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THE EVENING STAR.
PUBLISHED DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY AT THE STAB BUILDINGS, 1101 Pennsylvania Aveoue, Cor. 11th Street, by The Evening 8tar Newspaper Company, S. H. KAUFFMANN, Pres't. Hew York Office, 49 Potter Building. The Evening Star Is served to subscriber* In the city by carriers, on their own account, at 10 cents per we-Jc. cr 44 cei.ts per month. Copies at the counter 2 ?ents each, Ry mall?anywhere in the United ftates or Cauada?postage prepaid?ftO cenls per month. Saturday Quintnpi ? Sheet Star, $1 per year, with fcreign postage added. $3.00. (Entered at the Post Office at Washington, D. G.. as wfeond-Hagg mall mutter.) (7A1I mail unbs'-rlptions mnst be pnid In advance. Hates of advprtislnr made known on application. No. 13,344. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1895-SIXTEEN PAGES. If you want today's news today you can find it only in The Star. TWO CENTS. HAS THE WHIP HAND Sultan Controls the Situation at Constantinople. STANDS ON THE LONDON TREATY CF !71 How the British Embassy Was Protected. RETURN OF SAID PASHA (Copyrljfhtrd. 1895. by the Associated Press.) CONSTANTINOPLE, December 9, via Sofia, Bulgaria, December 10.?The prom ised surprise in the eastern situation, the flight of Said Pasha to the British em bassy, which was followed by the landing of British blue jackets from the British guardship Cockatrice and the ambassa dor's yacht Imogene, which'caused much complication and delayed considerably the settlement of the dispute between the pow ers and the sultan as to the admittance of extra guard ships Into the Bosphorus, has about worn Itself out, and matters are now resuming their usual aspect. The cunning of. the Turk, it seems, is stili a match for all the strength of Europe, although it is said that at the interview which the Rus sian ambassador, M. de Nelidoff, had with I the sultan yesterday a message from tno czar was delivered, insisting upon the prompt granting of the firmans for the passage of the extra guard ships through the Straits of the Dardanelles. But such statements have frequently been made be fore, and people here are beginning to be lieve that the powers have about exhausted their stock of threats, and that the time for action has arrived. Turkw CoiiKfutulaitinK Themselves. However, this also has previously been a conclusion arrived at, and yet the sultan and his advisers are congratulating them selves in the Yildiz kiosk upon the success of their policy of delay, and implicitly trust in the eventual disruption of the re- j ported ac cord of Europe. But one little fact whiclf has leaked out, i although not cf great Importance, has cer tainly been somewhat of a surprise to the uninitiated, and that is that after all said and done. Great Britain actually has two guardships in the Bosphorus. One, the Ccckatrice, is not a very imposing vessel, it is true, as she is only a 000-ton vessel, carrying two guns, and the other, the I mo gene, termed the British ambassador's "yacht," is only of 4*10 tons, and her arma ment is unimportant. But it is understood that the sultan has been making this a strong point in his argument against the ad mission of an extra guardship for Great Britain, and It is alleged that the Imogene is to be sent away, when the firmans are granted, and that the Dryad or some other effective gunboat will take her place. If reports are to be believed the message deliveren to the sultan by M. de Nelidoff was the final effort of the embassies to ii duce the sultan to yield to the powers in the matter of the extra guardships, and it is once more said that If he does not lo so the guardships will be ordered to the Dar danelles, supported oy the foreign squad rons. Another point raised by the sultan Is that Sir Philip Currie, the British ambassador, i erred In ordering the landing of blue jackets for the protection of the British | embassy. It Is also reported that the sul tan Insists upon the re-em oarkati on of the blue-jackets before he will continue nego tiations with the British embassy for the Issuance of the firmans. There may be some truth in this, espe cially as it is understood that the blue jackets are to be sent back to the guard ships now that Said Pasha has returned to his home and* the danger of an attack upon the British embassy, if it ever existed, has passed away. The Turkish officials claim that there never was any danger of such an attack, and that the complaint made that the embassy and the guardships were sur rounded by Turkish spies was based on a misunderstanding of the facts in the case. They assert that the so-callcd "spies" were really Turkish police agents, who were sent tc give additional protection to the embassy at the first riimor that the mem bers of the embassy were in a state of alarm. Force AVam Contemplated. This is denied by the embassy people, who claim that at a certain stage of the negotia tions for the surrender or return to his home of Said Pasha it was really contem plated to take him by force, and for this reason the commanders of the Cockatrice and Imogene were asked to send blue jackets ashore. The latter patrolled the grounds of the embassy, which is surround ed by high, thick walls, and has a couple of guns to defend its entrance. lit addition, the road leading to the em bassy is commanded by the guns of the British gunboat Cockatrice, which lies in the Bosphorus opposite the embassy. Be sides, the servants and personnel of the embassy number about fifty men all toid, and they are known to be well armed and to have plenty of Under these circumstances, it => further pointed out, there can have be n no real reason for the landing of the saii.rs. These apparently trIWal matters show upon what little kio inds the rultan fights successfully for dt-biy. In fact, there is not a movement at any of the embassies which is not closely watched and reported to the sultan, and. if circumstances are be lieved to v arrant it, each move is made the basis for some fresh representation, which causes further delay and annoyance. The Sultnn*M Hi?ht*. The only real ground which the sult<rn has for refusing the firmans is said to be contained In art'cle II of the London con vention of 1H71, by which the sultan alone has the authority to open the straits of the Dardanelles