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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 20, 1890, Image 8

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SUBURBAN RAILWAYS.
Iinei That Have Stretched Out From;
the City Limits.
THE WORK OF TWO TEARS.
Umoa C?apleM >?< Others la
Cnwran mt C*uinictloa-sirMi Mali. I
raa* Facilities ia Mur IMncUoa*
Uaon Pr*|?ci?d.
ffc^OB It* eenta a person can now onjoy
JPSquitealong rid* through the beautiful
? jjjsuburba about the city. In case this sum
J represent hi* entire c*pi 1*1 he would
mr be obliged to walk back. But (till he is
better off than he waa two years ago, for then he
would have been obliged to walk both way*. 1
As a glance at th* map which accompanies
thto article shows, th* facilities for reaching
th* suburb* of th* city ar* now quit* complete,
had when the road* that ar* now being built
are finish*d it will b* possible for the patrons
Of street ear* to make long jaunto in th*
eonntry for tho moderate mm of ten cents.
The linee shown on th* map are those which
aro completed or ar* bow under construction.
There ar* others projected or awaiting the ac
tion of Congress The** new modes of comiuu
nioation between th* city and ito suburbs ar*
tuite recent.
B UN Till TWO TUIS.
The lacond anniversary of th* running of th*
Mr* *r*r th* ?ckington electric railroad has
Bet yet been celebrated. That road waa the
pioneer of th* new suburban railroad enter*
prises. Prior to October, 1888, when the tck
ington road wa* opened to the public, the
suburban street car accommodations were so
?light that they hardly deserved the name of
accommodations, a* (ar as the public were con
cerned. Ther* waa, for instance, a solitary
bob-tail ear that made spasmodic trips along
lilh street extended as far north as Whitney
avenue. That car service, however, has been
Improved gradually, and now it is in fact what
it waa only in name before a continuation of
the 14th street line of the Washington and
Georgetown railroad. Every other car is now
supposed to run all the way out to Whitney
?vena* and th* p**s*ngers pay but one fare.
A somewhat similar service wus enjoyed by
the people who lived along the 7th street road.
Cars were run every once and a while during
the day aa far north as the Kock Creek Ceme
tery road. If you happened to be at the starting
point in time you had the chance of continuing
your journey. Otherwise you could enjoy the
scenery until another car put in an appearance
or you could walk. Most people who went out
into th* country a year or so ago. if they did not
hnve thi dollars necessary to secure u carriage,
generally did walk. For these two lines ot
street cars comprised all the suburban street
railroad facilities that then existed, lo be sure
MIGRATION OF TOADS.
Millions of Them fetart on a Journey
Toward tho North.
From the WUmiurton <CaL> Osteite.
Without * bugle call or a drum boat to an
nounce th* arrival of th* hour for a general
advance, the millions of little toads thai
have been s* conspicuous for their numbers
in this city for eeveral days started on a
Journey north yesterday afternoon. Moon
ater th* heavy shower had oeaaed the
tends, by the hundreds, thousands and mil
lions, started on a hop, skip and Jump, and
the ssany interested spectators at once ob
*erv*d that th* migratory movement was in
the direction of the north. The toads had
b**n keeping elo** to th* riv*r for wveral
days, and the number that covered the
far Bailee is beyond the power of calculation.
The tiay creatures seemed gifted with intel
ligence, and it was noticed that, unless headed
e?, they never lost any ground by retracing
Ik# ir hope
Tfce liveliest scene was on Market street
Teas of thousands of the toads came up from
the rive* or hopped weet along the railroad
to the roedway creasing the tracks and ad
vanced like an army up Market street. The
?rowings at th* Market street toll gates were
Mack with them and hundreds lost their lives
beneath the wheels of parting trains.
Ifce railroad proved an almost lnsurmount
J? "? they were unable to jump over
the rails, but they followed along until they
ease to the jumping-over place. Many suc
eaeded ia getting over the first rail only
i-J?4* P"*0**? between the rails,
hnt Wdne course of time they suc
Tl"1."1 getting out and then continued
Bor?- About dusk last evening thev were
?roestag tho canal, where they had tempore
rily hJted, eetea+ibly for reet and rstVeib
* swleui feature in connection with
the sadden emigration was the fact that the
taade made aee of public highways, including
Very few of them were fonnd in
?"dl. T"* 2F** ?d well
?eflned, and they kept at it with a steadiness
?nt was surprising.
U Down Too rino.
?hsw the rutebai* Chrootele.
A four-veer-old boy, whom wo will call
lived not long ago with his parents on
?* the numerous Eaat End streets, which
?o will deetgaate by the aaase of Mad.
Malt! hides of East Enders will recognise
?^?*r own avenue under this nana. That ia, if
(fcey die deep enough to raach it
Later Jimmy's parents moved to a paved
jtroet^and kit mamma gave him this little
7?* m90t (*t yourself all
?twjdied ap, ae you aeed to. We Uve on aa
yon hnvo no excuse for
aooa sfur ihis Jimmy wee playing near his
!*. ~T* wtu *?*?* kad hoys, and ha picked
?P*PMw?wwo?de*tw^ ^
ia tho pree
y-Omt n follow even toJk an sa asphalt
lammta** offers special iadacements
ttaMtoMor?sAsa,esras* Shh Md M
the Anacostia street railroad win in existence
aud it ran across the bridge to the flourishing
town of Anacostia an it does now. But then it
was built to run to Anacostia. and as the grow
ing needs of the country there hare demanded
it has lengthened out it* lines aud put down
new ones.
THE PBESEJTT rACILITIFI.
This statement of what the suburbs enjoyed
in street car facilities two Tsars ngo will enable
The Stab readers to appreciate the map which
shows the liuee now in operation and those ac
tually being built If the routes of the roads
proposed to be built were also indicated the
map would prevent a confusing labyrinth. The
map shows only the suburban lines beyond
the boundary and not the ramifications and
connections of the lines that make a network
within the city limits. There is no feature of
the suburban'development which demonstrates
the growing importance of the suLurbs mure
forcibly than the enterprise which has been
showu in the building of these roads. They
have required large capital. They have been
built in tirst-cias* style aud in their construc
tion. equipment and their coat per mil^p they
arc equal to any street railways iu this coun
try. lhat men have been willing to buil<H?ueh
roads to run through a territorv that contains
no Urge settlements is an evidence that ther
have a faith in the future of the suburbs of
this city which finds expression in hard dollars.
