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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 16, 1887, Image 2

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CITY AND DISTRICT.
THE PERSPIRING CLERKS.
? l'H|H la Government Offices mm
to Skirt Sleeve*.
Bed Cloud's Title.
giorx ARB 00VERXED?RED CLOCD THE
CHIEF OVLV OK ONK BAND.
To tbo Editor of tho fcvEsisa Star:
la your reference to the Indian Ked cloud's reply
to Senator Dawes, In last Saturday's Issue. you
speak of turn as chief of the "Sioux Nation," which
is an error. Ked Cloud was never clilef of the
Nation, even when under the rule of one person,
long since done away with. In 1M67-6H the Sioux
Nation, so-called, about 50,000Indians,wasdlvided
Into several Independent bands, ea< u having a
head chief; one ot thera was Ked Cloud. At tuat
Une bis band and so mo others were at war with
IV United states, ana a peace commission was
created by act of the national Congress to meet all
the Sioux in council for a lust ana final settlement
of matters ot difference, l was a member of that
commission. In councils held wltu them they
complained tb&t the great cau.->e of their troubles
among themselves and witn our government and
people was their division into several bands, each
having a chief who was jealous of all the otners,
often resulting in murder and war. "They did not
want chiefs, but something better?to be one
people, with a council or committee at eat a
agency, to represent and do their business lor
them." This was provided for by the commission
having them ail sign the same treaty, with the
clear understanding that therealur there were to
be no more chiefs, but counclimen. K--d Cloud,
with the rest, assented and signed the agreement.
Unfortunately, some years afterward the blunder
was committed ot attempting to nia^e Spotted
Tall bead chief, but It never succeeded; he was
repudiated by some ot the bands or settlements,
and at last was waylaid and murdered by a rival,
who wanted the place. Muce then no further at
tempt has been made in that direction by any one
able to bring It about.
There are, however, among the Sioux, as among
other Indiana, a small but aggressive minority?
non-progressives; anarchists in fact, who are de
termined to perpetuate the old order ot things?
the savage manners and customs of their ances
tor*. Among the \ankton Sioux they claim
"Btrlke the Kea" as tnelr "God-appointed" chief
tain; the Oggailala Sioux, MKed Cioud," *c. When
Med Cloud was In this city a tew years ago he was
cruelly advised and induced by pretended Irtends
to falsely assert himself as chief of the sioux na
tion and to demand ot the authorities the restora
tion to his people ot the bloody and degrading
"Sua Dance." &. F. T.
It is bettered that when the next theatrical sea
son opens high hats will be worn at the play or
open only by ladta* ot twenty-five or over. All
uaoer that age wia wear pretty Utile bonnet* or
Jow-crowneu *"""
*o nrtrtti rct.s roixowrp otter thb r**s*!*T
ADJUKTSTRATieW?THE DCSTER SCHEME?ATTITCDB
OK TUB HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS ON TUM QUES
TION ?RATtTRD A Y BARI T CLOSINO.
??Myl aini It hot?" Of course It Is; everybody
knows that, and everybody Is hot. There are
some people who cherish tbe delusion tnat they
are a little bit hotter than anybody else In the
world. They are willing to acknowledge that there
may have been other hotter days In the many
years since the creation of the earth, and that
during that long period there have been members I
of tbe human family who have been somewhat
warm. But still they have an Idea that there |
never bas been a day quite so hot as yesterday or !
tbe day before, or some day last week, and what Is j
, they are convinced that no one, since the ,
began to shine upon this planet, ever felt the
beat qnlt* as much as they do. Their experience
of hot weather Is something novel and unique,
and stands entirely apart and alone In tbe aggre
rated experience of tiie human family. Cod tart
vir h a person of this kind on a real warm day Is
One of the most aggravating Incidents of life.
They are more exasi>eratlng than an unexpected
bent pin lntheseatof a chair, or the wasp who
ban. uninvited, sought the cool retreat which a
manis leg affords. They make everybody feel
twice as warm as the weather really Justifies, and
they Insist upon betnif uncomfortable out loud.
One such a person In a room full of clerks In one
of the Government Departments will leaven the
whole mass. There Is no escaping from her or
him, as the case may be. If some good-natured
soul doubts whether it is as hot after all as every
feody says it is, this
rRontrr or hot wfatttyr
the thermoiaetrlc readings at the end of bis
tongue, and crushes charitable supposition with
the iron heel of stern fact. If she is a woman acd
Jont read the newspapers, then she keeps her own
thermometers and fortifies herself with the lac's
which are calculated to Justify her efforts to ln
srease her own unhapplness, and make everybody
?is* uncomfortable. SO the warm weather Is
bound tqrtlnd an entrance to the Department
building'although they are so constructed, as a
rule, to exclude, so tar as practicable, the heat of
the sun. The great stone buudlngs, with their
wide corridors and ample doorways and window^
tbe latter shaded by awnings, are cool workshops,
U there Is an* such a place in this latitude durlu*
tbe hot weather. It must be admitted that these
buiMlngs do get warmed up after a while, and
'.ben the clerks adopt their warm-weather tactics,
joats and vests come off, and so do collars and
neckties.
thx nrm* trick.
Sometimes s clerk adopts the happy device of
wearing a long linen duster, which, when but
toned up, satisfies the proprieties, but arouses the
suspicion that it constitutes the cleric's entire out
fit, with the exception of the shoes and stockings
But this outward conformity to propriety Is neces
sary because the ladles who are In the same
room sometimes object to shirt sleeves; and then,
a* tin, a head of a Department regards theseml
uadress as incompatible wish the dignity ot the
office, and so the clerks are compelled to wear
coats, and envy other clerks employed In offices
where Ideas are not quite so rigid.
THR STAT* DEPARTMENT.
"In the State Department," observed a costless
clerk, who was tilted back In his chair with his
feet on the desk, chatting about hot weather regu
lations, "in the state Department the clcrks have
t.v-ir undershirts starched, and the atmosphere
I , su chilly that they wear their winter clothes all
summer."
"But did von ever notice," he went on, "how
nice tue ladies look In summer. The cool white
dresses, with lit tie holes all around the neck and
arms, where the gentle zephyrs can steal In and
out. My eves! but dont tney look nice," and bis
eyes closed, and he rocked hlmselt In a sort of
gentle ecstacy. ,
Th'-re is no general regulation In the several i
Departments lh regard to thesummer attire of the j
tlrrks, and the absorbing question of coats or no i
costs has never N*en authoritatively passed upon. '
In this matter the comfort ot the clerks is subject
to the local Influences of either t he ladles In the
room or the fancy of tha chief of the bureau or tbe
division.
THB rOSITTOM or THE ADMINISTRATION.
Owing to this unsettled condition of affairs and
tbe absence of any recognized ruling there is occa
sionally some friction when a clerk, goaded to
desperation by the heat, defies precedents and
btrlps himself to the lowest notch of what Is re
garded as respectable. In order to ascertain
whether this A'lmlnistratlon proposed to place
Itself on record on this uuestlon a Star reporter
consulted some of the authorities.
Attorney-t*eneral Garland, who, as the law
officer of the Government, would probably be
called upon to consider this matter, was not Inter
viewed for the reason that official etiquette would
forbid him to discuss a matter which was likely to
come before him In his capacity as law adviser ot
the Government. A Star reporter, however, con
versed with a messenger ot the office, and he
learned trom him that "the old man" was known
to take off his coat on a warm day and sit down to
his desk In his shirt-sleeves, and tackle legal ques
tions just as if he was in his own office at Hominy
pun From this fact an Inference might be drawn
as to the Attorney General s attitude on this ques
tion.
As tbe differences of opinion on this subject
among tbe clerks in the Departments have at
times created situations which closely bordered
upon a srare of war. It was thought that the
opinion of the head of the War Department would
be of value, on his way to the secretary's door
tbe reporter asked one of the colored attendants
II the Secretary sat In his shirt sleeves during
office houra. It seemed as it tbe man bad sud
denly seen a ghost, his lower Jaw fell, his knees
trembled, and then his teeth fr-gan to chatter.
Fearing ' hat th?? man would never recover, and
not wishing to be considered a party to his ueath.
tbe reporter hurried away, at the same time
wondering If the quest ton had such a demoralizing
effect upon a mere messenger how It would have
affected the secretary.
AM INTERVIEW WTTH MR. VILA3.
The Post-Office Department Is said to come
nearer to the people in their private affairs than
any other Department of the Government, and so
the inquirer thought that the Postmaster General
might Know something about the matter. Taking
counsel from past experience he said nothing to
any of the subordinates, but went directly to the
postmaster General himself. After the usual pre
liminaries about the weather for the past few
days and the prospect of a change, together with
Mxne allusions to the predictions of the Weather
Bureau, the reporter finally, as he saw that the
attention of Mr. Vilas was becoming absorbed in
the papers on the desk before him, asked:
"What Is your opinion ot the propriety of the
clerks going without tnelr coats during office
hours?"
"I think." said Mr. Vilas, looking up quickly and
talking with unusual animation, "tnat if the
President will only come that the people of Wis
consin will give him a cordial and hearty wel
come."
The visitor was considerably astonished, but
attributed this unexpected reply to the great In
terest which the Postmaste'-General takes In the
president s proposed western trip, and was about
to remind him that the question had not been an
swered when a Congressman walked In with a
retinue ot constituents, and the interview came to
an end.
ran fATTRDAT EARLY CLOSING SENTtMENT.
From the above It may be concluded that this
question eitner Is or Is not being considered by
;he authorities, and In the meantime the clerks
will probably continue to wear as tew clothes as
poedb us during the hot weather when ever they
are given a chance to follow tbelr inclinations,
perhaps what they would regard as a more im
portant matter. Is the question whether the
authorities can be prevailed upon to cIomj the de
partments at 3 o'clock on Saturday during the
heated term. In the days of the Hayes' adminis
tration Saturday was partially a holiday, and
many of the c'.erk3 remember that time with
longings for its return. There has been uo move
made as yet to bring this about, but It is fre
quently the suaject ol conversation in the various
Departments.
*o?
SOLDIERS It RUSSET LEGGINGS.
Nearly- Fourteen Hundred ^len En
rolled In (be District militia.
HOW THE WORK OF ORGANIZATION PROGRESSES?GEN.
ordway well satisfied?seven battalion's to
BE FORMED?THE CNIF0R* ADOPTED?THE OROAN
IMATIONS MUSTERED IV.
When a Stab reporter asked Gen. Ordway the
other day what he thought of the District mllltla,
tho general leaned back from his desk, which was
co\ ere<l with mllltla papers and with a thor
oughly satisfied expression of countenance said ?
"The prospects couldn't be better. We have the
undivided support of the executive branch of the
Government, from the President down, and every
th.ng possible is being done to give us a good
stable foundation from which to start. Besides,
tne Washington public has manifested an active
Interest In the National Guard beyond my
expectations. With the support of the
Government and the public, nothing more
coukl be wished. The onlv thlnsr I
ara fearful of now is that I win be unable to meet
Po don^w* h?* ^ givat deal of har(1 work 13
to be done, tte have to commence rlirht from the
thtn^u^n upth,> National Guard. Every
In done on strictly military principles,
mofteachlne, training, and syste
!l ^necessary before our io< al mllltla
can run Itself. The first thing necessary after the
reorganization Wu8 authorized w^ to get the
n0li"? nDn,tl'% and ln thl* respect we
itat^^m,o1*h,yOTt7eHSful- AU o: the estab
lls!*a military organizations, with onlv two ex
? kL readlly l'ame in. and these, together wit h
the new companies formed since reorganization,
make a verj respectable National Guard."
