OCR Interpretation

Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 30, 1889, Image 10

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1889-03-30/ed-1/seq-10/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 10

A Glimj sp ;i? Washington's Florida and
Foreign Orange Trade.
Tlie advent of tfce Lenten season, coming as it
does when the variety of table supplies are
distressingly limited from natural caus-s. brings
with it additional vexations to the housekeeper
whose creed demand* observance. A round of
social winter festivities following the holidays
suddenly transformed into a season of restric
tion must of necessity try the wits of the ac
knowledged head of the table in her efforts to
spread daily before the guests dishes which are
permissible, jalatable and yet not liable to
#grow monotonous.
Fish, vegetables and fruits com pose the syn
dicate which caters most largely to the hosts of
Lenten observers. Of fish, the shad, appearing
Just in the nick of time, as it were, to offer its
services early iu the Lenten period, is perhaps
the most popular if not the most palatable.
>or vegetable*, potatoes, cabbage and lettuce,
like the poor, we have always with us. sup
plemented by a canned reserve of extensive
proportions, which may or may not have a nat
ural flavor. In the way of fruits th" most deli
cious. though nut so popular or cheap as the
apple, if. the orange?the juicy. Inscioua orange.
'I he appb is doubtless the most used, as also the
lni>st greatly abused of all truits. being drawn
actiyely into the concoction of the menu for
?ny or ev? rv meal from greasy, soppy fried
?li. es for breakfast to the tasteful, foamy float?
a truly fitting finale for a sumptuous dinner.
But. withal, under the golden rind of the orange
lie tastelul possibilities beyond compare.
No less a prosaic personage than Thomas Car
lyle. in one of his genial glimpses of "domes
ticities." tells a story of how his wife was
caught by an unannounced guest bringing her
kettle of orange marmalade to a perfect finish
over the drawing-room lire, and describes the
result of her work as a "delicious confection,
pure as liquid amber." Orange marmalade is
.. pet dainty upon the table of a Scotch bon
vivant. Sweet, crumbly biscaits. a cup of
tinely-drawn tea. and a tiny, delicate china
-aucer of Dundee marmalade, a preserve that
has traveled the world over upon its merits and
established itself in every nook and corner of
every civilized country, is a refreshment which
epitomizes the truest hospitality of bonnv
Washington's oranoe trade.
Those who stroll along the avenues of Wash
ington. residents or visitors, and note the beau
tiful pyramids of the golden fruit upon confec
tion* rs stands, or t.;ko advantage of an over
Stocked market and buy u dozen at n seemingly
low price from the wandering Italian who per
ambulates the streets crying his wares, with
one eye to 1 iisiir.-ss and the other on the po
lice. have liitlc or no conception of the im
mensity of the local orange trad:; or the vari
ety of tempting, toothsome dishes to which
this product from what Milton calls the
? yodliest tree i.uleiied with the fairest fruit,"
daily lends a he Ipiug hand.
The mo?t delicious and desirable orange is that
from Florida, of course, and the number con
sumed largely increases every year. Formerlv
and only a few years ago it bore a very small pro
portion of the total receipts of the fruit here,
but now it very nearly divides evenly. The
estimated receipts of Florida oranges here this
season, running to the 1st of Mav. are put at
twenty-five to thirty thousand boxes. Heceipts
of foreign oranges will be something more than
thin. Allowing the boxes to average, aa it ig
claimed they do. one hundred and seventy-five
each, it i< estimated that the number sold iu
this city this season will amount to not less
than ten millions.
The orange trees of Florida bloom in Febru
ary and March, the blooms appearing before
the fruit of the previous season has been en
tirely gathered. In fact, where it is not a
matter of purely commercial interest the fruit
is sometimes left upon the tree until a follow
ing season, which, it is said, adds to it greater
perfection and juicy lusciou-^ness. Gathering
begins in November and lasts until about the
1st of May. There are generally from one hun
dred and twenty-five to three hundred oranges
in a box?the average being about one hun
dred and seventv-tive. The verv large oranges
af?- very thick skinned and command the low
est prices, and here is where the strolling ven
der shows his fine Italian hand. The large,
beautuul specimens are temptingly displayed
and worked off at high rates upon unsuspecting
victims as the rarest and richest the market
affords. A mistake is oft* n made, too. in ignor
ing an orange because of a dark, rusty-looking
coating upou the peel. I nderueutli this unin
viting cover is often hid the plumpest, juiciest
pulp, and it is almost a sure indication of a
genuine Florida orange?and not all the fruit
sold as Florida oranges are such bv anv means.
There are three methods in Florida of es
tablishing orange groves. The first is to clear
np a wild grove of the bitter orange, with which
the countrv abounds, removing all the trees
Rot needed and budding with sweet fruit those
that remain; second, to transplant young wild
trees to prepared ground and* then bud
them; and third, to raise stocks from seed, bud
them iu nursery rows and transplant them
wh- n sufficiently grown. Some contend that
it is not necessary to bud the stocks from seeds
of the sweet orange as the fruit of that class re
produces itself from its seed.
Washington's trade in foremx oranges.
Of the foreign oranges which come to
Washington a>id this country, the Messina is
the best. Following this are" the Catonia. Pa
lermo. Sorrento. Malaga, and Valencia, the last
named being rather small. All of these come
from southern Europe and pass through Gib
ralter. from which point reports of vessels and
the composition of each cargo destined to the
I nited States are cabled to the American
foreign fruit exchange in Sew York, and
through them to the dealers litre and else
where, hence the supply and future arrivals
are known and the trad-- conductedaccordinglv
Shipments to th.- I'nited States th. present
season, it is estimated, will amount to about
2.OO0.MO boxes. After the Mediterrari>-ftn dis
tricts the tie xt in importance is t uba. the fruit
from there being called "Havana." It is. per
haps, toe sweetest of all varieties, and when
fu;4v ripe is too sweet to please the palates of
many. A few oranges come from Porto Itico.
but too small a number to appear as an article
of commerce. Jamaica is more prolific, and
were it not for our own i'iorida production it
would probably have a monopoly iu our mar
kets us the only reliable sweet orange for win
ter and spring use.
Looking into the show windows along the
Streets, or making a choice from the stands or
carts, the larger portion of buyers simplv
?elect the best looking specimens "for the least
price and otten g-t the worst of the bargain.
The common sweet orange, of which the Florida
takes the lead, is in greatest demand. Then
there is the bitter orange, principally the
Seville. ?huli is use d largely for cooking'. The
tangerine is a dainty tidlut. sometimes called
the kid glove orange from the fact that it can
t* handled without soiling a kid glove, but
it is unsatisfactory. being drv and insipid, not
withstanding it is finely flavored. One of the
Bio-l highly est* t med *arieties is the mandarin,
a native of ? hina. though it has been intro
duced into the West Indies and other southern
countries. The rind of this, when the fruit is
fully ripe, m parates spontaneously from the
P"?'P- which is exceedingly rich and agreeable
to the taste. The tangerine is regarded as a
enb-variety of this class. The St. Michael's
orange ii. <u edit ss and those grown in this
couiitr?- flourish mostly in southern California.
In eating on.nges one often comes across a
specimen w.th a blood red pulp?this is the
Maltese variety and only differs from th? ordi
nary sweet class in color. A solitary tree of
these mav l>e found sometimes in a grove of
a thou-and ;ree-. where it has appeared inde
pendently and unaccountably.
A very common orang. is" the Shaddock, so
called from a I'apt. Shaddock who brought it
from Asia to the West Indies. It has hereto
fore been used merely for cookiug and is not
considered very valuable, hilt as it has proven
? Cooling, pleasant fruit it is eaten now more
extensively in its natural state, though the
teste for it is largely acquired.
The orange is one of tue most wholesome of
fruita. its juice abounding in citric acid and
possessing the same auti-scorbutic properties
which so distinguish the lime and the lemon.
There are those who affect to believe that to
Eve belonged the discovery of the yellow,
golden orange?to her sorrow and to that of
the unfortunate Adam. The alleged apple of
th'ste and even later days had not reached the
tasty perfection of the "Ualdwin." "Kussett."
"Wine-aap." et id omne geuus. (which the fruit
landers of these progrwssive times are wont to
rub till tney shine again and place temptingly.
With the spec k place down, where all can see*),
that they should have proven irresistible to the
mother of mankind.
It was doubtless this same reputed golden
apple, or orange, which caused a little unpleas
antness in ancient times known and declaimed
?pun by youthrul collegians as the Trojan war.
g fruit that grew upon
. . _ "tri* 'air Hesperian tree
Laden with biumaiu* if..Id. tli?t needs the ruard
or dmruB's l>liu with ui. enchanted rye
XWsave tns Uosv'iu. and dalrud the fruit
MM tge rash hand ut buhl incontinence."