THE OtOBOETOWK ASD TENLEYTOWN BOAD.
Beginning for convenience on the west side
of the city the first railroad in that locality, as
shown on the map, is the Georgetown and Ten
leytown road. This road has for its motive
power electricity and is operated by overhead
wires. It staite on Water street in Georgetown
and runs along High street to the Tenleytown
road, and thence through Tenleytown to the
District line. <"srs were run over the road for
the first time this last spring. At present the
terminus of the road is ut a point just north of
the former home of ex-President Cleveland,
but in a short time the rest of the road will lie
completed and the cars will be run all the way
through.
THE OLE* ECHO USE.
It will be noticed that a line is drawn on the
map which extends in a northwesterly direc
tion from the terminus of this road. It is
marked Glen Echo railroad and indicates a
portion of the route that road will follow in
passing through the Maryland territory to a
point on the Conduit road about three miles
distant. This road was projected by the own
ers of the Glen Echo subdivision on tlie Con
duit road, and will be an electric road.
Although it is not marked on the map, there if
to be another road starting from the terminus
of the Georgetown and Tenleytown railroad, so
that point will bb quite a railroad center, it
will be what is known as the Tenleytown aud
Kockvillc railroad, and will be built along the
Rockville pike. At present tLe farthest north
ern point of this road will be Betbesda. MiL, j
but ultimately, the projectors of the road suy, ,
it will be continued to liockviilc. These
last named roads are in course of coustruc:ion,
but when completed it will be possible to ride
by street car trom Anacostia through the city
to Georgetown, thenee to Tenleytown aud the
District line, and thence either to the Conduit
road or to Betbesda.
THE BOCK CBEIE BAILBOAD.
As may be seen on the map, another grand
CLAY AND WEBSTER.
The Bearing of the Two Men in Gen
eral Society.
An old ministerial friend of mine, says W. H.
Milburn in the Hartford Couraul, who was much
In Wasliiugton in those days and was one of the
great Kentuckian's most fervent admirer*, bat
whose modesty had kept him from seeking his
acquaintance, saw on Pennsylvania avenue one
day Mr.Clay approaching and no one else near.
Plncking np heart as they met he extended his
hand, saying:' Sir Clay, I am the ltev. Mr. ,
pastor of Wesley Chapel, and from my boyhood
I have honored and loved you."
Instantly it was as if the son had barst from
behind a cloud; my friend was bathed in a
stream of warmth and light as the kindling eye
and beaming face ahone upon him, and Mr.
Clay grasping his hand thrilled him with his
voice, and then patting his arm into the
preacher's they walked toward the Capitol, the
diffident man completely at his eaae and feel
ing as if be nad known the statesman
for years. The conversation of fifteen
minutes which followed so knitted the
preacher to Mr. Clay that from that
day forth he would have been almost willing to
lav down his life for him. Another of my
friends.the Bev. John Jt Hagany,happened to see
Daniel Webster sitting alone one uay on tho
promenade deck of a steamboat, and, after
making several turns to summon resolution for
the adventure, stopped in front of the great
representative of Massachusetts and said "Mr.
Webeter."
"That is my name," said the organ-toned
voice.
"And I am the Rev. Mr. Hagany, a Metho
dist preacher, who for many years have ad
mired aud honored yoa almost more than any
living man."
"My dear Mr. Hagany," said the other,
"pray be seated," pointing to a place by his
it cLe.
As the preacher obeyed be felt as if he were
admitted to the fabled height of Oiympns, but
the divinity of his imagination said nothing.
Mr. Hagany sat with clasped hands, twirling
his thnmbs, hoping to break the silence, which
was most embarrassing, and at last, with an
effort, eaid: "We have a fine day, Mr. Web
ster."
"A singularly line day," answered the oro
tund music.
Another long pause, when, rising, the
preacher said: 'T wish yoa good morning, Mr.
Webster."
"A very good morning to yon, Mr. Hagany,*1
replied the other.
If Mr. Webster bad been a candidate for
the presideaey Mr. Hagany might hare Toted
for him. but after the interview I have de
scribed would have seriously considered the
elates of the opposing candidate. Not so
my friend, who would have voted for Mr. Clay
against the world. I cannot better illus
trate the bearing of the two men In
general society. Ton never forgot Mr.
Webster's greatness. Mr. Clay at once bound
von to him by links stronger than steel. Mr.
Webster's speeeheSare read and will be by pos
terity with admiration and profit; Mr. Clay's
became at oaee a part of the nation's life and
contributed largely toward making the country
what it ia.
A IhiA'Wlntw.
gross the fact that the sage hens see sin wesha
behind in their hatching and numerous other
eigne the Indiana predict n short, mild winter,
aad will net begin Mealing wood until Norem
trunk line in the new syatcm of suburban rail
roads has been projected Tliis is the Bock
Creek railroad. Unlike >11 the other railroads
that hnvo ever been constructed in this vicinity,
this road it to be built along a fixed line that
exists ?onlv on paper and through a wild, tin
broken country. All other rouJs have been
built along existing roadways, with the dingle
exception of the Olen Echo railroad, which,
however, can follow in it? course across the
country the route nhich the engineer selects at
the moat available. But the Hock Creek Com
pany, by its ( barter, is to make its roadbed
r.loiig Connecticut avevue extended. This ave
nue has never been oi cued aud the lines of its
survey were never {mown until this company
began operation*. 'ihe estimated cost of
the enterprise is a half million of
dollars. From Woodley Park to the
Diatrict Hue, where the new road will
strike Connecticut avenue, the distance is
about three miles. This company will open the
aveuue 130 feet in width and will construct a
roadbed 06 feet wide for that distance, and
after passing the District tin's the avenue will
be deflected und then bo extended the same
width for two miles further into Montgomery
county. Md. An electric road with first-class
equipment is to be built along this line, which
from tho beginning to the end will be seven
miles in length. It is expected that by tho 1st
of May tho road will be opened to the public.
