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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 24, 1889, Image 6

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A FIGHT AT WEST POINT.
A Colored Student the Cause of a Meet
tAg Between Two White Cadet Officers.
A race fend hu broken out among Uncle
g^iji's embryo toldicrv tt the West Point mili
tary academy. IU smouldering embers burnt
forth in flame* one night last week, when two
wmng soldier boys laid aside the habiliment*
of war and appeared in the arena to nettle a
question of honor. The only warlike instru
ment* tiled were their brawny arm* and bare
knuckle*. It is the talk of the day at West
J>oint, and the famous ?'Grant-Gillmore" battle
of year* ago i* dwarfed into insignificance by
the great' ? Iiarroll- Lang home'' meeting of .last
week.
A New York World reporter, who traveled
over the snow-covered academy grounds yes
terday viewing the gory battlefield, is able to
give a full and conci*e hi*torv of the encounter.
The thinning out of the corps which always
follow* the January examinations caused a re
assignment of the cadets' seating in the mes*
hall. Custom ordains that the duty of assign
ing cadets to mess tables shall rest with the
ranking cadet captain, who is dubbed "super
intendent of the mess." Cadet Capt. George
D. Langhorne is now superintendent of the
mess. When he recently announced the mess
assignments! they caused great consternation.
AT THE TABLE OF HOSOR,
commonly called the "staff table," the young
colored boy.Chas. Young, now a member of the
Int class, was given a seat. The tender feel
ings of some of Vncle Sam s wards were
shocked. Thev considered it a degradation to
them to have t\ie colored lad shoWn such a dis
tinction. Noble and magnanimous motives
seem to have inspired Cadet Langhorne to his
considerate treatment of the lonely African.
But whatever may have inspired Cadet Lang
horne. his fortitude at a trying moment seems
to have abandoned him. He could not resist
the crv of opposition raised by hi* classmen.
The result was. Cadet Young was assigned to
another table?one presided over by Cadet
Lieut. Barroll. also a member of the first class.
Now it is further alleged that in removing the
colored cadet Cspt. Langhorne put in his place
on the "stiff table" a member of the fourth
class. In no other college in the country is
??class" distinction so rigid as at the military
academv. Therefore, according to the un
written law of the institution, it was a direct
insult to the colored boy to give a fourth class
man precedence over him.
LIEUT. BARROLL OBJECTS.
As soon, however, as the assignment of Cadet
Young to BarroU'* table was made known. Lieut.
Barroll objected. Last Wednesday evening,
when the corps marched into the mess hall for
snppor, Mr. Barroll. in the presence of Cadet
Yonng, protested to Capt. Langhorne against
the assignment. He characterized the cap
tain's action as vindictive and inspired by
unsoldierly motives. During this episode, his
feelings wounded to the core at the cruel con
duct of hi? feilow classmen. Cadet Yonng with
drew from the hall. It is reported that he left
the hall without permission, so exasperated
did he become, but this report could not be
verified. The generally accepted account is
that he was excused on the ground of sickness.
As far as could be learned. Cadet Young is still
at BarroU'* table, but the scene of Wednesday
night resulted in Cadets Barroll and Langhorne
mutually agreeing to settle the dispute in true
pugilistic fashion and according to the London
prize-ring rule*.
What West Point girl does not know Cadet
Langhorne? Tall, with masaive shoulders, the
very embodiment of a p< rfect soldier, his black
Lair contrasting with his light complexion.
George D. Langhorne is one of ti.e prides of
hi* class, both as a soldier and gentleman. He
i* a native of Yirginia. axd of that generous,
impetuous disposition so common to the natives
of that state. Since he has been in the corps
he has on several occasions w?.n honors for his
"knocking-out" abilities. The fact that he is
a ranking captain is sufficient commendation
for his character anil standing in the corps.
His opponent. Cadet Barroll, is a lieutenant
of B company, and of a very excitable temper
ament. Beared in Maryland, he is said to have
n strong antipathy to his colored brethren. He
ranks high as a student. He is much shorter
than Langhorne. is of a stouter build, but is
very active, muscular, and energetic in his
movements. His maulv and soldierly demeanor
has made him very popular among the young
ladies who visit West l'oint during the social
season.
THE BATTLE
occurred last Thursday evening. It was a
clear, cool night, and a fairer or more brilliant
moon never shone over the historic ground*.
Their military duties had all been completed,
and all were preparing for their evening repast
and a promenade among the sequesterud nooks
of the posU The hands of the old town clock
were just pointing to 5:30 when the two com
batants met. The ring was pitched just in the
rear of the boiler-house in tne barracks yard.
Seconds were dispensed with. Only a few
cadets witnessed the affray. The work of pre
paration was soon over. Caps were tossed on
the ground; the glove-litting dress-coats were
unbuttoned, and the two Herculeses shook
hands, assumed warlike attitudes, and the
affray was on. An eye-witness says that the
preliminary rounds were not productive of any
effective blows. They consisted of sparring
and counter-sparring. But in the third round
Langhorne'* powerful arm came out from the
tlbow with a giant-like force, and his bare
knuckle alighted on BirroH's right eye with
auch force that it nearly stunned him. Then
followed two more rounds, in which Barroll
got in some of his fine work, and gave his an
tagonist a beautiful pair of shining black eye*.
Honor* were about equally divided when the
battle was suddenly brought to a close.
THE BUOLE CALL TO DCTT
resounded across the plain, now gorgeously il
luminated with the flickering ravs of the beau
tiful moon. The two battle-disheveled youths
hastily buttoned their coat* and abandoned the
gory field and took their pioces at the head of
tneir companies. Both were a sorry-looking
sight, but Barroll appears to have got the
worst of the affair. His eyes were all battered .
np and his nose was scratched and knocked !
aomewbat out of its original position. A silk !
handkerchief adorned hi* face for several days '
after the tight. Langhorne'* eyes are still |
fcla k. and on theae bright moonlight nights,
aa he marches in command of the corps to and
from the mess hall, they form an interesting
silhouette ou hi* soldierly face.
?*?
Senator Heck aa a Temperance Man.
Washington Cor. Atlanta Constitution.
Speaking of the state dinners at the White
House, there was quite a good joke played on
Senator Beck, of Kentucky, by Senator Butler,
of South Carolina, and Senator Hale, of Maine,
at a White House dinner last winter. The joke '
inconvenienced the Kentuckian considerably, ]
and spoiled all enjoyment of the dinner for
him. Senetor Beck, like all true Kentuckian*.
love* a good glass of wine or old Bourbon.
Senators Butler and Hale knew of Mr. Beck's
frndm ?i for the exhilerating fluid and deter
mined to prevent the Kentuckian from even
getting a taste of the rare old wines which con
stituted a part of the menu at the state dinner
in question. Mr. Beck was silting near the
center of the table while the other two Sena
tors were at some distance 'rom him?one on
hi* right and the other on his left. As each
waiter would pass either of these gentlemen
they would point to the Kentuckian and say:
"Don't pour any wine ivto the glass of that
large gentleman, for he does not drink and it
offends him to have it offered to him."
Consequently, as each waiter went around
with wine Senator Beck was skipped over.
He was not impolite enough to ask for wine,
but Bat there looking almost the picture of des
pair. He would eve the glasses of those around I
him nervously and then look mad at the waiter. |
He was indeed perplexed, and the two Sena
tors who bad played the joke on him highly
enjoyed his predicament. When the dinner
was nearly concluded the Senator from Ken- I
tucky bore such a disconsolate look that Sena- !
tor Butler took pity upon him and announced
to those at the table the joke he and Hale had
played upon the Kentuckian. All present en
joyed the joke hugely and there was quite a
nearty laugh over it. However. Senator Beck's
glass was filled time after time, and as each
waiter poured out more of the sparkling wine
his manner changed, and before the guesta had (
departed the Kentuckian was in his usual good
humor and appeared to enjoy the joke that had
just been played upon him a* much as any one
present.
Clara Locime Kellooo III axd Deserted.
