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THE EVENING STAR
ri'BMMHED DAILY KXC'KFT SUNDAY AT THE ST AH BUILDINGS, 1101 F?on?jlwiia Avenue, Cor. 11th Street, by The Evening Star Newspaper Company, 8. H. KADPFMANN Preet Hew York Office, 49 Potter Building. The Evening Star Is served to subscribers In the rtty by carriers, on their own account, at 10 cents per week, or 44 cents per month. Copies at the counter 2 cents each. By mall?any where In the United States or Canada?postage prepaid?60 cents per month. Saturday Quintuple Sheet Star, $1 per year, with foreirn postage added, $3.00. (Entered at the Tost Office at Washington, D. C., as second-class mall matter.) E*All mall subscriptions must be paid in advance, tea of advertising made known on appll<?atlon. ?0e proof of f$t pulton? is m fffe eattng. TJesferfcag's ?}far conffttneb 44 cofumns ?f ?ioerfi6emenf6, male up ?f 824 separate announce; menfs. QtytBt atoerfisers Sought pufifiafg-nct merefg space. No. 13,176. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, MAY 28, 1895-SIXTEEN PAGES. TWO CENTS. HONORED IN DEATH Funeral Services to Be Held Tomor row in the White House. REMAINS TO BE BORNE TO CHICAGO The President and the Cabinet to Go to That City. FINAL ARRANGEMENTS MADE All official Washington visited the Ar lington Hotel today to pay respect to the memory of the late Secretary of State. The President and Mrs. Cleveland and every cabinet officer now In the city called before noon. Cards were also left at the hotel for Mrs. Gresham by scores of other officials, and during the day many mem bers of the dlplomatlo corps left cards. There was a constant stream of sympa thetic telegrams and messages from all parts of the world. The news of the Sec retary's rather sudden death had been flashed far and wide, arrd had caused uni versal grief and regret. After the Secretary died, shortly after 1 o'clock, there was a brief period of excite ment at the hotel, but this was soon calm ed, and for a few hours the tired attend ants at the sick bed sought rest. Mrs. Gresham's grief was intense, and for many hours she remained in a condition little short of hysterical. She could get no relief In tears, however, and for a time the state of her nerves gave great concern to those around her. Mr. Otto Grenham Arrives. At 6:.'M) 6'clock this morning Mr. Otto Gresham, the only son, arrived. He left Chicago yesterday morning on telegraphic summons, which had been sent to him when his father's condition became alarm ing. Last evening the symptoms became such that It was feared the patient could no: survive until his 9on arrived, and an efTort was irade to prepare him by wire for the worst. Mr. John Secger, Secretary Lamont's private secretary, endeavored to reach him by long-diets nee telephone at Pittsburg, but his train had then passed that point, and a telegram was sent to Al toona, where It intercepted him. Arrange- ' ments were made to hasten his Journey, and at Harrisburg a special locomotive was awaiting him, snd, abandoning the train, he came hurrying or to Washington at top speed in the hope of seeing his father be fore he died But the Secietary had been dead over five hours when the locomotive reached the station in this city and the son alighted. He was met at the station by Mr. Frank Jones, assistant postmaster general, who gently broke the news of his father's death. Mr. Gresham is between thirty-five and thirty-eight years of age, and has a wife and two children. He is somewhat shorter than his father and much darker in com plexion. though there is a strong resem blance. He was greatly unnerved at first by the shcck and disappointment at not having been able to see his father again alive, but after the first spasm of grief he regained control of himself and asked to be driven, without delay, to his mother, for whom he was tenderly solicitous. The ?meeting be tween Mrs. Gresham and her son was fnost affecting, but still tho bereaved wo man could not find In tears that relief that her overcharged nerves demanded. Conniderlnji: Fnueral Arrangement*. As she gradually grew calmer, during the ?arly morning the necessary preliminary details of the funeral arrangements were brought to her attention. The flrst con sideration, of course, was the choice be tween a public or a private funeral. Mrs. Gresham was much opposed to the former. It was represented to her that the Secrd* tary's long public career made it practi cally necessary that his obsequie? should be of a public character. To this Mrs. Gresham answered: "For over a quarter of a century my husband has belonged to the public. Now, when he Is dead, he belongs to me." At last Mr. Otto Gresham was brought to see that a private funeral would be quite impracticable, and. through his me diation, his mother was gradually recon ciled to the thought of public services over the body of her husband. No details, however, could be arranged so early In the day. as she was still far from being in a condition to talk for any length of time about the matter. She could ?ee none of the callers, but kept In her own room and saw only her son and daughter, who spent most of the day with her. The I'rcKlilent'R Cull. At about 10 o'clock the President and Mrs. Cleveland drove In to the White House from Woodley, and after a short rest there drove over to the Arlington, where they ar rived at about 10:45. A crowd of people who recognized the carriage and Its occu pants collected about the H street entrance of the hotel and eagerly watched the dis embarkation of the chief executive and his wife. A photographer had erected his camera at a convenient point, but was pre vented from securing a picture of the dis tinguished couple only by their deliberately turning away their faces from his lens. The President and Mrs. Cleveland were received by Mrs. Andrews and Otto Gres ham and expressed to them their deepest sympathy. The meetrng between Mrs. Cleveland and Mrs. Andrews was touch Inly affecting. They have had a slight ac quaintance, having met on the occasion of a previous visit paid by Mrs. Andrews to her parents in this city. Mrs. Cleveland ?ent many tender messages of love and ?ynffcathy to Mrs. Gresham by her daugh ter