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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 12, 1886, Image 2

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CITY AN1> DISTRICT.
? be Studied In Ike Public
!??Provision* of the L?m.
A question with which tbe school board com
mlttee ou text books hiiJ course ot study is
now struggling is how to carry out the provisions
of the law recently eoacltd by Congmt re
quiring that speciai mat ruction be giveu in the
?diouli at to the cITi'i'U oi alcoholic drinks and
narcotics upon the human system. The act,
which wa? approved May 20th. provides "that
uature ol alcoholic drinks and narcotics,
I special Instruction as to their eflect* upon
the human system. In connection with the sev
eral dl vision* of the subject of physiology and
hygiene. shall be included in the branches of
?tntly taught in theeomraon or public schools,
and in the military and naval schools, and
?ball ?*> studied aud taught as thoroughly and
la the same manner as other like required
branches aie in .-aid schools, by the use ot text
b<joks iu the hands of pupils where other
branches are thus studied in said schools and
by all pupiis In all said ?ch<>oIs throughout the
territories, in the military and naval academies
Of the United State.-., and in the District of Co
lumbia, and In all Indian and colored schools
In the territories of the United states*." It also
Cjvlde* tor the removal tromofTVieof school of
ers who may neglect or fail to make proper
provision lor the instruction required by the
act, and directs thut 110 certificate shall be
granted to any person to teach in the public
schools of the District ot Columbia or territo
ries after the 1st day of January. 18SH. who ha*
not passed a satisfactory examination in physi
wtog> and hygiene, with special reference to the
nature and the effect* of alcoholic drinks and
other narcotics uj?>u the human system.
At the last meeting oi the school hoard Dr.
Purvis suggested that the committee should be
Instructed a little in regard to thismatter. The
net of Congress required them to teach some
thing of the cffects of the use of alcohol. They
Would have, probably, to adopt a new physi
ology. He was uot sure that they were In.und
to use text-iook*. one lady who had tnjen ac
tive in securing the law bad sent to him a l-ook
written by herself, showing that she combined
philanthropy and business.
Mr. Brooks expressed the hope that they
would not make the school-roouis a lecture
room for temperance. He hoped that the com
mittee would And a book which taught only
tiie scientific questions involved. He had seen
aouie books which coutained tbe most audacious
statements, that would make children, if they
believed what was said u the books, arm them
selves and shoot their lathers.
Prot. Gregory said he was in favor of text
books. Some of the books he had seen seemed
to him to contain very important matter. He
referred to the habit of cigarette smoking among
school children, and thought that it was Im
portant that the children should be enlightened
early on the effects of tobaoco. it was finally
concluded that at an early day the text-book
committee should moke a report upon the
subject.
THE 1AB15IE BAUD.
Am Orgsslistlos Which tbe Court of
Claims lejra Woe Sever Recognized
by Law.
An Interesting case was recently decided by
the Court of Claims which resulted in showing
that tbe famous Marine band has no legal ex
istence aa such an organization. A man named
John Bond brought suit against tbe United
States for extra compensation as a member of
tbe Marine band. Me enlisted in the Marine
Corps at the Marine barracks October 29,1879,
as a private and was assigned to duty with the
Marine band at the time of his enlistment and
performed duty with the band as a private
until May 1,1881, when he was rated as a mu
sician. Between the date ot his enlistment and
May 1,1881, tbe Marine band performed under
proper order on the Capitol grounds and the
President's grounds, but the claimant received
no additional compensation until he was rated
a musician. The court In deciding that he was
entitled to such compensation stated that sec
tion 1696 describes tbe organization of tbe Ma
rine Corps as consisting of a certain number of
officers, non-commissioned officers and privates,
together with a drum major, a principal musi
cian, thirty musicians, sixty drummers and
SUty lifers, while section 1813 directs
that when the band Is ordered to play
on the Capitol or White House grounds
extra compensation shall be given.
The accounting officers had ruled that addi
tional pay could only be given to those rated ns
musicians. Tbe Marine corps was established
In 1775, and its band is one of the
best known organizations of the character
In the country, but curiously this band has
never had formal statutory recognition,
brums and fifes were provided lor the Navy as
long ago as 1791, while in 1798 "musicians,"
then understood to mean drummers and flfers,
Were given to the marine corps. Other pro
Visions similar in character have been made
from time to time, but no mention is made of a
musical organization until the enactment of
the laws now condensed In section 1613 ot the
revised statutes. That section reads as follows:
"The marines who compose the corps of musi
cians known as the "Marine band.' shall be
entitled to receive at the rate of tour dollars a
month each In addition to their pay as non
commissioned officers, musicians, or privates
Oi the Marine corps, so loug as they shall per
Jbrm by order of the Secretary of the Navy or
Other superior officer, on the Capitol grounds
or the President's grounds." Tbe statute does
not say that the members of the Marine band
Shall receive extra compensation, for no such
hood Is known to the law; but the pay is given
to those "marines who compose the corps ol
musicians known as the Marine band." The
only oLher provision looking even Indirectly to
ft musical organization Is that ot section 1596,
allowing a drum major, a principal musician,
thirty musicians, sixty drummers, and sixty
fliers. The court decide that the claimant, a
private in the Marine corps, was one ot tbe
marines who composed the organization
known as the Marine band and was entitled to
additional pay.
of Real Estate.
Deeds In fee have been filed as follows:
Charlotte J. Pile to Gardiner G. Hubbard,
Pretty Proepect, 16.65 acres; $25,000. E. Cain
mack et oL to O. T. Cator, sub 21,sq.6?; $2,200.
1>. L. Morrison to Kosln M. Poulton. sub 16, sq.
524, 95,000; sub 17, do,; #5,000. Matilda
Hayes to E. D. Dudley, sub X, sq. 23b; $600.
John H. Buudy to S. and G. Oppenheimer, pt.
6o. Haw's sub. P, Mt. Pleasant; $HIH>. John T.
Bioxham to Ada T. Cotton, pt. 2SO, B. <k H.'s
Odd. to Weet Washington; $620. .Meyer Loeb
toO. M. Bryant, sq. north of 1,035; $4,190.86.
O. M. Bryant to J. l>. Crolssaut et al., same
property; $4,490.86. John Sherman to M. M.
Parker, lot 22, bik. 35, Columbia Heights;
$900. M. M. Parker to lx.>uise Spaul, same
property; $1.35o. E A. Newman to Jennie W.
Holtzman, pt. sub. 1, blk. 21, Effingham; $6oO.
B. W. Perkins to C. A. Johnson, sub lots 109
and HO, Lanier Heights: 81.;toO. J. It. McLean
to Elizabeth Heel, sub 15S. sq. 544; f1,900. It.
Pendall to Mary Lee Kendall et al., sub 43. sq.
115; $-JO.OO??. S. A. GJoff to W. S. Detwiler,
sub 43. ?q. 380; $2,200. J. W. Pilling toT. K.
"Nfr attgaman. part 11, sq. 793; $?. Mary J. C.
Lipscomb to Lena ft. Baldwin, lot 6, S. P. B.'s
sub Mt. Pleasant, Ac.; $6,500. A. W. Kentz to
A. T. Bissell, part 4, sq. N ol 853; $2,200. C.
F. E. Blchardsou to W. H. Wood, sub lots 61 to
65, sq. 507; $1,302.28. K. C. Hoffman et al. to
Carrie K.T. Knox, sub 1. sq. t>29: $?. C. H.
Cragin to B. Tulley, part 79, B. <3t H.'s addition
to West Washington; $2,3lo. W. B. Benger to
M. C. Frost, sub Q, sq. 211; $3,SOO. Eugenie P.
>&'arreu to A. Paine, sub 3, sq. 104; $359. a.
Paine to W. Mayse. same property; $?. Wash
ington Brick Machine Co. to J. L. Hodge, sub
lets 68, 69, SO, 81, 8M, and 89, sq. 1003:
?1,160.50. J. L. Hodge to Joseph S. B<rss, lots
SO. and 81. do.; $59-1. Martha 1). Gunn to
Mary A. Brown, sub lot 12, sq. SO*J; #3.600.
Martha D. Green to Mary A. Brown, sub 12, sq.
&02; $3,800. J. S. Edwards toW.S. Lincoln,
pt. 4, res. 11; $?. G. M. Hunt to Martha A. .
Hunt, lot 263 and pts. 282 and 284. H. and H.'s '
addition to West Washington; $4,000. James
1>. Dunford to Martha A. Dillard, pt. 7, sq. 332;
J1.500. K. B. Clark to Mary E. Lvuham; pts.
1 to 63, sq. 5U2; $2,600. W. Helmick to C.
L, Loomls. lots 34. 36, 38, 40. 42, 44 to 61, 63,
65, 67, 69, 71, blk. 6; 220 and 222, sq. 12. Mon
te Uo; $51H.80. H. L. Shonio to I.. R. Tuttle,
Jr., lot 21, T. s sub. Widow's Mite; $?. F. C.
Colliuswortb to Meyer Loeb,sub lots 56 and 57,
sq. 1026; $500. Arthur Christie to E. W. I-each,
lots 196 to 19?. Unlontown; $600. J. J. Edson
et al., trustees, to A. A. Thomas, lot M, blk. 31,
Columbia Heights: $6,500. J. B. W'lmcr to
Jennett E. Butterfield, lots 23 to 27, blk. lo,
Keno; $200. James E. Oliver to <Jsear Nauck,
lot 9, blk. 2,Smith sFarm; $l,loo. E K. Haight
to Laurella C. Keed, pt. lot 163, Prather's sub
Mt. Pleasant; $?. F. shanabrook to Mrs. S. H.
Boyie, pt. lO, sq. 393; $2,5?X). W. Z. Partelio to
"W. J. Newton, sub lots 23 and 24, sq. 15;
?2,500. Same to A. P. Fardon, sub lots 25, 26,
27 and 2M, do ? $i.S25. John l>alley to John
Pegan, pis. 27 and wj. 470; $'J,660. E. A.
