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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 28, 1884, Image 2

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CITY AND WgTIUCT.
Ol T.DOOIl PJlSTintX
Taken to Orzani/p a < anoe Club?
U liul tin- floating TIt il Arc Doing?
t ISic) cling. ISass Hall. Ac*
( aiioeins.
The lover- r.f this very attractive ."port have
taken the tirst steps towards forming a canoe
c'.nh here, ami. jm'g nir fr??m those who have
taken the mutter in 1 and. it will prove a very
successful ore. At tin* meeting at I>r. Latimer's
?tr.ceThur day night there were present Me-srs.
Arthur Brentano. 1!. H. S: u'.e. A. S. Flint, F.
X. Moore. J- H. I ike. K. Channing. ('has. I!.
Calvert and llev. T. S. Wynkoop. All were
strongly in favor of forming a permanent club,
and committees were appointed to secure
tjuartcrs. suggest a name, and frame by-laws,
Jke. Although the numierol canoeists here is
i.' t very large. those present were greatly in
f ;v. r of having quarters of their own rather
than to keep their canoes at the boat club
lxor elsewhere, as by being together thev
will U> much more companionable, and will
make the .-p?>rt mm-h more attractive to others.
Many canoeists belong to the local boat clubs
and have heretofore preferred to row than
ti rru se in their canoes, bccause it was so lonem<me
ti> go out in their canoes alone. Several
* ni.- ng parties tiave alre.idv lieen arranged for
p'*xt week. A number will send their canoes
up as tar as (Cumberland. and will cruise down
down to the city on the 3d ami 4th of July.
Some wili shoot the falls. Others will go down
the river {-ailing. The next meeting of the
canoeists will be held July 7th. at I?r. Latimer's
ofTiee. 13>i New York avenue, when the organization
of the club will l>e completed. The
probability ;* tliat quarters will tie secured in
the immediate vicinity of the boat club houses.
IS ?t wing.
F"1'1< m l.as any boat race attracted so much
a't*f.tion and been so eagerly anticipated as
that between the Potomacs and Coluiubias at
Norfolk en the 4th of July. The crews met
twice last year, each winning a victory, and the
rivalry between tliem is so strong that a terrible
struggle Is expected. Kvery man who occupies
a feat in the competing boats is determined, and
wiil pull lor all he is worth. The race will be
- tu o miles w th a turn. Large delegations fr:im
and Potomac clubs will go to Norfolk
on ti i* tih of July to see this race. On this
occasion the Columbia boys will introduce their
new helmet. Hie Pete:: ac crew is rather a
light one. averaging about ! 14 ll<s.. but there is
an immense ami'init ot power in the boat for
that weight. Tlie Coluiubias are much heavier,
averaging over I-V) lbs., anil are well boated i>i
a new V. ater's shell. Both sides seem contident
of vict' ry. hut acknowledge that the race will
be a hard one.
No other rews will participate in the Norfolk
regatta tioni Washington. Two scullers from
the Potomac dub. McKinney and Fisher, will
r-w in the race for singles.
there was not a full attendance at the meeting
the j> utt regatta committee on Thursday.
a.d. consequent'y. hut little business oflmportnnce
w a- transacted. The ofTerof a set of medals
for one of the four-oared contests on the 31st of
July from Mr. li. K. Fox. of New York, was accreted.
The committee have arranged their
plans so carefully and systematically that they
itf.o^'hesy the cheapest and most satisfactory reg
ii *a ever held on the Potomac.
Tl-e Columlias are doing decidedly the best
w.ii^k in preparing for the I'otomac river regatta.
ani? have a number ot good men in training.
They have a fine crew in the eight nearly every
evening. On 1 hursday evening Nut*, Wade.
K'-r; 'nip. Kintner, Snyder. Arnold. Young and
My.-k.tl! made a tine appearance in the eight.
1 li*- Columbia's new four was out for the first
tin e Tii ~ lay evening, manned by the sen'mr
four, h'l.s Ward coxswained the eight. The
]. boa* i- considered a very fine one.
I ra.-es of the < 'olumhia club, w hich were to
h ive tiii.i'ii ?.la<.c Thursday evening. were post
I - liiiunt oi strong current in the river.
I regular kop took piace. however, and was
>.rt i !;??yid by ail present.
* ' ' iiiiii :a crew and a large delegation of
t c.u'. will reti.a r. after the Norfolk regatta.
1 iney i'. i.t until Sunday.
i i Potoma - seenj to have lost some of their
t- Ustoiaed energy of late. They do not get
out a.- ma; y cifiv.-- a^ they did earlier in thesean.
ai'd t !:e sijells thi-t go out are not always
manned by the be.-t men.
?'?ai'ac i. ss w .'1 leave St. John's for New
l' >k oil Mo; 1 i\. i||> says he v\ ii! row against
1 'luer or Cunicy ut Oak 1'oint, but nowhere
l?e.
Kw Rail,
The N rial- : a". played but two game? at
home ?... far ti:;s week with the Kansas City
t . ;l . ! ;ng both, but making the games very
ii Uriostiiiu. The game on Tuesday was won
1 \ the visitors by a - re of J to 1. The same
c.u'- j htvd ?gtin ye-terdar. the visitors winn!ng
again 1 > a of s to 7. The Nationals
have been i '-u-aierably crippled, but they manage
alw ;.y?tu uiaketheirgatnes very interesting.
I .! Wr. lungtons n;:ve been taken Into camji
* , every game tiiis week to various tunes. Last
Sunday t' a -f. I.ouiscluh defeated tliem by a
're i j to ". and on the two follow ing duvs
thi ywiijuj victorious by scores of ? to 5 and'J
too. Thurxlay and Friday the H'ashingtons
I'l'tved at Louisville and lost both games bv
cores of 15 to a and 11 to 3.
The following is the standing to date of the
c id>s in the roll for the championship of the
(Liferent associations;
T.VA<;i"K.
li i n. !.<:<(. u'nn. Is-rt.
ProTldence. Si 11 Ctiicago 19
Boston :-i li CleveFami 19 ^4
N-w York .-.'7 13 Philadelphia..15 ;t2
bll!la:?? Si 21 I'etroit It) o5
A M i: I: i ' VN ASSIH MTID.N.
I! "??. li'oyj.
5'.-troj.?iita:i.^J 12 Athletic 'Si 17
I."ii -J*". 11 Brooklyn in 23
St I i;;s. 13 Toledo". 12 2H
' ;;iii'.u- :;f> 15 Allegheny. ...11 30
1 13 Indianapolis..10 2S
t .ui_.u;:ati... .24 14 Wasliington.. 8 IX)
KAsrr!:N I.I;AUI K.
15 on. J.'st. lloa. Ijost.
^ iln lnartou. 8 Allentown.. .15 19
Trenton *J2 14 llarrisburg...l2 20
Y.rgiiua is 17 Ironsides.... 7 12
Active i;? 15 Monumental. 3 10
l>oinest ic ... .15 17
? M'"N KSSOCIATIOX.
B i i. lost. B'on. Ts'st.
Ft.l.rnis :;s 3 Chicago 18 20
? Baltimore. ..-J3 lfi National 11 'M
Cincinnati?\M 1H Kansas City ..10 L?3
Boston 30 14 Keystone 10 30
Yale defeated Harvard on both land and water
this year, and the Y<de boys are of Course jubilant.
The r victory of their eight-oared crew, at
New London. Thursday over the llarvards was
b '. ; lemeuted by the defeat of the Harvard
b.?-e ball nine at Brooklynye-terday in the game
v :..ch d <'ided the college base i>ail charnpionsh'p.
Vale fccored lour times and Harvard
tw.te.
( amen yesterday: At Chicago?Chicago 6,
Providence ?. At Cincinnati?Cincinnati 4. Metropolitan
13. At Baltimore?I'-altirnore Unions
i. Chicago l"nl<?ns 4. At Boston?Cincinnati
rnb.n- 4. Boston Unions 0. At butfalo? l'hilaf'i
Ijili a K Buifato 7. At I'etroit?Boston 15.
