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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 20, 1890, Image 9

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Some Interesting Relics at the Wash
ington Navy Yard.
? m
Old Ipuhh Trap hire -II el tee of Aate
IMInM Dayi?(>riw s?enilisele TkU
rim'i *boot-Plln o( Deadlf Pr?Jecl
U???Honi?-le?> Shell*.
UNS ARE bora, like hu
man being*, and then they
die. following out tbo sim
ilarity qmte accuratoly.
Tliey havo their period* of
usefulness, their stages of
decay and their times of abandonment. when
they are east aside for other and better snakes,
and are allowed to runt away on the rofnsn
pilea of. perhaps, the acene of their birth. In
some caaea they follow the ancient doctrine of
the transmigration of sonls. and. when they are
Belted over and recast into newer mold*, they
reappear rejuvenated, fit for another period
of noise-making and destruction.
Bat sooner or later these great Knot, some
times known a* cannons by the laymen, find
their way to tho graveyards for abaudoned do
atroyer*. for there are cemeterics of tliis sort
Just as there are those for human guns, great
and little. There is such a spot down at the
southeastern corner of the city within the
limits of the Navy Yard, where, oddly enough,
there is now the largest plant for the making
of gnns this side of the Atlantic ocean. Thus
do tho elements of life and death nestle side
by aide. Here are store d a good many of the
cannons that were captured from the confeder
ate forces during the Lite war. aud several
relics of former strifes in which the American
sag was sustained in a truly American niannar.
:ji tttk oimvetmtx
To the casual visitor, most likely, thrso lingo
tnmps of metal represent nothing but so much
weight, or raasx. or value as old iron, while to
others, who like to regard the past and its
memories, they are full of meaning. They
told a strange story the other morning to a Stab
reporter who wandered anions them armed
with a more modern and still raoro deadly
weapon than any or the relics, a detective
ram era. Tliey were mute as th<> ordinary ma
rine guardsman, aud the tale* they told were
those of tho silent language. ]Uite as full of ex
pression. and often more enjoyable than the
other sort. The maj'ir par* of the graves are
located in the rear of tho oflk-c of the com
mandant of the yard, straight down the wide,
main street that ien is from the gateway to near
the wat r's edgo i.ut before one gets well into
the yard there are two antiquities :n the shape
3f men-killers that are sure to attract atten
tion. They stand on either aide of the to ?d.
with their muzzles point in; toward the outer
world, as if guarding the sacred precincts of
both activity ami reminiscence. They are of
the famons Spanish pit tern, with their
breeches?this word is purely technical?
adorned with flowing designs, monogram of
lome departed Castllian monarch. A bund of I
letters around th* extreme edge tells how they f
were cast at Barcelona in the year 1JW. A.D.,
sod a more modern piece of literary work,
painted on a tin plate r.nd tacked to the trun
nion of each gnu. reads as follows, telling tb->
tale ot these refugees front thoir native land
better than any reportorial pencil could hope:
Turin stout.
"On the 3d dir of August, 1904. Capt Stephen
Oecatur. in eonitnand of an American gun
?oat off Tripoli, boarded and captnred in suc
tession two Tripolitan gun boats armed with
this and the adjacent gun." One of these
trophies of the valor aud skill of the famed
Decatur it named ??Corzu," meaning a too or
fellow dear, thus signifying Ceetness. and the
Stlier wai- dubbed "?Camelio." the camel, also
Oieaning something in tliu line of swiftness.
There seemed to be a custom among the
Spaniard^, and. indeed, other European gun
oiakers of the last century, of giving eacti of
these engines of war a name, sometimes peace
ful, some lines belligerent, often signiticaut of
lome quality. For instance, one of tho other
'?tropin**." stored down in the ?"graveyard"'
fcelow tie commandant's oftWe is named
"tieneroM>." ?.he generous one while another
m called *E1 Galgo." the grayhound. and one
tther rejoices in tbo ph-asant title of "El
Toaigo." which haa a meaning derived from
the poisonous product of a certain tree of the
tropics, tnus signifying death, a rather queer
sonceit f >r a loud-month destroyer destined to
kill without recourse to the methods of secrecy
Implied by the word poison.
old npaxisa runrnxti.
The prstt.est specimen* of the grmmaker's
irt are to be fcund among tho old Spanish
trophies which as a rule, are relic* of the
surlier war* in which this country wis in tbo
babit of indulging aa a means uf kind.'ng and
developing the national courage aud pluck.
Some of them the guus- are works of art with
their elaborate designs mid their wide-mmithed
muzzle, trimmed with wreaths and flowers
and inscriptions. Nowadays tho manufacturer
sut* iuto tbe (Bstnl of his eaunou only to iden
tify it trim the hundreds of others of exactly
the sam< sort and to show when and whers it
was mailc. matters valuable wheu the guns
burst. When shot was put into the gun from
the mn/zleand the puce was iired from a vent
bole on the application of a mutch, there was
plenty o' room at the breecn for decoration,
aud some of the designs are -ery ornate. It
was a day of bandies on the sides of the gun*.
Just above the trunnions. and 111 the making of !
theae the workmen had a clear field. Ihilpmns
in a hall-curved condition were favorite in
spiration* for them, and many a man must have
made bis reputacou from the oddity of the
form of his guu handle*.
ok:m 8?mtu.
Just In front of the office building stand eight
Br ten great gun* of this tvpe. grim relics of
the last century, clean and bright, as if they
had jus: come from the foundry, their sleek
tides 01 ed and protected from nut. their bases
painted and wed attended. The best of eare
is bestowed on them, for they are the dower of
the lloct. if such a gentle situilio is permissible
in alludftig to such a violent topic. The accom
panying eut tbows them aa they stand In a row,
the out) that is fully visible being tho smallest.
There is another sort of Spanish guu around
behind tho building -a chort. ?tout affair, re
tetublu.g a modern mortar more than anything
else. It is a howitzer?one of those little fel
lows with a large voice and short breath. The
Initial t-ui is m.ide from a photograph of it.
lhi* one is very handsomely finished and re
tains a deep bronze tone that is very rich and
that show* that they oa<-d costlier metal in the
days ol vur ? when tbey were making guns than
they did during the war.
Hero is the "grave yard" proper, r? 1 yet it is
fear illy f fr to call the ?jtnats corpses, for they
are qaitu as good today as tbey werj when
, all but on* m two of them.
Bet the secret of their presence here it in the
fact that it does not alwnys need death to kill,
for to be out of fashion ia qnite aa aura a
method, and the** guns are very much behind
the stvles. The/ nre not very old. some of
them being as near to the present aa 1S65. bat
tbe.v are considered an mere lumber when tb?
new theoriea of gunmakiug are mentioned.
They are arranged in an elongated semi-circle,
with the round to the south. just aa if they
were placed there to protect tho river front
They arc diHmomted from thoir carriages and
lie with their trunnions sticking helplessly oat
into the air like a Toting bird that haa been
left alone and does not care to try its wings.
