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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 28, 1895, Image 1

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THE EVENING STAR
ri'BMMHED DAILY KXC'KFT SUNDAY
AT THE ST AH BUILDINGS,
1101 F?on?jlwiia Avenue, Cor. 11th Street, by
The Evening Star Newspaper Company,
8. H. KADPFMANN Preet
Hew York Office, 49 Potter Building.
The Evening Star Is served to subscribers In the
rtty by carriers, on their own account, at 10 cents
per week, or 44 cents per month. Copies at the
counter 2 cents each. By mall?any where In the
United States or Canada?postage prepaid?60 cents
per month.
Saturday Quintuple Sheet Star, $1 per year, with
foreirn postage added, $3.00.
(Entered at the Tost Office at Washington, D. C.,
as second-class mall matter.)
E*All mall subscriptions must be paid in advance,
tea of advertising made known on appll<?atlon.
?0e proof of f$t pulton? is
m fffe eattng. TJesferfcag's
?}far conffttneb 44 cofumns
?f ?ioerfi6emenf6, male up
?f 824 separate announce;
menfs. QtytBt atoerfisers
Sought pufifiafg-nct merefg
space.
No. 13,176.
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, MAY 28, 1895-SIXTEEN PAGES.
TWO CENTS.
HONORED IN DEATH
Funeral Services to Be Held Tomor
row in the White House.
REMAINS TO BE BORNE TO CHICAGO
The President and the Cabinet to
Go to That City.
FINAL ARRANGEMENTS MADE
All official Washington visited the Ar
lington Hotel today to pay respect to the
memory of the late Secretary of State.
The President and Mrs. Cleveland and
every cabinet officer now In the city called
before noon. Cards were also left at the
hotel for Mrs. Gresham by scores of other
officials, and during the day many mem
bers of the dlplomatlo corps left cards.
There was a constant stream of sympa
thetic telegrams and messages from all
parts of the world. The news of the Sec
retary's rather sudden death had been
flashed far and wide, arrd had caused uni
versal grief and regret.
After the Secretary died, shortly after 1
o'clock, there was a brief period of excite
ment at the hotel, but this was soon calm
ed, and for a few hours the tired attend
ants at the sick bed sought rest. Mrs.
Gresham's grief was intense, and for many
hours she remained in a condition little
short of hysterical. She could get no relief
In tears, however, and for a time the state
of her nerves gave great concern to those
around her.
Mr. Otto Grenham Arrives.
At 6:.'M) 6'clock this morning Mr. Otto
Gresham, the only son, arrived. He left
Chicago yesterday morning on telegraphic
summons, which had been sent to him
when his father's condition became alarm
ing. Last evening the symptoms became
such that It was feared the patient could
no: survive until his 9on arrived, and an
efTort was irade to prepare him by wire for
the worst. Mr. John Secger, Secretary
Lamont's private secretary, endeavored to
reach him by long-diets nee telephone at
Pittsburg, but his train had then passed
that point, and a telegram was sent to Al
toona, where It intercepted him. Arrange- '
ments were made to hasten his Journey,
and at Harrisburg a special locomotive was
awaiting him, snd, abandoning the train,
he came hurrying or to Washington at top
speed in the hope of seeing his father be
fore he died
But the Secietary had been dead over
five hours when the locomotive reached the
station in this city and the son alighted.
He was met at the station by Mr. Frank
Jones, assistant postmaster general, who
gently broke the news of his father's death.
Mr. Gresham is between thirty-five and
thirty-eight years of age, and has a wife
and two children. He is somewhat shorter
than his father and much darker in com
plexion. though there is a strong resem
blance.
He was greatly unnerved at first by the
shcck and disappointment at not having
been able to see his father again alive, but
after the first spasm of grief he regained
control of himself and asked to be driven,
without delay, to his mother, for whom he
was tenderly solicitous. The ?meeting be
tween Mrs. Gresham and her son was
fnost affecting, but still tho bereaved wo
man could not find In tears that relief that
her overcharged nerves demanded.
Conniderlnji: Fnueral Arrangement*.
As she gradually grew calmer, during the
?arly morning the necessary preliminary
details of the funeral arrangements were
brought to her attention. The flrst con
sideration, of course, was the choice be
tween a public or a private funeral. Mrs.
Gresham was much opposed to the former.
It was represented to her that the Secrd*
tary's long public career made it practi
cally necessary that his obsequie? should
be of a public character.
To this Mrs. Gresham answered: "For
over a quarter of a century my husband
has belonged to the public. Now, when
he Is dead, he belongs to me."
At last Mr. Otto Gresham was brought
to see that a private funeral would be
quite impracticable, and. through his me
diation, his mother was gradually recon
ciled to the thought of public services over
the body of her husband.
No details, however, could be arranged
so early In the day. as she was still far
from being in a condition to talk for any
length of time about the matter. She could
?ee none of the callers, but kept In her own
room and saw only her son and daughter,
who spent most of the day with her.
The I'rcKlilent'R Cull.
At about 10 o'clock the President and
Mrs. Cleveland drove In to the White House
from Woodley, and after a short rest there
drove over to the Arlington, where they ar
rived at about 10:45. A crowd of people
who recognized the carriage and Its occu
pants collected about the H street entrance
of the hotel and eagerly watched the dis
embarkation of the chief executive and his
wife. A photographer had erected his
camera at a convenient point, but was pre
vented from securing a picture of the dis
tinguished couple only by their deliberately
turning away their faces from his lens.
The President and Mrs. Cleveland were
received by Mrs. Andrews and Otto Gres
ham and expressed to them their deepest
sympathy. The meetrng between Mrs.
