Newspaper Page Text
Furniture, &c., 7th and D Sts.
ARE YOU A
Are yon looking for a few more Ele
gant. Swell-looking Rockers for your par
lor. sitting r??om or boudoir at a reasona
ble figure? If so. see what superb quali
ties we offer at $2 ami $4.75.
Art elegant Mahogany or Oak Arm
A few more of yto a ^3
Evjnislte Mar- A
u trv Am Ro- kwi. ^/nr o IJ
? ? We uunt to emphasise this value. No ?
? ? store in New York. Chicago or Philadel- ?
? ? phia ran o.frr a better iron bid at $3.75. ?
? ? They c<>me in all sizt-s. ?
? ? Spring!* to match, $1.50. *
? ? Hair Mattress to match. $5.00. ?
Wash. B. Williams,7th&D.
f Jno. W.HTner, Mgr., 812-14 14th st. n.w.
H re's th.it rovelty in Bicycle Repilr Shops
?u j?lurf e*|uipi*-d with iim n who kuow th-ir
business! Anything tools, *kill ami br.iins ran
<!o t??wanl remedying bicycle troubles?expect
ton?ve It beat done here.
Enterprise Cycle Co.
Is caused by his aunoonri'inont
ENVOYS A>- $33.50.
For THIS W EEK ??NLY we will >rll the WELL
KNOWN STRHTLY II1CI! GRADE ENVOY for
$.'C;.5o regular prb-e and former soiling prb-e for
tht? past lo vears. $7.". This is NO I-'REAK. AS
Til? ?FSA\1>S f WASHINGTON'S BEST riders
will testify. We hav-* onlv a few on hand and
can't jL**t any moro. So come early if you want
Whvels. ii hrs. 5*?c.;
all day. lo hrs. $1.
Your wheel < allt d for.
denned and deliver
ed. 3 times.
Expert Repairing at
Jones & Burr,
5139th St. X. w.
"CRESCENTS"-$75. $50. $40.
For $75 '96
Brand-new bicycles?with 28-inch wheels-fitted
with *l#7 seat i-osts. saddles. handle bars, front
and re:ir sprockets and tires-and fullv guaranteed
for six moi ihf by thi largest wheel works in the
Western Wheel Works,
J5.E. c<:. 0th and II sts. II. S. JONES, Jr., Mgr.
That elusive thing==a
Is here. It's railed the *'Jubilee/* and is the
product in finest metal of the best skill of the best
razor-making talent in the world. Fit to remove
the fa? lal hair of crowned and uncrowned rovaltv.
and uni-onditionally guaranteed. Kept iu shaving
condition fre?---as long as you own it. $2 its price,
but those who us*' them value them at tin times
^ ? 2D H1?/^ If <Hi ' C ' ' Two Stores. 477 and
/ SLii li IT O Sj W9 Pennsylvania a va.
A glove fit suit?only easy?
as low as S20?guaranteed of
the top-notch order in cloth and
making for $25. And tailored
here in Washington, too.
J. H. HARBAX, 1419 X. Y. Ave.
"THAT REMINDS ME -*
"G** Whiz! but this is aw
ful weather we've been hav
ing. Pretty hard on folk.- who
suffer with *rl:euinatiz/ I f.-lt
a twinge or two. myself, sev
eral days ago. Rut 1 stop|*-d
that. T.-.k a little MAGRID
ER'S PRIVATE ST?M*K
WHISKY, and been taking it
ever ??ln?e. I always take it
when I feel my "rheumatiz*
Full quart bottles for $1.
JOHN ft MAQRUBER,
CUE. CON \ AVE. AND M STUEET. It
? ti p> ??<?? ? '
^ Tliis shi-uld touch the ee>?omii'al side of you!
^ Flour is every day advancing in price. It's im
Vi*??tbb* to match this low price anywhere!
his famous *"Sao\v flake" Flour is remarkable
w f?r its ln-ing the best all-round flour on the
* market! $l.>So a quarter; 80c. an eighth.
:C. W. BARKER, 1210 F St.X.W. .
Oume, Gentlemen, let us consult.
Tomorrow's huslness be our theme.
As clothing's always been our cult.
Let's tura to fact one lovely dream.
Foil Dress Suits, now let us sell
Par Thirty Dollars? this will make
x Of every man who'll wish?a ?'swell,"
But for our name, 'twould seem a "fake.**
rf uits and Overcoats to order, $15.50.
^ Money back if dissatisfied. Gar
ments kept in repair one year free
'of charge. Write for samples and
.aelf-mcasurenient guide. Open even
ings till 9 o'clock.
941 Pa. ave. n.w.
Fitted properly. Abdominal Supporter*. EUitle
?V<Mlerr etc. NEW WASHINGTON SCROICAL
, okriaiiiXE nui;s& uoe w ?u n.w. ?yi6-u
IN SPORTING CIRCLES
Work Done by the Leading Foot Ball
CADTALLADER OF TILE INJURED
Mile Record for Triplet Wheels
TO RACE aUAINST TIME
Pennsylvania's foot ball team has won
ten games to date. Harvard, seven;
Princeton, seven, and Yale, seven. Cor
nell has won three and tied one; Brown
has won three; Carlisle Indians have won
none; Amherst has won two and tied one.
anil Dartmouth and Williams have each
won one. While the Pennsylvanians lead,
with ten games won and a total of 302
points, they have been scored against an<l
have played more of the weak teams than
the others. Princeton has played the
weaker teams, except when pitted against
Cornell and the Indians, and Harvard and
Yale have had the strongest elevens op
posed to them. Harvard has won 147
points. Yale 142, and Princeton 241. Har
vard has not l>een scored against, nor has
Princeton. Yale was scored against by
Brown by 14 points and by the Indians
by 11 points, a tutal of 23. Penn allowed 4
points to be scored against her.