The great guns are placed on the southern
edge of tho curve. the larger ones in the cen
V-r Hnd the smaller tapering off to the east and
t he west. Most of them .ire contraband from
the rebellion and bear inscriptions showing
how and when an 1 where they were captured |
by the Union forces.
There are some famous pieces of ordnance
in the cemetery. Up on tho north side of the
yard is an old hulk of a gun that has not only
gone out of date, but is so badly mutilated that
it can never be used again, and it reeeivod its
soars in tho lino of duty. too. It is one of the
great gun?that formed the fighting powers of
the terrible rebel ram Merrimac. that canio so
near to wiping the Union navy off the face of
the seas, but which came to grief in a very few
hours after lier successes were uehievod, at tho
bauds of a contemptible little tomato can on a
shingle, the work of the man whose remains
have just been taken to his native home by one
of the most ma;;mii'*pnt of naval constructions.
Th<- inscription of the gun is stamped into the
side with steel letters, and reads thus: "One of
the guns of the Merrimac in the action with the
U. 8. Frigates Cumberland and Congress.
March 8. 19?2. when the chase was shot off.
7he mutilation of tho trunnious, Ac.. shows
the ineffectual attempts to destroy the gun
when the United States abandoned t"h6 Norfolk
navy yard. April 20. 1861." The ehase, it might
be well to explain, is tho part which does not
appear in the illustration, t'unt is. tho end
which would have been there had not
one of the Yankee shots hit it and
caused it to disappear?tho end of t'ae mnzzle,
in short The gun is painted ? dingy brown,
as, indeed, are all of those in the yard, exccpt
those of .Spanish origin and other bronze pieces.
Among the most dreaded piecos of ordnance
which the confederates had was the noted
Whitworth gun, ?terribly effeetivo rifle that
haii wonderful range and accuracy, and sent
oat ? shot a foot or so in length that would
penetrat- almost any bulwark. The rifling was
hexagonal and had an unusual twist, so that
the proje.'tile was given a whirling motion that
caused it to send forth a particuurl/ blood
curdling shriek that sent terror to the hearts
of all who heard it. Thero is u good specimen
of this gun in the yard, a few paces awuy from
the Merrimac relic. It is a lou,'. slender piece,
with scarcely more than two and a half Inches
in tho bore, whilo its length is fully seven feet
One of the shells of this piece is to be found in
the row of projectiles standing in front of tho
yard museum. The following inscription haa
been stamped on the breech of the gun:
'?Whitworth breech-loading gun. captureu by
Bear Admiral Leo near Fort Fisher, N.C., Au
gust S3. 18C3."
Tho centerpiece of this nniqae collection of |
old metal is a whitewashed stoue. rounded,
standing on a stone base, on cach side of which
is a brotizo cannon, uumbered trophy 13 and
trophy 14. The former, so savs tho legeud,
was surrendered by the capitulation of York
town. October 19, 1731. It must have been
stolen by the English from tho Spaniards?by
whom it was made?before ou* troops relieved
them of it Its companion, ou tho other side,
is named the *'Justiciero," probably signify
ing justice.
There are somo queer piece* of mechanism
among theso old rains. Home of them have
really unique breech arrangements, bat not ;
sufficiently ingenious, it would seem, from the
subsequent course of gun making. One has a
long lever, which is to open the loading end. bat
which will never do it until the gua lias been
boiled in oil nnd the paint, dirt and rast re
moved. Most of the guns have open vents, bat
here and there are some that show evidences
of a fierce determination on the part of the re
treating owners never to let their cannon be of .
use to the captors, for tho holes have boon
filled by irons, and in some cases sharp points
have been driven into the motal near the vents,
in order to weaken that part, so that tin guns
would burst in any attempt* to unspike them.
Outside of the graveyard, across a street, is ]
a very interesting collection of old iron, in the
form of a few abandoned anchors and chains
and two or three pieces of iron armor platiug
that have been fired at with somo very excel
lent result*. as far as tho guuners went. Mere
are two of the oddest anchors over seen, huge
grapnels, with six fl'lkcs. designed to take the
place of tho regulation two-fluked anchor for
tho holding of ships. They are of a pattern
adopted tor a very short time somo years ago
and soon abandoned. The plates of iron tre
bent and twisted out of shape and in one or
two instances the balls have penetrated nnd are
to bo setu on the reverse sido of the armor.
After so mtu-h of a studv of the guns ot other
navies and other times, a glancc at some of the
abandoned ordnance of our own make and of
moro recent periods would not be uninterest
ing. m tvbe. The specimens of this sort aro on
the west side of the yard, piled up on rails that
stretch across the yard between the shops.
They are all painted brown and they look very
prim and sad in their long lines of porspoctive,
their mouths all iu it row. their heels together
and their feet firmly planted. There is * long
a PKBsr*rrtv* or mohtarr.
battery of huge mortars on Jcffers Square, i
gre ;t ro'ind fellows that fire six-inch shells and I
make a thunder of a report. It was the guns
of this type that did so much damage to the
confederate forts and fleet daring the passage
ot tho Mississippi blockade by Admiral Farra
gut they weigh several toas and are made of
east iron, aa are all of the pie ces of this class
and time.
Ia the next square are some odd relies- (tuts
that have been destroyed br constant firing,
both through accident and deaign. The most
remarkable of thee* ia here shown. It* story
ia thus related on th? side; "First 15-iach gun.
Fired times with charges varying from S3
ponfhls with shell of 3i0 pounds to 70 pounds
with shell of 440 pounds." Rather hard ser
vice. that The gun has been actually split
open, like a peach kernel, with the bore laid
bare throughout it* entire length. A log of
wood ha* been placed ia the broken mazxle for
the lock of a better place to put it Moat of
th* gnu* along her* hav* been condemned and
some ot the in look v*ry woful with th*ir
yawaiag cracks aad their bandages of iroa
arooad th*m to k**p th*m from falliag apart.
Id some cum the entire gun ta ?teM from
on? end to the other aad in others the end of
the muzrle hu been blown quit* away. Mom
of these guna are riled. 1
I ?
The mntenm, the interior of whieh will be
described at some future time, forma the rest
ing place for some of the more deserving of the
ordnance Invalids, OuUide, sunning in a Ion*
line next to the wall, are a couple of dozen
shots and shell, and torpedoes tamed bv fire br
extraction, by rust They represent ibe odd
ities of shell maktntf, the insnnity of explosives
so to sjieak, and the mere sight of them will
give a nervous man the shaddera. The fifth
of those shown in the cut, counting from the
right and using the long, pointed fellow ns
number one, is the Whit worth shell previously
mentioned. 1 he affair with a startling re torn
bianco to the end of a hol-water boiler attach
ment to a kitchen rnnge is a can torpedo that
was found floating in one of the southern rivers
| one day by a daring Yankee. The southwest
corncr of the building is well decorated with
the*e toys. One of the prettiest guns in the
yard is to be found here?a small bronze how
itzer of the Spanish pattern that was captured
at Fernaudinn, Fir., by Hear Admiral Dupont
February 3, 186?.
