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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 23, 1889, Image 9

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Written far Tn Irntlt Mas.
THE CAMERON'S.
Two Notable Coming Eveiit* la a Dia
tingulabed Family.
TH? APFBOACHIffO l.t?UGl OF in SXXATOS'S
1'ArOHTBB?A SOCIAL STX5T OF WPOBTAJIC*
TO WAftBlJorOS?OEM. SSMOM CAM**OS ? Sl*B
TI*TH HIBtudat's CCLRBRATIOX.
The approaching month of March will wit
?e** two events in the domestic life of the
Cameron family of more than local interest.
One. the commemoration, on March I, of the
ninetieth anniversary of the birth of Simon
Cameron, the father, and the other the cele
bration. ou March 28. of the marriage of Mar
gneretta Cameron, the daughter of Jas. Donald
Cameron, the senior Senator from Pennsylva
nia. Although both occasions will take place
at Harrisburg, one in the historic stone trad
ing-poet of John Harris, the founder of
the town, the property of Sunon Cameron,
and the other in the Elizabethan stone mansion
of the Senator, the principals in both events
are well known in Washington senatorial and
social life. Simon Camerou came to Washing
ton in lX4o, as the successor to Jas. Buchanan,
then appointed premier of the Polk cabinet.
Continuing his senatorial services in his son in
1*77. with hut slight intermission* as cabinet
officer and diplomatic minister, there has been
a < ameron in the upper branch of Congress
for forty-four yeara ?
The social life of the elder and younger
Camerou in Washington has always been an
honor to the great commonwealth which they
have so effectively represented in the Congress,
the executive councils and the politics of the
nation. The first sppearunce of James Donald
Cameron in the official circles of the capital
was as Secretary of War during the last year
of the Grant administration. He then occu
pied the Hue residence of Ketired Quartermas
ter-General Meigs. The first Mrs. Cameron
wus .His* Mary McCormick, daughter of James
JicCoraiick. one of the mo?t distinguished
lawyers of central Pennsylvania, und of
au old family of Scotch-Irish Pres
byterian settlers in the Cumberland
valley of that state. Their marriage took place
in 1S?*>, and Mrs. Cameron's death occurred in
1H74. or two years before Mr. Cameron entered
the cabinet. The presiding lady of his house
hold after his wife s death was his eldest daugh
ter. Eliza Cameron, now the wife of a son of
Justice Bradle/, of the Supreme Court of the
United State*, and residing at Newark, N. J.
The social and domestic traits of this dutiful
daughter were the admiration of her father's
friends. She presided over all the social gaieties
and fashionable dinners of his household.
The Senator's family then consisted of
fonr other daughter* and one son. Miss Vir
ginia Cameron. now the wife of Capt Alexander
Rogers, of the U. 8. cavalry; Miss Mary Cam
eron. who presides over the Harrisburg resi
dence. now the home of the Senator's son
James, next younger; Miss Margueretta Cam
eron. the bride-elect, and Miss Kachael Cam
eron at a finishing school in New York. The
daughters, except the vonngest. made their
debut in society in Washington and contributed
to the fashionable gave ties of their father's
home as a Senator first in the elegant
mention of the premier Frelinghuyson;
during this administration the home of Sec
retary Whitney and Mrs. Whitney; then in the
palatial residence now occupied by the Russian
legation, then in their own elegant nowly-built
home, and since in the Tayloe mansion on La
fayette square.
The death of the maternal grandmother
placed these children of the Senator inatducuce
III their own right.
31119. blMTOi f-VMEB >N.
The second marriage of Senator Cameron
look place ilk 1978 after he had entered the
Senate. Mrs. Cameron, who was Elizabeth
Sherman, is the daughter of U. S. District Judge
Charles Sherman, deceased, the eldest brother
of Senator John Sherman, the patriarch
of the public men of the capital, ana of Gen.
William T. Sherman, the great strategist of the
War of the Rebellion. Mrs. Cameron was born
near Mau.-field. Ohio, the family seat, and after a
preliminary education in the schools near her
Lome finished her studies and training in
accomplishments at Boston. During the fol
lowing winter. 1H77. she made her entree into
society from her uu< le'B house at Washington.
The occasion was one of the social events of
the season. 1 he commanding position of her
uncle as a Senator and cabinet officer,
and one of the foremost men in the
choice of the republicans for President
vt the I"nit? <1 States, gave the debut of Miss
Sherman a national interest, under the tuteh.ge
of her aunt, one of the most affubie of senator
ial matrons. Miss Sher.uau enjoyed all the
fashionable gayeties in the Liigliest circles of
capital life. She at once became a great belle,
und was admired and courted by the most dis
tinguished of the land. Among her suitors was
the senior Senator from Pennsylvania, a man
middle age. with the prestige of a great
jEinie and a iar;;e estate. Before the end of
the first year of her bellehood Miss Sherman
became a s. natornd bride. In years she was
in her early twenties. In the faniilv circle the
*i(e an 1 the elder daughters of tLe Senator,
bring about the same age. presented a very
pU aMiig picture of domestic happiness anil
rociat hospitality.
During .i r ?levin years of married life Mrs.
Camerou b is paused every season in Washing
ton. In the social gayeties of the senatorial
and official circle* she has been among the
most brilliant of woim u. Her uuaffected inan
ner?. beauty, and kindness of heart have made
Iter popular in every sphere of polite society.
XASOCKBKTTA CAMKBOX.
The marriage of Senator Cameron's daugh
ter Margueretta to William Clark, of Newark,
?on of William Clark, the manufacturer of
Clark's spool cotton, will be one of the nuptial
?vents of the year. The prospective bride,
who is the fourth daughter of Senator Cam
eron. is tall and beautiful. Uer education has
beeu at the best schools in the country, and in
addition to such accomplishment* as are ac
quired by training she has the domestic tastes
of ail the fetniniue members of the Cameron
lamilv. The proipecttee groom is associated
with Lis father in the great thread works at
Newark. N. J., and with his uncle in the works
at Pauley. Scotland. It is said that the income
of the father of the young man is a million a
year, and m his own right the son is a man of
aealth.
The young people met each other at the rea
Id> nee of Miw Margueretta s eldest sister, Mrs.
liradiey. of Newark. She had Just finished
school snd made her debut at a debutante din
ner at her father's borne at Washington and
was paying a visit to her sister, who had been
as a mother to the children after their
own mother's death. At the
same time she met Miss Clark, the
sister of her devoted admirer. The following
w niter, the senior Clark proposing a ernise
among the isles of the Antilleau archipelago In
b:s yacht. Miss Margueretta Cameron was oue
of the party as the gu??t of Miss Clark. The
cruise lasted several mouths. The younger
Clark, who was also oue of the family group,
continued bis attentions, and amid love
inspiring surroundings, a fine yacht, the bine
waters of the gulf of Mexico, balmy
nirs and picturesque landscapes of the
tropical shores they plighted their troth.
L'poo the return of the yachting party the
young lovers told of their mutual passion, and,
securing the approval and bleesing of their
Knts. the day of prospective union wee left
le blissful uncertainty of a distant futurity.
With the immemorial eagerness of love, the
u.m.. car of time was shortened in its jour
i>, and ihe day wse *xed at Marc/*, ut so
cIom >t hud. Mr. Clark it twenty-two and
Mum Cameron, hia betrothed, twenty rear* of
a^e. They will spend their honeymoon in
Europe, and upon their return Mr. Clark will
build a palatial residence at Nearwark, and will
paaa a portion of the season in Washington.
