one and haidents at the city
TEE M E PWBi6' TER IAI.
They Live Independent of the Car
MANY QUEE19 EXPERTENCES
HE SCENES A.ND
Incidents at the city
post office during the
day and night, for
the doers of the post
office have not been
locked one moment
for many years, are
of varied Interest.
Those that take place
In the vicinity of the
g e n e r a I delivery
windows are particu
larly interesting, for
it Is estimated that
there i. i least one caller for every min
ute in the twenty-four hours. It runs this
way for every minute of the year, rain or
shine. warm or cold.
The callers of a day would make In num
bers a respectable army-composed of all
classes and characters, persons In all sta
tions of life, from the millionaire all the
way up or down the line to the poorest beg
gar. Of course, man predominates In the
procession of callers, but there are enough
*omen and children to break the monotony.
it Is a pe::iliar procession In every respect.
The average person, who has given but lit
tIe or no consideration to the subject, would
vaturally suppose that the small army of
letter carriers would deliver every letter
which comes to the city. But such Is by
no means the fact, for there are thousands
of persons who only receive their letters at
the general delivery windows, and who will
not have them delivered In any other way.
.They offer all-kinds of reasons-some good
and many not so good-for their prefer
ence. To Illustrate:
When a Star reporter callud at the gen
eral delivery window the other evening he
snet a well-known politician, who explained
his personal call for letters as follows: "I
have resided In Washington for twenty-five
years, and though I receive thore than the
ordinary number of letters, not one has
gone astray during that time. Did I have
sny letters come to my hotel, boarding
house or where I have roomed, the chances
of their going astray would be Increased.
Then, again, I do not want my letters seen,
handled or pawed over by others. This I
can prevent by having them come to the
general delivery. In this I suppose I am
like a great many others, for during the
years of my residence In this city I have
become acquainted with many others who
call here in preference to having their mail
delivered by carriers."
Don't Use the Carrier System.
Others aru actuated by different reasons,
and many, no doubt, call for letters because
they do not desire all letters to be left at
their residences, offices or business places.
"The man who spoke to you," said the
delivery clerk, "gave you the reason that
is generally given. We have simply nothing
to do with reasons, and content ourselves
with delivering everything that comes along
to there who are entiled to it, and who
call for It. If it suits them, it suits us, and
that Is all there is of it. Handling letters
by the thousands. often automatically,
there is no such thing as curiosity on our
part. That all wears off in time."
The Star reporter spent a considerable
part of an evening at the post office. As
the night advanced the demand for letters
fell off, and after 14 o'clock the callers
were few, and, at times, far between, but
the calling never stopped at any time for
more than a few minutes. The rush gen
erally takes place betwen 4 and 8 o'clock
In the eiening, and from 8 to about 11:30
In the morning. As the theaters and places
of public amusement closed there was a
niarked Increase in the number of callers,
b-ut from then to m!dnight there was a fall
Ing off again. After midnight only the
regular night owls appeared. People are
creatures of habit in many respects, and
some people seem to have acquired the
babit of only calling for letters between
midnight and daybreak. Others call dur
Ing those hours only because circumstances
force them to do so.
"This window," said the clerk, "Is of con
venience to many persons in many ways.
Frequently the police use It to locate those
they are looking after. Parents use It to
locate their children, and children use It to
locate their parents. It was only a few
weeks since a man called here and asked
if his brother-he gave .me his name-got
his mail here. I told him he did, and that
it was his custom to call about 10 o'clock
at night for his letters.
"'If you will allow me,' he said, 'I wHi
wait fer him.' He then told me that he had
not seen his brother for eighteen years, and
that he was not sure he would recognize
him, as he was but a boy when he had last
seen him. He added that he had just ar
rived in the city, and had not the slightest
idea where his brother resided, as he had
always had his letters addressed to the
general delivery. At the regular hour the
brother called, and would you believe It,
I had the pleasure of introducing that man
to his brother, for neither recognized the
other. A similar case happened the same
A Fannily Reunited.
"A lady and her son resided in Philadel
Ihia. Her husband and another son lived
here. It appears the husband and wife
could not agree, and lived separately for
mnany years. For reasons of their own they
had never interchanged letters. Finally a
correspondence began between them, and
the lady and her son came on. It did not
strike either of them that they did not
have the city address of the husband and
father until they arrived here. They then
maw the fix they were in and applied to
the police. Officer Lamb, at the B. and P.
depot, who knows everything, helped them
out of their diff-ulty by sending them
"The man is a commercial traveler, and
he seldom gets his name in the city direc
tory. I happened to know him, howpver,
and in Ies than an hour the family were
pleaanatly- reunited. Had there been no
general delivery window it mIght have
taken days for them to find each other,"
'Strange experiences? Oh, plenty of
them. Many people of cranky and queer
notions are among our callers. Here contes
onme now. isten to him."
A queer-looking old man approached the
window. "Nothing tonight," said the
clerk, as the old man peeped into the win
dow. "I am morry for that," the old man
replied, but as he turned to depiart he re
marked:"Kind of drasughty tonight. And, by
the way. I wish you would tell Mr. Willejt
that I have a little contrivance that I can
put on the steam radiators in this build
lag that wifl increase the heat double what
it is now without any increase whatever
in coal. It is perfectly practical based on
scientific principles. I haven't given the
contrivance as much attention as I should,
for I am terribly busy just now on my
new projectile by which I can pierce any
armor; it matters not how thick It is. or
of what it is composed. Just now I have
two big wars on hand, the Cuban and Ital
ian, and one or two promised. I am pray
ing for a war with England on the Vonem
nasan dispute. Provide me with warm, the
mere the merrier, and I'll crack every ar
mored ship that floats on the high seas."
"Now, that man." said the clerk, "is an
inventor only in his mind. He cans every
night: has a new invention almost every
time he counes and though he says he ex
pecfs a letter, he has not got one for many
months, He is a sample-though an exag
gerated sample-of some of our most regular
Keeinness of Disappoiinent.
"We can generally tell by the looks of
persons when they really expect a letter.
Their face and manne indicate it. Lots of
people call who have no idea of receiving
anythija' They call just because they like
to take a little walk ad want to he socda
his. They expect nothing, and our *noth
lag" is a. aepanemnt to them.
