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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 24, 1886, Image 2

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Tiir. Ti xri.niNN in ih!}|.
Th^ First District r^iiip.iny that Took
tin* rtalh of lllpjflniifr.
To th? F Titnr of Tilr. KrilIX i i*T?n:
A- ?'tii <?:'.>? hn- t???'?!? r lised M to which
of !!:?? IHstr'et fli'npani^ was the tir*t to h??
?iu~ . r>* 1 tnt?> ttf vn lTot th* Uoltod iitfltei
In the iron'.!-h - time- of 1S6I. it is due to the
truth i.'f hMurr. and ? li-- surviving racmi^r* of
c?ni' .1 ii > I'it Ion rejpment, that a word or
two should !>?? K|?okau iu their behalf.
This organization lormed after the elec
tion ?>f Mr. him oln t<? the Presidency, and with
?preta! re'-rence t?? siistaltiine the regularly
Mn<llt'.itml authority of the country in the fare
or I:? i. Jing trouble?*. It mad'' its first parade
February l>s?il,and took part in the inau
g< .lip.He?ion on the Ith of March following.
t ?n :t.f lorii day of A;>rii it was sworn Into
tl. -ervi *e oi t'.e United States.
rm KTrsiM s?r*R ot April 11, 1861, of
whl>?h 1 iih\>- a copy now before me, referring
t.? iii< v ?? ,es of the day betore. April lOth, at
If!-- War department. ii-es this language:
"t'oiufii v A. of Union reiriment. <"apt.Car
rlnston. 1 oo men, having been drawn up in
II - north of tue department building, were
lu-; ?? ? 1 by Inspector General stone, after
?i l< t? M i r McDowell. U. s. A., called the roll;
tl w iv then read and the men ordered *o
b<>;il up t?ieir ri/ht hand*.ungloved, and repeat
th-- words of the oath, -wearing allegiance to
th- I nlW H'ate-', to resist all enemies and op
r'iieiit*of the -aid United States whatsoever.
? obey ili" orders of the President and their
Superior officers. and to be subject to the army
rul- - mil regulations. Ten or twelve of the
neii havl:;g reftased to take the oath because
they v ero not willing to be ordered out of the
iM-i'icr. were told by the inspector general that
there was no probability of their being so
or i-red. when they consented unanimously to
be -wi >rn in."
??Tii?' sixty irtO'i volunteers from the Wash
ington l.lght Infantry were next ordered up,
when th?? ?ame forms were gone through with.
Eighteen or twenty of these men reiused to
take the oath; the others were sworn in and
tip? company left the ground In two divisions,
tl>?- -'ii' isted men in one tody and the malcon
tent- in another. each having an officer to
m.treli ttu in to the armory."
Thus it would appear from a reference to the
?v> :i*s of that stirring period, as chronicled at
the time, tliat Companv A, of Union regiment,
an org.iai/allon lormed *ith special reference
t<> the needs ot the hour, and baptizing itself
n itti tbe -acred name ot the Union, led tbe van
ot the bra\e and patriotic volunteers of this
l?i strict "fho took the oath of allegiance, and
or. i".i their si-rvn-e* to the government at the
Id i-lency of the great rei>eiTion.
i'lio igh mustered in with the quasi under
?taiiri ig that they were not to go beyond
tli I\>trlct lines for service, yet wh?>n the exi
g. ticj .ipw , and they were asked if they were
willing to waive that understanding, tliey re
?p nded unhesitatingly and took the field along
with their comrades from this District and lrom
t... north, who t.y this time had arrived in con
t 1 rable numbers in behalf of one govern*
mm!, one people ^nd one flag.
1 wish. >ir. Editor, that the whole of the arti
cle from which I have extracted the above could
be reprinted to-day. It would show that there
w-re patriot hearts in this too often slighted
Ih-trict to th'?se hours ol darkness and peril,
fc it 1 iiresum** it is too lengthy, so 1 have only
31: >ied that portion hearing on the point In
And let me say Mr. Editor; In behalf of all the
nr y District volunteers, it may seem a light
thing nowadays to rush to the defence of the
K \ erument; but it should be remembered, that
w ti'-n they responded to their country's call
c-'iumotion reigned throughout this broad land
ot ours; ttie future was dark with uncertainty
the great north had not yet spoken out; and
the air around them was thick with sentiments
a: 1 inmlfeta bitterly hostile to the new ad
ministration; while south of the Potomac the
secession movement was sweeping all iefore it
like a storm. It Ls an easy thing to swim with
th' current, but when these men showed their
bands and took their stand, the current had
not ??-t In. They led the van of devotion to the
eonutry and we're a* fore-ripples of the mighty
?*vi' that roll d down from the north andsweep
pu ?>n to tlnal victory assured *. he stability of tiie
government and the perpetuity of the Union.
P. S.
A Reminiscence by Mr. John T. Given?
The F.?labli?hnient of the Paid Depart*
"I was looking over some of my old papers
(he other day,"* remarked Mr. John T. Given to
a Star reporter, 'and I came across what was
to me a very interesting relic of former days.
It w s the draft of a bill which I had drawn
up ai? ut th? year 1?5.**. I think, lor the pur
pose of establishing a paid steam fire depart
ment in this city. At that time our city was
dependent upou the volunteer fire companies,
and nearly all the citizens were connected with
one or tl;? other of them. Tiie machines and j
other apparatus were supplied by the govern- j
ment and placed in charge of the citizens, and !
they were expected to protect the government
property. l\>r instance, the Franklin com- j
pany, t-? which I belonged, was connected with
the I'r -asury department. The Union cotn
I .ny. lij the tlrst war l. with the War and Navy
cl p irtiii' :its; the Perseverance, of mh street,
wiin me Post?>ttl'-e department; the Columbia,
on Capitol Hill, with the Capitol. There
was aKo the Anacostia. near the navy
> 1 :iud ther? was the Northern Liberty Co.
A- was the case In all cities under the volun
teer system, the membership of these com- :
nuteompri^-d the i?e^t citizens, but the
trouble w:t? that great rivalry existed between
tli - compani<-s, and the fc?oys niuld not te rc
nTr:i.. 1 w.'-en they went to a lire. The con<e
?l ? i:- that the men w ould fight with each I
other instead of attending to tiie work of put-'
t -? >1 thfl Ire, and the most disgraceful j
?vn< * occurred coming and going to fires. The 1
c- mpunies ha?l a demoralizing effect ui>on the
y- ung men. There was no one to restrain
t ?iu. We had no police force then. A small
fk.rce of peace officers, known as the Auxiliary
Guard, in command ot Capt. Goddard, who is
Lvni^ 111 this city, were exj?ected to preserve
ord- r in the city. They wen1 too few in uumber
t< ? ? rt mui-h witl lence, and ou occasion-, law- '
le uess had fail swing. It must be admitted
that the old nre companies MR the active j
cati~- iu the majority ??i ca^es ol breaches 01 tiie
public peace, and it was felt that >?omelhiug
lna*t be done."
??I tninU tnat I had the honor to make the
C-v.t move in tnismatter,"ontinued Mr.Given,
**ty ottering iu the city council a resolution re- '
qic-ting L'??ngrt-.s to transfer to the city govern- I
li.ent tue engines and other apparatus in use !
II t he lire department. I afierwiirds prepared
fttfrall ft a kill to organise a sImub Ore depart-:
Hi- nt, a:.d it l" interesting to note how the city 1
t..?- cuaiigod. The t-iuire annual expense then
p: p-?.- J \?.v.? s* i ?,T'>o, and the force to be em-i
j > ?? l . ? 1 -,-t. l ..I a chief enirineer, three engi
1 r-. e:_'tit foremen, five hostlers und thirty
i;,iii'i rjiuen. I >upi?K?e then there wt-re j
oixty or t>. vent> thousand inhaoitanis in the
fit... i ?day our lire department coats from
? :? hundred to one hundred and twenty thou-j
*at.d d- .ilars per year. My bill did not become
a .aw. b- cai.-.,- just then the slavery question
_r<-^- the time ot Congress and it did
t"! 1 nit; i.p. Ihen the war broke out, and dur
ing ' ? any part of the war we bad a great fire
?>n ti:e A veni)? opposite the Metropolitan hotel,
wnich soaro i.-e-l public atieiition to the needs
"t ti.e city that hre engines were procured from
;? Iphi 1 and New York. Then our depart
n?e:.i w.v? < rganized pretty much as It exists
t ? i.iv, t x?t..at the Are board has been aho>
l -he-i, a*.icu, in my opinion, was a great mis
A Garment Added to the t'olleetlon In
tbe National 3ln?eniu.
A grav coat has beeu iiung In a ease at the
Nat louai Museum near the collection ol relics of
the eoofede-a?-y described l*i Saturday'* Star.
This coat was a confederate officer's coat and,
thou^a such garments were worn by thousands
*jI meu levi than twenty-five years ago, they are
regarded as rare curiosities. What became of
a., the old a ray and butternut suits after Appo
luatox is oue of the mysteries which tho?eouly
can explain who ha\e made a deep study of the
av.-rage lire and tue .final destiny of a suit ol
clothes. This coat was presented to the museum
L.. O. W. llarron, of Danville, Va., formerly
captainofCo.il, 'Jlth regiment Virginian iu
isiuiy. It is the coat ot a captain of infantry
ai.'t is iu a fair state ot preservation. Capt.
li.it ron, in a note whi -h lie seut with the coat,
?a. :: "1 bought this coat early in the year ltt&i
lu Petersburg, Va., for ^13U in confederate
curreury, at.d kept tiie coat constauiiy in the
army witu m?> lu Pickett's division until that
c.-uiinaud was nearly all captured at Five
ju?t a snort time belore the final sur
renuer. and my colored servant who u?jk care
wi my c.otbes, tninklug 1 was killed burned the
U...1U1# of my baggie aud carried this coat
borne to my lather m ileury couuty, this state,
where I got it ou my return from prison at
Joi.usou ?> K>iauU. I seldom us?.-d the coat except
?j:. ocvasi >ns 0! drevs parades and reviews or
when fitting ou courts martial." The cloth
which is grav i? not ol Nery line texture. It is a
lr<?'g coat with cuff* and military collar laced
w;th bike. 1 he sleeves are embroidered with
g >id bra. 1. There are 110 shoulder straps, but
Instead three bars 011 me collar ludicate the
rai.i oi the wearer. I in bullous are similar to
1 i.iud Hales I'Uttolis, except theie Is no let
kim; U|kju tbeiu. i'uey have embossed upou
ti. in the American spread eagle, with the
Union ?..leld upon us bieast. aua surrounded
b- a?;?..?r.y >>| ?u?r?. Mr. Howard Clark, who
ha-> !i 1 . - oi to historical co.tectiou, expects
so ?!? to i.on |o>?-slou of a? oat 01 an engineer
ulticrr 1 i to>.- i-ui.itutfale service.
