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VIEW FROM PASSEO
THE JARDIN BOTANICO A V .t to . AMU Ga.. of THE ROYAL PALACE OF RIO. *rees That Are Wel Worth the tmeg Jew aey to lEek Vpre-Mauy Public and Pri vaue me-tiuttese Which Are aoed an the Rnesses flee Thse Ihem The Stae Trasettar Commiin* r. Rio na JAmano. April 20. 1892. HE VERY FIRST DAY of leisure which a stranger in Rio can And should be devoted to the world renowned bo tanical garden., which lie about seven mtiles southwest from the city. * The ride thereto, which 4 no mall part of the pleasure of the excur sion. occupies an bour each way, and the cost by tramway is 1.800 reil tor the round trip-a great big roll of Brailisa bill., or hat full of the poeleroes coins of the country, but in reality just go cents as we Americana reekon money. At the crowded starting point-corner the Rims do Onvidor and Gowealves Dine-among the multitude of car painted in all the colors of the rainbow, be sure to take the one with the green dashboard, marked "Jardiu Botanico." It runs over the eldest tramway line on the southern continent -built in 1M7 by a company from the United State. and owned and operated by them until witin the last ten rear-which connect@ the capital with several important suburban dis trivia. Immanedistely we And ourelve. whirled into a 'oint of interest"-tbe small square known asla da Carioes fros the reservoir on its aouthern side, which in supplied from the (bioea mcountains by mean of the old reser voi. Always a scene of bustling activity, this sumsa piafa was one the most crowded in Rio became the whole population were compeiei to send here for water until the present system of house distribution, and soldiers were con stantly on duty to preserve order at the reser voir. That great building on the western side of the square In the hos tal of the oldest lay brotherhood in the city- Ordea Terceira de fan Francisco da Penitencia of the older branch of Francss, founded in 16f. Only the two AEV3 or noyar. Pa. apper Goor are aued for hospital purposes, and the well-kept grounds are adorned with a pro fuetos of statuary. This brotherhood owns a t deal of valuable property in and around .r hich he largely used for charitable pur pose. behind the reservoir a pave.l court leads to a manire. irregular pile of bmlings-thcir od momaster. which lately pased into the sevsisn of the state. and is now used as a r rack for regular troops. Their church is the a11t pictsursq nind mark of the neighbor hood. crowning a hill back of the reservoir and rearhed by a broad daght of stone steps. termi nating in a terrace. It wa built about the year 1780. and, though now falling into decay. was emee eebeated for the elegmnce of its decoes tions. a snout or wuar~w nvriijrtes, dtust beyond is an interesting group of pub. fe buildinage- the national printing offiee, the splendidt Theater de Dorn Pedro Segundo, and acrme. the street the Liceu do Artes e Officio. or Fehmol of Arts and Trades. The latter is the mass pro~greaive eduncational institution In the city a amechanics' night school. founded abot forty yeas ago, and since 1%5 sustained ban antnl "suabiention" from the govern masn. 1' was dte-igned for' the devehsspme-nt of me secuial and art industries, ands in lui~ an amanes for femae was opened. The teachers give. their service, andI instruection is gratuitous. P'ensn.as-hip. msathema:tic'. phyics. chemi~stry, maechanical andl architectuir-d drawing ad yariot" other brnche< nre ta'tght. to. which asu-ie bus been added for the girls. It a. really one osf the mnot intercating and mcceee..ful schools of it.s kind to be fonud in any eunry. Nowe a or car turns into the- litif L.argolda Mae dlo Bis "-square of the linihop's Mloher" -so nansed because. the mosther of the Srst nativec bishop (Ca..tello P~Lmco. 1774.) lived in a housc hereabouts. To the lkit of its cen Sr=l f .untain a steep street lead, up to the Epia eolsal sninary. Mao tbaauaan Church and eetler i:G ereL ing pLaces on Castle flill. and on te right. facing Evarsto da riga street, is the Englsh t hurch -the oldest Protestant sanc tuary in all Souzth America. It wka constructed nuder the provbiins of the treaty of 1810, which sipulatedI that it shoukd use no belle and kees time ont- ide- appeama~ce of a private house. nd. standing somea dia4tance bock from the street. .'urroundedl by a high iron paling, a stranger wudld nolr dreamu that iti.4 h church. It was cosm: let in 15fiL andl is now calledi Christ Church. though oirigin~ally dedlicated to St. George, the patrout saint ssf Englandl. ranS ekso John the ia tet. a s elicate comapliment to King John VI. the reigning Lurtugnuee rover e . Timme was when .. diuty of N ~r cent was inmpussed on all flrish- increhau '.e im ported Into Isra xit two-thirdr- of which revenue west to the llritivh c'wmnoLate ands the remaining tird was devotedl o "pi.'nm anda car~itable er puses." which included the, original cost ofthe eher&. Bunt for many years it hoe bees wholly Tmdt apue local revenues. A SEtu, way beyond is one of the largest and ugliest structures in Bi.-the Ajuda annwey, which ecpse. nealy a whole block. It be lougs toe nodesr of Francisean naus and uan founaded shout two eenturiss and a qurter ao Stranger. generally asitake the od le $ra peniteattary. ad It locks a good Asal more be a lae of penehment for the wicked then tev tar, abods of velignss devotees. Oaiv too of the. Ajadh sas are now living. and when those aged seees di. the peoperty-which is one of the am.,t desirable and valuable in the .metryv-ut a tate the hads of the gor ersetThe lae~so'smethersad sime 1ser bured us the chapel of his eeureat, as wa she Primece= lesbel's lrst hors, agr. These is oudy mse other =====a-y I. the city the Conveut. d. lost. Theesa, meth depe of ata Thesea hIM. oewroei~ loweraday and entraesse. It hss to about 17lS by a deoetee named destth, who paeedd nel her rene to perebm a ehenera e ., te whih she ad hasr sister entrd Thi enen neve pr nitted to