The practical history of the orange ha' been
! traced by Galessio. who asserts that the Arab*
found both the sweet and bitter kinds ill great
profusion and perfection in the interior of India
and introduced the sweet into ancient Persia
and Syria, while the bitter found its way into
Arabia and Spain. It was not. however, until
the fourth century that it made it? appearance
?j Europe and in the fourteenth century in the
West Indies. Its introduction into this coun
try is due to the Spanish and Portuguese. The
trees of the sweet orange are loug lived, reach
ing often one hundred years of age. The
; bitter variety have a still greater vitality,
flourishing and yielding fruit for centu'ies.
The older the tree the better the fruit.
The flowers of the orange, on account of |
their charming fragrance and pnre whiteness, i
: are considered exquisitely appropriate to the
I bridal wreath, and trees are cultivated by many
florists solely for that purpose. Those of the
bitter orange ire preferred as th?y are more
fragrant, and there are double and free flower
ing kinds especially adapted to this use.
One of .the daintiest and prettiest of table
dishes to which it contributes is the orange
basket. For this choose handsome thin-skinned
ornnges; cut them in two. being careful to cut
evenly, take out the pulp, and separate each
section, removing the seed, but break the in
side skin as little as possible. Throw the peel
into cold water an hour or two to stiffen. Now
take some fine wire and make a handle to each
outside half, thus forming the baskets; twist a
bit of orange-colored ribbon around each
! handle, and fill the baskets with the orange sec
i tions nicely sugared or jellies; arrange on a
dish with a few sprigs of orange leaves, or
something resembling tliem, which can always
be procured at a florist's, and you have a very
effective and not a common dish.
is another way of preparing a delicious dish.
The method of doing this is to cut a small, |
round piece of the skin from the stem end, ,
then with the finger loosen the pulp from the j
skin and gradually work th" finger between the !
skin and pulp until it is entirely loosened. Then |
draw the pulp out through the opening without :
breaking the skin. Throw the skins into cold |
water until wanted. Have ready an orange or
i wine iellv. drain the orange skins, fill them
! with tne jelly, and stand away to cool. When
I cold cut them into halves and then into quar
i ters. and arrange them on a pretty dish, gar
! lushed with smilax.
also conduce to a most delightful dish. It re
I quires one dozen oranges, one quart of water,
i one pound of sugar and the juice of two lemons. !
1 Bub the rind of three ornnges well into the i
j sugar, then peel all the oranges, open the sec- .
tions and tak" out all the pulp; then add to it [
i the sugar and Union juice, stand aside one |
| hour, then add the water, stir until the sugar
is dissolved, then turn into the freezer and
This will serve eight persons.
like apple float, is a simple, but exceedingly
delightful dessert. To make it take one quart ,
of water, one cup of sugar, the juice and pulp ?
of two lemons, five sweet, juicy oranges and
four tablcspoonfvls of corn starch. Put the j
, water 011 to boil. Moisten the corn starch with
j a little cold water. then stir it into the boiling
water, and cook slowly for ten minutes, stir
ring constantly. Take from the fire, add the
sugar, lemon juice and pulp. Cut the oranges
into small pieces, remove the seeds, pour the
boiling corn starch over them and stand away
to cool. Serve cold, with sugar and cream.
may be made by using one and a quarter
pounds of sugar to every pound of grated
orange (grate onl the colored peel of sour
orange); squeeze the oranges themselves over
a strainer ami put the seeds into a pitcher, with
a pint and a half of water, to stand all night. i
Boil the white peel in several waters until clear j
and almost tree from bitter taste. Let all '
stand for twenty-four hours, then cut into thin ,
strips and add it with n half pint of water to |
the sugar, the juice and water from the seeds.
Boil one hour, taking off the scum as it rises.
Put away in jelly tumblers.
is not only easily made, but is pretty delightful
to the taste. Take one-half pound of powdered
sugar, one tablespootiful of boiling water, ;
grated rind of one orange and sufficient orange :
juice to moisten. Put the sugar in a bowl, add ,
the rind and then the water and juice. The
icing should be very stiff and used immedi
is one of the cheapest, quickest made desserts
known, and is just the thing when a friend
drops in to dine and the housekeeper is unpre
pared?an every-day occurrence. Take small,
stale Bponge cakes (lady fingers), dip them in
orange juice, place them in a glass dish, and
pour over them vanilla sauce. Servo at once.
C'ameos set in gold wire are in favor.
Flatter than an inverted soup-plate are
some of the newest hats.
Mousseline Delainf. with very deep borders
will take the place of nun's veiling in this
summer's gowns.
i Cream wool sparsely dashed and splashed
with a bright color will be the favorite *tuff for
I summer tennis gowns.
Alpaca is likely to be a favorite stuff this
spring. It comes plain, in stripes and with
flower and lace patterns printed over it.
Flame de I'onch is one of the newest Parisian j
colors. It is of an amber-violet shade, the !
exact color spirit takes when subject to fire.
Etruscan Bed and the shade of terracotta
with a tinge of copper in the sheon. are much
used in combination gowns of tine wool and
Golden Garter Clasps richly chased and set :
with diamonds, ruby, or turquois are among
the thiugs one may buy for his own women- j
i The Pretty New Toreador Vests are made
w holly of embroidery to wear beneath the Em
pire jackets of velvet, accompanying stylish
home toilets.
The Pelisse reappears in force in the spring
importations, and now has sleeves full forty
inches wide nt the top and gathered into enor
mous miffs at the arinhole.
A Parisian Fancy for ball gowns is to wear ;
draperies of gauze either white embroidered |
with black or black embroidered with white .
above guv light satins, and to hold the thin !
fabric in place with many bons of narrow rib
i bou matching the foundation in color.
There are at least twenty-five different and
distinct shades of green visible "in the great
emporia of fashion this year, ranging from the
palest water tints to the deep moss and myrtle
shades, all the varying tones displayed in
nature being perfectly reproduced in art.
The So-called Greek Polonaise is a prin
\ cep> garment cut full upon the right shoulder
and (lraped across slightly below the left hip.
The back falls quite straight and at front there
are breadths reaching from the belt to the foot
under the polonaise.
Parasols or I'.ich Brocade have sticks that
! show half a yard when closed. One style has
a ribbon so placed about the edge as to form a
j cluster of upright loops when the article is not
in use. Sun umbrellas are of plain silk, with
handles just eight inches longer than their
Draperies are seen upon the skirts of nearly
all the spring gowns, but they are soft and
clinging, with no suspicion of bouflfancy about
1 the Tups or back. The Greek apron is very
' much used. It falls straight and open at one
| side, aud is drawn up in full jabot folds U'ider
j a big cabbage bow upon the other.
The Jacket is utterly out of place over a
j directoire gown. Instead, one must wear
I either a mantle with four capes at the back
aud long fronts with wide lapels at top, or else
| six capes all around made in clotfi of two
I colors, simply cut upon the edges and finished
at the throat with a high collar and flamboyant
bow of ribbon. *
Buckles, clasps, slides, and hooka in cut
steel, gold, silver, onyx, jet, or pearl are used
with a tree hand this spring, both in millinery
and in the formation of stvlish empire and
directoire costumes. Braids of silk, gold
I silver, and sontaciie are still highly popular as
dress trimmings; these put on in rows or cross
ing each other in Grecian and other designs.
Washing Silks, also called silk cheviots, are
among the spring importations. These are
made into pretty rcdmgote tea-gowns, feather
stitched 1 louses, skirts. Ac. They are also used
i in the formaiion of night-dresses and under
1 wear for summer use. For tea-gowns they are
shown in dull, soft colors, in stripes, pale rose
and light willow green, with cream color, or
ciel blue, with chamois and pink, olive, with fine
touches of cardinal and golden umber, Ac.
A Magnificent Toilet sent to America for
a wedding reception in Washington from a
West End house in London, is made of royale
armure brocade.the sumptuous pattern showing
a rare blending of the various exquisite tints of
violet, mauve, und palest lilac, forming wiste
ria and heliotrope sprays, on a ground of pale
gold shot with faintest rose. The petticoat is
of plain violet amors royale, with gold and
lilac arabesques as a bordering at tne hem.
The bodice u cut In Pompadour style, and be
low this a Kussian half-vest of violet silk, which
folds over an inner vest of point lace.?Aetc
York Ectning Pott.
Written for The Evexixo Stab.
How General Merritt Outwitted Indian#
at Their Own Tactics.
(CorjTi?ht 188S) by tlie Author.)
The chase after the Sioux on Jnlv 3 hail made
our presence west of the Black Hills well
known to all the Indians at the reservation.
