collection
to the four winds of heaven. Is worthy of
an Alaric in the whitest heat of his vandalism, j
Congress lias, in the first place, no real right to ;
do such a thing. The library belongs to the i
people, and not to Congress" The people are
proud ot the library, and desire It to be retained
in its integrity. To disintegrate it would prop- !
erly expose us to the scorn of all Christendom,
and would seriously cripple and discourage our
nrMonal literary growth. As the pamphlet
s?tys: "It is not merely a storehouse of informa- ]
tion, a magazine, an armory * * * All this
is well, but it is only incidental to the function 1
01 a great national library. That function Is to j
foster and conserve the literary growth of the
country, to preserve copies and records of i
American books, and to guard the rights of
literary property in the United States. The !
scholars of the country are learning to look to !
this noble collection of books as to an unfailing
resource; the studeuts of the couutry are flock- j
ing to It In ever-Increasing numbers for inval- ;
uable information which they cannot obtain in
any other way on this side ot the ocean.
The National Library, then, is unsatisfactory :
only as regards Its present environment. It is
as plain as day that it ought to be domiuciled
at once in a special and appropriate building, j
And w here? Not in a swamp, not alongside a
railway, not amid the din of traffic, not at an ,
inconvenient distance from the center of tne
city. It certainly ought not to overtax the wisdom
of Congress to provide a suitable site. I
which should be free trom these objections, and
at tile sametime should be obtaiualle at a not
unreasonable figure. Again, the new building !
should be constructed with a wise and generous j
forethought for future as well as for present j
needs. During the past tour years, more than
75.000 new publications have been added by j
copyright to the library. The entrees comprise ,
(besides books, which constitute not quite
three-fifths of the whole number), pamphlets,
periodicals, musical and dramutlc compositions,
photographs, prints, engravings, chromos, maps
aud charts. Many of the pamphlets deposited
there are of great consequence, w hile the periodicals
are sought for reference by the general
reader perhaps even more eagerly than books.
A very brief computation and reflection will suffice
to give one some idea of the rapid rate at
which the library is growing in size. All plans
for a new structure should make ample provision
for this increase for many years to come.
The danger from fire In the present condition
of affairs iu the Capitol library has been so often
and so fully discussed that it Is only necessary
In this connection to make a passing allusion to
It. But the inconvenience and inadequateness
of the present arrangements are so galling aud
so imperiectly understood by many that they
cannot be too frequently brought to the attention
of the publlo. A casual visitor at the Capitol,
strolling Into the library, is struck by its
large proportions, and is prone to Imagine that
Burely there must be room enough there for all
the books In the world. This is nothing but an ;
architectural delusion. All the library "rooms at 1
the Capital cover a space of only 11.600 square '
feet, whil# the space covered hv the Pari* Biblio- ,
thdque Natiotiale Is 70.300 square feet, and that
of the British Museum library, lor books alone,
Is 110,000 square feet, besides half as much more
for its other collections. These are but a few
of the more salient points of this important subject.
The librarian, whose fidelity and efficiency
are everywhere known and appreciated, has nowhere
exhibited more clearly his fituess for the
trust relegated to him than iu his terse official
appeals to Congress for action in the premises; i
and it is most earnestly to be hoped that now at
last Congress will do the public the shamefully 1
tardy service which is demanded in their behalf
by all conceivable considerations of propriety,
prudence, enterprise and common seuse.
Fast Washington Objects, Also.
To the Editor of The Evening Stah:
The runnjng of steam railroad? through the
streets of our city has been so long under dis- j
cussion, and without any good results, that the
subject is becoming threadbare; yet It may not
be out of place to venture some remarks thereon
to show that silence on the part of the people of (
East Washington directly affected by the operation
of the B. A P. R. Ii. does not mean consent j
to the existing condition of things.
The railroad took possession of K street in
direct opposition to property owners and residents
of that and adjoining streets, and the
feeling against its continuance grows stronger
year by year. If there appeared any possible
way to rid ourselves of this nuisance, there
would be no delay in its adoption.
The permanent occupation of K street, from
2d to 7th streets southeast, is, without doubt, a
foregone conclusion; and. having no "influence"
with the "powers that be," we feel as though
further appeals on our part would be waste of
time.
The frequent protests against the B. and P.
road never contain a sympathetic word for East
Washington. Residents of other sections who
have escaped the wreck of property, and who j
are iortunate enough to escape the torments of
noise, smoke, aud ga9. manifest not the least
concern for us; while others in similar situation
to ourselves are striving to rid themselves
of the nuisance by advocating the removal of
tracks to other streets, using as an argument
that property interests would be less affected,
because?It is supposed?that property is less
valuable on the proposed routes. A more selfish '
proposition could hardly emanate from jieople 1
living in the same community; Miev pray relief
from their burdens at tlie expense of neighbors
less able to bear them. Is right, is justice, to be
measured by value of property alone? Are j?ersonal
comforts and feelings of no consideration?
If tills is neighborly, Lord, 6ave us from our :
neighbors!
