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THE EVENING STAR
PUBLISHED DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY AT THE STAR BUILDINGS, 1101 Pennsylvania Avenue, Cor. 11th Street, by The Evening Star Newspaper Company, 8. H. KAUFFMANN Pres't. New York Office, 49 Potter Building. The Evening Star Is served to subscribers In the city by carriers, on their own ac<*ount. at 10 cents per week, or 44 cents per month. Copies at the counter 2 cents each. By mail?anywhere in the United States or Canada? postuge prepaid?60 tents per month. Saturday Quintuple Sheet Star, $1 per year, with foreign postage added. $3.00. (Enter**! at the Post Office at Washington. D. C.. as second-class mall matter.) S'All mail subscriptions must he paid In advance, tes of advertising made known on application. No. 13,175. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, MAY 27, 1895-TWELVE PAGES. TWO CENTS. proof of ffje putting ts in ffle eatrng. Safurbftg's gtar eonfatneb 60 eofumns ?f fttoerfisemenfs, mabe up of 1,151 separate announces menfs. g$t6t abt*rfisers Sought jw6ficifg-nof mertfg space. REPUBLICAN LEAGUE Interest in the Coming Meeting of the Clubs. CHANCE FOR MISSIONARY WOE All Presidential Candidates Will Have Their Friends There. FEARS OF A SILVER TROUBLE The more anxious of the leading republi can managers will not feel comfortable until after the approaching meeting of the National League of Republican Clubs, to be held at Cleveland, is over. And they may not feel so very comfortable then. It all depends. The league is an exceedingly strong or ganization. and within its proper sphere does valuable work for the party. It is composed principally of young men, and its office is to keep the party lamps alight and burning brightly all over the country. It is ! the custodian of the party's campaign en thusiasm. It is the whooper-up of the boys, and such work is indispensable. I3ut the very qualities that enter into the making of a great club leader are not those considered desirable in a party manager. If the one should be full of magnetism and enthusi asm, with fine judgment as to campaign banners and mottoes and marching columns and all that sort of thing, the other should be a man of cqol head and much reflection and very sober judgment. The latter, there fore, should always go first. It is for him to decide upon the issues, to plan the bat tle, and for the club leader then to cong: forward and marshal his men and put them into action accordingly. . A Fear for Silver. Eut the meeting of the league is at hand, and the attendance promises to be very large. Republican enthusiasm is every where at its flood. The club leaders will meet with the feeling that they have a good deal of political wealth stored away in their inside pockcts, and the fear is that they may be carried away by their con ception of the situation, and embark upon deliverances and precipitate conflicts high ly undesirable at this time. Next year's battle has not yet been planned. The most capable of the party managers are disturb ed on several of the points to enter into the question. Silver in particular is to be considered. Much uneasiness prevails there fore lest in advance of the councils and agreements of the managers something may be done to embarrass them and im peril party success. A note from Oregon the other day indi cated the danger. When the state league of clubs met to choose delegates to this meeting of the national league a resolution was offered instructing the delegates for free coinage. This was an expression of western republican sentiment on that sub ject, but in direct conflict with the national attitude of the party. An animated dis cussion followed, but the resolution was tabled. It was decided that the silver ques tion was not one for the league to under take to handle. But the fear is that this same resolution, or one more artfully pre pared, will be introduced at Cleveland, and an effort made to get a show of hands on It. The intimation comes from silver source?, and the republican managers are busy trying to prevent the carrying out of the program. Their argument, of course, is the one employed in Oregon: The silver question is not within the purview of the league's legitimate work. Still, nobody can tell what may happen if this bomb should be thrown into the Cleveland meeting, with the fuse in good working order and the connection with the dynamite complete. 9llNMlonnry Presidential \Vork. A second point in relation to the Cleve land meeting is one of interest without anxiety. This Is the opportunity that will be offered for missionary work in behalf of presidential candidates. It is likely to be fully improved. The city is central, and can easily be reached by the friends of all the aspirants. The territory belongs to McKinley, but it is not believed that the "no trespassing" signs will be put up. The field will be open to everybody. The Harrison, the Reed, the Allison, the Mor ton, the Depew people, all will attend. It is a most inviting occasion. In no other way probably can "good licks" for one's favorite be struck. The club men are the workers. When the Cleveland meeting closes hundreds of active young leaders will carry home with them Impressions and purposes likely to be of force in next year's campaign, and even before then, it is thus the time for the western clubmen to be approached about the eastern aspirants, and for the eastern aspirants to be ap proached about the western and middle state aspirants. The promise is of a very lively engagement on this line. The eastern men, as usual, are wide awake. The first reports from Cleveland bhow that they have ample accommoda tions already sccured, and are preparing to do a rushing business with the dele gates. New York is in the lead, and this is accepted as indicating that Gov. Morton's claims will be diligently urged. The Mor ton boom is now in the* class with the big gest of the booms. The men in charge of it