The arrangement* for the wedding are still
in an inchoate state. The bride-elect has not
yet made her plans known in detail. The mar
riage will take place at Harrisburg from the
former residence of her father, now the home
of her brother James. It ia not improbable
that the wedding, while brilliant in the dis
tinguished personages assembled and elegance
in the arra.v and value of bridal gifts, will be
simple in the spectacular details of the sacra
mental ceremonr. It is understood that there
will be no bridesmaids and probably only a
best man. Senator and Mrs. Cameron will go
to Harrisburg immediately after the inuugnra
tion of President-elect Harrison to give their
attention to the coming nuptial ceremonial and
celebration.
The history of the Camerons for one hun
dred and flftv years it* filled with the thrilling 1
interest of episodes of war and peace. Their
heroism was displayed upon the gory fields of
Culloden Moor, the plains of Abraham Heights
and Bull Kun. and in the stubborn contests of
American politics they have shown boldness,
courage, and dettwmination, the elements of
successful and dinting untied leadership.
8IXOS CAMKKOJi's BIRTHDAY.
In about two weeks. March 8, 1889, ex-Sena
tor Simon Cameron, the present head of the
family, will have entered his ninetieth year,
having been born on that day in 179!). It is a
remarkable fact that Donal Cameron, the great
grandfather; Himon Cameron, the grandfather,
and Charles Cameron, the f.itherof Simon Cam
eron, or three generations, came to America at
the same time, in about 1747, and settled in
Donegal township, Lancaster county. Pa.. 142
years ago, where the present venerable pos
sessor of the patrimonial estate of Donegal w is
born tifty-two years after. Although the
fourth in descent from the hero
of Culloden, he is the first Cameron
| born on American (oil, and bis Bon,
James Donald Cameron, the set ior Senator
from Pennsylvania, born in 1833, or when his
! father was forty-four years of age. is the sec
ond, and his son James, about tweutv-five years
of age, who resides in the paternal mansion at
Harrisburg. is the third in the male line of
the American Cameroon and sixth from the
i soldier in the armv of the Scotch pretender.
I The Cameron clan dwelt in Invernessnire,where
, the Moray and Bcauly. Firths and the
: Olenmore-nan-albin, the great glen of Csle
| donia meet. It was in this rugged region, five
I miles southeast of the present town of Inver
| ness. that the Highland army of the gallant
Prince Charles Edward Stuart, starving and
jaded after a fruitless invasion of Euglaud. was
overtaken by the English under William, the j
duke of Cumberland, on April 16. 1746. at Col- j
luden Moor, and met its final defeat, which ex
tinguished the hopes of the house of Stuart.
Two or three green trenches to this day mark !
the scene of the heat of battle, where the slain j
were buried. In the Highland army of 6.000
j men of the prince was the regiment of Locheil
j commanded by " Cameron, younger, of
Lochiel." Among the incidents of this fateful
conflict the ancient chronicles record that the
intelligence of tlio advance of the duke of i
Cumberland's army was first brought to Cullo- j
den House, where the prince h^l taken a j
position in the morning, by a ( ameron. a j
lieutenant in the regiment of Loch:eL The ,
army having made a halt he and a party of the ,
prince's huntrry and exhausted soldiers having
captured some provisions.after devouring them. !
took some rest. Cameron having overslept
| himself, was left behind. When he awoke the ,
advance of the English army was upon him. i
He made his escape, and conveying the infor- I
nation of the enemy's, approach the Highland I
army was drawn up in three lines for imme- j
diate battle, instead of withdrawing to the fust- i
nes^es until recruited after their long aud de
moralizing pursuit. The Athol brigade and
the Camerons held the right of the first line, j
The Highlanders contested the advance of the
English and were swept away by the
heavy fire of mutchlocKs. 1 he Athols
and Camerons. sword in hand, rushed
upon the British, breaking their line,
but, unsupported, were overwhelmed and
driven buck with great slaughter. The
butcheries by the English made the name of
the duke of Cumberland infamous. The
routed prince wandered among the Scottish
wilils with a reward of jt30.000 for his capture,
but finally, with a few followers, escaped to
Molaix, and years afterward died in Itotne.
The Clan Cameron, the special object of the
sanguinary duke's cruelty, was broken up, j
and the elder and younger Cameron j
and their families, after the battle, sought a j
refuge iu Pennsylvania. The warlike spirit of j
the Camerons was again ascendant. The hero !
of Cullodbn served in the armv of Wolfe, in j
1759. participating iu the storming of the !
heights of Abraham, when Montcalm, the |
French commander, fell, and was iu the purty
when Wolfe, the English commander, was slain
at the moment of victory, which resulted in the
surrender of Quebec. The venerable Senator's
grandfather on his mother's side was a German
; Huguenot, who sought an asylum from the
KISS MAUY Cameron,
' atrocities incident to the religious war of con
tinental Europe. He was conspicuous as an
Indiau fighter, and a companion of Capt. Sam.
Brady, whose name is ussociat.-d with the
frontier wars of the middle colonies.* Martha
Proutz, the daughter of this early border hero,
became the wife of Charles Cameron and the
? mother Simon Cameron. Charles was a boy
when his father settled in Donegal township
and assisted on th^farm. Upon the death of
his father he removed to Maytown, not far dis
tant, in Lancaster county. He prospered in
life. Here, on March 8. 1799. his son, Simon
Cameron, was born, and here to-dav is his fa
vorite seat, Donegal. The financial upturniugs
in the first decade of the century having
I deprived Charles Cameron of his property, he
! poied his family and all his possessions up the
Susquehanna to buubury on a flat-boat. The
father died a year later, when Simon was nine
years of age." The family was left without
means, but the mother of the little dock, a
woman of great energy and courage, kept her
children around her until thev were able to
help themselves. Simon, at eighteen, having
picked a good stock of knowledge, with
itll his worldly effects in a bundle
left the maternal home for south
America to win his way to martial glory in the
struggles of the Spanish American colonies for(,
independence of Spain. Arriving at Harris
burg footsore and penniless, he sought work,
and found it in a printing office. His energy
and intelligence soon secured him an appren
ticeship as a printer. Arriving at age in 18*22.
he worked at his trade in the office of Gales A
Seaton, editors of the \ntioruil IiUeUi'jnu*r, but
soon after returned to Harrisburg and became
associated with his former friend iu the publi
oation of the Harrisburg Inteltvjenorr, which
beeame the organ of the democratic party, and
embarked in the political struggles of the' state
as a protection democrat. He married Margue
retu Brewer, of a German family, which came
to Pennsylvania with Conrad Wetsser, the cele
brated Indian interpreter, and settled on the
Tnlpehocken near the present city of Beading.
In 1832. leaving Journalism, be founded the
bank of Middletown, and entered even more
actively into politics, and laid the foundations
of his "distinguished career. In 1845 he de
fen ted the Polk administration free-trade cau
cus candidate for the United States Senate. In
1849 he was re-elected. In 1854. on the repeal
of the Missouri compromise, he left the demo
cratic partv and iu 1857 was elected Senator,
defeating John W. Forney, then a democrat.
In I860 he received more votes for President
than Chase. The Lincoln cabinet, with Seward.
| Chase and Cameron, represented the three
moat formidable competitors for the nomina
tion. After a few months passed in 1862 as
minister to Russia he returned. He opposed
the movement to impeach President Johnson.
He was re-elected to the Senate in 1867. and
wa* re-elected, resigning in 1877, in favor of
his son James Donald, who had been Secretary
of War in the Grant administration.
It is the purjiose of the venerable ex-Senator
to visit Washington during the Inaugural sea
son as the guest of his son.
oostjj. with ru ooxrrtrcnow.