No more could take that route in going to rein
force Sitting Bull, and General Merritt was
prompt to accept the situation. Early the next
morning, the "glorious Fourth." while the as
sembled thousands of the nation were having
a gorgeous time at the centennial at Philadel
phia, we fellows of the fifth cavalry were riding
through clouds of alkali dust up the valley of
the South Cheyenne, and scouting out the In
dian trails southwest of the hills. On the 6th
we were camped along the banks of what was
then called Sage creek, near a little outpost
where a small detatchment of infantry guarded
the road, the spring and a stage station, 'llie
stages had quit runuing. for it was almost cer
tain death to ride the Black Hills road this
centennial summer, and only in large parties
and with strong escorts did the miners venture
to push their way thither.
A courier had been sent to Fort Laramie
with report of the situation, and while await
ing Gen. Sheridan's orders we grazed our
horses all day of the 6th. and were at it again
on the hot morning of the 7th and busily en
gaged fighting flies, and a party of us junior
officers were just coining up from a refreshing
dip in a pool under the willows when Buffalo
Bill came toward us, his handsome face clouded
with deep trouble, and simply stunned us by
the announcement: '"Custer and most of the
17th wiped out of existence. The general has
the official dispatch." Then we knew, of course,
that we would be ordered forthwith to march
to the Big Horn to reinforce Gen. Crook, on
whom the Indians would now be able to con
centrate their entire force. Very little was
said. The whole camp seemed awe-stricken,
and there was only one man in the regiment
who did not appear eager lor the coming of ttie
order. The longing to do something to avenge
that disaster to our comrade regiment was
uppermost in every heart?except one, mid
iftrritt sent that individual about liis business
as soon as we got within reaching distance of
Fort Laramie, and the muster rolls of the fifth
cavalry were relieved of a name which no one
mentioned but with contempt.
Not until the 11th of July, however, did or
ders reach us from Sheridan. On the morning
of the 12th we were taking the back track for
the Platte river, with instructions to refit at Lar
amie, march by the south bank to Fetterman,
then push out north ward for Tongue river, where
we would find Crook in his intrenched camp.
That night we camped around the Cardinal's
chair, in Niobrara valley, wet to the skill from
a previous rain storm. The next night we wero
under the lee of friendly old ltawhide peak, and
fully expected at dawn to make a long day's
march southward for Laramie.
What was our surprise, however, when, as we
mounted and silently moved away, the colonel
turned the head of the column eastward, and
down the Rawhide we rode until, at noon, we
halted and unsaddled at the point where the
stream is crossed by the wagon track from Fort
Laramie to the great reservation, and the rea
son was soon given. Fight hundred Indians of
the Southern Cheyenne tribe had been having
war dances and loading up with ammunition
and supplies, and the infantry commander at
the nearest post felt so certain of their inten
tion that lie sent couriers to warn Merritt. Of
course the Indian agents saw nothing alarming
in these preparations, but Major Jordan got
news that made him believe they meant to
'? jiunp" and rush to join Sitting Bull.
They had no grievance. They were well fed,
clothed, cared tor by the government. They
simply couldn't stand being "lookers on" when
their " comrades were having such a revel in
scalps and plunder. Major Jordan, with his
little force, couldn't stop them, especially as
they had two or three ponies apiece, and lie had
nothing but foot troops. Merritt was ordered
in exactly the opposite direction, but Merritt
well knew what Sheridan would require of him
if he could but see the situation. He turned
toward the danger point, and sure enough just
at noon on Saturday, the 10th. there came to
him authentic tidings from the reservation.
Col. Stanton, who had been sent thither to look
into the situation, dashed off in few words the
news that on Sunday at dawn the Cheyeunes
would leave in a body.
xowcame merritt's opportunity.
It was 70 miles by road to where these In
dians were camped. It would never do to push
straight for the reservations. That would only
drive them out ahead of lis. Their course
would be northwesterlv, and they would cross
the Cheyenne near where we were camped on
the 1st of July. Merritt determined to move
at once, to go back on his own tracks?a round
about course?utterly blinding them as to his
intentions. To let them get away from the
reservations, but to throw himself across their
path among the "breaks" of Hat or Indian
creek, and thrash them well for their treach
ery.# Leaving the wagon train to follow with
it*' guard, Merritt had seven companies in sad
dle at 1 o'clock. Then away we went?west
ward. away from the reservation, away from
the Chevennes, and marching easily as though
the last thing we thought of was interference
with their projects. Fourteen miles out we
halt, unsaddle, water our horses in the shad
ows of ltawhide peak again, let tlieni graze
awhile, perhaps twenty minutes, then mount
ag:;in. and, trotting now, move away north
westward. By 5 p. m. we have turned square
to the north, "and yet are so far to the west of
the reservations we feel convinced the Indians
have not followed with their spies.
At sunset we are descending into the valley
of the Niobrara; at 10 p. m. wo silently halt,
dismount, unsaddle, lead out our horses to
graze and rest again, strongly hobbled and
"lariated." We have marchcd only thirty-five
miles, but we are saving our horses for the
work of th" morrow. We post strong guards
and pickets to Becure us against surprise. Capt.
Hayes and I are officers in charge of them, and
while the rest of the command roll into bankets
for a few hours' dose we trudge around from
sentry to sentry, blessing the fates that spare
us storm and send the soft starlight. At mid
night Lieut. Hall arrives with the wagon trafti.
At 3 in the morning Merritt noiselessly arouses
his officers and men; we breakfast on coffee
and bacon; our horses get a capital feed of oats;
again we saddle and mount in the pallid gray
of the dawn, and at 5 a. m. are climbing out of
the valley on our northward way just about
the time "the Indians are leaving Bed Cloud.
Now we'll see who first will reach the fords.
Riding northwestward they have somo 28 miles
to go, driving their travois ponies (for the
squaws go with them to take caro of the large
supply of provisions they have laid in) and will
probably camp to-night in some of the breaks
east of the crossing of the "war bonuet," the
brunch with the steepest banks of all. Riding
east-northeast, after once he crosses the high
range between the Niobrara and the head
waters of Hat creek. Merritt has 50 miles to go
before he can reach the point where they will
strive to cross at sunrise on the morrow, but
he means to be thore first. His swift-stepping
gray at the head of column keeps us
all at rapid walk or comfortless jog, but no
man cares for comfort. "Hides" and mus
cles are all tough as whip leather by this time
All we want is to "get there," and give these
would-be allies of Sitting Bull a lesson. At
10:30 we again reach the palisaded outpost at
Sage creek, and our infantry friends give eager
welcome. Here we cram our brfts with am
munition; give our horses water and feed; then
on we go again east-northeast over rolling
prairie. The day is hot, and Bill Cody's straw
berry roan plays out, and he gets another
"mount" from his old friend, the adjutant. On,
on, on?sometimes at rapid trot for half a mile
or so, but mostly at steady walk we push
ahead, aud at sunset mark a winding belt of
green far down in the low valley ahead. At S
p.m., silentlv we wind in under the bluffs, and
at 'J holt and dismount among the cottouwoods
along the stream. MfUiturs let Clurytniuu, you
are beaten. We are first at the ford.
Nothing to speak of by steam, rail, stage or
pony express, but something of an exploit when
it means that a column of cavalry has made
that distance in that time and every horse and
man is "fit" and ready for anything that mav
turn up on the morrow. No fires are allowed.
All except the guard "turn in" for a night's
rest. I was officer of the guard last night at
the Niobrara, but company "K" is detailed en
masse for camp guard and picket duty to-night,
and that means me again. Qene^l Merritt
directs me to take six men and post myself with
them at a ridge a few hundred yards to the
southeast and keep vigilant watch for anything
and everything that may come from that
direction. If anywhere, the Cheyennes
must be over in the breaks just beyond the
high ridge we had marked something like 2
miles away. "Call me at half-past three" he
say*.and roll* himself in hi* blanket by the aide
of a fallen Cottonwood. The skie* are cloudless,
the star* brilliant, the night still r.s still can be.
Once or twice a* I go making the rounds with
my old captain we hear the coyotes yelping out
on the prairie and the bearer* splashing above
their dara in the stream. At 3 the morn begin*
to grow chilly, and the coyotes become more
noisy and numerous. The ceneral is sleeping
like a weasel when I bend over to call him and
is np in an instant. "Ally signs of 'em yet?"'
he asks. "Not yet. sir. It is just davbreak and
I go back to my picket post at the fort."
Little by little the dawn spread* over the
heavens and a chill, wau light over the rolliug
prairie. Two miles awav the ridge becomes
sharply defined against "the sky. Off to the
southwest we can just discern the trail on
which we marched in hist night. At 4:30 our
horses, saddled and bridled, are cropping the
buffalo grass in the swale behind us and a mist
is rising from the winding stream farther to
the rear. Four hundred troopers are up and
alert under those sheltering bluffs, sipping
their morning coffee now and nibbling at the
hardtack 111 their saddle-bags. Out to the front
a little hillock rises from the prairie, and I
move mv party thither and find a better view.
