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No. 13,174. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, MAY 25, 1895-TWENTY PAGES. TWO CENTS.
THE EVENING STAR * PFBT.INffED DAILY EXCFPT HCNDAT AT THE STAB BUILDINGS, 1101 Pennsylvania Avenue, Cor. 11th Street, by The Evening Star Newspaper Company, 8. H. KAUFFMANN Pres't. New York Office* 49 Potter Building, The Evening Star !s served to subscribers in the city by carriers, on their own account, at 10 cents per week, or 44 cent* per month. Copies at 1be counter 2 ceuta each. By mail?anywhere in the united States or Canada?postage prepaid?50 tents per month. Saturday Quintuple Sheet Star, $1 per year, with foreign postage soiled. $3.00. (Entered at the Post Office at Washington. D C. as second-class mall matter.) ?p"All mail subscriptions must be paid in advance. lea tee of sdvertlalng made known on application. ?SENATOR SHERMAN He Will Preside Over the Ohio Con vention at Zanesville. A STRONG FINANCIAL SPEECH EXPECTED His Recommendations Will Un doubtedly Be Indorsed. CONFIDENCE IN HIS ABILITY Senator Sherman has gone to Ohio to preside over the irubernatorial convention to meet at Zanesville. This event is looked on with especial interest, for the reason that the Ohio Senator is expected to make a strong linancial speech, which will be re garded as the keynote of the republican party of that state during the campaign. There is no uncertainty felt by republicans as to the tenor of this forthcoming speech, as the views of Senator Sherman on the financial question are too well known, and confidence is felt that the Senator's views have not changed on this Important sub ject. Muy lie n Financial Moncs. Senator Sherman has always believed in the use of silver in the monetary system of the government, although he has never had patience with the doctrines of free and unlimited coinage of silver. Very many republicans are now looking toward Sena tor Sherman as a strong factor in the next national campaign, as they consider him the ablest financier in the party or in the country. It is regarded as quite likely that Senator Sherman may prove a Moses to lead a large wing of the silver faction of the country into the republican party. This claim on the part of the republicans may sound strange to persons who are not ac quainted with the manner in which the ex Secretary of the Treasury is expected to come to the relief of his party. HIkIi KeKiiril of Hunker*. Among the large class of conservative business men and among bankers of the country Senator Sherman Is regarded as thoroughly safe as a financial leader. Any project that carries hjs indorsement will be taken up by this clh.ss of people with confidence, and even though he should rec ommend a plan that would appear to be radical and unworthy of consideration if proceeding from some other source it would be accepted, and unless it should contain some unusual weakness after careful ex amination would be indorsed. In other words. Senator Sherman is regarded as an unusually good compromise republican, so lar as the sound money men are concerned. At the same time he might secure the in dorsement of many silverites by recom mending some substantial recognition of the white metal in the iinaces of the gov ernment, which, of course, would be very far from anything like free silver. Hi* Recommendation* Will He In dorsed. If Senator Sherman sees fit to make some recommendations for the recognition of sil ver when he presides over the guber natorial convention at Zanesville, It is safe to say that they will at once be indorsed by the sound money men of the party. There is no likelihood that he will say anything that will please the free silver leaders, but there is a large faction of sil ver people in the republican party in the west today who are inclined to be dis gruntled and to kick over their party truces unless the republican leaders make some concession to them. It is this class of silver men, republicans who would rather vote for silver advocated by the republican party than to vote for free sil ver heralded by democratic leaders, that It is thought will be placated by utter ances of the Ohio Senator. Expected to Hold Free Miter Men. There is no doubt that the cause of silver in Ohio is extremely strong today. All through that state, without regard to party lines, per pie are talking of the benefits that would arise from a more plentiful use of silver as primary money In the financial system of the country. Although the re publican party scored decisive victories at the last election in Ohio the leaders of the party in that state are not without concern o\er the result of the next campaign. The claims of the democrats in that state that the great tidal wave in politics has rolled by and that their candidates have a ch-mce for success make the republicans anx ious to permit not only no victory for the democrats, but even a vote that should show a Strengthening of democratic ranks over the results of the last election would fee looked upon as dangerous and as dis couraging to republicans throughout The fjcuntry in the national contest for the presidency. It is for this reason that republicans are noping that Senator Sherman will be equal to the occasion by proposing some financial policy that silver republicans can indorse, while at the same tune running no n'sk of alienating sound money members of the party. TIIK PRESIDENT IN FLAMES. Hi* Portrait to He Pnrt of tlie Kiel Pyrotechnic Display. President Cleveland's portrait will il luminate the night during the festivities attet.ding the opening of the Baltic ship canal a't Kiel. It will be shown in pyro technics frcm the yard arm of the cruiser New York, and at the same time a fiery portrait of Emperor William II will be dis played. It was suggested to Secretary Herbert shortly before the New York sailed that it would bo an excellent idea to have a display of fireworks at the opening of the canal, and that the President's portrait would look well among other set pieces. The S cretary thought well of the sugges tion and the order was accordingly given. From one of the President's latest photo graphs this immense portrait was laid out to sea!