reseive mesa tha m ammsm at * tie-igtee et the 6h~ yeS sad th ato as w~in The l .sadames mee 39, an - ek he -- edan U Qsena .0 PUBLICO TERRACE. Hving. When they die their sledi propet will also reert to the state. Turning sharply to the right tramway ead. into the broad, weilp d Bu do Pmoio and rum ont Rio de Janeiro' favorite be garden. t" Passelo fblico." Oulya fme of its central lawn and shady paths can beob tained from the street, but i the 2a6. at tractive resort in the ityv, the oldest, having been opened to the exact one hundred and ten years ago. of its o features have disappeared, but It stil some of the characteristic beauties designd by its founder, the Viceroy Luia do Vaseoesieag. On its sidetfacing the bay is an enormous mar ble-paved. vlevated terrace. from which may be obtained a magnificent view of the lower be and harbor entrance. Its garden is filled wit the choicest native and exotic trees and shrubs, and whether strolling through its shaded pqtbs in the day time or by alight, or lio"-nto pons crowde terrace in the evening, the Passeo Publico is a place not soon to be for gotten. Opposite its entrance is a street which was formerly named "The Street of Fine Nights." because on al moonlitevenings Viceroy Vasconcellas used to pass through it on his way to spend an hour in the garden. Facing it I also the department of Justice. the Camino and the national library standing side by side. Tn LAP cuuncu A." CONYIET. Now we come to the Largo da Laps-the LApa church and Carmelite convent on the left, on the right the famous arches of the Caricoa aqueduct, the Freitas Hotel in front and the big bronze fountain of the new water works occu pying the center of the square. Here the street ascends and affords a charming view of the bay and Gloria hills, covered with handsome rest deaces and crowned with a pretty octagonal church, which the imperial fmily used to fre quent. At its foot is an untidy public garden and beyond the garden is a large, square edifice which was built for a market, but is used se a tenement for the poor and is said to shelter a thousand people. Now we enter the Bue do Cattete. as the beginning of which stands a large, oe-etoried private house, built in the Italian style and backed by extensive garden. At each end of it are two small, square open courts with spiral stairs leading to the en trances, within which are two marble ball players, who seem to be tossing a ball over the bouse t. It w built by a Brazilian capi talist is known as the -"Palacete Cornelio." Just beyond is the "Palacete" of the Baron do Nova Friburgo, the richest private house in Rio, built of marble imported from Lisbon and adorned with carvings. intings and statuary. Beyond the pretty litl public garden known as Iargo do Machado the tramway divides; and again. a couple of blocks further on near the new Methodist Church, it divides again, usher ing us at length into one of the most pitur esque streets in the world-the semieircular Praia do Botafogo, with beautiful residences on one side, the quiet lake-like bay on the other, with encircling hills and mountains and aven ea of royal palms. To the left is the round topped liorroda Viu crogned with a reser voir; beyond, the ty Sugar Loaf, with a military barrack on its outside base. approach able only by water. In a gap of the hills on the right are the Vermelba fortifications and military school. built upon the site of the rst Portuguese settlement in Brazil. and down on the beach is the great Pedro decond Insane Asylum and the medical college. All along the Praia do Botafogo are many notable private houses, beginning with that of the Barao de Cattete and ending with the residence of Mr. Andrew Steele, one of Rio's oldest and most respected foreign merchants. There are houses of marble and stone, and of blue white and Yellow porcelain tiles, inlaid in qunt devices. 'ere are grounds decorated with polished globes of blue, green and yellow glass to mirror the world as it by; huge gateways, guarded by carved d ons and lions, and moist walls overrun by blossoming creepers-.v where a riot of vegetation and a wealth of wli liant coloring. TIM COLOSsAL MEMCsAc. By and by the city street becomes a country road and we come nearer and nearer to Corco vado, the eolossal "Hunchback," till at lengthit seems to stand directly over us, a sheer preci ice of rock towering skyward 2,000 fet. iWding around the edge of a small salt Jake Lagos Rodereigo de Frietes, which is sep ted from the Atlantic only by a narrow sand -- we see on the right hand many interesting old Portuguese estates. laid out in terraces and winding path. up the hillsides and ornamented with statuary and tropical shrubs." Directly in front rises the distant, square-toped Gavis, lifting its weather-beaten face 3,0 feet alpve the valley, the seaward-looking peaks. of Mn Iramos and the green mountains of Tijuca. Soon the lake becomesa brackishawamp,where wild birds arm p n; then a jungle, where wild Rowers perfume the air; then the country road changes to a lane barely wide enough for the ear track and runs into what appears to be a thicket of wild bamboo and banana, in the midst of which a little fodita (restaurant) is set on one side and a very tal iron fence on the other. Here we alight at a ponderous gateway in the Iron paling and And ourselves at once in amany-yiarsd marble-paved room, with mar be ranged around its ides, where visi tore may ait while waiting for the return car, which passes every twenty aminutes on the way back to town. This is the vestibule or entrance to the famous Jardim Batanico, and 'aen through it one stopa amazed at the first sighte the world-renowned avenue of royal palms, which begins at this gate and stretches away acro,.s the garden to the foot of the mountain, a distance of half a mile or more. It is ips sible to give in words any Idea of the mgil cence of this living, arborescent gallery, which surpasses anything of the kind on the face of heand is worth coming all the way to