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THE GREAT CATHEDRAL.
CHURCHES IN COLOGNE ctanal chah _____________was s:pported by one central clustered column, but noti like them rows on rows of @ntone Many Manive, Handiome and Im- ""T h;cat'he'asacornpIrte triforium. which nie above the roof of the aisles, having win pamg fU of 0 Worwflp. dows behind it. The wall@ of the nave and pighoir re supprtd by two srth of fying but temefrom the outopide. one above the other THE G EAT AT HED R L.end profusely adorned with carved pinnacle&. THEThe antiquity of England really m noth lot compared with the antiquity of these towns. The town hall. are so much older and better fteWeelsuM Mosolteat EUndrfdeelf Tears preserved. The town hall of Cologne, with its or 0metam-Ita l.oft owgre n Or Gothic tower. a marvel of beanty, was built in Ses. 1410 by the citens to commemorate their final m s evictory over the tyrannical nobles. Th old 4PL War". is 121 ON~te -4d @111 ereme cities hae" a glorious history in their struggles ___________for liberty. All the other churches we hae seen hem are ~ Sar.Romanesque in architecture except one. more CeLoose, January 8. IM modern, which in false classic. One hundred ARE GETTING USED and forty-eight churches were destroyed by the French in 179S. They came near tAestroying to the continent and lt the cathedral also, but birthe irony of fate the ways A Ar 0400y16 great bells of the catheral are cat from the ..melvs. Weleftru- gun captured from the Frnch in 110. There O asI n a are dozens of churche within earAot of the cathedral. The spires most have been like a "1e e forest before 1795. atid. Itis Only 10 mBIlu so you ea Is how very slowly we rkavelsd, MAd a train a e e tee. Thsre are very few no dust S em te Gemes reada boomss the am sMen go twenty-Sve miles per boar, am thu es My rams en a Me and be e he y ms andr gewer....ontroL We e ss g mseemd almm and to the care for *Mm ely," wbere we re act annoyed by meMag, whibh is allowed in all other ears. -hb who objeef to moke mast endure It, bU Iser e ho is s h a rare qeaeme- that he =gon ne specia Providsio. We se A it d Bata Dish, whish b T C mlmts ie 5loseint on oleTato, These old Romaueequel round apeed and slum hm* and eletrfc lEgb* sa prim no arobed churche areve Interesting in show e...It The only drawback isa tedious jag the oigin of the Eglish Norman. St. tb 'hte al I o'clok. On Now Year day we Marys, In the capitol, in built on the capitol of hA Woe smease of eombined French and Ger- old Roman city mud a a true basiica, but UM eftbu to which the notives added bow with later Got ddlitions The eat end and awie varius kinds. Iwende how f vve tha dinner. d d terminate In semi-ircles and of an t le! etdner lkdeigsi a the interior is almoet gorgeous in lbs coloring adrledt There is In it a crious crucifix. The SpSb oftlt-etwed pears and plams d crom bsped and the figure of Christ re v ddued aImost to a skeleton (called a cadaver),is inte a new eentry. The gentlemen ry olting to us. There are a pair of carved ds wait S the ladies to ave the roo ak door represnting sene from the e of 6.=sgnnl= their afterdamr g-r.I Jesu which date from the ninth century. sepe that is the German of It. But there e ew arrivals today, an .ngl=hmn am h0 w1M. After his ehoose the l.g=E== rem ftem the table and bowed eout, ml flsa the wafter brought him mocking a but he did aot begin til we left T seem be knew we were Assericans S naext C-) and were - ased to Smeked at. Wasn't that a courteous act? 1 ammsue he wes waiting for as to leave, for aW eIIsed Ae liming room door I sw him eigoer I was amused at his having TWe Germis.. don't, and it illustrate* what Lewa eay, "That an Englishmen is the heat Wav eampanion, because he takee Agim via him everywhere; so you have bee ememe." I d1St fmy9 prales af the German see Nd- emai. They ar e omfortabl up helstered ea the Engish first class are, ins rosed with apparatus for turning I bit s unhap at not being able to speak end andWSteA that it was a great re JMat a sebetbal (Germ.n eastoms Poet) to Sl At in I fve years' disuse I could nssar. T we jt wnth the hi its and t cahda h ardi Gea of which esmMd really gas a good deal) a good gospelW. ai (s'no) adorned with thedbone(offherselfiherrlove and )1and0jvirgens who were goingeonaahpir leeming im overtushin theentsraight athweHdrov endhencutsdsh.w thepdreearnce2fbetweenhthe weathedralhaddithe otherhchgrches.corneereoone isainterestingabAcaucen't itderavedwhichthssi hetheaform offatdecagok andsalsolbecauseiit had esnoegreatawestoddorsobuteonly sidehentrances. deals.eThiamiteamdntonbesthedtthetshothseointihe - everandince.nWeesawbene eower whoughchurch was destNyedmin 19e.tOr thyoldfwalshorCfor Ie nhda is otion aehavema nln henasequarahig We- look almbostegRymanighn their gsgyle. , n se Ee Theewnderul pitureoftQeen Luiseishe se ists IF! thheallrygerelanhnohinthoegodacn b ssaid ofofs.hThe photosedon't dosienustirei1 am yotesurprded theeoldefperor lovedehe ase * above alle thehing eselse.emF ande Se eser. Theseer Who Leseae C(Magn Seated one day In myestudy I wasaanhaouseand all at sthe ST aorL.Ai tareefr.W a the indo tingnly an Webthrelthdar (ftr auat whei nd acieular bunc otgoa chetryss wans. poued ma ne tce imeegeln ~) ad us emghtsiht f te a bhdr An opn e ese ws orow o on leemug p oer s i th staligt a wedroe r, sore ey awlont alive.ue~yg misse sed.. tapirsae 11 ee hgh nd Thear cthdrad acmte tiord uwhe riees aboveethenroofOofttheuahsthe, havingtonn em ai inI~A.I cn' unertad hw dho e s maehn uit.uTegnalsoftenead hor ad woprie t y twoiseh, f yngbt lim. hisasal tobetheInetGoticinteu tes rmne olyde anseo heote werd ad ra wli eleveat thugandov profth adrned oiac g rie pnel th EglshNoma bttr yslf Te c A Teaiquiy ofe tEgland reayse noh ~eeshdr i o a il anopn quae, he toale arso uch olerad ete vthieowea mrvl fteatywa bhast m qre, utesy lgh epe oerth 0 boy situensidemeoat hira ndctougve htlyraiftdal snole. These old