ORGANIZATIONS mistered in.
"Who have thus far Joined 7"' asked the reporter.
"Here are the names," he replied, reading from
a paper he selected from the mass of documents
about him. " Washington Light infantrv corns,
four companies. Major W.G.Moore; Union Vetel
SiQ?Srt?>!JinJaLe()mp'A117' Capt* M* ?? Uf 'H; Custer
ThiV^ a n?w0m,,i,ny' CaPr- w- A* Kutherford.
v?f.fr.!2a yl- company, formed by the sons of
Danv ri'nt wwTm Continentals, one corn
,^pi; V/ inamet Guards, one com
pany Capt. W. H. Murphy; Columbia Rifles, one
compaiiy, Capt. Henry F. Fosten. This is a new
compan>, formed by young men of the flrst ward.
?ar? young mechanics, about twentv or
yeare ?f. age, and give promise of be
coming a crack military organization. Corcoran
Cadets, one company, capt. E. r. Edwards; Ord
wav Rifles, one company, Capt. Argvle Mackav a
we.^ ??rla l0D tonnetl ?? Capitol Hill; National
ben< lbles, one company, Capt. E. s. Doiner, a new
company formed from tin* National Rifle Cadet
corps and some of the National Rifles; and the
Lo*an Guards, one company, Capt.S.E. Thomason
u!so.a?ew organization. This completes the list
rho f orKaDlzatlous that have been mustered lu
lhe colored contingent consists of the Butler
Zouaves or usrht infantry, two companies. Major
^:^* ? < ashlngton Cadet Corps, four com
;MuJ?r C. A. Fleetwood, and Capital citv
m ,UiU1 ""npanles Major S. C. Revells. This
makes the National Guard, as at Dresent
?nrtStinU^' C(^,st ol th'rteen white companies
??? ? Sk001""^ a company must con
sist of not less than thirty-seven men and not more
than a hundred. That would give us about H50
men with the companies as small as allowed. The
Washington Cadets have 250 over that limit, the
i 'nfantrjr about 165. and the capital City
Boards so that the District mllltla to-day is
composed of about 1,350 men. Three new white
'^#are 'ormed. wh?ch will make the
colored/* orS*nizations sixteen white and ten
OROrPED INTO BATTALIONS.
??now are you goln? to group them Into bat
talions?" asked the reporter.
"My present plan," replied Gen. Ordway, "Is to
^OMjredfVe t!ip 1 u-1!0?flD,aU* rf?ur wh,t0 and three
Oioreti. The Washington Light Infantrv win
form the first battalion. The second battalion will
consist of thelnlon Veteran Corps, 1st company*
ind t he custer Guards. The Continentals. Emmet
^arts, and the Columbia Rifles wm constitute
?Ue third battalion. The fourth battalion will in
clude the Corcoran Cadets. Ordway Rifles. National
(?cnclbles, and Logan Guards. You see the second
jattahon win have but two compSs a^d the
hlrd battalion but three, % that the
new companies being formed can b?
placed ln those battalions. The Butler Zouaves.
2S???2WL.wlUtonBlhe ?th battalion (.-oU
^i^edl, the Washington Cadets the oth battalion
if rr>'n^ an<?* Capital city Guards, the 7th
.h ^hVu (colored>- Y?u see that if each company
Jhould increase to the limit of one hundred men to
a<.h company, and each of the seven battalions
should consist of four companies, the District mill
.la would consist of 2,soo troops. It is not e*.
jected that It wiu reach that size, at least in the
sear future, but provision will be made for that
lumber. I have nothing to do with tne organlza
. ons^ except as mllltla. Tney can retain thet?dii
inctive names and uniforms, and can parade as
he Washington Light Infantry, Continentals or
:apiui city Guarus, and wear all the gold lace
ind feathers they wish, but when they are ordered
vlUt,a Uiey W1U UQ'formed al?ke, and
Tuch^Sf ??mpallle3SO ^^olsuch and
THE FNIF0RM.
"How about the unlform?";asked the reporter
"The uniform win consist of the Army regulation
atlgue uniform, with the addition of russet leather
egglngs, such as naval landing parties yvear and
n my estimation, it will be as natty and attractive
uniform as can be found. I presume the uniforms
rill cost about $7 a piece. They win be Issued
won as possible and as far as possible, first to
.hose who need them most. The allotment for
he District mllltla for the present fiscal year
and tfl,s becaine available
>n the first of July. Of course It would be unwise
rlght^tthestan."1? T6ar S1111011116111 ror uniforms
th* effect or the national drill.
"What effect did the National Drill have on the
District mllltla?"
"A very salutary effect," was the reply ?it
the lateQt military spirit
end there has been the most active interest disl
played in military matters since then, n^t on. v
imong b<'ys, but among young men of* an a^f ro
ooake the very best solfierst The?Lw h"re mii?
la ??!?Panle3 trom all over the country- ihev
ht^we^rea^ ?n7 Wer>i organlz^ und h ov
?ney treated, and saw the advantages to hp
rained from belonging to sucli oriraniz iti??n * ur> \
K i? 11116 chanee was offered them they accented
t without hesitation. I expect, that thTSt iS
fal{TSlWLmDrb,'r three ^undreS men
oeiore rail, i am to muster In thlrrv new
S ls,aanha.mn?^a?lzul0n ^nlgh^ f know
. Impression among many Deonle
that the majority of the companies that tiiok
part In the National Drill were aetached and lnde.
pendent organizations and did not form a Dart of
milma of the States from wht^ they
mistake. The only lndei^ndent
companies present, except those fromthf^tS
Zouave^ aiwht,^htL,lf^,Infantrjr ana tlie Keck
auard5^ others belonged to the National
NO LEGISLATION NECEaSART.
"There is another wrong Impression ln the minds
>f some," said General Ordway, "that there is
some Congressional legislation needed before the
District National Guard can be firmlv established
ind that the present reorganl/afion is teinwfa^
In character, which is intended to be authorized
Oy Congress next, session. There never was a hkT
rfr?n fK"e- lbe i,tstrlct National Gu^rd can e..:
The Pres^de^r^h-d ^'11l.hout a P^r?cle of legislation.
had full power to or/iinlze the rn<_
trlct mllltla as he did. The mat^r was rvferr^d
to the law officers of the Government and w is
sanctioned by them. Action w?s tSken unTier
? conferred by the law of iktkl in the He
rbed Statutes relatlne to the District of colm?
4i, Chapter 37 of tliese Statutes contains iru
?H? touching the District mllltla, and ^vS
Action rei1i^"^caliy.,o v?luntetTcompanies!
when J rbe PreaWent ahalL
wnen he may deem it necessary ..n
point the proper officers to compose at least
on. troop ofcavairy, one companv of artlllerv one
company of light Infantry, Ind one coSnv of
grenadiers or lirtemen to each legion which ofll
rh^8?ai. proow<1 by volunteer enllstmeiit within"
their legion, to complete their companies with the
least pos,ible delay." it makes no different what
a legion is, or that there are no grenadl^raJ No
^mHaM?n 13 under that law. wimt we
would like and what we expect. Is that conuxeva
will furnish us some help, not ln organi/in" but in
supporting the National Guard, S maWn- some
^Vn.? appropriation ror the mllltla or the DiZ
iSirvci! sk d,. tor'sss
THE RETENTION OF ARMS.
"The question of the retention or arms Is another
matter that seems to be misunderstood. There
was no authority of law by which the Sec retary of
^\ve S^ted the requests of the Na
tional Rlflt.s and the old Guard, lie would have
no more right to loan them arms on their boSdl
than the Secretary of the Treasury would have to
loan moueyoutof the Treasury vaults No exe
cutive officer of the Government can dispose of
Oovernmeut property wituout authority of^w
Arms issued to mllltla companies must be chanred
against the mlUtia appropriation But in ^he
c ls,-s in question there was nothing to chawe the
arms to, and if the requests had b&nVraffi the
isstosss;-uw "?wct^RKS'Ss:
.rmL?,w that the '?cal companies were given
"SfJ? V"L 1Placer' a-ted THE j>tar man.
By a stretch of executive authority " was rh?
reply. -Really it was a violation or law but l!
Z%L2Paa*~* ,n whlcl1 tbe authorities felt
Justified ln using discretion, I presume There
was no regular District mllltla,^andyetthere were
wnV?h?^rV^ millta'Tr companies in fS
^plro' mllltla, and as such orl
gunl..ations were deemed necessary the arms were
S l?.lUem " mha* Place of the Nation^
1 "Wis no such plausible excuse now
1 he authorized Nation.il Guard Is now in exist-"
is entitled to arms, while any organlza
clloosesi not to Join the National Guard
thl enist^i m?m"led 10 the PrtvUegea att-ord^
a tn^nger entered and hand^ Gen.
S^D&AaKL0'tae nrstgeneral oraeri0t
the first general orders.
They were as follows, ail being properly signed:
General orders,!
Na l i&)
th?aumL^L,<i?.!"Inl*!?P^ed by ll?e President of
.?!! ?U;s a3 Brigadier-General of the
aume command.1Ct ?l ColuulWa.1 bereby as
Brigadler-General Commanding.
0eDTaTere'} (July a,
Bioued^hv^ha*^? officers having been commls
the Sl4fl^or^^?fl?en50f l??e United States on
wiu be oheveii Uie District of Columbia,
HeniV i!-tccordlngly: Jiajw
K quartermaster-general; Major
j^e vi ^fTolV ?d*ocate general;
brAcuL"e uZr)i; inspector general of rifle
practice, Major Joshua o. Stanton, surgeon-gen
1 eral; Capt. Cecil Clay, aide-de-camp; Capt. Eddy
B. Townsend, aide-de-camp.
IL First Lieut. John Blgelow, U. S- Army, hav
ing been assigned to perforin the duties ol adju
tant-general or the District of Columbia, will act
In that capacity, with the rank of lieutenant-col
onel, and win be obeyed and respected accord
ingly.
III. capt. Cecil Clay, A. D. C.t is hereby assigned
to temporary duty as adjutant-general during the
absence of acting Lieut. -CoL Blgelow.
General Orders,) ,j.llT
No. a / vJniy 12.) n
Major Joseph K. McCammon, Judge advocate
general, Is herebv detailed to perform the duties
\ of mustering oftloer of the volunteer militia. He
| will attend at his office, 1420 F street, every Wed
i nesday and Thursday, from 4 to 6 o'clock p.m., for
the purpose or mustering recruits. Commanding
officers will instruct recruits to present themselves
| for muster, with enlistment papers properly ihade
I out and signed In duplicate. ?
o*n. ordwat's plans.