KeysertoO. ?*mlth, loU> 13 and 16, sq. 10x:p,
JlUO. W. Paris to John S. Blair, subs s;{, si,
1, 92 and 93, sq. 152: $4,115.47. 1>. Lloyd to
Id.* M. Hamilton, lot 3, blk. 5, Le l?roit Park;
f1.700. E W. oodrutf to J. V. 1'. Kilter,subs
11 and 1-J.sq. 47?; W. F. Baldwin to
Mary j. Kusli, sub 21, sq. 401; $?;. t5o. S. S.
She.id to Koger Bellis, sub 17, sq. $3.S<Hk.
LeHoy Tuttle to Mar)- V. Brown, sub *J2 to 24
and J7, T's sub Widow's Mite; $6.914.SO. S.
Bensinger to John Fitzgerald, sub 51 s?^. 467;
R,0?X>. E. louder to Kmllle M. liarnellc,
? 16 and 2o an 1 pt. 17 s?i. 102S; $4,596.20.
Emllie M. I>arnelle to E. lender, sub
6S. sq. 6*j:i; $2,OW. J. A. Williamson to Ellen
B. Eustis, pL sub 9, sq. 15S; $7,734. John
Hherman to same, pt. sub ou, d?>.; $30,000. W.
E. Kdmonsloti to same, pt. sub 9,do.; . B. W.
Perkins to S. It. Weed, subs 11 'J anil 113, l-a
nier Heights; $1,175. Same to J. F. Batehelor,
Sab 111, do.; $6-5. Walter Paris to .Mary
H. de Graftinreld, sub 1M, s?t. 1.V2; $74-2.5U.
Ann E Harlan to James Harlan, lot 3:t, sq.
S39; 910,000. H. t!. Alleman to Margaret B.
Bush, pt?. 21 and 25, sq. '^41; $1,000, Ac. W.
L. Uramhali to W. l>. 1'aber. sub lots 26 and 27,
?%. 69; $?. F. G. N off to Eiuma C.Cooke, pt. 6,
SQ. 814; $963.05. F. G. Noff to Carrie A. Ham
Ill, pi. 6, do.; $963.05.
Thsevolution of a man of fashion developed,
according to Charles Dudley Warner, in four
stages.
Jacob B. Glow (oil merchant;.
J. Barttett Glow clubman;.
Bartlett Glow (Bridegroom).
The Bartlett-Giows (aL Newport).
Johnny?"What is the difference between
lend sensation, paj>a?" Papa?"When 1
1 down stairs, Jobuuy, u> sliiuicle you, you
Uy bolt out the door. Ihat is sense.
When 1 grab you and apply the shiugle, that
* tUou.' ? LvwtU CVtMMb
THE AQlEDI't'T BRIDGF.
The Rnall of the Examination Wade by
Engineer Abert.
HISTORY AND DESCRIPTION OK THE BRIDGE
AH REPORTED TO CONGRESS-TH F STRUCTURE
REPORTED AM GOING TO DECAY?THE BRIDGE
TWISTING ITSELF OCT OF LINE.
Mr. S. T. Abert, civil engineer, recently made
a thorough examination of the Aquctluct
bridge, and his report has, a* stated by The
Htar, been transmitted to the Senate by tue
Secretary of War, in response to a resolution of
that body directing the Secretary to have made
??a careful examination ol" the Aqueduct bridge
at Georgetown and report the present condi
tion, especially sis to its safety for ordinary
travel when the aqueduct is filled with water.''
THE HISTORY OF THE BRIDGE.
"The legislative history of the Aqueduct
bridge," say Mr. Abert In his report, "which
begins with the authority of the present lessees,
dates from the act of the general assembly ol
the state of Virginia, passed on the 16th day of
May, 1 *?>#;. By this act, for the annual rent of
*l.ono. Henry II. Wells, Philip Quigley and
William W. Dungau became the lessees for the
period of ninetv-nine years. Under their au
thority and at their expense the bridge was
completed March 19,1*68, ami wai declared a
legal structure by act ?>l C .tigress approved
July VST, Ihw. This act consists of a preamble
aud seven sections.
The preamble states that, by act of Congress
ot May 26, 1830, the Alexandria Canal com
pany was incorporated and authorized to con
struct, operate and maintain a canal from
(Georgetown, in the iJistrict of Columbia, to
Alexandria, in the state of Virginia, writh an
aqueduct across the Potomac river at George
town: and turther, that i>y an act of the general
assembly of the state of Virginia (Feb. 1<?. 1S(!6>,
the board of public works was authorized to
unite with the corporate authorities of tiie city
of Alexandria in making disposition of the
Alexandria canal, and by joint vote oi the
board of public works and l>y the vote of a ma
jority of the stockholders of the said canal eom
p.iuy. tne president and directors ol the said
canal Company were empowered and directed
to lease the said canal tor the |>erlod of ninety
nine years; and that 011 the 16th day of May,
1 stifi, the said president and directors did
grant, lease and convey the said canal, its aque
duct, locks, > anks, lands, gates and property of
all description to Henry if. Wells, Philip
t^uigley and Wm. W. Dungan. Section 1 de
clares the aqueduct to be a legal structure.
Section lour provides "that as s< >on as the chief
engineer of the army shail certliy to the Secre
tary of War that the said bridge is so tar com
pleted as to be ready, tit and convenient lor tt-e
passage ot persons, animals and vehicles the
said lessees and their legal representatives may
demand, have and receive, in advance, the fol
lowing tolls, to wit: For any foot passenger
crossing on said bridge, two cents; torany horse,
mule or jack, any ox or other horned cattle,
live cents; for any vehicle drawn by one an i
msd, fit teen cents; drawn by two animals,
twenty-five cents; drawn by four animals,
thirty-live cents, but no extra charge shall be
made lor the driver of such vehicle; lor any hog,
sheep or other live creature, one cent; which
certificate shall be published for three weeks in
two daily papers 111 the city ot Washington at
the expense of the company: l*r?vidett, huu cvr,
That it shail be lavtiul lor said lessees to coin
mute those rates to persons requiring yearly
passes. * * * Provided, however, That said
bridge is open and free lor the passage ot troops
and munitions ol war by ihe United States
without charge or compensation of any kiud.
DESCRIPTION OF THE BRIDGE.
The piers of the aqueduct, constructed to
carry the Chesapeake and Ohio canal across the
Potomac river, were built under the direction
ofCapt. William Turnbull, corps ot topographi
cal engineers, and are composed of heavy blocks
of gueiss, quarried about oue mile below the
Little Falls bridge, on the Potomac; each pier
has an ice-breaker of cut granite, quarried in
Sandy Bay, Massachusetts. Between the abut
ments are eight piers, about llo leet between
the faces at the top; every third pier (two in
all) is 16 feet wide at top; the remaining 6 piers
are 7 feet wide. The top of each pier is about
30 teet above ordinaiy high-water mark. Ac
cording to the first design the superstructure
was to be of stone arches, but, tor reasons of
economy, a trough of kyanized wood was
substituted, of the pattern designed by
Col. Long, of the topographical engi
neers. The aqueduct was used by the
government during the war, the water
being drawn from the trough, and a roadway
laid upon the lloor. This bridge becoming
much decayed, its place was supplied by the
lessees, who built the present structure, which
Is a Howe truss, strengtlied by arch-ribs. The
trough of the aqueduct and the tow-path rest
on the lower cord, and a highway bridge and
foot-path rest on tne upper chord.
WITH HATCHET AND AUGER.
The report then gives the result of an exam
ination concluded Marcn 16th last. In making
the examination a hatchet was used to sound
the timber, and a pick and auger were em
ployed to penetrate all suc h places as exhibited
signs of decay. For convenience of description,
Mr. Abert has divided the bridge into three
Senerai parts, beginning at the north end:
'irst, the Georgetown approach; second, the
aqueduct proper; and, third, the Virginia ap
proach. Of the first part, the Georgetown
approach, Mr. Abert says the abutment is in
fair condition; the trusses are strong and in
good conditiou; but the floor beams, 6 by 12
inches in cross section, resting on the lower
chords aud supporting the carriageways and
footpaths, are In very bad condition.
THE AQUEDUCT PROPER.
Concerning the Aqueduct proper, the report
gives a detailed statement of the decayed tim
ber and other parts said to be defective. Not*
withstanding the support of the substruts, the
bridge exhibits a tendency to turn about its
horizontal axis; which tendency, first noted in
1876, was examined in 1884, and now again in
March, 18S6. This twisting or overhanging
is due to the fact that the center of gravity ot
the bridge, when loaded with water, is 1.3 feet
to the west of the center of gravity ot the
bridge without the Aqueduct and water. Tiiis
dangerous defect, noted in 1?76, and first meas
ured in 1S84, was much reduced in March last.
This improvement has been made by the super
intendent of repairs.
THE VIRCftXIA APPROACH.
The Virgiuia approach, the report says, is
composed of bents, or trestles, extending to a
crib abutment; each bent is formed of a ground
sill, three posts, and a cap, supporting a road
way. The distance from the end ol the aque
duct to the abutment on the road is 447 teet.
These trestles have been repaired since the
examination made In 1884, and may be con
sidered to be in a fair condition. Some few
rotten timbers, posts, and lloor beams should
be replaced. The piers, completed about the
year 1839, are in good condition. A certain
amount ot deterioration was observed and
noted, but It was not measured. It consists in
the removal of the cement from between
the joints of the Ice-breakers, and also
from the joints on each side of the piers. This
defect Is progressive, and although it may
be some years before dang.-r can be
apprehended lroin this cause, the repairs should
be thoroughly made and at an early date.
THE STRENGTH OF THE BRI DGE.
The report then gives elaborate calculations
of stresses on the truss and arch of the aque
duct, remarking that it is evident that the re
pairs which have been made annually lor the
past ten or twelve years have not been coex
tensive with the decay, and that a progressive
deterioration is noticeable throughout the struc
ture. The weakest part of the bridge appears
to be the top chord, the lactor of safety, in which
is 'Z.35.
GENERAL CONCLUSIONS.
The following conclusions are drawn from the
report of Inspection and from the calculation:
The two approaches can be put in a satisfac
tory condition by replacing with sound timber
the decayed parts mentioned.