in time of peace to the war ships of friendly powers, and then only "provided the sublime poite considers such a measure necessary for the protection or execution of the stipulations of the treaty of Paris." In other words, for the mainte rance of the Integrity, territorial and other wise. of the Turkish empire. The sultan holds that there is nothing to warrant the assumption that the independ ence cr territorial integrity of the Turkish empire is threatened, and that as quiet pre vails in Constantinople, there is no reason why the sultan's dignity should be lowered by the lrtimat'on that he is unable to maintain order in his own dominions. WILLING TO FIGHT ENGLAND. General Cliureliilt OfkVrM His Servlee* to the Country. LITTLE ROCK. Ark.. December 10.?Ex Gov. J. T. Churchill, a famous general in the confederate army, telegraphed Senator James H. Berry at Washington as follows: "In case of war with England offer my services to the Preside*!t." Senator Berry replied; "All right,Thomas." Gen. Churchill said regarding the matter: "I did this lo show that the south and all the old confederates are loyal to the L'nion and are willing and ready to defend the gov ernment from all foreign foes. The crisis has come when we must either uphold the Monroe doctrine or abandon it altogether. I for one am in favor of enforcing it, and I fully believe the whole American people are a unit on this point." Gen. Churchill was governor of Arkansas from 18S0 to 1SS2. FORD'S THEATER DISASTER There Will Be Ho Lares Sums Paid to Claimants for Injuries. The Amount* for Total RiNablllty Will Not Exceed ?A Re port to De Made. There is likely to be great disappointment among those who were in the Ford's Thea ter disaster, *and who now have claims be fore Congress for injuries received on that occasion. There proved to be about a hun dred of these claimants all of whom, with two exceptions, have appeared before the commission on the Ford's Theater disaster, which commission is composed of Senator* and Representatives of the last Congress. All but about a dozen of the claimants have been examined by the medical board ap proved for that purpose, data needed to make a report on the claims being nearly complete. Many of these claimants have believed they would receive a round sum of money from the government because of their ex perience in the building which fell while they were at work. It is likely, however, that the total appropriation for those who claim disabilities will not be great. The medical board has found, with rare excep tions, that the victims of the disaster suf fered no permanent injuries, and it is for permanent injuries that any considerable sum of money would be appropriated. For Total Dish hill ty. No maximum amount has been decided on by the commission for total disability, an 1 this question has not even been discussed in any formal way by the commission. The only guide as to the amount to be allowed for total disability is by comparison with the amount that has been allowed In cases of death. This amount Is $5,000, which was adopted by the commission by a bare ma jority of one, the minority being in favor of 14,000. * There is no likelihood that the maximum allowance for t ernmneni. Injuries will be greater than $5,000, and it will probably be less than that sum. The medical board has rated the permanent disability of claimants coming before It by a system of percentage, and, as has been stated, cases of any per manent disability, according to the board's reports, are exceedingly rare. For a large number of cases, where the claimant was injured, the injury has disappeared, and in a number of other cases the medical board has reported that the Injury will probably disappear in a given time. In very many cases, according to the present feeling of the commission, claimants will receive compen sation only for medical attendance, injury to clothing, loss of property, etc., in the disaster. To Make a Report. Senator Harris, chairman of the commit tee on the Ford's Theater disaster, will shortly announce a committee of two to make a report of the claimants' cases. Sen ator Faulkner of West Virginia will be chairman of this committee and a member of the House of Representatives now on the commission will be the other member. They will make a full report of each claim for damages, and will recommend some ! method for grading such allowances in cases requiring them. But any claimant . who may have formed air castles regarding I the expenditure of the money he has ex pected to receive for his claim will be dls- j appointed if he has anticipated a large | amount of money allowance. BLIE GRASS POLITICS. Gen. llar?lin to Enter the Race for CoiiKreMA Next Year. The interesting report comes from Ken- i tucky that Gen. P. Wat Hardin will emerge from gloom next year and try for the nom ination for Congress from the eighth dis trict. Mr. McCreary is now the representa tive from that district, but as he is serving his fifth term in the House, a spirit of im patience is showing itself among the aspir ing politicians so long kept back. Gen. j Hardin, as the story goes, is only one of sev- i eral ambitious gentlemen anxious to put on the harness that Mr. McCreary is wearing. His Recent Defeat. How the defeat that Gen. Hardin met witn this year may be expected to affect , him as a candidate for oilice next year is a problem. The Kentucky democrats are now very sore over their recent disaster, and a great deal of bickering is being in dulged in. The sound money men charge it up to the recklessly-mistaken leadership of Mr. Blackburn and Gen. Hardin, while the silver men hold ihe President and Mr. Carlisle responsible. Gen. Hardin himself declares that all he knows about the silver question he learned while sitting at the feet of Mr. Carlisle, at that time a repre sentative from the state in Congress. He is reported to be bearing up very well under the blo-w he received last month, and his friends believe that by next year feeling in his district will have greatly softened to ward him. The district, which once had a substantial democratic majority, has been wobbling of late years, and last month it v as carried by the republicans, so thai even if Gen. Hardin should secure the nomination he v. 11) still have a stiff light on his hands for election. Illackliiirn'ft Determination. This