Next to ft stands what looks liko a beer keg
with a pointed top that has scon its best days
and is now slowly rotting away. Closor exam
ination shows that it has several protuberances
about as long as a cigarette, holes through
which the charge was poured into it and from
which the firing apparatus was worked. It was
once a spar torpedo, designed to bo fastened to
the end of a long spar carried by a vessel and
thrua under the nose of an enemy and there
exploded. This sort of work was quite ns
dangerous for the attacking party as for the
Around the corner is a queer old gua. painted
black, with a white paper pasted to the top
that tells the whole tale, as far as can now be
told It reads as follows: ?'Recovered Feb
ruary 12 18S4, while dredging in the channel
in front of the navy yard; supposed to be one
of the guns of V. 8. sloop-of-war Argus, which
"?fts burned August U, 1814, by order of tho
Secretary of the Navy, at the invasion of
W ashington city by the British." That, then,
is a relic of the last time that tho red-handed
invader, as he is called in the story books, left
his mark upon Sur bolovel UniL The gun is
rather short in proportion to its bore and sug
gests the Spanish piece in its general out
lines, although it is quite devoid of the decora
tions usually put upon tho latter.
It is not only guns that find their way to this
cemetery, but also the things that the guns
u<ed to shoot. Around behind the factory
where they are now making those highly tem
pered cones of steel that are designed to go
through over sr. many inchcs of armor and
thou explode on the other side aro piled in
neat symmetry hundreds of old projectiles,
solid allot and explosive shells, round, elong
ated, pointed, twisted, all sorts of shapes, in
fact. Some are painted white, some red. some
black, while others have given themselves a
color of their own through successive rustings.
I nder the graceful sweep of a weeping willow
tree is an artistic group of these old missiles of
duath, arranged in the regulation pyrttmidsand
loaking very peaceful, ns if their aole mission
was to be used for decorative purpose*.
There is death amidst all these engines of
death?a lonoly little grave down behind one
of the shops, marked by a leaning headboard
that beurs three letters?BOB. Here is u small
mound to be yet discerned, with evidences of
care taken with the spot at some time not far
distant. Borne of the older workmen know
the story of how one day the pet dog of the
children of the commandant's family died sev- I
eral years ago and there was a great
amount of genuine grief, as the little
ones formed in procession and laid
their dear Bob away under the sod. Some
days afterward one of them came to the conclu
sion that BoL> had not been buried properly,
and they enlisted the sympathies of one of
the gunners attached to the yard and resur
rected the remains. Then the ceremony
was performed in the right way, and
after another procession the dog was
once more laid at rest About a week after
that there was another epidemic of discon
tent among the meurnera, and after some pro
test oi. the part of the gunner, the performauco
was repeated On this oecusion, however, the
gunner showed auch a lack of the proper feel
ing that he was severoly rebuked bv the chief
mourner, and as a punishment was compelled
to re bury tne dog once a week until the pro
cess became a nuisance. And this ia Bob's
Pert Remarks From a Small Boy Who
Hankered After Ice Water.
From ths Hail and Express.
They didn't have ice water at h ia atore and
they did have it at the atore next door. Conse
quently his aoul was filled with envy, even if
ho was but a mere snip of sn office boy. The
othor morning a particularly big iceman
with a particularly big pair of tongs, sauo!
tered up to the store wht re they did have ice
water , carektsly dropped a fariiculiirly small
piece of ice st the doer and strolled away.
'Ihe envious office boy happened to be around,
and the sight of even that small bit of ice ro
vived all his old heart burnings ?and perhapa
all bis old-time stomach burnings.
-Eh, mister," he shouted, "I say!"
The big icuman with the big tongs, who waa
fifty feet or so away by this time, turned aro uud,
Baw the b >y waving his hand at him and re
traced his steps, thinking, perhaps, that he'd
found a new customer.
"Well wat do yer want?" he queried, aa he
approached the m itioolew youth.
? Ob, I just wauted to tell yer yer dropped
something, responded that conscienceless in
dividual..with a hasty gesture toward the micro
acopic piece of ice and a still more hasty de
parture from the scene of action, i hat iceman's
tongs di in't hit the cuvious office boy, but thev
did hit tba place wh#ft he had stood and the
verbal volley of th* i:eimtu hit everythinc in
the viciBity. ?
The Smith Family,
From tbe Cbioifo Tribune.
W. T. Etinf, one of the best story tollers of
the Chicago bar, recalls an incident of a joint
debate in Virginia. The disputants were Fitx
hugh Lee ^pd Wise. They were always rivala,
but their debates were always courteous. On
one occasion Mr. Wise paid a compliment to
the came of Lee. If it were not that hia oppo
nent bore that name, said Mr. Wise, that opbo.
nent would not be in the field. "Had his nana
been Smith," said Mr. Wise ib his peroration,
"he would have gone to his grave nuknown,
nnhonored and unsung."
,.,L*e replied. Hesaid, personally, be ahould
like to see Mr. Wise governor of Virginia. He
laviahed compliments upon his oppoBSBt ia
quantity autil he tired ot that sort ef play.
"But I warn him." aaid Lee, "how he triles
with the name of Smith. Me seems to think
that becanae a man s name is Smith he can
never h- anything. The Smith family has
helpod U. atake the history of this countrr."
Then Lee u*?ran citing ths heroic deeds of the
Smith fsmuy from the commencement. He
mentioned each byname a ad gave an account
of his 'There are,'7 he contianed,
"Matthew ?mith Mark Smith, Luke Smith.
Peter Smith, Faal Smith, Timothy Smith and
St John Smith."
Lee pause d for the purpose of giving his
audienco aa opportunity of grasping what he
was driving at In that pease there name oae
of those breaks from a drunken whieh is
as often fatal to a good speeeh as is the blander
of a poor copy reader or proof reader teas
orderly and well-mannered sentence. The
fellow seemed to rise oat of tho ground.
"Waxzer matterth John Smith that Mhl
Pueahootasr he asked. ^
It broke up the i
A Star Reporter Goes Aronad the World
la 2 Hoars 75 Minutes.
a bio now raov behind rax scenes?what
"Ssj, old fellow, lend me s dollar."
The speaker was a gentleman in (aaltless
evening attire and the person appealed to was
? representative of the Stab with a large and
wormy wad of second-hand money in his in
side pooket, and the time was 8 o'clock last
Wednesday evening.
"Certainly," replied Thb Stab man. going
down into his cash drawer; "here yon are."
But he was not there. He had gone, and a
few minutes later the Sta* man heard him
talking with three or four others of like
feather with himself about making a journey
around the world in ei glity days. and ulti
mately he closed the discussion by offering to
bet 8600.000 spot ca?h that he could do it.