The aqueduct, when the water is withdrawn,
can Ih.' made ?-afe lor the passage of persons, an
imals and vehicles by the completion of the
following repairs: All decayed and defective
timber should be replaced by sound timber of
the proper dimensions. The floor, tloor-bcams
and much of the old trunk can be removed.
The straining beams and sub-struts will not be
needed, and should be replaced by the lateral
braces. The braces now wanting in tlie central
panels of each span should l>e supplied. The
old kyanized struts against the sides
ot the aqueduct are in good condition,
but should be properly fitted into new
ti< <>r beams placed beneath the aqueduct.
The old t!ix>rlng of the roadway should be re
placed by a new flooring. The trusses and
tiie arches should be restored to their original
vertical position, and should be maintained by
diagonal ties. Braces can be added it neces
sary. Many ot the carriage blocks in each
span are defective or useless. The efficiency of
the arch depends on the condition of these
blocks, and forty-five have been counted which
should be at once renewed. The chords and
parts most liable to decay should be kyani/.ed
or covered with zinc. After the completion ol
the repairs the bridge should be properly ad
justed by screwing the nuts ot the tie-rods, and
unremitting attention should be given to
tiie maiiitance of the pro|>cr adjustment ol the
load upon the trusses and arches. When the
bridge is repaired lurtber settlement of the
arch may be prevented ny replacing the
old timbers with new of exactly the same di
mensions and by employing heart pine for the
skew-back aud the part ot tiie arch adjacent
thereto. Iron plates should be employed at the
abuting ends ol the arch-ribs.
THE WEAKEST Pol NT.
In concluding the report Mr. Abert says:
"The strength of a bridge is determined by its
weakest part. The factor ot safety of the weak
est part of the Aqueduct bridge is tound in the
top chord, iu which the coefficient Is 2..'15
when the bridge is loaded with water and with
the moving load. It is therefore evident that
when thus loaded the bridge cannot be pro
nounced to be safe tor a moving load ot 90
pounds per squire loot, and that lor the security
'.>1 ordinary travel, thorough repairs and in
creasing diligence will be necessary to prevent
accident."
Photography, it is claimed, is to be still fur
ther advanced by the u.>e ol tiie air brush. In
litis device a little holder i5 charged with India
Ink, and, by a bellows operated with a foot
pedal alter the manner ol a sewing machine,
ihetluid is blown upon 11 faintly out 11 ned por
trait, the result giving a picture sui>erior in
mauy re?|>ects to the be.-t crayon drawing?the
u hole opcratiou involving also only a few hours'
time.
A counter Irritant: The woman who shops
1 Lui doesn't buy.
JSVEXIXG ST AH: w
CHILDREX'S BAT.
To-morrow to Be Uiven Up to the Little
Ohm In Many of. the Churches.
Tomorrow is the day ?et apart by many of
the Evaugellcal churches as one to be devoted
especially to the children in the Sunday schools,
and it will be observed as "Children's day"
especially in tho Methodist Episcopal churches
throughout the land. Formerly it was the cus
tom of the Sunday schools of the District, under
the auspices of the Runday school Union, to
' have a procession in the month of May, closing
with a mass meeting. The boys used to appear
in white pants and black jackets, and the girls
' in white dresses carrying banners and flowers.
This custom died out about fifteen years ago. In
1 place of this the "Children's day" lias grown to
i l>e quite a feature, and It is probable thst the
! little ones enjoy it much more than they would
a march through the streets in procession. Home
! of the churches here will have original pro
grams ? prepared for tho occasion, pro
! viding exercises in which the .Sunday school
pupils ' will participate, while others will
follow the programs prepared by some ot
the publishing houses. Ju many instances
the observance will be In the morning, but in
some churches the services will take up the en
tire day, plutform meetings closing the exer
cises.
The programs prepared for this observance
usually embrace solos, duet#, choruses, respon
sive readings, dialogues and recitations, in
which mottoes will l>e displayed. In some of
the dialogues the pupils personate flowers.
The oriylu ot the general observance of the
day in the M. E. church was in IStiO, when un
der the general conference of the church a
"Children's Educational Fund" was created,
the money to be used in "aiding meritorious
Sunday school scholars in obtaining a more ad
vance education," and $60,000 was raised.
This plan was further developed In
when the second Sunday in June was appointed
;is "Children's day," and it was recommended
that win-never practicable a collection should
be raised in aid ot the Sunday school fund of
the hoard of education. This custom has been
generally adopted by tho M. E. churches
througliont the land, and other denominations
have followed. The collections lor educational
purposes have increased, until they aggregate
now hundreds of thousands of dollars. In the
Congregational churches the collections are for
missionary purposes.
>???
3IAK1SIU AN INDIAN BLANKET.
Wa>Wab, the Zuni Priestess, At Work
In the Kstlonsl Museum.
An Indian woman, crouching before a rude
loom, formed the center figure of the picture
that met the eyes of a Stak reporter when he
| climbed, the other day, up the winding stairs to
one of the galleries of the National museum.
It was the Zuni maiden, Wa-Wab, a priestess,
and a person ot importance among her own
people. The loom was of real Zuni manufac
ture?a frame of rods, suspended by cords from
a trnme above. Wa-Wah sat, or crouched, cross
legged, or tailor fashion, one of her bare feet
showing out from under her robe, or blanket,
l'he loom, tho spindle on which she twisted her
yarn, and the long reeds, or sticks, upon which
her yarn, or worsted, was wound, and the long,
; flat stave, or "beater," which she thrust now
' and then through the strands In the loom, were
, all specimens of Zuni handiwork taken from
I the collections of the museum. Wa-Wah
j came there to weave a blanket on the loom and
l explain the use of the implements. She worked
I on silently, patiently in the stolid Indian way,
j apparently not noticing the spectators that
gathered about her or the photographer's
I camera which was leveled ut her. The loom
with the blanket upon it will be placed in a
case in the museum, together with photographs
of Wa-Wali at work upon it, which will lllus
j 'rale the mode 01 weaving employed by the
j /uills. Folks who have iorincd poetic ideals of
Indian maidens, after the pattern of Pocahou
1 V.V* ^ll'inehaha, might be disappointed in
\\ a-W aii on first sight. Her features, and es
| pecially her mouth, are rather large; her figure
I aud carnage rather masculine; her coarse black
hair is gathered together behind, aud clubbed
? or bound in one thick braid, tied with a bit of
red flannel, she wears a calico dress or wrap
? per and over this a dark-colored blanket, fast
ened about her ample waist with a red girdle.
? Wa-Wah, who speaks a little English, aud
| whose manner is very gentle, said that it took
her six days to weave the blanket she wears.
Then she indicated by spreading opeu the lingers
of her hand that she made a hand's breadth from
the top ol the outstretched little finger to the
top of the thumb each day. This daily task
was no light one, lor Wa-Wah's hand is by no
means small. Then after the Stak reporter had
watched her awhile, Wa-Wah concluded that
she had worked enough for that day, anu, ris
ing from the mat on which she had been sitting,
; sne proceeded to array herself for the street
ihis was done by throwing over her head a
necklace or string of huge silver beads, orna
mented with various devices in the shape of
' crosses and hall-moons. Wa-Wah seemed
; proud of this ornament, and said it was
"made by Zuni man." Then Wa-Wah
sat on a little box aud put ou
her shoes and stockings or what corresponded
to them. First, she slipped upou her bare feet
a pair of soft slippers or moccasins. Then she
i produced a soft elk-skin, which looked like
, chamois-skin, and begau winding It around the
, ankle aud calt of one leg, and kept
; winding it around aud around until
the covering extended from the mocca
sin nearly to the Knee, and there were
several thicknesses of it, giving to the limb a
dropsical appearance not justified by the real
tacts of tiie case. Then she took a narrow strip
or strap ol the same material aud bound the
jegglng on with it. The other limb was swathed
in the same way, and then Wa-Wah was ready
, logo. She strode out with a masculine stride,
I passed down the steps and out through the
: museum. Wa-Wah is a guest at Mrs. Col. Ste
I venson's house. She was brought to this city by
! Mrs. Stevenson la>t Jail, when that lady
| returned to Washington from Zunilund.
Wa-W all Is well versed iu all the mysteries of
the Zuni religion and the customs of her people,
and Mrs. Stevenson has obtained from Tier
much valuable information. Wa-Wah is now
anxious to return home and tell her people all
that she has seen In the wonderful east. She
thinks the people of this city are very rich be
cause they have nothing to do but make and
receive calls. Some time ago she called upon
some friends who live In the Portland flats.
Afterwards she expressed her sorrow lor them
because they were so poor that they had only a
part of a house. She took much interest in tho
model of the town of Zuni at the National Mu
seum and gave testimony to Its accuracy by
| pointing out her own house. Wa-Wah will go
back to her home when some one, who can act
as her escort, Is going her way.
*?*?
The Aqueduet Bridge Tolls.
WHY THEY SHOULD BE KEDCCED.
To the JCdltor of Thk Evening Stak:
The title to the Alexandria aqueduct is com
plicated. The northern pier and abutment is
claimed by the Chesapeake and Ohio canal, but
can be had by condemnation.
The Alexandria Canal company leased to the
Bridge company lor ninety-nine years their
canal and aqueduct for the nominal sum of
! il.OOO per year, conditioned that the Bridge
company should keep the aqueduct and Alex
andria canal iu navigable order. To make a fee
simple deed requires the assent of the Bridge
i company and the Alexandria Canal companv.
1 Alexandria is op(>osed to anv sale that wouid
: deprive her of their canal, although boats can
be towed cheaper by river to their city than
t hey can go by canal. Alexandria has a natural
\ irginia pride, anc does not wish to surrender
the possible benefits of a canal.