Clara Louise Kellogg was to have sung at the
Euclid Avenue Opera House. Cleveland. ().. the
last three night* of thi* week. Wednesday
Manager Htrti received the following U lecram
from Carl Btrakosch. dated Buffalo: "Kellogg
too ill to leave here; member* of company have
appropriated my mone/, have deserted m? and
my wife is Toronto, and are playing on their
owi accusal ia Detroit." ^.
According to a little Baltimore girl the in
terior of Africa "is principally used for purposes
of exploration."?A'ne York Tribune.
Theory and Practice.?"Doctor (to brother
physician)?Yes. gentlemen, the sovereign
remedy for all ill* is freah air, and plenty of
it. People don't let enough air into their
bouses. Well, I must hurry;I'm on an errand."
Brother Physician.?"Going far?"
"No, only down to the hardware store to g?t
half a mil* of weather-stripping."?Sew Tork
OLD TIMES AT THE CAPITAL.
When the South Took the Lead In Offi
cial and Social Life.
From the Xew York Te!?gr*m.
The administration of Mr. Pierce brought to
Washington a now and agreeable social ele
ment. and the reign of the queens of society
wag never to absolute and complete. The
south mar be said to have taken the lead in the
Senate, and in the cabinet the social life of
Washington found its support Mrs. Pierce
was. in a great measure, a recluse. The death of
her only son, a few months before the inaugu
ration, by a railroad accident, was a calamity
she never recovered from. Only on the oc
casions of official necessity did she appear in
public. The administration was a very popu
lar one, and during its term no disturbing ele
ment came to war against the enjoyment of
the entertainments which are remembered ret
for their lavish hospitality. Mrs. C. C. Clay
was one of the brightest ornaments of those
ladies in official life, whose graces gave a luster
to Washington society that has never been
surpassed. Mrs. Jefferson Davis. Mrs. A.
V. Brown, of Tennessee; Mrs. Jacob
Thompson. Mrs. John R. Thompson, of
New Jersey, subsequently Mrs. Governor
Swann. of Mar} land; Mrs. George E. Pugh. of
Ohio: Mrs. Pendleton, of Ohio: Mrs. Reverdy
Johnson, Mrs. Preston, of Kentucky, and Mrs.
Douglas were among the reigning celebrities
whose presence was an additional attraction to
every entertainment. With Mr. Buchanan's
administration a somewhat different ejement
predominated. Miss Harriet Lane presided at
the executive mansion with a grace and kind
liness that did so much to render that adminis
tration a successful one. in a social point of
view, whatever history may say of its political
failures. It seems to me that it was about this
time that the present style of dress or undress
was introduced, not as now worn, but an ad
vance in that direction. I recall the appear
ance of two very distinguished ladies at the
President's house one night at a levee, with
such a liberal display of back and breast as
attracted universal observation. Their develop
ment wag rather full, aud the display was
more ample, and to some more
objectionable, and. although the fashion
was not speedily followed, it was
planted, and bears abundant fruit on every oc
| casion of "full dress" to-day. The display of
wealth began about this time. California nad
been erecting miners into millionaires. Crirsus
had appeared among us. Carriages, which had
in the past been somewhat scarce, increased
rapidly, and the increase of regular visitors
made u change in the program of winter
gayeties. The effect of woman's influence and
:ts" value were never more plainly exhibited
than in the case of Miss Lane upon this ad
ministration. Mr. Buchanan, in a few months
after his inauguration, was perhaps the most
unpopular I'resident with Bis own party of any
man who hnd ever filled that exalted position.
It was difficult to select any question upon
which the I'resident had not takin both siaes.
Despite this failure the guests who went to
visit and expostulate with Buchanpn were
mollified wh<>n Miss Lane could be seen.
in
Steel-MnkliiK la the South.
From the Atlanta Constitution.
The making of pig-iron is an industry that
the south controls. It makes the price and
governs the market. The making of steel has
up to this time been controlled in the north.
The Bessemer company by smothering the
basic patent under which alone the phosphoric
ores of the south could bo worked, has pro
tected the north in the making of ingots. In
four years that patent will have expired and
then the south will gather the steel industry
unto itself. In the meantime, the liookwalter
patent, which covers a new process of steel
making. has excited special discussiou in the
north. The Constitution sent a correspondent
to personally investigate the matter and see if it
could be adapted to the southern furnaces. We
have no doubt that the south will find its way to
steel-making before the basic patent is opened?
whether through the Bookwalter process or
otherwise, remains to be seen. In pig-iron and
in the lower grades of cotton cloths, the south
already controls. She will move now to steel
and to'finer prints.
What'* in a Name ?
From the St. Paul Globe.
A lawyer of Temple court was looking over
some papers his German client had brought,
and every signature had a menace in it as it
stood:
"A Schwindler."
' Mr. Schwindler, why don't you write your
name some other way; write out your first
name, or something? I don't want people to
think you are a swindler."
-Veil. sir. how much better you dink that
looks?" and he wrote:
"Adam Schwindler."
m
Two Cases of Divorce.
ONE Til IS WHICH TO XARRT MULTITCDIXOCBLY
AND LEOA1.LT.
From Time.
"Ah," said the judge, "you want this decree
of divorce made absolute?"
'?Yes, your honor," replied the applicant.
"Haven't I seen you before, though?"
"Yes, your honor. You granted my fourth
petition for divorce six months ago."
"Ah, I remember. What were tue grounds?"
"She deserted me for five months."
"What were the other divorces for?"
'?The first left me because I wouldn't pay her j
board. The second ran away because I threw
vitriol at her. The third deser?"
"Yes. yes. The decree is made absolute,"
and the paper was signed.
"Who's this?" said the j udge. as a prisoner
was brought in.
"Founa guilty of bigamy yesterday, your
honor." said the crier, "and brought up for
sentence."
"Ah. how was it?"
"Your houor remembers that the prisonor
lost all trace of his wife at the close of the war
and remarried at the end of fifteen years, being
unable to find any trace of his first wife, but
she's just turned up."
"True, true," said his honor. "Clear case of
bigamy. Fifteen years."
Aud'the Ression "was adjourned after the crier
had yelled "God save tne commonwealth and
this honorable court."
Modern Atheism.
From the Des Moines Iowa State Beirister.
The most thoroughly watered intellectual
capital of our day is that which invests in cheap
theories of life, that ignores God and ridicules
the suggestions of piety and religious faith.
Fellows who have not braius enough for any
otfit-r idea turn atheist. Or, more moderately
philosophical they aunounee that they do not
know whether there is a God or not. Some
even hint thr.t they wish in their hearts that it
might turn out that there is a god. They act
as if. in that case, they might be willing to
contribute something to his support. It is a
little early for modern atheism to present a
popular philosophy of life. Already, however,
that form of atheism which Lord Bacon de
scribes wheu he says that "there is no man who
thinketh that there is no God except him to
whom it maktth that there were no
God." has come forward with its sermon
on the mount. The president of the Ameri
can Secular union, Mr. K. G. Ingersoll. in
his annual address, not long ago translated into
common language the learned dialect of the
new schools of atheism and chaos, that for a
time threatened to prevail in this money get
ting modern age. Standing before a ' well
dressed audience of a thousand people in the
chief center of American wealth ana culture,
he exhorted his hearers to "get out of their
minds that old nonsense about man's free
moral agency," on the ground that "a man is
no more responsible for his character than for
his height; for his acts than his dreams." It
is perfectly evident that this first offort of the
chief apostle of American atheism, to construct
a working theory of worldly affairs, has been
inspired directly from Bedla'm. The applause
of a thousand well-dressed people at this utter
ance. as reported in the New York Sun. suggests
that the soou>r the people of this country get
back to Bound principles aud leave off this new
Lutrouage of babblers and phrase-mongers, the
etter. Let this age beware that it goes not
too far away from the landmark, set up from
everlasting and likely to remain to ever
lasting: "Fear God and keep his command
ments. for this is the whole duty of man."