Gen. Ordway concluded by saying that before he
sailed for Europe he hoped to have the District
National Guard In full running order. Company
books and blanks are now being prepared to make
returns In true military style. In the fall he in
tends to devote considerable attention to the
training of his men In rifle shooting. Shooting
galleries will be erected In the irmorles, and the
men will not only practice rifle shooting but will
j be thoroughly trained.
NEW CHURCH BUILDINGS.
Improvements in Program or Con
templated bjr Catholics on Capitol
Hill.
Last April a fair was held under the direction of
Father Schmltt, pastor of St. Joseph's church,
corner 2d and C streets northeast, for the purpose
of raising a fund for the erection of a new pa
rochlal school building. Through the vigorous en
deavors of the managers the sum of $12,200 was
realized, which was immediately utilized toward
the proposed object. The new building, for which
Mr. Isaac Beers Is the contractor, and which will
be completed by September 1, is a two-story
brick structure of a very handsome design, and
consists of four large school rooms on the first
floor, while the upper floor will be finished as a
large hall. The brick work is now fully completed.
Tills school is under the management of the sisters
of Notre D.ime. Sister Mary Theodosla is the
mother superior.
In addition to this Improvement the priests pro
post to erect a new church building, or rather to
complete the erection of the building which for
several years has stood in an unfinished condition.
When the fund was exhausted the walls had
reached a height of but 15 feet above the ground
and a temporary roof was constructed over these,
the services being held partly below the street
level. The proposed building will cost about
*15,000, which sum will be raised by contributions
from the parishioners, and will probably be com
menced during the coming fall or early next
spring.
on the comer of 2d and C streets southeast
stands the church of St. Peter, Kev. Father De
fine. a solid-looking structure, to all appearances
good ror years to come. But this, like many other
Catholic churches or the city, Is being rapidly out
grown by its congregation, now numbering con
siderably over 3,500, and in consequence plans are
being considered by which the old building may
be replaced by a new one, more adequate to the
needs or those who worship therein. Nothing Is
as yet definitely decided upon, although collec
tions are being rapidly made on the monthly In
stalment system. It Is, however, certain that a
new building will be erected on the present site.
PAINT AND POWDER.
How tbe Care of tbe Complexion lifts
Become a Fine Art.
THB REVELATION'S OF A DKCO CLEKK?THB USB OF
COSMETICS ? THE OLD WAT OF FRESCOING THE
CHEEKS DONE AWAT?DOW NATURE IS RIVALLKD
BY WOMEN WHO HAVB STUDIED TUB ART.
A stylishly dressed young lady, accompanied by
a black-and-yellow dog, sauntered Into a West
End drug-store the other day with a hot-weather
languor in her manner. She stopped in front of
the soda fountain and read over the list of sirups.
Then, while other customers were getting their
fizzling drinks, she became Interested In the tooth
brushes and combs In the glass case. The cigar
case then attracted her attention, and Bhe wan
dered on from there to the high case full of per
fumes. She looked long and with a languid In
terest at all the faucy bottles, the
plush boxes and the Ivory brushes. The
pictures on the lids of cigar cases were examined <
with a critical eye. Sne puzzled over the ouu
laudlsh Latin names and abbreviations on the big
bottles on the shelves, and was Interested in the
coils of rubber tubing and little steel scissors and
tweezers in the round-topped glass case. From
one thing to another she browsed about until she
got to the back end of the store away from every
body. Then she leaned over the counter and said
something lu an undertone to the drug clerk, and
then at once became much Interested In the tooth 1
brush case. When a moment afterward the clerk
handed her a small parcel she hurried out with the
smiling remark that she was going to take part In
some private theatricals.
WHAT THE DRUO CLKRK SAID.
A Star reporter, who happened by, turned a look
of Inquiry upon the clerk, who responded with the
one word under his breath.
"Paint."
"She has been here may be a hundred times
before," he added, "and she always does the
same thing. In fact, she is only one of a
hundred. They all go through the same
form. They know Just what they want
and what the price Is. They come In and work
their way down here and then throw their money
ou the counter and whisper the name of the rouge
they want. They always turn off to something
else while It Is being put up. You will probably not
findone woman out or a thousand who does not use
some sort or face powder. The use or it Is so com
mon that they do not mind coming up boldly aud
asking tor It. Many men even do not hesitate to
buy it and discuss its merits berore making a pur
chase. It Is different with paint. More women
use paint now than ever before In the history or
the world. Nearly all the young ladles who are
regarded as beauties In society use It. Yet they
are all alike about buying. They do not want any
one to see them make the purchase or to know
that they hafe such a thing among their toilet
articles. It Is tbe hardest thing in tne world to In
troduce a new cosmetic, because they won't let
efen the drusjglst talk to them about It. They
never come up to the case and ask what is best ror
the complexion, or what Is the latest, and does the
druggist recommend it. They would not
compromise thtjlr complexions to that ex
tent. The druggist dare not make a
suggestion. It is delicate business. Now nere Is
a new rouge, which, I presume, is the most natural
that lias ever been made. It is about pertect. You
cannot distinguish it. I have had it in my store
ror several weeks ror the purpose ot introducing
It, and you are the first person I have had an op
portunity to show it to."' As he spoke he took from
the case a little gilded shell. Inside of which was a
delicate carmine paste, lie rubbed some over his
hand, and made it of a soft and delicate tint like a
maiden's cheek.
A FINK art.
"The care of the complexion has become a flne
art that is studied more by fashionable women
than anything else," he said. "Nearly every wo
man who paints has her own particular favorite
preparation, and she never discusses its merits
with any other woman. Some make their
own cosmetics. They buy the carmine, which is
the biise of all face paint, and then prepare it to
suit themselves. Ammonia is always put In it to
keep it from washing off. Without it drops ot
perspiration rolling down tbe talr cheeks might
make long streaks. A great many women who
wish to conceal the tact that they tint their cheeks,
even rrom the druggist, buy the delicately-tinted
grease paste that comes for the finger nails in
manicure cases. It is an oily paste and works into
the skin very well. They all Imagine that no one
suspects the use they put it to.
"The old-fashioned paint used to be very easily
distinguished. Women would put it on their faces
like a coat of varnish or hard-oil finish. They had
crusts on their faces like sugar-coated pills. They
could not smile. All thepopular rouges or to-day
are oily, like vxslllne. They are rubbed in to the
skin and sotten if. the same time that they tint it.
They are worked rlirht into the pores and the
flesh wiped dry. It is doubtful whether they do
the lea?t inlury to the skin."
"Does not tue hot weather interfere with paint
ing?" asked the scribe.
"No, not now, though of course more powder
than paint is used In the summer. The powder
cools the flesh and Is u->ed by nearly everyoody in
the summer time. One of the latest things is tor
young ladles to carry little bags of chamois skin
filled with powder tor use on the street. They
tap it over their faces when they are warm.
The old crude paints used to be dangerous
to use in summer on account of their liability to
run, but the grease paints now in use arc fast
colors. The old plain white powders are no longer
used much. The powders are delicately tinted ror
blonde and brunettes, and so as to give a delicate
pink to the skin. With the grease paints and
these powders, treckles and blotches fade out of
sight. The old style of frescoing is not now re
sorted to.
Tbe Street Car Bella Should Go.
To the Editor of Tax Evening Star:
Can you or any other person tell me what good
purpose Is served by having bells attachod to
street cars? If It be urged that foot passengers
are likely to be run over by street cars unless
warned of their approach by a bell, then how
much greater is the necessity for bells on private
carriages? And no one 1 believe has ever suggested
that. The one Is drawn by rough-shod horses with
cobble-stone roadway, the other by smooth-shod
horses over asphalt pavements. And, besides, tbe
street car is from lour to si x times as large as the av
erage private vehicle, and Is always furnished with
lights at night. So the one is more easily seen and
beard than the other, yet far some reason?no not
reaton, for their is no reason In It?but tor some
cause It has been required that In addition to tbe
clattering hoots or rough-shod horses and the lum
bering sound ol ponderous cars the additional
nuisance ot a bell should be added to warn the
Eubllc of their approach! Those who live off tbe
ue of street cars have no conception ot this
annoyance to the sick as well as to those in health.
It is hard enough to bear during the day, when
the ever recurring cUng-clann of the car bell Is
modified by the stir and bustle ot busy dally life;
but when night comes on and all other sounds are
hushed, with windows open to catch whatever of
air inay be astir this stilling weather, the poor In
valid or weary toiler seeks that repose so much
needed. It is then this nuisance Is most annoying,
and is kept up until the early hours of morning. If
these bells are a nuisance and can be dispensed
with on Sunday, why houon secular days? The
Commissioners have acted wisely in causing tbe
bells to be removed from street cars, and the pub
> ue axe grateful for lu Jurr Us Uara Pbaob.
THE "DELINQUENT" WATER TAXES*
Ex-Water Reflstrar Crane DIkdni
i the Situation Again.
he cms cases n? point?taxes ciamo against
PERSONS WHO HAS THBIR OWN WATER MAINS?BE
REPLIES TO MR. BOND?THE INCREASE OF WATER
RATES, ETC.
To the Editor of Thb Etkhtko Stab:
I am gl id to see that my esteemed friend, ex
Water Registrar S. R. Bond, has promptly cor
rected a mistake he made in The Star of the 9th
Inst., in regard to the number of water takers in
this city. He overlooked the law requiring the
water registrar to grant, permits to supply two
or more houses from the same tap. When I left
the office the water-takers were in excess of water
taps 178.
I desire to thank my friend for the figures that
prove my assertion that there is a great deficiency
In water rents. He quotes from Mr. Cox to make
a point against me. but, as usuaL his weapon
proves to be more effectual at the breech than the
muzzle. He states that the number of water
takers In 1880 were 18,340. and the receipts from
water rents, as estimated by Mr. Cox, 9110,005.15,
This makes the average for each subscriber a frac
tion less man $6.00, just what I state It should be
now, instead of $4.00, as shown by last year's re
port. This proves a shortage in water rents last
year of over $25,000. But let us be charitable
with my friend. One accustomed as he Is to dwell
In the clear blue ether of the poet should not be
held to too strict accuracy when he descends to
engage In mortal affairs.
."DELINQUENT WATER-MAIN TAXES."
There are several important matters connected
with the water question that I was obliged to
omit In my communication to The Star of the 2d
Inst*, which, if you will allow me space, I will
now consider with as much brevity as possible.
First. I will consider a class of bills the Com
missioners are now sending to citizens through
the mails, in large numbers, and which they term
"delinquent water-main taxes." These bills are
for assessments recently made against property
on wnich no water mains abuf? the owners of
which property were granted permission many
years ago to tap mains on other streets several
hundred feet from their property, and. In most
Instances, at twice or three times the cost of a
main if laid In front of their houses. 1 have be
fore me many such bills, some of which reveal a
condition of things that is truly astounding.
Some ten or fifteen years ago permission was
given to three owners of houses, Nos. 1523,1525
and 1527 17th street northwest, on which no water
main was laid, to tap the main on Madison street,
south of them, and run a service pipe up the alley
to the rear of their houses. They each paid an
Equal proportion of the cost of laying the pipe,
l'hey have paid a water rent regularly ever since,
and have never been asked until the past few days
to pay a water tax, the expense oi getting the
water the way they did being greater than their
proportion of what a water main In front of their
respective houses would have cost. The Madison
street main that they were permitted to tap was
assessed against the property on which it abuts,
and paid for many years ago. A few days ago the
owners of houses Nos. 1523 and 1527 each received
bills lor a water main at ljf cents per square foot,
against their land, while the owner of house No.