** on a light frame, with thin* strips of bamboo. At intervals of about four I re lies little candles or "lances" of slow burning powder were placed along the bam loo strips and connected with a quick fuse. Mil. McC'l I.Mil IPS FINEHAL. It \\ Ml Take Place Monday From Hock Creek C hurch. Arrangements for the funeral services oxer the remains of the late Hugh Mccul loch, formerly Secretary of the Treasury, have been completed. The funeral will be private anil the services will be as simple as it is possible to make them. There will be no honorary pall-bearers and the body bearers will be th?* Immediate employes of the dead man. The services will be held Mond;ev, at 11 a.m., in Hock Creek ('hurch. beyond the Soldiers' Home. The inter ment will be in Rock Creek cemeterv. The Revs. I >rs. Ruck, Aspinnall and Macktv Sinith will conduct the services. Ordered to Till* City. Lieut. A. P. Niblack, now in Chicago on leave of absence, has been ordered to Washington June I to relieve Lieut. W. if. Scheutze of duty in charge of the naval militia l^isiiiesrs of the Navy Department. Lieut. Scheutze has been assigned to duty as naval aid to Assistant Seeretarv Mc Adoo, relieving Lieut. W. H. H. Souther land, who is ordered to the cruiser Cincin nati. MR. LYMAN LEAVES Incidents Attending His Betirement Prom the Commission. He Addre**ea Hi* Old A**oelnteM and Pay* -A W nrin Tribute to the Great Cause. Mr. Charles Lyman, who has been for fo many years a member of the civil service commission, retired from office this morn ing upon the induction of his successor. Mr. John B. Harlow of Missouri. There was general and genuine regret at the com mission building at the severance of the pleasant personal and official relations which had existed so long between Mr. Ly man and the officials and employes, and when it was announced that the retiring commissioner would bid everybody good bye at the noon recess no one left the building. When the commissioners, secre taries, examiners. clerW* and other em ployes-ladies and gentlemen-were assem bled, Mr. Lyman, who was visibly affected, addressed them with much feeling. Mr. Lyman'* Remark*. "The occasion which calls us together is, from one point of view, almost inexpress itly sad," said Mr. Lyman. 4,It marks the end of relations which have to me been very pleasant and agreeable. The break ing up of such relations that have been long continued and have been uniformly of such an agreeable character does not oc cur without some emotion; but I do not desire to dwell upon this feature of the occasion. There is a brighter side, and I am glad to look upon that side of It, ana that grows out of the fact that we have been associated together, many of us for years. In a work which has commanded our sincere and cordial approval, a work in which we have been engaged In common with other people, and which we believe is of vast importance to this country. We have been engage^ together, you and 1, with others, in inaugurating, perfecting and carrying forward a movement, we call It a reform, I believe It Is a reform; but at any rate It Is a movement which I believe, and which you believe, has in it the elements of immense good to this country. It has to do with the administration of this govern ment. It is a great government, and the administration of the government, whether that administration is good or bad. whether it is honest or dishonest, whether it is efficient or inefficient, is a matter of great concern to the people of this country. What Civil Service Reform* Mean*. "We believe that the civil service reform movement means not only good administra tion, honest administration, but it means clean politics," he continued, "and we have labored together in all these years In this movement, and upon this cause of reform we have made our impress. Wre have stamped in some degree, greater or smaller, our purpose and our personality. W hat we have written into this reform can never bo unwritten; it will stand in the records of the government for all time, and it will oe to your credit, as I believe it will be to mine, that we have worked together in this cause and have accomplished something toward its establishment and its perpetuity. It Is possible that we have all made reputa tions in It in a way; it is possible that I might have mad; in some sense a different reputation if my course had been dlfTer ent. SutlMfled With Hi" Con rue. "I have not chosen to conduct my part of this work by proclamation," he saW. ?'I do not regret it. I have satisfied my self, my Judgment, my conscience, by do ing the work of this commission, such of it as came to me. ill the best way that I possibly could. I have given to St my thought, my whole purpose, the best that was in n.e; and now as I sever m> con nection with this work in its official rela tions, and my relations with you officially, I do not intend-to sever my connection with the cause; a cause which lies very pro foundly deep in my Judgmentand inns affections. For twenty-hve years I ha\e been a civil service reformer in office. If I shall live to be twenty-five years older than I am I shall be twenty-five years more a civil service reformer, and I snail where and on all occasions stand for .t, for what It mfans. for what It does; and I congratulate you ladlesandgenUementha^ vou are associated with It, and 1 vou cordially and heartily for tne support and confidence which you have ever gnen to me. IMensttlit rloftlns A\or*l?. "There has never been an occasion during nur association toge'her that you have not promptly, loyally and faithfully responded to every call," raid Mr. Lyman, in conclu sion, "and I am perfectly sure that you will give to my successor, a gentleman whom 1 have long known, and hold in high esteem the tame loyal, faithful and con stant support which you have given to me. To my late associate, the president of thL commission, I wish to tender my thanks for the kindness and courtesy