while the President was offering to the ?on any assistance lying in his power. To lie Taktn to the White House. Others were called In consultation, and It was decided that the body of the late Secretary should be trken at 1) o'clock to morrow morning to the White House,where It should lie In state for the view of the public during the day. It was concluded, Itowever, to defer niakiafljfurther arrange ments of the funeral urmi after Secretary Gresham's colleagues of the cabinet had ffiet and discussed them. Accordingly, af ter about half an hour, the President and llrs. Cleveland withdrew to the White House, and the members of the cabinet Were hurriedly summoned to the mansion. As this is the regular day for the cabinet meeting, most of them were on hand, and the meeting was convened as scon as pos ?II >le. and the death of the premier became a subject for consideration in lieu of the ordinary business that confronts the Pres ide!! t's council. The C'uhiiiet Meeting, The President and his cabinet assembled at the White House at 11:30 o'clock this morning, with the sad duty of arranging appropriate honors to the memory of their &te distinguished colleague. Secretary Car ile, who is In Kentucky, was the only ab ler tee. Mr. Chi, who has been acting Sec retary of State since Mr. Gresham was wen ill, on the 1st Instant, occupied his Muai seat at the President's right. Ati Order ln?tiaed. The session lasted a little over an hour. During its progress the following order was telegraphed to the various departments: EXECUTIVE MANSION. May 28, 1805. Executive Order: beads of executive departments and | government printing office: As a mark of respect to the memory ot the Hon. Walter Q. Gresham, late Secre tary of State, the President directs that the several executive departments and the gov ernment printing office, in the city of \V ashington, be closed on Wednesday, the 29th day of May, 18U5, the day of the fu neral. (Signed) HENRY T. THURBER, Private Secretary. Tiie Funeral Arrangements. At the conclusion of the cabinet meeting Secretary Lamont made a brief statement of tho funeral arrangements to The Star reporter and other newspaper men assem bled at the White House. He said that the remains of Secretary Gresham will be taken from the Arlington Hotel to the White House tomorrow morning and placed in the east room, where funeral services will be held at 10 o'clock. They will be conducted by Bishop Hurst of the Metho dist Episcopal Church. Scats will be re served for the members of the diplomatic corps, the members of the United States Supreme Court, such Senators and mem bers as may be in the city and the chiefs of bureaus of the War and Navy Depart ments. The remains will be escorted to the Bal timore and Ohio railroad station by all the troops and marines stationed in this city and at Fort Myer, Va., with MaJ. Gen. 1 nomas H. Ruger in command. A special train will be provided for the transporta tioni of the remains and the funeral party to Chicago, where the interment will be made. The President and all the members or his cabinet will accompany the remains to their final resting place. The train will ?oV,*rt.?in l}a sad mission at 12 o'clock or 1-.JO o clock, according to the time of the arrival of the cortege at the depot. Official Mourning. Flags floating lazily at half-mast In the soft spring breeze over tho White House and the executive department buildings this morning conveyed silently to the city the official announcement of the death of the Secretary of State, the first officer of the cabinet. The State Department was j *eckn*caUy closed today, admission being denied to all visitors, although the entire force of employes were kept in waiting to assist In the discharge of the formalities | attendant upon notification to the foreign powers of the nation's loss. Acting Secre | tary Uhl, hollow-eyed and nervous, as the I rssuli of h,s all-night vigil at the door of the death chamber, was early at his post engaged in the preparation of orders to be , signed by the President and in frequent communication with the family of the de ceased Secretary. Within three-quarters i 2 k?ur after the end came last night he had dispatched brief cable messages to the four ambassadors who represent the United States abroad, to Mr. Bayard at London, Mr. Eustis at Paris. Mr. Runyon at Berlin and Mr. MacVeagh at Home, stating that Secretary Gresham had ex pired at 1:15 o'clock. In addition, Mr Eustis was instructed to send similar tele graphic announcements to all the United I States legations in other parts of the world. Informing: Foreign Nations. This morning Mr. Uhl prepared a draft of a formal note intended to be sent to the representatives gt the foreign rrations ac credited to Washington, and also for trans mission to the United States representa tives abroad, conveying to them the news of Secretary Gres"ham's death in more for mal style than could be attained In a brief cable message. tonnultlnK Precedents. Soon after the President reached the White House, Acting Secretary Uhl called and informed him of his action in Issuing formal notices of Secretary Gresham's death. Mr. Uhl also submitted a form of official order closing the executive depart ments on the day appointed for the funeral This was based on similar action taken by President Harrison in the case of ex-Sec retary Winrlom, who, like Secretary Gresh am, died in office. The order was prepared after consultation with Assistant Secretary Hamlin of the Treasury Department, for the consideration of the President and cabi net. The purpose was to follow as closely as possible the official procedure in the case of the death of ex-Secretary Wlndom, the most recent instance or the death of a member of the cabinet. No Crape on lluildluK*. While It is the Intention to follow the precedent set In the Windom case, there must be one Important departure, and that is the omission of all signs of mourning, with which the great executive department bulldirgs were draped for thirty days. In the legislative, executive and judicial ap propriation act, approved March 3, 18U3 Congress provided, "That hereafter no building owned or used for public purposes by the government of the