are capable campaigners, and are not likely to overlook their hands at any stage of the game. They recognize the value of club support, and if they can make an im pression on the league in favor of their candidate they will consider it work well done. They may <>ver. try to capture the league outright, albeit the territory is Mc Kinley's, and the friends of the Ohio can didate will be out in force. The ShoutinK Test. Another opportunity likely to be improv ed is that for what has come to be known as "the shouting test." The length of the acclaim, as well as the volume of the sound, with which a leader's name is re ceived in a convention is now a point made in politics. It had its rise in the enthusi asm always aroused by the mention of Mr. Blaine's name in republican conven tions, when men, without previous ar rangement or any urging whatever, were accustomed to shout themselves hoarse in his honor. Then it became the fashion, and now It is the established way of help ing alonir a candidate's fortunes. For whom will the shout at Cleveland be long est arnl loudest? Every name on the pres idential roll is certain to be mentioned, and every fellow will have a chance. Does the east Or the west possess the greater, lung power? And how much will the Cleveland shouting contribute to i.ext year's repub lican nomination? (?one to Ilrig;iiiitine lleneli. Kx-Represontative Hatch of Missouri, who his spent several days in the city, has gone to Philadelphia, where he will meet Representative Harmer, and the two will visk Brigantine Beach, on the New Jersey coast. Mr. Haimer is having a house put in preparation at Brigantine Beach for his occupancy during the summer, where Mr. Hatch will be his guest for some time. Four!li-CI 11 mm Po*tmaalcrs. Thirty-three fourth-class postmasters were appointed today, twenty-nine of wh?m were to fill vacancies caused by death or resignation. (?overiiuien t Rcoiiptd. National bank notes received today for '?e.i.-mption, $27.1.171. Government receipts I', -m internal revenue. customs, miscellaneous, $75,17'J. CLERKS MUST GO Inductions to Be Made in the War De partment Force. Tlie Lints of the Unfortunate* Now Being: Made Up?Some to Be Transferred. Arrangements are now being made at the War Department for a reduction of the clerical force July 1st next, in accordance with the provisions of the legislative, ex ecutive and judicial appropriation bill for the next fiscal year. The law requires a reduction cf seventy-three in the present clerical force of the department. There are now, however, thirty vacancies in the total force, so that the number to be dis placed at the beginning of the next fiscal year is but forty-three. Provision has been made for one additional clerk of the $1,000 class in the ordnance bureau and for an in crease of eight clerks in the quartermaster general's office, three clerks at $1,400, three at $1,200 and two at $1,000. It is therefore possible for transfers to be made so as to reduce the number to be dismissed to thir ty-four. The list of unfortunates is now being made up. It will be based entirely on the efficiency records of?the clerks, and as heretofore, veterans of the late war will receive special consideration in the mat ter. It is expected that the matter will be settled by the 1st proximo, as it is the purpose of Secretary Laniont to give a mdPhth's leave of absence to those se lected for discharge. The reduction of force is distributed as follows: Record and pension office, reduc tion, twenty-five clerk# of class $1,200, and twenty-five clerks of class $1,000. There are now twenty-five vacancies in this office, so that the real reduction is but twenty-five clerks. Surgeon general's office?Reduction, one dark of class $1,000, one of $1,-UX>, three of $1,200 and five of $1,000, or ten in all, with two existing vacancies. Office of rebellion records?Reduction, two clerks of class $1,800, two of $1,600, one of $1,400, three of $1,200, one of $1,000 and four of $i)00, thirteen in all, with two vacancies. All vacancies in the department will be filled by transfers from the offices where the force has been reduced, and provision will be made for as many of the unfor tunates who have been legislated out of office as the condition of the service will permit. CLEVELAND A CANDIDATE. An Ofllee Holder >Vho Thinks He Will Seek: n Renomination. One of the most distinguished office hold ers under President Cleveland, a man of great political experience, said very frankly today: "I have no doubt that President Cleve land is a candidate for renomination. K!s entire policy appears to be directed to that end. It now seems to me that it has been his purpose to be a candidate for renomi nation from the beginning. He undoubted ly expects to overcome the opposition to a fourth candidacy and to a third term by commending himself to the class of people who advocate what the administration is seeking to impress upon the country?sound and honest money. He expects the sup port of the east, of the corporations, the banks, the capitalists, the manufacturers. The proceedings of the Memphis' conven tion indicate that it is his hope to break into the silver sentiment of the south. I do not think that prior to the meeting of the democratic national convention any one will be able to produce a letter from President Cleveland in which he will state that he is not a candidate for the renomi nation." GOING TO HONOLULU. The Bennington to Take the Plaee of the Olympia. The cruiser Olympia is not going to Hono lulu to relieve the Philadelphia after all. That service will be rendered instead by the gunboat Bennington, now fitting out at Mare Island. She will start for Ha waii as soon as her repairs are finished, and the Philadelphia will start for home as soon as relieved, unless the situation at Honolulu justifies the presence of two American warships in that harbor. The change of plans indicates that it is .not deemed necessary for Admiral Beardslee, commanding