His life, lacking but a single decade, spans
ths entire existence of the national govern
ment under the Constitution. He was born in
the second year of the administration of John
Adams, the second President of the United
States, and almost a year before George Wash
aon. the first President, died. He entered
tics sixty-six years ago, when James Monroe
was President, and was a Senator of the United
States when Polk entered the executive of
hoe. Hi* oareer, therefore, has been ose of
pre-eminent influence. and hw been ??
with the moat important evenUi in American
history. In hk old age ex-Senator Cameron
enjoy* exceptionally rigorous health. He is
particularly pleased to bare the laticfaction of
seeing the party, of which he waa a foremost
founder and architect, once more in the as
cendancy in the administration of public affairs.
r !>*& K. K.
Wrtttsn for Twm Innrits Stab.
ANCIENT TALE OP A TUNNEL.
How they Dealt with Dishonest Con
tractors 1800 Years Ago.
The recent developments in the Washington
aqueduct tunnel have caused a hindrance to
the completion of the whole work, which bears |
some resemblance (involving a principle?
although by comparison with tho more gigan
tic enterprise seemingly slight?and yet of ap
propriate interest Just now) to a recently-com
pleted tunnel in Italy, which waa first con
ceived. engineered, and the work begun up
ward of eighteen hundred years ago.
If we look back through a long stretch of
centuries to the reign of Nero's immediate pre
decessor, Claudius I, we see the grand politi
cian#nd statesman. Julius Cesar, tasking his
keen-sighted intellect to discover some means
or preventing the occurrence of frequent
famines and wasting fevers which were in his
threat?ti*o the vert lite of bom*.
He ascribed much of the evil he so depre
cated to the existence of a lake without an
outlet up among the rocky peaks and spurs of
the Appenines,- 2,000 feet above the level of
'nvestigations satisfied him that
couia this lake be successfully drained an area
_ r|ch volcanic soil of more than 170,000 acres
ould be added to the food-producing tracts
or country or unsurpassed fertility, and at the j
same time remove a vast amount of evil in the
annihilation of these pestilential vapors, which,
rising from the great surface of stagnnnt
waters, were continually being wafted down
over the inhabitants of the sur
rounding valleys and slaying the natur
ally, otherwise, hardy mountaineers with
StJ^eajh ?r Poison in ratio equal, perhaps,
to that of the hidden dagger which was sweep
ing on its victims in the aristocratic courts of
the great city.
The great' scheme thus originated found
ravor with the emperor, and plans for the in
auguration of the work were beiug carried for
ward when all the good intentions of Julius
Cttsar w? re rendered of no avail in consequence
0 his sudden removal bv dagger thrusts from i
bands of assassin politicians, whom, though
rivals, he had loaded with benefits. Selfish
greed and luxury seAned to be the only am
bition to which the old Roman politicians then
aspired. All projects for the good of the peo
ple vanished into mists as impalpable as those
THE DEADLY LAKE.
At length the fears of Julius became stern I
fact in the visitutiouof a famine which aroused
even those besotted votaries of pleasure to the !
n~!-h needs of the time. Acain the meas- I
ures which Julius had urged for the prevention
K'K.h ,dlre calamity were discussed and de- >
cided to be practical. A skillful and scientific
nnf nnfr8"1 an one HS times has I
not outdone?was engaged and commenced the
ZJ ' *ccuratt of one of the grandest
1 c ot engineering of which we know any
thing was the result, |
The high altitude of tho lake, and higher
" rr! ?f U granit? rock-encircling it;
whi. h tt and, no mountain stream near into
lT<T il' .""Kb ?ome valley, the waters might
* t onducted. decided the engineer to bore a
tunnel which should carry the waters of the
laae into the nearest natural stream?the
Liris?a mere wild rocky canon having many a
counterpart in the rugged Sierras, which, with
tortuous w av, guides its seething waters, often
with a wild leap and sharp turn, a distance of
ni'les, into the Mediterranean. Six thou
ar,?l Mils! f \aV?,be ^e'ength of the tunnel, ;
and 1.000 feet its depth below the summit of !
,unn- wilose long extinct crater held
tne wide expanse of poisonous waters.
48 BAD THEN A8 IT 18 NOW.
It is well known that the accomplished and
able old Roman engineer who commenced this
grand work was not long permitted to continue
it. for in those days?as now?contracts were
eagerly sought by men anxious only to enrich
thi mselves at government expense, and so
nOWrexper,tUl'e- honesty, and science
had to give place to cupidity and inefficiency,
ine contract was obtained over many competi
ors by Narcissus, the emperor's private secre
*7? * free dm an who had become a threat
favorite, ami attained an almost boundless in
?JVT the emperor. When he found
that the Empress Messalina sought to oppose
that influence he murdered her, and Btill kept
himself in high favor with Claudius.
Having procured the coveted contract Nar
c.ssu. p^a ^0 it oat accordance
Witn his own infamous character. Without any
means of his own, as a parasite of the emperor
he was enabled to cmj/cur
DBAW VAST 8CX8 FBOM THE BOMAN TBEA8TJBT,
and employed 30,000 men eleven years upon
this imperial undertaking. No account was
ever rendered of sums of money received or
paid out oil this remarkable contract, and Nar
cissus died worth ?15,575,000. He adhered
strictly to the original plans of the great en
gineer whose name, even, has not been pre
seried to us?where there was any danger of
insp<4fcion, but when the depth attained ren
dered inspection inconveuient, the passages
were purposely narrowed, fewer air shafts and
ducts allowed, all the true and solid designs, so
true and scientifically made, were supplanted
by work most cheaply and carelessly done. The
secret of his shameful frauds and peculation
was deeply hidden, buried fathoms down in
the rotk.v soil of the mountains?would it ever
come forth to confront his villainy? When, at
length, Narcissus considered his work complete
he announced to the emperor that the drainage
of the lake could now commence.
In the meantime Claudius hail married the
infamous Agrippina and adopted hersonttero
U> succeed him on the throne. He determined
to hold a grand luaugural festival on this op
portune occasion and rejoice the hearts of his
people with a series of splendid amusements,
for which purpose circuses and villas were
built upon the shores and slopes of the lake
the rise around the whole circuit forming a
natural amphitheatre.
THE EJIFEBOBS THIBST FOB BLOOD.
A naval conflict had been decided upon
that the waters might be well tinged with
blood, as a propitiatory offering to the evil
minded goddess who was supposed to preside
over the lake before the tlood-gates were
raised. For this purpose sufficient timber had
been transported over the hills to build larre
fleets of vessels which, when there constructed,
were manned with nineteen thousand combat!
ants?convicts?wh? were compelled to fiirht
each other to the death.
The hostile crews showed a decided disincli
nation to engage in this gladitorial exhibition
and wtien the emperor gave tfe signal for at
tack one ship seemed to wait for another, and
the hesitation became so great that the crowds
which had gathered from most of the Italian
provinces to see the spectacle gave utterance
to ominous murmurs of dissatisfaction. Clau
dius, also impatient for the carnage to beffin
Bent messengers to the vessels with his com
mands to the effect that if the crews did not
quickly engage in the fight they should all be
sunk to the bottom of the lake with bolts and
stones.
1'rietorian guards were stationed around the
?hore to prevent the escape of any of
THE DOOMED KXW.
Naturally, the poor wretches preferred to die
if die they must?in the excitement of warfare,
and the battle began. An eye witness has
transmitted to us an account of the cruel scene
Braises the valor of the combatants, and adds
lat when the emperor and gazing crowds were
sated with carnage and the lake gleamed red
with blood the combat was stayed and life and
liberty granted to the survivors.