- IS*
irsmfrrs wl Keal CslatP.
Is-eds In lee have been filed as follows;
D. F. Wright to El leu E. Hartley, lot SI, block
t?. T. t li. s sub Mt. l"'easaut; Teresa
hutmi".i to M. liuriie, lot 1 1, s<j. ? 1
T. J. Mr?wri toT. IU Stewart, lot 10, sub Bayly's
1'urcha-. , g-".OiX). 1". 1L Stewart to Sophie li.
troau, ?aiae property; y-'?,UUO. A. Hyde to E
i. lot l~, w tUoa's Mite; . Eugeue Kosis
to t??ro:?e IrUnsltll, same property; ?>1,700.
rt len 1.. i iudeii I ? MW.saiue property; *i?.
Theresa Aiwi.it to ICo. lloltzman et al., sub lot
ti. ?.( J7S, 7 J. 11. .>1111111 to K. J. >tiadd, his
r:?ht and int? rest lit Barry Farm; L>. S.
Go 'iinx to E. J. Hill, pari 3, N(. 4J1; fJ.75U.
C. W. Downing toj. D. Suulord, sub lot ??$, s<j.
? >.">, *1,000. a. 7). i'ratl lo E. '?V . 1>juu, lot 17'A
Fuiiwr'ssub Ml. Piea-saut; few).
A n?fn<i ('lain.
The question of right and title to the "Kid
well Flats," which now stands as such a bar to
the continuance ol the work of Improving the
river front, was very thoroughly discussed in
tiie Senate in July. 1882, when the subject of
making the first appropriation for the work
was before Congress. Senator Ransom received
a letter from Commissioner MeFarland at that
time showing from the records of the Land
office what a shadowy foundation the Kidwell
claim had. The official information contained
in this letter was, it is said, instrumental in
securing the first appropriation of 8400,000 for
the improvement. In the letter referred to
Commissioner MeFarland says that the Kid
well patent, so-called, containing 47.71
acres, lying south ot the National Obser
vatory, and extending from opposite 20th to
26th street west, appears, from the records of
t tie Land office, to have been Issued under the
provisions ot the Joint resolution of February
10th, 1839, and under the regulations of the
Secretary of the Treasury for carrying this
resolution into effect. The Joint resolution re
lated to certain acts of the legislature of Mary
land respecting titles to vacant lands which
were In !<>r<-e in the District, continuing in force
the laws of Maryland within that portion ot tlie
District ceded "by that state to the United
"The Treasury reflations," the commissioner
said, "defined the proceedings necessary in ob
taining titles to lands under the Joint resolu
tion. Assum'ng that these laws and regulations
authorized and provided the means of securing
individual titles to islands, fiats and marshes
in the Potomac river within or adjacent to the
city of Washington, several applications for
orders of survey were made from time to time,
which were granted, but under which no sur
veys were executed. These orders provided
that the land to be surveyed must be firm
land, not subject vo tidal overflow. In some
instances surveys were returned, but were
on the ground that the land was submerged by
tidal flow, and was therefore not sul>|ect to
survey and disposal under the Maryland acts
and Joint resolution of C?ngres?. The applica
tion of Mr. Kidwell for a patent for the so
called "Kidwt ll's land." being the bar on the
npi>er side of the l>oug bridge, was rejected lor
this reason. On September 10, 1807, Kidwell
applied for a warrant of surrey lor the tract
known as "Kidwell s meadows," which was
described In tiie application as an island in the
1'otomac river, between Washington city chan
nel and the Swash channel, commencing
nearly opposite 15th street west and extending
to a point where D street north strikes the
canal or river.
The order ol survey was issued September
12, 1867, and Its execution was made subject
to the usual provision that the land to be sur
veyed should Ihj "firm land and not subject to
tidal overflow." The survey was returned by
the county surveyor October 19, 1807. An
examination of this survey was deemed nec
essary. and Mr. S. J. Dallas, principal clerk ot
surveys in the general land office, was desig
nated as examiner general for this purpose.
Mr. Dallas made the examination, and on
February 28, 1808, rei>orted to Commissioner
Wilson, "of the general land office, that he
found the premises to be under ice in the Poto
mac river, presenting
but submerged and subject to tidal overflow,
and "of course not fit for'vacant cultivation,"
as required by the third section of the act ol
He also found that the survey had been "re
turned in
and of the instructions embodied in the war
rant of survey." The survey was accordingly
On October 17 and 24,1869, a re-examina
tion was made at the request ot Mr. John Wil
attorney for Kidwell, aud upon this examinar
tion the examiner general rescinded his former
opinion, and approved the plot of survey.
In this re-examination, made under more
favorable conditions than the examination in
the original Instance, he found the "Kidwell
meadows" to be from three and a half to four
tcet above low-water, and from a foot to a foot
and a half above ordinary high water, as near
as he could judge, owing to the density and vig
orous growth of wild rice and other weeds
which impede a clear view of all parts of the
meadows. He did not think the land fit to pro
duce successful crops of corn, but thought it
susceptible of producing fodder and affording
pasture lor cattle. U|?>n the re-examination
and tiie approval of tiie plat of survey by the
examiner general, patent was issued to Mr.
Kidwell December 6, lst?9. Tiie amount paid
for this tract was ?23.80. or fltty cents per acre.
In reference to this patent and to similar ap
plications, Commissioner Drummond, in a letter
to Mr. A. R. Shepherd, dated January 22,
1873, said: "All applications made since I as
sumed charge of the land office, in February,
l5>71, have been refused for the following
1. Because the land was subject to every day's
overflow by tide water, and therefore not in a
condition to l>e surveyed.
2. liecau>e 1 thought the disposition of the
land was not clearly authorized by law.
3. Because 1 did nut d'-em it proper to dLtuo.t/j
of lands situated in the immediate vicinity of
it 'u/nn</ton,>it 'i nominal sum, lo private parties
v ho could ItoUl and us'- them so a.* to impede and
obstruct harbor improv im-nts, unless the law
clearly aud imperatively made it my duty to
do so.'
The foregoing statement comprises the facts
of record in this office relative to tiie patent is
sued to John L. Kidwell for the 'Kidwell
meadows,' so railed.
The brief time I have for the consideration of
the subject does not permit me to express an
opinion upon the legal points involved in the
case.'' N. C. McFari.and,
Senator Ransom subsequently received a
communication lrom Commissioner MeFar
land, which was printed in the Congressional
Record, and in which he says:
"The patent to Kidwell can be sustained only
on the lollowing propositions:
1st. That the land was firm, cultivable land
in 1869.
2d. That it was al>ove high water mark at
that date, and not subject to tidal overflow.
3d. That it was not appropriated to uuy pub
lic use.
4th. That it was separated from the main
land by a navigable channel, and was an
island in fact, and not an accretion to the main
5th. That it was without the municipal Juris
diction of the city of Washington.
6th. That the acts of Maryland and the joint
resolution of 183SI contemplated the disposal
to private persons of the islands, flats, bars and
marshes in the harbor of Washington.
Unless each and all of the foregoing condi
tions are met tiie patent to Kidwell was issued
without proper authority."
Tbe PrwpoHHi Extension of tiie Street*
Beyond the City Lines.
To the Editor uf Thu Kvknj.no Stak:
The bill introduced by Gen. Mahone in the
Senate, to extend the streets and avenues
of the city, Is ot the most vital import
ance to tbe city of Washington. It is an im
perative necessity that the heedless laying out
of narrow and irregular streets, regardless of
the city's plan, should bo stopped, and the evil
alaendv done be remedied at once. All of this
great damage to the city has arisen wholly
from the neglect of Congress and the municipal
authorities to compel new streets lo conform to
the city's plan. A simple law to this effect
would have prevented this great crime against
the city, without the cost of one dollar. If the
District Commissioners had taken the subject
in baud in lh>78, itis estimated one million
dollars would have been saved to the city. A
delay now of twelve months will add to the
already great cost $300,000, and it is the opin
ion ol tiie writer that a delay ol five years
would bring the cost up to five million ot
Is it not the part ot good business sense for
Congress to grapple wiih this subject at once
and save every year's: additional expense? Is
there any business man that would not try to
save three hundred thousand dollars by doing
to-day what a year hence would cause this loss?
It Is not so much for the present, but tor the
future city of Washington, with its half million
or million people who will populate the
suburbs. We say to them we want broad ave
nues and wide streets, 85 to 160 feet in width
for ourselves, but we are laying out lor you
narrow aud irregular streets. There are now
about ten different sets ol streets laid out on
the north boundary of the city, varying from 35
to OO ieet in width, with one exception, con
forming neither to each other nor to the city's
plan, a miserable piece of patchwork that is
Hilling aud will continue to kill the growth ot
the city. The bill should become a law in
thirty days with whatever Improvements can
he made by the Senate aud House committee.
Tiie Representative lrom Toledo, Ohio, lnlonns
the wr.ter that his city is now suffering greatly
from the evils above named, and the authors
tnereof will bear the blame of its citizens for all
lime to come. Very respectfully, J. P.
On an Editor** Wa?te Basket.
Perhaps in this neglected spot Is laid
^boiut- thoiiiihia iiiat i>rouUty e'lti to fame aspire.
Views thai the c<mJ? of mora.* uii9m have swayed.
Or waked society to evhs due.
But itnowlelge to all eyes is not displayed
With *11 the circumslunees of time and place;
J?ece?siiy repressed ibe nohle ettort made,
And froze mem oui for auuple want of ij>ace.
Full many an ode to "Gentle Sprlug," addressed
In the ?a<%le basket's chaos linds its goal;
Full many a sketch here noes lo its long rest
ur buds .ts collin in a pigeon hole.
?Hoston iierord.
Custom house officials at Odessa have been de
frauding the Russian government for years.
The amount embezzled is placed at several
million rouules.
The Clover Club, of PhlUdflphlit, the
?<iiest? of the Gridiron Clnb, of This
The Gridiron club will entertain the Clover
club, of Philadelphia, at dinner at Chamber
lin's this evening. The members of the Clover
dub will arrive in a special car on the Pennsyl
vania limited this afternoon, in charge of a
committee of the Gridiron club. They will be
driven on their arrival to the Executive Man
sion, where the President will receive them in
the library. Thence they will be driven to Cham
berliu's. Halt-past live is named on the cards
of invitation as the hour of meeting.
The famous Clover club was founded in Jan
uary, 18?2. Its dinners have been given regu
larly on the fourth Thursday of each month,
except during warm weather, ever since. Every
dinner since the fourth has been given at the
Hotel Bellevuc, which lias the bestc/it/ln Phil
adelphia. It is known locally as the Clover
club house. The Clover club flag?a green four
leaied clover on white?flies over it on club
nights. Theclubdines in a great square dining
riKjm, such as cannot be found in Washington.