Tho projector of this enterprise, Mr. F. O.
Newlands. intends to make this road an aux
iliary in carrying out other extensive plans
which he has made for the development ot the
1 property owned by him all along the line of
the road
THE BRIOHTWOOD HO AD.
The next railrond en the map is the exten
sion of the 14th street lice, of which mention
hni been made. Thon comes the railroad
along the 7th street road, whieh is known as
the- Brightwood railroad. This road runs from
Boundary, or near the Boundary, to Bright
wood. At present tho motive power is horses,
but the Judson system is to be used and it ia
hoped before long that cars will be whirled out
to Brightwood in much the same style as the
cable cars on 7th street. Brightwood is not
rogarded by any means hs the terminal of
strtet car facilities in thii* vicinity. The thriv
ing town of Takoma is only a short distnnco
beyond Rnd there is already talk of making
Brightwood a way station between the two
cities of Takoma and Washington.
THE ECK1NOTOX LTXK.
Farther east on the map may be found the
suburban rout* of the Eckington electric road.
This parent of the modern suburban railroad,
as already mentioned, is not quite two year* old.
It is, however, a vigorous infant and is growing
rapidly. Its main line bogins at New York ave
nue and 7th street and ends at the entrance to
the grounds of the Catholic University. It
passes through the subdivision of Eckington
after leaving New York avenue aud then out
4th street east extended to the Catholic Uni
versity. It has already one branch, as shown
on the map,which runs to Glcnwood Cemetery
aud now it is going to extend its line through
the city, passing along &th street from New
York avenue, thence to O aud 15th streets. It
will then have one terminal in what is practi
cally the heart of the city aud the other with
its outstretching branches reaching into a
sectiou of country which ia developing
with great rapidity.
A REMARKABLE FAMILY.
Col. Manning's Descendant* Are the
Champion Elopers on Record.
From the Si* York Sun.
Mis* Stella Manning, aged sixteen, eloped on
Sunday with her second cousin, Geo. Burns,
aged twenty. They were married the same
day in Warren. The girl is the youngest daugh
ter of Uri Manning, a well-known lumber
dealer. The young man is the son of Ben].
Burns, a coal dealer, whose wife is a cousin of
th* girl's mother. There had been no objeo
tion to the marriage of the pair, bnt they ap
parently preferred to follow a long-established
family pracedent and elop*. Oeo. Manning
(afterward CoL Manning) was one of th* first
settlers in this part of the stuto. He came from
Steuben county, N.Y., in 1800, a young man
with a bride, who was th* daughter of Gen.
Wheeler of Steuben. The Wheelers wore an
aristocratic family and young Munniug worked
for the general. Miss Wheeler fell in love with
her father's young employe and eloped with
him. Manning grew lich in the lumber busi
ness and became a colonel iu the war of 181S.
In 1819 his daughter Ella eloped with Silas Cur
tin, who was a sawyor in on* of h*r father's
mills and whoa* suit for his daughter's hand
Colonel Manning had frowned on most emphat
ically. Three years later another daughter
?loped and married a yonng doctor, whose
practice was bar?ly sufficient to pay for his
own living, fle died only a year ago, however,
worth a quarter of a million dollars. II* was
Dr. Ambrose Sullivan, the eminent specialist.
His money was left to two daughters, both of
whom had b**n compelled to elop* or five np
th* men they had chosen to w*d ia oppositioa
to their father's commands.
CoL Manning's son Jason, at th* ag* of
tw*nty,f*U in love with the seventeen-year-old
daughter of a backwoodsman named Grazely.
The colonsl thought be would break up that
attachment by sending his son to Philadelphia
to school. The son went, but two days later it
was learned that the backwoodsman's pretty
daughter bad gone with him. La tor on it was
l*arn*d that th* runaways bad stopped at Har
ris bare, whar* they w*r* married. CoL Man
ning had the youthful ooapl* brought back,
ana wh*n h* died Jason succeeded to the man
agement of his father's large business enter
prise*. There were born to him aad his back
woods wife a son and daughter, la 1M8 th*
son, Uri, was twenty-three years old, aad
wanted to marry Stella McCrea, who was five
years his junior. His father and Malcolm Mo
Crea, th* girl's fath*r, were at odds over busi
ness matters, end both be aad MoCrsa were
violently opposed to any union of th* fsmili**
Yonng Uri Manning having parental precedent,
as bis father had b*for* him, simply settled all
dispute ia the matter by running away with
Miss McCrea aad marrying bar. The next
vear Uri's sister, Jennie, being thsa twenty,
having also aocepUd as b*r lover a youth not
to the liking of *itb*r her father er mother,
eloped with him and married him. Us name
was Geo. MeCormick, and h* is new a wsll
kaown aad prosperous lawyer of Iff ham
Pennsylvania. As yet tb*r* bar* been ae ?lop
meats ia this branch of old OeL Manning s
family, bnt it was Un Maaaing's daughter
Bulla who sloped oa Suede? with her second
oeoaia, Gee. Barna. Tfeere are several col
lateral traasbsi of the Maaatag family to
whieh *lop*ment* have else ee*urr*d from
lime to tnae during th* pes< few y?ri
road meth*r?"Oh, Benry! Baby begins ta
tak* aotio*r Brutal lather?"Do** ha? Well,
aext time he b*gias to hollar tat the midfte of
the Bight gsTthfcg BtttM I*
ABOUT FALL FASHIONS.
_ ?
Borne Things That Women Want to
Know.
WHAT TO GET FOR OCTOBER.
Sntgwilra* A bant Colors and Jlatv
rtali-.t<Tlco In naklng Over n Urr?
?A Characteristic Frruch Coetnuie?
Preparing au Outfit for Baby.