the Pacific station, to remain at Honolulu much longer, for the reason that the Olympia is to be his flagship, and to join her he will have to come to San Francisco. AN ASSOCIATE OF GREELEY. Deatli of James B. Swain, Formerly a WjimIi injston Correspondent. SING SING, N. Y., May 27.?Gen. James B. Swain died at his home in this village today, aged seventy-live years. He was associated with Horace Greeley in the publication of the Log Cabin and subse quently was employed under Greeley on the staff of the Tribune. Leaving journal ism for a time, he engaged in the printing and publishing business in New York city, but subsequently re-engaged in newspaper work with Henry J. Raymond. He and Bayard Taylor were rival importers on sev eral notable occasions. As a Washington correspondent, in 1800, he had the friend snip and confidence of President Lincoln. In 1801 he raised a company of cavalry in Westchester county and was chosen colonel of the regiment into which it was incor porated. His army career was highly creditable. CONFERENCE IN RICHMOND. Committee Appointed to DIhoukn Alex andria County With Gov. O'Ferrall. The subcommittee of the joint committee of the Washington board of trade on the state of affairs in the District of Colum bia as affpctel by existing evils In certain parts of Alexandria county, Va., which will confer with Gov. O'Ferrall tomorrow, has been appointed by Chairman F. L. Moore. The gentlemen selected are Mr. B. H. Warner, Judge I G. Kimball and Dr. A. P. Fardon. They will leave for Richmond tomorrow morning, and will see Gov. O'Ferrall by ap pointment at 4 o'clock p.m., at the gov ernor's mansion, returning to Washington at night. Personal Mention. Capt. Frank A. Edwards, first cavalry, is in the city on sick leave. Secretary Lament has returned from a visit to his aged mother, at McGrawville, X. Y., and he was at the War Department today. Edward Graves, W. H. Butler and C. F. Norment will leave here June 1 for a two months' trip to Europe. Army Transfers. The following transfers in the first in fantry are ordered: Second Lieut. George W. Kirkman, from company E to company G. Second Lieut. Sydney A. Cloman, from compcny G to company E. Consols Reeogni/.ed. The President has recognized Frederlco Bergmar.n as Peruvian consul general at New York; R. G. Leupcld, Chilean consul at Baltimore, and Peuro Solis y Arias as Spanish consul at Key West. OHIO REPUBLICANS Interest in the Coming Convention at Zanesville. THE FORAKER-M'KINLET FIGHT It May Result in Selecting a Com promise Candidate. SENATOR SHERMAN'S SPEECH There seems to be hut one important issue at stake in the gubernatorial convention to take place at Zanesville, Ohio, on Wednes day" This question is whether the Mc KiPley or the Foraker faction will prove successful in the naming of a candidate. The result of this little family struggle among the republicans of Ohio may be ex ceedingly important in determining who shall lead that party In the presidential fight. If the McKinley forces find no difficulty in dictating a candidate at Zanesville that fact will -be uffeed at the national conven tion among republican leaders, In order to show his strength in his own state. On the other hand, if the Foraker for-es should come out victorious advocates of the candidacy of Reed. Harrison. Allison, Mor ton and others, will cite this fact in order OhicfisV,^ the McK!n1^' strength in Uclfet Uflsuo. the head ?< 'he republican The Candidate*. This struggle between the McKinleyltes and the Foraker people will go on steadily uring the next two days, but it is not likely to marked by any bitterness. If there should be* any bitterness it Is under stood that the leaders will be quite ready recogXe6 candidate, for they iihi i , the republican party of fights and that ***", "ljured ^ factional ngnts and that no pains should be snared y vhe *reat cont^ leidfn^m e men who seem to be leading in this contest are George K. Nash vf* ^plumbus, who is looked upon as the McKinley candidate, and AsaT Bushnel! of Springfield, Ohio, who Is believed to be baeked by the Foraker men. Bushnel! and th'atr Ure 'men of sP'endld standing In their respective communities and are >oung, aggressive republicans. Mr Nash has served for years as chairman of the republican state committee and Mr Bush tlf, no s a man of standing amone republ ?ans throughout the state. Among other candidates are Ebenezer W Bowling Green, James H. Hoyt of !eland, James H. Doyle of Toledo J Barker"Jt*\vr of, Springfield and John'w.' wargcr of Waverly. Mayor Guy J Malor candidates as ^Va'uT ? tF^??"Se ^l:>''^^"tat|<^e^Xa?'was^ilng ton has many enemies and that hjq nom within* t?'ould mean a most terrifla fifrht Ik ?, party? and perhaps his defeat life ho *hk SinCC Mr- Keifer public hrowi been a candidate for Congress thre^. times, and a candidate for annolnt ment as United States judge twice dnHncr the Harrison administration. He has ne?-? succeeded in re-entering public life ami ?hnePLan[10nffi.hls own fo"o?ers it is not be worth much " Zanesvi"e w'? Possible Compromise Candidate. ? J" *f3e a factional fight should be brought about In the convention. Repre sentative Grosvenor Is looked upon as a very strong compromise candidate. Mr Grosvenor has not announced himself as a candidate for the nomination. He has openly said that if the nomination comes v,'err,h'?; he will not run away from it. Grosvenor has many elements nf <rrooi strength as the leader of iilT party l^the next gubernatorial contest. He has an ex! tremely strong: following amone Grand Army men everywhere, and he haf mann ed to keep aloof from the fight that has ande.h?1^thlpasi beUveen the McKinley and the Foraker factions. Both of these ' , the party in ohio are friendly Mr. Grosvenor. In case of his choice he would doubtless conduct a vigorous campaign, as he Is a most versatile stumD speaker, and as he Is capable of work tha? would try a much younger man Mrd^^f^ sTrcmg'cmr^prorrHse 'candidate" grea^ren^'s^^^He'L an" aggressive has s pie ndI d "q u a 1111es "as ^1? h^ah3 txS" ?r?Jv. out. of political contests. Mr Cald ^ ' rf)a.3 had extensive experience in cub ho u l,,rs as a "'ember of Congress and has had an opportunity to show his a'bilitv rinti exe-l'tive in the Performance of his duties as mayor of Cincinnati, which nline is recognized as having many pitfalls n?n M?'caldnwU,rary,,man miRht be engulfed -Mr Caldwell would doubtlessly be strong ?