W ith the failure of a former freo bridge bill it
Is not surprising that the public should have
doubts about the effectiveness of the present
bill. As the tolls on this bridge are double
what they ought to be, it is natural
that a reduction to a fair price should
be made until tolis are no longer levied
We have had to wait eighteen years for
a fair rate, and now claim a simple act of Jus
tice should be done to an outraged people. Mr
W. W. lHingan has persistently rclused to re^
duce the tolls, though repeatedly requested to
do so. Had the tolls been moderate, the reve
nue from them might have been as great or
greater, as cheap postage and our cheap street
car fares have proved from the increased use
and the Virginia hills opposite West Washing
ton, would have been dotted with cot
tages, which are now forced to the railroad
lines to laurel and Uockville, Md. Mr. Dun
gau claims that a new schedule of tolls bus
been in operation since lHhvi. Upon inquiry It
will be found that thirty round trip tickets for
a one-horse vehicle are sold for ?0, or 20 per
cent l<-> than a single round-trip,whitfh costs 25
out.-; single and round trips remain the same
tolls as formerly. The railroads from Wash
ington to Baltimore give a quarter yearly
ticket of 91 days for *34.75, costing 38 cents
per day. The round trip ticket being $2, this is
a reduction of 81 per cent for ruling in first
class cars, or 3? cents for u ride of 80 miles
against cents for a drive with a one-horse
vehicle going aud returning of less than a mile
A discriminating public will see the great
difference and require an Immediate reduction
?r ??lls. W. H. Tenney.
The Preaident and His Pie.
From TUl-lilts.
The peot le, good (;rover, give you their best wishes In
Ui.s season of honeymoon, sweetness, and kisses;
and hope you may swim in an ocean of blisses,
they wish you all Joy, both tbe saints and the sin
ners;
They hope tbat your bride all your buttons will see to,
be an equal companion and not a mere "me too;"
but not go too far with ber ieminiue veto, but let
you have pic at all your state dinners.
And thou, happy one, fate's fortunate daughter, train
up our good Urover the way tbat you ought to;
make him slay at home nights aud drink nothing
bat water, and loyally love him and tenderly
cherish;
Make him keep his shoes shined and hla hat neatly
dusted, his 1.air parted straight aud his necktie
iuijusied,but treat him as one to be honored and
trusted, and O! give him pie, give lihn pie or he'll
perish!
Since be was a boy with his mummer and popper
(with stomach as empty as verses of '1 upper) he
hat- eaten his pie M both dinner aud supper, aa a
comfort and cheer and a sweet consolation;
Give him ple.and the land will rejoice In thanksgiving,
witli the censer of hope o'er your happiness
swinging, and the glad hills aud valleys will
bum into singing, "Long may tirover eat pie at
the head ot tbe nation!"
-a W. Foes.
A new English dictlouary la coming out with
24o,IMX> words. Tbe Hon. William M. Evarts
will charter a tug to go down the barber to wel
come it,?Jj 'iUu St-ws.
UNCLE NAM'S SUPPLIES.
How Coalriirts are Made for Fa mish
it* Material to the Government.
THE OLD PL A If OF BUYINO IJI OPEN MARKET
AND THE EVILS ATTENDING IT^-CONTRACTS
ARRANGED BEFORE TUB MONEY IS APPRO
PRIATED.
At this time in all the department* bids are
being received for furnishing the supplies
needed in various branches of the government.
While the amount of the appropriations for
the coming year is not known and cannot be
kuowu until the bills have passed Con
gress, still there is always a reasonable certain
ty that the legislative body will not cut off the
supplies for current expenses and so the prep
arations are made for expending the same
amount of money as last year and perhaps a
little more. Proposals are invited and ox
ainined and the lowest bidder determined, but
no contract is awarded until after the appro
priation is made bv Congress. It maybe con
cluded that a department will need so much
ink or ice, and the dealers are asked to bid
upon the basis of supply ing a given amount,
but Congress may re! use to give the money and
so the entire amount est) mated is not purchased.
This sliding scale in the quantities required,
as compared with the estimates, is one of the
pleasing teatures of the government contracts.
According to the system now in vogue every
thing used by a department from a Brussels
carpet to a pin is obtained by contract,
THE OLD WAY.
There wai a time, and that not long ago, when
the purchsise ot supplies was made in the open
market, aud under this arrangement there
were opportunities tor collusion between tlie
government official and tuo dealer which did
not tend to improve the morals of the public ser
vice. Now the purchasing in open market is very
rare, and has been for s .me years, the only ex
ceptions being when there are some articles
that are needed occasionally, or when it is
necessary to meet a sudden emergency. The
sum total of these contract* In all the depart
ments is very great, and when the aggregate is
iooiedup.it would seem that merely the run
ning expenses is a very large item in the total
cost to the government. In New York the bids
for furnishing supplies for the Indian service
have just been opened, and contractors from all
Carts of the country were present with their
ids to supply the meats, clothing and provi
sions consumed by the noble red men. In the
same way t lie stationery and other supplies for
the departments in this city are obtained, and
in order to ttive some idea of the amount of
money involved it may be stated that in one
department alone the stationery supplies for
one year cost over 5>7U,OUO. The contractors
say that a government contract is not as good a
thing as it used to be, and that owing to the
sharp competition among the bidders aud the
system that has been in vogue for some years
past, the government actually gets its supplies
AT A LESS PRICK
than the private citizen. Take for instance
the one item of coal. In a recent contract stove
coal was contracted to be furnished lor $5.50
per ton, although the price to private consum
ers is #5.75 per ton. One cause of th 1b is the
great improvement In the method of obtainiug
bids and awarding contracts. For instance, in
I the printed proposals which are lurnished bid
; ders, each article witli the estimated amount
required is placed opposite blank places, where
the contractor is required to give his bid. There
may be live or six hundred separate Items in a
contract, aud at one time it was the custom to
add up the amount ot tho bid in each individ
ual case aud award the contract to the lowest
bidder determined by the totals. It was lound,
however, that in order to keep the total amount
down, that some bidders would tlx their prices
high on articles that were used a great deal
aud very low for articles for which there was
but little Uemand. As for iustauce, there is a
kiud ot inK, which is used in very small quan
tities in the hervice. Under the old plan the
bidder would make his bid below the cost price
on this ink, and of course save himself from loss
bv furnishing only a very small quantity.
Under tho present system each item is consid
' ered separately aud the coutract is awarded to
the lowest binder without regard to whether he
has another item awarded to him or not.
CONDITIONS WITH WHICH BIDDKKS MUST
COMPLY.
In order to give some idea of how a government
contract can be obtained, the following is taken
from theollicial instructions: Proposals must be
made in duplicate on the forms lurnished by
the department, and be accompanied by a cer
tilied chectoor draft on some United States de
i pository or National bank, payable to the order
oi the Secretary of the Interior, which check or
draft shall be lor not less than ten per centum
ot the value of the estiiuated quantity of
supplies proposed to be lurnished ut the prices
given in the proposal, if such total value does
uot exceed $10,000; it over that amount the
check must be lor $1,000. The check to be
forleited to the United States in case the bidder
receiving an award si,all lail to execute
promptly a contract, with good aud sullicient
sureties, according to the terms of his bid;
otherwise to be returued to the bidder. liids
not accompanied by a certified check or dralt
will not be considered. Eacu proposal must
give the names of all parties interested in, or
parties to it, together with their places of busi
i ness and post oliice addresses, li'tobe repre
sented by au agent, his name aud add rests should
be given. All articles to be ol the best quality
unless otherwise specified. Samples must be
luruisiied as required in the schedule, and each
sample should be marked to show the numu ot
the bidder, number of the item, and price. All
articles will be subject to rigid inspection upon
delivery, and such as do not conform strictly
to the requirements oi the contract will be re
jected.
WHY A CERTIFIED CHECK IS REQUIRED.
The reason why a certified check is required
lrom each bidder is to prevent irresponsible
persons lrom putting in bids, aud then it the
awards suit them proceed to execute the con
tract, otherwise throw it up. The multiplica
tion ol work became so great by the presence of
biddeis of this character that this requirement
is made, und it has hud the effect of keeping
out the curbstone dealers whose bank account
could uot stand the retention of a certified check
! for a month or so.
It is not claimed that the present system ab
| solutely prevents fraud and collusiou between
the agents of the government and the coutract
. ors, us that would be an impossibility lor ?eny
system, however rigid. Some one has to.be
trusted, whether the business is public or pri
vate, and so breaches ot trust are always among
the possibilities. But it is claimed that under
the present system the opportunities for fraud
are not so frequent or inviting, aud that all
necessary precautious have been adopted.
Protection Ayainst Fire.
RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE SENATE DISTRICT
COMMITTEE.
In connection with the bill to require that
buildings iu the District be provided with fire
escapes, etc., reported from the Senate District
committee, Mr. Vance submitted a report stat
ing that there appears to be quite a num
ber of tall public buildings here used for
schools, places of amusement, etc., that are
without adequate protection against fire; that
the tire department explain that the water
thrown from the hose to the tops of these build
ings becomes dissolved into thin small spray
and has very little effect upon the fire; that
the object ol the stand pipes required by the
bill Is to throw a volume of
wuter direct from these pipes in
the shape of a solid stream upon the
tire. These standpipes, they recommend, should
be used In connection with aud a part ot the
escape ladders, to be reached by an opening
from every floor, thus serving a double pur
pose. It is thought that by adopting this means
ol extinguishing tire unci providing for escape,
together with tho compulsory lighting ol all
public halls when occupied throughout the
night, aud the establishment of fire-alarms on
every fioor, Ac., as contained iu the bill, all of
the security that cau reasonably be obtained
will have been given to those who occupy such
buildings. The necessity lor such additional
arrangements as modern science has placed
within our reach seems to be urgent. At not
uulrequeut intervals casualties from fire iu
buildings of this kiud shock the community.
The Commissioners of the District, and the au
thorities ol the fire department, us well as the
school trustees, have again and again called at
tention to the subject.
THE PRESIDENT'S MARB1AUF.
??? t
Its Great Influence Upon His Chances in
Politics.
From the New Haven Evening Register.
The marriage of the President is not only a
source ol great satisfaction to bis fellow coun
trymen everywhere, but it Is also a source of
political strength to blm. Cleveland 1b stronger
to-day, the day after his wedding, with the jhjo
ple than he has ever been. They are thoroughly
interested in him. Their eyes are riveted on
both the domestic and political sides of his
character. He presents a striking picture, and
by doing the most natural as well as the most
beueflclal thing he could do, he has attracted
to himself a sentiment which will work silently
but forcibly in his political lavor.