Mr. Scott stated, a few days ago, before the
Senate District committee (as reported in Thk
Star), that nobody ever asked the removal of
the B. 4 P. depot. That he is in error can be
shown from the columns of The Stab for the
past tenyears,through communications, reports
of meetings, aud the action of committees appointed
therefrom, all having in view the removal
of the tracks from certain avenues. Had
success attended their efforts to cut off communicatioQifrom
the dtpot, It is plain that, as a depot,
It would have l*?en useless.
The writer, several years ago. presented. In
person, to the District Commissioners, a petition
signed by a large number of residents of East
Washington, protesting against the occupation
of K street by the railroad company, and praying
the removal of the B. & P. depot east of IMA
street southeast. The petition was never heard i
of afterwards. East Washington.
A singular case of fatal poisoning from a veil
has occurred in Kansas. The wife of Judge A.
11. Foote, of Lawrence Kan., had a scratch on ]
her face when she started out for her afternoon
walk. She wore a dark green veil to conceal the i
abrasion. The blood absorbed some of the green i
coloring matter of the veil, and blood poisoning i
bet in. She died la three dajs.
ALOW THE ASIATIC CO AWT.
A Vrtrrni !HtMlonnry Homrn nr4
Hit V > ?*r tram tMrhaw,
( biaa, to talratu. India.
The Rev. Nathan Site*. a missionary in Cblnn
for the last twenty-Mirre year*, la en route to
this country, expecting to Join hi* family now
temporarily residing in this city. He coiner an
a delegate from the Foochow annual conference
of the Methodist Fpiscoi?al church to the penoral
conference, which Is to meet In Philadelphia
in May next. HH> friends here have received
a letter from him dated Caleut*:i, January
1st. ISM. in which he writes as follows of
his trip that tar:
From Foochow we sailed Ave hundred miles
down the coast of China to Hone K??iur. where
I tunied aside to call uihid and congratulate
our Canton friends. The American mission
there prov dentiallv ese*|>ed *1! harm in the ri??t
which occurred a few motittis ago. though slxteen
houses were plundered and burned on the
beautiful island of Shameen Hur.ng the not
some of the missionaries left th? ir I. >mes and
fled to English steamers in the river, but when
all was quiet tliey went on with their work,
w ise as seipents and harmless as hut .s"
llONO KONG.
1 was greatly pleased to fee' when in Hone
Kong. that line British col>ny. t\ at whatever
war might come between France and China,
neither of the turiou*. frowning foe- w. uld dare
touch this colony, or rutl1?- a single hair of ttiis
Lion of Fn-jlat d " A iieautoul eitv is tins.
with its grand buildings, bread street*. luxuriant
public garden*, its brilliant ^as-lit ! ails
and avenues and abundant suj ph <>f g''iid. fiesh
water tl? w ing in all ttie town, and who eni>y ail
these? Ue see. too, numerous churches, fine
schools and colleges?w ho fill them? There are.
In-siUes the soldiers, about '2.01k* Kuroj? an and
Americans, and 150.UU0 Chinese. Here. then,
the facilities of education, nli^ion. the rt s of
trade, and the court- of justice are ojmmi alike to
oriental anil western nationalities. \ ou will
not wonder that I looked upon Hong Kong as a
vast school house, and t,?u<*en Victoria as the
greatest and best school mistress in all ti e
w oi Id.
PI\<; M-oRK.
Fivedavs' pleasant sailing down the China
sea brought us to this city, another school"
for southern Asia Here, at the extreme point
of the continent, the inhabitants of East and
ot West A^ia meet. A strange scene?< hlnese,
Malays, Javanese, Hindus, Arabs, and Africans
too. all commingling and toiling together,
with the Christian Fnglishmau again as master.
Singapore is n. lat. 1J<. deg . and although
nearly on the equator, we found cool and pleasant
weather, and great 1\ enjoyed our rides to
the garden of the Chinese money prince, as w ell
as the more beautiful public gardens of the
city. F.arnest missionary laborers received us
with fraternal Christian sympathy, ard assured
us cf Increased hope in the triumph of the Redeemer's
kingdom.
This port, like Hong Kong, was once the! ahitation
of a few miserable fishermen, and the resort
of pirates It wis purchased by Great Britain
in 181W, with a population of 150. In 187S
it had Increased to 88.000. The Chinese not only
outnumber all others, but, next to Europeans,
they take the lead in trade. There w ere 2.2H0
vessels entered in the port of Singapore ic the
year 1875. and the imports amounted to twentyone
millions, the exports to twenty millions of
dollars. Mark the coutrast in population and
resources between J8iy and 1875. What it was
before the British rule was estab ished and what
it Is under that rule.
PEVANfl.
Northwest, tour hundred miles by steamer up
the Malacca coast, we find this beautiful island.
F'enang, sometimes called "Prince of Wales
Island," and justly termed the "Eden of the
Fast," Is fourteen miles long and nine wide.
Its northern parlJs one immense spice garden.
Fruit and veget^les are abundant. :'.nd. in fact,
all eastern delicacies, not forgetting Its supply of
excellent water. The climate is hot but he.uthy.
