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THE EVENING STAR
PUBLISHED DAILY EXCEPT HUNDAT AT THE STAB BUILDINGS, 1101 Pen nay Irani* Avenue, Cor. 11th Street, by The Evening Star Newspaper Company, S. H. KAUFFMANN Pree't. Hew York Offioe, 49 Potter Building. The Evening Star Is served to subscribers fn the ctty by carriers, on their own account, at 10 cents per week, or 44 cents per month. Copies at ths counter 2 cents each. By mall?anywhere In the Cnltcd States or Canada?postage prepaid?00 tents per month. Saturday Quintuple Sheet Star, $1 par year, with foreign postage added, ?8.00. (Entered at the Post Office at Washington, D. C, as secood-class mall matter.) E7 All mall subscriptions must be paid In ad ranee. Rates of advertising made known on application. Zfe proof of tye pubfcn$ t? m f0e eatmg. TJerferbag's JSfar oonfainefc 45 cofumn* ?f cdtxrfteemenfs, mate up ?f 784 separate Announce; menfe. ?fjese fcbtxrfiiers fougfjf pufiftctfp-nof merefg space. No. 13,179. WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1895-TWELVE PAGES. TWO CENTS. TO RAISE REVENUE There Will Be a Deficit of Many Millions. OVERTHROW OF TEE INCOME TAI And the Fall in the Price of Sugar the Cause. SUGGESTION'S CONSIDERED The propriety of providing some addi tional source of revenue for the govern ment during the life of the present Con gress, which meets in December, is no longer seriously denied at the Treasury Department. It is not believed that there will be any pinch in treasury conditions for a long time to come, even without ad ditional revenue, but it is thought desir able to have a small annual surplus in view of the demands of the sinking fund, which have not been met since 1801, and in view of the difficulty of maintaining gold pay ments when the gold reserve is reduced and the entire volume of government paper currency is in circulation. There are now locked up in the treasury $77,744,010 in United States notes and $29,210,514 in Sherman treasury notes and $29,210,514 in withdrawal from circulation of more than one-fifth of the government paper money ts believed by many to be a powerful help in maintaining the gold standard and preventing a redundancy of currency. Included in the Treasury Balance. This money is included in the $184,983,0&4 which appears as the general treasury balance, and a reduction of this balance by a monthly deficit would compel the treasury to choose between the release of the legal tender paper or the direct re duction of the gold reserve by using it in current disbursements. The present balance would cover a month ly loss of $3,000,000 for nearly a year, and a reserve fund of about $10,000,000 is still due from the bond syndicate before the balance would be reduced to $150,000,000. This would have been considered a satis factory working margin before the infusion of the Sherman %otes into the currency. Secretary Carlisle recommended, as a safe guard against this new inflation, that he empowered to increase the gold reserve by the issue of short-term bonds, and it is felt that the ability to lock up a part of the le&al lender paper in the treasury bal ance accomplishes a part of the purpose of a stronger gold reserve. Mr. Carlisle's Estimates. So far as current receipts and expendi tures go, it is believed that Secretary Car lisle's estimates *111 not prove far wrong when allowance is made for the overthrow of the incomc tax and the fall in the price of sugar. His estimete of receipts of $424, 427,748 fo- the present fiscal year, Includ ing $81,427,748 from the postal service, would have been almost exactly verified if $20,000,000 had been collected from the in come tax, as was expected. Secretary Car lisle estimated a deficit for the year ending June 30 next of $20,000,000, and this will be increased to $50,000,000 by the over throw of the income tax. The estimates for 1890 called for collections of $470,907, 407, .including $80,907,407 from the postal service, and involved expenditures of $448, 092,480, showing a surplus of $28,814,920. Surplus Wiped Out. This surplus will be wiped out by the overthfrow of the income tax, and there may be a deficit of several millions on ac count of the fall in the price of sugar. The estimated revenue from sugar after the tariff should be in full operation under ncrmal conditions was $43,478,957, but this was based upon the price in 1803, which was over 3 cents per pound free of duty. The fall of the price below 14-5 cents makes a radical difference under the ad valorem duty of 40 per cent, and will cut down the revenue to about $25,000,000. It Is this deficit which the treasury officials adrtilt may require to be covered by new legislation, as the accounts would almost exactly balance, even without the Income tax. If the price of sugar had remained uniform. Suggestions at the Treasury. The manner of meeting this dfeficit may Involve some sharp political fencing be tween the President and Corgress. The plans which are under discussion at the Treasury Department Involve a duty on tea, which would furnish about $9,000,000 at the rate of 10 cents per pound; an addi tional tax of $1 per barrel on beer, which would add about $30,000,000 to the revenue, and a stamp tax on checks or other busi ness paper, whose yield has not been ac curately figured. None of these plans has yet been decided upon, but they have all been suggested and have been the subject of some discussion. The duty on tea might be enacted if the new Congress were dem ocratic, but it is regarded by the republi cans as an entering wedge for the ^policy of free trade and Is not likely to have their support under any circumstances. The beer tax has a good deal of republi can support and was recommended to Sec retary Carlisle before the framing of the present tariff law by the eminent economic Student. David A. Wells of Connecticut. Jt would probably receive prompt approval rom President Cleveland if passed by a republican Congress. The revival of the stamp tax would -cause much discussion, and it is doubtful if it would be sanctioned under existing conditions by either political party. When Renl Fun Would Occur. The real fun would occur If