Corporal \\ ilkinson and I. lying prone at the
summit, while the rest of our party lurk in the
hollow behind us, are scouring the distaut
ridge with field glasses. The sun is not yet up
when he suddenly exclaims:
"Look, lieutenant. There are Indians!" And
sure enough there they are:six. eight, a dozen of
them scurrying to and fro on th? ir nimble po
nies and evidently in great excitement. I sent
a man to warn the general, and in ten minutes
out he comes with Buffalo Bill and hulf a dozen
| officers. They remain in saddle down iu the
j shadows under the little knoll where they can
I not be seen from the front, while he dismounts,
joins me at the top. and takes a long look at the
warriors darting about on the ridge nearly two
' miles away. These movements are a puzzle.
They seem watching some object off to the
west. Cody dismounts md joins us: takes a
long look and says: "I'm damned if I know
what those fellows are fooling about." More
and more of them pop into sight and then?
just as the sun peeps over the horizon it
fi:ishes upon some glistening white objects off
to the southwest. "The wagon train, bv all
that's wonderful!"
"\\ hat s to prevent their attacking it?" is the
question asked by one of the staff.
"Nothing," aiihwers the general quietlv. "I
only hope they will?so does Hall. He has two
, companies of infantry hidden under those
wagon-covers and wouldn't ask anvthing bet
j ter."
) But now* comes a new excitement. Half a
j mile out in front of the wagon train, riding
i toward us at an easy lope, come two horsemen.
I Thov know we are down here under the bluffs,
but the Chevennes don keven dream of it. We
know the ("heyennes are swaruiing along that
ridge, but nobody at the train has the faintest
inkling of it. Presently, down a shallow ^vine,
hidden from the train and separated from the
trail by a long tongue of prairie "point," dowu
full tilt, swinging, swaying, bounding along on
their mettlesome ponies, a little band of Indians
comes darting straight toward us. Cody sees
their object at a glance.
"By Jove! general. They are coming down
trying to surprise those two riders. They ex
pect to meet 'em right here iu front of jjs.
Let us mount this party and we can get'eni!"
'?Up with you. men!" is the order. "Be
ready to follow Cody. You stay here," he says
tome; "wnt -h untii they are close under you.
? Then give the word."
And down he slides to his men below, while
J Bill and half a dozen troopers spring into sad
; die. thrust cartridges into their rifles and
: crouch eager for a spring. Looking forward
j I can see the distant ridge lined with Indians,
, hidden from the train yet visible to me. Mid
: way to them the shallow ravine is tilled with
1 the rapidly advancing war partv. the sunshine
gleaming on their naked, painted bodies, their
j gorgeous war bonnets, shields, and glistening
| ornaments. Over to the right front come the
1 two couriers, utterly unconscious of the death
dealing gang that is nearing them at every
jump, and 1?all alone on the little mound,
am enjoying one of the most stirring pictures
of savage warfare it was ever my lot to see.
Nearer they come. I can hear the bounding
hoofs of the ponies now. only 500 yards aw.iv.
Glancing back I see Bill, foremost of our little
I party, his kindling eves watching for my sig
nal. "All ready, general?" "All ready, give
the word when you like," is the low answer.
I Nearer and nearer they come. I wait until
their gorgeous leader is not more than 20 yards
from the little knoll, then wave mv hand and
"Now, lads!" crash and bang aud hurrah!
Wild warring yells of the Chevennes. A vision
of darting ponies; of streaming war bonnets: a
fusilade of carbines and pistols; a rush of hoofs,
a dozen things at once seem crowdiug on my
senses as I catch my own horse, bound into
saddle and go galloping out to join Bill. The
first thing I see is our chief of scouts darting
full tilt at a magnificent specimen of tho Indian
warrior: flash go both rifles nlmost at the in
stant. And after a wild bound or two the
warrior's pony plunges headlong, and the rider
limps desperately toward the yelling comrades
who are dashing down to the" rescue. Whv?
the whole ridge seemed suddenly to bristle
with red and feathered warriors, whirling,
yelling, raging down to annihilate the little
band of white men w ho had dared attack their
advance. Bill is off his horse in an instant;
kneels; takes deliberate aim; tho flame juts
from the muzzle of his rifle, and with a wild
cry the Cheyenne pitches headforemost upon
the sward with a bullet through hiB brain.
Then there are shouts of warning. "Look out!
Look out!" as the thunder of hoofs and veils of
rage and defiance tell the coining of the Cliey
ennes sweeping down upon us. but Merritt is
ready for them, too, aud glancing over my
shoulder I see mv own troop, "H." with Mnnw
at its head, iu long extended line come trotting
up over the bluffs, with Montgomery's uravs
just behind them.
"DRIVE 'em, mason!"
are the only orders I hear as 1 gallop over and
take my place in front of my own platoon and
then straight at the Chevennes we go: troop after
troop darting up the bluffs and spreading out
to the right ana left as they ride in support. It
is a brilliant and stirring "sight, but lasts only
a few minuteB. for the Chevennes for once in
their lives are beaten at their own game and
know it. Utterly amazed at the appearance in
their front of the regiment they thought to be i
70 or 100 miles away to the so'uth, they leave
"Yellow Hand" niid ono of his brethren
stretched dead upon the sward, they drop their 1
pots and kettles, pack saddles and blankets and
away?away they go scurrying ior the safety of
the reservation at a speed that battles pursuit.
Sitting Bull never got those fellows as allies at
least. Buffalo Bill had one more feather in his
cap Hnd Merritt had won th- ncme of outwit
ting an Indian at his own tactics. That night
how tho old men and sqnav.* crowded around
us at Bed Cloud. How they whi-pcred together
and pointed at Buffalo Bill. I have had longer
and harder rides in forty-eight hours than that
one proved to be but none that ever were at
tended with such results,
Charles Kino, U. 8. A.
"Vas Marriage a Failure?"
Vas marriage a failure? Veil, now. dot depends
Altoge<lder on how you look at it, mine friends.
Like clliose double-horse teams dot you see at der
It depends pooty mooch on d?n pair In der traces;
Kef dhey don't pull togedder right off at der
Ten dimes oudt off nine dhey vas beddher apart.
Vas marriage a failure? Der vote was in doubt;
Dhoee dot s oudt vould be In, dhose dot's in vould
be oudt;
Der man mil oxberience, goot looks und dash.
Gets a vlfe mlt some life hundord dousand In
Budt, after der honeymoon, vhere vas der honey?
She liaf der oxberience?be haf der money.
Vas marriage a failure? Eef dot vas'der case,
Vot vas to pecome oS der whole human race?
Vot you dink dot der oldt "Pilgrim faders" vould
Dot came In der Sunflower to oldt Plymouth bay,
To see der flue coundtry dis peoples haf got,
Und dben hear dhem ask sooch conundrums as
Vas marriage a failure? Phust go, ere you tell.
To dot Hunker .Mon Hillument, vhere Varren fell:
Dink off Vashington, Franklin und "Honest Did
Dhey vas all been aroundt since dot first Ply
mouth babe.
1 vas only a Deutscher, budt 1 dells you vot!
1 pellet, every dime, in sooch "failures" as dot.
Va? marriage a failure? 1 ask mine Katrine,
Und she look off me so dot 1 feels pooty mean.
Dhen she says: "Meester Strauss, shustcome here
eef you blease,"
t'nd she dake me vhere Yawoob und little Low
By dhere shnug trundle-bed vas shust saying der
Und she say, rait a smile: "Vas dher some fail
ures dhere?" ?
?Charles Follkn Adams.
Ntw York World.
His Personal Experience.
L. T. Harrington, ex-sheriff of Chautauqua
county. New York, writes:
"I am glad to say, from a long personal experi
ence with allcock's Porous Piasters, that 1 am
able to>ndorse aU the good things that have ever
been said about them, and supplement these by
saying that 1 frankly believe their value cannot
be estimated. Their breadth of usefulness is un
limited, and for prompt and sure relief to almost
every ache and pain that flesh is heir to, no other
remedy, In my opinion, either external or Internal,
equals them In certainty and rapidity. 1 have
used them at one time for rheumatism, another
tor backache, again for bronchitis, always with the
same result?a speedy curs."
'hitting the pipe.
Opium Smokers And the Kfleet the
Habit hit* on Them.
nrnuuiED i^w-men who oo about with lat
"Did you ever hit a pipe?" asked a well-known
1 foxing man about town of a Stab reporter the
I other dty.
??What do yon mean by hitiiug a pipe?" asked
the reporter.
"Why. smoking opium," was the reply.
"That's the technical expression among those
who are addicted to the habit."
The reporter confessed that he had never in
dulged in that luxury, and asked the young
man if he had.
"Oh. yes." he said; "I have done it. but I
don't do it any more. I was afraid I would get
the habit fastened ou me. and the man who be
comes acMicted to the opium habit is the greatest
slave in t he world. I would rather be a drunkard
a hundred times over than to have the opium
passion f astened on me."