report, coupled with one that in the event of his failure to come back to the Senate Mr. Blaekburn will stand for the House next year in the seventh district, gives to blue grass politics a renewed meas ure of national concern. RAILWAY MAIL LOIIISYIXG. The Order Forbidding C'lerk? to Try It to lie Enforced. The presence in the city of a number of railway postal clerks bent upon securing legislation from Congress to regulate the hours of service and establish new grades and salaries makes it likely that the Post master General will be called upon before long to make a number of removals from the service. Last month an order was is sued with a view to forestall the attempt of the railway maul service to influence legis lation in Congress. In this order Postmas ter General Wilson reminded the clerks that they were employes of the general govern ment and that it was their duty to give their time uninterruptedly and Intelligently to the duties with which they were charged, and that any interference with the system and present workings of the service on their part would be regarded as a violation of duty to be followed by summary discipline. There was a meeting last night of railway postal clerks in Washington, at which Rep resentative Linton of Michigan was pres ent, to discuss with them his bill for a re organization of the service. While techni cally this is not perhaps a violation of Post master General Wilson's order, nevertheless it is regarded as an evasion and an indirect effort to accomplish what the clerks have been told not to do.- When the matter was called to the attention today of F rst As sistant Postmaster General Jones he said "The order advising the railway ma. clerks that any lobbying or solicitation o. legislation on their part for the reorganiza tion of the service would be regarded as : \iolation of the:r duty, and that it would b followed by removal from office, will be car rled out^ to the letter." The FliiKKhip Philadelphia. The flagshfy Philadelphia arrived at Ta coma this morning. AMBASSADOR BAYARD A Eesolution for His Impeachment Offered. A SENSATION IN THE HOUSE / Representative Barrett's Speech l advocating the Proposition. A LIVELY DEBATE The proceedings of the House developed a sensation today when Mr. Barrett, a new member from Massachusetts, arose in his place and offered articles of impeachment j; gainst Thomas F. Bayard, ambassador of the United States at the-court of Great Britain. Mr. Barrett's motion for impeach ment was preferred In the following form: Tlic impeachment Resolution. "I do impeach Thomas F. Bayard, United States minister to Great Britain, of high crimes and misdeameanors on the following grounds: "Whereas, the following report of a speech delivered before the Edinburgh Philosophic Institution by Thomas F. Bayard, minister of the United States of America at the court of Great Britain, ..s published in the London News under daie of November 8, 181)5. ?* 'The opening address cf the Edinburgh Philosophic Institution was delivered last night by Mr. Bayard, minister of the Unit ed States of America, who selected for the subject "Individual Freedom the Germ of National Pr^giess and Permanence." In h.s own country, he said, he had witnessed the Insatiable growth of that lorn: of state socialism styled protection, which he be lieved had done more to foster class legis lation and breed inequality of factions to corrupt public lite and Danish men of inde pendent mind and character from the pub lic councils to lower the tone ot national I representation; blunt public conscience create xaise standards in the popular mind: to familiarize it with reliance upon state | aid, and guardianship ,n private affairs, divorce ethics from politics, and place poli tics upon the low level of a mercenarv scramble, than any other s.ngle cause. " step oy step, and largeiy owing to indi vidual enterprise and independence had reen oppressed and the energy of discov eries and inventions debilitated and dis couraged. It had unhesitatingly allied itself with every policy which tended to com mercial supremacy; thus it had done much to throw legislation into the political mar ket, where jobber and chaffer took the place of statesmen. It was Incorrect to speak of protection as a national policy, for that it could never be. because it could never be ether than the fostering of special interests at the expense of the rest, and thus over rule the great plea of equality before the law, and that sense cf justice and equity in the administration of sovereign power,which was a true cause of domestic tranquility and human contentment. Individual energies and manly self-reliance were necessarily in volved, and the belief in the mysterious powers of state, and a reliance upon them took the place of individual exertion, fos tered the growth of state socialism, and personal liberty ceased to be the great end of government. "And whereas such reflections on the government's policy and people of the I nited States by an ambassador of the United States to a foreign country and be fore a foreign audience is manifestly in serious disregard of the proprieties and ob ligations which should he observed by an official representative of the United States abroad, and calculated to injure our na tional reputation, "Be it resolved by the House of Repre sentatives that the committee on foreign relations be directed to ascertain whether such statements have been publicly made, and if so, to report to the House such ac tion by impeachment or otherwise as shall be proper in the premises. For the purpose of this inquiry the committee is authorized to send for persons and papers." A Tilt With Mr. Crlap. A parliamentary tilt developed between Mr. Barret' and ex-Speaker Crisp over a point of order made by the latter against Mr. Barrett's motion as not being of a privileged character, but was terminated by Speaker Reed overruling the point of order and holding that the motion was privileg ed. Mr. Barrett's motion was then taken up for consideration, and Mr. Barrett pro ceeded to address the House upon its I merits. He is the successor in Congress of Dr. Kverett of Boston. Years ago he was Washington correspondent of a Boston newspaper, was subsequently an editor, and was for many years speaker of the Massa chusetts legislature. He is a fluent and ready