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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 03, 1894, Image 1

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Vol. 85, No. 21,006. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1894-TWELVE PAGES.
TWO CENTS.
THE EVENING STAR
PUBLISHED DAILY EXCKPT MJKDAT,
AT THE STAR BUILDINGS,
1101 TtniylTaala Arctm?, Car. 11th Street, by
The Evening Star Newspaper Com nan j,
8. H. KAUFFMANN.Pree t.
Tew York Oice, 49 Pottar
The Evening Star 1* served to ?ubscrll>ers In the
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mon'h.
Satrrday Quintuple Slwet Star. $1.00 per year;
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(ZntTrd at the Poat OfBce at Washington. D. C..
?r KeofXjd-ol.iM mail matter.)
ty All mail subscriptIons must be i?kl in ndranee.
Rat** of advertising mad** known on application.
HILL'S CALCULATION
Mu ^wtunps Confident He Will Ba
Done to Death.
WHAT THE SENATOR'S FRIENDS SAY
Not the Hill but the Cleveland
Democracy on Trial.
HILL TO WIN EITHER WAY
What are Senator Hill's real calcula
tions? This Is the absorbing question of
the hour In political circles. The mug
wumps are confident that this tlm? he will
be done to death. Beaten for governor of
New York, as they are boasting, that he
will be. and by a majority that they esti
mate will run away up Into the thousands,
he will return here In December, they are
promising themselves, shorn of the last
ve3tige of his consequence and power. They
see him already, in their mind's eye. sitting
alone in the Senate, under party ban for
his vote against the tariff bill, and com
pletely discredited because of his defeat
at home. Neither voice nor vote of his
will. In their judgments, count for any
thing more, here or elsewhere. The Sena
tor's initials will remain the s.ame, but his
front name will be changed Dennis, and
all will be over with hira.
HHPs Friends lalle.
Mr. Hill's friends smile at all this. They
are not themselves boasting. Nobody con
cedes the gravity of the situation?the many
difficulties In the way of democratic suc
cess In New York In November?the neces
sity of harmony In democratic circles
proper?more readily or unreservedly than
does the old regular who for ten years
past, has been training In the empire state
under the banner of the aggressive man
from Elmira. He sees all of the pitfalls
dug. and now digging, for his chief, and
he carries an anxious heart in his bosom.
But he believes Implicitly In Mr. Hill, and
he Is absolutely certain of one thing, and
that is that his chief will carry himself
In the struggle, and afterward. In a way
to command democratic respect, and to
retain his hold on the party organization
at heme, no matter what the results may
be ?
A New York democrat of this type. In
conversation with a representative of The
Star today on this subject, said:
The Cleveland Democracy Trial.
"The mugwumps, with characteristic fa
tuity. misconceive the situation. It Is not
the Hill democracy, but the Cleveland de
mocracy. that is on trial in this contest. Mr.
Hill Is the nominee, by the regular action
of the party In convention assembled. No
democrats, properly so called, can refuse to
support him without Incurring the reproach
of being a bolter and paying the penalty of
such defection. The support of the mug
wumps was never In the calculation?is not
In the calculation now. New York Is a
democratic state, and a united democratic
vote can put Mr. Hill back Into the govern
or's chair, and the democrat who sulks or
deserts this year will draw the bar sinister
across his own fortunes forever."
The Vayaard Episode.
"Would the Maynard episode excuse any
Cleveland man for voting against Mr. Hill?"
was asked.
"How could It?" was the reply. "The act
for which th? republicans denounce Judge
Maynard was not In the Interests of Mr.
Hill, but In the Interests of fair play and
the democratic party. The party got the
benefit of It and accepted It, the Cleveland
men with the rest. Why, even the mug
wumps themselves shared in the usufruct
of that transaction when they worked with
the democratic party, which had been
strengthened by it. In the national cam
paign of lKri Then, besides. Col. Lamont,
Mr. Cleveland's nearest and dearest friend,
helped to make the ticket upon which
Judge Maynard ran, and traveled from
Washington to New York to vote for it.
With all of these things past dispute, where
Is the authority or the reason for making
the Maynard matter an Issue among dem
ocrats?"
If Cleveland Mca Cat the Ticket.
"But suppose, with one argument and
another, and one means and another,
enough Cleveland men are Induced to cut
the ticket to insure Mr. Hill's defeat?" was
asked.
"Why. even In that event, such Cleveland
men and their mugwump allies and per
suaders wot Id miss their ultimate aim.
Their real desire is to get possession of the
organization in New York. They have
worked hard for that, and in many devious
and questionable ways. They may try to
pe.tua.ie themselves that by knocking out
Mr. Hill th?y would come into that long
desired and much-desired kingdom. But
they w.uld not. Mr. Hill would still be
master of the situation at home, still in pos
session of the party machinery, and more
than ever endeared to the rank and tile. He
Is strong now as the hero of many battles.
He would be stronger then tor having suf
fered In his individual fortunes for his
party's sake.
Hill Staada to Win.
"As I regard It, Mr. Hill stands to win
In any event. If elected he will inevitably
be the standard bearer of the party In
ISOtt. That will follow as the night follows
day. If defeated, he will still be the leader
of the New York democracy, with his
friends and lieutenants in possession of
every local post of Importance In the party
organization, and eager to serve him In
any and every way. Let us suppose the
next democratic presidential nomination
going to a western man, and his election
as the result of democratic defeat In New
York next month, with whom would he
consult and treat about New York mat
ters? With the men who had outlawed
themselves, and were absolutely without
Crty standing, or with the man and his
utenants standing for straight democ
racy and Its authorized representatives at
home? The question is so simple It answers
Itself. The present situation is grave, but
Mr. Hill Is secure in this: His gain must
be the party's gain; his loss the party's
loss. No Cleveland democrat can strike
Mr. Hill without inflicting a blow on the
Purty."