"W here did you get your experience?"
''Night here in this city. \\ hy. there isn't a
Chinese laundry that hasn't an opium joint
back of it. Besides, you need not go to a laun
dry to find an opportunity to smoke."
"Why. are there other joints, as vou call
"Not public ones, where anv one can go, but
there are two or three men who have all the
facilities at their rooms, and those whom they
know can go there and indulge. More than
that, there are at least five men whom I know
who carry a lay-out w:th them and will go to
your own room or anywhere that you may sug
gest and afford you all the opportunity vou
can ask to take a smoke."
"Well, a small lamp over which to cook the
opium, a glass or steel rod. the opium, and a
pipe. You see it doesn't make a very large kit
and can easily be carried around."
"Does the number of smokers justify these
men in carrying a kit with them?"
"Indeed it does. You would be surprised to
know the number addicted to smoking opium,
and new recruits are constantly coming along.
Many young men who have no regular employ
ment. because their parents are wealthy and
furnish tliein with plenty of pocket money,
think it their duty to see every phase of life.
They begin by drinking, playing billiards and*
visiting places not to be named in polite so
ciety. Then they hear some one speak of the
effects of opium smoking, and as this form of
dissipation is u novelty to them, they are anx
ious to try it. 1 hey find some one who knows
one of these fellows with a lay-out. and they
hit their first pipe. Of course tho
man who cooks the opium gives it to
them weak at first and does not
allow theni to smoke very long. In fact they
are generally quickly overcome and go off into
the stupor, from which they at length awake
with the firm conviction that they lmve expe
rienced a new sensation, and one that is not so
very unpleasant either. Then they try it airain.
until finally, unless they have an extraordinary
power of will, they are unable to break off tho
habit. It doesn't take a great while either for
one to feel the craving lor the drug, for its
weakening effects, though very insidious, are
quite rapid. I know a man iii this city who
some years ago made up his mind that he would
cure himself of the opium habit, and took a
trip out west, thinking that a change of scene,
of atmosphere, of habits, occupation and asso
ciations would enable him to overcome his de
sire to smoke the stuff. He went out to Colo
rado. and during the trip of a week didn't use
the drug in any shape, but
His cbavixo was ho intense,
and his nervous system so completely unstrung
that when he got to Denver he struck a 'joint'
and then he was all right for a few days. He
then realized how strong a hold the stuff had
upon him. and after he had toned up to his
normal condition he came back to Chicago and
placed himself in a hospital, then under the
treatment of a skilled physician, telling the
doctor his story and begging him to do every
thing in his power to cure him. He was under
treatment for u long time, and was finally pro
nounced cured. He has told me himseif that
after he came out of the hospital he had no de
sire to smoke, and that he felt better in health
and spirits than for several years previous. He
was gone from Washington about two years,
and during that time he was free from the
opium habit. Ho came back here and soon
met a former companion, one with whom he
used to indulge in a pipe, and now he is worse
than ever, for I don't believe it is possible for
him to break off the habit now. I think if he
were deprived of opium for two weeks he
would die a raving maniac. He has a room
within a stone's throw of where we now are,
and I suppose he and a lady friend are in a
stupor now."
"Are women in this city given to the habit of
smoking opium?"
"Yes, there are a good many. Of course
there is not so large a number of women as of
men, and most of the former are of the un
fortunate class; still there are respectable
women in Washington who will hit a pipe quite
frequently. There are more women who use
opium in the form of paregoric and laudanum
than there are who get its peculiar effects
from smoking. I have had some experience as
a drug clerk, and I know the large?I mean
comparatively large of course?number of
women who use these two preparations."
"Are there any places in this citv where
women can go and gratify their desire for a
"Yes. two or three?I mean outside of the
laundries; and yet I have known women who
would enter one of these Chinese laundries,
buy their opium of the Chinaman anil go into
a back room or upstairs, cook it themselves
and get their smoke."
"How long does it take for the effects to
wear off?that is, I mean how long do they re
main in
"That depends on the strength of the opium
and how long they smoke. Some do not smoke
long enough to be completely overcome, but
only get into a sort of dazed state which wears
off when they are once out in the open air. But
when a person gets completely under the in
fluence of the drug he goes off into a stupor
which lasts from two to ten hours."
"Is there any consciousness during this
?'Sometimes there is a dim and uncertain
knowledge of what is going on about the
sleeper, but there is no power to resist; that is,
a man might have a hazy consciousness that
some one was going through his pockets and
robbing him, but he would have no power to
cry out in protest or to physically interfere
with the thief in his work, and the probability
is that when ho awoke he would have no mem
ory of what had taken place. In a complete
stupor, however, a man is. to all intents and
purposes, dead for the time being. He has no
dreams, either pleasant or terrible, but all is a
total blank."
"Where do those who run these 'lay-outs' get
their opium?"
'?Sometimes of the Chinamen, but generally
from Now York. You know opium for smoking
is specially prepared; it is not the same kind
that is used in drug stores in extracts. It is
much weaker. Then there is considerable art
in cooking it properly. It must not be over
done, nor yet must it be cooked too little."
"Do they cook it over a spirit lamp?"
"No; cheap sweet or olive oil or cotton-Beed
oil is generally used in the lamp, so that there
will be no smoke."
"is there so substitute fob the pi**
to those who are addicted to its use?"
"There is nothing which gives the complete
satisfaction that a pipe does, but then any form
of opium will be grateful to the 'fiend' who
craves a pipe and can't get it I have known
them to chew the gum opium, that is roll it up
into little pills and stow one away in the mouth
until it is all dissolved. Others will drink pare
goric or laudanum; others take the sulphate of
morphia in small powders. Still others will use
the hypodermic injection and send a solution
of morphia nnder the skin. Why, I know a
man who has hardly a square inch* of surface
on his arms, legs or breast, that does not bear
the scar of the needle of a hypodermic svringe
which ho has used when* ne couldn't get
a pipe of opium. It's a horrible habit
wheu it once gets fastened on a man,
and. as I have said, the number in this city who
are its victims are increasing. I can tell them
as soon as I see them. They all have a sallow
waxy complexion more like a dead than a live
8erson; their eyes are small and beady, and
leir nervous actions are peculiar and unmis
takable. The old fellows I haven't any parti
cular sympathy for. They will soon die from
the practice, for of course it shortens life; but
I hate to see young men being overcome by the
temptation. I know some as young as eighteen
and several between that age and twentv-three
who are just beginning to hit the pipe,' and I
don't want to see them become slaves of ihis
infernal drng. I say I know them, but I am
not personally acquainted with them. I know,
however, that they are tampering with opium
and I know what their fate will be if their steps
are not arrested. I had my experience and,
fortunately, escaped getting the habit fastened
on me, but I know I am an exception and all
young men can't be exceptions. You never see
in the papers, or but rarefy, accounts of per
sons dying from the opinm habit; but I can
tell you that many said to be from heart
failure, apoplexy kindred -tim mi really
result from the opiam habit.
HOMAS DOWLIXG. Aim tloneer.
of an tiumiiM Pfflfflwn of
The whole forming one of the most ekn^t and vtried
conaupmienta of Japanese Art ever sent to "lit*city.
at my
Art Rooms 11th ?t. aud Pa. are.
APRIL A. 4. a 1SSS>,
The Collection will be on view Monday au<l Tuesday.
April 1 and '2, from ? a in. to 6 p. m.
?mm THOMAS DOWLlNd. Aiiot._
coinnitncintrat YEN O'CLtM'K, at residence No. -1
4th st *.e? 1 shall sell aiteueral assortment <>l house
hold irood?. THOMAS DO" 1.1 N*..
nihl*8-4t Auctioneer
T"hVSCANSON BROS., Auctioneers.
By direction of the Honorable Architect of the Capi
tol. we will sell at public auction, in the B iler-Room
of the House Will* of the I" S. Capitol on MONDAY,
APRIL 1 1RST. 1 SSI*, at TEN < ' i T.i ICK A M .
These boilers are now ill use in the House Win* of
the Capitol and can be seen any time prior to the day
Terms cash. DVSCANSON BROS.,
mb~V-d Auctioneer*.
l/NCANSON BROS., Au. r-.
O'c'UH'R. we shall ofler for sale the tollowing de
scribed improved real estate, situated in the city of
Washimrt?'ii, Ihmu* the?a??t 3.~> teet ??inches lrout bjr
a depth of 1 32 feet of lot <j, sq. 1 S3, unproved by a
two-story Brick Warehouse.
This pr<?i*erty is located on the north sideofLst..
between ltith and 17th sts. 11.w. A rare clranee to
secure a valuable 1 ieee of proj?erty.