Written for Thb Fvksino Rtab.
jts^^ETWEEN dilnies and chryaautbcmoms
J [C^there in not much of novelty that can be
J j ^ Jdepcnded on for lasting good style.
5 &J ] Women venturo on tbeir own fancies in
dress at this time of the season and
some happy doiipns result. A navy blue dress
with brick-red trimmings does not sonud en
chanting. yet it was the prettiest thing seen in
weeks. It was evidently worn by au artist, at
least in feoliug, wlio thought out her own
gocua. The blue was tho very darkest clear
color of cloth, the narrow blouse vest, tbe deep
cuffs of the simple sleeve aud tho plaiting
which showed in tbe slashed skirt were dull
red, which harmonized gravely and perfectly
with the marine hue. The combination of
color is one which appear* in the rich confused
plaids of shaggy tweed and flannel, whose nap
blends the colors softly. These plaids are the
gowns going up to tho mountain houses where
tbe elite linger, knowing the boat of the year is
with them. Tbo shape preferred by private
modistes who supply the most fastidious women
is the long '
K.UI FBISCH PF.LIME
or close dress, with a deep cape coming below
the waist, with the high shoulders, a costume
graceful and appropriate to tho season. Plaids
are made for drapery, or long folds, not tor
?lender, tight-fitting dinner guwus or evening
wear. Toques worn with plaid dresses are of
gimp with folds of plaid for the brim and bows,
or dusters of plain ribbon in the i-overai colors
of the phtid. which has a good effect. The
most brilliant African bird wings are seen ou
hats, a fashion set by London society in com
pliment to Mr. Stanley, it is said, and the
women who protested against the cruelty of
wearing the plumage which costs the liiv of a
happy creature are silent. If tho birds were
only snared painlessly and killed instantly tbe
eruclty would be less, only that it is sad to put
so much innocent happiness out of the world for
vanity's sake. But ilio wreath of thirteen dedi
cate little wings round a hat, seen often, or the
long, slender wing of some graceful, darting
tropic bird, always seems to have blood on it,
and bear the rent, mangled, quivering flesh
which waa attached to it.
A TKHT DtBTIXOr* DREM
made lately in Paris for one of the ladies of the
French nobility suggests tho lines which fash
ion is to adopt A walking dress of suede gray
cloth ia made with high plain bodice and four
reau or plain sbeatu skirt with lengthwise
bands of ottor-colored velvet tapering to the
waist and trimming tbe bodice. The narrow
sash of black moire ribbon?not more than
three inches wide?with pearled edge, waa tied
in a loop that hung to the knee, while the ends
fell to the hem. llie sash waa tied on the right
hip. The black robe adds distinction to all
these light colors. The same design would be
more graceful in wide flat pleats, aliowiug
plain velvet to appear between the pleats.
A California lady writes for hints about
dress, which will be of interest to manv others.
She is "a young wife and mother, twenty years
of age, five and a half feet .tall, rather slender,
fair faced, ligbt-brown hair and blue eyes. Has
one dress made rediugote at present; would
like to altor it; no sample inclosed; wishes to
purchase another dress rather nice. Is entire
black suitable for a young mother?" The days
for wearing black will come soon enough,
though a black silk gown of good quality sees
more use than almost anything to be named
for American society. If a young woman wears
black it rout>t be a very gay black, much ruf
fled and trimmed, glittcriug with fine Jet and
lightened with good white lace for neck and
wrists, changing with blouse fronts of white
silk muslin, having collar and cuffs of the same.
No limit is made as to expense, so wo will take
it for granted, aa it is safe to do, that the
writer wishes to expend no more than is neces
sary to make a good appearance on her first
viait home with baby. In the first place she
should not mako the cloth dress over in com
bination with black, as sho suggests, for com
bination auit* are only seen in expensive cos
tumes. Let her make
THE OOWN INTO A FRENCH WAIST,
with trim akirt, gathered in the back, or if it ia
a narrow gored akirt, she may leave the seams
open five inches on the hem to show a bias
velvet flounce or silk knife-pleating under it
Or the skirt mnv be laid in flat box pleats, with
?ilk showing between each two, at front and
sides, the bodice taking shape as a blouse
pleated into a belt without frill, and a long,
narrow sash ribbon be worn with it The
small pointed velvet belt, however, is advis
able with a baby to disarrange ribbons. The
silk and velvet used should be a darker shade
of the dress, or something harmonizing very
nicely with it as chestnut with fawn, or red
brown with terra cotta. As tbe wearer is
short and slonder, she should not try to wear
plain-fitting bodices or basques, or draped
skirts, no matter if it is the fashion to wear
baskets in the panniers and swallow-tailed
coat*. In California in October nothing would
be better for her than a trim blazer suit,
which ia not at all loud, as its name'
would imply, but a straight box-pleated skirt
and short Jacket, easy fitting in the back, fasten
ing by one button across the silk or laine
blouse which forms the waist to the suit in
doors, with a big soft sash or a silk belt The
blazer dresa is utterly out of style ou 6th ave
nue, which runs its fashions to death in six
weeks, but English women were wearing them
at the fall races, of the highest faahiou, and at
Cowea in very pretty style. For instance, a
white serge yacht drees with pink silk shirt for
a charming young lady, a white serge jacket
and skirt with bright blue "hard-fronted"
shirt, as Britons call tbe starched cambric
?hirt, with black aatin tie for a rather fast
society woman, not ao young. One young girl
of the best possible family wore an entirely
simple, fresh costume of brown Holland linen
with a pink shirt?and wbv in goodness wasn't
some artist wue enough to paint her in that
delicious stylish simplicity.
'OB WEAR AND APPEARANCE
tho choice may lie between a good American
black faille which will see ten years' service
with care, if strict but gentille thrift is desired
or a dark brocade in dark heliotrope or
for these purples and purplish fire reds have
the advantage over almost every other color
that combining tinges of different hues, they
seem lees positive than any thing eke. One
will remember the blue dress, the terra cotta,
tbe green or golden brown, year after year and
ten of their appearing, but the dull purples,
leather or dahlia shades are so agreeable and so
evaaive that they never weary, and one recog
nise* their unobtrusive softness with welcome.