he h..? invariably shown m-i Our relations have been of the "most agreeable character; it gives me pleasure to say this. I will n?' >'r?lo!1K ,hfce remarks. Before we separate, I de sire to take each of you by the hand and say good-liye, and may God speed jou In y Following Mr. Lyman's remarks ad drecses were made by Major \\ ebster, Mr. Doyfe Mr. Bailey. Mr. Kiggins Mr De I and and Mr. Halloran. who had been longest associated with Mr. Lyman. JIDGE tiOFF .VYMfciD. A Fellow \Ve*t Virginian "Want* Hiiu for i'roMideut. Ex-Commissioner of the Internal Revenue John W. Mason indorses Judge Goff of West Virginia for the presidency and be lieves that the man who gained such wide reputation for his judicial decisions will make a most acceptable candidate for that office. In talking over the chances of Judge Goff for the republican nomination, Mr. Mason said: "Never before in the history of the coun try has It been so necessary to have a southern man head the ticket. Tne elec tions during the past year in the south have shown that that section is more than ready to come into the republican ranks if local prejudices can be broken down. Republican doctrines are spreading in all the manufacturing and other indus trial districts of the southern states and the liberal element there wgyld like to in dorse these principles by voting for a re publican president. Louisiana might be carried by the republicans, and if Judge Goff were nominated West Virginia would surely indorse him and there would be great probability of carrying Virginia. If it could only be said that a republican vote would mean that a southerner would be placed In the White House, much of the an tagonism of the southern people would be overcome." TK001?I\<; Till-: COLOHS. Officially Celebrating the Birthday of (lie Qnceu. LONDON, May 25.?The birthday of Queen Victoria, the anniversary of which occurred yesterday, was officially celebrated in this city today. At the Horse Guards during the morning many thousands of I eop:e witnessed the brilliant spectacle of trooping the colors. The Grenadier Guards, ot Fusilier Guards and <'old Stream Guards took part in the ceremonies. FORMOSA'S REVOLT Information That She Has Declared Her Independence. THE REPORT NOT TAEN SERIOUSLY The Movement Regarded as a Re bellion Against Japan. NEWS AT THE LEGATION The State Department has received a cablegram from Mr. Denby, United States minister to China, stating that the Island of Formosa has declared her independence, that the powers have been so notified and that a government republican in form has been established in Formosa. This adds a new complication to the situation in the east. Before this government can recog nize the Formosan independence it must be shown that a provisional government which can stand has been organized. There are great numbers of Japanese in Formosa, j and it remains to be seen what course they will adopt. Not Taken Seriously. The dispatch of Minister Denby is not taken seriously at the State Department. The information contained in the dispatch was taken at the department to mean that the minister awaited instructions to recog nize the new government, or that it was in a position to be recognized by the United States. But there is not likely to be any such ac tion taken by the government, nor would Minister Denby be justified in taking any such step. The United States recognizes Formosa as belonging to Japan, and no matter what may be the form of govern ment which the revolutionists of the island may have organized, a recognition of the independence of the island would be dis tinctly an unfriendly act toward Japan. It is not for the United States minister to China, or to any other country, to recog nize the independence of any island in re volt. The United States does not recognize the Cuban rebels, and the movement in Formosa cannot be regarded as anything more than a rebellion against Japan. !S'o Likelihood of a Republic. The idea of a republican form of govern ment being formed in Formosa is treated with some derision at the department. The population of Formosa is composed of sav ages, reclaimed savages and Chinese im ni grants. The latter are of the lowest classes of Chinese, and the people there, it is de clared, would not know what a republican form of government was. It is thought more likely that an oligarchy is in control of the island. It is believed at the depart ment that the trouble has arisen over the fear of the inhabitants of Formosa that the Japanese will take away the property the people ha\e acquired. When they un derstand that the treaty ceding Formosa confirms all fees and holdings it is thought the population will have a different feeling tc ward the new possessors of the island. Products of the Islattd. Formosa is one of the richest islands of the sea. Nine-tenths of the tea used in the United States is produced there, and it supplies Japan with sugar and exports large quantities of camphor. It has pe troleum wells and coal fields, but these have never been worked. They are in the northern part of the island, and will be of immense value to Japan. The population has been estimated as between 2,000,000 and o.tHMUXMi people, but the best informa tion is that it docs not actually exceed a million and a quarter of people. The United States has no consul in For mosa, the nearest consulate being Amoy, China,' which has a general supervisory command over American interests in the island. There is a consular agent at Takow. The principal harbor is Kelung, from which a small railroad extends into the interior. The island contains about square miles. The western half has been subdued and is very productive, while the eastern part is largely in a savage state. Xo Advices tit the Japanese Levntiitn The Japanese legation here has received no advices on the rebellion in Formosa and the establishment of an independent republic. The officials do not attach much weight to the affair, saying that the natives are little advanced from savagery and are incapable of organization or mili tary action. They