the repub licans of the Senate were strong enough to Join those of the house In passing a bill increasing tariff duties and restoring the duty on raw wool. President Cleveland would undoubtedly refuse to sanction a restoration of the wool duty or any marked increase in tariff rates, but If the treasury was afterward embarrassed for lack of funds, the republicans would endeavor to fasten upon him the exclusive responsibil ity for failure to approve their scheme of raising revenue. Naval Movements. The gunboat Bennington has left San Francisco for Honolulu to relieve the flag ship Philadelphia of further duty at that port. The Philadelphia will come to San Francisco for repairs as soon as she Is relieved. Rear Admiral Beardslee, com manding the station, will return to the United States from Honolulu on the Phil adelphia, and on teaching San Francisco will transfer his flag to the big cruiser Olympia, which has been fitted up as the flagship of the squadron. It is reported that the Philadelphia, when repaired, will be sent to China as the flagship of that Important station, relieving the Baltimore, which will be sent home. Col. Mason Retired. Col. Edwin C. Mason, commanding the thlr4l regiment of infantry, stationed at Fort Snelling, Minn., was placed on the re tired list today on account of age. This officer has a distinguished war and Indian record, having been brevetted brigadier general of volunteers at the close of the war and having since been brevetted brig adier general in the regular army for gal lant services in the Indian campaigns. CANNOT MAKE A CONTRACT Duties of the House Assistant Postmaster Defined. He Cannot Make a Legal Contract for Carrying the Stalls, but the Clerk Can. * Mr. James Kerr, clerk of the House of Reprerentatives, recently submitted a troublesome legal question to Judge Bowl er, controller of the treasury. It arises in consequence of a vacancy in the office of postmaster of the House, caused by the death of Mr. Lycurgus Dalton, March 24, 1805, after the adjournment of Congress, so that no one can be selected to succeed him until the reassembling of the House. The act of March 3, 1681, prescribes that the appropriations for hire of horses and wagons for carrying the mails of the House shall be expended under the direction of the postmaster cf the House, under con tracts to be let annually to the lowest re sponsible bidder. The question presented by the clerk is whether, as the disbursing officer of the House, he would be author ized to pay the amounts to become due un der such a contract if executed* by Mr. John T. Ross, the assistant postmaster, and if not, whether there is any one legally empowered to contract for carrying the mails in question. Duties of the Assistant. In his reply sent today the controller quotes the law and the rules of the House bearing on the subject, and says that they nowhere prescribe the duties of the assist ant postmaster. "They are therefore," he says, "only such as may be required by the postmaster himself. No provision has been specifically made for the fulfilling of the du ties of the postmaster in the event of his death, nor is there anything in the statutes or in the rules of the House to indicate an intention upon the part of Congress that in such an event the assistant should be come postmaster until a successor to the postmaster is elected. His designation as 'assistant' does not imply that he should become the substitute of the postmaster, for the meaning of the word 'assistant' is an 'aid' or 'helper.' While he may not be strictly speaking a deputy or mere employe, although so called in rule 2, so as to make his appointment terminate with that of the postmaster, as is the well-established law in regard to mere deputies or employes, because his office or position is specifically provided for by section 53,Revised Statutes, and a distinct appropriation is annually made for "him, yet he is not, in the full j sense, an independent officer of the House j of Representatives. He occupies rather a position in the office of the postmaster of the .House, but which position has been I specifically provided for by law. ? ? ? "It seems clear, therefore, that upon the death of the postmaster the assistant does 1 not become postmaster, nor does he have devolved upon him for the time being all the duties and responsibilities of the post master, although he may, in connection with the other persons holding positions in the office of the postmaster, fulfill the min isterial and routine duties of that office, and even be entitled, by virtue of his su perior grade, to generally direct the man agement of the office and the performance of their duties by the other employes. Cannot Make a Contract. "I am clearly of the opinion, therefore, that It is not within the power of Mr. Ross to make a legttl contract for the hire of horses and mail wagons for carrying the malls for the House of Representa tives, as he has no power to take any action upon which the rights of others de pend when such action is required by law to be taken * by the postmaster. There being, therefore, no postmaster who can comply with the provisions of the clause of the act of March 3, 1801, relating to 'hire of horses and mail wagons for carry ing the mails for the House of Representa tives,' the question is presented whether any legal contract can be made for the carrying of the mails. Part of the duties of the clerk, as prescribed by rule 3 of the House, are to 'make or approve all contracts, bargains or agreements relative to furnishing any matter or thing or for the performance of any labor for the House of Representatives in pursuance of law or order of the House." In the ab sence of a postmaster qualified to make the contract required by the act of March 3, 1801, I am of the opinion that the pro visions of rule 3, above quoted, are suf ficiently broad to cast upon the clerk the duty to confer upon him the authority to make the contract for carrying the mails required by the act of March 3, 1891." MOHB THAN THIRTY DAYS. | The First Assistant May Act Until an I Appointment Is Made. | It has now been discovered that the President is not under