I'etroit t At Philadelphia?Keystone Unions
4. St. Li ;i s I ; ions ?>. At Cleveland?Cleve1
tnd New York 4. At St. Louis?St. Louis 4,
Athletic 1. At Columbus?Columbus 4. Alle*
g noy 1. At T??Iedt?? Toletlo 9. Brcioklvu 1. At
Ii.uianapolis?lndiaaajwlis 7, Bait.more III
Klcycllnc.
Tlie r< ads are in a splendid condition for
w -cling now. and a great many bicyclers will
t kctripsinto thecountry next week. TheCapital
ci il> will, as t uai. Iuhe a run to Kockvi'.le for
tie Fourth or"July. The Capital Bi club base
lull Bine j.lay a game with the llyattsville club
tii.s afternoon, on the grounds of the latter.
Puiing the pa t week a very interesting pool
C ntv'T-t has teen in progress at the Capital club
r> on-s. tor the club championship. There were
s? ven entrie*. e*ieh to play nine games w ith
eaeh of tl?^ ? thers. The contest is not yet concluded.
Messrs. I earning and Howard Btand
first and second, but very close together. The
former has won tiiirty and lost fourteen, and
tl.e latter won thirty and lost fifteen.
Mr. Kd Taj lor gave a very interesting exhibition
of fancy b;cycl? riding at W. C. scribner'a
school on Wednesday evening. He has been
Improving very rapidly of late, and Is now a
very prortf'.ent rider. Many of Hex Smith's
tncks tie has learned to perfection, and besides
he# a great many difficult feats of his own.
Dismounting front the machine without touching
the hand". And riding on one wheel, attracted
a good deal of applause Wednesday
evening.
Sporting NotMi
A very exciting boat race took place at Bethlehem,
Pa. . yesterday. The race was a 100-yard dash
iora purse of ? 100. between Fred Rogers, of Ire n4cn.
and Harry Wh?-atley, ol Canada. Sogers w as
victorious, the referees deciding him winner
by six inches. Tlie time was given as 9%
seconds. Noaii Macklnson. Rogers' backer, lelt
the gr? unds?3..MX) la pocket.
Clarie; Mitchell, who Is training at |<ong
Bra neh. Nks fully recovered trom Ms sieknefa
and * ill positively appear against Sullivan at
Ili'.dlson ^"<i'i&r;' gar.ii !i on Monday niglit.
^ The fe!lov 'ng -c res were made by members
( J t< V;< ;r. ?;;v, >!uh yesterd:ty afternoon
out oi a j- -.1 e '5: i!'!Is. 15; McLecd. 14; IkiiI",
i', 13, Vi Hi W iliOil, 11.
I.RA( Fr('L tRCHITOCTIWG. mill
?? mi n: milt
Kandtome Me?f 4 <-?<:?><? /Naik iKemt;
Lreclcii ia .<!>?
rpeft lation in 1S72 and the california
syn dic ate?the march of improvement
yt lkt hit steadt?some of the mechanics
complaining of a fa i. lino off in the work
?a description of fine residences recently
begi n in this city.
Some of the real estate men and builder^ are
i complaining that business is getting slack in j
! the way ot building. The brick makers also
i state that they do not find the ready sale for
their bricks that they ought. judging from past
! seasons. This is accounted for by most of the
business men by the fact that this is the ''off
i year' for business, and the '-on year' for poll- i
t:cs. and not much more heavy building Is ex- !
jM-ctfd to be ddi- until another year rolls round,
fhe rate of mechanic's wages remains high, and
bricklayers are getting ?4 per day on govern- j
ment work, and S4.50 on private work. It is |
stated on good authority tliat there are many |
bricklayers seeking employment at this time, j
, the work already beinjf scarce, and also that 1
' bricklayers -prefer to secure work on the Pension
office at ?4. than to run their chances on
private work at ii. 50 per dav.
tiie operations of the california syndicate.
The transfer ot the remainder of the property
h.< id by the 'California Syndicate" during the
past week, the details of which were given in j
Tin: star :;t the time, recalls a very interesting j
period in the history of the city. Tiie large :
tracts of land owned by the syndicate were pur- '
chafed in the spring of 1S72. The year before a
boom hail been started in real estate on account i
ot the comprehensive plan of improvements in- j
augurated by the board of public works, and
speculation in corner lots amid the brick yards
; and wild M antes of the West hnd was extremely
| Syndicates were formed that bought up
; large blocks of land, and one organized at that
time Htiil exists, and controls about thirty
acres ot land on the i-row of the hill near 19th
street, which was intended as a site for tiie
presidential mansion. The lieal Estate company,
afterwards Known as the "Real Estate
: Pool." wa< then buying property largely, their
purchase being mainly confined to the squares
iii the neighborhood oi I'upont Circle. Another :
syndicate invested largely in land about Iowa j
Circle, while stilt another made extensive invest- ;
iiients in the locality where New York avenue j
intersects with Virginia avenue west of the I
State department. Attention was directed to j
tins neighborhood by the proposition of (luv. j
| Shepherd to build a whart along the riverfront j
north of the Long bridge, and to make the !
washington channel navigable.
About tins time Judge Sunderland, ex-Sena- |
tor Stewart, then Senator, and Judge Hillyer. j
formerly residents of California, determined to !
invest in land in tliis city. At first they in- j
! tended to buy land on East Capitol street, be- j
lieving that the tuture of that locality was more
, promising. Subsequently, however," thev concluded
to invest in the northwest, and "began
' the series oi purchases, which resulted in the
j expenditure ot between six and seven hundred
thousand dollars. The three members of the
syndicate were not equally interested. Hillyer
and Stewart put in a quarter each of the money
invested and Sunderland a halt. Both Stewart 1
and Hillyer made private purchases in addl- '
tioii. and both erected houses for their own use, i
which are still standing and occupied by the
original owners. Afterwards Senator Stewart
became involved financially and disposed of his
share in the property of the syndicate to Judge
Sunderland, w ho then owned three-quarters of
the whole.
The prices paid by the syndicate varied, hut in
no case was more than seventy-five cents per
toot paid for the landr which Is now regarded as
the most desirable in the city. The average
price was twenty and twenty-five cents per foot, i
1 hirty-live cents w as paid for tiie square where ;
the British legation is now located, and the part
now occupied by the legation building was soon
afterwards sold to the British government for !
fifty cents. Forty cents was paid for square 114, |
wiiich tronts on I'upont Circle to the southwest,
w est of n.?w Hampshire avenue, but eight mouths
altei wards the owners sold it lor a dollar per
toot. For square 115. which is on the opposite
j side of New Hampshire avenue, fronting on :
Hupont Circle, forty cents w as paid. This land i
is now. alter a lapse of twelve years, valued at
. lour and live dollars, and the prevailing price in
t Ids ; eaiity is per foot, and generally a higher
i llguie is asked.
fhe highest price paid by the syndicate was
seventy-five cei.ts. and that was for square 105,
| on scott circle, where Senator Cameron's house
j now stands. Ten cents was paid for square 151,
j which is between 17th and 18th and T and U !
; streets, and 25 cents for squares (j*> and 03,
which lie between Q and R, just west of Con- !
necticut avenue. A large portion of these two
squares has recently been sold tor S3 per foot. 1
For square 155. on New Hampshire avenue, be- j'
tween P and Q streets. 2't cents was paid. The i
. figures quoted above give some Idea of the real
; estate market 12 years ago.
a row ok splendid residences.
; A fine improvement has just been begun on ; 1
i T, street, between loth and 14th, In the form of '
three elegant residences lor Thos. J. Fisher, E.
J. Stellwagen and Thos. M. Gale, of the firm of
liios. J. Fisher A Co., real estate brokers. Each
ln use has a frontage of 24 feet by a depth of 1
?" feet, with basement and three fu!l stories, 1
and with pitched terra eotta tile roof. The ' i
, fronts, w hich will rank with the handsomest in 1,
: the city, are of pressed brick and brown stone. ,
J The bay windows of the two end houses will
extend two stories and have open balconies. !