A Lawyer's Scit Auaixst his Mother-in
law.?J. D. Critchfield. a well-known lawyer
of Mt. Vernou, Ohio, began suit Wednesdav
against his mother-in-law. Mrs. Caroline H.
Henderson, of Krie. Pa., for 1100.000. alleging
that she. with W. W. Howell, deliberately and
maliciously weaned his wife's affections from
! him. Mrs. Henderson is a widow and worth
?"250.000. Mrs. Critchfield became very sick
and while in that condition her mother brought
about the separation. Five years ago Mrs.
Henderson's husband died and left the bulk of
his large estate to the city for charitable pur
poses. Mrs. Henderson, by a vigorous tight,
compelled the city to settle at ? small figure.
???
Churchill countv, Nevada, is breaking in two.
A crack, three feet wide, several miles in
length, and of an unknown depth, has made its
appearance.
The San Francisco Watp says the differ
ence between comic and grand opera ia that a
comic opera yon ought to laugn, but can't,
while in a grand opera 70a mast not laugh, but
want to.
??NOTHING BUT A NIGGER."
A Southern Paper Make* Strong Pro*
teat Against Mob Law.
From the Mobile Register.
The poor woman who ni assaulted near
Birmingham, and who has our profoundest
sympathy, did not say positively that the negro
brought before her for identification was the
octe who committed the assault upon herself
and who murdered her little son. Bhe at first
said that he looked like the assailant. She
then said that he stooped more than the assail
ant She went so far as to say that if this was
not the assailant, he was twin brother to the
assailant. At no time did she say he was the
man. The mob were clamorous for her to
make a decisive admittance. She failed to do
so. The negro all the time denied his guilt.
The mob wero anxious for a victim. They
waited over night, and then, one of the mob,
bolder than the rest, threw a lasso over tiio
head of the victim, and then, the tigers having j
smelt blood, dragged him off to a tree. Deny
ing the guilt all the time, the victim went to
death, and when he was past all need for ven
gence, a man of the mob proposed that they |
shoot bullets into the human being whose soul
was crossing the threshold of eternity. And
then five hundred
BULL ITS WERE FIRED INTO THE DY1NQ MAN.
What a glorious fusilade that was for men
whose kindred held muskets at Shiloli and Get
tysburg. But perhaps their kindred did not
hold muskets there. It is a singular fact that
the brutes who led mobs in peace were the first
to run in battle. He was nothing but a nigger.
He had no rights which the mob were bound to
respect. He had no right to claim the benefit
of the least doubt. He was guilty from tho
time he was caught. He was simpiy a gutter
rat caught bv the terriers, and they had a right
to bite, choke, stake, torture and kill him at
pleasure. There was no other purpose in his
presence on earth. He wan intended to mako
a Birmingham holiday. What better subject
was there for butchery? He had no friends.
He was simply a dirty,* brutal nigger, who had
no position on earth to fill and whose creation
was a mistake.
This last Birmingham mob was perhaps the
most unreasonable mob that has disgraced this
young city. If this negro had been gniltv tho
courts would have declared so very promptly.
There is no escape for a negro without iriends,
without money in such a case. We have laws,
officers and courts to meet such a case. Then
WHY THE NECESSITY FOR LYNCH LAW,
especially in a case where the chief witness was
not positive? Tho truth is that the mobs are
generally led by brutal white m"n who should
themselves be behind the bars of a peniten
tiary?by men like the poor drunken creature
who at Birmingham assumed the name of ons
of Mobile's best citizens to incite tho people to
riot and violence. It is true that a large num
ber of the disorderly element of Birmingham
are northern men. and that many of them are
ex-convicts, but it is also true that many of the
mob are southern men who know tbeir duty to
society. We say to Birmingham, in the name
of civilization and law. that thiB thing must be
stopped. If it is not stopped the commercial
welfare of Birmingham and the good name of
Alabama will be blasted. Our people are not
savages and brutes. We ere a law-abiding and
God-fearing people and we will not permit a
handful of incarnate finnds to defy the law and
bring disgrace upon our authorities. The peo
ple of Alabama will stand by Governor Seay if
lie will ferret out the leader? of this last mob
and bring them to justice. What is the use of
having a good and brave sheriff like Smith, of
Jefferson,, if he is not to be held up in his
efforts to sustain the law. unless he has the
practical sympathy and support of the authori
ties.
IT IS A SHAMEFUL THING
to see the craven-hearted officers of the law,
exhibiting fear of mobs, and even sympathiz
ing with and aiding them. It is equally shame
ful to see a people looking with indifference
upon attempts to condemn a sheriff for doing
his duty. In such a state of official cowardice
and popular disregard of law. it is not surpris
ing to see a new mob following in the footsteps
of the late mob and taking the law in its own
hands. Oh, it was only a nigger, and perhaps
th9v caught the right nigger! Did not the
mob intimate that even if their nigger was not
fuiltv of this offense he had been recognized
y some one of the five hundred judges, who
composed the mob, as a nigger who was sus
pected of a similar crime on some former occa
sion. That was sufficient. What more wonld
any reasonable southerner want? Away with
him to the tree, and shoot his carcass through
with five hundred high-toned bullets?all com
ing from the throats of five hundred brave pis
tols buckled around that noble mob to defend
themselves against the officers of the law. If
Jefferson county and Birmingham do not put a
stop to lawlessness they will ruin themselves
and disgrace tho fair name of Alabama.
??? ???
Some Queer Wills.
From the Charles tun News and Courier.
In overhauling some of the old books in the
records of the probate court, Judge Gleason
has come across some queer documents. Here
are some of them:
A man, who has been dead so long that he
shall be nameless, was hanged in Charleston
for murder. He protested hi9 innocence to tho
laBt. and the day before his execution giade a
will, leaving his personal property, valued at
in money, and a silver watch and chain, to
his relative. The last clause of tho will is as
follows:
"As I am to be hung to-morrow for the mur
der of , of which crime I am innocent,
?ud firmly believing that I was found guilty by
i packed jury. I bequeath to this jury eternal
damnation, and. in order that their names may
be known to posterity, I herein insert their
names [ , foreman and eleven others).
I order and direct that my executor hereinafter
named shall deliver my body to the medical
students of Charleston. 8. C., and they are re
quested to have my bones properly cleaned,
my skeleton properly mounted, so that it will
pass down as a proof of the bribery and cor
ruption used in the conviction of an innocent
man."
Another man. long since deceased, and who
was evidently a wealthy Frenchman, after dis
posing of his estate, provides for an erring
daughter as follows:
'?It is to me a great cause of mortification
and regret to mention the name of Clotilde.
my daughter, now twenty-three years old. To
protect this instrument I beuueath to her one
barleycorn. I pray she will repent and pre
pare for the Lord's-forgiveness.
Another man, who was a widower and had
an only daughter, who seems to have been
the cause of much trouble to her father, dis
poses of his estate and gives to his daughter
"my blood horse. Jim, feeling satisfied thut if
she will either ride or drive him it is likely
she will be brought home a corpse, in which ,
satisfactory event then let the nurse be sold
and the proceeds given to the poor."
Head Newspapers and Study.
From the New Haven Register.
Our advice to young men is to study politics
all the time. Begin now to keep the run of
current events, not only at home, but abroad.
Watch the struggle in France, which now pre
sents a scene of stirring interest, as the threat
ened revolution approaches, with Boulanger
rising above the angry surges of the troubled
waters. Mark the progress of the home rule
idea in the British parliament, and especially
the part that the "Grand Old Man" is taking in
it. Note the attempts that are made to estab
lish civilization ana Christianity in Africa. In
order to do this you must do more than read
the newspapers carefully. You must delve into
history. You should also read carefully the
best works you can find about the science of
government. The political parties in our own
day present a study well worth watching care
fully. Above all, make it a point to analyze
motives, separate the good from the bad, care
fullv make up your mind .14 to w hat is right,
but do not blind yourself vo the faults in your
own party; make it a rule of your life never to
do in politics anything that you would account
wrong in business or social life. Any young
man who views the passing struggles of men
and parties from the high plane of intelligence
and virtue will not only be a credit to himself
and his party, but will'be a good to the nation.