There is nothing the American people are not
capable ot, nor is there a limit to their conside
ration when a sentimental idea gets the upper
hand of them. The marriage ot the President
and Miss Folsom has aroused a most interest
ing sentiment, which will grow stronger as
time runs on, because of the bride's loveliness
of character, and because both she and her hus
band lend a charming novelty to Washington
Bociety by reason of their recent entrance into
public life, liy their marriage they have called
forth the best wishes of every man, woman and
child in the country, and have thereby become
popular with them. There Is no reason to believe,
moreover, owing to the circumstances which
surround them, that they will lose any of that
popularity. They will remain interesting nov
elties during the rest of the President's term.
Mrs. Cleveland will add to her laurels, and will
become a source ot great benefit to her hus
band. lie will go on in th^ straight course he
has so consistently followed since hit* inaugura
tion, developing into a better President each
day under the devoted care and sottening in
fluences of his generous-hearted wife.
Mr. Cleveland is a fortunate man. His lutnre
career is filled with the brightest of promises,
the foundation stone of the realization of which
was laid the moment Mr. Cleveland made over
tures ot marriage to bis now happy wile. His
wedding was the crowning act of a long series
of unpremeditated political finesses. He is a
statesman without knowing it, and will have,
before the close of his administration, im
pressed the people with the tact, and made
himself their choice without such a political
design existing or disclosing itself.
REAL ESTATE CIOMIP.
C'Mpitol Hill Pnpcrtjr Advuelnf In
Price Under the Present Demand.
THB BOOK RESULTING FROM THB PAM AOS OF
THE NEW LIBRARY BILL?BOCK CRBBK
PROPERTY IN DEMAND?THE PROPOSED MAS
?ACHUSETTS AVENUE EXTENSION?HOW POOR
MEN BUY HOMBS.
A few days ago two real estate brokers were
discussing the advance In the price* of property
in the various sections ot the city during the
past year, and one remarked that property on
Capitol Hill had advanced in value more than
property in the northwestern section. Excep
tion was taken to this statement by the other,
who said that it was ridiculous to make such
an assertion. His friend, however, remained
firm in his opinion, and in the course of the
argument that ran on, they decided to submit
their opinions to the arbitration of a bet, to be
decided by one of the best posted real estate
men in the city. When the bet was referred to
him he very promptly decided in favor ol the
Capitol Hill man, and said that if the Increase
in values had not reached one hundred per
cent, still it was very large and far in excess oi
the advance In the northwestern section.
This decision opened the eyes of a great many
to the boom which apparently has finally
reached Capitol Hill property. Why this sec
tion should not have advanced as rapidly as
others is u cause of surprise to those who ride
through the beautiiully shaded streets and
enjoy the cool air which the elevated position
makes ix>ssible. But t he property owners have
had a great many things to contend with, not
the least ol which has been the long pendency
of the library bill. For years It has been sup
posed that Congress would authorize Its erec
tion, and now that It is actually going to be
erected property in the vicinity that was slow
of sale even at low prices h?is advanced, and the
long-suffering property owner Is lully deserving
of any advance that now takes place. ? hue
prices have gone up In the Immediate vicinity
ot the library site,the advance ismore noticeable
in land out on the commons near the Jail. Lots
In that location that sold last year lor six and
eight cents per foot now sell for twenty
and thirty. Of course this ratio of in
crease is not maintained up to 1st street,
but still the increase Is very large. W lille
in the northwest section property has
advanced lroui one dollar and a quarter to
one dollar and a half, ou Capitol Hill the
advance lias been much greater. At present
there is a great deal ot activity in properly
in that section, especially in the viciulty of the
proposed new library building. Kesil estate lii
vestors, like speculators in every other branch
of trade, are very much like a fi?>ck of sheep,
and go witli the crowd. If it becomes kuowu
that some experienced operator is investing
heavily In one section, a throng of smaller
speculators is sure to be drawn in the same di
rection, and so with any other circumstance
that is regarded as favorable. The erection ol
the library building is regarded as a good thing
tor property in that vicinity, and the conse
quence Is such property Is in great demand anu
is getting good prices.
THE "ROCK CREEK" REGION.
Another illustration of the tendency of In
vestors to follow one another is seen in the ac
tivity ot suburban property which followed the
purchase by the President of a country place
on the Wood ley Laue road. By this time nearly
all the properly that is for sale at anything
like reasonable figures has been eagerly grabbed
up, and properly owners go to bed and have
such golden dreams that they wake up Imagin
ing themselves Vanderbllts, and the next day
add another live thousand dollars to the price
ol' their property as a compensation for the
disappointment in not realizing their dreams.
However, the valley ol Hock creek, where all
this buying and selling is now in progress, is
one of the most picturesque and beautliul
regions in this section of country, and lor this
reason It is destined to lurnlsh, as in the past,
residence biies lor wealthy people. In lact it is
fit lor nothing else, because the ground is so
poor that it cannot yield an adequate return for
cutivatlon.
The present boom has affected property in
that region all the way Irom the bounds or
the city lo the Teuleyiowu road, and VN ash
ington Heights, at the head ol 19th street, is
feeling the reviving intlueuces. Lots are boins
sold, ami there is talk now ol building several
houses. There has not been so much activity
in ih?* Rock r eek valley since the site for the
new naval o:.s rvatory was located there a
couple 'of years ..^o.
THE MASSACHUSETTS AVENUE EXTENSION.
Then the talk was that Massachusetts avenue
would be extended, and a syndicate ot wealthy
gentlemen purchased the laud on each side ol
i lie proposed exteusion as tar back as the Ten
ley town road. All this land Is held in readi
ness to be subdivided and placed on the market.
The extension 01 the avenue, however. Is de
layed by the owners of the Kalorama property,
who are undecided how to sub-divide their
propertv. It is expected that the ground ne
ce?s.i. y tor the extension of the avenue will be
donated to the city. The opeuiug of Massa
chusetts avenue to the Teuleytown road will
ullord one oi the finest drives in the world, es
pecially when the handsome sites on each side
are improved with residences. If Congress
consents to establishing a park in Hock creek
valley and also to extending the same arrange
ment" of the streets and avenues beyond the
citv's limits, the growth of the city in that
direction during tiie next ten or fifteen years
will be very rapid.
HOW POOR MEN BUY HOMES.
When people read In a newspaper that there
is activity in the real estate market they im
mediately think of large transactions and the
investments of capitalists which are generally
written with five figures. It Is sales ot this char
acter that appear with the large headlines in
the columns ol a paper, although in tact they
form but h sniull proportion of tlie daily trans
fers. While investments of this character
doVnuch toward Improving and building up
the ciiv, yet after all is said and done it is the
man of small means,with limited iucome, who
has the pluck and enterprise to endeavor to be
come the owner of a house oi his own, who is
the important factor In the substantial growth
and progress ol a city. Such men build up the
business of a place and form the basis upon
which prosperity in all branches of iudustry
aud trade is lounded. The increase in the
number ol people ol tills class constitutes oue
of the most encouraging teatures in the growth
of this city. "There is no reason why every
man should not be the owner of a house lor his
iamily." remarked a competent authority to a
STAR reporter. "He must be wllliug to be eco
nomical and to deny himself, but the results
attained are ample rewards. One difficulty in
the way is the unwillingness of many to begin
in a style that suits their means. They have
certain ideas about a house, which they waut
to carry out without sufficiently considering
the cost. It is self-evident that a man whose
income will only permit the payment of a
monthly rent of $ 16 ought not to want a house
which rents lor S'io, and yet it is
very common in the real estate business to meet
with Just such people. Of course they don't
say that that they want a house at such a rental,
but when they tell you what kind of a house
they expect to get, you will find that it must
have a parlor, a hall, u bath room with hot and
cold water, and in a word all the modern con
veniences. All these things are not to be had
for fiiteen dollars a month. But there are
houses wnich make comiortable homes and at
the same time are not a burden upon the occu
pant If a man can pay easily fiiteen dollars a
mouth rent, with a little effort and sell-denial
he can pay twenty, and perhaps tweuty-five
dollars and in a tew years he will become the
owner of his own home."
PLANS FOR BUYING HOUSES.
It does not need "a competent authority" in
real estate or in any other branch of business to
tell people that they must live within their
means. The majority of i eople are convinced
of tills truth by their own experience; but at
the same time it is always interesting to know
the various plans adopted lor making large
sums oi mouey irom small savings and the pro
cess by which a few pennies saved here and a
lew saved there iu the course of a few years are
changed into the dollars and the hundreds of
dollars. The building associations are iu many
insuuices the medium through which the ma
gician's wand of industry aud economy works
its wonders. They are used in the first instance
to save money. Persons take a lew shares
which are paid In monthly installments of oue
or two dollars and a half. Teu dollars a month
saved is bound to accumulate into a very
respectable amount, and when it reaches a lew
hundred dollars the man Is ready with a cash
payment as the first installment of the pur
chase mouey of a bouse. For Instance, the house
costs ft'2,000: the purchaser pays down $500,
and the building association loans the balance.
The loan is paid off in monthly payments,
whlcn are made to suit the means of the pur
chaser, amounting to from eighteen to twenty
lour dollars a mouth, a portion of wnich goes to
pay the interest, and the remainder towards
reducing the principal of the debt.
There are other methods of arranging the
loan, either with the man who sells the house
or some oue having money to loan, secured by
a deed of trust on the property. One method is
to divide the amount of the trust into monthly
notes, the first note bearing one month's interest
and the second two month's, and so on through
the series: while still another plan is to divide
the trust into two sums, the larger one to run
for three or five years, aud the smaller sum to be
paid in installments. The plan selected depends
upon the circumstances of the purchaser, and
when he gives evidence of an intention to Uve
up to any agreement that he may make, he
will find a good deal of encouragement in his
efforts to secure a home. The large number of
homes obtained in this way is an evidence of
that fact, and it may lurther be added that it is
seldom necessary to ioreclose on a man who
has begun to buy a home lor his family.