the necessity of j making an appointment to fill the vacancy caused In the office of Secretary of State j by the death of Secretary Gresham within I thirty days, as was at first supposed. While the statute does r.ot provide that no such i vacancy can be filled by temporary ap pointment for a period longer than thirty* days, a preceding statute, section 177, pro vides that in case of the death, resigna tion, absence or sickness of the head of any department, the first or sole assistant thereof shall, unless otherwise directed by the President, as provided by section 170, perform the duties of such head until a successor is appointed or such sickness or absence shall cease. Now, in this case, it | is held that Mr. Uhl, the first assistant sec retary, becomes acting secretary without any act of the President's, and so the lat 1 ter makes no temporary appointment, and so is not obliged to fill the vacancy in thir ty days, as he would be if he did make ] such an appcintment. I Local'Patents. | Patents have been allowed to local inven I tors as follows: Charles T. Bradshaw, Washington, jewelers' sawdust box; Eu gene Carrington, Baltimore, assignor to Morton Heating Company of West Vir ginia, heating apparatus for oil tanks; Pat rick Finley, Washington, bedstead; P. T. Dodge, Washington, assignor to Merpen thaler Linotype Company of New Jersey, type-justifying mechanism; P. T. Dodge, Washington, assignor to Mergenthaler Lin otype Company, New York, N. Y., linotype machine, four patents; Otto Mergenthaler, assignor to Mergenthaler Linotype Com pany, linotype machine; Carl Muhlersen, assignor to Mergenthaler Company, method of justifying type. Will Assume Their Duties Tomorrow. Maj. Kretz, late chief of the appointment division. Treasury Department, has gonb to Philadelphia, where he will tomorrow assume hli new duties as superintendent of the United States mint. On the same day Mr. Jr.mes 'Wetmore, who is acting chief clerk of the Treasury Department, will, in addition, assume the duties of chief of the appointment Mivision. Of the Next Congress. Representative-elect Underwood of Bir mingham, Ala., is stopping at the Metro politan Hotel. Mr. Underwood is quite a young man, in appearance, not having yet reached a quarter of a century in years. He is one of the energetic democrats of Birmingham and represents the most pro gressive element In that rapidly developing city. The Cashing at Norfolk. The torpedo boat Cushing arrived at Norfolk yesterday on her way north from Florida by the Inland passage. THE RECORD BROKEN The Hottest Weather Ever Known in May. ESTEEMES OF TEMPEEATDEE IN MAT Professor Bigelow Will Promise No Definite Let Up. HIS OJfLY PREDICTION There Is Just one consolation for Wash ingtonians in the midst of all this heat, but it is comforting to think about, any how. That consolation is that it is hotter at Yuma, Cal. There are probably few Americans living who have not heard the celebrated Yuma story, which is told with undying gusto every few minutes during the hot season in all parts of the country. So classic and so historical is that story that it need not be repeated here, on this very hot day, to add to the discomforts of the citizens. All that is necessary to mention in this connection is that Yuma is always hotter than anywhere else on earth or elsewhere. Doubtless if the local temperature should go up to 107 tomorrow, which is altogether possible, at the rate things are going on, there would come a still, small voice out of the west saying that It was 108 at Yuma. Hot Enoueli Hero, But there is no need to worry about the heat at Yuma, for It is hot enough here at Washington to keep all the story-tellers busy for some time, and the oldest in habitants are at their wits ends finding parallel records that can hold up their heads in self-respect in the midst of this tremendous flurry of the mercury. That agile commodity is showing more uneast ness than the average sand flea, and is skipping around at a frightful rate. The official at the weather bureau who has the fate of the nation in his hands will go out of power at midnight, for he will then have completed his month's tour of duty, and some one else will take hold of the hot and cold nozzles and the watering pot for thirty days. He heaves a long sigh of re lief as his term expires, and remarks casually that this May has been alto gether the toughest May he has ever known, and that May always was an In corrigible month, quite the scamp of the calendar, in fact. Whnt Prof. Iiigelow Say*. "Yes," said Prof. Bigelow to a Star re porter this morning, as the latter ap proached him, filled ^ith fear that the of ficial forecaster might reach around be hind bis back somewhere and turn a faucet or press a button and produce a cyclone, "this May has been a curious mixture of extremes. It has broken records for heat as well as for cold. It has fluctuated far beyond all normal expectations, and I have had a rather tough time of it, 1 can assure you. But I have made about 80 per cent on ths month's record, so I am fairly well satisfied, as that is above the average for May. This month always plays havoc with the records." But it was the present, the dreary, siz zling, tormenting, hideous present, that the reporter wanted to have explained to him. He wanted to know why it was that a poor, unprotected, helpless community, living over asphalt pavements, should be treated like potatoes that are in the process of be ing roasted. He wanted to know why May should be permitted to cut such extrava gant capers as to go flinging out of sight with a screaming hot wave and a cloud of dust and all the other disagreeable tricks that some of the months are capable of playing. He wished to be told why May, the frivolous, yet usually demure, month of beauty and flowers, should so suddenly take on the airs of a full-grown summer month, and emulate middle-aged June or staid July or even venerable August, those veterans in the hot weather business. The Explanation of the Wave. He was told. When he had absorbed lots of infoimation about highs and lows and pressures and the like he was faintly aware of the fact that It was hot?that It