And gord ous widory wineirsrge Allnth thder fhrchemw hiatisen ere r Romaeqt hin achietre ecp ofat ne, ut r modra whacke mo sad ca ssied Oemaudre Frnd aindow5 Thefy casheat stoyn th ahdral aeu the iroye ffae h gAnd atre from hhue Frech~ in17Te r are dozes ofchrchs thi ee rbo:fh dathedrit. T he s mto maebe lk fored befovre 17 fo95. g~ Thse ld Bom roundia apsedssand rhehrhessarea. indterin asow bynwhe caprt, is but ospn hecat itoho fmhe Rmanct n i rebaiWs u wlee later Moth ad an.Tees n n wow nand Teegilt. Thw~a er sini a curous teuim h cresthsY hapd ad heogurtofChrstre deced'- ~ almst the a skeeo.clldacdae) my o whlh wehovelatey sen, ter es aswhic daerote inhe acentury. ben myho d.se e lfiad l Alt th Chsurch f S. Ursul the ter ds -- -* aored who tebnso eref e oe thes how he.dfereceseetwen th eesthedrat and theeeother chrh- St ero' is.s interesting because of itsbnave,.whichiis in no " greatbesdosa u onlfieetacs tifaton w hve ee olyth aremla ig cirulr owr hoe rstnor ouse o son DISEASED TEETH. Csau. WM& Indt in Gimt Nt and~dwings EPT8| OF NERVZS. Theib Ep sere o ag3 y Ressit ft fth ashe-essesngIsrnam as to the Grwth md Devsessnt er the Pulp and Nas assernin-hse A" Allsbst by UMarnfed Wse he .U Zvenfw r. HAT ANInNT KMD feal celebrity, Hippe orates, coacluded that "the eanse of tooth sehe was known only to God." The Chi nose dentist claims that the pain is caused by "a worm In the tooth;" he prome by breaking it open and exhibiting what looks not unlike a worm, 1t4e nerve, or, more properly, the pulp of the tooth. As a matter of fact, as all who are posted in deutal pathology know, pain in a tooth may be brought about by any one or smore of a number of dia eased conditions. go that we may se If we study what is technically known as dental pathology (pathos-pain or suffering, and logoe-a discourse) that instead of a single cause two or more may coexist. Still It is not probable that more than one cause for pain in the teeth is likely to be present at one tine. Dentists often have their patients exclaim when having their teeth operated on: "Oh, why do my teeth have nerves in them? What use are they, anyhow?" And if the dentast is dis posed to do more in the way of instruction than simply to answer, "Because they were made so ' he will explain that the portion of the tooth popularly called the nerve, but tech nically and scientifically the u lp, is so far indispensable to the tooth that he may say, "No pul no tooth." That is. the pulp, so to speak, the germ of the tooth, the tooth former or builder. ?an ULIP A"D rav DEvTZroiuNT. Look at a grain of corn on the cob. We call it a "roasting ear" In the green or Immature state. later on it gets so hard as to require the millstone to pulverize It. Something like this grain of green corn is the tooth when first formed. It is all pulp, so to speak, and is, in the language of physiology, very vascular, or full of blood vessels and nerves. It is covered with a membrane or membranes whose function it~is to select from the blood cir culating so freely through it such substances as go to make up the hard part of the tooth lime salts, phosphates and carbonates. This selective function of membranes is one of the moat curious and wonderful of all physi ological operations. That one membrane should be so constructed as to take lime salte from the blood current and appropriate it to the building up of the tooth, while another takes from the ame circulating fuid the lime salts that make bone, and still another takes that which makes andther tissue, is indeed a mystery. But these membranes which are en gaged in tooth building make, it seems to me, nicer discriminations than any others of the tissue builders, for they have to make the hard, almost flint-like enamel, the dentine, much softer, but still quite dense, and the cementum, or bony substance, which covers the root of the tooth. So the pulp goes on tooth building, making a wall, so to speak, about itself until It is shut in, only leaving a small opening at the end of the rootthrough which the small vessels pa which keep up its connection with the general circulation. We can all understand that if this outlet or inlet were closed the pulp would die as thoroughly as an amputated Anger. And we can further readily see that if in any way the pulp should become diseased its chances for living are les than if it were not so boxed up by its dense tooth walls. OOMMoN CAUSa O TooTAcN. Inflammation of this dental pulp is by far the most common cause of toothache, and it is usually brought about by exposure of the pulp to external irritants. Decay penetrates into the pulp chamber and at once exposure to air, to parcles of food, to changes of temperature, to fuids-anything almost an contiet with it sets up irritation. There is an old Latin phrase, "Ubi irritatio, ibi fuxus"-where there is irritation to that part is the Bow (of blood). And this is uni versally true of all tissues. A pin scratches the surface and at once it reddens, showing an additional dow of blood to that part. So, Just so soon as the pulp is irritated from any cause there is an increased Bow of blood into the pulp coming in through the small vessels whooa enter the canal at the extremity of the root. We all know what happens when blood Bows into a wounded or irritated part-it swells. So the tooth pulp when irritated swells. The amount of swelling might be inconsiderable if it occurred in another organ, se, for instanee, in the muscles of the hand or the tongue. But shut up as is the pulp in its bony casing the pain becomes excruciating. What causes the pai? The answer is, pressure on the nerves of the pulp by its engorged blood vessels. This isa familiar fact and is one of the most eommon causes of neuralgie. Could the tooth be split probably the pain would eeas. One of the most tantalising of tooth pains is caused by what is known as a pulp stone. What was said above about the pul beIng a tooth builder will be