United States shall be draped in mourning, and no part of the public fund shall be used for such purpose." DlstingulHhcU Callers. All of the members of the cabinet who are in the city. Secretary Carlisle being absent, came to the Arlington early in the day, and most of the ladles of the cabinet circle were also admitted to the parlor ad joining the family apartments of the late Secretary of State. Secretary and Mrs. Lamont, whoso residence is near by, were at the hotel for a long time. The line of callers who drove or walked to the Arlington today included representa tives of all the official circles of Washing ton, the cabinet, the Supreme Court, the diplomatic corps, Congrets and the army and navy. Most of the callers merely left their cards with a colored attendant who stood at the door. Justice Harlan of the Supreme Court was admitted to the family . apartment and talked for some time with Mr. Otto Gresham. He was visibly affected when he left. Mrs. John W. Foster, wife of the Secretary of State who held that office during the last year of the Harrison administration, and who is a rative of In diana, Secretary Gresham's state, came. The Chinese minister and his interpreter issued from a coach shortly afterward. Most of the assistant secretaries and heads of the government bureaus were among the early callers. Tlie Diplomatic Corp*. Sir Julian Pauncefote, British ambassa dor, as dean of the diplomatic corps, has addressed a letter to all ambassadors, min isters and heads of foreign representations In Washington, asking them to assemble at the British embassy at B p.m. today, to take appropriate action on the death of Secretary Gresham. Sir Julian conferred with Baron Fava, Italian ambassador, early today as to the course to be pursued.' Most of the ambassadors and ministers sent official cable announcements of the Secretary's death to their home govern ments. The difference In time between Washington and European capltaU Is such that the Secretary's death would not ap pear in the morring papers, and the official notifications will be the first information conveyed to the foreign offices. Official re sponses are expected late ? in the day. Sir Julian Pauncefotc's noti to the for eign representatives is in French, the usual language of diplomatic correspondence, and expresses the deep sense of bereavement that calls them together. Official Notice. Mr. Haywood, private secretary to Act ing Secretary Uhl, this morning personally delivered at the various foreign legations here a preliminary notice of the death of Secretary Gresham. and verbally Informed the diplomatic representatives that the funeral services, to which thoy were in vited. would be conducted In the east room of the White House at 10 a.m. tomorrow. The body of the dead statesm&n, which has been laid out in the sleeping chamber where death occurred, was today embalm ed. Hhe metallic coffin, in which It will be placed tonight, is to be covered with black cloth, with heavy "oxidized silver handles and the usual plate for name and circum stances of birth and death. The President and Mr. Grmliani. When the President and Mrs. Cleveland drove up to the White House from their country home this morning the President's face showed traces of sorrow, but gave no evidence of the illness that had confined him to Woodley for two days past. He had. shown a deep Interest in Secretary Gres ham's condition, and was kept fully advised in regard to it. Yesterday he is said to have suffered severly from an attack of biliousness. When the bulletins showed that the premier of his cabinet was slowly sinking to his eternal rest the President expressed a desire to go and see him. He sent a telephone message to the White House last night to ascertain If he could see the Secretary or if he could be of any possible assistance. If so he said he would gladly come to town despite his own ail ment. Word was sent back tha^t the visit would be useless, as the physicians would not permit the patient to be seen, and there was nothing he could do to alleviate the situation. A WHITE HOl'SE FUNERAL. Some of tlie Details of tlie Service to Be Held Tliere. The east room of the White House is being rapidly put in readiness for tomor row's obsequies. The decorations will be similar to those used at the funerals of Mrs. Harrison and Dr. Scott, which were the last events of the kind in the historic apartment. The walls will be draped with flags, palms, and tropical plants will be distributed about the room and potted plants will be placed on the mantels. A catafalque will be arranged near the cen ter of the room in front of the main cor-* ridor. Owing to the limited capacity of the apartment no one will be admitted to the services except those specially Invited. Chairs for the guests will be arranged in a semi-circle behind the catafalque, upon which the remains will rest. Col. Wilson, corps of engineers, is in charge of the ar rangements at the White House. It is said that this will be the first time that the funeral of a cabinet officer has ever taken place from the White House. Services were held in the east room at the funerals of Mrs. Tracy and Miss Tracy, Mrs. Harrison and Dr. Scott. There was some question as to who should conduct the services. Secretary Gresham was not a member of any church, while Mrs. Gresham, although not con nected with any of the local congregations, usually attended one of the Presbyterian churches. It was ascertained during the morning that Bishop Hurst of the Metho dist Episcopal Church was a warm per sonal friend of the late Secretary, and at Mrs. Gresharr's suggestion he was invited to conduct tne services, which will be simple in character. It is not certain yet whether or not there will be any music beyond the singing of a hymn or two. The tabir.et officers will be the honorary pallbeaiers. These are now only seven in number, as follows: Secretaries Lamont, Herbert, Carlisle, Morton and Smith, At torney General Olney and Postmaster Gen eral Wilson. Mr. Uhl, first assistant secre tary of state, who was early today desig nated acting secretary, was asked to serve as the eighth pallbearer, thus completing the cabinet representation. Secretary Car lisle, has wired that he will arrive this evening to attend the funeral. He and Sec retary Gresham were particularly warm friends. The body bearers will be eight marines from the barracks. . It is probable that the funeral train will reach Chicago Thursday evening, and pre liminary arrangements are being made now for th.