Cleveland and Mrs. Andrews was touch
Inly affecting. They have had a slight ac
quaintance, having met on the occasion of
a previous visit paid by Mrs. Andrews to
her parents in this city. Mrs. Cleveland
?ent many tender messages of love and
?ynffcathy to Mrs. Gresham by her daugh
ter while the President was offering to the
?on any assistance lying in his power.
To lie Taktn to the White House.
Others were called In consultation, and
It was decided that the body of the late
Secretary should be trken at 1) o'clock to
morrow morning to the White House,where
It should lie In state for the view of the
public during the day. It was concluded,
Itowever, to defer niakiafljfurther arrange
ments of the funeral urmi after Secretary
Gresham's colleagues of the cabinet had
ffiet and discussed them. Accordingly, af
ter about half an hour, the President and
llrs. Cleveland withdrew to the White
House, and the members of the cabinet
Were hurriedly summoned to the mansion.
As this is the regular day for the cabinet
meeting, most of them were on hand, and
the meeting was convened as scon as pos
?II >le. and the death of the premier became
a subject for consideration in lieu of the
ordinary business that confronts the Pres
ide!! t's council.
The C'uhiiiet Meeting,
The President and his cabinet assembled
at the White House at 11:30 o'clock this
morning, with the sad duty of arranging
appropriate honors to the memory of their
&te distinguished colleague. Secretary Car
ile, who is In Kentucky, was the only ab
ler tee. Mr. Chi, who has been acting Sec
retary of State since Mr. Gresham was
wen ill, on the 1st Instant, occupied his
Muai seat at the President's right.
Ati Order ln?tiaed.
The session lasted a little over an hour.
During its progress the following order was
telegraphed to the various departments:
EXECUTIVE MANSION. May 28, 1805.
Executive Order:
beads of executive departments and |
government printing office:
As a mark of respect to the memory ot
the Hon. Walter Q. Gresham, late Secre
tary of State, the President directs that the
several executive departments and the gov
ernment printing office, in the city of
\V ashington, be closed on Wednesday, the
29th day of May, 18U5, the day of the fu
neral.
(Signed) HENRY T. THURBER,
Private Secretary.
Tiie Funeral Arrangements.
At the conclusion of the cabinet meeting
Secretary Lamont made a brief statement
of tho funeral arrangements to The Star
reporter and other newspaper men assem
bled at the White House. He said that the
remains of Secretary Gresham will be
taken from the Arlington Hotel to the
White House tomorrow morning and placed
in the east room, where funeral services
will be held at 10 o'clock. They will be
conducted by Bishop Hurst of the Metho
dist Episcopal Church. Scats will be re
served for the members of the diplomatic
corps, the members of the United States
Supreme Court, such Senators and mem
bers as may be in the city and the chiefs
of bureaus of the War and Navy Depart
ments.
The remains will be escorted to the Bal
timore and Ohio railroad station by all the
troops and marines stationed in this city
and at Fort Myer, Va., with MaJ. Gen.
1 nomas H. Ruger in command. A special
train will be provided for the transporta
tioni of the remains and the funeral party
to Chicago, where the interment will be
made. The President and all the members
or his cabinet will accompany the remains
to their final resting place. The train will
?oV,*rt.?in l}a sad mission at 12 o'clock or
1-.JO o clock, according to the time of the
arrival of the cortege at the depot.
Official Mourning.
Flags floating lazily at half-mast In the
soft spring breeze over tho White House
and the executive department buildings
this morning conveyed silently to the city
the official announcement of the death of
the Secretary of State, the first officer of
the cabinet. The State Department was
j *eckn*caUy closed today, admission being
denied to all visitors, although the entire
force of employes were kept in waiting to
assist In the discharge of the formalities
| attendant upon notification to the foreign
powers of the nation's loss. Acting Secre
| tary Uhl, hollow-eyed and nervous, as the
I rssuli of h,s all-night vigil at the door of
the death chamber, was early at his post
engaged in the preparation of orders to be
, signed by the President and in frequent
communication with the family of the de
ceased Secretary. Within three-quarters
i 2 k?ur after the end came last night
he had dispatched brief cable messages to
the four ambassadors who represent the
United States abroad, to Mr. Bayard at
London, Mr. Eustis at Paris. Mr. Runyon
at Berlin and Mr. MacVeagh at Home,
stating that Secretary Gresham had ex
pired at 1:15 o'clock. In addition, Mr
Eustis was instructed to send similar tele
graphic announcements to all the United I
States legations in other parts of the
world.
Informing: Foreign Nations.
This morning Mr. Uhl prepared a draft
of a formal note intended to be sent to the
representatives gt the foreign rrations ac
credited to Washington, and also for trans
mission to the United States representa
tives abroad, conveying to them the news
of Secretary Gres"ham's death in more for
mal style than could be attained In a brief
cable message.
tonnultlnK Precedents.
Soon after the President reached the
White House, Acting Secretary Uhl called
and informed him of his action in Issuing
formal notices of Secretary Gresham's
death. Mr. Uhl also submitted a form of
official order closing the executive depart
ments on the day appointed for the funeral
This was based on similar action taken by
President Harrison in the case of ex-Sec
retary Winrlom, who, like Secretary Gresh
am, died in office. The order was prepared
after consultation with Assistant Secretary
Hamlin of the Treasury Department, for
the consideration of the President and cabi
net. The purpose was to follow as closely
as possible the official procedure in the case
of the death of ex-Secretary Wlndom, the
most recent instance or the death of a
member of the cabinet.
No Crape on lluildluK*.
