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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 12, 1898, Image 1

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THE EVENING STAK.
Pt'BLlSHED DAILY E.XCKPT ?I'5PA*.
AT the btar buildings,
JJCl Jnriyirtcli A Tram, Cor. 11th St., by
The Ereniiig 8tar Newspaper Company
8. H. KAUFFMANN, Prea't.
New York Offlce, 49 Potter Baildinj.
The Evening Star Is peered to anhacribera In the
city by ci rrlera. on their cwn account, at 10 eenta
per week cr 44 cent# per month. Copiea at the
cor.nter 2 reita ea<*b. By mail?anywhere in the
United Statea <r C-aaada?pottage prepaid?00 centa
per month.
Safurday Qnlntnpl*- Sheet Star, $1 per year, with
foreign postage added. $3.08.
(Entered at the Po t Office at Waahington, D. C..
an **?<* ?nd-rlM*? mn'l matter.)
C7Ail mall (rat>acriptlona must be paid in advance.
Ratea of advertiaing made known on application.
i ; i
No. 14,102.
WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, MAY 12, 1898-FOURTEEN PAGES.
TWO CENTS.
Advertising Is not an Experts*.
It it a business investment. If
you want to invest your money
profitably you will therefore put
your advertisements in such a
paper as The Evening Star, that
is read regularly and thoroughly
by everybody worth reaching.
The Star is the recognized
household and family journal of
the National Capital, and has
no rival as an advertising med
ium.
Ensip Bailey and Foot Men Killed at
Cardenas, Ma.
LIEUT. BERHADOD WAS WOUNDED
i
Tie Loss fas MM in en Eiapit Witl tie
Splsl Yesterday.
THE TORPEDO BOAT WINSLOff HARD HIT.
Cruiser Wilmington and Gunboat Hudson Were
Also Engaged in the Fight.
SPANISH SHORE BATTERIES SILENCED
Ensign Worth Bagley and four
/nen of the torpedo boat \V inslow
were killed in a fight with Spanish
gunboats and shore batteries in Car
denas harbor yesterday. Several
others were wounded, and the boat
was badly crippled.
A Hong Kong special says the
cruiser Concord sunk a Spanish war
ship off the port of Iloilo.
An unconfirmed special from the
Island of Martinique says an Ameri
can squadron (supposedly Admiral
Sampson's) is bombarding San Juan.
Porto Rico.
Gen. Merritt will go to the Philip
pines as military governor, and a
force of 12,000 or 15,000 troops will
be sent there.
Gen. Miles and his staff will leave
for Tampa tonight.
A combined land and naval attack
will be made on Havana without de
lav.
Downing, the alleged Spanish spy,
committed suicide in his cell at the
Washington barracks this morning.
There were additional rumors of a
concert of European powers to in
terfere in the result of the war be
tween the 1. nited States and Spain.
Germany is represented as the leader
of the movement, but this is semi
officially denied in Berlin.
Vessels coming into the Northern
Atlantic pons report having sighted
Spanish torpedo lx>ats. and a Ger
man steamer claims to have been
fired on.
KEY WEST, Fla., May 12.?When the
Vn'ted States gunboat Hudson came up to
the government dock at S o'clock this morn
ing the bodies of five dead men were lying
on h'-r after de;k. They were the remains
of Ensign Worth Fiagley and four members
Of the crew of the torpedo boat Winslow.
who were killed Ir. an engagement in Car
denas harbor yesterday afternoon. Th>;
todies were covered by the stars and
Biripes.
In the cabin of the Hudson was Captain
John B. BernadO'i of the Winslow, who Is
slightly injured in the left leg, and several
others of the Winslowa crew, who were
?lightly wounded.
l.iat of tin- Dead.
The dead are:
Ensign Worth Bagley.
John Varveries, oiler.
Elijah Tunnell. cabin cook.
G. B. Meeka. fir'-man.
J. IVnfee. fireman.
The engagemert took place Inside the
harbor of Cardenas. The gunboat Wilming
ton, th~ torpedo boat Winslow and the gun
beat Hudson were the only vessels engaged.
They entered the harbor for the purpose of
attacking some Spanish gunboats which
were known to be there. These latter,
however, were not discovered by the Amer
ican force until the Spaniards opened fir?.
The land batteries of Cardt-nas supported
the lire of the Spanish gunboats.
The engagement commenced at 2:05 p.m.
and lasted for about an hour.
Ille Wounded.