- final services, which will be held Friday. Nothing very definite has yet been decided upon as to that part of the program, however. Sculptor Dunbar was summoned to the Arlington this morning and requested to make a cast of the Secretary's face. Ho began this task as soon as possible and completed it successfully shortly after noon. Tlie Casket. The body was then prepared for the I casket, which was ordered early in the morning. It is a very heavy casket and handsome. A silver plate will be fastened to the lid, with this simple inscription: ??WALTER QUINTON GRESHAM. March 17, 1833. May 28, lfctto." The casket will be taken to the hotel at I about 5 o'clock, and after that hour the remains can be viewed by those near the family. Mrs. Gresham rallied during the day, and this afternoon she was much better in mind and body. Several handsome floral gifts were sent to the hotel durir.g the day. The active work of arranging for the fu neral is In the hands of Mr. Frank Jones, assistant postmaster general; Col. H. C. Corbin, assistant adjutant general, and Mr. John Seager, Secretary Lamont's pri vate secretary. Secretary Lamont, too, was very busy this mdrning at the hotel, and did much to aid the widow and the son and daughter of his late colleague. PROCLAMATION BY THE PRESIDENT. Public Announcement Made of tlie Death of Mr. Gresham. The following proclamation was issued by the President this afternoon: A proclamation by the President of the United States. Walter Q. Gresham, Secretary of State of the United States, is dead. The President in making tills distressing announcement to his fellow countrymen speaks frcm the depths of a personal af fliction to remind them that they, too, have lest a pure and able public servant, a wise and patriotic guardian of all their rights and interests, a manly and loyal American and a generous and lovable man. As a suitable expression of national be reavement 1 direct that the diplomatic representatives of the United States in all foreign countries display the flags over their embassies and legations at half mast for ten days, that for a like period the flag of the* United States be displayed at half mast at all forts and military posts and at all naval stations and on all vessels of the United States. I further order that on the day Of the funeral the executive departments in the city of Washington be closed and that on all public buildings throughout the United States the national flag be displayed at half mast. GROVER CLEVELAND. By the President. EDWIN T. UHL, Acting Secretary of State. Done at the city of Washington tills 28th day of May, in the year of our Lord, 18U5, and of tho independence of the United States of America the 110th. NAVAL AND MILITARY HONORS. Orders Issned Today by Secrelary Herbert. Secretary Herbert provided for the due observance of the funeral by tho navy through the following order: "At all navy yards and stations colors will be half-masted, and will be so display ed until after the final Interment at Chi cago of the Secretary of State." The bureau chiefs at the Navy Depart ment were instructed as follows: "The Secretary of the Navy directs that all bureau chiefs attend the funeral of the late Secretary of State, at 10 o'clock a.m. May 2*J, in the east room of the Executive Mansion. Uniform, special full dress." Next an order was sent to Col. Heywood, commandant of marines at the navy yard, as follows: "Send an officer to report immediately to Gen. Kuger for Instructions as to what part of the marine corps will- take part in the funeral of the Secretary^ of State to morrow. Marines will assemble with band at 0:15 on Lafayette Square." During the afternoon Gen. Ruger was perfecting his arrangements for the mili tary part of the program. He sent orders to Washington barracks and Fort Myer to have all available regular troops in line to participate in the funeral parade, and a place will be reserved for the militia (Continued on Second Page.) OREGON AND SILVER Senator Mitchell on the Republican Club Convention's Eecent Action. No Proper Index of tlie Real Senti ment of the Republican. of the State. When the Oregon state republican clubs met at Portland a few days ago and re fused to adopt a free silver resolution many sound money members of that party throughout the country Interpreted the action as meaning that republicans of Ore gon would come Into their ranks and would not demand great concessions for silver at the national convention. This action was very generally commented on by east ern newspapers as being Important In showing the drift of sentiment on the money question in Oregon and as meaning that there was a Chang. of front among the sllverites in that state. Senator Mitchell of Oregon is In the city and when seen by a Star reporter today was asked what he understood to have been the action of the republican club con vention on the money question. Mr. Mitch ell was not Inclined to enter Into a dis cussion of the action of the convention, but finally replied: No Indication of Real Sentiment. "Whatever action was taken there on the money question must not be regarded as any proper index of the real sentiment of the republicans of Orejon on the money question, for the reason that many of the lenders of the republica? party, who are strong silver men, were, opposed to that club convention taking qpy action on the question at all, simply ai a matter of pol icy Hence, members ot the convention favorable to silver werei divided, and, as I understand, a resolution introduced on the subject of silver was laid on the table. "It is proper to state that the republicans of Oregon, however, are divided, as they are elsewhere throughout the country, on the money question, although 1 am strongly of the opinion that a great majority of the republican voters of Oregon are today fa vorable to the unlimited coinage of silver at the existing ratio. Still, the holding of an opinion by any one either to the single gold standard or in favor of unlimited coin age of silver is not and cannot be regarded as a test of hi3 republicanism. For many years I have been, and still am, unalter ably opposed to the single gold standard. I have believed, and still believe, firmly in favor of the restoration of silver as a inoirey metal at the existing ratio. As I have long since lost hope of having that accomplished by Intel national agreement. 