was hot because it was hot, and that was all there was about it. There were a few incidentals that explained some of the phenomena, but there was no getting around the fact that it was hot simply and purely because it was. Now, the real trouble is that two little lows out in the west have been chasing back and forth toward each other for sev eral days, like a couple of bantam roosters, or like two professional pugilists who do a food deal of preliminary talking and lit tle real fighting. The trouble began Sun day night, when there was a low in the northwest, with a long trough running away from it, but with no rain falling. Hot, dry winds were pouring in from the Gulf of Mexico, yet the region around that low was hotter, strange to say, than the gulf. And there the worry began. Tuesday night that same low was center ed over western Kansas, hanging around the back door of the bleeding state, like a populist trying to break back into one of the regular parties and afraid to make a start. A high had appeared on the coast, like a policeman hovering on the outskirts of the neighborhood, threatening to run the low in as a suspicious character. Wednesday morning the low flattened out Into a long trough of misery, and there were winds pouring into it from both sides, hot winds from the gulf and cold winds from Canada, giving the farmers hysterics and sending the wheat market up like a skyrocket. That night the low split into two parts, one going southeast a bit and the other retreating back into the northern border. Thursday morning the peace-making high had got in between these storms, but had left another high on the coast, ready for emergencies. Rain General Today, Friday morning?this morning, in fact, the high has been wiped out of existence, the lows have come together again, and there is rain all over the western part of the country. Now, the official deduction from this curious combination of conditions is that it is wholly abnormal for these storms to hang so long in one part of the country. Meanwhile there has been a high on the south Atlantic coast, ready and willing to move off ani give room for the rain if it would only show a decent disposition to come east. At noon the outlook was that there would be rains, produced by the gulf and Atlantic winds, in the upper ranges of the country, in New York and along the lake country, but none here unless the Intense heat might cause thunder showers late in the afternoon. There was absolutely no prospect that the temperature would be reduced. But Prof. Bigelow did not think it possible that the curious inertness of the low in the west could continue for many more hours, and he thought that another map might show that it had finally made up its mind to do something, and that then there would be a prospect one way or the other. He inclined to the opinion that this change would give rain to this part of the country, but he was making no promises or fore casts to that effect. All he could say was: The Only Prediction. "Hotter today, and perhaps tomorrow. Sunday is still In doubt." So it is that Washington is Joining the procession of cities that have had very hot days at the end of May. There have been some exceedingly high temperature* re- | corded during the prevalence of this heated spell,and some of them have broken records for the last ten days of May. Here are the record smashers: Harrisburg 94, a gain of 8 degrees over the highest previous record; Lynchburg: 90, ^ain of 3; Charlotte, N. C., 94, gain of 2; Northfleld, Vt., 90. gain of 1; Raleigh, N. C., 94, gain of 2; Louisville 94, gain of 1; Indianapolis 94, gain of 2; Columbus, Ohio, 90, gain of 4; Parkersburg, W. Va., 94, gain of 2; Port Huron, Mich., 92, gain of 3; Grand Haven, Mich., 86, gain of 1; St. Louis, 94, gain of 1. Washington and Baltimore each had 94 degrees, that being no gain over previous records. The record here is 90, which was accomplished on the 20th of May, 1880. But records or no records.it is hot enough to please all tastes, except the dispensers of cool drinks, soda water, and such like. The snow ball man has come forth in all the glory of his lusty lungs. The hands on the ice wagons are working over time, and the coal dealers are contemplating bankruptcy. Up to noon today there were no cases of heat prostration recorded at the Emer gency. Hospital. Yesterday there was but one, that is to Fay one genuine case cf sunstroke, thoug"h this was not serious. There were cases of heat sickness, but nothing that could be called dangerous. Last year, says Dr. Church, in charge of the hospital, there were but three genuine cases of sunstroke brought Into the hos pital. These are often, if not usually, fatal, but the others are not. "TABLE MONEY" ALLOWED. The Government Will Pay for Her En tertainment at Kiel. Secretary Herbert has decided to make on allowance of "table money" to Admiral K'.rkland, commanding the United States fleet at the Kiel celebration, for use in the entertainment of official visitors to the flagship, in exchange for courtesies ex tended by foreign officer*. This action will relieve the American naval officers of the necessity of going down into' their own pockets to defray the expenses of provid ing necessary official entertainments. The Secretary took the view that as these func tions are practically government affairs it was only right that they should be paid for out of the federal treasury rather than out of the salaries of individuals. It is un derstood that he had a conference with the j President on the subject find that an ar | rangement was made whereby the neces ! sary expenses of the official entertainments will be met out of the fund for contingent expenses. In order, however, to restrict the expense to the minimum. Admiral Kirkland has been instructed to limit Invitations to the necessary functions to public officials as far as possible. The list of'civil officials is restricted to ambassadors and ministers of the United States. In addition, the am bassadors and ministers of thte country in Europe have bsen invited to visit the ves sels of the fleet In case they are in Kiel during the celebration. Naval officers here