1525, residing between the other two, received no
such bill. Being a widow lady, and feeling anxious
to know if there was any unpaid taxes standing
against her property, she visited the water office,
where she was assured that there was nothing on
the books against her. Here is a case of three
people living side by side, all of whom contributed
an equal share to the expense of supplying them
selves with water. Two are presented with bills
tor a water main, while the other is repeatedly told
that there Is nothing against her.
another case in point.
In 1872 a water main was laid out H street east
to 15th street. Mr. ueo. N. Holland, who keeps a
store on the corner of H street, extended,
and the Bladensburg road, which Is In the
county, applied to Captain Hoxle, when the
said main was being laid, to have it extended
In front of his premises. This request was
refused, but he was told by Capt. Hoxle that
If lie chose he could tap the main at its terminus,
a distance of 300 feet, at his own expense. This
tie did at a cost of $105. On the 26th of July, 1880,
Jlght years after this main was laid, he applied at
the commissioner's Office to know if there were
iny taxes of any nature standing against his prop
jrty. He received the following certificate:
Office of the Treasures and Assessor, D. C.,
Washington. July 26,1880.
I hereby certify that tne books and records of taxea
ind assessments of this office for ihe years 1871 to
18H0, show that upon the property described on the
'ace of this certificate taxes due as follows: All jxucL,
10-100 acres, lot 17, Columbia Turnpike Co., Wash
ington County. Name, Ueonre N. Holland.
William Moroan, Assistant Assessor.
Then follows a similar certificate from Wm.
>scar Roome, chief of special assessment division,
ind another from the water registrar's office,
which reads as follows:
Water Re*ktrar's Office,
^ _ .. ? Washington, July 26. 1880.
I hereby certify that ui>on the property described In
this certificate, the records of this office show that
mere is no assessment for water mains in the county
IRVIX Mcllican, for Water Registrar.
For these three certificates, which are all on one
sheet of paper, ana of same date, and bearing the
2orporation seal, Mr. Holland paid 50 cents.
Now, after a lapse of fifteen years, Mr. Holland
receives tfie following notice:
Ofvcb of the Commissioner*
District of Columbia,
_ ? ? ? Washington, June 20, 1887.
To Geo. K. Holland,
1500 U street extended northeast;
The records of the water office show that water is
low supplied to the following-described premises,
>wned or controlled by you:
Lot 17, in county, on H street extended northeast,
No. bouse 1500, containing 5,065 square feet, lor
main on H street, amount of tax 40:131, and that so
?v ater-main tax baa been paid upon the property, as re
laired by law. No premises on which tne water-main
tax has not been paid are entitled to receive a water
lupply. If, therefore, continuance of water service is
leered, it is requisite that the tax be paid or cause
mown why it should not be paid.
The water year ends with June 30, and return should
therefore be made at once.
By order of the Engineer Commissioner.
T. W. 8YMONS,
Captain of Engineers.
It will be observed that, while the threat is not
joldly made that the water will be cut off If this
alii 13 not paid, there Is running all through this
singular document hints that such will be the
' There are two incorrect statements in this letter.
First, that this tax is "required by law;" second,
:liat "no premises on which the water-main tax
aas not been paid are entitled to receive a water
supply."
No such law exists, unless the Commissioners
Have recently made such a law, in which case it
would be their duty to declare the old law repealed
ind announce the new one.
The law provides for "a tax of ljf cents per
square foot on all property on any street, avenue,
jr alley on which a water main abuts." As the
water main that Mr. Holland Is now, for the first
time In fifteen years, called upon to pay for does
not abut In any way on his property, and Is 300
teet from It, the law does not apply to him. The
law provides for sale of property for non-payment
3f water-main tax, and not for cutting off the
water, as one would Infer from capt. Svmons' lan
guage.
But what does this threatening letter amount to
anyway? Capt. Symons is estopped from any
further proceeding by the Iron-clad certificate that
Mr. Holland holds, which Capt. Symons cannot go
behind.
Mr. Jeremiah Wilt, who owns lots 15 and 16, ad
joining Mr. Holland, and who receives water In
the same way, has received one of said threaten
ing letters. Mr. Wilt holds two certificates, each
bearing date April 22,1887, and signed by Wm.
Morgan, Win. Oscar Roome, J. Hill Cross, and Jno.
K Cook, and bearing the corporation seal, for
which he paid fifty cents each, which certificates
state that there are no taxes standing unpaid
against his property. These certificates were
flven less than three months ago. if Mr. wilt Is
DWlng a water-main tax now he was owing It
then. . How happens It that the books of the office
aid not then show it?
THB PHILADELPHIA BOW.
Nearly a quarter of a century ago application
was made b> the company that built the Phila
delphia Row for a water main on llth street
southeast. Mr. Wallach, who was then mayor
bad not funds to enable him to comply with the
request, so he gave a permit for them to tap the
Government main at Intersection of Pennsylvania
avenue and 8th street southeast, which they did
laying a two-Inch main for a distance of halfa
mile, at their own exuense. This little main did
noc cost the corporation a penny, it has allowed
people to tap it all along the line, deriving a great
revenue from It In water rents ror a quarter of a
century. All at once our District commissioners
have made the discovery that this little two-inch
squirt-gun ot a main that other people laid and paid
for, when the water-main tax was seven-eighths
of a cent per square foot, belongs to the corpora
tion, and have assessed ail the land on which it
abuts at lif cent per square foot. I have a bill
before me for $52.92 that Capt. Symons recently
sent to a gentleman owning a house that abuts
on this main. This one assessment would pay the
cost of laying this two-inch main more than 150
feet. This gentleman Is willing to pay for a six
Inch main when the corporation will lay one. but
he is not willing to pay for a pipe the corpora
tion doesn't own, the capacity of which is only
one-ninth as much as a six-inch main.
Capt. Symons states that justice requires that
three-inch mains be laid in alleys free of charge,
and yet he can see no injustice In sending a man
a bill of $52.92 lor a pipe that carries only one
third as much water as a three-inch pipe, and
which was paid for by private subscription before
the present generation was born. Nearly
a month ago the gentleman referred to above ad
dressed a respecttul letter of protest to the Com
missioners, requesting an early reply, which they
have not deigned to answer. '
THB LB DB0IT PABK CASE.
But the crowning act of injustice is yie assess
ments against Le Droit Park. When that park,
which is in the county, was laid out, many years
ago, Mr. A. L. Barbour, the then owner, laid from
one to two thousand feet of water mains at hi"
own expense. A property owner residing there
informs me that the mains only cost about $i 000.
against which Capt. Symons has sent out siolooo!
of assessment taxes, for what did not costthe
corporation a single dollar. A bill is sent to one
party amounting to $1,900. Wuat greater injus
tice can be conceived 01 than to tax men from $50
to $1,900 each, for a water main they paid for ten
years ago, and which did not cost one-tenth the
amount of these bogus assessments? one is at a
loss to understand what the commissioners pan
be thinking ot when they resort to such tikriv
handed proceedings. They cannot be Ignorant
that they are violating a law of congress which
reads that "'the water tax be as nearly as
possible equal and uniform." Where is the
equality or uniformity ot the tax against
Le Droit Park In comparison with other assess
ments? What is there "equal and uniform" in
sending Mr. Holland a bill 01 $63.31 for a 390
feet from him, to reach which hs was nut to an
expense of $105? What is there "equal and uni
form" in assessing houses 1523 and 1527 for a "*a'P
not abutting on them, while house No.
got the water In precisely the same way Is as
sessed nothing?
TWO OR MOB* H0rs*9 8CTTUED WITH Oin TAP.
Another set of annoying notices are being sent
oat oominandlng citizens who, by a contract with
the corporation, have been allowed to connect two
or more houses with the same pipe, to disconnect
on pain ol having the water cut off. I always
thought such contracts unwise, as they some
times cause much trouble and annoyance, but
when such a contract Is once entered Into it can
not be set aside by the party ot the first part
wlthout-the consent or the party of the second
part.
J u iderstand the water office Is refusing to ac
cept water rents frotn parties against whom they
have made the aforesaid bogus assessments. Can
they refuse to accept water rents when tendered?
It seems to a looker-on as if they are assuming a
pretty serious responsibility when they reiuse to
take money legally tendered.
ANOTHER VIOLATION OP LAW CHIMED.
The law which stands to-day unrepealed requires
the head of the water office to "make out and de
liver all bills for the use of the water." This has
always been construed to mean that the bills must
be left at the houses against which they are made
out, as are the gas bills. Mr. cox sent the water
rent bills through the post-office, which he con
sidered the better way. Capt. Symons has Issued
an order In true military style, commanding all
water-takers to report to "these headquarters"
and pay their bills Inside of thirty days on pain of
having their water supply turned off.
The law requires the books of the water office to
be open at all times for the Inspection of the peo
ple that own them. Let any citizen go tnere and
ask to examine the books ana see what kind of a
reception he will get.
NO NECESSITY TO RAISE WATER RENTS.
When the water rents were raised In 1880 we
were told that the Increased rates would be only
temporary, and that they would soon be put back.
Water Registrar cox, In his report for the year
ending June 30,1880, said: "The department Is
trradually getting out of debt, and I think In two
or three year's will be entirely tree. * ? * When
the delinquent water-main taxes are all paid,
which Is only a question of a short- time, I feel
confident that the department will then be In a
condition to reduce the water rents." Seven years
have passed away since these words were pub
lished, during which time 10,000 new water takers
have been added to the subscription book, bring
ing in an additional yearly revenue ol $00,000, and
19,000 per year more for taps and permits,. The
price of pipe has gone down so low that 6-lnch
mains can now be laid on both side of the street
and pay a profit on an assessment of 1# cents per
square foot, ot 30 per cent on the Investment. In
stead ot navlng a reduction of rates,as was promised
by Mr. cox, we are called upon to pay an Increase
In our water rents, In some cases of over 100 per
cent, and are notified by the gentlemen In charge
of the water office that the water-main tax Is to
be increased to 1% cents per square toot, or nearly
double the rate paid when pipe was 100 percent
higher than it is now.
The requiring of thirty thousand water-takers to
pay their bills inside ot twenty-six working days
is an absurdity. It cannot be done with any force
that can work with advantage In the District
buildings. It is an average of over one thousand
8er day, about one ror every twenty-five seconds
uring the seven ..ours, from 9 a. m. to4 p. m. The
limit of thirty days was fixed when the water office
was first opened, the authorities supposing their
successors would have sense enough to lucreased
tue time as the number of water-takers Increase.
The limit for paying water rents should be ex
tended from thirty to ninety days, In order to give
proper time to collect them.
It will be observed that my questions still stand
unanswered. ^
Will Mr. Bond please inform us how it happens,
if he could lay a slx-lnch water main when pipe
was $78 per ton, on an assessment of seven-eighths
of a cent per square loot, the same pipe cannot now
be laid wltn pipe $30 per ton, on an assessment of
1^ cents per square foot. J. 11. C'kanb.