remembered. Tis buid ing goes on slowly, poesibly intermittently, during life, so that the walls of the tooth of an old man are much thicker and the pup much smaller than in uth. In addito to this slow decrease of sie of the theel i also an increase of density of theCi b-an stance, an old tooth being harder than a young one. But there as also sometimes set up from caussevr obscurey known a formation in the pulp Itefwhc is the cause of a great amount of suffering. A little nodule of den tine, related to the pup somewhat like the pearl is to the oyster, beis to be formed in the substance of the pulp, only It does not have to have a nuoleus, as in the ease of the pearl-a little sioula of denting, *metimes adherent to the pupwall. sometimes not, which grows and grows until the unfortunate tooth pesseor is about thi disease isthatt is fod of attakn perfectly sound teethor teeth free from dcy and that it can onlyb diagnosed inferentily. As for the remedy there is nothing to do save to drill in and extrptethe pupand get rid of both it and the stone tghe. letfrmly one ofor lars, if you have a Get rsp woth ofndm thumb and you i find that you can maove It slgtyIn its socket. It is not tght, sa nail in a bord, for ezampe It doe not in fact come in direct contact wt the jw bone, but an intervening membrane one of these ae wil desce Itscaln well-lines the soeket In which the molar Is lodged. This membanne is the seat of disease smetimes. It swells from Irritation of some sort and the tooth seems suddenly to have peslogger, and when the ethose ass skat aintit esquieste pain is the result. A leassa0n erun som. Theg, again, the reat of the tooth itsf Is geb. jest to a queer disease ealled exortosis or en esmentos and grows largor, somestimes earn. lga goddeal of trouble, but eflytremble whnteunfortunate tooth has tobe en traeted, for it found to ho then almest lit erally riveted In the end et the roothaig the enuse of a goddeal ot pain, isseesse o e the gam. hi leaves a part ofthe root bae (teroot has no proteetive enamel ewig adse the esamenturis besemes seesieen stm another earn o pi In eet is kea Thear. ofen their eineea thge watl erk they are eafled en dselve i me theybsm sensuveto eatto aweetsan seaes, ge en " nd ase e wemcf geat an ne ge amatee, an bfease er istatsteh h meest shmaee his .es et 5t~I b er-~ daimd nmbes aere * a es a ofesel ethob mdkbnte ah et the reel het at me es e me assU en oeen barens bus of Qe M - 88 la w pi th be f i s a' " Sol lens age a lay uen having a tee o MA by a deati who nethed that she had a ba infamed eye. Referring to it, she sad S lseed she wmhase the igh ad 1i,.oanbd bees esre for a year or as, anU the OesMt had vainly endeavored to our it, arsin two or three bully Iaed * s aed p ed to e - Mel of the files with the bad eye. the dentiet suggeSted that possibly these might be the aUse Of the eyetremble, uA paese it for by extracting the root ia eye in a week or two recovered its health withoat other trstea.L I give this ease a &a illustration of rede" ae i, and it in only me af a multitude that I be quoted. does not take mask to make Gib nhappy. A little bit of nerve She ber lpresed on a little spicula af bone or tooth, whole affair not larger than a hak, and living is simpls agony. Thanks to the nurgon who with trained eye and steady d, and with accurate knowledge of the situatlon. is able to give re lof. But what torments our remote ancestors must have suffered before the days of reued and skilltal surgery, of =andthes and ob livima. Janas B. Hoseant. 3030 AND JULgEF. The Old Seery, With Moden Asesesss.e, motetd I Napes, from ths Now York sun. In the criminal court ef Naples the tory of Romeo and Juliet In modern life was told re cently. Lieut. Leone of the tenth regiment of artillery, while stationed In Palermo, fell des perately In love with Catherine Notarbartelo de Villarosa, a beautiful young woman. The Notarbartolo family is among the most power ful In Sicily, where a good deal of the old feudal system flourishes. in spite of the Italian unity. Donna Maria Bestiragna, widow Notar bartolo and the mother of the young woman, had a brother executed in 180 for political offenses, and she was banished, but she re turned to Sicily with Garibaldi. Although she is sixty-four years of age. she administers the rich patrimony of her family. The beautiful Catherine was her youngest child. The question before the court was whether the young oficer committed suicide or was murdered by the brother of the young girl. His y was found at the door of the Notar bartolo mansion. He had been shot through the heart, and a pistol was found at his feet. The evidence for the prosecution was that he had been called into the house by Cather ine's old nurse, Calogera Tinnerello, and that Catherine's brothers, who were 1.is sworn enemies, had waited for him at the- en trance, and had shot him. Francesco Notar bartolo, who was accused of having organized the plot, had previously fought a duel with the lover. It was a one-aided fight, howeve?, in which all the fury was with Notarbartolo. Leone, who was an expert swordsman, foiled all his desperate attacks, and allowed himself to be wounded rather than run the risk of kill ing the brother of his lady love. Francesco was also the recognized chief of the Maft So ciety in Palermo. Eleven times he was on the point of being arrested, but on each occasion he was saved by the Mafia, and at one time he was concealed in the house of a near relative of the chief of police. The trial of the case extended through two years in Palermo, and then the venu was changed to Naples, where it lasted for eighty days. Love letters in abundance from Leone to Catherine and from Catherine to Leone were read, in which the tender passion was painted with all the high coloring peculiar to the Italian school. The brothers Notarbartolo did not deny anything of the love affair be tween their sister Catherine and the young officer; they