*'But to a man or woman whe really ex
peat a letr nthingr mon a grat aLm
Thefr yes drop and tba iityaawsr "al1
a load had been put on elr sotlea.
"I had a little fun here the other Vight
At young lady called and I gave hr a letter
She 9pened It and read it. Then she said
to me, 'I must let you in on this. It is toc
good for me to enjoy alone. I dropped in
on a fortune teller tonight and she told me
I would get a letter here and that I would
have a money order in it. Here in the
"Fortune tellers, however, do not strike
it right every time, for time and time again
people are sent here by them and they ge
our 'nothing' only in return for their trou.
"Another lady, I remember, 'let.me In' or
a letter. After standing over there and
reading It she came to the window, and
handing me the envelope, she asked: 'Look
at the handwriting and tell me what yot
think of it. Does it indicate honesty di
purpose? I ask,' she said, 'because he has
made me a proposal of marriage.' I ex
plained to her that while I was somewhat
acquainted with handwriting, I was not an
expert on chirography, and 'that if she per.
stated in having an answer she would have
to see the postmaster, who decided al
questions relating to letters, and who was
specially good on marriage matters.
How People Act.
"When people reply, "What, nothing'
Why, that is strange.' we Instinctively
know that 'they did not expect to get a
letter. When they use bad words, as-somf
oceasionally do, by the same reasoning we
know that they did. Lots of our callers
are foreig:ers who cannot speak a word o:
English, but somehow we are able to serve
them if we have anything for them. To
help them out we call in the services of
other callers and our own translators and
"We know the faces of the regulars, and
after thcy have called two or three times
we rarely have to ask for the names. Now
and then we slip up, but not often.
"Drummers and traveling men generally
have of necessity to call here for letters
Now and then they are two or three days
ahead of their mail, but they generally cal.
culate and arrange that their mail is due
about the day they arrive. When they
don't connect, they raise a rumpus. George
Washingtron, Andrew Jackson, Daniel Web
ster. Abraham Lincoln, Geo. B. McClellan
Beni. Franklin, R. B. Hayes, Phil. Sheri.
dan, Jno. A. Logan and hosts of other met
who are supposed to have departed long
since continue to come here regularly.
Daughter Looking for He-r Mother.
"I had a peculiar case here recently
A young woman, a Norwegian, who had
just arrived from Chicago, came here lock
ing for her mother's city address. There
was no such name in our directory an
never had been. Yet the woman insiste:
that she had written to her mother regu
larly for three years from C bicago and had
alwsys premptly received answers I asked
her to write the exact address she put o1
her letters to her mother. She did so. Afte:
the name came Yesler, Washington. D. C
"I suspected then immediately where the
trcuble was, and, looking into the Posta
Guide. FRw that Yesler was in the state o
Washington. As the letters arrived here
our people struck off the D. C. an'] rema!le<
them to the state of Washington. Th<
young woman was almost heartbroke,
when I told her that she was 3,000 mile
out of the way, and to reach her mothe
she would have to return to Chicago and
then cross the continent to the state o
Washington. She had spent all her saving
in coming to this cIty from Chicago, and
now Is at work in one of the hotels here
trying to get money enough to pay he,
tranaportation across the continent.
"The other night I had a caller who Is
one of a numerons class who inquire fox
letters in the advertised list. The lady
gave me her name and I handed her a let
ter addressed to that name. She opened i
and handed it back to me, saying that i
was not intended for her. Then turning oi
me she denounced me severely. 'I think i
Is a shame, a downright shame,' she said
for you to bring me all the way here fron
the Navy Yard this cold night, when you
m!ght have known the letter was not fur
me.' It was no use for me to explain, ant
she went off hoppirg mad.
"There is a class of people who are just a
particular to mail every important letter
they write as others are to receive it a
firt hands instead of through the carriers
They are not satisfied to drop it in the cor
ner boxes, but come here regularly and
mail their letters In the receiving window
They then go away with a. feeling of satis
faction that the letter will go more care
fully. It is useless to argue with them, and
we do not try to do so. Likewise others
think the stamps bought here are better
than thoze bought elsewhere, and they
come long dist ances for them."
NEW CHINESE NEWSPAPER.
To Be Published In Pekin and Edited
by a Graduate of Hamalim College.
From the Chicago Record.
A neWspaper hak at last been established
at Pekin by Chinamen and printed In the
Chinese language, under the patronage o:
some of the most powerful princes of the
court. This Is the most favorable sign o:
progress that has yet appeared, and it would
seem as if a little light was finally breaking
in upon .the most antiquated and obtuse des
potism in the world. It is called the Wan.
Kuo-Kung-Pao, or Universal Intelligencer
and was suggested and will be edited by a
young graduate of the Hamlin College, o:
which Dr. Martin, an American missionary
has for years been president.
The name of this audacious and progress
Ie person Is Kan Chang Su, a native of Can
ton, who, only a few years ago, was in dee
disfavor because of some rather heretica
commentaries that he published upon the
classics of Confucius. But though he was
under the official ban for questioning thi
wisdom of the great sage, he now appear,
to have recovered confidence, for associate<
with him in the enterprise are many men o:
rote--Yuan Shihkai, ex-minister of Corea
a secretary of the grand councIl, a grand
nephew of the imperial tutor, Weng, son o:
the late Marquis Teeng and nephew o:
Paince Li, the eldest son of the Viceroy o:
Nanking, and some fifteen others of high lit,
erary rank, or belonging to great officia
These gentlemen have formed a clul
knowin as "The Universal Intelligencer As
sociation," which assumes the expense o:
publication and will contribute to the period
lcaL, which will be Issued twice a month
Chang Chih-Tung, the viceroy of Nanking
has subscribed 3,000 toward the capital, at
uncle of the emperor has given a buildin.
rent free, and the president of the hoard .o:
revenue has pledged a subsidy from th4
government. A modern printing establish
ment has been ordered and in addition tI
the periodical it is intended to publish a
series of books for the purpose of diffusini
knowledge of western civilization and In
i entions among the Chinese.