fiyht with bows and arrows. The Chinese soldiers who were on the island have been withdrawn, so that only the natives with their rude arms remain. Against this, it is pointed out, is the pow erful army and navy of Japan available to suppress a rebellion from such a bar barous class. Japan recently designated a viceroy, or governor general, for Formosa, and he left about two weeks ago, escorted by a fleet of Japan's modern cruisers. The latter are now in the large ports of For mosa. THE PEOPLE OF FORMOSA. Some<hinu: About the Mixed Raees In habiting the Island. A writer in the New York Herald says of the people of Formosa: The natives on the verge of the settled districts, who, though living in communication with their own people and preserving their own customs and modes of life, have quietly accepted Chinese rule, are called the Peppo-whan. They are a large and well-formed race. It may be remembered that in the accounts of the repulse of Admiral Eespes in his attack on Tamsui the fighting of the hill men was specially mentioned; these were the Peppo-whan. They are, however, very poor, being in the grasp of the Chinese usurers, to whom they have mortgaged their lands. The crops of rice pay the in terest. the unfortunate people being al lowed to retain only those of sweet po tatoes for their own use. The independent tribes of Formosa live high up among the mountains and on the ec:St coast, and appear to be savages pure and simple. They are said, by Dutch vTiters, to preserve in their huts the heads of th< ir enemies killed in war as trophies of victory, a custom common among the Dyaks or "head hunters" of Borneo and certain aboriginal tribes of Luzon. But a still more serious charge is brought against them by the Chinese?that of cannibalism. There is nothing in our recent knowledge of the Formosans to corroborate this charge. It is true that no European has ever had an opportunity of studying the independent tribes in situ, but the reports of the Peppos and the Chinese of the west ccast do not allege cannibalism against their savage neighbors. To what race these aborigines belong or whence they came are questions which in the present state of our knowledge can only be answered tentatively. How far did the twenty odd names of different tribes scattered over the eastern portion of the island really represent tribal distinctions it is impossible to say; on one point only can we be certain, that these people have no ethnic connection with the Chinese. High cheek bones are the exception among them, the face and head are small and round, the eyes are straight and not oblique, nor do the scanty vocabularies which have been collected indicate the slightest anal ogy with the Chinese. But a striking phys ical resemblance has been noticed between them and the Pellew Islanders; this, how ever,, is hardly a safe ethnological guide. There can be little doubt that the Kuro Siwo, the gulf stream of the Pacific, which flows northward, past the island, toward Japan, has from time to time cast on its shores inhabitants of most of the islands of the China seas. From the time of tho Manchu conquest, in 16S3, down to the present day, China has been gradually annexing Formosa, not by military operations, but by the most power ful of all agencies?hnmlgration. Neverthe less, the results of two centuries of con stant immigration have "b?en very small, when we recollect that Formosa is only about 100 miles in a direct line from the teeming mainland, where, as De Quincy said, man is a weed, and: that whatever differences there are in climate should rather invite than repel emigrants. The native Formosans seem to be nearly as tenacious as the Chinese themselves, but they are slowly giving way before superior numbers. From Kelung, Tamsui, Taiwan and other settlements on the west coast the Chinese gradually extended up the rivers and over the alluvial plains, carrying on a constant war with the natives, civilizing some, killing others, but always holding what they had got and usually advancing a step forward. In two centuries the natives who refused to bow their necks to the yoke, and who preferred independence and their native savagery, have been driven into the moun tains, where the Chinese advance has stopped, probably because the soil was un inviting. TO BE NEAR CONGRESS Knights of Labor Headquartars to Front the Capitol Grounds. A Handsome Hull cling: to Be Ereelvd to Accommodate the Execu tive Officers of tlie Order. When the general assembly of the Knights of Labor met in convention at Richmond, Va.. in October, 1886, an order ?was passed directing the general officers to purchase or erect a suitable building for national headquarters. Washington was then a candidate for the honor, but Phila delphia was selected, and the handsome brown-stone residence of the late Matthew Baird of that city was purchased and oc cupied, and it is from that building that orders have issued during the last eight years. Recently, however, the Philadel phia house was ordered sold and the offi cers were authorized to select suitable headquarters elsewhere. This was nearly .two years ago. The ex ecutive board has visited Washington fre quently during that time, and has made several offers for real estate here, the Hutchir.s building at 10th and D streets northwest having been at one time bar gained for. But the deal fell through. Th? knights are coming to Washington, however, and before long the flag of that industrial army will float over a building of their own at the corner of 1st and B streets northwest, fronting the north side of the Capitol grounds. Qeneral Master Workman Sovereign, Grand Secretary Treasurer Hayes, and T. B. McG'uire of New York, C. A. French of Massachusetts, H. B. Martin of Minnesota, and J. M. Ken ney of Nebraska, composing the general executive board, were if*- the city TTrtSfs day and Friday, and before leaving had concluded the purchased the ground- men tioned and signed a contract with Beall & Baden of this city for the immediate erection of a substantial brick and stone two-storyand