The bet was accepted and tho next thing the
gentleman did wait to hand over to his valet
three or four hundred thousand lollars in
change for spending money ou the trip, make
a rush for a suit of traveling clothes, and bolt
out of the magnficent apartment oi the Eccen
tric Club to whore The Stab man stood among
a lot of Bashi Dazouks and thiugs, with the
dollar botween his thumb and linger.
"Ah! thanks," he said, with a grateful gurgle.
"I am saved from a watery gravo."
That's the difforeuco between the way a play
looks to an audiense out in the open space
and to a person back in the wings whe n the
genuine realism of the stage is seen in a luxu
riance, which is almost rank, it is so luxuriant.
A good many thousand people in Washing
ton during this week havo seen Kiralfy's
"Around the World in Eighty Days" at Al
bnugh'g from tho front, but not so many have
enjoyed it from that mysterious point of view
?'behind the scenoV.and there a representative
of Thk Star went on Wednesday evoning with
Mr. liolossy Kiralfy, brother tolmre, the other
brother, to see ?bat it looked like.
"lly the way." said the reporter as they
Btood waiting for the curtain, "how do you
Srouounco that front name of yours, Mr.
"llolossv," reiponded Mr. K., pleasantly.
"Oh, yes, 1 see," continued the reporter.
"Honesty is the best liolossy," and all the flies
from the top of the stage came down and
settled on the gigantic intellect of the reporter
to Mr. K.'s evident pleasure.
A great spectacular play like this, which to
en audience moves in all its complexity us
smoothly as a simple pair of wheels over a con
crete paveuiont, represents an immense amount
of engineering skill, uud what is going on bo
hind the beautiful paintings ni%I costumes and
tinsel and fittings and th* dramatic action of
the pJny, which the audience sees, bears no ap
parent relation to the mass oi properties, scene
piece, lights, crowding soldiers and sailors and
Indians and rnjahs and coryphees and actors
and scene stutters and supers and the hundreds
of diversified elements which raovi about on
the very verge of all th<? glitfriug order and
symmetry before the footlights.
"Ting!'' goes the bell, mid as the curtain
rises f->r the first time tbero is a hurrying and
scurrying from the stage into the wings bv
those who have made ail ready, and they stand
back and note tho eff?ct, while the stage man
ager hustles sboat pr?pariug for the next move
aud having those win are to appear when their
time comes ready and prompt to respond.
In the first scene of "Around the World,"
after the prologue, the reporter stood on a
Union Pacific railroad locomotive gating out
upon the crimson sky above th? Suez canal,
while two feet from his left was the magnillcout
steam?r Magnolia, with a charming English
tourist (gul, of course,; on deck, leaning over
ths gUarl tuik'ng to a sturdv scene shifter
wr^st'ing with a section of Nile scenery. Mid on
the fthvr side of the vessel under the truck of
the craft the engineer had a soda fountain tauk
l'.tti?d with atearn, winch ho let off at intervals
quite as natural a* life At the proper cue the
whistle bl w, four men on the far side of
the stago gribbid a rope hitched to the jib
bioui of ths steamer and began to pull, the en
gineer stooped down out of sight of the au
dience and ran along up to his neck
in the caual, making the engines puff, the
pretty girl told the sud, sad sceue
shifter good-'ov and the next instant
the audience greeted the vessel with a
Burst of applause, Mr. J-'o<jg, Paxmvnrtout, Mr.
O'Pake and the others calmly stopped clean
across the deck of tho boat from the stage and
gracefully passed off on to the dock, for all the
world (.to tlie audience) as if they had ridden
a thousand miles on that same steamboat.
Then, you will remember, sho blows her whis
tlo again and goes off up the canal toward Alex
andria or <>eorgetowu and tho travelers disap
pear to bob up again in India. In the mean
time the vessel is headed for the shore and laid
up against the wall ou the o. p. side, the steam
siomaeh is taken out of her to be reloaded for
turther service in a locomotive and her sections
are taken apart to be set up again for tho next
Her passengers by this time are hustling
around getting iuto their summer clothes for
the Indian climate, which is almost as warm as
Chicago was last summer, and a big painted
canvas is let down front the flics like a great
quilt on a Mouday clothes liue, aud the audi
ence fees an East Indian bungalow.
A Jump from Suez to India in about eighty
seconds! Aud etili it takes eighty days to go
arrund the world. While the audience listens
to Mr. t'oyr/'t astounding offers to tho Pruhmin
chief, by which be breaks the corner ou ele
phants in order to rescue tho Indiau Princess
(.Miss Helen Tracy), who at the time is leaning
up against the cow-catchcr of the locomotive,
which will appear later, culmly discussiug with
the reporter the relation of living elephants to
histrionic art (.for Misi Tracy is u really liuo
legitimate actress), there is a massing ot tho
forces of mourners, ot priests, of dancers. of
musiciaus and of singers and a moving and
Slacing and fitting aud fixing for the Koyal
ecropolis scene which is ouu ot tho finest of
its kind ever put ou the stage, aud not a noto
of advertisement in the staiemeut either.
The beautiful Pnucess. who. by the way, is
also a Hindoo widow to be grilled on the sumo
gridiron with her late lamented, having been
interrupted in her conversation with the re
porter to go ou and tell the old duffer ot a high
priest that although she is vouug aud heauti
lul an 1 life is very, very sweet to her (as it is
to all young and beautiful widows), yet she will I
die bravely, though under protos., now conies ]
off with the others tnrough the back door o(
the buugalow to the audience, but to those be
hind the scents, stepping over the recumbent
mourners, who are lying out iu the Necropolis
waiting for the scene to shift aud Utiug ihern
iuto view of the house, and juc j more resumes
her chut with the reporter, just a* if there
never had been such a thing as domestic infe
licity and she was not going to bo roasted alive
in the presence of her friends within the next
fe<r minutes?by ths way, that Beutcuce is
nearly as long as one of (Senator Evarts', isu't
it? liut the Senator is not reporting any be
hind-the-scenes business for Ihk stab this
bcexe tubsb.
Now clustered thick in ovory opening of the
wings are lirahmius, prioutj, Wallahs, D obez
Wallahs, soldiers, Hindoos, Hindouts, players
and supers, each intent upon his duties aud ex
pectant of his cue to go ou aud bocomo part
of what the audience sees, while hither uud
you the theater employes fly in their impul
sive activity, and beuiud-the-scenes isasiuil of
movement aud animation as before it was dull
and dead, with all these costumed figures iu
their dressing rooms or waitiug below stairs
for their call.
bcexe focb.
"Are yoa a member of the compnny or
merely local talent?" inquired the reporter of
a chunk of a boy in the white robes of Iudix
"My eye," he said,with a chuckle to his part
ner, "get on to his uibs askin' me that! 'i hen
to the reporter: -Can't you see I'm a actor?"
"And how much per week do you get? i'iva.
hundred dollars?"
"Well, no, not this week." he said sadly.