The (dub dining table is in the shape ol a four
ieafed clover. The floral decorations are
always extremely unique and tasteful, and the
general decorations of the room arc elegant and
elaborate. The novel effects which the club
achieves, in these respects, represent a great
deal 01 effort on the part of the executive com
mittee, which spends money, time and labor
on all the detail- of the dinner without stiut. It
Is needless to say that the menu is always per
The club includes the brightest men in Phila
delphia and none but bright meu are Invited as
guests. It is not strange therefore, that the in
tellectual exercises during, and alter, the dinner
sliould be so clover and so charming as to baffle
description. There is a peculiar flavor in these
entertainments which is as inimitable as the
scent of clover. There is never a dull moment
troiu the beginning to the end. If some one is
not telling a good story some one else is sing
ing a good song. The baby of the club?tne
member last elected?climbs down out of his
great high chair, with his silver rattle strung
on 1 ibbo is around his neck, lifts the massive
three-handled hammered silver loving cup, in
scribed with the emu's motto: "A votre saute,"'
aud the club's verslcle:
'?While we live, we live in clover;
When we die, we die all over,"
from its resting place upon the great gridiron
on the table Just before the president, and
hands it to the latter, who drinks Irom it to
the health of the club guests, and then starts it
around the board, every one kissing it; or the
clubs famous muttou is brought in
011 great platters by robed waiters
and carried twice around the room, while the
club carols forth in mighty chorus the fine old
ballad ot the Darby Ham. President M. P.
ilandy, who has presided over the club ever
since it began, is a very fine executive as well
as a very brilliant wit, and under his dexterous
ad 111 in 1st ration the best tnat is in the members
and their guests is brought out. There are no
dull speeches, no awkward pauses, no trite
tales; everything is fresh aud delicate and joy
ous. Time would fail to tell of the many little
details which go to make every Clover dinner
a splendid success, or ot the play ot wit around
the table, or the admirable siuging of the quar
tette. There is only one Clover club, and it
must be seen to be appreciated. The members
ot the Clover oluD are chiefly professional men,
more than one-third of them being newspaper
men. Some of the best known members are
tiie president, Mr. >1. P. Handv, editor of the
iHiily AVas; .Mr. A. K. McClure, editor ot the
limes; Mr. Charles Emory Smith, editor of
tiie l're&s; Mr. William M. Liunn, editor ot
the Trurucript; Judge Thomas it. Elcock, E.
Coppee Mitchell, ex-Attorney General Wayne
Mac\eagh, Col. Win. Ludlow, now Engineer
Commissioner ot this District: Recorder (ieorge
Pierie, 11. K. Jamison, who is treasurer of the
club; Capt. it. I. Clipper ton, the British consul,
and Senor Rafael Vanion, tne Mexican consul
at Philadelphia, and J.ones ltaukin Young,
executive clerk ol the U. si. oeuaie. The hon
orary members are Representative Henry H.
Bingham, Edwin Booth, .Samuel M. Clemens,
Daniel Dougherty, Henry M. Hoyt, Henry Irv
ing and 8. Smith Russell. Among the promi
nent men entertained as guests at the Clover
dinners have been Gen. Win. T, Sherman, Gen.
W iutieid Scott Hancock, Attorney General
Brewster, Po-t master Gencr 1 Hatton, Adjut
ant Gen. Drum, Rear Admiral Mullaney, Sena
tors .Logan, Hawiey, Morgan, Cameron, Man
derson, Kpresentatives Reed, Curtin, Raudail,
W ise, Morrow, Myers, Dick aud Ochiltree, Hon.
Geo. H. linker, C. D. Warner, Geo. P. Lathrop,
Noah Brooks, E. P. Mitchell, George Alfred
Townsend, \V illiain M. Singerly, Joseph K.
McCamnion, Richard A. Elmer, Gaiusha A.
Grow, John F. Hartrauft, E. Burd Grubb,
Henry S. Huidekoper, James A. Beaver, At
torney General Cassidy of Pennsylvania, Ser
geant Ballautyne ol England, Chief Justice
Mercur of Pennsylvania, John Jay Knox,
Judge Stanley Woodward, A. Loudon Snow
den, Henry Irving, Tonioso Salvini, Edwin
Booth, Dion Boucicauit, John T. Raymond,
\V miam J. Florence, WLlia.n T. Car.etoi, My
ron W. Whitney, Tom Karl, J. li. Ryley J. y,.
A. \\ aid, t rank D. Millet, Peter Moran. Augus
tus lie-atoii, Dr. D. Hayes Agnew, Dr. Widiam
Pepper, Dr. J. W. Gross, Dr. W. H. Pap coast,
\S narton Barker, Hamilton Disaton, Charles H.
Cramp, George B. Loriug, diaries G. Leland,
Charles Wyndhaiu, E. B. Haskell, Joseph How
ard, jr., 11. J. Ramsdell, Calvin Wells, George
W . Adams, Frame Thomson, CnJUes E. Pugh,
Stephen B. ElKins and Edward T. Steel.
Last December tha Ciover club entertained
its first child, the Gridiron club, of Washing
ton, at dinner. The Gridiron club took Its
name and its emblem from under the Clovei
club loving cup. It was organized on the 24th
01 January, 1685, at Welcker's, where its
dinners have since been given until to-day. It
has dined ever since on the last Saturday of
every mouth, except June, July, August and
September, its entertainments, though less
elaborate than those of tne Clover club, have
been equady successful in bringing clever men
together, and briuglug out uieir brightest
thoughts. The Gridiron club differs materially
from the Clover club in that the proceedings at
its dinners are never published, and tor this
reason the delightful character of the Gridiron
dinners is known solely by those who have at
tended them. The well known custom of the
Gridiron club in this respect gives a freedom to
the tongues ol members and their guests which
has contributed not a little to the interest of
its dinners, \0u11g as it is, the Gridiron cluo
has already won a national reputation, and un
honorable place among clubs like the Clover,
ol Philadelphia, aud the Papyrus, of Boston.
Its members are all Washington corre
spondents and editors. Its membership is
limited to forty. It has no hon
orary list. Its first officers were: Major
Ben: Perley Poore, president; Maj. John M. Car
son. vice president; Mr. Charles T. Murray, sec
retary and treasurer; Mr. M. G. Seckendorffand
Mr. C. M. Ugden, members executive commit
tee. The present offlcers are: Mr. Frederic
Perry Powers, president; Mr. George W.Adams,
vice president; Mr. Henry B. F. Mactarlaud,
secretary and treasurer; Mr. E. ti. Duuueil and
Mr. P. V. DcGraw, members executive com
Among the guests of the Gridiron club have
been Vice President Hendricks, Speaker Car.
lisle, Secretary Bayard, Secretary Lamar, Post
master General Vilas, President Pro Tempore
Sherman, Lieutenant General Sheridan, Sena
tors Hawiey, Manderson, Teller, Palmer, But
ler, Aldricb, Harrison, Jones of Nevada, Eustis
Representatives Long, Wise, Kelley, Merriman!
Reed, Dorsheimer, Hay nes, Wheeler, McKinley.
Bavne. Butterwortli, Collins, Tucker, Randall.
Herbert, Hltt, W. C. P. Breckinridge and Nor
w.<od, General de Mexia, Colonel Sheridan, As
sistant Secretary Fairchild, Speaker Husted of
New \urk. Commissioner Montgomery. Dr.
George B. Loring, John Philip Soussa, Stilson
llntchlns. Second Controller Maynatd, Clarence
Pullen, J.G.Pangborn,Henry Cabot Lodge. John
Addison Porter, J. sterling Mortou, George
Aitred Townsend, William AI. Singerly, of the
Philadelphia Iteenrd; William V. McKean, of
the Philadelphia Ledyer; E. O. Graves, Sterling
P. Rounds, Richard T. Merrick, Eppa Hunton,
frirst Assistant Postmaster General Stevenson,
Second Assistant Postmaster General Knott,
W alter P. Phillips, W. E Vluimby, ol the Detroit
tree Press; E A. Burke, of the New Orleans
1xmes-Demoerut; George H. Monroe, of the Bos
ton Herald; Jaines M. Clarke, or the Boston
Globe; James H. Lambert, of the Philadelphia
Times; George A. Coolidge, Charles R Baldwin,
Charles E. Lewis and Dr. W. H. Hawkes.
The Damage on the Canal.
A meeting ot the board of directors of the
Chesapeake and Ohio canal was held in Balti
more Thursday. The reports of the superin
tendent and engineer in regard to the damages
caused by the recent freshets were made, aud
the directors adopted a resolution approving
the action ol the president In relation to the
repairs already made, and directing that the
work of putting the canal in good couditlon for
transportation be proceeded with. A resolution
ottered by Director Berret. of Washington, was
adopted, to the effect that the next meeting of
the board be held on Tuesday next, April 27th,
?.lAr,lns,tVn llotel. Washington, and
.1 * presidents ol the coul companies who
use the Chesapeake anil Obiocanai be requested
u00?!?1" LWllh, the boRrd at that meeting,
when the board will be happy to see any hold
ers of bonds under the aot of 1844, the trustees
representing the bondholders and those, under
the act 01 18 <8. who inay desire to be informed
concerning the condition ol the canal and ao
thjj ol the board relating thereto." It was
stu.ed that the damages by the freshet will
amount to between *26,000and ?30 000 and
*?P?ir dam will require about $50,000
additiona., as it is said to be a complete wreck.
It was also stated by the directors that a num
ber ol parties interested urged the board to
maintain the canul so that shipments may be
continued. Tne authorities expect to have
water in the caual by May 10th. At the meet
lug to bo held In Washington it is understood
that the sale ol some of the repair bonds, in
order to make the necessary repairs, will be
It is ?tated by a Rhode Island paper that
siuce ex-Governor Sprague's last marriage there
has been a marked Improvement in his per
sonal conduct aud financial standing. It is
said Mrs. Sprague raised the money with which
Canouchei was repurchased.
Program of the Celebration Jfext Mon
The sixty-seventh anniversary of the intro
duction of Odd Fellowship in this country will
be observed on Monday by the order through
out the country. In this District there will be
In the afternoon a procession of the order and
iuterflkting exercises at Mount Vernon Place
church (Oth and K streets), and at night the
patriarchs will have an entertainment and
banquet at Masonic Temple.
Mr. James K. Watts will be the marshal of
the procession, which will form on E street,
right resting on 5th, and it will move at two
o'clock. The battalion of patriarchs militant
will head the line, followed by the lodges and
the grand lodge and the encampment. The
route will be along E street to 3d, to Pennsyl
vania avenue, t<^ 15th, to K, to 10th, to Mass
achusetts avenue to the church. The exercises
ben* will open with a voluntary, organ, bv Prof.
A. B. Kelley; music, The Heavens are Tellins,
by the choir (under the leadership of Cha-?. M.
Conneil): invocation, Grand Chaplain F. A.
stier; solo. Miss Laura Bangs. Anniversary
services. Prayer,grand chaplain; solo, Mr. J. P.
smith; address, Hon. John H. Oberly, P. G. M.,
and P. G. K. oi Illinois; music, chorus, Hallelu
jah chorus; benediction.