The 1*1 n n to Knife Hill.
The Intimation, which comes from reliable
quarters, that the plan of the antl-Hlll
d> irocrats and mugwumps Is to knife Hill
and elect Lockwood and Uaynor, if possible,
excites a great deal of interest. There is no
question about It. that the division of opin
ion in the anti-Hill ranks is as to whether
this policy or that of putting up an inde
p> ndent ticket is to be followed, and the
evidences are very strong that a majority
of them are in favor of simply knifing Hill
or. the quiet. The Ulea of humiliating their
ei.emy by making him conspicuous as the
only one defeated Is very tempting, and the
only thing that could overthrow this plan
1s the danger that It may fall.
Democrats who are friendly to Hill sug
gest that It will be an extremely dangerous
thing to the Fairchild-Grace people to at
teirpt the secret knifing of Hill. If this Is
attempt*!, they say. it will be found to be
a game that two can play at, and the
chances are If any one on the ticket is elect
ed. It will be Hill, and that Gaynor will be
defeated and possibly Lockwood. The only
chance of success for the whole ticket lies.
they intimate. In Hill's receiving as loyal
support as Is given the other candidates.
If an example Is made of Hill, they Intend
that It shall b? an example of his superior
ity over his enemies.
Aa to Administration Support.
Meanwhile the agitation over the question
of whether or net Mr. Hill shall have the
st.pport of the administration faction Is very
annoying to the democratic leaders, who are
working for the next House and for general
party success. While the nomination of
Hill Is a general disappointment to the na
tional leaders In the party, and his success
means their humiliation, they recognise that
such a division In New York as would make
the campaign there a hopeless struggle
against the inevitable would have a de
pressing effect upon democrats In the con
gressional campaign, both In and outside of
New York state. General apathy Is what
they are struggling against In the congres
sional campaign.
They feel that a vigorous, exciting and
hopeful campaign In New York would
a louse the energies of democrats elsewhere,
but that a feeling of distemper would be
excited by a party split there, resulting
seriously to the party in the congressional
campaign. A feeling on the part of demo
cratic voters that the administration would
sacrifice party Interests to gratify personal
enmity would cause many antl-admlntstra
tion democrats throughout the country to
lose their grip In the campaign and let the
election slide.
There Is very little love for Hill anywhere
In the party, but there are many democrats
In every section of the country whose party
loyalty alone causes them to take active
Interest in the campaign. If an example of
disregard for party organization is fur
nished by that faction of the party against
which they feel resentment they will be
very apt to follow It. and practice reprisal
a little on their own behalf.
It Is said that private letters received
from Mr. Hill settle all controversy as to
the posribility of his declining the nomina
tion. It is said that these letters leave no
doubt of his acceptance whenever notified.
He May Rmlgs.
The suggestion that If Mr. Hill Is elected
gove'nor of New York he will Immediately
resign, permitting Lockwood, who would be
lieutenant governor In the case of demo
cratic success, to serve as governor. Is very
generally accepted by democrats familiar
with the New York situation. Among
those democrats who are In the habit of
betting on elections It Is said that a dis
crimination Is made between a bet that
"Hill will be elected" and a bet that he
"will be governor," the latter bet being
generally declined, upon the assumption
that he will probably not serve If elected.
?
ABOUT INDIAN AFFAIRS
The Facts Stated in the Annual Report of
the Commissioner.
He FsTon the Placing of Indian
Children In the Pablle Schools?
Fnnda for Sectarian Schools.
The annual report of D. M. Browning,
the commissioner of Indian affairs, was
submitted today to the Secretary of the In
terior.
He reports progress in the work of the
allotment of lands to Indians and also In
constructing systems of Irrigation. He
states that the year has been unmarked by
any outbreak or disturbance of any kind.
The aggregate of appropriations available
during the year was $10,750,000.
The aggregate enrollment for the year has
been 21,451. with an average attendance of
17.004, against 21.117 enrollment and lU,:t03
attendance for the previous year. There
has been an Increase In the enrollment of
government boarding schools on reserva
tions and a falling oft in government day
schools. The commissioner notes an edu
cational awakening among the Navajoes,
which he attributes to a visit of a delega
tion to the world's fair. The defects In most
Indian schools, he says, are bad water sup
ply and sewerage. The commissioner says
that contracts for schooling of Indians have
been declined or reduced wherever It could
be done without depriving the children of
school privileges.
The average attendance in the various
classes of schools Is given aa follows: Gov
ernment schools, 11,813; contract schools,
5.0*7; public day schools and mission schools
not assisted by the government, 17,000.
The report states that no children have
been forced to attend schools away from
their reservation homes. The opinion is ex
pressed that the ultimate end of absorbing
the Indian population "Into our school
system, as well as our civil policy, must be
kept constantly In view and every effort
made, by pressure and per-tuaslon, to In
crease the attendance of Indian pupils at
public schools."
Favors the Public Schoola.
This policy, the report states, will be
vigorously pushed, and the local authorities
will be encouraged by money payments to
co-operate with the government In gotting
the Indian children Into the public schools.
A reduction of $75,<mo In the amount appro
priated for contract schools was mude, as
compared with the preceding year. The
total appropriation was $401,885. The amount
for K iman Catholic schools is reduced from
$38U,745 to $35(>,215; Presbyterian, $30,310 to
none; Congregational, $10,825 to none.
The report indorses the opinion expressed
by the last Indian commissioner that the
laws prol.lblt the sale of liquor to Indians
who have received allotments, but who ere
still under the charge of an agent of the
United States. He states that It Is unfortu
nate that It Is impracticable to secure a
decision from the Supreme Court, those of
the district courts being unfavorable.