simply confined themselves to a denial of the charge of murder. One of them, Pietro, declared in his examination that Leone was completely unknown to him when he re ceived the following note: Sir. I love your caier Catherine. Pronounce the last word. If it shouid be -,%o" I give you my word that I shall abide by is and insist no bonser. In describing the effect of the letter Pietro said: "I spoke of that letter to my mother, who said, 'The young man is crazy. The mar ringe is impossible.' I informed Lieut. Leone of this decision and advised him to postpone as far as possible the stupid notion of getting mar ried. We parted on the best of terms. A few days afterward, while we were at dinner, we heard a pistol shot outside the door. We came down and found Leone dead at the door. He had just sent a bullet through his breast." "The medical reports seem to establish that Leone did not kill himself, but was murdered," the president of the court remarked. "On the contrary," Pietro responded. "Ne shot himself in the heart. Lovers alwaysahoot themselves in the heart and bankers always shoot themselves in the bead. Whether it is the heart or brain, it is always the affected part that they aim at." The old nurse who carried the letters of the lovers, denied int she Induced Leone to come to the house. The deposition of Leone, or., the father of the young man, was particularly dramatic. He said: "When I learned that my son was in love with one of the Notarbartolo young ladies I knew that It was all over with him. L All the lovers of the young ladies were killed by the brothers Notarbartolo. Francesco killed Boo cardo and his brother-in-law Coppola." "If I struck down Coppola,' the accused Franeesco interrupted, "it was because he be gan to court my sister Constance and then de serted her to make love to my sister Maria. And now poor Constance is crasy from love." "You are also accused of having killed Lient. Leone. Why did you run away Lfter the tragedy?" the president asked. "Because I know that I would be suspeeted. I have already been in prison for beating police men and I know what it is to be shut up In four walls." Other witnesses gave the details of the duel, in which Leone was kind enough to allow him self to be wounded by the brother of his ex peted bride. Letters were then produced to show that when the broken-hearted lovers were parted by the orders of the proud old woman and of the terrible brothers, who sustained her decision, Leone for a time accepted his fats but on receiving a burning and tearful docu ment from Catherine be him to continue his suit and asking him it haLdceased to love her he weakened and determined to return to Palermo. His brother officers urged him not to g "Thy wil kll on," they said. "Wll, let the kill me," Leone said; "I can't give up my love." - Beveral of his comrades testified that he never had any idea of suicide. The evidence pointed to murder, or at least to manslanghter, for a quarrel between Leone and the brothers was also described. ranceeo Notarbartolo was eonvicted and sentenced to five years' impris onmen6 The others were acquitted, and now Catherine is crazy. Seime Men Neever Nave Adventures. From the Detroit Free Press, I thought from the general appearance of the man, and from the way he looked up every timse the whistle sonded, that he ws a rail road engineer, and when I msade bold to ask the question I found I was right. After we had conversed for a few msinutes en general toisI asked: "I ,up oseuo have had your share of mew row 1 "Yee, unt not on the rails," he replied. "I was ones shot at in a saloon, and I onse fell o' the roof of a church. Inever had an accident ea the road." "Were you never lagged for a bridge carried awa by afreehet just In time to prevent an "Nevr rdges aways all rigt." "Never." "But you've run over people?" "Never did, sir. People always get out et Y'have at leest been veyanxious when rushing through the darhsewith hundreds et MW. in your heapin.? "Yes-aiu to goteme, lsus.but I les reembera any prticalar --- I was't at all sattfllthus fa, and aftee pasing to take breath I askul: "Wone you ever startled by thihi yusw aea switeh when toeolate tostptetl? he; th switehes are always al0. E-," "I have bees tell theghe stem tto epessssd by humaninsgagf "Yes, I pse s but we do' thsl "I pres b at I do't wont toe ga T..d...rm..d 0..is srein.pme.. hi e a shehead eelI ps&ed agg et~eymhave year b p e "MM yen maml hae bees se r other to megsideC'L".meum Me ha.ss Isme ena maag, mewn iw m -00l4 WN Sense ame sa t ag 1 men moa aa n&o mea om r mama. seonmmse anmra aus -at messam s aaasr-umn 3Wa nossam an o aG eUtsM=-oym AND emaw . IBITOs TO TE ospital any are apt to remark upon the "n. raedemesm which adorn the streets ad avenues. The syle ,f - architeture Is se - varied thai the vidler am something diEer a from Am whbk N * aarks the STOMPragre Idence street in the av e9age American city. There t here a io tiesable lack of the rows af brick and ste hous.. extending with monotesous regularity along several blocks. In this city the houses are built in slocks, It Is true, but each house has & distinetive design and gives a variety to what would etherwise be an uninteresting stretck of brick or tone fronts. It i to be espeeted that the large elegant residences which are so attractive in their graceful outlines should arrest the attention and absorb the interest to the exclusion of houses of more modest exterior. But after all it is the latter class of residences that attract those who like to observe how the great majority of ople live. The fine resi denee are occupie by the few. The homes of the majority are found in the more modest houses, which constitute the great bulk of the residence. of the city. A casual examination will Show that most of what may be called for the sake of distinction small houses differ from their more stately neighbors mainly in size and extent. In architectural design, in