-SK 83 weH delegation vpi ITdenfb11 es^be^one' of *the?most ft VSZZIZ name Vfr 111 1? not thou?bt that such -i choice would be greatly antagonized bv the in'se^rfnr0^ no^tfo^ SSBE tn^p^y.'8 aPt 10 eaus^"sertous But as a strong compromise candidate Representative Grosvenor is looked upon as rather ahead of any one else. His name ?hf nmB r" mentioned in connection with the office of governor, and it Is likeiv tho* Ms friends will be alert in Pressing'hts necessity. compromlse candidate becomes a Senator !hrrmnn'g Speech. It can be stated authoritatively that Sena tor Sherman will make an exceedingly strong financial speech at the convention on Wednesday. The hope of silverltes that the Senator would say something that could be construed into a compromise be tween the gold men and the advocates of free coinage will not be realized. Senator Shermans speech will be a maintenance of his old attitude on the money iiu^s'lon an attitude that was made ex em y'an parent during the period when bonds v.ere ttr Jftl y 'he government last win ttr. Mr. Sherman then announced on the floor of the Senate that it had'alorav* ; ..i~ understood that the word "coin" as used L?H ' Stations "f the government meant v i ,.ih'iVer as Prlmary money, so far as r is view wis expressed h*?r? nn? i thought of by the government In connec" Thh. T th a re^mption of. Its obligations take a! ,LP? ?" that Mr- Sherman wili take at the convention, although as in the past, he will favor the use of siiier as subs'diary com The speech-will be regird ed as clearly defining the views, of the re publicans in Ohio, and doubtless of lhe party throughout the country, as was Mr Carlisle's as a declaration of the vlews of tion m'nistration on the currency ques Senator Sherman has been very retlren* regarding his preferences at the Zanes^ ville convention. It is not likeiv that he will be over-friendly to a Foraker candN date. but. a good many republicans believe that he will take an independent course and will only make up his mind on the work that the convention should do after he has ".arefufly weighed the strength -and personal qualities of the various candidates and others who may become candidates. The convention is looked upon as. one of the most important political, gatherings for the republican party that has taken place In Ohio for many years. This is especially true, as the choice of a man at Zanesville on Wednesday to lead the hosts of Ohio republicans may have a most important bearing in the great national contest that is to take place In 1800. ? ? ""?? 1 FROM GRAY GABLES Private Secretary Thurber Returned To day and Beports Everything Eeady. Mr*. Cleveland and the Children Will Probably Leave Washington by June 1. It is expected that the President end family will leave here the latter part of the week for their summer residence on Buzzard's Bay. Private Secretary Thur ber returned here this morning from a visit to Gray Gables. He. says the cottage is in perfect readiness for occupancy. He said he had not seen the President since his return, but gave it as his. impression that the President and his family would leave here about the 1st proximo. He subse quently amended this statement by saying that Mrs. Cleveland and the children would probably go about that time, adding that the date of the President's departure would depend upon circumstances. So far as known the President has made no plans for Memorial day. The probability is tlwt if he is in this vicinity on the 30th instant he will attend the exercises at Arlington. Mr. Thurber has taken a cottage at Marlon, near Gray Gables, for the -use of his family during the summer, and he will, be in daily attend ance on the President. The business of the White House will be left in charge ot Assfstant Private Secretary Pruden, and. unless present plans are oti&nged, he will make public announcements of appoint ments and other executive acts, just as was done at the White House during the President's absence last summer. HAD ONLY TWO tLERKS. Tbe Currency Division When Organis ed by Hugh McCalhK'li. When the office of controller of the cur rency was organized by ex-rSaeretary Mc Culloch the entire force consisted of Con troller McCulloch, Deputy Controller How ard ^nd two clerks, Mrs. McCormick and Miss Johns. Of these Mr. Howard and Mrs. McCormick still Survive. Mr. Howard lives In New York, and Is no longer In the government service. Mrs. McCormick Is still employed.. In the controller's office. She Is a native of Indiana, and entered the office on the suggestion,of Me. McCulloch. In conversation today she spoke in the highest terms o(T Mr. McCulloch apd told many incidents to show his good he*rt and kindly nature. f5he said he always display ed a deep personal interest in the clerks of his office, not only In a*1 Official way, but also in their personal welfare knd happi ness outside the office. Consequently they grew together, like a family, and, in fact, Mrs. McCormick looked upon Mr. McCul loch as a father, rather than as an official. When the office was created there was no place for them in the treasury building, and the force of four were temporarily as signed to a room on the third floor. Subse quently the office was located opposite the Secretary's office, in rooms now occupied by the warrant division. The operations of the bureau grew in extent and import ance, and finally it was necessary to move to their present quarters. The force in creased to thirty-five clerks In Mr. Mc Culloch's administration, and