? ?e?
Bismarck's Probable Successor.
From London Life.
There is a report current in court circles to
ths effect that Prince Bismarck will soon retire
into private life. The same rumor gives him
for temporary successor Count Waldersee, the
present chief of the general staff, and successor
to Count Moltke. Count Waldersee would,
however, only intermediately hold the imperial
office, and would, within the' space of from ten
to twelve months, be replaced by Count Her
bert Bismarck, the present chancellor's promis
ing scion. The question suggests itself why
Count Bismarck should not immediately follow
his father. Indeed, this would seem to be the
natural coarse of events; bnt the count has
many adversaries, whose actions and words are
inspired by envy. There are others who do not
approve of the political and social atmosphere
that he chooses for himself. There is many a
ducal or princely family in Prussia who are dis
pleased to see the power and the influence of
the princely family of Bismarck perpetuated.
For them the young count has made too rapid
a career; besides, Connt Herbert Bismarck has
professed himself of moderately liberal views
with respert to potttieal and religions ques
4'MUST" AND "OUGHT."
Contrasting Motives in Southern and
Northern Novels.
Anna L Dawes, in the Critic.
The novel* of Am h lie Rives are especially
and peculiarly southern novels. They are full
of the distinctively wontliern atmosphere, the
environment here sumptuous and there ne
glected; the curious mingling of contempt
for surroundings and dependence upon them;
the ignoring of labor; the habit of command;
above all thing*, the imperious wills?all these
are traits as perfect and distinct as the phy
sical forms she pictures. And it makes little
difference where her plot is laid, in England or
America, the types are tho same. It is life
tropical everywhere?out-of-doors, in drawing
rooms. most of all in men's passions. The
very plot of her most famous novel is simply
the'question whether the heroine shall have
lscr own way or not?this and nothing else. It
glows with passion of body and soul, but it
turns on no incidents or actions of life, but
solely on the struggle between the will of the
dead and the will of tho living. This certainty
that man must have what he wants, that it is
onlv a question of whose will shall dominate,
is tne ,hall-mark of fhe south, and the novel
which makes this its drama is tlie southern
novel. Duty may enter in. or even control,
but there is the point of strain. The southern
imperative is must. Therefore it is that
THE HIGH*WROUGHT NOVI'.LS OF PASSION
are still realistic, because this is southern life
in its essence, enjoyment, excitement, posses
\ sion, passion. Miss Murfree's books have the
same note, and thns are southern also. There
is little enjoyment in these, however; the ex
citement and the passion together are of a
fierce kind, and concern the public, not the
individual; and thns, although of the game
class, they mark a different region. Iler
mountaineers work their own will just as truly
as Virginia cavaliers; but it is a wild will, a
love of feuds and fighting, a hatred of other
| men. Murder is one of their tools, and human
nature cares not so much for what it has as for
what it keeps others from having. These are
| elemental, not civilized qualities?passions.
1 not passion; and there is no question of
material things, ono way or tho other.
THE SEW ENGLAND ENVIRONMENT.
Contrast theso two very different types with
the men and women who move about Howells'
pages. The environment affects them, not they
the environment. They are bound down by
conditions of life, pecuniary, social, industrial,
even climatic. They can and they cannot. The
effect of their houses and their friends is con
siderable. and even lumptuousncss is carefully
suited to the station "in which it has pleased
(lod to put" them. All this is strongly true to
life again. As imui is the southern imperative,
;;o ouqhl is tiio Now England imperative. The
one life is all color, the other all form. The one
writes in the air nm*t and shall, the other hews
out of the rock 0u.7M.aud triU. Put Annie Kil
burn, or Silas Lapham. or even Milton Corey
on a plantation, how poorly they fit the sur
roundings. how unsuited to the environment,
their analytical life! But Virginia of Virginia
would be equally out of touch with the consid
ering north. Howells could not paint a south
ern beauty; neither Rives nor Murfree could
draw a northern hero. Yet Howells' delicate
dissection is as truly realistic to its own home
M the fierce drama of the southern writers to
their country.
RUSSIAN* REALISM.
Now, in a single word, compare this charac
teristic method with the method of the Russian
novels, generally considered tho type of real
ism. In a sense they are all alike. Minute
ness of detail, close and clever intellectual an
alysis. dramatic treatment of philosophical |
conditions, are common to all of them. A cer
tain fieshliness, a certain dirt and filth, a cer
tain complexity of living as well as life, certain
common types of thought, are always to be !
found in them. It is true that Tourgueneff is
very different from Tolstoi, and Dostoyeffsky I
is r.il by himself; but the creatures they work
with are just the same, and are moved by the I
same motives and the same passions. You
might transpose the characters from '?Ann?.
Kr.renina''to "Crimeandrunisliment," audyou
would have no difficulty in fitting them to their
new homes. Wide as Russia is. multifold as are
her people, her type is one. and her literary
treatment thereof differs only as the individual
author and his outlook differ. This is so obvious
that it brings into stronger relief our own di
versity, and the fact that while we are one also,
it is not a single one, but a complex one. It is
F, Pluribus Unum in fact as well as in oratory.
Realism in Russia consists in ilepicting care
fully and elaborately the different people within
the great empire, who, under so wide a sky. yet
breathe the same social atmosphere and, each
class for itself, think the same thoughts. Real
ism in America consists in expressing with
equal care the different types that have made
for themselves different social atmospheres,
here carcful and considered, there wild and
ungoverned, there again passionate aud im
pulsive.
Lost Ills Mind on His Wedding Day,
AND FOR TEN DAYS LAY CONCEALED IN A BARN
WITHOUT FOOD.
The mystery surrounding the sudden disap
pearance of Thomas Conway, of New Suffolk.
N. Y.. on January 12. tho day ho was to have
been married to Miss Mary Sullivan, has been
cleared up. Tuesday afternoon Henry Knee
land, a farmer near Mattituck. N. Y., on going
to his barn found in the hay-mow a man who
was insane and nearly dead. He was identified
as the missing bridegroom. Conwav, 011 Wed
nesday. recovered his senses and told the ex
traordinary story that he had been in the barn
since the dav of his disappearance, and that all
the food he had had was what milk he got from
the cows. He was unable to account for his
strange actions.
Nothiftg was known of Conway's disappear
ance until the guests had assembled for the
wedding ceremony and the appointed hour had
passed, and when it was learned that Conway
had drawn $400 from the ba'ik that day it was
feared that he had met with foul play. The
money was found intact in the young mun's
trunk at his home.
A Speech from Joseph Chamberlain.
HIS AMERICAN WIFE LISTENS TO HIS REMARKS ON
HIS FISHERIES NEGOTIATIONS. ETC.
Mr. Joseph Chamberlain addressed a meet
ing at Birmingham last night and met with an
enthusiastic reception. Mrs. Chamberlain oc
cupied a seat 011 the platform. A letter was
received from Mr. Bright's son. who wrote that
his father's health was steadily improving, and
that his condition was generally verv much
better than it was a month ago. Mr. Chamber
lain. in tho course of his remarks, referred to
the rejected fisheries treaty. He said that his
mission to America had Deen one of peace and
good will, and had resulted in the treaty being
accepted by both governments as an honorable
solution of the question at issue. The treaty
had been rejected in the Senate by a strict
party vote, and he was not disposed to over
estimate the importance of that vote. He was
convinced that the feeling of cordial friendship
between the two peoples was so great and firm
that nothing would be permitted long to inter
fere with it. [Cheers.]
During his absence on his second fortuuato
visit to the United States?[cries of "Hear,
hear"]?he had followed closely the events in
parliament. What struck him most was the
remarkable diminution in prominence of tho
Irish question. It was evident that the coun
try felt the importance of other questions.
Doubtless the improved condition of Ireland,
which w is largely due to the wise and firm
administration of Mr. Balfour, had contributed
to keep down the clamor of the Parnellites. Ho
(Chambt rl..in) believed that the Uludsionians
were finding out that home rule by itself was
not a n.irnc to ce>ujure with, uud that hence
forth tlie Gladstonian platform would give
prominence to other questions upon which the
liberals, as formerly, might agree.