The wounded are:
R. E. Cox, gunner's mate.
D. McKeon, quartermaster.
J. Paterson, fireman.
F. Gray.
Lieutenant J. Bernadou.
All are slightly wounded except Pater
son. whose condition is serious.
The battle, while It lasted, was terrific.
The Wilmington and Hudson were
ahead and opened Are on the Spanish boats,
which were lying at the docks. The firing
began at a range of 3,5<Ki yards.
A few minutes later the Winslow came
up and also opened fire. In an instant the
entire attention of the Spanish gunboats
and land batteries was directed upon her.
From all sides shot and shell seemed to
pour in upon the little torpedo boat.
The Wilmington and the Hudson still
kept up their fire, but they could not turn
aside the terrible storm of fire and death
pouring in upon the torpedo boat.
The crew of the Winslow, however, never
faltered for a sccond. At 2:33 p.m. a solid
shot crashed through the hull of the Win
slow and knocked out her boiler. In an
instant she began to roll and drift help
lessly.
Moment of Awful Suprnte,
Then there was a moment of awful sus
pense. A fierce cheer of triumph went up
from the Spaniards on the gunboats and
in the batteries, and again a storm of lire
was opened upon the helpless boat.
The gunboat Hudson, which was lying
near by, started to the assistance.of the
Winslow. She ran alongside the torpedo
boat and tried to throw a line to the im
periled crew.
t p to this time, with the exception of
the one shot, which disabled the boiler
of the Winslow, the firing of the Spanish
gunboats had been wild, but as the Wins
low lay rolling in the water, the range
grew closer and shells began to explode
all about her.
It was difficult for the Hudson to get
near enough to throw a line to the Wins
low's crew, so terrible was the fire all about
her.
Klui.ll> Got Out u Line.
Finally, after trying for about twenty
minutes, the Hudson approached near
enough to throw a line.
Ensign Bagley and six men were stand
ing in a group on the. deck of the Winslow. j
?Heave her! Heave her!" shouted Bag- !
ley, as he looked toward the commander
of the Hudson and called for a line.
? Don't miss it," shouted an officer from
the Hudson, and. with a smile, Bagley!
called back: "Let her come It>a gettiag
too hot here for comfort."
The line was thrown and, at the same
instant, a shell burst in the very midst of
? the group of men on board the Winslow.
Bagley was instantly killed and a few
, Others dropped about him. Half a dozen
more fell groaning on the blood-stained
; deck. One of the dead men pitched head
long over the side of the boat, but his feet
caught in the iron rail and he was hauled
back.
I?n?Ie? Hit Mildly.
Bagley lay stretchcd on the deck with
his face completely torn away and the up
per part of his body shattered.
It was a terrible moment. The torpedo
lK.at, disabled and helpless, rolled and
swayed under the fury of the fire from the
Spanish gunboats. When the shell burst
in the group on board the Winslow another
Wild shout Of triumph went up from the
Spanish boats and batteries, and again a
heavy fire was opened on the torpedo boat.
Finally the Hudson succeeded in getting
a line on board the Winslow and was tow
ing her out of the deadly range, when the
line parted, and again both boats were at
the mercy of the Spanish fire.
Only Three Men Left.
At p.m. the Hudson managed to get
ancther line on the deck of the Winslow,
but there were only three men left tlhere
at that time to make it fast.
The line was finally secured, and the
Winslow was towed up to Pedras Island
where she was anchored, with her dead
and wounded on her deck. Then some men
from the Hudson went on board the Wins
low and took the most seriously wounded
men off. Three who were taken on board
(Continued on Second Pagej
DOWNING A SUICIDE
The Alleged Spanish Spy Takes His
Own Life.
GUARD FINDS HIM HANGING IN HIS CELL
The Prisoner Had Become Dis
pirited and Melancholy.
EVIDENCE AGAINST HIM
The perplexing question as to whether
George Downing, the alleged Spanish spy,
will be tried by court-martial or not was
settled by himself this morning. He com
mitted suicide by hanging himself from
the cell in which he was, contined at the
Washington barracks. The prisoner took
a towel, tore it in two. and knotted a silk
handkerchief to this. He had fixed the
neose so well that the knot was under his
left ear when he was found, and life was
almost extinct. He was discovered by the
sergeant of the guard at 9:22 a.m. He had
been seen five minutes previously, sitting
on the edge of his bunk reading a maga
zine. apparently calm and composed. No
papers were allowed him at the barracks,
so he spent most of his time in reading
magazines.