The commissioner Is of the opinion that
the act of May 3, 18W1, relating to Indian
depredation claims should either be repeal
ed or amended so as to place upon the
United States the sole responsibility and
ultimate liability for the payment of judg
ments rather than to take the money from
the Indian funds.
For HellKloaa Organisations.
During the past year lands have been set
apart within the several Indian reserva
tions for the temporary use and occupancy
of missionary and religious societies as fol
lows;
Wichita, Oklahoma, 100 acres, American
Baptist Home Missionary Society; Quapaw,
I. T., 40, Roman Catholic; Klamath, Oreg.,
100, Methodist Episcopal; Yakima, Wash.,
100, Roman Catholic; Moquls, Ariz., 40,
Mennonlte Mission Society; Crow, Mont.,
10, Roman Catholic; Fort Peek, Mont., 40.
Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions;
Lower Brule. S. D., 2, Presbyterian; San
Carlos. Ariz., 10, Evangelical Lutheran Gen
eral Synod of Wisconsin; Cheyenne and
Arapahoe, Oklahoma, 2, Plymouth Congre
gational; Pine Ridge, S. D., 40, Protestant j
Episcopal; Rosebud, S. D. 120, Protestant
Episcopal; Warm Sprirgs, Oreg., 14, United
Presbyterian; White Eirth, Minn., 54,
Protestant Episcopal; White Earth, Minn.,
SO, Roman Catholic; Navajo, N. M? Pro
testant Episcopal; Blackfeet. Mont., 160,
Methodist Episcopal Church; Fort Ber
tho'.d, N. D., 40, Congregational; Oneida,
Wis., 1, Protestant Episcopal.
Onr New Austrian Minister.
The name of the new Austrian minister
to the United States Is Mr. von Hengel
muller. He has arranged to reach Wash
ington early in November, at which time
the present minister. Chevalier de Tavera.
leaves for his new post In Brazil, vacated i
by Mr. von Hengelmuller. Mr. von Hengel- |
muller was here in 1882 as secretary of the
Austrian legation. After that he served at
London and Bucharest, and was made min
ister to Servla. He Is regarded as a diplo- j
mat of high rank.
Trenasry Receipts.
National bank notes received today for
redemption, $170,288. Government receipts:
From Internal revenue. $231,433; customs,
$381,502; miscellaneous, $27,740.
THE BOY WAS ASLEEP
However, Thirty-Two Men Working
on City Post Office.
A SCENE OF ACTIVE BUSTLE
Not One, but Several Painters
Worked All Day.
MR. SAYRES' EXPLANATION
The water boy employed on the city post
office building was asleep under a pile of
boards when The Star reporter visited the
site thli morning, and so the daily census
cannot be said to be wholly accurate. The
boy was not at work. He was rather a
potentiality than a factor. But he was on
tap. so to speak, and so, with its customary
generosity. The Star will count him in to
day as contributing to the happiness and
weal of Washington by adding his mite to
the work of finishing the structure. With
this preliminary explanation, the fact may
be stated that there were &t 10 o'clock this
morning thirty-three men laboring on the
building. This Is an npparent Increase of
two over yesterday, but the gain is not cer
tain. In the afternoon of yesterday The
Star became aware of the fact that there
were three painters making the atmos
phere and the landscape hideous, instead
? was stated. The third artist had
hidden himself behind one of the beams
that he was making gorgeous, and so
escaped! detection. Arguing from probabii
n ,Were,."koly the Bame th'rty
three men at work yesterday as today, for
'J* "?t * atretchof the Imagination to be
Ueve that the other man. too. was some
"h ??" ,t.he Premises. It Is not a difficult
thing for the workingmen to get lost to the
eye on this building. There Is such a vast
11 sP,ace a,i'l ?o few men that they
could all easily play hide and seek with the
census taker if they should so prefer
Maybe that was what the water boy was
doing this morning, but. if so, the effort
was too much for his endurance, for when
the count was made he had gone com
pletely over to the historic Morpheus, and
was fast asleep in his arms.
. ?;OUld not ^ a baU l(,ea tor the Treas
ury Department to establish a census bu
rl^11 k? "nnect*on with the construction of
wnr? At? ml*ht save considerable
worry on the part of the citizens, a good
Ei," would be to erect at the northeast
5 n , ere the local unemployed gather
dally In scores, a large bulletin board, an
?hr ?'Bcia,iy the exact state
,hlhe "lenJ^y were thus divided up on
^r?rk.:.Nlne ^ere fltt'nK the beams into
place on the southeast corner, having aban
doned the northeast corner, though that
tf'njf completed; nine others
were handling the material on the ground
Tram r,?" ,Wfr Kitting It loaded on the
iUiJUi- . thf *?uth fr?nt; three were
slinging red paint broadcast; three were
stationed at the hoisting engines, though
jW0 these were In use; three were
still digging in the trench at the northeast
??I?e!LtWO ?ere mea8urlng boards on the
ronii Is an wondering how they might
h?H,Hinir Kreat walk that surrounds the
J?ri, ^ an? .?ne> as has been BalJ. was
dreaming of possums and sweet potato
'?? I5at?rlal Is now coming fast?
thi 11 can 1)6 erected. and
I i?hP ? ground floor Is being covered
,, ama and Klrders and ties that
are scattered over It in sections, according
to the numbers painted on their sides. Th?
name at the northeast corner, where the
masonry work Is to be next begun, has yet
^Ll?UC,he3 ,0 put upon 11'? but as the
number of men Is small-and. of course
there are no more men to be had-the work
has been shifted down .to the other corner,
1(*vln* an unfinished trail all along the easi
fcide. There is possibly some technical rea
son to be obtained for this, but It was not
forthcoming tills morning. There is ma
terial enough on the floor to occupy all four
of the hoisting engines at once, and there
are today several tons of iron at the north
east corner waiting to be hoisted and set
in place.
rirnrgle Iron.