I one having iron railing, the other a brick and
i stone balustrade. The east house, or Mr. '
Fisher's, will he finished with a ^ueen Anne !
gable, having a .-t>>ne balcony with iron railing 1
projecting from the windows, forming a verv
pretty feature. Under this i? a triple window 1
with brick piers, stone lintels and an ornaj
mental arch above. The entrance is wide and
l. 's pilasters with stone caps supporting a hand- i
I some pediment. Ail the windows of the three
fronts !:;ive borders ot smail panes with colored J
glass. Mr. Gale's front wilt finish above the
bay window with a handsome gable, with Mul- 1'
lion triple window and panel above of terra t
cotta. Mr. Stellwagen's house is In the (
center, and has a tower which starts i
oval, falls back to octagon, forming j
j balconies on each side, and becomes semicircu- |
lar at the second story, and finishes with a coni- i
cal root, covered witli terra cotta tiles like the i
other roots. The cornice is of brick and iron, j
with a frieze ot terra cotta. The entrances are (
all wide, having stone steps. A feature of this 1
j block is that the houses are of entirely different i
; design, while a certain harmony 1- preserved.
The interiors of the houses are somewhat diff'r-% \
ent. but the principal features are tiie same. ]
The hallsare seven feet w ide in front, and w iden !
to nine feet in the rear, and have elegant plat- ' '
1 form stairw ays, lighted from above by a large (
skylight of cathedral glass. All the rooms on i
the first floor have double sliding doors, which \
throws the parlor, library and halls Into one. ]
j The front and back hall are separated by arches.
1 lie fireplace, in one of the houses is diagonally
across the corner of the library, and the library
is lighted by a large triple window, w ith colored '
j gla?s transom above. The pantries are fitted up '
w ith dumb waiters, sinks. Ac. The entire finish I
. ot interior will be in hard wood. The plumbing :
will be (lone bv separate contract by Mr. C. G. 1
i Thorn, and will lie of the*very best. The fixtures i
; wi.i be of the finest obtainable?English poree- i ,
; lain bath tubs, sinks and laundry tubs. The i
| heating will be by furnaces, put in by Hayward
j A Hutchinson. The cost will be ?."6.000. T. F.
Schneider is the architect, and Mr. Win. P. Lips- !
comb is the builder.
mr. gilick's residence.
Mr. John S. Gulick is about to commence the
erection of a handsome residence on N street, !
between 17th and 18th. It will be 25 feet front 1 1
; and 53 feet deep, with an elevation of 49 feet. !
j The house will be three stories high, with a '
basement, and a back-building running up two
stories. The front, of pressed brick, will be !
| ornamented with tiling and terracotta. The '
interior finish wfll be handsome and modern.
The builder and architect Li S. T. G. MoreeiL
The cost w ill be ? 13.000.
a row of five iiocses.
Mr. Pavid A. Windsor has begun the erection
of five three-story and basement dwellings at
15th and Corcoran streets northwest. These
are to be 10 by 50 feet ground plan, and to have '
pressed brick front, with moulded brick, terra 1
cotta and iron cornices, an.l one bay window In
each running up 33 feet These buildings have
been designed by J. G. Holcomb. The cost will
be 430,500.
Mr. C. C. Martin has about completed a row
of fine, handsome residences on 19th street,
near R. These bouses are built in the style and
manner widch characterizes recent improvements
In that section of the city.
Mi?0 Emma T. Mills is erecting a three-story
house on 2d street, between D and E streets at 1
a cost of *5,200. 1
Mr. Frank Baldwin, agent. In about to com- (
mence the erection or a dwelling-house on 15th
street, above Massachusetts avenue northwest.
This dwelling will be 19 by 28 feet, with a backbuilding
10 by 25 feet. It Is to lie built with all ,
modern Improvements, pressed brick front, iron
and molded brick cornice, flat mansard, and one
bay w indow 32 feet high. 10 feet wide and 5 feet
projection. The cost will be 91.000.
+ I
new Mrri.pr ItonnzD tok Maiia?Henry Mnller ,
was r.rrr^ud In Jci^ey City 0:1 Tuesdiy night for
robbing the Through the medium 01 decoy !
letters tlie rooberlcs wrre traced to him. He confessed
at once that he had been robbing the malls i
fi r years. He stole them sr-mrtiuKS lu packages,
ui'd r>; en d the packigfj In ins Office at night, all- !
jstrart' d the valuables, and threw yLt debris i
j through a hole in the floor into the ri^fy underneath.
1
i< voam i
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE INSTITUTION ON THE
EASTERN BRANCH?HOW THE INMATES ARE
CARED FOR?VAGRANTS BURDENED WITH PR0PERTT?SOME
OK THE PECULIAR CHARACTERS
AMONG THE INMATES?AUNT BETSEY SMITH'S
RECOLLECTIONS?HER GRAVE CLOTHES READY
FOR USE?A COLONY OF-A<iED COLORED MEN,
trc.
, In the eastern end of the city, fronting on 19th
street and extending to the Congressional cemetery
oil the south; the United States' jail enclosure
on the north and eastward to the Anacostia
or Eastern Branch, is the Washington asylum.
This embraces three departments?the almshouse,
the workhouse, and the asylum hospital?
and in the division of the work of the District
Commissioners is one of the institutions ot which
Commissioner West has the supervision. Under
the old regime of the corporation the almshouse
and workhouse were consolidated April 15,1821.
under the present name?the Washington asy- ;
lum. The iumates of the workhouse were known ;
in the corporate records as penitcnts?a term
which experience has proved lias not been an
appropriate one.
THE OLD POOR-nOUBE.
Prior to May 10th. 1843, the asylum was located
on M street, between Ctli and Tth northwest,
and the square extending toN street was known
as the poor-house farm or garden, the potter's
field being about the northeast corner of the
square. Four years prior to this date it became
apparent that the asylum was getting too small
to accommodate the inmates. It also stood in
the way oi the Improvements winch were then
extending northward. The city councils petitioned
Congress in that year lor the public reservation
where the asylum is now located, and,
the building having b?ien erected, tlie inmates
were removed by the intendant. Mr. Isaac Butt.
This buililing was destroyed by fire March 2d,
1S57, and a new one erected in its place, which
was occupied January 24th, 1859. This is now i
used exclusively as the altus-house, and is a !
four-story brick building of 116 by 50 feet, with :
a front building 44 feet square. The paupers i
are here housed, the males on the north side J
and the females on the south side. So far as \
possible, separate sleeping apartments are as- j
signed to the white and to the colored inmates,
each room being furnished with sleeping cots.
THE WORK-HOUSE BUILDING
is erected near the end ot E street south, and
as in the almshouse the males are quartered In
one side and the females in the other. Between
these buildings the residence of the Intendant
and commissioner, Mr? Stoutenburg. and the
Asy 1 niu hospital, are located. In the almshouse I
depart merit there are now 134 inmates?75
wtiite and 59 colored. Twenty-six old colored
men are lodged in one ot the magazine buildings
which Congress gave the District a tew
years ago. Those of the inmates who are able,
do what work they can as watchmen or porters.
feeding hogs, &c. Many of them are too i
old for active work. Among them are a nutu- I
her of oid soldiers, formerly in the soldiers (
home, but who having forteited theirrights there
have sought and obtained retuge here. Some
of the women help in the kitchen, and help to
take care of their less fortunate companions.
In the workhouse there are now 185 Inmates?
ivi white and 102 colored. There are 26 rooms
in this building, and, while the furniture is simple,
it all is kept neat and clean.
THE HOSPITAL
consists of six wards, capable of accommodating
SO patients, and there are now 60 cases under
treatment. This department is in charge of Dr.