Immediately after the close of the service the
procession will reform and proceed down 9th
street to E, thence aloug E to 7th, and down
7th to the ball.
All past elective officers ot grand lodge will
accompany the grand lodge.
All past elective officers of the grand encamp
ment will accompany the grand encampment.
The encarapmeut brauch ot Odd Fellowship
includes what Is known as the patriarchal de
grees and was made a distinctive branch of the
order about 1827, when Mr. Wildey, the father
of the order in the United .States, and his sisso
ciates organized Jerusalem Encampment, No.
1, of Patriarchs, in the city of Baltimore, and
this encampment is still in existence. This
order itself was then about eight years old in
that city, and this branch was established there
about the same time the pioneer lodge of the Dis
trict (Central, No. 1,) was organized here. It
was not, however, till 1834 that it was estab
lished here. Oa June 7th, 1833, application
was made by Messrs. \V. \V. Moore, James
Gcttyn, George M. Davis, Robert Boyd, W. H.
Mauro, Thomas Steele, Joseph Burrows and W.
L. Bailey lor a charter for an encampment here
to be known as Columbia, No. 1, and It was
issued. Besides those named above the follow
ing were members: A. G. Herold, Joseph
Beardsley, J. W. Hodgson, John T. Walker,
Patrick Crowley, L. A. Gobright, John T.
Clements, Kezin Beck, William Young, Wil
liam Towers, \V. G. Deale and Cnezum.
It was instituted during tlie.session of the grand
lodge of the Utii'ed States In the hall over
Geycr's stable, C street, between l1^ and 0th
streets, January ot h, 1884. For several veurs
tiie encampment met in the hall. September
9th, 1840, it moved to the chamber of the bouid
ol common council, now the old Circuit Court
room ol the Court House. In the meant ime not
withstanding the prejudices occasioned by the
anti-Masonic movement, the eneainpment hail
prospered by the lessons learned in the lodge
degrees, inducing the membership to advance
further, and as the consequence many of the
leading citizens became encampment members.
This branch not having reached Alexandria the
late Hugh Latuain,of thai city, walked up lrom
Alexandria to ootain his degrees in December,
1830. It seems strange now to read that in Au
gust, 1814, the encampment accepted an invi
tation to visit a lodge of Odd Fellows at Bladens
burg, but at that time so popular was the order
it was believed that nearly one-third of the
population between the ages of 21 and 45 were
members oi it, and its iutluence was felt in the
surrounding country. This encampment had
then on its rolls Walter Lenox, William B. Ma
gruder and M. G. Emery, all of whom were
afterwards mayors of Washington. Capt.. W.
W. Moore and James Gutty, the former the
author of the royal purple degree and lor
many years a leading member of the councils
ot the District, both of whom served several
terms as representatives to the grand lodge,
and were also grand sires of the order.
Some years afterwards Mariey Encampment,
No. 2, was instituted in Alexandria, which city
was then in the District of Columbia.
Mount I'isgah Encampment, No. 3, was in
stituted October 1,1881, and located in George
town, D. C. Tlie charter members were Levin
Jones, W. B. Magruder. John W. By ram, F. A.
Lutz, W. Knowles, Nicholas Funk, Thus. S.
King, Thomas Jewell. Jos. L>. Simms, Juo. T.
Frey, R. E. B>oth and H. M. Hurdie.
Next came Mageneuu, No. 1, organized in
East Washington, which Is still in existence.
It has borne on its rolls numbers ot the leading
citizens of the District.
Ridgely Encampment, No. 5, was instituted
October 0, 1840, in the old tirst ward and after
wards moved to West Washington. P. G. Car
rieo, Win. Vermillion, Win. 11. Topping, Johu
G. Brown, Nicholas Funk, John \V. By rain,
John J. Frey, Frederick D. Stuart, Samuel E.
Dougiass, W. ii. Colison, Charles Calvert and
A. It. Locke were the charter members. It be
came defunct a few years ago.
Mt. Nebo Encampment had its origin in a
meeting held at the store of Charles Pa?co, on
7th street, December 31, 1810. The following
were present: Thomas Rich, W. M. Perry,
James M. Towers, Elijah Edmonston, W 11.
Baldwin, jc\? John M. Black, George C. Whit
ing, Anthony Holinead, James \Y. Watson,
Titothas Howard, F. B. Lord, jr., John Thorn,
George Corcoran and John T. Towers. They
resolved to petltiou for a charter, and selected
the name Ml. Nebo, No. 0, and January 3o,
11>47, tne encampment was formally instituted
by M. W. Grand Patriarch Win. Towers, the
officers being Tho.*. Rich, chief patriarch; Geo.
C. Whiting, high priest; W. M. Perry, scribe; J.
M. Black, treasurer; J. M. Towers, senior
warden and W. 11. Baldwin, Junior wardeu.
Though the youngest ol this branch, .save one,
and having had its share of adversity, low
finances, &c., -Mt. Nebo is probably the most
flourishing of any in the District and numeri
cally approximates halt of the patriarchs in the
Frederick D. Stuart Encampment, No. 7, was
organized shortly alter the death of that gen
tleman, about six years ago, principally by
some who had held membership in Kidgeley
anu some ot the younger men of me order.
t*u ite an impetus iias been given this branch !
of the order within a few months by the cstulj
lishinenlof the degree of Patriarchs Militant
by the Grand Lodge ol the United States. This
was the conception of Hon. John C. Underwood,
ex-governor of Kentucky, who is the lieuten
ant general of this branch, and already to
Marcn 31st there have been 280 cantons or
companies formed, embracing 0,429 chevaliers,
and others are forming. There have been ad
mitted to the degree here 84, and the four can
tons here are in battalion organization, with
the following officers: John T. Cnauncey, major;
T. W. Fowler, adjutant; Jus. H. Richards, quar
termaster; Aaron Baldwin, assistant surgeon,
and W. J. Redstrake, chaplain. The canton
officers are: Captains W. T. Galllher, Joseph
Burroughs, J. A. Shackleford and P. W. Harbin;
Lieutenants T. Walter Fowler, W. H. Richards,
Walter Allen and C. W. Siiiles, and Ensigns E.
T. Pettlnglil, J. M. Krous, W. D. LynhamanJ
W. Champion. This battalion here supersedes
the oid battalion of Uniformed Patriarchs, and
bids fair to become a popular one, with the
younger members of the order especially.
The Coming Material for Statuary.
To the Editor of The Kvknino star:
While providing by law for monuments in
Washington it will be well to allow the use of
some other material than marble and bronze
in sculpture. By far the greater part of tli? in
numerable bronze statues of classical ages have
been melted in consequcuce of the value ot
their metal. Marble statues have been burned
into lime for building purposes. Bronze sculp
ture has bceu melted down to make weapons,
coins and domestic utensils. It is now kuowu
that by the addition ol less thau half of one per
cent of aluminium, lately greatly reduced in
cost by the Cowles electric smelting furnace at
Clevelaud, the melting heat of steel Is greatly
reduced, and its fluidity so increased that a per
fect cast has been made lrom an ordinary curry
comb used as the pattern. If this holds on a
great scale, Chen steel is the metal for great
public statues. Its hardness and toughness
would preveut it lrom breakage by accident or
design; Its high melting point would make it
unsuitable for the melting pot; It can be pro
tected lrom rust or decay by the Bovver, Barff
and otuer processes, among which is electric
deposit of copper, ot bronze or of gold.
Time was when bronze was a principal mate
rial of war, and when, therefore, it was a most
appropriate metal for military statues, but now
mat steel has replaced it in war what more lit
monumeutof the inflexibility of Grant's char
acter thau a statue in molten steel?
The Cowles' electric smelting furnace, more
over, will probably reduce the price of alumi
nium bronze nearly to that of ordinary bronze.
This bronze has the strength of steel, the color
of gold, and is almost proof against oxidation
by any exposure to the atmospnere. M. C. M.
Written for The Evkninu stab.
To thee, sweet sharer of my Joy and grief,
Sweet comforter and solace of my woe.
To thee 1 come. If happiness though brief
E'er come to me, to thee 1 hy and low
Mysterious sounds float on th.- air; they rise
And tali in measure slow, then ?lid and clear
Bursts on uiy brain, a song of joy: my eyes
Grow dim with tears; my heart beats fast: I hear,
In that swilt rushing meiody, the sound
Of wiud among the piues,?of beating rain,?
Of roaring wuters,?thunder crashiug sound;
And tlieu, by magic touch, the sweet refrain
Of siugiug birds, the lowing klne; the air
la tifl'd with fragrauce, and t/ie sun shines ?Wfr,
Thou speakest unto to me of Life and Death,?
Of Love and her whom more than lire 1 love,?
Of things unseen, unheard,?the perAim'd breath
From angel wiugs. and spirit forms above
My wilder'd head. Thou speakest unto me
Of all my cherlsh'd dreams, the sad sweet dreams
That I may never know,?the face I see
Still mlrror'd in my soul,-the eyes whose beams
Are not for me,?the foim 1 shall not clasp,?
The mem'rysof the past, the Future dim:?
Of that which In my life I cannot grasp;
Of misspent years; of blasted hopes, the grim
And ghastly skeleton of wasted life,?
The long deepsleep, which ends all tod and strife.
April 19,1886. ? Ecaixa A, Fields.
*?? .
The sham naval battle at Pensacola. Fla.
yesterday was a complete success.
Provisions of the Thrw Bills loi
PfBilinr Before Cowgrese.
Three measures are now pending before thi
District committees of Congress providing to
the extension of the streets and avenues of tb<
city beyond tho Boundary. The first is a bll
introduced in the House February 15th last bj
Mr. Butterworth. The second is the bill iutro
duced in the Senate by Mr. Sherman. Marcl
24th last, and the third the bill introduced li
the Senate on the 20th Instant by Mr. Mahone
Mr. Butterworth's bill, intended to give prae
tlcal force to the snrvey carried on tor sis o,
seven years tinder authority of Congress, to
the extension of the streets and avenues of th<
city to the boundary lino of the District, re
quires that the Engineer Commissioner of th?
District of Columbia have prepared a map o
the District, showing thereon the position or al
streets and avenues extended in conformity
with the existing plan of the city, which maj:
shall be the official map of the said city o
Washington, and that all future subdivision!
of land Ivtng without the present limits of th<
city in the District shall be made in accordant
with this map, and that no subdivision of land
shall be recorded in the surveyor's office of th<
District unless made in conformity with the
said map.
BILL no. 2.