There are now only six papers printed Ii
the Chinese language, two at Canton, one a:
Shanghai, one at Hankow, one at Tientain
all owned and published by foreigners-ant
the venerable Pekin Gazette, which is the
oldest journal in the world, and for 801
years has been issued regularly at the cap
ital to make known the imperial edicts anc
other oflicial Information. It is still printef
from engraved blocks of wood, just as it has
always been, and Is a little pamphlet onil
about three inches wide and eight inchea
long. It Is one of the quaintest examples e1
the typographical art in existence.
The proposed newspaper, which is evident
ly issued with the consent of the govern.
ment, Is the most radical innovation tha
has been made in China for mnyn years.
'Jump, Fritsy, Jumpio
Frisy(a thAaewies*A id
dint un hn isttanh a t
BLOOMERS IN PARIS
Popular Style of Dress for Lady Bi
IFUCE OF THE USE OF THE WEEL
Changes insts Which May
Be the Result.
POPULAR WITH WOMEN
Special Correspondence of The Evening Star.
PARIS, March 3, 1896.
HE ORIGIN OF THE
bicycle bloomer is
not altogether lost
in the midst of anti
quity. It is certain
that one day a young
lady rider, observing,
as many had done
before her, that the
ordinary skirt is ob
'jectionable because it
impedes the free
movement of the
legs and is in danger
of being caught in the
machineLy, hit upon the simplest and most
obvious of devices. She reached down in
front, caught the back edge of her skirt
between her feet, and pulled it up between
her knees. The result was a modest and
practical pair of bloomers while on the
wheel which instantly fell into the ordinary
skirt on her descent.
This discovery may have been made In
Berlin, London or New York; but in all
probability it was made in Paris.
This improvised bloomer is still to be met
with numerously in Paris, particularly in
the unfashionable northern, southern and
eastern suburbs, where holiday afternoons
are enjoyed with more zest than prepara
tion. The natural feminine tendency to
worldliness, luxury and expense, however,
has effected its substitution by regularly
made bloomers in the more posing West
Erid. As a matter of fact in the spring of
Ibid bloomers have come to stay, though
they are not called bloomers, but panta
Tourists who get up early enough in the
morning to take a turn in the Bois at the
fashionaable hour of 10 a.m. will be repaid
by the sight of numberless young married
ladies of the highest fashion apedaling in
zouaves, with only old-fashioned clubmen
to mutter at this innovation as at all other
signs of the times. " care no more for the
park, it's disgusting. Even in the morning
nowadays it's full of bicyclists and for
eigners! Look at those costumes! They're
r~o longer women!" Yet these tight or
loose-breeched dames are of the Parisian
-100. They wear pantaloons and ride on
Every Kind of Wheel.
Paris is so complicated in its social or
ders-like a universe of stars that keep
their tracks, and yet appear to form con
stellations-that a passing visitor may easi
ly be deceived on the bicycle bloomer ques
tion. The afternoon hurley-burley of the
Bois, say, near the Avenue of the Grand
Armee, shows every kind of co:tume, as it
shows every kind of wheel; and it takes an
experienced person to separate-not the
wheat from the chaff-but the various
grain, the wheat, the rye, the barley, the
corn and the chaff of each from the mix
ture. American tourist girls are often hor
rifled at the costumes they see. They are
more frequently moved to laughter. The
truth is that as yet Paris has evolved no
settled styles in bloomers. Therefore, while
some err from daring, others err from bad
judgment, and many more by reasons of
The American girls complain that the
great majority of the Parisian bicycle
bloomers are dowdy. It is true, and could
hardly be otherwise. It must be remem
bered that the middle-class Parislenne de
pends on the ready-made gown department
of the great shops almost as much as the
American middle-class man depends on the
ready-made suit industry, which so distin
guishes our country. And, furthermore,
the "adaptability" and "elegance" tradi
tionally ascribed to the Parislenne has
heretofore always had to do with very fem
inine and frou-frou types of dress. The or
dinary Parisienne has not yet achieved the
real tailor-made gown; and until a recent
date she would not have desired it. Now
she runs to the Louvre or the Bon Marche
for a bicycle costume--and.the whole mat
ter being new to her, takes docilely what is
When the fashionable dressmakers or
new-fangled ladies' tailors are called in the
bloomer4. and waists are apt to be of an ex
aggerated Scotch or English look, in whch
all but the most up-to-date worldings of the
400 find themselves uncomfortable. With
this there is no mistaking English and
American girls in the Bois today, bloomers
or no bloomers. Perhaps it is partly be
cause French young women are plumper
to be polite-than our own. For example,
with them, on the bicycle as off it, the cen
ter of gravity yields to no dissimilation.
One is constantly reminded of full moons
or sofa cushions. What the dressmakers
achiev'e in the waist they seem to lose be
low it. The French woman being differ
ently built from the Anglo-Saxon, both go
ing and coming, she appears to sprawl more
in bloomers. * She looks queer enough seated
on the machine, but once she descends ahe
Restricted to Married Women.
Two other factors enter into the queer
ness of all the feminine bicycling of Paris.
The great majority of lady riders are not
unmarried girls of good society. These lat
ter may attempt the wheel in the privacy
of the country, but they do not show in any
number in the park. In all the classes-the
aristocracy, the bourgeoisie and the "little"
bourgeoisie-it is the young married woman
who pedals. This fact presents an ensem
ble of maturity to the newly arrived Amer
ican. Now, what would be luxurious when
safe guarded by all the artifices of femi
nine attire, which have stood the test of
ages, becomes mere ostentation under the
simplicity of the bloomer, The change for
the great mass of French lady cyclists has
been too great.
Many have seen thin and tried to remedy
it, both the lighter-minded of the "half
world" and their more estimable sisters.
Some-in both categories-have frankly
taken up men's costumes, loose knicker
bockers, and longish sack coats. Others
wear tighlt-knegtlbreeches and fancy jerseys.