Transfer* ot Ileal Ustatc*
Deeds In fee have been filed as follows:
W. F. Lewis to Lotta Ward, lot 92, block 30, Long
Meadows: $1,325. Same to B. L. 1/jwIs, part lots
53 and 54, block 28, do.; $3,200. W. T. Hornaday
to J. A. commerford, lot 58, Lanier Heights;
*2 062.50. J. F. D. Magruder to Sallle C. Jones, lot
159 and part 167, B's addition to West Washing
ton: 14,120. W. Brough to James Phelam, sub 50,
BO. ill; $12,000. C. J. Stott to A P. Fardon, part
8. sq. 1041; $250. & H. Thomas to P. Shoemaker,
lot 20, sq. 236; $1,800. Mary J. Boyd to Helen A.
Howard, lot 53, sq. 159; $4,300. Florence E. Smith
to Sarah A. Lipscomb, parts 40 and 41, sq. 202;
$2,670. W. H. Prltchett et aL to G. W. Gist, part
12, sq. 844; $2,759.40. Same to Mary S. Gist, parts
12 and 13, do.; $3,364.20. U.S. Marshal to A C.
Clark, lots 1 to 3, sq. 144; $-. D. E. W. Towson
to Mary S. Mllllken, lot 49, sq. 510; $3,350. W. L.
Bramsall to John A Prescott, lot 47, sq. 69; $445.
T. A Gant to G. F. Atkins, part 3, sq. 923; $1,700.
Anna B. Smith to O. J. Murphy, lots 5 to 11, block
14. isherwood; $?? W. W. Dean to 8. D. Webb,
sub lot 7, sq. 161: $100. W. A Gordon to R.
Francis, part 70. H.'s addition to West Wash
ington; $<05. G. Davis to Peter Kennedy, part 27,
sec. 3, Barry Farm; $40. John A. Seller to Lewis
Turner, part 19, blk. 17, Emngham Place; $500.
J. S. Boas to 8. D. Wilson, lot 126, sq. 1003; $2,000.
H. Gasch to J. 8. Boss, sub lot 28 and 30, sq. 359;
$3,830.92. Gonzaga college to Marguetha A
Kroeger, sub lot 174, sq. 621; $3,000. R. H. Minor
to Mary E. Minor, part 11, sq. 743; $500. E. T.
Farrar to W. T. Naflor, part 3, sq. 630; $2,500. E.
U Thomas to R. V. Belt, lot 4, block 11, Whitney
Close; $1,46.">.46. J. A Settle to Mary M. Jameson,
gub. lots 36 to 40, sq. 1023; $7,250. C. Greenwell
to L. Strasburger, lot 12, 8<J. 740; $2,400. Smith
pettlt to Delilah Bacon, sub. lot 66, sq. 191; $3,300.
A. C. Bradley to G. E. Lemon, sub. lots 118 and
119, sq. 181; $12,278.85. W. Mayse to Mary Court
ney, part 24, sq. 512; $-. L. H. Emmert to Hon
orine Jarden et aL, trustees, lot 11 and part 2, sq.
119; $21,500. T. Monroe to N. G. Maxwell, lot 1,
sq. 22; $688.82. G. J. Johnson to R. L. Hall, sub
K. sq. 755; $1,200. Gertrude A Truman et aL to
L. Luchs, sub L, sq. 452: $2,000; and lots 8 and 9,
sq. 516; $6,700. A P. Fardon to B. B. Wells, lot 2,
su. 51: $5,400. Jno. B. Hlnes to J. B. Hlnes et al.,
trustees, pt. 27, sq. 101; $2,200. A C. Stevens et
al. to Jas. A. Bates et aL, In trust, lot 9, Widows
Mite; $25,000. Anna R. Taylor to Eleanor AWhlt
aker, pt. 3, sq. 205; $3,000. Jas. L. orr et al. to G.
S. BelL part 44. sq. 11H); $8,600. G. S. Bell to Levi
H Strong, same property; $10. D. Conneil et aL,
trustees, to A B. Coppes, part 21, sq. 785; $2,800.
T N Gill to B. Bllshyn and L. L. Lewis, part 1,
Smith's Farm; $10,000. J. T. Costln to Anna L.
Costln, sub lot 15 and part 14, sq. 582; G. G. Hub
bard to B. P. Watrous, sub 34, block 7, Belalr
Heights; $2,250. Martha M. Reed to T. W. Mat
thews, sub lot A sq. 171; T. W. Matthews to
Martha N. Read, sq. n. ot 128; $-. Mary B. Payn
to Rebecca K. Springer, part lots 6 to 8, sq. 690;
$10,500. G. F. Appleby, trustee, to same, parts 7
and 8. do.; $?. C. H. Knight, trustee, to J. R.
Francis, pt. 7, sq. 238; $775. W. S. Cox et aL to
Carrie C. Griffin, sub. lot 75, sq. 711; $464. W.
Janson to C. G. Allen, pt. lot 20, sq. 206; $4,500.
M. A. Rodgers to 8. D. Webb, sub 4, sq. 743; $2,300.
j Lyles Brown et al. to Ilattie A Henretta, part
ot Barbadoes, &c.; $38,304. Hattie A. Henretta to
A P Fardon and E. B. Townsend, same property;
$38 304. Emily A Moxley to R. A. Phillips, parts
23 and 24, sq. 35, West Washington; $3,500. John
Miller to F. 1). Dowllng, sub lot 16, sq. 694; $5,500.
E. C. Cutter to G. J. Nash, lots E, F and G, sq. 723;
$2 615 W. H. Ruff to Virginia M. Wilson, parts
24 and 25, sq. 331; $1,287.50. Henry Fetler to H.
Senage, pt. 8, sq. 990; $1,400. A Herr to Anasta
gla Patten, sub lots 131 to 134. sq. 155; $13,000.
Ida A. Finch to Margaret W. Gllfry, lot 2, blk. 21,
Columbia Heights; $1,796.99. D. P. Morgan to J.
M Buckley, property on Water and Jefferson
streets. West Washington; $2,900. G. C. Moxley
to Emily A. Moxley, eighth Interest In estate of B.
F Moxley; $5,000. R. C. Jones to G. G. Baden, lot
30. sq. 960; $2,100. A. A Wilson, U. 8. Marshal,
to J R. Herttora, lots 54 and 5o, s. P. B.'s sub.
Pleasant Plains; $1,040. W. J. Johnston to B. B.
Wells, sub lots 14 to 21, blk. 13, Le Droit Park;
14 500. Susannah A. Crandall to R. A Holmes,
Dts. 48 and 49, sq. 545; $650. O. M. Ball to J. F.
flood et al., trustees of Mutual R. E. Co., w. % sq.
914- $15,113.35. W. C. Alder to A. N. Bastable,
lot 5, on Bennlng'8 road; $?. W. F. Ogle to R. A
Phllllus, pts. 70 and 71, sq. 51, West Washington;
$125 Laura C- Gauit to Thos. Cullen, w. % 4. sq.
4U9- $768.90. Julia A Rheain to Caroline Miles,
Dts-'l and 2, sq. 475; $2,212.50. J. F. Hood to J. A
Repettl, lot 7, sq. s.e. of sq. 1068; $?. Lizzie D.
Wise to Jas. Lowndes and L. Kent, lot 13, block 34,
of Columbia Heights; $1,599.31. Henry Hegeman
et aL to W. O'Brien, n. % E, sq.638; L. Cleph
ane to J. H. C. Wilson, lots K and L, so. 958;
*1 338.73. Jas. Gooch to Mary A. T. Cherry, sub 1,
ba 829: $2,500. W. B. Lord to Glenn Brown, sub
lot 7. sq. 952; $230.14. C. V. Trott to Mary Brick,
sub 23. ^q. 683; $3,750. E. J. Carpenter to RE.
Grant, sub 28, sq. 872; $5,000. J. 8. Boss to A J.
Owens, sub 117, sq. 1003; $1,700. A W. Ward to
W Mayse, sub 46, sq. 831; $370. Jno. C. Miller to
A*Fly, part 18, sq. 977; $1,300. P. J. Murphy to
Adella L. 8. Thombs. part 8, sq. 526; $1,000. F. A
Lutz to L. H. Emmet, part A sq- 242; $7,397.50.
Eucene Shekel et aL to J. F. Staub, a. lot 206,
B J. H.'s add. to West Washington; $2,780. J no.
G. Brady to W. F. Downey, part 30, sq. 117; $1,725.
K. E. Pairoto J. H. Francis, loi6,Rosemount;$l,85Q.
B H. Warner et aL to V. Quick, sub 20. sq. 836;
$2,200. G. Malcom to E. H. Bond, parts 1 and 12,
so 478: $3,250. James Robbins to J. F. Jarvls,
sub lot h, sq. 564; $7,805. T. H. Bean to R. I.
Geare, part 85, Lanier Heights; $5,800. R. A
GearetoT. H. Bean, sub 62, sq. 97; $3,690. J. D.
Tebouit to J. H. C. Wilson, sub 37, sq. 1043;
1459 20. G. G. Hubbard to Nellie S. Seaver, sub
lots *22 to 29, block 7, Belalr Heights; $17,377.83.
John Sherman to Henrietta A. Plxton, lot 5, block
25. Columbia Heights; $1,050. C. Carlisle to
Mildred E. Carlisle, lota 1 and 16, aq. 532; $11,000.
B H. Warner to Elvira E. Snyder, sub lot 66, sq.
6*18: $2,650. St. Mathew's institute to Dr. F. B.
Lorlng, part 16, sq. 218; $14,500. a C. Byrne to
a T Brit ion, lot 56 and parts 55 and o7, sq. lfto;
$10 500. W. H. Arnold to G. F. Harbin, lot 11, sq.
468; 9
Helping the Poor iRlelUfenUr*
To the Editor of Tu Evmwq Stab:
Considerable has been published recently about
persons going about the city with endorsed papers
gating lor aid, with special appeals, such as "sick
chTid?' "death in the family," "wanting to get |
away to place where their friends are. He. In
most instances it is found that donors to persons
UDon the streets making such appeals are
deceived. "The Associated Charities" was organ
ired to aid the people who want to help poor people
intelligently, and its office is open evenr day from
10 sum. to 5 p.m., except Sundays, during the
entire year, to confer with any one who wants to
aid such DeoDle and are in doubt about the merits
ot the cases coming to them. This association has
the record of over 6,000, alphabetically arranged,
with carefully-prepared data at the central office,
707 G street, with references to worthy and un
worthycaaek so that if a "Stricken Female" or
a male "Just out of the Hospital," comes to you
upon the streets, or at your piaces of business, you
can refer them to the central office ol this associa
tion. or call yourself and administer your relief, or
refuse it intelligently. If we do not know the case
we will give nroaipt attention and ascertain all
about it. All we ask is that heart/co^perauon
which will oar efforts to systematize charity
a success. There is no good excuse for being so
much deceived by specious appeals and endorse
ments. Send your contributions and your cases of
charity to 707 G street northwest we treat the
courteously, confidentially, bat mean to be
thoroughly caret uL The average number of
caUerats about twen^rjsday^ t
L. 8.
the life OF a miBIXE.