basement building, 25x120 feet in size. ' ? The first or main floor will contain the general otllces of the order; while the pri vate offices of the master workman, secre tary-treasurer, executive "board and edito rial and composing rooms of the Journal of the Knights of Labor will be located on the second floor. The press and mailing rooms of the Journal and. shipping depart ment of the order will be located in the basement. The building will be heated by steam and lighted by electricity. When completed the K. of L. headquar ters will be an ornament to the national capital, and will add to tfie importance of Washington as a center fqr industrial news and movements. Speaking of their reasons fc-r coming here, General Master Workman Sovereign said: "We are coming to Wash ington to keep an eye op the actions cf Senators and Representatives. The reforms sought by labor can only be secured through legislation. This is the seat cf war, and we want to be on the ground to lcok out for the interests of the masses. The classes maintain powerful lobbies here during all the sessions of Congress. The toilers will in future also be represented before congressional committees on all questions affecting their welfare. We be lieve our presence here will have a whole some effect upon the actions of the people's representatives. Our official paper circu lates in every hamlet in the United States, an.I we shall publish the records of both the'friends and enemies of labor; and this can be done from Washington better than from any other point in the country." DOWX TO WORK. Twenty-Fire Families Have Their 1'olntncN Planted. The sturdy yeomen of the Pingree com mittee are making progress. Today the ap plications were swelled to sixty, about equally divided between white and colored. Lets are assigned as rapidly as plowed and harrowed. Twenty-five allotments have been made, and the allottees have got their crop in the ground just in time to catch the beneficent effect of the coming showers. In all, now fifty acres have been put at the use of the committee. Ten lots leased by Mr. Dana on Columbia road were plow ed and harrowed today. A nice piece of land on the Conduit road will be out in order next. Some of the land offered is not accepted. An expert farmer inspects all land offered and mnkes a report on it. If it isn't worth planting on he so reports and it is rejected. Working for Their Families. Among those who are working donated lands are several colored widows, who have families dependent on them. Indeed, all the allottees have families. Every ap plicant ?has been looked up carefully, and so far all have been found to be working people long resident in the District. Lands have been placed at the use of the committee by the following parties: Albert M. Read, T. B. Harrison, Conrad Barrow, Chris. Heurich, twelve acres; A. S. Caywood. Weller &. Hepetti, fifty lots; Mr. Dana, ten lots; Dr. J. J. Purman. Mrs. Priseilla Thompson. Dr. J. A. Bobbins, Israel W. Stone. Mr. Williams, Mrs. S. W. Brittingham, Mrs. W.? C. Dodge, George Stainbai>:rh, Mr. Whitehead, J. D. Crois sant, Mrs. M. J. Hosack, Miss M. L. Herntzelman, Mrs. Clialker, R. M. J. At well, Mr. Mayes, Dr. M. D. Peck, Mrs. Reed's heirs, and others?in all about fifty acres. These Are Pnimirn. Those who have received allotments of lands and planted their trops are as fol lows: Jno. Wingfield, Ch^s. Shorter, Henry Albert, Mr. Scurvoy, Jas.? McCartney, Mrs. Wright, Thornton and Gaj-ner, Jas. Powers, Lucinda Henson, Martljp. Bailey, A. B. Kaufman, Geo. Denny, Jstfbob A. Long, Mrs. Floyd, Mrs. Patterson, Robt. Hilbus, Geo. Taylor, Arthur B. Whitaker, Edward Cole man, Reyburn Green, Jno. Thomas. To ViNit Rattleliclds. Secretary Herbert and party, including Gen. W. T. Smith, Gen. Hyde and Col. Cas sells, left here this morning to visit the battlefields of Gettysburg and Antietain. They will return Monday evening. MERIT WILL RULE Chiefs of Division Under Civil Ser vice Requirements. PRESIDENT CLEVELAND'S ACTION Extension of the Classified Service in the Agricultural Department. HUNDREDS BENEFITED Probably the cause of civil service re form has never received more substantial impetus than it did yesterday when Presi dent Cleveland issued a series of orders amending the civil service rules in relation to the Department of Agriculture. He di rected that hereafter all chiefs of division in the department, of whom there are eighteen, should be taken out of what is known as the accepted class, appoint ments in which are subject to the per soral pleasure of the Secretary of Agri culture, and that any vacancies that might occur hereafter should be filled by promotion from the large corps of trained experts employed in the department, or, occasionally, when necessary, by competi tive examination. These positions demand skill on the part of those who hold them of a high technical and professional char acter. The cashier and the assistant dis bursing officers, the chief clerks of the weather bureau and the bureau of animal industry and the scientific or professional experts employed in Washington in the De partment of Agriculture have also been taken out of the excepted list, in all about twenty-five. The classification of the De partment of Agriculture is further amend ed so as to make subject to competitive examination under the civil service rules the clerks, microscopists, assistant micro sccpists, stock examiners, taggers, agents and all other employes except temporary laborers in the bureau of animal industry outside of Washington. Also all state statistical agents and all messengers in the weather bureau outside of Washing ton. Those employed at Was.iington were alieady classified. The inspectors, veter inary inspectors and assistant inspectors of the bureau of animal industry were already subject to competitive examina tion. This extension to the remaining places in that bureau adds more than five hundred places to the classified service. Mngnltiide of the Chans:*'. Many of the more important places which are put beyond the possibility of