Othersadd t'o tnis a short skirt, reaching to
the kn s0 'with or without leggings or
heavy ~cj~ stdekings. For these it is 'any
thing t~gtai4ty from the organ-grinder
monke effect "threatened by zouaves or
in this way t~e accomplish a great deal
in gracefulness f outline at the expense of
a very little modety. Speaking simply from
the standpoint of architecture, bloomers dis
figure lovely woman by hanging below the
It is almost pitiful to Lee them reveling
in their new-fotund liberty of costume. They
would overrun the Parisian promenade did
not an ordinance of the prefect of police
forbid the appearance of bicycle costume
without a bicycle. Recently there was an
attempt to enforce this mandate strictly,
and it failed. The only law on which the
prefect of pollee had to go was that for
bidding one sex to attire itself in the garb of
another. A test case provoked a dictum
from a judge to the effect that bloomers or
zonaves could not by any possibility be
looked on as a male costume. Nowadays,
therefore, so long as the damsels confine
their promenades en pantalon to the festive
quarters like Montmartre and the Latin
Quarter, they are not iholested, being char
itably supposed to have their wheels some
May Result in Emancipadoes.
Parisiennes willingly accept what they
know to be only doubtfully becoming! It in
a revolution and will have far-reaching re
sults. Indeed, many see in It the emanci
pation of the French young girL. The pre
tuntions upper bourgeoisie is chary of al
lowing its daughters to ride in pubfle, but
when the "jeune personne" takes to the
machine at all it must be in bloomers, like
her married siter. Apart from these, how
ever;, a new class has been tapdby the
machine, the lowersmiddle clswhich
heretofore ha.= had no res ohanco at spor..
Living always, habeve 0efortably, In
cramped a tm t hoq the bicycle
makes a strong a" to mothers and
daughters; as well sons igna fathefs.
The eheapness ot the bicycle and the
temptations It offers4o these Parisias who
adore the country all the more because they
do not often see incline the learts of
these hondst people strongly to the wheel.
All 'the world of little employes has wel
comed the bicycle.cdWith it they get In
act& touch with q ~untry life, the roads,
the ,lages. the fiel . It Is pleasanter than
the regulation Sun #y railway trip to sonie
small town, with iaimless walk around
provincial streets OgA to a weary wood, to
sit there blankly, fe ing out of place and
cramped by city sh. Q and garments, wish
ing vainly for a ca. e. To all this world
of commercial emp .lies and government
clerks independencedimes easy. And there
are those who think4 ithat twenty years of
radicalism in the public schools is begin
ning to show its effept with the thiddle and
If this movement pontinues, bicycle rid
Ing may become as-respectable for young
girls as. for their, married sisters. The
mothers of the present day may still be very
much of the old school-lacking its religion.
And the daughters can scarcely be other
wise then what they.are, trained up as they
have teen. Still, rumors of the different
life of English and American girls; and even
Germarn girls, come to them, and they won
der, with derision or regret, as may be. The
wheel is new. It is fashionable as well as
Popular. It may bring with it the emanci
pation of the French young girl. And when
it does, she will appear in bloomers.
THE LITTLE MAN WANTED FIGHT.
But His Big Companion Would Not
Persmit Him to Indulge in Luxuries.
From ihe Cliiengo Recorl.
From the labored manner in which they
boarded the train at 39th street it was evi- 1
dent that they had been partaking too f
freely of Intoxicants.
One was big and brawny. He was suf- i
fering from the delusion that. he was per
fectly gber. The other was a little man. I
whose huge shoe-brush mustache seemed
fairly to bristle with aggressiveness. He
was Inebriated, and he didn't want any one I
to doubt it.
On the opp-site side of the double seat
where they had planted themselves sat a
light-complexioned man, thoughtfully puf
fing a cigar. .
The little one of the pair was looking for
trouble-his own troubles could not begin I
to satisfy him. He looked fiercely about c
the car, and seemed to conclude that the I
quiet man with the cigar was his logical
The little man stared and scowled. The t
light man coolly continued to smoke. At t
last the little one could stand it no longer; I
so he said: "I always did hate the' smell of c
a rope." t
"I never seen a Swede yet that wasn't
afraid to fight."
The light -nau still smoked.
"I can lick any Swede I ever see." 9
The light man yawned'and looked out the t
"Say! I kin likk you. Do you hear?"
Here the big man thought it time to dem- e
onstrate his sobriety. He turned around,
grasped his small friend by the shoulders a
and slammed him violently against the t
"We won't ..ave any scrappin' on this
train," said he. "An' you set quiet. See?"
"Now, Bill, nobody said nothin' to you,
and you jes' min.. y' own business. You t
ain't in this, you afft'f."
The little man the turned a scorching
glance upon the hgh man, who paid not
the least attentio to, hm.
Suddenly the fig. hng mood passed away.
With a smile wrifkliig his face up into
little furrows. the little man held out a
wavering hand, and Iid: "S'pose you're a
goo'd fell'r after all. Sbake hands eh9'
The light man pontinued to look out of
the window and to s oke.
"Don't want shake nands? S'pose say I
ain't no gem'man, eh
"A man says I a!rit no gem'man'ain't
my fren', and a man says I ain't no gem'
man I can lick. an' I'ni goin' to do it," and
he made a lurch tow; rd the silent man.
Here Bill intez yerc. - again, and pIcked a
him up by the c91 la with one hand and i
slammed him bac . o his place. The lite C
one squirmedand erldgld. and declared he
wohi "hamner him- and the big d'ne i
claied over Anri ovef Again that "e ain't
goin' to have h6 s'era'ppizV on this train,''
until 12th street was reached.
Then the big one dragged the little one,
squirming and kicking, from the car, much
to the enjoyment of other passengers, who
lad. been under a nervous strain, expecting .
The light-complexioned man- didn't so
much as turn around to see them leave the
YOUNG WOMEN WHO WORK.
Is Business Employment Demoralis
ing to the Fair Sext t
From the Iadlies' Ilome Journal.