A Practical Joke That Cost a Life.?The !
manner in which Theodore Wehl met his death 1
in the carpenter shop at 185 7th street, New
York, on Tuesday, was fully explained yester
day when Paul Ockus attempted to end his life
bv putting a bullet into his breast at his home.
400 east H2d street, Ockas is a cigarmaker, and
on Wednesday he acknowledged that ho did
the shooting. When advised to give himself
np he said he was afraid, and James Stenner,
from whom he rented a room, ordered him out
of the house. Ockas entered a closet aud shot
himself. The wound he inflicted is a slight
one. It appears that during an argument
about the revolver Ockas bet Wehl 50 cents
that the revolver was loaded and when Webl's
attention was distracted from the weapon he
inserted two cartridges in the empty chambers.
Weill's death was the result of this subterfuge.
CoimMTiwo Gov. Eagle's Emotion.?In the
Arkansas general assembly Wednesday, C. M.
Norwood filed a petition preliminary to contest
ing the election of J. P. Eagle, as governor, in
September last. Norwood was the union-labor
candidate, and was supported generally by the
republicans. Eagle's majority ?u over 1*5,000.
but Norwood charges frauds, and claims that
a fair investigation will elect him by 6,670
majority.
Dr. Pimaca'i Pellets (the original Little Liver
Pills) have to-day the largest sale of any pills sold
by druggists. For all derangements of the liver,
stomach and bowels, they are unequaled. One a
THE SKIN IN WINTER.
The Desirability of Taking Good Car*
of This Important Organ.
Dr. w r. Hutchinson. In American Magazine.
What n curious organ the human skin ii.to be
pure! I know that almost everyone looks on it
with contempt, as a sortof well-fitting wrapper
for more precious goods beneath. That is,
unless ache or some other disfigurer comes
along and sets up business with the skin as sole
backer. Really there is no organ of the body
so long suffering and so abused as this same
flexible covering of ours, that has so much to
do. In summer, when not oppressed by heavy,
ill-ventilated clothing, it is always perceptibly
busy; in cold weather excretion continues, but
being in form of vapor, is not noticed. Few
persons are aware how much work this organ
does. In cool seasons, the average amount of
sweat exhaled from an adult is 2 pounds; this
amount increasing up to 4 pounds an hour, the
latter enormous quantity naving been meas
ured upon workmen exposed to the intense
lieat of gas-works furnaces. Night and dav,
every hour of our lives, this wonderful sieve is
at work, taking from the blood useless and
poisonous debris, its labor so vital that twentv
four hours' complete suspension means death.
Now in winter, while its functions are least
and its openings liable to be clogged by pres
sure, by plugging from lack of care, or by
some disease, it is plain that much, aye, ex
treme pains should be bestowed upon it. Every
one cannot take regular daily baths of water,
but everyone can. upon getting out of bed, have
a hearty, thorough rub down, with a rough
towel?not one that is harsh enough to scratch
and hurt, but a Turkish web. that will stimu
late and be pleasant. This frictMp will open
skin pores in ^ood shape, set capnlary circula
tion of blood and surface nerve now in full mo
tion, and be the very best possible preparation
for a winter day.
Avoid too frequent plunge baths in winter.
Few men, still fewer women, of our nervous
Americans, have stamina enough to waste any
upon cold water, as is done when a plunge is
made into the morning tub at ordinary temper
| atures.
In hospitals such baths arc used to reduce
I heat in fever cases, and it is easy to bring it
' down three or four degrees in a few minutes by
| this means. This fall that seems so trilling, is
in reality somethiug very great, compared with
the narrow range within whose limits life is
possible? and such shocks are inimical to
Health. The dry rubbing spoken of before is
far better.
Risible Raisers.
Misfortunes are said to come in pairs, but
the first one surely came with an apple.?Boston
Oaieete.
Health journals insist upon reposing on the
right tide only, and claim that it is injurious to
lie on both sides, but we don't know where
they will And a healthier looking set of men
than lawyers.?Salem (Ore.) Statesman.
How to boil down a thousand and one states
man. politicians and party shysters into seven
competent constitutional advisers is what
bothers Mr. Harrison.?Marthas Vineyard Her
ald.
'?And why do yon ask that a day's work should
be comprised within eight hours?"
Labor Agitator?"So thaf we can have more
time in which to demand shorter hours of la
bor."?Boston Transcript.
'?What kind of stories do bald-headed men
F refer?" asked McSwilligen. "Don't know.
ni not bald." replied Squildig. "What kind?"
''Hair-raising stories, of course."?Pittsburg
Chronicle Telegraph.
Four hunters fire simultaneously at a rabbit
that keeps oil running, and they ask altogether:
"I wonder who missed that time?"?Texas
Si/tiny s.
About 600 miners employed at the Oilman.
Cedar Mountain. Black Diamond and Franklin
coal mines. Washington Territory, all of them
Knights of Labor, are out on a strike.
EDUCATIONAL.
A I,ADY QUAUFIKD. WITH rati iOCDT,
will trlve Leswins in French to beginners at their
own residence*, for terms aud particulars. address
Box Star oflct.
I FRENCH LESSOX8.?MADAM E ~CH EVH EMONT,
Dipl'intfe de 1'Academic dr Paris. Si>erial classes
lor children daily. Evening classes for adults. Ad
dress 1512 13th st. n.w. ja24-lm*
mHE FREDERICK FEMALE SEMINARY WILL
A commence its next session February 1, 1 889. Fi r
catalogue and terms address WM. U PURNELL. LL
D? Frederick. Md. Ja23-2w?_
PIANO LESSONS - MISS CLARA HARRISON,
pupil of Win. Mason, N. Y.
se'.'O 5m* 1234 13th st. n.w.
Drawing and painting-instruction in
every branch and for all urn, private or in classes,
at THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF FINE ARTS,
804 E st. Call aud see the wonderful progress ol
students. Ja21-2Wt*
mo THE PARIS EXPOSITION?A SPECIAL )
JL course of practical conversations in French:
clashes from 4 to 1) p.m. Prof, and Mine. DES UAR
ENNES, 1203 11th st. n.w. Jal9-lW
MISS ERNA V. RODENSTEIN, SOPRANO, HAN
ing returned from New York, can lie engaged for
concerts, Ac. A limited number of pupils w ill also lie
received. Address 1329 Wallach Place. lalS-lir'
SHORTHAND IN SIXTEEN SIMPLE LESaO.V
Classes daily. Tuition by mail a specialty. Call or I
send for pamphlet. Type-writing taught free of |
charge. Head school Acme Phonography. IfJ 1 F st. n.
w. I'll -'-'w
SHORTHAND.-INSTRUCTION THORoUuH. sYrv
teniatic, and successful. beginning. advanced, and
?peed classes for ladies and gentlemen; dictation class
a specialty, every evening, under direction of Mr. E.
P. Huiiua. For further information apply at Y. M. C. A,
140!) New Tors ave. n'J'i-eod'-'in.
Master of arts, with his university
trained lady assistant, has Day ami Evening
Classes for civil service, high school and college prepa
ration. Successful record in charge of New England
high and normal schools. Address F. E. HALL. 221 E I
st. n.w. Jal6-2w*
(COMMENT PARLE A PARIS LA BONNE SO
1 cieter Prof. H. LARROQUE, A.M., of Sorbonne
Univ., Paris. Private tutor in French, classical and
modern languages. 903 ltlth st. n.w. Jail-1m*
VXTASHINGTON CONSERVATORY OF .Hl-MC. St.
TT Cloud Building, ilth and F sts. Twentieth y?ar.
Pir.no, Organ, Voice, Violin. Flute. Cornet, &c. Ftm
advantages. O. B. BULLARD,Director. JalO-lm*
PRIVATE LESSONS' ST RICTLY CONFIDENT UL
to i>ersons whose early education lias been ne
glected or forgotten. S, W. FLYNN, A. M., Ivy Insti
tute, Southwest cor. Sth and K sts. n.w. JalO-lm*
15TH ST. N. W.