to seen colonnade of natural Corinthian columns whose graceful bright green caiutola seem to support a prinof the blue dome that arches abv.As one looks down the lon vista of cohema straight, firm and smooh as though carved in stone, a dim vision of some Egtemple rises to the imagination-one, as i.f mon arch. bad been drawn up .n line to do him homage or sif heohad been translated to another sphere and * this verdant gallery must lead to a mnason of the gods. Thie most blase traveler walks in silence between the towering ranks, imupresned too del for words---as at the Airst view of Nigra snow-topped mutiof a grand cathedral and other nights whichbrn the souls of impressionable people to tni knees, whatever may be the attitude of their bodes TUB ATUNUU or PAes - To come down to Iguree, there are 13 of those noble trees, the pulma real (Oresdoxa regia), planted thirty feet apart is a double row, inclosing a wide gravel pt.The palm have an averange height af eihyfeet and an average diameser at the base of three fest; their trunkse bare grown as. straight as a plmline and their lines are as reuuas a satasial device could ake itas igh up in the air I beir enormous feathery tufts are in a ep l tremar. aken by every breath of at. As a applropriate setting to these msrseto nature the garenis smrrounded by tewilest et tropical scenery. letween the giat trunka you leek upward to to thesea, erame yea antlty har. A shorter alley of pameresses the main en near its 'einip tutwo femig a g aWs cross. About miwydown th aveme Is a fountain, and here etber avemes, serles 'sdd branch of at right angles, wt msango trees (Manevim.), whosseu -r-. -nre trnk and dense, itds folag woukd elena ditinuihis - above any other. Bet after the seem of -eesy~a rears eme aad ens is tdypaa o Jusie t watis prehably th e sese of trqpieal loa in the wodi. Thesems of cansme and edre tasses et sesmh fros Chima and Jaamrtrees ad als p-e and * phr resses, rd "eeuasblhs butr" hug eree thme Jam, tha lik. the etab eft he theater. and aeen emotis, Obm es Mseo sits to be ettset amesehs et he m Afriaes s asfsa bave temda h insse in.t Urmeneat. e bseml W~.T~ es the pss a lwdssu sme -se eae a a welt ssss d p-tim These es "easeih h~ to new sepeisee. Theuadm ma 0 diero esty at eb'hss ofa spogha lietyB e4 ine som si to in __ otb 6MeIhedb to i - twobs basity, wnder wh64e m a ~ 616 00 nno VA, aasoteete m e Vede a g w e Norma aoOa 0a h as bek a ho o In ser -a -- asweB as No U046e W bowbs 4".m i1 wusone be m -Br - 6.W. "Jes'm Dalsoa," wMekhe as arhal ia the weuld. No iastr hew hat the ty.many be in town ad the iese and fvebeig gu im sa and smea, one my always e cut hare and "d quiet, oase and pse air. the n am eam travese a - tose te w fo of the Go"=s ,their mashs a 93W rood sg up the 1 bl to a breenyP eallod*" da ]me ta," whoesn some viewmy he ebbI'ed.B.Ana xxwu iuom 1Ramp31le. Death t a Memssable Man-WM Mahibis a the Wt--Neb. am'mm etf The Evsein Star. Faasarca, 3m., May in, 1613. PIWp RAech, the oldest citizen of Frederick, died yesterday at the home of his daughter. Mrs. A. . De Lasumatt, South Market street, in his ainety4fth year. He had been sek about one month, and only a few days before his at l ne had walked out to one of his fetus in the county, a distaues of four miles, and back again. He retained remarkable physical and mental vigor all his life, and was a man of many notable characteristics. He was born in Frederick in 1797, and was a son of John Reich, whose ancestors came to this country from Alsace, Germany, about 1760, settling irst in Lancaster, Pa., and afterward moving to this county. He was a member of the committee to receive the Marquis de Lafayette upon the occasion of his visit to Frederick in 1825, and Lafayette took a great liking to him. When the great Frenchman re turned to his own country Mr. Reich sent him some seed sugar corn, which Lafayette intro duced into France and afterward wrote to Mr. Reicb expressing his gratitude for the gift. Mr. Retch know nany of the early statesmen of this country and was well acquainted with Hery Clay. His remarkable memory was stored with instances of the war of 181, the Mexican war and the civil war, and he was upon all occasions an interesting talker. He was married in 1829 to Miss Rebeeca Ayers of Virginia, and shortly after the civil war they moved to Frederick. where Mr. Reich died in 1870. Mr. Beich was a man of abstemions habits, did not chew, smoke or drink, and attributed his l life partly to that fact. Frederick is 'ng unusually active preper ations p be represented at the world's fair at Chicago in 1893 and wi occupy a pae in the Maryland building with an exhibit tat will no doubt be a great credit to her people. On Tuesday next Mrs. William Reed Baltimore and Mrs. Frank Thomson of Mt. Savage. repre senting the ladies' auxiliary commi'sion of Maryland for the fair, will visit Frederick s the guests of Mrs. John Ritchie, who has re cently been appointed lady commisioner for this county, with Misses Ellenore Tyler and Marie Diehl as assistants. It has been arranged to accord them a reception at the Frederick Female Seminary in the evening, when an ad dress will be delivered by Mrs. Reed setting forth the objects of the commission and giving some plans whereby Frederick can accomplish Its do&* to show off well at the t exposi tion. Mr. Joseph D. Baker of Frerick is one of the members of the board of world's fair commissioners for Maryland appointed by Gov srnor Frank Brown. The Frederick City shoe factory was sold re cently by the receiver, Col. Chas. E. Trail, to the Farmers and Mechanics' National Bank of Frederick for 04,100, and now an effort is being made to revive the factory and put it in opera Mion under new management. It was estab lished about a year ago at a cost of about 917,000, but through alleged bad management lost a great deal of money and was Anay com pelled to appoint a rece ver. The young ladies of the Frederick Female geminay are prepari for the annual com mencement