"I'?ft only getting three hundred now, but I'll
strike 'em for a raise when the old man gits
his Nellie illy in on 'em and swipes the moke
tor that live hundred thousand."
Then they both chuckled aud the other one
?aid they were receiving 25 cents a night, in
cluding their admiseion free to the show.
In a very few minutes it wus quiet behind
the aoenes agaiu aud all the throng had gone
on to make the pageant at the funeral. One
acolyte stood ia the lower entrance swear
ing in Anglo-Indie sulphur becauss he could
not get the sacred torch lighted at the pro
tected gas jet for the chief to kindle the pyre
with, and Mr. Mites (fPmlee was dancing a
pleasant little Ballywhack hornpipe on the
other side with Mr Fogg, each having a loaded
revolver ia his hand thirsting for the goro of
old man Whiskers, who insisted upon the widow
being fricaeeed with her deed husband.
All at once they rushed oa, fired their shoot
ers, the pageant massed to the front abont the
fallen priest, the widow hopped oft of the
pyre and broke for her dressing room, two
pane of red light were set on fire and the "?-?
at the curtaia let it come dowa in a tempest of
?ppiavM. The tableaux remainsd fixed, for It
WW plain a repetitioa was expeeted, sad agaia
* - t , -
the curtain went ap and down it nut, and In
a minote more everrbodv wu gone and the
scene shifters were scattering the enrtron
meota ef the royal necropolis in everv direc
tion and replacing them with the cin of Cal
cutta, which they dragged about the stage
at unceremoniously ai if CalcntU were onlv a
very email village with no municipal rights
When the curtain goea up on the next Kiene.
the portion the audience eeea is only the least
of it, for the whole stage back is filled
with drops and Avers and one thine or
another, which constitute the verv beau
tiful setting surrounding the Mikado ballet
During this scene nearly all the available wing
Sace is filled with coryphees (ballet girls) and
ey are even better looking on close view than
at a distance; quiet, good mannered girls, too.
with a little sauce possibly, for stage employes',
but no smiles for the strangers, and when the'
reporter in rather a masherly manner congrat
ulated that one of the "three little maids" who
i? dressed in blue and .lancos in such graceful
and spasmodic contortions, she blushed and
was so confused she hadn't a single word of re
ply to make, but she was evidently pleased, for
the reporter knows a good thing when he
sees It.
This ballet, which is one of the Tory prettiest
and most unique on the stage from the front,
is, from tho wings, a very different affair in
deed. and one can scarcely imagine that a side
Tiew and a front view could vary so widely.
Another feature or intorest is the locomotive
and sleeper an the Pacific road.in the third act
This piece of rolling stock is in effect a folded
screeu. and when it is not running on schedule
time it is stuck away in a very small space.
The locomotive is loss compressible, howovor,
but "bohind the scenes," unless a disgram went
with it. tho novice would scarccly discover its
identity. It has the sumo steam stomach which
supplied the Suez canal vessel, and the same
four men who hauled that craft through the
arid desert also pulled the train across the
plains beyond the Rockies.
It may not havo looked that wav to the andi
ence, but it was that way just the' same.
\\ hen the Indians and robbers wore creeping
around to seize Mr. Ftyjg and the ladies..4ovd?,
the rescued widow, was presenting .VVmea, her
beautif ul sister, to the reporter mid the reporter
was enjoying himself as if there was not a rob
ber baron within a thousand miles, ami when
it was tiiu3 for the fair ones to walk along be
hind tho car to the door lu front
and step right out of it on to the stage and into
the hands of their captors with a frozen scream
of startled horror, the reporter was right there
with them saying farewell with tears in his
eyes and only the thickness of a piece of painted
canvas betwosn hint and a whole house full of
people, who saw only highwaymen, Indians and
helpless women.
Then came the water scene, with the ship
going to pieces. A wild, weird effect, which
the sceno shifters produce by pulling the
painted water up and down in three sections,
callcd "waters.' first, second anil third, num
bering back from the first piece, which looks as
if it would splash right over the footlights and
put them out, preparatory to floating off the
big drum and the bass fiddle and driving the
entire orchestra to the use of life preservers.
As tho waters rise and the ship drops out of
sight, the passengers plunge into the seething
vortex of wave, duck their heads and walk off
the stage with as much case and dryness as one
would walk through a back yard on wash day,
while those who were drowned outright have
probably gono to their dressing room some
time previously. The way a stago manager
dances around and *tirs up things in order to
keep the ocean in perfect position and prevent
the waves from lying right down on the floor
in a state of collapse would remind anybody of
an untamed Congressman during a revival in
tho House.
The putting on of a spectacle is a very dif
ferent matter from the ordinary play which
from the wings is a somewhat uninteresting per
formance, unless the star is a bright woman,
who likes to havo visitors while she waits.
The Kiralfy brothers?Iinre and Uolossy?are
the lcador* in this country 111 producing spec
tacle*. and they have put on the finest onos we
havo ever seen hero.
Such a play as "Around the World" repre
sents an outlay in the neighborhood of a hun
dred thousand dollars and it costs *5.000 a
week to keep it going. The costumes varv in
value from $20 to *2J0 each, and such a setting
as that in tho first scene, the Eccentric Club
room, which was douo ami can only be doue in
Europe, costs a thousand dollars. Other sets
cost from ??00 to si,500 each. In the matter of
salaries, coryphees are paid #20. *25 and ?90
per week, while seconds and premier* receive
from t50 to #200, and great artists much more,
but dancers are not appreciated in America.
Mr. Iiolossr Kiralfv says, and it docs not pav to
briug the high-priced ones here. Italy fur
nishes the best ballet girls, but not naturally
the best, the American beiug quite the equal
of her Italian sister, but without tho facilities
for education which the Italians have. Ger
man girls are also very superior. The French
are less good, becaus-: they lack the faculty of
application and are too" fond of having a
good time, and the English girl
is the least npt. but when she is good she is
very good indeed. The best ballet school is in
Milan, but Berlin, l'aris, St. Petersburg and
London have good schools. Costumes come
from Paris for the men, and for the women
from London, this the result of competition
among the great variety halls of that citv,
where flue spectacles are particularly popular.
The French excel in costuming men because of
the beauty and variety of material they have
at hand.
A startling fact in connection with the ballet,
and Mr. Kiralfy vouches for it, though he did
not swear to it, is that many of tho girls are
under twenty and some of 'the brightest aud
best with htm arc only sixteen. This may seem
iucrcdiblc to those who havo been taught to
believe that a girl is not eligible to the ballet
until she is a grandmother, but it is neverthe
less true, though as previously remarked Mr. K.
does not furnish an affidavit to go with his
An elephant is also an adjunct to "Arottnd
the World. ' but she did not uppear this week,
??wing to her indisposition to go on the stage
again, having broken through n trap door when
they tried her on ic the first davof her arrival,
litis elephant is of the feminine gender, and
when n feminine gender will she will, you may
depend on't, and when she won't, the way she
won t makes a man tremble and clcave to the
roof of the house
That's the reason you don't see the elephant
this week.