The fact cannot be disputed that no-sin
gle factor in modern life is doing so much c
to degenerate our young womanhood as
this mad race on the part of girls, impelled
by necessity or not, to go into the business
world. These may sound like strong words
to the ears of some, 'but to those who are
really cognizant of the immensity of the
evil results that are being wrought, they*
will simply fit the case and not go beyond
it. In altogether too many of our commer
cial and industrial establishments, stores
and factories, the men Into whose hands
is given the power to .employ and control
girls are not fit, from a moral stanldpoint,
to herd swine. And yet thousands of our
young women are allowed to go from their ~
homes to work under the influence of these
meni and in the atmosphere vitiated by ~
them. And why? Simply be'ause it is con
sidered more "respectable" to be employed
in arf office, store or factory than to be i-n
gaged in domestic service. The very word
"servant" has a taint about it that the ma
jority of young womr dislike, ar.d from
'which they flee. But S at else are they in
business establishments than servants pure
and simple? There can be no differefnce but
an imaginary one. That is all. Far less C
leniency is shown in our business houses to I
women employes than is shown, as a rule, f
in our homes to domestic Lhelp-!nfinitely c
It is the pot-and-kettle idea that seems so e
painfully unrespectable to thousands of
young women, and perhaps they are not
so mtich to blame when one c~onsiders the ~
depth to which the idea of domestic service ~
has been allowed to sink in America. Jt-st
so long as the well-to-do parents of our
country discourage the idea of household
knowledge in their daughters, as so nany ~
do, just so increasingly difficult will these
same parents find it to secure good do- ~
mestlo servants for their homes. Make ~
a thing undesirable to one class, and you
quickly make it unrespectanie to another ,
class. We all like to alle the ideas andt
manners of those 'Whom we fancy lo be
a little above.us in birth or station. Here ~
Is where the great evil to domestic service
has been dlone and is being constantly
wrought. It has -been made purely and low
ly menial, and they result is that young
women, compellednd3 earn their living, have
sought other averthes which, with their in- ~
experience, they kehi~ are .nore desirable
or elevating. "~'
What Our TenoWlmd. to Pat Up With.
.,-, -n-a o m amema mass .
- , a
Fair Accompanist (cheerfully)-"Now, you e
go on, and never mind me! FI'l catch you up s
FAISING THE FUNDS
What the Great Cbristian Edeavar
Gonvention Will 0o8t.
;anvass Among the Citizens and the
Series of Contributions.
ME 0. E. SUBSCRIPTIONS
consideration in t-r
ranging for holding
in this city in July
next the fifteenth in
is that of the
finances. While it is
of ccurse necessary
that meeting places
should be prepared
for the expeecte d
thousands, and hotel
and other accommo
atioa secured for them, and while it is
ery desirable that suitable arrangements
hould be made for the proper reception
f the visitors on their arrival in the city
nd their entertainment during their stay,
et none of these things is possible unlgess
here is money on hand to defray the ex
enses of t'ie mammoth undertaking.
A realization of this self-evident truth
,d the committee of '96, in charge of the
rrangements for the convention, early to
ay especial attention to the matter of
alsing funds. In fact, before the com
ittee of '0 was formed, when the proposi
Ion of inviting the convention to Wash
Igton was being discussed, the question
f a guarantee fund wqs pretty thorough
ir talked over, with the result that when
be committee on invitation went before
he trustees of the United Society of Chris
[an Endeavor ard asked them to select
Vashingtoi as their meeting place in 1806,
ne of the main arguments used in urging
he claims of the nation's capital was the
ubstantial support offered by the business
nd professional men of the city. The
ommittee went fortified with a list of
,000 names of citizens, representing the
ubstantial interests of the city, who in
he spring of '94 signed an agreement co
o-operate with the local union In the mat
Er of raising a fund toward defraying the
xpenses of the convention.
Under the plan of organization tiftise who
re charged with the duty of dealing with
his Important branch of convention work
re banded together in a main body of
wenty-five, supplemented by an auxiliary
ommittee, consisting of one representative
tom each Christian Endeavor SocIety in
he local union. The central committee Is
omposed of the following members: W. B.
tobison, chairman; W. W. Everett, secre
ary; Geo. A. Birch, C. 0. Bohrer, Rufus
'. Clarke, Edward McC. Hall, W. C.
lenry, A. R. Holden, E. Hilton Jackson,
erome F. Johnson, J. H. Lichliter, J. A.
facEiwee. John Mitchell, Jr., Chas. S.
fuir, Geo. F. Muth, W. H. Ronsaville, J.
. Runyon, H. K. Simpson, R. E. L.
mith, A. D. Spangler, Anson S. Taylor,
ndrew Wilson, Samuel G. Wise, Geo. F.
Viiiams, Dr. F. J. Woodman; ex-officlis,
V. H. H. Smith, Percy S. Foster.
Citizen.' Advisory Committee.
There has also bean appointed a citizens'
rivisory finance committee, whose counsel
nd business judgment and experience are of
aluable assistance. This committee is
omposed of the following well-known citi
ens: Wm. Ballantyne, Chas. Baum, Chas.
Bell, Justice D. J. Brewer, Chas. G.
*onn, Geo. T. Dunlop. John Joy Edson,
en. John W. Foster, Albert F. Fox, W. 13.
urley, T. A. Harding, Just!ce J. M. Har
,n, John B. Larner, Theo. W. Noyes, My
on M. Parker, E. S. Parker, Commissioner
ohn W. Ross, Isador Saks, Secretary Hoke
mith, Commissioner George Truesdell, B.
1. Warner, H. A. Willard, Beriah Wilkins,
larshal A. A. Wilson and S. W. Woodward.
William B. Robison, chairman of the
nance committee, is a native of Ohio. He
as been a Washingtonian, however, since
ie was nine years of age. His education
as received in the public schools of this
ity, graduating from the High School in
he class of '78. Afterward he studied law,
nd received his diploma from Columbian
.niversity in 186, and the same yar was
dnittei to the bar of the Supreme Court
f the District.
He served about seven years in the office
f the marshal of the District, a position
e resigned in December, '89, to accept :he
ecretaryship of the Washington Loan and
'rust Company, then newly organized. He
cmained in that position more than fve
ears, when he again entered the mar
bal's office, and is now chief deputy United
tates marshal for the District.
Mr. Robison Is an elder in the New York
.venue Presbyterian Church, and besides
is Christian Endeavor duties takes an
etive Interest. In mission work, being su
erintendent of the Bethany Mission, at the
orner of 13th and C streets.