exerciaes of t old and honored Institution of learning, which take place this ear on Thursday morning, June 9. There will an elocutionary contest on Monday evening of the same week and closing day exercises on Wednesday morning. There are twelve gradu ates this year. and they are: Misses Harriet B wel, Nellie Getzendanner, Elizabeth Ho, Grace Houck Anna Hoke, Lena Kohlenburg, are Meeteer, Alice Routyvohn, Edith Ititce Grace Radcliffe, Emma Wertheimer wad Hadie Witkowski. The Confederate Memorial Association of Frederick has arranged to hold its annual deco ration day services on June 9,at 3 o'clock in the mfternoon, and will hold appropriate exercises in Mount Olivet cemetery A number of interestg sales of city prop arty have been made in Frederick recent Mr. Win. P. Maulsby, Jr., has bought for $7.0 the home of the late John Kunkle, on West C:hureh street; Dr. F. B Smith has bought a handsome proprty on Id street for $6,000, and Dr. F. F. Smi has sold his perty on East ld street for 04.500 to Mrs. L. Jarboe. The Misses Houck have just had erected on North Market street, at a cost of about 080,000, a handsome brown-stone residence. The republicans of Frederick will meet Fri bay to mabe prarations for the municipal sletion, which w be held on June 27. They will nominate either Win. H. inks or M. I. Woodward for mayor, and hope to elect three of the Ave aldermen. F. McKL PLUCEY EDITOrM MOsLY. we seftsed to Reveal an O9ce Seeret and Stie Peple Steed by Nima. MUsk excitement has prevailed in ssau, New Providence, as a result of the las prisonmsent of Mr. E. A. Mosely, editor of the Nassau Ouardian, by Chief Justice Yelver ton for contempt of court In refusing to dis close the authorship of an anonymous letter which was published in is newspaper. A public meeting was called to take action in the premises. Resolutions were adopted de nouncing the action of the chief justice, and a deputation was appointed to wait upon the governor, Sir Ambrose Shea, to request Mr. Mosely's' relase. The governor, who realized that the situation was critical, seceded to the demands of the people and released the editor after an Imprison ment of thirty hours. Mr. Mosely was escorted In triumph by the people from ail to his reel dence. In the evening there was a great demonata tion at the perk, at which free xpednwas gIven to the Indignation created bythe action of the chief justice and to thstisfetion caused by the prmtness of the gvernor In rea hep dio, vindicat free speech. Fireworks ware set of and there was geneal rejoicing. Enigtstato thse Golden Eagle. The Supreme Castle, Knights of the Golden Eagle, In session at Atlantic City, ha elected the following supreme oeers for the enaning year: Supreme chief, Ernst H. Koch. Connecti cut; vie chief, Charles H. Mitchell, Ohio; high priest, Lyman P. Lewis, Mamcehusetts; master et records, William Culbertson, Pensyvania; hoeper ofexcheurTmthy caty had; gv~vaaihra l, Jaob r .ter second guardsman D. E. Aams, Indias a a D.Whitfor ~a - For the next piee of metnBaltimes wee chs.A screfor lle(teknights' wives Meawy FlRe to n tweap. Deher acea e Antwerp hae aSdd, with Nahities of $1,USa,as The ts.r, which isattributed to the de.m inmsatsef ~~eaehaags, e amed saishe kMe--.M. stemaina sk. LEROSY AfD TPIUS Mu. Febt by the Owmim B. *pding Two FearMd Dimm REPORTS FROM CONSULS DOm-ma by Umeset Uhh.eWhsu Ne -adn Lessesy Rep bae-i Nmas et Eapsus na Aet - * n .w.&--& -amsa @p d by Pfsee Plgrines-Wesk et me BEESTAntIBaNuRWT of a atiaml leprosy beplbl is provitd for by a bil tihdwll be . introduced in ts Co disease Is at reetex eiting the alarmed at tention of the federal health authoritiss. It is very much more con Mon in the United states than is generally imagined, becase local ofic ias customarily ignore and even comec cases unless compelled by public clamor to take action. This they do for the reason that they know not how to dispose of them. A diseov ered leper is always a terror and a burden In a community. No state has an institution for lepers, and those aifileted with the complaint are usually hidden away under conditions of extreme wretchedness to themselves. It is ase serted on competent authority that lepers exist today in every good-sized city in the country. There has been much dispute as to whether or not leprosy is contagious, but ther is no doubt whatever of the fact that it spreads wherever sufferers are not carefully isolated. It is making very rapid progress in Havana, where lepers commonly appear on the streets and handle the same filthy paper currency that forms the circulating medium among their healthy fellow citizens. Serious concern -is felt by this government respecting the rev lence and spread of leprosy in neg rZ countries, as reported recently by Uni States consuls in response to a reques for in formation issued bSeretary Blaine. These reports areas yet withheld from publication for reasons of international policy. THE FIXOx a or WAANING. The finger of warning is pointed toward the United States of Colombia. Leprosy was un known among the aboriginal inhabitants, the first case recorded being that of a Spanish priest in 16". Since then the disease has spread slowly over the country. During the last twenty years, however, its advance in all directions has been rapidly accelerated end to day hardly a populated localit remains unin fected. The pe are rdly becoming a population of lepers. It' is mid that one out of every ten inhabitants of the departments of Santander and Boyaca has the disease. This estimate would place the total number of lepers in that section of Colombia alone at 100,000. The most conservative estimate sets it at 30,000. The immigration law framed by the last Con gress, in directing the marine hospital bureau to make sanitary examinations of all immigrants to the United States, named leprosy in partic ular as a disease tobe carefully excluded. Most victims of it who come here are from South American and Cuban ports. Another source of dread, imminent