the interior ar rangement and finish, the modern small house is a repetition of the lar expensive house. only on a smaller scale. Te design conforms to the prevailing fashion. It is Romanesque or colonial. if it is the style to use stone in con nection with brick in'the front. you will And these material. employed in the construction of the small house. So of other details of the finish of modern houses. You will see in the small house the parlor finished in white and gold. You will find cabinet mantels and open tieplaces throughout the house, and if the wood finish is not hardwood the cheaper ma terial used is made to look as much like hard wood as possible. ELKCralo A??IAWC5. In the halls and rooms will be found the elee trio arrangements which will light or put out the gas by touching a button. There is hardly a residence erected in the city, however small, that has not a front hall Attached to the dining room wil be found a butler's pantry, while a bathroom is considered just as essential as a front door. In the kitchen there is a range. and IS is not uncommon to And a fur naee In the basement, which heat. the entire house. In fact there is searoely a feature of the finest, most expensive res dence that is not reproduced In the small house. These modern conveniences, and it might also be added luxuries, can be secured in a house that rents from 125 to O5 per month. It is not to be presumed that all these details are introduced into a house by those who build to rent or to sell, because they pre fer to build houses that way. All these things add to the cost of building. It is found, ho - ever, that in order to piake a house desirable these conveniences must be supplied. Some times the complaint is heard that rents are high and houses for people of moderate means are expenrive. There is no doubt that this item in the cost of living Is quite a large one, but it is claimed that the rents asked here for houses of modest character compare very favorably with those that prevail in other cities. GOVIaxxv xEMPLOYEs IT TMs CITi. Some interesting figures have been got together by those who are interested in the plan for providing a fund to pension govern ment employes when retired on account of long service and enfeebled health. According to this authority there are employed in this city some 7,00 clerks who are in what is known as the classified service. The annual salaries paid to these clerks aggregate the ge sum of $8,000,000. In addition to the clerks in the classified service there are a large number who occupy positions which do not come within this classification. Some of them receive more pay thsn is given to those who are in the classified service, and then there is another class which receives less. Altogether it s estimated that there are some 16,000 people employd by Uncle Sam whose duties require a 4gne in this city. It would be a low rather thana high estimate to my that the annual amount paid to this army of employee is at least Si.0O0,000. The disbursement of such a sum of money each year is an important factor in the prosperity of the city, especially when it is considered that such a lrge proportion of the government employes are careful and frugal in their manner of life, and are, therefore. good citisens. To a con siderable extent they are property owners here, owning at least their own houses, which they have paid for out of their savings. They form a considerable element in the class of real estate buyers. am naRn's a151 on. An Important addition to the summer homes which form such an attractive feature of the town of Rockville will be made during the present season. Mr. Henry Beard of this city owns a tract of land near that place containing some 1I0 acres. He Intends to erect a summer residence there, and plans are now being pro. by Mr. Robert Stead, architect. The tlbeof brick, a lre double strucue with spacious prehes and iterior, but of such a substantial chrater that the house can be occupied as a residence all the year around. The design Is an effective examplec of the solonial style of architecture. The feature of the front will be a long prh supported on Ioale eolumns and fin' ewith a balustrade. The exterior brick walls will be painted a cream color, while the columns and the trimmings will be in white. That characteristic feature of am old-flashioned country house will be repeted In this residence, and there will be a wdehalt ayexteun thoh the center of the house fromfron tothis hall the rooms will open, eomu mousaa uouss. Prof. C. V. Biley has had plans prepared for the eretion of nine brick houses en B street between 3d and 3d street. In Eckington. Dur I the coming season Mr. 5. H. Lane will b d three or four frame houses on B street in the same subdivision. Mr. Lane will alobul two brick houses on Qunoy street in West Dehington. Behas completed two brick housse which are located on R street In West Ecking ton ad expect. to build two more on the same block. Xrn sti acis' assnae. Plans have been prepared for the ereetiom of a handsosee residence for Mr. Jamse T. Da Bole. The location is a choice one-on Chapta street just west of 14th streeand the house will be rather more elaborate than those usualli erected beond the bounds of the city. It wl be a aedouble house, the broad front being built of 'tn and brick in an attractive design. Belid stone work will be continued upto the second story, and upon this substanta foun dation wili rest the superstructure of brick. The feature of the house will be the main en traces, which will occupy the center of the front. A handsome stone porch will lead up to the doorway, which will be marked by a emsi cireular stems arch, Shi will be within the epes vestibule. The window opnnsof the second story will be aragdin a isrise of assadet which will give variety, at the Above will be tehh-pited rowihwigl be plee4by dormer windows. The arrange seet of teInterior will carry out the impree