His business experience, coupled with his
dide acquaintance among the business men
f the city, peculiarly fits him for the re
ponsible positIon he holds. His commit
ee is an energetic body of capable work
rs, most of whom are men of practizal ex
erience in business affairs.
What It Will Cost.
It is estimated that the cost of the con
ention will be in the neighborhood of $27,
30. This sum Is made up from actual
ems of costs already ascertained and
rem expenses incurred at Boston and
ther prior conventions. The items of the
xpense account are as follows: Rent of
wo tents, $1,200; one new tent and fix
ires, $2,375; freight on tents, $125; putting
p, care of and taking down tents, $1,000;
tats and platforms in tents and publice
omfort arrangements, $8,000; rent of hails,
terature tables, booths, etc., $1,000; speak
re' and trustees* expenses, $4,000; badges,
1,000; lighting tents and grounds, $1,000;
ecorating tents and meeting places, $1,500;
inting and, committee expenses, 53,000;
tgistration, $000; programs, 52,000; stamps
nd sundries, $1,000; in all, 33i,800.
To meet these expenses it was decIded, af
tr long and earnest discussion, to raise
we-fifths of the sum from the Endeavorers
f Washington, and to ask the merchants
nd others who would be immensely bene
ted In a business way by the presence
the city of so many .visitors ito contrib
te the remaining targe0-fifths. iThe mems
ers of the societies lyave resah1nded well,
nd already more thain $9,000"out of the
tal of $10,000 expected from this source
as been subscribed. (Vhe responses from
de business interests, canvass of which
Snow in progress, s4eencou'aging, and
lye promise of satisf ctory results.
In order to encourage contributions from
lie seven thousand Enideavorer. (including
iniors) in the District, the finance com.
tittee decided upon a plan of installment
ontributions of varying amounts; extend
ig over a period of twelve months, so that
von the small sum of 11.20 could be sub
cribed and paid -at the rate of ten cents
er month. Two rewards were held out
s Inducements to subscribers, the first
eing, using the language of the commit
ie In its circular, "the dividends of bless
igs to be derived from the convention"
nd the second a handsomely engraved
end, signed by every member of the comn
zittee of '96, suitable for framing as a
suvenir of the occasion and of the interest
nd support of the contributor.
In accordance with this plan the mems
era of the arxiliary finanee committee
enlisted" contributors in the various mo
ieties, who agreed to subscribe for the
ends, which were arranged in series from
Sto L, with amounts varying from $00,
ayable five dollars monthly, to $1.20, or
in cents per month. As a result, mere
ban 19,000 has been aubscribed, and of
biis sum about $5,000 In cash is alreadJy in
Canvase Asneag the Citiseas.
JNow that the plain for raising a large
roportion of the total expense fund from
ae Undavorers themselves are fairly
nder way and have brought such excellent
esults, a canvass is in progess =eang the
merchants, .hotels, eerpora tion, street and
team railroads and other bunes= iater
ste for contributions. In asking the c0
peration of the Hiadeavorers the comunit
me annalan to themn as dir~et inter..t..
-ealo= br ther asietali for -nt
as ad the oesp to b.
b byaII the spirtual bssings as.
Peeted to result from the week's mesneses
of consecrated Christians. In aprahlar
the bminess mean, however, anot rm
Monnt In noed A"naturally so. Es atte
tion Is called to the mnete- from its bui
ness point of view. He Is told that MW00
or 80,000, or even. It may be. IMAM0 vint
or* to the city during July. te majority of
whom will remain at lest one week, all
paying their own expnsee, will doubtless
leave, at the lowest estimate, about S1.000,
000. This sumo, he Is tol, will be directly
paid for board, souvenir purchases, ear
fare, soda water-eind If the' sum which
will be spent In that July week for this one
article of refreshment alone could be ac
curately stated. it would doubtless be of
anmaing proportions-ed for other pur
poses, thus returning a tremendous per
centage of profit for every dollar con
The actual experience of Boston mer
chants is that great financial benefits have
resulted from holding the convention there
last year. In 132 it was a difficult thing
to convince the New York business men
what an Immense gathering the convention
would be. but after it was all over and
they began to count up their profts, they
offered to subscribe $W,000 to hold the con
vention there again. The Cleveland people
and newspapers told a similar story and
in Montreal subscriptions of 00 apiece
were received from ten business men.
The Series of Contributies.
Washington's merchants, it Is stated, are
not slow In seeing the force of the argu
ments presented to them by solicitors of the
committee, and the recently published list
of contributions shows that favorable re
sponses are being made, and that the out
look is encouraging. The committee Is ask
ing from mercantile and financial interests
a series of contributions, as follows:
4 of $500 .......................,00
6 of 250 ........................ 01)
20 of 100 ......................
40 of 50 .......................2,etlo
80 of 25 ......................
100 of 20 ........................
100 of 1................................1.001
100 of 10................................. 1.00
200 of ................................. 1.00
Total ...........--.-...................... 15,000
Thus the $10000 from the Endeavorers and
the $1.,.0(10 from the business interests
which will be financially benefited, toge-ther
with a small sum expected to be derivcd
from the sale of certain privileges. are ex
Pected to make up an amount which will
fully cover the expenses necessarily incur
red. Contributions ,received from any
source are paid directly by the member of
the auxiliary committee to Percy S. Foster,
treasurer of the committee of '96, who
makes out a duplicate receipt, one of which
Is held by the member reporting the sub
scription and the other forwarded to Mr.
Rabison, chairman of the finance commit
tee. This system of a double check is con
tinued throughout all the financial dealings
of the committee. No money li. paid out
except for such bills as are authorized by
the committee of '96, and approved In writ
ing by Chairman Robison. To conform with
general usage. the treasurer is bonded in
the sum of $5,000.