this year, in the 'fmine Jever," as typhus is called in Rmuisi where tie disease is familiarly known as the of starvation. Imniiata, as well sall vesels from that part of tworld, will be closely watched. At the suggestion of the sur neral in charge of the marine hwpi the Secretar, of State has ad dressed a circular letter to all the United States consuls at ports in the ozar's dominions asking for special reports respecting ty us. The re pnonses thus far received indite that, al though the complaint has reached several of the rtsom the stricken districts, not one of points is in direct communication by steam or sail with America. Of course the fever may arrive from agy of them at ay time indi rectlv as was the case the other da with the Massiia, which brought infected erew pas sengers to New York from Odessa by way of Marseilles, starting a small epidemic in the metropolis. Fortunately, while no known dis ease is more fearfully contagious, typhus is easily stamped out by proper mnltar masure The consuls have been = =ep this government advised by cable as to the progress of the disease in Russia. A saNrrAar FENcE. To keep out the dangerous diseases which are constantly threatening to invade the country from all quarters Unel? Sam is compelled to surround his wide domain with a sanitary fence that is made as im n as p le. He is obliged always to keep w h eyeupon the orient, where is the breedin place of a plague never com lately exti uh, which needs onya-a, to kindle it into a destructive and epidemic. The Persian gulf and Bed sea are two wide gateways which the cholera may at any time invade from Asia through the ottoman empire. I be easy for the great powers to shut these gates by strict quarantine and do away with this dan ger to the health of the civilized world; but, notwithstanding many discussions of the sub ject, they have never been able to come to an areement amng themselves o the poin eommeree.forthesak ofwhich she isalways will ing to sacrifice everything, even to decency and good morals. So the regulations in this read are left to be amninistered by corrupt Turkh oflicials, who never hesitate to convert a threat endeidebmeic noa oe o f revenuefo pie who will pay for bigrelieved from inspec tion and detention. Cholera in the east is lreya matter of re ligion. It is spread byfiiriswh oure from India and elsewhere in southern Aaas well as from northern Africa, to Mecca., vr good Mohammedan is obliged once in his life tine to make a pilgrimage to Mecca. The rich among the faIthful go yearly to the holy city. 'Those who die en route are assured of eternal salvation, which accounts for theuir in difference to sickness and death. Last year 48,000 followers of the prophet disembarked at .Jedda, the nearest Red sea port to Mecca. Only 28,000 of them returned. Fifteen thousand died, the deaths, mostly from cholera, averag ing 600 a day. Year after year these devout people, who come by caravan ad by ship to worship at the scred spot, perish in miarms like fles. So lcng as the n atisae It weuld not matter so much If onythey did not, in dis persing, convey the infecto afir toward every point of the compass.. vussura caown wrra lKnAssl. The vessels which carry these pilgrim. are of all civilised and enlightened nations, and the way in which the pleus passengers are over crowded is said to be simply disgracefuL. Of the great majorit of them the condition is said to be filthy and ptiful in the extreme. From their point of veclanlinss and godlinae have no association. They always carry their own prvsosthe ships furnishing nose, ad they are pahjbetween decks and on the up per deck alolike so mayhmrings. Choierm usually breaks out en or these craft and the "odor of sancetity" eling. to thema long after. Unfortunately there is nothing to prvet seek a vessel froma going direct to a eatyport atrdishriga load of aliils n -e Stt eo alst eae u0in ersi.Thdiese, wieh is a n er estamped eat in Imla Nmay shrinsa in thtcutare see mainumi y i n= icksss tem tributed in every direstsem. Ib...a-e fld whose seas see am~s tob s he Atearias etub ear wg s es9 .sl bsle s lehWbrs Rapped1detaie s e nssesr pes ner 'm es ib qi ~. .em dmaa O b a n ehtns im Em. ansoe I e se pe ime. off thei * a ethemd 11. ffw me"" am to *A g theena es"ian a "m wher -h is. hm li wi r- ed A s =An of the Ie Is t a ma ~11w nd fe g feseetig 'It amarne hosptaierte a mr fsa ama arrivisig at a soomthra oet and f0, to inth ed is fetons e stal andbt iti Ist* th 11010 ia nind ofm were is sued 8t;=es Wondwark t kp a with of di mee u a ebed ding of ek retw is put trgthe a nd in by d~istso rey f o adl, w I a hoe at rag oral health hoard. 11t lc0s Out for the mtary condition f the country at re wthou Inter ..sedth e functi of tat and ne a oting ofdafnta ig eommuniation with United Stis consuel all over th e globe , it keepsa watch adieseseeyhrpbb t a weekly repet respecting the yeith and motality of every big it I& the world. 10 poatione of ryp to this antor fr& a under Inspectio by Its odeer. GOey D@ largely frm areiles. which In the great rag shop of Europe, w e they an collected from all over the continent, and eve from the choledasrIcken districts of Asia. It In credibly ssert d r some of the aen actually the clothing of defunct pilgrims killed by the disease. However, no rap from Marseilles are permitted to enter a port of the United States without a certificate showing that they have been preiousl inpedn and boiled for an hreertlm aersthat t steam or sulphurous acid ger. This regulaton will sooe be extended to raefrot G ent and eventually to sie fm he nfrom drt Europe. DANoe Uate StA rInL Smallpox threaten at all seasos, pacoularly from China, but 'such effective methods have been adopted for it prevention and extirpatio wherever it nier that it Is not gre fred. Last winter the m an epidemic of this di eam InCanada Medical Inspectors wee placed at Detroit and Port Huron, and al1 IPmekpere from the infected districts who crossed the borders Into the United