After this sanguinary display the order waa
given for raising the flood gates at the mouth
of the tunnel, and then began the flrst outflow
of the hitherto imprisoned waters. Very soon
it became apparent that the gates had not been
placed at a sufficient depth to allow scarce any
perceptible diminution of the waters of the
lake. Claudius waa filled with rage at this ob
vious failure of a project on which he had
lavished such enormous expenditure, while his
wife. Agnppina, who had long hated the
favored secretory?urged her husband to imme
diate revenge.
tu oummto oontbactob.
Narcissus insisted that he only needed a few
days' time to remedy the defect at the month of
the tunnel and all would be right Hie en
treaties were granted, and immediately laborers
were again at work, urged on unremittingly for
days and mghte. while the Emperor Claudius
and his pleasure-loving conrt passed the time
in one ceaseless round of wild revelry. The
anxious secretory taxed his brain to invent new
pleasures for his royal master and to assuage
the hatred of the empress. He caused the
erection of a luxurious pavilion over the
reservoir which was to receive the Ant rush of
the swirling flood, where, while Claudius with
the empress and court were enjoying the mag
nificent banquet which he had also prepared in
Jhe oo?W see the excited flood
toes its hastily donned white oepe in its flrst
wild daah for freedom.
When everything had been Made ready for
this second trial another gladiatorial combat
ra deemed a necessity to gratify the refined
taste* of this vast assemblage of old Roman
courtiers, statesmen and politicians, and on
this occasion the rocky shores reoeived the
bleeding, dying victims. Then again were
the floodgates raised and into the tunnel
surged a mighty flood, but on reaching the
narrowed channel, hidden so far beneath the
mountain, a mad contention for the insuffi
cient passage sent the indignant waters back
in such uprising fury that a whirling vortex,
quickly overflowing the reservoir, wrenched
away the supports of the pavilion, while
Claudius and nis court barely escaped being
, swallowed up by the raging flood.
In the face of imminent death and unparal
leled confusion Agrippina's thoughts were only
of revenge upon her husband's peculant secre
tary. She taxed him with treason, and nover
ceased to urge his banishment until her desire
was accomplished, and this was only a means
to tbe final end. which she soon afterward
achieved, that of his
DEATH AT THE HANDS OT A HtBF.D iMMIH.
The failure of a grand undertaking was com
plete and Claudius retired disgusted from the
scene. Soon tbe debris of broken boats and
demolished stagings completely choked up the
opening into the tunnel and Lake Fucinus con
tinued to spread its baneful influences un
heeded.
Nero's reign, succeeding that of Claudius
Tiberiaus, wasted Home with even a more fatal
miasma of wickedness. Reign succeeded reign
and once more man tried to cope with the
evils presented by the lake. Trajan reopened
the mouth of the tunnel. Hadrian enlarged the
opening and so far reduced the waters that
pretty vilns were erected bv wealthy
Romans along the curving snores and
flourishing plantations evolved from the
rich soil, but the original evil was too
deeply seated in tbe narrow channel under
Mont Salviano. and it gradually closed, the
waters rising until, aided by a sudden moun
tain freshet, the pretty white villas and fruit
ful plantations were fatally submerged. The
final rum of the Roman empire left Fucinus
quite forgotten in its stagnant bed high up the
Appenines.
15 THE SEVENTEENTH CENTCRT
the celebrated engineer, Fontana, wa com
missioned to reopen the Claudian tunnel, but
after a years' exploration abandoned the enter
prise as hopeless. Several attempts and fail
ures succeeded. In 1826 a Neopolitan officer
of engineers spent nine vears in examining and
endeavoring to reopen the long choked-up tun
nel. but a lack of financial resources, and the
necessity of a great outlay of money, rendered
tbe work again impossible. Then a company
was formed under the auspices of Eugli*h
engineers for purchasing and reclaiming
th&tand covered by the lake, bOt this scheme
failed like all the others.
At last in 1856 Prince Torlania?possessed of
immense wealth?determined to accomplish
what successive Cajsars had failed in attempt
ing, and engaged the services of the most emi
nent hy&aulic engineer of Europe. M. de Mon
tricher. who spent one year in studying every
condition of the country, and in March, 1856,
THE WORK or RESTORATION
was begun. After incalculabe difficulties had
been surmounted the old Claudian tunnel was
so widened and deepened that the lake was
successfully drained, and on August 8, 1862.
another festival?one in oelebratiou of a real
triumph?and which differed widely in masner
and spirit from the one held upon the same
spot by Claudius Tiberius more than eighteen
hundred years before was held. The prince
occupied a pavillion which bad replaced the
emperor's; mass was said, praises sung, and
the sign of the cross given in benediction.
Again the flood-gates were raised and the waters
rtowed out unimpeded by any dishonest work.
Joyful shouts resounded above the rushing of
the waters from the delighted and grateful
people who were to live upon the redeemedsAil.
The waters rau their course during four hun
dred and seventeen days, when about 14 feet of
water remained in the lake.
Iu Augu-t. 1N>6. the lake was again permitted
to flow, and continued so until May, 1868, when
the bed was empty, aud
IS NOVEMI1EB, 1869. THE TUXKEL WAS FINISHED.
For more than half the distance of nearly
7,000 yards, which the tunnel runs before reach
ing the Liris, it is lined with hewed limestone,
beautiful and solid as marble; the works above
the ground being ulmost as wonderful as those
beneath the mountain.
The magnificicnt result obtained is an al
most incalculably rich estate of about 33.000
acres added to Italy, and to Prince Torlanios'
estate, which is divided into farms of about
sixty acres each, with excellent farm houses
and out-buildings. Churches and schools are
also well supplied, and happiness, fertility,
and industry abound where formerly pestilen
tial influences reigned supreme. Already
families of Rome are visiting the spot as a fav
orite summer resort on account of the salu
brity of the air and the many attractions of
the fruitful garden lands nestling so charm
ingly upon its high perch smong graceful hills
and towering rocks.
A striking object lesson to the world as con
firming tbe truth of the good old adage that
honesty is the best policy.
Mrs. Martha C. M. Fisher.
"IF I SHOULD DIK TO NIGHT."
Lines Written In 1802 by Father Ryan,
the Poet-Priest.
To the Editor of The Evening Star:
In your issue of February 6 you ask, Who
wrote "Were I To Die To-night." The Rev.
Father A. J. Ryan, tbe poet-priest, of Mobile,
Ala., is the author. It was written in July, 1862,
and I have the original copy. I will vouch for
the truthfulness of this statement.
Other lines have been added, and the poem
claimed by other authors. Find inclosed a true
copy of the original poem.
Respectfully, M. A. Andrews.
St. Louis, Mo.
Mrs. Andrews Bends to Thk 8tar, with her
letter, a copy of the original poem, as she says
it was written by Father Ryan. Tbe lines are as
follows:
If I should die to-night.
My friends would look upon my coffined face,
before they laid It in Its resting place,
And deem ibat death had made It almost fair;
Anil laying snow-white flowers against my hair,
Would smooth it down with tenderness,
And fold my hands with lingering caress;
Poor hands, would be so oold to-night!
Oh, If I could die to-night.
Perhaps my friends would call to mind
Soma kindly deed the icy hand had wrought;
Some gentle word the frozen lips had said;
Errands on which the willing feet had sped;
The memory of my selfishness and pride.
My hasty words would all be put aside.
And 1 should be loved and mourned to-night.
Ofcl that I could die to-night,
Every heart would turn once more to me,
Recalling other days remorsefully.
The eyes that chill me with their glance
Would look upon me as of yore, perchance
Would soften in the old familiar way,
For Who would war with dumb, unconscious clay?