regard the allowance of "table money" In this case as only right and proper, as it . is hardly fair to assess the officers and men for entertainments they are practical ly forced to give for the reputation of their country. There are at lerat'two precedents for Secretary Herbert's action in this mat ter. The first was established during the Columbian naval review, when an allow ance of *10,000 was made for the enter tainment of the, foreign officers and the second time was when Admiral Erben was allowed $1,000 to assist in defraying the expenses of returning cQurtesftes extended to himself, Capt. Mahau ahd other officers of the European fleet during their recent cruise in European waters on the flagship Chicago. MUCH-NEEDED RAIN FALLS. Some Crops Benefited, Others Much * Damaged. ST. LOUIS, Mo., May 81.?Dispatches from points in Nebraska, Kafcsas, Arkansas and Missouri say much-needed rains have fallen within the past tweny-four hours. Crops, which were in bad condition because of the drought, are much benefited. From Calvert, Tex., comes the report of numerous washouts, resulting in much delay to pas senger and mail trains. Several bridges were reported gone, and the crop damage is great.Portions of several larfee farms are now under water, and all of those in the lowlands are ruined. That section was never visited by such a rain before. MILAN, Mo., May 31.?The drought which" has prevailed for the past two months, de vastating this county, has been broken by a steady rain, which has continued for over ten hours. It will revive the corn, help the oats and wheat and start the grass. DUBUQUE, Iowa, May 31.?Rain fell all over northern Iowa yesterday. Tempera ture dropped to 80. DENVER, Col., May 81.?Railway man agers are fearful lest the great downpour of rain and snow the past two days will result in dangerous floods in the rivers like those of a year ago, which did enormous damage to the railroads. SJnce the storm began, early Wednesday morning, until it ceased last night, there wfcs the remark able precipitation of 1.73 inches. For Colo rado this is an unusual record, and for the same length of time it is unparalleled. At Leadville and many othei* places in the mountains the snow was' over two feet deep. It is melting rapidly. SPECULATORS CAUTIOUS. Reports Received on the Chicago Itoard of Trade. CHICAGO, May 31.?After a day's holi day, with the current session to close at noon, out of respect to the memory of the late Secretary Gresham, and with only one more short session this week, dealers on the board of trade were inclined to be cautious at the opening today. It was largely a weather market, as cables were not such as to influence prices to any considerable extent in either direc tion. The most potent factor in the mar ket was the fact that the general and fair* ly good rain$ had fallen in all that part of the spring and winter wheat belt west of the Mississippi river. East of the father of waters, however, the blistering weather continued, but there was a cold wave in the northwest, with killing frosts in the neighborhood of Cheyenne, Wyo. After the trading had been in progress for about a quarter of an hour a report was received from New York to the effect that the foreigners were selling there. Under these conditions July wheat, which closed on Wednesday at SO 3-8, opened at 79 1-2, came together at 791-4, sold up to 80, worked off to 78 3-4 and rallied to 79 3-8. Corn was weakened by the* rates west of the Mississippi. Kansas City reported that it was raining hard in Kansas and Mis souri and that the corn crop was saved. GOV. MORTON ALL. HIGHT. Experiences No 111 Effects From Yes- i terday's FaintncMS. NEW YORK, May 31.?Gov. Morton left New York today at 8:30 o'clock for Albany. To a reporter he said that he experienced no ill effects from the attack of faintness which he had felt while on the reviewing stand yesterday. "It was not exactly faintness," said the governor. "For half an hour or more I felt that the sun was unbearably hot. My breathing became obstructed, and I col lapsed for an instant. I fah quite myself again ten minutes after the attack passed away." Rev. Mr. Cross Vindicated. SARATOGA, May 31.?Rev. Wm. R. Goss, expelled by the New York M. E. conference, was triumphantly vindicated on every point by the judicial conference last night at Saratoga, consisting of Bishqp Andrews and a court of twenty-one ministers from New England, Troy and Vermont confer ences. THE VACANT OFFICE Thi *pocrats Seem to Turn to Mr. Bayard. WOULD CONTINUE THE FOREIGN POLICY Whitney Suggested for the Court of St. James. MR. OLNEY'S TRANSFER Those who have differed with the Presi dent on the subject think that the severest comment yet heard with regard to his for eign policy is the popular speculation touch ing the vacancy In the State Department. With good and capable men to be found In every quarter, and all conditions of distinc tion, but one outside of the cabinet circle has been suggested as meeting in the ex isting circumstances the requirements of the place. Mr. Eustis at Paris. Mr. Whit ney, Mr. Dickinson, Senator Morgan, all at one time or another by deliverances full of assertion for their country have elicited praise at the expense of the President's course in dealing with foreign questions, and thereby are considered barred from the calculations. Any one of them, It Is con ceded, would make a capital Secretary or State, but the public does not associate sentiments with which .all are now con nected with the policy to which the admin istration Is committed. -Turning to Bayard. It was noted how promptly everybody turned as with one accord to Mr. Bayard. The universal judgment, formed without a moment's hesitation, was that he ought to be summoned. And this feeling still pre vails. The President may have other plans, but it is a fact that nine out of ten demo crats are thinking only of Mr. Bayard. They do not applaud Mr. Bayard's diplo macy, but they think it is in very near ac cord with the President's. And that, in I heir Judgment, is the point to be consid ered. It Is too late for the President to re verse himself, even If he-desired to do so, and