1 am in favor of Independent bimetallism by Congressional action In this countr>. llelleve* In An,erte*nt*m. "I do not believe, as do many, that the ills predicted by these gentlemen.would fol low such independent action upon the part of the United States. I believe In Amer icanism in its fullest sense. I believe the time has about passed when the United States should seek counsel of Great Britajn or any other foreign natioh on earth as to the policy that should be pursued in tlus country, either convmercially, politically or monetary." - ? ? ? Ills WILL FILED. The IlequcMtn off E%-*eerctary Huifli McCulloch. The will of the late ex-Secretary of the Treasury, Hugh McCulloch of Prince George's county, Md., was filed here today. The will is dated April 6, !S8S, and appoints Charles McCulloch, a son. as executor, and. In the event of the inability of the latter to act Frederick H. McCulloch, his brother, is to be executor, bonds to be required from neither. To his son Charles the deceased gives a watch and silver pitcher and to the son Frederick K. a clock, which is to for ever remain in the family. To a daughter, Mrs Louisa Yale. Jo.UUO are given, and the same amount to the other daughter, Maiie S. McCulloch. c To the widow of the deceased, Susan McCulloch, all monies on hand or to the credit of the deceased are given, also the Maryland homestead, with tne live stock, hcises, etc.. and the personal Property there and in the Washington residence. loth street. Mrs. McCulloch Is to also enjoy such an Interest in the bonds and other securities of her husband, not other- j wise specially devised, as may be *jeces sary to provide for her comfort and chari ties. The remainder of such income to be equally divided among the heirs. To Hugh McCulloch, jr., a nephew, $500 aro gi\en, and to Frank Cole $-00. n j The executor is directed to sell any or all of the real estate and invest the proceeds The Washington residence is not to be sold without the widow consents. The executoi ls iriso directed to dispose of the stocks, j &c., if he sees lit to do so, and re.nvest tne proceeds. Upon the death of Mrs. McCul- | loch the estate is to be equally divided , among the four children, Charles, Frederick H., and Marie Stewart -McCulloch and | Marie L.ou!se Yale. A codicil to the will, dated December 23, | 1SJ?2, provides that Mrs. Vale a daughtei, is to have the Maryland farm, known as "Holly Hill," and the other daughter is to have the Maryland farm "Meadow Brook," subject to the lite estate of tneir mother, which farms they are to hold In lieu of other real estate. PROTECTION. Laborer** Interest* Not Guarded la Dintrlet Contract*. President T. L. Holbrook of the Wash ii gton Brick Company has written the fol lowing letter to the Commissioners, which will explain itself: "My attention has been called to the fact that the clause which for many years has been inserted in all contracts made by the Commissioners, providing that the con tractor shall produce evidence, when re ciuired to do so, that all persons furnishing material or labor under said contract have been settled with, has been eliminated from all contracts made during the last fiscal year, thus taking it out of the powei Df thi Commissioners to protect laborers md subcontractors on District work, should they desire to do so. Mechanics, laborers md dealers in material have no lien against District buildings, on account of the In tel est of tne general government in said buildings, and yet the act of Congress ap proved August 13, IV.?4, for the protection >? such persons on binidiags elected by the United States is held not to apply to Dis trict buildings, on account of the joint in terest of the people and the United States. [ respectfully ask your attention to this natter, and trust you may see lit, after consultation with the accounting officers or the District, to include in all new contracts :he clause above referred to. I inclose for your information form 122 of the treasury Department, being general instructions and ?onditions for proposals, etc., showing act ipproved August 13, lbU4, above referred Water Meters. While the Commissioners have given up ill hope of purchasing water meters and irectir.g them in the places of large con sumers, and compelling the latter to r.alntain them, they nevertheless are ?ovisir.g the regulations governing the use >f water meters, and hope for a time when ill large consumers will be compelled to neasure the water they use. Secretary Smith Returned. Secretary Smith returned at 1:30 p.m. to lay from his week in Georgia. MAJ.' GEN. HANCOCK Project to Eemove His Remains tc Arlington. HIS PRESENT TOMB CRUMBLING Action Taken by the Second Arm) Corps Association. PROTESTS AGAINST REMOVAI Since February, 188G, the remalrts of Ma| Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock have reposed quietly In an out-of-the-way corner of ar obscure ccmetery at Norristown, Pa. Tlu Second Army Ccrps Association desires tc have the remains of its favorite command er transferred to the Arlington cemetery, and has secured the approval of Col. John Hancock (the late general's bi other) and other close relatives of the deceased here to the proposed change. Action to accom plish this purpose was taken at a recent mooting of the association in this city, and a committee was appointed to carry the project into effect. This committee con sists of Gan. Batchelder, quartermaster general of the army; Gen. Joseph S. Smith, Gen. J. B. Brady and Col. George A. Arms. They have the matter under consideration, but as yet have taken no decisive action. HI* Present Resting; Place. Ever since Gen. Hancock's interment there have been projects innumerable for taising funds for the