talker, and held the attention of the House from the outset. There was an un usually large attendance of members, the gravity of the proceedings holding them in their seats on both sides of the House un til the close. Mr. Harrett'M Remark*. "It is not my purpose," said Mr. Barrett, "to detain this House many moments in the considei ation of the resolution which I have presented. In common, I think I may say. with every right-minded citizen of the United States, I have read with feelings of dismay and humiliation the re peated insults and excesses in language committed toward this government and this people by the present ambassador of the United States at the coui t of Great Britain. The resolution offered by my colleague, Mr. McCall, recites in epitome not only the extract which I have had read, but also an other statement made by the ambassador, in which he refers to the American people as an unruly and turbulent people needing the strong hand of a certain man. to wit, Mr. Grover Cleveland, to keep them in sub mission. "I am, however, pleased to- see, Mr. Speaker, that Mr. Cleveland himself does r.ot accord with that view of his duty. Having left this Congress and the people 01* the United States during the past four days without the restraint of that over luling hand, he does not, I assume, be lieve that the statement made by his am bassador is in any way correct, (daugh ter.) But, Mr. Speaker, this statement of the ambassador which I have had read is in violation of diplomatic usage, is in vio lation of the printed instructions given to him by the Department of State when he left these shores, and is in violation of every patriotic impulse which a man who takes the commission of this country in his hands is in honor bound to respect. I have no doubt that the question will be raised on the other side as to a precedent for shis proposed action, and I reply, Mr. Speaker, that in all the history of this country there is 110 precedent. No Exact Precedent. "There is no precedent because no minis ter of this country in a foreign land, up to the current political year, has ever felt called upon, before a foreign audience and under a foreign flag, to insult the nation whose commission he bore. (Applause on the republican side.) There is, however, one precedent vvh.ch, while not exactly applying to this case, does apply in principle so ef fectively that I shall refer to it 011 this oc cas.on. Going back some sixty years, we lind that during the administration of An drew Jacksun, after a prolonged controversy in regard to the composition of the cabinet, as it then existed, the previous Secretary of State, Mr.Martin Van Buren, was nominate by the president of the Senate as our rn n lster to England. \\ lien that nomination came up in the Senate a long and bitter de bate occurred upon it, and it touched so closely the springs of American life and American principle that, some time sub sequent thereto, the debate (which had oc curred in executive session) was made pub lic. The charge alleged against Mr. Van Buren was that, as Secretary of State, in Jispatchlng Mr. McLane as minister to ureat Br.tain, he had given him certain ob jectionable private instructions to be used In his negotiations with the British foreign office. ??The gist of the instructions to which objection was made was that the minister should call the attention of the British foreign office to the fact that by the presi dential election of 1828 the administration of this government had passed from one political party to another, and there having been discussion and controversy during the previous administration of Mr. Adams in regard to certain matters relating to our trade with ihe West India Islands, Mr. McLane was authorized by the secret in struction? given Mr. \ an Buren as Secre "J State, to call the attention of the British foreign office to the fact of the change of administration, and to suggest that negotiation* theretofore interrupted might with propriety be resumed, as'the aoministration cf Mr. Jackson, which tile minister represented, did noc indorse the position taken by the previous administra tion of Mr. Adams. You will bear in mind. Mr. Speaker, that In that case the instruc tions were private and confidential. They were given by the Secretary of State of tilt 1 rited States to a minister just leav ing for Great Britain. They directed h'm to call attention to an undisputed fact They merely recited something that was as well known es the rising and the setting of the sun. But, inasmuch as cur minister was thereby authorized to make to the v." foreign office some reference to the internal affairs of this country, and to the changes by which one political party ao been raised in the public estimation and another political party lowered, serious objection was taken to those instructions, fr d- as I have already said, there occurred in the Senate of the United Slates, in ex ecutive session, a debate which is printed n Gales and Seaton's History of the De bates in Congress. Daniel Webster Quoted. In that debate Daniel Webster, than whom no more patriot c and loyal man ever lived, or one better qualified to discuss such matters, made a speech, the essence of which is here recorded, and 1 will asK the clerk to read the passages which I have marked, beginning on the third line of page i:<33." The clerk read as follows: Mr. Webfcter?Sir, 1 would forgive mis takes; I would pardon the want of infor mation; I would pardon almost anything when* I saw true patriotism and so ind American feeling; but I cannot forgive the sacrifice of this feeling to mere party. 