A Discarded Lover's 8oicide.?"Lovers'
Leap," a high, projecting spur from the moun
tain along the Heading railroad, a mile below
Heading, Pa., is much frequented by young
couples. It was the scene of a tragic suicide
Thusrday. In the man's band when the body
was found was a revolver with which he had
sent a bullet through his heart. On his breast
lay a letter addressed to Miss Katie Boyer,
Pawling, Chester oounty. The writer signed
himself as George A. Barrett and the letter is
his dying lareweu to the girl he loved, but who,
it appears from Its contents, rejected him.
Papers found on Barrett's person show that be
was formerly an engineer on one of the Paoltte
railroads: that latterly be was third mate of an
ocean sailing vessel; that he shipped at Boston
and was discharged at Ban Francisco, from
where be traveled, according to bis letter, to
Pawling to see the young woman; that be
wandered around her home for hours expecting
to see her to ask ber forgiveness, and not get
ting a glimpse of her he determined to oommlt
suicide.
VEGETABLES FOR MARKET.
Whrrf tkf Sappllea for Ikti City Cmm
THB KARLT TKUTT AND OARDKN TRUCK?THE
COfTRIBlTTIOK OF THB SOUTH TO TH* SOUTH
ERN MARKETS?THE XODEIIX HAIKET COM
PARED WITH THB OLD.
That the Washington markets of U>day arc
vastly superior to the markets of the olden
time is apparent to all who knew them in ante
bellum days. Then it was quite late In the
spring before any fresh vegetables arrived and
were exposed for sale on the benches, and the
prices asked amounted to prohibition in cases
of persons of moderate means. Now almost in
the dead of winter tomatoes, strawberries,early
cabbage, and other vegetables can be found on
the stalls, and there is ready sale fbr all. This
Improved condition of affairs Is due not only to
the tact that these products are raised earlier
but also the recent additions to our population
provides purchasers.
A produce commission merchant speaking to
a Stak reporter remarked upon the increase
in the busiuess, noting the fact that there are
to-day five to ten engaged iu the business to
where there was one fifteen yean* ago.
"Where do you get your first strawberries?''
asked the reporter
"Why," said he, "the first come from
Florida reaching here in March, although I got
some (Cubans) a few years ago for a fashionable
dinner in January. They brought a price
tuough! 1 paid $4 dollars a quart lor them
and they were served with the desert. The
Floridascome first and we wholesale them at
40 to 60 cents per quart. Then about a week
later we get the Charlestons, which run fifteen
to twenty days and bring "JO to 40 per quart.
They have the Sharpies*, (seedling, Wilson and
Downing. Next the North Carolina audNortolk
berries, come, and are followed by the supply
from this neighborhood. As this supply grows
smaller and the season in this neighborhood
Is about over, we got a berry trom the neigh
borhood of Bamesviile, Ohio. These made
their first appearance In respectable quantity
last season and a great many will be here this
season. We'll have them in a few da> s at from
ten to twenty cents per quart. The varieties
are the same as those previously named, with
one called tiieCumbcrland Tramp, and they are
about the fiuest berry we have ever handled."
SHIPPING STKAWUKKKIES TO THE JiOKTH.
"How has the shipping business been this
season?" asked the reporter.
"There were," answered the commission
man, "ten thousand crates of our native berries
ship|>ed this season to New York, Philadelphia,
Pittsburg and Cleveland. There Is Just now a
glut and the natives will wind up about this
week. Considering everything our growers
have done well this season, the prices ruling
irom 6 to 15 cents per quart. fSome have Bold
lower, but few reached as low as 3 cents. It
costs 90 cents for picking and 25 cents ex
pressage."
CUCUMBERS AND OTHER GARDEN PRODUCTS.
"The first cucumbers," continued the com
mission man, "we receive from New Orleans,
where they are grown In hotbeds. They come
In boxes holding about 100 each In February,
and we sell them at ?2 per dozen. You would
hardly believe it. but there is a growing de
mand for them at that price. Then the Florida,
i Savannah, Charleston and Norfolk cucumbers
come in and the prices fall to a point where
I others than the wealthy people can enjoy them,
i Southern cabbage commences to come In from
i Florida about March 2Uth. They come in
i crates holding about OO liexd, and wholesale
| at $3.50 to $5. The crop in Florida has been j
. small this >eason, probably on accouut of the
frost. After these come those growu nearer.
The Norfolks have arrived here lu double the
quantities heretofore known and a ready sale
i Is fouud at $1 to $1,50 per barrel.
I The tomatoes reach here early In February, the
first irom Bermuda, followed closely by the
| Florida tomatoes. They come In peck boxes,
J wholesaled at $1.50 per box. The Floridas
have been about three weeks later this season
than usual, and the price has been kept up.
About July 1st the native tomato will come In,
and the prospect* lor a plentiful crop are good.
Then there are string beans and peas, which
: come from Bermuda and Florida about April !
j 1st, bringing $4 to $5 per bushel box. The
? beans are now down to $1.50 per bushel, and
i peas have been down to $2 per barrel. The
j near-by peas are about over, but the marrowlats
are coming in. As to potatoes, this neighbor
hood suffered much from rot, caused by the
rainy weather. There are plenty of Bermudas
aud Floridas in the market, which sold lu Jau- j
uary for ?20 per barrel, and now bring $5,
while our owu are from $4 to $5."
THE PEACH PROSPECTS.
"I suppose you waut to know something of
the peach prospects," said the commission man.
"All I can say is that T. H. Massey, R. B. Mas
sey aud K. B. Grimes, probably the three
largest peach growers on the Potomac, their
orchards being iu the neighborhood of Nomini,
in Westmoreland couuty, Va., write that the
prospects are good for a large crop of most ex
cellent fruit, aud they will ship from 20,000 to
30,000 boxes."
THE WAB IPOX CIVIL SERVICE
REFORM.
The Effort of the Commercial Politi
cians to Break It Down.
To the Editor of The Evening Htas.
In defending the rider to the appropria
tion for the civil service commission, Mr. Hol
man assumes that the essence of civil service
reform lies in the use of examinations simply
to test the fitness of candidates lor the duties of
the particular place in question. But, what
ever may be thought by Congressmen whose
monopolv of spoils is attacked by the genuine
reform, nothing can be clearer, from tne history
of the movement, than that the mere ascertain
ment of sufficient fitness Is but a secondary
function of the competitive examinations
which alone are relied on by disinterested re
formers as belug the only ones adapted to
achieve the essential object of the reform
namely, the destruction of the spoils system, by
preventing corrupt or demoralized politicians
from prostituting their official influence to
secure their own elections through the use of
a usurped patronage as a "stolen bribery lund
with which to purchase or reward the services
of henchmen. In the words of President Cleve
land. "the allurements of an Immense number
ot offices and places, exhibited to the voters of
the land, and the promise ot their bestowal in
recognition of partisan activity, debauch the
suffrage aud rob political action of its thought
ful and deliberative character. Doubts may
well be entertained whether our government
could survive the strain of a continuance of
this svstein, which upon every change of ad
ministration Inspires an Immense array of
claimants lorotHce to lay siege to the patronage
of government, engrossing the time of public
officers with their importunities, spreading
abroad the contagion of their disappointment,
aud filling the air with the tumult ol their dis
content." This and not the "Incompetency of
clerks Is the real disease to be prevented, and
against this mere "pass" examinations would
be about as efficient a hygienic precaution as
would be the external application ol vaseline
during the prevalence of cholera. For imuss ex
aminations make eligible many more than can
be appointed, inasmuch as a very large propor
tion of the population (including henchmen)
can manage to get through on the minimum
basis ot uualificatlou. Such examinations, ac
cordingly, practically determine nothing, but
leave I he real choice among candidates to be
decided, as before, by the illegitimate, usurped,
cor muting and corrupt dictation ot Congress
men many of whom have little or no other
capital with which to carry- on their huckster
ing trade ol so-called "politics."
These politicians?"ot commerce," as the text
hnrtir* sav?talk about "Starving out the com
mission" by way of gettiug rid of the once
desnlsed check on their nelarious and disrepu
table traffic in stolen salaries. In their palpable
ignorance of the law (of which, like certain
others in the old rhyme, they naturally have
ftverv ??uoor opinion*') these gentlemen seem
unaware that, iu view of section 7 of the act.
they will likewise have to Impose "conditions'
on the President and the first controller In order
in nrniuel the allowance oj salaries to any hencb
me^ who may be "appointed" without tne
assistance ol the institution over whose tbreaU
ened ruin they are gloating, but for which I
nredict a longer life than Is to be enjoyed by
any peeudo statesman who shall be silly
enough to commit themselves against IU The
law which they dare not attack except by lndi^
rectlon, in so many words forbids appointment
to any place within the rules save In acoord
??? with these rules. ^ Reform Democrat.
Sham Mushrooms.
From the Philadelphia Pre*.
"You notice on the bill of fare that your
turtle soup Is but ten cents more per plate than
mock turtle soup," said a stranger In a great
gilded eating house. "Calipash and Calipee,
ereen fat.? an historic delicacy, famed in the
history of the world's metropolis as the acme
ol epicurean delight, lor ten cents more than a
fried meat ball. But the age likes to think it Is
eating turtle soup. It sounds rich, therefore
the veally counterfeit. I am going to eat a
Snanlsh omelet," continued the stranger.
Kilng the subject. The stranger gave ht.
ordergtoa colored waiter, who yawned and
tvifttpd his mustache. &od tho omclflt
brought. The ^itnuiger investigated the in
of the savory D36SS witn hii Ibrki and
on the end of the utensil prodnoed a m^broom.
"Look at this," he said, ^henheplckedatthe
appetising vegetable with his knife, **aP?3
on uie covering of sauce, aud began paring
Sampled I-""
In a decldely unvegetable The "PO""
er's eyes popped out on his cheeks.
"Wbatls ItV' he asked. , ..
"Dough," replied the stranger. -It js M old
trick Mushrooms are scarce and high. Htili
? kfrattmn* like to have the sensation ot order*
Kg mushrooms in that composition. l| Fl??
intromit un to the mushroom market they
would slandon the restaurant. So they us.
wouiu w harmless. I would advise the
nnjorietor to stick to dough, and not Indulge
Fn toadstools which ml^ht work injury.
Sr11" dlSnse??"Married or slngleT'^ltnem?