The MISSES KERR'S School for Young Ladies and
Little Girls.
The Second Term begins FRIDAY. Feb. 1st. Ja7-lm
VHf ASHINGTON SCHOOL OF "ELOCUTION AND
" Oratory, 904 M st. n.w., Mrs. M. STEVENS
HART, Principal. Voice culture aud Natural Expres
sion carefully taught.
STAMMERING
Thoroughly cured. References to ivtron*. Ja5-lm"
A RT STUDENTS' LEAGUE, SUN llUILDINc
.i\1317Fst. Day and Evening classes Drswin.
and Painting iu Oils and Water color from life. Class?,
for beginners. Instructors?A. G. Heaton. E. C. Mes
ser. D. W. Gill, W. H. Holmes, aud S. Jerome Chi
dS-Sw*
I EDWARD C. TOWNSEND.
J Tea<'her of Elocution.
Correct (deep) breathing Voice Culture, Oratorical and
Dramatic Action, at 1 Ml 7 1 :ith st. n.w. d31-3m
uT/wari collfxjeTannapolis, md.
kj Eight departments and four courses of study.
Preparatory school attached.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO
THE PREPARATION OF CANDIDATES FOR
THE NAVAL ACADEMY.
For catalogues, address President,
d'_'K-:tni THOMAS FELL, A. M.
MISS SCHMITT'S KINDERGARTEN AND PRIM
ary Class. 401 3d st. n. w. Conveyance from
uorthwestern section, teacher accomi?anyiiig. Articu
lation and speech reading taught the deaf. d2?-lm*
VIOLIN LESSONS.?MR.H. DONCH WILL~RE
ceive a limited number of pupils at his residence,
608 H st. n.w. d24-lm
M
T. VERNON SEMINARY,
1100-1104-1116 M STREET
AND 1128 11TH 8TREET.
BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOL FOR YOUNG
LADIES AND UTILE GIRLS.
Thorough instruction in all branches in accordance
with the liest modern method*. Commodious new
school building, heated by steam aud having abundant
sunlight and fresh air. I or further information apply
to the Priuci)*l, Mrs. ELIZABEl H J. SOMERS.dl-.iiu
Academy of the holy cross, 1312 massa
chnsetts ave.?Thorough ^Course iu English aud
Music ou the Piano, with daily use of fechiiicou,organ,
Harp, Guitar aud Bauio. Special atteutiou given to
harmony and thorough bass classes; also to vocaL
dl-iln
CPENCERIAN BUSINE88 COLLEGE, COR. 7TH
k^and lists, n.w. Established 1SU4. Central location.
Commodious halls and class-rooms. Superior methods,
lnlliorpsof instructors. Its well-trained graduates arw
tilling responsible business aud official positions
Day and night sessions. Large attendance of young
men aud wsmeu. Fivecoursea: The business course;
Amanuensis course; Practical English; Special Pen
manship: Delsarte Course in Expression. Tuition
rates; by the year, quarter, or monthly installments.
Enter any time. Call or send for illustrated circular*.
HENRY C. SPENCER, LL. B, Principal. SARA
A. SPENCER, Vice-Principal. n22
A BUSINESS EDUCATION- BOOK-KEEPING JEN
inausliip,Commercial Branches, Type-writing, Elo
cntlon; rapid progress. Low rates. Est. ISS.i. Cal
after 4:30. WOOD'S COMMERCIAL SCHOOL 4(K
E. Cap. M19-tof25
rjAHE BERLITZ SCHOOL OF LANGUAGES,
Tsnnabagin now.
an20 723 14th st. n.w.
Friends* select schooi^-a primary, in
ter mediate, and High School for both sexaa
IK 11 I st. n. w.
an20-6m THOB. W. 1PWKLL. Principal.
MARTYN'S commercial COLLEGE AND
School of Telegraphy and Tyre-writing. 313 6th
at. D.W., near City Post-OOce. Tftie Highest Stand
ard Business College in America." Splendidly eqsip
ped. The largest and moat commodious building in
the city devoted to business training. Catalogues frss
on application. Colored students not admitted.
1HANCIS G. MAKTYN, President. C. K. URNER,
A M. C. E, Principal ocl
A HARVARD GRADUATE DESIRES FOIUA
sel9-6mo At Banders * Slayman's, 934 T st n.w.
LMi
FAMILY SUPPLIES.
That lovely unfermknted oka.it. wire
35c. pat bottle Lowest nib trice* *t
O'HARKS flmwr.
, 1V45 7th st. n.w.
THE BB8T eUXDUTU) SUGAR. TV THE
finest Sug*r-'"urrd Small Family Haiuv ?weet mud
Juicy. 13c. OOMUtrnl to flf wtlitKttoii ' r liMtftfy
refunded. Also ? toll hue choice i interne* vary cheep
for the cash. N A_ POOLE.
dl3-3m i'44 La. ?m n. w.
1-1 LBS LARD FOR il7 5DOE.FRE8H RWH
1 1 for 11: 3J? lb* Creamery Butter lor tl; ?> lb*,
.rood Butter toril. 16 lha. Mine* Meat for $ 1 J T
b. PTLES, 412 4th ?l. s. e. JaK-2w*
GENTLEMEN'S GOODS.
G. T. Kux.
TAILOR,
ocMa 414 OTB 8T&EEX
11* D. Baku
IMPORTER AND TAIIjOR.
Ru the honor to inform you that hia NEW OOOT>3
have Just arrived.
Mr. BARK i?r*onally fits all irarmenta made in hia
establishment.
1111 PENNSYLVANIA AVE.,
mhl 7 Washington. D. C.
RAILROADS.
PIEDMONT AIR LINE.
Schedule in effect January 1.1th. 1889.
8:30 A. M.?Ea*t Tenn. Mall Daily for Warrenton.
Gordonsvillc, Charlottesville, Lyn -hlnirv. aud stations
between Alexandria and Lynchburg, Roanoke, Bristol.
Knoxville, Rome, Calers, Montgomery, and New Or
leans. Pullman Sleewr Wusluuirton to New Orleans.
11:24 A. M ?Fast Mail Daily for Wanvnton, Char
lotteaville, Gordotisville, Station* Che* k Ohio Iiouta,
Lynchburg-, Rocky Mount, Danville and Station* be
tween Lynchburv and Dan* ill*. (imunlioM. Ralrurh,
Charlotte, Columbia Aiken. Auiruota. Atlanta, Birmlne
ham. Montgomery, New < irleans, Texa* and California.
Pullman Slee|?r New York to Itlauts : P'lllmau lurlor
car* Atlanta to Montgomery Pullman sleeker* Mont
gomery to New Orlean* aud Matiu Boudoir Sleepers
. for B-.rminitlism. Vickaburg. and Shreve|>ort. Pullman
Sleeper Greensboro to Columbia aud Augusta. Solid
train* Washington to Atlanta. Docs not council tor
C. A O. route points Sundays.
2:30 P. M?Daily, except Mmday, for Maua
Strasliurg aud intermediate stations.
5: HOP. M?Western Express Daily for Warren ton,
Gordonsville, Charlotte*\ ille, IstuiKVille, Cincinnati.
Pullman Sleejsr* and Solid Train* Wa*hiugion to
Louisville; al*> lor LyucLliurv. Bristol. Chattamsiga.
Meuiphi*, Little Rock, and all *oiith*e*teru point*. I
Through l-ullinhu Sleepers Washington to Memphi* I
without chaugt.
11:00 P. M.?Southern Express Daily for Lrnch
burg, Danville, llaleigh, AKhevllle. Charlotte, Colum
bia, Aiken. Augusta, Atlanta, Montgomery. New Or
leans. Texa* and California. Pullman \ estibuleh| r|?t
\\ :ishiugton to New Orleans via Atlanta and Mont
gomery. Pullman Sleeper Washington to Augusta,
Ga? without change.