1 cannot concur in sending abroad a public agent who has r.ot conceptions so large and liberal as to feel that, in the presence of foreign courts. a*iidst the monarchies of Europe, he is to stand up for his coun try, and h s whole country; that no jot nor title of hei honor is to come to harm in his hands; that he is r.ot to suffer others to reproach either his government or his country, and far lets Is iie himself to re proach either; that he in to have no ob jects in his eye but Aflooricai. objects, and po heart in his bosom but an American heart; and that he is to tcrget self, to for get party, to forget every sinister and nar row feeling, in his proud ur.d lofty attach ment to the republic whose commission he bears. Mr.President, I have discharged an exceed ingly unpleasant duty?the most unpleasant of my public life. l*ut 1 have looked up [>n it as a duty, and it was not to be shun ned. And. sir, however unimportant mav be the opinion of so humble an individual is myself, l row oriy wish that 1 might be heard by every independent freeman in tin I nrted States, by the 1 British minister, and the Mritish king, and by every minister and every crowned head in Europe, while standing here in my place. I pronounce ray lebuke, as solemnly n.nl as decisively as 1 can, upon this first matt nee In which an American minister has fceen sent abroad as the representative of his party, and not a? the representative of .his country r Ap plause.) H "Mr. President: I have discharged an ex ceedingly unpleasant duty, the most un pleasant in my public life; but I have look ea upon it as a duty which was not to l.e shunned And, sir, however unimportant rr.i y be the opinion of so humble an indi vidua I as myself, I now only wish that 1 might be heard by every independent free man in ihe United States?by the British minister, and t!Te British king, and by every minister and every crowned head in kt.rope, while standing here in my place I pronounec my rebuke as solemnly and as uecisive > as I can upon this first instance In which an American minister has been sent abroad as the representative of his party and not as the representative of his country. (Applause on the republican side.) After concluding this quotation from Mr marks'r' Barrett soon closed his re Mr. Crisp', Reply. When Mr. Barrett concluded, Mr. Crisp look the floor and said ^he introduction of Mr. Barrett's resolution of impeachment would serve to open (he tanft discussion earlier than was anticipated. "Do you gentlemen remember what took place, or haye you in your rejoicing at your gr at majority tpday forgotten that u-uA ?eir3 UK? you- having a ma jority hei? ot from twenty to thirty?I do not remember exactly the majority-passed tl.e Mckinley bill." said Mr. Crisp "We v.ent to the country on the McKiniey bill, and in the next Congress this side had a majority of nearly l.v.H Therefore, I say lh.it if you should impeach men who en tertain the views expressed by Mr. Bay ard, you must impeach the majority of the ot the United States. N'ow. that side of the House have got a very large majority," continued .\lr. Crisp. lou can pass any legislation you Kfr.S* a vote! If you believe ii!2 \i ?- P<; 1 this co,,rlry approve of mio ey bi!1 or anything like it, you owe it to yourselves, you owe it to the country, to frame a bill and pass it. (Ap plause on the democratic side.) That side has twitted this side with the Wilson bill. nothb,^h,^?re^.considering the bill you had make a bdlCnv ? 0t \l -*ow >'ou 'an "ijlf '1. ' iou say the revenues are f.n S3,y thc>' should be increased lines. Have the manhood to present you:- bill and pass it. (Applause cri th3 democratic side.) Do not sav, ; s W/L,?' ..you ''ear some republican a b it hZ'S'8' is no use for us 10 I'?** ?iJSi because possibly it will not pass sUlvft1 wfi'i ?r 'f " pas5es tl,e Senate, pos .meet with an executive veto." My fnends, take charge of vour own re iMnhpri*ty' 1Prepare your tariff bill, bring unon ft ? itf to the country upon it. There is no other way in which iUS ?an Justlfy your own pos.tion, or in inyt?hi ^ assail the Position of this fL; * ? enforcement or passage of the ex.stnig law except by that course of ac tion. Now from time to time during this sess.on of Congress we shall hear all kinds of speeches assailing the'Wilson tariff bill, assailing this side for passing such a law; and yet 1 question now whether this Con gress does not adjourn without the passage Sne,T,al tariff b:11 through it or through this House. It is an old plan of the republicans to evade that sort of responsi bility, instead of coming up and preparing your bill, showing the country what you would do if you could, in the event it should be demonstrated that you could not act you will go to the oountry saying, when you have more power then you will pass a bill. Nothing .Impeachment. "The gentleman frc^n Massachusetts (Mr. Barrett) precipitates t/iis discussion In an unusual way by preferring, as he says, ar ticles ot impeachment. Of couise he knows there is nothing in that. Of course ne has only expected to have an opportunity to make his remarks and hi ve them go to the country; but it shows that so far as that gentleman is concerned, at least, he is thoroughly wedded- to the idea of protec tion. Now we counTupon him. as we count upon ever-, man w5io shall vote for this resolution, to insist jihat his party frame a bill wl)ich, in his judgment, carries out the .<iea of protection. Let-the country see be fore the election what ytu propose to do. Ihe republican party has rever done that > ^c^iff. The majority it acquired !? ? ? F-;ly-first Congress it acquired on the lcea of revising the tariff, correcting its inequalities and reducing the tariff by its l'riends; but when entrusted with power It elevated the schedules alnu st on every _ .y* anc* when the people came to pass (Continued on Second Page.) LOOKING FOR WATER The Board of Experts to Inspect the Tunnel. REV.EW OFTHE WHOLE WATER QUESTION Washington's Supply is Certainly Inadequate. RELIEF DISCUSSED The board of expert engineers consider ing the general question of the best method of increasing the water supply of the Dis trict of Columbia, is wasting no time in the di>. & -h of the business on hand. The raemuers were in close conference at the War Department all day yesterday, with a short intermission at noon for luncheon, and ihey resumed their deliberations promptly at o'clock this morning. They have been provided with a mass of official literature in regard to the local water sup ply system, and also with copies of the voluminous reports relating to the Lydeck er tunnel, including the proceedings of the various bodies which investigated the con struction of that structure, as well as the leport of the first board of engineering ex perts which condemned it as unfit for use, ir.any years ago, and the report of Major Knight and Gen. Casey, showing the re sults of their investigation of the condi tion of the tunnel during the past summer. It woul_ therefore appear that the board is amply supplied with documentary informa tion