So I might be forgiven of all to-nlgRt.
Oh, friends, keep not your sympathy from
me to-night,
The way is lonely, let me feel It now;
Thlnlfeently of me; I am travel-worn;
My faltering feet are pierced with many a thorn;
Forgive, oh, friends, forgive, I pleadl
When dreamless sleep Is mine I shall not need
The sympathy for which I ask to-night.
Bathing In Wintry Seas.
Prom the Boston Herald.
The novel sight of a lady bather at Orescent
beach, Magnolia, was witnessed by quite a
large concourse of people at that summer re
sort on Tuesday afternoon. A special report
says that one of the fair lady members of the
Salvation Army, who, with other members of
the army from Boston, has been holding re
vival meetings at that villags recently, braved
the uncertain delights of mid-winter bathing
from the beautiful beach whioh partially en
circles the shoree of Kettle eov*. She seemed
to onloy the sport as fullv and freely as do the
hundreds of summer visitors who frequent the
spot and sport in the waves 'neath sunlit ram
mer skies.
To Oook Husbands.
Prom the Towanda Reporter-Journal.
Here is tbe recipe of Miss Juliet Corson, the
famous cuiiiniere, for -'cooking husbands so as
to make them tender and good." She says
"Make a clear, steady fire out of love, sheerful
ness and neatness. .Set him as near this aa
seems to agree with him. If ha sputters and
flxsee do not ha anxious; soma husbands do
this until they are quite done. Add a little
sugar in the form of what the confectioners
call kisses, but no vinegar or pepper on any ac
count. Do not stick any sharp instrument in
him to see if he is becoming tender. Stir
gently; watch the while, last he lie too flat gad
close to the kettle and become assises. You
cannot fail to know when ha te dona, if thus
treated you will tad him digest, agreeing nicely
with you sad the ehildrea, aad be wilifceep aa
long as you want, anises you baaena ssrslsss
mmTnt jkub te tM ftM ft pinots*1
wutitimr anil shorthand. where all partita are pupils.
Would it be proi>er fur hiin. after the acquaintance luu
Written fcr Tn Imnxa Stab.
ETIQUETTE AND MANNERS.
What to Do and What Not to Do
Polite Society.
KM. SHERWOOD'S OOUUNXS0CI ooLr**?
Tn proper wat to m>m a last to hopxt a
HORSE?THE LAST who touches TOD OX THE
IHOULDEk?DUTIES OF CtRTHl
The following questions hare been selected
this week by Mrs. Sherwood for consideration,
as being of general interest:
"Suburb" asks: "Fludin* It impossible to obtain
sufflcie t time to call uiwu a friend, and wishing to
end a card, bow abould it be eent, by mail or br dm*
aenger?"
A card sent by mail is equally respectful ai
one sent by messenger.
THE LADY OX HORSEBACK.
"Reader" asks on which aide of the lady be should
ride. also, how to help aer on her horse
To help a lady on put the clasped hands under
her foot while she catches the horn of the saddle.
Lift her aa she Jumps. Bide on her right hand.
THE COXFIDEXTIAL LVDY.
"T. K." ask*: "How cm 1 teach the average Ameri
can woman (not the erell-bred onet to keep her bauds
j off me? It they are ttlad to sen me they catch hold of
me. If thuy tell me anytnlng funny or aurprmug
they eud with a grasu of my arm or shoulder. If :h?-y
have a confidence tliey keep hold of me the whole
tliue. What ahall I do to avoid it without giving of
fense?"
This evidently comes from a foreigner. It
would be impossible to answer it except to say
thatitisalwaysmuch more polite not to touch the
person. Indiscriminate kissing among women
is to be avoided.
"T. B " asks: "If a lady calls on me without her hus
band's card and I return it without meeting her bus
baud. ahall I bow when I meet him In the street?"
No. probably not, as he might not know who
j you were.
xrr IX THE SCHOOL.
"Genre* L. A." aaya: "A gentleman meets some
young Lulles In a school or class of Instruction, music
itli "
__ it be propei
Continued about a month, to aak permission to call on
one of the ladles, or to ask her to accompany him to tne
theater?"
It is qnite proper for him to ask leave to call,
| bnt he should not ask to take her to the theater
without her mother or some older friend.
"Marion Meredith" aaka: "Miss F.uMlda wlahea Mi's
Leila aa her maid of houorat her wedding. How should
she aak her?"
By calling on her and asking the favor per
sonally.
THE WORD "FRIEXD."
"What term* should be used if lady friend and gen
tleman friend are objectionable?"
Simply friend.
A OEXTLEMAX'S ARM.
"A Constant Beader"?A lady may take the
arm of a gentleman, bat for a gentleman to
take the arm of a lady would be very familiar,
vulgar aud objectionable walkiug "down 5th
avenue.
THE WEDD1SO TOUR.
"E B. M." aaya: "A.young man exoected to be mar
ried iu a few w-eka. Tht wedding takea place in the
parlors of the bride's parent* in the pre ence of Ihe
near relatives of both families. Immediately after tbe
wedding breakiaat the newly married couple leave on
their tour."
"What should the groom wear?"
Answer.?Prince Albert frock coat, colored
necktie, dark gray or pearl-colored trousers,
pearl-colored gloves.
"The wed lug service is not to include the ring?"
We know of no wedding service without a
ring.
"Would an emerald ring be appropriate!"
No. Emeralds are unlucky, according to
William Black's novel of "Three Feathers."
"In making a present should one or a pair of brace
let* be given?"
That depends on yonr generosity. One brace
let is, if handsome, enough.
RECEPTIONS AND TOCXO MEN'.
"Young Girl" asks: "Will you kindly inform me if,
when invited to an eveuimr reception 1 can take an
escort without consulting the hoxteaa previously?
Also, when paying reception calls uiuat escort go with
me?"
No; a young girl should never take a yonng
mHii to a house without permission from the
hostess; nor should she go about with one to
pay visits.
A Press reader asks:
How ahall a lady present a bucineaa letter of intro
duction to a geutieuien abroad, aud how should a let
ter be presented to a minister in foreign lands?
Call at the legation, leave yonr letter, card
and address. If your business letter is a letter
of credit drive to the bankers.
"L., Norristown.' asks:
"Can acceptances and regrets be engraved, leaving
spare for the name?"
We have never seen it done.
"Bachel Dean."?Send up your card. as. if
the servant does not know you. she will make
mistakes in the name, frequently.
"Suebe."?A groom who starts immediately
on his wedding tour should be married in a
Prince Albert coat and dark trousers, giving
himself time to slip on a traveling coat if he
wishes.
PRECEDE THE LADT.
"Country" asks If a gentleman precede a lady
through a crowd?
Yes. of course. Also:
"Should not people have a footman at a party to
open the front door, especially if there be intricate
locks?"
Of course they should.
THE SEAT OF HONOR.
"Globe Beader."?When a gentleman and
lady take a friend to the theater they gen
erally give her the seat between them.
As'for a clergyman's titles it would be better
to say Bev. John Smith, D. D.
RETCRX THE CALL.
?Tncertainty" asks: "I have a friend visiting me,
and her irienas when calliutr upon her have left cards
for ine. Most of than are unknown to me. Should I
return their calls?"
Certainly.
"Inquirer."?rlt is never a gentleman's duty
to escort ladies home unless the hostess should
ask him to do so.
"Stranger in the city" aaka: "Does an Invitation to a
tea call for an acknowledgment?"
No; go or leave a card. Street costume.
What are tbe proi?r hours for ladies to make their
calls on each other?
Between 2:30 and 6 o'clock.