W. P. C. Ilazen, with Dr. B. K. Sbute, resident
physician, and R. T. Danfortli and C. W. Raw- j
lings, resident students. Commissioner West j
has taken great Interest in this department, and '
last fall one of the traine school houses given up
by the trustees of schools was, on his suggestion,
moved to the enclosure and maile one of
the wards of the hospital. Gen. West also takes
especial interest in the old people. For those
whose only fault is that nature has prolonged
their lives after they have been unable to earn
their living, he has supplied easy chairs and
other articles not heretofore allowed, and also ?
ordered them a supply of milk.
Tiie work house men turn out from 50 to 70 j
meu in the chain gang for work upon the streets. 1
THE HCHOOL.
All the children in the institution between
five and fourteen years of age are required to go !
to school, and there are about twenty now ac- !
quiring the rudiments of an education in a
school room in the workhouse building. Miss '
Christine Ililltinger is the teacher. There are in
the place several babies, one of them a tofored
foundling that was picketfup last winter nearly
frozen to death, but has now grown to be a
strong, h? althy child, though Its sufferings rebutted
in the total loss of sight.
THE BILL-OF-FARE.
All the inmates who are able rise when the
whistle blows at 5 o'clock. At 6 o'clock breakt'a-t
is served. This consists ot bread, coffee. |
tlsh and potatoes. Dinner, at noon, is of meat, j
soup, vegetables and bread, and supper, at 5:30 j
D'clock, of tea. bread with butter or stewed
Fruit. The number at present in the workhouse
is higher than usual at this season. Thus far.
nith two more days to hear from, the commitments
for the year exceed 2.300. over 20H in ex. e.->s
of last year. The tact that the number of
nmates keens up Is attributable to tho Commit
Moners having bpen more caretul than formerly
n granting pardons.
PECULIAR CHARACTERS AMONG THE INM VTES.
Every grade of society is represented. a.? wed
v? every age. from the infant to the centenarian. !
|
Among the inmates is an old gentleman whose .
besetting sin is Intemperance. He occupies his ,
time in reading and corresponding with some of.,
the leading scientists of tho dav. Another has
lone good work for the press, ntid his sin when I
i>ut is drunkenness. An English couple?an j
lged man and woman named Nichols?who have ;
been to New Orleans, St. Louis and Chicago in '
search of friends, are here waiting to hear |
through the English minister from their friends j
in England. Tho Queen of America, Mrs. I.u- ;
einda Benfield, who attempted to take the ]
throne of state In the White House, and who
threatens, as soon as she gets out, to confiscate
President Arthnr's clothes, is waiting to hear
from her relatives at Louisville, Ky. An inmate
sent down lor vagrancy a few days ago
subsequently received an offer from a lawyer in
West Virginia to lease her farm there for the
r?il. Ac. On being questioned about it she said j
that she had a good farm there, which was val- j
liable in minerals, and she would sell but not
lease it.
AUNT 3ETSY SMITH.
The oldest Inhabitant of the institution is an
aid white woman named Aunt Betsy Smith,who
lias been oue of the fixtures since 1847, during
the uitendancy of B. E. Gittings. John R. Queen,
Josias Adams, Wm. Dixon, J. R. Queen, Joseph
R. Martin. S. E. Douglass, J. F. Hodgson, E. F.
M. Faehtz and G. A. Caswell. She states that
she was a little girl of twelve years of age when
the British burned the Capitol, which would
make her now eighty-two years of age. She
says that she came from Prince George's county,
Mil., where she has relatives living, and that
she first entered tlie place on a ticket of admission
by Dr. A. McD. Davis, then a commissioner.
It Is said that when she entered she said: "Now j
I am here, and I'll never leave you again," and
she has lived here ever since. She enjoys excellent
health, only suffering with a little rheumatism
now and then. When asked if she had
been to the city lately she said: "What do I
care for the city. I haven't seen it for many a
year."
"Don't you ever go to church?"
"No," she answered.
"You read the Bible some?" queried thereporter.
"Eliza reads the Bible sometimes," she said.
"Blind Liza, I mean. Eliza Winston. She reads
It with her fingers. Jane Gibbons," she continued.
"Is the next oldest one here. She came
about a year after me?about 1848?and Eliza
came next."
Aunt Betsy then walked briskly back to the
woman's dining-room in the almshouse, over
which she exercises supervision. She is a woman
with a remarkable memory, the value of which
was recently proved. A gentleman of Baltimore,
who formerly lived here, not having seen
or heard of Ills father since the early part of the
war, made Inquiries about the city for his father
without success. Then he determined to search
the records of the asylum, and proceeding there
some one called Aunt *Betsy, who hearing the
name at or.ce referred to the time the father had
come in. It was found that she was correct as
to the time and also as to his sickness and death.
READY FOR HER FUNERAL.
About twenty years ago she made her grave
clothes?a black dress which she carefully keeps
ready for use. She has saved np a little sum of
money with which she wants to be buried In the
Congressional cemetery. Whenever there Is a
change in the intendanoy, one of the first things
the does Is to make the new Intendant promise
In case she should die to see that she is not
burled In'the Potter's field, for which she seems
to have a hearty aversion. She keeps as pets a
dug, a cat and two chickens. . She puts the dog
a:id cat to bed every night before she goes to
(deep. She cherishes a deep affection for a
bister living in Prince George's county, Md., and
regularly every Christmas sends her a present
of a dress.
how REFRAtTOnrr PRISONERS ARE PUNISHED.
In the workhouse department a room devoid
of any furniture'is u&ed for solitary confinement
on bread and Water.' a punishment which it is
sometimes necessary to inflict upon rebellious
prisoners. This mod?-of punishment, however,
Is not used as often as formerly, as when, once
locked up the term of confinement is made contingent
on the prisoner's alacrity in attending
to his duty. Some attention is also pa'd to the
dispositions of prisoners and often more is accomplished
by a little flattery and praise than
could be effected by hhrsh treatment.
twentt-&ix old men.
One of the most greeting sights is that presented
by the twenty-six old and decrepid colored
men in ong'of th^ old powder houses. Some
of these men are vet'y old?George Williams.
Staflord county. Ya.. being put down as 103
years. Nearly all of these come from the neighboring
states of Marvland and Virginia, and the
District is supporting them. They are allowed
a little plot of ground, on which they are raising
some sweet corn and other vegetables. Some
sit out and sun themselves and others keep
about their beds day in and day out. They seem
quite happy and contented. One among the
number is affected with a diseased mind, which
makes him believe that he sees witches.whether
he is asleep or awake.
THE FARM.
There are now gome twenty acres of ground
under cultivation in corn, rye, and vegetables,
aud considering the backwardness of the season
all the crops are looking well. The stables are
located behind the almshouse. It is proposed
soon to remove the frame shell house 100 feet
long, and put it up for a Darn. A brick gateway
is being erected at the north end of the enclosure,
and preparations are being made for the
erection of a coal shed near it. There have been
numbers of improvements made iu the interior
of the buildings.
the reading room.
In the second story hall of the workhouse
there is a fine organ and there Is also a reading
room, but the supply of literature is limited.
The few books and papers have been read again
and atrain, and the intendant would be glad if
citizens would make contributions of books and
papers. The oflicers of the institution are
W. H. Stoutenburgh, Intendant; S. F. S. Stoutenburgh,
matron; D. Tindall, clerk; H. Miller,
baker; J. McGuigan. engineer: F. B. Graff, II. C.
Addison, E. C. Ostrander, D. D. Thompson, J.
Steel. D. Stewart, overseers; G. W. Mc.Malion,
D. O'Connor, and M. Clune. watchmen.
Miss I Burst Scientifically Considered.
To the Editor of The Evexino Stab:
The success of the demonstrations of Miss
Hurst, the so-called Georgia wonder, rests altogether
on the person or persons subjected to
them. There is nothing that goes out from her
as an emanation, as any one else can bring on
the same state or condition In persons who are
sensible to the hypnotic Influence, and it has
been found to be that two men in ten are or
four women in ten. The subject of hypnotism
was first brought to the notice of the world
about 75 years ago by a person named Mearner,
who published an account of his discovery in a
book called "Animal Magnetism." It did not
especially interest the profession at 'that time,
for the reason that Mesmer erroneously claimed
that it was an influence which emanated solely
from him, and which, he stated, overpowered
the nervous energy' of the person subjected to
it, who then came -entirely under his control.