their oc cupants being removed in case of political changes of administration are at present held by gentlemen who have risen to them step by step. For instance, the chief of ac counts and disbursements first entered the department in 1875 at a salary of "$1.50 per day, and was promoted stage by stage through the division of seeds, the division of statistics, and the divisions of accounts and disbursements, until he became its chief. Secretary Morton was asked today how the Presidents order would affect the De partment of Agriculture. "The magnitude of the change in the classified service of the Agricultural De partment may be realized," said the Secre tary, "when it is known that all places and positions in the department are brought into the classified civil service except the Secretary and the assistant secretary of agriculture and their private secretaries, the chief of the weather bureau and his private secretary, the chief clerk of the de partment, and the laborers and charwo men. The extension of the classification of I the department outside of Washington will I include at least 150 taggers, 5 microscop ists, 200 assistant microscopists, 15 clerks, 38 live stock agents, iiy stock examiners, 2 superintendents of quarantine stations in | the bureau of animal industry, all messen gers in the weather bureau stations and ! all state and territorial statistical agents, I numbering 40. Significance of the Order. The action of the President at this junc ture is taken as significant of future im portant extensions of the classified service in other departments. Before Mr. Roose velt retired from the civil service com mission that body had strongly presented to the President the necessity of extending the protection of the merit system over many of the positions now filled by politi cal favor. It was represented to Mr. Cleve land that under the present mode of trans acting the business of the governmeat the men most qualified by long experience and familiarity with departmental work were not available for positions requiring direc tion of an executive character, such as the chiefs of divisions and bureaus exert. The reason for this was that after a clerk appointed under civil service rules had shown marked ability in the particular (iuties assigned to him and won promotions by reason of his excellence until he .each ed the highest grade in the classified serv ice. he would prefer to remain there, in safety rather than accept a higher appjini nient which might be taken from :iim whenever the political complexion of the administration changed. The President*}* Approval. Mr. Cleveland, it is understood, iccog nlzed that the pub'ic business could be much better transacted by having all the oflices, up to those occupied by men who' directly assisted the shaping the policy of the government in a political sense, filled in accordance with the merit system. The extension of the merit system, :herefo:*e, to include the chiefs of division in the De partment of Agriculture is believed to in dicate a similar extension to the other j departments at an early day. The appoint ments of Mr. Itice and Mr. Harlow to the places formerly held by Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Lyman are also taken as indications of the purpose of Mr. Cleveland to Rive the business affairs of the government all the advantages that can possibly accrue from the widest application of the merit system in appointments to and promotions in office. The civil service commission today re ceived petitions from the stereotypers' and pressmen's urtions, signed by all th? mem bers of those organizations, most of whom are employed in the government -riming office, asking that trie civil service rules be amended so as to include the employes of the government printing otfice under 'he classified service. OUT TO AW. Tlic President at Wood Icy and Cabinet OfliccrM Scattered. There is a noticeable scarcity of hi^h officials In the city today. The President spent the day at Woodley, dispatching ac cumulated routine business preparatory to leaving the capital for the entire summer. Secretary Carlisle is in Kentucky. Secre tary Lamont is in New York. Secretary Herbert is in Gettysburg, and Secretary Smith is down south. Medical .Director Dean's Retirement. Medical Director Richard C. Dean, who is the second ranking officer in the medical corps of the navy, will be placed on the retired list on Monday on account of age. He is a member of the examining and re tiring board at the Navy Department. His retirement will promote each of the fol lowing named officers to the next higher giade: Medical inspector; Thomas C. Wal ton; surgeon, M. C. Drennan, and passed assistant surgeon, D. M. Guiterar. There are now twelve vacancies in the lowest grade of the corps, which the department finds great difficulty In filling. WINDER'S BUILDING Some Clerks Employed in It Anxious as to Its Seourity. Auditor Farrow Haa Xo Fears on the Subject?Report of a Recent Ex amination by an Expert. Several of the clerks in the Winder build ing, on 17th street, occupied by the office of the auditor for the War Department, have recently expressed doubt as to the en tire safety of the building. They have made no formal complaint to the authori ties, but have not hesitated to disclose their uneasiness privately to their friends. The principal cause of their apprehension is a recent addition to the large stock of tiles stored in the building. The fact that these files were all placed in the basement, where they could not possibly add the slightest strain to the walls, was entirely overlooked by the timid ones, who appir ently considered nothing but the age of the structure and the existence of certain cracks in the front wall. They disregarded entirely the fact that these cracks origi nally appeared many years ago, and have rot become any larger, and the further fact that the walls have since been re peatedly inspected by competent engineers arid architects, and pronounced safe and sound. Auditor Furrow Satisfied. Col. Farrow, the auditor, talked