Mr. Sherman's bill, introduced March 24tt
in the Senate and Introduced In the House
April 5th by Mr. Heard, authorizes the Dis
trict Commissioners to extend or widen eithei
or all of the followlne named streets and ave
nucs of the city of Washington so as to con
form in dlroetion and width to said streets, re
spectlvely, whenever, in their opinion, th<
public interests will be promoted by such ex
tension or widening, to wit: North Capitol
street, from Boundary to the Soldiers' Home
grounds; 1st street northwest, from Boun
dary to the Soldiers' Home grounds
3d street northwest, from Boun
dary to the new distributing reservoir;
51 h" street northwest, from Boundary to the
new distributing reservoir; 9th street north
west, from Boundary to Princeton street; 11th
street northwest, trom Boundary to Wnltnej
avenue; 13th street northwest, Irom Boundary
to Whitney avenue; 15th and 16th streets
northwest, from Boundary to 14th-street road
extended; 17th and 18th streets, from Boun
dary to Llnncan Hill road; 21st street, from
Boundary lo Rock Creek; Boundary street
from 9th street northwest to Boundary street
between 13th and 14th streets, on the same
line as from North Capitol to Ninth street;
Delaware and New York avenues, to Brentwood
road; New Jersey and Vermont avenues, to s
common Junction on 7th-strect road; and for
that purpose they, or either ot them, may be
deflected Irom a right line; Rhode Island ave
nue, from Boundary to Lincoln avenue; Mas
sachusetts avenue, from Boundary to the
Georgetown and Rockwell road, by such route
as may be deemed best by the Commissioners
and approved by the President.
Ann the Commissioners are authorized to va
cate all streets or alleys superseded in whole or
in part by the streets and avenues authorized
to be extended or widened. The bill provides
for the mapping ot tracts and parcels of land
embraced In the proposed street extensions,
which shall be held as condemued lor public
uses, subject to the payment of Just compensa
tion to be ascertained by a board of appraisers,
i who, in making their estimates, shall consider
tho benefits conferred U|>on the owner as well as
the injury done him. In case the Commission
ers are unable to purchase any portion of the
I land condemned by agreement with the
| owners within thirty days alter the condem
I nation provision is made for assessment ol
. damages by the Supreme Court of the District.
The Commissioners are required to report to
Congress their proceedings in such conaemnar
Hon, and no moLey shall be paid in conse
quence thereof until an appropriation shall be
made l>y Congress therefor. The bill also pro
vides that all subdivisions ot lots hereafter
made shall, before being recorded, have the ap
proval oi the Commissioners, and shall oontorm
to the streets and avenues authorized to be ex
tented or widened, and, as far as practicable
Irom the nature oi the ground, shall conform to
the general plau of the city of Washington.
bill no. 3.
The bill introduced by Mr. Mahone on the
20th instant authorizes the Commissioners to
survey and extend tho streets and avenues ol
the city from their present termini at Boun
dary street, and to erect and lay out streets
running cast and west parallel to the city
streets, as far as practicable in conformity with
the present existing plans of the city ot Wash
ington, to, in, through and upon all legally re
corded subdivisions and tracts of lands lying
north of Boundary street and embraced within
the following boundary lines,to wit: Beginning
at the intersection oi P street and Rock
creek; thence along Rock creek to Piney
branch; thence along Plney branch lo
I4th-street road; thence along 14th-street road
to Spring road; thence along Spring and 7th
street roads to Rock Creek church road; thence
to west line of Soldiers' home lauds along Rock
Creek Church road; thence along the west and
south lines of the Soldiers' home lauds to Lin
coln avenue; thence along Lincoln avenue to
Boundary street; thence along Bouudary street
| to the point of Beginning. The Commissioners
are required to prepare maps of the tracts af
lected, so as to provide lor the condemnation
of the land and improvements. Provision is
made for a commission of three persons, to be
appointed by tne President and confirmed by
Hie Senate, and to be bonded in the sum of
$lo,00u, whose duties shall be to assess the
value or values of all lauds and improvements
which shall be taken for the extension of streets
and avenues, according to the plan prepared
by the District Commissioners; and 6uch com
mission shall be designated "the commission
to extend the streets and avenues ol the city of
Washington." Each member shall receive for
his services the sum oi $5,000 per annum, with
authority to employ a clerk, at $1,500 per an
num, arid a messenger, at $900 per aunum,
and have a contingent fund of $3,000 per an
Tills commission shall serve until the com
pletion of the work assigned them, a majority
of them constituting a quorum. In estimating
the values oi all lands and improvements con
demned under this act, it is provided that due
consideration shall be glveu for the benefits or
damages that may arise trom the extension of
streets and avenues through contiguous lauds.
In tne condemnation of the laud for the streets
and avenues tnrough the various tracts that
have been subdivided into lots and streets,
unless all differences can be adjusted with the
lot-owners, it shall be the duty ol the commis
sion to condemn the entire tract or any portiou
ot it that may be necessary.
In cases of disputed ownership, or the neglect
or refusal of owners to take the appraised value
of laud, provision is made lor transferring titles
to the United Stales after depositing in court
the amount of compensation allowed. Iu cases
where an entire or part ot the subdivision ol
land or streets is condemned, provision is made
for a new subdivision by the United Stales.
Original owners will be permitted within one
year to repurchase at the priceof condemnation
with four per cent interest trom the date of con
demnation. Alter the year expires all re
maining lots shall be sold at auction. Provision
is made also for the sale at auction oi buildings
The bill also provides that a tract of land, not
exceeding 2,000 feet in width, lying and being
adjacent to and on both sides of Rock creek,
beginning at the north line of PBtreet and ex
tending to the District line, shall be surveyed
and laid out by the District Commissioners in
the best manner practicable for a park; and
the land so surveyed shall be condemned by
the commission and paid fur in the manner pre
scribed in the bill, and when paid for shall be
come the property of the United States. Per
sons refusing to accept the decision and awards
ot the commission are given the right of appeal
to tho Supreme Court of the District, whose de
cision shall be conclusive. All persons are
wurned that from and after the date of the
S.issage of this act, uot to begin to erect any
tiildings in or upon any of suo.i streets or ave
nues as platted or surveyed; and it is made the
Uuty of tne commission to have suitable stone
land-marks placed to designate street lines and
intersections, and to furnish street, property
and buildiug lines upon payment of customary
To provide for the payment of the lands and
Improvements condemned lor streets and ave
nues, and the Rock Creek park, the Commis
sioners are authorized to have executed and
prepared bonds ol the District ol Columbia of
the denomination of $100 and $500, to an
amount not exceeding $2,500,000, to bear
interest at tho rate of three per centum per
aunuu, to run and be payable fifty years from
J uly 1st, 18?tt. The District Commissioners are
required to provide tor the payment oi the
interest on the bonds Irom the revenues of the
District;and provide a sinking fuud of $50,000.
It is provided also that from and after the date of
the passage of the act, the land embraced within
the bouudary lines described in the first part
of this act shall be considered as part and parcel
ot the city of Wasnington, District of Columbia.
The streets intersecting and at right augles to
13th street northwest, extended, are confirmed,
with the stipulation that when a building is
erected upon any lot fronting on said streets it
shall not be within thirty feet of the street line.
In condemning land under the provision of this
act the commission shall begiu at the present 1
bouudary line of the city, giving precedence to
tracts already subdivided. The title to all pub
lic streets and roads abandoned in the execu
tion of the act shall become vested In the
United States, aud the commission shall have
power to sell at appraised value such aban
doned land to adjoining lot-owners, or at public
auction. The Engineer Commissioner of the
District or Columbia is required to establish
and fix the grades of all streets aud avenues ex
tended. It Is provided that from and after the
date of the passage of this act, all streets run
ning east and west, and now known and
designated on the land records of the Dis
trict, by letters of the alphabet, shall be
knowu aud designated as avenues, and num
bered consecutively north and south, beginning
at the first streets, respectively, north and south
of East Capitol street; and the Commissioners ol
the District are required to cause the necessary
chances to be made to carry out this provision
of this section. In order to provide for the pay
nientr of the interest and for the slukiug-fund
required, the Commissioners ot the District are
authorized to levy au annual tax of five cents
on every one hundred dollars ol real estate and
improvements thereon In the District. Any
excess derived from this tax ovsr and above the
amount required to pay the interest and prin
cipal mentioned shall be expended on the
movement of the streets opened by authority
of thin act. All awards of damages tor condem
nations under authority of this act mnst be ap
proved by a majority o( the Oommtssloaers of
the District of Columbia.
?a? ?
Cask Md OMis CoslrlkBtcd to AMtko
W. L.L Cerys.
Additional contributions to the Washington
Light Infantry Corps lair have been received as
follows: Additional donations through Sergeant
D. 8. Johnson, with Wash. B. William*; Francis
T. Witte, hardware company, New York, one
handsome carving set (two carvers, forks and
steel), $25; Darraeh A Small, New York, one
India rug. $20; McDowell A Co.. Baltimore, Md..
one roll ol tancy matting, $25; Theo. Hoftstetter
A Co.. New York, one flue ottoman, 910; Lup
pert A Kline, furniture company, Wllllaiu"p?rt,
Pa., one ash sideboard, $30; Ivius. Diets A Ma
gee, Philadelphia, fa., 15 hearth rugs, $75;
Daniel McClain, Philadelphia, Pa.. 1 pair Tur
coman curtains. $15; Rob'tH. Gould, NewYork,
1 solid brass coal .scuttle. $10; Phoeulx Furni
ture Co., Grand Ruplds, Mich., 1 handsome ma
hogany secretary, $60; Guntber A Fink, Balti
more, >ld., 1 walnut marble top sideboard, $30;
L. J. Colonv, Keeue, N. H., 2 large bamboo
rockers, $15; EL H. Mrhoney, Boston. Mass., 1
upholstered rocker, $15; Birkey A Gay Furni
ture Co., Grand Rapids, Mich., 1 flne mahogany
desk, $35; H. J. Farriugton, New York, 1 ash
dressing case, $25; Kuehborcb A Hons, Balti
more, Md., 1 marble top table, $10; Clark Bros.
A Co., Philadelphia, Pa.,1 handsome mahogany
cylinder desk, $50; Steinman A Meyer Furni
ture Co., Cincinnati, Ohio, 1 flne walnut crib,
$*25; Joseph Baumer, city, 1 silk plush rocker,
Cash contributions; Dr. E. A. Adams, $5; P.
D. Welker, $3; F. A. Schneider. $5- Fred.
Gbeen, $5; Metropolitan hotel, $10; F. Teuney
A Co., National hotel, $30; George Dauinaun,
Baltimore, Md., $5; James B. Henderson, $5;
B. Charlton A Co., $25: .Saks A Co., $25; Anglo
American Insurance company, $25; Hou. Wal
ter S. Cox, $25; Washington Gas Light com
pany, $100; Washington Brick Machine com
pany, $10; Malcom Seaton, $10; James H.
Smith, $5; Archibald Hopkins, $5; C. H.
Swain, $10; C. E. Nyinan, $o; C. W. James, $1;
Tyler & ltutherford, $10; Samuel Norment.
$10; Dr. N. S. Lincoln, $10; Hon. Simon Wolf,
$100; A Friend, through J. H. M., $20; H. L.