States by train were vaccinated or sent back. unlesa they could show certifcatesof vaccination. Al the vaccine used by the marine hospital service is obtined from a farm near Washington, which Iy devoted ex clusively to the manufacture of this product from young ales cientifcally inoculated. The lat Congress made a law providing for in terstate quarantine. In camse of an epidemic anywhere the surgeon general in charge of the marine hospital bureau is permitted to profmul gate such regulations as he may deem requi itn, subjeto to the approval of the Secretary of the Threasury. Consumptionf typbod fevr, di herih scarlet fever s n maslesa Z toiZ1tttIOU Of state 0144 local health authorities. Recent discoveries in bacteriology have node quarantime methods scientific. In steed of the once usual forty-day period of de tention for infected veswels, the latter ae only w ped long enough t ut them through the d fecting processes wich have been aser tained to be sufficient to destroy the germ of dosse. The wonderful character of the work accowiplweed by the system in operation my be feebly conceived by* considering the fact that at the single station on Chandeler Island more than fifty hi found infected with yellow fever were dae with last mer. w TI eAWN OainA byI.aVt. Co dering the Importance of this arm of ths government It seems surprsing how little knowledge is had by the general public respect ing the marine hospital bureau and its work. Among other things it provides free medical attendance for every American seamn who wants it. Formerly it wsf maintained by a tax of from to 40 cents a month on the whge of sailors, but in 7i Congress took the service cat of the control of the various collectors of custom and placed It under the Trasury Do parment. The medical offcer. receive their appointment, direct from the President. An graduate in medicine not over thirty years nor under twenty-one is eligible. However, the examination, medical and physical, is so ex acting that of thenty-four aplicants w o perdbefore the examining r d to -other dayonly Aive psssed,and there is but one vaMcac at present. Suocessful candidates ar plyace on the eligible lit, from which appointments ae made when vacancies occur. on receiving his appointment the young physician becomes an assistant surgeon, at 01,00 a year, with quarte , fuel and lights furnished, and is as igned to one of the marine hospitals. Pro motion. to the succeeding grades of passed an sistant surgeon and full surgeon, with amply increased emolumente, come with length of service. Officer, cannot be removed except for good cause The operations of the bureau extend all over the United States. It owns and conduct twenty hospitals pn the pa-coaats and lakes, and has contracts with 150 local hos: as hr sePmen ae admitted and treat byaIts ow murgeore Any Almican falor who has served sixty days is entitled to treatment when sek and Is cared for until he recovers. Sealors at tached to foreign T smay be admitted to e hospitals on certbindaton by their consuls, but re charged i a day. More than GO,= s-a men ae taken care of annually in these Insti tutions. The expenses of the burean a paid 1 )rthetonagetaxes an foreign vessels, but Cogeemakes a specisl appropriation for the gspt of the quarantine tem. rfm that the service costs about dob00" a year. The bureau eaI-e al applicants for the life. Crevean d winv e nh.iho d le aomat nay t tachsue the Tr eAury Also itbeft or berae tostinsh reenort h t oNaew oe. Thae copscles frfhee, sugns, twantsrea aithantsTrgeons eigtee a Port him twoy y hotlaftheis nnn indhw mers en ethcery Deeag. NMr. I d nttink therews tay dohte aido be. Ceeawlbenominated. He o ughntMr ClevandI cai stes and the nothexcpt p ew Yu~ort hav delred Cforlnd hi ae por hm loaboyutr Cen i nominated. Mr. can1 annte ominatd amei leadter can in th ati carl nogh. as L ill himsel no s hathnotb too.goo a. democra to ..atI..eteal supot or Mr. Cleveland. Ie o e nol uerns ati-ro lveland en Iew Yeh Ifhanydemcrat canw ofthe e tha he m.e be nmaintedhe sid h thoght the e isa in rgnaato otherman.I h at h a get n et Inepenendoese he suhw~dh her hradl o b if Cleveland om oauld eidat te Vigno deetamgpee aotfuten-- Ceesad o to tea Heo Nati-Clea l Ital a.n. If XI shouled thue en vewog te feet. tht ernstA b-es iadsen maie thout ete Xeigil, IWa'irginiame ouldai, Ge4rmss line m thes Clevel.nd deleate, e hugh, mi. b very friediase to ra I. Clees s . No., the g. u eddnt e n'pua .. aus et Oe ai smiu.. agbm hNtuimbaal is U esldtefliwn oa: rist 1 Ne as e ,Wn et iep~ THE NOBLE ROSE. - emmiat am. Ju6h, POPULAR SUPURBTITIONS Mwm to as Wiheat Amp osuh sm mastoaea tamds of. .hbtmo mAnesmasket e aspaiss s asesm. -aime-e me me~ "tA fA No W of end -ns ene hod emmn new theory to advanes er msenew ainalna to selsrn. 3tas e pro -.- Geoding furter It may be emed that e of taemm "ho is n"w oil, asknowi edged that he h ad "tahA oemf" e ey yeal, weaf ad aled every day of his i6 ftot hilmfor*4siyr e s, and thAt he had net eihl sed the isbeet yet. It is a wearisome subject,.. daub to dh poar fellow who does not know or ears anything about horse-whose knowledge at them, IN fact, does not estead beyemd te ohesrvadows he has made o a stkeet far-bt to the harm lover the subject is more inexha.iA than any other. The oie thet raoks st is dogs, but horses are far aore egressing to the hum mind than dogs ever are. 'Ne of atam cor of hores' eet Caw"ed Old goesa Jed alluded to Go ay: soer a sesme ae. "As for tht a=erti absot a horse's jet which runes why, yt is Y nomsem s ome of the very best horse hve had white ataokinp. Old Boston, a king of the turf half a aenturr ago, and Laxington both had white est, anA nast of IAx I' ...:..ae.m.i of aeigo' doeadnta we similarly marked. 