There Is a curious feature about this iron
work that is Interesting. The beams that
go Into the building are all stamped with
the name "Carnegie" in bold letters. The
Carnegie firm bid for the first contract for
supplying the iron structure for the base
ment and the first story, but they were too
high, and Pearce got the job. Carnegie iron
went into the building, just the same, and
doubtless both Carnegie and I'earce made
profits on the work. Then came the second
contract for the next four stories, which Is
row under execution. Carnegie was once
again a bidder, but again too high, and the
Indianapolis firm got the work. But the de
livery of '?Carnegie" iron has not ceased.
The materials that are going into these
stories still bear the magic letters, and it is
to be presumed that the Carnegie people
are not In the habit of losing money on
their operations. The single beams and
girders are shipped direct from the Home
stead works to this city, but the composite
pillars or posts, that are made of several
pieces of steel bolted together, are put to
gether in Indianapolis. Thus this material
has to be shipped to Indianapolis from
Pittsburg, there put together, and then
freighted here. It is no wonder that there
has been a delay. Any local firm could
have done as much, and doubtless have
done It cheaper, owing to the reduced
freights, and unquestionably more promptly.
The cast-Iron pillafs that form the edge of
the interior wails are being furnished by
Schneider of this city.
Deluy iu Stone*. ?
Meanwhile, there is a delay In the de
livery of certain parts of the stonework
that does not In any way depend upon the
construction of the Iron frames. There are
two great gaps in the main entrance that
are to be filled later, when the stones come.
The "spandrlls" or heads of the arches of
the gieat dcor on the north side have not
yet left the quarry. There is no reason
why the tower cannot be built ahead of the
rest of the structure, as It Is wholly inde
pendent as to foundation and weights, but
this view has not Impressed itself as yet
upon the contractors. The quarry work has
not yet been quite up to date. For a long
time the contractors there undertook to
carry on other work in addition to this Job,
but this was not practicable, and of late
the plan has been tried of doing nothing
but this job. It is announced here that
there are IStO men at work In the Fox Island
quarries on the city post office stone. The
materials are all shipped to this city by
vessels, which take about three weeks each
on the trip here. There seems to have been
little system In the matter of shipping, for
several times has it happened that two or
three vessels have arrived here at the same
time, making the work of unloading ana
hauling very difficult. During June there
were three schooners at the wharves at one
time. Today there are five on their way,
liable to arrive within a few days of each
other. The trouble with this plin is that
the delivery of such a great quantity of
stone at once chokes up the yards at the
wharf and the narrow space around the
building, so that quick work is made almost
In-practicable for weeks after the arrival
of the vessels.
Sir. Snyrea' Explanation.
Chairman Say res of the House commit
tee on appropriations, speaking of the slow
manner in which work was progressing
upon the new post office building in Wash
ington, before he went away from Wash
ington. said that the House would willingly
appropriate all the mon;y that was neces
sary to carry on the work. The committee
cn appropriations was anxious to have the
work proceed, because It was believed that
ir.or.ey could be saved by having the build
ing completed earlier. "It la a shame," he
continued, "the way the work progresses
on that building, and It makes me mad
every time I go by It. And the reason Is
that the last architect of the treasury un
der the Harrison administration approved
a contract for a long time?three times as
long as was necessary. This work is delay
ed by those who rent offices to the govern
ment In the city. They do not want the
post office building completed, because It
will be occupied by many bureaus of the
government that are now paying very high
rents. That is what is retarding the work
on that structure. X have known It, and
everybody that has taken, the trouble to
look into the matter has known It, for some
time. There Is no telling now how long
this work will drag along, but It is no fault
of Congress. We are ready to give them all
the money they want If they will only push
the building along."
The Rate.
The rats established today by the thirty
three men who were at work on the build
ing would finish the structure on the 13th
of December, 1900. Thus, these good people
ere striving to give the patient people of
Washington a Christmas present to start
the century, a present that would be more
acceptable than anything else in the mar
ket, unless it might be a new municipal
bul!dlng. In the light of the present ex
perience, however, life is far too short to
wcrry about things that may happen in the
year 2000.
WAITISU FOR THE SECRETARY.
Mr. Smith Will Fiud Plenty of Dnal
neu "When He Retarna.
When Secretary Smith returns to the In
terior Department, he will find himself for
a time Immersed in business of that de
partment. No appointment!-have been made
during his absence, and It is understood that
a large number are awaiting his action, in
cluding a number of changes to be made
in the pension office. Then thsre are all
the annual reports that come in during the
fall, but which will not be made public un
til the Secretary has had an opportunity to
examkie them. Reports frjm the governors
of most of the territories have been received
already. The bureau officers are now pre
paring their reports, which will be placed
in the Secretary's hands soon after his re
turn. They Include the report of the com
missioners of patents, land office, pensions,
census, Indian affairs and others of less
Importance.
Secretary Snr.lth Is expected to return soon
after the election in Georgia.
IN CONNECTICUT
Commissioner of Patents Beymour on the
Democratic Outlook.
Think* a Strong State Ticket Has
Been XomlnnKO?Ca?*re??loaal
Flight on Tariff Lines.
The political situation in Connecticut is
exciting consldeiable Interest at this time
owing to the Ytsnrous campaign being
waged by both partlea U> elect a state
ticket and by the fcffort of the republicans
to change the coippfctxion of the congres
sional delegation. There are three demo
crats and one M the present
House. the democrats being elected by
good round majorities.