now numbers over 100 persons. ?. VKSTILATISG TUB SENATE. Tbe Subject to Be Considered by tbe Committee on Rules. The Senate committee on rules has been called to meet next Saturday for the pur pose of considering various questions affect irg the Senate, the most important of which are the proper, ventilation of the Senate chamber and tiie lighting of the Senate wing of the Capitol. The last Congress made an appropriation for the purchase of the electric light plant, now In the Senate wing, and for Its en largement, and also provided for the em ployment of an expert to report plans for the improvement of the ventilation of the Senate chamber. This examination has been made, and it is understood that the expert will make his report to the com mittee at the Saturday meeting. It is stated that he was convinced that the chamber proper receives a sufficient sup ply of air, and even more than it requires, tut he finds that it is not properly diffused, and that on account of defects in the pres ent ventilating system the galleries do not receive the surplus ffom the chamber proper, which they might have. He will suggest changes with a view of improving the condition. The expert will recommend among other changes that electricity in stead of gas be used in lighting the cham ber, estimating that the use of gas for tils purpose causes an Increase from 7 to 10 degrees in temperature. The committee will also probably con sider a suggestion locking to the location of the more important committees in rooms most convenient to the Senate chamber. It is understood that the question of changing the rules of the Senate will not be considered at this meeting, but that a meeting will be held next fall prior to the beginning of the Fifty-fourth Congress for this purpose. There is a probability that the committee will then recommend some minor changes, but no one considers that there is any prospect of a change that would provide for cloture. NAVAL MEDICAL COUPS. Changes to Take Place on Account of Retirement*. Important changes are; occurring in the medical department of the navy in con sequence of the retirement of officers at the head of the list. Medical Director A. L. Gihon, attached to the Naval Hospital in this city, who is the senior officer in the corps, will retire on account of age in September. Medical Director Richard C. Dean, president of the medical examining board, who stood No. 2, retired on account of age today. Medical Director Albert C. Gorgas, attached to the Naval Museum of Hygiene, who stands No. 3 in his grade, is now undergoing examination for retire ment on account of physical disabilities in curred In the line of duty. These three re tirements will make promotions in each grade of the corps and will leave fifteen vacancies in the list of assistant surgeons of the navy. Naval Movements. The Ranger sailed from Panama yester day for Guyaquil, Ecuador, to see that American interests are not injured during existing troubles in that country. The At lanta and Raieigh sailed from Savannah Saturday for Hampton Roads. The tor pedo boat Cushing left Jacksonville this morning on her return trip to Norfolk by the inland passage The training ship Es sex has arrived at Yorktown, Va. Col. Schwnn's Duty* Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Schwan, as sistant adjutant general, has been ordered to Omaha for duty as adjutant general of the department of the Platte. DENIED TO DEBS ^ ? ? His Application for a Writ of Ha beas Corpus. SUPREME COUETC UMIMOUS DEC0OH A Complete Victory for the Gov ernment. OTHER DECISIONS The United States Supreme Court today denied the application of Eugene V. Debs, the strike leader, for a writ of habeas corpus. This is a victory for the govern ment. The decision of the court was read by Justice Brewer, and was unanimous, there being no dissenting opinion. All the con tentions of the government were sustained. The conclusions of the court, as an nounced in Justice Brewer's opinion, were that the government of the United States was one having jurisdiction over every foot of soil and over every individual within the boundaries of the United States, and that, while it was one of limited powers, it had sovereignty within those limitations. It had power to invoke civil courts to re move obstructions to interstate commerce and the civil courts had the right to en join those who made obstructions to such commerce. The injunction was no bar to criminal processes for acts done in viola tion of the injunction. The Circuit Court having final Jurisdiction its act was not reviewable by the Supreme Court on a petition for a writ of habeas corpus, and therefore the writ was denied. Importance of tlic Case. No more importan question,with the single exception of the income tax, has come be fore the Supreme Court during the past year than the attempt of Eugene V. Debs and the other officers of the American Railway Union to secure a reversal of their sentences to jail by Judge Woods for in terfering with interstate commerce and the running" of the mails in the great rail way strike of last summer. The history of the case is still fresh in the public memory, but it has importance beyond the mere question of the imprison ment of the American Railway Union of ficers, because there is largely involved the principle of the right of judges having jurisdiction of large interests by virtue of receiverships created by them to prevent labor troubles through the instrumentality of injunctions. Nearly one-third of the , railroad property of the United States be ing in the hands of receivers appointed by the federal courts, the precedent to be es tablished has wide application. History of the Case. Technically the application for a writ of habeas corpus and certiorari from the case in equity of the Union Trust Company against the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe road, since the receivership, under which the circuit court exercised jurisdiction over