'calico horse,' too, which is erally supposed to be selected for circus , because of the oddity of his appeormsaei really chosen by the mon who trabs trick horses because he is get land i=amget There are contlems popular superseo about the color of hoe. Iawaps used t be said that a black horse cannot btand heat, and there are people who believe it now, but the Inbabit ants of Africa are black for the very purpose of standing intense heat, and a black hores sufers no more from it than a white oe. WMte horses, in like Manner. it has been held, sanS stand cold, but polar beers are white ad they manage to live cofortably ia. snow, and so can a white hlr. The tradition that a red-headd wooea and a white horse follow one another an the road or in the street in, of course, entirely without anyI foundation in fa d is due daes to ae coincidence. It will be noticed, howver, that nowadays you wil never see a red-heaed wmnridn or drivIn a white horse. Me knows that would be the subject of a hun dred andshe chooses a o aadierent PUYWToBxou or mas. The conversation turned upon the physiag aosey of horss, end aD agreed t there is a great de in it, just as there isin the physiog nomy of dogs or men. If a horm is broead a full between the eyes he is supposed to have or see and to be sytrained, whereas a blgin forehead or a "d f' ace evi deuces of t ty or stabboranem. Aisry horse always a eye. and a vielschmoes giveio ofu coy,%e nene tha t = toorbema chance. There can be no doubt that usually so gentle and traetable, have bee f to be on occasions veritable wld beast. There ae some interesting accountfunder this head Which awe of record. In the eslppesof Russia, where wolves ab1n and where horses lead aw life and haveto shift for themselves, it in said that a young colt will sometimes be made so furious by the prse cation ot his enemain that he wfil rush mdly among :drove of wolves and be and stekss unti hebas slaughtered a large sumbar of them These hors re oeptimmly tere, rendered so, it is supposed, largely by the en treme variations in the cmate. At e tim at te year they ser from the intemse eat of a ial and at another they lie amo ragng olo atrmad extreesokl -om soasr am so 1a1. There are a namber at Osades about t fury of horses on the battleld, sad aodea lny they m to go mad. On itance of ths Wm an Arabian horse at Bishlava, whek raIhed at an English soldier who happened to be drawli water, seIe in his m tan threw do and then, kneein upon him, tons at his br~and. actually bet off his hand! Defers, this terror could be subdued he bet of anmber sol tier's sawe and seriousl njeed tevetrim surgeon of the rget.Therewanobte in Frove on thieemi but It ishly excitement had dries horse ersy. There wasaase iasllr to the aboveb I - nole some yesrs ag.A Mr. Uarn of l'4oria suddenly found hisose ==llya veryentle ah accounte "with rh"s rier would a rat. While thes gendeman was w thef horse reashed into a paam and, easn f oeof its tmasue, Into aS. air. This stkase feat he repeated two or three times; them, his teeth lanthe body of the pg, hea - t to the hre the ak a e=e ,.orvelina m..r-.....d tea tmda ent Into the air as asl ma eat usald a mouse. The owner Imi--l- at for a pepular forrier, bet whea he arvdthe horse whertoeupn te he se then, his theth in Mo tosb the gat hise se ma sened the b isety the hoelime irs eeMin isny th hesman Wnser rescuiete fadlovbu the="= tod bte tho. Idearlye a. me. .s Do bam. rad e hey de s~ isprbale~tasto emui a woEth ithe - a.ine ini at S s sae enl cain th t he em ar -e ...es thae e. ..s mi i neds es thspon, ss lbt. h ..rem h e SWIS NISAas Qa =A a Non, tM baee at 65"ye mi 6i wae INtm bm& up at Set a of is~ ~ a burnwensee s bn mssnmt . t e 6608ir ab vian emu, ftm be asGi a bkm. w me fatseay t.sk f ar sma I fettrn Seae ese Wnse 1en -..e..e M... ...afhf emer, m puh wa e meZ We h am hig m to e a The eosmtbmed d " ody week %WM Mear me he - eatrered ?Ws p e11y re m Wy but Aed se m o th e a r t4 _j- about tir -4m wi, Irmow~~ av examUU3 arus asum u. ow a Te adym &fW to Easo and. Ston Fane one It U mu aft 60%. S uS ST to nesFasa-I t MAt. Lwse as Ste ma. s1 Iamn eeOS Muan ATURA m V4 UDYARD EIPLDI ShTSBO0MWmman J hN 0es to a veq-Aed -ua an of die maOt A eniest thigs far a yeg ssa I* Wry ameed with in as the bmsang of his eareer b an --esIqasedu--be -am Be da' my whether be thought it was good fO young women er nt, but I'm imliei tmniak he b net one of thee pap* who mwseagnie the Aet that youn, weune issanme have ha hurds to hear. Of ese no -ns is supposed 16 knew abeaS ur unrequited atembeaf eve s So ap year. A young man an at lNA have te et baetio of laying the meat beseo te iri and layin, tomahe r led and st. s be des. uthegl .....e the .. e..e ....e .t he knows all about it anyway and Me her Em fer I lost the gii in eemL. I ied tti.e.e w.eae. Iie. heteh. isn't. meInnot ea interstig. VeW amw aks tha el..mor.nte ueti.n I nt believe twoMderf 0 r ut ; theeMEMtUMh of him in that way before, but ..y ... fiend, and them it athes acroes her in -a ininemat a'hort pace of thme- minate or so-est w"..and m y .e'" -e y a ekvlv with her bend an has Zhouder : rL love each .tjerhe mat awr lon ar hetells bar. I don't believ she t br bead *v.n sauder. anyway. If she W.'s very al,. Why dsnit he look o h y and see k" ve? Ad then the girin the novel never falls in love; abe's al ways fallen in love with. Real lve girls au veryaptto fai tolove-ea den so of ft, toe, At iaetr est. I fel is loe about fer amthe age. This is rather an unumual action em y part. This in my fSet year at ot school and I bdn'tan maym. It was at a tea and how could I it? I wa friend of mine and We ee =ar= Mwo e boorm saying the eamm things over and over to difemt r whee along came Priame .bmg ' what he was to sm from the Sst. He was fe, well-proportioned and soldlsrly and gaseftl in hs bearing. Ihadaeonled esar etba Sue blonde face s mer vey hetnm --a that a am pair oet e epreses e eyes we"e lokfinato gvOrin, I am re member, even now, what we %eod about and how eorry I was wheeseme ekne mainmed my attention. I had only a few moe ee with him that evening, and when the tea was over I bad forgon his e and ahos for getu tint. Two erthee days after a bevy at gis who had been at the tea bappened tobe tgetber