Terms V, rash, balance as follows $2..">00 payalile
on Sej?teml>er 25. ISSO; payable on s? ; ?tein
ber 2,?. 1S00. ana balance in three > ? ars from da> <>t
sale. deterred payments to bear inte rest at t? i?er cent.
fr<?iu day of safe, payable semi-annually. and to 1** se
cured by deed of trust on property sold, or all cash,
over $.">,000 at option of purchaser. A deposit of
will l?e required at time of sale. ConveyaneiiHr, a;c.,
at purchaser's cost. Terms ol sale tobe complied with
: in ten days, otherwise, the ritf'ht reserv?'d to the
property at the risk and cost of the detaultimr rur
chaser, after live dajV iinblie notice ot *uch r* sale il
jiue newspaper publisned in Westanigton, I>. C.
mh?K-dfcds 13 li* I at. V W.
THOMAS DOW LING, Auctioneer.
By virtue of a deed of trust, duted April 1SS2, and
recorded in lil>er N<?. 11V4, folio IttW* et wq., o! the
land records ot the District of Columbia, and at the
request of the party >?* ured thereby, the unde: signed,
a surviving trustee, will wll at public aurti. u m trout
I of the premise's on SATl RI)AY. APRIL THIR
TEENTH, A. 1) IhMJ. at i IV E ? ( Lo? K P. M , the
i following n al estate In the Diatrict ?>i C ? luuJ?ia,to
I wit: Ix.'t fifteen ?!"?? and part of lot tourt- ? n <14) in
l square two hundr d and ninety-nine (*JS?:o, the said
i??ift of lot louneeu 14)t?eii>^ desi nln ?1 as foiloms.
ietnnniiikr at a iM.mt oil Maryland avenue distant 4H
le. t 1 inch northeastwardly from the northwest corner
of said lot and rumiiut? thence aUm^Raid avenue nortli
eastwardly 4K teet 1 in? h to the northeast corner of
aaid square, thenee south al?-iikr ] ?th street Jeet 1
inch to the southeast cornenrf said lot, thence west
;J4 teet, and thence to the place ol betnimintr. said |art
ol lot 14 l>ein^r improved by a large two-atory and attic
brick store and dwelling lioiuie.
Terms of sale: One-third cash, and the balance in
one il> and two <*J) years. f??r which th?* notes of the
purchaser must Ik* iriven. bearing interest lr?m day of
sale and secured by deed of trust on the property sold
er all cash, at the purchaser's option. A dej-osit of
it-loo on each parcel must 1m- iriven at the tinie of sale.
It the terms are not coiiipli?-d with ill ten ?lays, the
poroperty will Ix* r?*bold at the risk and cost ot tue de
taultin^r purchasers. Conveyancing aud record;:at
the I'Urchaser'scoat. GEokGE L. HAMILloN,
mu^T-d&da Surviving trustee. Sun Uuildi.ig.
UNCANSON BROS , Auctioneers.
1889t at FIVE O'CLOCK, ue will sell in front of the
LOTS 49, 50. AND 51, SQUARE 711.
These lots front 159 feet on 1st street east and 120
feet on M street north (and now occupied by coal and
wood yard), together with office, scales, shedding, lenc
ing, and railroad siding This property <*an be utilized
f or warehouse purposes or business of a wholesale
character, having railroad facilities for shipping and
receiving, now in thorough condition to continue the
present business, or the two frontage* make the prop
erty susceptible of being subdivided for building pur
poses. No better location, being easy of access by rail
and streets, could be obtained us the railroad sidiug is
already in and purchasers will not be troubled to ob
tain permits for that purpose. Within one square of
the eleetru railway.
Terms: One-third cash; balance in equal installments
at one and two years, notes to be iriven beaximr per
cent interest from date ol sale, payable semi-annually,
and to be seemed by deed of trust on premises, or ail
cash at purchaser's option. A deposit of $.">00 will be
required at time of sale. Conveyancing *lc., at pur
chaser's ci>st. Terms to l?e complied with in ten days,
otherwise the right reserved to resell at the riak and
coat of detail 1 ting purchaser alter five days' public
notice of such resaie in some newspaper published in
Washington, D. C. DLNCANSON BROS,,
Uih'jT-d Auctioneers.
UNCANSON BROS., Auctioneers.
By virtue of a mortgage, dated June 20, 1SS7, and
recorded same day in tnc custom bouse at Baltimore,
Md.. in Liber No. 21. folio ?'?4. &c., the unil< rs;gned, as
i the mortgagees thertin hhiuwI. v% i 11 oiler lor t-ale, at
! public auction, to the highest b.dder, on SATURDAY,
APitlL SIXTH, ISM), at NOON, at Wheatley's whart
near the loot of 110th street, Georgetown. District of
I Columbia, the whole of the schooner vessel callcd the
of Baltimore, Md? ol the burden of eighty-nine 77-100
I (HO 77-100) tons, or thereabouts, together with her
.Masts. Yards, riails. Rigg.ug, Anchors, Cables, Boats,
I Tack el. Apparel and Appurtenance*.
1 Terms cash.
mh20-dta Jos. L. WHITE, ) Mortgagees
J ALTER B. WILLIAMS & CO., Auctiunecrs.
By virtue of a deed of trust irorn the heir* of Will
iam A. Bradlev, de*-eaaed, recorded anion^r the land
retords ot the District ol Colunibia, I will offer
for Rale at auction, on the pmnise%oD THl*RSDAV,
'111REL o'CLUt'K P. M. AiislostanIsland is in the
District ot Coluuibin. It couta.ns upwsrd of 87 acres
ol frround. It is beautifully situated in the Potomac
river, opposite the cities ot o.hluKton and Oeonre
to*n, from which it is separated by a narrow and deep
chunntl. A short disUnce sbove Uie island is the out
let lock of the Chesapeake and Ohio canal, oueninir
Into the nvi r 1 li. islsi.d is connected with the Vir
rinia shore by a solid inaMairjr causeway, and thence
y the new tree iron bndve with \Sashin?{tou and
Georgetown. Tj-,,MS OF SALE.
One-fourth of th? i in.: ase-uiuney in cash, of which
tl.OUU shell be p 1 at the tinie ot sale, and the re
inaiiider aodays tbereattir. 'ihe n-sl.lue of the pur
chase-money to he )?id in three e^ual installments.in,
Kspectivelv, one, two and three years alter da\ of
sale, with lntereit from day of sale at 5 per cent
per annum, paj able s, mi-annually. I'pon compli
ance with the terms ot sale the purchaser will re
ceive a dee<t for the property, and at the same time
execute a ueed of trust, in the nature of a inort
(fajfe. to secure the ueterred payments. If the terms
of sale are not complied with in ISO days after day uf
sale the propertv will be resold at the riak and Coat of
the defaulting purchaser.
Taxes paid up to day of sale.
Conveysuciiuc and recording at purchaser's coal
f.'8-d4ds Trustee.
Under and by virtue of a deed of trust bearing date
the "J7th day of May. 1SS0, and duly worded in Liber
1, folio t?7. et seq.. one of the 1-and Records for Staf
ford county, Virmria, the underaitmed trustee will
offer tor aaie at pubac siu-tion on the premises, on
1S89, AT ELEVEN O'CLOCK A. M . the farm or ttaci
ol land which was on the 'J:Id day of AprU. 1870, con
veyed by buttle and others, commissioners, to one
Asbury Lloyd, by deed recorded in Liber Vitt. folio 7'2tl.
of said Tand Records, coutainiUK acres of laud,
more or less, and improved by a small farm bouse and
ont-bulldinirs. The farm is well watered and adapted
to ^ardenmir and farnnuir purposes and has on it a
lar. e atone uuarry. the same hem* within one mile of
A quia creek.
Teruia of sal,: one-third of the purchase money in
cash within five day, from the itay of sale, of wLicti
9200 is to be paid as s dei<osit at the time of sale, the
balance in two equal payments in six and twelve
months from day of sale, or all cash, at the option of
the purchaser. For further particulars call upon or
address the undersigned trustee.
It ustee,
Room 10 Kellogr bulldinir, Waahintrt. n. D. C.
rjtHOMAS DOWLINU. Auctioneer.
By nrtue of a decree i>s?-ed by the Supreme Court
of the District of Columbia, in equity cause *o. 11B17.
wherein Jeremiah Smith is complainant aud Sarsh A.