AT THE AFTERXOOX TEA.
"ACountry Qirl" aaya; "I have an invitation to a
tea next week, in the evening, troin 8 to 10 should I
drets as for an afternoon tea?"
No. Dress in evening dress, and do not
leave a card. Call next day and leave a card.
The hours alter the whole thing.
??"Richard Hare."?A gentleman is always in
full dress in the evening, f8r any entertain
ment.
Lillian asks: "If at an evening party a gentleman
wishes to dauce with a lady, la It ueresaary for hiin
| to obtain permission from her chaiierou?"
No, not if he has been properly presented to
ber by her mother or chaperon.
"Debutante" aaks: "When a family recently thrown
into mourning receive cards from their society a?
quaiutances how eh> uld they send regret*?"
By enclosing a black-edged card in a mourn
ing envelope and sending it by mail.
"What does 'P. P. C.' mean in a card sent by mail?"
?be further asks.
Simply that your friend is ying away and
"pays parting compliments."
"When is it proper fog a 'person In mourning to re
turn calls?"
After ? year of seclusion and morning.
"When a widow seuds out InvltaUons for a daugh
ter's marriage, and the groom is not a resident of the
same city?provided it be a cnurch wedding?would it
be proper to*indoee a card, aa 'Mrs. Stanley Bursa, 70
8th avenue?"
Of course It would be proper and necessary,
if wedding presents are to be sent, that the ad
dress be given.
A BRXDEXAXD'S DUTIES.
"Harrietts Howsrdson" aaks: "What the duties of
bridemaida are, and where they stand at a parlor
wadding."
Their duties are to look pretty sad form part
of a procession. They stand ia a parlor, either
side of the bride, during the reception. One
does not have a maid of honor and bridemaid.
The maid of honor supercedes the bridemaida,
She asks, furthermore:
"II incase I am compelled to omit sending in vita- !
tlons to all my friends, must I send oarda with "
borne?' ** \
No, that" is not necessary. Announcement
cards sent by the parents are now considered j
equivalent to invitations.
"K. M. C." aaks: "In aandlng an invitation to a wed
?r to a young lady who ia engaged la It proper to
t her fiance, be being acquainted with the family?"
No; we should say not
"In sending an Invitation to a lady is it
omit ber husband?"
No: decidedly not. This would be the mat.1
est of insult*. If the husband is invited and
does not choose to go. the lady can go without1
him, or the engaged girl can go without her
finance, bat both gentleman should be asked.
A reader asks If "Mr." should bs affixed to a visiting I
sard.
Tea; it is better form.
Many yonng gentlemen write asking for the
etiquette necessarily observed if they take
young ladiee to the theater alone. Etiqaette
does not eover such oases. No young lady
should go to ths theater alone witn a gentle
man, or to sapper with him afterward, if she
wishee to be amenable to the ralee of society;
a friend, a chaperon ia abeolutely indispensable.
If two young people, fellow stadeats, fallow
workers, fellow artisans, chooee to go about
with each other, it may be all right, bat It is
not etiqaette; nor is it possible to answer
theee questions, which.in their very beginning,
throw away what Is the primal role ia good
eociety; that young ladies are to bo protected
It is said in Indianapolis that a i
has left there tar Wsslington to srteet CoL W.
W. Dudley and take him b(
HOME MATTERS.
?oki nucncAi. ocoossnom to fbactical
loaivmt-iuu a? unn bimu rai
m ot*i*o-nooK ? faxct axd deliciocs
IWUTI in MOW TO EkU TIIK.
Salted Bar Ca* be Plcvoeo into boiling
water; this harden* the outer aid* at on.-e, and
keeps the juice* with the meat
Ir Steamed Meat ? Lett in the liquor to
cool off it will be fonnd to havs absorbed back
much of the goo*tn<** of the aoup. and will be
*o much the more nutritious a* food.
White Cocoakct Dion.? One pound grated
eoco?.nut, half pound pulverised sugar. white*
of nix egg* beaten stiff: drop on buttered pan*
and bake. Theae drop* are delicious.
NtTti Stand Still ? Colo Weatvu. es
pecially after having taken a alight degree of
exerciee. and always avoid itanding on ioe or
snow, or where the pereon i* expoaed to cold
wind.
SALMAatrxDi (a nice reluh lor tea).?Boil
nntil tender salt mackerel. Take from the fire
and pour over a cupful of vinegar. hot, in
which ha* been steeped one bay leaf; a few
cloves. and a whole pepper.
Ii#tbe Tcbkkt Wixos axs Seasoned and
?tewed in ju*t enough water to aimmer them
in, and taken ont when tender and dipped in
egg and bread crumba, fried and aerved in
tomato aauce, they are very nice.
Tomato Sacce.?Put a large tableapoonful of
butter in a saucepan; when melted, add a level
tablegpoonful of flour; mix and add a half pint
of Rtmincd (tewed tomatoes; atir nntil it boile,
and add a palatable aeaaoning of salt and pep
per and aerve.
A Light Cake.?Take a pint bowlful and a
half of sugar, one and a half <4^s of butter
rubbed in two pint bowla of flour, two cupa of
?our cream, a teaapoonful of saleratus. table
spoonful of roee water, four egga well beaten
and a little nutmeg.
Nct Pcddixo.?One cupful of sugar. one-half
of a cupful of butter, two cupful* of flour, one
half ot a cupful of cold water, three egg*, one
and one-half teaspoonful* of baking powder,
one-half of a cuptul of whole walnut meat*
added the last thing. Bake, and eat with
sauce.
A Fkuit Now Focxn ik the Maeeet is the
bitter acid grape fruit It ia excellent for peo
ple of bilious habit, and many people learn to
like it after eating it a few times. In eating it
every particle of the akin ihould be removed
from the sections of the pulp, a* the inner white
akin ia very bitter and quite unwholesome.
Mast or the So-called cheap cut* of meat
are preferable. For instance, the shoulder of
mutton ia much more dclioate than the leg. and,
as few persons know, the price 1* low. The
English, who of all people know what good
tuutton is. always give the leg to the house
hold and save the ahoulder for guesta or first
table.
A Xoteltt n? Scheem* are those with flaps or
pockets ou the outside panel for holding cabi
net and larger photographs. The panel may
be covered with diagonal cloth. Roman *atin
1 or plush, and the pockvts to correspond or of
| rattier broad ribbon velvet, dmwn tightlv
ac ross BlantingwiM. and stitched at one edge,
to lorin a pocket for the photographs.
1 he White W'ohm. which sometime* make*
| the earth in a plant jar look as if it is alive,
i can be driven out by stopping the hole in the
J bottom of the jar. then cover the earth with
water in which you have dissolved a little lime.
; Let this stand for several hours and it is not
[ likely that you will be troubled with the worms
any more.
| ^ hite Casdt.?One cup of granulated sugar,
one pint of water, two tablespoonful* of vine
gar; boil just as you do molasses candy, but do
not stir it. You can tell when it is done by
, trying it in cold water. Pull as if molasses
j caudy; have a dish near by with some vanilla
i in it. and work it enough to flavor it as you
pull; put it in a cold room, and the next day
j you will have delicious candy.
J Chocolate Cbeak*.?Two cup* of sugar, one
cup of water, one and a half tablespoonful* of
corn starch, one teaspoonful vanilla; mix all
except the vanilla. Let it boil from five to
eiRht minutes, stirring all the time; take it off
and stir until it comes to a cream; when neartv
sinooth add vanilla and make into balla. Mix
half pound chocolate, but do not add water.
Koll the balla in it while warm.