frankly with a Star reporter on the subject today. He said he was not aware of the existence of any uneasiness about the safety of the building. He certainly felt none himself, and if any of the officials, clerks or em ployes were uneasy on that score, they had scrupulously concealed it from him. His office was on the third floor and nat urally he wns as much interested in the safety of the building as the other occu pants. When the accounting system of the Treasury Department was reorganized in October last under the Dockery plan, it be came necessary, Auditor Farrow explained, to transfer to and from the office a large number of flies. As the transfer involved an additional weight on certain portions of the walls, he requested, as a matter of precaution, that they be examined by a competent engineer or architect. His suggestion in this matter was re spected by the Secretary of the Treasury, and an expert was detailed to make an examination. As a result of his report measures were taken to insure the perfeot stability of the walls, ard props were made at all doubtful points. The inspection showed that the walls were of unusual thickness, and fhat the structure was per fectly safe and secure in every respect. More recently the chief clerk of the Treas ury Department found it necessary to transfer additional files to the ofllce for storage, and notwithstanding they were all placed in the basement, the auditor re quested simply as a precautionary meas ure that the building be again examined in order to determine ihe perfect propriety of the transaction. Accordingly another examination was made by an expert, with the same result as before, viz., that the security of the building was in nowise impaired by the transaction. Confidence In the Building's Safety. Color.el Farrow expressed confidence in the perfcct safety of the building, and said he was surprised to hear that any of his clerks felt the slightest uneasiness in the matter. He referred the reporter to Mr. Lc gaii Carlisle, chief clerk and superin tendent of the Treasury Department, as an official who could give more details as to the results of the examinations of the building. Upon application to Mr. Carlisle the reporter received corroboration of Col onel Farrow's statements, and was shown the report of Mr. C. E. Young, the expert of the architect's office who examined the Winder building a few weeks ago. It showed that certain changes had been recommended to meet the redistribution of the weights of the building and that the grade of the terrace be changed so as to secure a better drainage from the walls. A contract has been made for this last mentioned work, and it will be executed in a short time. This improvement will serve to keep the foundations dry and free from surfac% drainage. All the other sugges tions made by the expert, including the placing of posts under the beams of the fiist floor, have been faithfully carried out. According to Mr. Carlisle the building js as strong and safe as the treasury build ing itself. DROWXED IX THE CANAL. Capsizing: of the Steam Yacht Trilby at Buffalo. BUFFALO, N. Y., May 2a.?A steam yacht bearing the name of Trilby was capsized in the Hamburg canal this morn ing and two or three men are thought to be drowned. The accident occurred at the Michigan street bridge, which is being re paired. The yacht served as a firry to carry workmen across the canal, and to day there was a large crowd of Polish laborers who sought conveyance to their work. Tney clambered aboard like a flock of sheep. The Trilby took three loads safely across, but when she returned for the fourih. the Poles made a rush for her, and all jumping simultaneously on one side caused her to lurch, capsize and go to the bottom. CHINA'S ALLEGED REFISAL. The Report is \?t Credited in Lon don. LONDON, May 25.?In official circles here the report that China has xefused to pay an additional indemnity to Japan for the evacuation of Port Arthur and the Liao Tung peninsula, is discredited. It is be lieved. on the contrary, that an agreement has already been arrived at between China, Japan and the powers, on the basis of an extra indemnity. TRIP OF THE ST. LOUS. She Leaves Philadelphia on ller Ini tial Ocean Voyage. PHILADELPHIA, Pa., May 25.-At 11:45 today the pioneer of modern merchant marine, the giant steamship St. Louis, cast off her hawsers at Cramp's ship yard and started down the Delaware river on her initial ocean voyage to try her speed. It is expected that she will remain at sen from four to five days and then go to New York. IMTED PRESBYTERIANS. Elder Blair's Case Before the General Asscin lily. PITTSBURG, Pa., May 25.?The United Presbyterian general assembly this morn ing resumed its consideration of the case of Elder W. H. Blair of Adamsville, Pa., who is charged with selling liquor on pre scription to young men and to men of known intemperate habits. Rev. J. H. Hutchman, counsel for the prosecution, made an address, in which he handled the defendant without gloves. Snatched Back From Death. Special Dispatch to The Evening Star. CUMBERLAND, Md., May 25.?Samuel Keesucker, a boatman on the canal, at tempted suicide this morning by shooting himself in the head. Just as he pulled the trigger his arm was knocked up, and the revolver was taken from him. He has been despondent, and says financial troubles led him to the attempt. ?8e proof of f0e pufcfctng is tn ftje eatm* TJerfer&aj'i JJfar contained 52 cofumiie ?f nboerfteemenfe, made up of 759 separate Announce; menf*. Zfyttt *bt*rfuer6 ?oug0f pu6fetfg-nof merefp space. OSCAR WILDE GUILTY The Playwright and Poet Sentenced to Prison FOR TWO YEARS WITH HARD LABOR The Solicitor General's Impassioned Appeal. A JURYMAN'S QUESTION LONDON, May 25.?The jury In the Wilde case has rendered a verdict of guilty and he has been sentenced to prison for two years with hard labor. Oscar Wilde's trial having reached its final stage the Old Bailey court room was filled with interested spectators almost as scon as the doors were opened today. Sir Frank Lockwood, the solicitor