While It is the Intention to follow the
precedent set In the Windom case, there
must be one Important departure, and that
is the omission of all signs of mourning,
with which the great executive department
bulldirgs were draped for thirty days. In
the legislative, executive and judicial ap
propriation act, approved March 3, 18U3
Congress provided, "That hereafter no
building owned or used for public purposes
by the government of the United States
shall be draped in mourning, and no part
of the public fund shall be used for such
purpose."
DlstingulHhcU Callers.
All of the members of the cabinet who
are in the city. Secretary Carlisle being
absent, came to the Arlington early in the
day, and most of the ladles of the cabinet
circle were also admitted to the parlor ad
joining the family apartments of the late
Secretary of State. Secretary and Mrs.
Lamont, whoso residence is near by, were
at the hotel for a long time.
The line of callers who drove or walked
to the Arlington today included representa
tives of all the official circles of Washing
ton, the cabinet, the Supreme Court, the
diplomatic corps, Congrets and the army
and navy. Most of the callers merely left
their cards with a colored attendant who
stood at the door. Justice Harlan of the
Supreme Court was admitted to the family .
apartment and talked for some time with
Mr. Otto Gresham. He was visibly affected
when he left. Mrs. John W. Foster, wife
of the Secretary of State who held that
office during the last year of the Harrison
administration, and who is a rative of In
diana, Secretary Gresham's state, came.
The Chinese minister and his interpreter
issued from a coach shortly afterward.
Most of the assistant secretaries and heads
of the government bureaus were among the
early callers.
Tlie Diplomatic Corp*.
Sir Julian Pauncefote, British ambassa
dor, as dean of the diplomatic corps, has
addressed a letter to all ambassadors, min
isters and heads of foreign representations
In Washington, asking them to assemble
at the British embassy at B p.m. today, to
take appropriate action on the death of
Secretary Gresham. Sir Julian conferred
with Baron Fava, Italian ambassador,
early today as to the course to be pursued.'
Most of the ambassadors and ministers
sent official cable announcements of the
Secretary's death to their home govern
ments. The difference In time between
Washington and European capltaU Is such
that the Secretary's death would not ap
pear in the morring papers, and the official
notifications will be the first information
conveyed to the foreign offices. Official re
sponses are expected late ? in the day.
Sir Julian Pauncefotc's noti to the for
eign representatives is in French, the usual
language of diplomatic correspondence, and
expresses the deep sense of bereavement
that calls them together.
Official Notice.
Mr. Haywood, private secretary to Act
ing Secretary Uhl, this morning personally
delivered at the various foreign legations
here a preliminary notice of the death of
Secretary Gresham. and verbally Informed
the diplomatic representatives that the
funeral services, to which thoy were in
vited. would be conducted In the east room
of the White House at 10 a.m. tomorrow.
The body of the dead statesm&n, which
has been laid out in the sleeping chamber
where death occurred, was today embalm
ed. Hhe metallic coffin, in which It will be
placed tonight, is to be covered with black
cloth, with heavy "oxidized silver handles
and the usual plate for name and circum
stances of birth and death.
The President and Mr. Grmliani.
When the President and Mrs. Cleveland
drove up to the White House from their
country home this morning the President's
face showed traces of sorrow, but gave
no evidence of the illness that had confined
him to Woodley for two days past. He had.
shown a deep Interest in Secretary Gres
ham's condition, and was kept fully advised
in regard to it. Yesterday he is said to
have suffered severly from an attack of
biliousness. When the bulletins showed
that the premier of his cabinet was slowly
sinking to his eternal rest the President
expressed a desire to go and see him. He
sent a telephone message to the White
House last night to ascertain If he could
see the Secretary or if he could be of any
possible assistance. If so he said he would
gladly come to town despite his own ail
ment. Word was sent back tha^t the visit
would be useless, as the physicians would
not permit the patient to be seen, and there
was nothing he could do to alleviate the
situation.
A WHITE HOl'SE FUNERAL.
Some of tlie Details of tlie Service to
Be Held Tliere.
The east room of the White House is
being rapidly put in readiness for tomor
row's obsequies. The decorations will be
similar to those used at the funerals of
Mrs. Harrison and Dr. Scott, which were
the last events of the kind in the historic
apartment. The walls will be draped with
flags, palms, and tropical plants will be
distributed about the room and potted
plants will be placed on the mantels. A
catafalque will be arranged near the cen
ter of the room in front of the main cor-*
ridor. Owing to the limited capacity of
the apartment no one will be admitted to
the services except those specially Invited.
Chairs for the guests will be arranged in
a semi-circle behind the catafalque, upon
which the remains will rest. Col. Wilson,
corps of engineers, is in charge of the ar
rangements at the White House.
It is said that this will be the first time
that the funeral of a cabinet officer has
ever taken place from the White House.
Services were held in the east room at the
funerals of Mrs. Tracy and Miss Tracy,
Mrs. Harrison and Dr. Scott.
There was some question as to who
should conduct the services. Secretary
Gresham was not a member of any church,
while Mrs. Gresham, although not con
nected with any of the local congregations,
usually attended one of the Presbyterian
churches. It was ascertained during the
morning that Bishop Hurst of the Metho
dist Episcopal Church was a warm per
sonal friend of the late Secretary, and at
Mrs. Gresharr's suggestion he was invited
to conduct tne services, which will be
simple in character. It is not certain yet
whether or not there will be any music
beyond the singing of a hymn or two.
The tabir.et officers will be the honorary
pallbeaiers. These are now only seven in
number, as follows: Secretaries Lamont,
Herbert, Carlisle, Morton and Smith, At
torney General Olney and Postmaster Gen
eral Wilson. Mr. Uhl, first assistant secre
tary of state, who was early today desig
nated acting secretary, was asked to serve
as the eighth pallbearer, thus completing
the cabinet representation. Secretary Car
lisle, has wired that he will arrive this
evening to attend the funeral. He and Sec
retary Gresham were particularly warm
friends. The body bearers will be eight
marines from the barracks.