As he started-.wfcth a wrong theory he was consequently
lalse lu his deductions. He and his
theory, therefore* soo^fell into disrepute. Some
time after thi&.Mr. l^ird, of Manchester, England,
investigated the subject and was the
first, it is said, io da. so scientifically. It was
he who proposed the pame of "hypnotism" for
this state, and a person was brought into it
then precisely iu the sqime way as is now generally
done, namely, simply by attracting his
attention and keepinq it fixed on some object
held near the eyes. Baird was also called a
quack. Persona calling themselves "electrobiologists"
next*took up the subject, and while
giving exhibitions in England attracted the
attention of I>f. Carpenter ami others, who
carefully studied the subject and published their
opinions thereon, whi^i have generally been accepted.
The subject.can also be influenced
through the senses of hearing and sir.eil, and
many persons have the power of putting themselves
into tho^hypuotic condition by kvk.ug
fixedly for a while at any object, or at another
person. The mind of a hypnotised person is in
a condition where it is capable of beintr influenced
by another person, through words or
other means; in fact, he can be made to perform
any criminal act. In illustration of this the following
case Is cited; At one of the medical
clinics in New York, several years a^o. a
hypnotised person Was given a piece of paper,
rolled up and told that it was a dagger,and that
he must kill a man who was standing near him.
' He hesitated a moment, and thetf sprang on
the man like a tiger, and plunged the supposed
dagger into him again ami again. He was then
dragged off from his victim. Next, a paper was
placed on the floor, and he was given a match,
and told to set fire to that house. He lighted
the paper, and drew back with a smile, and admired
the flame he hadntade. He was then restored
to bis senses." Animals can also be
hypnotised. HenS, frogs and crabs aro considered
good subjects. A crab can be hypnotised
simply by standing it on its head, especially in
the summer time, when it is most active. To
hypnotise a hen. it is only necessary to hold her
beak down upon a tftble or other flat surface for
a few seconds. A frog to be brought into this
condition must be squeezed gently behind the
head and then carefully thrown upon Its back
upon the hand or a "table. Scientifically, tlie
mental condition of a hypnotised person is supposed
to be one in which the seat ot consciousness
is abolished, that is. cut off from acting. In
the natural mentaltdhdition a sensation is carried
first to a small organ in the brain Called
the "optic thalamus." where it Is probably converted
into a perception. From this small organ
an impulse is conveyed along certain nerve
fibres to the seat of consciousness, tlie cortex;
here the individual becomes aware of the perception.
From the cortex another Impulse is
seiit along certain nerve fibres to the muscles
which are to cause the performance or the act
required. Now, in the mental state of hypnotism
impressions are conveyed In the same wav,
except that Instead of being transmitted from
the supposed seat of the perceptions to the seat
of consciousness they go by a different set of
nerve fibres directly to the muscies. and cause
the same acts that would have followed had
they taken the normal course. There is, therefore.
no consciousness on the part of the hypnotised
person of his acts; he is. in fact, in the
same condition as if he had no cortex. Itseems,
therefore, that in the condition of hypnotism
the seat of consciousness is cut off from acting,
as was said above, while the optic thalamus
and the spinal cord alone are* active;
that is, are capable of receiving normally
impressions transmitted by the
senses. Be that as It may, the hypnotic
influence, scientifically considered, !s
one of the most important powers of nature,
and one about which there Is a good deal yet to
learn. In conclusion I have only to add that
the force exerted by Miss Hurst "in her exhibitions
is mainly due to her physical strength,
which is above that of the average female, aad
that only a part of her power over people is due
to hypnotism, ot which, by the way. she seems
to know very little. The statement that she
can raise a chair with a person sitting in it, so
that the chair and the person both will be off
the floor at the same time, has not been verified
by personal observation. The only thing
that I saw her accomplish in this connection at
one of her recent exhibitions here was simply
to till the chair first forward and then backward,
the person sitting in it unconsciously assisting
her ail the time with his hands, feet or body.
During the tilting forward I particularly observed
that she firmly braced her left shoulder
and arm against the back of the chair and endeavored
very hard to tilt it in this way, and
that the person bitting in it at one time, in order
to preserve his equilibrium or center of
gravity, naturally half arose, which change of
position of course took the chair that he firmly
grasped, entirely off the floor, and this was
thought by the audience to be a "big thing"and
the greatest feature of'the performance.
1 B. A. Foster.
Give the Clerks a Show.
To the Editor of Thb Evbotko Stab:
With the thermometer up in the 90s why cannot
the heads of departments exercise the discretion
allowed them, and during the heated
term (say trom now to October 1st) re-establish
the old custom of closing the executive offices
of the government at 3 p. m. on Saturdays?
That it would be a great relief to the clerks can
be readily seen. All business men in our large
cities make 3 o'clock the closing hour on Saturdays
at this season of the year. The advantages
are, that their employes have some slight
chance to get out of the heated air of the cities
and take needed rest and recreation. Our congressional
representatives are hurrying away,
and look forward to cool shades and relaxation
until next December. Why not think a little of
those in government employ here who have to
remain ? Perhaps an order to close the different
departments front Thursday night, July 3d, to
Monday morning, July 7th. might possibly be
considered as within the bounds of possibility.
The stock of the Federal tUQk at Toronto, OntT,
opened yesterday at bi iuid uroke to &>>*, causing I
wild excitement.
"A L'EXFAXT ltlEHORIAL.n
lb?
Who Planned the ("lij of Washington ?
To the Editor of Tkr Etemxs St vh:
In the New York Herald of the 24th and In
the Washington Star of the 31st ot May there
! appeared very similar articles on the subject of
a monument to "Major L'Eufant. who laid out
this city." In the effort to accomplish any object.
however worthy, it is quite as unjustifiable
to suppress a matter of fact materially affecting
I impressions to be created as it would be to make
a talse statement, the aim and result of each
being similar. All history should be guided by
the strictest truth, and worthy actions require
nothing more. Of deceased public men it Is
better for the promotion ot good morals to state
nothing but what if true than to be influenced
by the idea that record and expression is to be
i made as to that only which is good. None, for
. j sufficient reasons, when that to Washington
, j shall have been completed, will objeot to a monument
by Congress or by Mr. Corcoran, whose
benefactions have been so conspicuous, which
, will lend attraction to Oak Hill cemetery so
, | much his debtor, while but few. if any. will
| commend the employment of misrepresentation
, j to divert public funds to the erection of testimonials
ox even undoubted propriety. In the
communications referred to the Justice of pub- 1
lie appropriation is urged on the ground that
"this patriotic Frenchman refused to accepT
money tendered him in appreciation of his character
anil services lor the reason that "the work
of beauty was to him a work of love." In proof
of this the writer of the articles Introduces a
letter from Major L'Enfant. of March 18. 1792.
| declining acceptance of "five hundred gui
neas and a lot in the city"?a letter des- 1
titute of courtesy or thanks as it is free
from intimation "that the tender was esteemed
any more "a work glove" than had been
1 his services. Had the spirit ot candor controlled,
the writer would have communicated
the letter of "the Commissioners" of the 14th
March, 1792, to which that of L' Entant was in
reply, which given there could occur no misconception
as to his disinterestedness as must succeed
this partial rose colored exhibit. The absence
of that letter is, however, rendered nugatory
when we consider the letter of L' Enfant in
the light of a communication from Jefferson,
1 Secretary of State, to the Commissioners, of
i March 6. 17112, which supplies all the commen!
tary requisite. Thus, Mr. Jefferson wrote: "It
; having lw>en found impracticable to employ j
I Major L' Enfant about the Federal Citv in that
degree ot subordination which was lawful and '
; proper, he has been notified that his services are
at an end. It is now proper that he should re|
ceive the reward of his past services, and that
| he should have no just cause of discontent sug1
gests ftiat it should be liberal. The President
thinks $>2,500 or $3,000, but leaves the determination
to you. Eliicott is to go on and finish
the laying off the plan on the ground and surveying
and platting the District." We find no
recognition here of Jefferson's high appreciation
of the man or of L' Entant's having "executed
the plan" of or laid out the city. In the
I spring of the previous year Mr. Jefferson had
j instructed I/Enfant: "You are directed to proceed
to Georgetown, where you will find Mr.