Mr. John S. Seymour, commissioner of
patents, returned from Connecticut to
day. Mr. Seymour is well posted i:pon the
political situation in Connecticut t.nd gave
a Star reporter an - interesting statement
of the condition of affairs. Mr. Seymour
says that there is great enthusiasm among
democrats all over the State and that they
are going Into the campaign with vigor,
conscious of the fact that they have nom
inated a strong stato ticket. The demo
crats were very fortunate in their selec
tion of candidates and have chosen men
of personal popularity, as well as of in
tegrity ard fair fame. The democratic
party in Connecticut has espoused the
cause of a proposed change In the state
constitution. The proposition, he says,
meets with popular favor on every hand
and will help the party, bringing to its sup
port the voles of men who want good gov
eminent.
A Fight on Tariff Lines.
In the congressional campaign an aggres
sive fight on tariff lines will be made by
the democrats. The new law, he says, is
not as well understcod as it should be and
a campaign of Instruction will be waged.
The manufacturers themseUes know, he
says, that the new tariff is favorable to
them in many respects. Connecticut is a
state of diversified Industries, and nearly
every manufacturing Interest is favorably
affected by the bill in one way or another.
Free lead and free copper will help the
great brass goods manufacturers. Free
wool will aid the makers of many lines of
textile goods, and free alcohol in the arts
has long been demanded by the hat makers,
to ? hi,m It Is a necessity. Free lumber and
reduced duties on coal and Iron ore, he says,
will also be appreciated by the manufac
turers, while they can find no fault with
the textile schedules.
Another cause for congratulation, Mr.
Seymour says, is the fact that there is no
split in the democracy of the state. They
are solidly united, presenting an unbroken
front to the enemy; the organisation is
good, while the greatest amity and con
cor t prevails in the rank and file of the
party.
A WAR OF EPITHETS.
The Latent Literary News of the
Chlno-Jnpanese Campaign.
Officials of the Japanese legation have re
ceived an interesting budget of news and
gossip in the last mall from Japan. The
spirit of the people Is shown In war songs
sung by the Japanese troops as they push
toward Pekin. The songs were officially
complied by order of Prince Arisugawa. They
breathe great bittenieas against China, and
significantly declare that "now Is the time
to plant the flag of the riaing sun on the
walls of l'ekln and to Illuminate Its dark
ness." Each verse of the aong begins and
ends with "Strike and chastise China.'" The
various verses describe the Chinese as "ar
rogant and insolent" with an "army of
cowards." Of the Chinese troops the war
song says: "They are an undisciplined
rabble, and however line their arms look,
they are useless iike line ladies in pictures."
The chant closes with an invocation to
"march and Pre as long as breath remains."
The Japanese minister of finance has of
ficially made known that the war will not be
allowed to interrupt the internal improve
ments of Japan. Consequently railway con
struction is to procoeG with the same vigor
as in peaceful times. The minister has ar
ranged that the treasury shall keep separate
accounts of the war expenses and those for
Internal Improvements, in order that the
former may not overshadow the latter.
The latest custom house reports Issued In
Japan show that her trade *ith the United
States is greater than that with any other
country. The total trade last year was
about 4,lX!0,'JU0 yens The British trade,
which comes second, is 3,WW,00(1 yens.
The Japanese people and press are re
torting to the Chinese emperor's proclama
tion directing that the Japanese "wo-Jen,"
meaning pigmies, should be driven to their
lairs. The Chinese are being called "chau
chau," the word signifying puerility.
Toupt-kau," meaning pig-tailed vagabonds,
is also used. China is referred to as "Mel
so-koku," meaning the country in which
people cannot make up their minds.
The Japanr-se theaters ar*> already pre
senting plays showing the routs of the
Chinese on land and sea.
FALSE ALARM OF WAR
Trouble W th France Anticipated
in London.
CALLING A SPECIAL CABINET MEETING
It Will Discuss Safety of English
men at Pekin.
NAVAL PREPARATIONS
LONDON, October S.?The sudden sum
moning of the members of the cabinet for a
special council tomorrow has been generally
accepted as being connected with son-.e
serious difficulty with France regard
ing Madagascar. This afternoon, how
ever, the officials of the foreign office
denied that the summoning of the cabinet
council was due to a hitch In the negotia
tions with France In regard to Madagascar,
but was due to the necessity of discussing
several important International questions,
one of the chief subjects to be brought up
being the safety of British subjects resident
In China.
A dispatch was received at the foreign
office today from the British consul at
Pekin stating that he was making arrange
ments to Insure the safety of the Birtlsh
residents at the Chinese capital.
KitraalTC Preparation!.
The secretary of state for foreign affairs,
the Earl of Klmberley, has been in com
munication with the Indian government,
and preparations are being made to concen
trate English and Indian troops In readiness
to proceed further east. It Is added that the
sanction of the cabinet is necessary before
any further Bteps are possible.
A dispatch received here from Portsmouth
savs that rumors are current there In re
gard to extensive raval preparations. The
various heads of departments at the dock
yards had a conference ihis morning at
which the opinion of the officers was taken
In regard to the time the flrst division of the
reserve ships could be in readiness to put to
sea.
The dispatch adds that the training
squadron's departure for the West Indies has
been postponed from Saturday next to Wed
nesday week, and. If necessary, the cruise
of the squadron will be abandoned, and the
men on board the training ships will be
transferred to ships which will be shortly
commissioned.
Newspaper Opinions.
All the afternoon papers gravely discuss
the hasty summoning of a cabinet council,
and It Is generally accepted as being con
nected with rome serious difficulty with
France.