BIG LOSS TO YALE TEAM.
Left Guurd Ciitlnalladc-r Huh Hl?
Shiinldrr llroken. ?
A dispatch from New Haven. Conn., yes
terday to the New York Herald says: The
worst bit of ill fortune that could possibly
befall Yale's foot ball team was announced
this morning. In Vale's practice In the
tain on the slippery gridiron Cadwallader,
the big freshman guard, was injured just
before the play er.dtd yesterday. Heffle
finger had been playing opposite Cadwalla
der in order to give him practice in break
ing thiough the line and in interference.
Last night Cadwallauer complained of a
painful shoulder. This morning he went to
a surgeon, and the latter U>ld him that his
shoulder bene was broken. Cadwallader
would not believe such was the case, and
consulted another surgeon, who told him
that his shoulder was badly Injured, and
that it was doubtful if he could play any
more foot ball this season.
The second surgeon, however, contended
that the shoulder bone is not broken.
Whether the bone is broken or not, the
chances are that Cadwallader will not be
able to play again this season. The coaches
have little hope of his recovery, and Cap
tain Bodgers said this evening that he
thought it was very doubtful if Cadwalla
der could recover in time for the big games.
Cadwallader's loss will be more serious
than that of any other one player would
be. In addition to his being a tower of
strength in the center of the line, he is
the best kicker of goals from touchdowns
playing this fall. In all the games that
Yale has played he has only missed two.
His goal kicking saved Yale from being
tied by Brown and added eight points to
Yale's score against the Indians. He weighs
21<? pounds and has improved rapklly at
GOOD ROADS FOK MARYLAND.
II111 m to Be llrouKht Before the
The Maryland Road League and the
League of American Wheelmen, Maryland
division, have been maturing plans for
some time looking toward the improvement
of the roads in Maryland. At tl:c next
legislature two bills will be offered, and the
above referred to organizations will use
their combined influence to have them
placed upon the statute book.
The first bill advocates the appointment
of a state road and highway engineer who
will be empowered to employ such en
gineers, clerks and other assistants as the
board of public works, upon application,
The duty of the engineer will be to in
vestigate the condition of the roads :n the
state and the best means of improving the
highways, submitting a report to the gov
ernor at intervals of two ytars and sug
gesting the best means of improving, con
structing and maintaining the roads, with
estimates of costs and exoenses. It shall
also be the duty of the engineer to advise
and assist the county commissioners
throughout the state in building and im
proving roads and constructing bridges and
to make all necessary surveys, locations,
plans and specifications for surh work.
The second bill proposes the establish
ment of a county board of highways and
bridges, in each county. This board is to
have general charge of the construction
and maintenance of the highways and
Besides the Road League and the League
of American Wheelmen, the plans outlined
in the bills are favored by a number of
prominent men, and great pressure will be
brought to secure the desired legislation.
HASH HALL NOTES.
The Baltimore and Ail-American base ball
tourists played at Emporia, Kan..yesterday
before a large crowd, the former winning
easily by the score of IS to 6. Corbett
pitched a good game, while Powell was
hammered all over the lot. the fielding of
the All-Americans being very ragged.
Nctwithstandtng the fact that Johnny
O'Brien considered himself one of the best
second basemen in the big league when
let out by Mr. Wagner, there does not seem
to be much of a demand for Johnny'3 serv
ices so far for next season. Had O'Brien
continued his batting streak Inaugurated
at Louisville, something like .370, his case
would be entirtly different.
A recent letter from J. Earl Wagner,
dated Philadelphia, conveys the informa
ticn that there is absolutely no news to
itK given out as regards the Senators, and
that all th's magnates are anxiously wait
ing for the annual meeting of the league
in the Quaker city next month.
Callahan of the Chicagos has four field
ing averages?one as pitcher, one as out
fielder, one as second baseman and ono
as short stop.
Manager Mack of Milwaukee Is disap
poii.ted over the loss of Fred. Barnes, draft
ed by Brooklyn, as he Intended to play him
at second base next year and place Daly
on first. Mack now says he may pity
first base himself in 1S0S.
The Pittsburg club Is cornering the mar
ket on pitchers. In Tanneblll, Hastings,
Gardner and Hughey the club has a quar
tet of good young twirlers.
Another Priest will enter the collegc class
in base ball. This late recruit?name
George?is a freshman at Princeton, and he
Is expected to be the star twlrler of the
Baltimoreans are snorting over the way
that the All-Americans are trimming the
Maryland tourists, and they say; "They
are Orioles by courtesy only." All of
which Is very true, but It shows that even
exhibition jolts In the jugular hurt.
It Is reported at Chicago that John T.
Brush Is trying to secure Anson to manage
the Cincinnati team, and has offered Uncle
Anson $10,000 a year. It is well known
that President Hart wants to get rid of
Anson. The report is In circulation that
Anson absolutely refused to leave Chi
cago. although the offer is a tempting one.