Eliicott employed in making a survey and
map of the Federal territory." While there
can exist no reasonable doubt that, as draftsman,
I/Enfant prepared a general outline on
paper of the plan probably determined when
j "General Washington. Major Eliicott. Major
i L'Enfant and others viewed the ground on horse!
back in the spring of 1791," and while the gen
eral outline of this city, as committed by I.'En'
fant to paper, and by him subsequently aoi
stracted, doubtless, whether the conception ot
! hiin. or ot him and others, became the basis of
: future operations, although In detail widely
! departed from in the plau prepared by Elicott.
approved by Washington, and, in 1792, engraved
I by Thackara ?fc Yallance, In Philadelphia, and bv \
j Samuel Hill, in Boston. The "authorized plan, j
as stated by Brackenridge. Attorney General,
U. S., April 5. 1S06. "was drawn by Mr. Eliicott,
engraved by order of the President, and ;
declared by his successive acts to be the plan of
I the city which he would not depart from."
j Richard King, U. S. surveyor, in a com muni ca|
tion to the President. September 25, lb03. states
that, "in January. 1792, Major Eliicott was instructed
by the President to prepare a i Ian for
publication, using such materials as he possessed,
and the information he had acquired
while acting as surveyor. Major LTnfant, having
refused to give up t ho original plan, a | lan
was drawn by Eliicott and brother without
Major L'Enfant's aid, and ready for engrav ug
by March 14, 1792. It differed from the utl.-r
plan in some Instances, but was better adapted
to the nature of the ground."
j TIk- Philadelphia and Boston maps bear record
of their execution by Eiiieolt. 1'uere never
| existed, in my opinion, a complete map
I of tlifl city until sometime after the
j dismissal of Major L'Enfant. and there never
| was engraved or printed a map purporting to be
i the work of L'Enfant. In a letter from Washington
of November 20, 1791, there occur sevt-re
reprehensions ot Major L'Enfant. See Sparks,
vol. 10, p. 204. He speaks of Eliicott as "a man
of uncommon talents and of more placid temper."
In a letter to Jefferson. 31st March, 1791,
President Washington, expressing his opinion
as to the advisability ot incmdlng Bladensburg.
eays: "Of this I am conviuced. as well by my
own observation as by Mr. Eilicott's opinion."
Sparks X., 147. The article In Thk Sta? represents
L'Enfant ''joining our Revolutionary
forces about the year 1777." I have supposed
j him a French soldier, serving as such in the
' French contingent under the Count D'Estaing,
and under him wounded, and as a French officer
exchanged after capture; but this is a small
matter. A brother of Eliicott, was his
"assistant." not "the negro almanac-maker,
Bauneker." as stated; the latter was in his employ,
and much esteemed by Major Eliicott. who
had aided liiin in acquiring a knowledge ot
| astronomy and mathematics. Amiable sentiments
originating in youth toward seniors in-,
sensibly increase with the years of the kind;
hearted to something like devotion, and it lsnot
.surprising that Mr. Corcoran considers a nai
tunaI monument due to the memory ot L'En|
lent. National monuments, however, have
j seldom, it ever, been erected to men whose
. lives had not Iwn devoted to science, arms or
! ber.ericence. Such was not that of L'Enj
fant. Employed but a comparatively brief
period In the service, lie proved, while
; so engaged, an irritable, erratic and
j insubordinate officer, while in his individual
I capacity as engineer he was unfortunate and uni
successful. Cultivated, polite, socially agrceaI
ble. he was conspicuous as relying more on the
j hospitality of others than in the exercise of his
t abilities to earn a livelihood. Several profes|
sional failures and contentions with his employers
I attended his career. He committed to paper
nothing to advance science, and many biographical
works may be studied without finding his
name. He elected to live and die out of the District.
and would doubtless have preferred his
ashes to remain where his body was placed, 'tlio
vnhonored by his friends with any mark, than
made the plea for public expenditure. While no
one will object to the construction of the most
costly monument the munificence of individuals
can devise, in memory of "L'Enfant, the patriotic
Frenchman." there should not be inscribed
thereon such misrepresentations as have been
referred to, while the conceded merits of so
many much more talented, useful, conspicuous
: and patriotic native Americans of his day are
unrecorded on any storied urn or animated
bust." Let Congress erect, if needs be, a monument
dedicated "To thk Mkmoky of thk Men
who Conceived and Executed tiik Plan or
thk City," and let history determine them.
The city Itself is their noblest testimonial?one
more durable than brass or marble. It is incumbent
on ''ongress to provide for the publication
of all official records relating to the establishment
of this capital. The cause ot truth and history
demands this while the materials are available;
and, effected, It will be better appreciated that
part ot the honor due for the grana plan of this
citv should be readily conceded to some Americans.
J. C. G. K.
,??
TO DEGSEASK THE MORTALITY
OF INFANTS.
The Benefit of Water.
To the Editor of Thk Evening Stab:
I saw in Saturday's Star an article headed
"The mortality of infants." While some of the
producing causes were doubtless given, the prln
cipal cause appeared to be lacking, and there was
no appropriate remedy set forth. Excessive heat
and consequent exhaustion is doubtless mainly
instrumental In causing "The summer diarrhoea
of infants," from which It was stated that "nine
times as many children died from this malady in
the five summer months, including May and
September, as In the other seven." Therefore,
means for keeping the chddren cool la the fine ;
great consideration. This is accomplished?
1st. By light and loose clothing.
2d. By the Judicious application of water. <
The water should first be applied to the head
while the Infant is preferably in a standing position.
After waiting a few seconds more water
may gradually be applied until the body, and
even the clothing, be thoroughly wet. Upon !
such occasions it may be well to have the child i
divested of all but the underclothing, and alter i
a thorough wetting the outer clothing may be <
put on. The tem|>erature ot the child can thus 1
be reduced considerably lower than what It
would otherwise be, and in the same proportion ,
will the liability to disease be decreased. Bat i
great care should be exercised in the matter,
and not apply water to the body when heated.
First wet.the head gently as aforesaid, and wait '
for its effects on the system before a further
application.
As a laborer in a southern clime I have often, j
alter my day's work had been ended, withdrawn ?
my clothing and wrong the sweat therefrom In
puddles. Upon such occasions I regarded thf
heat most prior to 10 o'clock. After my clothing
became wet I was comfortable, comparatively
speaking, the remainder of the day. fan any
medical man tell the difference between wetting
the clothing with water or by moans of the
gradual process of sweating?" In proof that
there can be none. I will state that I once knew
a person who wet his clothing daily before the
heat of the day came on by going in sw miming
! (clothes on), and he said the comfort resulting
I from it was very great.
In many cases of fever, especially chills and
; fever, cold water can l<e used with marked adj
vantage, applied just as the tever is coming on.
Therefore nature emphatically proclaims that in
all cases of abnormal heat t he heat can U> advantngeou-ly
reduced by any appropriate mean-*,
and none appear to t>e equal to water. Ilenoe.
i before taking baby out tor its daily ride on one
j of those large, fat pillows?flowery beds of ease
, that otten contain the genus of death first ap'
ply water liberally, as aforesaid. A similar application
when the nights are excessively warm
would bring refreshing repose, thus causing
baby to awake in the morning cheerful, vigorous
and healthy. Alpha.
#
noMuonEitv (?. (Tin.) >i;\vs.
Personal tlciition? Improvements? If
liiorial Srrvict'*, lite*
Correspondence of The L\imsh St a*.
Rockvu.lk, June 28. 1884.
Mr. Charles Hrcady has nearly completed the
building of a warehouse at Derwood Station, on
the Metropolitan llranch railroad.