sle spaims hich Iseenveyed by the sa.l willb...,.rated rom the staf....e ha msae. On es tide etfthe hail an dkig esn ndem the ~ ~ with a saaerro sin 'le eire est leer will be Iaiched inbard AB he datan et the plan et bhe lest ml , st. scambe mtm ses. thess bye sdeetiems t. ramimens h the #eamm mse teb -is pm nebay ia m a~a ieqtm~es eea ~eeaSve as a-a by U i..my. I. ,b...., Na msn. bse csAned by a am~essi me ~ a bhtda stil manatins hi a ed to se match to decide tho eh..iseesp ot a word new being eatsesed at UaoMm, M to more Stand 5 to 3 and 4 draws in the 3ne==s's kvar. tisimit. lest the last Game played Is dingraoeful style, leaving quee suarreande by his opponent', pieces to be captured by a Hae-move trup. Isis very evide.t 1at ast.i is not playing up te his nermat strength asd unless he brace. up wonderfually he will bardly o more than d 6aw the lt, and the abeam een to be against his di4ng even that Ians gae grea Imrovement is made in his himself appears eadet' vioty. but 6s mnatch Is by nso sexs decided and U6ita;ineh a chance yet. Pa031.m.5 .. 3 i.g n. . (Compcsef The Evestar Star.) .ME' White to play ad at in two (N) anMes No. w. sy COL A. r. PocWLM U. L A. AK Q7 QKt3 K 14 14 Q= Q=S AtQe Q4 Ka White to play and mats In two (2) asves. GN.B No. O. An tIles ing Patie P1ayed to LISm.L zukertcrt's Opening. Wtilte-SlackburnS& Black-IVfebous, 1Klt-113 P-416 B-IfK 9-32 AtE g3 EK"M4'18' QM QCO Z 's OP-ntar. 3 0-0-0 PKI its 2P0 KtzP (a) Pat 6 Rfts 5-4 21 P-4 h - P - 22 M h 1 20 tB2 KQ13 23 i 10 t g r"- 7 fPp 1J P-K5 KKK5 I3 E r 12 tj L -KI5 l~t Q-uXP 8t 7oh 13lt ta 9 at JPaR e KKt-K 1 30 K-Q oh(b) (b) And wins. (a) See diseram. A finesacrirc s &UAW tcel pointsout if orrecty lollowe d ha e a n22.P-Q i what iac burna toMpa Black-Vaekeasie. H 19M MU IS 1 White-llackburae. SOLUTIONS AND SOLVEES. to No. 78 place a black pawn at black's KKt. No. 73. Q-83 and MI solved by A. V. Oisber. F. A.=oey N . Ldo. Vis Vorr.ts. .- a. unha. . Y. KgmtGeo. ei~tts.Cummin. Ngo. 6. As the foilowing solT. MuIns e author's key was I cKt ch. F. A. Cvoley. A. V. Gte WI. YT Kni- t, U. Cumaning, A. V. Batris. S E 3d d.oo. it. Found by . C Dunhaa. V E. E. orlttF.Eles V u e A. V.ce, Norms. Waterman has won the ass champiosMip by a seor of 93J- or 9 wins to a draw. Wil lett took second place and C. Y. Moise third. Mr. Higgins of the Manhattan Chess Gub of New York ity in staying in Washington for a few days and haa contested some fin gamesn with the city cracks. The City Chess Club beat Brooklyn 6M-5W, much to the surprise of the knowing ones, who had predicted an easy victory for the repre sentatives of the city of churches. The score in the Haubaur-Pinkham match stands 2-1 and 2 drawn In the latter's favor. The three leading scores among the clevein competitor. in the championship tourney at the home clab are: 'Farrel, 6-; Knight, 9-8, and Gwyer, 8--. West Virgini reitdes. The democratic state committee met at ar kersburg, W.Va., an Thursday and decided to hold the state convention to nominate candi dates for governor and other state oelcrs 4 Parkersburg July 27. June 1 was eslected as the day on which theoongresionaldistrietcon ventions will meet to elect delegates to the na tional convention at Chicago. It was devel. oped at the meetang that ei-Senator J. N. Cam den is a candidate for the United States Senate to succeed Senator Faulkner and the katter mefas a cadidateforeectn. rm nthe cotee between teCamen anI Camden factious, which came near dierupa the democratic party in West Virginia Ii S The senatorisi contest is likely to absorb quite as much astention among the democrata as the matter of carrying the state for the demo crt talndidate. The leaders ex themselthe as confident of their *bl1 fightte are es unwe toe maka Jarred Repnay and was ?vv.t.e. While the German emperor wa. 'eking his usual drive In Berlin last Saturday a eareles sitisen had the misfortat. let his vehlelseot Uide with the kalsur's earriags. Iheugh no damsage worth mentioning was doe to the royal equipage the police lest no time in ar reeling the unlucky aman who had occasioned even a slight inconvenienes to the monarch, wth harlent's dea, di nme eto the arrest until Wednesday. He at ence or dered the arrest to be canceled and caused the police to be notified that he was satisfied that oca~ dby the slip ery codtion cet A commi-sion et nine railroad sperte has been investigating at PittsbnrgPa., the suject of electrical traneportaties as applied to rail roads. The sommssilearepresupto theNerthern Pacific, Wiscon Central and ether reade. The mssaers viied the Edisoa- werke, me Th=ma-Honstee weeks at LnMeas, and then spent two days at mhe Weiig ee e at Pittsburg. The result et their abrwhich baye been concluded, and the ionnes et the ralod hy rereu yer e slsyrevealed by sema. Eninee : Ibeee tim hemtien sach eas thins eac eari en mets. hplm sseto epr.'dwt."..t'""--. mani et the eat wil bemmersies . I dsn't se why slsek I' otdsgas wlnlo weh h-memat themf'i wEh fth tadessse of ebisn edaeqonte me Q ?. 3. Usper, a Uemer cf Tgetw. Vs., deed Ime weh ape, asks. uer nae.e ha eah he tued to ta s -es ese6 ha asy usse an e to m. iead DUopga U he esea be ban m mheenses eEhsa an to -. me wegn iniad vanmm as -~s wausen mamaod me lifow M w ho., 010se bw a estms of FoemAta nm~~ muAmow Or MIAKADL3 O auvity in e new Tat meu ...bs Oem n e s res"t of 0e euueenl" in e newspaPers. The aet estema on 00 mud peg, at Ce of s great mepoesa dee h"t SMday WIN aemuely ened WtM brief adver "emntin wash print for hm and. and wives Meaed. N. smistae was palo"e as I* do neemean of amey of thee appeek bum per am a om ftr mae prlermeem, te Mad meld not but be .mstiked as the am ber of "reaed,"l "hande.e," '%memgat. "wealthy* aad otherwise destuble gentieme. 