. It is probable that the funeral train will
reach Chicago Thursday evening, and pre
liminary arrangements are being made
now for th.- final services, which will be
held Friday. Nothing very definite has yet
been decided upon as to that part of the
program, however.
Sculptor Dunbar was summoned to the
Arlington this morning and requested to
make a cast of the Secretary's face. Ho
began this task as soon as possible and
completed it successfully shortly after
noon.
Tlie Casket.
The body was then prepared for the
I casket, which was ordered early in the
morning. It is a very heavy casket and
handsome. A silver plate will be fastened
to the lid, with this simple inscription:
??WALTER QUINTON GRESHAM.
March 17, 1833.
May 28, lfctto."
The casket will be taken to the hotel at
I about 5 o'clock, and after that hour the
remains can be viewed by those near the
family.
Mrs. Gresham rallied during the day, and
this afternoon she was much better in mind
and body. Several handsome floral gifts
were sent to the hotel durir.g the day.
The active work of arranging for the fu
neral is In the hands of Mr. Frank Jones,
assistant postmaster general; Col. H. C.
Corbin, assistant adjutant general, and
Mr. John Seager, Secretary Lamont's pri
vate secretary. Secretary Lamont, too,
was very busy this mdrning at the hotel,
and did much to aid the widow and the son
and daughter of his late colleague.
PROCLAMATION BY THE PRESIDENT.
Public Announcement Made of tlie
Death of Mr. Gresham.
The following proclamation was issued
by the President this afternoon:
A proclamation by the President of the
United States.
Walter Q. Gresham, Secretary of State
of the United States, is dead.
The President in making tills distressing
announcement to his fellow countrymen
speaks frcm the depths of a personal af
fliction to remind them that they, too, have
lest a pure and able public servant, a wise
and patriotic guardian of all their rights
and interests, a manly and loyal American
and a generous and lovable man.
As a suitable expression of national be
reavement 1 direct that the diplomatic
representatives of the United States in all
foreign countries display the flags over
their embassies and legations at half mast
for ten days, that for a like period the
flag of the* United States be displayed at
half mast at all forts and military posts
and at all naval stations and on all vessels
of the United States.
I further order that on the day Of the
funeral the executive departments in the
city of Washington be closed and that on
all public buildings throughout the United
States the national flag be displayed at
half mast.
GROVER CLEVELAND.
By the President.
EDWIN T. UHL,
Acting Secretary of State.
Done at the city of Washington tills 28th
day of May, in the year of our Lord, 18U5,
and of tho independence of the United
States of America the 110th.
NAVAL AND MILITARY HONORS.
Orders Issned Today by Secrelary
Herbert.
Secretary Herbert provided for the due
observance of the funeral by tho navy
through the following order:
"At all navy yards and stations colors
will be half-masted, and will be so display
ed until after the final Interment at Chi
cago of the Secretary of State."
The bureau chiefs at the Navy Depart
ment were instructed as follows:
"The Secretary of the Navy directs that
all bureau chiefs attend the funeral of the
late Secretary of State, at 10 o'clock a.m.
May 2*J, in the east room of the Executive
Mansion. Uniform, special full dress."
Next an order was sent to Col. Heywood,
commandant of marines at the navy yard,
as follows:
"Send an officer to report immediately
to Gen. Kuger for Instructions as to what
part of the marine corps will- take part in
the funeral of the Secretary^ of State to
morrow. Marines will assemble with band
at 0:15 on Lafayette Square."
During the afternoon Gen. Ruger was
perfecting his arrangements for the mili
tary part of the program. He sent orders
to Washington barracks and Fort Myer
to have all available regular troops in
line to participate in the funeral parade,
and a place will be reserved for the militia
(Continued on Second Page.)
OREGON AND SILVER
Senator Mitchell on the Republican Club
Convention's Eecent Action.
No Proper Index of tlie Real Senti
ment of the Republican.
of the State.
When the Oregon state republican clubs
met at Portland a few days ago and re
fused to adopt a free silver resolution
many sound money members of that party
throughout the country Interpreted the
action as meaning that republicans of Ore
gon would come Into their ranks and would
not demand great concessions for silver
at the national convention. This action
was very generally commented on by east
ern newspapers as being Important In
showing the drift of sentiment on the
money question in Oregon and as meaning
that there was a Chang. of front among
the sllverites in that state.
Senator Mitchell of Oregon is In the city
and when seen by a Star reporter today
was asked what he understood to have
been the action of the republican club con
vention on the money question. Mr. Mitch
ell was not Inclined to enter Into a dis
cussion of the action of the convention,
but finally replied:
No Indication of Real Sentiment.
"Whatever action was taken there on the
money question must not be regarded as
any proper index of the real sentiment
of the republicans of Orejon on the money
question, for the reason that many of the
lenders of the republica? party, who are
strong silver men, were, opposed to that
club convention taking qpy action on the
question at all, simply ai a matter of pol
icy Hence, members ot the convention
favorable to silver werei divided, and, as
I understand, a resolution introduced on
the subject of silver was laid on the table.
"It is proper to state that the republicans
of Oregon, however, are divided, as they
are elsewhere throughout the country, on
the money question, although 1 am strongly
of the opinion that a great majority of the
republican voters of Oregon are today fa
vorable to the unlimited coinage of silver
at the existing ratio. Still, the holding of
an opinion by any one either to the single
gold standard or in favor of unlimited coin
age of silver is not and cannot be regarded
as a test of hi3 republicanism. For many
years I have been, and still am, unalter
ably opposed to the single gold standard.