Smith et al. are defendants. I will offer for,sale st
Rblic auction, in fmnt of the premises, oni? EDStS
lY. APRIL THIRD, A. D. ISrf'. at E Ot LtK A
P. M.. the followinir described real estate m the city of
Washington, District of ColumUa, to wit: lb, north
sixV-en (10) feel front, by the depth thereof efjot
numbered twenty (S0i in square '
bered five hundred and sixteen (3l6l with the pnv
lletre of the allay, tofwtber with the lmproraujenti
"tSSS of sale as prescribed b* tbe >><^ 0??,-thlr(l
of th, purchase money to be paldln cash, and thebel
ance m equal instalmenta. i^We la aix and tw^T,
months from the day of sale, or tha purchaser
chaaers may. al hla or their oytlop, PUT
amount of purchss, money in caii. A ueposit ^ifrinr
to be made at the tuns ol sale, and al1
raal estate
1j K FVLTO*. anrtvreer.
arctioji hmji or i ? ? 1 ? -i! ;? i
I miil aril by | u >b< a / tmr. at ?n% vlrffy, 11v 1 in*
fj*|v?tilimfntt. uodli ??t. tit* " * 1 >dai,
ailji. a1 un d'll-h k * wn.>?'??*
.*>>' h itfi* 111 l?" 1 *? it; hbelf i ?? ?
ki*. ?' .wki h li< ..i \ i!.. im?,? ir ? 4
1*.i-?v ar.<l rlothix ?? of alt fc- la !'.-?*?%,.
sfurs v?..?*. i *> ? ?* i-. %
ctfmk h.fh*. uu:.v !vt .i*; . i > * s
otitiata im! Olt^va, h:^. !?????
l'l??cka. 1 jlitr* r*,mir? , vi . '<? , ?u
mid lfi'tli'mfr ?. i \ ? "*.
a-* tbiataii % ;1 be o* ? im : d: *it irvitli . k- k
is?i <*vt it ? f'ri*?'k niti. . il ih?-i> t? ... t m>1ii
1 kit: -holder* I A m.** u? tu*
H k n'lton.
fnh*?9-4t* o<vr.
powlino. larikam.
\.n.r\rik imik.\n> rat; rv. i:.i?
MMI|?T1.!I 1 v'tnuvivi.ai alcltov
On 1 til RfcDAV. itfll. ?"0l .. . .1 '<?>? i:t i ' \ k
?m iah^'k. i ?il? nt ? ' - ? . ,. rlk
i (i ffm |k llk^i ul u't 3. mi * a u *n 4
}' > teet 4 iu. !*??. in.. i> lid ii) ? ? hk
dw* 1 lit# ut*1-1 1 i't ?.?!!!? and lw-.li-rik?w. hr.t?
jrellllae. v S?tli ??
Term* (hx half ..?'i > -?r?. a.lfi
not*'* beam.* iu.* re-t and ae-nred in x .u-wl . t
oil tl.e pi?|*rty. >r all * ~j ..ai ? ? . ti. ?
diu-t. a d* l? ?lt of ??! '0 r? i 1 m u. I
All tmuv<yancin* and rwxiru'.ii ' at i n*-. - i
liloma* do* linii
mli'*k-dAda au.-u.iu.'er.
1homah ik^l imi. a
% Lll\ h vndsomll pi.i ^hi aiua?k*I it!", M vi *
inns * ii. paivi:x*.>. i a? i.
it V> I \ ? a 14:i >s i v rii \ .ir.i ii,
h \1.l AM' ftTAEK c ml 1 l.'l > in ti> i >h.'i i;.
lisM?*omi w ALM i >1 i".f ?haviik
hints. WITH i ! \ i t mli.u"
OAK. c?t1 kftu AM' ii < i: ? \ 1 i ?; -1 i ?*
compiitt. fowl! ;< m IN ^ iimk v f
MAI i k1 >M N. f1 A ? 111 h I'll! V*n. \ \ N
i Ahll- In. l?l ooka . :.l> loll.?.l >1 i \ v ? i V
IIAM'w'mi UAi 1 v1 N*?l ^ i 1\ 1, vw Ai
nil mm.nd (halsn a mm i l.? 1 hl?*? i.a
i ? i:in\ vm vvai.,.
plattl> u aki . i ui> n? 1 j ? ! 1 ? 1 ??? v i ? 1 n
lv\shl.INI ii u> \si? A>l?l \l.l?.
hi l< 111 N hi l-l i.n.*.-.
chi \i<?m?A\ vokmnf. m ' ii fli^T. 'vyi,
ttnbrmttctnr i f > v.' u/ < k t s?l"l.tt, 4^
?tr?^t. 4.l?a ? i.nr. i ? .r !'? :iufcjv
vm.ia ?%*tiii?*,i ikuaii tn-ii * hr?*. tm-i* ?? .4
ll u^lulil l.ili? > turiii*li..?r *h< ikl in ou
1iiom AN lh?\n.ln<5.
mht??-4t A;m ti.n?^rr.
Ciuln* i k\ sai i. ok V M.i \l ' ' |v.l i;n\! i>
/ i'kol'llhTY ai hie n-mli?ls. ? , Nt u
OF i vs i.M'V tilt* i AN i? k s 1 i.l.l l> nol, ru
By virtueot ?<le? ?>f thf ? ..f ?>,&
dlwtlict ?'! colull.I'lk, l*^' i 1 *1. l^tti l; v of
M?n*h. A.i>. 1km*. 1: .. ? ?tt.-. 1 . ? th ?? < ? d
llik. no 1 i.???.? k. . ??it>. ? ? .? ? ? ?
tl**. Will ofl?t t?t lMll< ht i'ui 1 :?'?>? S l? ?! 1 ? ? t
hiildrr.ou >1omia\.th? 1 u.H l ii 1 \\ ? ?. i i.
at j'lvl o'd.uk ml* i
ttiat ulttf ? : wi la ?. 1 *. I
W aahli ?r;? -t>. ifc-tiur 1 ? 1
Til, and a? t?>11. m ?*: r>?vnu.iii^ ! 1 . ..?? *? ??
at tin* *whtlt-a*t ? 'rin i ?-! i?ix i. ?' a rmi'ii' ?r
tbeucf u??rtn ??u 1 -1 ?tn.t, *???: *?i.t\ i\?
tli* ii -e ni:>Bltiir w? -t t\\f? t>-t?\:???.; t ?..li
hkle *'t i>-t V4, iii ki]?1 %uar? *? \t m.&*th lf? ??
rmitnii*: a?-utli wrreut> l- . t t* tr : 1 f
sai?l lot??ti? i r. k*tr? i ii:? ? ? -t ? ? > ? 1 t
lin?' ??( aaul lot utM* tw*?it| ti\f t?? t to tt.? | ... !
| lxviniiii.?r
ivniik of aal*1 a* vr?*i"til'*-?l l?> tli? ?l? r? ? ? finr.l
i caali. tbe iauco iu tm< ?- ; hi\ 1
twelve luoiitlih, ?nb mti r ut iti .-..??? ? i ?? i-- 'it,
(itill faaftu kl ibf oiitk'li tm tii? j"..1 l.a -? r l .i. ???
l#*nv?l payiii^mo tfw t.<?*? -i th j ; i : ? iir>4
oil the |t>?lh?rt\ wtli t?r tak'*li. A ?l- ? ??lt ? ! * i
im*required hi tli?- tm ?? ?!??* rn?|* >'* !?
u*rtua of *alh ar** U* t ?*otu|?li?-<l ?itli itt lo?l \-i .?
i tru?i> ?"* r*'m-r\ ? i !.? ri^ri.i o r? - .. tr |t? ; ?* ;i r
<l.?yn' a?lv? rtieniar 111 i ?i 1\ii?in?. m u. in- -i
aiul ri^k of tlx dftnultluir |'hn lii;^r. All ?\>u%ry*
?oiciutr ?t tle coat of . li*' | r? 1 ? ? r.
J. i Alii 1 1< v urltriiy.
:;:u? -is ??
llwin CAM i hi 1 1?
4?'j lal at. fl.w.,
'i nist?-??a
prxcaxsox br? S . au. t' li- . 1
PIANOS AM) (>K( 1ans.
nai lkt k l>\\ iv i'l i'.k.hl I mn<r> < *
. *ktioiii?. thi.i'diur? {?? >. i rki 1 vi?m . -? i'ui
.vj nl i (i. u*vu? > 1. u ?1 ?. ii iiii
liilltili 11. 1*. si ViNI.u, i?1 i titll m. li.v,
{5anl>i:i:s Nia.mvn
i.kvi in.. i'l >. >? - \m> ??: \\*s
uuc khu luius. ul ' is. lli.1. ui.4 EfTl.f
rianos, ;oiii
ESTEY obo ann.
pi&uoa for rent ax.il ? 1-i ? ??< 1 n ? ' .'i. .'i?-n?.
S % N i ? 1 us \ m A . vl \ N.
jait\ IM 1 1.1 ... vi . .. r.
chi .1 aha~ r irt. .. l? ?!.
j:*. V i ll. !l? r.1 . t .... i. or , Ul.
ml i'.'l , ma.t. -? u. iu u?t. Va
The Stif.fk I 11:1-.hi 1,i\nu
it in the uk>?t (lttr?me piui ? uiu<le.
it in th??r->?urhl\ ?? tnit t. .!
it iaartutk' in ?w?i *? ?l * *-iu
itkiaath- 11 kt i* ...at ?>.- nur.Iitr 6$ -oi:et?