Mr. Richard Hat{>er, an old and much respected
citizen of Darnestown, died on Sunday
moniing last. In the 68th year of his age.
The centennial of Methodism waa celebrated
In the M. E. church, south, at this place on Suuday
last. Tlie church was profusely decorated
by the young ladies ot the congregation.
Naval Cadet R. R. Hlg&ns, of this place, was
one of the successful graduates at Annapolis.
Miss Mary Flizabeth Clements, daughter of
the late Lemuel Clements, of this county, graduated
at the Academy ol Visitation. Georgetown.
P. C., on Wednesday with honors.
Mr. Wilson B. Buck and Miss Minnie Suter.
(laughter of Thos. R. Suter, esq., (formerly of
Suter. Lea A Co.. bankers of Washington t.were
married in the Episcopal church at Gaithersburg
on Tuesday evening last, and left on t lie
evening train for their future home in Cincinnati.
Among those from Washington who have
bought land In this county and contributed to
our prosperity Is Gen. (Jetty, of the neighborhood
of Forest Glen, who has the finest crops of
wheat and rye In that section.
Mr. W. H. Wheat ley and family, of the P. C.,
are now permanently located near Knowles'
station.
lhe Methodists are preparing to build a
church at Knowles* station this fall.
Mr. Edward O. Smith, a native of this county,
and who left here over tortyyears ago. returned
on a visit on Friday last. During these years he
has resided In Caiitorula, Dakota anil other
points in the lar west.
The many friends of Mr. Henry Whalen, In
Washington, where he rerided until about five
yearB ago, will be pained to learn that he is
suffering from a stroke of paralysis, which
occurred a few days since. He is" lying in a
critical condition at bis home In Potomac district.
On Monday a son of Henson Johnson, colored,
aged about 8 years, and living about one
mile from here, in ascending a cherry tree, came
In contact with a large black suake. which coiled
Itself tightly around his leg. He was rescued
from his perilous position by a colored man
attracted Oy his cries for belp.
Memorial service in honor of the late Bishop
Pinknoy will lie held In St. Mary's chapel. Silver
Spring parish, on the 4th of July. Rev. Charles
I). Andrews, of Christ church, Washington, will
preach the sermon.
The citizens ot" Travilah. this county, have petitioned
the Post Office department for a daily
mall from this place.
The injury done the Aqueduct dam at Great
Falls lias been repaired and a full force is at
work laying '-tone.
Mr. 45. W. I'rettyman has been re-elected clerk
to the town commissioners, and M. Green,
bailiff. Mr. R. R. Higgias isenguged in making
a new pi.it of our town.
A mu'atto nmned John Dorsey, seventeen
years of age, coLuinitted an outrage on a colored
g'rl, n.-ar Asliton, on Saturday evening la.-t. He
has not yet beer, arrested.
Mrs. J. G. Webb and son and Miss Mary Billiard.
all of Washington, have taken ro >ms at
the Montgomery bouse for the summer.
The annual exhibition of the Rockville academy
will be held at the town hall last evening.
This Is one of the oldest iustitulioud of leaguing
in the state.
A picnic under tne auspices of three Presbyterian
Sunday schools of Washington was given
at the Fair grounds yesterday.
The Metz farm, near Germantown. has been
recently sold by Messrs. Anderson aud Bouic t?j
Horace Waters for i?l,8o3. it contains seventysix
acres.
A PLEASANT SPOT IX Altl/OXA.
A Place (hat is Sever Blot or Cold?The
military Post at Iluachuc-i- tp iche?,
Tarantula*, ISattIesaak.es, Cowboys
aud Other Attractions.
Correspondence of The Eventng Star
Fort Hcachuca, A. T., June J2tli, 1884.
This military post is located in the southeastern
part of Arizona, about twenty miles from
the Mexican line and seven miles from the New
Mexico and Arizona railroad, which connects
with tbe Southern Pacific at the town of Benson,
upwards of 1.000 miles from San Francisco.
This may be considered a medium climate In respect
to temperature, it never being very hot or
cold here the year round. The air is pure and
dry, and the water cold and clear as it gushes
from the mountain side. This is chiefly a grazing
country, with few agricultural advantages.
But its mineral resources are rich and inexhaustible?it
being but twenty miles from
Toombstone, the center of the mining operations
in this territory.
COWBOTS AVt) TARANTTT.a9.
Thewlldnesg of the scenery finds its counterpart
in the savage men and beasts which Inlmbit
this region. Bears and California liens
are not very numerous, but rattlesnakes, tarantulas,
centipedes and all manner of poisonous
reptiles abound to a fearful extent. The
Apaches are quiet at present, but no one can
tell when these red devils will break forth again
from their rocky retreats and sweep the settlements
with a tornado of fire. The most dangerous
element to society here is a class of
outlaws called cowboys, a band of desperadoes
organized for purposes of plunder, robbery and
blood. On account of the presence of these desperate
characters it Is never safe to travel in
any direction unarmed and alone. The people
here have a summary way of disposing of these
demons in human form. Instead of awading
the slow process of the civil courts they are put
on trial before Judge Lynch, who always dooms
them to a vertical resurrection without any
expense to the community.
improvements at the tost.
The Improvements at this post during the
past two years are of the most marked and
gratifying character. Within the last twelve
months four sets of company barracks have beenerected,
one set still remaining unfinished. And
within the space of six months eleven sets of
officers' quarters have been built, five oi this
number not being yet entirely completed.
When contemplated improvements are finished
this will certainly be the most complete,
commodious, and beautiful post on the Pacific
coast, apart from Its immense Importance.owing
to its proximity to the Mexican borders, and as
also guarding the smugglers' passes through the
mountains from Mexico.
A contract will be let within ten dayB for a
system of water works to convey the water
from a spring three miles distant in the
mountain range, 430 feet higher than the
level of the post. A new hotel is
now in the course of erection here by the post
trader to accommodate the people who repair
to this place In the summer months from the
arid sands of Arizona, as a convenient and
healthful resort for invalids and pleasure seekers,
the altitude being nearly 6,000 feet above
sea level. The military reservation embraces an
area of six miles square, most of which is covered
with large and wide spreading live oaki
which serve to the post the double purpose of
otility and ornament. Three companies of the 6th
cavalry, which have been stationed here for the
past nine months, have been ordered to other
posts, and three companies of the 4th cavalry,
from New Mexico, are expected to arrive about
the 25th of the month. D. W.
Design of this National Gar field Monument.?
The trustees of the Garfield National Monument
association at Cleveland have awarded tbe prizes
for the design for the proposed monument as
follows:?First prize, Gea H. Keller, of Hartford,
Conn.; the second, $750, to Chaa. F. and Julius A.
Schwelnfurth, of Cleveland, and the third, ffiGO, to
Moftitt ? Doyle, of New York. The artist to whom
the first prize was awarded adopted the tower form
of the monument. The tower rises from broad
terraces, readied by widespreaiUng steps,to a height
Death in Ice Ckeam.?a special dispatch from
Coal Bluff, Pa., says: "Last Saturday evening
Eleven persons ate ioe cream lu Conlln's saloon, and
within two hours tbe whole party were attacked
wltn vomiting and violent p:dnsln the stomach.
One of those affected, Mrs. Wilson's child, died yesterday,
and to-night one of the men died. Robert
Cook and Mr. and Mrs. Conlln are not expected to
live, and the children are very low. It is stimiosed
that the cream was poisoned from the v*iuiiu flavoring."
i SEIATOIM WHO CO A n^HIMC.
Eipffl An(lrn la ihr fp|m-r II?iim>,
. I *
statesmen who i.ovi to cast a fit t\d
others who i'kekek (m bait rod
i
There are not many who won !d take Sena' r Q{
E?lmunti* to ho one of the most skiirui n'^in
; in the country. Ho can. however, cant a f.r
w th the l>est of 'em. and fairly revels in t..? ''J
sport. He is an ex|>ert at *a!uio?i fishing. and
has killed many a bit; fellow with a liulit rod.
by dexterity and patience alone. roi
j Xor Is Mr. Kdmunds the only scentitp? she 1
Jind 0:1thu?;a?tu- d - :plcof Walton 1:1 ! - brai !i gof
th?- national leg slat ure. In fact. ?ome of tlis
best anglers anywhere to be touud *10 tu t lie
Senate.