As quickly as possible the sergeant of
the guard cut nim down and the officer
of the (lay. Lieut. Strong, was notified.
Immediately Dr. De Shon was called, and.
assisted by members of the hospital corps,
he made an attempt to resuscitate Down
ing. but he had performed his work well.
He died in a few minutes after he was
taken down. The body was allowed to rest
in the cell until the customary red-tape
business was gone through with, when Cor
oner Carr was notified by the assistant sec
retary of war and it was removed to tho
morgue.
In a Xcrvous State.
As previously stated in The Star, Dow n
ing lias been exceedingly dispirited ever
since his confinement. He has been trou
bled with insomnia anil complained of be
ing able to sleep but a few minutes each
night. Day before yesterday the charges
which had been preferred against him and
unuer which he would be tried were given
to him. This seemed to have a bad efTect
upon him, for he was still more gloomy
and morose after this.
Only the commanding otficer, Capt. Sage,
and the officer of the day were allowed to
speak to him. Yesterday Uattery C left
the barracks for North Carolina. As the
trcops marched past the guard house in
which Downing was confined the band
played a medley of national airs. This
evidently brought up old-time remem
brances to the prisoner. He broke down
utterly and cried like a child. Lieutenant
Strong, who was the officer of the day,
went to him and tried to brace him up.
"Keep a stiff upper lip, Downing," he told
the prisoner. "There is no use giving
way."
Remembered Hl? Mother.
Downing then became communicative.
He told the officer that there was little
chance of his acquittal, as he had no
friends in this country and no relatives.
He spoke or a mother in England, with
whom he wWhed to communicate. He
asked Lieutenant Strong to furnish him
with pen. ir.k and paper with which to
write her a letter today, and the officer
picmlsed to comply, and to see that the
letter reaohed his mother, if it contained
nothing out of the v.ay. Downing appeared
to become more quiet and composed, and
the officer left him.
This morning Lieut. Strong went to him
about li o'clock. Downing said that h? had
slept much better last night than he had
at any time since his confinement, and he
appeared to be In excellent spirits. He ate
a hearty oreakfast and seemed much more
reconciled to his.position than before.
I luler tlte \\ 111eli of All.
All of the men detailed about the place
were Instructed to watch him when -they
were In th? building in which his cell was
located. The guard passed by every fifteen
minutes and it was also the duty of each
one to keep watch over Downing. About
twenty minutes after 'J o'clock this morn
ing thj guard looked in at the cell and saw
the prisoner, as stated, quietly reading a
magazine which had been given him. Sus
pecting nothing the guard went on his way.
When found Downing's feet were touch
ing the floor. His face was purplj from
suffocation. Without losing an instant
Sergt. Tharius cut him down and sent
word to Lieut. Strong. The suicide had
been planned carefully, and was carried out
most effectively, as can be seen from the
fact that only four or fivi minutes at the
most had intervened' between the time he
was first seen and when he was discovered
hanging with life almost extinct.
As has been indicated, the guard was not
kept over Downing continually, as it was
not deemed necessary. He had not been
tried, and was not under a death sentence,
so that it was thought there was no neces
sity for constant surveillance. In fact,
was but little idea that he would
conwnit suicide. He never intimated that
he had any such design on himself, and
this morning was so much more cheerful
than usual that his captors were thrown
off tiheir guard.
The guard house in which he was con
fined Is on the east side of the walk lead
ing from tho entrance to the barracks. It
contains only three or four cages, about
nine by eight feet in dimensions by about
seven feet in height, with bars all around.
The prisoner occupied the first cell on the
right leading from the door, where he could
be best seen. It was an easy matter, after
he had arranged 'his noose, without being
observed, to stand on the bunk and aittaoh
It to one of the bart w"hlch form the roof
of tihe cage. So firmly was the noose at
tached to this that it v>as with the greatest
difficulty It was removed.
Downing had evidently slipped the noose
around his neck, stood on the bunk, which
is about eighteen inches ubore the floor,
and stepped off. It would have been im
possible for him to break his neck, there
was such a slight fall, so death resulted
from strangulation. The knot which he
had arranged assisted in causing death.
Left Xo Letter*.
The man had left no note or message of
any kind. He had. no writing materials,
but had he wanted to he could have scrib
bled something on the pages of the maga
zine which lie had borrowed. Nothing,
however was found on this. He had re
vealed no secrets and had taken his case,
as one of th? officers remarked, to a higher
tribunal. During all the time of his con
(Continued on Ninth Page.)