H?w He Off* Into the Corps n?4 what
He Does Wkw There.
TH* BARRACKS AND BBCRCITTNO STATION IK THIS
citt?* school or DRmtR bots?inducements
OFFERED TO SECURE FilTirn. SKRVICB?TROPHIES
WON BT THE CORFU D? SERVICE.
"Able-bodied, unmarried men. between the ages
of twenty-one and thirty-Are years, not less **???
5 feet 5 incnes In height, of good character, and
not addicted to the use of liquor; must be able to
read and write English properly, as well as speak
It, and no minors are wanted at alL"
Such are the words of a flaming poster at the
grim, lead-colored gates of the U. 8. Marine Bar
racks, on Eighth street southeast, not far from the
gate of the nary-yard. They desc ribed the kind of
men wanted for service in the Marine corps. Al
though th? conditions were not such as would In
duce him to apply to the recruiting officer, a Star
reporter was sufficiently Interested to walk
through the portal, lined with gun racks and
Trained orders, into the court-yard beyond. Inside,
the scene was a lively one: the level parade ground
was dotted with squads of recruits laboring under
a continual ??carry haams, order haunts," each
seeming to vie with the others In awkwardness
and causing Infinite annoyance to Important-look
ing sergeants. Directly in front of tne ga'e rose
the tall flag-staff. from which lazily floated the
stars and stripes.
,J?hLi>4fld.!D?rs surrounding the court-yard are all
f the exceptlon of the residence of col.
Mccawiey, the commandant of the post, which
nestles among the trees on the north side of the
square. At the left of the gate as the visitor en
ters are the quarters of the officers.
HOW THE CORPS IS RBCRUITBD.
While the scribe was taking in the scene a cor
poral, with a face as passive as a mummy, stepped
i to his aide and waited patiently for orders. Lieut.
GUman, the officer of the day, soon made his ap
pearance, and lost no time In Informing the re
porter as to the details of marine existence. " As
soon as the recruits, attracted by the manifold
considerations set forth on the poster out side, come
In to us," he gala, "they are examined by our
physicians, who test their constitutions In every
possible manner. In case they pass this ordeaL
which Is very severe, they are examined as to their
mental qualifications, to ascertain whether they
are able to read and write, as required. Those
i who come through this are then allowed to enlist
for five years' service In the corps."
"Do anv of the men re-enlist after serving the
full period?" asked the reporter.
"Oh, yes," was the reply, *?i should say that a
majority of them do so. You must not understand
that all who enlist serve five years, for a large
number of them desert after a few months. They
are a poor lot, those fellows, and onlv come In to
the service as a sort of make-shirt, when they have
nothing else to do. We do not care much when
they desert, for we alwavs aim to keep the corps
full of good men who will stay. As an induce
I pent for them to remain In the service we offer
Increased pay for each succeeding term they
j serve. When a man has served for thirty years,
that Is, for six periods he may retire on three
quarters of the pay allowances to which he was
entitled during his last enlistment. A large num.
bar have been retired.
PROMOTIONS FROM THB RANKS.
"As a further inducement to good men," he con
tinued, "promotions from the ranks are made rap
idly. if, after a private has been in for six mont hs
or so, he is found to be faithful and trustworthy,
he Is examined for promotion to the rank of cor
poral, the topics being reading, writing, arithme
tic, spelling, and a little of tactics. On parsing
this examination he Is given a 'warrant' of promo
tion, signed by the commandant. The examina
tion for a sergeantcy follows In due course. There
are no promotions from the ranks to a commission
In this branch of the service."
"How is the time divided between shore and sea
duty?"
"Well, it is endeavored to give a man about half
and half of each. There are from twenty-five to
fifty assigned to a vessel, according to her size and
armament."
"Which do they prefer?"
"Oh, shore duty, every time. The younger men
are always extremely anxious for a ship detail
when they first enlist, but tney are cured of It by
their first voyage. They like their shore associa
tions; they are near home and can see their friends
when here, but when on board of a vessel they get
homesick. There used to be considerable antag
onism between the marines and the sailors during
a cruise, and the *soclal line' was strongly drawn,
each class looking with contempt on the others.
But this line is fast disappearing, and there seems
to be no feeling of hostility between them now.
The reason is probably to be found In the fact that
the modern sailor is rapidly becoming more of a
soldier, his duties being more like those of the
marine to-day than they were formerly."
THB SIZE OF THE CORPS.
"How many men are there In the service?" In
terrogated the reporter.
"There are in the whole corps about 2,000 men."
responded the lieutenant. "There should be
2,500 altoget her, but this year's appropriation was
short, and the force bad to be reduced. We have
about one hundred and twenty-five men at the
post, including the band and the apprentice boys,
i hese latter of whom there are twenty-five here,
are trained for drummers and fifers for the ser
vice, beside being given an elementary scholastic
education. After they ?graduate* from the
benches and are considered sufficiently proficient
In the use of the stick they are sent all over the
country to different posts. There is no upper
sphere for them In the service; they remain drum
mers aud flfera, unless they leave, all their Uvea.
If you step here we may find them at practice."
LEARNING TO DRUM.
Following the officer the reporter soon found
himself Inside of a large room, where, astride of
long benches running across the floor, were seated
the twenty-flve apprentices, each vigorously
pounding a square bit of leather mlled before him
with the "scoie" beside It. Several of the larger
boys were at work on a table In the corner, read
ing their music (?) from a blackboard berore them.
The noise was Indescribable; there was no cadence
to be distinguished in the medley of "taps,'' ??tat
toos," "reveilles," and "rolls," but all were Jumbled
Into one potpourri of noisy sound. An Instructor
moved among the lads, giving points and inter
preting difficult passages. This was Mr. Lusby,
the xylophone artist, who has so completely en
raptured his Washington artists with Ms chippy
variations, on emerging from the din the reporter
paused a moment to recover his usual mental bal
ance, and then resumed his quiz.
"Are the men unmarried, according to your
poster?" 8
"Most of them are thus blessed, but a few are
marriea, although, of course, we have no official
knowledge of the facta. The officers, of course,
are an exception to this rule. We are all grad
uates of the Naval Academy, and are subject to
detachment at any time for regular army duty."
THB BARRACKS.
At this point the lieutenant was called away by
his official duties, and he left the reporter in the
hands of the sergeant major to be shown through
the barracks. They found everything In Qrst-rate
order?every floor scrubbed to whiteness, every
cot arranged in mathematically correct form,
every pane of glass as clean as possible. In fact!
there was not a spot of which the neatest house
wife could complain. Thequarters are divided into
several small rooms, each accommodating about
ten men. There is a reading or "orderly" room, in
which are placed books, magazines, and the lead
lug dally papers. In this room stands a curious
old buffet, Its sides* blackened with age and the
varnish cracked In a thousand places. No oue
knows its history, but all agree tnat It has beeuin
the barracks as far back as the memory of a ma
rine can run.
on the other side of the gates are the kitchen
and the mess rooms. There are three meals a day
breakfast at 7, dinner at 12, and supper at 5, conl
slstlng of beef, soud, bread, vegetables, bacon.
fruit and other elements of good healthy fare. The
cooking is done by a detailed force or three men
who coutlnue to occupy this position until tired
of the work, when their places are filled by others.
A disagreeable but at times necessary adjunct of
the barracks was found In one corner, the guard
room. Half a dozen cells, 6 feet by 3, stood empty
with their grated doors yawning for another
malefactor. The sergeant said that the men are
always very orderly, and, as a consequence, the
cells are seldom occupied. Across the yard irotn
the officers'quarters is the medical dispensary
from wulch remedies are issued for the mluorlils
of the garrison; the severer cases of Illness are sent
to the Marine Hospital, situated In a large brick
building on Pennsylvania avenue, near loth street
southeast.
THB MUSEUM.
The most entertaining feature of the walk was a
visit to the museum and repair shop. Here is a
repository of all that Is curious with a marine
history. A stand of arms illustrates the evolution
of the guns carried by the corps during the present
century. Flint-locks, tape-locks, old percussion
locks, every form of weapon used Is here. Above
hang several flags; one carried by the Marine
Corps during a portion of the rebellion, is slowly
dropping to pieces as It hangs. This flag has a
melancholy story; It was carried during the first
battle of Bull Kun by Lieut. Hitchcock, seeing
his men beginning to waver and dodge the bullets,
he cried out: "Men, don't dodge, if your time has
come, you will go anyhow t" At that moment a
conical shot pierced the flag and nearly severed the
brave man's nead from his body. The hoie In the
flag is now (indistinguishable through the gradual
decay of the texture. Between two American
flags hangs a bit of silk covered with some curious
figures. This, the guide explained, was captured
by a private marine during the American inter
ference In 1871 rrom a Corean warship. Other
curiosities till the room. Throughout the barracks
an air of quiet and contentment prevails. The
men seem happy, and the duties are light, con
sisting of nothing but a little guard mounting
Formerly a guard was detailed at intervals during
the day tor duty at the navy yard, but now there
Is a separate post there.
THB PAT or rRTVATBB
la $13 per month during the first term, $17 the sec
ond, and up to $20 In the fifth. The sergeants get
$17 at first, and rise to $24, and the corporals go
from $15 to $22. Besides this each man i8 entitled
to receive $1 per month during his third year, $2
during the fourth, and $3 the fifth, which is kept
lor him, and only paid at his honorable discharge^
thus giving a fund for a fresh start.
As tne reporter stepped from the cool of
the barracks Into the sweltering air of the street,
he made to the guard an original remark on the
heat of the day. The marine was not slow in U"
lag advantage of his opportunities, for be at once
returned wiin: "Yes, but you see the way
the me.cury danoes down in the West Indies.
Why, 1 have seen it go up as tar as ." But the
scribe then fled from the muchly-traveled warrior.
Lovers are prone to self depreciation. Said he
tenderly, as they sat looking at the stars:
"I do not understand whatyoucansee lame that
you love me."
"That's what everybody sanL" gurgled the in
genuous maiden.
Than the slienoe became bo deeo that yon could
hear the stars twinkling.
Hie* ASTD wonn OX WHEELS.
Tw# l"h*?Miinl fjrrkn of the Capl
uu nir.
something a bo ft tub bicyctkbs avp th? fitx
YRICYCLBRS?THE DIFFERENT EINM OF "Hi
CHINES"?RIDING EASIER TO LEARN THAN 18 SEN
j SMALLT IMAGINED?A BIOYCLB FOB WOMEN.
,r\ ou can san safely say," remarked a prominent
bicycle dealer of this city to a Star reporter, "that
there are 1,500 wheel# in this city. Two thousand
would probably be nearer the truth." So one can
see that t here are many people directly Interests! in
the bell and lamp regulation prescribed by the
District Commissioners. Bicycles and tricycles
an* used in Washington not for pleasure only, but
also are employed largely as a means of rapid
transit for business purposes, by business and
professional men, whose fallings require them to
go about the city. Physicians, insurance agents
newspaper reporters, collectors of various kinds,
and ministers use the bicycle or tricycle to help
them on their dally rounds. Bicycles are as com
mon on the streets of Washington as private car
nages. The miles and miles of asphalt pavemont
make "wheeling" easy and comfortable,
wmbblmeWs organizations.