and fe to dIhaadng the lovely people thy'd vet the. EeCk git h Sm per h',I ma majDS too lee~for Owtia.e of them a wealthy aooe Booth and was br to an ator, amother W a m""'.o mqu'.it, at a e0t"0l giat or eoein.I couldn't be adt ot it a& together, so Icbose the bloade Prime i-rmag to rave about, and outdid them all al the ewing businaes. And my at attempt, too! t was the Srat sdge. I raved for mum ie around homse. I was fond t deseribg hi beautiful spun gold hair, so dgesent fem maidoloh 6eaees, ad hig lovlue OWns Novach lere math It didn't look week or sizuggliog, but it am.led bis mouth, and I Always to m knew " and Mouth tell the Big "ory Ais eym t etra dit maotherIM ve m discovered It didn't take long for me e Sad sOt his sm, his busines and be past lse" n.. s was wel known be the city and the mere men tion of s ame wouM b forth valualMe informatior . My ather k e haas t r smne tht. ut mainhe I aw Man withM y I emI. joanoze Te e-x aunes cuaane. The net stage was an kresish longing to see my prime oeme more. I bad thought about hin and deinmed about bm and fellad about him smncktheom.e- m womnered Weer he eould be seo aiing as I pictered bkm. I wondered If I haidiebd b-eam,ea I he othr I wanted to Sad oust and I didn't knew Iwas laaMinigfonseem Wy. A yeng was moe espeensmmel I. e d heen in loet .i~u and.a much btrsde my great longing be see onse msee the Set -am w~~e poor utIle heart be betig Ihe Of oerme wea eshetba ~ e. w anbbeia e e w~e -eeammi;ngee. as may Mommsid, a a---nte's degtrdid that as ete as the beckaebsyend aIEm I d th werdt at L. .e p....e I et ........ e.... t.. we. t.........e egil antigtmeai y agi.Web ma we didn't think hew samehass itm for' girls to amee sabage seen it eachk a tale phone But? I neve th et EMa as near een[ MsmI en Emf. Hewa owyte mand earse am mne e at eiede emd prtuad k en b m, ht heosad wsaganenr me e of his~Maae. I lmI ~inese him afh as bengma er e em med__ I asd bet to e or.....a p and ether Me he~,o amne, ties weeaar wuulMa eebgpm. Ithlmkhe~Ubei. She beeul n t eeshbset. They we ter saf am esset My saihet e heems Wams go. SelmabnbWsU ues wek ae we et. We but I m ~ sr -ea.m el ~~ hessa se une om.n 'Ememeemu mes g em Q~ak eue~meek ~Qdu etes, s nmsmea estemsaa hU~ 40 tint I Ew S ugnd - to e Mum MNok NoE hav Gi hi U gow! Mi Oft n....w.. h.....L We G.. dw tM .e. sea N adend an d :=a b0 among aes tabt bat SM.'S WMe no w b e was a., i a hba ad Won a he em . bt .Ide' b.eSw 6e When I Raw. I -s.~ M Se -h &AIN o Miad a g e me, u- a 1-7 O Eand P to Te te %= hse ws anuthr 3~ sehem .see he wase and e e I b"Ned bina 0 a P s . 6 .r eL ai' s e.e m. brd a =a wma. davmgase..se...e Onhid M.~~~~~W'V baa eyemrtm utgeddto be Mea.tiu desea os. a y. ate belnded a hae enae i hraees be. whe or nrgent bm mint,,. or M-aup by ipomar.I.g e..d Itas Lash Oft to bo M. Thepa im orsmy." Andhiw a Io Nickt anboloet me wan idies. I beds ess e tphs.d tos hstr ah weka teenpa. mon as e oi M hti. and I koe bow fotl work the4o e wae -o er60 a teaes sa han ea s sbmIsaken n h anobvon smawam hdint hywio ntedak len ad he tbe eound aw o r as loud. I Com m. I bm an as V stres SOM. ft van soas dr 0 SAd pat" I had tswitrd ham to. E t0 and on a brt davow. with m jus as bw sam. e oae aut hea ad= W. I -e -y any. teo, but eWgub d se a indiSfreadY a. I ome a* etoree.m wife4light thas thne al t eeif bMm It amp &Uli, taw day. ad big so.. waseop ble smave ae.ves, Wh .lkd.a.r. ..s m. a &d a ea a.v. leTad .od* of What ene am bad .wasi- -that ha lbed x he had the brert ote0AssMti A Per. e rtas hic. elamie! "esedat tmins be Simd Strma "As without Gmahigme. Auo~ hr fund i~alaae dMSn raddy rapWarsnL I bad mwea dSe belietd th in~ict or iingttauiti o eeehs balwas told o a boe mee w W.W s VS thikiug of you or loona g at .. e. I Waas MWboth Th ase %sb 1mw hm gan age tem Gobew ad abut &a e ptiea. 1 hadum e or telepeead tm be for a eek mdA I sh down tews for d ezpresen pu s of hImv.: epaid I Nw bigm*mge thdi hpini It t to orty e"amog. fortable work as the Noweliate makle t out o ha, It bl asolutely otmoy to lo easeO pet. ons ns alwpe Ct tus 4u t hting he aPPos efeet as me. I W. ael et IMide of Tmsaral Uaeat, but I tgAk vaourisa pleft S mplavigMedlaa *Mishsteis" as deahftaa et I ta and --Far. etees" sa"do moahm.m etbodiat hynas In tbe dh The I read am the 'MMeeka nreaeit" love dw I M Idt ina tLt and moonligtm a ares deal nd smM i' 4uite jdeat to ribe. OMIT lately I'm been Ann it rather om 415mBv, been. ratm. asa ....edowutohave al Aah* "M , i an an doe, E. toGley, wes E. So taw ='o mealy "aM of nme wbose ")a an n A. . blue, to be S, no We- a golde.. bt who plainly iWke , a . am. whch is aigethersSo ufrapng *as 1 .4,001think orA . . SW d weM A .T. .__ UWgkb Dead wbeene W as Wormwood miaw. On F es, amet ds Cift ant esaT day is Oak ML For awa ya the deem. Dea . a gaes of i -tas ed haae be bee Mmues le Comade e. W. MEgea a. L. A. Gara.d P Xa. 1. es bei b iee, m pb~m Jaa maaof has. a bw. or 49 O rn bea & S.d a d IaI Mourmashd. wm ~ mar of the ded Suo ad safos. now denlp Is Oak EUK and freei dl peri of theo "Us" I* asout this eue habas ead leomasmae paut p e& S amplees Is Ur.3h " assgra es a" snmab s md at e as log andsa boed of Sewn. The auomi lich wo awed to 69 des orating ast Monday conae of D. W. a"m teirmn); W. IL loat, lberidan Past. IactU vs iootvo, MWmai EdJe.si Kim Ddle IL Havikwun and Mo Dolk Seftw of Palia - - hfi Coea, W. I Q. and Mo. Aniong 40 lis -1 --Ithedia amn me I ,te Iin Oak AM OMeeW ams Nrmand A! Y Fav l~i. Erns Sam or Gall Semir o" aV A. V&S.a ep IL 0 (lo T- G6em Ouuwis MIL Jobs IL N .= A Dameo, A. IL Dyer, fll Momas, WS. ip Farm,. aeon"a Dony, IL.0. - - th Cliorha L Uovwm, 0.IL bboAuJobs Camepoll, ElaaCoon Geeq C. lbsoo M~a Andaroena VC =141W, WE. DWK66 Down Rod Sobs OsaddCk ad [Auma Cimeis ft"W OsILW. aoetr, JASn Harria,UI. S Made..vahi SonaObt Movtl, Laea Utpasa (Cslaa I. [AM" J. EcU.lediereN D. P.pWomtW10 Tarah, IL L. NidMn M&~T IL V41 NeJa. Gee. A. OuSOI. A LN4t.Ift,ILIL umayedlar Jobs A. (boc L A. daINe Gas.