Like all branches of the work of the com
mitte3 of '96, that of the finance committee
Is well advanced, and It may be confidently
asserted that so much of the success of the
fast approaching convention as Is depend
ent upon the securing of the funds for carry
Ing on the plans of the other committees
will be accomplished by this energetic body
The following is a complete list of sub
scriptions received from citizens:
Woodward & Lothrop..-.-........... 511000
Capital Traction Company........... .A0 00
Metropolitan Railroad Company..... 25o 00
Saks & Co................................. 6 00
Johnson & Wimsatt.................... 100
Independent Ice Company.............. 10000
W. A. H. Church........................ 00600
B. H. Warner........ .............. ,
John Joy Edson.......................... 5000
A. F. Fox................................. (of,
C. B. Church.............................. 0
George Truesdell......................... 00
William B. Gurley....................... 500
C. C. Duncanson......................... (0
W. E. Barker............................. 0 0@
W. R. Spare.........-......... ..... 50 00
Lansburgh & Bro........................ 50 q0
Charles Baum............................ rlfj
.Aincoln Fire Insurance Company... .(j 0
National Bank of the Republic........ 59 (
Barber & Ross.............--......... 2 (M
C. B. Rheem....................... 25(0
John C. Parker.........------........... 25 Q0I
John R. Major-.......------.............. 2: 0A
Church & Stephenson.......--......... 25 00
George W. F. Swartzell.---............ 2 00
John W . Ross............................ 2 0 q1
F. S. Williams & Co................. 2 00
W. H. McKnew.................. ..:500
John A. Swope..........----.......... 25 nO
W. D. Clark & Co................... 23 O:
S. Kann, Sans & Co.........--......... 25 40
Louis D. Wine.........--............ 25 00
John G. Parke........--............. 2700
Lincoln National Bank.................. 25 01
Meredith, Winship & Co.---............. 23 (N
B. H. Stinemetz & Sons.-........... 2500
International Building and Loan As
Chas. J. Bell.............................. = 00
Thomas W. Smith........................ 2 40
A. A. W ilson............................. 2-, 00
John W. Foster.......................... 410
Moore & LedIng......-.............. 2:_ 00
James E. Fitch...---.................. 20 ")
Harris & Shafer.......................... y 00
W . H. Hoeke.............................. 24 0#
Judd & Detweller........................ .15 0)
T. R. Jones................................10 (N)
S. K. W ood................................. 10 4)
Thomas McGill ..---..--................. 10 j0o
L. S. Emery............................... 10 0
Mayfield & Brown.................. 10 0
Parker, Bridget & Co................. 1000
Frank Hume.......................... 1000
Charles S. Bradley....-.............. 1000
Guy. Curran & Co.................... 10 iN)
Hellbrun & Co........................ 1000
W. S. Jenks.......................... 1000
B. F. Whiteside......................1) (00
C. C. Purcell......................... 106g
H. M. Paul........................... 1000
J. F. Via ........................10 00
J. C. Heald................1000
James S. Topham-..--................ 10 (0
C. A. Muddiman..................... 1000
Knox's Express Co.................. 1000
F. Crocker...--....................... 1000
J. Whit Herion...................... 1060
P. 5. Claili...........................00g
T. Pliny Morr.n--------.----......... 5 00
Howard Moran--.. --................. 500
W. D. Quinter---..................... 500
Remsburg & Elliott.................. 500
H. P. Blair---.-..................... 500
C. S. Butndy---------....--...........5 00
Menogue & Jones..................... 500
W. S. Hoge & Bro..................... 500
George W. Herold...................... 500
Seymour B. Wright..................5 00
Joseph A. Deeble.................... 500
John B. Mikler.................. 500
W. 0. Orr.............................00
Harban & Bennett.................... 500
R. C. Lewis & Sons................... 5 00
Ralston & Siddons................... 50)
B. Looker........................ 300
C. A. Jol-nson....-.................2 50
H. J. & J. E. Wagner................. 100
M. C. Metcell.......................00
G. J. Cos............................ 10
H. W. Fisher & Son..................130
Frm the Gmieago Record..
Agent-"Caz't I put a burglar alarmn in
Lady-"~No, we don't need It."
Lady--"No. I mhean it; the family across
the street watches the place so closely that
so burglar could get in without being
d. . 3. G-m et - Esor
Ms ets had wime am
est b two e -- ahrbaat
ain toe e bst sa s -mm e
the eersmmatheoestzy treated, eel
- imnmie. Her g
matle, asS sat had dims et
and whes telt thh, the amoat esint
iPnped=ist et 13ar Yakt. mieme whe
treatment hes ma plod duaree
he- case wa haoee. ll tow-t
-ee haeteg bM~d, e m dem
me o dis. 1.3,. m a se..
mealde, ama ataiag a ft a
a. a e betfim ce he same
Our treatie es this emse wE
he est Obe is a as.
53WT -MB GC..
A WAR REUINISCENCE
Scenes at Hatche's Creek
arnd Petersburg Recalled.
aeb W. AL . Spmb aU~md
9M Sta.ag - se -- EMe t Wih a
Uske Wemmi, bme LA e etbe
Vefe=nm*, mne 3lme--m Same..
A U(.er Iat Reae gike a
Eime Femo mEtfery.
From the AiMer. It. T.. Soutua.
hme eawouten I. print the life atory et
we. seamed reemm at the ediE we. a 11sINs a
adamitioM am eiathy to the eertam "ensit.
Amrctom"e theagh ew are to tales f hert m and
mert tIn every.&y ie; there is something re
eHatu y attractise about tme od war Is eIe.
tvit.g, an they do, a a muned psauati to the
tuart to every tte Aameriaa. 'Insoasi fm
their ret an the eW of cage or to the heqattal.
It tes-r con-iades, wen the struggte was.eer
ad the victory "am, etUere to their han Om
began anew the battle ot ife.
John B. Seace. the uid knew. cautractor a
building mre' of Alao., N.., has bad ain a
umrally interesting life. and whm o by a a
P'At recently at his hem., No. 1 Braifed street.
tOm of his -maw experiensce ai adeatnes wM.
?Ev tmder the od dag tIn the late war. Al
though laving entatd al the haedudtape amd pet.
wations of life in the rank, Mr. Scace beos W
ex-re than half a ceatcry of years with an elasti.
step and a keee mii, t-a,h an active interest Ia
private and public athi.
Mr. Seace Is a amember of Berkhie K.1g.. .
M L 0. 0. F. He enblsted in the armey in 1C.