"*?inf^ Inwer bad an offer of marriage in
mv Ule-" and, if it is any interest to the oourtl
don't mind saying U
tor nearly 80 years." Counsel?"R-m. Tnat is
Si madame. There is no use trying to shake
Sdlrecttestlmon^rof as truthful a woman
as you are.?Puck.
Jaanlra Slav*' Bmk?rAk
UOTLL VKN KNOW THE* WELL, AMD UBOBOIA
IS LEAKM5U TO KNOW THE*.
Gmtxlk newspapers have drawn attention to
the fisct that Jamaica ginger has become quite
popular a? a beverage since the prohibitionists
captured the state, and the ginger drunkard to
becoming an Institution.
Tbe Hotel Mail says that while to the average
citizen the above Item may Appear incredible,
U) the bote) steward It In an old. old story: tht
ginger druukard Is an old anjuatntanoe. Some
time* it is tbe yard man or a waiter wlio ap
plies for "Just a iectle ginger?" but his best cus
tomers are among I he U'juaU employes ol the
hotel, and the constaut demand on the store
room for a "few drops" of ginger amounts In
the aggregate to no small Item of expense.
The v Beets of giuger on au habitual partaker
is much the same as the continual use ol ni> >r
phine, and the same cunning exists in the
manner of procuring it. and the peculiar
ghastly complexion produced by the use ot
morphine to Invariably present In the ginger
druukard.
The disease to more prevalent among scrub
women and laundry (Iris than chambermaids,
but when It does attack one ot the latter class
she will satisfy her craving by drinking the
cologne found In tbe rooms of absent patron*
rather than make too frequent demand* on the
housekeeper or steward lor giuger. one un
fortunate girl drank a mixture of Worcester
shlre sauce and alcohol for months, after hav
ing been refused a daily morning nip of Ja
maica ginger, and the strangest part of her
story was she was one of the best workers In
the hotel and had no other vices.
Canal Dlggtog KxtrMNIasrjr.
It to a rare thing that a steamer arrives
from the Isthmus of Panama without bringing
some witness to extravagance and Incapacity
in digging the canal. One of the latest is A. P.
Hmith, formerly of Haletn, who says that he
has walked over tbe whole course of fifty-four
miles. The portion of the canal completed Is
upon the eastern side, and Is 11 miles lu extent
through a level country mainly ol clay forma
tion. Here is a specimen of the work done In
Mr. Smith's words:
One of the many stupid expedients which tbe
canal company adopted lor holding the mud
was to put up an ordinary wooden fence, fas
tened with bamboo withes and stakes. Of
course lu a little while the pressure of the hall
liquid mud became too great lor tbe weak bar
rier to withstand, and down came fence, mud
and all into the canal a*;aln, to be once more
dredged out at an enormous expense. A yet
more curious state of things exists at places
further in shore, where other cuts have been
made by several dtflereul contractor*. There
have been no specifications lu these contracts
as to What shall be done with the earth alter K
has been excavated. W hat is the result of this
omission? The contractors simply load It ou
handcarts and run It back a ill lie way In the
cut which they have made and leave it there.
The consequence Is that all tills earth, all these
stumps and stones have to be excavated all
over again, to the immense profit of the con
tractors.
so*
How Bridal Veils are Worn.
Tbe manner of wearing tbe bridal veil now to
copied directly from royalty. Every one to
familiar with the arrangement of t^uoen Vic
toria's ever-present veil, and in this manner do
tbe brides of to-day fancy wearing tbem. It to
bunched slightly ou tbe top of tbe coiffure,
forming a coronet or cap, and thence falls back
over the train. This arrangement requires a
skillful hand aud lsgeneraily intrusted lo a mil
liner's manipulation. It is becoming to most
laces, but docs away with the traditional use of
the veil, which has always beeu to cover the
modest face of the inaideu, it being an old
time custom always to lift it as soon as lite
ceremony was performed. The bridal veil theu
was full ot significance; now it to merely an
ornament.
The Kick In the Collar.
From the Philadelphia News.
A queer thing about coats to the little V*
shaped nick iu the lapel by the shoulder. That
nick doesn't make the coat "set" any better. It
doesn't help the appearance of tbe coat in any
way, yet there that nick is in every irock coat
worn tbe world over. That has puzzled me lor
a long time, aud I have just found out tbe rea
son. When tbe First Napoleon first gave way
to bis ambition be tried to implicate tien. Mo
reau In Pichegru's conspiracy. Moreau had
been Napoleon's superior and was very popu
lar, but, under the circumstances, as Napoleon
was on top, it was not saie lo express publicly
any sympathy wilh Moreau; so ills admirers
quietly agreed to nick their coat lap|>els to
show who they were. If you look al the out
lines of your coat now you will see thai they
lorm an M-llke this ?. Moreau, by tbe way,
was exiled by Napoleon aud lived in Morrl*
ville in this slate. Is nt it queer that we should
ail be commemorating Moreau as we do without
knowing it?
The True Object of Free Pablle
Scheela.
C. F. Crehore In the Ciuzen.
The reasons for furnishing free education to
the Individuals composing a community will
vary in accordance with tbe idea upon which
tbe organization of that community Is based.
If the state (?e.g., tbe community acting us a
whole for a common purpose) Is a communistic
body, controlling and taking the proceeds of
the labor of eacli Individual to itself, it is evi
dently bound to provide him In return, not
only with free Instruction, but with free lood,
shelter, clothing, care in sickness and old age,
and, in short, with everything requisite to his
weil-being.
But our form of government wisely recognizes
the right of the individual to personal inde
pendence, with the right to lal>or lor his own
proper benefit, aud the duty to provide, tor him
self and those wbo are dependent upon him,
tbe essentials enumerated above, it also leaves
to blm the formation of organizations lor re
ligious and social purposes. It may be stated,
broadly, that the state only interferes with the
affairs of tbe individual, or assumes any part of
tbem, when It is necessary lo do so in order to
secure some benefit to itself; or, in other words,
to promote the welfare ot the whole.
Now, while tbe right of suffrage is accorded
to every citizen, practically giving to tbe ma
jority absolute control of state affaire. It is, evi
dently, of the greatest importance that be
i should be possessed of a general knowledge of
tbe principles upon which a proper couduct of
! such aflalr^s based, and ot their practical ap
1 plication. 9nd herein lies tbe reason for the
| establishment ot free public scbools. The state
I gives free instruction to all, in order that they
may be properly qualified to perform their civic
duties.
I It follows, then, that the course and method
of instruction should be adapted to secure the
i end iu view. The stale should receive its "quid
pro quo." The object of the establishment is
not, primarily, to quality tbe scholars lor ibe
practice of professions, for undertaking busi
ness operations, for private enus, or |?ersonal
emolument; It is only to enable tbem to exer
cise uuderslandingiy tbe duties of citizenship.
The proper preparation for this special In
struction involves the necessity of giving to
them a good geueral education, which will be
equally applicable to other and personal ob
jects, but it should ever be borne lu mlud that
these advantages are incidental lo, and not the
main object ot, the establishment. Tbe pupil
should be taught to realize that lie owes a debt
to the state tor bis education, which he is
bound iu honor to repay by, at the first, dilli
genlly learning and, subsequently, well aud
lailblully performing, hi6 civic duties.
Children'* Feet *nd Si
From Uood Housekeeping.
Too much cannot be said against the cruelty
of forcing children's feet into short and narrow
toed shoes. A man in a large and fashionable
shoe store said that he sometimes used all his
strength, that of a well-developed man, to force
large feet into small shoes, for grown folks, but
when he was requested by mothers to put shoes
too small on cbildren he objected. Many chil
dren, before they are 10 years old, have Incipient
corns, buuions and callouses, caused by the fool
ish pride or carelessness on tbe part of tbe
mothers. Many do not know that If a child's
foot is allowed to develop naturally, that when
ftilly developed It can wear wilh ease a much
smaller shoe than when crowded back and
forced out ol shape while growing so last. The
loot to one of tbe parts of tbe body that com
pletes Its growth early. The size of tbe feet of a
growing boy are sometimes noticeably large;
when the restot bis body has finished iu growth
tbe feet are proportionate. It a growing loot to
crowded Into short shoes the toes are pushed
back and become thick at the euds. They are
pressed up against the top of tbe shoe and corns
are made. They are enlarged at tbe great and
little toe tolnts, causing bunions, which are
more painlhl than corns. Narrow toed shoes
cause lapping of tbe toes,callouses and oorns,
especially on tbe side of the large toe and under
tbe widest part of the foot; In-growing toe-nails
are also produoed. Corns cannot be cured so
long as pressure is on tbem. Tbis must first be
removed. A man wbo suffered terribly with '
corns said he would do anything to cure them.
His friend said: "You are going up Into the
mountains; go barefooted this summer." He
did so, ana his feet were entirely cured.
Another cut the tops of the shoes away, leaving
tbe soles and the leather back ot the toe Joints
and toes.
From lbs Cleveland Plain-Dealer.
Tbe late Senator Miller, of California, wbo
was long reputed to be worth a couple of mil
lions, said to hare been made oat of his connec
tion with the Alaska Seal company, left an
estate which has Inventoried lees than
9200,000. It la very customary to overesti
mate the wealth of public men. and It Is rather
the rule than the ezceptlou, when a rich man
dies, that his estate to worth half tbe money
the public estimated him to be worth. A man
with #100,000 to generally placed at a quarter
of a million, and the man with *600,000 in tbe
public mind is always plaoed on the roll of
"millionaires." When the heirs come to else
up their respective portions they are always
disappointed and wonder where the balance of
the money went.
Mary Anderson is said to hare purchased a
?took ranch oat weet somewhere. Perhaps
Anderson intends to rawc an American iitock
oompany.?Chicago Rambler.
? man named Timothy Dwlght has lost
been elected president of Yale college. Hr is
said to be a man ol considerable ability, but Is
entirely unknowa In sporting ?? ? -
Asms.
interview with a Tun!