erection of a shaft to mark bis resting place in Montgomery cemetery at Norristown, but none of them succeeded. Meanwhile the walls of the tcmb containing his remains have slowly crumbled away, the steady decay being due to the poor quality of the sandstone used in their construction. One of the persons to take cognizance of this deplorable con dition of the tomb was Col. L. W. Read, surgeon general of the Pennsylvania Na tional Guard, who occupied a close relatlon shiji with Gen. Hancock during the war, and who was personally interested in the perpetuation of his memory. He gave ciders for the rebuilding of the crumbling walls at his own expense. Plans were drawn and the stone selected. Work was to have been begun early last week, but was suspended in consequence of the re ceipt of a note from Mr. H. W. Spofford, private secretary to the quartermaster gen et al, saying: "I am asked by Col. John Hancock.the late gjncral's brother, who i^ ill at present, to iequest you to take no action in regard to any expenditures of money on the grave of Gen. Hancock, as the Second Army Corps Association have permission to remove his remains to Arlington." People in Norristown Indigrnant. Mr. SpofTord says he wrote this letter rolely at the personal request of Col. Han cock and altogether outside of his official connection with the office of the quarter master general. It resulted in a revocation of the order for the rebuilding of the tomb, and no change has since occurred in the situation. It appears that the proposed re moval has caused great indignation at Norristown a'id vicinity. According to a press dispatch from Norristown, Gen. Han cock personally selected Montgomery cem etery as his place of sepulture. "The tomb waH erected," says this dispatch, "soon after the death or Gen. Hancock's daugh ter, and he gave minute directions as to the details of its construction, even to the inscription on the door, which, he said, in a letter dated Governor's Island, N. Y., July 18 1883, should be 'Hancock,' and be placed 'somewhere on the inside of the vault.' It was his emphatic declaration on numerous occesions. In the presence of per sons still living, that it was there he de sired nis remains should repose. Within five hundred yards of the tomb are the walls of the little old-fashioned house into which Hancock was brought when seven weeks of age, after the removal of the family from Montgomeryville, this county, where he was born. Equidistant in the opposite direction is the grave of Gen. John F. Hartranft, and In the same cemetery are th* tombs of Gens. Zook and Slemmer." Protests Forwarded. Protests against any interference with the remains have been forwarded by Mer lon Chapter, Daughters of the Revolution; veterans of the war in Hancock's division, and citizens generally. Pennsylvania Com mandery, Military Order of the Loyal Le gion, of which Gen. Hancock was com mander, is prepared to offer determined opposition if it is undertaken to invade the precincts of the tomb to carry out the de signs of the Second Army Corps Associa tion. A serious obstacle in the way of the Arlington project will be legal proceedings by the cemetery company, which, it is un derstood, will seek an injunction from the court, if necessary, to restrain any person unauthorized from breaking the seal of the vault. The only other body in the tomb is that of Gen. Hancock's daughter. His widow was interred in a cemetery in St. Louis, in accordance with her wishes. It is under stood that the Second Army Corns Asso ciation have also# obtained permission to disinter Mrs. Hancock's remains and place them by the side of those of her husband at Arlington. DECORATION DAY. The President's Order Closing: tlie Departments on the 30tli. The President today issued the following executive order in regard to Memorial day: "It is hereby ordered that the several executive departments and the government printing office be closed on Thursday, the oOtli instant, to enable the employes to par ticipate in the decoration of the graves of tli*i soldiers and sailors who fell In de fense of the Union during the war of the rebellion." Col. Gordon's Decoration Day Order. C?l. Gordon, commanding the troops of the sixth U. S. cavalry, has issued an or der, pursuant to instructions from the commanding general of the department of I the east, excluding traffickers or other ob- I jectionable persons from the United States reservation at Fort Myer on Memorial day. May 30. Col. Gordon's recent order directing the formation for parade Thursday has been amended so that the artillery from the Washington barracks will take tho front of the column, the leading battery resting on Gth street. Garfield Hospital. Justice Harlan and Reginald Fendall, representing the Garfield Hospital, had a cor ference with the Commissioners this morning with a view of dedicating suffi cient ground along the east line of Gar field Hospital property to widen Sherman avenue, as shown on the plans for street extension. The appropriation act for 1SIMJ contemplates such dedication and author izes the Commissioners to rebuild terraces, slope and sod the bank and repair the roads destroyed by the grade of Sherman avenue. It is now proposed to construct a retaining wall on the parking line of Sher man avenue, along the entire eastern front of the hospital grounds, which wall will support the terraces, which latter are all to be sodded. At the present time the appro priation is not sufficient to do the work, and the hospital* authorities urged the Commissioners to Include in their esti mates to Congress for the next fiscal year an Item covering the necessary expendi ture. This the Commissioners promised to do. GRESHAM AND HARRISON The Eivalry Between the Two Men fo: Republican Leadership. It Commenced With the SlruRRle fot tlic Indiana ScnatorBhlp?Gre?hain In Arthur's Cabinet. The rivalry between Judge Gresham* and General Harrison for leadership in the re publican party in Indiana has long been ar interesting topic with those fond of the personal features of politics. A great deal has been written on the subject, and much cf it remains undisputed, but there arc well-informed men who assert that the story in its