There are several clubs of cyclers here, and the
membership Includes many wheelmen who have
made records as racers or expert riders. Many of
the wheelman are connected with the League of
American Wheelmen, an organization that ex
tends all over the count ry, and has done much for
wheelmen In the way of securing rv.-ogmt.ion be
fore the law, compiling road bo-.ks and maps, and
in some places In securing the improvement of
roads. In this city wheelman have miles of wll
paved streets to ride upon, but In oilier places
riding Is confined largely to suburban or country
roads. There Is considerable dlffer nce between
road riding and riding on asphalt pavement s. The
latter, old wheelmen will tell you, is looeasv
'Ihey like the exhilaration of the rougher rtdinir
on a country road.
WOm ON WHEELS.
One of the things noticeable in the rise and pro
gress of the wheel in this city Is tlie great inarease
within two or three years of the number or women
who ride trlcyies. A few years ago Mrs. Beiva
Loekwood attracted much notice by app?'?rtng on
the streets on a tricycle. She was the first woman
to try It, and her Independence, it Is claimed,
helped her considerably In her canvass against
Blaine and Cleveland for the Presidency, alihouirh
Btie was not elected. The machine she us?*<l.
though It was a new pattern at the time sh*
bought it, Is old-fashioned now. The tricycle of
the day is made with crank and podals, and a
gracerul woman who rides properly seems to
acquire new grace upon It. Sitting erect, the
movement Is natural and easy, and she glides like
a goddess. After Mr* Loekwood appeared on the
street some other venturesome women trlod th-'
machine and used to ride Tor pleasure, riding chiefly
at night. About four years ago a number of ladies,
who were enthusiastic riders, banded together in
a club, with several gentlemen, and every pleas
ant evening a long train of tricycles, with their
twinkling lamps, could be seen sweeping along on
some of the wide avenues of the city. The woman's
tricycle club was out. gradually, however, ladies
began to appear singly on the street in broad day,
and now a woman on a tricycle attracts no more
attention than a wom.ui on a horse. Every week
adds to the number of ralr cyclers.
FIVE HCNDRBD OF THEM.
There are Ave hundred lalles la this cltjr who
ride tricycles. Many of them own their own ma
chines; others rent tricycles when they want to
use them. There are "singles" and "sociables"
and "tandems/'and tricycles of a great many differ
ent patterns. The "single" Is ma le tor one |*er*>n;
the sociable for two, who sit side by side, and the
t tnd?*in for two, one sitting in iront of the other.
?There is nothing better for women," said th"
wheelman. ?-Take women, for instance, that sit
In the parlor all day, or perhaps, may get Into a
street car and ride to the store and do a little
shopping, on the tricycle they get exiillar uing
exercise. They move and breathe. There is a
lady now on her way from Alabama to this city
on a tricycle, she left home suffering with In
flammatory rheumatism, but we have heard from
her at Louisville, and she has completelv recov
ered. There is nothing like it for consuming the
old and helping to make new tissue.
RIDING COSTUMES.
"A lady, though should be dressed properly for
riding In order to get the full beueflt of the exer
cise and all the pleasure of riding. If she tries to
ride with bustle and other encumbrances of course
6he will And it uncomfortable. Her movements will
be impeded. An ordinary riding habit Is a good
thing. Now, tliere'sa proper dress." and he pointed
to a -lender young lady, who had Just a Ugh Led at
tue curb from a tricycle, she wore a dark blue
0 inuel dress, with a blouse waist, and loose skirt,
that, so far as the reporter could make out, con
cealed 110 bu-tle or oi licr aruiioai means ot sup
plying outline to tbe form.
"She win ride with as much freedom and grace
as a man." He went on: "Another lady, the wife of
a well-known literary man here, has a very simple
but Ingenious cootume. She wears two loose
flannel skirts, the uuder one longer than the other
The outer skirt Is so arranged that when she*
leaves her tricycle to go Into a house or store, she
can pull or gather it up at the sides, with con
cealed strings, so that K becomes a flounced over
skirt. When she resumes rlUing she simply lets
out the skirt and It fails down at full length. Some
ladles ride very welL It- is a great pleasure to
ride with a lady who understands how to ride,
who sits erect and brings her weight suuarely on
the pedals."
STARTING ON A "BUN."
Any pleasant evening one can see parties of
ladles leaving the bicycle school for a run ou tri
cycles. The ladles generally go in parties of from
two to ten. orten they win have a gentle-nan or
several gentlemen with them as an escort. It is
somewuat amusiug to see a party of ladles, who
never rode beiore, start out. After they *re seated
the escort will give each machine a start, and i he
party will glide away for a few yards, when one of
the Ladies will forget that It Is necessary tor her
to keep her feet moving, and she will strike a
?deadoeuter" and stop. After valnlv trying to
move ahead she will give a cry for help. The es
court dismounts and gives the distressed lady
another start. Meanwnlle the other ladles of the
party all stop to see what the trouble Is, and the
escort has to go the round or all the trlcvcles, giv
ing each a push. This operation he may have to !
repeat three or four times berore the party has
gone a quarter of a mile, and by that time uio
lady riders will have learned to keep in motion.
One can learn very soon to propel a tricycle with
ease and grace.
BICYCLES FOB WOMEN.
A novelty promised tor this rail Is a bicycle for
lady riders. There are several ralr riders In this
city ready to take to this lady bicycle when It
comes. It will be so arranged that a ladv who
will learn to ride It can do so with as much
grace and propriety as she could ride a tricycle.
It will be a modification or tue Hover type or
bicycle for gentlemen with the backbone or irame
curved downward like the letter U between the
wheels, so that when the lady sits upon the sad
dle there will be no obstruction in the way or her
dress between her feet and the saddie. " i he only
trouble," said the dealer, "win be in mounting.
Ladle.-> who ride will have to have gentlemen wltn
them to assist them In mounting." Wuen the
veioclpede came out early In the century, ma
chines with the C shaped bacKbone were con
structed lor and used by the great grandmothers
or the present race oi tncyclera.
LEARNING TO RIDE.
It Is not so dltfljult a ieat as a groundling Im
agines to bestride a bicycle and dart away. Most
bicyclers will tell you that it Is just like learning ;
to swim, one only has to acquire coafldence la
himself and his machine. It is reat or balanc
ing which at flrst requires effort, but by a little i
practice becomes aa natural and instinctive a?
the balancing one does all the time wueu he is
walking. The bicycle teacher will tell vou to keep
the wheel moving, so louy as It is kept In mo
tion?lite a coin that is rolled on a smooth sur- ;
face?It will keep up. There are some things
that seem odd to the beginner. If he reels him
self falling to the right, his natural impulse la io 1
turn his wheel to tue left, but that only expe
dites his ralL He is Instructed to turn his w heel
In the direction that be Is failing. Then
the momentum of his falling body
simply drives the wheel in that direction '
and tbe machlue straightens Itself up. He
will have a strange tendency at first to rua
Into every obstacle within a dozen yards of '
him. Some acquire control or tbe machine
In one or two lessons. Young boys accus
tomed to athletic sports take as naturally to
the wheel as birds to the wing. Older persons with
suffer Umbs require considerable ariiuug, and
probably will never acquire the same grace in
ndlug. It is likely that the beginner, alter his
flrst rew journeys about the city on a bicycle, win
couciude that wheeling Is pretty hard work. The
fact Is that he exerts himselt a great doal mitre
than he will flnd necessary when he acquires more
skllL Then, too, some of the muscles ot his leg
never berore called upon to do much work are
exercised. When they become hardened and
strengthened by a tew days' riding the lameness
felt by the new rider will disappear. Or^duallv
tbe rider will become astonished at the ease or hi*
movement.
BICYCLING AS A HEALTHFUL EXERCISE.
"There's nothing like It," said tbe bicycle dealer,
who at the same time is an enthusiastic wheel
man, when asked U cycling was a healthful exer
cise. "It will cure anything, one goes out on the
wheel, he moves rapidly, he breathes laster and
gets the tresh air In his lungs, the circulation is
stimulated, he comes home hungry, and goes to
bed aud sleeps soundly. I'm not a doctor, but it
strikes me that that will cure anything?fresh air,
good circulation, good appetite and sound sleep
That is all I want, one will come home from a
ride all aglow, ii you are irritable, all you have
to do Is to get on a machine and take a ride, and
you will come home in such good spirits that you
would lend $10 to your worst enemy."
THE BICYCLES
are divided Into many classes, according to their
styles of construction. Tbe divisions are the
upright or vertical fork machines, the Star
maculnes and the safety machine. The uprights
are propelled by means of cranks and pg^i* the
Stars by means of levers and pedals, and the
safety machines by pedals sad chains.
T&e stars are readily distinguished from all others
by always having the little wheel in front. There
are several modifications of the standard upright
machine. Some of them, constructed to avoid tue
danger of "headers" ba*fe the fork raked backward
St a considerable angle, and have a lever or grass
hopper attachment on the cranks. Another form
or machine, known as the Faclles, is made very
low, the feet of the rider reaching a considerable
distance below the center of the large
wheel, and there working tiro little levers
through which the power is applied
This machine should probably be cussed as a
safety wheeL Another modification of the up
right wheal, known as a safety, is the Kangaroo.
It looks like a miniature upright naacfcine. having
considerable rake. The "safety" consists in the
'dee wit* the pMal.v An endlesa chair <v>nr>?rta
t e p-slu ,^-wiie-l with th?' smaller
which drive* the machine. A n*w tvpe <r machine
whl'h U now considered th* real Mien w <?
wrought from F.mrland a y??ar or soa^-a' it i?
known u (be Rover type, and ha? hecmns
W popular b. i*. Many rtdor.
thOM? who prefer c ?mf<>rt mid
, ..^Taoe!? hare ,l;.H*n1>n larv wr.. . ;'H
r?>r These machine* have two w heels ot i??.?
same aue, or atx>ut the s*m?? sir*. the dia<iK?v?r
b?'lng to the neighborhood or :*> In, lie*. rtie gen^
rui outline or the machine j? rerv much ltk?th,s
tb* v*?? lp*?le, propelled by striking th^pst
against the ground, wht-^h was a popular tovm
tcngland and Franc* at the beginning of Uwprnk
ent century. The saddle 1* pla?*?vl between tn?
two wheel*. The p*dala, which are directly N n^a'b
-e *n{' near the ground. turn a iiwrvl
wheel around, which play*on an endless < haln that
passes around another ???>K?r**d wii?>el oti the *\i?
of t he rear wneel. The*e bicycle* are so <-oiist rurt?k
ths cogged wheel* being so prt?pori4oned, thai
onecompieve rrvolutton of the pedalpMiw'ts ths
machine s* far as a revolution of the iwd ?i on a
high wheeL They are usually g^afM up ** as to
be oqual In this n>?p*rt to a wh*l :* or &7 Inch-*
In diameter. They can, or course, ho g?tr?d up
higher than that, but what would N-g* n?Hl in
siw-ed would be lost III power. It one i, ,nt?v| to
find out which was the best machine to n.l. h-i
would ft tittle satisfaction by talking to rid, rs.
for nearly everv rider has hla choice, and the* ail
differ. Ooivt, weil-m td-' ma bin-'s cstt ail tbe w <r
from $75 U? ?150 ot 117.Y '1 hey an* const ru, <?d
with the greatest care, to mvure mrhtn ,-v. wt'h
atretich and durability. The finest ?fcf-i
have hollow bars forks snd rvls, ball-beannm.
and every arrang^m-nt to *stire gtrengt h hd I n-1
duos UlcltO*. Hi - baU-bearlngs an- obstructs*
so that the revolving post, or axle, tv4'-s upon .
series of small steel bslissei around It whi h r*>
\olve upon each other with tie- axle, \ w heel s,j
constructed, wh^n In go.>d order, ir lift^t n-,,tn th?
irround and set in rapid motion win rvv.ilve J,*
many minute* before coming to a num. the friction
at tae bearing Is so slight,
?1 THE BLCFF AT I.OXJ RR A \t'Ha
People Who are Drfylnf Mimmrr Heal
?he Kew irr?ry Heath.