Is Cookiso Oatmeal or cracked wheat, if the
meal is put into a doable boiler and salt added
to the water in the outer receptacle, the food
will be much improved in taste, the reason be
ing undoubtedly because the meal is better
cooked by thia process. As salted water does
not boil at ao low a temperature aa unaalted.
therefore the meal is subjected to a greater
heat, and is proportionately better cooked and
much improved thereby.
llow to Dissolve Soda.?It ia better always
to dissolve soda in a very little?one or two
tablespoonfuls of boiling water. Firat, boil
ing water dissolves it more quickly; second,
the water being clear or transparent, one can
see that the soda is thoroughlv dissolved,
while, if you add it to milk, which, of course,
must be sour, or you would not be using soda
with it, fermentation takes place at once,
thereby destroying all opportunities for seeing
whether or not the soda ia thoroughly dis
solved.
Pbfue Creak Pie.-Stew the prunes in aa
little water as possible. Strain through a aeive,
and to a cup of fruit add one cup oi thin cream
and the yelks of two eggs well beaten with one
third of a cup of sugnr. Whin the whites sep
arately. and stir in lightly with a flavoring of
pine-apple. Have the plate already lined with
crust; pour in and bake as quickly as pos.-ible
without burning. When done, spread over the
top the white of an egg beaten gradually with
pulverized sugar, and flavored likewise with
pine-apple.
White Latee Case.?Beat to a cream one
half cup of butter and two cups of pulverised
sugar, and oue-half cup ot sweet milk, two and
a half cupa of flour sifted with two and a half
teaspoons of baking-powder, the white* of
eight eggs; bake in layers and put together
with thin icing, boil a half teacup of water aud
three teacups of augar till thick, pour thia
slowly over the well-beaten whites of three
eggs and beat all together till cool, aud lumt
before pntting on each layer. Sprinkle each
layer with grated cocoanut.
To P&esebve Orange Peel.?Soak the peel
in strong salt water nine day*, changing the
water every three days; then dry on a cloth or
sieve, simmer till transparent in a syrup made
by boiling together one quart of water aud one
pound of whit? augar. Ihen make a rich
svrup of sugar, adding just enough water to
the sugar to dissolve it. and when it is boiling
throw in the peels and stir them constantly till
all the sugar u candied around them. Dry them
thoroughly in a warm oven and put away for use.
None or THE Household Abtw are more ideal
than those which relate to table napery. Fortu
nately faahiou sometimes condescend* to tha
ideal, and at present it preacribe* minute atten
tion to table linen. There ia a tendency now
toward decoration that offers a wide fleld for
the amateur embroiderer, and. next to an altar
cloth or a baby'a frock, perhaps there ia uo
work that better become* a woman's leisure
hours. The preeeut mode of covering table*
with colored cloth* stintulatea the embroiderer,
by allowing her work to tell ao finely.
Sweet Potato CacxjUETTEa.? Put them
through press?throe ahakea pepper make a
dash?half teaspoonfuL (She doesn't aay
what, though I doubt not she know*.) Five
aweet potatoes, and along the margin I read
"potatoes a (a maitre d'hote parsley sprinkled
between layer*." Wa cannot make much use
of such directions to produce the perfectly
browned outside and appetizing inside of the
croquettes or other dish of Irish potatoes; but
these are potent cabalistic reminders to the
jotter-down of theae haaty notes that will
sharpen her memory many a long day hence.
Celebt Sour.?Take four stalks of celery,
wash it well, par* off the green Waves, cat it
In email pieoee, pat H into a saucepan with
two tablespoonfuls of butter, and let simmer
for five minutes; dilute it with two quarts of
boiling milk; add salt, pepper, nutmeg and a
little augar, and two cupfulsof "Cerealine;"
stir and boil slowly for oae-half hour; preee it
through a sieve; return it to the aauce-pan,
and boil again; finish with a liaison of four egg
yelks. one cupful of cream, two spoonfuls of
batter, one-half teeapoonfoi of copped parsley,
mix well on the fire without boiiiug, season to
salt the teste, and serve with small squares of
bread fried in batter.
Vornoi Pa.?This delicious meat pie ia
?ads la very thin altemstea)ayers of Uttooohed
veal, boiled ham, and a forcemeat, made aa
follows; Chop finny half a pond of good sau
sage Beat, and mix with a capful of toe bread
cram be. aalt, pepper, sweetaerbe and a little
freak paraley, with ntelted butter enough to.
bottom cd'a'bak^'dtah*rttTtheveSfseaeou
withjsalt^and a^daah^of cwtyeane, thea very Una
hole hi tbetop,ornawiutea byapaatM "roee"*
and batak^ Tnia Stesnus sold
| LA 1)1 KS' GOODS.
GEO *Hlir, LADIES- TAIlvOR A*D HARI1
Maker Ladiee' ?w* a?e tonal alec fiafr at at raa
a tiftbU prVwa NaUafar-a.* pirn teed (toll Ihwn
??da u> at tkt Iiolkra afertnr?e? af
wuu'i iMova-dtuas. Eeadj
Dvorni Fo. Enon
*HI1L HOWARD * OO
2b Waal 1?U at. New Tart
Will ctuae oat dunna the Dan Ira day*. at 1
? IS 15TB STREET N. W.
Tha be la are at IMr ?ageiSraet elock ?f
IMPoRlED OnfTVMES
pinner axd ball oowbi.
f7?a
4 LADY. rOHMERLY CARRYING OK tXLILWt
almekitur la K aw York. would Ilka the lain ?m A
Veehiuru* ladlaa Moderate pnree aad perfect St.
CatUua and baotm?a??aclaHy. 7 I at. a.a ?17 1 Oar*
M.LLE. Ma J. PraNDL
1S9W fat. aw (Ufa Hamaon'ai.
VIBE FRENCH BAIBOOODE
A eperlxl attaettna la HHklX. AK111 AND DOU.
JETOKNAM1MK. SHAMPOOI?
)SBSl*
M MHEPrxxxiA and 1
Miss J. Booom
MODEL El KIN? HABTTS
EVENING AND RECEPTION OOlTrvn
J?S-S?V 144C4*
The rrnoKA i>ki.*k khteld* are ri?
nottnced by Maaara WOOD* ARP * LOTBRoP
a? iba brat to their atucE 1 bey have na***al nr
laala wamHwrt. El> aa
1'MMii piiiNii.iinKWMtiipniaiu
r I Mi > hi A HI .1KH MINT. 120& New Vol* xv%
lirei-claee ladiee and ctfbli' work of every dearru
Oub. Huah, Velvet and Evening Dreeaea ANTON
AND CARoLI NE 1.1 KCtL turtwarly aruE A. I what
and Maiaon t r .ree. Pane jaltl
The kudu cunkix?h?il
"ri SKI LBS."
#J3 >' etreet. eecuod Boar,
And 1310 Rtfe at a w.. bat warn N and O eta >? Ira
"a NToN FIHtHEB'S DRY ri.KAHINO ESTA?
AUkHHIM AM' MI ?OUK MWUAia
Ladlca' and nmu Oarmaula d all kinde cleaned and
D)?d mitbout tmi>( rl)l?4 Udin' lAruna Dreeaea
a epecialiy. Hurt} five yeara fxpertaaea. PrV*?
moderate d?d>rilM lut auJ (Mutni aid
TXl. WOOL U\KMI Mt?. MAM I P OR hlPl kl?
A dyed kk<m! loouruma bWk.
A FISCHER
aid WMB.it.
FAMILY SUPPLIES.
4a
Royal" 40c.
PAXJHJX VICEEItS' SONS,
| Philadelphia.) (New V?
?02 13Ui Ktiwet Nortliwaat.