The morning papers generally attributed
the meeting to other causes.
The Telegraph thinks that the meeting
of the cabinet is more likely to be con
rected with Asian affairs than with French.
The Slandaid says: It cannot be believed
for a moment that any question of differ
ence has arisen between England and
France that could not be amicably arranged
by a patient and temperate discussion.
The News says: There are several ques
tions at Issue between France and Eng
land, but there are no questions of opposing
interest comparably la the remotest degree
with those which set France and Prussia
to antagonism In 1&70.
The Feeling at Paris.
PARIS, October 3.?The Parisian press are
skeptical over the likelihood of trouble with
England over Madagascar. The Matin says
that Madagascar can offer no possible sub
ject for a dispute between Franc* and
Ureat Britain, adding:
"Once our differences with the Malagasy
government are settled, there will be no
pretext for a Franco-British conflict. The
relations between the two governments
were never more tranquil."
The Politique Colonlale, reflecting the
views of the minister of the colonies, gives,
exclusive of the questions of Egypt and
Madagascar, a list of eleven outstanding
difficulties between England connected wltn
frontier and similar disputes in various
African colonies. Many of these, however,
have practically been settled, and none of
them would Justify a rupture unless one
country was bent upon picking a quarrel
with the other, which, the paper says. Is not
the case.
The Journal Des Debats and the Temps
reproach the French papers for their in
temperate language toward England.
P Alt IS, October 3.?The minister of for
eign affairs, M. Patanoux, denies that a
blockade of the Island of Madagascar has
been proclaimed by France.
The minister of Marine. M. Felix Faure,
declares that before such a step could be
taken the European powers would have to
be Informed of the intention of France to
do so.
ANANTAItlYO, Madagascar. October 1.?
A blockade of the ports of the Island of
Madagascar has been proclaimed by France.
The resident general has gone to Tamatave.
He has been Instructed to take measures to
protect the colonists in the event of war.
Effect on Stocks.
LONDON, October 3.?The stock exchange
today closed flat on account of the rumors
In circulation regarding the cause of calling
a special cabinet council for tomorrow.
PAKIS, October 3.?Securities on the
bourse today were not affected by the war
rumors in circulation, and stocks closed
llim.
THE MADAGASCAR TKOlBLE.
France Determined to Exert Sover
elK"t> Over tbe Ialand.
The dispute between England and France
In regard to Madagascar Is one of long
standing. Madagascar Is a large Island
separated from the southeastern portion of
Africa by the Mozambique channel. It Is
now, virtually, under a French protectorate,
although It Is claimed In England that at
least one-seventh of the Island Is held by
British capital. But the French embassy
In London recently answered a communi
cation from the Madagascar consul in Lon
don by a formal statement that, officially,
there is no longer such person as a London
Madagascar consul, as. It was added, the
agents of France In various countries repre
sent the Hovas government.
Early last month the French government
evidently determined upon taking decided
| action in regard to Madagascar, probably
believing that the hands of England were
tied by the cempllcations brought about
through the war between China and Japan.
Consequently M. LeMyre de Vliers was sent
on a special mission to Madagascar and it
was understood that lie was to all intents
and purposes instructed to demand the ab
dication of the government and to annex
the Island to France.
The Cocard^ of Paris, at the time of the
departure of M. Le Myre de Vliers, who Is
Just about due at Madagascar, said:
"He will call upon the Hova government
to satisfy all our demands and to respect
all the clauses of our treaties. In the case
of the Hova government accepting this de
mand, a protocol summarizing our rights
ind rendering some oltscure points clear
will be drawn up. These rights may be
summarized as follows:
"The Installation of a French representa
tive, who will treat exclusively all ques
tions of foreign policy with the powers;
the recognition of the rights of Europeans
to possess property without any retroces
sion clause; the right of treating with the
natives for the hire and farming of prop
erty; the registration of all deeds concern
ng the purchase and hire of prop^ty at
rafliT/v"0 h1et,ldeI!Cy: ,he construction of a
has tflT'now rof ^ ?M?lagasy government
nas till now refused; the freedom of navl
S?t?Jl? . fi rtver*: lhe establishment of
Xlnk^nt"^ W*?ere the French may
rL*" , flt- the appointment of a French
?ourcU? ? a,nd.JK*CUre the ,inan-lal re
th? Jw-i f the Present moment, to
Hon rff .1.? ?u e natlveg: the installa
of a French resident with each of the
Malagasy governors, with the object of se
curing the respect of treaties ^d th^
proper collection of the taxes -in a woid
r^meeCwhlUaPhPl,Catl0?. ?f the PWtaetoEIte
regime, which has until now been nothlnr
but nominal. If the Hova ministers do not
sa-tlsfactlon, M. De Vilers will
withdraw to one of the vessels of our
squadron, and the commander "of that
squadron will then open the sealed instruc
tions sent to him."
f.'",e,.Coc*rTle *<Med that all this means
?** l^e Y?10? of the cannon will make
itself heard without any delay If the Hovas
at ?nce accept what may be termed
the French ultimatum.
Likely to Be War.