The reporter, huving gone "Around the
World" in two hours and seventy-five minutes,
thanked Mr. Ktralfv. gave a whoop to every
body for not chucking him through a cellar
door for being in tho way. smiled sweetly at
the Princess and her beautiful sister, yearned
lor the "threo little maids," threw :t brick at
StissyixirUxJ and respectfully withdrew, going
out of the front door with the rest of tho audi
ence as if nothing hud huppcued.
Kdwaiido, author of "Love and Marriage,''
"-?"?cxt of . Kin?Wanted." (International
Series, No. 115.J New York: John W. Lovell
ENOLISll WR1TEU8: An Attempt towards a
History if English Literature. By Henky
JJurlry. Vol. V. The XIV Ceniury. New
York: C'awell jt Co. Washington: Brentano's.
of'11ieovo|>ht<'at Doctrinn*. I)y \? tu.l <x u.
Judok (Occultus\ Reprinted from KateFleli's
Washington. New York: The l'ath.
andra Dmil, nix. A New Translation. With
a New Preface hy the author. Illustrated.
Now York: Belford Co.
THE BISHOP'S BK1DE. By David Christie
Mm hay and HenhV IIkkmask. [International
Series, No. 8U.J New York: John W. Lovell
I Co.
CKTT, author of "Divided Lives." "Miriam
Balestler," etc., etc. New York. Belford Co,
THE WONDER-LIOHT; and Other Tales. True
Philosophy for Children. By Mrs. J. CAUratLL
Vkuplam'k, F.T.K, New York: Tho Path.
Camkra, author ot "Society Rapids." Phila
delphia: 1'. B. Peterson ? Brother*.
lins. [international Series, No. 111.1 New
York: John W. Lovell Co.
Cooper. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publica
tion Society of America.
(International Series, No. 108.] New York*
John W. Lovell Co.
IN THE RIDING SCHOOL: Chats with Esmeralda.
By Thko. Stephenson Browne. Boston: D.
Lothrop A Co.
"VENGEANCE IS MINI." By Daniel Dane.
New York: CasaeU A Co. Washington: Bren
fcl ? n*<*
? Mrs. O'Hooliban: "Faix. Dennis, an' pkat are
?M sfther doin' sow?" O'Houlihan: "Begob.
Host, it's meself as baa bought a music stool
for Katie, an* Oi've been woinding the bastely
thing up for over an hour, an* not n dhrop or
mnaie can Oi get ont of it at all, at all !"?
8m UK, Gray A Cto.'s Momtklg.
Tn Pvnma Hiain or a Cioj can be ?
? ??*fked degree by lis nutrition durlnf
JfhUdbood. The choice of n feed Is, therefore, of
the Wgbeet importance. A nhnlrisn writer -I
? physician w
id Melon's Pood
avedosew lac
? *4
? to any other and have done so tor several
with entire
Bctimn Forty Fifty People
Killed la a Railroad Disaster.
fatal tocn>m nti bbadiwo?mom* a.
One of the mod disastrous accidents that hu
occurred on the Reading railroad for thirty
yean happened shortly after 6 o'clock Iskt
evening half a mile above Sboemakerville, IS
miles above Heading. The WiUiamsport ei
preea left Reading at 605 o'clock crowded, with
two Pullman coaches? the Elwin aud Gratiano
?and three ordinary coackee filled with p*?- |
seugera. There were betides a mail car. a bag
gage and an express car. The tram left ten
minute late. It ia known as the rottsville ex
press and waa running at the rate of at leaat ,
38 to 40 milea nn hour. Above Shoemakf rville ;
there ia a curve where the railroad ia about 18 I
to 20 feet higher than the Schuylkill river. I
Here shortly before 6 o'clock a freight train:
run into a coal train, throwing several cars in .
the Utter on the opposite track, and before the
train hands bad time to go back to warn any I
approaching traiu of the danger the 1'ottavillo |
express came arouud the curve and ran into j
the wrecked coal cara on ita track.
The locomotive, tender, the baggage and I
mail car and the first Pullman car and the j
smoker plutieed down into tho river. Three
Other ordinary coaches wcta thrown dowuahe
embankment and badly smashed nnd snliu
tored. bnt did not reach the water. The Pull- '
mnn car. par' of which waa out of the water,
caught fire, but the tire tm extinguished by ;
some of the train hands before it made any
th* srnMoxa roB belt.
The Wreck occurred in nu inaccessible place,
and it was some time before help could be
?ccured and wor l telegraphed to this cit>, and
dnrkness coming on addvd to the dirti.-ulty.
As soon aa possible word waa acnt to this city
for all the physicians who could be spared, and
a special train sua s< nt up with them nnd a
large force of wrecker* ami laborers, Iu the
meantime a large number of people from the
country had gathered and wera agisting the
uninjured passenger* to rescue the dead and
The ?cene wn* a roost appalling one. The
locomotive lay in the witer, a part of the
the smokestack only protruding, while tho
water of the river was flowing through a num
ber of the wreeked cara in which it wnt? cer
tain that many of the passengers hud met
death either from tho shock ot the accident or
by drowning. With such of the lanterns of the
train a* had been spared from the wreck, aud
with lanterns brought by tho farmers, and
guided by the cri?s and groausof the wounded,
the search went on, and as the pa?s< ngcrs were
brought out they were laid along the roadbed,
aud the physicians, with such appliances as
they had at hand, attended aa best they could
to their injuries.
When the special arrived they were carried
into the cars and shortly before 10 o'clock two
cars containing some thirty injured and two of
the dead. Wm. D. Kliomo of Heading nnd
David Angstadt of Mahauoy City, Were tak< u to
Heading. Ihe train was run to the corner
of 3d and Olcy streets, where all the ambu
lauces, cabs aud omnibuses in the city had
been ordered. They were takeu from the train
aud removed to the Heading Hospital, where a
corps of city physicians was awaiting them to
further dress their wounds and set their
broken limbs.
About 10 o'clock the electric light car of the
railway company arrived at the scene of the
accident, aud by the aul of this the work of
rescuing the wounded was carricd oil with
greater success. At 11:40 the physicians left
the ground, pretty certain that all the wounded
had been taken oilt. but still uninformed as to
the number of the killed, which, iu '.lie opinion
of those who knew the condition of the train,
may reach thirty or forty, nearly all of whom
are buried uuder the wreck or lying in the
river with the cars.
The stroker of tho train was very full of pna
aeugors nnd in it were a large number of fire
men from points in tho coal regions, who were
going home from the firemen's convention at
Cheater. Some of these are dead and many are
miHaiug. The conductors of Loth the l'ulimun
curs escaped.
Conductor Cotton of tho forward Tullman
says that he had eight passengers, and that he
lias found bui. one of tliem since the accident.