Get a good silk, bat don't trim it to death, that
ia, not expensively, at first Its gkns and
freshness carry themselves well enough, but
when it begins to show wear, the velvet and
passementerie will be kind to its failings and
Sve a new respectability. But if there
certainty of a silk gown later, ov lit
tle matron will do lust aa well, ao long as
there is a baby in the case, to have eoinethiag
more youthful, a dark, clear blue cashmere or
dahlia-faced cloth, with the braided or embroi
dered sleeves, bolt and border to the skirt
Velvet sleeves aad girdle woaid probably be
mere convenient under the eireamstanoea. Or
? far little town of chock wool, in dark rod.
blue ud black, with bouretto threads or ver
tical linos of golden russet made with
skirt, slightly draped ia front, aad coarse silk
open stitch above the hem and a lt?*lMna' little
Norfolk jseket aad bolt, with bias vei* et oollar
sad facings to the euffs, would bo styiah sad
becoming, while it would boar tao roach
haadling oertaia to corns later with the invin
cible baby. It is plain that this juToailo
?win Is iMllaod *o take things sarioaslv
aad wishes to dross with gravity beyoadlMr
yoors, perhaps to ia ore ass her dignity. Mar
ried and a mamma at twenty is oaoagh to give
ooo sorioas views of life, bat it is emiatake to
mope la grave colors w early.
; BAST'S OB t FIT.
Now for baby, whoee outfit is to bo 'tome
thing quite good aad protly," whoso mother is
2ZSUmi** rifkt * u
bonnet?" CapsaTfirTt forth* soft UMW*tJe
jetae, that is. a little hood oloso to *o heeTof
vwtad oops make aome sort oCahada tho aa
?sod eyas aeooasary. aad a Shetland vatL art
bettor, MM ef ia* dotted art ta added to sat off
U? soft breath and injure the optir aerve. If
a parallel give* a good accoaut of itaelf. il ia to
shade a babv't fore, without the Huffy wool
fell which compel* breathing the ?uat air
over ng.-uu and makes the idea of taking an
airing a mockery. Try it yoarMlf and see how
yon like a woolen veil in luushmc.
WHITE AXD CUE A*.
"Would pure white or ercam be nice, or
would sonic color be more proper and becom
ing iu both cloak and bead dress?" I've whit*
is not only the most appropriate, but most coo
?fiii'1 ut wear for babies under tar? years. as it
stands more changing and is lest. uot to spot
than colors. It Ukes the creaai ?hade soon
euough witu cleaning. The white washing silks,
the white camel's h.iir. aJd charm 115 thiugs to
the list of fabrics for b.iby w.irdrobea and
stand doing ovor bette r tU.vu cashmere. The
cnmel's hair m ikes tho prettiest cloak, with its
wadded-silk lining fur cool weather. Hie
fashion for those cloaks ordains a round waist
with big sleeves :;n l a loft,* skirt gathered on
this baud orb odice. Tho German way of dress
ing a young liaby ia droil, but has ?unwi
thim; to be said for it as to health and
comfort The tenderling is simptv put in a
wedded-silk bog. which t'.ea around the neck,
leaving arms and logs free, but perfectly pro
tected fro-u the wind, xthich is more than can
be eaid for our long cloaks with two widths of
gener^tts camel's hair in the skirt. The ^jian
ish stntrf dress for infants has tho object laid
011 a pillow or suiall satin mattress, longer than
the child at cach end. and the showy frontal
of embroidery and point lace is merely laid
orer and tied with ribbons or basted to the
pillows, without any buck to the robe at alL
At least this takes tho weight off the creature
condemned to wear it.
"What color are his stockings to be?" The
touch of color ou the bud is in tliu small foot
ings of softest wool and silk combined, which
should be white with piuk or sky-blue soles and
fcidi-s, tied on with inch-wide soft ribbon, laced
through open work above the ankle, ribbon
the same color u* the stocking*. 01 course, and
the first shoe is a little moccasin cut out of old
white kid gloves, cunningly lined with siik,
folded and feather-stitched' together. Little
boots of all-wool delaine, silk-lined and bound,
follow, and with a kid solo rroes stitched on
are more durable than all kid shoes, wheu the
bsby undertake* to wear them commonly in
hi* mouth.
THE DntSa TRIMMING.
"Should the dress be trimmed with embroid
ery or lace?" Heavy embroidery no longer is
wasted on infanta' dresses, which are aet off
with delicate needle work and very fine, soft
torchon or Valenciennes is the only edging
used, with insertion of fine embroidery for the
belts of baby waists only. Hottest nainsook
makes tho day dresses iu ordinary wear, which
are a yard long from the neck, with high waisti
and long sleeves altogether. The little French
gown, which ia the most sensible pattern, haa
the fullness of tho neck and sleeves bound with
nainsook and a narrow lace edgo sewed below
it, not standing to chafe tender neck* and
waists. Not a particle of starch should ever be
allowed in a baby's dress. They are more
chafed and worried with trimmings than we
can guess, unless you remember how a muslin
frill can saw your throat to redness and raw
ness. Drawn work and henistitchiug. fine tuck
feather-stitching and pearling are the triumphi
of noodle work shown in a baby's layette,
beading, newer than hemstitching, is a row ol
small evicts worked Just above a hem. Rib
bons run in drawn work are favorite ornament!
on long dresses, white ribbon for the first
three mouths, afterward pink for a boy and
blue for a girl?clover pink for blonde boy and
?ery pale blue for a dark baby girl.
Suiblbt Da BE.
THE MONUMKNT TO GRANT.
Design of a Structure to Be Built on thf
Installment Plan Adopted In New York.
A view li herewith presented of the deaign ol
the Grant monument as made by Architect
John H. Duncan and accepted by the commit
teo of the Grant monument fund in New York.
In this view the monument is represented as it
will appear from the Hudson river. The com
mittee thought Mr. Duncau's was the best ol
the five plans they had to consider and they
formally recommended it* acceptance by the
association, subject to whatever change 01
modification the oommittee and the architect
might agree on.