Biscoe, $10; Noble D. Lamer, $10; T. J. Ma
grucler, $5; J. D. Marion, $5; C. R. Faulk
uer. $1.
Additional donations through Mrs. Georze E.
Hale?Embroidered table cover, from Miss
Flora Engel; photograph album, from Miss
Emily Freeh; splasher, irom Mrs. Rob't Boyd,
jr.; pair ot embroidered plush tidies, from Mrs.
Captain (xoundie; one painted placque, from
Miss Celeste Bruit"; one ton ol coal, from Tbos.
P. Kingsbury; fancy work, Irom Miss Alma
Eberi, city; Miss Celeste Bruflj painting ou
placque; the Misses Armes and Barr, embroid
ered piuciisbiou, value $5; E Street i|uartette,
Misses Hale, Campbell, Hlckey and Polklnborn,
a box oi laucy articles; Mrs. E. H. Spang, two
paiuled sachet bugs; Miss Julia Thompson,
two ship pincushions. F. S. Gurtrell, city, two
puirs ladies' satin slippers, $7; Gott?chalk A
Co., Baltimore, Md., two cases wiue; C.W. Lord
?V Co., Baltimore, Md., one dozen brooms; A. A.
Child A Co., Bostou, photograph ot sloop Puri
tan; 8. Heller, city, hair braid, $0; Win. H. H.
Bixicr, Baltimore, Md., bale oakum; E. Hub
bard, city, case Petzold's bitters, $12; Latis
burgh A Bio., city, one French mirror, $12; one
satin pillow, $10; one table cover, $3; Johnson,
Garner & Co., city,one bed spread; Chase A San
born, Boston, Mass., three Lkjxcb merchandise;
Tough, Kutberlord A Co., Baltimore, Md., 1 bbi.
Magnolia safety oil, 1 case J. I. C. harness oil;
C. H. ltoss A Co., Baltimore, Md., 2 cases ol rye
whisky; J. Fltzinoris, city, 1 oox cigars; Co
workers club, city, 1 table scarf; John H. Shan
non,city .oraiuented table,$75;Miss Mille C. Jar
vis, Jersey City, >i. J., toilet articles; J. Karr,
city, silver card receiver, $8.50; E. P. Mcrtz,
city, cologne and toilet waters, $5; W. O. Berry,
city, 1 stove, $12; A Stern, city, ladies' iineu
collars; W. H. Harover, city, 1 stove; Frank
Johnson, city, sour mash whisky; Miss Emma
Kurr, city, 1 buby carriage robe; Miss Julia A.
Moore, ciiy, 1 lancy pocket; Miss Mamie Meske,
Albany, N. Y., 1 sola scarf; W. S. Anderson,
city, 1 cask jumbo pickles; J as. Y. Davis Sons,
city, 1 cane, $3; 1 umbrella, $7: Mrs. T. P.
Kingsbury, city, 1 sacliet bag, $7; Woolwyne
A Hay, city, wardrobe brackets, $3; Kets
Kemethy, city, ivory type of Presideut Jas. A.
(jariieid, $25; Max Coueu, city, engravings;
Herman A Klotz, city, 1 gipsy tent; diaries
Ftsuer, city, 1 combination knife; Liouis A.
Dieter, city, 1 screen, $18, A. G. Thomas, city,
1 wire cot, $5; Htein Manf. Co., New \ork, 1
silver pitcher and goblet; 7th Regiineul Na
tional Guards, New York, 1 olhcer's sword;
K. Kneesi A Sous, city, 1 trunk; Mrs. S. T.
Crawford, city, 1 pin cushion, $5;
A. M. Tubman, city, wall paper: H. Frauk, city,
silk hat and gold head cane; C. Kattiemau, city,
napkiu rings, $1; K. Harris A Co., city, 1 caster,
1 iliermomeier, 87.50; Thomas A. Ladsou,city,
napkiu ring, $3; M. Newiueyer, city, 1 Hand
satcuel, $l.oO; A. T. Lewis, city, 1 dozen scarf
plus, $0; A. Meuckeu A Bro., city, 500 cigars;
James -UcGee, city, bottles ol French cordial;
li. J. Beiuend A Hou, city, perfumery stand,
t>L50, H. lteizenstein, city, 1 valise, $3.75; W.
11. Veeruolt, city, pictures, $9; John ituddeu,
city, 1 book stand, 1 rug, *.iS, C. A. Prentiss,
city, 1 box merchandise, $15; O. P. Buruette,
city, dozeu white shiris, %>?; C. Auerbach,
city, 1 dozeu scans, $6; Great China aud Japan
Tea company, city, 1 pair vases; Charles
ivramer, city, 2 baskets of French cordials; Carl
Petersen, city, silver swinging pitcher, $22;
August Burgdorf, city, fancy card table; John
B. Suit, city, 1 carpet sweeper, $3; Charles Dts
luer, city, 1 case wines, $XO; Cuieago Grocery
couipay, city, 11 boxes of crackers, $3.85; H.
tk Key wortu, city, 2 dozen clarets, $14; Amer
ican Machine company, Philadelphia, Pa., ice
cream ireezer,$3; Voigt A Haas, city, 1 gold riug,
$5; Miss Hudson, city, hand painted shovel;
Honwiug A Clark, city, 1 case of champagne;
National Homeopathic Hospital association, 1
box merchandise; Schinidle Bros., ciiy, silver
butter dish; Miss May Walker, city, box water
cooler, Ac.; Angus Lamou, lingutwood, pair
bronze terra colia vases; Hall A Barnes, city. 1
pair silk suspenders, $3.50; Mrs.it. M. Goundie,
city, table scan, $8,1 plaque portrait, $10; Win.
Urine A Sons, city, 2 barrets of flour, $17; R.
Goidschmid, city, bookcase, $10; George J.
Mueller, city, coulectioneries; J. Brad. Adams,
city, picture frames, $12: C. C. Bryan, city, 1
barrel of flour; Jobu A. Baker, city, lawn
mower; F. A J. Heiny, Pittsburg, Pa., 2 half
barrels of pickles, 12 palls of pickles, 0 barrels
git canned goods, 3 crates ol cauued goods;
Robert Mitchell Furuiture compauy, Cincin
nati, Ohio,mautel aud mirror; Eiseman A Bros.,
city, 1 suit of ciotues; L. R. Trembly, city, 2
pictures; Louis Spauier, city, 1 case Tokayer
wiue, $30; Mrs. Morseil, 1 sachet bag, $5; Miss
Adelaide Kennedy, city, saliupin cusuious; the
Love Hewing Macuiue compauy, Rochester, ]
Pa., sewiug machine, $55; Hugh J. Fegau, elty,
1 case ot wiue; Brook A Roland, city, mer
chandise; Miss Kattie Kohler, city, 1
handkerchief case, 1 sachet bag, $3: Miss
Clara Sharp, city, 1 sachet bag, $3.50;
Miss Ella A. Ward, city, faucy articles, $3.75;
Charles Modes, city, 1 case claret, $12; W. H.
Morrison, city, miscellaneous articles, 925; Geo.
W. Driver, city, cigars, $15; J. Blake Kendall,
city, merchandise, $8.50; C. Christiana, city,
cologne, $1; T?cshiiiioy Jc Evans, city, cologue,
$3; Scheiler A Steveus,.city, toilet set, $3.50; M.
Hofl'a, city, scroll saw, $4: Mrs. Johu McClei
laud, ciiy, pair vases, $2.50; S. J. Meeks, city,
velocipede; E. G. Davis, city, lace neckwear,
$37; Samuel Shedd, city, 1 haugiug lamp, $20;
United Suites Tea Co., city, 25 ibs. O. G. Java
coffee; J. C. Parker, city, 1 lot books; Miss Katie
Walker,city,painted placque, $25; Miss Matilda
Keisecker, city, fancy articles; Miss Mattie
Fisher, painted banner; fifteen ex-members W.
L.I.C., diamond corps badge, $150; M. W. Bev
eridge, clty?palnted plucques, 3>50; George C.
Bergling, city, 1 umbrella, $4; J. D. Free, Jr.,
city, stationery, Ac., ?7; V*. H. Houghton A
Co., city, decorated medicine cabinet, $10; H.
F. A. Piuckney, N.Y., 1 case manioc wine; J.A.
Whltcoiub, city, scholarship lu phonography,
$30; George E. Kennedy, city, flour;
Brentano Bros., city, books, statiouery, Ac.;
Simpson A Guy, city,oil stove, $15; Miss Mamie
Pearson, city, tidy; Miss Stella Heard, city,
tidy; Miss Ida Birch, city, laucy articles; Miss
Susie Iudermauer, city, sofa pillow; Mrs. H.
Dingmau, city, child's knit skirt, $2; Miss Sadie
L. Dingman, city, painted slate; Miss M. E.
Dingmau, city, tau tidy; lrelaud A Walsh, city,
one dozeu scarfs, *5; Thos. Dowliug.city, Japan
ese vase, $125; Mrs. Major Williams, city, one
tidy; J. W. Dunbar, city, box cigars; Miss Alice
Kavauaugh, city, tidy: Chas. P. Miller, city,
one pair slippers; i?Lss Mary Douglas, city, plu
cusUlou, $10; Miss Mary Davidson, city, toliet
mirror. Mrs. Geo. F. McAvoy, city, glass toilet
set, $5; Mrs. A. A. Nicholson, city, saouet bag,
$5; Mrs. E. A. Adams, city, fancy articles, $<;
W. S.Thompson, city, one dozeu bottles colore;
N. W. Burchell, city, case wine; Mrs. Matilda
Boss, city, sofa pillow, $12: Miss Katie Giddlns,
city, two banuera, $8; the Misses Prior, Albany,
N. Y., banner aud thermometer, $4; Mrs. Hupp,
city, one dozen boxes Kupp's salve, $3; M.
A. Tappan, city, oue lawn teunis set,
$12t H. Walker Tucker, city, one pair slipper*;
Miss Edna Ellis, city, hand-painted plush ban
ner; Miss Carrie Dorman, city, one scrim tidy,
B. H. Stlnemetz A Son, city, gold-beaded silk
umbrella; J. D. Free, Jr., one year's subscription
to Free Select Library; A. Kaufman, city, one
large rug, value $12; W. E. Thompson, one
large embroidered table scart, $5: Miss Lizzie
Marsh, two embroidered tidies; P. H. Ward,
one ham; T. K. Brown, donation; White Sewing
Machine Co., Columbus, Ohio, through J. >.
McKeuney, one sewing machine, value $0O; T.
B. Falkenberg, New York, shoes, value $10; B.
H. Stlnemetz A Son, one silk umbrella; Wm.
Helm us, embroidered plush scart, $12; B. T.
Babbitt, five boxes Babbitt's soap powder.
Children Mangle* by Ball Dor*.