I have believed, and still believe, firmly in
favor of the restoration of silver as a
inoirey metal at the existing ratio. As I
have long since lost hope of having that
accomplished by Intel national agreement. 1
am in favor of Independent bimetallism by
Congressional action In this countr>.
llelleve* In An,erte*nt*m.
"I do not believe, as do many, that the
ills predicted by these gentlemen.would fol
low such independent action upon the part
of the United States. I believe In Amer
icanism in its fullest sense. I believe the
time has about passed when the United
States should seek counsel of Great Britajn
or any other foreign natioh on earth as to
the policy that should be pursued in tlus
country, either convmercially, politically or
monetary."
- ? ? ?
Ills WILL FILED.
The IlequcMtn off E%-*eerctary Huifli
McCulloch.
The will of the late ex-Secretary of the
Treasury, Hugh McCulloch of Prince
George's county, Md., was filed here today.
The will is dated April 6, !S8S, and appoints
Charles McCulloch, a son. as executor, and.
In the event of the inability of the latter to
act Frederick H. McCulloch, his brother, is
to be executor, bonds to be required from
neither. To his son Charles the deceased
gives a watch and silver pitcher and to the
son Frederick K. a clock, which is to for
ever remain in the family. To a daughter,
Mrs Louisa Yale. Jo.UUO are given, and the
same amount to the other daughter, Maiie
S. McCulloch. c
To the widow of the deceased, Susan
McCulloch, all monies on hand or to the
credit of the deceased are given, also the
Maryland homestead, with tne live stock,
hcises, etc.. and the personal Property
there and in the Washington residence.
loth street. Mrs. McCulloch Is to also
enjoy such an Interest in the bonds and
other securities of her husband, not other- j
wise specially devised, as may be *jeces
sary to provide for her comfort and chari
ties. The remainder of such income to be
equally divided among the heirs. To Hugh
McCulloch, jr., a nephew, $500 aro gi\en,
and to Frank Cole $-00. n j
The executor is directed to sell any or all
of the real estate and invest the proceeds
The Washington residence is not to be sold
without the widow consents. The executoi
ls iriso directed to dispose of the stocks, j
&c., if he sees lit to do so, and re.nvest tne
proceeds. Upon the death of Mrs. McCul- |
loch the estate is to be equally divided ,
among the four children, Charles, Frederick
H., and Marie Stewart -McCulloch and |
Marie L.ou!se Yale.
A codicil to the will, dated December 23, |
1SJ?2, provides that Mrs. Vale a daughtei,
is to have the Maryland farm, known as
"Holly Hill," and the other daughter is to
have the Maryland farm
"Meadow Brook," subject to the lite estate
of tneir mother, which farms they are to
hold In lieu of other real estate.
PROTECTION.
Laborer** Interest* Not Guarded la
Dintrlet Contract*.
President T. L. Holbrook of the Wash
ii gton Brick Company has written the fol
lowing letter to the Commissioners, which
will explain itself:
"My attention has been called to the fact
that the clause which for many years has
been inserted in all contracts made by the
Commissioners, providing that the con
tractor shall produce evidence, when re
ciuired to do so, that all persons furnishing
material or labor under said contract have
been settled with, has been eliminated
from all contracts made during the last
fiscal year, thus taking it out of the powei
Df thi Commissioners to protect laborers
md subcontractors on District work, should
they desire to do so. Mechanics, laborers
md dealers in material have no lien against
District buildings, on account of the In
tel est of tne general government in said
buildings, and yet the act of Congress ap
proved August 13, IV.?4, for the protection
>? such persons on binidiags elected by the
United States is held not to apply to Dis
trict buildings, on account of the joint in
terest of the people and the United States.
[ respectfully ask your attention to this
natter, and trust you may see lit, after
consultation with the accounting officers or
the District, to include in all new contracts
:he clause above referred to. I inclose for
your information form 122 of the treasury
Department, being general instructions and
?onditions for proposals, etc., showing act
ipproved August 13, lbU4, above referred
Water Meters.
While the Commissioners have given up
ill hope of purchasing water meters and
irectir.g them in the places of large con
sumers, and compelling the latter to
r.alntain them, they nevertheless are
?ovisir.g the regulations governing the use
>f water meters, and hope for a time when
ill large consumers will be compelled to
neasure the water they use.
Secretary Smith Returned.
Secretary Smith returned at 1:30 p.m. to
lay from his week in Georgia.
MAJ.' GEN. HANCOCK
Project to Eemove His Remains tc
Arlington.
HIS PRESENT TOMB CRUMBLING
Action Taken by the Second Arm)
Corps Association.
PROTESTS AGAINST REMOVAI
Since February, 188G, the remalrts of Ma|
Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock have reposed
quietly In an out-of-the-way corner of ar
obscure ccmetery at Norristown, Pa. Tlu
Second Army Ccrps Association desires tc
have the remains of its favorite command
er transferred to the Arlington cemetery,
and has secured the approval of Col. John
Hancock (the late general's bi other) and
other close relatives of the deceased here
to the proposed change. Action to accom
plish this purpose was taken at a recent
mooting of the association in this city, and
a committee was appointed to carry the
project into effect. This committee con
sists of Gan. Batchelder, quartermaster
general of the army; Gen. Joseph S. Smith,
Gen. J. B. Brady and Col. George A. Arms.
They have the matter under consideration,
but as yet have taken no decisive action.
HI* Present Resting; Place.