1ed ladi.s dedrern of eoring partses in MIO, MIST an Te ama eomeas her Omape one advedher, a -theugh e highly edueanted and Wamed gemeea., tirty ,eare of age and having emenelet psiiae," t dires to this method esemtisg the equaint. mm for matrimonial e a --good looking young lady mke a cheerful boom. A getemawho *anoye himmer" uspremes anxiety to becom aequainted with "a.en5and dusUaguhhed lady who dade her in same peition." Anether nfor gu who ams himself "Anglessas."says y: "A sweet deipee.om, intelligent, practiCal, age thirty, brunette beauty, height ag Avg feert seven ineso-ch is my E1 .atd to mark I would prom a true, Worthad devoesd hubead." ORTAL 3UAWAi CAMIn. Not ISO desperate in his Imaging is "Tet Poor," who eselaima: "A-erican lady I Can ye ieas a young straer's intene ambi Me? Can yeu adity his long for ad eated and intelligent eompani= ? If m. I want to know you." A handaes gentlemma. afty-four years of age and grel estate worth @10000, desires to 'wed lady who would appreciate him and him basaful ome." Not less distrsa is the Case of & "7Ug bachelor. *Rely Cal independent. and tired of club life., who "desires to entertaia lady or amiable wealthy widow. Only moral earneotness." be thoUghtfUll adds, "abold reply. Address spreme.' NATURAr. A" AceraMs A3?aAO. Not a few O1 these gentlemen who adverdes pOsess advantage., natural and acquired, which might reasonably entits them to the af fection of the reined and often wealthy ladles Whom they seek in matrimony. At ie very top of the column referred to appears the petition of an "Amesican genteman of meane, god fmil about thirty, dash, Oas appear Sace, 0 at education fond of dancing, al outdoor awrte, music "A art; mUl-made, re nem mam, with large prectical experience mn red s ate matters," who wishes to form a unien witha yong lady who he "pleck enough fi reply, stating eempleZi, height, weig ad mocia 8ta6=n. Another haam men of thirty, worth .0,.. who h. e m.is fortune to 'lek lady aeg-an----- - eelets this method of seulang a apprtaruty for marrying -Iad. of .sod meoa sanding ad poWmeng at least a e amout.' who are r quested to Mend Rhotograpbe; "highest Referenes guarantse.' to coanunroaN, wrT IaMasmeuT is View. A "young mea In the liquar busimess" says frankly that, If he had e opportunty, he "wudmarryalady f .m ee.." mere =,= : askspokey aWll se trua lady or widow, about thirty, of rened Iste, genial, .l. dispoiton .Ad .mp mean, lay aside atiquetn ad corrempond with subecriber, with view to honorable mar rings?" Another advertimer, who has evidently mos his amity, print@ In the same column a commauiOnton to her maying, "Nature has been so lavis that you need no extra car or crown, for that matter." wHaT TKa LAaI35 aRW3ne . On the other hand there are a great many ladle. of exceptional attemagoan and frequently large eem= who are equally anions to seemo matrimonial Opportunities. One "eultured widow, thirty-ax years of age, and independ ently itsted," expresses a wish to meet a "re ined gentleman" who will marry her. One "reined youg widow" ad another "hand eme young widow with artistic taste" seek the "cngenial companionh 'ofgentlemeaat "wealth and good breeding. An "honorable gentleman of meas" is asked to "ss a young lady In studying musis." Another "at trative and honorable lady" prm- to "p preciatselight aesistanes from an elderlY mananous gentleman of s- trier. One cannot help sympathsing with the case of a "fair brunette," who "wmes em friendship and help of a good man," ad the me may be said of a "beautiful, cultured girl, whe ned the asietance ef a redned tlemas or omie permanent work." , intne a 'lady having a young lady friend from the ountry, very fond Of mues, would lke fi eet a gentlema who would amist her to a Musical education." From much a casmual Pmal of a clauma WOk. this one readily percves that in the metre politan wilde of New York city opportuni-s for segial sequaltence bhetween e esea. ad particularly roe marrige,NAre very far ftm be mg equal to the demand, even a mice-4king gap of kind temper" being driven tthnavertiig method of -eurn an - treduction to a "y eng indy wd6 whom requires for a partnar m EMNAN NATWaN, A Neadme Tisme WIth I and Oa a Ltine gates va. hema d Demfte PseM. There mm a men at As Wahme depot te eter afternoon who teek a z host of hi vest poebet and apread M eet ens knee and attentively ememined It. Thea he teek it over to the wlndew nd held It tea ane e glea and on..ned it stBi mere eribsily. Thea he wont back ts hIs esat and emid teeth ma on him right, who had beemeek nterasted, to gether with half a den.a ethers: "Well, thep say there hem get to bea a t time wish everybody, but I teught I hod traveled far enoagh tout may eye teeth.'. "Get sek, oh?' queried e other me he reached for the bitL "Wel, ys are et e muck to blamse. That hatei paety waM getten up" like a genuine gremback Sm yeu?" "N-a, it doeen't,though I cheuld never have tpidtofeselof it. I eama enew Ga it te uhrand osareer." * Te might have passed e f on me Sm nthht" maid a msead ama who teak e bill, "but never bj daylight. I he.5 ave spotted It at e. "Preuty well essuted, ime'st e" queeme "I don't think em. The iake eami wee not Seatelms and e peaing is bad. I ei tell it was qeer, Oven if held eat at ase' ""l-ameet,.ebr--de third..a me b. toek the bill Sm be hads. 'Wa me, I am that pet elens-p ety vee '. d a lakes tha bit asywe enea." --If..