Its beautiful mountains, tweuty-three totwenty-seven
hundred feet high. Its plains ot various
cocoa and other palm trees, the freshness and
transparency of Its atmosphere, all combine to
make us marvel how nature in so small a compass
has contrived to crowd such wonderful variety
of delight. This lovely island is the native
place of our Foochow merchant friend. Mr.Kaw
Hong Take, w ho w as at home and gave us carriage
drives In royal st\!e. Out Chinese passengers,
men. women and nursing infants, all
left us at Singapore and Penang. On the passage
to Calcutta, 1,300 miles further, we had
fewer numbers but more diversity Jews,
Christians, Mohammedans and Hindus. ln their
various oriental costumes, and all shades of
complexion, from the Caucasian w bite to the
African jet black. What a commingling of the
nations! A hundred chirping Java sparrows,
screaming cockatoos, scores of parrots oi
brilliant plumage, three great growling tigers
and one pet lamb. Such was our company on
the rolling wave approaching Calcutta on New
Year's eve.
The Brick Quenlion Again.
To the Editor of The Evexixo Stab;
The statement made against the committee of
the Federation of Labor on bricks is not reliable.
In the first place, the Brlckmakers' Assembly is
not a part of the Federation, as stated. The
Federation of Labor Is not a small organization.
We have many Inventions of machinery among
our brandies?it is the machinery of the law ws
oppose, and not the machinery for makinc
bricks, as stated. The committee on
bricks called on the inspector of ouildings,
and were not shown any of those
bricks which The Evening Star stated were
the qualified size to answer the purpose at the
present time. The committee carried samples
from different yards to the Commissioners, who
measured them, and found a very large difference.
Those samples were left In* the Commissioners'
office, and when the committee called
for them they were told that tliev were mislaid
or lost, but it any one Is Interested enough In
the size of bricks he can call at No. 6th street
northwest, to the chairman of the committee,
and see for himself the difference, and it not to
the mentioned place, in passing the new (tension
building, just take a few bricksand measure them,
if permitted by the superintendent of the building.
Another thing, as far as the statement in
regard to the shrinkage of clay is concerned. If
a man is a professional and a mechanic at the
brauch ot his business, he can make his material
to suit any size he wants. We do not want to
advance the price in brick, as stated, but the
brick merchant has raised seventy-five cents
per thousand in the last month, but they have
made no increase in the price ot labor. We also
inform the public that invest their money in
building, of the large profit w liicli the brick merchants
makes. In the jard where bricks are
made without machines, the brick merchants
make a net profit of ?25.36 per day. and in the \ ard
where the bricks are made by machines the net
profit is $78.42 per day. The Washington machine
company make 80.000 bricks (>er day. and
since the raise of seventy-fire cents on the
thousand it increases their profit to *00 profit
per day extra to the above amount, and we
think, as workmen and citizeus of the District,
that the brick merchants ought to be the last
ones to cry labor is too high.
B. McDowell,
M. J. Brows,
B. A. Fori>,
Committee on Bricks.
? ? ?
H akhinrton and <.eorgei??\i n Harbor
t?? be Opened During (be U inter.
To tht Editor of Tn?: F.vimks Star:
I would respectfully call your attention to the
prospective improvements of the harbor of
Washington city and Georgetow n. A bill w as
introduced In the House a few da\s since by the
Hon. JohnS. Barbour (and referred to the river
and harbor committee) to luild a breakwater at
or near Cockpit point, on the Potomac river,
about thirty miles south ot this city. There la
also a movement being made to build a firstclass
ice boat, tor the purpose of cutting a canal
through the ice during the ice embargo; to tow
all vessels that seek protection in the breakwater,
and take them up to the city and back
to open navigation. By this means there w ill
be no stoppage of the trade, and an immense
saving of time and money to the merchants and
vessel owners and citizens generally, as well as
to the U. S. government, by having an o(>en
harbor all the year round, which will prevent
the speculators "from imposing uj>on the necessities
of our people during the w inter months
by their high prices. The building of this breakwater
is a necessity that has long been felt.
It ought to have been built long ago,*
as a large amount of valuable property has been
lost, as well as many valuable lives, for want of
it. as there is no safe harbor or anchorage from
ttie capes of Virginia to the city of Washington,
where a vessel can remain In safety during the
period when those immense fields of ice break
and come down the river, backed by that tremendous
torce of water descending from the
Blue Nidge mountains and forcing its way to
the ocean. As the United States navy as well
as the commercial marine interest of the north
aud east is yearly increasing, and the harbor of
Washington is daily growing iu importance, it
becomes the duty ol the government to provide
o safe and commodious shelter on the Potomac
river, where the government, as well as private
vessels, can seek safety from destruction. II the
Secretary of the Navy would give this matter
tils attention and interview the officers and
pilots of the U. 8. navy, I feel assured that he
would w ithout hesitation recommend the construction
of the breakwater atorce as a protection
to government vessels passing from the seat
of gover&uieut to the Atlantic ocean.
Juii> N. UARTkJb
a

xml | txt