Three ball dogs, said to be rabid, attacked a
group of children while at play In the village of
Lindenvllle, Ashtabula county, O., Thursday
afternoon. The little ones, on their way home
from sobooL were having a frolic on the town
common. The dogs had been running about
the streets acting strangely, and the antics of
the children appeared to madden them. With
ferocious growls the brutes sprang upon their
victims, and before help arrived Mary Detuck,
Minnie Jones, Sadie Strong and Jane Applegate
were terribly mangled. Four others escaped
uninjured. The village is wild With excite
ment, and physiclaus have been summoned
from other towns, as the children are consid
ered in a critical condition.
Prohibition in Yiboinia.?Returns from
seven precincts in Montgomery county, Va.,
show a majority for "no license" ot 038 at the
election held on Thursday. The remaining
live precincts will not materially change the
figures. The eiectlou is for the whole county,
in Washington oounty an election was held
Thursday in all the districts except the Gord
son district, which votes June 17th. The Abiiur
dou district went for license by about 176
majority. Returns from the other five dis
tricts indicate that they have voted "do
license" by decided majorities, leaving Abing
don alone as theprlae ot Thursday's work to the
"wet" ticket.
Mr. OtliM R. Donoho. formerly of this city,
nods to the Salon this year a river landscape.
Which inctuds a boat and several figures.
? Mr. Albert Guerry, whow portrait of Sena
tor Hampton Is regarded by nU colleagues a* a
remarkably One one, has Just completed one of
Senator Camd-'n, which is also considered u
faithful and artistic likeness.
?Messrs. Merritt A Van Waener succeeded
in getting several excellent instantaneous view*
of the 7th Regiment as it marched down Penn
sylvania avenue on Tuesday. wuieh will serve
as attractive souvenir* ot the lato pleasant visit
of that famous organisation.
?In a likeness of that gentlemen Just finished
for Chief Justice Cartter, Mr. Armor ha*
achieved quite his best effort in portraiture.
The expression of the sturdy Jurist is remarka
bly life-like, the position is natural and easy,
and the flesh tints and general color and hand
ling are exceptionally good. Indeed the wnole
picture would do ere lit to a portrait painter ot
much more experience and wider reputation
than Mr. Armor, and may confidently be re
garded as a promise ot still better things in the
?At the annnal meeting of exhibitors to rote
the Clarke and Hallgarten prizes tor works in
the present display of the National Academy of
Design, held on Thursday, the awards were
made as follows: For the tiest Amertcau flgurs
composition painted in the United States: to
Walter Sattorlee, on his painting entitled "A
Winter Watering Place." the Clarke prize of
9300. For the best picture painted in America
by an American citizen under thlrtv-flve years
or age: to Percy Monro, on his ? 'Divided Atten
tions," the first Hallgarten prize of $3<H); to W.
A. Coffin, on his "Moonlight in Harvest," the
second Hallgarten prize of S'2v>0; to Irving K.
Wiles, for his "Corner Table" tiie third Hall
garten prize of flOO.
? At McElroy s m*\y be seen several water
eolor drawings by Mr. Carl Backer, the portrait
painter, which show that artist to be quite as
proficient in that line of art as with oils. One
of these is a small study likeness ot Admiral
Porter, from which the fine large portrait ot that
officer was recently painted. Another is a small
portrait of Justice Miller, of the U. S. Supreme
Court, admirable in quality, and a third repre
sents the wife of the artist. The last named Is
a particularly meritorious and pleasing work,
alike worthy the attention of students and
those desiring fine examples of j?ortralture.
After a lew weeks Mr. Becker will go north, but
he cx|>ects to return here next season, and will
probably make this his future winter home.
? The portrait of Henry Clay, which formerly
hung in the U. S. District court room in this
city, when taken down the other day to be
cleaned and restored, was found to be utterly
ruined. It had hung lor many years over a
register, the heat of wnich was ut times so great
that the paint tiad blistered and entirely left
the canvas in places, so that the paiuting is ab
solutely worthless as it is, and wholly l?eyond
repair. The picture In question apparently had
no great merit as a work 01 art, but it is never
theless to be regretted that of all the function
aries about the court house there should be none
whose duty, or Inclination it was to ail it
from destruction. The inference is that a like
fate would have betallen a masterpiece had for
tune placed one lu the same building.
? Late letters from Paris bring the Informa
tion that Mr. Ernest Major ot this city will have
a picture in the French Salon this year,?his
first offering having been accepted by the Jury
of admission. Curiously enough it is a land
scape. Mr Major's efforts hfthorto have all
been in the field of figure painting, and it was
not known by his friends here that he was
working iu any other direction. As the matter
stands, however. It is all the more creditaole to
our young townsm&n. since It shows a ver
satility of taleut that will serve a good purpose
in afterlife. And In any eveut, the fact that
one of his canvases will appear in the Salon
I speaks well tor his progress, as it is not often
I that one so young in years and with so short a
j career m an artist receives so high a compli
How a Nobleman Ended His Life In m
London lab.
From the London standard. April 14th.
The Karl ot Shaftesbury committed suicide In
London yesterday afternoon by shootiug him
self with a revolver while riding in a cab In lo
gout street. He engaged a cab in the upper part
of Regent street shortly after 4 o'clock and di
rected the cabmen to drive down the street.
The driver did so, and on reaching the lower
end of the street was told by the Earl to return.
This the man did, and when the upper end of
the street was reached His Lordship again di
rected the cab to be turned round. This was
done several times, and when the cab was near
Oxford street, about 4:30 o'clock, the driver
heard a shot. He Jumped down, and the Earl,
who was unknown to him, said: "It's all right,
cabman; drive on!" The man replied: "Yes,
I know It's all right; but what is this?-1
pointing to a bullet hole in the front part
of the cab, near the glass panel, 011 the
leftside, and adding. "But I value iny life too
much to drive on." He was, however, about to
mount the box again,when a second report was
heard, and this time the unfortunate man shot
himself in the left templu. At this moment a
policeman who had heard the first report came
up and told the cabman to drive to the Middle
sex hospital. A crowd gathered round the vehi
cle, but the earl was not recognised until the
hospital was reached a lew minutes afterwards.
There the policeman and the driver of the cab
carried the earl, who was still alive, into the in
patients' ward and summoned the assistance of
the house surgeon, Dr. Bartlett, but Lord
Shaftesbury was Just breathing his last and was
beyond all surgical aid, the bullet having pene
trated the brain. An intimation 01 the occur
rence bad beeu sent to the friends oi the earl,
and in a short time the Countess of Shaftesbury
arrived, followed by his lordship's butler. The
weapon used was a six-chauibered revolver ,
The position of the first shot indicated that it
had been fired accidentally, but the situation of
the fatal Wound showed that the second shot
was fired with a very deliberate aim. The body
was removed to the mortuary of the hospital.
According to the statement of the cabman
the deceased engaged the vehicle about 3:3o
o'clock at a spot nearly opposite York House
Stores, in Waterloo place, piccadlily Circus.
No one was with him. He appeared calm and
collected, and carried an umbrella. He In
structed the man to drive up Regent street.
Having proceeded as far as the Laugham hotel,
the driver looked round in order to ascertain
where to pull up. Lord Shaftesbury beckoned
with his hand for the man to proceed. When
West terrace had been reached bis lordship told
the man to drive back again. On returning to
I Regent street the deceased asked the driver
how much the lare each way would be and the
latter replied, "I do not know, sir." The de
ceased then said: "Say one shilling each way "
and the cabman closed the bargain. The de
ceased remained in the cub and was driven to
York House Stores. The cabman here descend
ed and asked his lordship whether he would
like to ride anywhere else. In reply the de
ceased expressed a desire to cross the Park, but
immediately altering his intention be added,
"Never mind; go up Regent street and I II stop
you." The man drove ou to Oxford street.wbere
he looked aroui>d, but the decea-ed did not take
any notice. He leaucd back in the cab and rested
his legs ou the front seat, with his umbrella be
tween his legs and his hands grasping the um
brella. When they were nearly opposite the
Polytechnic institution a revolver was fired in
side the cab. The driver, jumping down, said,
"Governor, what are you up to?" The deceased
replied, "All right, cabby, it's gone off" iu mis
take." The man thought otherwise, aud said,
"Good mistake on youi part, governor, if you
happened to shoot me," whereupon Lord Shaf
tesbury put in the rejoinder. "I didn't intend to
shoot you. ' The driver iuiimated that he did
not want "any of those games" in his cab, re
fused to take the deceased any turther aud
threatened to call a policeman. The deceased
then said, "Don't be so silly as that; drive me
on and I will give you a Aver," but the driver
replied, "I don't waut any of your Avers; your
fivers won't satisfy my life." The deceased
then put the revolver aside aud a police consta
ble appeared ou the scene at the same time.
Before, however, the officer had time to inter
fere, the deceased fired the second shot.
Lord Shaftesbury was born in June, 1831,
aud sat iu the bouse of commons for Hull lrom
1857 to 1859 and for Crick lade from the latter
year to 1865. He married in 1857 the ouiy
daughter ot the Marquess ot Donegal, aud has
left one son, born In lStiU^aud five daughters.
Sensational Lsvisit.
A very sensational suit, tried In Ulster
county, N. Y., and which has for some time oc
cupied the attention of the supreme oourt, was
given to the Jury last Thursday evening. The
action was brought by Elizabeth R. Bruvn
against the executors ot the estate of Jacob
Dewitt to recover on a note tor f5,000. The de
fence was forgery and want of consideration.
The plaintiff is a rather prepossessing widow of
fifty-eight and Dewitt was a bachelor ol seventy,
who died a lew months ago. The plain tiff al
leges that Dewitt promised to marry her Just
prior to his deatn, and as pin money and
guarantee gave her the note, payable in three
months. The executors refused to pay It, claim
ing that It was not signed by the deoeased.
Several bank officials .aud other persons were
sworn as to the genuineness of the signature, in
cluding Daniel T. Ames, the New York expert,
and testified that the signature was a forgery.
The Jury are still out.
? Ship Saved by a Fish.?The British shin
Alexander Yeats, CapL Cu 11 barn, from Lobos
lor Falmouth, while leaving her anchorage
struck heavily upon a shoal and oommenoed to
fill with water when the influx of water sud
denly stopped. The vessel put into Callau.
Peru, for examination, and the aiver fouud
that a large bole bad been knocked in the bot
tom. In the hole, and completely filling it
was the body 01 a very large fish. It Issud
posed that the fish, while swimming past the
vessel, was carried In by the water. At all
fl8h ?*re<1 Ibe vessel and her cargo
of 2,000 tons of guano. ^
The boat race between Courtney and Hosmer
will take place June SO over the Pleasure
liltnil oourse.
J as. Wasson and Joseph Jackson were exe
cuted at Fort Smith, Ark., yesterda y for mur
ders committed in the ludlun Territory.
Certain Icwa greenbackers have issued a call
for anti-fuslan state convention, to meet at
Oadar Rapids, May 0th.