the Santa Pe and its allied roads was cre ated In that case. On the 2d of July, 1894, when the gr*at railroad strike was threat ening, the receivers applied to Judge Woods of the United States circuit court for the northern district of Illinois for an injunc tion against the American Railway Union to prevent it from inciting the employes to strike. Judge Woods signed the order pre sented, which was a sweeping one, enjoin ing the officers of the union from interfer ing with the mails or with interstate com merce or from destroying property; from compelling or inducing the employes of the road to strike by violence or intimidation, or ft cm aiding or abetting them to do any of these things. The American Railway Union decreed a strike on the lllionls Central road, one of those included in the Injunction, and the events of that strike are matters of general knowledge. The officers of the union were brought before Judge Woods for contempt of court last December. E. V. Debs, the* president, was sentenced to six months in jail, and seven others, George W. Howard, Dylvester Keliher, L. W. *RogeFs, James Hogan, William E. Bums, Roy M. Good win and Martin J. Elliott, were sentenced to three months. It appeared that the in junction had been personally served on the first four officers, but Judge Woods held that its publication in* the newspapers was sufficient service In Itself for all the de fendants. Contentions of Counsel. An application was made to the Supreme Court for the release of the eight officers of the union by a writ of habeas corpus, and pending the decision of the Supreme? Court they have been given their freedom under bail. Counsel for Debs and his as sociates base their application or. the grounds that their sentence without in dictment and trial by jury was in viola tion of the Constitution, particularly its fifth and sixth amendments; that the in formation upon which they were convicted did not show any violation of the injunc tion. Also that the injunction was void, because the bill asking for it stated no case of which the court could take cogni zance, and was in effect a bill by the gov ernment of the United States to maintain the public peace and enjoin violations of the penal code. The arguments before the Supreme Court by C. S. Darrow and Judge Lyman Trum bull for the union and Attorney General Olney and Assistant Attorney General Whitney for the government attracted great attention. The Geary Act Constitutional. The Supreme Court today affirmed the constitutionality of the Geary Chinese ex clusion act in the case of Lem Moon Sing, the California Chinaman, who left this country and was refused admission. Jus tice Harlan in the opinion *said that the statute intrusted to the collector the pow er of passing upon the facts In the case. Lem Moon Sing contended that he had ac quired a domicile as a citizen of the United States before the passage of the exclusion act. The justice said that if the courts were to review the decisions of the collectors in such cases it would bring great numbers of cases before the courts and defeat the Intention of Congress to have the law en forced by executive officers. The only rem edy of the appellant was an appeal to the supreme officer of the collector, the Secre tary of the Treasury. The court refrained from expressing an opinion as to the merits of the case and the judgment of the court below denying the application for the writ was affirmed. Justice Brewer dissented. State Tax Law Sustained. The Supreme Court today passed upon the validity of the state law of Pennsylvania laying a tax on tolls taken by a railway company for the use of another company? the other company being engaged in inter state commerce, and sustained the law. The case was that of the New York, Lake Erie and Western railroad against the state of Pennsylvania. The decision sustained the supreme court of the state. A similar opinion was given in the cases of the Tioga railway and other companies, in which the same question was involved. Application Denied. The Supreme Court today denied the ap plication made last week by Attorney James C. Carter of New York, for leave to file an application for a writ of habeas corpus for W. H. Parkhouse. Parkhouse is the. New Orleans man confined in prison on the charge of disseminating lottery ad vertisements in violation of the law passed by the last Congress. The Supreme Court today ordered a new trial in the case of Dan Beard, convicted of murder in Arkansas. MISSOURI HORSE THIEVES Exposing the Operations of a Desperate Gang. Some of tlie Prominent Residents of Marie* County Implicated In the Depredations. ST. LOUIS, Mo., May 27.?A thrilling story of the operations of a daring: and murderous gang of cattle thieves infesting Maries county came to light today at the four courts by tfie lodging in Jail for the night of Louis Daniels, aged twenty years He was brought to the city by Sheriff J as. B. Doyle of that county. Today the pris oner will be taken to Vienna, the county seat, Daniels' home i? in Spring Creek, Maries county, Mo., and he is the son of a good family. He was arrested in Shipman, Ma coupin county, 111., Friday, on a charge of being a member of the thieving gang which terrorized Maries county for months. Cat tle was their chief plunder. The gang, ac cording to the information the authorities of the place have, were composed of twelve men. Some of the best citizens of Maries county were involved. At night the gang sallied forth from the meeting place lo ?