ANARCHY IN PHILIPPINES
Eear Admiral Dewey Powerless to Control j
the Situation.
Uritlnh Gnnboat Llmnet Ilringrt \ew?
That StronK Force In \rrrmarr
to Control InanreenU.
(Cnpyright. 1898, by Associated Press.)
HONG KONG. May 12.?The British sec
ond-class gun vessel Linnet has arrived
here with news from the Philippine Is
lands. She left Manila on Monday last, and
reports that the insurgents are uncon
trollable. The whole country, it appears,
is in a state of anarchy, and Rear Admiral
Dewey is powerless to restore order.
The officers of the Linnet add that even
if Spanish rule is abolished, it will re
quire a large force, with special training,
to restore order in the interior. In the
meantime, the Spaniards in Manila refuse
to submit, and Admiral Dewey is unwill
ing to bombard the town. He hopes to
starve the place into submission, but the
Spaniards are confident of being able to
hold out. They allege that they have am
ple supplies for 25,000 regular troops and
thousands of volunteers, beyond the range
of the United States warships, and they
are defying the Americans in the hope of
European intervention.
Two German warships, one French war
ship and a warship of Japan are now at
Manila. A Russian vessel is expected there
shortly.
A strong anti-British feeling exists among
the populace at Manila, and the people are
desperate and starving.
CONCORD SINKS A SPANIARD
U. S. Cruiser Victorious in an Engagement
Off Iloilo.
1'iglit Wua Witnessed by a Trading
Vessel, Which Took (he News
to Hong Knng.
NEW YORK, May 12.?A Hong Kong spe
cial of this date says that a trading vessel
from the Philippines reports having wit
nessed the destruction of a Spanish warship
by the United States gunboat Concord off
Iloilo.
Thi fight is s:iid to have lasted two hours,
at the end of which time the Spaniard went
down with colors flying. There were no
casualties on board the Concord and no
damage was done to the gunboat. There
are, it Is alleged, only two othir Spanish
war vessels In Asiatic waters, and one of
these is in dry dock at Hong Kong, while
the cruiser Beaton is searching for the
other, under orders to engage and sink it.
PKOBAULY MEANS CARDENAS.
Havana Reports n Naval Engiigeiiient
in Cieiifucgox Harbor.
LONDON, May 12.?A special dispatch
from Havana says: Four American vessels
opened fire on Cienfuegos Wednesday
morning and attempted to land men and
arms in barges. Tne Spanish troops, as
sisted by the fort, drove off the invaders.
The American guns destroyed the cable
station. A second attempt to land was
also frustrated. The fighting continued
for eight hours, and it is reported that
tihe Americans lost heavily. Altogether
fourteen Spaniards were wounded.
TRANSPORTS HELD AT NEW YORK.
Three of the Wuril Line I ntier Gov
ernmental Orders.
NEW YORK, May 12.?James E. Ward &
Co., agents of the Ward Line of steam
ships, received instructions today from the
government to anchor three of their trans
ports off Governor's Island, with steam up
and ready to sail at an hour's notice. The
Stneca, the City of Washington and the
Saratoga are now ready.
Charles Mallory sa.d that the Concho,
new taking on supplies ai Hurling slip,
would sail today; the Leona tomorrow aii i
the Rio Grande tomorrow night or Satur
day. Mr. Mallory professed to know noth
ing as to the purpose of the destination of
the vessels, and reterrsd all questioners to
the government.
DYNAMITE IN THE COAL.
Startling Discover) Made at Ulass
Fuetory iu New Jersey.
SALEM, N.J., May 12.?While unloading
a car of coal at one of the glass factories
in this city today the workmen discovered
a large can of dynamite. It was at first
supposed to have been left in the coal by
miners by mistake, but those who are in a
position to know Bay it is not the kind of
material used in blasting at the mines.
An investigation has developed the fact
that the lot of coal from which this can
was taken was purchased by the govern
ment. but was not used at once, and the
coal companies bought it back for use In
filling rush orders. There is a strong sus
picion that the placing of the dynamite in
the coal was the work of Spanish spies at
the mines. This is the< second can of dyna
mite that has been discovered at the fac
tory.
LANDED EXPERT ARTILLERISTS.
Charge Made by Naval Officers
Against the LafayiCU^.
Special Dispatch to The Kh'euion S'.ir.