on the subject. It has, in addi tion, a complete set of maps and specifica tions of the tunnel project. The principal portion of today's session of the board was devoted to the oral ex amination of Major Powell, Engineer Com missioner of the District, and his three mg.neer assistants, Capts. Fiebeger, Beach and Burr, with special reference to the needs of the District in the matter of wa ter for drinking tfnd other purposes. Al though the proceedings of the board are private, it is known that each of the ofii cers examined laid special emphasis on the great and growing demands of the District for an increased water supply. lSacli one of them* it is said, gave it as his opinion that tho present supply was totally inadequate for the ordinary de mands of the residents in the higher por tions of the city, and stated emphatically that the necessity for an increased sup ply is bscoming more and more urgent every day. Another gentleman who ap peared before the board by invitation to day was Col. G. II. Elliot, who was in charge of the Washington aqueduct for j many years. He is thoroughly impressed with the necessity of increasing the sup ply in order to meet the "growing needs of the city. Although there is no room for doubt on this point, the board deemed it advisable 10 verify their documentary evi dence in regard thereto, by the direct tes timony of the officials, whose duties make them competent witnesses as to the actual needs of the District in the matter of wa ter. ThrouKh the Tunnel. In order to determine for themselves the exact condition of the tunnel and its availa bility for increasing the water supply, the members of the board have decided to ?ke a^ personal inspection of the tunnel i ; tomorrow. For several days past a force oi workmen has been engaged in pumping the water out of the tunnel, in order to have it ready for this official inspection. It was reported to the board today that the tunnel will be pumped out as thoroughly as existing conditions will permit, by the close of work this afternoon. The board decided to take advantage of the opportunity with out delay, and it was arranged that they should go down into the tunnel tomorrow morning and inspect as much of its con struction as may be necessary to predicate a judgment as to the advisability of its re pair and completion for use in conveying an additional supply of water from the dis tributing reservoir above Georgetown to the Howard University reservoir. A com plete rubber outfit is one of the essential accessories to the proposed tour through this long unused conduit deep down in the bowels of the earth. What It May Cost. According to the general understanding. Gen. Casey and Maj. Knight, who made the last inspection of the tunnel, are satis fied that it can be put into condition for use for an increased water supply at an estimated expense of $S?oo.<aki, but are rather inclined to favor an entirely new system of conduit, such as a gravity tun nel, because of the inaccessibility of the existing tunnel and the great difficulty and expense of keeping it in good condi tion. Other engineer authorities, of whom Gen. CraighilJ, chief of engineers, is said to be one, are credited with favoring the completion of the Lydecker tunnel over all other plans in case it is found that it can be put in proper condition at less expense than would attend the construction of an entirely new system of conduit. Tomorrow's inspection will have a most important hearing on the final settlement of this question. (Jen. Craighill lias an nounced that he will be governed in his recommendation to Congress by the report of the board appointed to pass expert judg ment on the question, and consequently it Is for that body to say whether Congress shall be asked to provide lor the repair of the tunnel, or whether it shall be asked to provide for an increased water supply by some other system of conduit. Gen. Craig hill has great faith in the abil.ty of the beard to make a satisfactory settlement of this important and most vexatious question. FIRST 1IR HEARD OF IT. Senator Gorman DenieM the Rumor That He Will Retire. The attention of Senator Gorman was called to a paragraph in a Baltimore paper tcday, which stated that the Senator docs not propose to be a candidate for re-elec tion to the United States Ssnate. Mr. Gor man smiled as this statement was repeated to him by a Star reporter today, and re marked : "Is that so? That is the first I have heard of it." "Then there is no truth in the state ment?" the reporter asked. "No," said Mr. Gorman, "none in the world." THE HAZIXq. IXQLIRY. Seaman Lamont and His WitncNMOM Heard by the Co-art. The court of inquiry to investigate the charge of hazing against nine members of the gunners' class continued its sessions to day at the navy yard. At the morning session Seaman A. J. La mont was arraigned. Lamont is charged with assaulting and in other ways maltreat ing William Johnson, one of the colored men in the class, all of which pie denied. The evi dence of Seamen McDermott, Legg and Briggs was heard in his behalf, and at the close of the testimony of the latter the court tock a recess until 1 p.m. After adjournment Lamont informed Judge Advocate Torhune that he still had some testimony to offer in his own defense, and he was directed to produce his witnesses before the court this afternoon. As soon as the evidence in Lamont's case is all in the case of Seaman Fox will be taken up and the hearing will, it is expected, occupv the attention of the court until the hour of ad journment. IN SENATE AND HOUSE The Boutine Proceedings in Both Branches of Congress. Representative McCall's Resolution in Regard to Ambassador Bayard's Speeches on Protection. In the Senate today Mr. Call (Fla.) pre sented several memorials from citizens of Florida for the recognition of the belliger ency of the Cuban insurgents, Mr. Sherman (Ohio) the memorial of the National Wool Growers' Association, and Mr. Peffer (Kan.), from the committee to examine the branches of the civil service, favorably re ported the bill introduced by him to pre scribe the method of conducting congres sional funerals. Mr. Jones (Ark.) introduced a joint reso lution, which was adopted, authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to suspend the re moval of intruders in the Cherokee coun try until