Train* on Washington and Ohio division leave Wash
ington 0 :00 A. M. Daily except Sunday, and 4 45 P M.
Daily; arrive Round IiiU 11:30 A. M. and 7 20PM
Returning leave Round Hill 0:0a A.M. Daily aud 1 JM
I' M. Dally except Suuday, arriviug Washington S3U
A.M. atid?5:5K P.M.
Through train* from the South via Charlotte, Dan
ville anil I.ynchburg arrive tu Washington 7 OO A M
and 7P.M., via East TetineMiwe. Bristol and Lynch
burg- at ll:l:t A.M. and P.M.; via Chesapeake
and Ohio route and Charlottc*ville at 0 40 P.M.;
Strasburg Local at 10:1 A. M.
Ticket*. sleeping car reservation and information
furnished. and baggage checked at office. 13<iO Penn
sylvania aveuue, and at Passenger Station. Pennsylva
nia Railroad, tilli and U st?. J AS. L. TAYLOR,
Jsl4 '"I'Mier:.! passenger \L-evt.
The ghea ;
PENNRTLVANI V ROUTE
TO THr Nom u. WEM. AND SOtTHWTST.
DOl'BLE TRACK. SPLENDID SCENERY.
STEEL RAILS. MAUMFICENT l urll'MENT.
IN EFFECT JVM AK. I\, lNKlt.
TRAINS I.I.AVE W ASHINGTON FROM STATION,
CORNER SIXTH AND B STREETS. AS FOL
LOWS:
For Ptttsborr and the Wert, Chicair.i Limited Express of
Pullrua.i Vestibuled Car*, at H:."><! a.ui. daily; Fast
Line. s>:.">(? a.ni. daily, to Cincinnati and >t. Loui-,,
w itli Sb-ej in^ Cars lrom Pitt*lxtflr to Cincinnati,
?nd Hamsburic to St. Louix; daily,except >u?tur
day. to Chicago, with Sleeping Car Altoona to Chi
cago. We*tem Express, at < 40pjn. daly, with
Sleeptn^Cara W? slunirton to CliK-atro and st. L> >uts.
conneitmir daily at llarri-lituv with thpnnrti
hleei>er* for Louisville and Memphis, l'a. uie Ex
pre**, 10 00 p.m. daily, for Pitt-I>mx :.nd tli?
"Vest, with through Sle?-is r toI*itt?buix,aud Pitta
Ir.rv to Chicago.
BALTIMORE AND POTOMAC RAILROAD.
For Erie. Canandaitrua. ;iud Roch-xter. daily; for Buf
falo aud Niaimra. daily, except Saturday, l.Hrtjp.
n.? with Sleepinjf Car AVashliitrtou to Rochester.
For W illiamsiKirt, L? k Haven, and Elmira, at?a.
m. daily, except Sunday.
For New York aud the East, 7:20. 9:00, 11 00. and
11 40 a.m., 2:00. 4:10.10:00, and 11.20 pjiw Ou
HUnday, !?:00. 11 40a.m.. 2 00. 4:10, loot'., and
11:20 p.m. Liuiiu-d Express of lullniau i*ar!or
Cars, it 40 a.m. daily, except Suuday, aud J4j p.
in. daily, with DtnintrCar.
For Boston without cbaiure 2:00 p.m. every day.
For Brooklyn. N. Y . all through trains connect at Jer
*cy City with ls>ats of Brooklyn Annex, a front ma
diro t transfer to Fulton street, avoiamtr double
ferriat-e across New York City.
For Philadelphia, 7:20, 8 10, H :00, 11 00. and 11 -40
am-2:t?0,4:10,?f:00.s 10,10:0O. and 11 20pm
On Sunday, 0:00. 11 40 a. m? 2 Oo, 4.10, ?$ 00.
8 10, loot) aud 11:20 p.m. Limited Express, all
Parlor Cars, 0 :40 a lit. week days, aud ii 4o p.m.
daily, with Dining Car.
For Baltimore, 6 35. 7:20. 8 10, 0 00, 0 40. fl .Vt
11:00. and 1140 am., 12:0.>, 2:OU, :? 4.">. 4 ltt,
4:20. 4 40. ts (K), 7 40. * 10, lO ttO, aud 11:20 p
m. Ou Sunday, 9:00. 0 O.'i, 0 50, 11 40, a.iu.
2:00, 3:45. 4:10.0:00, 7:40. 8:10 10:00, au<l
11:20 p.m.
For Pope's Creek Line. 7 20 a.m. and 4:40 p.m. daily,
except Sunday.
For Aunapoli*. 7:20 and 0:00 a.in? 12:05 and 4 40
p m. daily, except Sunday. Sundays, 0 00 im.
4:10 p.m.
ALEXANDRIA AND FREDERICKSBURG RAIL
WAY. AND ALEXANDRIA AND WASHINGTON
RAILROAD.
For Alexandria, 4 30. 6 :.1.\ 7
m.;12:04 noon " "
10:05, and
10:57 a. m . 2:30. 0:01, 8 05. and 10:05 p."m.
Accommodation for Ouantico, 7:25 a. m. aud 5:00
p. m. week days.
u.
a. 4 :30.6 3.^7 :25,8 40,0 45. 10:57a.
loon; 2 05. 3 41'.4 :25,5 00.(l Ol.K Ui.
111:37 p. m. On Sunday at 4 30,0 45.
o.-jn ?.iii w ii*. u?.i ..
For Richmond and the South. 4 30. 10:57 a. m. daily.
and 3:411 p. in. tlaily, except Sunday .
Trains leave Alexandria for Washiujrton, 6 05 7 05
8 00, 0 10, 10 15. 11 07 a. ni ; 1 20. 3 00, 3 2l'.
6 10,0 30, 7:05, 0:32.10:42and 1105pm, On
Sunday at 0:10 and 11:07 a. m.; 2:0a 5:10.7:05.
8:32 and 10:42p.m.
Ticket* and information at the office, northeast cor
ner of 13th street and Pennsylvania avenue, ami at th -
station, where orders can be left for the chcckin# o:
ba?va*re to destination lrom hotels and resilience*
CHAS. E. PCGH. J. R WOOD.
' " ?*"- 't?7l C- *s?
BALllllOUr. A.v,? nuiu ll.l.LhoAll.
Schedule in etle t Dei-. Oth, 1888.
Leave WasluiiKtcn from stetion corner of New Jersey
avenue and C st
For Cl:ica<ro and Northwevt. vextihnled limited ex
press, daily, 8:55 a.m.; exjiress, <1:05 p m
For Cincinnati and St. Louis, t xprew, daily. 3 and
11:10 p.m.
For Pittsburg- and Cleveland, vestibnled limited ex
pre?*. daily, 8:55 am., and expr***, 0:05 p m
For Lexintrtou and local station*. 11 o: 10 a m
For Baltimore, week days. 5.6:30. 6 40. 7 30
For Way Stations bt>tween Washington and Balti
more, 5:00,6:40.8:30 a. m.. 12:10.3:25. 4 35.? 45.
ll.^Opm. Sundays, 8 30 a. m? 1 15.3 25,4:35.
0:4:>, 11:30 p.m.
Trains leave Baltimore for Washington, week
dava, 5:10,0:20^6:30.7:20,8:00, <45-minute train),
0:00,0:0.>. 10:30,(45-uiinutetrain)a in.: 12.15,2 00
3:00,4:10. 5:00, 0:00:0:30,8:00, 10:00aiul 11pm.
Sundays 5:10. 0:30. S:tH), 0:00.0:05 10:40 am.
l:l.t 2:00. 4:10, 5:tK). t>:3tl. 8:0O. 10:00 and 11 p m'
For Annapolis, 0:40 and 8:30 a.m., 12:10 and 4-35
p.m. On Sundays, 8:30a.m., 4:35 p.m. Leave An
napolis 0:40,8:3 < a.m.. 12:05,4:10, p.m. Sundays.
8:37 a.m.. 4:10 p.m.