-mehdy dint tah....m r...d-..oil ama with a pet steel-bemed speetememe on, as he Jendthe gek"the emonteseetee meulda' ake a ving m ee ,ie of "Are yeseaa' ma imei" denmedel em haes.7",e '8"'d" a am ra ...looaat eb..k .f tT'n oeue,.,.. Where'd usa get iti" "ca'st ern, nime sepsd e..... -WhaSe mes g gte4.wSh lair he a tews eee e some and em the L th ten - t sepeami a nsesmer a egon te end. It es eme n thoe e mede r Q en aana ~a.. a memma wm U~m ggg memne 1me v or IRS VEa o Wasem eaLarasoo =UTman am new m anm assa izaftpama"Tftat 4 ?33s 619-48 Samenasaa seem 4W assase. No eter sort of creature oVer hetso up tersess a history as the toe A. Naey it discovered whem it disappeared eem nw of the earth, su amereas 6ebi Aenered apparently extinct by se umbasem and well-nigh inexplicable calassey. ge hope is felt by chthyelogists that the opti will yet prov t have had ese few serle whose pregy wl retkek the i in bs prestable to the Ashermen. Net ieg eg the United staes 16% commikes 10 earsestly with hook g epsbas ft the neighborheod vhf tir kind fermerly *esopied, but witheut catchIng a single et, The probablity sems to be that them luse, lng animal has been emtireh' eatlrpated, nme single member of the famikLy rmnaMing. Tam TILz Fam, but for the dme-ter which destroeed it % would have shortly preved one of the msest u itable food ebs in the eestal wastes ot go Atlantic. In weight it ran frfm &ve to pounds, and the few pereons who had thees fortune to rarthe ofit as a dio. found it wee derfally d ose 6ous an-or It was colored. beang of a>ae vinet hue so the Sh and whitah ott e beliv. wth markingeed light yellow. 1'P to 1 79 at never swass sehnee been seem or heard of Ila rithater.m May. a schooner called the Iutckings tem engaged in "trawling" for cod asuth tof eon tucket Island. A "trawl" is aline from haIf mile to three miles loug, with hook all it at intervals of a few feet, which is = buoy andsaer. thize fabermen guhf ns it every few hours mad wnbouking 0 Ash %hich have been attracted by the boits a" booked themselves. The method is not Very sportsman-like, but it is proftable. On the occaasim referred to the schooner seeftisse caught on it@ trawls 5.000 pouds of as WD knows dab, which proved to be new to esasea. Most of them were thrown away. but em were Isken to Glouceater and smoked. 1e Saw EweLaD wan. Injluy, 1879. smre tie Ash werefhM ettal Knee, by a schooner named the Fvjmd, wbi trying for cod, and in 189 and 1863, eWe en agedin extring the sea betem off Ne the a comnuissiee steamer Fish eaptured specime-ns on several oua . The discovery an apparet aban e of a now a as of large aim was regarded by Pref. Bardas of great amportance. Unfortemassly before the Jroet" investigations .= 11ee it could 6be the dmater h 11ms Or D&aD n fa. In 1 arek and April, 182, vessels m Philadelphia, New York and Bease reperted having passed large mumbers of dadamd d fish sattered over am area-fmanysea. nme were ascertained to have been seedy e, b end it son became eppirst that a v" ft straction of the had takea plaine these as board of mny saling craft stating tha had sailed for from forty toa ma m floating fish. One ch er Pe r me less than 150 miles through water eheed an far as the eye could reach with dying 1mhes. Frm ereful esapetations it wee fIOWn h mm aea of between S.e and TuI eqase mees was so thickly covered with these Sway Ise that their number must have eseed one billio. No sigs of disease nor *a I ft the fish brought in for examaitio sest a canes for the calamity, and varios eeme tures were brought forward on the Sjec% among others a 'osaible eruption of a eshma rnee voicano e theory s accpted Water on that in &A likelihood an unusual lowering 4C temperature in the warm belt of deep waser occupied by the tUle 6s kiled them. AS e events the species was readered eaddesi esm ict. AL IAMOrO t"aToesa. A low days age a huge tortoise feaohed te smithonian institution addressed to O8test egiet Lucae by whom it was killed, being mot quite Ae&4 and prepared for ____ is ame all the way froth the Galapagos and deserved to be regarded w a valueee curiosity, owing to the fact that very few of these monster land turtles now servaiv, te eoces being peculiar to the group -e-as-ad of the west coast of touth America. 1Te Galapagos archipelago, compr isms 1f teen small islands which lae directly on Gm equator was se named by the thpaiiards as te sixteeil Century an account of the wondeiss number of buge black tortaises fond there. This group was found by Peef. Agamis to eme tain an extraordinary fauna, sot less tem twenty different amals being discovered there which were makUonwa elen here in the serd. Most interesting of them were the big some of which attained a weight of nea L pounds. There were several atespe each being confined to a single island. I hey are vegetbe feeders, living largely on susoulees eeses, which serves the double purpose ot feed a4 drink. bein very fend of fresh wetme tsy make lotg prmages to reac the wa eO the heigh slands. taveliag day d might at the rate of three or four as how. Ths In te course of sMuturim regnier reads have besm made by them to and frem go springs, and is Won tonellwing anw WS. travelad paths from Coa wiha the m isrde firt came across the watring pl T= OLa&Pase reutesme are thoaght to be entirely deaf, 20bao 1 Me even of the eport of a gue, these atnee furnism en IdmI fiv9esteck hgr sogg pirposee, wequiring betste eare and rean fat wIthet feed for sewartd mente, seerSW ingly whaling and -thsr vesels have fr years been aceusteseed to eatch great nms of the turtles for fresh previsseas. A s ship has beem knewn to take away as ~ a N- at os timse. Peter tois'J er7y eoror whalsre -amn visited the Wastmd, m several salnese o ethe emfertmanse were carried of. sel mhih and lse kms thsre wa no In eneh ag voaeeman see vses meat. In100 the gevemasses t of Umier e lshd a penal esaey e-on of the he which rebed putascipaly upom a thest*e hr fiesh ameet. Laege membeerso et ns were 4se medoer b sft,.., ees e dsa u for and deveer as sa s hatehed. ase~ maie are knewn Se live Se agete.oepri ma ha a eoede l ever th entiely esiact. adtebeagatspasseoet em in Manritises Vamnek the diseseer of Mm dede, feumd -sa thsse whnich were e that ei me.s suel be easted in s ingle Anethr amt seneimse that 2,000 or IUo them ems seems -n s emedece, baem an a remendy or ema peemes~ 4 A very ba See se.my behe esa M dyhn emd Seededthme emit mneaese of Sm. ford, Om. nhe reseeing wie... aatens eebyside et eqealma i Sne -~ meisaaa dane. or mere B h e aeher -e een a bisa Esem emimmelse meb he a edSeb eh te smtas oe te sed ee amem *,nsse 'e"''". .eh ||3bsU a rase egeiyat . ~ Uslt m a sek b, nd