ther? shall be an appraisal of the value of improvements made by them. Mr. Cullom (111.) then took the floor and addressed the Senate on his resolution for the maintenance of the Monroe doctrine. His speech will be found elsewhere in The Star. At the conclusion of Mr. Cullom's speech. Mr. Squire addressed the Senate in support of a bill introduced by him concerning the persjnnel of the navy. He advocated the appointment of naval cadets by Sanators, and made a plea for the thorough education of naval engineers. At 1:50 the Senate adjourned. THE HOUSE. When the House met today Mr. Fisher (N.Y.) offered for immediate consideration a resolution to instruct the committee on naval affairs, when appointed, to investi gate the reports that the battle ship Texas was faulty in construction, and also to re port upon the plans, construction, cc st and seaworthiness of the ship. Mr. Crisp (Ga.) objected. Mr. McCall (Mass.) created a slight stir by asking for the immediate consideration of a resolution, which, after reciting ex tracts frcm two speeches delivered by lTnited States Ambassador Bayard, one at Boston,England, and one at Edinburgh,Scot land, in which Mr. Bayard was declared to have reflected on the domestic policy of the United States, called on tne President to re port to the House whether lie had taken any steps to ascertain if the reports of those speeches were true, and if true, what steps, if any, had been taken to recall or censure said Bayard Mr. McCall's Resolution. The resolution was as follows: Whereas Thomas F. Bayard, the am bassador of the United States to Great Britain, ig reported by the London Times newspaper to have said in a public speech, delivered in Boston, England, on the 2d day of August, 1SS*5: "The President stood in the midst of a strong, self-confident and oftentimes violent people, men who sought a real man to govern the people of the United States;" and Whereas said Bayard is further reported by the press of this country to have said in a public speech, delivered in Edinburgh, Scotland, on the 7th day of November, 1805: "In my country I have witnessed the insatiable growth of a form of socialism styled protection, which has done more to corrupt public life, to banishment of inde pendent mind from public councils and to I lower the tone of national representation than any other single cause. Protection now controlling the sovereign power of taxation has been perverted from its proper function of creating revenue to sup port the government into an engine of sel fish profit, allied with combination, called trusts. "it thus has sapped the popular conscience by giving corrupting largess to special classes and it throws legislation into the po kt:cal market, where jobbers and chafferers take the place of statesmen," and Whereas, it is not ore of the functions of an ambassador to insult in the country to which he is accredited the people he is sup posed to ^present, and it is consistent neither with the character of the office nor wJth the dignity and independence of the people of the United Stales that their am bassadors abroad should make violent par tisan speeches on questions relaUng to our domest.c policy upon foreign soil. Therefore be it Resolved, That the President be, and he hereby is, requested to inform the House of Representat.ves, if not incompatible with ihe-publ.c interests, what steps, if ajiy, he has taken to ascertain whether sa^id Bayard made said speeches, and if he has ascer tained that he did make said speeches, what steps, if any, he has taken to recall or to censure said Bayard. As the reading conclude,! Mr.Allen (Miss.) called out "Yours truly," and the House laughed. * Mr. McC*eary (Ky.) immediately objected, and the br.ef sensation was about to sub side when Mr. McCall's colleague, Mr. Bar rett (.Mass.) exploded a \eritable bomb by rising to a question of privilege and send ing to the clerk's desk a resolution for the impeachment of Mr. Bayard. The proceed ings following this will be found elsewhere in The Star. I DISTRICT IX CONGRESS. Tlie Commissioners' Farmers* Order. Representative Linton of Michigan has introduced a resolution in the House direct ing the committee on the District of Co lumbia to inquire and report by bill or otherwise as to the order recently made by the Commissioners requiring the small farmers and gardeners, who have been al lowed spaces on the sidewalk around Cen ter Maiket, with awnings erected theieon by the Washington Market Company for their accommodation in exposing their mar ket products for sale, to remove their prod ucts further west on the same street and sidewalk. The resolution is to be referred to the committee on District of Columbia. PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATIONS. Quite a Long List of Army and Navy Promotions. The President today sent the following nominations to the Senate: War?Brig. Gen. Wesley Merritt, to be major general; Col. Zer.as Randall Bliss, twenty fourth Infantry, to be brigadier gen eral; Col. John Coppinger, twenty-third in fantry, to be brigadier general. Also a long list of army and navy promotions, &c. A Medal of Honor. A medal of honor has been awarded to Richard H. Wood, late captain company "A," ninety-seventh Illinois volunteers, for most distinguished gallantry in action at Vicksl>urg, Miss., May i!2, 18?i3, in voluntar ily leading a storning party, which made a most gallant assault upon the enemy's wcrks. Sale of the Santa Fe. TOPEKA, Kan., December 10.?'The sale of the Santa Fe road has been postponed from 10 to 2 o'clock this afternoon. Millers Meet in Conference. CHICAGO, December lo.?'The quarterly meeting of the executive committee of the Millers' National Association is in session at the Auditorium today. The principal busi ness before the committee is the memorial izing of Congress to amend the tariff laws for reciprocity treaties. 