It was given out In Chicago yesterday
that Ilttsburg had drafted Adonis Terry
from Milwaukee, and In consequence Ccn
nle Mack shed a few tears, as with
Broncho Jones sold to Cleveland and
Barnes drafted by Brooklyn, It makes a se
vere inroad upon the brewers' pitching de
According to official figures of the West
ern League, Milwaukee leads the league in
point of attendance during the season just
closed. Indianapolis ranks second as a
drawing card, St. Paul Is third on the list
and Columbus comes fourth, beating De
troit out by a few paid admissions.
The pennant does not make the Boston
triumvirs lose Interest In the pennies. J.
C. Morse, the base ball editor of the Bos
ton Herald, remarks; "Allen is three times
the player Kelater Is, but the latter Is less
expensive. Too bad a club that has made
$123,000 has to economize."
A radical change was made by the West
ern Leamie at its recent meeting In Chi
cago in the disposal of th? score card prir
lieges, J. D. W. King of Chicago being en
gaged by the magnates to handle the en
tire D-siness for the league, which will
divide the profits of the enterprise at tTTe
end of next season. ? Mr. Kin* will bo
paid a salary of J2..VK), out of which he
will pay his own expenses for soliciting
the advertisements in each of the eight
cities in the circuit, and under his direc
tion the score cards will be printed and
apportioned among the several clubs as
they may desire. The batting orders will
be printed on the grounds of the home
teams nnd the proceeds of the advertising
contracts and sales of the cards remitted
to President Johnson. It is believed that
this plan will give the league a satisfac
tory income and possibly amount to sev
eral thousand dollars each season.
fx COX V ENTIOX A1. LKADS,
"Bonree" nisonsnen Departure Prom
Whist Book Rales.
From the BoBton Transcript.
Many cases might be cited where Im
portant matches were lost practically
through violation of the book rule respect
ing the original lead from hands containing
length (regardless of strength in nigh
cards) in trumps. The Robinson trophy of
the New England Whist Association
changed hands last spring after a very
close match. In which the result was
largely determined by the loss of three
tricks on the second deal played, due to a
refusal to optn six trumps. A similar case
I occurred in a match between Newton and
Boston Duplicate for the American Whist
! Club trophy, at the recent fall tournament
of the New England Whist Association.
I At twro tables the Newton player, holding
five small trumps (hearts), two i>mall
spades, three small diamonds and the
knave and two small clubs, chose the knave
of clubs for his original lead. The play
cost his team one or more tricks in each
case, the Boston Duplicate players opening
the trump suit. The day following the
match Capt. Kingsbury naturally gave ex
pression to his views on the lead und toid
the members of his team he hoped a similar
lapse of Judgment would not occur ;n the
A different phase of the question are
the frequent violations of the rules govern
ing the proper lead from a particular num
ber of trumps, or from certain stated com
binations. The reasons for the variations
in the lead from trump 3ults containing
certain high card combinations, La com
pared with the lead from similar combina
tions In plain suits, is easily understood ?s
explained by the text books. While the
best lead from ace, king and four small
trumps is still disputed, the lead of the
ace from seven In suit, and the lead of the
fourth best from ace, king and tnr^e small,
or king, queen and three or four small
has been universally accepted as sound.
Notwithstanding the fact that players are
perfectly familiar with these rules, the
losses occasioned by refusals to act upon
this knowledge are surprisingly frequent.
Holding an established suit, and no re
entry outside of trumps, a player Is often
justified in his choice of a high card lead,
contrary to rule. Usually, however, it Is
not under these conditions that one sees
individual Judgment thus exercised. In the
match for the American Whist League
challenge trophy at the sixth congress one
of Chicago's most skillful players led the
queen of trumps from king, queen and
three small, finding his partner with the
kr.ave alone, and lost a trick. At the
American Whist Club on Saturday last a
reliable player lost ?.t least one of the two
tricks by which he missed "top" score by
Uading the queen of trumps from king,
queen and four small. There was no es
pecial reason for his wishing the ace out
of the way at once, and he knew that the
correct lead was the fourth best trump.
A peculiar case of justifiable disregard for
the rule, which extremely surprised oppo
nent. occurred in an important trophy
match last spring. The original lead Indi
cated trump strength, and fourth hand,
it|?on winning the trick, led a low trump
from ace, king, knave and four small. He
found his partner with the lone queen, and
as a result prevented the advocate of
trump-showing leads from making a trump,
although he held the ten and three small.
Original leader questioned the soundness
of the play and attributed the outcome to
luck, hut fourth hand volunteered no ex
planation. After ieallzing two or three
heavy losses from Individual experiments
contrary to rule, players are usually well
satisfied to return to first principles.
llnnliK-Jonm Hunt 1'onI poaed.
The twenty-rour.d bout bfetween Tony
Banks and Arthur Jones for feather-weight
championship of the District, which was
scheduled for last night, was postponed
on account of the rain, until a subsequent
date r.ot yet selected.
lletonlca'n Ilrilllnnt Achievement.
SANTA ANNA. Cal., October 27.-Be
tonlca. a three-year-old pacer, went a mile
against time, unpaccd, in 2.0C%, beating
the record made by Searchlight last week
of 2.07. Betonica went to the half in l.ofi.
The last half was made in the remarkable
time of 1.01%.
After 1.It-ill. W'Inc'm Record.