general, re sumed his address to the Jury, which he had just begun when court adjourned yes terday. The prisoner's intimacy with lord Alfred Douglas and the exhibition of the younger man by the elder one at hotels and public places in and about London were severely commented upon by counsel. Referring to the much-commented-upon letters which Wilde wrote to Lord Alfred Douglas, counsel said that the jury had been told that they were too low to ap pieciate such poetry and that he thanked God it was so, as it showed they were above the level of beasts. (Applause, which the judge promptly suppressed). Sir Edward Clarke, leading counsel for Wilde, here interposed objections to such appeals as the one just made by Sir Frank Lockwood. which, counsel claimed, should r.ot be allowed. When Sir Fiank Lockwood continued his speech he warned the jury to render a verdict which would prevent "such a de testable and abominable vice to rear its head ur.blushingly in this country-" A Favorable Charge. Justice Wills began summing up at 1:30 p.m. The general tenor of his address to the Jury was favorable to Wilde. During the address to the jury, the fore man asked whether, in view of the inti macy between Lord Alfred Douglas and Alfred Wood, one of the men whose name has been brought prominently into the case, a warrant for Lord Alfred's arrest had ever been issued. The judge replied that he thought not. The foreman then asked if it had ever been contemplated to issue a warrant for the arrest of Lord Alfred Douglas. To this the court replied that he could not say, and the court adjourned for lunch. When the court reassembled for business the judge said that the suspicion that Lord Alfred Douglas would be spared if guilty, simply because he was Lord Alfred Doug las, was a wild idea and a matter which they could not discuss. The present in quiry was as to whether the man in the dock was guilty of immoral practices. The jury retired at 3:80 p.m. Wilde Convicted. The jury returned to court at 5:30 p.m., with a verdict of guilty against defendant. Wilde was entenced to two years' imprison ment at hard lal>or. Alfred Taylor, Wilde's associate, was al so sentenced to two years' imprisonment at hard labor. The announcement of the verdict caused a great sensation in court, as it was the general impression that Wilde would es cape conviction. Wilde'R Denial. While the jury was out, at the request of the representative of the Associated Press, Wilde's counsel brought the follow ing signed statement from Wilde, who was waiting in the prisoners' room below the dock. The charges alleged against me are en tirely untrue. Youth in every form always fascinated me because youth has naturally that temperament to which the artist has to try to attain. All works of art are works produced in the moment of youth. I have no sense at all of social grades. I love so ciety and the rich and well born on ac count of their luxury. Culture, the grace of their lives, the external accidents of ccmely life. But any one, plough boy, fish erman or street arab, has an interest ^or me. Mere humanity is so wonderful. "I do not ask of the young what they do. I do not care who they are. Their ignor ance has its mode of wisdom; their lack of culture leaves them open to fresh and vivid impressions. (Signed.) "OSCAR WILDE." The document from which the attove statement is cabled to the Associated Press is written throughout in Wilde's own hand writing, which is extremely graceful and firm, on a sheet of foolscap paper, and it is sigrned with a flourish. When the foreman of the Jury delivered the verdict, Wilde, who had entered the prisoners' dock a moment l>efore. rose from the chair upcn which he had been seated throughout the trial, and stood with his arms on the dock. The silence which pre vailed throughout the court room was really painful as Justice Wills ordered that Alfred Taylor should also be summoned before him. Then, in a voice trembling with emotion, the justice said: "I never be fore had such a shocking case as this to deal with. MA RTFS DEATH DOIIITED. Cuban Revolntionium Have \? News of it. NEW YORK. May 25.?Senor Diogo Ra mirez, a prominent Cuban revolutionist. In an interview, says: "It may be true that Marti has been killed, but the stories about his death are so conflicting that I cannot believe it until our party receives confirmation of the news. It is very strange that we have received no word in regard to it. "There are two facts which lead us to place no confidence in the report. One is that the government is making a second at tempt to raise a loan in Paris and wants to show that things in Cuba are turning in favor of the Spaniards. The other is that they have just announced that reporters will not be allowed to go to the Insurgents' camp. "There are other men amonp them the name of Marti, and, for that matter, more than one man bearing Marti's Christian name?Jose. Maybe the Spaniards killed a .lose Marti, but not the great general of that name. Our chief argument against the report, however, is that Gomez and Marti had, only two or three days before, fought a battle in Camasan, some miles from Dos Itios, where they are said to have been killed, and between Dos Rios and Camasan, which is away on the northeast, the country is very mountainous and could not be traveled in two or three days. "But admitting that Gen. Jose Marti be really dead, we should deplore his loss sin cerely, but it would not affect the cause in the slightest degree. There are many ready to take his place, and fighting will be con tinued with redoubled vigor, for the Cubans will be animated by the desire to avenge him." Tlie Ailsa Forced to Withdraw. SOUTH END, England. May 25.?Ailsa and Britannia started at 9:43 this morn ing, with yachts of other classes, in a channel race from South End to Harwich, a distance of about fifty miles. The breeze was light. Ailsa was leading the twen Lies and forties when she was compelled to ?ive up the race and return to her anchor age, having lost her bobstay. This de stroyed the interest in the race.