KEY WEST, Fla., May 12.?.Vaval officers
state that some of the passengers on
board the French steamer" Lafayette
brought here a few days ago for blockade
running and afterward released were ar
tillery officers hired by Spain on account
of their shooting ablUty.
QUIET IN FRONT OF HAVANA.
Heavy Rain at Key West Fills Up the
Cisterns.
KEY WEST, Fla., May 12.?Dispatch
boats which have arrived here from the
blockading fleet report that everything was
quiet about Havana yesterday.
The British steamer Colvin was permitted
to go In and out of the harbor during the
day.
The Mascotte and several other boats
have been deleyed In getting out.
Very heavy rainfall here last night. The
cisterns are now all filled and the water
famine is averted.
Torpedo Boats O0 New England.
Assistant Secretary Allen has information
that a number of torpedo boats are now
off the New England coast and laid his In
formation before President McKinley, who
instructed him to place the facts before the
war board at once.
FELL FOR THE FLAG
The First Sacrifices in the War With
Spain.
FIVE DEAD ON THE VHSLOf
Ensign Worth Bagley and Four
Gallant Sailors Slain.
LIEUT. BERNADOU WOUNDED
Sad news came to the Navy Department
this morning from the blockading fleet on
the Cuban coast, telling of the diath In ac
tion of five American sailors, the first to
shed their life blood for their country since
the outbreak of the war. The press tele
grams had already announcid that the
Hudson had arrived, bringing the body of
Krsign Bagley, but as no other names were
given the officials were keenly anxious to
learn who the other victims were. At W:.'SO
a briif telegram came, addressed to the
Secretary of the Navy. It was as follows:
"KEY WEST, May 12. 1898.
"Secretary of the Navy:
"In an action in Cardenas harbor yester
day between Spanish gunboat and shore
battery and the blockading v.asels the fol
lowing named m;n were killed on the tor
pedo boat Wir.slow:
"Worth Bagley, ensign, U.S.N.
"John Varveres, oiler.
"John Denfee, firen an, first class. ?
"George B. Meek, fireman, first class.
"Elijah B. Tunnell, cabin cook.
"The wounded ar;:
"J. S. Bernadou, lieutenant, commanding
Wlnslow.
"Wm. Patterson, seriously but not fatally.
"Daniel McKeuwn, quartermaster, first
clcss, slightly.
"Dead and wounded arrived on L*. S. S.
Hudson this morning. Dead will be buried
today RE1IEV."
The name Battel son does not appear on
the depanment's muster roll of the Wins- [
low and is probably misspelled. The ves
sels blockading Cardenas were the gunboat
Marinas, the iorpeuo boats Foot e and Wins
low and the revenue cutter Hudson.
Secretary Long has wired to Commodore
Remey at Key West for details of the af
fair.
Sketch of KiihIkh IJukIi ).
Ensign Bagley, who was killed, is a na
tive of North Carolina. His mother, Mrs.
W. 11. Bagley, resides at 12o South street,
Raleigh, N. C. His full name is Worth
Bagley, and he was appointed to the Naval
Academy In September, 18111, from the
fourth district of North Carolina.
He graduated June 30, last year, and was
appointed an ensign on the day following.
While a cadet attached to the academy he
was assigned to make cruises in the Texas,
Montgomery, the Indiana and the Maine.
Lpnn being appointed an ensign last July
he was assigned to duty on the Indiana,
but in the following month was transferred
to the Maine. He served on that ship until
November -li last, when he was ordered to
the Columbian Iron Works for duty in con
nection with the Winslow. This boat was
under construction at that time. When
she was completed and put in commission
last December he was attached to her and
remained so until the moment of his death.
The disposition of the remains of the
young otiicer await advices from his
mother, but it is believed it will be sent
north from Key West with a guard of hon
or of the board of naval officers.
Well Known in Hnnliiuictun,
Ensign Bagley was well known In this
city, where his mother, who is a widow,
and other members of the lamily lived for
a time during President Cleveland's second
administration. His bioiher-in-law, Mr.
Josephus Daniels, was chief clerk of the
li.Urior Department under Secretary
Smith, resigning to take editorial charge
of the Kaleigh News and Observer. The
family now live at Ilaleigh and are amoug
the most highly respected people of the
south. Ensign Bagley was a classmate of
Ensign Breckinridge, son of Gen. J. C.