4 LOTS OF ORATORY Claims of the Different Cities Elo quently Set Forth. NATIONAL REPUBLICAN COMMITTEE Hours Are Spent in Listening to Speeches. THE DISTRICT ifELEG ATES It was easy to tell a warrior In the strug gle for the next republican convention city at the Arlington this morning by the general appearance of utter weariness he presented. Eyes that were bright and sparkling yester day peered expressionless from between leaden lids, limbs that moved with aililetic agility twenly-four hours ago stuck out straight from limp bodies, that sought t?e surcease that easy chairs afford, and the visitor^ to the bar made wry faces over the concoctions that they had erstwhile ap proached with every evidence of satisfied anticipation. The cause of all this remark able transformation was that the delega tions from each battling City had stayed up all night working like Trojans for their respective sides, and bolstering up hopes with a vigor worthy of a better cause. The members of the national committee were only a little better off in this physical re gard. Some of the wiser ones who had sought quiet and retiied stopping places where they could not be found were com paratively fresh, but the big guns who were doing a good ueal of shooting on their own account in the hot campaign had been un able to got more than a cat nap at best, and looked sour and lugubrious in consequence. Advance Gossip. The hour set for the all important meet ing of the committee was 10 o'clock, and before that hour the hosts began to gather. While the general impression seemed to pre vail that Chicago and St. .Louis would enter the ring to light the decisive engagement of the battle royal, the San Franciscoans, *ith Spartan courage, denied that their chances were entirely gone, and the Pitts burg contingent gave out the same impres sion. The gossip early began that ex-Sena tor Piatt had succeeded in winning Joe Manley over to the side of Chicago, and that even Senator Quay was considering the advisability of hoisting the white tiag over the Pittsburg camp and surrendering to the hosts of Swift, Allerton & Company. The latter part of this gossip was vehe mently denied by Mr. Quay's loyal friends, but the first part of it was taken as being \?ell founded. The Speaker* Selected. The fact that Chicago had selected but one speaker, Col. Sam W. Allerton, to pre sent her claims before the committee was taken to mean that her other and more powerful arguments made on the quiet were regarded as be.ng of sufficient potency to swing the conventian to the shores of Lake Michigan, but the St. .Louis people would not admit this at all, and were strong in their faith of success. It was held out by the St. Louis delegates that in the matter of expenses of transportation of delegates to the next convention, the selection of that city would be highly important to the south ern delegates, who would be largely men of small means, to reach the convention by the cheap mode of river passage, and this seemed to meet the approval of the far southern members of the committee. St. Louis had selected Mayor Walbridge, Na than Frank and Samuel M. Kennard to rep resent her. For San Francisco the orators selected were George A. Knight, Gen. N. P. Chipman and M. H. De Young. For Pitts burg, John Dalzell, C. L. Magee and W. A. Stone. Senator M. S. Quay may also speak briefly, and for New York, Gen. Daniel Butterfield. Arrival of Committeemen. The banqueting hall presented a very pretty appearance when the committee was called together. The walls were hung in flags and bunting, and the chandeliers and ceilings bore reminders of the Shepherd banquet in the smilax which clung to them in festoons. Chairman Carter and the secretaries sat at a low, long green-covered table, and the committee occupied the center of the large apartment, while the spellbinders of the various cities sat on the s.des. The news paper men were accommodated at largo tables to the ri?lit and left of the chair man, and in front of his table yid among the scribes were artists of various papers that had sent ihem to make sketches of tho gieat gathering of representative republi cans. Mrs. J. Ellen Foster came into the hall shortly before the committee was call ed to order, and was waimly greeted by many of those present. The redoubtable Joe Manley, with a green-covered book un der his arm, came in shortly after and shook lianas a hundred times and intro duced a score of people to each other be tween the door and the table. He was fol ic.wei by Chairman Carter, who curried a half-smokeu cigar in his finders. and held on to it while he divested himself of his blue overcoat. Then he and Manley held a sh*rt conversation, and gave every body a chance to compare them. Gen. J. S. Clarkson was the next prominent mem ber to enter, and he received much atten tion. He also made for Joe Manley, and they were whispering together when Chair man Carter rapped the meeting to order. The Roll Called. "As the call of the committee proceeds," said Chairman Carter, "the members of the committee will please take their seats in front of the audience. The roll will be called." Secretary Manley then called the states and territories, and the following were answered to by members or their al ternates: Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Idaho. Illinois, Indiana, Indian territory. Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky. Louisiana; Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mon tana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Okla homa, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wis consin. Congratulations to Gov. Bradley. Chairman Carter then called for the report of the special committee appointed yesterday to convey the committee's con gratulations to Gov.-elect Bradley of Ken tucky and Committeeman Hahn read the telegram sent, which was greeted with ap I nlause and approved by a rising vote of 'the coirnnittre. Tnc message was Jiace I fuiiy worded and expressed the hel.ef that the Home of the great Henry Ciay wouM always hereafter lie on the side of pio I tectinn. ofw H.h he was the apostle Chairman Carter announced that at the Informal meeting held yesterday It was I derided to listen this morning to the rep resentations of the gentlemen here In be half of the various cit.es competing for the honor of holding the next national convention. He said it had been decided to limit each city to one hour, but suggested that time could be suet ir the cities would be satisfied with half cn hour each. He called on representatives of the cities to express their views on the sub jp-ct A delegate from California said. ?Half an hour will be all we need." Mr. Allerton of Chicago said: Hair an hour will be ample." , . Gen Daniel Butterfield created a laugh by saying New York desires only the