Cycler Mcl>cnald of Wilmington, Del.,
will start from this city November 8, and
ride a bicycle to New York. He will en
deavor to beat the time lately made by
lieutenant H. D. Wise of the army. Lieu
tenant Wise's time was for the 23!>Vi miles
27 hours 31) minutes.
World'* Triplet Itreoril Bi'ati'n.
The world's triplet record for a mile was
lowered from 1.44 to 1.41 by McDuflie,
Church and Fowler, In the face of a strong
wind at Willow Grove, Philadelphia, yes
terday. The previous record was made
l>y Johnson. Martens and Kiser at De
troit, but as the event was not under L.
A. W. sanction the new time will probably
not be recognized.
A Politician'* Advice.
From tlie New York Churchman.
One of the fundamental principles of the
art of disseminating opinions was happily
stated a few days ago by a prominent poli
tician while giving advice to young men
who want to go Into politics. "You
needn't go out," he says, "and make
speeches and thrill people with eloquence,
und all that. Just begin right at heme.
Suppose you live In a flat building where
there are a dozen families. Well, begin on
the man who lives In the flat across the
hall from you. Make friends with him an a
get him to vote as you want him to. Then
you have made the beginning of a success
ful political career. When you nave got tne
man on your floor, go up a flight and
tackle the fellow on the next floor. Win
him over, and you have two followers. So
on up, flat by flat, until you control a good
part of the votes In your house
When you have captured the house you live
In. go next door and repeat the program.
And so on until you have gained a follow
lrg throughout a block That Is
the only way to lasting success In politics.
Speech-making and fine writing may put a
man forward for a while, but the man who
Is a permanent power in politics Is the one
who began work at home with the man
across the hall, and gradually got control
of an election district. I have been uni
formly successful In politics for thirty-live
years. That's the way I reached my pres
ent position, and It's the way all the real
leaders have taken."
Staair by ('acta* Plants.
From tlie Philadelphia Record.
Several men employed about Horticultural
Hall in Palrmount Park are nursing very
sore heads, and one of them is Just sure
that he is out of'danger from blood poison
ing from stings received in handling prick
ly cactus plants. All summer the tall,
slender cacti have stood with soldierly
erectness In a bed at the east end of the
hall. When frost threatened the head
gardener gave orders for their removal
Into winter quarters, and the men having
the Job went about It without the usual
precaution of wearing buckskin gloves.
They were stung in many places by the
needles that bristled from the stalks, but,
as the pain at the time was not great, they
kept at the work until all the cacti bad
been housed. A few hours later their hands
began to puff up and soon swelled to un
gainly proportions as the poison of the
stings took effect. They suffered Intensely
for several days, and even now, after a
week has elapsed, have to use their hands
in a very gingerly manner Indeed.
? ? ?
The Marietta Sails (or Sitka.
The gunboat Marietta has sailed from
San Francisco for Sitka to relieve the
Concord, which will come home to Marti
Island to refit for aervic* ou the Chinese
FEELING OF SECURITY
Hawaii Not Apprehensive of Violent
? ? ?jVQ'!?r
RELYING ON THE ^M) STATES
Another Meeting of t^e Anti-An
* ? '
INTEKESTS OF NATIVES
Special CbrTespondeore of The Evening Star.
HONOLULU, October 12, 181)7.
Some flurry and speculation were excitcd
on the 3d by the arrival of the United
States gunboat Wheeling with dispatches
for Admiral Miller. Here we had been
apprised of nothing immediately menacing
to Eafety, and therefore inferred that some
thing new had come to light at Washing
ton which called for special attention
here. Was it from Spain or from Japnn
or from both together? Home even fan
cied a possibility that the United States
flag might be raised here at once. It was
given out the next day that the Wheeling
had been sent as a temporary relief to the
Philadelphia, until the Baltimore could ar
rive. The former Icruiser sailed for Marc
Island a few days lateiv vThe reason as
signed hardly accounted for the sudden
ness with which the Wheeling had been
dispatched. It now appears that some
alarm had been created at Washington by
supposedly suspicious Japanese movements
reported from Honolulu. No such alarm,
feit ."ere, hud transpired to the public
anything serious. We have not bttn ap
apprehtr sive of immediate hostile action
of any kind from the Japanese, either from
those resident here or from their naval
ioI.tJ,STPr?habIy. 4?e fact that among the
10,Japanese laborers brought here dur
he Past three years there are consid
erable numbers who hav.e had some mili
tary training. It is quite possible that
wi ""eh persons may have been sent
here by their government with sinister
purpose. In the case of a rising of tlie
Japanese here, perhaps to restore the
?U/nenJfnH*elLJupaneiie control. such trained
mtn might become a formidable element it
?nPtn^tsiWL .i?"?8' Tt>ere teems no rea
son to think that our government possesses
any definite hint of such a schema It
also seems quite unlikely that the unques
tionable design of Japan to control Ha
waii includes any plan of Japanese Insur
rection here until her navy Is prepare*
to co-operate, or until such time as the
rumerlcal preponderance of those imm*
grants should give them decisive advan
tage. s"ch intended preponderance has
been for the present arrested by our very
P?rrJi>^..nsJiCt,01 ln refuslhS admission to
large numbers of immigrants.
l*or taking such action to prevent being
swainptd and smothered by Japanese im
o?r little government Is lySjj
under the severe displeanure of our Im
perial1 neighbor, who loftily refusesTo aT
tmversv " U"y ,ri*hts in ,hu con"
iroversy. The general feeling here is
however, that the present protective ntti
tude of the United StJt* Irt maintaining
a good naval force at Honolulu renders
Janan ,bIe 'lny forc^Ie action by
Japan, either to constrain u* or to occunv
the group, until such tiipe asrshe feels well
prepared for hostilities with the United
States. Such hostilities she will probably
long postpone entering upon. At the same
mav bin vP"38ihle lo say how deeply Japan
maj have become Impressed with the Irn
tPoCrtr^,t0 hCrSe,f of Ha^?11 a* the k";
i"e contro1 in this hemisphere.