Breckinridge, who lost his life by being
swept from the deck of the Cushing, and
was one of the pallbearers at the funeral
of that unfortunate young man. He was
about twenty-five years of age and was
of athletic build and inclinations. He made
a great record as a foot ball player while
at Annapolis, and was regarded as the star
man during two or three seasons. He was
e: tremely popular at the academy and en
Joyed similar esteem wherever he went.
DuhIiIiiis Joltn Iternudon.
Lieut. Bernadou, who is reported as being
wounded, is one of the most dashing and
venturesome young officers in the naval
service. It was because of this very qual
ity that he was selected for the command
of the Winslow, in the fuil expectation that
the service required was of the most
hazardous character. Lieut. Bernadou is
an expert In torpedo work. He watched
the building of the Winslow almost from
the time the keel wa"9 laid to her trial trip
as Inspector in Charge, and took command
of Tier immediately upon her acceptance by
the government. John Bapitise Bernadou
was born November, 1S5S, in Philadelphia,
and was appointed to the Naval Academy
by President Grant in 1S7C. He was a
midshipman In 18S2, and an ensign, Junior
grade. In March, 1883. In June, the follow
ing year, he received his appointment as a
full ensign. In 1892 he became lieutenant,
Junior grade, and attained his full lieu
tenancy in 1896.
The Dead Sailors.
Joihn Varveres, oiler, was a native of
Smyrna, Asia, but a naturalized citizen of
the United States. He had been in the
navy about three years and nine months.
His next of kin is his father, George
Varveres.
John Denfee. fireman, first class, was
born In Kilkenny, Ireland, and had been
In the naval service about five years. His
next of kin is his mother, Margaret Dneefe,
who lives in Kilkenny, Ireland. Deceased
was a naturalized citizen of the United
States.
George B. Meek, fireman, first class, was
born in Clyde. Ottiio. and his father, John
Meek, now resides in that city. Deceased
had a total naval service ot five and one
half years.
Elija B. Tunnell, cook, had only been in
the naval service a few months, his first
enlistment bearing date of March 21, 18US.
He was born in Accomac county, Virginia,
and his next of kin is his father. John Tun
nell, now a resident of Wattsville, Acco
mac county, Va. Tunnell was the only
colored man in the list of dead and
wounded.
Of the wounded Daniel McKeown, quax
termaster, second clans, van born In
Newry, Ireland, and his next of kin Is.his
sister, Anna MoKeown. who lives In Dub
lln, Ireland. McKeown was a naturalized
citizen of the United States, and l.ad been
In the navy about ten years.
The first dispatch given out at the Navy j
Department wr.s not complete. In that It
left out reference to the condition of the
torpedo boat Wlnslow. L?t?-r the follow
ing additional paragraph was posted;
"Wlnslow badly damaged. Will be Bent
here (Key West) as soon an temporary re
pairs can be made."
The bureau of naval construction at once
tcok actual steps to learn Just how far
the Wlrslow had been damaged and what '
repair they would be called upon to make \
to place her in active service attain. For
ihe time being doubtless she will be laid
up.
Ti? Cnre for the Wonnded.
The sti"-ge->n general of the navy. Dr.
Van Ripen, has complete preparations
made for caring for the wounded from the
Winslcw. It Is fortunate that the hospital
ship Solace arrived at Key West yesterday,
so that her splendid equipment is ready to
give every care to the wounded from the
Winslow. The Soluce was formerly the
merchant ship Creole. Under Dr. Van
Eiintstn lln? ley.
Rlpen's directions she has been trans
formed into a perfectly equipped hospital.
Her dining saloon has been turned Into a
large operating room, with enameled tioors.
walla. &c., and with sterilizing ai paratus
for sterilizing the bandages, instrum* nts.
surgeons' aprons, gloves. &c. An elevator
connects this operating room with the
wards below, and the elevator is large
enough to tak? on board a large-sized cot.
Aside from the Solace the navy has at
Key West a temporary hobpltal. It is the
purpose of the departmi nt. however, to
use the Solace mainly for the wounded,
and to bring them north as fast as their
condition will permit. In order to gel them
out of the rigor of the southern climate.
TUe Provocation for Attack.