nobody could assist him half so much In the continuation of the course he has so far pursued as the Delaware statesman. The idea is, therefore, that if the President should call Mr Bayard back he would be Insured a safe rounding out of the policy of active inactivity with which the admin istration in much of its treatment of for eign questions stands responsible. A difficulty might be encountered In fill ing Mr. Bayard's present place. The office sets all Presidents to thinking. It calls for tact and culture and experience, and the large Irish vote In this country is al ways taken Into the consideration of the question. In the matter as it now stands Mr Bayard, who Is ultra-English, is bal anced by Patrick Collins, consul general at London, who is one of the most popular and attractive of Irish-Americans. Mr. Bayard, from the society point of view, has proved to be quite a card. He has made a most pleasant impression on the English, although at times causing them to wonder a little at the somewhat warm character of hia praise of their ways. And now that this pace has been set, ought not it to be kept up there till the end of this administration? Ought not the same con sistency to appear there as in the State Department here? Who, then, for the court of St. James? Whitney an Hnjard'i Su?e?or. Mr. Whitney bears no resemblance to Mr. Bayard except that he has tact, and cul ture, and experience. He has a good deal of what 1? called charm. He is a good mixer, without being a handshaker or a street-corner familiar. His knowledge of men is extensive, and the way in which .ie has threaded his course In New York poli tics?pretty well tangled at all times shows that he has pluck, acumen and de cision. Mr. Whitney is likewise wealthy, fond of society, and a conspicuous figure in It. He is almost -as well known In Lon don drawing rooms as in those of New York, and if he differed in his course there in from Mr. Bayard's course it would only be as a man of a rather stout order of Americanism might be Mpected to look at things. It is not believed that he would lose anything in English eyes and It is considered certain that he would gain much In American eyes. Might not such an appointment help Mr. Whitney in a political sense? Students of political history agree that James Bu chanan's presidential fortunes were ad vanced by his appointment as minister to England. Party divisions were at that time very acrimonious, and he was thus removed personally from the field of con teHe<carrled himself well abroad, and came home to take a nomination which those leaders of the party who had been con stantly on the scene had by the warmth of their struggle put entirely beyond their own reach. Things are likely to be warm acrain for the democrats during the next twelve months. In New York, particular ly, the thermometer will stand at ninety, or above that, as a steady register. If Mr. Whitney were in London serving his coun try well and winning praise for It, would not it be better for him than remaining at home and becoming involved in the strife? There is going to be strife, and plenty of It. The democratic party there is booked for a thorough reorganization, and this will call for hard knocks and the liveliest sort of tilting generally. Senator Hill is still on deck; still wants to be President; still wants his own state to help him, and will give anybody who may show up In the field as his rival a tussle to remember. Olurj'n Rumored Transfer. The talk of Mr. OIney for the State De partment Is well considered. As a mem ber of the cabinet he Is, of couise, already committed to the administration's foreign policy, and would lose nothing by helping et111 further to forward It as premier. He is regarded as being a very able man, and the atmosphere of the State Department would suit his temperament. He cares nothing for everyday politics, and at times has shown some distaste for the political ends of the attorney generalship. The talk of James C. Carter of New York for Mr. Olrey's office meets with several sugges tions. Mr. Carter Is a great lawyer and a friend of the President, but In the recent contention In the Supreme Court over the Income tax law he went to an extreme In his championship of the statute. He not only Insisted that the law was constitu tional but asserted in a note of warning that made the members of the court stare that if it was overthrown by that tribunal the people might resent the decision by tearing the court itself down. The lan guage caused a sensation. If Mr. Cleve land makes Mr. Carter Attorney General may he be said to adopt Mr. Carter's views about the constitutionality of the Income tax? ? - Capt. Evans Wants the Indiana. Capt. Roblev D. Evans, commanding the New York, has made formal application for assignment to the command of the In diana, the first of the big battle ships to be put Into commission. This action on his part is accepted as an Indication that he has given up hope of assignment to the charge of the bureau of navigation, Navy Department, an office now held by Admiral Ramsay, who is said to be slated for the command of the North Atlantic squadron, vacated by the retirement of Admiral Meade. TO BE DISMISSED Oyer a Hundred Pension Office Clerks Have Got to Go. The Llat of Victim* Not Yet Complete anil Secretnry Smith Will Revise It. In accordance with the last legislative and executive appropriation bill Commis sioner Lochren is preparing a list of em ployes of the pension bureau who will nec essarily be dismissed at the end of the fis cal year. The law calls for a reduction of 1<K) employes. Of this number forty-nine are provided for in other departments. There are also at this time fourteen va cancies, which are charged up against the dismissal clause of the appropriation bill. This leaves 10<i dismissals to be made, end the commissioner Is slowly making them, going over the rolls carefully and making up the roll of so-called unfortunates. The law was thoughtfully fortified by Congress against the exigency 'hat in selecting those who are to be dismissed the commissioner should choose soldiers and republicans and retain young able-bodied democrats. A