*rourtd up" all cattle found loose. They were driven to a secluded spot, where a slaughter house had been erected. The bodies were quartered up and got into a condition to be shipped to St. Louis and other large cities to be sold. The*disappearance of hundreds of cattle finally aroused the farmers, and they or ganized to hunt down the thieves. One morning a well-known citizen of Maries county disappeared mysteriously. A search for him resulted in the finding of his body, ard the condition he was in revealed that he had met- with foul play. The investi gation that followed led to the finding of the slaughter house- in the hills not far frcm where the body of the murdered man had been found. Further investigation. Sheriff Doyle and Constable Light say, led to the arrest of a justice of the peace of Maries county and five other men, equally as prominent. The first one arrested took his case on a change of venue to Cole county, Mo., where he was found guilty and given two years in the penitentiary. On a technicality he secured a new trial, and is now out on bcr.d. The justice of the peace charged with implication in., the cattle stealing is also out on bond awaiting trial. Daniels is said to be the seventh member of the gang arrested. The arrest of the five others is expected daily. One of the men now in custody has offered to divulge their names- and turn state's evidence against them if he is not punished. Besides the cattle stealing and the mur der other crimes are charged to the gang. TO RAISE THE MILLION. Appointment of the Committee . An nounced to the General Assembly. PITTSBURG. Pa., May 27.?The most im portant matter during the morning session of the Presbyterian Oeneral Assembly was the announcement of the names of those selected for the committee of twenty-five charged with the raising of the $1,000,000 anniversary reunion fund, as follows: Ministers?William L.McEwan, PittsbuiV; John Hall, New York; Samuel J. Niccolls, St. Louis; William A. Page, Leavenworth: William H. Hubbard, Auburn: M. D. Bab cock, Baltimore; Howard Dufileld, New York; George D.Baker, Philadelphia; Simon J. McPherson, Chicago; John N. Freeman, Denver; Thomas L. Sexton, synodical mis sionary of Nebraska; John Hemphill, San Francisco; Wallace Radcliffe, Washington; W. S. Hubball, Buffalo; William H. Rob erts, Philadelphia (treasurer). Elders?James A. Beaver of Pennsylvania, Charles E. Green of New Jersey, J. W. Converse of Philadelphia, H. B. Silliman of Cohoes, N. Y., John Sloan of New York city, William Ernst of Covington. Ky., E. R. Perkins of Cleveland, Robert Pitcairn of Pittsburg, William M. Ladd of Portland, Ore., and H. N. Hubbell of Minneapolis. The members of the committee present in Pittsburg immediately retired to hold a pre liminary meeting and to formulate plans for the prosecution of their work. The greatest parliamentary tangle of the assembly came in connection with a report of the committee of church polity on the reception of polygamous converts in India. The committee recommended* an answer to the overture of the synod of India, which amounted to "no action." The matter was finally referred back to the committee for further report. The remainder of the morning session was devoted to minor matters of routine inci dent to the closing hours of the assembly, which were railroaded through by the stated clerk in a most expeditious manner. Just before recess the moderator an nounced that the committee of twenty-five appointed earlier in the day would be in creased to thirty, and that certain mistakes in the earlier list would be corrected. MR. CARLISLE IX 1SOO. Senator Blackburn's Charge and Its Explanation. Special From a Staff Correspondent. LOUISVILLE, Ky., May 27.?Senator Blackburn has created a stir among the silver men by reading a letter written by Secretary Carlisle some time ago to ex District Attorney Smith, In which Secre tary Carlisle a?fmits having voted for ihe fiee coinage bill in the Senate in 1800. Senator Blackburn uses the letter to point a contrast with Secretary Carlisle's pres ent position on silver. Secretary Carlisle when asked about the matter today said the letter is genuine and that he did vote for the free coinage bill while in the Senate. "But there were circumstances connected with that vote." added Secretary Carlisle, "with which no one is more familiar than Senator Blackburn, and which he should explain when he makes public the letter." This is all Mr. Carlisle would say, but from another source it is learned that the "circumstances" referred to are these: Mr. Carlisle's vote for the free coinage bill was cast during the pendency of the force bill in the Senate, and was carrying out an agreement which Senator Gorman made with certain silver republican Senators to defeat the force bill. It will be remem bered that Wolcott of Colorado, Stewart of Nevada and other western republicans op posed the force bill, and were really the death of it. In return for that service Senator Gorman promised to get some democratic votes for a free coinage bill which could otherwise not be obtained. It was well understood by Mr. Carlisle and those who voted with him that there was no possibility of a free coinage bill be coming law. as the House would not agree to it, and if it did President Harrison would not sign it. Therefore, there would be no danger to sound money in voting for the bill, while material benefit would re sult from the deal to those who were try ing to defeat the force bill. Of course, Secretary Carlisle cannot explain these circumstances exposing an arrangement of that nature. It is claimed that the Ken tucky people will absolve Mr. Carlisle for his free silver vote under the circumstances resulting in the death of the force bill, and will not take that vote as a test of his position toward silver. N. O. M. British Consul at Charleston, S. C. NEW YORK, May 27.?Among the pas sengers on the steamer Paris was Col. H. De Coetlogon and Mrs. De Coetlogon. He has been appointed British consul to Charleston, S. C. He won an international reputation during the campaigns in the Soudan and commanded Khartoum until relieved by Gen. Gordon. BATTLE IN COLORADO Collision Between the Sheep and Cattle Men. REOPENING OF THE ROUTT COUNTY WAB Growing Bitterness Between the Parties. AN OLD DISPUTE REVIVED REDCLIFF, Col., May 27.?The first open rupture in the much-talked-of-sheep and cattle men's war in Routt county has oc