For Station* on the Metropolitan Branch, tO 35,
{10:10am.,{l :15 p.m. for princi|>al stationa only:
tl0:10a.m:, t4:35, ai:d to:30p.m.
For Gaithersbutv and intermediate pointa. 19 00 a
m..tl2:30,t4 40, ?5:35,tll:20 pjit ^ '?-wa.
h or Boyd's and intermediate stations, 17 00 Ekm.
U0:00l>.m. ^
Church train leaves Washington on 8unday at 1 15
6 m., stopping at all stations on Metropolitan
ranch.
For Frederick, tl 0:10 a.m., t4:35, t5:30 p.m. Sun
days, 1:1;? p.m.
For Haircrstown. tl0:10 a.m., and t5:30 p m
Train* arrive from Chicatro daily 8:35, am and 9 35
p.m.; from Cincinnati and St. Louis daily 0 20a.in.,
aud l:ao pju.; from littsbuiv *8:35 ul f7 -20.
*9:35 p.m.
PHILADELPHIA DIVISION.
For Philadelphia and WUmingt<>n, daily, R-15a. m.
2:05, 4.20 aud 11:30 p. m. BuCetParlor Cars oo the
8:15 a m., and 4:20 p.m. trains, bltepimf Car on the
11:3'' ,111.. open at 9 p.m.
For intermediate |>oints between Baltimore and
Philadelphia. *0:30 a.m. *2 05 and t4 :W) pm.
Trains leave Philadelphia for Washington, dailv
8:30.11:00 a.m., 4:50, t :00 p.m. and 12 05 nifbt *
tExoept Sunday. 'Daily. {Sunday only
Bag-gage called for and checked at hotels and rwu
dences on orders left at ticket ofboea, 019 and 1351
Ii?. are.
W.M.CLEMENTS. CHAS. O. HCHLL.
dS Gen. Manager. Gen. Pa*a. Agent
poto^iacTrIvek boats.
VERNON! MT. ViLUiOMl
STEAMER W~W. CORCORAN
Leaves .tb-strret wharf daily (except Sunday) for Mt
\ernon and River Landinv* a* far down as Qlyrooiit.
at 10 o'clock a. m. Ectuiuimr, reaches Waalaurton
about 3 :M) p. m.
_fl? L. L BLAKE. Captain.
I^OB POTOMAC RIVER LANDINGS
NEW IRON STEAMER WAKEFIELD"
Leaves <th-street wharf on MONDAYS. THURSDAY
and SATURDAYS at 7 a m. Returninjr TT ESDA" h
1R1DAYS and SI NDAY'S p. m, touchtngat I?.ver
Lauding* as far as Noinlni Creek, Va, St. Cleuienb Bai
and Leonardtown, Md. Connects with B aud O, R. Rat
JUU*
OCEAN STEAMERS.
N
ASSAU. CUBA. MEXICO.
The Winter Gems of the Tropics.
The Magnificent Steamers of the
WARD LINE.
Will be dt*patched for Havana, Matanxaa, Oardenas
S*rua, and for Havana Prtxrraao. tWmpecha, Fron
tera, Tampico, Tuxpam and A era Crux
W EDNE8DAYS and SATURDAYS,
For Nassau, Saatiaro de Cuba andCienfaeroi
Every other THURSDAY.
ROYAL VICTORIA HOTEL, NASSAU,
la perfection.
Wall at. M. Y.
nl thAtu.3m
riUNARD LINE.
f-*00? 7tk ?*-?
booked to Parte.
? T
STAR
E", A fp 5" n ?"?
PPP A A PPT KK KRR NlL,
P AAA P * K R . S .
P A A P KRR R R "m" .
In presenting THE KVEVINQ STAR In lis
dress and improved form. attention 1* called to Ita
peculiar merits as a new* and family paper. ??
well as to the extraordinary advantages It afford*
to advertisers.
High professional authority?which In thla In
stance only expresses public sentiment?baa de
clared that "TI1EKE IS NO BETTER EVENING
NEWSPAPER in TUE I NTTED STATES" than
The Star. But M?n more than this may be Justly
claimed for it. In all that rrlalm to the comport*
tlon of a flrst-claas Hurnsl. devoted to newt, bus*.
nett, family and local aSkira.lt take* rank with
the very beat in the world, and In the special qual
ities named it U not surpassed by any. With
alert, Intelligent and ir.ipnfial sjieclal cm-re*poud
| etita at all renters of interest. by the free uae of
the telegraph, and with the aui>erior mechanical
facilities with which ita ofBce is equipped. It oovers
t he whole held of newa, and ia able to preaent a
reflex of the entire civilized world each day up to
the very moment of going to press. In theae re
spect* The Star ia abeolutely without a rival, and
fearlessly challenges comparison, within range of
the territory it occupies.
In ita treatment of public affairs It I* Imjiartial
and aims to be fair and just to all laithsaud Inter
| eats, and it ia abtolulrly indffiendent, in the bigh
I eat and broadest aense of the term. In the publi
cation of news it records facts without bias or
color, and in the expression of editorial opinion it
is as steady and firm in advocating and promoting
only what It believes to be right, as it is persistent
iu condemning and opposing what it believes to bo
wrong. It is, in brief, . -holly untrammeled by any
other Interest or consideration than that of serving
the public, and securiug as far as piwsible the wel
fare of the family circle, and of society as a whole.
With these general objects in view, what Trb
Star specially coucerns Itself with, and that to
which it gives Its best efforts, may be briefly de
scribed as THE INTERESTS OP WASHINGTON
AND THE DISTRICT OF COLI'MBIA. To th?so
the paper has been unswervingly devoted sines
its present management assumed Ita direction,
SLd this policy will character-lie the future career
of the paper as prominently as it has marked IM
past history.
AS AH ADVERTISING MEDIC*.
The EVENING STAR claims to be, and can co?>
clusively establish that it m. the be* local advrrli*
ing medium in the world: No uthex paper i rjvttd
CIRCULATES 80 MAKT COPIES IN THE CITY OP ITS
rr*t ic?nov. in proportion to poptlatiok. It ia
hardly too much to say that It is read by the mem
bers of every family In the District of Columbia.
It is peculiarly the favorite of the home circle, and
Is no lens esteemed in the counting room and the
Work shop. It follows, therefore, that as an agent
Of publicity within the National tApital and con
tiguous territory it has no rival. An announce
ment in tU column* practically meetI all eves, and.
In projiortion to the service it gives, its advertising
rates rank with the lowest in the country. Being
low, they are rigidly adhered to. There only re
mains to be added on this head, as an Indication
of the esteem in which the paper is held bj the
business public, which best understands its own
interests in this respect, that, both in the number
Of subscribers and of new advertisements printed,
each year in the history ot the paper shows a large
increase over its predecessor. For example, during
the first nine months of the preaent year
the average daily circulation ot the paper
has been copies, and the whole
number of new advertisements printed
against an average daily circulation of 20,427
copies and MViSM new advertisements dur
ing the corresponding period in 1887. In abort,
THE STAR hat never taken a backward Hep, and
Its conductors are determined that It sever stall
*ake?aa
THE WEEKLY Rift
Ia especially commended to that portion of th*
reading public who deaire to be kept advised <d
aflalra at the aeat of government, and are so situ
ated as not to need or care for a dally paper. It la
in every respect a flrstnclaas family Journal. Ita
news is carefully collected, and may be depended
upon to be fresh and authentic. Its scientific, lite
rary, household and agricultural departments are
edited with the view of meeting the wants and
tastes of an intelligent and reading public, and
of affording assistance to th* student and tboae la
pursuit of general Information. Some of the mart
noted and learned men and women of the cwunory
are contributors to Its columns. Its ample tola
graphic arrangements and full corps of special
correspondents enable it to lay before Its readers
?very week all important happenings, foreign and
domestic, and especially such political, social, and
current events as are worthy of note, in th*
of Virginia, Wert Virginia, Maryland, North 0u?
Una, and tboae adjacent thereto.
Tha low prioa at which it ta publiahed.
OSLY ONE DOIXAB A YBAB,

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