A description of the proposed monument
given by Architecture and Building is as fol
lows: "The general shape provided for is 1
pile of granite or marble. 100 feet square an<
rising 100 feet, whether as a cube or a* a trun
cated pyramid could not be ascertained. Oi
top of it will be a dome 70 feet high. Th?
ornamentation will be simple and the arehitec
tare severely Doric. The dome will be sur
mounted by sculptured figures, the nature ol
which will be determined by the committeo, the
sculptor and the architect later on. In the
design there are the statues of four of the gen
erals who were on Gen. Grant's staff. Thirty
feet below the top of the dome there will be a
row of windows. There will be four entrancei
at the base. The main entrance will be a gate
lees portico, an addition to the general de
sign. In front of this entrance there will
be a colossal equestrian statue of Gen.
Grant The crypt will be 85 feet by 75, open
to the top of the dome. One' hundred
and thirty feet from the base there will bo an
immense gallery where visitors may go. The
row of windows mentioned will open on this
gallery. The main room in the crypt will be a
memorial hall where more than a thousand
persona can gather. On one side is an a|tsii
and an opening through the floor. In this
opening will be placed a granite sarcophagus
for the bodies of Gen. and Mrs. Grant. The
floor of the crypt will be raised several feet and
a marble stairway will lead up to il There will
be another marble stairway inside the crypt
leading to the gallery. This stairway-winds
upward part of the way and part of the way it
is straight. It is planned so as to fill space that
can be occupiod no other way. There are little
nooks and corners in the base of the crypt
where battle flags aod trophies may be dis
played. There are a dozen nlaoes at the base
where sculptured work may be placed if
the committee wants it There are other
places for statues and the like all the way up
the interior to tho dome, and on and around
the gallery In the dome, bat if the committee
wants any ornamentation ia that line it will
have to pay extra for it. The oost of the
structure, including no sculptured work except
the statue of Grant in front of the main en
trance, is to be $000,000. This does not even
include the statuea to anrmonnt the dome.
'"The monument can be built 00 the install
ment plan. The committee now has 9140,000,
and it can go ahead and build up to the dome.
The architect says that when that much is
spent any one who hasn't seen (be original de
sign will not know but that the whole thing is
complete. This convenience, 00a of the com
mittee said, was one of the reasons for select
ing this particular design. The other designs
that were submitted ware not so weil arranged
for installment work. Some of them, particu
larly that of Carrara & Hastings, were a good
deal more elaborate."
A Negro Millionaire.
Daniel Beslss, the oolored millionaire of San
rancisco, is in the city. He ia a friend of
water & K. Brace and Frederick Douglass
His acquaintance with distinguished men of
>e nation Is extensive. Mr. Scales ia of fine
ipearanea. He dreeaas te the height of faah
ton and hie grajr heard (rameee flaeeef amlabil
tty. The venerable lawyer arrived te Denver
yseterday and registered at the 81^ James shaes
Forty years ago he went te California and hia
sisrsr-jr. iaJfirs,Tsrz
polities. Be haa ennlned hlasealf entirely te
Uwaad renter, ihhongh te his aeveatteth
year he is as lively an a erieknt. He believes
Winks?"Catch see
Winks?"Be.
ip Wteka?;
York
FIGURESOFOUR WOMEN
How Curiously They Differ u One
Goes From North to South.
ALL 80RTS OF NICE GIRLS.
Tko Ctrl, lb* lew Yerk Ulrt,
?be Philadelphia Ulrl, Ik* Wuklaf>
l?n Vlrl Mi ihc tMnihcra Wlrl?
ArtUt'a n*4rl>, ClfWrU* PldatM
Kad r*i4li|.
' rj, presi;
| ? M w,l? di<
? K'xcelleu
| flvVnot thin
? uud a
H
rilESUME there never *u * wotnnn ret
"rbo did not believe that she had an
xcelleut figure, even though the might
think her own facea pretty one." no
1 a well-known ?mitrar in photo
; graphic art to awriier for Tun Btab the other
' d.tjr, aud added: "And yet your own observa
tion will convince you, I think, that a good fig
ure ia a much rarer thing to see than a
pretty face. Even in Washington my proposi
tion hold* good, though in this
latitude the female shape is unusu
ally floe. Go up to Boston acd you
wiil notice that well-built and wcll
dart'ioped women are not numer
ous there. Too many of them have
flat cbcsts and narrow shoulder*
and exhibit a general want of sym
metry. I onoe heard a lady in that
city express the new that curves,
in maidenhood, at all events, were
something rather improper than
otherwise. It must be owned that
they ara avoided pretty generally
in the modern Athens, the frigid
atmosphere of which does not tend
to the production of luxuriance
either in the animal or vegetable
way. Here, on the other hand,
plumpness and grace of outline are
the rul* as you may observe for
yourself any day on F street or
Pennsylvania avenue. At th* same
time you will not find anywhere
nearly so many good figure* ai
pretty face*, even in Washington.
It is ouly Just to say, however, that this is in
part attributable to the fact that ther* ar* so
unusually many pretty face*.
ran* icosth to sornt.
"A* you travel through th* United State*
from north to south you find surprising alter
ation* in fecial* physical type*. Going from
Boston to New York you discover in the
metropolis a different manner of girl alto
gether. She looks mors robust, aarries her
self with a superior grace and ha* much mors
of that quality, itself largely a matter of bear
ing, which is ealled 'style.' By the tim* you
hav* reached Philadelphia th* young women
are found to have diminished somewhat in the
quality of style. This should not surprise you,
because the New York women are notoriously
the most stylish women in the world. They
have better figures than the Philadelphia girls,
chiefly, as I imagine, because they are more
robust, partly perhaps through their habits of
walking. It is the fashion in New York for
women to walk. But you must remember that
these different people*, though all of one race,
come from different atocks originally, accord
ing to the *ource* from which the various settle
ments of early times were derived. Further
more, the fact that New York women are so
incomparably dressed implies thnt they know
how to make the best of their figures.