\r louud hi hi > i i I .? it i i ?
tt-riiia -ca^l or iitcutl!v i. ;.ti. ita.
i i l:i j i u a ?n?nnrf\
V?2-3m iv.tl l. ^t. tt.w.
K k NX x A Bill; i i k
k k kjf N AA It ?l i
KK N x N* A A lit;]; i r
h k n N v AAA it rt i
k k a .NX A A ll I'll ilkr
f | a V ? i.
rxrqvaled IN TOM . l?.t r:i. wokkuan ITP
am? m h M.li i i V
srerial attentK i <1 **1 r !i - i> miviteilt** t. ? ir
?'new \rti"ti. m>>a,' **i.? ? t ji ..??* i.- ill ?'l
j tbT i>t<'oua'l 1 v t ahl 1 :ioal?.rreui.
sh4'oni>-han1> plan'oh. A h*v tt?n-i
coui| nnlm*r aliiewt ev?*r> w^ll-kt?' n 1: thi
coobtnr, m ttwnaarii r*f*ir. ^*11 1??* ? l? mm! > t at \**y
lorn itran h. ml'lclal im'h! mimj f. , ii. ?!?
iu 1 : nt-* mud III t*-"?u-.* i )? / i 1 \ > a
MONTHLY inis'l a1.lm1 N 1 > wi?-n .1^. ^1.
vvm KNA1 tvro.
dG hl 'i Mat k> t s| v-4.
_ HOUSEFU UN 1S111N < i S.
MnOTAL llgl lD our m1 \i ? i r?
i| lliimr! br.>kvn ('Inn*. ,
mctmla. ti'}?. ku.x"., fi|? ?>. *? i . ? ?
! i*ruir. uii.1 cn* * r* 1 (. *r.<' >< !il i 13
cookiko Bv G\?
a full line of
OAS cookjn'. STOrm
On baud ai. 1 fur nu?.
mtai washington GAfiUGHT CO mi A.M.
11. U. It
baa the honor to lufonn > oti tliat hi* nfw coo*)'*
haxe jiiat arrived.
mr. 1>ak1: iieraoiially ?ta all frarauiita iindiiah.#
j cbulltiihiilllcail
1111 pt.N N svi V A xia A . t.,
mhl7 wj?'u,.lr..ui. :?. fi.
1)kc>i\ <"lav. wokhf.hh i i.v <.11 1 f.i> (1 m:u
voyatit, aetroi?>ver i.iid u
^klth seoooa hlk'tit aud veil. i Ver> lil?i... i. b.) ?.:? i > -?-f
veaied li st i?r fftoleti j :?-|*rt> i n. - i?: 1
dfcii treaauren. oi\?n iucky nuir.l?ra. * aw-e* ?]?eeuy
niarxiaices. briuinm|?ratMl t?f etlier. <*t s ? i?>-. ?a
m bumiiewa. l.tiiio*eaall lau.il; tr ime* and t\ii j i
flueiic-ea. cure* aickiu-n* li dina? i*?ji .?^1 b) . i: . ta
u otliera, jucure uot ai! klike. as the 1 r??i* h?o. < au?- -n
ViBce tile liiokt kk^; ti* al. tltjui ???!.?? .:ucl
vill sa\e tiiuf- ami iusai?|f?:m:iiciit i<> <-ailu.#r u.-*
cdij fretmiueclairvoyant in tin- city. l e >u tt-u
% Lcre all utlirn iailual adortima oul> ?u: li? ? iu
i.o. hit liners lif?*-readm^ by nuiil t.n r*c? i|?t ?;
^1. Name. h*-g of imh\ date of urtk ui-urn '' u \
opec suiniiij h troUi 1 to b p.ui.
mkil(?-toapl" 4*j1 mb at. n w.
Mml lillooee TELL8 AM. tkk E\T.NT?ot
LIFE. All baauies?a i-?,titideiitihl lani?aanda -u
tleuien .">u ceiiu eactl 4ub L hi., between 4tL a; u itj
eta. n.w. HW*
'bk hf.STi.k'b I m.li^H 1'i.nnvm' >VA1. mi-l-i.
j hedcrwi duuuoud lirkiid kri.' i i. i-- y
Siiuiim'and rrli?l>!e i'ul lor u>. N<-?vrtiul *-? ! r
ilclmttrrv Eiu.ll.li i'.*: lid hr.i.'i. i:. r.-<l 11.
boxm, ariurd ?itb bln? nl'u ii at l>ru.-tri> ??.
no otl.r. All (>111. in | *.t?'tio*r'l l-'tm, in.k
1<*tb, ?i* a duwennia <-oi.:ii?r!eit. >?iid iii iiii*)
lor l?rticular? and "keeief li'k ladien,' in
letter, by return tnoil 1u,C*w t^stnih>i:iid. fn-ui
ladxe.8 who Lav. th.'ii ship- . ?i--r
cu1u1emek CHEMICAL CO..
_d29-aAw:.2t madlwii nj . l'lula.. Pa
? ADIES WHO reotmr. TU! hermcls i an
MU ?-*|*n.!ir?i fen'air tiliykiriati nii lid ??<<!?nit Mr.
dr *11 S<in. 110") Park placw n.t?w. bu.dr lltta
and 1 iitli m?. n.?. i?di.'? nuly. k.ii:e?l>. ui'.'."?-."?w*
Dr. broihehs l? uj? oldr.1 -e.l.1 -i ,.l?m1 k-1 v. ru^
lnk ladic' enyon iau in thl? nti. laaiie*. >un can
mnfldcntljr n.uhiiil Dr. BROTHERS. !h>?i b ?t >.w.
articular attention |?id to ai. itaw. |w?uliar m
ladiea, married or auitflo. forty yean' ixi*netica.
Bead and be wise-db brothers. :io? b ht
a.v.. ai i"ear* a l. torr me and n>a ll . ?ili that be i*
oldeat eataltliab.-u Expert s|*< i?li.t in till.? it}.
[?Ml will iruarantee a < are in all uam-a?1 |'rit ?tecli.t ai.a
of men and turni*li uiedm ine, or no < n?v> . ton.u.u
turn and advice fret at at.} laour ol uj< day. nub
in n bed and ?w.?ru betiwe me by dr liltoi hl1.k
sam t. EE c. M11J-S. a Notary l^blit, in and tor um
di.tri.-t of Columbia, tkia trnrd day ot July. l?i
"\f anh(X)D restok1d BV i BINO A BOl tlk
jjlortiroof Dr. bmmliebm' tn*l^or*tlnr Cordial.
u ill cure any ? aae of ..ervoua debility aud lurni of
mn*-|>iwer. 1? iui|?aru mr* to tbc wt*.o
Mule or lemale !h>i h ?t. ".^w. luktl llu*
tafml DE FOREST. E'-nt. h-: 'HI -hedand
it1 reliable lauiea' fliyan iau. can ba i-ouaolled ..ally
at her rwaiden.'e. j?j1 T at. n.w. ouice bour. tru.c I
to u p. m mti. l^ilmi only. 11 l?-?ui'
B. hotter 1 1 ? v .1 powdkutf ajle thi
Standard bfiueuy for all ldn<jd dia?a*ea, mitiia
hit uat. naaal. or aAln trv iilile.; itrtnar) diai'aatia culm
in forty-eiirbt bonra. l*rl<-e, (:) j?r box
Dr. DoDD'h xlikwne No. 2 |?nnaarativ <*utm
natural auaAnew, lueaot ntality.nenoiiadebil.ty, ac.
At . frtuo. ?1. i?ent aealed by nudl. loraaleat
jy31 STANDI 1 pud a. ?-.ir hui and F a ?.
F'bbk DENTAL 1bhrmakv-tijc1b MIXED
and aril filial Mat), inarrted wtuiout rbarre. ? x..*4
<.*t of material, at lo^s H at. u.m.. denud lh..?rt
n.?nt of oolubibian i turerrlty. Iron. 1 to & p*. daily,
tarept sunoay kxirartiou ina. lnnrtuary o|m?
wbettujj o uejto
DR. btahb pal^ONS. DENT 1ST. OTH ht . COR
ueran.w, kiiliiar m atwruiliy. laetli extracted
?itbout pain by pain killer api.aed to run.a. Artifi
cial tactii uatrm ?*'?"f turut aa.ru. uourau too.
nibif ________________
The mctlai. bererve fi nd lite .
I BTt.. baa fumiakeo iuaui?l<? t< ? irtsiy
aud tirnn'? durtnc pact ?drtit yaaia. aam
and iiiamben dunnc pact aurtit yaaia, aavlavte umc
over alxteen million Soilara. b) mlutia* coat ueio*

xml | txt