Ever since Gen. Hancock's interment
there have been projects innumerable for
taising funds for the erection of a shaft to
mark bis resting place in Montgomery
cemetery at Norristown, but none of them
succeeded. Meanwhile the walls of the
tcmb containing his remains have slowly
crumbled away, the steady decay being due
to the poor quality of the sandstone used
in their construction. One of the persons
to take cognizance of this deplorable con
dition of the tomb was Col. L. W. Read,
surgeon general of the Pennsylvania Na
tional Guard, who occupied a close relatlon
shiji with Gen. Hancock during the war,
and who was personally interested in the
perpetuation of his memory. He gave
ciders for the rebuilding of the crumbling
walls at his own expense. Plans were
drawn and the stone selected. Work was
to have been begun early last week, but
was suspended in consequence of the re
ceipt of a note from Mr. H. W. Spofford,
private secretary to the quartermaster gen
et al, saying:
"I am asked by Col. John Hancock.the late
gjncral's brother, who i^ ill at present, to
iequest you to take no action in regard to
any expenditures of money on the grave of
Gen. Hancock, as the Second Army Corps
Association have permission to remove his
remains to Arlington."
People in Norristown Indigrnant.
Mr. SpofTord says he wrote this letter
rolely at the personal request of Col. Han
cock and altogether outside of his official
connection with the office of the quarter
master general. It resulted in a revocation
of the order for the rebuilding of the tomb,
and no change has since occurred in the
situation. It appears that the proposed re
moval has caused great indignation at
Norristown a'id vicinity. According to a
press dispatch from Norristown, Gen. Han
cock personally selected Montgomery cem
etery as his place of sepulture. "The tomb
waH erected," says this dispatch, "soon
after the death or Gen. Hancock's daugh
ter, and he gave minute directions as to
the details of its construction, even to the
inscription on the door, which, he said, in
a letter dated Governor's Island, N. Y.,
July 18 1883, should be 'Hancock,' and be
placed 'somewhere on the inside of the
vault.' It was his emphatic declaration on
numerous occesions. In the presence of per
sons still living, that it was there he de
sired nis remains should repose. Within
five hundred yards of the tomb are the
walls of the little old-fashioned house into
which Hancock was brought when seven
weeks of age, after the removal of the
family from Montgomeryville, this county,
where he was born. Equidistant in the
opposite direction is the grave of Gen. John
F. Hartranft, and In the same cemetery
are th* tombs of Gens. Zook and Slemmer."
Protests Forwarded.
Protests against any interference with
the remains have been forwarded by Mer
lon Chapter, Daughters of the Revolution;
veterans of the war in Hancock's division,
and citizens generally. Pennsylvania Com
mandery, Military Order of the Loyal Le
gion, of which Gen. Hancock was com
mander, is prepared to offer determined
opposition if it is undertaken to invade the
precincts of the tomb to carry out the de
signs of the Second Army Corps Associa
tion. A serious obstacle in the way of the
Arlington project will be legal proceedings
by the cemetery company, which, it is un
derstood, will seek an injunction from the
court, if necessary, to restrain any person
unauthorized from breaking the seal of the
vault.
The only other body in the tomb is that
of Gen. Hancock's daughter. His widow
was interred in a cemetery in St. Louis, in
accordance with her wishes. It is under
stood that the Second Army Corns Asso
ciation have also# obtained permission to
disinter Mrs. Hancock's remains and place
them by the side of those of her husband
at Arlington.
DECORATION DAY.
The President's Order Closing: tlie
Departments on the 30tli.
The President today issued the following
executive order in regard to Memorial day:
"It is hereby ordered that the several
executive departments and the government
printing office be closed on Thursday, the
oOtli instant, to enable the employes to par
ticipate in the decoration of the graves of
tli*i soldiers and sailors who fell In de
fense of the Union during the war of the
rebellion."
Col. Gordon's Decoration Day Order.
C?l. Gordon, commanding the troops of
the sixth U. S. cavalry, has issued an or
der, pursuant to instructions from the
commanding general of the department of I
the east, excluding traffickers or other ob- I
jectionable persons from the United States
reservation at Fort Myer on Memorial
day. May 30.
Col. Gordon's recent order directing the
formation for parade Thursday has been
amended so that the artillery from the
Washington barracks will take tho front of
the column, the leading battery resting on
Gth street.
Garfield Hospital.
Justice Harlan and Reginald Fendall,
representing the Garfield Hospital, had a
cor ference with the Commissioners this
morning with a view of dedicating suffi
cient ground along the east line of Gar
field Hospital property to widen Sherman
avenue, as shown on the plans for street
extension. The appropriation act for 1SIMJ
contemplates such dedication and author
izes the Commissioners to rebuild terraces,
slope and sod the bank and repair the
roads destroyed by the grade of Sherman
avenue. It is now proposed to construct a
retaining wall on the parking line of Sher
man avenue, along the entire eastern front
of the hospital grounds, which wall will
support the terraces, which latter are all to
be sodded. At the present time the appro
priation is not sufficient to do the work,
and the hospital* authorities urged the
Commissioners to Include in their esti
mates to Congress for the next fiscal year
an Item covering the necessary expendi
ture. This the Commissioners promised to
do.
GRESHAM AND HARRISON
The Eivalry Between the Two Men fo:
Republican Leadership.
It Commenced With the SlruRRle fot
tlic Indiana ScnatorBhlp?Gre?hain
In Arthur's Cabinet.
The rivalry between Judge Gresham* and
General Harrison for leadership in the re
publican party in Indiana has long been ar
interesting topic with those fond of the
personal features of politics. A great deal
has been written on the subject, and much
cf it remains undisputed, but there arc
well-informed men who assert that the
story in its full and connected scope has
yet to be written. It was no ordinary
struggle. It lasted for years, and it
brought into play the resources of two as
resolute and as fearless men as ever con
fronted each other on any ktad of field.