"While tho figures of the Philadelphia girli
are not so good as those of New Yorkers, the
youug women of the quaker city have prettier
faces. Curiously enough you will not find the
most beautiful young women of Philadelphia
in what is called the *society' of that town.
The face* that attract your notice on the street
are mostly those of women of the middle clasi
or below that. It is well worth a tour throngb
Wauamaker s and the other big shop* just tc
?ee the awfully pretty girls behind the counter*.
When you get a* far *outh as Washington 01
even Baltimore yon strike th* distinctively
southern type of young woman.
?OUTHERX Otr.IA
Now, what is the most striking character
istic of the southern girl? Sh* is plump and
built on a curvilinear plan, rather than put up
on nn ill-concaaled and angular framework
but the most remarkable thing about her is
her complexion, which >s apt to be vuritv
itself. Take the tram for Kichiuoud and you
will find there the type well represented by
examples of loveliness, with skins like new
cream just showing a delicate vermeil tint in
the cheeks, as a blush rose might show through
fine-spun silk. The young women of Charles
ton aud Atlanta have a beauty of a sort much
the same. You can see. if rou consider the
question from that point of view, that it is to
a great extent a matter of climate with the de
velopment of beauty. The softer and lent
rigorous the climate the fuller are the out
lines of the women and the better their com
plexions. You can traco the Bam* argument
even iu its applications to manners snd voices.
Is it not iu the south, uot only in this country,
but in other lands, that the women have the
aoftest mannera aud the softest voices? Ihc
nasal pitch of the American intonation, at
which foreigners laugh so much, is smoothed
down gradually as you go south, until there is
really nothing of it left worth mentioning by
the time you reach Virginia. Manners are in
a great degree a thing physical, inasmuch as
grace, itself dependent upon phyaical atruc
tcre, has ever ao much to do with eaae in a
drawing room or elsewhere.
'Tuiiuily enough, for th* some reason that
anything vegetable develop* faster ia a warm
climate than a eold one, you find as you go
south that the girls grow cp much more rap
idly. In Boston a young woman or nineteen is
still at school antf l* regarded as hardly out of
the nursery, while by the Ums you reach the
gulf states you find the tfirls, very many of
them, fully grown and marriageable women at
fifteen.
AMIOra TO BE MODELS.
"Speaking of the vanity women are disposed
to indulge, according to my observation, as to
their figures, it is worth meutiouing that artists
are very usually besieged by femalos who ars
anxious to be painted in a more or lees un
draped fashion?not for their Ukeueascs be It
understood, but in order that their exquiaite
shapes may serve as models for Juuoa, Veuuaea,
Psyches, Nymphs, Ac., on caiiraa. One painter
of my accjuaiutauco haa been pursued for
aeveral years past by a very stout person who
baa approached him at least twice a mouth
during that period with offers of gratuitous
service as a model for Diana, the liuntreaa.
He has wished to avoid injuring the feel
ings of the applicant and has always ex
cused himself by saying that h* had no'order*
for a painting of Diana or for auy other ap
propriate goddess. And *o the woman goe*
away regretfully each time, after making some
remarks to the effect that it u a pity sack
charm* of outlin* as her* should uot be ren
dered immortal. You may remember that
Suite a scandal was occasioued in Boston by
i* unexpected circulation of certain very in
decorous photograph* which two society girl*
in that city had takeu of themaelvas in atatn
eaque posea imitative of classic painting and
sculpture. One of these portraits represented
'Nvmphs at the Bath.' The photographer had
Coiuiaed faithfully that the negative* should
destroyed, but he sold print* from them for
an enormous price to two or three young
society men. Fortunately the decision as to
the identity of the young women remained a
matter of conjecture, becauae their face* were
modeatly covered in the picture*; bat it can
well be imagined how brisk th* gueaaing waa.
"The business of manufacturing photographs,
the propriety of which ia quaatioasbls, is car
ried on upon a surprisingly extensive Male tm
New York, Boston and Chicago. Cnrioaaly
enough many photographer* who have the
*~?t reputation ar* engaged ia it under the
Women, with th* majority of wham im
propriety is professional, ara
icuiu imom to i
ever, hot a few of the 'rabjecta' ara en
tirely respectable. Thepictore* ara in many eases
of more pretension to the artiatte than to Ihe
immoral, and it mast be raasembored thnt the
high priees paid for each work, where tko
model to really <?trabU, ara calcnkt** to
tempt. It ia an easy way of obtaining many
bnt the jirtdwtte# of Am in rarrM "?t
?kwl tlM apo apos t Kk1? tl % ?W MM ply
tnornawi. lb* procesa of ?ur. .ur ikraoil
wss this: A photographer *m gnen by * cig
arette mannfactcr. t a contract to supply M
many Million pirtVN ef mm and |fbm?I
description MMri H* mi la to tk* awitt
and bought, chiefly through agent*. eTery or*
and *uitabl* photograph "he could lay hi*
hand* upon of actreeeea, twllrt dancer*. popu
lar cetebritie* anything la abort that would
suit hia purpose and attract the public eysv
The** he monnted. in aires mat bed. oa hugs
earth. 100 or mora on oarh. The card I hot
prepared waa placed in front of a camera and
a photograph taken of it on a a- ale aa Blck
emallcr aa might be deaired. In thia war each
negative MM would print a whole abeet ot
portrait*. The aheeta printed from the nega
titea were ssbscqoently cut apart and the pic
tures were separately Mounted and delivered
to the cigarette Baker, who put one of tLm ?
each package fee aent out.
MBIH5* AS AW AST.
"To go back to the aubject of which I begaa
to apeak - namely, the female figure?1 wc ul4
?ay that I waa eomewhat eurpriaed the otbag
day to learn from a coraetoere on F street who
ureanmably knew what aha waa talking about,
how large a percentage of her customers wear
pada of one aort or anathar. What thia per
centage was n-preeented to bo I am not going
to tell, partly because her communication waa
confidential. But ahe astonished mc by ethib
iting for my edification n wonderful vaneiy oI
contrivancea of the sort, moat of which were al
together new to me. To begin with.ahe took from
one of a series of big drawer* Ailed with suck
article* of anatomical interest a pair of curiono
cuboion*. which she *aid were faiae hipa. TV y
were stuffed with curled hair and intended to
be sewn mside the lower part of the eocaat.