HON. wmr iiawptom f
is almost without a poor as a fly-fl?hermat?. It
is not alone the ease and grace w ith which t.?
har.lies the rod that give* hiui pre-emlnenc?j
( in the piscatorial art. but he is thor u^ti \
i versed In every orauch of the si?rt. Ihs lornij
tiess for it has '??d lit 111 t > stud) tlio ph i >? phy
, of angling. the habits of *anie tisl.es. and the
I utility of tackle. He is a recogn /vd authority
1 on ail mattera |>erta ming to the sport. It ha*
: not been many day s since Senator llairpton,
with a naked line on a light rod. made a ca4
that sent the end of the lino twenty-lour \aida.
SEN ATor FKVE
is anotlier skillful manipulator of the fir. If?
delights In coaxing the wary trout to take the
lure. and tils sunburnt faro in pi >of of the dill,
pence with whiclihe pliea the rod through the
Ashing season.
SENATOR VEST
is also a skillful angler, and a remarkably
successful one. In the rivalry that always L<?(
I with thefishing party he invariably ont>-is \*;t!i
genuine spirit, and ho usually wins the ct nnI
pionshtp. by killing the biggest fish and the
greatest number.
sen ator v?- mrnson
is another supei t> angler. He Is the owner of
one of the most complete and c?-ti\ outfits that
was (terhaps ever collected together. With the
adjournment of Congress ho betakes himself
and tackle to the haunts of Lass and trout, and
for a change be sonK-tin.es goes in 411st of
salmon.
SENATOR I't.ATT,
of Connecticut, ia iikewl-se an ar b-nt I over of
the spr.rt. a*:d he is entitled to rank ? *h the
1 exports. He makes an annual tour thivugh
the Adirondack*, w here he has a fine j rmaueOt
camp.
SENATOR KENNA.
of West Virginia, is as fond ot the rod and rool
| as of following the hounds. Ills home is a plena- "
ant and popular resort forsp .rtsmen. Heke.|?s
fishing tackle enough to supply friends and
neighbors on any occasion. u;.d he Is always
ready. it llsbiug fails, to start nis Hounds u:i tne
j trail.
SENATOR MU TER.
^ of New York, knows how to cast a fl\ to perfection,
and Senator Sewell is familiar with the
exciting thrill that runs all through a man
when he has a " strike."
SENATOR OART.AND
is fond of Ashing, but he is rather old-fashioned
In his Ideas of the sport, lie does not hanker
! after a spilt bamboo rod, but prefers the
natural cane pole. Nor does he care about art is
tlcally handling a fly. He would ju-t m* soon
catch a bi?r bass with a minnow for bait as to
delude him to the surface with a fly.
SENATOR Wlt.l.lAMS
also prefers old-tiuie methods, though he is
fund of the spurt.
SENATOR VANCM
can handle the liyht tl\ rod and the heavier bait
rod with equal facility. His angling education
was acquired In North Carolina, where the
varieties of the finny tube are sonumer 11s that
1 the spoilsmen must learu all wujg ol taking
j them.
senator ransom.
from the same state, likes to go fishing with a
i Jovial party, but be Is nut particularly fond of
the sport, though he can handle a rod success|
fully wlieu so disposed.
SENATOR ltmnt.KRKRCER
1 Is impatient for adjournment that he may set
out upon a sporting Jaunt. He has a comforts- I
spring w agon and a pair of excellent horses,
with which he will traverse the \allej region of
Virginia, fishing the streams and hunting the
j hills. His family generally accompany him on
these trips.
SENATOR MAXET
is an enthusiast In bass fishing, but he Is not
i particular whether he takes them with bait or e"
tly.
SENATOR BECK
is w illing to make one of a fishing party most
any time, but its more the good company than
the sport that attracts him. He doesn't mind
holding a rod when the fi?h bite fm-ly. but if 1
the bass has to be coaxed the Seuator gets out *
of patience.
SENATOR DON CAMERON
Is another who goes fishing only w hen the company
is to his taste, and for the fun that an
"outing" with a jolly crow d affords.
m+m
railroad nriniTV or *Tt%
I'lOIIV.
A I.oiid (.rouk
To the Fditor r>f Tni Ev? mno Stab:
Having recommended so many persons to *
visit the Virginia springs along the line of the
Chesapeake Ohio railroad this summer, 1 desire
to relieve myself of the responsibility and
: odium of being a party to the inconveniences
and vexations to which they will l?e subjected
under the present management of the Virginia
Midland and the Chesapeake & Ohio railroads.
In order to do so I adopt this method of informing
them of the present 1 mining schedule in
o|teration on these roads. If the party wishes ?
to travel by day lie leaves Washington at *:4o a.
m. on the Midland road, and on this train can
secure a comfortable seat 111 a sleeping car as boas
Charlottesville, Va. At that point he Is required
to abandon his sleejier arid take shelter
in a miserable shed, called a station house, situated
in a hollow, w hich prevents any breeze from
reaching it. with a vertical "sun pouring
down upon the epot. Here he must wait about
two hours for the train going west on the Chesapeake
and Ohio road to arrive. He Is then
hurried Into a dirty coach nearly aiways 9
crowded with passengers of every giade of the
genus homo, and may esteem himself exce?>dIngly
fortunate if he obtains a seat at all. If hs
is willing to travel by nlirht. he can procure a .
through sleeper here at Washington ou either
the 5:80 p.m. or 10:40 p.m. trains, which go
through to the west, and consequently escape
the change of cars at Charlottesville. Under
tills arrangement it will be seen that passengers
going to the spring are practically driven to
travel by the night trains. If. however, they '
wish to "stop at, or this side of Millboro.
and have families with them they would
be obliged to select the day train
in order to prevent being landed with their families
at their point of destination in the middle
of the night, so that the alternative Is presented
of cremation at Charlottesville by day or crucifixion
by night at some wayside mountain tavern.
The failure on the part of these railroads
to put through parlor cars on their roads can
! only be attributed to an utter indifference to the ^
comfort of travelers, or a short-sighted and contemptible
system of economy.
It may t?e some satisfaction to the idiosyncratic
ambition of these managers to feel assured
of a high place In Hades alter they shall have
crossed over the river Styx for the efficient service
rendered his Satanic majesty during their
sojourn here, but to the victims of their cupld?
Ity or stupidity there are no such enviable positions
in contemplation to compensate for the
aggravation of spirit and bodily suffering to
which they are thus cruelly subjected. 1
Alex. Y. P. Garnett.
The Wnj> West.?Buffalo Bill's "Wild West"
will be at Athletic park next week, beginning
Tuesday. This entertainment has met with the
greatest success wherever produced. It Is
truly an American show, with realistic pictures
of life on the border, and Introducing a score of ,
border hero**, together with cowboys, Indians. f-r
buffaloes and bronchoes, Ac. Exhibitions will j.
be given afternoon and evening. A grand street
parade will be given Tuesday morning. See
adv't. -?
Theater Cowtqeb.?Manager Snelbaker mads
such a hit with the light opera this week that
Mrs. Oates lias been re-engaged, and In a change
of program will delight the patrons of the <
Comlqne anotlier week. The summer garden Is J
open and cool, and an evening can be s|>ent jr
there very pleasantly. fi,
Alice Oates will appear as Karl Domini. In 1
"The Field of the Cloth of Gold" at the Coinlque \
Monday evening. f.
Driver's Garoen.?The popularity of Driver's j
Summer gnrden seems ever on the Increase. i
The people flock theie every evening?a proof * J
of the excellence of the entertainment. A nrnn- fi
ber of additional attractions have l?cen arranged I
for next week, wuicli will be well worth teeing. 1

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