Thiaone was found on the tender of the locomo
tive. badly injured. The other seven are nuk
ing. Among them was Geo. H. Kaercher. the
general solicitor of the Hcndiug Hallway Com
pany. nnd it is certain tlint tit is dead. He has
probably shared the fate of aome thirtv or
forty others who will be found tomorrow when
the "wreckers get to work.
The first one of the dead who was found whs
Win. L>. Sliomo of Heading aud the next David
Angatadt of Mnhaupv City. Many of the
wounded will probably die. as they are hor
ribly mangled, and many will be crippled for
life." Part of the scalp of Prof. Merkel of Le
high University was torn off. his arm was
broken aud it is feared thit there may be cou
cussion of the brain.
At 11 o'clock Mail Agent Greenawald's body
was taken out aud shortly afterward tho bodies
of two Mahauoy City firemcu, names uuknowu.
An Italian was found engaged in robbing the
dead and wounded about 10 o'clock aud would
have been roughly handled had he not been
placed uuder arrest by County Detective
Wunck, who protected him.
A special train was run to the scene of the
wreck over the Pennsylvania railroad con
taining a number of the officials aud other*,
who rendered all the aid iu their power, and
the passengers iu the train for Pottsville leav
ing Heading at tp.20 were transferred to the
Pennsylvania road uud taken to Pottevilie.
It was clue to the presence of mind of M. F.
Gilleu. the middle biukcmau of the train, that
the parlor car was not burned. He waa thrown
into the river by the concussion and when he
rose found himself up to hia armpits in the
water iu the parlor cur. He snw that the ear
was burning and before it had gained any head
way he succeeded in extinguishing it by throw
ing water on it with his bauds.
John Hihiud of Philudtlphia. who was badly
injured and may probably not recover, was on
his way to Pottsvule, where he had been sum
moned to the hc'd-ddc of a dying daughter,
and, nlthough he had a broken leg, insisted
upon being taken oh at all hazards. He is at
the Rcadiug Hospital.
so WOMEN" focxd.
A singular thiug about the wreck ia that none
of tho women, of whom there were several on
the traiu. have been fouud and it is supposed
that all of them have perished. Those who
had lady friends with them were wild with
griof aud aome of the wounded were bewailing
tho loss of wivoa aud daughters more than
their wounds.
At 1 o'clock this morning tho most conserva
tive estimate placed the number doad at be
tween thirty aud forty.
The following is a list of tho killed and in
jured as far as known:
D. Angstadt, Mahauoy City, bead and body
crushed, died after being taken from the wreck;
G. K. Kaercher, l'ottaville, general solicitor of
the P. a R.H. CO.; E. W. Logan, Shenandoah,
baggage master; H. Logau. Pottsville. conduc
tor; Johu L. Miller, Creasouaj William D.
Stiomo, Heading, badly mangled; James Tem
plin, Pottsville, fireman; John White, Potts
ville, engineer; George Greenwald, Pottsville,
mail agent; Harry Loughlw. Pottsville, con
ductor; two firemen from Mahanoy City, names
unknown. |
Joseph AshSeld, Mahanoy City, bruised
about body and legs; Benjamin Franklin
Heecher, Shenandoah, left hip badly cut and
lega hurt; James Lis rub art, bhenandoah, left
hip crushed aud legs hnrt; B. W. Bithler,
Girardville, foot and leg crushed; John Carroll,
St Clair, back hurt and internally injured;
John Coolick. Mt Carmel, hnrt internallv and
head mashed; Samtftl Coomb, Mahanoy City,
badly hnrt about body and log broken; Thomas
Cooney, Philadelphia, head and legs injured;
Robert Cotton. Pottstown, injured internally;
Lyman Dick. Hamburg, both lega broken; E.
W. Etc bier, Girardville, toot mashed; William
Glassmoyer, Port Clinton, badly cnt about
breast cannot live; Frank B. Hall, manager of
Frank Mayo's dramatic company, cut about
head and body and brniaed about arms and
legs; John Hess, Mahanoy City, lags badly
hnrt; W. J. Johnson, Shenandoah, head badly
cnt and leg broken; James F. Market, Bethle
hem. badly cut about head and intornally in
jured; Prof. Mitebell of Lehigh University:
Joseph Noll, Shenandoah, cut about bead aud
left shoulder broken ;Harrieon He land. Philadel
phia. leg broken and internally injured; Dr. R
F. Salade, New Ringgold, right arm badly bur*
Samuel Shollenberger, Hamburg, legs injured;
Wm, Simmers, Ashland, hurt; George Souders,
Reading, badly hnrt about back and nock;
Joseph SouUwood, Centralia. badly cut and
internally injured; Joha Thornton, Leesport.
badly cut about head aad body, seriously In
jured; David E. Young. Mahanoy City, head
badly cnt aad legs sprained; Jacob Uteer,
Pottsville, both lags hrefcaa below the knee;
Strauss, Pottsville, braised; John Knltek,
ML Oarmek hart internally; James Carroll. Be
CUlr. badlv bruteed; Joseph John Picyoesg.
Mahaaoy City, hand rru?hed and hurt about
bark and brad; Himwi hrlaod. IMt North
20th utrK t, Philadelphia. I** Krokn; C. f.
Merkel. IVmboaa. instructor civil engineering
Lrhiirh Vniverwitv. arm broken aad hart in
ternally. John Mcl?on*ld. Khenaadoah. tegs
brokrai Uwrmcf Barnes. Philadelphia. brad
injured aud arm hrotra. John Mtraub. Schiyl
ktll Haven. leg rat; Joba IL son en LtMport,
brad crushed end cannot lire; John Ritand.
Philadelphia, leg brokra aad injured internally:
Jolin liaruhart. Shenandoah. bead cat im
bra i?l
Lights and Shadow* of a Sunday 8c>m
In Dakota.
Great i* the land of the Dakota*, lying be
tw<-ec sundown and the laughing water*of Min
nesota. but greater are ita woudcrsome ?t)A
Five or i;i year* ago while wandcriug through
that prairie realm a 8ta? man passed a quiet
Sunday at an inland town. The day wa* one of
th-ife on which all nature aeem* to say thi* i*
the Said ath. The *un ahooe *i|h a sacred
light the dewy landscape sparkled with a di
vine radiance, the bird* joined la the chorus of
the apherea. while the lowing of the herd* aad
bleating of the flock* aeetued mellowed, a* if
er.-n the brute* were touched by the hallowed
influence of the day. ltwva tint* peculiarly
fitted for tlie spirit* of the dead to be born* buoy
antly away to the land of the redeemed: Mid,
accordingly, the spirit of a young man had
takan its flight, but the body was left for bit
mar disposal. The morning wa* yet fresh
when the country procemion wa* seen like a
caravau of the desert moving alowly along tba
winding prairie road, ignorant of nictes aad
bounds. toward Jlin drowsy village. Tha
friends of the dfffawd, eager to pay him a
parting courtesy, had drafted luto service anoh
Vehicle* as tbev possessed. and the gathering
was none the !<??* earnest and sincere if carta
insttii.t of cushioned carriages bore them to
the village church and again took np the jour*
ney to the new-made grave.