In' company A. forty-nlnth Massachusetts vaiuoimr
i-fantry, -ri-g ujmler 0cl. W. F. Bartlett, a,
brqade. first divitIom, nineteenth corpa, with whic.
he participated a ame of the hottest battles e,
The war, mednding Pet Madme., Domalduonmville and
Plain Store, where be was woumnded. Him time be
tNg out, he was dimcharged, but one me-ilisted a.
5(fefermt in efipengly A. efity-drst eginet, Mels
clreet's elanteer infantry. lie was in the bomtS.
W liatchers Run, the Ught about IeteruiS am.
time battie of Sailer. Crect
After !is bunao.abi- discharge. Jme 4, 190. Mr
Rkace retrmed to Alba, and settled doeu e'
agrin to his businem nd aocial interest.. He ha.
esded In the city ever since. it would seem tha
neaw. of ell t main, Lienunce ani Ijuinas wisml'
have been unintert. Suih was not to be th.
came. for four Years amo %line engaged in sop-I
tendiog the raimsg of the inusemse mikeetnao
the A ntu r e a- rer beose, the lever of a
kneIVened U= strek him a heavy blow as
the back. The efect of the blow was Not at oe
qaparent. he being ade to leave h. bed In a Gem
days. bot the worst was to follow, far withm'
narming he was seed with edatic- tiwematlm i
aL its vi-ahnee. Untold - folowed.
Said Mr. &raee: '1 - not ee for th. mp.
one will know the tortures the rheumatism gas.
n'e. I doon't krow how I lived during those days. I
ttevmm litile meet* than okin andl laues. and 1:
seemed like life didn't have anything but sofesftm
in it. CurTs? I tid el-Vl- I-aled r-i-ma
care that was ever inveie I gave all of the-.
a good trial before I stnpod taking them. U.
friends and neighbors recomaended remedy atte
renwdy that they beard of, hot my rheatleua.
Ta at on just the same. Well, after I had alam.
bad tie life tortetd out of me. I came asrm a.
n" ier account of Dr. Willamns' Klink I'is, so!
I a t I Ight as Well add anther name to the
Hat an not. so I ordered some of an.y drawrgst.
'I tel you. I was gd in those dayw to heer of
anything that ced a- me uay hope at all. Ta.,
I got tem. end FiNEOutE I HAD TAK4iN TWO
BOJXES that pain began to leave man. Why. A
cc-teni't udemlsani it. I conidn't imagine mjua
being cured. But before I had taken a half dogs
of those boxes I WAS cuted. "Ite suffering whie
had t-ade Wy life alacost unbearable for me Ik
lad disappeared. I was a new man.
"I began to get strong. I picked up Io Sesh. am
I went back to ray businesa with all the vigor an.
vim of a young mean. I think ectry one who know.
me will tell you what It did for ne. Pink Ilium 2I
the grandest smedic-me ev.-r disovenred, and it mn
rsomiendatim 0ill do it any gooad t want FeM t'U
use It. I hope othere will be-ar of it and tee ho
Cted as I havte leen. Every one should lw-ar ot it.
I ca(*t say too nan- f1wr thet." Mr. Scace es
claimed, enthusiastii-al. in conclusion.
This in but one of the many cae. -in which Ph,
'IiIb have taken bada a beebcent Sort in the him
toay of bunity.
Mr. Seace is now enjoylg the faults of an am
t-e-lly large hlosiness. Dnmaged solely by hinameft.
and overing almost the entir- Pastem partlna W.
the state. Mr. S4eac, is also an Itverr caeer O
rkniur ablitty. whkt-h' he follows asoley fr his Ownr
pl~esure. Miany little trbkes. cnrved v the lIght
of the catnp-lire, attest hi.s kil In this direction.
Iar from. being s'oliefted to recommecnd the c-es
tive which 1-nd taken -uch -a land of misery fe -
his Plfe, it his gratitude lis irrase for it is an
lited and uneastag. And front his own state
nant one nay easily sre that uben he does cent
to sing its vitues it, will be to answer the Inet
mustt ring in.
Dr. Willinms' Pink plis contain. to a cn4emsn!
form. nIl IIt eleu'no-t necessary to give n-w Wi.
ad richnse to the 1ood r-ndl restore- eitteeed
terves. 'ilhey are alma a epecifie for treubl-. pW
cullar to f maaL,. sucb as aijpr'eaiuns. irregulari
ties and all forms of weaknes. In oen they edoc
a radent Aure In al cnses arising front ues8!
worry, overwork or exTesses of whatecer iastoar
1-'ank Pills are arAd in eoxes (n"ver in loeta bok
at So cents a box or alr boxes for $2.50. med mNo'
Ie had of all druggists, or ditect I-y a:atl ftr-am Di
Williams' Medicine Company. Schenectady. N.Y.
Wor ldsWrl EIQHIUNI AWA21
and BEST prepared
Prescribed by physicians.
Relied on in hospitals.
Depended on by nurses.
Indorsed by the press.
Always wins hosts of
friends wherever Its supe
rior merits becomae knowdt.
It Is the safest food for
Is pure and unsweetened
and can be retained by the
Odd by DnEVGGU enmW....
myths Bhm Omri & Uem,. [ewr Tout.
UmLgc~ aagguragr..ef -
a knowie~e etina and otae
tie.. ai ya M e .. i ..tmofthe a. '"
wries of well-eeeted Cone. Mr. thaem ds
tea toamarast aamd ese el ms
a theheas edehtet
diet tilat a demaatimoma he gradely htidt
esta s eenih te ety tndecy of deim
emm.t=:5. amisdies mtase -seato
arsams am sady to attack oheeer there ts a
a srseSam.- relam.
ChS:l yi ~ Zhaln se
RI eryhady hegtt eaeke.e 01 the tim.s Be
pseil edei se he a ist et assaeat, wnm
am their tones, holding their eatlaie, tottmang
bset high to the ai to give tise. 1ittl em
01MmR 3 (U G0BLT t amge af er tam
lag am meos agalsmea she that wo woei
turn aroemsam eer se. a gand, emla~an me
tar PU. Net stmage, hes. har It's a p man
U In em pilea
Wilson, 923 F St
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