A socialist mass meeting of Germans was held
In New York last night, at wkioh Herr Moat
mads the usual fiery remarks.
Por Tn? F vixim Aru.
km rsitrri.??tk? Qramow or n
pksirabilitt or noma awat wt
The April mfftlnf of the Woodlawn Fanner*'
club held at IMI worth Buckman's off the
17th ln?tant, President Pierson In the rbalr.
Tbe threatening weather ot the morning i?v?
place U) a bright and pl?M*nl tIMrnooe whan
a goodly pompotrT a?mbled to dlMUM Um
lime qucsUon, which was Introduced by mail
ing an Article from the "l*r?rtl<*l Fanner,' of
Philadelphia, wherein It was stated tt.at the
lOrmcr practice of limine on sod for com. or
between the ploughing and harroaing, ksd
boon abandoned In a large degree In thAt vicin
ity, the light of experience having shown that
it wm more sdvautsgeous to apply tbe lime on
the youug grase after tbe wheal was taken oC.
Court land Lukens promptly prote*led again*I
this l>c lug received an gospel, aa ihe Idea came
from aauiall body of gcntlemeu-fsrmers, prom
inent among whom ? w U. M. Hlngerly, of the
Philadelphia Mtrjrd, and that they were not
practical men, but larined by proxy, without
regard to coat?more tor reoreniIon than (troil
and that they were not sAle guldee lor lltuee of
limited nieatia to follow.
'I'llla brought out several member* on tbe
other aide ot the question, who tbougtn such
men were a benefit to agriculture, as they bad
t>oth the means and dlapoeltion to ex perl meal
and Investigate.
hL H MiiMoti thought It was an evldenos that
progre** w*? being made In Agriculture, and the
cla*M referred to. Including such men aa Lawee
a?ul Gutll>ert,ln conjunction with ihe advanced
agricultural chemlaisof tbe limes, wean doing
much ^khI In liillug larnienuui ?i ihe old ruts.
Then followed au Inquiry Aa to tbe benefits
thai had resulted troin (be use ot Uuie In Ibis
section, Aud the experience given In allowed
rather conclusively that where lime had dona
the moat gov>d was on land well supplied wliii
vegetable matter, and generally haii the most
marked eft>el on loamy or light soils. Several
slated that they bad used It without much or
any benefit, but nearly all such Instances were
where tbe land wa? thin. The ca?o* where
lline has Itenetlied poor land bave generally
been exceptuiualana owlug W> local conditions.
K.tmucl Pulman bud uaeil ^as lime with g?od
resultK. 11> cheap ne?s was lu recommendation,
lie had used it on wheal to tbe Injury ot the
crop; but the following grits* crop bad been
greatly lienetlted. It wait not best to put ou
loo much lime of any kind at one time?Utile
and often is tbe motto. Au instance where five
hundred bushels per acre were u?ed, was cited,
aud poor crops for several year* was the result.
A Vote was taken on the question whether
stone lime could be used to advantage In ibis
section H it could l>e bad at a price not exceeding
fifteen ceut* fier bushel, delivered at the nearest
railroad stations, w hich resulted lour to oue lu
lavor of lluie, aud five thousand bushels would
be wauled tbe present season upon the con
ditions slated.
From the reading of the critical report it ap
peared that the farm of our hoel contains lit#
acres, the most of It now uuder cultivation aud
lh>? larger portion having been covered by Uie
primitive torest alien he took i*?**esaioti some
3ft years ago. He follows mixed lariuimt, aud
has a butter dairy, with a stock of l'i cows and
hellers, besides 7 calves lhat Are being rained;
also 5 work horses and a nice 2-year-old oolt,
several hogs and one grown-up |iet lamb that
seeiued lonesome -all the stock tu good order.
There are 30 acres lu w neat which compared
very favorably wlih that oi his neighbors, and
about the same amount in grass?14 acres man*
ured and plowed {pr corn, at also land lor early
and late potatoes. It was thought lhat ihe curu
crop of ihe past year must bave been heavy, as
tbe crib was lorced several degrees from the
per|ieiidlcular by the hea\y weight Imposed
upon It. It was noticed thai ihe farin was rather
devoid of fencing, and the question was raised
as to the desirability of doing with lens of that
expensive adjunct to farming and grow more
soiling crops. Ihere are many advautagee In
this course, and there is an evident tendency
iu lhat direction as the years go by. in conclu
sion, our iriend Buck man was commended for
the industry and energy that has been dis
played upon this farm, placing him in tbe
ranks oi the public beuelaclors, aud It wm
thought thai ll his example was more exten
sively followed communism, strikes and kin
dred evils would cease to flourish. The next
meeiiug at Saiu'l Pulman's. May 15th. Critical
committee: T. W. Blunt, D. Buckman aud
W alter Walton. W. Oii.linquax, Bee.
Thes u< Saw.
Written for Tax Evunxn Stab.
When 1 was ten, and she fifteen?
Ab me bow fair 1 thought her!?
She treated with disdainful mien
The homage tbat I brought bar;
Aud. In a patronising way.
Would of my stay advances say
"Its really quite absurd, you see
He's very much too young tor ma,"
I am twenty now. she's twenty4n
Well, Well! how old she's growing
I fancy that my salt might UirtTS,
If pressed again,?bat, owU^
To great discrepancy In age.
Her marked attentions, doet sogags
My young aSectiona for you ees
She's really quite loo old for ma
April 17, IKStl.
The City .?? aria.
The official price current of the Washington
Produce Exchange slates that the flour market
is steady under tbe usual demand. Virginia
and Maryland wheat in light receipt and market
active: western steady. Considerable activity,
as well as fluctuation, existed In tbe grain
market this week, caused by manipulations,
and not from any short supply.
Bright timothy hay In good demand; mixed
aud clover quiet; rye straw scarce. New York
and western butter Is becoming more plentiful
and yielding in price; as yet supply from near
by sources is limited. A very low prtoe on but
ter is looked for this season.
Tbe receipts or eggs are small and demand
much less than anticipated. Tbe general ask*
ing price is above quotation, however, and will
l?e obtained should receipts remain small for A
few days longer.
In poultry, old fowls are In large snpply bat
good detnaud; spring chicken* were in extra
demand to day aud sold up to sixty cents per
pound. Spring chickens should weigh from
two and one-half to three pounds per pair to
command highest price.
lb-ceipts of potatoes fair and market steady.
The supply of apples is still large, both hers
and at interior points.
The ruu of herring Is large, bulk going Into
xalU Shad run is light and prices silfler to-day.
New PsMlestlesa
CALIFORNIA: From the Conquest In IMA to tbe
Second Vigilance Committee in s*n Kranci?ci>. A
Study of Amencau Ch iructer. By Josmi a K.iV t.
Assistant I'rofi-ssor of Philosophy in Harvard Col
lege. I American <>ni mud wealths Series.) Bos
ton: Hoiiglitou. Mifflin A Oa Waahiugtou: Wa
Rallantyue A. son.
LAB< ?R. LA VI) AND LAW. A Search for tbe Mlss
iiik Wealth of the Working Poor. By Wii.liaM
A. Phillip*.Member Committee on Public frauds,
Forty-Third Congress, and ou Hanking and Cur
rency, Korty-FUUi? oncress. New V?>rk: Cbarles
Scrlbuer's Sons. Wusblnglon: Brenlauo Brother*.
EAST KB ME8SENOEBK A New Poem of th?
Flowers ity Lrcv LaScoM With Hastens ot
Lilies, White lialsles and tossse*. Jonquils aad
Oroeuses.aud sweet tVas. By tsrsix Baas-row
Skei.oinu. New York: White blokes A A Ilea.
Washington- J. Lorlng Whiltington.
a'Ketnpi*. Kfnelon, John Bunvan.st. Prate oisde
Hales, and other*. By Ixuisa S. HoreHToM, New
York: White >tokes A Allen. Wssnliiglou: J.
loring Whlttington.
KINU 80L/?M<iN's MINES. By H. Bmica Hue
UAaii. author of "Itawm** "The Witch's Head."
Ac [Oasscll's "Rainbow Series of original Nov
els] New York: issue 11 A Co. WasLUigion: Jo
seph ShUUugtou.
TRKNCH. Translated by 1'hoha* HoLcnoTT. In
Two Volume*. iCansell's National l.ihrarv.j New
York: Caasell A Co. Washington: Brentano
NATASQL'A By Mrs Rkbktca Hannixo Data
author ot " Waiting for a Verdict,'' etc., etc. KSe
seii's " ItaUil-ow " series of original Novels ] New
York: CasselldtCo. Washington: 1 D. Kres, Jr.
Maxi h or the Kurctuc By Anoarw C
nm.ik New York: < bailee scribnet?s Bu
Washington : Breniano Brothers
ChrsnkaC. Translated by Clara Bell. New York!
fas-eli <k Co. Washington: Breutano Brothers
FKEK I BADE F iLLY. By R<>bkkt P. Poxtes,
author of " Bre^d-Winners Abroad." etc New
York: J. S. Ogllvle A Co.
SOT HIS HAUOHTEIL An American Novel.
Wiia. Hkkbkbt. Philadelphia: T. k
A brothers.
A dispatch from Cambridge, Msti. to ths
"lew York Herald ssys: Kluoe last Friday
ibout $1,200 worth of property has been stolen
rom the lockers in tbe Hsrvard College gym*
lasium. On Monday and Tuesday ol last week
bur gold watches, varying In value from f 160
o $300 each, belonging tuLb. lirisaoid. W. J.
-Alter, L. Ml and H. Morgan, '8U, were taken,
ugciber with various sums of money. Yester
lay Jimmy frarron, a gymnasium aiteudant,
ras Instructed to keep a careful watch on liie
ockers. This afternoon, at 6 o'clock. W. &
Curtis, '89, tbe son of a millionaire, belonging
o one of tbe oldest families in Boston, saunte
red into tbe gymnasium, aooompanled by Ab
K?tt, '89. Abbot I put bisclothes In the locker, aad
vent into the main room of the gymnasium to
ixerelse. As soon as his friend bad gone Cur
ls is charged with unlocking Abbotts locker
ind taking therefrom a gold watch valued at
IJOO. He was seised by Farron, wbogsvs him
u charge of Dr. Sargent, director of toe gym
lusium, who carried blm before President Eliot,
rbere, it Is said he made a fWl oonfssslon. Two
easons for these thefts are offend by tM
fiends of Curtis. One Is that he Is ot nnsoand
nlnd; the other, that he bss been playing
>oker to an excess ot late and was heavily in
lebL Every eflbrt is being made by the wealthy
roung man's trlends to keep the matter from
retting into tbe courts.
Tbe Protestant clergymen ot Rhode Island to
lie number of 18*4, chiefly Baptists and Metbo
llsts, hsve published a declaration, that Use
lublleallon ot Sunday newspapers Is a "
I ranee to Um proper otosMfii? of IM

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