,u e Japtnese." Count ofcuma wrote in
actlvifv F i- \ "thf ?ci>an the field of
nf th r, ,n fatt"r ,n the -Jevelvp
ment of the Pacific and the eastern As a
stems to be the destiny of" our nation "
can naval, force remaftirt inferior to -her
wTvo* admlnistrat!on is probably
n ? "ougn to take nothing for granted
tilni moderation of Japanese Inten
Our anti-annexationiFts. not satisfied with
the rather ignominious failure of their at
tempted demonstration over a month 2teo,
called another mass meeting last Friday,
with better success. There was a flne
moon, and some 2,000 people gathered, not
mere than half of them natives. As in the
pievlous meeting, the native speakers were
" of no special influence or prominence,
even among their own people, although
they managed to impart considerable ar.i
mation to the affair. The principal speak
er was Joseph O. Carter, the same gentle
LniuoVaU ?V , last moment prevailed on
l^llluokalani to accede to Minister Willis'
i,TiTf i? "jnnesty, instead of insisting or
beheading Messrs. Dole & Co. Although a
capable business man, and one of high in
?n? !' Carter is n?t a practiced ora
n Tiiaiiii advOC,ate" ,Ile ^rcely made as
Plausible a show for his bad cause as a
more adroit advocate might have done.
? , Cral'ItTer represented that, while inde
pendent, Hawaii would pursue her course
, securely, whereas If ap
i .J United States she became
liable, in the event of war, to be the the
Srh?n actlve and detrimental conflict. He
wholly ignored the existing formidable at
titude of Japan, as well as the peculiar
central and strategical position of Ha
waii, which exposes it to be the object of
future struggle between the powers. While
not imputing to the speaker dishonest In
tention such a man can hardly be too
strongly reprehended for telling the Ha
wailans that they can possibly .continue
secure while independent. Nothing can be
plainer than the contrary fact, or than
their present Imminent peril of being
smothered by an overwhelming Japanese
immigration. It is cruel for an intelligent
leader thus to mislead them. Mr. Carter's
next position was that the past advan
tages of reciprocity would not be insured to
?rS ,.y?annexatlon, as claimed, because the
nited States tended to enter upon recip
rocal arrangements with other countries,
?? dc?e ,1? our detriment under the
?,C^llJ. y ,I ' He forgot to note that
Hawaii would share in whatever protec
tion or bounty would be enjoyed by sugar
or other Interests in America.
lne =,MKfr runner deprecated *he cer
tain revolutionizing ot the whole labor sys
tem or the islands as a consequence of an
nexation. By the competition of Ameri
cans the wages of skilled labor and of
e'erks would be lowered to San Francisco
rates. He failed to notice how much such la
bor now suffers from the very active compe
tition of Asiatics, whom annexation would
keep from being reinforced. Field labor,
he alleged, would rise in price, owing to
L*e e^l?n .ot imP?6t#d contract labor
ers, but the truth is tb&t, .-ceasing to be
ccmpulbory. the free I*^r .^Ul be of beu
ter quality, while the<,?nptyaved price of
sugar will enable bette*wiifes to be paid
Taxes also, he said, would iflecessarily be
increased although from, Hawaii to Niihau
Jho .C?"try was a'reajljr ? ggoaning under
fntlia..! a8sessme#is. The only truth
!? 'hl' s that certain, plamters enjoying
large dividends have beea violently kicking,
as rich men are apt to do* because the
af"?^ora had raised the) valuation of their
fj^ '^t'o?8 somewhat ?b?v? the sum of
the dividends derived! 4herefrom. There
8n "? .8pec,al woaetog among the
common people, whose t&XM are lighter
than ln almost all oth?r countries. With
t?i?n^ea.i:Li)r.0S7'es"ve -Pl'^tlon of the
Increase nf taxation mav be
necessary upon property, but will pa v a
large return In increased value through
ments. ' Bnd 0tlf *?Prove
Mr-Carter closed with a stirring appeal
to ?t"-nd fast for the national life and ln
^P,e",d,enCe.'. 41111 w,th burning expression
it atton at the outrage of January
it, i?W3, when the monarchy was over
thrown, and annexation resolved to be
sought. It was noticeabls that the speaker
?_ to? honest to repeat the oft-re
ruted -charge that the revolution was ef
fected by the naval forces of the United
States, although he claimed, as a native
American, to be ashamed of what was
then done. Most Americans residing here
took active part therein, and are not
ashamed of their courage and determina
tion In overthrowing a ' wanton and un
scrupulous monarch and substituting hon
est government under republican forms.
Wmt ? Vote of Uawaiinaa Taken.