clause was Inserted somewhere in the Sen ate providing that other things being equal preference should be given old soldiers and the widows of soldiers. Thus far not one st.ch has been put on the list of clerks to be dismissed. The full list will not be announced for several days yet. It is not completed, and if it were Secretary Smith is no", here to approve it. It is intended to give the 10(1 thus legis lated out of office leave of absence, with pay, for one mjnth. The selections for dis missal are made entirely or. the line of efficiency, as far as it Is possible for the commi; sioner to judge. It is not yet known whether the entire list of names will be made public or not. Secretary Smith is averse' to giving out the names of clerks who arc thus legislated out of office,, as It tend* to build up the Impression that their discharge was made because of their de linquency in some respect, which is not the case. Hundreds of cle-ks will be retained, it is said, whose efficiency. If ascertained by some adequate metns. would not aver age afceve that of the unfortunate who are selected to go. THE PRESIDENTIAL PARTY Expected to Arrive Here This After noon?Mrs. CIrrelnnd Going Amy. Telegrams were received here today from members of the presidential party saying that their special train passed through Pittsburg at 8 o'clock this morning, bound east, and that It would probably arrive at Washington shortly after 4 o'clock. Some of these messages fixed 4:10 o'clock as the time of arrival, while others fixed It as late as 4:40 o'clock. The President will prob ably proceed direct to Woodley, although It is possible he may make a short visit to the White House on hia way to his country home in order to ascertain if there is any thing of importance requiring his imme diate attention. It is believed that arrangements for the departure of the President and his family to Gray Gables, on Buxxard's bay. will be completed as soon as the _ President re turns here from his sad mission to Chicago, and that the party will start on their northern Journey within the next forty eight hours. The prevailing hot spell and the necessity for getting Mrs. Cleveland and the children to a cooler climate, will undoubtedly expedite the arrangements for the trip. The exact time of their de parture will be left open until the Presi dent returns. It Is almost certain that they will take their departure in a day or two and that the President will accompany them, unless prevented by the state of public business. L.ater information about the presidential train, which comes from railroad sources. Is to the effect that it is slightly behind Its schedule and that it will not reach here until 5:15 o'clock this afternoon. CIVIL SERVICE PRINTING EMPLOYES Their Petition to Be Placed Formally llefore the President in n Few Days. The death of Secretary Gresham and the consequent absence of the President has Interrupted the official steps necessary to be taken to put the government printing office under civil service rules. The civil service commissioners had arranged with Public Printer Benedict and the gentlemen of the various committees of employes In the office to call In person on President Cleveland and lay before him their appli cations and petition that their office be classified. This will be done as soon after the President's return as his health and in clination permit. In any event it is expect ed the President's order accomplishing what the employes ask will be issued so as to bring the office under the aegis of civil service reform with the incoming of the next official and fiscal year. PAYING THE TROOPS. A Change In the System Dcing Con sidered by Acting: Secretnry Doe. Acting Secretary Doe has under con sideration and .will probably adopt a plan that will inaugurate a radical change In the system of payments to troops of the army. It Is proposed that hereafter Instead of making long trips in person to pay the troops, the paymasters shall send the necessary cash by express to the command ant of the post where the payments are to be made, all made up In separate packages. If necessary, for delivery to each man. This will, it Is believed, enable a paymaster to pay oft much more rapidly than under the present system, for he can make several shipmehts in one day, and the men can re ceive their money almost simultaneously ir stead of waiting until the paymaster, in the course of his rounds of the posts, reaches them. COLLIDED IN A FOG. Luke Stenmers Come Together nnd Three Are Drowned. ALPENA, Mich.. May 31.?During a heavy fog last night the Canadian steamer Jack, bound down with lumber, collided with the steel steamer Norman of the Menominee, opposite Middle Island. The Norman sank immediately. The cook, wheelsman and fireman were drowned. The barge Sicken was near by and picked up the balance of the crew. The Norman was valued, at $200,000 and insured for *175,000. The Jack Is ailoat, but badly damaged. Tugs have Just left here to bring her in. The Norman sank In 300 feet of water. The Norman Is a steel propeller of 2,304 tons, gross; was built In Cleveland In 1S00, and is owned by Captain George P. Mc Kay of Cleveland. The Canadian steamer Jack is a new boat and the same vessel which damaged the locks of the Welland Canal Company bo badly about three weeks ago that naviga tion on the canal was suspended for three days. Dr. Kerahne*** Case. Naval officers on duty. In this city are of the impression that the recent court-mar tial trial of Medical Director Kershner, at New York, resulted in his conviction of the charge of making public official correspond ence, and In his acquittal of the more seri ous charge of perjury growing out of the same transaction. It is expected that Sec retary Herbert will take up this case for final consideration next week. In order to dispose of It before his departure on the Dolphin to inspect eastern naval stations. ORDERED TO JEDDAH British Warships to Investigate Turkish Outrages. MURDER OF A BRITISH VICE CONSUL Hostilities Between Chinese and Japanese. GENERAL FOREIGN" TOPICS CONSTANTINOPLE, May 31.?Advice* received here from Moosh state that the dwellings occupied by