full and connected scope has yet to be written. It was no ordinary struggle. It lasted for years, and it brought into play the resources of two as resolute and as fearless men as ever con fronted each other on any ktad of field. General Harrison won, but Judge Gresham, transferring his residence to Illinois, con tinued to play a greLt part in affairs, and dies while filling one of the most Important pests In the government. The Indiana Senntorahlp. The first distinct advantage gained by General Harrison over his rival occurred in 1881, when a United States Senator was to be chosen in Indiana to succeed Joseph E. McDonald. The republicans had carried the legislature in their triumph of 1880, party prospects were bright for a great lease of power there, and the demand was for the strongest possible party organiza tion. Gen. Harrison and Judge Gresham were easily at the head of the poll of the local leadership, and it was plain from the out set that the senatorship would go to one or the other of them. One was a practic ing lawyer of very high reputation, and the other was the United States district judge for Indiana. Both lived at Indianapolis, and Gen. Harrison occasionally appeared in Judge Gresham's court. But the two men were not on friendly terms, and their respective supporters divided on the ques tion of thoir taleuU? and deserts with m.ich show of feeling. HarrlMon Won. The choice between them was. In one sense, not an easy one to make. They had some qualities in common. Both were good lawyers, good republicans, good men. Both were, personally ar.d politically, brave and aggressive. Both had won praise and pro motion on the battle iield, and each was still the idol of the men who had served under him. But when the whole matter had been canvassed, the party, by a good majority, decided for Gen. Harrison, and he was chosen Senator. There seemed to be much more in this election than the mere winning of a seat in the Senate. In diana was then, next to New York, oftener in the calculations of the politicians than any other state in the Union. She was one of the plvota! states. Might not Gen. Harrison come to national leader ship? Why not? Everything was assur ing; age, eminence, ability, success, local ity, all favored him. His friends believed, indeed, that they had placed him in line for the presidency, and they had no sooner arrived at this conclusion than they began to sound sentiment at a distance on the subject. It may be mentioned, too, that Gen. Harrison's debut in the Senate en couraged all the hopes of his most ardent admirers. He went at once to the front, and in one year's service in that body im pressed himself on his associates as a debater of the first-class. Retired From Political View. | Meanwhile, Judge Grasham had retired from political view, and was pursuing the even tenor of his Judicial way. There was no thought in the state that he would again come to the front, unless in the line of the Judicial promotion, which his friends felt he long had richly deserved. He made no wry faces over his defeat for the Sen ate. He continued to be a good republican and to support the party policy. Then, upon the sudden, came the assassination of President Garfield, the succession of Gen. Arthur to the presidency, and the complete change in the party calculations. New possibilities seemed to open up to many men, and especially to the newly in stalled chief magistrate. His success in the White House was as immediate as that of Gen. Harrison in the Senate. The coun try saw that he was a man of safety and conservatism, and an Arthur boom for 1884 scon took shape. in Arthur's Cabinet. Strange to say, the Arthur people did not at first regard Mr. Blaine as a probable rival tot the great prize. The Maine man's disappointment in .1876, and again in 1880, had been so bitter, they inclined to leave him out of the equation for the future. They turned their eyes on Harrison, and began to watch him, and to consider plans for neutralizing his influence at home and in the surrounding states. And so, when the vacancy occurred in the Post Office De partment. the Arthur people at once saw an opportunity. Judge Gresham was their man. He was not only worthy of the place by reason of his capacities and personal worth, but his appointment would attach his friends at home to the Arthur standard and help check the growth of Harrison sentiment for 1884. Gen. Arthur was struck with the sug gestion, and especially when it was pointed out that the ticket might be made Arthur and Gresham. The oliice was tendered to Judge Gresham and accepted, and the rest is history'. The new Postmaster General made a most favorable impression on his chief, and they worked well together. But in time it was developed that it was not Harrison but Blaine who needed watching and was to be antagonized, and this upset the whole of the Arthur program. It did not, however, diminish Gen. Arthur's inter est in Judge Gresham, whom he had learn ed thoroughly to trust, and so when Judge Folger died Judge Gresham was trans ferred to the Treasury Department, and re mained there until he was appointed to the United States circuit bench at Chicago. From that time Judge Gresham ceased to be an Indiana man In effect on the political situation, and Gen. Harrison came to an undisputed sway in the state in the affairs of his party. A Surprise to Hi* Friends. The appearance of Judge Gresham at the j head of Mr. Cleveland's second cabinet was a surprise and something of a shock to his | old republican friends in Indiana. They had i sympathized with his opposition to the I Harrison regime at home and they were | aware that he was not In agreement on the | tariff question with the high protectionists. But they were not prepared for his going over absolutely to the democracy, and in a manner which showed this feeling, but with entire personal respect, they resented it. Few of them called to see him when in Washington and many of them pledged support to Oen. Harrison at home stronger ! than that accorded by the original Harri son men. But Judge Gresham bore this without comment of any kind. He was a strong and self-reliant man, who made few I explanations of his conduct