There was read to the meeting a me
morial ln Hawaiian and' English, of thlr
, teen articUs addressed to the President and
Senate of the United States, protesting
1 against annexation, for reasons given, and
asking that a plebiscite of the voters of Ha
waii might be taken, to be decisive upon the
question. This memorial is to go forward
today per Belglc. as a formal expression
of the views and feelings of the native
people of Hawaii, claiming to be the Ha
waiian nation, to take from whom their
Independence and sovereignty without their
consent is held to be robbery and a na
tional outrage. In view of this formal as
sertion of rights it may be fitting here to
refute this claim for a plebiscite, more ex
plicitly than has hitherto been done In this
correspondence. The San Francisco Call
has become the organ of the antl-annexa
tlon'-ets, having been purchased for that
purpose by Mr. John D. Spreckels, the |
business partner of his eminent father.
Claus Spreckels, who is so prominent in
the ranks of our great enemy, the sugar :
1 trust. Late numbers of the Call arc loud- |
ly beating the drum about the murderous
wrong done to the noble Hawaiian nation.
In robbing them of their independence and
country, by the recent ratification of the
treaty of annexation by the Hawaiian sen
j ate without submitting it to a vote of the
In discussing the claims of the native
Hawaiians in the decision of the question
of alienating the sovereignty of the Is
lands, It should be promised that this weak
and still wasting race do possess the strong
est claims upon the United States for kind,
considerate and respectful treatment.
Toward all whites, and especially toward
Americans, the deportment of ihe Ha
waiians has always been exceedingly kind,
( hospitable and winning. They have habitu
j ally leaned upon Americans as Instructors,
counsellors and piotcctnrs. American en
terprise in commerce an agriculture has
been unobstructed. . anil ha* resulted in
I great wealth for the whites, and in gen
1 eral well-being for the natives. It is due
to these kind and compliant aborigines
that their highest interests should be
sacred in the eyes of the great nation of
1 whom they are now to become a part. If
the highest Interests of those concerned
make It necessary to transgress their wrong
I ly conceived claims, it should be done with
respect and consideration.
Natives Not Competent to Judge.
Thus premising, It may be said that the
! very grave question at issue Is one upon
which comparatively few of the natives
I are fairly competent to form any adequate
judgment. The common natives possess
sufficient education and character to enable
them usefully to exercise the voting fran
chise, providing that the more shiftless
and worthless are excluded by a very mod
erate property or income qualification. But
on the question of independence or an
nexation too many factors are involved for
the ordinary native's simple mind to take
them In at the same time that he is sub
ject to a misleading sentiment of loyalty
to his own people and chiefs, which has
long stimulated the impossible cry, "Ha
waii for the Hawaiians!" To commit to
such ig lorance the decision of this weighty
and vital question is alike fatal to them
selves and to the public interests. It must
I be settled for them by the wiser and far
seeing, as is being done. So far from It
being justice to let them decide the ques
tion, it would be cruelly and end in their
The interests of the native people demand
the direct and intimate protection of the
United States for one great reason, that
if Hawaii continues independent, it will
be practically impossible to let them have
en active part in its government. The
civilization existing here, now so splendid
arid progressive, is a foreign one. It must
and will be conlucted by foreigners. The
native Hawaiian can only have a secon
dary part in it, by reason of his present
lack of the necessary intelligence and
force, the same that excludes him from a
share in the higher walks of business. Un
der the monarchy the government was al
ways conducted by able white men. The
natives participating were never anything
more than figureheads. As long as the
native rulers had the moderation and good
sense to adopt the views of able white ad
visers, government quite satisfactory to
the necessities of civilized society and
commerce mas secured. When Kalakaua
nnd his sister attempted themselves to
rule, the whites were necessitated to make
revolutions, as In 1.SS7 and 1803. The na
tives never really governed after civiliza
tion got into possession.
The whites have been in a small minor
ity, ai.d under the necessity of controlling
the government would be compelled to
hold the rest of the population in subjec
tion with a somewhat strong hand, .is
'White men are in the habit of doing among
the less advanced races. Thus inde
pendence for Hawaii would mean the en
tire subjugation of the natives by the
whites, and the ruling class would prob
ably ,not long continue to be as disinter
ested. benevolent ar.d upright a class of
men as those now holding the reins. There
would probably be internal struggles, in
which, whoever prevailed, the Hawaiians,
as the weaker among the different races,
would inevitably be driven to the wall.
Under the government of the United States
all such internal struggles would be pre
vented. and the whites an l natives would
dwell together in peace as fellow-citizens,
with a truly republican government. Un
der no other political arrangement will A
lie pcssible to secure equal political lights
to the Hawailaes. Hut this they cannot
now be made to se-.?. It must be settled
Combating Javanese Immigration.
Hut without strong i.nd fu!l American oc
cupation, moreover no method appears
whereby an overwhelming Japanese immi
gration can be presented. In less than
ten years Hawaii would become predomi
nantly Japanese. T;ie intelligence and force
of those people, backed by the prestige of
Japan, would inevitaoly saat them in pos
session of the government of Hawaii. In
which not only would the weak native liavo
no place, but under which he would be
uriven completely to the wail by the busy
and thrifty Japanese. Thus, by reason of
a manifest and imminent peril from with- I
out. would Independence speedily become
ruinous to the native Hawaiian.
It is utter folly and blindest stupidity to
talk of submitting the question of annex
ation to a plebiscite of the Hawaiian peo
the Unitod Slates believe it com
patible with their own Interests to absorb
Hawaii, which is already so splendidly
Americanized, they are also loudly called
upon to take under their shelter this feeble
but amiable, Hawaiian people, who still
need that nursing care which Americans
have given them for threj -quarters of a
If you want anything, try an ad. In Tin
star, if anybody has what you wish, you
will get an answer.