General Harrison won, but Judge Gresham,
transferring his residence to Illinois, con
tinued to play a greLt part in affairs, and
dies while filling one of the most Important
pests In the government.
The Indiana Senntorahlp.
The first distinct advantage gained by
General Harrison over his rival occurred in
1881, when a United States Senator was to
be chosen in Indiana to succeed Joseph E.
McDonald. The republicans had carried
the legislature in their triumph of 1880,
party prospects were bright for a great
lease of power there, and the demand was
for the strongest possible party organiza
tion.
Gen. Harrison and Judge Gresham were
easily at the head of the poll of the local
leadership, and it was plain from the out
set that the senatorship would go to one
or the other of them. One was a practic
ing lawyer of very high reputation, and the
other was the United States district judge
for Indiana. Both lived at Indianapolis,
and Gen. Harrison occasionally appeared
in Judge Gresham's court. But the two
men were not on friendly terms, and their
respective supporters divided on the ques
tion of thoir taleuU? and deserts with m.ich
show of feeling.
HarrlMon Won.
The choice between them was. In one
sense, not an easy one to make. They had
some qualities in common. Both were good
lawyers, good republicans, good men. Both
were, personally ar.d politically, brave and
aggressive. Both had won praise and pro
motion on the battle iield, and each was
still the idol of the men who had served
under him. But when the whole matter
had been canvassed, the party, by a good
majority, decided for Gen. Harrison, and
he was chosen Senator. There seemed to
be much more in this election than the
mere winning of a seat in the Senate. In
diana was then, next to New York, oftener
in the calculations of the politicians than
any other state in the Union.
She was one of the plvota! states. Might
not Gen. Harrison come to national leader
ship? Why not? Everything was assur
ing; age, eminence, ability, success, local
ity, all favored him. His friends believed,
indeed, that they had placed him in line
for the presidency, and they had no sooner
arrived at this conclusion than they began
to sound sentiment at a distance on the
subject. It may be mentioned, too, that
Gen. Harrison's debut in the Senate en
couraged all the hopes of his most ardent
admirers. He went at once to the front,
and in one year's service in that body im
pressed himself on his associates as a
debater of the first-class.
Retired From Political View.
| Meanwhile, Judge Grasham had retired
from political view, and was pursuing the
even tenor of his Judicial way. There was
no thought in the state that he would again
come to the front, unless in the line of
the Judicial promotion, which his friends
felt he long had richly deserved. He made
no wry faces over his defeat for the Sen
ate. He continued to be a good republican
and to support the party policy. Then,
upon the sudden, came the assassination
of President Garfield, the succession of
Gen. Arthur to the presidency, and the
complete change in the party calculations.
New possibilities seemed to open up to
many men, and especially to the newly in
stalled chief magistrate. His success in
the White House was as immediate as that
of Gen. Harrison in the Senate. The coun
try saw that he was a man of safety and
conservatism, and an Arthur boom for 1884
scon took shape.
in Arthur's Cabinet.
Strange to say, the Arthur people did not
at first regard Mr. Blaine as a probable
rival tot the great prize. The Maine man's
disappointment in .1876, and again in 1880,
had been so bitter, they inclined to leave
him out of the equation for the future.
They turned their eyes on Harrison, and
began to watch him, and to consider plans
for neutralizing his influence at home and
in the surrounding states. And so, when
the vacancy occurred in the Post Office De
partment. the Arthur people at once saw
an opportunity. Judge Gresham was their
man. He was not only worthy of the place
by reason of his capacities and personal
worth, but his appointment would attach
his friends at home to the Arthur standard
and help check the growth of Harrison
sentiment for 1884.
Gen. Arthur was struck with the sug
gestion, and especially when it was pointed
out that the ticket might be made Arthur
and Gresham. The oliice was tendered to
Judge Gresham and accepted, and the rest
is history'. The new Postmaster General
made a most favorable impression on his
chief, and they worked well together. But
in time it was developed that it was not
Harrison but Blaine who needed watching
and was to be antagonized, and this upset
the whole of the Arthur program. It did
not, however, diminish Gen. Arthur's inter
est in Judge Gresham, whom he had learn
ed thoroughly to trust, and so when Judge
Folger died Judge Gresham was trans
ferred to the Treasury Department, and re
mained there until he was appointed to the
United States circuit bench at Chicago.
From that time Judge Gresham ceased to
be an Indiana man In effect on the political
situation, and Gen. Harrison came to an
undisputed sway in the state in the affairs
of his party.
A Surprise to Hi* Friends.
The appearance of Judge Gresham at the j
head of Mr. Cleveland's second cabinet was
a surprise and something of a shock to his |
old republican friends in Indiana. They had i
sympathized with his opposition to the I
Harrison regime at home and they were |
aware that he was not In agreement on the |
tariff question with the high protectionists.
But they were not prepared for his going
over absolutely to the democracy, and in a
manner which showed this feeling, but with
entire personal respect, they resented it.
Few of them called to see him when in
Washington and many of them pledged
support to Oen. Harrison at home stronger
! than that accorded by the original Harri
son men. But Judge Gresham bore this
without comment of any kind. He was a
strong and self-reliant man, who made few
I explanations of his conduct and no apolo
[ gies whatever for it.
| Not Placed to Advantage.
In Indiana, as in other localities where he
was known and appreciated, the feeling has
been that Judge Gresham was not placed
to advantage in the State Department. He
was, first of all, a lawyer, and one of the
most downright of men, and had no taste
| or equipment at all for much of the purely
fancy fencing that goes on in diplomatic
1 office
EIGHTY LIVES LOST
Wreck of the French Steamer Don
Pedro.
DISASTER CN THE COAST OF GALLICIA
Holland to Demand Reparation
From Morocco.