Then there wer* cushion* of varioua kind* and
other more elaborate contrivance* to fill eut
the boat For ffiO. the propria tree* said, aha
would make an entire auit. aa one anight cell
it. of padding. She described the c**e of one
girl with n very protty face, but afe
?olutely no figure whatever, who came
to her a while ago for treatment, becattae she
wished to Co on the burleaque opera etage and
wa* not able to get an engagement on account
of her structural defect*. Her cheat was flat
and hollow, her arm* and leg* were nothing
but bone*, and ah* had ne hips at all wortfe
mentioning. The corsetiere took n number of
very careful meaaurenienta for a commence*
mcnt. thus vetting down on pa par the eisct
?hnpe of the 'subject' from top to toe. Theao
measurement* were compared with a acale sup
po*ed to repreaent the ideal development for a
girl of the subject'* height and age. The dif*
ference* between theee measurementt and the
corresponding number* in incbee on ttie actio
were carefully noted down and u*ed as a guide
by the workmen, who put together a sort of
stuffed suit, the thickness cf which at every
point was just sufficient to fill out th* form to
the requisite degree. This was fitted and
modeled upon the customer until the general
contour of her ahoulder*. bust, arms and hipe
wa* made aa nearly perfect a* possible.
" When it was finished.' said the cor*etiero,
?and she had put on a dress to fit she bad aa
handaome a figure aa I ever saw iu my Ufa,
She got an engagement at one of the big New
York theaters aoon after, and I read in tho
papers that the dudea were going fairly wild
over her lovely ahape aa the appeared in bat*
leaque opera costume."*
THK NEW FIK8T RKADER.
From th* Detroit Pre* I resa
? OSKST SEKIT.
Thu boy is named Henry Parker. H i
parent* live in that hutt k'e cottage at the foot
of 1a a 4 Hill. They am
poor but honest. Tho
father work* in the saw
mill. and the motltg
doe* nil in her power to
help him make a living.
She ha* worn the aan.o
bonnet for twenty-two
yeara. anil she goes bere
ft oted every summer <o
lave shoe leather. Ah!
?ho i* indeed a true
wile, end Mr. Farker
ol u-n blessed the day ho
fornd her.
Henry i* now twclto
years old. One day last
year hia fond mother said to hits:
"Henry, let us surprise joa dear falhnr to
night. He toils all day long. Hr works t. n
hours for tune hour*' pay. uid he uever strike*.
Let na surprise him with aotueihmg ut s for
fuptw."
??With all my heart!" e*c':.imed little Henry,
aa bo left his play. ' What ahull it be?"
??A tine, fat custard, my boy. \onrun over to
Mrs. Tho;;ipson'e and ask her to lend me a
bowl, three eggs, a cup of sugar altd a pint of
milk and I will make th* custard."
"but, mamma, dou't voualrendy owe her two
barrel* of sug^r, a carload of eggs and a hoc**
head of milk?"
"Probably more than thnt. bnt when yott
have a good neighbor don't let go."
Little Henry deparb-d in huoyaiit spirit*, r.nd
a* be was about to cross the bridge he eapit d
an object in the road. Going closer he di
covered that it was a large, fat wallet. i.e
picket! it up and opened it. to dnd that it con
tained several hundred dollars. No one was in
night; no one bad seen him. An evil von?
whispered to him to take the money and throw
the wallet away, and for a moment he wi a
tempted. Hut tor a moment oulj. 1 hen li*
lifted up hi* bead and aaid aloud:
"No. I will not do it This l.oodie belong* to
Judge Gherkin, who live* in tiie bigrest lion**
in town and lends money at 18 per cent 1 will
carry it straight to his office."
He did so. The judge counted over tl ?
money to see if it wu all right and then ainilt d
upon the honest lad and said:
"Boy. 1 thank you and this next fall I'll give
you two shillings a cord for sawing up n.y
woodpile."
Honest Henry ran home to tell the good
new* and hi* mother laid her hand on hia head
and aaid:
"My son, you did right I am proud of you.
Now run along after those things and if you are
not back in three ticks of the clock I'll warm
your jacket till yon can't holler!"
Jamr* ami HI* Father.
"Here is a boy. Hi* mime i* James. He in
twelve years old. He ia Bitting uuder the shade
of a tree eating plums, while hia father think*
he ia in achool laying the foundation to become
a great statesman.
"Is it wrong in James
to deccive bu father?*
?Very wrong."
?Will become to anms I
bad endV"'
'He may not be bung '
for murder, but in lea*
than live minute* ho
will be enjoying the all
firedeat whaling a boy
ever got. bee!' The
old man ia hurtling in
the orchard for a lost
acythe atone. He ia
buttling straight for
James. James is look
ing chalky below th* eye*. Now
meotlug.
"And i* that noise made by a calliope oa a
steamboat?"
"Oh, bo. The noise ia mads by Jaateo
William aad tho Grave.
"Her* ia a boy named William. Named aftot
William the Coaqneror. He ia half-pact thir
teen year* old aad ha* had
freckles ever since bis first
birthday. It is Saturday
afternoon aad he is on hie
way to the graveyard.
? What ha* he la hia
hand?"
"A bouqnet of flower* Car
his sister's grave."
| "Did he lose a sister?"
J "He did. fib* wa* a sweet
' little ^ thiag agod eight
"Aad ho levod her?"
"Off and oa, name a* all boy* do. Ho ial
going to vMit bar because he loved her."
"Then why?"
?'Because La caused her death by i
her off tho steps, and ho to going up the*
cry and leave tho boaqaet to oaaa hi* <
KtCDCC. 4
"laa't that deceptive?"
"Yea, hat wo ail do it
i gaam aho waa glad to ho rid of Bod
Vrfeapa. Bat what do yoa tfeiak aho

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