The Manner in Which "Fraud Or
dere" Have Been Issued.
POSTMASTER GEHEBIL'S POWERS
Action Taken on Ex-Parte Evi
MR. TYNEB'S OPINION
If there la any one process of the United
States government that can be likened to a
star chamber proceeding It Is the manner
In which fraud orders, depriving the Indi
vidual against whom they are directed of a
right to the use of the mails, have been
Issued since the law giving the Postmaster
General this authority was enacted by Con
gress. The practice that has governed in
these matters has been for the Postmaster
General to Issue a fraud order in any case
in which. In his opinion, they should be
Issued to prevent fraud, and r.o provision
has ever been made giving the accused per
son the right of a hearing. Indeed. It has
never been necessary even to state the
case clearly to the accused person.
The Law in the Cane.
The law provides that "the Postmaster
General may. upon evidence satisfactory to
him that any person or company Is engaged
in conducting any lottery, gift enterprise or
scheme for the distribution of money or of
any real or personal property by lot. chance
or drawing of any kind, or that any l?er
son or company is conducting any ether
scheme devised for obtaining money or
property of any kind through the mails b>
means of false or fraudulent pretense, rep
lesentatlons or promises, ' give the "?<-??>
sary instructions to postmasters for ?ltn
holdlng registered or other letters or re
turning them to the writers marked
"fraudulent," and may forb.d the paymem
of money orders addressed to persons
under the ban of the Post Office Depart
"rhis provision of law leaves the matter
entirely in the discretion of the t-osinuister
General. It provides for no hearing for the
accused person and court decisions ha\e
been to the effect that there can be no ap
peal from this decision. It is easy to see
how such great authority mignt be abused
and the power to issue a fraud order be
come a means of persecution and
Since Mr. Tyner, the assistant attorney
general for the Post Office Department,
came into office he has made a departure
from the ordinary proceeding in these
cases. He is the officer who investigates
such mattere for the information of the
Postmaster General, who is the one to
sign fraud orders. Speaking to a ktar re
porter today, and when asked if he did not
regard the usual manner ot procedure in
the issuing of fraud orders as in the nature
of a star chamber trial, he replied:
"I would not like to use that term con
cerning It. Almost all fraud orders that
hava been issued have been based on ex
parte evidence. The great bulk of them
have been issued without giving the ar
oused party an opportunity to be heard.
1 have thought that that was Improper,
because the law provides for the deprl,a
tion to the citizen of one of his most s^ed
rights, that of using the malls, and while
I recognize the importance of purging the
mails, through the provisions of of
everything of an obscene or dishonest kind.
I have thought that any person against
whom complaints art lodged should hate
as much right to appear and explain his
business as any person charged wltn a
crime or misdemeanor has to answer .ne
charge in court. True, the trial in such
cases cannot be anything like the trials in
the courts of justice or criminal courts,
for the reason that the department has no
nower to summon witnesses and compel
them to testifv, and to send for persons
and papers, or to do anything except to
obtain information, through such channels
as are open to it. For that very reason,
because the evidence against the accused
party must of necessity l>e ex-parte. I have
thought that It was only common fairness
to give the accused person an opportunity
to answer charges. Many cases that are
brought before this office are so palpably
fraudulent upon their face, by wnicn 1
mean the terms and promises of an adver
tisement or circular, that, in my judgment,
they may be condemned without further
examination upon the provision of the law
which prohibits any circulation througn
the mail of 'schemes devised for the pur
pose of obtaining money, etc., under false
pretenses.' . 4 . .
"During my former term as assistant at
torney general I exercised reasonable cau
tion in mcst of these cases, but the sub
sequent reflection of four or five years has
satisfied me that e$vn more than the ex
ercise of ordinary diligence should be ob
served, and the party himself given the
opportunity to defend. I have adopted that
plan, and rarely issue a traud order with
out notifying the party that he can appear
in person or by attorney, or explain his
case through a communication, to ue sub
mitted by a certain date. If he conies, in
this way we hear him and act accordingly.
If he fails to come, we proceed to act in
his absence. Such a thing, however, as a
I rc traded hearing until the case of John
Wedderbuin & Company came up, involv
ing a hearing running through several
days was unknown to this cfflce. Hence
it follows that that is exceptional, and I
certainly hope it may not be repeated in
the future. Recently and for three or
four months the fraud order which was
prepared for the signature of the Postmas
ter General has been accompanied with a
brief statement of the facts upon which
it is based." .. ....
"Do you think it would be desirable, Mr.
Tyner was asked by the reporter, "to have
further legislation in regard to the issuance
of fraud orders in order to insure fairness
to accused parties?"
l.eiitalation Xot Deemed Jiecrwar) .
"I do not think It necessary to change the
law. The* execution of it with reasonable
caro is all that is needed. The Postmaster
MEHTTK DRUG KTORJS.
?We conduct this pharmacy on
* business-bringing principles.
We win trade by putting prices
4 at sensible figures?by making it
I i (o your interest to buy here?by
| J giving you the best of evcry
4 ?Ours is a modern pharmacy
4 through and through.
i We're making n Ulg run on
our AIJtfoNH OHJ) <HRAM
f a roui'-tly |mr eicclhtiv.