Some of the mourners -and none bat monrn
ers gathered there -were drawn by horned
and cloven-footed steeds, an.I one conveyance
was a wagon mounted with a har-rick. on
which .1 score of serious p* ople *at cushioned
by a lew tork.ulsot sun-cured prairie graa*.
lint the most noticeable and paiuful fixture of
the ]in*v?Mon wan the lumber aagoti hear*a
containing the plain pine coffin, astride of
which the driver oat unmoved aud immov
able n* if determined tiiat whatever became
of the dciarted spirit it* deserted abode
Kiiould be lield in the rural church yard for
rent to lesser worms than man. He clung
eagerly to the earthly spoils, unniiudtul of
the tact that he was out of keeping with hi*
surrounding*. and at la*t stolidly beheld the
teuautless handiwork of God cousigtied to the
dust from which it came. There wa* no pro
fessional weeping and no act program for tha
mourner*. They sobbed iu solos or broke forth
In a symphony of emotion iw. under changing
feeling, the heart leaped forth and recoiled.
who HE wan.
The deceased had come from hi* paternal
roof near the Baltic aea onlv a few years before,
but so quick is tha transformation here that ha
seemed altogether an American, 1 w.i* told,
lie had taken a homestead under the *tar* and
stripes, and his sister, a pretty 1 lauish girl, had
recently joined him. Her loneliness and sub
dued sorrow maue her more than usually inter
esting mid attractive. As the only relative of
her brother, she succeeded to his estate and
kept opcu the little prairie borne. In six
mouths she knew enough l'.'iglish to conjugate
the verb "to love." and within a year she wa*
mi'.rried to a young school ter.cbcr. who. be
coming enamored of her beauty, succeeded in
winuiug her affection*. Sorrow for the dead
was transformed into love for the living -crap*
gave way to tlowers aud clouds to aunshine.
J tie young husbaud was the next year elected
to the legislature, in which he ha* sluce taken
an active aud promiucut part, aud stands now
in the line ot political promotion. It I* mom
than likely that ere Many year* paa* by he will
come to Congress as the representative of hi*
people and the pretty Ilauish girl who wept
her lonely weep at her brother's grave in a for
eign land and would not bo comiorted will be
come a bright particular star m the social
firmament of that nation's capital. Ye*, great
ar< the liokota*. but greater still the inspira
tion and possibilities of oar country.
A <ieor?ln Woman Kcligtnuvly Keep* *
Vow Made to Her Husband.
The death of Mr*. Susau E. Merrtfield. which
occurred here yesterday. **y* a special from
America*. Ga., to the Philadelphia Times, re
vive* interest in oue of the moat peculiar cases
ever known of a vow of silence made and kept
thirty year*. In 1S60 Mr>. Merr.field, who. it
i* said, was a little woman of a peculiarly bright
and cheery disposition, wa* telling her hus
baud of some occurrence, when he requested
her in a very surly manner to be silent, adding
that the sound of her voice was hateful to him.
It seems that Mr. Merrifield, while a good
Imsbiiud in every other way. was in the babitof
venting his displeasure when aroused by out
side matter* by ill humor with his wife, whoa*
good nature nsiially passed hi* testiness by. but
on this occasion she replied that, as it waa
hateful to him. he should never bear her voice
again. And he never did. nor did any other
rson ever hear it. for. in spite of her hus
ud'? remorse and remonstrances from friend*
nnd relatives, Mrs. Merrifield kept her tongue,
though she continued to act the part of a good
wife and mother, fulfilling every duty scrupu
lously. hlie even bore three children to her
husband after this vow was taken. When com
munication wa* alwolutely necessary with
thoae about her she used a mate, bat reduced n
language of signs to such perfection in govern
ing her household and children that it was but
seldom that this slate was resorted to.
It was thought that when hi r husband died
she would resume the use of her speech, bat
while she sat by his dying bed. devoted and
loving to the last, in answer to hi* supplications
that she speak but a word to him, she wrote
ou the slate with all the evidences of griefs
'*1 cannot. I cannot! <?od forgive and help
me. I cannot!" Hut whether ft was that she
found it imfxsmiible to break her will and
her vow. or that long disuse bad effected her
organ* so that she roally could not use them,
could not be arrived at. but her family inclined
to the Utter belief, for it is said that while she
was on her own deathbed she made distinct
but incffectnal efforts to speak to her children,
dying with the seal of silence unremoved from
her lips.
Foreign Notes of Interest.
France has ontcred into a contract to supply
the Kussian government with an enormous
number of rifle*. According to the terms of
the contract 5(10.000 of these weapons will be
delivered withiu eighteen montha.
A fire broke out Thursday in the bouse N<k
134 Friedrich ftrause. Herlin. occupied by ?
wealthy merchant named Frich and his family.
I? is??wo daughters aged sixteen and fourteen
years, their governess and a maid were burned
to death. When found their bodies were dis
figured beyond recognition.
Hanker Nyngro* has started from Athens for
Salonica to rebuild public inatitutions at his
own expense.
The Vlenua FrrmdnJAatl has a scathing arti
cle on American egotism iu desiring to exclude
European products while preserving European
It u rumored that Chancellor Ton Capri rf
and Count Kalnoky are discussing Joint re
1 he Paris La Paiz says that Emperor William
and the Emperor of Austria have held s long
debate on the admission of Franoe into the
alliance with Germany, Austria and Italy.
A customs officer at Chabery, Savoy, shot
and kiHed an Italian smuggler who was resist
ing arrest.
When Maj. Gen. Baron Fredericks, the mil
itary attache of the Russian embassv at Parts,
quitted the ground on which the review
was held at Gambral hs was escorted to
his reeidence by an enthusiastic crowd, who
cheered him and shouted "Long live Russia."
Conut SchleiniU of Berlin, who had beea
ruined by gambling, has committed suicide by
shooting himself with a revolver.
Advices from Hiogo state that the Turkish
man-of-war Ertogroul has foundered at sen aad
that five hundred of her crew were drowned.
The Turkish man-of-war Eittogroul hsi
gone down with all on board near Japan.
A Maryland IWra Iiurned.
The fine large barn on the farm of Adam &
Magraw, n prominent farmer residing near
Elk ton. Md.. for many years president of ths
Cecil County Agricultural Society, waa bnrned
Thursday morning with iu contents, including
200 tons of hay. a large quantity of wheat and
rye. agricultural implements. Ac. The toss is
estimated at 910,000. The utsuraaos amounts
to <4,000.
To Bo Married Abroad.
A London dispatch says: Ths wealthy Hiss
Leiter of Chicago, who created sacfc *a im
pression during ths pes* season, has falisa n
victim to the shafts of Cupid. Iks Is reyrted
to be engaged to Sir Arthur HalL who is a rich
man, n tamstsr, sad a great Wist s( (M
roral fatnllv.

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