A *CTKJ*T or PKKSONat. OOssir FROM MISS (IKOrilT ?
wasBiKOTPNiasa at thk "aKts. H Mas ?wa?f
akp mrr riHii v_*r. oro. w. cbilm amp md
CHCRCH??KN. TaM VLIKTS Ml Kf:a ^Bl'RT FARM.
Oorraapondene* of Tkk Fvcmxo Sr*?.
West Lkd Hoteu, Txjnu Hramch. July ic
To properly appreciate thegivar am >renee lq
temperature possible on a perfe?-tly cletr day in
midsummer between this place and a city, cvon
one with such wide and shady streets as \\ a?htii?.
ton. It is necessary to com>' h? re from th? latter, aa
I did, on one of the hottest days of the seas >n.
starting from the latter at 11 a.m., when the full
force of the sun was felt, my companion and I
suffered severely until we were about a miles fmra
here, when we first felt the sea br-ew, and
although when we reached West End station It was
only hqp past 6 o'clock, and the sun was still two
hours high, the air was so rery cool mat w?
needed shawls. Even in tb? rooms in th* hotel
not exposed to the se?-bre.*7?* it was cool then.
>ve found every thlni; looking very cbe??rful, with
plenty ot people, and the driving ou ocean avenue
as lively as ever.
The ocean tr,tutor some of tbo hotela and o|
other owners of the blulT also, suffered severely
from the ocean's depredations last winter and
spring.
Mrs. Presbarv, the widow of the late G?>org?> a
Presbury, so long asso. iaiod with Mr. Hilar, ih la
the proprietorship of thK bot< l, and weil reinem.
7^_Jn tsh:ngton from his cotine, tion with
?lllard s Hotel, is ai her cottage on tli?* north side
oi the West End Hotel, and b.tsber niece, tb<- wire
of Dr. Van Bibber, of H?ltimore, and klt>a Jea
kins, or that city, wttu ber.
PEOPLE MET AT UMM BRANTH.
I met Marshal A. a. Wilson, of Washington, on
my antral here, as he had beeu s>s'king r^lb-r rroin
the heat at the West End Hotel, but was com
pelled on account or bttsiue^s to r*'turu at on?*e to
Washington. He was so pU-asesI wit b the eool air
or this neighborhood that he win bring ids r tmliy
to enjoy It beiore they go to Sar.it.vh, probably.
Paj master (ioodloe, or the x trine t orps, was
h^re Tuesday on his way to Boston to make pay
ments tbeiw and In V w York al?o. Mr- t?i.iii,.?
Is still at her country place near Washington,
where probably her father. Senator Itwk u hi loin
her after the Kentucky elei-uon ? Auguat l.
From what I have heard from kentuckl in-, In my
travels I am glad to say Senator H-ck ha? the best
reasons to expect to lie re-elected, as h** deserves to
be, to the L". s. senate, several ivpublli an hen*.
ton> or the highest standing have said to me that
they thought ll would be a national mwortune to
lose so able and upright a man as VDiuirB>Hi
from the senate. The latter is making t uny aud
most excellent speeches in the vigorous cam
paign the democrats are carrvlng on In ldssiata,
because of the three other tlckeus in the Held.
Gen. Vau Vliet, as rosy as ever, and with hla
thick hair glistening like molten stiver (bv the
same token his railroad station is called -Little
Sliver," possibly with a delicate reference to tut
aforesaid crown ot glory), c*tne over here thlf
week from his countrj place at Shrewsbury, in
this State. He and his family are well. Including
the grandson. He Is a member or the a. A. K.. but
Is not In accord with those violent (ue:obers of
that body who have taken l?sue with th** Presi
dent as to the St. Louis visit, tc tore he withdraw
his ac<*ptan.3e of tie* Invitation and since rben,
nor yet with those wbo deuoun<r*d uie PntUileni
about tne pro|x>s.-d return or the ? onr^der.tte fltgs
or about bis vetool the tlependeui-tien^lou bill.
t?en. Van VUet thinks the ti. A. R. soould not
meddle in any way w tth politics, as It waa pledifed
not to do when first organized.
Congressman Wheeler or Alabama, was at th?
Uest End Hotel Saturday, the ?th. and went in
the evening, by invitation or Mr. u. \\. < hi Ids, to
sj>eud Sunday with him at hl> cottage here. It
will be remembered they served together on the
board or visitor, at the West Point Military Acad
emy In Juue. t?en. Wheelor a<x?mpaiiied Mr
Chllds on Sunday to the services at tne Kplscopal
Church at Liberon, und ha? ?iuce gout to >ew
York.
MR. CHI LPS' Cnt'KCH.
According to his long-establlshod custom, Mr
G. W. Chllds is this summer acting as sexton at
the little Episcopal Church af Elberon. receiving
and seating those who attend tne services who
have no pews or their owu there. Of t.liisoffice
Mr. Chllds always seems very proud, and will ac
cept no other. Last Sunday Kev. Mr. Huntington
preacl.ed at thai church, and Rev. Mr. Morton of
Philadelphia, who lias t*-en tlfty-tive ?-ars the
rector or the same church In Philadelphia, asdsted
In the services. Next Sunday Kev. Ai- x m.kH it
Smith is tooltlclate. ills wile Is well n*meini?,red
In Washington as Mlv> Stuari, su-p-daugnter of
the late Congressman Elijan Ward, or .\t * York.
MRS. OKA NT AND HER FaMILT.
Mrs. U. S. Grant, sr., who is at her cottage hers^
has her son col Fred, and his tamlly, as usual,
with her. Judge Dent's widow is also visiting
Mrs. Grant. Mrs Kred. Grant scarcely looks a
day older aud Is just as pretty arid has an be
witching inann'Ts as when shewastak n to the
Wnlte House a bride, tliau wbom no I.ilrer baa
ever been b *neath its row. siu -e she tor nearly
three years arter her m irrlage assumed so many
ot the social duties there, in assisting her hu^
band's mother, 1 have always associn e?i
Cleveland, also a young, t>eautirul bnde, m my
mind more with Mrs. Fred. Grant than with any
other lady I have ever seeu presiding in tii<* Kx
ecutIve Mansion. The two have equally charm
ing manners. <>en. and Mr^. Dent, wiio-e young
est son has boen out or health, have, with him,
been visiting Mrs. Grant, but returned on Tuesday
to their home in W tshington. Mr. I lyases Grant,
jr., alter a visit to nis mother here, went Tuesday
tohiscouutrv place In v\'e-,u-h -> er Couuty, n v.
Gen. E. F. Beale's wire has imptoved In h -alth
since she uas be?-n at Long liranch, and lateiy has
b?-eu able, with the assist .nice of her attentive bus
band's arm, to walk trom her cottage in i he r"W
belonging to the West End Hotel to ih? hotel on
liie oppialte side oi ocean avenue. Her daughter.
Mrs. John M< Lean, aud her husband also are at
the same hoteL
Gen. Ha/en's widow Is In Orange County, N.
and her .slotcr. Mrs. Bug her, is Ht Deer Park.
Mr. and Mrs. Washington McLean are still In
their couitoriable residence on Lalujttte square,
Washington.
Mrs. Patten and her daughters. Including Mrs.
Glover, are delightfully sltuuted in a lar*e ottage
at Monmouth Beach, and ha\e numerous dogs und
two pairs or horses there. The ladles have be
come experts at "crabbing" and are very enthusi
astic about the sport.
Representative Glover, who has been with his
wire and her tamlly there, started a week ago for
Missouri.
THE PRIVATE COTTAGES,
possibly, have not been rented as well as usual
at Long Branch this year. Two of the most ele
gant or these In the Elberon settlement are now
vacant?that or Mr. Victor Newcome and that of
Commodore Garrison's widow, l he la ter lady
and her lather aud sister, Mr. and Miss RandaiL
who were In Washington a few days in tie spring.
have now gone to Europe. Mr. and Mrs. Newcome
spent last Sunday at the Elberon Hotel here, and
have now gone to Newport.
Mr. Augustine smltu again occupies the cot
tagearonnected witn the Elberon Hotel in wblcb
Gen. Gartleld died. Mr. Smith ba? baC ll each
summer since except last year. Mr. smltli Is from
New York city. It la hard to realize that It was
six years on July a since President Garfield re
ceived bis fatal shot.
Mr. Murnaga, the Spanish minister, will rome
shortly to visit senor Navarro, at his exquisite
place on the Humx-aiu road, near Sea Bright, and
will spend two weeks there.
Senator McPh-rson, w ho, while still In Europe,
was mentioned by a New York dally as having
been seen lounging on a sot a m ib? V?est End
Hotel, and since his return trom his one month s
trip across the Atlantic and back has been no
ticed in a Philadelphia Journal as sojourning in
Europe with his family, did sail for England Juns
1 and return about July 1, but was not accom
panied by his ramliy at either time. Mrs. Mcpherson
and their bright young son and daughter nave been
at the senator's fine larm?Belle Mead, In this
State,the almost continuously since they left Wash
ington, in May, but Mrs. McPberaou spent two
days at the West End Hotel, here, v.ith Gov.
orwen'? wile, last month. Miss Helen M<M/leliand,
Mrs. McPherson's loveiy young rnend who has
some times visited her in Washington, is bow with
her at Belle Mead. Senator M< Puerson, who has
returned in good health and splints, an-rr s visit
to bis family at the farm, has now gone to
cago.
Miss Pendleton, the daughter of our minister to
Germany, who has been Mailing her brother In
New York, and has been also In Washington once
or twice this year, sailed for Europe Juy & TIM
family of Mr. Preston, the miniater mm HayU.
arrived at Port William Henry Hotel, Lake Georga
on the evening or July tt- Miss Gkcmpt.
The National Opera company's late employs*'
have decided to take no action as a bouy, MR
to let each creditor look out tor his own interest.
Twenty of the passengers of the wrecked MerrW
mao arrived in Boston yesterday. They deny lbs
story of organized drunkenness and robbery on
tbe^Mut of the crew, though some baggage wu

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