4 |?ut uji this |?roj?nrat l??n In nnui
ple Jar* of (dutiful delft Wm?
J rhina. |?r4?bly the liand?<?m.**t fl C-,
s Jars in ?*c for ?u?*h m |>urj*s>.. H
FOR FAMILY OSB:
* H'> jars 35c.
\ i-lb. jars 50c. j
4 I-lb. jars 75c. 1
The Specials. ?
< Rabateau's f
< Cucumber & Lettuce *
4 Soap, 3 cakes, 25c.
4 NWly put up in nicely perfonuM
- a wm|i tliat is letter than you
pay the troo?*T for.
- iimi in twt'.cr than y
s pay ?1ouMe the iroo?'y for.
< Liebig's Liquid Malt
3 Extract, 15c. bot.
' ?L50 doz. bottles.
It makes you hungry.
i Pharmacy, Iflth ?& F.
fc-=round - ?=ooeini
Nickel or Rubber-trimmed
_ ^ - ?a C^9
IIAKNKKS. TRI'NKU, CLTLEBY, I7TC.
B328 F St. N^u K,,1,,rr
General no-v has authority to formulate
regulations or rules of practice for the en
forcement of this law. and this he has
done so far as the lottery feature of the
law Is concerned. It does not seem neces
eary that he should enlarge the regula
tions so as to include the fraud feature, yet
in view of the difficulty ol managing the
Wedd.-rburn case, and the possibility
that similar cases of equal or less
magnitude may hereafter come up It
may l>? well for the Postmaster Gen
eral to establish such rules. As soon
as I can command sufficient leisure to give
the subject my own attention, I will prob
ably consult the l*oetm;'?t.-r Genetal upon
this point. There Is no danger of commit
ting a gross wrong upon any citizen In the
enforcement of this law unless It U done
recklessly or carelessly In this office."
"Can the courts lake Jurisdiction In mat
ters of this kind and coirpel the I'ostmas
ter General to rescind a fraud order?" wan
"That Is the very question that will prob
ably be considered in connection with the
Wedderburn case before the Interior I>e
parttnent. The cases l>efore the two <1e
)<artments are analogous except that so far
as this department Is concerned the law
particularly authorizes the Postmaster Gen
eral to deal with these cases according to
his own discretion. A case of this char
acter was decided in the Supreme Court of
the District of Columbia by Judge Cox. The
Postmaster General had issued a Iraud or
der against Dauphin, then president of the
Louisiana lottery Com|>any. denying him
the privileges of the mails und<-r the law
referred to. Dauphin brought a suit against
the Postmaster General to prevent the ex
ecution of the order. The question of the
constitutionality of the act was raised, and
the further question as to whether the
Postmaster General's order was authorized
l>y the law was considered. Judge Cox de
cided that the law was constitutional and
that the Poslmastir General's order uaa
In conformity with the law. and therefore
dismissed the case. A similar dccisiou was
rind-Ted by Judge Taft in another case
brought before the L'nited Slates Court of
Appeals at Cincinnati. Judge Pardee ren
dered a similar decision."
"I'nder this provision of law might not
the Postmisler General exercise the gr-at
power given him very unjustly and to the
injury of many citizens.'" the reporter
"The act under consideration Invests the
Postmaster General with unusual power.
There are very few. if any. statutes that
clothe any < xe< utive officer with such au
thority, and for that reason, in my Judg
ment, it should be executed wth the gr> at
est care. On the other hand, if the Post
master Gereral were not clothed with au
thority that would enable him to examine
into and cure the evils arising from the
commission of frauds of ,this kind, the
mails would be loaded with literature con
cerning fraudulent schemes, and the gov
ernment In that way would be a party l?
A Coin I* the Bottle.
From the Philadelphia RwhiL
There have f>een patented all kinds of
schemes devised for the purpose of se
curing a bottle that cannot bt refilled after
having once been emptied of Its contents.
A great deal of fraud Is said to be per
petrated by filling the bottle of r-ome stand
ard liquor with an Inferior grad?, and
palming It off as the original bottling. An
Ingenious Phlladelphlan proposes lo ac
complish this by blowing a coin In the
body of the glass bottle, and he thinks
that this will be tempting enough to In
duce some oiie to break the bottle as soon
as it has been emptied.
Of Entire Stock Off
Jewelers, 1229 Pa. Ave.,
We hare been in liuliini In oar present store. No. ISIS
Pennsylvania avenue, for a quarter century, and for tb.
greater portion of that time hare carried the l?(tat stock of
diamonds and other precious stones of any jewelry house in
Washington, but owing to tfae depressed condition of trade
during the past four years we have been conducting our busi
ness at a ioas and And ourselves at the present time with a
large and valuable stock, which we have nude unusual ef
forts to dispose of, without av*il. We have now deckled t.
wind up our Jewelry business, and haw determined upon as
auction sale as the speediest war of realising oa the Mack,
?very article In Mr store will be offered In siagt. lots to salt
the purchasers, and will be sold to the highest bidder.
Attention Is called to special terms
stone* wlH be sold, they being held to
for eotnp.1 rival We sssure the public that the reputation
we l?ve enj<iyed f..r fair dealing la the past aball be fully
aulntaiMd throughout this sale. The retail fade la
dally Invited. Chilsunas shoppers should not rail to
advantage of thla opportunity. Respectfully,
Jeweler*, 1229 Pennsylvania