The Courier Du Solr of Paris, a news
paper generally well Informed in connec
tion with the foreign policy of France, had
this to say of the mission of M. De Vilers
rit the time of his departure for Madagas
car:
"We are assured that M. De Vilers leaves
for Madagascar with but little confidence
in the pacific result of his mission. The
Hovas. who have accumulated stores of
arms and ammunition, -ihow warlike pro
clivities, and are enooirnged to resist by
the English Methodists, who promise them
& support a* they gave them In
1SH3, and who do not hesitate to pledge the
government of the Queen of England. Thus
J* viler*, who waa formerly French
resident general at Antananarivo, and is
*1the afralr? ot the African
Jtnowa the peop.e with whom he Is
i a e made no ferret of his
to the government, which,
during the three months which will elapse
final decision Is taken, will com
v?~L.. Preparations for the expedition,
rtitfj? our l,,'?rmatlon. the expe
f't'?"^1,!y corps will consist of S.iJOO men
and will march on Antananarivo by a route
already carefully studied by several of
corps? er* 0t the mllltary engineering
d!.yiler" w111 be remembered
J5L2? i . Pni.itic agent who ren
?nT?h"T? v*lu*"e service to France dur
iS5L.55lf.if 5?" " d,sPute with Slam and who
compelled the Slameac to accept the terms
offered by France.in spite of the half-lieart
,uPP?rt given to Slam by Great Britain.
SOMETHING OF A JOKE
The Appointment of Mr. Pugh u Super
intendent of the Inoome Tax.
He la m Friend of Secretary Carlisle
Legislated Oat ?( Bis
Former Place.
The appointment of ex-Commissioner of
Customs Win. Pugh to be superintendent
of the Income tax. at *4.200 a year, is re
garded by the treasury officials who are
not too close to the Secretary as a rather
good Joke. The U.JM which is to form Mr
Pugh's salary comes from the appropria
tion cf (0,000 carried by the supplementary
act that was rushed through Congress dur
ing the last days of the sea*Ion. This sum
was Intended to be expended In the prepa
ration of blanks, the printing, etc.. and
was not supposed to be devised to cover
salaries.
It is presumed that there had then been
no calculations made as to the destructive
effect of the Docker? law.
Commissioner Miller, the bead of the in
ternal revenue bureau, said this afternoon
that Mr. Pugh's ditles for the present
2i'?. . not. necessltate his having any as
sistants. Later on, he explained, there will
be a force of clerks drafted for this service.
Just iicw Mr. Pugh is to busy himself with
he preparation of the literature ^?ing
^ ? a compilation of the old decisions
th^oM??mPa ?f the prestnt law with
"e ?a^ a,?o have to do with the prepara
22. regulations and the blanks
.aPPO,ntment is considered as some
SSJ Mrm W *?,? Khere 18 "O certainty
, u?h wl" have charge of the
active work of collecting the tax The law
specifically places this work upon the com
missloner of Internal revenue, so that it
cial C Performed under that offl
,a from Cincinnati, and . It is
u? P<*rf0"a> Mend of Secretary
salary as commissioner of
tt y<ar' that he will
profit by the change, it win he not>-<i
Uontotfhl,hi,1,R?'8 h'm }"?l ^h^n th^oS
tion of the tax, End he will go to work with
the comforting ntrurance that he is to
collect an arrual tax of U from htasclf.
LEGISLATION for ALASKA.
What Will Be Attempted at the Neat
Seulon of Confrfaa.
Another attempt Is to be made during the
t omlng Bessie n of Congress to enact legls
Ut.or. for the better government of Alaska.
Zrl, 'Wb? haVe alread>" K?ne to that
territory and made Investments are anxious
to have lawa provide whloh wl|| make
more secure property rights, ar I which will
Sw^ntAb.h"h ClOKer commerciaI relations
Su7~ I, k* t,e"1tory Rnd the United
the nr., t suggested that one of
the first steps toward bringing Alaska Into
State, r^TlnUni!fatl0n WUh the Unlted
States and making It more useful to the
ri?tor71?nt,v,WOU,<1 ^ t0 0rKanl" the ter
ritory as other territories have been or
ganized and send a delegate to Congress to
represtnt it. who could point out the needs
of the people of the territory to the legis
lators. This Idea is combatted by those who
at,ve government, and that th?
degrcS Kim" have not yet attained a
Uc\?,? L 1"tel?Kence to entitle It to par
ucipate In government affairs IWn.isi Jl*
of such a character that they reoulr* ^
Krcat deal of machinery to operate them
hJ'fL-A0 able capital must be Invested
nciMblealth J*?""! can ^ obtained. It is
sksj'-ss' s
done for Alaska, and her Interstsun.
something substantial in the next Co^rew'
" ? ^
OO.NE TO NEW l'ORK.
Chairman Bsbcoek to Confer With
Republican State Leaders.
rr^.'HT Babcock of the i epubllcan con
C?mmlUe^ ha3 Kone to New York
an?^Wl" ^ absent several days. It Is tinder
stcod that his visit is for the purpose of
holding a conference with the state man
agers upon the political situation, which Is
deemed to have changed materially tinm
the nomination of Mr. Hill. >ir Babcock ^
Interested, of course, in the socc^s^ the
entire republican ticket In New York but
his main concern is about the electkn of
J1 Is Pre??med that It Is
upon this branch of the cam pat* n which he
wishes to confer with the state managers
who are In touch with the various districts! '
a
tfc proof of f$e putting if
m t$e eating. TJeeferbas'f
?far contained $0 cofumnf
of otoertisementc, mode up
of 853 separate announce:
ments. ?#e?e aboertuerc
6oug$t pufifiatp-noi merefp
cpace.
CHINESE INTRENCHED
Waiting for a Battle Which May
Decide the War.
ANOTHER JAPANESE VICTORY REPORTED
Fleet of Seventeen Ships in tha
Gulf of Pe-Chi-Li.
ANOTHER LEVY IN CHINA
SHANGHAI, October S.?The native pa
pers confirm the report, exclusively cabled
to the Associated Press yesterday, that
5,000 Japanese troops have landed In the
northeastern portion of Cores.
The Europeans who were wounded la
the battle fought off the Yalu river all
[ are doing well.