curred, and four men are badly wounded two of whom may die of their injuries. The news was brought by a messenger* who came for medical assistance. Th% messenger could give but few details of the affair. The scene of the encounter was a point twenty miles above Wolcott, on the Sheep Horn. Wolcott is a station on the Denver and Rio Grande railway, and is the start ing point for stages running to Steamboat Springs, distant north eighty miles. The following are the casualties resulting from the fight: William Matna received on forehead a long gash made with a quirt and was cut in the ribs with a knife. Alexander Winslow received a cut be low the left ear, ranging downward; also one across the--neck, nearly severing the artery wifidpipe. Tom Dice, cut on back of the neck and badly beaten over the eyes. John Winslow, cut several times In the back with a heavy knife. For several days a collision between sheepmen and cattlemen has been expected. The bitterness between the two factions has been growing and the feelir.g is so intense that fighting Is expected at many points. _ The trouble botwoen the sheepmen ana the cattlemen Is the same that caused so much trouble in western Colorado last year. The sheepmen, principally from Wy oming ana Montana, insist on driving their herds through Routt county as far south as Wolcott, where they expect to ship the sheep by rail to eastern markets. The cat tlemen oppose this drive, saying it is only a ruse to get the sheep into Routt county for grazing purposes. Last week, the cattlemen, "50 in number, met at Steamboat Springs and unanimous ly resolved to keep the sheepmen out, If necessary, by force. SKIRMISHING AT JSAXESVIL.LE. Preparing: for the Ohio Republican Convention. ZANESVII.L.E, Ohio, May 27.?The repub licans are assembling here today for their state convention which convenes tomorrow. Efforts were previously made in the county conventions to overcome formal factional differences by unanimously Indorsing Gov. McKinley for President and ex-Gov. For aker for Senator, but in the bitter contest for the nomination for governor between Asa S. Bushnell. George K. Nash, James II. Ho'yt, E. W. Poe. J. Warren Keifer, A- L. Harris and others the factional lines are being drawn. Ex-Secretary Charles Foster, who was chairman-of the republican state conven tion last year, and Senator John Sherman, who is to be chairman of the convention tomorrow, are here with other party lead ers, both working in the interest of har mony, but today the contending factions are. contesting the distribution of tickets for admission to the hall and watching for every possible advantage in the organiza tion of the convention. It Is thought that there will be no opposition to the Indorse ment of McKinley for President, as such action would Involve opposition to the reso lution indorsing Foraker for Senator, and mean fighting on .everything, but the 'ac tional lines are being drawn today In the contests for everything. including minor places on the state ticket and all the offi cers of the convention, as well as its com mittees. _ , , The double delegation from Toledo, which Is regarded more as a factional interest than as a contest between Major and Judge Doyle, will be the test content tomorrow. All the candidates for governor and other interested leaders, except For aker, who is well represented, are here to day, taking part In the skirmishing. SIRS. MATTHEWS' STRANGE DEATH. The Sun FranriRrd Poliee Enffngfd i> Gathering: Testimony. SAN FRANCISCO, Slay 27.?The police are still engaged in gathering testimony against O. W. Winthrop, who was arrestei last week in connection with the death of Mrs. Jennie Matthews, who died under mysterious circumstances at the grave of her child. So far the only tangible clue at hand is one to the efTect that Winthrop Is named as the guardian of Mrs. Matthews' little daughter in a life Insurance of Si,000 which ran out a few days before her death. The child was made the beneficiary in the policy. Mrs. Matthews' husband did not know that her life was insured until after her death. Winthrop, It is stated, having cautioned her to say nothing about it to anybody. While the evidence against Winthrop is by no means conclusive, the police say the clue suggests the most plaus ible explanation of the mystery, which, taken in connection with the fact Jhat Mrs. Matthews said shortly before her death that she had been given a pill by Winthrop, a statement in which her daughter con curred. A chemical analysis of her stom ach disclosed the presence of strychnine. FORESTS OX FIRE. \ stiff Drone Fanned the Smolder inic Era hem. SUPERIOR. Wis., May 27.?Reports have been received here that disastrous forest fires have been raging in some of the heavy wooded districts of northern Wisconsin, Along the line of tlie D&luth, South Shore and Atlantic railroad fires broke out early yesterday morning at several points and spread rapidly, consuming much valuable pine near Iron river. One hmndred car loads of ties and four box cars owned by the Northern Pacific road were partly de stroyed. A stiff breeze blew all day. and :he smoldering embers, w hich had been par tially extinguished* by heavy rains, we.'e again fanned Into roaring masses of fire. PASSED OIT THE CAPES. The Bis Amerlenn Liner St. Lonle Guen to Sen. LE\yES, Del.. May 27.?The big American line steamer St. Louis, which left Phlla lelpliia on Saturday for her preliminary ocean voyage, but which was detained In the Delaware bay by the dense fog, passed out of the capes at 6:15 this morninjff. There Is still & heavy fog hanging over the bay. but It was necessary that the St. Louis should go to sea In onler that ehe may have at least three days' trial before proceeding to New Vork. It was the orig inal intention when the mammoth ves-ei left Philadelphia to anchor off Kee?* Island Saturday night and then proceed ^n the trial trip ejrly Sunda> morning, ?o that she is now a day behind her scheduled time.