LANDSLIDE IN SWITZERLAND
CADIZ, May 28.?The French steamer
Dom Pedro, bound for Carril, Spain, has
been wrecked off Cape Corrubedo, west
coast of Gallacia. Eights of those on board
were drowned. The disaster was caused by
the bursting of a boiler.
Holland to Demand Reparation.
THE HAGUE, May 28.?It is stated here
upon good authority that the government
of Holland has decided to send four war
ships to Morocco with instructions to de
mand reparation for the looting of the
Dutch brigantine Anna and the murder of
her captain off the Riff coast of Morocco In
April last.
Cardinal's Gibbon** Trip.
PARIS, May 28.?Cardinal Gibbons Is
quoted as stating that he will remain a
month in Rome, and on his return will de
liver a public Ipcture In this city on the re
lations between capital and labor.
Wliole Forest* Suejit Away.
BERNE, Switzerland, May 2S.?A tre
mendous fall of rock from the Schwarm
mountain into the Lauterbrunnen valley
has swept away whole forests on the slope
of the mountain and has caused immeuse
destruction of property.
To Invade Macedonia.
LONDON, May 28.?The correspondent of
the Times at Athens telegraphs that oificlal
reports received at the Greek capital con
firm the rumors that bands of Bulgarian
brigands are awaiting a favorable oppor
tunity to invade Macedonia, thereby re
viving the Macedonian Question. The Tur
kish government has ordered ten regiments
to guard the frontier, in order to prepare
for emergencies.
Pasteur Refused the Decoration.
PARIS, May 28.?M. Louis Pasteur, the
distinguished French chemist, has refused
a German decoration. M. Pasteur is a
grand officer of the French Legion of Honor,
and was awarded the Rumford medal by
"the Royal Society of London, In 1856, for
his researches relative to the polarization
of light.
The Italian Elections.
ROME, May 28.?The opposition newspa
pers refuse to acknowledge the victory of
the government in the recent elections. The
Italia, commenting on the result, says:
"The ministers have not obtained the result
expected." The- Voce Dela Verita declares
that the result is ratlur a reverse for the
government than a victory. .
George X. Curios Honored.
LONDON. May 2S.?The Royal Geo
graphical Society has awarded the patron's
medal to George N. Curzon, member of
parliament for the Southport division of
Lancashire, for his researches in Persia.
Mr. Curzon is tjie author of "Russia In
Central Asia" and "Persia and the Per
sian Question."
Medal for Artist Pieknell.
PARIS, May 28.?Wm. Lamb Pieknell.
the American artist, has been awarded a
third-class medal by the committee on
awards of the Paris salon.
Tammany Leaders Confer.
LONDON, May 28.?Richard Croker and
ex-Mayor Hugh J. Grtfnt of New York had
a lengthy conference today in. regard to
New York politics.
Raeiusr nt Epsom.
EPSOM. England, May 28.?The Wood
cote race for two-year-olds was won to
day by Daniel Cooper's filly Serpentine, by
St. Serf, out of Footlight. Mr. Lebaudy's
Curfew Chimes was second and the Duke
of Portland's Eisteddfod third. There were
nine starters.
The Epsom plate (handicap) was won by
J. Best's chcstnut horse Worcester;
Sancho Pansea, second, and Arcano, third.
Nine started.
LIKE THE DAXVILLE CASE.
Lynching: n Murderer to Prevent Exe
cutive Intervention.
ELLICOTT CITY, Md., May 28,-Jacob
Henson, under sentence of*death for the
murder of Daniel F. Shea, was hanged by
lynchers about 1 o'clock this morning.
No shots were fired, and the mob dis
persed as quietly as It had assembled.
A placard was left pinned to Henson's
breast, on which was written: "We respect
our court and Judges. Gov. Brown forced
the law-abiding citizens to carry out the
verdict of the jury. Whltecaps."
The lynchers feared that the governor of
Maryland might be Induced to interfere
and commute the dead man's sentence to
life imprisonment.
The grounds for this apprehension came
from the recent repeated visits .o the Jail
of one or two specialists in mental diseases,
to inquire Into Htnson's sanity, and the re
ported Intention of Gov. Brown himself to
come out here for the same purpose one
day this week.
The murder qf Daniel F. Shea was com
mitted about three mcnths ago. With no
other Incentive than robbery, the negro
beat his employer's head with an Iron bar
and left him deal in a room over the lat
ter's store, where he had lived alone. Hen
son's arrest, trial and conviction followed.
An application for a new trial was refused
by Judge Thomas Jone3 on April 1, on
which day Henson was sentenced to be
hanged.
THE PRICE OF GAS.
The Klght of the Commissioners to
Fix the Itnte.
MaJ. Powell has made a discovery and If
the find turns out one-half as well as It la
expected the citizens of Washington will
no iongef be made to pay exorbitant prices
for lightlrg the city with gas.
Several days ego MaJ. Powell, while
thinking over the subject of street light
ing, found a reference to a law dated June
20, 1S78, Just a few days after the passage
of the organic act. As It referred to street
lighting the major sent for the compiled
statutes, and sure enough, on page 203,
fcund the following law:
"And to require the Washington Gas
IJght Company to light the city lamps at
such prices as shall to the sahl Commls
s.oners appear to le Just and reasonable."
Here wns. Indeed, a find, and the major
lest no time in getting the matter before
the board and having a reference of the
subject made to the attorney for the Dis
trict. with the request that he Inform the
Commlssiorers as soon as possible what
was the legal status of the clause and
whether It had ever been repealed.
Tho attorney for the District Is still
wrestling with the problem, but expects to
report upon the subject some time during
the week.

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