It is reported that the Chinese soldiers
who retreated from Pin* Vang have taken
up a position at Ngan, where they have
been Joined by troops which were landed
on the banka of the Yalu river and by
[ others from Shine Kin*. This Chines*
force is reported to be Intrenching Itself la
the most thorough manner possible, and It
is now thought probable that the result of
the war will be decided In the battle which.
It Is said, must surely be fought at Xkan.
The Chinese ruthorities of this city at
tempted to arrest a Japanese traveler
from Manchuria on his arrival hers from
Tlen-Tsln. The Chinese claim they wer?
Justified In seeking to make the arrest, as
the Japanese was suspected of being a
spy. A police informer took charge of tha
man and handed him over to the Ameri
can consul.
A Japanese fleet of seventeen ships Is now
blockading the Oulf of Pe-ChlU.
French troops are massing la Tonqula.
YOKOHAMA. October The German
warships which had been assembled hers
have been ordered to proceed to porta la
north China.
JapaaM* Las< la Msaehsrla.
LONDON, October ?.?A dispatch re
ceived here from Shanghai says that the
governor of Klrin, Manchuria, reports that
the "Japanese have effected a landing la
the rear of Lam Chun. It la added that tb*
a hole province Is In a-state of consterna
tion, but measures for Its defense are tw
ins sdopted.
Another heavy levy has been made upon
the Chinese merchants. In order to meet
the expenses of the war.
A d If patch from Shanghai says the Han
Keoo province h>.s been depleted of troops.
The viceroy, in anticipation of a rebellion.
Is causing the construction of fortifications
at Woo-Chang. The British consul ad
vises that all women and children be seat
to places of safety. A volunteer corps has
been for-ned In Han-Keoc for the protec
tion of the city should trouble arise there.
The correspondent of the Time* at Parts,
r.ctlng that Corea contains *10.000 Catho
lics and 700.00U Protestants aad Greek
Christians, making altogether over a
quarter of the population, says that tb*
war has a character, in tb* eyes of tb*
European powers, of which account has
not hitherto been taken.
The general, soldiers of whose command
murdered the Scotch missionary. James
Wylle, In Sine-Yang, by beating him se
brutally that he died In a few houra, has
been promoted to the Important post of
commanding the Tartar troops in tb*
Fubklen province.
Asetker Japanese Saeceas Reported.
The Shanghai correspondent of the New
York Herald writes:
It Is reported that the Japanese have cap
tured Klu Lien Chang, on the eastern slds
of the Yalu river.
One hundred and fifty thousand men hav*
been gathered at Pekln for the defense oC
the city, but of this number only 7,000 ar*
effectively armed.
Only So.iWi soldiers are available for th*
defense of the province of Chl-Ll. and the**
are raw recruits.
A Japanese army has landed north of th*
Yellow river. In the southern part of th*
Gulf of Pe-Chl-Ll, to Intercept the trans
portation of troops from the south by way
of the Grand canal to Tien Tsln.
WILL RKTtRS TOMORROW.
Marshal MrCarty Will Brlag Hsagat*
Frosa Sew York.
Special Dispatch to The Evening Star.
NEW YORK. October S.?United States
Marshal McCarty Informed The Star cor
respondent this morning that he has com
pleted arrangements for the delivery of
Capt. H. W. Howgate, the signal service de
faulter, to the federal authorities at Wash
ington tomorrow. As a special measure oC
precaution the marshal has decided to ac
company the prisoner himself. They will
leave here In the morning. The marshal
does not care to say what train they will
take. He realises the Importance of th*
case and will take no chances with hla
prisoner.
Howgate Is still In Ludlow street Jail. H*
Is as exclusive and as uncommunicative as
ever and refuses positively to submit to a
newspai>er Interview.
Mrs. Williams, the gray-hatred little
woman who shared his fortunes in his hum
ble abode at lv?5 West 10th street, calls on
him at the Jail every day and remains as
long as she Is al'owed. She is his only
means of communication with the outside
world and is clowing up his business affulra
here for him. Although her Identity Is still
In doubt, the Impression obtains that she is
Nellie Hurrlll. the woman with whom b*
la supposed to have fled from Washington
twelve years ago.
GOV, McKIXLEY AT TOPKKA.
He Spoke Front a Special Train (M||
Tkrsagk k a a Baa.
TOPEKA. Kan., October ?.-The home of
populism was Invaded by Ohio's governor
today. A special train was started from
Kansas City today at 7:au a.m. over th*
Atchison. Topeka and Santa Fe railroad
headed for Hutchison and stops, and
speeches were scheduled for eleven places
en route. Mr. Cyrus Leland. Jr., clialrmaa
of the republican state committee, and a
number of republican workers. General
Passenger Agent Nicholson and Gen.-ml
Freight Agent Gay of the Santa Fe accom
panied Gov. McKHiley. The first stop was
at Argentine, where a few words were
spoken.
At Lawrence there were fully 2.000 people
at the station, who cheered lustily whea
the train stopped, and gave earnest atten
tion to what Mr. McKlnley said.
With apparent reference to populism th*
governor said: "We might as well under
stand that now one or the other, the re
publican or democratic party, is going to
ctnduct the policy of this government, and
it is for you to determine which one of
these parties will conduct the policy of the
government In such a manner as to best
serve the Interest of the people of tb*
United States."
Topeka was reached at 0:M. A cavalry
escort preceded Gov. McKlnley as he was
driven through the streets to the slat*
bouse grounds, where a platform had be?a
erected. There was an Immense crowd as
sembled, and the greeting given to the dla
tlngulsh?d visitor was very cordial. Gov.
Lcwelling offered to be present snd offi
cially receive Gov. McKlnley. but the re
publican managers declined, saying that
they wanted to make the occasion a purjly
republican one.

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