the French, British and Russian envoys there have been for cibly entered by Turkish gendarmes, who attempted to arrest a servant of the en voys. They used abusive language and were expelled with difficulty. The news, coupled with the r.ews from Jeddah that the British consul and vice consul, the Russian acting consuls and the French con sular secretary were attacked and shot at outside the town, has caused considerable excitement In diplomatic circles. The British vice consul, as already cabled, was killed, and the British consul was slightly wounded. The other consular offi cers were seriously wounded. The shooting is attributed to Bedouins. Three British warships have been ordered to Jeddah with instructions to protect the lives of foreigners and to investigate the killing of the British vice consul and the wounding of the other consular officers. The Assassination. JEDDAH, May 31.?The following par* ticulars have been obtained of the assas sination of the British vice consul here and the wounding of other foreign consular officers yesterday: Mr. W. S. Richardson, the British con sul; the British vice consul, Mr. Brandt; the Russian consul, and M. D'Orvilie, the secretary of the French consulate, w?:*e taking a walk together near this town, when, apparently without any provocation, they were assailed by eight Bedouin Arabs? who, when only four yards away from the consular officers, opened fire upon them with guns and plaiols. The British vice consul was so badly ! wounded that he expired ten minutes after he was shot While he was lying wounded on the ground, the Bedouins fired the cdn tents of their pistols into him, and also stabbed him with theft* knives. Mr. Rich ardson was badly wounded. Mr. Brandt had his Jaw broken and his nose shot away. D'Orvilie alone escaped serious in juries. The recovery of Messrs. Richard son and Brandt is doubtful. Fifteen arrests have been made and the greatest excitement prevails here, inten sified by the fact that several British war ships are expected to report shortly. In order to inquire Into the outrage and in sist uppn the punishment of the offenders. Later reports from the physicians In at tendance upon the wounded consular offi cers indicate that M. D'Orvilie was much more seriously wounded than at first ex pected. and It is feared that he also will die from his injuries. FIGHTING IS FORMOSA. Hostilities Between Japanese and Chinese Resumed. LONDON. May 31.?A dispatch to the Times from Hong Kong today confirms the news contained in the Associated Press dispatch of last night from Hong Kong announcing that hostilities between the Japanese and Chinese on the Island of Formosa have commenced. According to the Times* dispatch, the Japanese forces landed at Kee Lung, In the extreme north of the Island of For mosa, yesterday, and fighting between them and the Chinese commenced. The dispatch to the Associated Press from Hong Kong announced that private advices received there were to the effect that the Japanese were bombarding Kee Lung. The Times publishes a dispatch from Hong Kong, giving details regarding the trouble on the Island of Formosa. They show that the action which resulted In tht island declaring itself a republic wax prompted by the Chang-Chih-Tong party, as opposed to the LI family. Gen. Tchens has been appointed foreign minister, apa Kuh-Sing-Kuk, the originator of the move ment, has been superseded by Tang. Dis sensions have already occurred, and th? common people, it is stated, regard th? declaration of a republic as an official dodge. Five Japanese warships arrived at Tamsui on May 26, and took soundings in the harbor, without being molested by the gar rison of the Chinese fort. Only a portion of the soldiers support the republic. Gl'ERRA REPORTED KILLED. Recent Conflicts In Cuba, Which the Spanish Are Said to Have Won. HAVANA, May 31.?Col. Zamora, at the head of a detachment of 300 troops, found a number of insurgents occupying posi tions between Plazuela and Rlncon de Caliente. An engagement followed, and the trocps captured the insurgents' posi tions, the enemy leaving four dead on the field and carrying away their wounded. Lieut. Fernandez, who was operating in comblratlon with Col. Zamora at the head of another, but smaller, detachment of troops, after opening fire upon the In surgents, charged one of their positions at the point of the bayonet and compelled the enemy to retire. The insurgents lost two killed and had several wounded. On the side of the troops one soldier was killed and three wounded. Regiment of Isabella the Catholic came across 830 insurgents between Bayamo and Manzanlllo. After an engagement which lasted an hour the insurgents were routed, leaving fifteen dead and eight wounded on the field and carrying away with them a number of other wounded Insurgents. Among the killed was the insurgent lead er Amador Guerra, and it is reported that two other insurgent chiefs. Reuter and Vega, were killed. But the death of the two men last named has not yet been con firmed. During the engagement nine Span ish soldiers were killed. MR. CLRTIS IX LONDON. He Calls at the Ranks of the Roths childs and Morfnn A Co. LONDON. May 31 .-Mr. W. E. Curtis, as sistant secretary of the United States treas ury, who reached London yesterday. In or der to arrange for the completion of the bond contract, called today at the banks of the Rothschilds and of J. S. Morgan & Co., in order to fix the date for closing the con tract. No further steps will be taken until the arrival of the bonds, which are on their way here, in charge of Mr. Logan Carlisle, chief clerk of the Treasury Department. Rndly Reaten by Bnrsrlnrs. STRATFORD, Conn., May 31.?Masked burglars entered the residence of Miss Elizabeth L. Llnsley, an aunt of Prof. Lyon Phelps of Yale, on Elm street last night, and when confronted by Miss Llns ley, who Is over fifty years of age, and In poor health, they beat her Into Insensibil ity with a club. She will probably die. A servant who came to the rescue was thrown down stairs. The men then left hurriedly, securing no plunder. The au thorities have offered a liberal reward for the apprehension of the desperadoes.