WASHINGTON. 0. 0.
Trade NATIONAL TEA BANE. Mark
Reliable Pore Teaa (all ktndxl
AT ABOUT H THE CKl'AL PRICE.
1, uv and ?> lb. Packa*ea taauiplee tree.)
112-7t " NATIO N AL " 25c.
C'RANUHTl P SUGAR GIVEN AWAY. UET A
1 pound v>t the t*?t i'hV' ii>ix<?I T?a jou evar U> MrUt
aiid 1 II). Granulated Mynir. a.l for AOiat
IJiMui O'HAhK S ui-utx-ry, l'^4.'> '.tb >1. u a.
tbEKu Havana.
EEY WEST AND NEW YoRE MADE MCUARS
Juat K?c-ei?rd Pricea Very Low.
PEMBROEE PI-RE rye WUlbEY
The Milk of Eautucky.
The Flucat Bonrbou Wliiakf.
CHAMPAGNE B INES.
All brauda at Luwaat PrtcaA
THOMAS RUSSLLL.
flj 1213 Panua> Ivauia atrenndL
Bridal A eil~
SPRING WHEAT PATENT FLOCR
la the Premier Flour of tba World.
Tbe only Mlnneaota Patent d<>? made from all old
abuat. For aala bj tba fulloaiuc well-kauara yrvcan:
JOHN H. M AOBTDER, 1417 New York aea
CHA8. I. EELLOOO. Maaotdc Tempi*. INEaL
GEO E. EENNEDY k SON. 12(M?Fat
W. E. ABBOTT, 1721 Pruu.ylvauiaava.
R. A WALEER. ltiOU Ttbat
E. M. bl'RCHARD * HKO.. Pnm. aea. and 4*?t
G. W. * H W. OFFCTT. Ga^rrawwa.
A O. ? RIGHT. Itt32 14th at
P. F. BACON, Pannaylaaniaavu. IMli
LAN I lai I D Sl'gar. 7c.
E ;? cam- Myrar < \>ru. 20<- Onwon PataBt Float,
per bbl.. dt! ?>0 IUli <'reaiu id,-.
Choioa Family orucertaa at abwltwale I'rWa
Temia oaah. N. A. POOLS.
dl.t-3oi W44La.ava
BEST GRANULATED hUGAR. 7c. per lb.
Haat Rio CuSar. 2&r per lb.. Java CVSva. VNc.
I<erlb , Moi-ha and Java, ifjc. IVrtei Uoti Mixed Taa.
? xcellltir all l .'>0r. i?r lb Beat Murar Purad Mauia.
Hbuuldaia. 10)' |<ar
1 [iiwbb Hour,
?Old Tline"
bU. aarA
_ _ *WS%ST
Vtl lb ^Wid country rull Butler.'^ imr lb ill*,
urkiab Prance lor 'Ssc. U Iba Buckwheat for 50u.
t> (4la. Uotiiluy l?r -5c.
betid foalal card or call and met ua If eoavantaat
i. T. P PYLF.S.
Ja5#-3ni dlW dtk at. a.a
DRY GOODS.
N ew Spring Ooods.
Juat r?<celve?l another ahli>n>ei)t of NewSprlnvOooda
con i rie.i.K Wi>oliaid Mlk Brnriettaa. French dailwua
Kutili iiii^rhaiua. Uool cotnbinalion Siutlutra and
< luua Su.a uao a full line ot Linen Klieetium t illow
Llnena, Damaok Table Clot ha and Naikteia t< match.
Table Dauiaoka all rradea. Hema iwbed Uuri. ^neeta
and PUloa Cam. llau.aak and Uuck Toaala. bilk and
Liale Hi ae in great variety
t J(j-:iiu UooE BRO A CO., 1S2S F at
BOOKS AND STATIONERY.
A GREAT BUOR~A~ RL M A IE ABLY IN SI LLO
t)?e lltarary work
Prof. Jamaa Br> ra'a Amartcas Oomiuoowaaltk.
?a two roloniea Prtoa, dti
C C PLRSEIJU Bookaellar,
ns dl* Wtb at
MEDICAL, &c.
ME. DE FOREST, LONU-ESTABLISBU) AKB
_ miablt Ladita Pbyak lau. can b* cviiaultad daily
at ber reaidrncr, mil T at. a w. Odtoa buunjiuui I
U.bp in Willi Lj>di?aonly. jj j
M
1
T HAS NEVER BEEN CONTRADICTED TBAT
_ Dr. BHOTHhLS la tbaoldaat-wUUiabad adeartia
lwr Ladlaa' PbyMcian In tbla city Ladlaa. yaa oaa
rcnbdcbtly couauit Dr. BhOTHERS, W<?* Sat. a.a.
particular attention I laid t. all diaaaaaa peculiar
ladiea, mar nod or aliiaia. Forty jraan' *k|i*r>liw
fV-Vm*
\f ANMOOD RFHTORED BT"UMJM? A BOTTLE
J^lortwoof Dr. BROTHERh lnviyoraUar *'ordtaT
V ill cure any oaae oI Mrroua debility aad iuaa of
n? r>a-i?jwar It lmisrta *lcor w Lba wbuia nilifc
Male or female. WiioBat a.w. fS-la*
C1HICHES1 ER'S ENGLISH PEKNYBOVAL MUX
/ had Croaa Inamoud Brand. Orlflial, beat, aaly
irantuna and reliable rill for aala Never (all Aak t?r
Cblrbaater'a Eucllab Inauiund Brand, la red metal
boxea, aaaled aitb blue nbbua At Dnuotteta. ai
DO Other. All I'lUa la (aeteboard bosaa. ptuk 1
|*rm, are a danfaroua coBnlarleil. aeud dc. atauux)
for larticaiara aad "UU1F FOR LADIES," IS
leitar. b> return tuall. 10.000 " "
LADIES who ha\e Baed them Nat _ _
CHICBAS1ER CHEMICAL CO.,
d2W-a*wf)Lt MadlaoaSqTThlla .K.1
Bead and be wise-db bcutuumi
aw, appeared belore ma and mad* oat* that
< Ideet Eatabliabad Expert Spaiiallat tn t
and will mian-btee a cure tn all cone ut prteate
ldeet Eatabliabed Expert Spain alia t tn
nil mtarentee actirelnaUcaaaai'
of men and lorniab medlcina. or ao
tion and advice tree at any boor of the day. J
aenbed and ??? m bet,re me by Dr BKOTHI
KAMLEL C. MILLS, a Notary PuW, la and tor UM
Diatrict of (julutuUa, Uaa uurd day o< July, 1SS&.
g
U. torn'-eurbl"boura Itkx, * :< per box ?"~~
Dr. DcbD'S NERUNE No. X permanently curat
natural weakuaaa, luaauX vitality.aereoaa jxMIty. In.
Ac. Prtoa,*!. (tent aealed by rnatl lor axle at
Jyai STANDlFuRb'S, oar twh aad F a w.
SPECIALTIES.
XTLEl.TBU'ITY-16 years a SPBCIALTT
Hi rurtna taarvoua and meata] dleixir. aptaal M
and
ublaa. paralyata.
removed Sirtcturea cured. SUtXt elactrvitr thu
clotbltic. Dr. L B NICROLMUN, i(M llikA
Ja*2-3ni*
^R. M^JJ^JKWg 13TH ST._K.'
a*.
Jnll
vt the Eya
BUiM Sunday. t?o? 1?*?A
DENTISTRY.
cart ol material, at l.'SJI A kw,
meat of Coluubtaa Cnlvereitr. fram 1
rwjSnr*
. PRINTERS.

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