Up to 1 o'clock the Navy Department had
'received no details of.the lignt at Carde-|
nas except those supplied by the Associated
Press, in which the greatest interest was
manifested. There was a disposition mani- I
fested to question the wisdom of the atack
made under such circumstances by one light
gunboat, a torpedo boat and a revenue cut
ter upon a fortified port, with a fleet under
the guns. It was suggested that our ofli
ceis were becoming reckless, owing to the
good fortune they have heretofore had in
escaping from the Spanish shot. However,
in the absence of ollicial reports It was ask- I
ed that judgment be suspended. It Is not I
believed, although on this point the officials I
are mute, that the attack was made on
specific orders from either the department ]
or from Commodore Watson, who is now
:n charge of the blockading squadron in
thf absence of Admiral Sampson. It is
piobablo that the commanders of the [
American gunboats were acting under a
general instruction to prevent the strength
ening or construction of shore batteries
and to destroy Spanish gunboats. It is be
lieved that in the latter pursuit the boats
were unwittingly.drawn within range of the I
fire of the batteries. The Wilmington was
the most formidable vessi-i In the Ameri
can line of attack, and yet she was nothing
more than a gunboat of moderate size, be
ing 1,892 tons, and carrying a battery of
eight 4-inch guns, four C-pounders, four 1
poundcrs, four Colts and one field gun.
The Hudson was not long ago employed as I
a harbor revenue cutter at New York. As
one of the officers put it she is nothing J
more than a big launch. ?7 feet long by
27 feet beam, drawing 8 feet 10 Inches, and
with a speed of 13 knots and a tonnage of I
174. Her battery Is insignificant, being I
made up of two fl-pounders and a machine |
gun. The W inslow Is one of the newer tor
pedo boats of the navy built at the Colum
bian Iron Works, her tonnage being 142
and her speed 24Vs knots. She is 175 feet
long by 17 feet beam and 5 feet ? Inches
deep. She Is a torpedo boat, pure and sim
ple, for besides her torpedo tubes her only
weapons of defense are three 1-pounder I
guns.
It will appear from this statement that
the three boats were ridiculously inade
quate in the matter of battery power,
lieutenant Bernadou, the commander of
the Wlnslow, who was wounded, is one of
the very few men who have received the
thanks of the Secretary of the Navy for
gallant conduct and good judgment. He
started with the A\ inslow from Newport
last February to join the squadron-at Key
West. He had scarcely disappeared from
sight when one of the most terrific gales
experienced for years swept over the At
lantic coast. The torpedo boats are not
good sea boats, and the Winslow was just
out of the builders' hands and without hav
ing been thoroughly tested. The Navy De
partment was In the greatest apprehension
for her safety when she turned up at Dela
ware breakwater, it appeared that in the
height of the gale, when the ablest sea
manship was required to keep the little tor
pedo boat above the water. Lieutenant Ber
nadou. had discovered two poor fellows
adrift on one o? the big garbage scows
blew n away from New York without food or |
water. Regardless of the great risk to him- '
self and his little boat, by adroit handling
of the craft he managed to rescue the men
and bring them to the breakwater. En
sign Bagley was with him on that trip and
assisted in the rescue, which earned the .
commander a letter of thanks from the Sec
retary of the Navy.
turdeuni Iiua Figured lie fore.
Cardenas has before figured in Cuba's
struggle for liberty. Secretary Quesada of
the Cuban delegation said today that It was
the point at which (leneral Lopez made his
first landing with an American expedition,
which opened a former revolt against the
power of Spain. At present It is one of the
two outside limits of the section made sub
ject to blockade by the proclamation of
President McKlnley, which recited that the
blockade would be maintained from Car
denas to Bahia Honda.
PROTEST OF POWERS
Objection Raised to Bringing War
Into European Waters.
ALSO TO FIRING OH COAST TOWNS
England Not Included Among the
European Objectors.
WARSHIPS SENT TO MANILA
LONDON. May 12?An evening newspa
per today publishes 1 he tc!Lowlr,ir from a
source that If alleged to I* authori;atlv>t
"At least three of the great are
determined to prevent America from rtne
lng til" war into European waters. Manila
only escaped bombardment through the ac
tive intervention of the German consul,
acting under the direct orders of the em
peror.
Request for Protection.
"When the news arrived from Mauda that
Commodore Dewey had been ordered to
take the placo the German residents sert
a pressing request to Berlin demanding
help and protection from the double dan
ger of bombardment and exposure to the
I plundering of the natives. The res pons?
I was prompt. It arrived before Commodoro
Dewey. The German consul was instructed
to oppose energetically all useless dex asta
tlon beyond the proper acts of war; to op
pose the debarkation of the Americans un
lets iir sufficient force to maintain order;
to protect the lives and property of Ger
mans. and to tlx the amount of damages
st'staincd by Germans.