The Holland-Hlll-Devta tragedy In New Y<
WM t |TMt dMU bigger HDMllon la
any place else, and ioom of tha laa__ _
ii(?>be IbttDd there which kM MW yet ka?
pnbllnhrd. There 1> no doubt bat that both
men knew what they had to ?apart, bat both
were plucky, Holland being a youtig saloon
keeper who had seen trouble, ano Htll a town
marshal who had very (laky duties to parfo m.
The event wan the outooma of a eorrsspood
enoe begun aouie time before*. A mtrthtal
named Johnson had received a circular from
lavli oflbrlni flO,(MK) tor |500. Ma o?p?la>ly
threw it over U> a young lawyer. an?l tka Ut
ter remarking that ha would have aom* fun
out of it. put ft In bis pocket. With Holland
and Htll and a teoond young lawyer be opened
up a oorrespondenoe. I?avia,f\>rwarded aampla
bills, genuine, and arrangements were
made to take 910,000, but In tha mean
time the second young lawyer wai dropped.
The original lawyer lea fur Washington on
political matters soon alter, but In reality be
weut to New York and dropped 06OO. Hrlura*
ing. Holland and HUl prepared to try their
luck, and lea for New York to beat Hevis at hta
game or nee how he played 11 That Is the true
inwardness ot the whole aflatr. While both
Holland and Htll escaped. It has proven a very
unfortunate aflfctr for them. Hill, who Is mar*
rted Into a good family. Is out of a position and
rather brokcu Tup. He did Hot ask for a re
el ecu on, as his friends knew be oould not get IU
Holland was worth tlO.(MH) to arj.OOO. and I*
now worth probably 91,000. He spent 91,boo
to And out how the game was played aud the
balance In bis trial. He Is also looking arouud
for aome place to settle. He was offered an en
gagcmeul in a big dime museum at 9&OU a
week, but refused It. He Is a very hlgb-tooe4
sort o( a fellow, belonging to a good family, and
says he will never oouaent to making a chow of
himself. He used to be In the dry-goods buafr
?Wh
Tka Infant King of Ipsls.
Madrid littler to the Loodo* I tally Nsws.
It Is not etiquette for a queen of Spain toi?._
her own child, and Matia Christina has always
been deprived of this pleasure. She wlatted to
nurse her first, little Mercedes,and begged bard
to be allowed to do so, but It was not considered
to be " the thing." aud she had to give bar up
with a sigh Vu a mountain " ama' inutee) so
swarthy and dark that they called her in the
eilai-e "La African*." Tne two little princesses,
ercedes and lereaa.were delighted to have a
little brother, aud asked their Lug I is h nurso
" who had sent him." They were qnite satis
rted when she said "their papa froui heavea
had." The little girls wauted the baity and the
new "ama' to share their pretty aitarlmen is;
hut this oould not be, as the king of npaln must
have his separate household, with a boat of
ay as, nurse*, chamberlains, and a magnificent
suite ot rooms were ready for him close to his
royal mother's. The uew kiug is a healthy babe.
He is vary dark, and showed strength by erying
loudly duriug his presentation, mu<;h to Don
Mateo Prasceides Hagastas discomfort. The
layette ot the little king is very simple. Ha
even uses many Utile things that have balooaed
to his sisters before htm. Maria ChrtoUaa la
fond of simplicity, and odea of an evening of
late she has made small gartuanta fat bar child:
so have her aUlera-iu-law, the lahataa laabei
aud Lulalta.
?>s . ?
Cava Md tsstsiyUsa.
A Parts letter says. "The council of health
has reported lu flavor of the expulsion of alt
dairy cows from Parts, and only the toleration
ot a very lew, the owners ot which own show
exceptional conditions of salubrity. There are
upward of 6,000 of these animals Id the capi
tal, and they are lound to be a prolific source of
pulmouary consumption. The nallk of a great
number of them was alive with lh? bacillus
which wastes the tissues of oowa and human
beings attacked with phthisis. A sy ndloaie of
dairymen who have taken stables which they
use for byres on long leases cry out li. the name
of vested rights against the hardship of their
business being broken up and no cotuuaasslloa
granted. It has boeu suggested that M. Pasteur
might itnd a mennb of subduing phthisis, and
thua rendering it safe to drink the milk which
Is drawu from cowt.keptlncouflusiJH.nl, The
council of health has, however, turned a deaf
ear to the suggestion, and will ooui.nue to do
? t
Wfcjr Am Aeler Rafai
A MEMORY WHICH WOULD HOT K.X8POND At
THE CALL or 11 KAN 11V.
From a Ban Francisco letter.
tsherldan, the actor, paid ua a brief visit. Ha
came quietly, and as quietly slipped back to
Australia, Mierldan'a habits have undergone
a complete chauge. It is a matter of public
knowledge that few men who trod the boards
were such abnormal tipplers as that talented
tragedian. But he looks upon ths wine no
more. He la a model of sobriety, and his ap
pearance Is infinitely Improved by tb>; fortunate
change. Few kuow how the reformation came
about. I had it from hla own lips.
" One afternoon," aaid the actor, " I was aa
the stage at rehearsal. The play was 'King
Lear,' tne lines of which I am as familiar with
as y ou are with the Lord's prayer. I oame on,
but Judge of my dismay and astonishment
wiieu 1 found that 1 oould not remember a single
phrase or speech in lb* part, 1 seut the oali
boy niter a bottle of brandy, took a ooupls at
drinks aud tried it again. The result wa? the
same. My memory was blank. Thea I slipped
back to my dressiug-room, took down a book
ot familiar recitations, and tried one which I
had kuown for years aud declaimed, I might say
without exaggeration, not less than a hundred
times. Not a line of It could I remember. 1
tried more braudy but my memory continued
blank. 1 was terribly shocked. It seemed to
me that 1 was forever ruined, and that my pro
fession had slipped out of my grasp, and this
was ihe Itegiuuiug of imbecility, and that I
should wind up lu the lunatic asylum. I rushed
from ihe theater. Jumped into a hack, and
directed the dilver to take me to the office of a
doctor lu wboiu I had the utmost confidence,
and who had often braced me up when ener
vated from the effect* of a prolonged sprw.
The fact that 1 could remember the uumlier of
his room filled me with inexpressible delight.
1 felt that there was yet some shred of intellect
lea and that all was not lost. He fold me not
to be alarmed; that my brain was not seriously
a fleeted, and promised that I should be ail
right within a mouth. But only on one condi
tion, aud that was absolute aud rigid absti
nence. 1 followed hla advice, though It was m
hard pull at tbe beginning, aud you ?ee ine
uow better than 1 have been for many a day."
And he looked It. The crimson nose, bis
striking feature, was toned down so that 11 tils
of the old flash remained. Hts eyes were dear
and bright, aud he seemed in every
new man,
The Law ef ( Isk
From tba New York World.
Mr. Joseph F. Lou bat bat galaed his salt
against the Union Club. The general term of
the supreme court baa decided that tbe plain
tiff ?a> not legally expelled and henee restrains
the club from en forcing the resolution of ex
pulsion. The decision does not deny tbe right
of a social club of gentlemen to gel r.d of a per
son with whom they do not desire to associate.
But the ooustltuliou and by-laws ol such an
association have the force of lawa aud every
member who Joina, Iteoause he is protected by
them, is entitled to demand that tbey shall be
observed in all matters iu which his Interests
are Involved. The Union Club's ooustlluiion
and by-laws provide that no member shall be
expelled without a trial aud an opportunity to
be heard aud not then without a two-thirds
vote of the governing committee. Mr. L<oubat
was expelled without a trial aud not by a two
tuirds vole ol ihe wnole committee.
decision In his favor.
Ob bird of mine, with drooping wing.
Whence all these notes of sorrow?
Thy song but yesterday was glad.
And 'twill be gay to-morrow.
Know'st thou not that woe and btiaa
Hold each alike attraction?
That souls as well as matter bow
To one law of reaction?
One ueeds must grieve, nor knows
That every note of sadnsaa.
Has hidden iu his being * depth
Its counterpart of gladness.
O, human soul. In darkaeaa now.
All hope aud comfort scorning,
But wait, aud lu! within thy sight.
The golden bars of mornuig'
Ilea.
A man must not expect to live In clover
simply because he marries a grasa widow.?
Hvton Jtulletin.
"Tbe doctor said he'd pat me on my feet again
in two weeks."
-Well, didn't he do ttf"
"He, did, Indeed. I had to sell my bone aad
buggy to foot his bill."
"And you've been footing ltever sinoef"
"Precisely."
It la suggested that tbe Knights of Labor
petition Congress to make thirty Inchea a yard
and fix house rent at 94 a month. Lawa can
do anything, yon kuow; or if you don't
tbe Knights do.?PhaiadetpMa (ML
Tbe real fisheries question?la there
Ing left m tbe pocket flask?
JJerald.
No bald-headed men are enlisted now. It
aggravates tbe Indiana.?SaakoilU Union.
"Is your son going to beoomea fhrmeit"
ssked Mrs. Blank of Mia. Oatsa. -Why, lor
bless you, no," replied the latter. "My eon Is a
graduate of the state Agricultur^wUeje^sjad
Eas no lntanUoolof adopting i
A'omMotim JieraUL
Love Is as much of aa accident aa a potato
plant growing between the bricks of
garden walk. It dinars, however, fruau i
plant, bocauae If you Jerk It op It doe
but Just walks arooad oa Its roots.?Ji
Leather Reporter.
"Are yon having a pleasant timer" ?
lady of a little miss at a fashionable cblldiwa's
party. "Delightful, tbaaks." "And will
papa and mamma eomelateiT" -Oh ?
papa and mamma aad I don't bale-"
same sat".?Uarpm*a JUyar.
The Macon IWmpk says that all
stump speech by Oea. Gordon, who 1 _ _
governor of Oeorgia, a countryman who bad
listened carefully was heard to mumble to
himselfi "Well! He did all tbe figbUa' end aria'
tbe war, he whipped all tba Yankee^ he saead
Oeorgy an' Sooth Uartlay aa' Ftortdjr aa' Lsaa
syany an' ths rest of tbe states, aa' as btfllt all
the railroads by hlsaetf. That fallow
real, an' 1 ain't for crowdln' tba
onto him. Bacon Is ' ?
asntna to want to do ac ,
better let him try It awhUa.'

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