and no apolo [ gies whatever for it. | Not Placed to Advantage. In Indiana, as in other localities where he was known and appreciated, the feeling has been that Judge Gresham was not placed to advantage in the State Department. He was, first of all, a lawyer, and one of the most downright of men, and had no taste | or equipment at all for much of the purely fancy fencing that goes on in diplomatic 1 office EIGHTY LIVES LOST Wreck of the French Steamer Don Pedro. DISASTER CN THE COAST OF GALLICIA Holland to Demand Reparation From Morocco. LANDSLIDE IN SWITZERLAND CADIZ, May 28.?The French steamer Dom Pedro, bound for Carril, Spain, has been wrecked off Cape Corrubedo, west coast of Gallacia. Eights of those on board were drowned. The disaster was caused by the bursting of a boiler. Holland to Demand Reparation. THE HAGUE, May 28.?It is stated here upon good authority that the government of Holland has decided to send four war ships to Morocco with instructions to de mand reparation for the looting of the Dutch brigantine Anna and the murder of her captain off the Riff coast of Morocco In April last. Cardinal's Gibbon** Trip. PARIS, May 28.?Cardinal Gibbons Is quoted as stating that he will remain a month in Rome, and on his return will de liver a public Ipcture In this city on the re lations between capital and labor. Wliole Forest* Suejit Away. BERNE, Switzerland, May 2S.?A tre mendous fall of rock from the Schwarm mountain into the Lauterbrunnen valley has swept away whole forests on the slope of the mountain and has caused immeuse destruction of property. To Invade Macedonia. LONDON, May 28.?The correspondent of the Times at Athens telegraphs that oificlal reports received at the Greek capital con firm the rumors that bands of Bulgarian brigands are awaiting a favorable oppor tunity to invade Macedonia, thereby re viving the Macedonian Question. The Tur kish government has ordered ten regiments to guard the frontier, in order to prepare for emergencies. Pasteur Refused the Decoration. PARIS, May 28.?M. Louis Pasteur, the distinguished French chemist, has refused a German decoration. M. Pasteur is a grand officer of the French Legion of Honor, and was awarded the Rumford medal by "the Royal Society of London, In 1856, for his researches relative to the polarization of light. The Italian Elections. ROME, May 28.?The opposition newspa pers refuse to acknowledge the victory of the government in the recent elections. The Italia, commenting on the result, says: "The ministers have not obtained the result expected." The- Voce Dela Verita declares that the result is ratlur a reverse for the government than a victory. . George X. Curios Honored. LONDON. May 2S.?The Royal Geo graphical Society has awarded the patron's medal to George N. Curzon, member of parliament for the Southport division of Lancashire, for his researches in Persia. Mr. Curzon is tjie author of "Russia In Central Asia" and "Persia and the Per sian Question." Medal for Artist Pieknell. PARIS, May 28.?Wm. Lamb Pieknell. the American artist, has been awarded a third-class medal by the committee on awards of the Paris salon. Tammany Leaders Confer. LONDON, May 28.?Richard Croker and ex-Mayor Hugh J. Grtfnt of New York had a lengthy conference today in. regard to New York politics. Raeiusr nt Epsom. EPSOM. England, May 28.?The Wood cote race for two-year-olds was won to day by Daniel Cooper's filly Serpentine, by St. Serf, out of Footlight. Mr. Lebaudy's Curfew Chimes was second and the Duke of Portland's Eisteddfod third. There were nine starters. The Epsom plate (handicap) was won by J. Best's chcstnut horse Worcester; Sancho Pansea, second, and Arcano, third. Nine started. LIKE THE DAXVILLE CASE. Lynching: n Murderer to Prevent Exe cutive Intervention. ELLICOTT CITY, Md., May 28,-Jacob Henson, under sentence of*death for the murder of Daniel F. Shea, was hanged by lynchers about 1 o'clock this morning. No shots were fired, and the mob dis persed as quietly as It had assembled. A placard was left pinned to Henson's breast, on which was written: "We respect our court and Judges. Gov. Brown forced the law-abiding citizens to carry out the verdict of the jury. Whltecaps." The lynchers feared that the governor of Maryland might be Induced to interfere and commute the dead man's sentence to life imprisonment. The grounds for this apprehension came from the recent repeated visits .o the Jail of one or two specialists in mental diseases, to inquire Into Htnson's sanity, and the re ported Intention of Gov. Brown himself to come out here for the same purpose one day this week. The murder qf Daniel F. Shea was com mitted about three mcnths ago. With no other Incentive than robbery, the negro beat his employer's head with an Iron bar and left him deal in a room over the lat ter's store, where he had lived alone. Hen son's arrest, trial and conviction followed. An application for a new trial was refused by Judge Thomas Jone3 on April 1, on which day Henson was sentenced to be hanged. THE PRICE OF GAS. The Klght of the Commissioners to Fix the Itnte. MaJ. Powell has made a discovery and If the find turns out one-half as well as It la expected the citizens of Washington will no iongef be made to pay exorbitant prices for lightlrg the city with gas. Several days ego MaJ. Powell, while thinking over the subject of street light ing, found a reference to a law dated June 20, 1S78, Just a few days after the passage of the organic act. As It referred to street lighting the major sent for the compiled statutes, and sure enough, on page 203, fcund the following law: "And to require the Washington Gas IJght Company to light the city lamps at such prices as shall to the sahl Commls s.oners appear to le Just and reasonable." Here wns. Indeed, a find, and the major lest no time in getting the matter before the board and having a reference of the subject made to the attorney for the Dis trict. with the request that he Inform the Commlssiorers as soon as possible what was the legal status of the clause and whether It had ever been repealed. Tho attorney for the District Is still wrestling with the problem, but expects to report upon the subject some time during the week.