"Instructions were at the same time sent
to the commander of the German squadron
at Kiao-Chou bay, and by tomorrow four
German warships will be at Manila.
Representations to Hei-retarj l?ay.
"In the meanwhile, three ambassadors,
not Including Sir Julian 1'auncefote, have
nade friendly representations to Secretary
Day, reminding him that, according to the
President's message, the liberaUon of Cub*
was the sole object of the war, and that
hence the bombardment of the Cuban coast
towns, which will only add to the distress
of the natives, will be contrary to the
avowed sentiments of the United States.
"Coupled with this representation was
the reminder that the rights of European
residents must be respected. Pr?sid< Ct Mc
Kmley was Impressed with the argi 'r.ents,
and it was then Admiral Sampson was or
dered to partially raise the blockade of Ha
vana and to seek to destroy the Spanish
fleet."
Slgnft of I ueaMlneiis.
The St. James Gazette this afternoon
says:
"Important sigus of the uneasiness of Eu
rope. of its fear of anarchy at home and
aggression abroad, are reflected in Lon
don financial circles. Russia Is raising a
loan of twelve millions, and, more siguili
eant still, she is raiding It in Germany.
The Bank of England is directing Its ener
gies to the accumulation of a gold reserve,
a fashion without recent precedent; whlU
Japan, not content with the vast sum sh?
received from China >n Saturday, is pre*
paring for a fresh loan of fifteen millions.
The rapprochement between Germany and
Russia and Russia and Austria Is very
marked."
Combination tgninut la.
All this, the St. James Gazette believes,
portends a combination against America
and Great Britain, as "we are universally
regard-id as forming i>art of this trans
atlantic aggression on Europe," and th<
article warns Groat Britain to "prepare
for a struggle which may Involve the
most Important events since the fall of Na
poleon."
In conclusion, the St. James Gazette re
marks:
"Europe believes America Is trying her
strength on Spain and that her Inevitable
victory will be followed by similar acts of
aggression toward other powers with in
terests in the Atlantic and In the Pacific."
I,KRMAW WWTS A SHARE.
Will i'liilm SimrthlnK n> un Oilitet to
I'll II ii?;?t Men.
LONDON, May 12.?There are unmistak
able signs that the continental powers have
already taken steps to share In the fruits
of the American victory at Manila.
Germany has intimated to the United
States. It Is said, that she expects to
have a voice in the disposition of the Phil
ippine Islands, basing her claun on G?rm:in
interests In those islands. Diplomats who
are in a position to know the facts in the
case credit the report that Germany may
demand exclusive control of Samoa as the
price of her acquiescence to American sov
ereignty over the Philippine Islands. Or.
as an alternative. Germany may demand
one or more of the Philippine Islands, also
a harbor suitable for a coal dei>ot In
Hawaii, which promises to add to the com
plications.
Attitude ?? to llnnnll.
If the United States takes possession of
Hawaii during the present war with Si>aln
It Is believed Europe will' endeavor to In
sist that the occupation of Hawaii was an
incident of the war and the continental
powrs will desire to include Hawaii In th?
apportionment of territory, perhaps as a
partial offset again t the Philippine Islands.
In the best informed diplomatic circles
confidence is expressed that the United
States will no' be permitted to acquire such
strer.gtn in the far east as Is Involved in
the occupation of the Philippine Islands
and Hawaii without reckoning with the
powers.
Great Britain, on the contrary, as the As
sociated Press has the best grounds for as
sorting. desires the United States to retain
the Philippine Islands, even in preference
to taking them herself.
Srml-oaciid Denial by Germany.
BERLIN. May 12.?The seml-ofliciul North
Gorman Gazette this afternoon. In denying
a reported Interview between Emperor Wil
liam and United States Ambasfer.dor White,
relative to the German government's atti
tude toward the United States, says:
"The Americans cannot douibt the char
acter of our strict and perfectly loyal neu
trality. after the repea'ed official declara
tions."
The North German Gazette adds: "Let
this also be a hint to the English. French
and Austrian newspai>er*. which are so
anxious to represent the government and
public opinion of Germany as hostile to
the President and people of the United
States. The imperial policy has a right to
feel confident that its more t'Jan a rertury
old friendship to a state in which million*
of Germans have found a aeoond home *i|
not be disturbed without ur,tan*, mwu.1

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